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ICSE Pariksha Mathematics-X 1

RSPL/1 I ICSE Pariksha-2010 MathematicsX


SECTION A
Q1. (a) Salman Khan invests Rs. 25,600 for three years at the rate of 10% per annum compound interest.
Find :
(i) The sum due to Salman at the end of the first year.
(ii) The interest he earns for the second year.
(iii) The total amount due to him at the end of the third year. [3]
(b) Using properties of proportion, solve for x :
2 2
2 2
+

x
x
= 3 [3]
(c) The polynomial 2x
3
+ mx
2
+ nx 2 when divided by (2x 3), leaves remainder 7 and has (x + 2) as its
factor. Find m and n. [4]
Sol. (a) Given : P = Rs. 25,600, R = 10%
(i) Interest for the first year =
P R T
100
=
25, 600 10 1
100
= Rs. 2,560.
Sum due to Salman at the end of the first year = Rs. 25,600 + Rs. 2,560 = Rs. 28,160.
(ii) Principal for second year = Rs. 28,160
Interest earned for the second year =
28,160 10 1
100
= Rs. 2,816.
(iii) Principal for third year = Rs. 28,160 + Rs. 2,816 = Rs. 30,976
Interest earned for third year =
30, 97610 1
100
= Rs. 3,097.60.
Total amount due to him at the end of the third year = Rs. 30,976 + Rs. 3,097.60
= Rs. 34,073.60
(b) Given :
2 2
2 2
+

x
x
= 3
It can be written as,
2 2
2 2
+

x
x
=
3
1
Using Componendo and Dividendo, we get
2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2
+ +
+ +
x x
x x
=
3 1
3 1
+

2 2
2 2 x
=
4
2

2
2 x
= 2
On squaring both sides,
2
2 x
= 4
2 ICSE Pariksha Mathematics-X
or 2 = 8 4x
4x = 8 2
4x = 6
x =
6 3
=
4 2
(c) The given polynomial is 2x
3
+ mx
2
+ nx 2
When divided by (2x 3), it leaves remainder 7
i.e., 2x 3 = 0 2x = 3 x =
3
2

3 2
3 3 3
2 2
2 2 2
_ _ _
+ +

, , ,
m n = 7

27 9 3
2 2
8 4 2
+ + m n = 7

27 9 3
2
4 4 2
m
n + +
= 7

27 9 6 8
4
+ + m n
= 7
9m + 6n + 19 = 28
3m + 2n = 3 ...(i)
Also, (x + 2) is a factor,
So, x + 2 = 0 x = 2
2(2)
3
+ m(2)
2
+ n(2) 2 = 0
or 16 + 4m 2n 2 = 0
4m 2n = 18 ...(ii)
(i) + (ii) 3m + 2n = 3
+ 4m 2n = 18
7m = 21
m = 3
By equation (i) 3(3) + 2n = 3
or 9 + 2n = 3
or 2n = 6
n = 3
m = 3 and n = 3.
Q2. (a) Solve the given inequation and graph the solution on the number line. [3]
2 1
2 3 , .
3 3
2
+ <
3
y y Z
(b) Kareena purchases an article for Rs. 21,384 which includes 10% rebate on the marked price and 8%
sales tax on the remaining price. Find the marked price of the article. [3]
(c) In the given figure ABCD is a rectangle. Two quadrants with centres C and D are drawn. Find the area
and perimeter of the shaded region. Given that, AB = 42 cm and BC = 28 cm [4]
D
A
C
B
ICSE Pariksha Mathematics-X 3
Sol. (a)
2 2 1
2 3 ,
3 3 3
y y Z + <

8 2 10
3 3 3
+ < y
8 2 10 2
3 3 3 3
y <

10 8
3 3

y 3.3 y 2.67 y { 3, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2}
4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4
(b) Let the marked price of the article = Rs. x
Total amount paid =
D% S.T.%
M.P. 1 1
100 100
_ _
+

, ,
Rs. 21,384 =
10 8
1 1
100 100
x
_ _
+

, ,
Rs. 21,384 =
9 27
10 25
x
_ _

, ,
x =
21,384 2510
279
Rs.
x = Rs. 22,000
Marked price of the article = Rs. 22,000
(c) For bigger quadrant R = 28 cm
For smaller quadrant r = 42 28 = 14 cm
Shaded area = Area of rectangle (Area of bigger quadrant + Area of smaller quadrant)
= 42 28
2 2
4 4
R r _
+

,
= 1176
[ ]
2 2
4
R r

+
= 1176
2 2
22
(28 14 )
7 4
+
= 1176
22
980
7 4
= 1176 770 = 406 cm
2
Perimeter of the shaded region =
R
14 42
2 2
_
+ + +

,
r
cm
= ( R) 56

+ +
2
r
=
22
(14 28) 56
14
+ +
=
22
42 56
14
+ = 66 + 56 = 122 cm
Q3. (a) Let A
1 1
0 2
1
1
]
= [1 2], where A is a matrix :
(i) State the order of matrix A
(ii) Find the matrix A. [3]
(b) Aerika opened a recurring deposit account in a bank and deposited Rs. 150 per month for 8 months. If
she received Rs. 1,236 at the time of maturity, find the rate of interest per annum. [3]
4 ICSE Pariksha Mathematics-X
(c) Use a graph paper for this question. Plot the points A(3, 2) and B(3, 2). From A and B draw
perpendiculars AM and BN on the x-axis (Take 1 cm = 1 unit on both the axes). [4]
(i) Name the image of A on reflection in the origin
(ii) Name the figure AMBN and find its area
(iii) Write the co-ordinates of the point to which M is mapped on reflection in x-axis and y-axis.
Sol. (a) (i)
1 1
0 2
1
1
]
A = [1 2]
1 2 2 2
1 2
Order of A is (1 2)

'

For multiplication of two matrices number of columns of Ist matrix should be same as
the number of rows of the IInd matrix then the resulting matrix has order 1 2
(ii) Let matrix A = [x y]
then [x y]
1 1
0 2
1
1
]
= [1 2]
[x 1 + y 0 x 1 + y 2] = [1 2]
[x x + 2y] = [1 2]
x = 1
and x + 2y = 2
or 1 + 2y = 2
2y = 1
y =
1
2
martix A =
1
1
2
1
1
]
(b) Monthly instalment = Rs. 150
Time = 8 months
Amount deposited in 8 months = Rs. 150 8 = Rs. 1200
Equivalent principal for 1 month = 150
8(8 1)
2
+
=
150 8 9
2
= Rs. 5400
Let rate of interest be r % p.a.
Then interest on Rs. 5400 for 1 month = Rs.
54001
12100
r
= Rs.
9
2
r
Amount received on maturity = Rs. 1236
1200 +
9
2
r = 1236

9
2
r = 1236 1200

9
2
r = 36
r = 8
Hence rate of interest = 8% p.a.

'

ICSE Pariksha Mathematics-X 5


(c) (i) Image of A on reflection in origin is ( 3, 2) i.e., the point B.
(ii) Figure AMBN is a parallelogram.
ar (AMBN) = 2 ar (AMN)
= 2
1
(MN AM)
2
= 6 2 = 12 sq. units
5 4 3 2 1 0 1
2 3 4 5
X X
1
2
3
4
Y
1
2
3
4
Y
A (3, 2)
B (3, 2)
M
(3
,0)
N
(

3
,
0
)
(iii) The co-ordinates of the points to which M is mapped on reflection in x-axis are (3, 0) and in
y-axis are (3, 0).
Q4. (a) Without using tables, evaluate :
2
2 2
tan 35
sin 20 sec 70 sin 50 sin 40
cot 55
_
+ +

,

[3]
(b) Kamalpreet has an account in the State Bank of India. A page from her pass book is given below :
Date Particulars Withdrawals Deposits Balance
(in Rs.) (in Rs. ) (in Rs.)
01-04-2008 BF 1400.00
10-05-2008 By cash 700.00 2100.00
02-06-2008 To self 1000.00 1100.00
11-07-2008 To cheque 300.00 800.00
21-08-2008 By cash 1700.00 2500.00
03-10-2008 By cash 2400.00 4900.00
If the interest earned by Kamalpreet at the end of December, 2008 was Rs. 87.75, find the rate of
interest per annum. [4]
6 ICSE Pariksha Mathematics-X
(c) In the given figure ABCD is a quadrilateral, inscribed in a circle with centre O. [3]
Side CD produced to E. If ADE = 95 and OBA = 30, find :
(i) OBC
(ii) OAC
Sol. (a)
2
tan35
cot 55
_

,

sin 20 sec 70 + sin


2
50 + sin
2
40
=
2
tan35
tan (90 55 )

' ;


sin 20 cosec (90 70) + cos
2
(90 50) + sin
2
40
=
2
2 2
tan35
sin 20 cosec20 (cos 40 sin 40 )
tan35
_
+ +

,

= (1)
2
sin 20
1
1
sin 20
+

= 1 1 + 1 = 1
(b) Minimum balance for the month of April = Rs. 1400
Minimum balance for the month of May = Rs. 2100
Minimum balance for the month of June = Rs. 1100
Minimum balance for the month of July = Rs. 800
Minimum balance for the month of August = Rs. 800
Minimum balance for the month of September = Rs. 2500
Minimum balance for the month of October = Rs. 4900
Minimum balance for the month of November = Rs. 4900
Minimum balance for the month of December = Rs. 4900
Total = Rs. 23400
Now, I =
P R T
100
87.75 =
23400 R 1
12100
R =
87.7512
234
R = 4.5%
(c) (i)
95
30
A O
D
C B
E
ADE = ABC [Exterior of a cyclic quadrilateral]
95 = OBA + OBC
95 = 30 + OBC
OBC = 65
(ii) ADC + ADE = 180 [Linear pair s]
ADC + 95 = 180
A
B
C
D
E
O
ICSE Pariksha Mathematics-X 7
ADC = 85
Now AOC = 2 ADC
subtendedby an arc at the centre is double the
angle subtended by it at any other point on the
remaining part of the circle

'

= 2 85
AOC = 170
Now OA = OC [Radii]
OAC = OCA = x [say]
In AOC, x + x + AOC = 180
2x + 170 = 180
2x = 10
x = 5
OAC = 5
SECTION B
Q5. (a) If x : y : z = 1 : 2 : 3, Prove that :
2 2 2
12 13 4 5 + + x y z y [3]
(b) Given : sin A + sin
2
A = 1,
Prove that : cos
2
A + cos
4
A = 1. [3]
(c) If a line segment with end points (3, 4) and (14, 3) meets the x-axis at P, in what ratio does P divide
the segment ? Also, find the co-ordinates of point P. [4]
Sol. (a) Let
1
x
= = =
2 3
y z
k
Then, x = k, y = 2k, z = 3k
L.H.S.
2 2 2
12 13 4 + + x y z =
2 2 2
12( ) 13(2 ) 4(3 ) + + k k k
=
2 2 2
12 52 36 + + k k k
=
2
100k
= 10 k = 5 2 k = 5y
= R.H.S.
(b) Given, sin A + sin
2
A = 1
sin A = 1 sin
2
A
sin A = cos
2
A
sin
2
A = cos
4
A [By squaring both sides]
1 cos
2
A = cos
4
A
1 = cos
2
A + cos
4
A Hence proved.
(c)
A P B
( 3 , 4 ) ( , ) x y ( 1 4, 3 )
k
1
Let the join of A(3, 4) and B(14, 3) be divided by the x-axis in the ratio k : 1 at P.
then, x =
14 3 3 4
=
1 1
+ +
+ +
k k
y
k k
Since P lies on x-axis, So y = 0.

3 4
1
+
+
k
k
= 0 k =
4
3
So, ratio = 4 : 3
8 ICSE Pariksha Mathematics-X
Hence the co-ordinates of point P
=
4
14 3
3
, 0
4
1
3
_
+


+
,
=
65
, 0
7
_

,
Q6. (a) Solve for x : 2x
2
+ x 4 = 0 (By using quadratic formula) [3]
(b) In the given figure, XY is diameter of the circle, PQ is a tangent to the circle at Y. If AXB = 50 and
ABX = 70, calculate BAY and APY. [3]
P
Y
O
B
Q
C
7 0
5
0

A
X
(c) Mr. Negi sold a certain number of shares of Rs. 20 paying 8% dividend at Rs. 18 and invested the
proceeds in Rs. 10 shares, paying 12% dividend at 50% premium. If the change in his annual income
is Rs. 120. Find the number of shares sold by Mr. Negi. [4]
Sol. (a) 2x
2
+ x 4 = 0
a = 2, b = 1, c = 4
By using formula,
x =
2
4
2
t b b ac
a
=
2
1 (1) 4 2 4
2 2
t

=
1 1 32
4
t +
=
1 33
4
t
=
1 5.74
4
t
=
1 5.74 1 5.74
,
4 4
+
=
4.74 6.74
,
4 4

=
2.37 3.37
,
2 2

= 1.18, 1.68
(b) In AXB,
XAB + AXB + ABX = 180 [Triangle property]
XAB + 50 + 70 = 180
XAB = 180 120 = 60
XAY = 90 [Angle of semi-circle]
BAY = XAY XAB
= 90 60 = 30
ICSE Pariksha Mathematics-X 9
and BXY = BAY = 30 [Angle of same segment]
ACX = BXY + ABX
= 30 + 70 = 100
also, XYP = 90 [ Diameter tangent]
APY = ACX CYP
APY = 100 90
APY = 10.
(c) Let the number of shares sold be x
Annual income = Rs.
8
20
100
_

,
x = Rs.
8
5
x
S.P. of x shares = Rs. 18x
Number of new shares bought =
18
15
x
Annual income = Rs.
12 18
10
100 15
_


,
x
= Rs.
36
25
x
So,
8 36
5 25

x x
= 120

40 36
25
x x
= 120
4x = 120 25
x =
120 25
4
x = 750
Hence, number of shares sold by Mr. Negi = 750.
Q7. (a) The following table shows the age distribution of cases of certain disease admitted during a year in
particular hospital. [6]
Age (in years) No. of cases
5 14 6
15 24 11
25 34 21
35 44 23
45 54 14
55 64 5
Total 80
Draw a histogram, frequency polygon and hence find the mode from the graph.
(b) A man from the top of a vertical tower observe a car moving at a uniform speed coming directly
towards him. If it takes 12 minutes to change the angle of depression from 30 to 45, how soon after
it, will the car reach the tower. [4]
10 ICSE Pariksha Mathematics-X
Sol. (a) Age (in years) No. of cases
4 .5 1 4. 5 2 4. 5 3 4. 5 4 4. 5 5 4. 5 6 4. 5
C .I (ag e i n y ea rs)
2
4
6
8
1 0
2 4
1 2
1 4
1 6
1 8
2 0
2 2
N
o
.

o
f

c
a
s
e
s
H isto g ra m
4.514.5 6
14.5 24.5 11
24.5 34.5 21
34.5 44.5 23
44.5 54.5 14
54.5 64.5 5
Hence, mode from the graph = 36.3
(b) Let AB be the tower of height h metres,
let the speed of the car be x m/min.
Distance = Speed Time
So, CD = 12x
Let, car takes t minutes to reach the tower AB, then
AD = tx
In ABD, tan =
AB
AD
tan 45 =
h
tx
3 0 4 5
C D A 1 2x t x
B
4 5 3 0
h
1 =
h
tx
h = tx
In ABC, tan =
AB
AC
tan 30 =
12 +
h
x tx

1
3
=
(12 ) +
tx
x t

1
3
=
12 +
t
t
3 t = 12 + t
3t t = 12
( ) 3 1 t
= 12
t =
12 12 12 12000
= = =
1.732 1 0.732 732 3 1
= 16.39 min
Thus, the car will reach the tower in = 16.39 min.
Q8. (a) In the given figure, ABCD is a parallelogram and E is a point
on BC. The diagonal BD intersect AE at F.
Prove that : DF FE = FB FA. [3]
D
A
C
E
F
B
ICSE Pariksha Mathematics-X 11
(b) Construct a ABC, in which BC = 7.5 cm, B = 60, altitude AD = 3 cm. Construct a circle to touch
BC at its mid-point and to pass through A. [4]
(c) P, Q and R have co-ordinates (2, 1), (2, 2) and (6, 2) respectively, write down : [3]
(i) The gradient of QR.
(ii) The equation of the line passing through P and perpendicular to QR.
Sol. (a) Draw GF || AD || BC cutting AB in G.
In ABE, GF || BE
D
A
C
E
F
G B

AG
GB
=
AF
FE
...(i)
In BAD, GF || AD

AG
GB
=
DF
FB
...(ii)
From equation (i) and (ii), we get
AF
FE
=
DF
FB
AF FB = FE DF
(b) Draw BC = 7.5 cm. Construct ZBC = 60. Draw LN. parallel
to BC at a distance of 3 cm, cutting BZ at A. Draw AD
perpendicular to BC. Then AD = 3 cm. Join A to C. Then ABC is
the required triangle. Bisect BC at M by drawing the right bisector
XY of BC. Draw the right bisector PQ of AM to meet XY at O.
With O as centre and OA or OM as radius draw the required
circle which will touch BC at its mid-point M and also pass
through A.
(c) (i) P(2, 1), Q(2, 2) and R(6, 2)
Gradient of QR
m
1
=
2 1
2 1

y y
x x
m
1
=
2 2
6 2

=
4
4

= 1
(ii) Slope of the line to QR (m
2
) =
1
1 1
1 m

= 1
So, equation of line to QR and passing through P.
y y
1
= m
2
(x x
1
)
y 1 = 1(x + 2)
x y + 3 = 0
Q9. (a) If X =
4 1
1 2
1
1

]
, show that 6X X
2
= 9I, where I is the unit matrix. [3]
(b) Prove that :
2 2
2 2
1 sin .sec
1 cos .cosec
+
+
= tan [3]
(c) Find the number of coins, 1.5 cm in diameter and 0.2 cm thick to be melted to form a right circular
cylinder of height 10 cm and diameter 4.5 cm. [4]
Sol. (a) X =
4 1
,
1 2
1
1

]
I =
1 0
0 1
1
1
]
P
D M
Y
X
C
N
Q
O
Z
L
B
12 ICSE Pariksha Mathematics-X
L.H.S., 6X X
2
= 6
4 1 4 1 4 1
1 2 1 2 1 2
1 1 1

1 1 1

] ] ]
=
24 6 15 6
6 12 6 3
1 1

1 1

] ]
=
9 0
0 9
1
1
]
=
1 0
9
0 1
1
1
]
= 9I, R.H.S.
(b) L.H.S.
2 2
2 2
1 sin sec
1 cos cosec
+
+
=
2
2
2
2
1
1 sin .
cos
1
1 cos .
sin
+

=
2 2 2 2
2 2
cos sin sin cos
cos sin
/
+ + _ _

, ,

=
2
2
sin
cos

=
sin
cos

= tan = R.H.S.
(c) Since each coin will be in cylindrical form.
So, r = 0.75 cm and h = 0.2 cm
Volume of each coin = r
2
h
= (0.75)
2
0.2 cm
3
For the required cylinder, R = 2.25 cm, and H = 10 cm
Volume of new cylinder = R
2
H
= (2.25)
2
10 cm
3
Number of coins =
Volume of new cylinder
Volume of each coin
=
2
2
(2.25) 10
(0.75) 0.2

= 450.
Q10. (a) A two digit number is such that the product of the digits is fourteen. If 45 is added to the number then
the digits interchange their places. Find the number. [3]
(b) The bisectors of B and C of a quadrilateral ABCD, intersect at P. Show that P is equidistant from
the opposite sides AB and CD. [4]
(c) What point (or points) on the x-axis are at a distance of 5 units from the point (5, 4). [3]
Sol. (a) Let the unit's digit be = x
Then, ten's digit according the question be =
14
x
the original number =
14
10 x
x
+ =
140
x
x
+
The number obtained by interchanging the places of digit =
14
10 x
x
+ =
14
10x
x
+
ICSE Pariksha Mathematics-X 13
Now, according the question
140
45 x
x
+ + =
14
10x
x
+

2
140 45 x x
x
+ +
=
2
10 14 x
x
+
140 + x
2
+ 45x = 10x
2
+ 14
9x
2
45x 126 = 0
x
2
5x 14 = 0
x
2
7x + 2x 14 = 0
x(x 7) + 2(x 7) = 0
(x 7) (x + 2) = 0
So, x 7 = 0 or x + 2 = 0
x = 7 or x = 2 (neglected)
Hence, original number =
140
x
x
+ =
140
7
7
+ = 20 + 7 = 27
(b) Draw PS BC
P lies on the bisector of B
PM AB [By construction]
and PS BC
So, PM = PS ...(i)
B S C
D
A
N
P
M
Now, P lies on the bisector of C
PS BC
and PN CD
So, PN = PS ...(ii)
From equation (i) and (ii), we get
PM = PN
(c) Let (k, 0) be any point on x-axis, then according the question,
2 2
(5 ) ( 4 0) + k = 5
25 + k
2
10k + 16 = 25
k
2
10k + 16 = 0
(k 8) (k 2) = 0
k 8 = 0 or k 2 = 0
k = 8 or k = 2
The required points are (8, 0) and (2, 0).
Q11. (a) Compute mean for the following data. (By Step Deviation Method).
Marks No. of students
less than 10 12
less than 20 19
less than 30 35
less than 40 47
less than 50 58
less than 60 65
less than 70 84
less than 80 100 [4]
14 ICSE Pariksha Mathematics-X
(b) Draw an ogive from the following frequency table.
Class interval Frequency
8 12 10
12 16 16
16 20 22
20 24 18
24 28 12
28 32 4
Total 82
from this ogive, calculate :
(i) The median.
(ii) The upper and lower quartile.
(iii) The inter quartile range. [6]
Sol. (a) Marks c.f. f x d = x A u = d/h fu
0 10 12 12 5 30 3 36
10 20 19 7 15 20 2 14
20 30 35 16 25 10 1 16
30 40 47 12 35 0 0 0
40 50 58 11 45 10 1 11
50 60 65 7 55 20 2 14
60 70 84 19 65 30 3 57
70 80 100 16 75 40 4 64
f = 100 fu = 80
Here, A = 35, h = 10
Mean = A +

fu
h
f
=
80
35 10
100
+
= 35 + 8 = 43
ICSE Pariksha Mathematics-X 15
(b) Class interval frequency (f) c.f.
8 12 10 10
12 16 16 26
16 20 22 48
20 24 18 66
24 28 12 78
28 32 4 82
N = 82
(i) N = 82 (even)
The position of median is given by =
N 82
41
2 2

0
8 1 2 1 5 1 6 2 0 2 4 2 8 3 2 3 6
1 0
2 0
3 0
4 0
5 0
6 0
7 0
8 0
9 0
Y
X
(1 2, 1 0)
(1 6, 2 6)
(2 0, 4 8)
2 3
1 9
(2 4, 6 6)
(3 2, 8 2)
(2 8, 7 8)
C
u
m
u
l
a
t
i
v
e

F
r
e
q
u
e
n
c
y
C la ss-In terv a l
So, from the graph, median = 19
(ii) The position of Upper Quartile is given by =
3N 3 82 246
= =
4 4 4
= 61.5
So, from the graph, Upper Quartile = 23
The position of lower Quartile is given by =
N 82
20.5
4 4

So, from the graph, lower Quartile = 15
(iii) Inter quartile range = Q
3
Q
1
= 23 15 = 8