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MODUL 10 SKIM TIUSYEN FELDA (STF) MATEMATIK SPM “ENRICHMENT” TOPIC : GRAPHS OF FUNCTIONS

1.

TIME

: 2 HOURS

a) Complete Table 1 in the answer space for the equation y = 2x 2 – 5x – 3.

b) For this part, use a graph paper.

By using a scale 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 5 units on the y-

axis, draw the graph of y = 2x 2 – 5x – 3 for

-3 x 5.

c) From your graph, find

i) the value of y when x = -2.4,

ii) the value of x when 2x 2 – 5x – 3 = 0.

d) Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find all the values of x which satisfy the equation 2x 2 – 8x = 7 for -3 x 5. State these values of x.

Answer:

 

a)

 

X

 

-3

-2

-1

0

0.5

1

2

3

4

5

Y

 

30

 

4

-3

 

-6

-5

0

9

22

c)

i)

y

=

Table 1

ii)

x

=

d)

x

=

2.

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a) Complete Table 2 in the answer space for the equation y = x 2 – 5x + 4.

b) For this part, use a graph paper.

By using a scale 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 5 units on the y-

axis, draw the graph of y = x 2 – 5x + 4 for

0 x 8.

c) From your graph, find

a. the value of y when x = 4.5,

b. the value of x when y = 21.75

d) Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find all the values of x which

Answer:

satisfy the equation x 2 – 7x + 3 = 0 State these values of x.

for

0 x 8.

a)

 

X 0

   

1

2

2.5

3

4

5

6

7

8

Y 4

   

0

-2

 

-2

 

4

10

18

28

c)

i)

y

=

Table 2

ii)

x

=

d)

x

=

3.

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5

a) Complete Table 3 in the answer space for the equation y = . x

b) For this part, use a graph paper. By using a scale 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 2 units on the

5

y-axis, draw the graph of y = x

c) From your graph, find

for

-5 x 5.

a. the value of y when x = 1.8,

b. the value of x when y = -6.

d) From your graph, find all the values of x with the condition that the value of y is three times the value of x.

Answer:

a)

   

X -5

 

-3

-2

-1

-0.5

0.5

0.9

1.5

2.5

5

Y -1

   

-1.7

-2.5

 

-10

10

5.6

3.3

 

1

c)

i)

y

=

Table 3

 

ii)

x

=

d)

x

=

4.

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2

a) Complete Table 4 in the answer space for the equation y = x

b) For this part, use a graph paper. By using a scale 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 1 units on the y-

2

axis, draw the graph of y = x

for

-4 x 4.

c) From your graph, find

a. the value of y when x = -1.5,

b. the value of x when y = 1.2.

d) Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find all the values of x which

satisfy the equation

2

x

3 x

= 4

- 2

State these values of x.

for

-4 x 4.

Answer:

 

a)

   

X -2.5

-4

 

-2

-1

-0.5

0.5

 

1 2

2.5

4

 

Y -0.8

-0.5

   

-2

-4

4

2 1

   

0.5

c)

i)

y

=

Table 4

 

ii)

x

=

d)

x

=

5.

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a) Complete Table 5 in the answer space for the equation

y = x 3 – 13x + 18

.

b) For this part, use a graph paper.

By using a scale 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 5 units on the y-

axis, draw the graph of y = x 3 – 13x + 18 for

-4 x 4.

c) From your graph, find

a. the value of y when x = -1.5,

b. the value of x when y = 25.

d) Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find all the values of x which satisfy the equation x 3 – 11x – 2 = 0 for -4 x 4. State these values of x.

Answer:

a)

 

X

 

-4

-3

-2

-1

0

1

2

3

4

Y

 

6

 

36

30

18

6

 

6

30

c)

i)

y

=

Table 5

 

ii)

x

=

d)

x

=

6.

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a) Complete Table 6 in the answer space for the equation y = x 3 + x 2 – 12x – 5.

b) For this part, use a graph paper.

By using a scale 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 5 units on the y-

axis, draw the graph of y = x 3 + x 2 – 12x – 5 for

-4 x 4.

c) From your graph, find

a. the value of y when x = 0.5,

b. the value of x when 11.9.

d) Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find all the values of x which satisfy the equation x 3 + x 2 – 10x = 0 for -4 x 4. State these values of x.

Answer:

a)

 

X -4

 

-3

-2

-1

0

1

2

3

4

Y -5

 

13

 

7

-5

-15

-17

 

27

c)

i)

y

=

Table 6

 

ii)

x

=

d)

x

=

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MODULE 10 – ANSWERS TOPIC: GRAPHS OF FUNCTIONS

1. a) x=-2 y=15 x=0.5 y= -5 x=3 y=0 b) graph 40 35 30 25
1.
a)
x=-2 y=15
x=0.5 y= -5
x=3 y=0
b)
graph
40
35
30
25
y x
()
= 2 ⋅ x 2 -5 ⋅ x-3
20.5
20
15
y x
()
= 3 ⋅ x+4
10
5
-10
-5
5
10
-2.4
4.75
-0.75
-5
-10
c)
i) x=-2.4
y= 20.5
ii) when 2x 2 – 5x – 3 = 0
y = 0
Then the values of x is -0.5 and 3
e)
y=2x 2 -5x-3
0=2x 2 -8x-7
(-)

-----------------------

Y=

3x + 4

X

0

3

Y

4

13

From the graph x= -0.75 and 4.75

2. a)x=2.5 y=-2.25

b)graph 2

c)

i) y=1.75

ii) x=7.4

e)

straight line y=2x+1 x=0.45 and 6.55

x=4 y=0

3. a) x=-1 y=-5

b)graph

x=2.5 y=2

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16 C 14 12 10 y x () = 3 ⋅ x 8 6 4
16
C
14
12
10
y x
()
= 3 ⋅ x
8
6
4
2
A
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
1
2
3
4
5
B
-2
5
y () x =
x
-4
-6
-8
-10
-12
-14
c)
i) x=1.8
y= 2.8
ii) y=-6
x=-0.8
e)
The graph is y=3x
X 0
2
Y 0
6

The values of x= -1.3 and 1.3

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4. a) x=-2 y=-1 x=2.5 y=0.8 b) graph c) i) y=-1.3 ii) x=1.7 e) The
4.
a)
x=-2 y=-1
x=2.5 y=0.8
b)
graph
c)
i)
y=-1.3
ii)
x=1.7
e)
The straight line is y= 3 4 x – 2
The values of x = -0.75 and 3.45
5.
a)
x=-3 y=30
x=2
y=0
b)
graph
45
40
35
34
30
y=x^3-13x+18
25
20
y=-2x+20
15
10
5
3.85
-3.2
-0.25
-6
-4
-2
2
3.35
4
6
c)
i)
x=-1.5
y=34
-5
ii)
y=25
x=3.85
e)
y=x 3 -13x+18
0=x 3 -11x-2
(-)

--------------------------

Y=

-2x+20

X

0

4

Y

20

12

X= -3.2, -0.25 and 3.35

6.

a) x=-2

y=15

b) graph 6

x=3 y=-5

c)

i) y=10.75

ii) x=-1.5

e)

y=-12x-5

x=-3.6, 0 and 2.75

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