Sei sulla pagina 1di 90

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

All rights reserved


www.huawei.com
Internal
OME201102 HUAWEI BTS3012
Hardware Structure
ISSUE 1.5
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 2 All rights reserved
Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:
Know the functions and features of BTS
Master the BTS hardware structure
Master the cable connection of BTS
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 3 All rights reserved
References
BTS3012 Technical Manual
BTS3012 Installation Manual
BTS3012 User Manual
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 4 All rights reserved
Chapter 1 Overview Chapter 1 Overview
Chapter 2 System Components Chapter 2 System Components
Chapter 3 Signal Processing Chapter 3 Signal Processing
Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System
Chapter 5 Typical Configuration Chapter 5 Typical Configuration
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 5 All rights reserved
Location
OMC: Operation and Maintenance Center VM: Voice Mailbox
SMC: Short Message Center VLR: Visitor Location Register MSC: Mobile Switching Center
EIR: Equipment Identity Register AUC: Authentication Center HLR: Home Location Register
BSC: Base Station Controller BTS: Base Transceiver Station MS: Mobile Station
PSTN
ISDN
PSPDN
Um Interface
BTS3012
BTS3012
BTS3012
BTS3012
OMC
HLR/AUC/EIR
BSC
MSC/VLR
SMC/VM
A Interface
MAP
M
A
P
TUP,ISUP
MS
MS
MS
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 6 All rights reserved
Features and Functions
Support GSM800M.850M.900M.1800M.1900M
Support networking topology includes star, tree, chain and ring
Support A5/1 and A5/2 encryption/decryption
Support GPRS and EDGE
Support dynamic and static power control
Support the omni-directional coverage and directional coverage
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 7 All rights reserved
Features and Functions
Double Transceiver Unit (DTRU). A single cabinet can support
up to 12 carriers. It can smoothly evolve into WCDMA
Transmit diversity, 4-receive diversity
Support Power Boost Technology (PBT)
BTS3012 can share cabinet with WCDMA base station. The
module of WCDMA base station can be inserted in the
BTS3012 cabinet
Support more various transmission mode includes E1, STM-1,
microwave, and satellite transmission
The DTRU of the BTS3012 can be inserted into
BTS30/BTS312 with -48V DC power supply
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 8 All rights reserved
Chapter 1 Overview Chapter 1 Overview
Chapter 2 System Components Chapter 2 System Components
Chapter 3 Signal Processing Chapter 3 Signal Processing
Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System
Chapter 5 Typical Configuration Chapter 5 Typical Configuration
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 9 All rights reserved
Hardware structure
TMA TMA
DTRU DAFU
/utuuu uud d
:u|:y:tm
lout o ll
Su|:y:tm
TMA TMA
DTRU
DAFU
TMA TMA
DTRU DAFU
Dou|' tuu:`v
:u|:y:tm
DATU
Um
Interface
DATU
`|
E1
Abis Interface
Commou :u|:y:tm
NFCB
Metro 100
DTMU
DEMU
E1
BITS
Monitor
TBUS/DBUS/CBUS
MS
FH_BUS
Extension
cabinet
DBUS/
TBUS
CBUS
CBUS3
CBUS3
CBUS3
CBUS3
CBUS2
CBUS2
CBUS2
CBUS3
CBUS3
P
r
o
t
e
c
t
i
o
n

f
o
r

s
i
g
n
a
l
Electric tilt antenna & TMA feed
Electric tilt antenna & TMA feed
Electric tilt antenna &TMA feed
CBUS3
FH_BUS
FH_BUS
RF signal
RF signal
RF signal
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 10 All rights reserved
BTS3012 Cabinet and Boards
NodeB Fan Controlling and monitoring Board FAN Box
Cabinet Top Backplane for DTRU BTS DCTB
Environment Monitoring Unit for DTRU BTS DEMU
Combined cabinet Signal connection Unit for DTRU BTS DCSU
Signal Access Card for DTRU BTS DSAC
E1 Signal Lightning-Protection Card for DTRU BTS DELC
Monitor Signal Lightning-Protection Card for DTRU BTS DMLC
Antenna and TMA Control Unit for DTRU BTS DATU
Combining Unit for DTRU BTS DCOM
Dual Duplexer Unit for DTRU BTS DDPU
Antenna Front-end Unit for DTRU BTS DAFU
Cable Connection Unit for DTRU BTS DCCU
Transmission & Timing & Management Unit for DTRU BTS DTMU
Double Transceiver Unit DTRU
Description Abbreviations
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 11 All rights reserved
BTS3012 Cabinet and Boards
D D D D
Wiring & Air Inlet
Wiring
D
D
P
U
D
C
O
M
D
C
O
M
D
D
P
U
D
C
O
M
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
Wiring
FAN
Air Inlet
M
L
C
Power and
EMC
Transmission Unit
D
D
P
U
E
L
C
E
L
C
S
A
C
Transmission Unit
D
T
M
U
D
T
M
U
D
E
M
U
D
C
C
U
D
C
S
U
D
A
T
U
Double
transceiver
subsystem
Common
Subsystem
Antenna Front-End
of the RF Subsystem
(DAFU)
Cabinet Top Access
Subsystem (DCTB)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 12 All rights reserved
BTS3012 Cabinet and Boards
D D D D
Wiring & Air Inlet
Wiring
D
D
P
U
D
C
O
M
D
C
O
M
D
D
P
U
D
C
O
M
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
Wiring
FAN
Air Inlet
M
L
C
Power and
EMC
Transmission Unit
D
D
P
U
E
L
C
E
L
C
S
A
C
Transmission Unit
D
T
M
U
D
T
M
U
D
E
M
U
D
C
C
U
D
C
S
U
D
A
T
U
Double
transceiver
subsystem
Common
Subsystem
Antenna Front-End
of the RF Subsystem
(DAFU)
Cabinet Top Access
Subsystem (DCTB)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 13 All rights reserved
Common Subsystem
DTMU Transmission timing& management unit for DTRU BTS
DEMU Environment Monitoring Unit for DTRU BTS
DCSU Combined cabinet Signal connection Unit for DTRU BTS
DCCU Cable Connection Unit for DTRU BTS
DATU Antenna and TMA control unit for DTRU BTS
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 14 All rights reserved
Functions of DTMU
Providing the external GPS input, the BITS synchronized clock input
Providing 4-route or 8-route E1 inputbackup between the active and
standby boards
Providing local MMI maintenance of the 10 M network port
Controlling, maintaining, and operating the BTS
Providing fault management, configuration management, performance
management, and security management
Supporting 8-route digital alarm input. Two routes are lightning arrester
failure alarm detection
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 15 All rights reserved
Structure of DTMU
MCK
OML
DBUS
CBUS2
Clock
BIU
DTRU
DTMU
BSC
MCU
MMI
LMT
Abis
External
synchronizedclock
Subrack number
and clock
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 16 All rights reserved
Indicators on DTMU
E1 port 1 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is out
E1 port 5 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is on
Fast flash (4 Hz)
E1 port 1 near end alarm occurs when SWT is out
E1 port 5 near end alarm occurs when SWT is on
On
E1 port 1 is normal when SWT is out
E1 port 5 is normal when SWT is on
Off Indicates the
transmission
status of E1
port 1 and
port 5
Green LIU1
Lock Fast flash (1 Hz)
Pull-in Fast flash (4 Hz)
Free-run On
Abnormal Off Indicates the
clock status
Green PLL
Active On
Standby Off Indicates
whether the
board is
active or
standby
Green ACT
Power failure of the board Off
BSC data loading Fast flash at uncertain
intervals
Normal Slow flash (0.5 Hz)
OML is blocked Slow flash (0.25 Hz) Indicates
operation
Green RUN
Meaning Status Description Color Indicator
RUN
ACT
PLL
LIU1
LIU2
LIU3
LIU4
SWT
ALM
RST
MMI
T2M
FCLK
T13M
DTMU
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 17 All rights reserved
Hardware alarm On
No hardware alarm Off Alarm indicators Red ALM
LIU1 to LIU4 indicate the transmission status of E1 port
5 to 8.
On
LIU1 to LIU4 indicate the transmission status of E1 port
1 to 4.
Off Indicates handover
status of E1
Green SWT
E1 port 4 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is out
E1 port 8 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is on
Fast flash (4
Hz)
E1 port 4 near end alarm occurs when SWT is out
E1 port 8 near end alarm occurs when SWT is on
On
E1 port 4 is normal when SWT is out
E1 port 8 is normal when SWT is on
Off Indicates the
transmission status of
E1 port 4 and port 8
Green LIU4
E1 port 3 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is out
E1 port 7 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is on
Fast flash (4
Hz)
E1 port 3 near end alarm occurs when SWT is out
E1 port 7 near end alarm occurs when SWT is on
On
E1 port 3 is normal when SWT is out
E1 port 7 is normal when SWT is on
Off Indicates the
transmission status of
E1 port 3 and port 7
Green LIU3
E1 port 2 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is out
E1 port 6 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is on
Fast flash (4
Hz)
E1 port 2 near end alarm occurs when SWT is out
E1 port 6 near end alarm occurs when SWT is on
On
E1 port 2 is normal when SWT is out
E1 port 6 is normal when SWT is on
Off Indicates the
transmission status of
E1 port 2 and port 6
Green LIU2
Meaning Status Description Color Indicator
Indicators on DTMU
RUN
ACT
PLL
LIU1
LIU2
LIU3
LIU4
SWT
ALM
RST
MMI
T2M
FCLK
T13M
DTMU
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 18 All rights reserved
Interface on the DTMU panel
Near end maintenance network port RJ45 MMI
13M primary reference clock SMB (female) T13M
216.7 Hz frame clock SMB (female) FCLK
Outputs reference testing clock SMB (female) T2M
Description Type Interface
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 19 All rights reserved
Functions of DEMU
The DEMU is placed in slots 2 to 4 and slot 7 of the common subrack with
the DATU. The DEMU is an optional module. There is maximum one
DEMU under full configuration.
Monitoring variations in the smoke, water, temperature, humidity, infrared,
and access control ,Handling alarms
Guaranteeing normal operation of the equipment
Output of 6-route Boolean value and input of 32-route main node alarms
DMLC
DEMU
CBUS3 Monitor signal
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 20 All rights reserved
Functions of DCSU
The Combined Cabinet Signal
Connection Unit for DTRU BTS
(DCSU) is placed in slot 5 of the
common subrack, which is
located in the lower part of the
cabinet. There is only one DCSU
and it is mandatory
The DCSU transfers signals for
the combined cabinet and cabinet
group between the common
subrack and the cabinet top
subrack
DCMB
DTMU
DCSU
DTRB
DCTB
DCCU
DEMU
DATU
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 21 All rights reserved
The interfaces on the DCSU panel
CC_IN
CC_OUT
TO_DTRB
TOP2
DCSU
Connecting to the cabinet top subrack through
cables
DB26 (female) TOP2
Connecting to the DTRB through cables MD64 (female) To_DTRB
For cable input to the combined cabinet MD64 (female) CC_IN
For cable output from the combined cabinet MD64 (female) CC_OUT
Description Type Silk- Screen
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 22 All rights reserved
GM51DCSU VERB
SW6
SW9
SW14
SW13
SW12
SW7
SW10
SW8
SW5
SW4
SW3
SW11
SW2
SW1
Switch of DCSU
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 23 All rights reserved
Functions of DCCU
The DCCU is placed in slot 6 of
the common subrack. There is
only one DCCU and it is
mandatory
Converting the input and output
signals of the common subrack.
Inputting the power of the
common subrack
Providing EMI filtering
DCMB
DTMU
DCCU
NFCB
DCTB
DCSU
DEMU
DATU
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 24 All rights reserved
The interfaces on the DCCU panel
POWER
DCCU
To_FAN
TO_TOP1
TRAN
For power input of the common unit 3V3 POWER
Connects to the cabinet top subrack through
cables
MD64
(female)
TO_TOP1
Connects to the fan panel through cables
DB26
(female)
To_FAN
For E1 signal input
MD64
(female)
TRAN
Description Type
Silk-
Screen
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 25 All rights reserved
Functions of DATU
The DATU is placed in slots 2 to 4 and slot 7 of the
common subrack with the DEMU. It is optional and
there are maximum two DATUs
Transmitting the remote electrical tilt unit (RET)
control signals
Feeding the TMA
Communicating with the DTMU through CBUS3 for
control and alarm report
DATU
RUN
ACT
ALM
ANT0
ANT1
ANT2
ANT3
ANT4
ANT5
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 26 All rights reserved
BTS3012 Cabinet and Boards
D D D D
Wiring & Air Inlet
Wiring
D
D
P
U
D
C
O
M
D
C
O
M
D
D
P
U
D
C
O
M
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
Wiring
FAN
Air Inlet
M
L
C
Power and
EMC
Transmission Unit
D
D
P
U
E
L
C
E
L
C
S
A
C
Transmission Unit
D
T
M
U
D
T
M
U
D
E
M
U
D
C
C
U
D
C
S
U
D
A
T
U
Double
transceiver
subsystem
Common
Subsystem
Antenna Front-End
of the RF Subsystem
(DAFU)
Cabinet Top Access
Subsystem (DCTB)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 27 All rights reserved
Cabinet Top Access Subsystem
DMLC( Monitor Signal Lightning-Protection Card for DTRU BTS)
DELC(E1 Signal Lightning-Protection Card for DTRU BTS)
DSAC(Signal Access Card for DTRU BTS)
D
M
L
C
D
E
L
C
D
E
L
C
D
S
A
C
D
C
F
C
K
B
2
C
K
B
1
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 28 All rights reserved
Function of DMLC
The DMLC is placed in slots 0 to 2 of the cabinet top
subrack with the DELC. There is only one DMLC and
it is optional DMLC
Thirty-two-route Boolean value input
Six-route Boolean value output
Four-route analog input
Smoke/water/access
control/infrared/humidity/temperature sensor signal
input
SWIN
SWOUT
DMLC
AIN
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 29 All rights reserved
Function of DELC
The DELC is placed in slots 0 to 2 of the cabinet
top subrack with the DMLC
The DELC is mandatory and there is one DELC
under minimum configuration
Without the DMLC, there are maximum three
DELCs, supporting up to 12 routes of protected E1
signals
DELC
TR
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 30 All rights reserved
Function of DSAC
The DSAC is placed in slot 3 of the cabinet top
subrack. There is only one DSAC and it is mandatory
Six-route Boolean value input.
Two-route CBUS3 output
Two-route input of lightning protection arrester failure
alarm
Access protection of BITS clock input
DSAC
C
O
M
1
E
A
C
S
Y
N
C
C
O
M

2
S
1
+
S
1
-
S
2
+
S
2
-
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 31 All rights reserved
BTS3012 Cabinet and Boards
D D D D
Wiring & Air Inlet
Wiring
D
D
P
U
D
C
O
M
D
C
O
M
D
D
P
U
D
C
O
M
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
Wiring
FAN
Air Inlet
M
L
C
Power and
EMC
Transmission Unit
D
D
P
U
E
L
C
E
L
C
S
A
C
Transmission Unit
D
T
M
U
D
T
M
U
D
E
M
U
D
C
C
U
D
C
S
U
D
A
T
U
Double
transceiver
subsystem
Common
Subsystem
Antenna Front-End
of the RF Subsystem
(DAFU)
Cabinet Top Access
Subsystem (DCTB)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 32 All rights reserved
Double transceiver subsystem
DTRUDouble Transceiver Unit
DTRB
DTRB
DTRU
DTRU
DTRU
DTRU
DTRU
DTRU
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 33 All rights reserved
Functions of DTRU
RF subsystem transmit part. Converts the baseband signals on the two
TRXs to the RF signals. Supports up-frequency conversion of the signals
and RF frequency hopping.Filters, amplifies, and outputs the combined
signals
RF subsystem receive part. Divides and modulates the RF signals on the
two TRXs. Supports transmit receive and RF frequency hopping
Baseband processing part. Processes signals. Supports coding and
decoding, interleaving and de-interleaving, modulation and demodulation.
Supports voice fax services. Supports data services in Phase II, GPRS
services, and EDGE services. Supports transmit diversity and 4-way
receive diversity. Amplifies the output power
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 34 All rights reserved
Functional structure of DTRU
DTRU Baseband and RF Unit (DBRU)
DTRU Power Amplifier Unit (DPAU)
DTRU Power Supply Unit (DTPS)
DTMU
DTPS
DTRU
48V DC
DPAU
DBRU
DAFU
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 35 All rights reserved
Indicators on DTRU
RL alarm Slow flash (0.5 Hz)
Normal Off
Standing wave alarm On RF interface
indicators
Red RF_IND
The board is normal. Off
Critical alarm occurs to the board. On (including
high-frequency
flash)
Indicates alarm Red ALM
Only parts of the logic channels are working
normally (including after TRX mutual aid).
Slow flash (0.5Hz)
Communication between DTRU and DTMU is
not set up
Off
The board is running (the DTMU sends
configuration parameters to the DTRU
correctly and the cell is starting). All the
channels on the two carriers can work
normally.
On Indicates the TRX is
working
Green ACT
The DTMU is sending configuraiton
parameters to the DTRU.
Fast flash (2.5 Hz)
The board is running. Slow flash (0.5 Hz)
The board is starting. Slow flash (0.25
Hz)
There is no power supply and the board is
faulty.
Off
There is power supply or the board is faulty. On Indicates the running
and power-on of the
DTRU
Green RUN
Meaning Status Description Color Indicator
DTRU
TX1
IN1
TCOM
IN2
TX2
RST
RUN
ACT
ALM
RF_IND
PWR
RXM1
RXD1
RXM2
RXD2
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 36 All rights reserved
Indicators on DTRU
Power supply 3V3 PWR
Diversity receive port of carrier 2 or Diversity 4 receive port of
carrier 1
SMA (female) RXD2
Main receive port of carrier 2 or Diversity 3 receive port of carrier 1 SMA (female) RXM2
Diversity 1 or 2 receive port of carrier 1 SMA (female) RXD1
Main or diversity 1 receive port of carrier 1 SMA (female) RXM1
TX2 output signals:
Output to the forepart of the RF when not in combiner
Output to IN2 in combiner
N (male) TX2
Connects to TX2 in combiner SMA (female) IN2
Combines and outputs IN1 and IN2 or implements PBT combined
output
N (male) TCOM
Connects to TX1 in combiner SMA (female) IN1
TX1 output signals:
Output to the forepart of the RF when not in combiner
Output to IN1 in combiner
N (male) TX1
Description Type Interface
DTRU
TX1
IN1
TCOM
IN2
TX2
RST
RUN
ACT
ALM
RF_IND
PWR
RXM1
RXD1
RXM2
RXD2
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 37 All rights reserved
DTRU transmit mode
Transmit independence
Transmit diversity
PBT
Wideband transmit combination
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 38 All rights reserved
DTRU transmit mode-transmit independence
TCOM
TRX0
TRX0
TX
TRX1
TRX1
TX
TX1
IN1
IN2
TX2
RXM1
RXD1
RXM2
RXD2
combiner
combiner
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 39 All rights reserved
DTRU transmit mode-transmit diversity
TRX1
TRX1
TRX0
TRX0
TX
TX
TX1
IN1
TCOM
IN2
TX2
Man made multi way
combiner
combiner
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 40 All rights reserved
DTRU transmit mode-PBT
TRX1
TRX1
TRX0
TRX0
TX
TX
TX1
IN1
TCOM
IN2
TX2
Same phase
combiner
combiner
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 41 All rights reserved
DTRU transmit mode-wideband transmit combination
TRX0
TRX0
TX
TRX1
TRX1
TX
TX1
IN1
TCOM
IN2
TX2
combiner
combiner
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 42 All rights reserved
DTRU receive mode
Receive independence
Receive diversity
4-way receive diversity
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 43 All rights reserved
DTRU receive mode- Receive independence
TRX1
TRX1
TRX0
TRX0
TX
TX
TX1
IN1
TCOM
IN2
TX2
RXM1
RXD1
RXM2
RXD2
divider
divider
combiner
combiner
divider
divider
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 44 All rights reserved
DTRU receive mode- Receive diversity
TRX0
TRX0
TX
TRX1
TRX1
TX
TX1
IN1
TCOM
IN2
TX2
RXM1
RXD1
RXM2
RXD2
combiner
combiner
divider
divider
divider
divider
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 45 All rights reserved
DTRU receive mode- 4-way receive diversity
TRX0
TRX0
TX
TRX1
TRX1
TX
divider
divider
divider
divider
TX1
IN1
TCOM
IN2
TX2
RXM1
RXD1
RXM2
RXD2
combiner
combiner
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 46 All rights reserved
Intra structure of DTRU
TRX0
TRX0
TX
TRX1
TRX1
TX
TX1
IN1
TCOM
IN2
TX2
RXM1
RXD1
RXM2
RXD2
combiner
combiner
divider
divider
divider
divider
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 47 All rights reserved
Functions of DTRB
The DTRB is placed in the DTRU
subrack. It has six slots, each
holding one DTRU
The DTRB provides connections
between the DCSU and the DTRU.
All the onsite signals are provided to
the DCSU through the DTRB
DTRB
DTRU
DTRU
DTRU
DTRU
DTRU
DTRU
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 48 All rights reserved
BTS3012 Cabinet and Boards
D D D D
Wiring & Air Inlet
Wiring
D
D
P
U
D
C
O
M
D
C
O
M
D
D
P
U
D
C
O
M
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
D
T
R
U
Wiring
FAN
Air Inlet
M
L
C
Power and
EMC
Transmission Unit
D
D
P
U
E
L
C
E
L
C
S
A
C
Transmission Unit
D
T
M
U
D
T
M
U
D
E
M
U
D
C
C
U
D
C
S
U
D
A
T
U
Double
transceiver
subsystem
Common
Subsystem
Antenna Front-End
of the RF Subsystem
(DAFU)
Cabinet Top Access
Subsystem (DCTB)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 49 All rights reserved
Front-End of the RF Subsystem
DDPU (Dual Duplexer Unit for DTRU BTS)
DCOM (Combining Unit for DTRU BTS)
NBBI
D
C
O
M
D
D
P
U
D
C
O
M
D
D
P
U
D
C
O
M
D
D
P
U
1 2 3 4 5 0
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 50 All rights reserved
Functions of DDPU
The DDPU is intermixed with the DCOM in the DAFU subrack
of the forepart of RF subsystem. It is indispensable. Generally,
the number of DDPU is one at least and three at most. Without
the DCOM, there can be at most six DDPUs
Sending multi RF signals from the transceiver in the DTRU to
the antenna through the duplexer
Sending signals from the antenna after amplifying and
quartering them to the transceiver in the DTRU
Detecting standing wave alarms in the Antenna Feeder system
Receiving the gain control of the low noise amplifier
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 51 All rights reserved
Functional structure of the DDPU
ANTB
TXA
TXB
RXA4
duplexer
duplexer
divider
divider
duplexer
duplexer
divider
divider
ANTA
RXA1
RXA2
RXA3
RXB1
RXB2
RXB3
RXB4
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 52 All rights reserved
Indicators on DDPU
No standing wave alarm occur to Channel B Off
Standing wave critical alarm occurs to
Channel B
On
Standing wave alarm occurs to Channel B Slow flash (0.5 Hz) Indicates a standing
wave alarm of Channel
B
Red VSWRB
No standing wave alarm occurs to Channel A Off
Standing wave critical alarm occurs to
Channel A
On
Standing wave alarm occurs to Channel A Slow flash (0.5 Hz) Indicates a standing
wave alarm of Channel
A
Red VSWRA
The board is starting or loading the newest
application programs
Slow flash (0.5 Hz)
No fault Off
There is alarm(including standing wave alarm)
and the board is faulty.
On (including high-
frequency flash)
Indicates an alarm Red ALM
The DTMU is sending configuration
parameters to the DDPU or the DDPU is
loading software programs.
Fast flash (2.5 Hz)
The board is running normally. Slow flash (0.5 Hz)
There is no power supply or the board is
faulty.
Off
There is power supply and the board is faulty. On Indicates the DDPU is
running and powerd on
Green RUN
Meaning Status Description Color Indicator
RUN
ALM
VSWRA
RXA1
RXA2
RXA3
RXA4
RXB1
RXB2
RXB3
RXB4
DDPU
TXA
TXB
COM
POWER
VSWRB
ANTA
ANTB
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 53 All rights reserved
Interface on DDPU
RF jumper port DIN (female) ANTB
RF jumper port DIN (female) ANTA
Diversity 4 output port SMA (female) RXB4
Diversity 3 output port SMA (female) RXB3
Diversity 2 output port SMA (female) RXB2
Diversity 1 output port SMA (female) RXB1
Main 4 output port SMA (female) RXA4
Main 3 output port SMA (female) RXA3
Main 2 output port SMA (female) RXA2
Main 1 output port SMA (female) RXA1
Input of the TX signals sent from the DTRU
Input of the DCOM combining signals
N (male) TXB
Input of the TX signals sent from the DTRU
Input of the DCOM combining signals
N (male) TXA
Power supply input 3V3 POWER
Sends to the DDPU control signals, communication signals,
clock signals and subrack number
DB26
(female)
COM
Description Type Interface
RUN
ALM
VSWRA
RXA1
RXA2
RXA3
RXA4
RXB1
RXB2
RXB3
RXB4
DDPU
TXA
TXB
COM
POWER
VSWRB
ANTA
ANTB
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 54 All rights reserved
Functions of DCOM
The DCOM is placed in the DAFU subrack
with the DDPU
The DCOM is optional and there are a
maximum three DCOMs. The DTRU
combines two carriers into one channel. The
DCOM is required when the DTRUs are
insufficent
The DCOM combines the 2-route DTRU
transmission signals and outputs them to the
DDPU
DCOM
TX-COM
TX2
TX1
ONSHELL
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 55 All rights reserved
Interfaces on DCOM
TX signal input from the DTRU to DCOM N (male) TX2
TX signal input from the DTRU to DCOM N (male) TX1
Output of combining signals from the DCOM
to DDPU
N (male) TX
COM
For identification of the board type of DCOM
and on-site status
DB26
(female)
ONSHEL
L
Description Type Interface
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 56 All rights reserved
Functions of FAN BOX
The FAN BOX forms a loop with the air inlet box to provide forced
ventilation and dissipation for the common subrack, the DTRU subrack,
and the DAFU subrack
The FAN Box is mandatory with four independent axial flow fans. The
fans' speed and running status are controlled by the Fan Controlling and
Monitoring Board
FAN
STATE
COM
PWR
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 57 All rights reserved
Indicators on FAN BOX
There is no power supply and the
board is faulty
Off Green or red or
orange
The board software is being down
graded
On Orange (red
and green)
The board is running normally Slow flash (0.5
Hz)
Green
Alarm occurs to the board Fast flash (4 Hz) Red
Communication between the NFCB
and the DTMU is abnormal. There is
no alarm
Fast flash (4 Hz) Green STATE
Meaning Status Color Indicator
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 58 All rights reserved
Chapter 1 Overview Chapter 1 Overview
Chapter 2 System Components Chapter 2 System Components
Chapter 3 Signal Processing Chapter 3 Signal Processing
Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System
Chapter 5 Typical Configuration Chapter 5 Typical Configuration
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 59 All rights reserved
System Signal Flow
the signal flow of the service and signaling include
DL Signal Flow
UL Signal Flow
Signaling Processing Signal Flow
Clock Signal Flow
Combined Cabinet Signal Flow
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 60 All rights reserved
DL Signal Flow
D
D
P
U
Um
BSC
BTS3012 Cabinet
MS
Antenna
Feeder
Abis
D
T
R
U
D
T
M
U
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 61 All rights reserved
DL Signal Flow
The DL signal flow includes the following steps:
The DTMU receives the service data from the BSC, exchanges
and processes it, and then transfers it to the DTRU
The DTRU performs digital filtering, up conversion, and filter
amplification of the signals and sends the signals to the DDPU
The duplexer in the DDPU filters the signals sent from the DTRU
and transmits the signals through antennas and feeders
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 62 All rights reserved
UL Signal Flow
D
A
F
U
Um
BSC
BTS3012 Cabinet
MS
Antenna
Feeder
Abis
D
T
R
U
D
T
M
U
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 63 All rights reserved
UL Signal Flow
The UL signal flow includes the following steps:
The antenna receives the signals transmitted from the MS. After being
amplified by the TMA, the signals are transmitted to the DDPU through
the feeder. The TMA is optional. It is used to compensate the feeder
loss and enhance receiver sensitivity of the DDPU antenna port
The DDPU receives the signals and transmits the signals to the DTRU
after they are filtered by the duplexer and amplified by the LNA
The DTRU receives the signals and transmits the signals to the DTMU
after amplification and down conversion. The DTMU then transmits the
signals to the BSC through the Abis interface
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 64 All rights reserved
Signaling Processing Signal Flow
BTS3012
DDPU DTRU
DTMU
BSC
Abis
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 65 All rights reserved
Signaling Processing Signal Flow
The signaling processing signal flow includes the following steps:
The Abis interface board receives the signaling data from the BSC
and transmits the data to the DTMU
The DTMU performs decision and processing on the signaling and
transmits the signaling to the DTRU and DDPU
The DTRU and DDPU report board status to the DTMU
The DTMU obtains the status of the BTS3012 by collecting and
analyzing the status of all boards and transmits the information to
the BSC through the Abis interface
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 66 All rights reserved
Clock Signal Flow
DTMU
Boards in main
cabinet
Boards in slave
cabinet
A-bis
Clock distribution
cable between
cabinets
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 67 All rights reserved
Clock Signal Flow Description
The clock signal flow includes the following steps:
The external reference clock is transmitted to the clock
module in the DTMU through the Abis interface
The clock module performs phase lock and frequency
division on the clock signals to generate different clock
signals for BTSs
The clock signals are transmitted to the modules in the
main cabinet such as the DTRU and the DDPU
The clock signals are transmitted to the modules in the
slave cabinets through the clock distribution cable
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 68 All rights reserved
Chapter 1 Overview Chapter 1 Overview
Chapter 2 System Components Chapter 2 System Components
Chapter 3 Signal Processing Chapter 3 Signal Processing
Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System
Chapter 5 Typical Configuration Chapter 5 Typical Configuration
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 69 All rights reserved
Antenna Feeder subsystem
Antenna
TMA
Antenna
support
Jumper
Jumper
Feeder
Jumper
Antenna
Feeder
Jumpers
TMA
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 70 All rights reserved
Antenna
In mobile communications systems, the antenna consists of an
array of element antennas, as shown in Figure
Element
antenna
Feeding
network
Antenna
connector
Directional antenna
Omnidirectional antenna
Feeding
network
Element
antenna
Feeding
network
Antenna
connector
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 71 All rights reserved
Antenna
BTS3012 antennas are classified:
By radiation features in horizontal directions: omnidirectional
antennas and directional antennas
By polarization features: single polarization antennas and dual
polarization antennas
Omnidirectional
antenna
Single polarization
antenna
Dual polarization
antenna
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 72 All rights reserved
Lightning Arrester is used to
prevent the equipment from being
damaged by the lightening current
inducted by the core line of the
feeder
feeder
jumper
Lightning Arrester
Lightning Arrester
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 73 All rights reserved
Types of Main Feeder
7/8 inch
Cable loss=0.043dB/m
5/4 inch
Cable loss=0.032dB/m
1/2 inch jumper
Cable loss=0.11dB/m
Used between the antenna and the main feeder
Between the antenna and the tower-top amplifier
Between the cabinet and the lightning arrester
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 74 All rights reserved
TMA
The tower mounted amplifier (TMA) is a low noise amplification module
installed on the tower top. The TMA is optional. The triplex TMA is usually
used and installed close to the antenna. The triplex TMA consists of triplex
filter, low noise amplification, and feeder
Lower
noise
amplific
-ation
Sending
filter
Receiving
filter
Bypass
DC
BTS
TMA
Feeder
Receiving
filter
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 75 All rights reserved
Antenna Pattern
The antenna pattern describes the radiating abilities of
antennas in all directions
360
Omni Antenna
Directional antenna
120 90 65
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 76 All rights reserved
Polarization
Two main types of polarization
Vertical polarization
Horizontal polarization
The types of antenna divided by
polarization
Single polarized antenna
Vertical polarization for GSM
One port for one feeder
Dual polarized antenna
+45 degree and -45 degree
Two ports for two feeders
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 77 All rights reserved
Chapter 1 Overview Chapter 1 Overview
Chapter 2 System Components Chapter 2 System Components
Chapter 3 Signal Processing Chapter 3 Signal Processing
Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System
Chapter 5 Typical Configuration Chapter 5 Typical Configuration
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 78 All rights reserved
Configuration Principles
The configuration principles of the BTS3012 cabinet are as follows:
The minimum antenna rule
use as few as possible antennas for cell configuration.
The minimum cabinet rule
use as few as possible cabinets for cell configuration.
The complete synchronous cell rule
all TRXs of a synchronous cell are configured in the same cabinet group
The basic cabinet priority rule
TRXs are configured in the basic cabinet in preference, and the number
of TRXs in the basic cabinet is not less than that in any extension cabinet
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 79 All rights reserved
Configuration Principles
The BTS3012 supports the omnidirectional coverage and the directional
coverage.
The BTS3012 supports the combination of two cabinets to form one group
and the combination of three cabinet groups.
The BTS3012 supports the transmit diversity and 4-way diversity receive.
The DCOM combines two carriers into one channel (the two-into-one
function). The DCOM is required when the DTRUs are not sufficient.
The BTS3012 uses DTRU. One single cabinet supports up to 12 TRXs in
full configuration.
The maximum number of carriers is eight in a cell with a pair of dual
polarization antennas or two omnidirectional antennas of a single
sectorized cell
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 80 All rights reserved
Typical configuration S1/1/1
transmit diversity mode
S1/1/1 transmit independence mode
each cell is configured one DTRU and
one DDPU
The connection for one cell is showed in
the right slide
BSC data configuration should be
transmit diversity mode
receive independence mode
Cabinet Top powerdBm
46 or 47.8-1.0
DDPU
TX B
RXB1
RXA1
RXA2
RXA3
RXA4
RXB2
RXB3
RXB4
TX A
DTRU
TX 1
TCOM
RXM 1
RXM 2
RXD 1
RXD 2
TX 2
IN2
IN 1
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 81 All rights reserved
Typical configuration S1/1/1
transmit diversity / 4-way receive diversity
S1/1/1 transmit diversity / 4-way receive
modeeach cell is configured one
DTRU and two DDPU
BSC data configuration should be
transmit diversity mode
4-way receive mode
Cabinet Top powerdBm
46 or 47.8-1.0
DTRU
DDPU
TX B
RXB1
RXA1
RXA2
RXA3
RXA4
RXB2
RXB3
RXB4
TX A
DDPU
TX B
RXB1
RXA1
RXA2
RXA3
RXA4
RXB2
RXB3
RXB4
TX A
TX 1
TCOM
RXM 1
RXM 2
RXD 1
RXD 2
TX 2
IN2
IN 1
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 82 All rights reserved
Typical configurationS2/2/2
transmit independence mode
S2/2/2 transmit independence modeeach
cell is configured one DTRU and one DDPU
The connection for one cell is showed in the
right slide
BSC data configuration should be
transmit independence mode
receive diversity mode
Cabinet Top powerdBm
46 or 47.8-1.0
DDPU
TX B
RXB1
RXA1
RXA2
RXA3
RXA4
RXB2
RXB3
RXB4
TX A
DTRU
TX 1
TCOM
RXM 1
RXM 2
RXD 1
RXD 2
TX 2
IN2
IN 1
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 83 All rights reserved
Typical configurationS2/2/2
PBT mode
S2/2/2 PBT modeeach cell is
configured two DTRU and one DDPU
The connection for one cell is showed
in the right slide
BSC data configuration should be
PBT mode
receive independence mode
Cabinet Top powerdBm
49 - 1.0
DDPU
TX B
RXB1
RXA1
RXA2
RXA3
RXA4
RXB2
RXB3
RXB4
TX A
DTRU
TX 1
TCOM
RXM 1
RXM 2
RXD 1
RXD 2
TX 2
IN2
IN 1
DTRU
TX 1
TCOM
RXM 1
RXM 2
RXD 1
RXD 2
TX 2
IN2
IN 1
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 84 All rights reserved
Typical configuration S4/4/4
wideband transmit combination mode
S4/4/4 wideband transmit combination
mode each cell is configured two
DTRU and one DDPU
BSC data configuration should be
wideband transmit combination mode
receive diversity mode
Cabinet Top powerdBm
46 or 47.8-3.3-1.0
DDPU
TX B
RXB1
RXA1
RXA2
RXA3
RXA4
RXB2
RXB3
RXB4
TX A
DTRU
TX 1
TCOM
RXM 1
RXM 2
RXD 1
RXD 2
TX 2
IN2
IN 1
DTRU
TX 1
TCOM
RXM 1
RXM 2
RXD 1
RXD 2
TX 2
IN2
IN 1
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 85 All rights reserved
Typical Configuration S1/2/1
S1/2/1,cell1 and cell 3 share one
DTRU, cell 2 need one DTRU and
one DDPU
BSC data configuration should be
transmit independence mode
receive independence mode
transmit independence mode
receive diversity mode
Cabinet Top powerdBm
46 or 47.8-1.0
DTRU
TX 1
TCOM
RXM 1
RXM 2
RXD 1
RXD 2
TX 2
IN2
IN 1
DDPU
TX B
RXB1
RXA1
RXA2
RXA3
RXA4
RXB2
RXB3
RXB4
TX A
DDPU
TX B
RXB1
RXA1
RXA2
RXA3
RXA4
RXB2
RXB3
RXB4
TX A
DDPU
TX B
RXB1
RXA1
RXA2
RXA3
RXA4
RXB2
RXB3
RXB4
TX A
DTRU
TX 1
TCOM
RXM 1
RXM 2
RXD 1
RXD 2
TX 2
IN2
IN 1
DTRU1
DTRU2
cell1 cell3 cell2
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 86 All rights reserved
Typical configuration S8/8/8
S8/8/8 cell 1 and cell 3 are
configured 4 DTRU,2 DCOM and
1 DDPU
BSC data configuration should be
wideband transmit
combination mode
receive diversity mode
Cabinet top powerdBm
46 or 47.8-3.3-3.3-1.0
DTRU
TX 1
TCOM
TX 2
IN2
IN 1
TX 2
TX1
DTRU
TX 1
TCOM
TX 2
IN2
IN 1
Tx-com
DTRU
TX 1
TCOM
TX 2
IN2
IN 1
DDPU
TX B
RXB1
RXA1
RXA2
RXA3
RXA4
RXB2
RXB3
RXB4
TX A
TX 2
TX1
DTRU
TX 1
TCOM
TX 2
IN2
IN 1
Tx-com
DCOM DCOM
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 87 All rights reserved
Typical configuration S8/8/8
S8/8/8 cell2 is configured 4
DTRU,2 DCOM and 2 DDPU,
cell 2 need cross the cabinet
BSC data configuration
should be
wideband transmit
combination mode
receive diversity mode
Cabinet top powerdBm
46 or 47.8-3.3-3.3-1.0
Attentiononly support
frequency hopping
DTRU
TX 1
TCOM
TX 2
IN2
IN 1
DDPU
TX B
RXB1
RXA1
RXA2
RXA3
RXA4
RXB2
RXB3
RXB4
TX A
TX 2
TX1
DTRU
TX 1
TCOM
TX 2
IN2
IN 1
Tx-com
RF-EX1
RF-EX2
RF-EX3
RF-EX4
DTRU
TX 1
TCOM
TX 2
IN2
IN 1
DDPU
TX B
RXB1
RXA1
RXA2
RXA3
RXA4
RXB2
RXB3
RXB4
TX A
TX 2
TX1
DTRU
TX 1
TCOM
TX 2
IN2
IN 1
Tx-com
RF-EX1
RF-EX2
RF-EX3
RF-EX4
DCOM
DCOM
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 88 All rights reserved
Combined Cabinet Signal Cables
The connection of the signal cables of the combined cabinet is as follows:
The main and slave cabinets are connected by the data cables,
control cables, and clock cables
The main and slave combined cabinets are connected by the clock
cables and control cables
The main and slave cabinets and combined cabinets require the DIP
switches
Slave
cabinet
of main
cabinet
group
Main
cabinet
of main
cabinet
group
Main
cabinet
of
slave
cabinet
group
Slave
cabinet
of
slave
cabinet
group
Data cable
Clock cable
Control cable
Clock cable
Control cable
Data cable
Clock cable
Control cable
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Page 89 All rights reserved
Functions and features of BTS3012
BTS3012 hardware structure
Antenna and feeder system
Typical configuration
Summary Summary
www.huawei.com
Thank You