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7/2/2009

1. Sampling program details.

`Groundwater Vulnerability in Kickapoo River Watershed WI

Name/Date

6/26/09

_Lynn Chakoian 6/26/09

2. Distribution List

Names and telephone numbers of those receiving copies of this QAPP.

Name

Telephone

i. Jeff Goelke, City of Viroqua

637-7154 ext 18

ii. Fred Madison, UW CALS

(608)263.4004

iii. UW CALS

(608) 262-1445

iv. Kelvin Rodolfo

637 6159

v. Gary Thompson, VSN

637-3615

vi. Margaret Thielke

637-6742

vii. Lab that is chosen

 

3. Project/Task Organization

List key project personnel and their corresponding responsibilities.

Name Project Title

Responsibility

Advisory Panel (contact)

Fred Madison

Project Manager

Lynn Chakoian

QA Consultant

Margaret Thielke

7/2/2009

Field/Sampling Leader

Gary Thompson

Laboratory Manager/Leader

TBD

4. Problem Definition/Background Problem Statement

Karst topography and related surface features allow unusually fast transport of surface waters into the groundwater system. To measure this effect and the potential for pollutants to travel unabated through the system we will monitor active springs for rises in temperature after rainfall, and for those with a temperature signal we will take grab samples after rain events to characterize the chemical and biological pollutants present in the spring water.

Intended Usage of Data

This data will be correlated with stratigraphy, surface features in the area, soils data, land spreading of septic waste and animal manure, septic systems, historic features (filled karst features, old homesteads that might indicate an abandoned well), and current chemical data from wells in the area. The patterns of all these variables will indicate potential areas of

higher vulnerability for the groundwater resource. other observational data.

The spring data will help to confirm the

Project/Task Description

General Overview of Project

We hope to better understand the nature of the karst topography in the vicinity of the City of Viroqua. We also hope to generate a vulnerability map that can be tested against well water quality data, Ground Electrical Resistivity data and this data of spring water quality.

Project Timetable

Activity

Projected

Anticipated

Who Responsible

Start Date

Date of

Completion

Temperature

7/09

7/09

Gary Thompson VSN

data logger

installation

Download

7/09

6/10

Gary Thompson VSN

data

7/2/2009

Activity

Projected

Anticipated

Who Responsible

Start Date

Date of

Completion

Baseline

7/09

8/09

Gary Thompson VSN

Chem,

Physical, and

bio data

collection

Chemical and e. Coli sampling

Fall 2009

Spring 2010 as needed

Gary Thompson VSN

Lab analysis

Fall 2009

Spring 2010

 

of samples

Final Report

June 2010

June 2010

Kelvin Rodolfo and Lynn Chakoian

 

5.

Sampling Process Design

Rationale for Selection of Sampling Sites

We are selecting sites in the vicinity of the City of Viroqua and City of Westby. This area was selected because of municipal, and county landfill well log data that will assist in characterization of the stratigraphy, reported private and public well contamination in this area, and known karst features on the landscape. The springs will be active year around, accessible physically and landowner permissions, and widely dispersed over the study area. This is a pilot study and of limited areal scope in an effort to assess which observations provide the most information for the purpose of determining vulnerability of groundwater resources.

Sample Design Logistics

Type of

Number

Sampling

Sampling

Projected

Sample

of

Frequency

Period

Samples

Cost

7/2/2009

 

Type of

Number

Sampling

Sampling

Projected

Sample

of

Frequency

Period

Samples

Cost

Biological

Baseline 1

28-36

6 sites 2 to 3 times summer dry conditions and 2-3 after summer rain

 

7/09 to 8/09

TBD

and

Chemical

Biological

Event

16 to 24

4-6 sites and 4 events

 

9/09 to 11/09

TBD

and

Chemical

 

Physical

Continuous

ongoing

Collect data

7/09 to 6/10

$970

temperature

monthly

Field

Flow,

Each

When at the site

 

7/09 to 6/10

TBD

collected

conductivity,

sampling

Data

pH

time

 

Spring

Event

As needed

Depends on the success of the Fall sampling

4/10-6/10

TBD

Data

Collection

 

Field Costs

No. of

Travel Distance

Hourly Rate w/ Mileage

 

Mileage

 

Personnel

 

Gary Thompson

TBD

 

$10/hr

 

TBD

.585/mile

 

Student Intern

TBD

$8/hr .585/mile

 

TBD

7. Sampling Method Requirements

1 We will try to minimize the baseline samples by comparing the first two sample results with springhead sampling results in “Hydrologic assessment of the Kickapoo Watershed, southwestern Wisconsin’” by Stephen J. Gaffield, Kenneth R.Bradbury, and KennethW. Potter (1998).

7/2/2009

Parameter

Sampling

Sampling Method

Cost

Equipment

Flow, conductivity, pH, temperature

In the field

Temperature Datalogger 2 pH meter Flow Conductivity

$900

VSN

 

equip

DNR will

 

supply

Cond,

meter

Total suspended solids, nitrite-nitrate, phosphorus

In Lab

Grab baseline and also take grab samples in fall or spring after rain events.

TBD

e. Coli

In Lab

Presence of e. Coli initial analysis and possibly run samples on # of colonies as needed

TBD

2 StowAway TidbiT submersible, 32K of memory, up to 7944 data points. Life expectency 4 1/2 yr. Accuracy plus/minus 0.2 degrees celcius. Temp. range -5 to 37 degrees celcius. This model is compatible with those used by the Vernon County LWCD that will help with data retrieval and analysis.

7/2/2009