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The ways we can see the state now a days

There are 4 types of the natural state form we saw 3 in class and the last one I required a little investigation because we did not saw it the way we saw the others. Yet, here are the ways we can see the 4 state political organization forms that have been seen along with the time before the XIX century. First of all, we saw in class 4 ways the state was seen, or which the supposed natural state political organization was. The first one is the Materialism. Supported by Thomas Hobbes, a British philosopher is the one that says that the men are wolfs men .this can be understood as that the men are the cause of mens problems. According to this way of the state, all men are equal and free, but in a way that everyone is free to do whatever he or she wants to do, also equal. This is what causes the conflict between men. This dictates that everyone acts for material things, land, pencils, or everything that can come to your mind; if one person has it you can have it too, because you and the person are equal. This causes many troubles, because the way one person gets things from another can be gentile or hostile, with the end of getting one simple thing. Which is the way we can see this form of the state now a days? We can see it every day one person steals from an oxxo, a seven eleven or even people in the street. People are free to get or have everything they want, even if it is from another person, and because they are equal they can do whatever they want to get it, in this case it will be money. The ways of getting it would be asking for it, working or stealing, damaging others, threatening and more. This just because we are equal, so we can get anything we want, and free, to do whatever we want to get it. Materialism can be seen now in our time; even it was seen before long ago. Liberalism was the second. Supported by John Locke, the liberalism says that we are all free and equal in the sense that equality is for us because we were made by the same creator, so we are all equal. And freedom to make the choices we want to do, nobody can make us do things we do not want to do. Therefore we are rational entities, we think of what we want to do and what ways we can do it. The liberalism was also a doctrine in the XVI and the VXI century that supported ideas of equal rights, constitutionalism, fair elections and freedom of religion, within others. This is good because it helps the survival of us as individuals and us as a society.

One way I think we can see the liberalism is in the political parties. This happened in the XIX century when the liberalists were against the monarchy and wanted civil rights and free market, this search for liberty was part of the reasons many of the independences happened, The American independence, the French and Mexican, among others. Many of the political parties we see now days are the remaining of liberalism, we have the Liberal Party of Canada, the Liberal Party in the United States, we here in Mxico had the Partido liberal Mexicano which ended in 1932. But the political parties are not the only way we can see liberalism now a days we can see it, I think, in all the revolts to get freedom, the protest people make to get or reclaim what the government promised, the movements against repression. Romanticism was next of liberalism. Romanticism was a kind of revolt against the social and aristocratic norms of the enlightment, it happened in the XVII century being called the Romantic Era between 1750 and 1850. Supported by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, which said that men es good by nature and corrupted by society, Romanticism says we are all free to do the things we want and equal because we have the same opportunities everyone has. Philosophers were very objective about what they said, They chose to see human

nature as something uniform (4).


This way of seeing the state is different from liberalism because instead of seeing the society with reason it was seen as diverse or everyone was unique. This is why romanticism had so many advances in literature, art, paintings, sculptures and all the fine arts. The way we can see this reflected now a days would be the remaining sot all the arts that were made in this time, all the books, the sculptures, paintings, architecture and poems. This way of seeing the state has not many actual views, only the remaining. At last there is Anarchy. Anarchy is by definition a state of lawless or political disorder due to the lack or absence of government and a utopian society of individuals. This caused me controversy, because these definitions are from the same online dictionary. The political disorder I think many of us consider it a chaos, and with that we imagine things like wars, graffiti , robbing and more things like that. Yet, I think the real meaning of anarchy is not anything related to chaos. Anarchy is just the lack of any kind of government. This can be either good or bad, we are equal and free because nobody dictates us the contrary. The way it is good, it is you make your choices, and no one can tell you if it is right or wrong, but also it gives you the freedom to do whatever you want to do, like stealing, destroying or even killing. There is no actual way we see these now days because we have always a political government. There is not anarchy. Anarchy would be something like V de Vendeta because of the way it ends. Nonetheless It would be interesting to know how

it would be to have no government to control us. At last, from the 4 types of the natural state form we saw in class, we find 2 that actually can be seen now, one that I only find the remaining and the last one that would be interesting to be in.

(1) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_law (2) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Materialism (3) http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/liberalism/ (4) http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/lecture16a.html (5) http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anarchy