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Ch.

2 Study Guide
“Shaped by History”
KEY TERMS TO KNOW!!!!!!!
Alliance feudalism

Colony Serf

civil war Renaissance

Democracy Westernization

city-state Revolution

Alliance
Humanism
Communism
imperialism
czar
Manor
Nationalism
Monarch
Empire

INFORMATION TO KNOW!!!!!!

Section 1
1. ________________________ was one of ancient Rome’s greatest contributions to the world.

2. During the Middle Ages, society was organized according to the _________________________ system.

3. How did Alexander the Great spread Greek culture throughout the world?

Section 2

4. Europeans began to explore other lands during the Renaissance in search of __________________.

5. During the Scientific Revolution, scientists based their theories on ________________________.

6. What 4 things resulted from the voyages of exploration?


Section 3
7. ______________________ is known to be the most destructive war in our history.

8. The idea of _________________________ caused World War I and World War II to begin.

9. European nations colonized other countries because they wanted more ___________________ and
______________________.

10. As factory workers became more important to the nations' economies, European countries became more
________________________.

11. During the 1800s, a change in the way goods were produced resulted in the __________________
_____________________.

12. One effect of nationalism in Europe during the early 1900s was the forming of ________________ between
countries, leading to WWI.

13. One important result of the Industrial Revolution was the growth of ____________________.

14. The country of _______________________ was targeted in the Treaty of Versailles, ending WWI.

Section 4
15. Another name for Mongol Conquerors were the _______________ _________________.

16. As a result of the mass killing known as Bloody Sunday, Czar Nicholas agreed to establish the _____________.

17. Peter the Great changed Russia by bringing __________________ ___________________ ideas into the country.

18. What three themes often appear in Russia’s history?

19. One important factor that led to the overthrow of Nicholas II was his mistreatment of the ____________.

Section 5

20. Lenin brought a __________________________ government to Russia?

21. Many Russian people welcomed Lenin's communist government because of the deep split between the __________
and ___________.

22. One result of World War II was that the U.S. and Russia became _______________________.

23. The Soviets' control of Eastern Europe resulted in the start of the __________ __________with the United States.

24. The Cold War between the United States and Russia lasted from ________ to ________.

25. The Russian civil war resulted in Lenin creating the _____________ of __________________
_________________ __________________.

STUDY THE CHART ON PAGE 39!!!!!!