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Name Political Elections No. Picture (Birth–Death); CM Term of office party Refs (Lok Sabha) Constituency (Alliance)
Name
Political
Elections
No.
Picture
(Birth–Death);
CM
Term of office
party
Refs
(Lok Sabha)
Constituency
(Alliance)
1
1952
(1st)
Indian
15
August
27
May
2
1957
(2nd)
National
1947
1964
[1]
Congress
3
1962
(3rd)
Jawaharlal
Indo-Pakistani War of 1947; created Planning commission of India and
Nehru
[1]
1
(1889–1964)
MP for Phulpur
initiated Five-year plan to increase government investment in agriculture and
industry; launched programmes to build irrigation canals, dams and spread
the use of fertilizers to increase agricultural production; oversaw widespread
poverty and unemployment, even with improvements in agriculture and
infrastructure; oversaw establishment of All India Institute of Medical
Sciences, Indian Institutes of Technology and Indian Institutes of
Management; criminalized caste discrimination and increased the legal
rights and social freedoms of women; pioneered the policy of non-
alignment and co-founded the Non-Aligned Movement; Sino-Indian War;
signed the Indus Waters Treaty; granted asylum to the Dalai Lama;
oversaw liberation of Goa.
Indian
27
May
9 June
– (3rd)
National
Gulzarilal Nanda
1964
(int)
1964
Congress
[2]
(1898–1998)
MP for Sabarkantha
Served as caretaker Prime Minister until the election of Lal Bahadur Shastri.
Indian
9 June
11
January
4
– (3rd)
National
1964
1966
[1]
Lal Bahadur
Congress
Shastri
[3]
2
(1904–1966)
MP for Allahabad
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965; pushed for Green Revolution in
India and Operation Flood; The National Dairy Development Board was
formed; died from a heart attack at a summit in Tashkent.
Indian 11 January 24 January — – (3rd) National 1966 (int) 1966 Gulzarilal Nanda Congress [2]
Indian
11
January
24
January
– (3rd)
National
1966
(int)
1966
Gulzarilal Nanda
Congress
[2]
(1898–1998)
MP for Sabarkantha
Served as caretaker Prime Minister once again, until Indira Gandhi was
chosen as the new leader.
5
(3rd) • 1967 (4th)
Indian
24
January
24
March
National
1966
1977
Congress
Indira Gandhi
6
1971 (5th)
[4]
3
(1917–1984)
MP for Rae Bareli
Nationalized banks; won the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, which resulted in
the formation of Bangladesh; signed the Shimla Agreement; tested the first
nuclear weapon with Smiling Buddha; initiated Green Revolution in India;
imposed state of emergency 1975–1977.
24
March
28
July
Janata
7
1977
(6th)
1977
1979
[3]
Party
Morarji Desai
Ended the state of emergency initiated by Indira Gandhi; improved relations
[5]
4
(1896–1996)
MP for Surat
with Pakistan, China and the United States; softened its relationship with
the Soviet Union; launched Sixth Five-Year Plan, aiming to boost agricultural
production and rural industries; the plan proved unsuccessful leading to
resurging inflation, fuel shortages, unemployment and poverty; lost many
MPs from Janata Party, including his rival Charan Singh, which led to his
resignation.
Janata
Party
28
July
14
January
(Secular)
8
– (6th)
1979
1980
[3]
with Indian
Charan Singh
National
[6]
5
(1902–1987)
Congress
MP for Baghpat
Initiated high level diplomatic relations with Israel; lost support of Congress,
which led to his resignation without even a single session ofLok Sabha.
Indian 14 January 31 October National 9 1980 (7th) Indira Gandhi 1980 [2] 1984 [1] Congress
Indian
14
January
31
October
National
9
1980
(7th)
Indira Gandhi
1980
[2]
1984
[1]
Congress
[7]
(Indira)
(3)
(1917–1984)
MP for Rae Bareli
Operation Blue Star, which subsequently led to her assassination.
Indian
31
October
2 December
10
1984
(8th)
National
1984
1989
Congress
Rajiv Gandhi
[8]
6
(1944–1991)
MP for Amethi
1984 anti-Sikh riots; significantly reduced License Raj; expanded
telecommunications in India; signed the Indo-Sri Lanka Peace
Accord;Bofors scandal; nullified the Supreme Court's judgement on Shah
Bano case.
2
Janata Dal
10
November
11
December
1989
(9th)
(National
1990
[4]
1989
Front)
V. P. Singh
[9]
7
(1931–2008)
MP for Fatehpur
Negotiated terrorist kidnapping of Mufti Mohammad Sayeed's daughter;
visited Golden Temple to ask for forgiveness for Operation Bluestar;
withdrew IPKF from Sri Lanka; initiated fixed quota/reservation for all public
sector jobs as per recommendation from Mandal Commission;Ram
Janmabhoomi agitation and subsequent loss of vote of no
confidence because of it.
[10]
Samajwadi
10
Janata
21
June
12
November
– (9th)
Party
1991
1990
with Bharatiya
Chandra
Janata Party
Shekhar
8
(1927–2007)
MP for Ballia
Resigned due to accusations of spying on former Prime Minister Rajiv
Gandhi, and subsequent withdrawal of Congress' support;Assassination of
Rajiv Gandhi.
Indian 21 June 16 May 13 1991 (10th) National 1991 1996 P. V. Narasimha Rao Congress
Indian
21
June
16
May
13
1991 (10th)
National
1991
1996
P. V. Narasimha
Rao
Congress
[11]
9
(1921–2004)
MP for Nandyal
Initiated Economic liberalization in India; SEBI Act 1992; formation
of National Stock Exchange of India; 1993 Bombay bombings;
introducedTADA; Demolition of Babri Masjid.
Bharatiya
16
May
1 June
14
1996† (11th)
Janata
1996
1996
[3]
Atal Bihari
Party
Vajpayee
[12]
10
(1924– )
MP for Lucknow
Hung parliament†. Was in power for only 13 days, after BJP could not
gather enough support from other parties to form a majority.
1 June
21
April
Janata Dal
15
1996† (11th)
1996
1997
[3]
(United Front)
H. D. Deve
Gowda
[12]
11
(1933– )
MP for Hassan
Hung parliament†. After a failed attempt of forming a BJP government,
Congress refused to form a government and instead supported a minority
United Front coalition led by Janata Dal. President of China Jiang
Zemin begins the first visit by a Chinese head of state to India;
initiates President's rule in Gujarat.
Inder Kumar
21
April
19
March
Janata Dal
16
– (11th)
1997
1998
Gujral
(United Front)
[13]
12
(1919– )
MP (Rajya Sabha)
for Bihar
Fodder scam; Jain Commission.
17
1998 (12th)
Bharatiya
Atal Bihari
Janata
Vajpayee
19
March
22
May
Party
[14]
(10)
1998
[2]
(1924– )
MP for Lucknow
2004
(National
18
1999
(13th)
Democratic
Alliance)
Pokhran nuclear tests; Kargil War; National Highway Development Project; Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana; expanding ties
Pokhran nuclear tests; Kargil War; National Highway Development
Project; Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana; expanding ties with
Israel;POTA; Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan; 2001 Indian Parliament
attack and Operation Parakram; 2001 Gujarat earthquake; 2002 Gujarat
violence;National Technical Research Organisation.
19
2004 (14th)
Indian
National
22 May
Congress
Incumbent
2004
(United
20
2009
(15th)
Progressive
Alliance)
Dr. Manmohan
Singh
[15]
13
(1932– )
MP (Rajya Sabha)
for Assam
2006 Indian anti-reservation protests; Indo-US civilian nuclear agreement;
won the 2008 Lok Sabha vote of confidence; US $ 1 Trillion Economy
milestone reached; expanding ties with Israel; Economic crisis of
2008; National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA); Right to
Information Act; revoking of POTA; 2008 Mumbai attacks and the
implementation of Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act; First visit by Indian
PM since 1982 to Saudi Arabia;National Investigation Agency (India); 2G
spectrum scam;Adarsh scam; NTRO Scam; Commonwealth Games
Scam; Unique ID; Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education
Act;Anna Hazare's Jan Lokpal agitation