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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

GMAT
DATA SUFFICIENCY

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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

SECTION 1
30 Minutes 25 Questions 7. Is x2 equal to xy?
(1) x2 – y2 = (x + 5)(y - 5)
1. If today the price of an item is $3,600,
(2) x = y
what was the price of the item exactly 2
years ago?
8. Was 70 the average (arithmetic mean)
(1) The price of the item increased by 10 grade on a class test?
per-cent per year during this 2-year
(1) On the test, half of the class had
period.
grades below 70 and half of the class
(2) Today the price of the item is 1.21
had grades above 70.
times its price exactly 2 years ago.
(2) The lowest grade on the test was 45
and the highest grade on the test was
2. By what percent has the price of an
95.
overcoat been reduced?
(1) The original price was $380. 9. What was John’s average driving speed in
(2) The original price was $50 more than miles per hour during a 15-minute
the reduced price. interval?
(1) He drove 10 miles during this
3. If the Longfellow Playground is
interval.
rectangular, what is its width?
(2) His maximum speed was 50 miles per
(1) The ratio of its length to its width is 7 hour and his minimum speed was 35
to 2. miles per hour during this interval.
(2) The perimeter of the playground is
396 meters. 10. Is ΔMNP isosceles?
(1) Exactly two of the angles, ∠M and
4. What is the value of x –1?
∠N, have the same measure
(1) x + 1 =3 (2) ∠N and ∠P do not have the same
(2) x – 1 < 3 measure.

5. Is William taller than Jane? 11. Is n an integer greater than 4?


(1) William is taller than Anna. (1) 3n is a positive integer.
(2) Anna is not as tall as Jane. n
(2) is a positive integer.
3

6. In parallelogram ABCD above, what is


the measure of ∠ADC? 12. In ΔJKL shown above, what is the length
(1) The measure of ∠ABC is greater than of segment JL?
90o. (1) JK = 10
(2) The measure of ∠BCD is 70o (2) KL = 5

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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

13. A coal company can choose to transport meters.


coal to one of its customers by railroad
or by truck. If the railroad charges by the 17. At a certain university, if 50 percent of
mile and the trucking company charges the people who inquire about admission
by the ton, which means of transporting policies actually submit applications for
the coal would cost less than the other? admission, what percent of those who
submit applications for admission enroll
(1) The railroad charges $5,000 plus
in classes at the university?
$0.01 per mile per railroad car used,
and the trucking company charges (1) Fifteen percent of those who submit
$3,000 plus $85 per ton. applications for admission are
(2) The customer to whom the coal is to accepted at the university.
be sent is 195 miles away from the (2) Eighty percent of those who are
coal company. accepted send a deposit to the
university.
14. Is x – y > r – s?
x
(1) x > r and y < s? 18. If x and y are nonzero integers, is an
(2) y = 2, s = 3, r = 5, and x = 6. y
integer?
15. On a certain day it took Bill three times (1) x is the product of 2 and some other
as long to drive from home to work as it integer.
took Sue to drive from home to work. (2) There is only one pair of positive
How many kilometers did Bill drive integers whose product equals y.
from home to work?
(1) Sue drove 10 kilometers from home 19. If x is an integer, what is the value of x?
to work, and the ratio of distance (1) 1 < 1 < 1
driven from home to work time to 5 x +1 2
drive from home to work was the (2) ( x −3)( x −4) =0
same for Bill and Sue that day.
(2) The ratio of distance driven from
home to work time to drive from 20. Is quadrilateral Q a square?
home to work for Sue that day was (1) The sides of Q have the same length.
64 kilometers per hour. (2) The diagonals of Q have the same
length.

21. If K is a positive integer less than 10 and


N = 4,321 + K, what is the value of K?
(1) N is divisible by 3.
(2) N is divisible by 7.
16. The figure above represents the floor of
a square foyer with a circular rug 22. A jewelry dealer initially offered a
partially covering the floor and bracelet for sale at an asking price that
extending to the outer edges of the floor would give a profit to the dealer of 40
as shown. What is the area of the foyer percent of the original cost. What was
that is not covered by the rug? the original cost of the bracelet?
(1) The area of the foyer is 9 square (1) After reducing this asking price by 10
meters. percent, the jewelry dealer sold the
(2) The area of the rug is 2.25π square bracelet at a profit of $403.

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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

(2) The jewelry dealer sold the bracelet SECTION 2


for $1,953. 30 Minutes 25 Questions

23. If n is an integer between 2 and 100 and 1. Who types at a faster rate, John or Bob?
if n is also the square of an integer, what
(1) The difference between their typing
is the value of n?
rates is 10 words per minute.
(1) n is the cube of an integer. (2) Bob types at a constant rate of 80
(2) n is even. words per minute.

24. Is x2 – y2 a positive number? 2. What is the average distance that


automobile D travels on one full tank of
(1) x – y is a positive number.
gasoline?
(2) x + y is a positive number.
(1) Automobile D averages 8.5 kilometers
25. The surface area of a square tabletop per liter of gasoline.
was changed so that one of the (2) The gasoline tank of automobile D
dimensions was reduced by 1 inch and holds exactly 40 liters of gasoline.
the other dimension was increased by 2
inches. What was the surface area before 3. If l1,l2 and l3 are lines in a plane, is l1
these changes were made? perpendicular to l3?
(1) After the changes were made, the (1) l1 is perpendicular to l2.
surface area was 70 square inches. (2) l2 is perpendicular to l3
(2) There was a 25 percent increase in
one of the dimensions. 4. In a certain packinghouse, grapefruit are
packed in bags and the bags are packed in
cases. How many grapefruit are in each
case that is packed?
(1) The grapefruit are always packed 5 to
a bag and the bags are always packed
8 to a case.
(2) Each case is always 80 percent full.

5. What is the value of x?


(1) x + y = 7
(2) x – y = 3 – y

6. A rectangular floor that is 4 meters wide


is to be completely covered with
nonoverlapping square tiles, each with
side of length 0.25 meter, with no portion
of any tile remaining. What is the least
number of such tiles that will be
required?
(1) The length of the floor is three times
the width.
(2) The area of the floor is 48 square
meters.

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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

7. If a rope is cut into three pieces of 12. If J, K, L, M, and N and positive integers
unequal length, what is the length of the in ascending order, what is the value of
shortest of these pieces of rope? L?
(1) The combined length of the longer (1) The value of K is 3.
two pieces of rope is 12 meters. (2) The value of M is 7.
(2) The combined length of the shorter
two pieces of rope is 11 meters. 13. If a, b, and c are integers, is the number
3(a + b) − c divisible by 3?
8. A certain company paid bonuses of $125
to each of its executive employees and (1) a + b is divisible by 3.
$75 to each of its nonexecutive (2) c is divisible by 3.
employees. If 100 of the employees were
nonexecutives, how many were 14. Each M-type memory unit will increase
executives? the base memory capacity of a certain
computer by 3 megabytes. What is the
(1) The company has a total of 120 base memory capacity, in megabytes of
employees. the computer?
(2) The total amount that the company
paid in bonuses to its employees was (1) 2 M-type memory units will increase
$10.000. the computers base memory capacity
by 300 percent
9. What fraction of his salary did Mr. (2) The memory capacity of the
Johnson put into savings last week? computer after 2 M-type memory
units are added to the base memory
(1) Last week Mr. Johnson put $17 into capacity is 1.6 times the memory
savings. capacity of the computer after 1 M-
(2) Last week Mr. Johnson put 5% of his type memory unit is added to the
salary into savings. base memory capacity.

a x5 y 4 z 2
10. For integers a, b, and c, = 1 , What 15. If xyz≠0, what is the value of ?
b−c z2 y4 x2
b−c
is the value of ? (1) x = 1
b
(2) y = 3
a 3
(1) =
b 5 16. What fractional part of the total surface
(2) a and b have no common factors greater area of cube C is red?
than 1. 1
(1) Each of 3 faces of C is exactly
2
11. If the price of a magazine is to be red.
doubled, by what percent will the (2) Each of 3 faces of C is entirely white.
number of magazines sold decrease?
(1) The current price of the magazine is 17. If positive integer x is divided by 2, the
$1.00. remainder is 1. What is the remainder
(2) For every $0.25 of increase in price, when x is divided by 4 ?
the number of magazines sold will (1) 31 < x < 35
decrease by 10 percent of the number (2) x is a multiple of 3.
sold at the current price.

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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

(1) Candidate F received 11 of the votes.


(2) Candidate H received 14 of the votes.

23. S is a set of integers such that


i) if a is in S, then –a is in S, and
ii) if each of a and b is in S, then ab is in
S.
18. In the figure above, D is a point on side
Is –4 in S?
AC of ΔABC. Is ΔABC is isosceles?
(1) 1 is in S.
(1) The area of triangular region ABD is (2) 2 is in S.
equal to the area of triangular region
DBC. 24. If the area of triangular region RST is 25,
(2) BD┴AC and AD = DC what is the perimeter of RST?
(1) The length of one side of RST is
19. If x is an integer, what is the value of x?
5 2.
(1) –2(x + 5) < -1 (2) RST is a right isosceles triangle.
(2) – 3x > 9
25. If x and y are consecutive odd integers,
Food Number of Number of what is the sum of x and y?
Calories Grams
(1) The product of x and y is negative.
per of Protein per
(2) One of the integers is equal to –1.
Kilogram Kilogram
S 2,000 150
T 1,500 90

20. The table above gives the number of


calories and grams of protein per
kilogram of foods S and T. If a total of 7
kilograms of S and T are combined to
make a certain food mixture, how many
kilograms of food S are in the mixture?
(1) The mixture has a total of 12,000
calories.
(2) The mixture has a total of 810 grams
of protein.

21. If y≠0 and y≠-1, which is greater,


x x
or ?
y y +1
(1) x≠0
(2) x > y

22. Each person on a committee with 40


members voted for exactly one of 3
candidates, F, G, or H. Did Candidate F
receive the most votes from the 40 votes
cast?
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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

SECTION 3 (2) 3, x, and y are consecutive odd


30 Minutes 25 Questions integers in ascending order.

7. In ΔHGM, what is the length of side HM?


1. For a certain bottle and cork, what is the
(1) HG = 5
price of the cork?
(2) GM = 8
(1) The combined price of the bottle and
the cork is 95 cents.
(2) The price of the bottle is 75 cents 8. Claire paid a total of $1.60 for stamps,
more than the price of the cork. some of which cost $0.20 each, and the
rest of which cost $0.15 each. How many
2. Last year an employee received a gross 20-cent stamps did Claire buy?
annual salary of $18,000, which was paid
(1) Claire bought exactly 9 stamps.
in equal paychecks throughout the year.
(2) The number of 20-cent stamps Claire
What was the gross salary received in
bought was 1 more than the number
each of the paychecks?
of 15-cent stamps she bought.
(1) The employee received a total of 24
paychecks during the year. 9. If Ruth began a job and worked
(2) The employee received a paycheck continuously until she finished, at what
twice a month each month during the time of day did she finish the job?
year.
(1) She started the job at 8:15 a.m. and at
noon of the same day she had worked
3. What was Bill’s average (arithmetic
exactly half of the time that it took her
mean) grade for all of his courses?
to do the whole job.
(1) His grade in social studies was 75, 1
and his grade in science was 75. (2) She was finished exactly 7 hours
2
(2) His grade in mathematics was 95. after she had started.
4. If x = 2y, what is the value of xy? 10. What is the value of x?
(1) x > y (1) 3 + x + y = 14 and 2x + y = 15
(2) 3x – 2y = 14 (2) 3x + 2y = 12 + 2y
5. A rectangular garden that is 10 feet long 11. Is x an even integer?
and 5 feet wide is to be covered with a
layer of mulch 0.5 foot deep. At which (1) x is the square of an integer.
store, K or L, will the cost of the (2) x is the cube of an integer.
necessary amount of mulch be less?
12. If John is exactly 4 years older than Bill,
(1) Store K sells mulch only in bags, each how old is John?
of which costs $7 and contains 6.25
cubic feet of mulch. (1) Exactly 9 years ago John was 5 times
(2) Store L sells mulch only in bags, each as old as bill was then.
of which costs $40 and contains 25 (2) Bill is more than 9 years old.
cubic feet of mulch.

6. If S = {2, 3, x, y}, what is the value of x +


y?
(1) x and y are prime numbers.

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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

13. Before play-offs, a certain team had won circumference of the circle.
80 percent of its games. After play-offs,
what percent of all its games had the
team won?
(1) The team competed in 4 play-off
games.
(2) The team won all of its play-off
games.

14. If x and y are integers, is xy + 1 divisible


by 3?
(1) When x is divided by 3, the
remainder is 1.
(2) When y is divided by 9, the
remainder is 8.

15. If x≠0, is |x| <1?


(1) x2<1
1
(2) |x| <
x

16. The cost to charter a certain airplane is x


dollars. If the 25 members of a club
chartered the plane and shared the cost
equally, what was the cost per member?
(1) If there had been 5 more members
and all 30 had shared the cost
equally, the cost per member would
have been $40 less.
(2) The cost per member was 10 percent
less than the cost per person on a
regularly scheduled flight.

17. Rectangle ABCD is inscribed in a circle


as shown above. What is the radius of
the circle?
(1) The length of the rectangle is 3 and
the width of the rectangle is 1.
1
(2) The length of are AB is of the
3
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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

18. Bowls X and Y each contained exactly 2 23. Is x less than y?


jelly beans, each of which was either red
(1) x-y+1<0
or black. One of the jelly beans in bowl
(2) x-y-1<0
X was exchanged with one of the jelly
beans in bowl Y. After the exchange,
24. Is quadrilateral RSTV a rectangle?
were both of the jelly beans in bowl X
black? (1) The measure of ∠RST is 90o
(2) The measure of ∠TVR is 90o
(1) Before the exchange, bowl X
contained 2 black jelly beans.
(2) After the exchange, bowl Y contained 25. If b is an integer, is a 2 + b 2 an
1 jelly bean of each color. integer?

19. Does x + y = 0? (1) a2 + b2 is an integer.


(2) a2 – 3b2 = 0
(1) xy<0
(2) x2 = y2

20. In the figure above, line AC represents a


seesaw that is touching level ground at
point A. If B is the midpoint of AC, how
far above the ground is point C?
(1) x = 30
(2) Point B is 5 feet above the ground.

21. If □ represents a digit in the 7-digit


number 3, 62□, 215, what is the value
of □?
(1) The sum of the 7 digits is equal to 4
times an integer.
(2) The missing digit is different from
any of the other digits in the number.

22. Last Tuesday a trucker paid $155.76,


including 10 percent state and federal
taxes, for diesel fuel. What was the price
per gallon for the fuel if the taxes are
excluded?
(1) The trucker paid $0.118 per gallon in
state and federal taxes on the fuel last
Tuesday.
(2) The trucker purchased 120 gallons of
the fuel last Tuesday.

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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

SECTION 4 the degree measure of ∠T.


30 Minutes 25 Questions (2) The degree measure of ∠T is 30.

8. If x is a positive number, is x greater than


1. What is the value of x? 1?
(1) x is negative. 1
(2) 2x = -4 (1) 1>
x
1
2. Did United States carriers use more than (2) − > −1
x
10 billion gallons of jet fuel during 1983?
(1) United States carriers paid a total of
$9.4 billion for the jet fuel used in
1983.
(2) United States carriers paid an average
(arithmetic mean) of $0.90 per gallon
for the jet fuel used in 1983.

3. In Country S,if 60 percent of the women 9. The figure above shows four pieces of tile
aged 18 and over are in the labor force, that have been glued together to form a
how many million women are in the labor square tile ABCD. Is PR=QS?
force? (1) BQ = CR = DS = AP
(1) In Country S, women comprise 45 (2) The perimeter of ABCD is 16.
percent of the labor force.
(2) In Country S, there are no women 10. How old is Jim?
under 18 years of age in the labor (1) Eight years ago Jim was half as old
force. as he is now.
(2) Four years from now Jim will be
4. If x and y are different positive numbers, twice as old as he was six years ago.
is z between x and y?
(1) z > 0 11. What is the value of x?
(2) z < y (1) When x is multiplied by 8, the result
is between 50 and 60.
5. What percent of 16 is m? (2) When x is doubled, the result is
(1) m is 5 percent of 10. between 10 and 15.
(2) 400 percent of m is 2.
12. At a certain state university last term,
6. Kay put 12 cards on a table, some faceup there were p students each of whom paid
and the rest facedown. How many were either the full tuition of x dollars or half
put facedown?
the full tuition. What percent of the
(1) Kay put an even number of the cards tuition paid by the p students last term
faceup. was tuition from students who paid the
(2) Kay put twice as many of the cards
full tuition?
faceup as she put facedown.
(1) Of the p students, 20 percent paid the
7. Is ΔRST a right triangle? full tuition.
(2) The p students paid a total of $91.2
(1) The degree measure of ∠R is twice
million for tuition last term.
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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

13. If a bottle is to be selected at random


from a certain collection of bottles, what
is the probability that the bottle will be
defective?
(1) The ratio of the number of bottles in
the collection that are defective to the
number that are not defective is
3:500.
(2) The collection contains 3,521 bottles.

14. If a grocery shopper received $0.25 off


the original price of a certain product by
using a coupon, what was the original
price of the product?
(1) The shopper received a 20 percent
discount by using the coupon.
(2) The original price was 25 percent
higher than the price the shopper paid
by using the coupon.

15. What was Casey’s total score for


eighteen holes of golf?
(1) Casey’s score for the first nine holes
was 13 less than his score for the last
nine holes.
(2) Twice Casey’s score for the last nine
holes was 58 more than his score for
the first nine holes.

16. What is the rate, in cubic feet per


minute, at which water is flowing into a
certain rectangular tank?
(1) The height of the water in the tank is
increasing at the rate of 2 feet per
minute.
(2) The capacity of the tank is 216 cubic
feet.

17. Is the positive integer n equal to the


square of an integer?
(1) For every prime number p, if p is a
divisor of n, then so is p2.
(2) n is an integer.

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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

18. What is the volume of a certain cube?


(1) The sum of the areas of the faces of
the cube is 54.
(2) The greatest possible distance
between two points on the cube is
3 3

19. What is the value of k2-k?


1
(1) The value of k − is 1.
k
(2) The value of 2k –1 is 5

20. In the figure above, what is the product


of the lengths of AD and BC?
(1) The product of the lengths of AC and
BE is 60.
(2) The length of BC is 8.

21. At a business association conference, the


registration fee for members of the
association was $20 and the registration
fee for nonmembers was $25. If the total
receipts from registration were $5,500,
did more members than nonmembers
pay the registration fee?
(1) Registration receipts from members
were $500 greater than receipts from
nonmembers.
(2) A total of 250 people paid the
registration fee.

22. If x and y are positive integers and x is a


multiple of y, is y = 2?
(1) y ≠ 1
(2) x + 2 is a multiple of y.

23. What is the value of n?


(1) n(n –1)(n – 2 ) = 0
(2) n2 + n – 6 = 0

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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

24. If x and y are integers between 10 and


x− y SECTIION 5
99, inclusive, is an integer? 30 minutes 25 questions
9
(1) x and y have the same two digits, but 1. At a certain picnic, each of the guests was
in reverse order. served either a single scoop or a double
(2) The tens’ digit of x is 2 more than the scoop of ice cream. How many of the
units digit, and the tens digit of y is 2 guests were served a double scoop of ice
less than the units digit. cream?
25. Pam and Ed are in a line to purchase (1) At the picnic, 60 percent of the guests
tickets. How many people are in the were served a double scoop of ice
line? cream.
(2) A total of 120 scoops of ice cream
(1) There are 20 people behind Pam and were served to all the guests at the
20 people in front of Ed. picnic.
(2) There are 5 people between Pam and
Ed. 2. By what percent was the price of a certain
candy bar increased?
(1) The price of the candy bar was
increased by 5 cents.
(2) The price of the candy bar after the
increase was 45 cents.

3. A circular tub has a band painted around


its circumference, as shown above. What
is the surface area of this painted band?
(1) x = 0.5
(2) The height of the tub is 1 meter.

4. Is it true that a > b?


(1) 2a > 2b
(2) a + c > b + c

5. A thoroughly blended biscuit mix


includes only flour and baking powder.
What is the ratio of the number of grams
of baking powder to the number of grams
of flour in the mix?
(1) Exactly 9.9 grams of flour is
contained in 10 grams of the mix.
(2) Exactly 0.3 gram of baking powder is
contained in 30 grams of the mix.

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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

6. If a real estate agent received a positive integers.


commission of 6 percent of the selling (2) m is an even integer.
price of a certain house, what was the
selling price of the house? 12. Paula and Sandy were among those
people who sold raffle tickets to raise
(1) The selling price minus the real estate
money for Club X. If Paula and Sandy
agent’s commission was $84,600.
sold a total of 100 of the tickets, how
(2) The selling price was 250 percent of
many of the tickets did Paula sell?
the original purchase price of
$36,000. 2
(1) Sandy sold as many of the raffle
3
7. What is the value of |x|?
tickets as Paula did.
(1) x = -|x| (2) Sandy sold 8 percent of all the raffle
(2) x2 = 4 tickets sold for Club X.

13. Is the integer n odd?


(1) n is divisible by 3.
(2) n is divisible by 5.

3.2□△6
8. What is the value of z in the triangle
above?
14. If □and△each represent single digits in
(1) x + y = 139 the decimal above, what digit does □
(2) y + z = 108 represent?
(1) When the decimal is rounded to the
9. A certain bakery sells rye bread in 16-
nearest tenth, 3.2 is the result.
ounce loaves and 24-ounce loaves, and all
(2) When the decimal is rounded to the
loaves of the same size sell for the same
nearest hundredth, 3.24 is the result.
price per loaf regardless of the number of
loaves purchased. What is the price of a
15. A certain company currently has how
24-ounce loaf of rye bread in this bakery?
many employees?
(1) The total price of a 16-ounce loaf and
(1) If 3 additional employees are hired
a 24-ounce loaf of this bread is $2.40.
by the company and all of the present
(2) The total price of two 16-ounce loaves
employees remain, there will be at
and one 24-ounce loaf of this bread is
least 20 employees in the company.
$3.40.
(2) If no additional employees are hired
by the company and 3 of the present
x employees resign, there will be fewer
10. If = n , what is the value of x? than 15 employees in the company.
y
(1) yn = 10 16. If x is equal to one of the numbers
1 1 3 2
(2) y = 40 and n = , , or what is the value of x?
4 4 8 5

11. If m and n are consecutive positive (1)1 <x < 1


integers, is m greater than n? 4 2
1 3
(1) m – 1 and n +1 are consecutive (2) <x <
3 5

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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

23. If ☉ denotes a mathematical operation,


17. If a,b, and c are integers, is a – b + c does
greater than a + b – c ? x☉y=y☉x for all x and y?
(1) b is negative. (1) For all x and y, x☉y = 2(x2 + y2).
(2) c is positive. (2) For all y, 0☉y = 2 y2

18. If x + 2y + 1 = y – x, what is the value 24. All trainees in a certain aviator training
of x? program must take both a written test
and a flight test. If 70 percent of the
(1) y2 = 9
trainees passed the written test, and 80
(2) y = 3
percent of the trainees passed the flight
test, what percent of the trainees passed
19. If n is an integer, then n is divisible by
both tests?
how many positive integers?
(1) 10 percent of the trainees did not pass
(1) n is the product of two different
either test.
prime numbers.
(2) 20 percent of the trainees passed only
(2) n and 23 are each divisible by the
the flight test.
same number of positive integers.
n
20. How many miles long is the route from 25. If n is an integer, is an integer?
Houghton to Callahan? 15

(1) It will take 1 hour less time to travel 3n


(1) is an integer.
the entire route at an average rate of 15
55 miles per hour than at an average 8n
rate of 50 miles per hour. (2) is an integer.
15
(2) It will take 11 hours to travel the first
half of the route at an average rate of
25 miles per hour.

21. What is the circumference of the circle


above?
(1) The length of arc XYZ is 18.
(2) r = s

22. If p,q,r, and s are nonzero numbers, is


(p – 1)(q - 2)2(r – 3)3(s – 4)4 ≧ 0?
(1) q > 2 and s > 4
(2) p > 1 and r > 3

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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

SECTION 6 including the tire, was 0.5 meter.


30 minutes 25 questions (2) The wheel made twenty 360-degree
rotations per minute.
1. If x and y are positive, what’s the value of
x? 7. What is the value of the sum of a list of n
odd integers?
(1) x = 3.927y
(2) y = 2.279 (1) n = 8
(2) The square of the number of integers
2. John and David each received a salary on the list is 64.
increase. Which one received the greater
salary increase? 8. If a certain animated cartoon consists of a
total of 17,280 frames on film, how many
(1) John’s salary increased 8 percent.
minutes will it take to run the cartoon?
(2) David’s salary increased 5 percent.
(1) The cartoon runs without interruption
3. Carlotta can drive from her home to her at the rate of 24 frames per second.
office by one of two possible routes. If she (2) It takes 6 times as long to run the
must also return by one of these routes, cartoon as it takes to rewind the film,
what is the distance of the shorter route? and it takes a total of 14 minutes to do
both.
(1) When she drives from her home to her
office by the shorter route and returns
9. What was the average number of miles
by the longer route, she drives a total
per gallon of gasoline for a car during a
of 42 kilometers.
certain trip?
(2) when she drives both ways from her
home to her office and back, by the (1) The total cost of the gasoline used by
longer route, she drives a total of 46 the car for the 180-mile trip was
kilometers. $12.00.
(2) The cost of the gasoline used by the
4. If r and s are positive integers, r is what car for the trip was $1.20 per gallon.
percent of s?
x
3 10. If x and y are positive, is greater than
(1) r = s y
4
75 1?
(2) r ÷ s =
100 (1) xy >1
(2) x – y > 0
5. A shirt and a pair of gloves cost total of
$41.70. How much does the pair of 11. In ΔPQR, if PQ = x, QR = x + 2, and PR
gloves cost? = y, which of the three angles of ΔPQR
has the greatest degree measure?
(1) The shirt costs twice as much as the
gloves. (1) y = x + 3
(2) The shirt costs $27.80. (2) x = 2

6. What is the number of 360-degree 12. Is the prime number p equal to 37?
rotations that a bicycle wheel made while (1) p = n2 +1, where n is an integer.
rolling 100 meters in a straight line (2) p2 is greater than 200.
without slipping?
(1) The diameter of the bicycle wheel, 13. The only contents of a parcel are 25

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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

photographs and 30 negatives. What is for books, periodicals, and newspapers


the total weight, in ounces, of the last year was $35,000, how much of the
parcel’s contents? expenditure was for books?
(1) The weight of each photograph is 3 (1) The expenditure for newspapers was
times the weight of each negative. 40 percent greater than the
(2) The total weight of 1 of the expenditure for periodicals.
photographs and 2 of the negatives is (2) The total of the expenditure for
1 periodicals and newspapers was 25
ounce. percent less than the expenditure for
3
books.

20. The symbol ▽ represents one of the


following operations: addition,
subtraction, multiplication, or division.
14. If l and w represent the length and width, What is the value of 3 ▽ 2?
respectively, of the rectangle above, (1) 0▽1 = 1
what is the perimeter? (2) 1▽0 = 1
(1) 2l + w = 40
(2) l + w = 25 k z r
21. Are the numbers , and in
4 3 2
15. What is the ratio of x to y? increasing order?
(1) x is 4 more than twice y. (1) 3 < z < 4
(2) The ratio of 0.5x to 2y is 3 to 5. (2) r < z < k

16. If x, y, and z are three integers, are they 22. In a certain group of people, the average
consecutive integers? (arithmetic mean) weight of the males is
(1) z – x = 2 180 pounds and of the females, 120
(2) x < y < z pounds. What is the average weight of
the people in the group?
17. What is the value of x? (1) The group contains twice as many
(1) – (x + y) = x - y females as males.
(2) x + y = 2 (2) The group contains 10 more females
than males.
18. A sum of $200,000 from a certain estate
was divided among a spouse and three 23. If n = p + r, where n, p, and r are
children. How much of the estate did the positive integers and n is odd, does p
youngest child receive? equal 2?

(1) The spouse received 1/2 of the sum (1) p and r are prime numbers.
from the estate, and the oldest child (2) r ≠ 2
received 1/4 of the remainder.
(2) Each of the two younger children 24. If y = 2x+1, what is the value of y – x?
received $12,500 more than the (1) 22x+2 = 64
oldest child and $62,500 less than the (2) y = 22x –1
spouse.

19. If the Lincoln Library’s total expenditure


25. If x ≠ 1, is y equal to x + 1?
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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

y−2 SECTION 7
(1) =1
x −1 30 minutes 25 questions
(2) y2 = (x + 1)2
1. The regular price for canned soup was
reduced during a sale. How much money
could one have saved by purchasing a
dozen 7-ounce cans of soup at the
reduced price rather than at the regular
price?
(1) The regular price for the 7-ounce cans
was 3 for a dollar.
(2) The reduced price for the 7-ounce
cans was 4 for a dollar.

2. If on a fishing trip Jim and Tom each


caught some fish, which one caught more
fish?
2
(1) Jim caught as many fish as Tom.
3
(2) After Tom stopped fishing, Jim
continued fishing until he had caught
12 fish.

3. If 5x + 3y = 17 , what is the value of x?


(1) x is a positive integer.
(2) y = 4x

4. Yesterday Nan parked her car at a certain


parking garage that charges more for the
first hour than for each additional hour. If
Nan’s total parking charge at the garage
yesterday was $3.75, for how many hours
of parking was she charged?
(1) Parking charges at the garage are
$0.75 for the first hour and $0.50 for
each additional hour or fraction of an
hour.
(2) If the charge for the first hour had
been $1.00, Nan’s total parking
charge would have been $4.00.

5. If r and s are integers, is r + s divisible by


3?
(1) s is divisible by 3.
(2) r is divisible by 3.

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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

6. What is the radius of the circle above with


center O?
(1) The ratio of OP to PQ is 1 to 2.
(2) P is the midpoint of chord AB.

7. A certain 4-liter solution of vinegar and


water consists of x liters of vinegar and y
liters of water. How many liters of
vinegar does the solution contain?

x 3
(1) 4 =8

(2) y
=5
4 8

8. Is x < 0?
(1) –2x > 0
(2) x3 < 0

9. Of the 230 single-family homes built in


City X last year, how many were
occupied at the end of the year?
(1) Of all single-family homes in City X,
90 percent were occupied at the end
of last year.
(2) A total of 7,200 single-family homes
in City X were occupied at the end of
last year.

10. Does the product jkmn equal 1?

jk
(1) =1
mn
1 1
(2) j = andm =
k n
11. How many of the boys in a group of 100
children have brown hair?
(1) Of the children in the group, 60
percent have brown hair.

133
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

(2) Of the children in the group, 40 are 18. If digit h is the hundredths’ digit in the
boys. decimal d=0.2h6, what is the value of d,
rounded to the nearest tenth?
12. Is the perimeter of Square S greater than
the perimeter of equilateral triangle T? 1
(1) d <
4
(1) The ratio of the length of a side of S (2) h < 5
to the length of a side of T is 4:5.
(2) The sum of the lengths of a side of S 19. What is the value of x2 – y2?
and a side of T is 18.
(1) x – y = y + 2
13. If p and q are positive integers and pq 1
=24, what is the value of p? (2) x – y =
x+ y

q 20. If·represents one of the operations +, –,


(1) is an integer.
6 and ×, is
k • ( + m) = ( k • ) + ( k • m) for all
p numbers k ,  and m?
(2) is an integer.
2 (1) k·l is not equal to l·k for some
numbers k.
p
14. If x≠0, what is the value of ( x q )4 ? (2) ·represents subtraction.
x
21. What was Janet’s score on the fourth
(1) p = q physics test she took?
(2) x = 3
(1) Her score on the fourth test was 12
15. From May 1,1960 to May 1,1975, the points higher than her average
closing price of a share of stock X (arithmetic mean) score on the first
doubled. what was the closing price of a three tests she took.
share of stock X on May 1, 1960? (2) Her score on the fourth test raised her
average (arithmetic mean) test score
(1) From May 1,1975, to May 1,1984, from 87 to 90.
the closing price of a share of stock
X doubled. 22. If x + y >0, is x > |y|?
(2) From May 1,1975, to May 1,1984,
the closing price of a share of stock (1) x > y
X increased by $4.50. (2) y < 0

23. If x is an integer, is (x + p)(x + q) an


16. If d is a positive integer, is d an
even integer?
integer?
(1) q is an even integer.
(1) d is the square of an integer. (2) p is an even integer.
(2) d is the square of an integer.

17. If Q is an integer between 10 and 100,


what is the value of Q?
(1) One of Q’s digits is 3 more than the
other, and the sum of its digits is 9.
(2) Q < 50
134
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

24. The figure above shows the dimensions


of a square picture frame that was
constructed using four pieces of frame as
shown. If w is the width of each piece of
the frame, what is the area of each
piece?
(1) w = 3 inches
(2) PQ = 18 inches

25. A total of 774 doctorates in mathematics


were granted to United States citizens by
American universities in the 1972-1973
school year, and W of these doctorates
were granted to women. The total of
such doctorates in the 1986-1987 school
year was 362, and w of these were
granted to women. If the number of
doctorates in mathematics granted to
female citizens of the United States by
American universities decreased from
the 1972-1973 school year to the 1986-
1987 school year, was the decrease less
than 10 percent?
(1) 1 < W < 1
10 774 9
(2) W =w +5

135
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

times the cost for each additional


minute.

6. A certain expressway has exits J. K. L.


SECTION 8 and M, in that order. What is the road
30 Minutes 25 Questions distance from exit K to exit L?
(1) the road distance from exit J to exit L
1. Committee member W wants to schedule
is 21 kilometers.
a one-hour meeting on Thursday for
(2) The road distance from exit K to exit
himself and three other committee
M is 26 kilometers.
members, X,Y, and Z, Is there a one-hour
period on Thursday that is open for all
7. Two car, S and T, each traveled a distance
four members?
of 50 miles. Did car S use more gasoline
(1) On Thursday W and X have an open than car T?
period from 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon.
(1) Cars S and T traveled the entire
(2) On Thursday Y has an open period
distance at the rates of 55 miles per
from 10:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. and Z
hour and 50 miles per hour,
has an open period from 8:00 a.m. to
respectively.
11:00 a.m.
(2) For the entire distance, car S traveled
20 miles per gallon of gasoline and
2. If Jack’s and Kate’s annual salaried in
car T traveled 25 miles per gallon of
1985 were each 10 percent higher than
gasoline.
their respective annual salaries in 1984,
what was Jack’s annual salary in 1984?
8. If n is a positive integer, is n odd?
(1) The sum of Jack’s and Kate’s annual
(1) 3n is odd.
salaries in 1984 was $50,000.
(2) n + 3 is even.
(2) The sum of Jack’s and Kate’s annual
salaries in 1985 was $55,000.
9. Does 2m – 3n = 0
3. What is the value of x? (1) m ≠0
(2) 6m = 9n
(1) x + 1 = 2 – 3x
1 10. If xy < 3, is x < 1?
(2) =2
2x
(1) y > 3
4. How many newspapers were sold at a (2) x < 3
certain newsstand today?
11. Each of the eggs in a bowl is dyed red,
(1) A total of 100 newspapers were sold or green, or blue. If one egg is to be
at the newsstand yesterday, 10 fewer removed at random. what is the
than twice the number sold today. probability that the egg will be green?
(2) The number of newspapers sold at the
newsstand yesterday was 45 more (1) There are 5 red eggs in the bowl.
than the number sold today. (2) The probability that the egg will be
1
blue is
5. How much did a certain telephone call 3
cost?
12. Is the average (arithmetic mean) of x and
(1) The call lasted 53 minutes
y greater than 20?
(2) The cost for the first 3 minutes was 5

136
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

(1) The average (arithmetic mean) of 2x the total value of goods consumed in
and 2y is 48. the United States that year.
(2) x = 3y (2) In 1987 the value of foreign goods
consumed constituted 22.7 percent of
the total value of goods consumed in
13. Marcia’s bucket can hold a maximum of the United States that year.
how many liters of water?
y
(1) The bucket currently contains 9 liters 18. If x, y, and z are positive, is x = 2 ?
y z
of water. z=
(1) xz
(2) If 3 liters of water are added to the
bucket when it is half full of water, y
(2) z = x
the amount of water in the bucket
1
will increase by . 19. If x and y are positive integers and xy =
3 x2y-3, what is the value of xy?
(1) x = 2
(2) x3 = 8

20. If k and n are integers, is n divisible by


7?
14. In the triangle above, does a2 + b2 = c2?
(1) n – 3 = 2k
(1) x + y = 90 (2) 2k – 4 is divisible by 7.
(2) x = y
21. If x and y are integers and y = |x + 3| + |
15. What is the value of the positive integer n? 4 – x |, does y equal 7?
(1) n4 < 25 (1) x < 4
(2) n ≠ n2 (2) x > -3

22. If 1 < d <2, is the tenths’ digit of the


decimal representation of d equal to 9?
(1) d + 0.01 <2
(2) d + 0.05 > 2

23. The participants in a race consisted of 3


teams with 3 runners on each team. A
team was awarded 6 –n points if one of
16. If ab ≠ 0, in what quadrant of the
its runners finished in nth place, where 1
coordinate system above does point (a,
≤ n ≤ 5. If all of the runners finished the
b) lie?
race and if there were no ties, was each
(1) (b, a) lies in quadrant Ⅳ. team awarded at least one point?
(2) (a, -b) lies in quadrant Ⅲ.
(1) No team was awarded more than a
17. From 1984 to 1987, the value of foreign total of 6 points.
goods consumed annually in the United (2) No pair of teammates finished in
States increased by what percent? consecutive places among the top
five places.
(1) In 1984 the value of foreign goods
consumed constituted 19.8 percent of 24. If x + y + z > 0, is z > 1?

137
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

(1) z > x + y +1 SECTION 9


(2) x + y + 1 < 0 30 Minutes 25 Questions

25. How many integers n are there such that 1. A total of 9 women and 12 men reside in
r < n < s? the 21 apartments that are in a certain
apartment building, one person to each
(1) s – r = 5
apartment. If a poll taker is to select one
(2) r and s are not integers.
of the apartments at random, what is the
probability that the resident of the
apartment selected will be a woman who
is a student?
(1) Of the women, 4 are students.
(2) Of the women, 5 are not students.

2. Is x greater than 1.8?


(1) x > 1.7
(2) x > 1.9

3. Hoses X and Y simultaneously fill an


empty swimming pool that has a capacity
of 50,000 liters. If the flow in each hose
is independent of the flow in the other
hose, how many hours will it take to fill
the pool?
(1) Hose X alone would take 28 hours to
fill the pool.
(2) Hose Y alone would take 36 hours to
fill the pool.

4. In the figure above, if lines k and m are


parallel, what is the value of x?
(1) y = 120
(2) z = 60

5. If x and y are integers, what is the value


of y?
(1) xy = 27
(2) x = y2

138
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

(2) The larger circular region has a radius


that is 3 times the radius of the smaller
circular region.

12. Is z less than 0?


(1) xy > 0 and yz < 0.
(2) x > 0

13. If the total price of n equally priced


6. In the figure above, segments PR and QR
shares of a certain stock was $12,000,
are each parallel to one of the rectangular
what was the price per share of the
coordinate axes. Is the ratio of the length
stock?
of QR to the length of PR equal to 1?
(1) If the price per share of the stock had
(1) c = 3 and d = 4.
been $1 more, the total price of the n
(2) a = -2 and b = -1.
shares would have been $300 more.
(2) If the price per share of the stock had
7. In a school election, if each of the 900
been $2 less, the total price of the n
voters voted for either Edith or Jose (but
shares would have been 5 percent less.
not both), what percent of the female
voters in this election voted for Jose?
14. What is the ratio of x : y : z?
(1) Eighty percent of the female voters
(1) z =1 and xy = 32
voted for Edith.
(2) Sixty percent of the male voters x z 1
(2) = 2 and = .
voted for Jose. y y 4
8. During week W, how much did it cost, per
mile, for the gasoline used by car X?
15. What is Ricky’s age now?
(1) During week W, car X used gasoline
(1) Ricky is now twice as old as he was
that cost $1.24 per gallon.
exactly 8 years ago.
(2) During week W, car X was driven
(2) Ricky’s sister Teresa is now 3 times
270 miles.
as old as Ricky was exactly 8 years
ago.
9. If r and s are integers, is r divisible by 7?
(1) The product rs is divisible by 7. 16. Is xy > 5?
(2) s is not divisible by 7.
(1) 1 ≦x≦3 and 2≦y≦4.
(2) x + y = 5
m 5
10. If = , what is the value of m + n?
n 3 17. In year X, 8.7 percent of the men in the
(1) m > 0 labor force were unemployed in June
(2) 2m + n = 26 compared with 8.4 percent is May. If the
number of men in the labor force was
11. If P and Q are each circular regions, the same for both months, how many
what is the radius of the larger of these men were unemployed in June of that
regions? year?

(1) The area of P plus the area of Q is equal (1) In May of year X, the number of
to 90π. unemployed men in the labor force
was 3.36 million.

139
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

(2) In year X, 120,000 more men in the


labor force were unemployed in June
than in May.

18. If the average (arithmetic mean) of 4


numbers is 50, how many of the
numbers are greater than 50?
(1) None of the four numbers is equal to 50.
(2) Two of the numbers are equal to 25.
23. In the figure above, segments RS and
19. On Monday morning a certain machine
TU represent two positions of the same
ran continuously at a uniform rate to fill
ladder leaning against the side SV of a
a production order. At what time did it
wall. The length of TV is how much
completely fill the order that morning?
greater than the length of RV?
(1) The machine began filling the order at
(1) The length of TU is 10 meters.
9:30 a.m.
(2) The length of RV is 5 meters.
1
(2) The machine had filled of the
2 24. If both x and y are nonzero numbers,
5 y
order by 10:30 a.m. and of the what is the value of ?
6 x
order by 11:10 a.m.
(1) x = 6
20. If n + k = m, what is the value of k? (2) y2 = x2

(1) n = 10 25. If x = 0. rstu, where r, s, t, and u each


(2) m + 10 = n represent a nonzero digit of x, what is
the value of x?
21. Town T has 20,000 residents, 60 percent
of whom are female. What percent of the (1) r = 3s = 2t = 6u
residents were born in Town T? (2) The product of r and u is equal to the
product of s and t.
(1) The number of female residents who
were born in Town T is twice the
number of male residents who were
not born in Town T.
(2) The number of female residents who
were not born in Town T is twice the
number of female residents who were
born in Town T.

22. Can the positive integer n be written as


the sum of two different positive prime
numbers?
(1) n is greater than 3.
(2) n is odd.

140
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

SECTION 10
30 Minutes 25 Questions

1. If Hans purchased a pair of skis and a ski


jacket, what was the cost of the skis?
(1) The ratio of the cost of the skis to the
cost of the jacket was 5 to 1.
6. In the figure above, what is the measure
(2) The total cost of the skis and the
of ∠ABC ?
jacket was $360.
(1) BX bisects ∠ABY and BY bisects
2. Is x < y? ∠XBC.
(2) The measure of ∠ABX is 40o.
(1) z < y
(2) z < x
7. If -10 < k < 10, is k > 0?
3. If a certain city is losing 12 percent of its 1
daily water supply each day because of (1) >0
k
water-main breaks, what is the dollar cost (2) k2 > 0
to the city per day for this loss?
(1) The city’s daily water supply is 350
million gallons. R S T U
(2) The cost to the city for each 12,000 R 0 y x 62
gallons of water lost is $2. S y 0 56 75
T x 56 0 69
4. Machine X runs at a constant rate and U 62 75 69 0
produces a lot consisting of 100 cans in 2
hours. How much less time would it take 8. The table above shows the distance, in
to produce the lot of cans if both kilometers, by the most direct route,
machines X and Y were run between any two of the four cities, R, S,
simultaneously? T, and U. For example, the distance
between City R and City U is 62
(1) Both machines X and Y produce the kilometers. What is the value of x?
same number of cans per hour.
(2) It takes machine X twice as long to (1) By the most direct route, the distance
produce the lot of cans as it takes between S and T is twice the distance
machines X and Y running between S and R.
simultaneously to produce the lot. (2) by the most direct route, the distance
between T and U is 1.5 times the
5. If x and y are positive, what is the value distance between R and T.
of x?
9. Buckets X and Y contained only water and
(1) 200 percent of x equals 400 percent of
1
y. bucket Y was full. If all of the water in
(2) xy is the square of a positive integer. 2
bucket X was then poured into bucket Y,
what fraction of the capacity of Y was
then filled with water?
(1) Before the water from X was poured,
1
X was full.
3
141
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

(2) X and Y have the same capacity. 1


and, of these, are over 75 years of
3
10. If n is an integer, is n +2 a prime age.
number? (2) Exactly 10 male members are over 75
(1) n is a prime number. years of age.
(2) n + 1 is not a prime number.
16. If t ≠ 0, is r greater that zero?
11. Is x between 0 and 1? (1) rt = 12
2
(1) x is less than x. (2) r + t = 7
(2) x3 is positive.
17. If x is an integer, is y an integer?
12. Did Sally pay less than x dollars, (1) The average (arithmetic mean) of x, y
including sales tax, for her bicycle? and y – 2 is x.
(1) The price Sally paid for the bicycle (2) The average (arithmetic mean) of x
was (0.9)x dollars, excluding the 10 and y is not an integer.
percent sales tax.
(2) The price Sally paid for the bicycle
was $170. excluding sales tax.

13. Is the positive square root of x an


integer?
(1) x = n4 and n is an integer.
(2) x = 16 18. The inside of a rectangular carton is 48
centimeters long, 32 centimeters wide,
and 15 centimeters high. The carton is
filled to capacity with k identical
cylindrical cans of fruit that stand
upright in rows and columns, as
14. If the successive tick marks shown on indicated in the figure above. If the cans
the number line above are equally are 15 centimeters high, what is the
spaced and if x and y are the numbers value of k?
designating the end points of intervals as
shown, what is the value of y? (1) Each of the cans has a radius of 4
centimeters.
1 (2) 6 of the cans fit exactly along the
(1) x =
2 length of the carton.
2
(2) y − x = 8x
3 19. If R = and y ≠ 0 what is the value
3y
15. In a certain senior citizens’ club, are of R?
1
more than of the members over 75 2
4 (1) x =
3
years of age?
(2) x = 2y
(1) Exactly 60 percent of the female
members are over 60 years of age, 20. Is the positive integer n a multiple of 24?
(1) n is a multiple of 4.

142
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

(2) n is a multiple of 6.

21. What is the area of the rectangular


region above?
(1) l + w = 6
(2) d2 = 20

22. If Aaron, Lee, and Tony have a total of


$36, how much money does Tony have?
(1) Tony has twice as much money as
1
Lee and as much as Aaron.
3
(2) The sum of the amounts of money
that Tony and Lee have is half the
amount that Aaron has.

23. If n is a positive integer, is the value of b


– a at least twice the value of 3n – 2n?
(1) a = 2n + 1 and b = 3n+1
(2) n = 3

24. The price per share of stock X increased


by 10 percent over the same time period
that the price per share of stock Y
decreased by 10 percent. The reduced
price per share of stock Y was what
percent of the original price per share of
stock X?
(1) The increased price per share of stock
X was equal to the original price per
share of stock Y.
(2) The increase in the price per share of
stock X was 10/11 the decrease in the
price per share of stock Y.

25. Any decimal that has only a finite


number of nonzero digits is a
terminating decimal. For example, 24,
0.82, and 5.096 are three terminating
decimals. If r and s are positive integers
and the ratio r/s is expressed as a
decimal, is r/s a terminating decimal?
(1) 90 < r < 100

143
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

(2) s = 4 passed the written examination, how


Section 11 many of the applicants passed both
30 Minutes 25 Questions examinations ?
(1) The number of applicants who did not
1. Kelly's raise increased his salary by what
pass either examination was equal to
percent ?
the number who passed the written
examination only.
(1) Kelly's raise was $1,200.
(2) There was a total of 100 applicants.
(2) Kelly's raise increased his taxes to
$1,700.
8. Is the integer n even ?
2. Mouse population X doubles every week. (1) n 2 − 1 is odd.
How many weeks from now will (2) n is an integer.
population X first exceed 1,000,000 ?
9. If today is Carol's birthday, how old is
(1) The mouse population is now 65,536.
Carol?
(2) Fifteen weeks ago the mouse
population was 2. (1) 6 years ago she was half her present
age.
3. If no student took test T more than once, (2) 3 years from now she will be 3 times
how many students took test T ? as old as she was 7 years ago.

(1) The average (arithmetic mean) of the 10. If x, y, and z are positive, what is the
students' scores on test T was 72. value of x ?
(2) The sum of he students' scores on test
T was 2,232. (1) x + y = z + y
(2) z – y = 4 – y
4. if △ denotes an operation, what is the
value of (a△b) △c ? 11. Is x an integer ?
2
(1) a △ b = 5 (1) x is an integer.
3
(2) 5 △ c = 3 (2) x – 4 is an integer.

5. If x + 2y = 6, what is the value of x ? 12. If y > 0, is y greater than x ?


(1) 2x + y = 9 (1) 3x = 2y
(2) 3x + 2y = 14 (2) x + y = 5

x 3 13. Did the population of Country S increase


6. Is =
8 4 by less than 20 percent from 1965 to
1975 ?
(1) x > 5.5
(2) x < 7
(1) The population of Country S in 1965
was 180 million.
4
7. Last year of the applicants for a job on (2) The population of Country S in 1975
5 was 1.17 times what it was in 1965.
a police force passed the physical
3 a 2
xamination. If of the applicants who 14. If a and b are positive integers, is =
4 b 3
passed the physical examination also ?
144
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

each 5,000 square feet of lawn X


(1) 3a = 2b
(2) For integers m and n, a = 2m and b =
21. If x and y are positive. is y< 2 ?
3n
(1) x > 2y
15. G, P, and S are animal species. What is
(2) x < y + 2
the average life span, in year, of S ?
22. If n is a positive integer, is n divisible by
(1) The average life span of S is twice
at least six positive integers?
4
that of P and that of G. (1) n is the product of three different
5
(2) The average life span of G is 30 years prime numbers.
longer than that of P and 10 years (2) n = 30
longer than that of S.
23. A car traveled a distance of d miles in t
16. If point X is inside a circle with center O minutes at an average rate of r miles per
and radius 2, is point Y inside the same minute. What is the ratio of d to r ?
circle? (1) t = 30
(2) d = 25
(1) OX = 1
1 24. If b is the product of three consecutive
(2) XY = 2
2 positive integers c, c + 1, and c + 2, is b
a multiple of 24 ?
17. Four dollar amounts, w, x, y, and z, were
invested in a business. Which amount (1) b is a multiple of 3,
was greatest'? (2) c is odd.

(1) y < z < x 25. If x is a positive number, what is the


(2) x was 25 percent of the total of the value of x ?
four investments.
(1) | x – 2 | = 1
18. If the measures of' the three interior (2) x 2 = 4 x − 3
angles of a triangle are y°, 15x°, and
18x°, what is the value of y ?

(1) x =5
(2) 15x + y = 90

19. What is the average (arithmetic mean) of


x and y ?

x y
(1) + = 10
2 2
(2) x = 2y

20. How many bags of grass seed were used


for rectangular lawn X ?
(1) Lawn X has a perimeter of 720 feet.
(2) One bag of grass seed was used for

145
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

Section 12 416
30 Minutes 25 Questions (1) d = 5 +
1,000
(2) The terminating decimal equivalent of
1.What is the total number of employees in d has one nonzero digit to the left of
the per-sonnel and data processing the decimal point.
divisions of Company S ?
(1) The number of employees in the data 6. In a given class, what is the average
processing division is 3 more than (arithmetic mean) height per pupil ?
twice the number of employees in the
personnel division. (1) The average (arithmetic mean) height
(2) The number of employees in the data of the girls in the class is 61 inches.
process-ing division is 15. (2) The average (arithmetic mean) height
of the boys in the class is 64 inches.
2. If x and y are integers, is x + y divisible
by 6 ? 7. Richard's salary is greater than $25,000.
Is Amy's salary greater than Brian's
(1) x is divisible by 6. salary?
(2) y is divisible by 6.
(1) Brian's salary is 125 percent of
Richard's salary, and Amy's salary is
greater than 130 percent of Richard's
salary.
(2) Richard's salary is 75 percent of
Amy's salary but is 80 percent of
Brian's salary.

8. Are integers r and s consecutive ?


3. In the figure above, what is the length of (1) r is odd and s is even.
segment BC ? (2) r - s = 1

(1) x = 90 9. There are exactly 6 teams in league X.


(2)The perimeter of △ABC is 24. What was the total number of games
played by the 6 teams last season?
4. Of the books that are standing upright (1) Each team in league X played each of
along the top shelf of a bookcase, some the other teams at least once.
1 3 (2) No team in league X played more than
are -inch thick and the rest are -inch
2 4 7 games.
thick. What is the total number of books
standing upright along the top shelf ?

1
(1) Half of these books are -inch thick.
2
(2) The total thickness of all of these
books is 25 inches.

5. In the terminating decimal equivalent of


d, what is the number of nonzero digits to
the right of the deci-mal point?

146
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

10. Does x 2 = y ? = 10 ?

(1) When x = 1, y = 5.
(2) When x = 5, y = 13.

17. If x and y are positive, then x is what


percent of y?

(1) 15 is 25 percent of y.
(1) y = − x (2) x is 10 percent of 2y.
(2) x < y
18. In year X a total of 355 billion dollars
11. In the figure above, x, y, and z denote the was spent for health care in the United
lengths of the sides of a triangular flower States, 30 percent of which was spent by
bed bounded by three driveways. What private health insurance compa-nies.
is the perimeter of the flower bed ? Was the amount spent for health care by
the federal government's medicare
(1) x = y = 30 feet. program less than 60 billion dollars?
(2) k = 60
(1) In year X medicare spent more than
12. Is r > s ? 1 2
, but less than , of the amount
2 3
(1) -r + s < 0 spent by the private health insurance
(2) r < | s | companies for health care.
(2) In year X medicare spent 50 billion
13. A raincoat and an umbrella cost a total of dollars less for health care than the
$53.50. What is the cost of the raincoat? amount spent by private health
(1) If the cost of the raincoat were to insurance companies.
increase by 10 percent, the raincoat
and the umbrella would cost a total z
of $58.00. 19. If xyz ≠ 0. what is the value of ?
y2
(2) The cost of the raincoat is $2.50 more 3
than 5 times the cost of the umbrella. (1) x = y
4
2
14. What is the value of x 2 + 2 xy + y 2 ? (2) z = x
3
(1) x + y = 7
(2) x = 2

15. If each of the positive integers a, b, and


c is a prime number and abc = 30, what
is the value of c ?

(1) a < b < c


(2) a + b = c

16. If y = ax + b, where a and b are


constants, what is the value of y when x

147
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

20. Jane is in a certain ticket line in which


(1) The lower rate is now 6 percent.
each of the other people in the line is
(2) The total amount of interest earned
either behind her or ahead of her. In the
from the two investments last year
line, the number of people ahead of Jane
was $3,000.
is 5 more than the number of people
behind her. What is the total number of
24. Is the integer n a multiple of 140 ?
people in the line?
(1) n is a multiple of 10.
(1) There are 11 people ahead of Jane in
(2) n is a multiple of 14.
the line.
(2) The total number of people in the line
25. If x, y, and n are positive integers, is
is 3 times the number of people n
behind Jane. x
  greater than 1,000 ?
 y
21. In the rectangular coordinate system, if
line  is parallel to one of the axes, does (1) x = y 3 and n > y.
line  contain the point (4, 5) ? (2) x > 5y and n > x.

(1) Line  contains the point (4, -5).


(2) Line  crosses the x-axis.

22. In the figure above, if PR is a line


segment, what is the sum of the lengths
of the curved paths from P to Q and
from Q to R ?

(1) XQ = QY = 5 centimeters.
(2) Every point on arc PQ is 5
centimeters from point X, and every
point on arc QR is 5 centimeters from
point Y.

23. Last year Luis invested x dollars for one


year, half at 8 percent simple annual
interest and the other half at 12 percent
simple annual interest. Now he wants to
reinvest the x dollars for one year in the
same two types of investments, but the
lower rate has decreased. If the higher
rate is unchanged, what fraction of the x
dollars must he reinvest at the 12 percent
rate so that the total interest earned from
the x dollars will be the
same for both years ?
148
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

Section 13 (1) c > 0


30 Minutes 25 Questions (2) xy > 0

1. Who is older, Akira or Michiko? 8. Terry and Pat collected cans for recycling.
What was the ratio of the number of carts
(1) Akira and Michiko are 3 years apart in
Terry collected to the number of cans Pat
age.
collected?
(2) Akira's younger brother is 11 years
old. (1) Pat collected 50 percent of the cans
that they collected.
2. What is the value of x ? (2) Terry collected 140 cans.
(1) 3x = 30
9. Is the integer n equal to 25 ?
(2) x + y = 40
(1) n is the square of an integer.
3. How many hours does it take 12 (2) 15 < n < 37
machines with identical production rates,
running simultaneously without stopping, 10. Is line  parallel to the y-axis?
to fill a certain production order ?
(1) The equation of line  is x = 4.
(2) The points (4. 2) and (4, - 5) are on
(1) It takes each machine alone, running
line  .
continuously, 60 hours to fill the
production order.
(2) It takes 10 of these machines, running
simultaneously without stopping, 6
hours to fill the production order.

4. If n is a positive number, what is the value


of n ?

5
(1) 1 + n =
4
1
(2) n =
2

16
11. According to the graph above, the sale of
fruits and vegetables in Store S last week
5. What are the populations of Cities Y and accounted for what percent of the total sales
Z? income for the week?
(1) Last week the total income from the
(1) The population of City Z is 275,000 sale of fruits and vegetables in Store
more than the population of City Y. S was $16,000.
(2) The ratio of the population of City Z (2) x = 2y
to the population of City Y is 76 to 21.

6. If n is an integer, is n odd ?
(1) The tens digit of n is odd. 12. In a sequence of numbers in which each
(2) n2 is odd. term after the first term is 1 more than
twice the preceding term, what is the
7. If x > y, is cx > cy ? fifth term?

149
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

(1) The first term is 1. (1) i is odd and j is even


(2) The sixth term minus the fifth term is (2) i2 > j2
32.
18. What was the average (arithmetic mean)
13. Larry saves x dollars per month. Will monthly rainfall during 1984 in region
Larry’s total savings one year from now Y?
exceed his present savings by at least
$500 ? (Assume that there is no interest.) (1) In region Y the total rainfall for the
first 6 months of 1984 was twice the
(1) In 6 months Larry's total savings will total rainfall for the last 6 months of
be $900. 1984.
(2) In 3 months Larry's total savings will (2) In region Y the average monthly
exceed his present savings by $150. rainfall for the first 6 months of 1984
was 2.31 inches more than the
14. Is |x – 3| < 7 ? average monthly rainfall for the last 6
months of 1984.
(1) x > 0
(2) x < 10
19. If 2x + 3y = 5, what is the value of x ?

(1) x + z = 3 + 2y + z
1
(2) y = −
7

20. If S is the sum of the first n positive


integers, what is the value of n ?

(1) S < 20
15. In the figure above, what is the area of (2) s2 > 220
the circular region with center O ?

(1) MN is perpendicular to RS. 21. A small factory that produces only


(2) The area of triangular region OMT is upholstered chairs and sofas uses 1
4. cushion for each chair and 4 cushions for
each sofa. If the factory used a total of
300 cushions on the furniture it
16. Pat is reading a book that has a total of produced last week, how many sofas did
1 it produce last week ?
15 chapters. Has Pat read at least of
3
the pages in the book? (1) Last week the factory produced more
chairs than sofas.
(1) Pat has just finished reading the first (2) Last week the factory produced a
5 chapters. total of 150 chairs and sofas.
(2) Each of the first 3 chapters has more
pages than each of the other 12 22. If integer p is a factor of 42, is p a prime
chapters in the book.. number?

17. If a1, a2, a3, . . . , an, . . . is a sequence (1) p > 6


such that an=2n for all n ≥ 1, is ai (2) p < 21
greater than aj ?
23. What is the value of t ?
150
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

Section 14
(1) The average (arithmetic mean) of t2
25 Minutes 20 Questions
and 8t is –8.
(2) t 4 = 16 1. Is 1 < x < 2 ?
(1) 0 < x
24. What is the area of a rectangular surface (2) x < 3
that has length x feet and width y feet ?

(1) y is the reciprocal of x. 2. Water is pumped into a partially filled


(2) The perimeter of the rectangular tank at a constant rate through an inlet
surface is 5 feet. pipe. At the same time, water is pumped
out of the tank at a constant rate through
an outlet pipe. At what rate, in gallons per
25. What is the greatest common divisor of minute, is the amount of water in the tank
positive integers m and n ? increasing?

(1) m is a prime number. (1) The amount of water initially in the


(2) m and n are consecutive integers. tank is 200 gallons.
(2) Water is pumped into the tank at a rate
of 10 gallons per minute and out of
the tank at a rate of 10 gallons every
1
2 minutes.
2

3. If P, Q, and R are three distinct points, do


line segments PQ and PR have the same
length ?

(1) P is the midpoint of line segment QR.


(2) Q and R lie on the same circle with
center P.

4. What distance did Jane travel?

(1) Bill traveled 40 miles in 40 minutes.


(2) Jane traveled at the same average rate
as Bill.

5. The profit from the sale of a certain


appliance increases, though not
proportionally, with the number of units
sold. Did the profit exceed $4 million on
sales of 380,000 units ?
(1) The profit exceeded $2 million on
sales of 200,000 units.
(2) The profit exceeded $5 million on
sales of 350,000 units.

151
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

(1) None of the six numbers is less than


75.
(2) None of the six numbers is greater
than 75.

11. An employee is 1.5 times the regular


hourly rate for each hour worked in
excess of 40 hours per week, excluding
Sunday, and 2 times the regular hourly
rate for each hour worked on Sunday.
6. Each number in the arrangement above is How much was the employee paid last
obtained from the two nearest numbers in week?
the column imme-diately to the left by
subtracting the upper number from the (1) The employee’s regular hourly rate is
lower number. What is the value of z ? $10.
(2) Last week the employee worked a
(1) x = 7 total of 54 hours but did not work
(2) t = 5 more than 8 hours on any day.

7. How many people are directors of both n


12. If n and k are greater than zero, is an
Company K and Company R ? k
integer ?
(1) There were 17 directors present at a (1) n and k are both integers.
joint meeting of the directors of
(2) n 2 and k 2 are both integers.
Company K and Company R, and no
directors were absent.
13. At Larry’s Auto Supply Store, Brand X
(2) Company K has 12 directors and
antifreeze is sold by the gallon and
Company R has 8 directors.
Brand Y motor oil is sold by the quart.
Excluding sales tax, what is the total
8. What is the value of xy –yz ?
cost for 1 gallon of Brand X antifreeze
(1) y = 2 and 1 quart of Brand Y motor oil?
(2) x – z = 5
(1) Excluding sales tax, the total cost for
6 gallons of Brand X antifreeze and
10 quarts of Brand Y motor oil is
9.The length of the edging that surrounds
$58. (There is no quantity discount.)
1
circular garden K is the length of the (2) Excluding sales tax, the total cost for
2 4 gallons of Brand X antifreeze and
edging that surrounds circular garden G. 12 quarts of Brand Y motor oil is
What is the area of garden K ? (Assume $44. (There is no quantity discount.)
that the edging has negligible width.)

(1) The area of G is 25π square meters. 14. If x is an integer, is x | x | < 2x


(2) The edging around G is 10π meters
long. (1) x < 0
(2) x = - 10
10. If the average (arithmetic mean) of six
numbers is 75, how many of the 15. By what percent did the median
numbers are equal to 75 ? household income in Country Y decrease

152
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

from 1970 to 1980 ?


18. If x, y, and z are positive integers, is x –
(1) In 1970 the median household y odd ?
2
income in Country Y was of (1) x = z 2
3
(2) y = ( z − 1) 2
median household income in Country
X.
(2) In 1980 the median household 19. What is the tens digit of positive integer
1 x?
income in Country Y was of the
2 (1) x divided by 100 has a remainder of
median household income in Country 30.
X. (2) x divided by 110 has a remainder of
30.
n
1
16. If n is a positive integer, is   < 0.01 20. If x and y are positive, is the ratio of x to
 10  y greater than 3 ?
?
(1) n > 2 (1) x is 2 more than 3 times y.
n −1
1 (2) The ratio of 2x to 3y is greater than 2.
(2)   < 0.1
 10 

17. If x < 0, is y > 0 ?


x
(1) <0
y
(2) y - x > 0

153
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

Section 15
25 Minutes 20 Questions

1. The regular price per eight-ounce can of


brand X soup is $0.37, regardless of the
number of cans purchased. What amount
will be saved on the purchase of 3 eight-
ounce cans of brand X soup if the regular
price is reduced ?
6. Point (x, y) has in which quadrant of the
(1) At the reduced price, 3 eight-ounce rectangular coordinate system shown
cans of brand X soup will cost $0.99 above ?
(2) The amount that will be saved on each
eight-ounce can of brand X soup (1) x + y < 0
purchased at the reduced price is (2) x = 1 and y = -7
$0.04.
7. What is the average (arithmetric mean ) of
2. Does Joe weigh more than Tim? x, y and z

(1) Tim’s weight is 80 percent of Joe’s (1) x + y = 5


weight. (2) y + z = 7
(2) Joe’s weight is 125 percent of Tim’s
weight. 8. Chan and Micko drove separate cars
along the entire length of a certain route.
3. Not scored If Chan made the trip in 15 minutes, how
many minutes did it take Micko to make
4. What is the value of xy ? the same trip ?

(1) x + y = 10 (1) Micko’s average speed for the trip


(2) x – y = 6 3
was of Chan’s average speed.
4
5. Elena receives a salary plus a commission (2) The route is 14 miles long.
that is equal to a fixed percentage of her x
sales revenue. What was the total of 9. If xy ≠ 0, is < 0 ?
y
Elena’s salary and commission last month (1) x = y
? (2) –x = - ( - y )
(1) Elena’s monthly salary is $1,000. 10. What is the value of the two-digit integer
(2) Elena’s commission is 5 percent of x?
her sales revenue.
(1) The sum of the two digits is 3
(2) x is divisible by 3

11. Is the number x between 0.2 and 0.7 ?

(1) 560x < 280


(2) 700x > 280

12.Is x an integer ?

154
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

x (2) y 2 − 7 y + 6 = 0
(1) is an integer.
2
(2) 2x is an integer.

13. A swim club that sold only individual


and family memberships charged $300
for an individual membership. If the
club’s total revenue from memberships
was $480,000, what was the charge 18. The figure above represents the floor
for a family membership ? plan of an art gallery that has a lobby
and 18 rooms. If Lisa goes from the
(1) The revenue from individual lobby into room A at the same time that
1 Paul goes from the lobby into room R,
memberships was of the total
4 and each goes through all of the rooms
revenue from memberships. in succession, entering by one door and
(2) The club sold 1.5 times as many exiting by the other, which room will they
family member- ships as individual be in at the same time ?
memberships.
(1) Lisa spends 2x minutes in each room
14. If x, y, and z are positive numbers, is x > and Paul spends 3x minutes in each
y>z? room.
(2) Lisa spends 10 minutes less time in
(1) xz > yz each room than Paul does.
(2) yx > yz

15.Can the positive integer p be expressed


as the product of two integers, each of
which is greater than 1 ? 19. Quadrilateral RSTU shown above is a
site plan for a parking lot in which side
(1) 31 < p < 37 RU is parallel to side ST and RU is
(2) p is odd longer than ST. What is the area of the
parking lot ?
16. Currently there are 50 picture books
each shelf in the children’s section of a (1) RU = 80 meters
library. If these books were to be placed (2) TU= 20 10 meters
on smaller shelves with 30 picture books
on each shelf, how many of the smaller 20. If xy = -6 , what is the value of
shelves would be needed to hold all of xy(x+y ) ?
these books ?
(1) x – y = 5
(1) The number of smaller shelves needed (2) xy 2 = 18
is 6 more than the current number of
shelves.
(2) Currently there are 9 shelves in the
children’s section.

17. Is y = 6 ?
(1) y 2 = 36
155
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

the call was $0.36 less than the charge


for the remainder of the call.
(‍ 2) The total charge for the call was
$2.88.
Section 16
25 Minutes 20 Questions 6. Is the integer P odd ?
‍(1) The sum of P, P + 4, and P + 11 is
1. Is x greater than 75 percent of y ?
even.
‍(1) x = 40 ‍(2) The sum of P – 3, P, and P + 11 is
‍(2) y = 50 odd.

7. If a certain grove consists of 36 pecan


2. The integer x is how much greater than trees, what was the yield per tree last
3? year?
‍(1) 10 x = 100,000 ‍(1) The yield per tree for the 18 trees in
1 the northern half of the grove was 60
‍(2) x = 0.00001 kilograms last year.
10
‍(2) The yield per tree for the 18 trees in
3. A citrus fruit grower receives $15 for each the eastern half of the grove was 55
crate of oranges shipped and $18 for each kilograms last year.
crate of grapefruit shipped. How many
crates of oranges did the grower ship last 8. What was the percent increase in the
week? value of a certain antique from January 1,
1981, to December 31, 1981?
‍(1) Last week the number of crates of
oranges that the grower shipped was ‍(1) The value of the antique on January 1,
20 more than twice the number of 1981, was $3,000.
crates of grapefruit shipped. ‍(2) The value of the antique on December
‍(2) Last week the grower received a total 31, 1981, was double the value of the
of $38,700 from the crates of oranges antique on January 1,1981.
and grapefruit slipped.
9. In the xy-plane, is point (2, -3) on line  ?
‍(1) Point (-2, 3) is on  .
‍(2)  is not perpendicular to the x-axis.

4. In the figure above, what is the length 10. If r is represented by the decimal 0.t5,
of AC ? what is the digit t ?
‍(1) x + y = 13 1
‍(2) xy = 36 (1) r <
3
1
5. The charge for a telephone call between (2) r <
10
City R and City S is $0.42 for each of the
first 3 minutes and $0.18 for each
additional minute. A certain call between 11. Is 7 < n < 8 ?
these two cities lasted for x minutes, ‍(1) n > 50
where x is an integer. How many minutes ‍(2) n < 60
long was the call?
‍(1) The charge for the first 3 minutes of 12. If a total of 84 students are enrolled in

156
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

two sections of a calculus course, how is the perimeter of the flower bed ?
many of the 84 students are female?
(1) The perimeter of rectangle PQRS is
2 28 feet.
(1) of the students in Section 1 are (2) Each diagonal of rectangle PQRS is
3
female. 10 feet long.
1
(2) of the students in Section 2 are 18. If 4x = 5y = 10z, what is the value of x +
2
male. y+z?
(1) x – y = 6
13. What is the value of the greater of two (2) y + z = 36
numbers if one of the numbers is twice
the other number? 19. Committee X and Committee Y, which
(1) One number is 5. have no common members, will
(2) The sum of the two numbers is 15. combine to form Committee Z. Does
Committee X have more members than
r s Committee Y ?
14. If r > 0 and s > 0, is < ?
s r (1) The average (arithmetic mean) age of
the members of Committee X is 25.7
r 1 years and the average age of the
(1) =
3s 4 members of Committee Y is 29.3
(2) s = r + 4 years.
(2) The average (arithmetic mean) age of
15. Company R's annual profit has increased the members of Committee Z will be
by a constant amount each calendar year 26.6 years.
since 1985. What was Company R's
annual profit in 1991 ? 20. What is the value of y ?
(1) In 1985 Company R's annual profit (1) y 2 − 7 y + 12 = 0
was $212,000; in 1989 Company
(2) y > 0
R's annual profit was $242,000.
(2) Company R's annual profit has
increased by $7,500 each year since
1985.

54 + 27
16. If x is an integer, is an integer ?
x
(1) 6 ≤ x ≤ 81
(2) x is a multiple of 3.

17. The figure above shows the shape of a


flower bed. If arc QR is a semicircle and
PQRS is a rectangle with QR > RS, what

157
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

Section 17 ‍(2) BD = 6
25 Minutes 20 Questions
7. A retailer purchased a television set for x
1. If the list price of a new car was $12,300, percent less than its list price, and then
what was the cost of the car to the sold it for y percent less than its list price.
dealer ? What was the list price of the television
set ?
(1) The cost to the dealer was equal to 80
percent of the list price. ‍(1) x = 15
(2) The car was sold for $11,070, which ‍(2) x – y = 6
was 12.5 percent more than the cost
to the dealer. 8. Is x 2 greater than x ?

2. If p, q, x, y, and z are different positive (1) x 2 is greater than 1.


integers, which of the five integers is the (2) x is greater than –1.
median?
r s
‍(1) p + x < q 9. What is the value of + ?
2 2
‍(2) y < z
r+s
‍(1) =5
3. A certain employee is paid $6 per hour for 2
an 8-hour workday. If the employee is (‍ 2) r + s = 10
1
paid 1 times this rate for time worked
2 10. If x, y, and z are numbers, is z = 18
in excess of 8 hours during a single day,
(1) The average (arithmetic mean) of x,
how many hours did the employee work
y, and z is 6
today?
(2) x = -y
(1) The employee was paid $18 more for
hours worked today than for hours
worked yesterday.
(2) Yesterday the employee worked 8
hours.

4. If n is a member of the set (33, 36, 38, 39,


41, 42), what is the value of n ?
11. The circular base of an above-ground
‍(1) n is even. swimming pool lies in a level yard and
‍(2) n is a multiple of 3. just touches two straight sides of a fence
at points A and B, as shown in the figure
5. What is the value of x ? above. Point C is on the ground where
‍(1) 2x + 1 = 0 the two sides of the fence meet.
‍(2) ( x + 1) 2 = x 2 How far from the center of the pool's
base is point A?
(1) The base has area 250 square feet.
(2) The center of the base is 20 feet from
point C
6. In the figure above, what is the length of 12. In 1979 Mr. Jackson bought a total of n
AD? shares of stock X and Mrs. Jackson
‍(1) AC = 6 bought a total of 300 shares of stock X.

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GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

If the couple held all of their respective


shares throughout 1980, and Mr.
Jackson's 1980 dividends on his n shares
totaled $150, what was the total amount
of Mrs. Jackson's 1980 dividends on her
300 shares ? 18. □
(1) In 1980 the annual dividend on each +△
share of stock X was $0.75. ★
(2) In 1979 Mr. Jackson bought a total of In the addition problem above, each of the
200 shares of stock X. symbols □, △, and represents a positive
digit. If □ < △,what is the value of △ ?
13. If Sara's age is exactly twice Bill's age,
what is Sara's age? (1) ★ = 4
(2) □ = 1
(1) Four years ago, Sara's age was
exactly 3 times Bill's age.
(2) Eight years from now, Sara's age will
be exactly 1.5 times Bill's age.

x
14. What is the value of ?
yz
y 2x
(1) x =and z =
2 5
x 5 1 1
(2) = and = 19. The table above shows the cancelation
z 2 y 10
fee schedule that a travel agency uses to
determine the fee charged to a tourist
15. An infinite sequence of positive integers
who cancels a trip prior to departure. If a
is called an “alpha sequence” if the
tourist canceled a trip with a package
number of even integers in the sequence
price of $1,700 and a departure date of
is finite. If S is an infinite sequence of
September 4, on what day was the trip
positive integers, is S an alpha sequence?
canceled ?
(1) The first ten integers in S are even.
(1) The cancelation fee was $595
(2) An infinite number of integers in S
(2) If the trip had been canceled one day
are odd.
later, the cancelation fee would have
been $255 more.
16. if xy > 0, does (x - 1)(y - 1) = 1 ?
(1) x + y = xy 20. Is 5 k less than 1,000 ?
(2) x = y
(1) 5 k −1 > 3,000
17. After winning 50 percent of the first 20 (2) 5 k −1 = 5 k − 500
games it played. Team A won all of the
remaining games it played. What was
the total number of games that Team A
won?
(1) Team A played 25 games altogether
(2) Team A won 60 percent of all the
games it played.
159
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

Section 18 (1) x is 50 percent of y.


25 Minutes 20 Questions (2) 0.1x = 0.05y

1. How many numbers do the sets S and T 7. If n is an integer, is n even ?


have in common?
(1) n 2 − 1 is an odd integer.
(1) S is a set of 10 numbers. (2) 3n + 4 is an even integer.
(2) T is a set of 100 numbers.
8. If x, y, p, and q are positive, is x ≥ y ?
px p
‍(1) =
qy q
(‍ 2) xy = p

9. If p1 and p2 are the populations and r1 and


2. In the figure above, if line 1 is parallel r2 are the numbers of representatives of
to line  2 , what is the value of x ? District 1 and District 2, respectively, the
ratio of the population to the number of
(1) y = 50 representatives is greater for which of the
(2) z = 130 two districts ?

3. NOT SCORED ‍(1) p1 > p2


‍(2) r2 > r1

4. If Pat saved $600 of his earnings last 10. What digit does t represent in the
month, how much did Pat earn last decimal 0.t73 ?
month?
(1) t < 5
1 1
(1) Pat spent of his earnings last month (2) 0.t73 <
2 t
1
for living expenses and saved of
3
the remainder.
(2) Of his earnings last month, Pat paid 11. On the number line above, p, q, r, s, and
twice as much in taxes as he saved. t are five consecutive even integers in
increasing order. What is the average
5. The purchase price of Beth's new car, (arithmetic mean) of these five integers ?
including the sales tax, is $8,000. If she
finances the car, making a down payment ‍(1) q + s = 24
of $2,000 and paying off the rest in equal ‍(2) The average (arithmetic mean) of q
monthly installments, what will be the and r is 11.
total cost of the car, including the sales
tax and financing ? 12. What is the length in meters of a certain
rectangular garden ?
(1) The installments are to be $200 per
month. ‍(1) The length of the garden is 6 meters
(2) The installments will extend over a more than twice the width.
period of exactly 3 years. ‍(2) The length of the garden is 4 times
the width.
x 1
6. If y ≠ 0, is = 13. If x < y, is x 2 < y 2
y 2

160
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

(1) y > 0 (2) The sum of any 3 numbers in the list


(2) x > 0 is 12.

14. If Fran jumps straight up off the floor


and lands on her feet T seconds later, her
feet will reach a max-imum height of
1.22T2 meters above the floor. On one
such jump, was Fran off the floor for
less than 1 second ?
(1) On her jump Fran’s feet reached a
maximum height of 1 meter above
the floor. 19. The table above shows the morning
1 schedule for train X. If Juan took train X
(2) On her jump Fran spent more than
4 on Monday morning, did he arrive at
second ascending. station T on schedule?
(1) Juan arrived at station T on Monday
15. If [x] denotes the greatest integer less morning 1 hour and 2 minutes after
than or equal to x, is [x] = 0 ? he left station S.
(1) 5x + 1 = 3 + 2x (2) Juan arrived at his office at 8:30
(2) 0 < x < 1 (EST) on Monday morning, which
was 20 minutes after he arrived at
16. During a 6-day local trade show, the station T.
least number of people registered in a
single day was 80. Was the average 20. If n and k are positive integers, is
(arithmetic mean) number of people n+k > 2 n ?
registered per day for the 6 days greater
than 90? (1) k > 3n
(1) For the 4 days with the greatest (2) n + k > 3n
number of people registered, the
average (arithmetic mean) number
registered per day was 100.
(2) For the 3 days with the smallest
number of people registered, the
average (arithmetic mean) number
registered per day was 85.

17. If a and b are positive integers, what is


the value of a + b ?
a 5
(1) =
b 8
(2) The greatest common divisor of a
and b is 1.

18. Are all of the numbers in a certain list of


15 numbers equal?
(1) The sum of all of the numbers in the
list is 60.

161
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

Section 19 7. What was Jean's insurance premium in


25 Minutes 20 Questions 1995?
‍(1) The ratio of Jean's insurance premium
in 1995 to her insurance premium in
1. What is the value of y ?
6
(1) y is an odd integer between 28 and 34 1994 was .
5
‍(2) 31 < y < 36 ‍(2) Jean's insurance premium in 1995 was
20 percent more than her insurance
2. The price of a television set was reduced premium in 1994.
by 25 percent. What was its original
price? 8. What is the average (arithmetic mean) of
(1) The reduced price was $187.50. x and y ?
(2) The original price exceeded the ‍(1) The average of x and 2y is 10.
reduced price by more than $60.00. ‍(2) The average of 2x and 7y is 32.

3. What is the remainder when the positive


integer n is divided by 6 ?
‍(1) n is a multiple of 5.
‍(2) n is a multiple of 12.

4. Three friends rented a car for a week and


divided the cost equally. What was the
total cost of renting the car ?
9. The figure above shows the present
‍(1) If the three friends had kept the car for position on a radar screen of a sweeping
a second week, they could have beam that is rotating at a constant rate in
obtained the two-week rate, which a clockwise direction. In which of the
was 1.5 times the cost of a one-week four quadrants will the beam lie 30
rental. seconds from now ?
‍(2) If a fourth friend had joined the three
friends and the cost had been divided ‍(1) In each 30-second period, the beam
equally among the four friends, the sweeps through 3.690°
cost to each of the original three ‍(2) r = 40
would have been reduced by $15 ?
10. The number of seats in the first row of
5. Is x > y ? an auditorium is 18 and the number of
seats in each row thereafter is 2 morn
‍(1) x = y + 2
than in the previous row. What is the
x
‍(2) = y − 1 total number of seats in the auditorium?
2
(1) The number of rows of seats in the
6. Sally gave some of her candy to her auditorium is 27.
friends. How many pieces of candy did (2) The number of seats in the last row is
she have before giving any to her friends? 70.
‍(1) Sally gave each friend 8 pieces of 11. How many books did a librarian
candy. purchase ?
‍(2) Sally had 7 pieces of candy left after
giving candy to her friends. (1) The librarian paid an average
(arithmetic mean) of $15 per book

162
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

for the books purchased.


(2) The total sales tax on the books
purchased was $7.

12. Is the integer n a multiple of 15 ?


p
(1) n is a multiple of 20. 17. If n = where p and q are nonzero
(2) n + 6 is a multiple of 3. q
integers, is n an integer ?
13. What is the area of rectangular region
(1) n 2 is an integer.
R?
2n + 4
(1) Each diagonal of R has length 5. (2) is an integer.
2
(2) The perimeter of R is 14.
18. In the rectangular coordinate system, are
14. In a certain coding scheme, each word is the points (r, s) and (u, v) equidistant
encoded by replacing each letter in the from the origin ?
word with another letter. The same code
is used for all words, so that the same (1) r + s = 1
letter replaces a given letter each time (2) u = 1 – r and v = 1 – s
the given letter occurs. What code will
result when the word TAME is encoded 19. Is ab = 1 ?
by this scheme? (1) aba = a
(1) When the word MAT is encoded, the (2) bab = b
result is DLX.
(2) When the word TEA is encoded, the 20. Is ( x − 3) 2 = 3 − x ?
result is XRL.
(1) x ≠ 3
15. A certain high school with a total (2) – x | x | > 0
enrollment of 900 students held a
science fair for three days last week.
How many of the students enrolled in
the high school attended the science fair
on all three days?
(1) Of the students enrolled in the school,
30 percent attended the science fair
on two or more days.
(2) Of the students enrolled in the school,
10 percent of those that attended the
science fair on at least one day
attended on all three days.

16. What is the probability that events A and


B both occur?
(1) The probability that event A occurs is
0.8.
(2) The probability that event B occurs is
0.6.

163
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

Section 20 1 1
6. What is the value of + ?
25 Minutes 20 Questions k r

1. How much is 20 percent of a certain (1) k + r = 20


number ? (2) kr = 64

‍(1) 10 percent of the number is 5. 7. A number of people each wrote down one
‍(2) 40 percent of twice the number is 40. of the first 30 positive integers. Were any
of the integers written down by more than
2. Is r greater than 0.27 ? one of the people?
1 ‍(1) The number of people who wrote
‍(1) r is greater than
4 down an integer was greater than 40.
3 ‍(2) The number of people who wrote
‍(2) r is equal to down an integer was less than 70.
10
3. What percent of a group of people are
women with red hair ? 8. If d denotes a decimal, is d ≥ 0.5 ?
‍(1) Of the women in the group, 5 percent (1) When d is rounded to the nearest
have red hair. tenth, the result is 0.5.
‍(2) Of the men in the group, 10 percent (2) When d is rounded to the nearest
have red hair. integer, the result is 1.
4. If i and j are integers, is i + j an even 9. How many of the 60 cars sold last month
integer ? by a certain dealer had neither power
‍(1) i < 10 windows nor a stereo?
‍(2) i = j (1) Of the 60 cars sold, 20 had a stereo
but not power windows.
(2) Of the 60 cars sold, 30 had both
power windows and a stereo.

10. In the xy-plane, does the point (4, 12) lie


on line k ?
(1) The point (1, 7) lies on line k.
(2) The point (-2, 2) lies on line k.

11. What was the total amount of revenue


that a theater received from the sale of
5. The figure above represents a circle graph 400 tickets, some of which were sold at
of Company H's total expenses broken x percent of full price and the rest of
down by the expenses for each of its five which were sold at full price?
divisions. If O is the center of the circle
and if Company H's total expenses are (1) x = 50
$5,400,000, what are the expenses for (2) Full-price tickets sold for $20 each.
division R ?
12. If x, y, and z are nonzero numbers, is xz
‍(1) x = 94 = 12 ?
‍(2) The total expenses for divisions S and
T are twice as much as the expenses (1) x 2 yz = 12 xy
for division R. z 3
(2) =
4 x
164
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

13. When a player in a certain game tossed a (1) Each member's contribution is to be
coin a number of times, 4 more heads $4.
than tails resulted. Heads or tails resulted (2) If 5 club members fail to contribute,
each time the player tossed the coin. the share of each contributing
How many times did heads result? member will increase by $2.
(1) The player tossed the coin 24 times.
18. While driving on the expressway, did
(2) The player received 3 points each
Robin ever exceed the 55-miles-per-hour
time heads resulted and 1 point each
speed limit ?
time tails resulted, for a total of 52
points. (1) Robin drove 100 miles on the
expressway.
(2) Robin drove for 2 hours on the
expressway.

19. Is n an integer ?
(1) n 2 is an integer.
(2) n is an integer.

20. Is x negative ?

14. What is the area of triangular region (1) n 3 (1 − x 2 ) < 0


ABC above? (2) x 2 − 1 < 0
‍(1) The product of BD and AC is 20.
‍(2) x = 45

15. What is the value of 36,500(1.05) n ?


(1) n 2 − 5n + 6 = 0
(2) n - 2 ≠ 0

16. The inflation index for the year 1989


relative to the year 1970 was 3.56,
indicating that, on the average, for each
dollar spent in 1970 for goods, $3.56 had
to be spent for the same goods in 1989.
If the price of a Model K mixer
increased precisely according to the
inflation index, what was the price of the
mixer in 1970 ?
(1) The price of the Model K mixer was
$102.40 more in 1989 than in 1970.
(2) The price of the Model K mixer was
$142.40 in 1989.

17. Every member of a certain club


volunteers to con-tribute equally to the
purchase of a $60 gift certificate. How
many members does the club have?
165
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

Section 21 8. Carmen currently works 30 hours per


25 Minutes 20 Questions week at her part-time job. If her gross
hourly wage were to increase by $1.50,
1. What is 5 percent of x ? how many fewer hours could she work
per week and still earn the same gross
(1) x = 200
weekly pay as before the increase ?
(2) 10 percent of x is 20.
(1) Her gross weekly pay is currently
2. For which type of investment, J or K, is $225.00.
the annual rate of return greater ? (2) An increase of $1.50 would represent
an increase of 20 percent of her
(1) Type J returns $115 per $1,000
current gross hourly wage.
invested for any one-year period and
type K returns $300 per $2,500
9. In a serving of a breakfast cereal that
invested for any one-year period.
contains only oats, raisins, and nuts, the
(2) The annual rate of return for an
ratio of oats to raisins to nuts by weight is
investment of type K is 12 percent.
3 to 2 to 1, respectively.
n How many ounces of raisins are in the
a serving ?
3. What is the value of  
b ‍(1) The serving weighs 4 ounces.
(1) a = 32
n ‍(2) The serving contains 2 ounces of oats.
(2) b n = 243
10. Is x > 0
4. What is the tenths digit of the decimal d ? (1) x 2 > 0
7 (2) x 3 > 0
(1) d =
25
(‍ 2) d is 28 percent of 1. 11. A taxi company charges f cents for the
first mile of a taxi ride and m cents for
5. Is a = 0 ? each additional mile. How much does
the company charge for a 10-mile taxi
‍(1) ab = 0 ride ?
‍(2) a2 = 0
(1) The company charges $0.90 for a 2-
6. What percent of the drama club members mile ride.
enrolled at a certain school are female (2) The company charges $1.20 for a 4-
students ? mile ride.

‍(1) Of the female students enrolled at the 12. What was the discounted price of a
school,40 percent are members of the certain television set ?
drama club.
‍(2) Of the male students enrolled at the (1) The original price of the television
school, 25percent are members of the set was $50 more than the discounted
drama club. price.
(2) The original price of the television
7. What is the perimeter of rectangle R ? set was 110 percent of the
discounted price.
‍(1) R is a square. x
‍(2) The area of R is 36. 13. If x > 0, is > x ?
y
(1) 0 < y < 1
(2) x > 1
166
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

Section 22
25 Minutes 20 Questions
14. Is n an integer?
1. What is the capacity, in liters, of a certain
(1) 2n is an integer. aquarium ?
n
(2) is an integer. 1
2 (1) Three liters is of the capacity of the
2
aquarium.
15. At what speed was a train traveling on a
1
trip when it had completed half of the (2) One-half liter is of the capacity of
total distance of the trip? 12
the aquarium.
(1) The trip was 460 miles long and took
4 hours to complete. 2. What is the value of n ?
(2) The train traveled at an average rate
of 115 miles per hour on the trip. ‍(1) n =2
‍(2) 4n = 4
16. If r and s are integers, is r2 + s even ?
(1) The product rs is odd. 3. In △PQR, what is the measure of angle P?
(2) r is odd. (1) Angle Q is a right angle.
(2) The measure of angle R is 17°
17. What is the volume of a certain
rectangular solid?
4. What amount did Jean earn from the
(1) Two adjacent faces of the solid have commission on her sales in the first half
areas 15 and 24, respectively. of 1988 ?
(2) Each of two opposite faces of the
(1) In 1988 Jean's commission was 5
solid has area 40.
percent of the total amount of her
sales.
18. Is x > y ?
(2) The amount of Jean's sales in the
(1) ax > ay second half of 1988 averaged
(2) a 2 x > a 2 y $10,000 per month more than in the
first half.
19. If n is a positive integer and
k = 5.1×10 n , what is the value of k ? 5. A certain car traveled from one town to
another without stopping. What was the
(1) 6,000 < k < 500,000 car's average speed for the trip ?
(2) k 2 = 2.601 × 10 9
‍(1) The car traveled the 90-mile trip in 2
hours.
20. What is the average (arithmetic mean) of
‍(2) The car traveled the first 40 miles of
3x and 6y ?
the trip in 1 hour.
(1) x + 2y = 7
(2) x + y = 5 6. What is the value of x ?
‍(1) 2x + 3y = 12
‍(2) 5x + 7y = 29

7. Does x = y ?
(1) | x | = | y |

167
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

(2) x 2 = y 2 (2) -t < q

8. Dan took a 20-question multiple-choice 14. Is the integer n divisible by 20 ?


test in psychology. If Dan answered every (1) n is divisible by 5.
question, did he answer at least 12 (2) n is divisible by 6.
questions correctly?
(1) Dan answered fewer than 40 percent 15. If Mark saved an average (arithmetic
of the questions incorrectly. mean) of $80 per week for 3 consecutive
(2) Dan answered at least 25 percent of weeks, how much did he save the second
the questions incorrectly. week?
(1) The average amount that Mark saved
per week for the first 2 weeks was
$60.
(2) The amount that Mark saved the first
1
week was the amount he saved
2
9. The figure above shows the circular cross 1
section of a concrete water pipe. If the the second week and the amount
3
inside radius of the pipe is r feet and the he saved the third week.
outside radius of the pipe is t feet, what is
the value of r ? 16. If p and q are positive integers, what is
‍(1) The ratio of t - r to r is 0.15 and t - r is the value of q ?
equal to 0.3 foot. (1) q p −1 = 1
‍(2) The area of the concrete in the cross
(2) p=1
section is 1.29π square feet.
1 x
10. If a < x < b and c < y < d. is x < y ? 17. If x ≠ -1, which is greater, or
x +1 2
(1) a < c ?
(2) b < c
(1) x ≥ 0
3x + 8 (2) x < 3
11. Is an integer ?
x+2
18. In a certain two-digit integer, the ratio of
(1) x is an integer. the units digit to the tens digit is 2 to 3,
(2) x = 0 What is the integer ?

12. How many people did Apex Company (1) The tens digit is 3 more than the units
employ in 1990 ? digit.
(2) The product of the two digits is 54.
(1) The company employed 538 more
people in 1991 than in 1990. 19. If Carmen had 12 more tapes, she would
(2) The company employed 20 percent have twice as many tapes as Rafael.
more people in 1991 than in 1990. Does Carmen have fewer tapes than
Rafael?
(1) Rafael has more than 5 tapes.
13. Of the four numbers represented on the (2) Carmen has fewer than 12 tapes.
number line above, is r closest to zero?
(1) q = -s
168
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

2t + t − x
20. What is the value of ?
t−x
2t
(1) =3
t−x
(2) t – x = 5

169
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

DATA SUFFICIENCY SAMPLE TEST

Section 1: DCCAE BBEAA EDEDA DEECC BAACD

Section 2: ECCAB DEDBA CEBDA CABCD EABBA

Section 3: CDEBC BEDAD EAECD AAECB CDAEB

Section 4: BCEED BCDAD EAADC EBDDA DCCAE

Section 5: CCEDD DBACD AAEEC ECBDD CBADB

Section 6: CECDD AEDCB AECBB CABBA EACDA

Section 7: CABAC EDDEB EAEAC DCDBD BDEDC

Section 8: CEDAE EBDBA EABAC DEDDC CBABC

Section 9: DBCDC CAECB CCDBA EDEBB CEDEA

Section 10: CACDE CABCE AADDE CADBE CAADB

Section 11: EDCCD EBADC BABAC ECDAE CDAAE

Section 12: CCDCA EDBEA CADAD CBBED CBAEB

Section 13: EADDC BAAED DDBCE EBCDC BEAAB

Section 14: EBDEB DCCDD EECDE DACAD

Section 15: DDDCE BEADE CACEA DCADB

Section 16: CDCAD DEBEB CEBDA ECDCE

170
GMAT DATA SUFFICIENCY

Section 17: DECED EEADC ADDBE ADACB

Section 18: ED□AC DDACE DCBAD ACBBA

Section 19: CABBA EECAD ECCCE EDCEB

Section 20: DBEBA CABEC EDDAC DDEBC

Section 21: DACDB ECDDB CCABE ACBDA

Section 22: DDCEA CEAAB BCAEB EEDBA

171