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(Effective from 2002-2003)

Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY WARANGAL 506 004

(All Branches) Effective from the Academic Year 2004-2005

I - Semester

CODE MA 101 HS 101 PH 101 CY 101 CS 101 EE 101 CE 102 PH 102 CY 102 CS 102 EE 102 ME 102 ME 103 EA 101 SUBJECTS L T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 P 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 2 3 3 12 3 1 27 CREDITS 4 4 4 4 3 2 MATHEMATICS I 4 ENGLISH FOR COMMUNICATION 4 PHYSICS (OR) 4 Chemistry COMPUTER PROGRAMMING & PROBLEM SOLVING (OR) 4 Basic Electrical Science ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 3 PHYSICS LAB (OR) 0 Chemistry Lab COMPUTER PROGRAMMING & PROBLEM SOLVING LAB 0 (OR) Basic Electrical Science Lab ENGINEERING GRAPHICS (OR) 1 Workshop Practice EXTRA ACADEMIC ACTIVITY 0 TOTAL

20 0

II - SEMESTER

CODE MA 102 CE 101 ME 101 CY 101 PH 101 EE 101 CS 101 CY 102 PH 102 EE 102 CS 102 ME 103 ME 102 EA 102 SUBJECTS MATHEMATICS II ENGINEERING MECHANICS BASIC MECHANICAL SCIENCE CHEMISTRY (OR) Physics BASIC ELECTRICAL SCIENCE (OR) COMPUTER PROGRAMMING & PROBLEM SOLVING CHEMISTRY LAB (OR) Physics Lab BASIC ELECTRICAL SCIENCE LAB (OR) Computer Programming & Problem Solving Lab WORKSHOP PRACTICE (OR) Engineering Graphics EXTRA ACADEMIC ACTIVITY TOTAL L 4 4 4 4 4 0 0 1 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 P 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 3 12 CREDITS 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 3 1 28

0 0 21 0

CREDIT SYSTEM

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, WARANGAL 506 004, SCHEME OF INSTRUCTION AND EVALUATION SECOND YEAR OF 4-YEAR B.TECH. (ECE) DEGREE COURSE FROM THE ACADEMIC YEAR, 2004 - 2005. Sl. Course No. Number Name of the Course Hours / Week L T P Total Credits

FIRST SEMESTER 1. EC 211 MA Mathematics-II 2. EC 212 EE 3. EC 213 CS 4. EC 214 5. EC 215 6. EC 216 7. EC 217 8. EC 218 CS Network Analysis (EED) Data Structures Electronic Devices and Circuits-I Networks and Transmission Lines Switching Theory and Logic Design Electronic Devices and Circuits Lab-I Data Structures Lab Total SECOND SEMESTER 1. EC 221 MA Complex variables and Special Functions 2. EC 222 CS 3. EC 223 4. EC 224 5. EC 225 6. EC 226 7. EC 227 8. EC 228 9. EC 229 CS Object Oriented Prog and Operating Systems Electronic Devices and Circuits-II Signals and Systems Electromagnetic Fields and Waves Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes Electronic Devices and Circuits Lab-II Electronic Design Automation Lab-I Object Oriented Programming and O.S Lab 4 3 4 4 4 3 4 3/2 3/2 4 3 4 4 4 3 3 1 1 4 4 3 4 3 4 22 4 3 7 4 4 3 4 3 4 3 2 27

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------Total 22 7 27

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, WARANGAL 506 004, SCHEME OF INSTRUCTION AND EVALUATION

THIRD YEAR OF 4-YEAR B.TECH. (ECE) DEGREE COURSE FROM THE ACADEMIC YEAR, 2005 - 2006.

Hours / Week L T P

Total CREDITS

FIRST SEMESTER 1. EC 311 HS Engineering Economics and Accountancy 2. EC 312 3. EC 313 4. EC 314 5. EC 315 6. EC 316 7. EC 317 8. EC 318 9. EC 319 Pulse Circuits Communication Theory Linear IC Applications Digital IC Applications Digital System Design Pulse Circuits Lab IC Applications Lab Digital System Design Lab Total 18 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 3 11 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 26

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SECOND SEMESTER 1. EC 321 CS 2. EC 322 3. EC 323 4. EC 324 5. EC 325 6. EC 326 7. EC 327 8. EC 328 Web Based Programming Radio And T.V. Engineering Antennas and Propagation Microprocessor Systems Computer Architecture and Organization Digital Signal Processing Electronic Design Automation Lab II Microprocessor System Lab. 3 3 3 3 3 3 Total 18 3 4 3 10 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 25

---------------------------------------------------

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, WARANGAL 506 004, SCHEME OF INSTRUCTION AND EVALUATION

FOURTH YEAR OF 4-YEAR B.TECH. (ECE) DEGREE COURSE FROM THE ACADEMIC YEAR, 2006-2007. Sl. Course Name of the Course L FIRST SEMESTER 1. EC 411 2. EC 412 3. EC 413 4. EC 414 5. EC 415 6. EC 416 7. EC 417 8. EC 418 9. EC 419 Electronic Instrumentation Digital Communications VLSI Design Microwave Engineering Computer Networks Elective-I Electronic Instrumentation Lab Communication Systems Lab Project Total SECOND SEMESTER 1. EC 421 ME Industrial Management 2. EC 422 3. EC 423 4. EC 424 5. EC 425 6. EC426 7. EC 427 Optical Fiber Communications Elective-II Elective-III Microwave and Optical Commn. Lab Seminar Project Work Total 3 3 3 3 12 3 3 6 12 3 3 3 3 2 1 4 19 3 3 3 3 3 3 18 3 3 3 9 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 24 Hours / Week T P Total CREDITS

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------

List of Modules offered for Electives I, II and III Elective-I EC416.1 EC416.2 EC416.3 EC416.4 EC416.5 EC416.6 Elective-II EC423.1 EC423.2 EC423.3 EC423.4 EC423.5 Satellite Communications Cellular and Mobile Communications Embedded systems VLSI Sub system Design Data Acquisition Systems Medical Instrumentation Image Processing Radar Engineering Telematics Advanced signal processing Digital Control Systems

Proposed Elective-III (Global Elective) EC424.1 EC424.2 EC424.3 EC424.4 EC424.5 EC424.6 EC424.7 EC424.8 CE EE ME EC MM ChE CS MA Disaster Mitigation and Management (Civil Eng.) New Enterprise Creation and Management (EEE) Alternate Sources of Energy ( Mechanical Engg.) Fuzzy Logic Systems and Neural Networks (ECE) Surface Engineering (MM Eng.) Environmental Engineering (Chem. Eng.) Computer Graphics (C.S.E.) Operations Research (M & H)

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, WARANGAL 506 004, SCHEME OF INSTRUCTION AND EVALUATION II B.TECH (REGULAR) SERVICE COURSES OFFERED TO OTHER DEPARTMENTS BY THE E.C.E. DEPARTMENT Sl. Course Number Name of the Course Instruction No. Hours/week L/T P Total Credits

FIRST SEMESTER 1. EE 213 EC 2. CS 213 EC 3. EE 217 EC 4. CS 216 EC Electronic Engineering Basic Electronic Circuits Electronic Engineering Lab Basic Electronic Circuits Lab SECOND SEMESTER 1. EE 222EC 2. EE 223EC I.C. Applications Switching Theory and Logic Design 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 2 4 4 3 3 4 4 2 2

3 CS 222 EC Digital Logic Design 4. ME 223 EC Electronics and Instrumentation 5. MM 225 EC Basic Electronics 6. CHE 225 ECApplied Electronics 7. EE 227 EC I.C. Applications Lab 8. ME 229 EC Electronics & Instrumentation Lab 9. MM 228 EC Basic Electronics Lab 10.CHE 228EC Applied Electronics Lab

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, WARANGAL 506 004, SCHEME OF INSTRUCTION AND EVALUATION III B.TECH (REGULAR) SERVICE COURSES OFFERED TO OTHER DEPARTMENTS BY THE E.C.E. DEPARTMENT Sl. Course Number Name of the Course Instruction No. Hours/week L/T P Total Credits

FIRST SEMESTER 1. CS 31 EC 2. CS 31 EC I.C. Applications I.C. Applications Lab SECOND SEMESTER 1. CS 321 EC Communication Systems 4 4 4 3 4 2

Code

Periods / Week

L T P 4

Teacher Assessment 20 Mid Exam (2 Hours) 30 End Exam (3 Hours) 50

Credits

MA 101

Differential Calculus: Rolles theorem; Mean value theorem; Taylors and Maclaurins theorems with remainders, Expansions; Indeterminate forms; Asymptotes and curvature; Curve tracing; Functions of several variables, Partial Differentiation, Total Differentiation, Eulers theorem and generalization, maxima and minima of functions of several variables (two and three variables) Lagranges method of Multipliers; Change of variables Jacobians. (20 Hrs) Integral Calculus: Fundamental theorem of integral calculus and mean value theorems; Evaluation of plane areas, volume and surface area of a solid of revolution and lengths. (12 Hrs) Ordinary Differential Equations of First Order: Formation of differential equations; Separable equations; equations reducible to separable form; exact equations; integrating factors; linear first order equations; Bernoullis equation; Orthogonal trajectories. (10 Hrs) Ordinary Linear Differential Equations of Higher Order: Homogeneous linear equations of arbitrary order with constant coefficients - Non-homogeneous linear equations with constant coefficients; Euler and Cauchys equations; Method of variation of parameters; System of linear differential equations. (14 Hrs) TEXT BOOK: Jain R.K. and Iyengar S.R.K., Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Narosa Publishing House, 2002. (Chapters 1,2,4,5) REFERENCE BOOKS:

1.

Erwyn Kreyszig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, John Wiley and Sons, 8th Edition.

Code

Periods / Week

L T P 4

Teacher Assessment 20 Mid Exam (2 Hours) 30 End Exam (3 Hours) 50

Credits

HS 101

UNIT- A

READING: Exposure to a variety of reading materials, articles, essays, graphic representations, journalistic articles etc. Controlling factors for the choice of reading materials will be (a) the level of the learners (b) relevance of material to the learner's needs and (c) appropriate passages for imparting the desired skills. Skills to be Developed: Skimming , Scanning, Increasing and varying reading speed, Word-attack skills for solving vocabulary problems, and text-attack skills for getting conceptual, prepositional, contextual and pragmatic meanings. Note-Making given emphasis. (15 Hrs)

UNIT-B

Writing: Exposure to a variety of writing activities. Controlling factors will be the learner's level, needs and expected terminal behaviour. Skills to be Developed: Express ideas, concepts etc. in an unambiguous, grammatically acceptable and logically coherent manner (in general terms): and ,in particular, skills in sentence construction, paragraph-writing, professional writing such as letters, reports, process writing, graphic representations, description and avoidance of idealisms, complex and confusing style and other errors. (15 Hrs)

UNIT-C

Speaking: Exposure to a variety of speaking activities: general social conversation, communication through telephones, official conversation, group discussion, interview and public speaking. Speech training in the areas of faulty pronunciation, stress and intonation patterns: phonetics to the extent of enabling the students to use the dictionary for the purpose of correct pronunciation: Use of dictionary for a variety of purposes; Body language. (12 Hrs)

UNIT-D

Listening: Exposure to listening for improving listening comprehension in a variety of contexts : lectures, social conversations, presentations, public speeches, group discussions and interviews : training for listening comprehension tests in exams. like TOEFL, etc. Note-Taking given emphasis. (10 Hrs) REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Leo Jones and Rechard Alexder, New International Business English, Student Work Book, Cambridge University Press, UK, 1996 2. Thomas N Huckin and Leslie & Oslen, Technical Writing and Professional Communication, Mc Graw Hill 1998.

Code

Periods / Week

L T P 4

Teacher Assessment 20 Mid Exam (2 Hours) 30 End Exam (3 Hours) 50

Credits

PH 101

Oscillations: Motion of spring-mass system - Damped and forced oscillations Resonance - Q factor - Coupled oscillations - Normal modes. (6 Hrs) Interference: Super position principle, Division of wavefront and amplitude Thin Films - Interferometers (Michelson - Fabry Perot and Mach Zehnder) - Applications. (7 Hrs) Diffraction: Fraunhoffer diffraction (single, double and multiple slits) Resolving Power Dispersive power - Applications. (5 Hrs) Polarization: Nicol prism - Wave plates - Production and detection of polarized light Optical activity - Laurents half-shade Polarimeter - Photo elasticity and other applications. (6 Hrs) Lasers: Basic principles of lasers - He-Ne, Nd-YAG, CO2, and Semiconductor lasers with applications - Holography-NDT. (9 Hrs) Optical Fibers: Propagation of light - Types of fibers - Optical fibers for Communication and Sensing. (6 Hrs) Superconductors: Characterization of Superconductors - Meissner effect - Type-I & Type-II Superconductors and applications. (3 Hrs) Modern Physics: Failure of classical physics - Qualitative review of different experiments- de-Broglie waves - Dual nature of matter Schrodingers wave equation wave function and its interpretation - Potential well problems in one dimension - Tunneling - Uncertainty principle Bose - Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics. (12 Hrs) TEXT BOOKS: Halliday, Resnic and Walker, Fundamental of Physics, 6th edition, John Wiley, 2003 2. Beiser A , Concepts of Modern Physics, 5th edition, McGraw Hill International 1997. 3. Ajoy Ghatak, Optics, 2nd edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 1994.

1.

REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Grawford F.S., Waves and Oscillations (Berkely Physics Course), Volume III, McGraw Hill, 1992. 2. Feynman, Lectures on Physics, Volume-I, II & III, Narosa Publications, 1988. 3. John,M Senior, Principles of Fiber Optics Communication, 2nd edition, 1998. 4. Kittel C, Solid State Physics, 5th edition, Wiley Eastern, 1989.

Code

Periods / Week

L T P 4

Teacher Assessment 20 Mid Exam (2 Hours) 30 End Exam (3 Hours) 50

Credits

CY 101

UNIT -1

ELECTROCHEMISTRY: Review of the concepts of electrode potentials, reversible cells and Nernst equation (Numerical Calculations). Reference electrodes Standard hydrogen electrode, Calonel electrode, Silver silver chloride electrode. Applications of EMF measurements Determination of equilibrium constant, potentiometric titrations, e.g., acid base titration using a quinhydrone electrode. Ion selective electrodes - glass electrode Determination of pH of a solution using a glass electrode (Numerical Calculations). Potentiometric sensors. Electrochemical energy systems, Electrochemisitry of primary and secondary cells (e.g. Lead-acid cell). Rechargeable Lithium batteries (button cells) Fuel cells: Electrochemistry of a H2-O2 Fuel cell Photogalvanic cells for solar energy conversion. (9 Hrs)

UNIT -2

CORROSION AND ITS PREVENTION: Chemical and electrochemical theories of corrosion Corrosion due to dissimilar metal cells (galvanic cells). Corrosion due to differential aeration cells. Uniform corrosion, pitting corrosion, stress corrosion crcking Effect of pH, temperature and dissolved oxygen on corrosion rate, Corrosion preventation and control due to cathodic protection. Corrosion control by electroplating, electroless plating, corrosion inhibitors. (5 Hrs)

UNIT -3

POLYMER CHEMISTRY: Concept of polymerization Types of polymerization Chain growth polymerization mechanism, Step-growth polymerizations (characteristics) Mechanisms Thermoplastic resins and Thermosetting resins, examples and applications. Conducting polymers: Mechanism of conduction in polymers Examples and applications. Liquid crystal polymers, polymers as optical fibres, examples. Application of polymers in separations, biomedical devices and electronics. Elastomers Natural rubber, Compounding of rubber Synthetic rubbers examples and applications. (8 Hrs)

UNIT -4

WATER ANALYSIS AND TREATMENT: Drinking water quality parameters WHO guidelines-BIS guidelinesDetermination of hardness of Water by EDTA method, Determination of fluoride by potentiometry (Numerical Calculations). Water treatment for drinking purpose: Chemistry of Coagulation types of coagulants, Methods of sterilization of water, Chemical reactions involved Concept of breakpoint chlorination Defluoridation of water by alum treatment. Water treatment for industrial purpose Hard water and Boiler troubles Scale and sludge formation, caustic embrittlement their causes and effects, Internal treatment (conditioning) of Boiler Feed Water Ion exchange softening (Demineralization) of water (Numerical Calculations). (6 Hrs)

UNIT -5

BONDING MODELS IN CHEMISTRY: Review of elementary theories of chemical bond Valence bond theory Crystal field theory: Crystal field splitting of octahedral and tetrahedral complexes. Molecular orbital theory: LCAO rules. Molecular Orbital Energy diagrams of H2 O2, and NO molecules. Metallic bond: Band theory of metals, Explanation of insulators, semiconductors, conductors and superconductors based on the band theory. (7 Hrs)

UNIT -6

SURFACE CHEMISTRY: Review of concepts of physisorption and chemisorption Freundlish and Langmuir adsorption isotherms. BET adsorption isotherm Application of BET method for surface area determination (Numerical Calculations). Review of concept of catalysis Homogeneous catalysisand Heterogeneous catalysis, Langmuir Hinschelwood mechanism, Eley Rideal mechanism. Applications of catalysis in Industry Zeolites as catalysis. Nanomaterials Langmuir Blodgett films, Self assembled monolayers Molecular beam epitaxy technique in fabrication of nanoelectronic devices.(7 Hrs)

UNIT -7

CHEMICALS SPECTROSCOPY: Eletromagnetic spectrum, Quantisation of energy, Born Oppenheiner approximation, Frank Condon Principle. Vibrational spectra (Infra-red) of diatomic molecules Selection rules Determination of force constant from IR spectra Chemical analysis by IR spectroscopy (Numerical Calculations). Electronic spectroscopy Types of electronic transitions Qualitative analysis by electronic spectroscopy. Lambert Beers law, Applications in Quantitative analysis simultaneous determination of non-interacting components in solution (Numerical Calculations). NMR spectroscopy: Basic principles, concept of chemical shift, 1H NMR spectra of ethyl alcohol and dimethylether. (9 Hrs)

UNIT -8

PHOTOCHEMISTRY: Principles of photochemistry Rates of intermolecular processes fluorescence phosphorescence chemiluminescence Chemical reactions and their quantum yields laws of photochemistry, photosensitized reactions Photochemical steady state formation of ozone layer, photochemical reations in the formation of photochemical SMOG, Photochemical hydrogen production. (Numerical Calculations). (5 Hrs)

TEXT BOOKS: 1. Silbey RJ & Robert A. Alberty, Physical Chemistry, 3rd Edn, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2001. 2. Dara S.S., A. Text Book of Engineering Chemistry, 10th Edn. S. chand & Co. Ltd. New Delhi 2003 3. Atkins P.W., The Elements of Physical Chemistry, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1994. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Lee J.D., Concise Inorganic Chemistry, 5th Edn, Blackwel Science Publications, Oxford, London, 1999. 2. Shashi Chawla, A. Text Book of Engineering Chemistry, 3rd Edn, Ganapat Rai & Co. Ltd. New Delhi 2003.

COMPUTER PROGRAMMING AND PROBLEM SOLVING I B.Tech. (All Branches) I & II Semester

Code

Periods / Week

L T 0 P 4

Teacher Assessment 20 Mid Exam (2 Hours) 30 End Exam (3 Hours) 50

Credits

4

CS 101

Introduction - Basic hardware - software - high level programming - problem solving -Algorithm - Program Design - Software Life Cycle - Basics of C++ language - Testing and Debugging. Procedural Abstraction - Top down design - Abstraction - Black Box Analogy functions - Parameter passing - overloading function names - Recursive functions Thinking recursively. Objects and Classes - Streams - Basic File I/O - Inheritance - Structures - Classes -Abstract Data Types - Flow of Control. Arrays: Arrays in functions - Arrays and classes - string class - multidimensional arrays -Pointers and Dynamic Arrays. TEXT BOOK: Walter Savitch, Problem Solving with C++, Second Edition Pearson Edition, 2002 (Chapters 1 to 12). REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Cay Horstmann, Computing Concepts with C++ Essentials, Second Edition, John Wiley & sons, 1999. (Chapters 1 to 12). 2. Samuel N ICainin, Edward M. Reingold, Programming with class - A C++ Introduction to Computer Science, TMH 2002. 3. Gary J Bronson, A First Book of C++ - From Here to There, Second Edition, Thomson Learning, 2000.

Code

Periods / Week

L T P 4

Teacher Assessment 20 Mid Exam (2 Hours) 30 End Exam (3 Hours) 50

Credits

EE101

Introduction: Sources of energy, General Structure of Electrical Power Systems, Power Transmission and Distribution via overhead lines and underground cables. Steam, Hydel, Gas and Nuclear Power Generation. (4 Hrs) DC Networks: Kirchoffs laws, node voltage and mesh current methods, Delta-Star and Star-Delta Conversion. Superposition principle. (4 Hrs) Single Phase AC Circuits: Single Phase EMF Generation, Average and Effective values of sinusoids, the J operator, Complex representation of impedances, phasor diagram, power factor, power in complex notation, solution of parallel series, and series parallel circuits. (6 Hrs) Three Phase AC Circuits: Three phase EMF generation, delta and Y connections, line and phase quantities, solution of three phase circuits, balanced supply voltage and balanced load, phasor diagram, measurement of power in three phase circuits. (4 Hrs) Magnetic Circuits: Amperes Circuital Law, B-H curve, Solution of magnetic circuits, Hysteresis and eddy current losses. Self & Mutual Inductances, Coefficient of Coupling. (4 Hrs) Transformers: Construction, EMF equation, ratings, phasor diagram on no load and full load, equivalent circuit, regulation and efficiency calculations, open and short circuit tests, principle of auto-transformers. (6 Hrs) Induction Motor: The revolving magnetic field, ratings, equivalent circuit, Torquespeed characteristics, starters for cage and wound rotor type induction motors, Applications (5 Hrs) DC Machines: Construction, EMF and Torque equations, Classification & Characteristics of DC Generators and Motors, Speed Control of DC Motors and DC Motor starters. (6 Hrs) Electrical Measuring Instruments: PMMC instruments, Moving Iron ammeters and voltmeters, dynamometer wattmeter, AC watt-hour meter, Shunt and multipliers. (6 Hrs) Load Calculations of Residential Buildings: Estimation of load calculation for residential buildings, concept of earthing. (3 Hrs) TEXT BOOK: Hughes E, ELBS, Electrical Technology 6th Edition, 2001 REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Vincent Del Toro, Electrical Engineering Fundamentals 2nd Edition, PHI, 2003 2. Mittle V.N., Basic Electrical Engineering TMH Edition 2000 3. Pauddar C.M., Basic Electrical Engineering Jain Brother New Delhi 2002

Code

Periods / Week

L T P 3

Teacher Assessment 20 Mid Exam (2 Hours) 30 End Exam (3 Hours) 50

Credits

CE102

Introduction: Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies, definition, scope and importance Natural Resources: a) Forest Resources: use and over-exploitation of forests, deforestation, timber extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forests and tribal people. b) Water Resources: Use and over-utilisation of surface and groundwater, floods, droughts, conflicts over water, dams benefits and problems

c)

Mineral Resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources degradation, man induces landslides, soil erosion and desertification; World food problems, changes caused agricultural and overgrazing, effects of modern agricultural practices, fertiliser and pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case studies

e)

Energy Resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy sources, Sources of alternate energy sources, Case studies, Energy Conservation

a)

Ecosystems: Concept of an ecosystem, structure and function of an ecosystem, Food chain, food webs and ecological pyramids, Energy flow in ecosystem, Producers and Consumers, Ecological succession and ecosystem diversity, value of biodiversity, Consumptive use, productive use, Social, ethical, aesthetic and optional values, Biodiversity at global, national and local values, India as a mega-diversity nation, Hotspots of biodiversity, Threats to biodiversity habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, manwildlife conflicts, endangered and endemic species of India; Conservation of biodiversity In-situ and ex-situ conservation of biodiversity.

Environmental Pollution: Causes, effects and control measures of air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, marine pollution, noise pollution, thermal pollution etc. Nuclear radiation hazards; Solid waste management- sources of solid wastes, effects and control measures of urban industrial wastes; Pollution case studies; Disaster Management floods, earthquakes, cyclones and landslides.

Environment and Society: Role of an individual in prevention of pollution Consumerism and waste products From unsustainable to sustainable development Water conservation, rainwater harvesting, watershed management, wasteland reclamation Observance and popularisation of Environmental Protection Act, Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, Wildlife protection act, Forest conservation act etc. Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legalisations Population growth, variation among nations Environment and human health: epidemics Women and child welfare Role of information technology in environment and human health.

TEXT BOOKS: Henry J.G. and Heinke G.W. (2004), Environmental Science and Engineering, Second Edition, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi 2. Chandrasekhar M (2004), Environmental Science, Hi-Tech Publishers, Hyderabad 3. Masters G.M. (2004), Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science, Second Edition, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi

1.

REFERENCE BOOKS: Odum, E.P. (1971), Fundemntals of Ecology, W.B.Saunders Publishing Company, USA 2. Trivedi R.K. and P.K. Goel, (1996), Introduction to Air Pollution, TechnoScience Publications, New Delhi 3. Bharucha E (1995), Biodiversity of India, Mapin Pub. Pvt. Ltd., Ahemadabad 4. De A.K. (2002), Environmental Chemistry, New Age India Publication Company, New Delhi.

1.

Code

Periods / Week

L T P 3 -

Lab Report 10 Class Work 10 End Exam (3 Hours) 30

Credits

PH 102

LIST OF PROPOSED EXPERIMENTS 1. Newtons rings Determination of wavelength of Monochromatic light. 2. Wavelength of He-Ne laser using metal scale. 3. Determination of the width of narrow slit. 4. Determination of the Specific rotation of cane sugar. 5. Determination of Capacitance RC Circuit. 6. LCR Resonance Circuit. 7. Measurement of Half-life of a Radio Active Substance. 8. Diffraction Grating Normal incidence method.

REFERENCE BOOK:

I B.Tech. Physics Practical Manual 2004, Published by the Department of Physics, NITW

Code

Periods / Week

L T P 3 -

Lab Report 10 Class Work 10 End Exam (3 Hours) 30

Credits

CY 102

LIST OF PROPOSED EXPERIMENTS 1. Determination of MnO2 in Pyrolusite 2. Determination of iron from its ore 3. Determination of available chlorine in bleaching powder 4. Determination of total hardness of water by using EDTA 5. Photochemical reduction of Fe2+ 6. Determination of Concentration of Hydrochloric Acid by Conductometry 7. Determination of Iron by Potentiometry 8. Determination of Concentration of Hydrochloric Acid by pH metry 9. Determination of Mn in steel by Colorimetry 10. Determination of the strength of a salt by Ion-exchange method. 11. Adsorption of acetic acid by activated charcoal. 12. Simultaneous determination of Mn & Cr by Spectrophotmetry 13. Synthesis of a Phenol Formaldehyde polymer. 14. Separation and identification of metal ions by Paper chromotography Text Book: I B.Tech. Chemistry Practicals Manual-2004 published by the Department of Chemistry, NIT Warangal

REFERENCE BOOK: 1. Sunita Rattan, Experiments in Applied Chemistry, 1st Edn., S.K. Kataria and Sons Publishers, New Delhi, 2002. 2. Vogel A.I., Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis, 6th Edn., Longmann Publications, 1993

COMPUTER PROGRAMMING AND PROBLEM SOLVING LAB I B.Tech. (All Branches) I & II Semester

Code

Periods / Week

L T P 3 -

Lab Report 10 Class Work 10 End Exam (3 Hours) 30

Credits

CS 102

LIST OF PROPOSED EXPERIMENTS 1. Familiarization of a computer and environment 2. Editing of documents in Unix environment, Instructions for compilation and execution. 3. Simple problems involving expression evaluation and conditional branching 4. Problems involving iterations and control structures 5. Top down design - functions 6. Examples on use of recursion 7. File I/O, inheritance 8. Abstract data types 9. Use of Arrays 10. Pointers and linked lists

Code

Periods / Week

L T P 3 -

Lab Report 10 Class Work 10 End Exam (3 Hours) 30

Credits

EE102

LIST OF PROPOSED EXPERIMENTS 1. To measure the armature and field resistance of a DC machine 2. Verification of Kirchoffs Laws and Superposition theorem (with DC sources only) 3. Measurement of current, voltage and power in R-L-C series circuit excited by single phase AC supply. 4. Open circuit and short circuit tests on a single phase transformer 5. Starting of a three phase induction motor using 6. direct on line (DOL) (ii) star-delta (iii) Auto Transformer starter and Torque speed curve 7. Connection and measurement of power consumption of a fluorescent lamp and voltage current characteristics of incandescent lamps 8. Determination of open circuit characteristics (OCC) of a DC generator 9. Starting and Speed control of a DC shunt motor 10. Connection and testing of a single phase energy meter (unity power factor load only) 11. Two wattmeter method of measuring power in three phase circuit (resistive load only) 12. Measurement of self and mutual inductances and coupling coefficients 13. Load Test on single phase Transformer.

Code

Periods / Week

L T P 3 1

Lab Report 10 Class Work 10 End Exam (3 Hours) 30

Credits

ME 102

Projections of points, straight lines, planes and solids, sections of solids and isometric views.

TEXT BOOK: Bhatt N.D., Elementary Engineering Drawing. 20lh Edition. Charotar Publishers. 2002 REFERENCE BOOK: Narayana. K.L. and Kannaiah. K.L.. Engineering Graphics. 2n McGraw Hill. 2000. Edition. Tata

Code

Periods / Week

L T P 3 1

Lab Report 10 Class Work 10 End Exam (3 Hours) 30

Credits

ME103

Exposure is given to student in the following Trades: Fitting, Welding, Foundry and Machine Shop. Exposure to CNC Machines. TEXT BOOK: Mathur. M.L.. Mehia. F.S.. and Tiwari. R.P.. Elements of Mechanical Engineering. 6lh Edition. Jain Brothers. 2003.

I B.Tech. (All Branches) I & II Semester

Code

Periods / Week

L T P 3 -

Max. Marks

Teacher Assessment Mid Exam End Exam 50

Credits

Code

Periods / Week

L T P 4

Teacher Assessment 20 Mid Exam (2 Hours) 30 End Exam (3 Hours) 50

Credits

MA 102

Integral Calculus: Convergence of Improper integrals Beta and Gamma integrals Elementary properties Differentiation under integral sign. Double and triple integrals computation of surface areas and volumes change of variables in double and triple integrals. (16 Hrs) Vector Calculus: Scalar and Vector fields; Vector Differentiation; Level surfaces - directional derivative - Gradient of scalar field; Divergence and Curl of a vector field - Laplacian - Line and surface integrals; Greens theorem in plane; Gauss Divergence theorem; Stokes theorem. (20 Hrs) Matrix Theory: Elementary row and column operations on a matrix, Rank of matrix Normal form Inverse of a matrix using elementary operations -Solutions of systems of linear equations - linear dependence and independence of vectors Characteristic roots and vectors of a matrix - Caley-Hamillton theorem and its applications - Reduction to diagonal form - Reduction of a quadratic form to canonical form orthogonal transformation and congruent transformation. (20 Hrs) TEXT BOOK: Jain R.K. and Iyengar S.R.K., Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Narosa Publishing House, 2002 (Chapters 1,2,3,15)

REFERENCE BOOKS: Erwyn Kreyszig : Advanced Engineering Mathematics, John Wiley and Sons, 8th Edition. 2. B.S.Grewal : Higher Engineering Mathematics, Khanna Publications, 2002.

1.

Code

Periods / Week

L T P 4

Teacher Assessment 20 Mid Exam (2 Hours) 30 End Exam (3 Hours) 50

Credits

CE 101

INTRODUCTION: Specification of a force vector - Degree of freedom of motion of a body in space - Equilibrium and equilibrium equations- resultant of a force system (Vectorial notation) - Moment of a force about a point - Differential equations of motion - DAlemberts principle - Dynamic equilibrium of a body - Definition of a constraint - Free body diagrams. SPATIAL FORCE SYSTEM: Concurrent force system in space - equilibrium equation - Tension Coefficient method - Parallel force system in space. COPLANAR FORCE SYSTEM: Coplanar concurrent force system - Coplanar parallel force system - Coplanar general force system Friction - Analysis of pin jointed plane frames. CENTROID AND MOMENT OF INERTIA: figures - mass and Arial moments of inertia. Centre of gravity - Centroid of plane

DYNAMICS OF PARTICLES: Kinematics and Kinetics of particles - Rectilinear and curvilinear motion Equations of motion - Principle of work and energy Impulse and momentum. DYNAMICS OF RIGID BODIES: Plane Kinematics - Rotation instantaneous centre of rotation Equation of motion Fixed axis rotation Work and Energy - Use of the concept in solving simple problems. MECHANICS OF DEFORMABLE BODIES: Introduction - Stress at a point Normal stress shear stress Allowable stress Ultimate strength Factor of safety Normal strain Shear strain Hookes law Poissons ratio Analysis of axially loaded members. TEXT BOOKS: Timoshenko and Young, Engineering Mechanics, 3rd Edition, Mc Graw Hill Publishers, 1998 2. Srinath L.S. et.al, Strength of Materials, 1st ed, Mac Millan India Limited, 1997.

1.

REFERENCE BOOKS: Irwing H.Shames, Engineering Mechanics Statics and Dynamics, 4th Ed. Prentice Hall India Pvt. Ltd., 2001 2. J.L.Meriam & L.G. Kraige, Engineering Mechanics Vol.I & II, 3rd Edition,. John Wiley & sons, 1996. 3. Ferdinand Beer and E.R.Johnston, Mechanics of Materials, 3rd ed., McGrawHill Int.Edition,2002

1.

Code

Periods / Week

L T P 4

Teacher Assessment 20 Mid Exam (2 Hours) 30 End Exam (3 Hours) 50

Credits

ME 101

THERMAL POWER PLANT: Basic principles of thermodynamics, law of conservation of energy, Zeroth law, first law and second law. Layout of a thermal power plant. Free tube Vs water tube boilers, sketch, and operation of Cochran and Babcock and Wilcox boilers. Principle and operation of impulse and reaction steam turbines, compounding, working of condensers and cooling towers. HEAT TRANSFER AND REFRIGERATION EQUIPMENT: Principles of conduction, convection and radiation, conduction through plane walls, cylinders, composite walls and cylinders, overall heat transfer coefficient, simple problems. Vapor compression refrigeration, common refrigerants and properties. Description and working of single stage reciprocating compressors. I.C. ENGINES AND GAS TURBINES: Description and operation of S.I. and C.I. engines, two and four stroke engines. Brief description and working of gas turbines. AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING: Layout of an automobile showing the transmission of power, brief description of clutch, differential and internal expanding shoe brakes. TRANSMISSION OF POWER: Belt and rope drives, calculation of length and ratio of tensions, gears, simple and compound gear trains, speed ratios and power transmitted. MANUFACTURING PROCESSES: Classification of materials, their characteristic properties and specific applications, brief treatment of working principle, types, process characteristics, limitations and specific applications of various casting, welding, and metal forming processes. Machine Tools: Description of turning, drilling, milling, shaping, planning and grinding processes. Quick return motion in shaper, Modern trends in manufacturing NC and CNC technologies.

Text Book:

Mathur M.L. Mehta F.S. and Tiwari R.P., Elements of Mechanical Engineering, 6th Edition,

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1.

Roy K.P. and Hajra Chowdary S.K., Elements of Mechanical Engineering, 12 th Edition, Media Promoters and Publishers PvtLtd., 2002.

2. Hajra Chowdary S.K. and Bose, Workshop Technology - Vol.1, Media Publishers and Promoters Pvt. Ltd., 2002.

MATHEMATICS II

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 4 Hours/week 3 Hours ---MATRIX THEORY: Elementary row and column operations on a matrix - Rank of matrix - Solutions of systems of linear equations - Linear dependence and independence of vectors - Characteristic roots and vectors of a matrix - CaleyHamilton theorem (without proof) - Reduction to diagonal form and normal form Reduction of quadratic form to canonical form. LAPLACE TRANSFORMATION: Laplace transform - Inverse laplace transform properties of laplace transform - laplace transform of unit step function, impulse function and periodic function - convolution theorem - solution of ordinary differential equations with constant coefficients and system of linear differential equations with constant using laplace transform. FOURIER SERIES AND FOURIER TRANSFORMS: Expansion of a function in Fourier series for a given range - Half range sine and cosine expansions - Complex form of Fourier series - Fourier transformation - sine and cosine transformation, gating functions - simple illustrations. PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS: Solutions of Wave equation, Laplaces equation and heat equation by the method of separation of variables and their use in problems of vibrating string, one dimensional unsteady heat flow and two dimensional steady state heat flow (Problems based on Fourier - Trigonometric series only). Text Books: 1. Kreyszig E: Advanced Engineering Mathematics - (Ch. 5, 7, 10 and 11), Wiley Eastern 2. Grewal: Higher Engineering Mathematics (Ch. 3, 9, 17, 19 and 20), Khanna Pub., Delhi. Reference Books: 1. R.S.L.Srivasthava: Engineering Mathematics 2. Narayanan, Pillay and Ramanaiah: Advanced Mathematics for Engineering Students - Vol.II. **** Credits: 4

NETWORK ANALYSIS

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : 4 Hours/week Examination: Theory : Sessionals: 2 hours End-Semester: 3 hours ---CIRCUIT ELEMENTS AND RELATIONS: Types of Sources and Source Transformations - Dot convention and formation of loop and node equations. NETWORK GRAPHS AND ANALYSIS: Graph of a network, Incidence matrix, Cutset and tie set matrices - Formation of equilibrium equations - Dual networks. TIME DOMAIN ANALYSIS: Solution of network equations in time domain classical differential equations approach - Initial conditions and their evaluation Applications to simple RLC - circuits only. APPLICATIONS OF LAPLACE TRANSFORMS IN CIRCUIT THEORY: Laplace transforms of various signals of excitation - Waveform synthesis, Laplace transformed networks - Determination and representation of initial conditions Response for impulse function only and its relation to network admittance convolution integral and applications. STEADY STATE ANALYSIS OF CIRCUITS FOR SINUSOIDAL EXCITATIONS: 1-phase series, parallel, series - parallel circuits - Solution of AC networks using mesh and nodal analysis. RESONANCE AND LOCUS DIAGRAMS: Series and parallel resonance - Selectivity - Bandwidth - Q factors - Times circuits. Locus diagrams for RL and RC circuits with AC excitation for parametric and frequency variations under steady state conditions. NETWORK THEOREMS AND APPLICATIONS: Superposition theorem; Thevenins and Nortons theorems; substitution and compensation theorems - Reciprocity theorem; Millman's theorem; Maximum power transfer theorem; Tellegen's theorem - Their applications in analysis of networks. Text Books: 1. M.E.Van Valken Berg - Network Analysis, 3rd edition - Prentice Hall 2. Charles Desoer and Kuh - Circuit Theory Reference Book: Soni and Gupta - A course in Electrical Circuits Analysis **** Credits: 4

DATA STRUCTURES

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 3 Hours/week 3 hours. ---INTRODUCTION: Complexity expression in different notations. ABSTRACT DATA TYPES: Lists, Stacks and Queues. TREEs: Binary Trees, Binary Search Trees, Introduction to AVL Trees. HASHING: Hash Table Organization, Hash functions, Open Hashing, Closed Hashing. PRIORITY QUEUES: The Model and Binary heap. SORTING: Insertion sort, Shell sort, Heap sort, Merge sort, Quick sort and Bucket sort methods. THE DISJOINT SET ADT. GRAPH ALGORITHMS: Topological sort, Shortest path algorithms, Network flow problems, Minimum spanning trees. Credits: 3

Text Book: Mark Allen Weiss, Data Structures and Algorithm Analysis in C++, 2000, Pearson Education

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials: Examination: Theory: 4 Hours/week 3 hours. Credits: 4

---1. SEMICONDUCTORS: Review of Band Theory of solids, intrinsic semiconductors, Generation and Recombination of electrons and holes. Thermal equilibrium. Doped semiconductors n and p types. Fermi level and carrier concentrations of n and p type semiconductors. Carrier mobility and conductivity, diffusion, continuity equation, Hall effect and its applications. 2. SEMICONDUCTOR DIODES: Band structure of p-n junction, current components. Quantitative theory of p-n diode. Volt-ampere characteristics and its temperature dependence. Narrow-base diode. Transition and diffusion capacitance of p-n junction diodes. Break down of junctions on reverse bias. Zener and Avalanche breakdowns. Tunnel diode and its V-I characteristics, The principles of photo diode, photo transistor, LED & LCD. 3. JUNCTION TRANSISTOR: PNP and NPN junction transistors. Characteristics of the current flow across the base regions. Minority and majority carrier profiles. Transistor as a device in CB, CE and CC configurations and their characteristics. Ebers-Mole Model of BJT. 4. TRANSISTOR BIASING: DC bias and stabilisation various stabilisation circuits. Thermal runaway and thermal stability. 5. FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTORS: JFET and its characteristics. Pinch off voltage and drain saturation current. MOSFET; enhancement , depletion modes. Biasing of FETs. 6. SMALL SIGNAL LOW FREQUENCY TRANSISTOR AMPLIFIER CIRCUITS: Transistor hybrid model, analysis of transistor amplifier circuits using h parameters. Conversion formulae for the parameters of the three configurations. Analysis of single stage transistor amplifier circuits. RC coupled amplifier, effect of bypass and coupling capacitors on the low frequency response of the amplifier. Emitter follower amplifier, FET amplifiers - low frequency and high frequency models, amplifier configurations, Low and high frequency response of amplifier circuits. Analysis of single stage FET amplifier circuits. 7. RECTIFIERS: Diode as a rectifier, Half wave, Full wave and Bridge rectifiers with and without filters. Ripple factor and regulation characteristics. 8. ELECTRON DYNAMICS: Motion of charged particles in Electric and Magnetic fields. Simple problems involving either electric or magnetic field only. Electro static and electromagnetic focusing. Principle of CRT , Deflection sensitivity. Text Books: 1. MILLIAN & HALKIAS - Integrated Electronics, Chs. 2,3,5,9,10,19, Mc Graw Hill 2. Y.N. BAPAT - Electronic devices and circuits, Discrete and Integrated Tata Mc Graw Hill ****

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 3 Hours/week 3 hours. ---1. NETWORKS: Image and iterative impedances. Image and iterative transfer constants. Insertion loss. Attenuators and pads. Lattice network and its parameters. Impedance matching networks. Networks designed for specified phase shift. 2. FILTERS: Filter fundamentals, Low pass , high pass, band pass and band elimination filters. Constant K and M derived sections. Composite filters. 3. EQUALISERS: Inverse impedances. Series and shunt equalisers. L type equalisers. T and Bridged T equalisers. The Lattice equalisers. 4. TRANSMISSION LINE THEORY: Primary and secondary constants. Phase and Group velocities. Transmission line equations. Distortion. Loading of lines. Characteristics of LF lines. 5. RF LINES: RF lines, lossless lines, reflection coefficient and VSWR. Quarterwave, half-wave and 1/8 wave lines. Smith chart. Impedance matching with single and double stub. Text Books: 1. JOHNSON - Transmission Lines and Networks, Mc-Graw Hill, 1950 2. JOHN D RYDER - Networks, Lines and Fields - Prentice Hall, 1970 **** Credits : 3

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 4 Hours/week 3 hours. ---INTRODUCTORY DIGITAL DESIGN CONCEPTS: Digital and symbology, digital and the real world, number systems, base conversion methods, complements of numbers, codes, Error detecting, correcting codes. SWITCHING ALGEBRA AND SWITCHING FUNCTIONS: Boolean algebra, postulates, theorems and switching algebra, completely and incompletely specified switching functions, minimisation of Boolean functions- Karnaugh map and Quine Mc clusky methods, multiple output functions. COMBINATIONAL LOGIC: Principles and Practices: Logic design of combinational circuits: code conversion, parity checking, Multiplexers, Demultiplexers, Encoders, Decoders. SEQUENTIAL LOGIC: Review of Flip-Flops, Finite state model of sequential circuits, synthesis of synchronous and asynchronous sequential circuits, state equivalence and minimisation of states, Introduction to incompletely specified sequential circuits, Tabulation methods, state assignment and hazards in asynchronous sequential circuits. FAULT DETECTION: Static and Dynamic Hazards. Fault detection methodstabulation methods, path sensitising and Boolean difference, Designing of hazard free circuits. LOGIC DESIGN: Binary addition, subtraction multiplication and division, Decimal and BCD adders and subtractors using sign magnitude, 1's complements and 2's complements, carry- look ahead adders. DIGITAL SYSTEM DESIGN METHODS: INTRODUCTION TO VHDL: Elements of design style, top down design, separation of control and architecture, refining architecture and control algorithm, Algorithmic State Machines, ASM Chart Notations, Development of respective VHDL Models. Text Books : 1. Fletcher, An engineering approach to digital design, P.H. India. 2. Zvi Kohavi, Switching and finite automata theory, Tata Mc-Graw Hill. Reference Book:

Credits: 4

John F Wakerly, Digital Design Principles and Practices (3rd Ed.) PHI. ****

Instruction: Practicals : 4 Hours/week ---1. Study of instruments 2. Study of Electronic Components 3. Soldering practice 4. Diode characteristics 5. Transistor input and output characteristics 6. Transistor biasing circuits 7. Characteristics of JFET 8. Biasing circuits for FETs 9. Half wave, Full wave and Bridge rectifiers 10. Rectifier filters 11. Zener Diode regulator/ reference Credits: 3

****

Instruction: Practicals : 3 Hours/week ---Experiments based on Course No. EC 214 CS Polynomial - Addition and Multiplication Coerations on Sparse Matrices. Implementing Stacks, Queues and Circular Queues Implementing Multiple Stacks and Queues ( Using Arrays and Pointers). Applications of linked lists. Binary tree traversals. Implementing a Graph using Adjacency Lists. Graph algorithms. Sorting methods. Binary tree applications. Credits: 2

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Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 4 Hours/week 3 hours. ---COMPLEX VARIABLES AND CONFORMAL MAPPING: Complex numbers curves and regions in the complex plane complex function limit derivative analytic fuctions Cauchy Reimann equations Laplaces equation rational functions root exponential function trigonometric and hyperbolic functions logarithm general power function mappings - conformal mapping linear fractional transformation complex integration line integrals in complex plane Cauchys theorem (simple proof only) Cauchys integral formula Taylors and Laurents series expansions zeros and singularities Residues residue theorem evaluation of real integrals using residue theorem Schwartz - Christoffel transformation . SPECIAL FUNCTIONS: Classification of singularities of an ordinary differential equation, Series solution, Method of Frobenius, indical equation, examples, Orthogonal sets of functions, Gram Schmidts Orthogonalization, Strum- Liouville problem. BESSEL FUNCTIONS: Bessel equation, Bessel functions, generating function, recurrence relations, Orthogonality of Bessel functions, Fourier Bessel expansion, Modified Bessel functions. LEGENDER FUNCTIONS: Legender equation and Legender functions, recurrence relations, Rodrigues formula , generating function, orthogonality of legender functions, Fourier Legender expansion, Associated Legender equation. SPLINE FUNCTIONS: Splines and Cubic Spline functions, properties and applications, piece wise approximation with Ms and ms. TEXT BOOKS : 1. 2. 3. R.V.Churchill : Complex variables and its applications W.W.Bell : Special functions S.S.Sastry : Introductory methods of Numerical Analysis Credits : 4

REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. 2. Erwin Kreyszig : Advanced Engineering Mathematics B.S.Grewal : Higher Engineering Mathematics.

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Instruction: Lecture/ Tut.: Examination: Theory: 3 Hours/ week Sessionals: End-Semester: ---Credits : 3 2 Hours 3 Hours

I. OPERATING SYSTEMS: INTRODUCTION: Early history, Buffering and spooling, Batch, iterative, time-sharing and real time systems. Protection. OPERATING SYSTEM STRUCTURE: System components, Operating system services, System structure. CONCURRENT PROCESSES: Process concept. The producer/ Consumer problem. The critical section problem. Semaphores. Classical processes co-ordination problems. Language constructs. Interprocess communication. DEADLOCKS: System model. Dead lock characterisation, Prevention, avoidance and detection. Recovery from deadlock. Combined approach. FILE SYSTEMS: File concept. Operations. Access methods. Directory Systems. Directory structure organisation. File protection. Implementation issues. II. OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING: Introduction Data Hiding and member functions Object creation Adhoc polymorphism Visitation: Iterators and containers Inheritance: Subtyping and code reuse Parametric polymorphism Exceptions

Text Books: 1. A silberschatz and Galvin, Operating Systems Concepts, 4th Edition, Addison Wesley. 2. Object Oriented Programming Using C++, by Ira Pohl Addison Wesley, 1993 (Chapters 1, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11 and 20). ****

Instruction: Lecture/ Tut.: Examination: Theory: Sessionals: End-Semester: 4 Hours/ week 2 Hours 3 Hours ---Credits: 4

MULTISTAGE AMPLIFIERS: Analysis of Multistage amplifier, Design of two stage amplifier . FREQUENCY RESPONSE OF AMPLIFIERS: Frequency response characteristics , CE short circuit current gain. The generalized gain function. High frequency response of a CE stage, Gain band width product, Common Source stage at high frequency, Emitter and source followers at high frequencies. Time constant method of obtaining the response, Frequency response of cascaded stages, cascode amplifiers (CE-CB), The effect of coupling and by pass capacitors, Difference amplifiers, Analysis of Difference amplifiers, FET Difference Amplifiers. FEEDBACK AMPLIFIERS: Classification and representation of amplifiers, Feedback concept, The ideal feedback amplifier, Properties of negative feedback amplifiers, Impedance in feedback amplifiers. Properties of feedback amplifier topologies, approx. analysis of feedback amplifiers, General analysis of feedback amplifiers. The shunt feedback triple, Shunt- series pair, Series shunt pair , series triple, General analysis of multistage feedback amplifiers. STABILITY AND RESPONSE OF FEEDBACK AMPLIFIER: Effect of feedback on bandwidth, Stability, Test of stability, Compensation, Frequency response of feedback amplifier double pole transfer function , Phase Margin and gain Margin , Three pole feedback amplifier response, approx. analysis of multipole feedback amplifier. OSCILLATORS: Sinusoidal oscillators, phase shift oscillator, wein bridge oscillators, Gneral form of oscillator configuration (Hartley & Colpitt) Crystal oscillators. POWER AMPLIFER: Class A, B, AB power amplifier: push pull and complementary symmetry push-pull amplifier. Design of heat sinks, power output, efficiency, cross over distortion and harmonic distortion. TUNED AMPLIFIER: Single tuned and Double tuned interstage design, stability consideration. Class B class C tuned power amplifiers. TEXT BOOKS: 1) Integrated Electronics J.Millman & Halkias, TMH 2) Micro Electronics 2nd Edition J.Millman & Arian Grabel, TMH. REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. 2.

Electronic circuits, 1st Ed., Md.Gausi, John Wiley Micro Electronic Circuits, A.S.Sedra & K.C.Smith , 4th edition, Oxford press. ****

Instruction: Lecture/ Tutorial: Examination: Theory: Sessionals: End-Semester: 4 Hours/ week Credits : 4 2 Hours 3 Hours ---SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS: Continuous Time and Discrete Time signals, Exponential and Sinusoidal Signals, Unit Impulse and Unit Step Functions, Continuous and Discrete Time Systems, basic System Properties. LINEAR TIME INVARIANT SYSTEMS: Discrete Time LTI Systems, Continuous Time LTI Systems, properties of LTI Systems, causal LTI Systems Described by Difference equations. FOURIER SERIES REPRESENTATION OF PERIODIC SIGNALS: Response of LTI systems to Complex Exponentials, Fourier series Representation of CT periodic Signals, properties of CT Fourier Series, Fourier Series representation of DT periodic Signals, properties of DFS, Fourier series and LTI Systems, Filtering, Examples of CT filters, Examples of DT filters. CONTINUOUS TIME FOURIER TRANSFORM: Representation of a periodic Signals by continuous FT, FT of periodic signals, convolution and multiplication property of continuous FT, systems characterized by Linear Constant Coefficient Differential Equations. TIME AND FREQUENCY CHARACTERIZATION OF SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS: Magnitude and phase representation of FT, Magnitude and phase response of LTI systems, Time de main and Frequency domain aspects of ideal and non ideal filters. DISCRETE TIME FOURIER TRANSFORM (DTFT) and DISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFORM (DFT) : Properties of DTFT and DFT, convolution property, multiplication property, Duality, Systems characterized by Linear Constant Coefficient Difference Equations. SAMPLING: Sampling theorem, Impulse sampling, sampling with zero order Hold, Reconstruction of signal from its samples using interpolation, Effect of under sampling, Z-TRANSFORM: Z-transform , Region of convergence and its properties, Inverse Z transform, properties of ZT, Analysis and characterization of LTI systems using ZXT, LTI Systems, System function algebra and block diagram representations. SIGNAL FLOWGRAPHS: Impulse Response and Transfer function of linear Systems, Block diagrams, Signal flow graphs, Basic properties of SFG, SFG Terms, SFG Algebra, Gain formula, Application of gain formula to block diagrams. Text Book:SIGNALS & SYSTEMS- AV Oppenheim, AS Willsky, S Hamid Nawab PHI, 2000 Reference Book: 1. Signals & Systems : Ahamed & Natarajan 2. Signals & Linear Systems: Robert A. Gable, Richard A. Roberts, John Wiley, 1995 3. Automatic Control Systems (Ch 3only) BC KUO, 7th Edition, PHI, 1997 ****

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 4 Hours/week 3 hours. ---1. STATIC ELECTRIC FIELD: Introduction, Coulomb's law of forces, Principle of Superposition of fields, Electric scalar potential, Relation of Electric field lines and equipotential contours, The electric dipole and dipole moment, Gauss's law, Characteristics of dielectrics, Boundary relations, Capacitance, Divergence of flux density, Divergence Theorem, Poisson's and Laplace Equations, Joule's law, Ohm's law at a point, Kirchoff's laws, Current and field at boundaries. 2. STATIC MAGNETIC FIELD: Magnetic field of current carrying element - Biot Savart law, Force between two parallel linear conductors, Magnetic flux and flux density, Magnetic field relations, Torque of a loop, Energy stored in a magnetic field, Inductance, Ampere's law, Maxwell's First curl equation, Comparison of divergence and curl, The vector potential, permeability, Analogies between electric and magnetic fields. 3. MAXWELL'S EQUATIONS: The equation of continuity for time varying fields, Maxwell's equations, Conditions at a boundary surface, Applications of circuit and field theory, Comparison of field and circuit theory, Maxwell's equations as generalisation of circuit equations. 4. ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES: Plane waves: Wave equations, plane waves in dielectric media, plane waves in conducting media, polarisation, skin effect and surface impedance, direction cosines, reflection of plane waves: Reflection of normally and oblique plane waves from conductors and dielectrics, total reflection. 5. POYNTING VECTOR AND THE FLOW OF POWER: Poynting theorem, power flow for a plane wave and power loss in a plane conductor. 6. GUIDED WAVES: Waves between parallel planes, TE and TM waves, Characteristics of TE and TM waves, TEM waves, Velocities of propagation, Attenuation in parallel plane guides, Wave impedance, Electric field and current flow within the conductor. 7. WAVE GUIDES: Rectangular wave-guides, TE and TM modes in waveguides, velocity, wavelength, impedance and attenuation in rectangular waveguides. Text Books: 1. E.C.JORDAN & K.G.BALMAIN, Electromagnetic waves and Radiating Systems, Prentice Hall of India 2. KRAUSS, Electromagnetics, Mc Grawhill Book Co. **** Credits: 4

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 3 Hours/week 3 hours. ---PROBABILITY: Probability through sets, probability definition and axioms, Joint and conditional probability , Bayes theorem, Independent events, combined experiments. RANDOM VARIABLE: Definition, distribution function, density function, Gaussian uniform, exponential, Rayleigh distributions, conditional density function. OPERATIONS ON ONE RANDOM VARIABLE: Expectation, moments, characteristic function, Transformations of a random variable. MULTIPLE RANDOM VARIABLES: Joint distribution, Joint density, conditional distribution and density , statistical independence , sum of random variables , central limit theorem. OPERATIONS ON MULTIPLE RANDOM VARIABLES: Joint moments, Jointly gaussian random variables, Transformations of multiple random variables. RANDOM PROCESSES: Concept, classification, stationarity and Independence, Time averages and ergodicity , Auto correlation function, Cross correlation function, properties, gaussian random process. SPECTRAL CHARACTERISTICS OF RANDOM PROCESSES: Power density spectrum and its properties, Bandwidth, Relation between power spectrum and correlation , cross power spectrum, white and colored noise, AWGN. LINEAR SYSTEMS WITH RANDOM INPUTS: Random signal response , Auto correlation functions of the response, cross correlation functions of input and output, power density spectrum of the response, Noise bandwidth, Band limited processes. TEXTBOOKS:

Credits: 3

P.Z. Peebles.Jr. PROBABILITY, RANDOM VARIABLES AND RANDOM SIGNAL PRINCIPLES. (Ch. 1 to 8) Mc Graw Hill, 3rd edition. REFERENCE:

A.Papoulis Probability , Random variables and Stochastic Processes Mc Graw Hill, 3rd edition.

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Instruction: Practicals : 4 Hours/week ---LIST OF EXPERIMENTS: 1. Measurement of h-parameters 2. Single stage BJT amplifier 3. Two stage BJT amplifier 4. FET amplifier 5. Differential amplifier 6. Voltage series feedback amplifier 7. Voltage shunt feedback amplifier 8. Current series feedback amplifier 9. Current shunt feedback amplifier 10. RC phase shift oscillator 11. Wein bridge oscillator 12. LC/ crystal oscillator Credits: 3

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Instruction: Practicals : Examination: 3/2 Hours/week 3 hours. ---LIST OF EXPERIMENTS Introduction to PSPICE MS Windows and Operating system acquaintance DC Circuit Analysis Thevenins theorem and applications Nortons theorem and applications Mesh analysis and DC sweep Nodal analysis AC Circuit Analysis Series AC Circuit with R and L Series AC Circuit with R and C RLC Series resonance circuit RLC Parallel resonance circuit Frequency Sweep for series and parallel circuits Transistor Circuits Biasing of BJT Analysis of small signal h-parameter models CE, CC, CB configurations Millers theorem Frequency response of CE, CC, CB amplifiers FET biasing and frequency response High frequency analysis of CE, CC, CB amplifiers Multistage Amplifiers Analysis and frequency response of : Two stage CE amplifier Two stage CE amplifier with voltage series feedback Two stage CE amplifier with current shunt feedback **** Credits : 1

Instruction: Practicals: Examination: Practicals: 3/2 Hours/week 3 Hours ---OPERATING SYSTEMS: 1. Study of race conditions 2. Use of semaphores to solve concurrency problems 3. Use of monitors to solve concurrency problems 4. Implementation of Dekkers algorithm 5. Simulation of a trivial file system C++ 6. Representation of simple ADTs 7. Use of friend functions and classes 8. Operator overloading and derived classes 9. Heterogeneous lists 10.Multiple files Credits : 1

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ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 4 Hours/week 3 hours. Credits : 4

---Over view of Semiconductor Physics: Static Characteristics of PN Junction Diode, Zener Diode , BJT , FET, MOSFETs Power Supply: Single phase half wave, fullwave and bridge rectifiers with filters, LC and II section filters regulation and ripple characteristics, Regulated power supply, series voltage regulator, Principles of uninterrupted power supply. Transistor Amplifiers: Bias stability and thermal runaway, Analysis of amplifier circuits using h parameters, Emitter follower, simplified CE hybrid model, CE short circuit current gain, single stage CE amplifier response, low frequency response of an RC coupled amplifier, Gain-Bandwidth product, High frequency response of Two cascaded CE stages. Feedback Amplifiers and Oscillators: Analysis of voltage series, voltage shunt, current series, current shunt, feedback amplifiers, stability of negative feedback amplifiers, analysis of RC phase-shift, wienbridge, LC oscillators (using BJTs only) and crystal oscillator. Direct Coupled Amplifiers: Analysis of Differential amplifier configurations, CMRR, Stability and drift problems, Compensation Techniques. Power Amplifiers: Classification of Power amplifiers, Analysis of Class A, Class B and Class AB operations, Push-Pull amplifier and complementary symmetry, Harmonic distortion, and cross over distortion in power amplifiers. Wave Shaping Circuits: RC low pass, High pass circuits, Response to step, pulse ramp and square wave inputs, Differentiating and Integrating Circuits, clipping circuits using diodes single level and two level clipping, clamping circuits using diodes. Multivibrators and Sweeps Circuits: Analysis of Collector coupled Bistable, Monostable and Astable circuits, Triggering techniques, Introduction to voltage sweep circuits, Bootstrap and Miller Sweep Circuits. Recommended Text Books: 1) 2) J.MILLMAN and C.C.HALKIAS Integrated electronics, Tata Mc.-Graw Hill, 1990 . J.MILLMAN and Taub: Pulse Digital and Switching Waveforms, Tata Mc-Graw Hill, 1990

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Instruction: Practicals: 3 Hours/week ---Experiments based on Course No. EE 213 EC Credits : 2

1. Characteristics of Semiconductor devices: Diode, BJT, FET. 2. Transistor biasing 3. Single Sage Amplifier 4. Negative Feedback Amplifier 5. R.C.Phase shift Oscillator 6. Integrator and Differentiator 7. Clippers and Clampers 8. Rectifiers and Filters 9. Power Amplifier 10. Multivibrators 11. Schmitt Trigger 12. Sweep Circuits.

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Co urse No:CS-213 EC

Instruction: L/T: 4 Hours/Week Examination: Theory - 3 Hours INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRONICS SEMICONDUCTORS, MATERIALS AND JUNCTION DIODES Conduction in Metals and Semiconductors Semiconductor Diode Circuit Model of a p-n Junction Diode. JUNCTION DIODES AND THEIR APPLICATIONS Rectifier with a Shunt Capacitor Filter Rectifier with Zener Shunt Regulator Photodiode Light Emitting Diode (LED) Solar Cells. BJTs AND FETs Introduction Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) Biasing of BJT and Amplifying Action Junction Field-effect Transistor (JFET) Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor (MOSFET). TRANSISTOR BIASING AND SMALL SIGNAL AMPLIFIERS Introduction Basic Features of an Amplifier Amplifier Classifications Small Signal Common Emitter (CE) Amplifier Small Signal Transistor Models Amplifier Analysis using Small Signal Models Small Signal Common Collector (CC) Amplifier (Emitter Follower) Small Signal JFET and MOSFET Amplifier. FEEDBACK AMPLIFIERS AND OSCILLATORS Introduction Feedback Principles Advantages of Negative Feedback Amplifiers Feedback Amplifiers Oscillators. OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS Introduction Differential Amplifier Operational Amplifier Amplifiers using Operational Amplifier Linear Circuit Applications of Operational Amplifier Filter and Oscillator Applications of Op-Amp. WAVE SHAPING CIRCUITS RC low pass, High pass circuits Response to step, pulse, ramp and square wave inputs Differentiating and Integrating Circuits Clipping circuits using diodes single level and two level clipping clamping circuits using diodes. COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS Introduction to Analog Communications Modulation Schemes Demodulation Schemes Introduction to Digital Communications. TEXT BOOK 1. Santiram Kal, Basic Electronics Devices, Circuits and IT Fundamentals, PHI 2002 (Chapters 1 7 and 14). 2. J. Millman and Taub: Pulse Digital and Switching Waveforms, TMH 1990 (Chapters 2 and 7). Credits: 4

Course No:CS-216EC

Instruction: P/D: 3 Hours/Week 1. Characteristics of semiconductor devices Diode, BJT, FET. 2. Transistor biasing. 3. Single stage Amplifier. 4. Negative feedback Amplifier. 5. R.C. Phase shift oscillator. 6. Integrator & Differentiators. 7. Clippers and Clampers. 8. Rectifiers & Filters. 9. Op-amp Parameters 10. Op-amp Summer, Integrator and Differentiator Circuits. Credits: 2

Instruction: Practicals: Examination: Practicals: 3 Hours/week 3 Hours ---LIST OF EXPERIMENTS Credits : 2

1. Characteristics of silicon, germanium diodes 2. Applications of diode as (i) FW rectifier (ii) Clipper (iii) Clamper 3. Zener diode characteristics and its application as regulator 4. Input and Output characteristics of BJT in CE configuration 5. Drain and Transfer characteristics of a JFET 6. Frequency response of RC coupled BJT amplifier 7. RC phase shift oscillator 8. OPAMP as (i) Inverting and Non-Inverting amplifier (ii) Integrator and Differentiator 9. Verification of Truth Tables of logic gates (AND, OR, NAND, NOR, Ex-OR) 10. Implementation of Half adder and Half subtractor using NAND gates only 11. Study of 4-bit binary ripple counter (SN 7493) and 4 bit Register (SN 7495) 12. One experiment on transducers

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Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 4 Hours/week 3 hours. ---1. OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS: Monolithic operational amplifiers, Characteristics, Specifications, Offset voltage and currents, Measurement of operational amplifier parameters, Universal offset compensation circuits, frequency compensation. APPLICATION OF LINEAR ICs: Credits : 4

2.

(a) Operational Amplifier Applications: Inverting and non-inverting amplifiers, a.c. amplifiers, integrators and differentiators, comparators, triangular and square wave generators, sine wave oscillators, Astable and Monostable multivibrators, Logarithmic amplifiers, instrumentation amplifiers. (b) Other ICs: Analog switches, analog multiplexers, sample timer and its applications, uA 723 and its applications. 3. and hold circuits, 555

DIGITAL INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND APPLICATIONS: Study of Logic Families: TTL, ECL, CMOS circuits. Logic gates: AND, OR, NAND, NOR, EXCLUSIVE-OR gates and their truth tables. R-S, RST, JK, D, T Flip-Flops, Edge triggered flip-flops. Master Slave flip-flop and their applications using NAND and NOR gates. Binary adders and their applications. Applications of digital IC in counters, shift registers. Decoders and drivers, multiplexers and demultiplexers. Semiconductor memories - RAM, ROM (Cell structures and organisation on chip). Introduction to A/D and D/A techniques.

Text Books: 1. J.MILLMAN, Microelectronics, Mc grawhill, 1987. Reference Books: 1) RAMAKANT A. GAYAKWAD, Operational amplifiers and Linear technology, PHI, 1987. 2) TAUB and SCHILLING, Digital Electronics, Mc grawhill, 1986. **** IC

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 4 Hours/week 3 hours. ---INTRODUCTORY DIGITAL DESIGN CONCEPTS: Digital and symbology, digital and the real world, number systems, base conversion methods, complements of numbers, codes, Error detecting, correcting codes. SWITCHING ALGEBRA AND SWITCHING FUNCTIONS: Boolean algebra, postulates, theorems and switching algebra, completely and incompletely specified switching functions, minimisation of Boolean functions- Karnaugh map and Quine Mc clusky methods, multiple output functions. COMBINATIONAL LOGIC: Principles and Practices: Logic design of combinational circuits: code conversion, parity checking, Multiplexers, Demultiplexers, Encoders, Decoders. SEQUENTIAL LOGIC: Review of Flip-Flops, Finite state model of sequential circuits, synthesis of synchronous and asynchronous sequential circuits, state equivalence and minimisation of states, Introduction to incompletely specified sequential circuits, Tabulation methods, state assignment and hazards in asynchronous sequential circuits. FAULT DETECTION: Static and Dynamic Hazards. Fault detection methods-tabulation methods, path sensitising and Boolean difference, Designing of hazard free circuits. LOGIC DESIGN: Binary addition, subtraction multiplication and division, Decimal and BCD adders and subtractors using sign magnitude, 1's complements and 2's complements, carry- look ahead adders. DIGITAL SYSTEM DESIGN METHODS: INTRODUCTION TO VHDL: Elements of design style, top down design, separation of control and architecture, refining architecture and control algorithm, Algorithmic State Machines, ASM Chart Notations, Development of respective VHDL Models. Text Books : 1. Fletcher, An engineering approach to digital design, P.H. India. 2. Zvi Kohavi, Switching and finite automata theory, Tata Mc-Graw Hill. Reference Book:

Credits : 4

John F Wakerly, Digital Design Principles and Practices (3rd Ed.) PHI.

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 3 Hours/week 3 hours. ---Laboratory experiments based on course No. EE 314 EC. LIST OF EXPERIMENTS: 1. Study and Operation of IC testers, pulse generator and digital trainer. 2. Measurement of Op.amp parameters: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) Offset voltage Offset current CMRR Slew rate Open loop gain Input impedance. Credits : 2

3. Op.amp monostable and astable multivibrators. 4. 555 timer: Monostable and astable multivibrators. 5. Characteristics of TTL NAND gate: (i) Sourcing (ii) Sinking (iii) Transfer

6. Study of flip-flops: RS, JK, T and D. 7. Mod-N counter using 7490 and 74190. 8. Mod-N counter using 7492 and 74192. 9. Johnson counter and decoder. 10. Ring counter and decoder.

****

Instruction: L/T: 4 Periods/Week Digital Hardware, Design Process, Design of digital hardware. Logic Circuits, Boolean Algebra, Logic Gates, Synthesis using AND, OR, NOT gates Design examples, Introduction to CAD tools and VHDL. Implementation Technology NMOS, CMOS gates, Standard chips, programmable logic devices. Custom chips, Standard cells and Gate Arrays. Implementation of Logic functions, Minimization, Product-of-sums Form, Incompletely specified functions. Multiple output circuits. Cube representations minimization Number representations and Arithmetic circuits, Additions of unsigned and Signed number, Fast Address, Design of Arithmetic Circuits, Multiplication and other number representations. Combinational Circuit Building blocks Multiplexes, Decoders, encoders, Code converters, Arithmetic Comparison Circuits. Flip-Flops, Registers and Counters Basic Latch, SR and D latches, Master Slave edge triggered D Flip-flop, and KJ Flip Flops. Registers, Synchronous and Asynchronous Counters. Reset Synchronization Synchronous Sequential circuits State diagram, table and assignment choice of Flip-Flops. State Assignment problem. Moore and Mealy State models, Design of Finite State Machines A Complete Digital System design Example (Ch. 10) TEXT BOOK: Stephen Brown, Zvonko Vranesic, Fundamentals of Digital Logic with VHDL Design, McGrawHill, 2000. Chapters 1 to 8. Credits: 4

* Teacher is free to introduce VHDL models for various circuits depending on the availability of time REFERENCE BOOK: William I Fletcher: An Engineering approach to Digital Design, Eastern Economy edition, PHI Limited, 2000.

Course No.ME223EC

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 4 Hours/week 3 hours. Credits : 4

---Semiconductor Devices : Introduction ,P and N type semiconductors , V I characteristics of PN Diode , Single phase Half wave and Full wave Rectifiers , BJT characteristics in CE configuration, h parameter equivalent circuits , Transistor biasing , characteristics of JFET and MOSFET . Amplifiers : RC coupled single stage BJT amplifier , class A ,class B push pull amplifiers ,Differential Amplifier Oscillators : Wein bridge , RC phase shift , Hartley and Colpitts LC oscillators Operational Amplifiers : Characteristics , Inverting, Non-inverting , Integrating and differentiating circuits using Op-amps , Instrumentation amplifiers , current to voltage converter, logarithmic circuits using op- amps, sine and square wave generation using opamps. Digital Electronics : Logic families , Truth tables of logic gates , Binary addition and subtraction, flip-flops , counters and registers, A/D and D/A converters :- R-2R ladder, dual slope and successive approximation types . Sample and hold circuits . Microprocessors : Introduction , 8085 architecture , Instruction set and simple Assembly language Programming examples . Measurements : Voltage , current and resistance measurements ; DMM and CRO . Transducers and their Applications : Elementary theory of transducers , applications of transducers in the measurements of temperature, pressure, velocity, flow, vibration, and strain , displacement transducers ( LVDT , Resistive, Inductive and Capacitive ). Text Books:

1.

2. 3.

4.

5.

A. P. Malvino Electronic Principles ( 3rd Ed. ) TMH ( Ch. 2,3,5,6,7,10,12,15,16,17,18) B. S. Sonde Introduction to system design using Integrated circuits (Ch. 2 and 3) Wiley Eastern Limited . R . S. Goankar Microprocessor Architecture Programming and Application 8085/8080 , Wiley Eastern Ltd., 1998. W. d. Cooper Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques (2nd edn) ,PHI S.Kal- Basic Electronics,Devices,Circuits and IT Fundamentals.PHI,2002 ****

Course No.MM225EC

BASIC ELECTRONICS

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 4 Hours/week 3 hours. ---Credits : 4

Semiconductor Devices : Introduction ,P and N type semiconductors , V I characteristics of PN Diode , Single phase Half wave and Full wave Rectifiers , BJT characteristics in CE configuration, h parameter equivalent circuits , Transistor biasing , characteristics of JFET and MOSFET . Amplifiers : RC coupled single stage BJT amplifier , class A ,class B push pull amplifiers Oscillators : Wein bridge , RC phase shift , Hartley and Colpitts LC oscillators Operational Amplifiers : Characteristics , Inverting, Non-inverting , Integrating and differentiating circuits using Op-amps , Instrumentation amplifiers , current to voltage converter, logarithmic circuits using op- amps, sine and square wave generation using opamps. Digital Electronics : Logic families , Truth tables of logic gates , Binary addition and subtraction, flip-flops , counters and registers, A/D and D/A converters :- R-2R ladder , dual slope and successive approximation types . Sample and hold circuits . Microprocessors : Introduction , 8085 architecture , Instruction set and simple Assembly language Programming examples . Measurements : Voltage , current and resistance measurements ; DMM and CRO . Transducers and their Applications : Elementary theory of transducers , applications of transducers in the measurements of temperature, pressure, velocity, flow, vibration, and strain , displacement transducers ( LVDT , Resistive, Inductive and Capacitive ). Text Books:

1.

2. 3.

4.

5.

P. Malvino Electronic Principles ( 3rd Ed. ) TMH ( Ch. 2,3,5,6,7,10,12,15,16,17,18) S. Sonde Introduction to system design using Integrated circuits (Ch. 2 and 3) Wiley Eastern Limited . R . S. Goankar Microprocessor Architecture Programming and Application 8085/8080 , Wiley Eastern Ltd., 1998. W. d. Cooper Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques (2nd Edn.), PHI S.Kal- Basic Electronics,Devices,Circuits and IT Fundamentals.PHI,2002 ****

Course No.CHE225EC

APPLIED ELECTRONICS

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 4 Hours/week 3 hours. ---Credits

Semiconductor Devices : Introduction ,P and N type semiconductors , V I characteristics of PN Diode , Single phase Half wave and Full wave Rectifiers , BJT characteristics in CE configuration, h parameter equivalent circuits , Transistor biasing , characteristics of JFET and MOSFET . Amplifiers : RC coupled single stage BJT amplifier , class A ,class B push pull amplifiers Oscillators : Wein bridge , RC phase shift , Hartley and Colpitts LC oscillators Operational Amplifiers : Characteristics , Inverting, Non-inverting , Integrating and differentiating circuits using Op-amps , Instrumentation amplifiers , current to voltage converter, logarithmic circuits using op- amps, sine and square wave generation using opamps. Digital Electronics : Logic families , Truth tables of logic gates , Binary addition and subtraction, flip-flops , counters and registers, A/D and D/A converters :- R-2R ladder , dual slope and successive approximation types . Sample and hold circuits . Microprocessors : Introduction , 8085 architecture , Instruction set and simple Assembly language Programming examples . Measurements : Voltage , current and resistance measurements ; DMM and CRO . Transducers and their Applications : Elementary theory of transducers , applications of transducers in the measurements of temperature, pressure, velocity, flow, vibration, and strain , displacement transducers ( LVDT , Resistive, Inductive and Capacitive ). PH Measurement ,Liquid level transducers. Text Books:

1.

2. 3.

4.

5.

P. Malvino Electronic Principles ( 3rd Ed. ) TMH ( Ch. 2,3,5,6,7,10,12,15,16,17,18) B. S. Sonde Introduction to system design using Integrated circuits (Ch. 2 and Wiley Eastern Limited . R . S. Goankar Microprocessor Architecture Programming and Application 8085/8080 , WileyEastern Ltd., 1998. W. d. Cooper Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques (2nd edn), PHI S.Kal- Basic Electronics,Devices,Circuits and IT Fundamentals.PHI,2002 ****

Instruction: Practicals: 3 Hours/week ---LIST OF EXPERIMENTS Credits : 2

1 .Characteristics of silicon, germanium diodes 2. Applications of diode as (i) FW rectifier (ii) Clipper (iii) Clamper 3. Zener diode characteristics and its application as regulator 4. Input and Output characteristics of BJT in CE configuration 5. Drain and Transfer characteristics of a JFET 6. Frequency response of RC coupled BJT amplifier 7. RC phase shift oscillator 8. OPAMP as (i) Inverting and Non-Inverting amplifier (ii) Integrator and Differentiator 9. Verification of Truth Tables of logic gates (AND, OR, NAND, NOR, Ex-OR) 10. Implementation of Half adder and Half subtractor using NAND gates only 11. Study of 4-bit binary ripple counter (SN 7493) and 4 bit Register (SN 7495) 12. One experiment on transducers

****

Instruction: Practicals: 3 Hours/week ---LIST OF EXPERIMENTS Credits : 2

1. Characteristics of silicon, germanium diodes 2. Applications of diode as (i) FW rectifier (ii) Clipper (iii) Clamper 3. Zener diode characteristics and its application as regulator 4. Input and Output characteristics of BJT in CE configuration 5. Drain and Transfer characteristics of a JFET 6. Frequency response of RC coupled BJT amplifier 7. RC phase shift oscillator 8. OPAMP as (i) Inverting and Non-Inverting amplifier (ii) Integrator and Differentiator 9. Verification of Truth Tables of logic gates (AND, OR, NAND, NOR, Ex-OR) 10. Implementation of Half adder and Half subtractor using NAND gates only 11. Study of 4-bit binary ripple counter (SN 7493) and 4 bit Register (SN 7495) 12. One experiment on transducers

****

Instruction: Practicals: 3 Hours/week ---LIST OF EXPERIMENTS Credits : 2

1. Characteristics of silicon, germanium diodes 2. Applications of diode as (i) FW rectifier (ii) Clipper (iii) Clamper 3. Zener diode characteristics and its application as regulator 4. Input and Output characteristics of BJT in CE configuration 5. Drain and Transfer characteristics of a JFET 6. Frequency response of RC coupled BJT amplifier 7. RC phase shift oscillator 8. OPAMP as (i) Inverting and Non-Inverting amplifier (ii) Integrator and Differentiator 9. Verification of Truth Tables of logic gates (AND, OR, NAND, NOR, Ex-OR) 10. Implementation of Half adder and Half sub tractor using NAND gates only 11. Study of 4-bit binary ripple counter (SN 7493) and 4 bit Register (SN 7495) 12. One experiment on transducers

****

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : ENGINEERING ECONOMICS: 1. Introduction to Engineering economics- Fundamental concepts- Time value of money-Cash flow and Time Diagrams-Choosing between alternative investment proposals-Methods of Economic analysis( pay back, ARR,NPV,IRR and B/C ratio) 2. The effect of borrowing on investment-Equity Vs Debt Financing- concept of leverage Income tax leverage. 3. Depreciation and methods of calculating depreciation(straight line , sum of the years digit method, Declining balance method, Annuity method, Sinking fund method) 4. National income accounting-Methods of estimation-Various concepts of National income-Significance of national income Estimation and its limitations. 5. Inflation Definition Process and Theories of inflation and Measure of control. 6. New economic policy 1991(industrial policy, Trade policy, Fiscal policy), Impact on Industry ACCOUNTANCY 7. Accounting Principles, procedure Double entry system Journal, ledger, Trial balance Cashbook preparation of Trading and Profit and Loss account Balance sheet. 8. Cost Accounting Introduction Classification of costs Methods of costing Techniques of costing cost sheet and preparation of cost sheet Breakeven Analysis Meaning and its application, Limitation. BOOKS RECOMMENDED: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Henry Malcom steinar Engineering Economics Principles, McGraw Hill Publishers (for Topic 1,2, 3) Dewett. K.K. Modern Economic Theory, Sultan Chand and Company (for Topics 4, 5) A.N.Agarwal, Indian Economiy, Willy Eastern Limited, New Delhi (For Topics 6) Jain and Narang, Accounting Part-I, Kalyani Publishers (for Topic 7) Arora, M.N. Cost Accounting, Vikas Publication (for Topic 8) **** 3 Hours/week 3 hours. Credits : 3

PULSE CIRCUITS

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory :

1.

Credits : 3

Wave Shaping Circuits: High pass and low pass circuits, response to sine, step, pulse, square, exponential and ramp inputs; high pass as differentiator, low pass as an integrator; Attenuators- response to step input, compensated attenuator; Clipping circuits- Diode clippers, transistor clippers and two level clippers; Clamping circuits using diode, Clamping theorem. Sweep Circuits: Linearization of sweeps, Bootstrap and Miller sweep circuits, Principle of current sweeps. Negative Resistance Switching Circuits: Voltage controlled and Current controlled negative resistance circuits, Applications using Tunnel diode and UJT only Switching Circuits: Transistor switch, switching times, Astable, Mono-stable and Bistable Multivibrators (both collector and emitter coupled), Symmetric and Asymmetric triggering for Bi-stable, Schmitt trigger circuit. Blocking Oscillator: Triggered transistor blocking oscillators- base timing and emitter timing, Astable diode controlled and RC controlled.

2.

3.

4.

5.

TEXT BOOKS: Pulse and Digital and Switching Waveforms, MILLMAN AND TAUB TMH 2. Wave Generation and shaping, L. STRAUSS TMH.

1.

****

COMMUNICATION THEORY

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory :

1)

SIGNAL ANALYSIS: Communication Process, Sources of Information, Communication Channels, Modulation Process, Types of Communication, Random Process , Gaussian Process, Correlation Function, Power Spectral Density, Transmission of Random Process through an LTI Filter. NOISE ANALYSIS: External Noise, Internal Noise, White Noise, Narrow Band Noise, Representation of Narrow Band noise In phase and Quadrature Components, Noise Figure, Noise Bandwidth, Noise Temperature. AM (LINEAR) MODULATION: Linear Modulation Schemes, Generation of AM, Envelope Detector, DSB-SC Product Modulator, Switching Modulator, Ring Modulator, Coherent Detection, Costas receiver, SSB Signal Representation, Filtering Method, Phase Shift Method, Coherent Demodulation, VSB Modulator and Demodulator, Carrier Acquisition using Squaring Loop and Costas Loop, Receiver Model, SNR, Noise in SSB and DSB receivers using coherent detection, Noise in AM Receiver using Envelope detection, Threshold Effect. ANGLE (EXPONENTIAL) MODULATION: Types of Angle Modulation, Relation between FM and PM, Narrow Band FM, Wideband FM, Transmission Bandwidth of FM Signals, Generation of FM using Direct and Indirect methods, FM Demodulation using Slope Circuit, Frequency Discriminator, Interference in Angle Modulation, Noise in FM Receiver, FM Threshold Effect, Pre-emphasis and De-emphasis in FM, Model of PLL for FM Demodulation. PULSE MODULATION: Sampling Process, PAM, PWM, PPM, Quantization, PCM, TDM, Digital Multiplexer Hierarchy, DM, DSM, Linear Prediction, DPCM, ADPCM, Noise in PCM System, Companding, Comparison of the Noise Performance of AM,FM,PCM and DM. INFORMATION THEORY: Uncertainty, Information, Entropy, Source Coding Theorem, Data Compaction, Mutual information, Channel Capacity, BSC Channel, Information Capacity Theorem, Bandwidth - Power Tradeoff, Huffman Coding.

2)

3)

4)

5)

6)

TEXT BOOKS:

1. 2.

Communication Systems, S.HAYKIN, 4th Edn, John Wiley & Sons, Singapore, 2001. S.HAYKIN Modern Digital & Analog Communication Systems, B.P. LATHI, 3rd Edn, Oxford LATHI University Press, Chennai, 1998.

REFERENCE BOOKS: Digital and Analog Communication Systems, LEON W.COUCH II., 6th Edn, Pearson II Education inc., New Delhi, 2001. 2. Communication Systems A BRUCE CARLSON, PB CRILLY, JC RUTLEDGE, RUTLEDGE th 4 Edn, MGH, New York, 2002.

1.

****

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 3 Hours/week 3 hours. ---Credits : 3

(1) Operational Amplifiers: Ideal characteristics, specifications, measurement, Frequency Compensation techniques.

(2) Linear Applications of OP. Amps: Inverting and Non inverting amplifiers, Voltage to current & current to voltage converters, Integrators and differentiators, Oscillators. (3) Non Linear Applications OP Amps: Non-linear transfer function generation, Comparator, Multi vibrators, Triangular and square wave generation, Logarithmic amplifiers, Antilog amplifiers, precision rectifiers and peak detectors. (4) Design considerations and applications of 555 Timer IC, 566 VCO IC and 8038 function generator IC. (5) Design considerations and applications of 723 voltage regulator IC, three terminal and Switching regulator ICs. (6) Phase locked loop IC and its typical applications (7) Active filters LP, HP, BP and Notch filters configurations & analyses, IC tuned and broadband amplifiers, typical applications of CA 3000 and MC 1500 series. (8) Analogue Multipliers and modulator circuits. Four quadrant multiplier and balanced modulator, analogue switches, analogue multiplexers, sample & hold circuits, isolation amplifiers. TEXT BOOKS:

1) 2)

Operational Amplifiers, G.B. CLAYTON, Applications of Operational Amplifiers, G.B. CLAYTON, CLAYTON,

REFERENCE BOOKS: 1) Introduction to OP Amps, RAMAKANTH GAYKWAD, PHI edition, 1998 GAYKWAD

****

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 1 3 Hours/week 3 hours. ---Credits : 3

Digital Circuits: - Introduction to Digital Logic, RTL, DTL, TTL, series of 54/74 overview, circuit analysis and characteristics of 54/74, Noise considerations, ECL, CMOS logic, steady state Electrical behaviour of CMOS series, Dynamic Electrical behaviour of CMOS series, other CMOS Input and output structures, CMOS logic families Combinational & Sequential logic Design practice:- Multiplexer, Comparators, Adders, ALUs Counters, Shift Registers, Their application using standard ICs, Combinational PLDs Drivers for LCD and 7 segment displays. Semiconductor Memories:- ROM, RAM, Static RAM, Dynamic RAM, applications of ROMs in combinational logic Principles of A/D and D/A: DACs:- Conversion techniques: Weighted resistor, R 2R ladder and Inverted ladder DACs, study of standard ICs ADCs:- Successive Approximation ADC, Dual slope ADC, Flash ADC, study of standard ICs

3 4

TEXT BOOKS: 1) Digital Design Principles & Practices, JOHN F. WAKERLY, 3rd Ed.,Pearson Education Asia, 2002. 2) Digital Integrated Electronics, TAUB AND SCHILLING, MGH, Singapore, 1994. REFERENCE BOOKS:

MILLER, Texas Instruments, 1990. 2) Data Converters, G.B.CLAYTON,

****

Credits : 3

Over view of fabrication techniques of Integrated active and passive components. Design methods: Elements of design style, top-down design, separation of controller and architecture, refining architecture and control algorithm, Algorithmic state Machines (ASM) ASM Chart notations. Building blocks for Digital Design: HDL Models for Adders, ALUs, Encoders, Decoders, Multiplexers Demultiplexers Comparators, Flip Flops, Counters, Shift Registers, PLA, PAL, timing devices. Realizing ASMs: Traditional synthesis for ASM Chart, Multiplexer controller method, one-shot method, ROM based method. Asynchronous inputs and races: Asynchronous ASMs, Design for testability test vectors, fault analysis tools. Design case studies: Single pulsar, system clock, serial to parallel data conversion, traffic light controller. Power distribution, noise, cross talk, reflections line drivers and receivers. EDA Tools: CAD tools, Simulators, Schematic entry, VHDL synthesis.

3)

4) 5) 6) 7) 8)

TEXT BOOKS:

1)

2)

The Art of Digital Design, PROSSER AND WINKLE, Prentice-Hall, 1996. WINKLE Hand Outs on EDA tools

REFERENCES:

1)

2)

3)

VHDL , DOUGLAS L PERRY, Mc Graw- Hill, Singapore, PERRY Instruction manuals of EDA tools. Verilog Primer , BHASKAR, edition 2002. ***

Instruction:

Practical :

4 Hours/week ----

Credits : 3

1) 2) 3) 4)

RC High Pass low pass responses to square input for various time constants. Diode Clipper and Clamper Transistor Switching timer a) Bistable multi (b) Schmitt trigger

5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10)

Monostable multi Astable multi Miller Sweep Boot Strap Sweep Astable Blocking Oscillator U.J.T. (Relaxation) Sweep Generator.

****

Instruction: 1) 2) 3) 4) Practical : 4 Hours/week --Credits : 3

Measurement of OP Amp parameters a) Transfer characteristics of TTL NAND gate, CMOS gate and ECL gate. b) Sourcing and sinking characteristics of TTL NAND gate. a) Frequency response of OP amp inverting amplifier b) Op Amp integrator and Differentiator Applications of logic gates IC (7400, 7408, 7432, 7402, 7404, 7486) a) Ex-OR gate Implementation with (i) min. no. of NAND gate only b) Binary adder (HA & FA) and sub tractor (HS & FS) implementation using suitable digital ICs. c) Binary to gray and gray to binary conversions using 7486. OP Amp oscillators, Multivibrators, Square and Triangular wave generator. Study of all FF ICs and their applications a) Use of M/s JK FF ICs 7476 to construct a synchronous counter and an asynchronous Counter b) Use of D FF ICs 7474 to construct a shift register. 555 Timer IC - Multivibrators, PWM, Pulse Stretching applications. Study of all counter ICs (7490, 92, 93, 74190, 192, 193) and their applications Mod N Counter using 7493; UP/Down counter using 74190. Design of a voltage regulator using 723,Design of a voltage regulator using 7805, 7812. Study of all Registers ICs (7491, 7495, 7498, 74195, 74198); Applying a shift register as Ring & John son Counters. Design of VCO using 566; Study of 8038 function generator IC. Study of Multiplexer ICs (74151, 153); Application of MUXIC to implement a full adder/full sub tractor (74153) 4 bit binary addition / subtraction using 7483, 7486 ICs 565 PLL IC Study of ADC & DAC ICs Design and Implementation of active filters Case studies (a) Design & Implementation of a digital clock displaying seconds (b) Digital Strain indicator. ****

5) 6)

Instruction: Practical : 3 Hours/week ---The Experiments are based on the following Courses. 1) Design of an N-bit Ripple Carry Adder (RCA) and Carry Look Ahead (CLA) Adder. a) Draw the schematic and simulate to verify functionality b) Develop VHDL Model and simulate to verify c) Synthesize the Performance of RCA and CLA adder Archetectures d) Compare the performance of RCA and CLA adder architectures 2) Design of an N-bit 2s Complement Serial subtractor a) Draw the schematic and simulate to verify functionality b) Develop VHDL model and simulate to verify functionality c) Synthesize VHDL model and simulate to verify functionality 3) Design of an n-bit Synchronous Decade Up Down Counter a) Draw the schematic and simulate to verify functionality b) Develop VHDL Model and simulate to verify c) Synthesize VHDL model and simulate to verify functionality 4) Design of an N-bit Booths multiplier a) Draw the schematic and simulate to verify functionality b) Develop VHDL Model and simulate to verify c) Synthesize VHDL model and simulate to verify functionality 5) Design of an 8-bit Divider (i) Using restoring method (ii)Using non-restoring method a) Draw the schematic and simulate to verify functionality b) Develop VHDL Model and simulate to verify c) Synthesize VHDL model and simulate to verify functionality 6) Design sequence detector for (i) Overlapping Sequence (ii) Non-overlapping Sequence a) Draw the schematic and simulate to verify functionality b) Develop VHDL Model and simulate to verify c) Synthesize VHDL model and simulate to verify functionality Credits : 2

****

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : AIM: This course provides students with Familiarity with Internet, WWW, Client/Server Architecture of Internet. Familiarity with Internet Technologies like HTML, DHTML, JavaScript, CGI (Common Gateway Interface) and Perl 5 and XML (Extensible Markup Language). INTRODUCTION TO HTML: Introduction, Markup Languages, Editing HTML, Common Tags, Headers, Test Styles, Linking, Images, Special Characters, Horizontal Rules, More Line Breaks, Internet and WWW Resources. INTERMEDIATE HTML 4: unordered lists, nested and ordered lists, basic and intermediate tables, basic and complex forms, internal linking, images, Meta and frameset tags. JAVASCRIPT: Introduction, simple programs, memory concepts, arithmetic, decision making and operators. CONTROL STRUCTURES-I: Algorithms, pseudo code, control structures (if/if else/ while), assignment, increment and decrement operators, data types. CONTROL STRUCTURES-II: Counter-Controlled Repetition (for/do/while) structure, switch multiple-selection structure, break and continue statements, logical operators, structured programming. FUNCTIONS: Program Modules in JavaScript, programmer-defined Functions, functions definition, random number generation, duration of identifiers, scope rules, recursion, and global functions. ARRAYS: Arrays, declaring and allocating arrays, references and references parameters, passing arrays to functions, sorting arrays, searching arrays, multiple subscribed arrays. OBJECTS: Thinking about objects, Math Object, String Object, fundamentals of characters and strings, methods of string Object, character processing String object, date objects, Boolean and number objects. CASCADING STYLE SHEETS (CSS): Inline styles, style element, conflicting styles, external style sheets, positioning elements, backgrounds, element dimensions, Text Flow and Box model, user style sheets. OBJECT MODEL AND COLLECTIONS: Object referencing, collections all and children, dynamic positioning, using frames collection, navigator object. EVENT MODEL: Event ONCLICK and ONLOAD, error handling with ONERROR, tracking the mouse with event ONMOUSEMOVE, rollovers with ONMOUSEOVER and ONMOUSEOUT, form processing with ONFOCUS, ONBLUR, ONSUBMIT and ONRESET, enabling bubbling. 3 Hours/week 3 hours. ---Credits : 3

CGI and Perl 5: CGI, introduction to Perl, string processing and regular expressions, viewing client/server environment variables, form processing and business logic, server side includes, verifying a username and password. Sending E-mail, using ODBC to connect to database, cookies and Perl. XML (Extensible Markup Language): Structuring Data, Document type Definitions (DTDs), Customized Markup Languages, XML parsers, using XML with HTML, Extensible Style Language (XSL). Books: 1. DEITEL, DEITEL & NIETO Internet & World Wide Web -How to program- Low price Edition, 2001. CHAPTERS 3, 4, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 27 AND 28. Reference: IVAN BAYROSS Web Enabled Commercial Development Using HTML, DHTML, JavaScript, Perl CGI

1.

Application

****

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory :

1. 2.

3.

4. 5.

3 Periods/week Credits : 3 3 hours. ---RADIO ENGINEERING INTRODUCTION : Elements of a Communication Systems, Types of Communications, Electromagnetic Spectrum.. AM CIRCUITS: Differential Amplifier Modulator, Low Level and High Level AM, Diode AM Detector, Filter SSB Modulator, Crystal Lattice Filter, Phasing SSB Modulator, Synchronous Detector. FM CIRCUITS: Varactor FM Modulator, Reactance FM Modulator, VCO FM Modulator, FET Phase Modulator, Foster-Seeley FM Discriminator, Ratio Detector, Pulse Averaging Discriminator. RADIO TRANSMITTERS: CW Transmitter, AM Transmitter, FM Transmitter, SSB Transmitter, Frequency Multipliers. COMMUNICATION RECEIVER: TRF Radio Receiver, Superheterodyne Receiver, Selectivity, Sensitivity, Fidelity, RF Section, Mixer, IF Section, Image Frequency, Dual Conversion, AGC, Squelch, SSB Transceiver, Frequency Synthesizer, Special Features in Communication Receiver.

T E L E V I S I O N E N G I N E E R I N G (Qualitative Treatment only) INTRODUCTION: Video and Television Signals, Television Broadcasting, TV Channels, Cable Channels, Picture Elements, TV Scanning, Picture Qualities, Indian TV Standards. 7. COMPOSITE VIDEO SIGNAL: Video Signal, Frame and Field Frequencies, Horizontal and Vertical Scanning Frequencies, Synchronization, Blanking Signal, 6/7 MHz TV Broadcast Channel, Construction of Composite Video Signal, Blanking Time, Front and Back Porch, Video Signal Frequencies, Vertical Detail, DC Component, Color Information. 8. TV TRANSMITTER: Basic Operation of TV Camera, Vidicon, Plumbicon, Single Tube Color Camera, Interlaced Scanning Pattern, Raster Distortions, Synch Pulses, RGB Video Signals, Color Addition, Color Matrix, I and Q Signals, Chrominance Modulation, Color-plexed Composite Video Signal, Color Sub-Carrier Frequency, Negative Transmission, VSB Transmission, FM Sound Signal. 9. TV RECEIVER: Tricolor Picture Tubes, Decoding the Picture Information, Y Signal Matrix, Functional Blocks of TV Receiver, Video Detector and Amplifier, Sound IF section, Synch Separator, Vertical Synch Integrator, Horizontal Synch, Producing Luminance Image in Colour TV Receiver, Chroma Section, Color Killing.

6.

TEXT BOOKS: 1) Communication Electronics: Principles and Applications LOUIS E FRENZIL, 3 Edn., McGraw Hill Int. Edn., Singapore, 2001. 2) Electronic Communication Systems, GEORGE KENNEDY and BERNARD DAVIS, TMH, 4TH Edn., New Delhi, 2000. 3) Basic Televison and Video Systems, BERNARD GROB, 6th Edn., MGH, Singapore, 2000. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1) Electronic Communication S. Modulation and Transmission, ROBERT J.SCHOENBECK, 2nd Edn, PHI, New Delhi, 1999. 2) Modern Television Practice, Principles, Technology and Servicing, R.R. GULATI, 2nd Edn., New Age International Publishers, 2002.

****

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 3 Hours/week 3 hours. --1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. RADIATION: Retarded potentials, radiation from an alternating current monopoles and dipoles, Slot and loop aerials. element, Credits : 3

ANTENNA FUNDAMENTALS: Antenna theorems, effective lengths and effective aperture areas of antennas, directivity, gain and field patterns of antennas. DIRECTIONAL ANTENNAS: Two element array, linear array, multiplication of patterns, effect of earth on vertical patterns, mutual impedance effects, Binomial arrays. NON RESONANT RADIATORS: Travelling wave radiators, Rhombic antennas. V.H.F. AND U. H.F. ANTENNAS: Corner reflector, Yagi aerial, Paraboloidal reflector, Horn antenna and lens antennas. ANTENNA MEASUREMENTS: Impedance, field pattern, radiation gain measurements. resistance and

PROPAGATION OF RADIO WAVES: Factors involved in the ground wave propagation, considerations in space wave propagation, atmospheric effects in space wave propagation, radio horizon, Duct Propagation, Troposcatter, General picture of the Ionosphere and its effects on the radio waves, Mechanism of Ionospheric propagation, Ray paths, Skip distance, M.U.F. etc.

TEXT BOOKS: Electromagnetic waves & Radiating Systems, E.C. JORDAN & K.G. BALMAIN, PHI, 1986. BALMAIN 2) Transmission and Propagation, E.V.D. GLAZIER and H.R. LAMONT, HMSO, LAMONT 1990.

1)

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Antennas- For all Applications,

J.D. KRAUS and RONALD J MARHEFKA, McGraw Hill, Singapore,2002. 2. Antennas, R.E.COLLIN, MGH, 1996. 3. Electronics and Radio Engineering, FE TERMAN, Revised Edition. TERMAN ****

MICROPROCESSOR SYSTEMS

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 3 Hours/week 3 hours. ---1. 2. INTRODUCTION: Introduction to 8-bit, 16-bit and 32-bit microprocessors, 80X86 architecture, Introduction to programming the 80X86. 80X86 FAMILY ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING: Program Development Steps, Assembler, Simple Programs, Flags, Jumps, While-do, Repeat-until implementations, Debugging, If-then-else structures, Procedures, Macros, Assembler Directives. SYSTEM HARDWARE: 8086 Minimum mode, Timing and Bus cycles, Addressing memory banks and I/O, Timing parameters, Design and testing of a simple 8086 based system. INTERRUPTS: 8086 Interrupt structure, Types, Responses, Procedures, Applications. Interrupt service Credits : 3

3.

4. 5.

PERIPHERAL DEVICES: Interfacing peripheral ICs such as Programmable Parallel Interface (8255), Programmable Interval Timer (8254), Serial Communication device, USART (8251A), DMA Controller 8257. Interfacing Centronics Printer, Keyboard and Displays. MICROCONTROLLERS: 8051 family 8-bit microcontrollers, Architecture, Simple programming, Applications.

6.

TEXT BOOKS:

1) 2)

2002.

3)

Microprocessors and Interfacing, DOUGLAS V.HALL ,TMH, 2000. 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded systems, MAZIDI, Pearson Education, MAZIDI 8051 Microcontroller, KENNETH J AYELA, Penram International, 2000. AYELA

REFERENCE BOOK:

Intel Micro Processors (8086 to Pentium), BARRY B.BREY, Pearson Education, B.BREY 2002. ****

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 1. 2. 3 Hours/week 3 hours. ---Credits : 3

INTRODUCTION: Historical review - Architecture and Organisation - Structure and Function. THE COMPUTER SYSTEM: Computer interconnection components Functions, interconnection structures. structure Computer

Internal and external memory - Overview of computer memory Systems, Semiconductor main memory virtual memory concept, cache memory, magnetic disc, magnetic tape, large storage memories. Input/Output - External devices - Modems of I/O data Transfer, Processors. I/O channels and and memory

THE CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT: Computer arithmetic, ALU, integer and floating point numbers representations and arithmetic. Instruction Sets - Machine instruction characteristics - types of Operands and Operations, addressing -instruction formats CPU structure and function - Processor and register organisation.

4.

THE CONTROL UNIT: Control Unit Operation - Micro Operations, Control of the CPU, hardware implementation. Microprogrammed control - Sequencing and execution of Micro instructions, bit slice architecture, applications. RECENT TRENDS IN COMPUTER SYSTEMS: Parallel organisation - Multiprocessing, Vector Computation, Faulty tolerant Systems.

5.

TEXT BOOK:

Computer Organisation and Architecture - Principles of structure and function, W.STALLINGS, II Ed, Maxwell Macmillan Int. Edition,

REFERENCE BOOKS: Computer Architecture and Organisation, J.HAYES, McGraw Hill J.HAYES Edition.,2001. 2) Advanced Computer Architecture, KAI HWANG, MGH, 2000. HWANG

1)

Int.

****

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 3 Hours/week 3 hours. ---1. DISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFORM (DFT): The DFT & its properties; Inverse DFT, Linear filtering methods based on DFT - Use of DFT in linear filtering, filtering of long data sequences, Efficient computation of DFT algorithms - Radix 2 (DIT & DIF), Radix 4, Split radix algorithms, Linear filtering approach to computation of DFT Goertzel algorithm, Chirp z-transform, Quantization effects in the computation of DFT Direct & FFT method. DIGITAL FILTERS: Linear phase FIR filter, characteristic response, location of zeros, Design of FIR filter - Windowing, Frequency sampling, Design of IIR filters from Analog filters - Impulse invariance, Bilinear transformation, Matched z-transform. DIGITAL FILTER STRUCTURES: FIR filters - Direct form, Cascade form, Frequency sampling, Lattice IIR filter - Direct form I, Direct form II cascade form parallel form Lattice & Lattice loader, Quantization of filter coefficients - Sensitivity to Quantization of filter coefficients, Quantization of coefficients in FIR filters, Round off effects in digital filters - Limit cycle, scaling to prevent overflow. MULTIRATE DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING: Decimation by a factor Interpolation by a factor I, Sampling rate conversion by a rational factor I/D. DSP PROCESSORS: TMS 320X/ ADSP 21XX Architecture and Applications. D, Credits : 3

2.

3.

4. 5.

TEXT BOOKS: 1. Digital Signal Processing - Principles, algorithms & Applications, J.G.PROAKIS & D.G.MANOLAKIS, PHI, 2000. D.G.MANOLAKIS 2. Handouts on DSP Processors. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Discrete Time Signal Processing, Oppenheim and Schafer, PHI, 2000. 2. Digital Signal Processing A computer Based Approach, S.K.MITRA,, 2nd Edition, S.K.MITRA MGH 2001. 3. Reference Manuals of Texas TMS 320X and Analog Devices 21XX Processors. * * * *

Instruction: Practicals : 3 Hours / week --Based on the Theory courses below: 1. 2. Course No. EC 316 Digital System Design Course No. EC 315 Digital IC Applications Credits : 2

1. 2. 3. 4.

* * * *

Instruction: Practicals : 4 Hours / week --The Experiments are based on the following course. 1. EC 324 Microprocessor Systems List of Experiments: I. Software Progarms related to (8086 module) i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. Arithmetic Operations on Binary, ASCII, BCD Data Code Conversions BCD to HEX, HEX to BCD, BINARY to GRAY, GRAY to BINARY String Operations String Length, String Search, String Compare, String Move Sorting Ascending, Discending Computations Factorial, Square Root, Average, LCM, Multiply and Accumulate Series Generation Fibonacci, Random Boolean Operations AND, OR, NOT Operations on bytes, words Algorithms Booths Multipliers, Shift and Add Multiplier, Convolution Credits : 3

II. Simple Programs using 8051 Microcontroller Module III. Interfacing of following peripheral units with 8086 Module 1)8255 (2)8253 (3)8251 (4)8279 (5)ADC (6)DAC

****

Instruction: Practical : 3 Hours/week ---Experiments based on the Theory Course: EC 321 CS Web Based Programming INTRODUCTION TO HTML: Introduction, Markup Languages, Editing HTML, Common Tags, Headers, Test Styles, Linking, Images, Special Characters, Horizontal Rules, More Line Breaks, Internet and WWW Resources. INTERMEDIATE HTML 4: unordered lists, nested and ordered lists, basic and intermediate tables, basic and complex forms, internal linking, images, Meta and frameset tags. JAVASCRIPT: Introduction, simple programs, memory concepts, arithmetic, decision making and operators. CONTROL STRUCTURES-I: Algorithms, pseudo code, control structures (if/if else/ while), assignment, increment and decrement operators, data types. CONTROL STRUCTURES-II: Counter-Controlled Repetition (for/do/while) structure, switch multiple-selection structure, break and continue statements, logical operators, structured programming. FUNCTIONS: Program Modules in JavaScript, programmer-defined Functions, functions definition, random number generation, duration of identifiers, scope rules, recursion, and global functions. ARRAYS: Arrays, declaring and allocating arrays, references and references parameters, passing arrays to functions, sorting arrays, searching arrays, multiple subscribed arrays. OBJECTS: Thinking about objects, Math Object, String Object, fundamentals of characters and strings, methods of string Object, character processing String object, date objects, Boolean and number objects. CASCADING STYLE SHEETS (CSS): Inline styles, style element, conflicting styles, external style sheets, positioning elements, backgrounds, element dimensions, Text Flow and Box model, user style sheets. OBJECT MODEL AND COLLECTIONS: Object referencing, collections all and children, dynamic positioning, using frames collection, navigator object. EVENT MODEL: Event ONCLICK and ONLOAD, error handling with ONERROR, tracking the mouse with event ONMOUSEMOVE, rollovers with ONMOUSEOVER and ONMOUSEOUT, form processing with ONFOCUS, ONBLUR, ONSUBMIT and ONRESET, enabling bubbling. Credits : 2

CGI and Perl 5: CGI, introduction to Perl, string processing and regular expressions, viewing client/server environment variables, form processing and business logic, server side includes, verifying a username and password. Sending E-mail, using ODBC to connect to database, cookies and Perl. XML (Extensible Markup Language): Structuring Data, Document type Definitions (DTDs), Customized Markup Languages, XML parsers, using XML with HTML, Extensible Style Language (XSL). Books: DEITEL, DEITEL & NIETO Internet & World Wide Web -How to program- Low price Edition, 2001. CHAPTERS 3, 4, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 27 AND 28.

Reference:

IVAN BAYROSS Web Enabled Commercial Application Development Using HTML, DHTML, JavaScript, Perl CGI

****

Course No. CS 31 EC

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 4 Hours/week 3 hours. ---1. OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS: Monolithic operational amplifiers, Characteristics, Specifications, Offset voltage and currents, Measurement of operational amplifier parameters, Universal offset compensation circuits, frequency compensation. APPLICATION OF LINEAR ICs: Credits : 4

2.

(a) Operational Amplifier Applications: Inverting and non-inverting amplifiers, a.c. amplifiers, integrators and differentiators, comparators, triangular and square wave generators, sine wave oscillators, Astable and Monostable multivibrators, Logarithmic amplifiers, instrumentation amplifiers. (b) Other ICs: Analog switches, analog multiplexers, sample timer and its applications, uA 723 and its applications. 3. and hold circuits, 555

DIGITAL INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND APPLICATIONS: Study of Logic Families: TTL, ECL, CMOS circuits. Logic gates: AND, OR, NAND, NOR, EXCLUSIVE-OR gates and their truth tables. R-S, RST, JK, D, T Flip-Flops, Edge triggered flip-flops. Master Slave flip-flop and their applications using NAND and NOR gates. Binary adders and their applications. Applications of digital IC in counters, shift registers. Decoders and drivers, multiplexers and demultiplexers. Semiconductor memories - RAM, ROM (Cell structures and organisation on chip). Introduction to A/D and D/A techniques.

Reference Books: 1. RAMAKANT A. GAYAKWAD, Operational amplifiers and Linear IC technology, PHI, 1987. 2. TAUB and SCHILLING, Digital Electronics, Mc grawhill, 1986. ****

Course No.CS 31 EC

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 3 Hours/week 3 hours. ---Laboratory experiments based on course No. CS 31 EC. LIST OF EXPERIMENTS: 1. Study and Operation of IC testers, pulse generator and digital trainer. 2. Measurement of Op.amp parameters: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) Offset voltage Offset current CMRR Slew rate Open loop gain Input impedance. Credits : 2

3. Op.amp monostable and astable multivibrators. 4. 555 timer: Monostable and astable multivibrators. 5. Characteristics of TTL NAND gate: (i) Sourcing (ii) Sinking (iii) Transfer

6. Study of flip-flops: RS, JK, T and D. 7. Mod-N counter using 7490 and 74190. 8. Mod-N counter using 7492 and 74192. 9. Johnson counter and decoder. 10. Ring counter and decoder.

****

Course No. CS 321 EC COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS Instructions: Lectures/Tutorial: 4 periods/ week ---INTRODUCTION AND REPRESENTATION OF SIGNALS: Classification of Signals, Fourier transform, Spectral density, Auto Correlation, Transmission of Signals through Linear Systems. AMPLITUDE MODULATION: AM, Generation of AM, Detection of AM, DSB-SC, Coherent detection of DSB-SC, SSB Systems, Generation and demodulation, FDM. ANGLE MODULATION: PM and FM, Narrow band and Wide band BW, Transmission BW of FM, Generation and demodulation of FM. PULSE ANALOG MODULATION: Sampling theorem, Sampling of baseband signals, , Pulse Amplitude Modulation, Practical aspects, TDM. PULSE DIGITAL MODULATION: Elements of PCM, DM, Differential PCM. DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS: ASK, PSK, FSK, QAM, DPSK Schemes, Bandwidth Efficiency, Coherent and Non-coherent systems, Comparison of schemes w.r.t. Bandwidth, Power requirements, Carrier and Clock Recovery, Bit error rate and probability of error. Data Communications: Introduction, data communication circuits, data communication codes, error control, synchronization, data communication hardware, serial and parallel interface, telephone network, data madem. INFO THEORY: Measure of Information, Encoding of source output, Rate of Information over discrete channels, Channel capacity, Shannons theorem. ERROR CONTROL CODING: Types of errors, Linear lock codes, Binary cyclic codes, Burst error, Correcting codes, Convolutional codes. Text Books: 1) Communication Systems, S.HAYKIN, 2 nd Edition, Wiley Eastern, (Ch. 1,2,3,4,7,8). 2) Digital and Analog Communication Systems, K.SAM SHANMUGAM, John Wiley and Sons, (Ch. 4, 8 and 9). 3) Electronic Communication Systems, WAYNE TOMASI, PHI/Pearson, 4/edn.(Ch. 5,6) **** Credits : 4

ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTATION

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 3 Hours/week 3 hours. --Measurement And Error : Sensitivity, Resolution, Accuracy and precission, Absolute and Relative types of errors, Statistical analysis, Probability of and Limiting errors, Linearity. Instruments : D Arsonval movement and basic principles of Measurement of Voltage, Current and Resistance in instruments. Analog and Digital Multimeters, Measurement of time and Frequency Digital Frequency Meter and applications. Impedance Measurement : Kelvin Bridge; Megger; Maxwell, Hay and Shering Bridges. Qmeter; Noise and Interference reduction techniques in Measurement Systems. Oscilloscopes : Block diagram, probes, Deflection amplifier and delay line, Trigger Generator, Coupling, Automatic Time Base and Dual Trace Oscilloscopes, Pulse Measurements, Delayed Time Base, Analog Storage, Sampling and Digital Storage Oscilloscopes. Special instruments: Wave Analyzer, Harmonic Distortion Analyzer, Spectrum Analyzer, FFT Analyzer. Transducers (Qualitative Treatment Only) : Classification and selection of Transducers, Introduction to strain, Load, force, Displacement, Velocity, Acceleration, Pressure and Temperature Measurements. Introduction to Data Acquisition Systems (DAS): Block Diagram, Specifications and various components of DAS. General purpose Instrumentation Bus (GP-IB): Protocol, SCPI Commands and Applications to DSO and DMM. Text books : 1. 2. Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation, by Oliver and Cage, Mc Graw Hill. Electronic Instrumentation & Measurement techniques, by W.D.Cooper & Felbrick, PHI. (Only for chapter Nos.2 and 7) Credits : 4

Reference Book : 1. Electronic Instrumentation and Measurements, by D.A. Bell, Reston. ****

DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 3 Hours/week 3 hours. ---INTRODUCTION: DCS block diagram and overview, Sources and signals, Basic signal processing operations in Digital communications, DETECTION AND ESTIMATION: Model of digital communication system, Geometric interpretation of signals, Detection of known signals in noise, Probability of error, Correlation receiver, Matched filter receiver, Estimation: Concepts and criteria, Maximum likelihood estimation, Wiener filter for waveform estimation. BASEBAND SHAPING FOR DATA TRANSMISSION: Discrete PAM signals, ISI, Nyquist criterion for zero ISI, Correlative coding, Eye pattern Adaptive equalizers, Baseband M-ary PAM. DIGITAL MODULATION TECHNIQUES: Digital modulation formats, Coherent and non coherent binary modulation techniques, M-ary modulation techniques, bit versus symbol error probabilities, bandwidth efficiency. ERROR CONTROL CODING: Linear block codes, Cyclic codes, Convolutional codes and Trellis codes. Text Book: 1. S.HAYKIN, Digital Communications, John Wiley & Sons, 1988. 2. B.Sklar, Digital Communications, Pearson Education, New Delhi, 2002 Reference Books: 1. John G.Proakis, Digital Communications, 3 Edition, Mc. Graw Hill, 1995. 2. J.G.Proakis, M.Salehi, Communication Systems Engineering 2 Edition, Pearson Education, New Delhi, 2002. 3. K. Sam Shanmugam, Digital & Analog Communication Systems John Wiley & Sons Credits : 3

VLSI DESIGN

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 3 Hours/week 3 hours. ---Credits : 4

Review of micro electronics and introduction to MOS technology, Introduction to IC technology, MOS technology and VLSI, basic MOS transistor, fabrication of NMOS, CMOS and BiCMOS transistors, thermal aspects of processing and production of E-beam marks. MOS AND BICMOS CIRCUIT DESIGN PROCESSORS: MOS layers, stick diagrams, design rules and layout 2 m and 1.2 m CMOS rules, layout diagrams and symbolic diagrams. BASIC CIRCUIT CONCEPTS: Sheet resistance, area capacities of layers, delay unit and choice of layers. SEALING OF MOS CIRCUITS: Sealing models and sealing factors, sealing factors for device parameters and limitations of sealing. SUBSYSTEM DESIGN AND LAYOUT: Architectural issues, switch logic, gate logic, examples of structured design, clocked sequential circuits and system considerations. BASIC CMOS ANALOG IC BUILDING BLOCKS: Switches, Active Resistors, Current Sources and Sinks, Current Mirrors/Amplifiers, Voltage and Current References. SYSTEM DESIGN AND DESIGN METHODS: Design strategies, CMOS chip design options, design methods, design capture tools, verification tools and examples. CMOS TESTING: Need for testing, manufacturing test principles, design strategies for test, chip level test techniques, system level test techniques. Text books: Douglas A.Pucknell and Kamran Eshraghian, Basic VLSI Design, IIIrd Ed., Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. (Chapter 1 to 7) 2. Geiger, Allen and Strader, VLSI Design Techniques for Analog and Digital Circuits Mc. Graw Hill 1990.

1.

Reference books: 1. Neil H.E.Weste and Kamran Eshraghian,Principles of CMOS VLSI Design, IInd Ed., Addison Wesley publishing company.

****

MICROWAVE ENGINEERING

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 3 Hours/week 3 hours. ---INTRODUCTION: Introduction to and applications of microwaves, limitations conventional vacuum tube and solid state devices at high frequencies. of Credits : 3

MICROWAVE TUBES: (Qualitative Treatment Only) Klystron amplifier, reflex Klystron oscillator. Travelling Wave tube amplifier, backward wave oscillator, cavity magnetron and crossed field amplifier. MICROWAVE SOLID STATE DEVICES: (Elementary treatment only) Principles and applications of point contact diode, PIN diode, Gunn diode and Impatt diode. MICROWAVE COMPONENTS: Elementary treatment of attenuators and terminations, Tee junctions and twists, diaphragms and directional couplers, circulators, isolators, cavity resonators and their applications, Stripline & Microstripline components. MICROWAVE CIRCUITS: Matrix representation of microwave junctions, Scattering matrix and its properties, Scattering matrix of transmission lines, three port and four port microwave junctions. MICROWAVE MEASUREMENTS: Power measurement: Bolometric and thermocouple methods, attenuation measurement, VSWR and impedance measurement, Reflectometers. Text Books: 1. S.Y.LIAO - Microwave devices and circuits, 3 rd Edn , Prentice Hall of India 1991 2. K.C.GUPTA - Microwaves Systems , 2nd Edn, , Wiley Eastern Ltd., 1979 Reference Books: 1. DENNIS RODDY - Microwave technology PH , 1986 2. R.E.COLLIN - Foundations for Microwave Engg., Mc Graw Hill , 1966 3 F.E TERMAN - Electronics and radio engineering , 4th Edn MC GrawHill, 1955 ***

COMPUTER NETWORKS

Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 3 Hours/week 3 hours. ---Credits : 3

INTRODUCTION: Data Communication, Networks, Protocols and Standards, Topology, Categories of Networks, OSI & TCP/IP Protocol suites PHYSICAL LAYER: Transmission modes, DTE-DCE Interface, Modems, Guided media, Unguided media, Performance, Multiplexing, Switching, DSL, FTTC. DATA LINK LAYER: Data Link Control - Line discipline, Flow control, Error control; Data Link protocols Asynchronous Protocols, Synchronous protocols, Character oriented protocols, Bit oriented protocols, Link Access Procedures LANS and MANS: Project 802, Ethernet, Token Bus, Token Ring, FDDI, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, DQDB, SMDS, PPP. NETWORK LAYER: Repeaters, Bridges, Hubs, Switches, Routers, Gateways, Routing algorithms - Shortest path routing, Distance vector routing, Link state routing; X.25 layers and protocols, Congestion control - Leaky bucket algorithm, TCP/IP Protocol Suite- IP protocol, IP addresses, Subnetting, ARP, RARP; ICMP, ISDN Services and channels, Broadband ISDN, ATM- Design goals, architecture and layers TRANSPORT LAYER: Duties of Transport layer, Transport connection, OSI Transport protocol, TCP, UDP APPLICATION LAYER: BOOTP and DHCP, DNS, TELNET, FTP, SMTP, HTTP, WWW, VoIP, Four aspects of Network security, Privacy, Digital Signatures Text Books : 1. Data Communications and Networking, BEHROUZ A. FOROUZAN, 2nd Ed (Update), Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2003 Reference: 1. Computer Networks, ANDREW S. TANENBAUM, 4rd Ed., Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi, 2000 2. Data and Computer Communications, WILLIUM STALLINGS, 6th Ed., Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi 3. Computer Networks and Internet, DOUGLAS E COMER, Pearson Education Asia, 2000. ****

MEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION

(Elective-I) Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : 3 Hours/week Examination: Theory : 3 hours. ---BASICS OF MEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION: Terminology, Medical Measurements constraints, Classification of Biomedical Instruments, Introduction to biological system modelling; Electrical and ionic properties of cellular membranes, Sources and theories of bioelectric potentials. BIOMEDICAL TRANSDUCERS: Types of transducers used in Bio-instrumentation. Recording electrodes, Electrodes theory, Biopotential electrodes, Biochemical electrodes BIOMEDICAL SIGNAL MEASUREMET BASICS: Bioamplifiers, Measurement of PH, oxygen and carbondioxide THERAPEUTIC AND PROSTHETIC DEVICES:Cardiac Pacemakers, defribillators, Hemodynamics & Hemodialysis, Ventilators, Infant Incubators, Surgical Instruments, Therapeutic Applications of the Laser CARDIOVASCULAR MEASUREMENTS: Blood flow, pressure; Cardiac output and impedance measurements; Pleathysmography, Measurement of Heart sounds, An Introduction to Electrocardiography (ECG), Elements of Intensive care monitoring heart-rate monitors; Arrhythmia monitors. EEG & EMG: Anatomy and Functions of Brain, Bioelectric Potentials from Brain, Resting Rhythms, Clinical EEG, Instrumentation techniques of electroencephalography, Electromyography MEDICAL IMAGING Ultrasonography SYSTEMS: Radiography, MRI, Computed Tomography, Credits : 3

NONINVASIVE INSTRUMENTATION: Temperature Measurements, Principles of Ultrosonic Measurements, Ultrasonics and its applications in medicine. BIOTELEMETRY: Introduction to Biotelemetry, Physiological parameters adaptable to biotelemetry, Biotelemetry System Components, Implantable units and Applications of Telemetry in Patient Care. Text Books: 1. L.A.Geddes and Wiley, Principles of Biomedical Instrumentation L.E.Baker (2nd Ed.) 2. L.Cromwell, Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurements, Prentice Hall. Reference Books : John G.Webster (Ed.), Medical Instrumentation Application and Design, 3rd Edition, John Wiley & Sons Inc. ****

IMAGE PROCESSING

(Elective I) Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 3 Hours/week 3 hours. ---Credits : 3

INTRODUCTION: Digital Image Representation, Fundamental Steps in Image Processing, Elements of Digital Image Processing Systems. DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTALS: Elements of Visual Perception, A Simple image model, Sampling and Quantization, Neighborhood of Pixels, Pixel Connectivity, Labeling of Connected Components, Distance Measures, Arithmetic and Logic Operations, Image Transformations, Perspective Transformations, Stereo Imaging. IMAGE ENHANCEMENT: Spatial Domain Methods, Frequency Domain Methods, Point processing, Intensity Transformations, Histogram Processing, Spatial filtering, Smoothing Filters, Sharpening Filters, Enhancement in the Frequency Domain, Low Pass Filtering, High Pass Filtering, Homomorphic filtering, Pseudo-Color Image Enhancement. IMAGE COMPRESSION: Fundamentals of Compression, Image Compression Model, Error free Compression, Lossy Predictive Coding, Transform Coding. IMAGE SEGMENTATION: Detection of Discontinuities, Line Detection, Edge Detection, Edge Linking and Boundary Detection, Thresholding, Threshold Selection on Boundary Characteristics, Region Growing , Region Splitting and Merging, Use of motion in Segmentation. IMAGE REPRESENTATION AND DESCRIPTION: Chain Codes, Polygonal Approximations, Signatures, Skeleton, Boundary Descriptions, Shape Numbers, Fourier descriptors, Moments, Topological Descriptors. IMAGE RECOGNITION AND INTERPRETATION: Elements of Image Analysis, Pattern and Pattern Classes, Minimum Distance Classifier, Matching by Correlation, Bayes Classifier, Neural Network Training Algorithm, Structural methods. Text Book:

Digital Image Processing: Rafael C Gonzalez and Richard E Woods, Woods Pearson Education Asia, New Delhi, 2000. Reference Books:

(1) (2)

Digital Image Processing and Analysis: B. Chanda, D. Dutta Majumder, PHI, Majumder, New Delhi, 2000. Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing: A.K. Jain, PHI, New Delhi, 2001. Jain ****

Instruction: Lectures/Tutorials: Examination: Theory:Sessionals: End-Semester: 3 Hours/week 2 Hrs. 3 hours. ---1. Radar and Radar Equation: Introduction, Radar block diagram and operation, frequencies, applications, types of displays, derivation of radar equation, minimum detectable signal, probability of false alarm and threshold detection, radar cross-section, system losses. 2. CW Radar Doppler Effect, CW Radar, applications, FM CW radar, altimeter, Multiple Frequency Radar. 3. Pulse Radar MTI, Delay Line Canceller, Multiple Frequencies, Range-gated Doppler Filters, Non-coherent MTI, Pulse Doppler Radar, 4. Tracking Radar- Sequential lobing, conical scanning, monopulse, phase comparison monopulse, tracking in range, comparison of trackers. 5. Detection Introduction, Matched Filter, Detection Criteria, Detector characteristics. 6. Phased Arrays Basic concepts, feeds, phase shifters, frequency scan arrays, multiple beams, applications, advantages and limitations. 7. Navigational Aids: Direction Finder, VOR, ILS, Loran Text Books:

1. 2.

Credits : 3

M.I. Skolnik, Introduction Radar Systems, 2nd Edn,Mc Graw Hill Book Co.,1981 F.E. Terman, Radio Engineering, Mc Graw Hill Book Co. (for Chapter 7 only) , 4Th Edn.

1955 Reference Book: Understanding RADAR Systems: Simon Kingsley and Shaun Quegan, Mc Graw

TELEMATICS (Elective I)

Instruction: Lectures/Tutorials: Examination: Theory:Sessionals: End-Semester: 3 Hours/week 2 Hrs. 3 hours. ---Credits : 3

INTRODUCTION : Development of Telecommunications, functions of telephone network, Basic telephone system, Telephone exchange, Telephone network structures, Network services, Network terminology, standards, Stronger, Trunking. TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING SYSTEMS: Message, Circuit and packet Switching, functions of switching systems, strowger step by step system, distribution frames, crossbar system, Electronic switching, Digital Switching, space switches, Time switches, Combination switching, time division switching networks, single stage networks, two stage, three stage and four stage networks, non blocking networks. CONTROL OF SWITCHING SYSTEMS: Functions of control unit, control systems, call processing functions, common control, reliability and availably in SPC, SPC control software, control data. CUSTOMER PROVIDED EQUIPMENT: CG Telephone, Telephone circuit, electronic telephone, Feature phone, Answering machines, PBX proprietary telephones, speaker phone, ISDN phone, key telephone system, PBX, PC answering machine. TELECOMMUNICATIONS TRANSMISSION: 2 wire , 4 wire circuits, echoes, digital transmission, PCM TDM, digital multiplexing, transmultiplexer, plesiochronous and synchronous digital hierarchy. SIGNALING : Customer line signaling, PCM signaling, Common Channel signaling, CCITT signaling system No.7, structure of SSNo.7 ISDN: Introduction, ISDN rates, channels and user interfaces, Basic rate access, ISDN passive bus structure, ISDN Applications. SONET: Introduction, broadband networks, SONET rates and benefits, optical components, SONET/SDH network topology and hierarchy, broadband services and rates, path, line and section, STS-1 frame structure, floating frames, overhead. Text books: 1. Telecommunications switching, Traffic and Networks. JE FLOOD, Pearson FLOOD Education Asia, 2002. 2. Integrated Digital Networks LS LAWTON, Galgotia, New Delhi,1996 LAWTON Reference books: 1. Introduction to Telecommunications: Voice, data and the Internet,-MARION COLE, MARION COLE Pearson Education Asia, 2002. 2. Digital Telephony, J BELLAMY, 2nd edition, John Wiley, 2001. BELLAMY **** Course No. EC 416.5

Instruction: Lectures/Tutorials: Examination: Theory:Sessionals: End-Semester: 3 Hours/week 2 Hrs. 3 hours. ---Credits : 3

1. Linear Prediction and Optimum linear filters: Innovations representation of a stationary random process, Gram-Schmidt Orthogonality, signal models AR, MA and ARMA models; Forward and backward linear prediction, solution of the normal equations, - Levinson - Durbin Algorithm, Schr algorithm, properties of linear prediction error filters, AR lattice and ARMA Lattice ladder filters, Wiener filters for filtering and prediction state space (Kalman) filters, practical aspects, Kalman filter design methodology, Wiener filter design. 2. Power spectrum estimation: Non parametic methods for power spectrum estimation Bartlett , Welch, Blackman and Tukey methods; Parametric methods: Yule Walker methods, Burg method, AR, MA and ARMA models for power spectrum estimation, Pisarenko Harmonic decomposition method, MUSIC algorithm, ESPRIT algorithm, minimum variance spectral estimation. Order selection criteria. 3. Adaptive Filter theory: Stochastic gradient based algorithms LMS algorithm, stability analysis, Mean-squared error behaviour. Convergence analysis, Normalized LMS algorithm, Gradient adaptive lattice algorithm. Prediction, filtering and smoothing, adaptive equalization, noise cancellation, blind deconvolution, adaptive IIR filters, RLS algorithms GRLS, Gauss Newton and RML. 4. Discrete cosine transforms (DCTs), Discrete sine transforms (DSTs), KL transforms, Hadamard transforms, Walsh transforms and Wave let transforms. Applications of DCTs and Wavelets. TEXT BOOKS: 1. DSP Principles, Algorithms and Applications -- JG Proakis, DG Manolakis, 3rd Edition, PHI Private Ltd., 2001. 2. Adaptive Filter Theory S.Haykin, 2nd Edition, PRENTICE HALL. 2001 3. Signal Processing, The Model based approach Janes V.Candy, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1987. REFERENCES: 1. Modern spectral estimation SM Kay, PH Intnl ,1997 2. Advanced Digital Signal Processing Proakis, C.M.Rader, Fuyun Ling, C.L.Nikias, Mcmillan Publishing Company, New York, 1992. 3. Modern Digital signal processing An Introduction -- Prabhakar S.Naidu, Narosa Publishing House, 2003. 4. Adaptive Signal processing B.Widrow & D.Stearns, PHInt1987 5. Optimum Signal Processing; An Introduction S.J.Orfanidis, Second Edition, McGraHill Book Company, 1992 **** Course No. EC 416.6

(Elective I) Instruction: Lectures/Tutorials: Examination: Theory:Sessionals: End-Semester: 3 Hours/week 2 Hrs. 3 hours. ---Credits : 3

INTRODUCTION: Review of Analog Controls Systems, Advantages of sampling in Controls Systems. STATE VARIABLE TECHNIQUES: State Equations and State Transition Equations of Continuous Data Systems, State Equations of Digital Systems with sample and Hold, State Equations of Digital Systems with All Digital Elements, State Transition Equations of Digital Systems, State Transition Equations of Digital Time Invariant Systems, Solution of the Time Invariant Discrete State Equation by the Z Transformation, Relation Between State Equation and Transfer Function, Relationship between state equation and High order, The state Diagram. STABILITY OF DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS: Definition of Stability, Stability Tests of Stability TIME DOMAIN ANALYSIS: Comparison of Time Responses of Continuous Data and Digital Control Systems, Correlation between time response and Root Locations in the SPlane and the Z-Plane, Effect of the pole Zero configurations in the Z-plane Upon the Maximum Overshoot and peak time of transient Response of Sampled Data Systems, Root Loci for Digital Control Systems. Steady State Error Analysis or Digital Control Systems. FREQUENTLY DOMAIN ANALYSIS: The Nyquist plot, The Bode diagram , Gain margin and Phase Margin, The Gain phase diagram and the Nichols Chart, Bandwidth considerations DESIGN OF DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS: The Digital Controller, Design of Digital Control Systems with Digital Controllers through the Bilinear transformation, Design in the Zplane using the Root Locus diagram, The Digital PID Controller, Design of Digital Control systems with deadbeat response. Text Books: Digital Control Systems, By Benjamin C.Kuo Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc, 1980. Reference: Digital Control Systems, by M.Gopal, New Age. Int., 1992.

Instruction: Practicals : 3 Hours/week Credits : 2

Laboratory experiments based on the Course content No. EC 411. PART A 1. Speed measurement using: (a) Photoelectric pickup method 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. (b) Magnetic Pickup method

Angular displacement measurement using capacitive pickup method. (a) Load measurement using Load cell. (b) Displace measurement using LVDT (linear)

Displacement measurement using capacitive transducer. Displacement measurement using resistive transducer. Displacement measurement using LDR. Temperature measurement using Thermistor a) b) Temperature measurement using thermocouple. Measurement of strain using strain gauge.

Direct reading thermometer using resistance temperature detector (R.T.D.) Illumination characteristic of given phototransistor. PART B:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Calibtation and Study of DMM Data Acquisition System Programmable Logic Controller Process Control Simulation GP-IB Control of DSO and DMM

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Instruction: Practicals: 3 Hours/week ---Experiments based on Course content No. EC 322 and EC 412. 1. Tuned Circuit and Crystal Characteristics 2. Transmission Line Measurements 3. AM Modulation and Demodulation 4. FM Modulation and Demodulation 5. Superhet receiver - Measurements 6. SSB, DSB-SC Generation and Detection 7. Sampling and Recovery of baseband signal 8. Time Division Multiplexing 9. PCM Generation and Detection 10. DM Generation and Detection 11. ASK Modulation and Demodulation 12. PSK Modulation and Demodulation 13. FSK Modulation and Demodulation 14. Study of Cellular Telephone Communication 15. Study of Colour TV Receiver. Credits : 2

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INDUSTRIAL MANAGEMENT

Instruction: Lectures/Tutorials: Examination: Theory:Sessionals: End-Semester: 3 Hours/week 2 Hrs. 3 hours. ---GENERAL MANAGEMENT: Evolution of industry and professional management: functions of management; Design of organization structures, Hawthorn experiments. Primary groups and informal organizational structures, Leadership styles and characteristics of effective leadership, Mc Gregors Theory X and Theory Y, Maslows and Hertzbergs motivational theories, Japanese Management. MARKETING MANAGEMENT: Marketing management process and the four Ps of marketing mix; market segmentation, targeting and positioning; product life cycle and marketing strategies in different stages of product life cycle; PRODUCTIVITY AND WORK STUDY: Productivity definition, its role in the economy, techniques for improving productivity, method study procedure, flow process chart and flow diagram, two handed process chart, principles of motion economy, work sampling, stop watch time study. QUALITY MANAGEMENT: control charts X and R, p & c charts, Sampling plan design of single sampling plan using OC curve, rectifying inspection and AOQL; Taguchis method of total quality control, Quality function deployment, Introduction to TQM. INVENTORY MANAGEMENT: Purposes of inventories, inventory costs, ABC classification, EOQ, P and Q systems of inventory control. PROJECT MANAGEMENT: Network diagrams, critical path method, total slack and free slack, crashing of activities and resource leveling, PERT. Text books: 1) Donald J Clough. Concepts in Management Science, Prentice Hall of India. 2) Philip Kotler, Marketing Management, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2000 3) Hajra Choudhury S.A., Nirjar Roy and Hajra Choudhury A.R., Production Management, Media Promoters and Pub. Pvt. Ltd., Bombay, 1990. Reference : 1) Koontz. H.et. Al., Essentials of Management, Mc Graw Hill Book Co., New York 2000 2) Schroeder R.G., Operations Management, Mc. Graw Hill Book Co., New York 1994. Credits : 3

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Instruction: Lectures/Tutorials: Examination: Theory:Sessionals: End-Semester: 3 Hours/week 2 Hrs. 3 hours. ---1. 2. OVERVIEW OF OPTICAL FIBER COMMUNICATIONS: Elements of an optical fiber transmission line, Optical fiber systems. OPTICAL FIBERS: Basic optical laws, Optical fiber types, Rays and modes, Ray optics and wave representations, Optical wave-guide and wave equations, Modes in step index and graded index fibers. SIGNAL DEGRADATION IN OPTICAL FIBERS: Fiber mechanisms, Signal distortion in optical fibers. materials, Attenuation Credits : 3

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

OPTICAL SOURCES: LEDs: Structure, Materials and Modulation. LASER DIODES : Structures, Modes and Modulation, Light source linearity. OPTICAL COUPLING: Lensing schemes, Fiber to fiber joints, splicing and connectors. PHOTODETECTORS: - Physical principles, Photo detector noise, Detector response time, Photodiode materials. OPTICAL RECEIVER: - Fundamental operation, Digital receiver performance, Preamplifier. TRANSMISSION LINK ANALYSIS: Point to point link power and rise time budget, WDM, Data buses.

Text Book: G.KEISER, Optical Fiber Communications, MGH, 1986, Singapore.3 rd Edn.

Reference Book: J. GOWAR, Optical Communication Systems, PHI, 2nd Ed. 1993. ****

SATTELLITE COMMUNICATIONS

(Elective II) Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials: Examination: 3 Hours/week 3 Hours ---Credits : 3

1. INTRODUCTION: Origin, Overview of satellite System Engineering. ORBITAL ASPECTS OF SATTELITE COMMUNICATIONS: Orbital Mechanics: Equations of orbit, Leading the satellite in orbit, Locating the satellite w.r.t the earth. Lock Angles : Subsatellite point, Azimith and Elevation . Orbital pertubation: Effects of earths oblateness ,moon and sun , satellite eclipse, sun transit outage. 2. SOACECRAFT : satellite subsystems : AOCS, TT&C, Power System, Antennas. 3. SATELLITE LINK DESIGN: System noise temperature and G/T ratio, Design of down link, Up link design. 4. SATELLITE MODULATION, AND MULTIPLEXING: FM with multiplexed telephone signals, Analog FM SCPC, TDM. 5. MULTIPLE ACCESS: FDMA: FDM/FM/FDMA TDMA: Bits, Symbols, and channels, Frame structure, synchronization CDMA:Spread spectrum transmission and reception. 6. FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION FOR DIGITAL SATELLITE LINKS: Convolution codes, - Implementation of error detection on satellite links. TEXT BOOKS: T.PRATT & CW BOSTIAN, Satellite Communication, J.W. & Sons, NY, 1986. REFERENCE BOOK: R.M.GOGLIARDI, Satellite Communications, CBS Pub., 1987. **** Course No. EC 423.2

Instruction: (Elective II) Lectures/ Tutorials : 3 Hours/week Examination: 3 Hours ---Credits : 3

CELLULAR MOBILE RADIO SYSTEMS : A basic cellular system, why cellular mobile telephone systems, service quality, mobile radio transmission medium, mobile fading, Delay spread and coherence bandwidth, operation of cellular systems, Hexagonal shaped cells, Analog and Digital Cellular Systems. ELEMENTS OF CELLULAR MOBILE RADIO SYSTEM DESIGN: Problem descriptions, concept of frequency reuse, co channel Interference reduction factor, desired CIR in omni directional antenna systems, Hand off mechanism, Cell splitting. CELL COVERAGE FOR SIGNAL AND TRAFFIC: Signal reflections in flat and hilly ten aim, effect of human made structures, phase difference between direct and reflected paths, constant standard deviation and straight line path loss slope, general formula for mobile radio propagation, propagation over water and flat open area, near and long distance propagation, antenna height gain, Form and merit of point to point model. CELL SITE AND MOBILE ANTENNAS : Sum and difference patterns and their synthesis, omni directional antennas, directional antennas for interference reduction, space diversity antennas, umbrella pattern antennas, minimum separation of cell site antennas, Mobile roof mounted antennas, high gain antennas. COCHANNEL INTERFERENCE (CCI) REDUCTION : CCI at mobile unit, worst case CCI of omni directional antenna system, CCI in directional antenna systems, notch in lifted antenna pattern, Adjacent channel Interference, cross talk. FREQUENCY MANAGEMENT AND CHANNEL ASSIGNEMENT : Numbering and grouping, set up access and paging channels, channel assignment to cell sites and mobile units, channel sharing and borrowing, sectorization, Overlaid cells, Non fixed channel assignment. HANDS OFFS AND CELL SPLITTING : types of Handoff, Handoff Invitation, Delaying Hand off, Forced Hand off, mobile assisted handoff, Intersystem handoff Cell splitting, Microcells, Vehicle locating methods. DIGITAL CELLULAR NETWORKS : GSM Architecture, GSM channels multiplex access scheme, GSM management protocols, overview of GSM, 2G, 2.5 G and 3 G Cellular networks, Wireless local loop, wireless LANs, Blue tooth standard. Text Books: 1. Mobile Cellular Telecommunications: Analog and Digital Systems,- 2nd Edn., WILLIAM C Y LEE, MGH, 2001 LEE 2. Wireless Communications : Principles and practice, 2nd Edn., THEODORE S. RAPPAPORT, Pearson Education Asia, 2002. Reference Books : 1. Mobile & personal communication System and Services -RAJA PANDYA,PHI, 2000. RAJA PANDYA 2. Wireless Communication Technology ROY BLAKE. Thomson Delmar, 2002. BLAKE 3. Wireless Networks, W.STALLINGS, Pearson Asia, 2001. W.STALLINGS **** Course No. EC- 423.4

Instruction: Lectures/Tutorials: End Sem. Theory : ---Review of Combinational Logic Gates in CMOS: Static CMOS design, Dynamic CMOS Design, Perspectives. Designing Sequential Logic Circuits: Introduction, Static Latches and Registers, Dynamic Latches and Registers, Alternatives Register Styles, Pipe Lining: An Approach to Optimize Sequential circuits, Nonbistable sequential circuits. Implementation Strategies for Digital ICs: From Custom to Semi-Custom and Structured Array Design Approaches, Custom Circuit Design, Cell-Based Design Methodology, Array Based Implementation Approaches, Perspective The Implementation Platform of The Future. Coping with Interconnect: Capacitive Parasitics, Resistive Parasitics, Inductive Parasitics, Advanced Interconnect Techniques, Perspective: NetworksonaChip. Timing Issues in Digital Circuits: Timing classification of Digital Systems, Synchronous DesignAn Indepth Perspective, Self-Timed Circuit Design, Synchronizers and Arbiters, Clock Synthesis and Synchronization Using a Phase-Locked Loop. Designing of Arithmetic Building Blocks: The Adder, The Multiplier, The Shifter, Power and Speed Trade-offs in Data path Structures. Designing memory and Array structures: Introduction, The Memory Core, Memory Peripheral Circuitry, Memory Reliability and Yield, Power Dissipation in Memories, Case Studies in Memory Design. TEXT BOOK: DIGITAL INTEGRATED CIRCUITS (A Design Perspective (Second Edition), Jan M Rabaey, Anantha Chandrakasan, Borivoje Nikolic. 2002 (PEARSON EDUCATION) REFERENCES: Introduction to VLSI Circuits and System John P.Uyemura. CMOS Digital IC Design. Kang. **** 3 hours/week 3 Hrs. Sessional Exam: 2 Hrs. Credits: 3

(Elective II) Instruction: Lectures/ Tutorials : Examination: Theory : 3 Hours/week 3 hours. ---DATA LOGGERS AND DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS : Data acquisition systems configurations components analog multiplexers and sample and hold circuits specifications and design considerations. DACS SPECIFICATIONS CHARACTERISTICS Types of DACs : Serial, parallel, direct and indirect DACs. Hybrid and monolithic DACs. Interfacing of DACs to microprocessors and PCs. ADCs - Specifications Characteristics Types of ADCs: Serial, parallel, direct and indirect ADCs. Hybrid and monolithic ADCs, Sigma delta ADCs. Interfacing of ADCs to microprocessors and PCs. MONOLITHIC / HYBRID DAS Schematic diagram configurations specifications and comparison of performance cost considerations. ERROR BUDGET OF DACS AND ADCS : Error sources, error reduction and noise reduction techniques in DAS Error budget analysis of DAS case study of a DAC and an ADC. Text Books : 1. Users Handbook of D/A and A/D Converters, E.R. Hnatek 2. Electronic Analog / Digital Computers, H.Schmid 3. Data Converters, G.B. Clayton 4. Analog Devices Applications notes **** Credits : 3

(ELECTIVE- III) Instruction: Lectures/Tutorials: 3 hours/week SessionalExam: 2 Hrs. End Sem. Theory : 3 Hrs. Credits: 3

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(ELECTIVE- III) Instruction: Lectures/Tutorials: End Sem. Theory : 3 hours/week 3 Hrs. ---SessionalExam: 2 Hrs. Credits: 3

ENTREPRENEUR AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP: Entrepreneurship and Small Scale Enterprise (SSE) Role in Economic Development; Entrepreneurial competences;

Institution interface for SSE. ESTABLISHING THE SMALL SCALE ENTERPRISE: Opportunity; Scanning and Identification; Market Assessment for SSE; Choice of Technology and Selection of site; Financing the New/Small Enterprises; Preparation of the Business Plan; Ownership Structures and Organisational Frame work. OPERATING THE SMALL SCALE INDUSTRY: Financial Management Issues with in SSE; Operational Management Issues in SSE; Marketing Management Issues in SSE; Organisational Relations in SSE. PERFORMANCE APPRASAL AND GROWTH STARATEGIES: MANAGEMENT performance Assessment and Control; Strategies for Stabilisation and Growth; Managing Family Enterprises. TEXT BOOK: Entrepreneurial Development: Principles, Policies and Programmers, ESS Pec Key Publishing House, 1989 P. Saravanavel. REFERENCES: 1. Entrepreneurship Development Training Material- B. S. Rathore and S. Saini 2. A Hand Book for New Entrepreneurs- EDI Faculty and External Experts, EDII, Ahmmedabad. 3. A manual on How to Prepare a Project Report J. B. Patel and D.G. Allampalli. 4. A manual on Business Opportunity Identification and Selection J. B. Patel and S. S. Modi ****

(ELECTIVE- III) Instruction: Lectures/Tutorials: 3 hours/week Sem. Theory : 3 Hrs. Credits: 3 ---1. ALTERNATE SOURCES OF ENERGY: Introduction, problems associated with fossil fuel based energy options, need for alternate sources of energy, present energy scenario, renewable energy sources. 2. SOLAR ENERGY: Scope of solar energy, relevance of solar based energy plants, Direct and indirect methods of solar energy conversion. 3. WIND ENERGY: Scope of wind power generation in India, structure and measurement, wind speed data and energy estimation, basic performance theories momentum theory, blade element theory, performance parameters: tip/speed ratio, solidity ratio torque coefficient, thrust coefficient and power coefficient, types of wind mills. 4. HYDROGEN ENERGY: Hydrogen energy concept, production and storage of hydrogen, utilization of hydrogen, safety measures. 5. OTHER SOURCES: Introduction to sources of energy from nuclear power, biomass, ocean and geothermal energy, TEXT BOOKS: 1. Solar Energy Thermal Collection and Storage, Tata- McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1984 S. P. Sukhatme 2. Non-conventional Energy Sources, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi, 1999 G. D. Rai 3. Power Plant Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, New York, 1999- El Wakil REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. A course in Power Plant Engineering, Dhanpat Rai and Sons, New Delhi, 1998- S.C. Arora and S. Domkundwar. 2. Alternate Energy Sources- IT, McGraw Hill, New YorkEd. Nejat Vezirog. **** SessionalExam: 2 Hrs. End

Instruction: Lectures/Tutorials: End Sem. Theory : (ELECTIVE- III) 3 hours/week 3 Hrs. ---PART-A 1. INTRODUCTION: Background and History; Knowledge-based processing; Neural Information Processing; Hybrid Intelligence. Information SessionalExam: 2 Hrs. Credits: 3

2. BASIC NEURAL COMPUTATIONAL MODELS: Basic concepts of Neural Nets ( such as node properties, Network properties and Dynamics ); Inference and learning ( Data representation and functional classification); Classification models ( single_layer Perceptrons, multi_layer perceptrons); Association models (Hop field Nets, Bi- directional associative memories); Self organizing models (Kohonen Networks, Competitive learning, Hebbian learning). 3. LEARNING: Supervised and Unsupervised learning; Statistical learning; Neural Network learning (Back propagation, Radial basis Function Networks, ART Networks); Genetic Algorithms. 4. KNOWLEDGE BASED NEURAL NETWORKS: Rule-based Neural networks; Network Training; Decision Tree Based NNs; 5. INCREMENTAL LEARNING: Principles; Symbolic Approaches (Probabilistic NNs); Incremental RBCN. methods; Neural Network

6. NN APPLICATIONS: Signal Processing; Computer Vision; Medical Applications; Automated Inspection and Monitoring; Business and Finance. PART-B 7. FUZZINESS Vs PROBABILITY: Fuzzy Sets & Systems; The Geometry of Fuzzy sets; The Fuzzy Entropy theorem; The subset hood Theorem; The Entropy_Subset hood theorem. 8. FUZZY ASSOCIATIVE MEMORIES: Fuzzy & Neural Function Estimators; Fuzzy Hebbian FAMs; Adaptive FAMs. 9. COMPARISON OF FUZZY & NEURAL SYSTEMS: Case studies. Text Books: 1. Neural Networks in Computer Intelligence by Limin Fu, McGraw Hill Co., 1994. 2. Neural Networks & Fuzzy systems by B.Kosko, Prentice Hall (India) Ltd., 1992. Chapters: 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 Reference Book: Neural Networks A Comprehensive Foundation by S.Haykin, Maxell Macmillan International, 1991. **** Course No. EC424.5 MM

SURFACE ENGINEERING

(ELECTIVE- III) Instruction: Lectures/Tutorials: End Sem. Theory : 3 hours/week 3 Hrs. ---Introduction: Scope, concept and significance of surface engineering, development of the technology of surface improvement in structural materials, geometrical, mechanical and physico- chemical concept of the surface, surface energy and surface phenomena. Coatings: Concept and structure, types, classification, potential and service properties of coatings, geometrical and physico-chemical parameters of coatings, significance and directions of development of coatings, characterization and evaluation of coatings. Techniques for producing surface layers: Mechanical, thermo-mechanical, thermal, thermo-chemical, chemical, electro- chemical and physical techniques. Process fundamentals and applications of newest techniques of producing surface layers: Electron beam and plasma coating processes, Laser assisted surface modification processes, ion implantation techniques, glow discharge methods and CVD technology, vacuum deposition by physical techniques (PVD). TEXT BOOKS: 1. Surface Engineering of Metals Principles, Equipment, Technologies, CRC Press, 1999 T. Burakowski and Wierzchon. 2. Surface Engineering for wear Resistance, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1998 - K. G. Budinski. REFERENCE: Surface Engineering: Process Fundamentals and Applications, Volume I and Volume II, Lecture Notes of SERC School on Surface Engineering-2003. **** SessionalExam: Credits: 3 2 Hrs.

(ELECTIVE- III) Instruction: Lectures/Tutorials: End Sem. Theory : 3 hours/week 3 Hrs. ---1. INTRODUCTION : History of air pollution, Problems and solutions. 2. AIR POLLUTION: Air pollution sources and effects in relation to chemical industry., Behaviour and fate of air pollutants, Photochemical smog, Effects of air pollution onhuman beings, plants, animals and materials. 3. METEOROLOGICAL ASPECTS OF AIR POLLUTION: Ttemperature lapse rates, Adiabatic lapse rate, Atmospheric stability, Inversions. Wind velocity and turbulence; Topographical effects, Plume behaviour, Dispersion of air pollutants: Fixed box models, Diffusion models, Gaussian plume model, Plume rise. 4. AIR POLLUTION SAMPLING AND MEASUREMENT: Types of sampling and measurement, ambient air sampling: collection of gaseous air pollutants, collection of particulate air pollutants. Stack sampling: sampling system, particulate air pollutants. Stack sampling: sampling system, particulate sampling, gaseous sampling. Analysis of airpollutants: Sulphur Dioxide, Nitrogen Oxides, Carbon Monoxide, Oxidants and ozones, Hydrocarbons, Particulate matter. 5. AIR POLLUTION CONTROL METHODS AND EQUIPMENT: Source correction methods: raw material changes, process changes, equipment modification. Cleaning of gaseous effluents. Particulate emission control: collection efficiency, control equipment like gravitational settling chambers, cyclone separators, fabric filters, ESP and their constructional details and design aspects. Scrubbers: Wet scrubbers, spray towers, centrifugal scrubbers, packed beds and plate columsn, venturi scrubbers, their design aspects. Control of gaseous emissions: absorption buy liquids, absorption equipment, adsorption by solids, equipment and the design aspects. 6. CONTROL OF SPECIFIC GASEOUS POLLUTANTS: Control of sulphur dioxide emissions: extraction of sulphur from fuels, sulphur reduction during combustion, desulphurization of flue gases. Nitrogen oxides: modification of operating conditions. Modification of design conditions, effluent gas treatment methods. Carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons, Pollution from mobile sources and its control. 7. SOURCES AND CLASSIFICATION OF WATER POLLUTANTS: Water resources, origin of wastewater, types of water pollutants and their effects, water pollution laws and standards. SessionalExam: 2 Hrs. Credits: 3

8. WASTE WATER SAMPLINIG, ANALYSIS AND TREATMENT: Sampling and methods of analysis. Determination of organic matter: dissolved oxygen, BOD, COD, TOC. Determination of inorganiz matter: Nitrogen, Phosphorous, trace elements. Physical characteristics: Suspended solids, colour and odour. Bacteriological measurements. Water quality standards. TEXT BOOK: Environmental Pollution Control Engineering, Wiley Eastern Limited, 1991 C. S. Rao

REFERENCES:

Air Pollution, Tata McGraw- Hill, New Delhi, 1993- M. N. Rao and H. V. N. Rao Industrial Water Pollution Control, McGraw- Hill International editions, 1989- W. Wesley Ecken F elder Jr.

COMPUTER GRAPHICS

(ELECTIVE- III) Instruction: Lectures/Tutorials: End Sem. Theory : 3 hours/week 3 Hrs. ---COMPUTER GRAPHICS: Over view of Graphics systems Output Primitives Attributes of Output Primitives TwoDimensional Geometric Transformations - Two- Dimensional Viewing Structures and Hierarchical Modeling Graphical User Interfaces and Interactive Input Methods Three Dimensional Geometric and Modeling Transformations - Three- Dimensional Viewing Visible Surface Detection Methods. TEXT BOOK: Computer Graphics C Version, Pearson Education Asia, Second Edition (Chapters 2- 13) Hearn Baker ---SessionalExam: 2 Hrs. Credits: 3

OPERATIONS RESEARCH

(ELECTIVE III) Instruction: Lectures/Tutorials: Hrs. End Sem. Theory : 3 hours/week 3 Hrs. ---LINEAR PROGRAMMING : Formulation and graphical solution of LPPs. The general LPP, slack, surplus and artificial variables. Reduction of a LPP to the standard form. Simplex computational procedure, Big-M method, Two-phase method. Solution in case of unrestricted variables. Dual linear programming problem. Solution of the primal problem from the solution of the dual problems. TRANSPORTATION PROBLEMS : Balanced and unbalanced Transportation problems. Initial basic feasible solution using N-W corner rule, row minimum method, column minimum, least cost entry method and Vogels approximation method. Optimal solutions. Degenracy in Transportation problems. QUEUEING THEORY : Poisson process and exponential distribution. Poisson queues - Model (M/M/1):(/FIFO) and its characteristics. ELEMENTS OF INVENTORY CONTROL : Economic lot size problems - Fundamental problems of EOQ. The problem of EOQ with finite rate of replenishment. Problems of EOQ with shortages - production instantaneous, replenishment of the inventory with finite rate. Stochastic problems with uniform demand (discrete case only). TEXT BOOK: Introduction to Operations Research, Sultan Chand & Sons- Kanti Swarup- Man Mohan and P. K. Gupta SessionalExam: 2 Credits: 3

REFERENCES : Introduction to Operatins Research, Jain Brothers, New Delhi- J. C. Pant Mathematical Programming Techniques (EWP), Affiliated East West Press Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi - N. S. Kambo

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Instruction: Practicals: 3 Hours/week ---PART-A: Laboratory experiments based on course content No. EC 414 LIST OF EXPERIMENTS: 1. Antenna Demonstration 2. Mode characteristics of Reflex Klystron 3. Gunn oscillator characteristics and power measurement 4. Measurement of VSWR & impedance 5. Measurement of radiation pattern and gain of an antenna 6. Properties of circulators & Directional coupler 7. Properties of the Magic Tee Junction 8. Vector Network Analyser Demonstration PART-B: Laboratory experiments based on course content No. EC 422. LIST OF EXPERIMENTS: 1. Measurement of Numerical Aperture 2. Integrated Voice and Data Optical Communication System 3. Study of Optical Sources, Detectors and Fiber Characteristics **** Credits : 1

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