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Section I

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3 Marks

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3 Marks

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Four runners A, B, C and D are running around in a circle, 1215 meter in circumference, at 15 mpm, 12 mpm, 10 mpm and 6 mpm respectively. If they start at

the same time from the same point in the same direction, when will they be together

 again? 1) 12 hours and 35 minutes 2) 10 hours and 30 minutes 3) 16 hours and 45 minutes 4) 20 hours and 15 minutes 5) 24 hours and 15 minutes

Solution:

A, the quickest man gains one complete round on D, the slowest man, in A gains one complete round on B, the next slowest man, in A gains one complete round on C, in A, B, C, and D will be together LCM (135, 405 and 243) i.e. 1215 minutes or 20 hours and 15 minutes.

Hence, option 4.

Four runners A, B, C and D are running around in a circle, 840 meter in circumference, at 4 mpm, 6 mpm, 8 mpm and 10 mpm respectively. If they start at the same time from the same point in the same direction, when will they be together again at the starting point for the first time?

 1) 20 hours 2) 16 hours 3) 12 hours 4) 8 hours 5) 7 hours

Solution:

A completes one round of the circle in (840/4) = 210 minutes

B completes one round of the circle in (840/6) = 140 minutes

C completes one round of the circle in (840/8) = 105 minutes

D completes one round of the circle in (840/10) = 84 minutes

They will meet at the starting point for the first time at LCM (210, 140, 105, 84) i.e. 420 minutes or 7 hours.

3.

3 Marks

Hence, option 5.

Two cars running on a circular track, 48 meter in circumference meet after every 12 minutes when they are in the same direction. However when they are in opposite

directions, the faster car overtakes the slower one every 4 minutes. Find the speeds

of the cars.

 1) 12 mpm and 8 mpm 2) 8 mpm and 4 mpm 3) 4 mpm and 2 mpm 4) 16 mpm and 10 mpm 5) 20 mpm and 10 mpm

Solution:

Let the speed of the first car or the faster car be S 1 while that of the second car be S 2 .

When in the same direction, they meet after every 12 minutes,

S 1 S 2 = 48/12 = 4 mpm

When in opposite directions, the faster car overtakes the slower one every 4

minutes,

4.

3 Marks

S 1 + S 2 = 48/4 = 12 mpm

Solving both the equations simultaneously,

S 1 = 8 mpm and S 2 = 4 mpm

Hence, option 2.

Two cars starting from the same point at the same time run in opposite directions along a circular track, 64 metre in circumference. Speed of car 1 doubles and car 2 halves every time they meet. If 16 mpm and 32 mpm are the speeds of the cars, what will be the distance travelled by each when they meet for the fifth time?

 1) 258.13 metre and 61.87 metre 2) 263 55 metre and 56 45 metre

.

.

 3) 271.18 metre and 48.82 metre 4) 246.45 metre and 73.55 metre 5) 237.12 metre and 82.88 metre

Solution:

Let the speed of the car 1 be S 1 and the car 2 be S 2.

When they meet for the 1 st time, S 1 = 16 mpm and S 2 = 32 mpm.

Ratio of their speeds = 1 : 2

Distance covered by Car 2 = (64 × 2)/3 = 42.67 metre

When they meet for the 2 nd time, S 1 = 32 mpm and S 2 = 16 mpm.

Ratio of their speeds = 2 : 1

Distance covered by Car 2 = (64/3) = 21.33 metre

When they meet for the 3 rd time, S 1 = 64 mpm and S 2 = 8 mpm.

Ratio of their speeds = 8 : 1

Distance covered by Car 2 = (64/9) = 7.11 metre

When they meet for the 4 th time, S 1 = 128 mpm and S 2 = 4 mpm.

Ratio of their speeds = 32 : 1

Distance covered by Car 2 = (64/33) = 1.94 metre

When they meet for the 5 th time, S 1 = 256 mpm and S 2 = 2 mpm.

Ratio of their speeds = 128 : 1

Distance covered by Car 2= (64/129) = 0.496 ≈ 0.5 metre

Total distance covered by the Car 2 = (42.67 + 21.33 + 7.11 + 1.94 + 0.5) = 73.55

metre

Total distance covered by Car 1 = Total distance covered by both the cars – Total

distance covered by the Car 2

5.

3 Marks

= (5 × 64) – 73.55 = 320 – 73.55 = 246.45 metre

Hence, option 4.

A policeman starts chasing a thief 35 minutes after the thief escapes. If the speed of the policeman is 18 mpm while that of the thief is 12 mpm, find the time in which the thief will be caught.

1)

105 minutes

 2) 90 minutes 3) 70 minutes 4) 65 minutes 5) 50 minutes

Solution:

Let the total time travelled by the policeman to catch the thief be x minutes.

The total time travelled by the thief = (x + 35) minutes.

6.

3 Marks

18x = 12(x + 35)

x = 70 minutes

Hence, option 3.

The police start chasing a thief 24 minutes after he escapes. Speed of the thief is 75 kmph while that of the police is 95 kmph. A dog runs to and fro between the thief and the police car with a speed of 120 kmph to show the direction. Find the distance travelled by dog.

 1) 180 km 2) 150 km 3) 240 km 4) 300 km 5) 320 km

Solution:

Let the total time travelled by the police to catch thief be x hours.

Total time travelled by the thief = (x + 0.4) hours.

95x = 75(x + 0.4)

x = 1.5 hours

The dog runs to and fro for 1.5 hours with a speed of 120 kmph.

Total distance travelled by the dog = 120 × 1.5 = 180 km.

7.

3 Marks

Hence, option 1.

To reach next floor of a building using an escalator moving upwards, a person takes 56 seconds and climbs 42 steps of an escalator. When the same person increases his speed, he can climb 94 steps in 30 seconds to reach the next floor. How many steps does the escalator have, between the two floors?

1)

75

 2) 112 3) 124 4) 144 5) 154

Solution:

Let escalator move x steps/sec.

So in 56 sec, the escalator covers 56x steps.

Hence the total number of steps on the escalator is 42 + 56x.

Similarly, in 30 sec the escalator covers 30x steps.

Hence total number of steps on the escalator = 94 + 30x

8.

3 Marks

Solving both the equations

42 + 56x = 94 + 30x

x = 2

Total number of steps is 154.

Hence, option 5.

A rabbit sees a greyhound 500 meters away from it, and scuds off in the opposite direction at a speed of 75 kmph. 30 seconds later, the greyhound sees the rabbit and chases the rabbit at a speed of 120 kmph. After how much time does the greyhound catch up with the rabbit?

 1) 30 sec 2) 1 minutes 3) 90 sec 4) 3 minutes 5) 5 minutes

Solution:  Distance between the rabbit and the greyhound after 30 sec = 500 + 625 = 1125

meter   9.

3 Marks

Hence, option 3.

A beats B in a 500 meter race by 25 meter. B beats C in a 400 meter race by 20 meter. By how many meters will A beat C in an 800 meter race?

 1) 40 meter 2) 45 meter 3) 55 meter 4) 66 meter 5) 78 meter

Solution:

Let speed of A, B and C be A s , B s and C s respectively.

A beats B in a 500 m race by 25 m B beats C in a 400 m race by 20 m Multiplying both the equations, A beats C in an 800 meter race by = 800 – 722 = 78 meter.

10.

3 Marks

Hence, option 5.

A gives B a start of 15 sec or 25 meters in an 800 m race, so that they can both finish the race simultaneously. How long does A take to complete the race?

 1) 320 sec 2) 400 sec 3) 465 sec 4) 495 sec 5) 415 sec

Solution:

Here B runs 25 meters in 15 sec. Time taken by A to complete the race = 480 – 15 = 465 sec

11.

3 Marks

Hence, option 3.

Time in a clock is 2 hours and 25 minutes. Find the smaller angle between the two hands of the clock.

 1) 90° 2) 92° 3) 96° 4) 77.5° 5) 106.5°

Solution: The angle between 2 and 5 is 90°

The angle between the minute hand and hour hand at 2:25 = 90 − 12.5 = 77.5°.

12.

3 Marks

Hence, option 4.

The angle between the hours and minutes hands of a clock is 42°. What time could the clock be showing?

 1) 10:03:10 2) 2:17:32 3) 4:29:27 4) 6:40:51 5) 5:32:54

Solution:

At 10 o’clock, the minute hand will gain 42° in At 2 o’clock, the minute hand will gain 42° in At 4 o’clock, the minute hand will gain 42° in

13.

3 Marks At 6 o’clock, the minute hand will gain 42° in At 5 o’clock, the minute hand will gain 42° in Hence, option 3.

At what time between 3 am and 4 am do the hours and minutes hands make an angle of 180 degrees?

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)     Solution:

This will happen when the minute hand gains (30 + 15) minutes = 45 minutes over the hour hand.

14.

3 Marks

The minute hand gains 45 minutes in i.e. The hands will be 180l apart at Hence, option 2.

At what time between 7 am and 8 am are the hours and minutes hands of a clock together?

1)

2)   3)

4)

5)   Solution:

At 7 am, the clock hands are 35 minutes apart. The minute hand must gain 35 minutes before the hands can be together. The minute hand gains 35 minutes in  15.

3 Marks

Hence, option 4.

At what time between 5 am and 6 am do the hours and minutes hands of a clock make an angle of 72 degrees?

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)     Solution:

At 5 pm, the clock hands are 25 minutes apart. An angle of 72° will be formed when the minute hand gains (25 – 12) minutes = 13 minutes over the hour hand.  16.

3 Marks

Hence, option 5.

A car after travelling 18 km from a point A developed some problem in the engine and speed became 4/5 of its original speed. As a result, the car reached point B 45 30 km

minutes late If the en ine had develo ed the same

roblem after travellin

g from A, then it would have reached B only 36 minutes late. The original speed of the car (in km per hour) and the distance between the points A and B (in km) is

.

g

p

p

 1) 25, 130 2) 30, 150 3) 20, 90 4) None of these

Solution:

Let the total distance between points A and B be d km and let the original speed of the car be x kmph.

17.

3 Marks

Time taken to cover distance d with speed x = d/x

As per conditions in the question,  0.2d – 4.5 = 0.75x
… (i)
0.2d – 7.5 = 0.6x
… (ii)

Solving (i) and (ii) simultaneously,

x = 20 and d = 97.5

Hence, option 4.

Two trains are travelling in opposite direction at uniform speed 60 and 50 km per hour respectively. They take 5 seconds to cross each other. If the two trains had travelled in the same direction, then a passenger sitting in the faster moving train would have overtaken the other train in 18 seconds. What are the lengths of trains (in metres)?

 1) 112.78 2) 97.78, 55 3) 102.78, 50 4) 102.78, 55

Solution:

Let the lengths and speeds of the two trains be denoted by L 1 and L 2 , s 1 and s 2 respectively.

Here, s 1 = 60 km/hr and s 2 = 50 km/hr.

(i) Consider the two trains moving in opposite directions:

Relative speed = s 1 + s 2 = 60 + 50 = 110 km/hr  (ii) Consider the two trains moving in the same direction:

Relative speed = s 1 s 2 = 60 – 50 = 10 km/hr The length to be covered by the 1 st train if a passenger in it has to completely cross the 2 nd train = Length of the 2 nd train = L 2 .

18.

3 Marks  Thus, L 1 = 152.78 – 50 = 102.78 m

Hence, option 3.

Every day Neera’s husband meets her at the city railway station at 6.00 p.m. and drives her to their residence. One day she left early from the office and reached the railway station at 5.00 p.m. She started walking towards her home, met her husband coming from their residence on the way and they reached home 10 minutes earlier than the usual time. For how long did she walk?

 1) 1 hour 2) 50 minutes 3) 4) 55 minutes

Solution:

The time taken by the car in both the directions is the same. As Neera reaches 10 minutes earlier than usual, the car saves 10 minutes of total travel, and 5 minutes of travel in each direction.

The car which usually meets Neera at 6:00 pm, meets her at 5:55 pm.

19.

3 Marks

Neera walks for 55 minutes.

Hence, option 4.

A man can walk up a moving ‘up’ escalator in 30 seconds. The same man can walk down this moving ‘up’ escalator in 90 seconds. Assume that his walking speed is the same both upwards and downwards. How much time will he take to walk up the escalator, when it is not moving?

 1) 30 seconds 2) 45 seconds 3) 60 seconds 4) 90 seconds

Solution:

Let the number of steps on the escalator be n and let the speed of the escalator be s steps per second

If the speed of the man on the escalator is x steps per second, then  Dividing (ii) by (i), x = 2s

Substituting in (i),

n = 90s = 45x

Time taken by the man to walk up the escalator, when it is not moving

20.

3 Marks Hence, option 2.

Mr. and Mrs. Shah travel from City A to City B and break the journey at City C in between. Somewhere between City A and City C, Mrs. Shah asks “How far have we travelled?” Mr. Shah replies “Half as far as the distance from here to City C”.

Somewhere between City C and City B, exactly 200 km from the point where she asked the first question, Mrs. Shah asks “How far do we have to go?” Mr. Shah

replies “Half as far as the distance from City C to here.” The distance between Cities

A and B is

(in km)

 1) 200 2) 100 3) 400 4) 300

Solution:

To find the distance between A and B consider the following diagram.

The places where Mrs. Shah asks the questions the first and the second time are D and E respectively. Point D is half as far away from A as the distance from D to City C.

So, AD : DC = 1 : 2

Point E is as half as far away from B as the distance from City C to E.

21.

3 Marks

CE : EB = 2 : 1

If CD = x and CE = y But,

DE = x + y = 200

AB = 300 km

Hence, option 4.

A train without stopping travels at 60 km per hour and with stoppages at 40 km per hour. What is the time taken for stoppages on a route of 300 km?

 1) 10 hours 2) 20 hours 3) 5 hours 4) 2.5 hours

Solution:   22.

3 Marks

So the stoppages time is = 7.5 – 5 = 2.5 hrs

Hence, option 4.

A ship leaves on a long voyage. When it is 18 miles from the shore, a sea plane, whose speed is ten times that of the ship, is sent to deliver the mail. How far from the shore does the sea plane catch up with the ship?

 1) 24 miles 2) 25 miles 3) 22 miles 4) 20 miles

Solution:

Let the speed of the ship be s mph and that of the plane be 10s mph.

So, the relative speed is 9s.

The distance after which the plane catches up with the ship Hence, option 4.

Group Question

Answer the following questions based on the information given below.

Q started to move from point B towards point A. Exactly an hour later P started from A in the opposite direction. P’s speed was twice that of Q. When P had covered one-sixth of the distance between the points A and B, Q had also covered the same distance.

23. The point where P and Q would meet is

3 Marks

 1) Closer to A 2) Exactly between A and B 3) Closer to B 4) P and Q will not meet at all

Solution:

Let the distance between A and B be d.

If the speed of Q be s, then the speed of P is 2s

In the first hour, Q travels a distance of s. By conditions,   This is closer to B than to A.

Hence, option 3.

24. How many hours would P take to reach B?

 3 Marks 1) 2 2) 5 3) 6 4) 12 Solution: To reach B, P would take Hence, option 3. 25. How many more hours would Q (compared to P) take to complete his journey? 3 Marks 1) 4 2) 5

3)

4)

6

7

Solution:

Q would take This is 6 hours more than P.

Hence, option 3.

Group Question

Answer the following questions based on the information given below.

ABC forms an equilateral triangle in which B is 2 km from A. A person starts walking from B in a direction parallel to AC and stops when he reaches a point D directly east of C. He then reverses direction and walks till he reaches a point E directly south of C.

26. Then D is:

3 Marks

 1) 3 km east and 1 km north of A 2) 3) 4) Solution: The distance from B to D is equal to the distance from B to E, i.e. 2 km.   Hence, option 2.

27. The total distance walked by the person is:

3 Marks

 1) 3 km 2) 4 km 3) 4) 6 km

Solution:

The total distance walked by the person = BD + DB + BE = 2 + 2 + 2 = 6 km.

28.

3 Marks

Hence, option 4.

Shyam went from Delhi to Shimla via Chandigarh by car. The average speed from Delhi to Chandigarh was one and half as much as that from Chandigarh to Shimla. If the average speed for the entire journey was 49 kmph, what was the average speed from Chandigarh to Shimla?

 1) 39.2 kmph 2) 63 kmph 3) 42 kmph 4) None of these

Solution:

Let Delhi, Chandigarh and Shimla and be denoted by D, C and S respectively.

Also, let the distance between D and C be 3x, then the distance between C and S = 4x.

Let the average speed between C and S be v,  Distance between D and S = 3x + 4x = 7x Thus, the average speed between C and S = v = 42 kmph.

29.

3 Marks

Hence, option 3.

It takes a pendulum clock 7 seconds to strike 4 o’clock. How much time will it take to strike 11 o’clock?

 1) 18 seconds 2) 20 seconds 3) 19.25 seconds 4) 23.33 seconds

Solution:

It takes 7 seconds to strike 4 o’clock,

At 4 o’ clock, there are 4 – 1 = 3 rounds between each strike. Thus, for each round, it takes

30.

3 Marks To strike 11 o’ clock, there are 11 – 1 = 10 rounds, for which it takes (10 × 2.33) = 23.33 s

Hence, option 4.

Along a road lie an odd number of stones placed at intervals of 10 m. These stones have to be assembled around the middle stone. A person can carry only one stone at

a time. A man carried out the job starting with the stone in the middle, carrying

stones in succession, thereby covering a distance of 4.8 km. Then the number of stones is

1)

2)

3)

4)

35

15

29

31

Solution:

Let the total number of stones be equal to (2x + 1), where there are x stones on each side of the middle stone.

On each side, distance travelled = 20 × 1 + 20 × 2 +0 + 20 × x = 20(1 + 2 + … + x) Thus, the total distance travelled = 2 × 10(x)(x+1) = 20(x)(x + 1)

31.

3 Marks

= 4.8 kms = 4800 m x = 15

Thus, the total number of stones = 2x + 1 = 31

Hence, option 4.

A and B walk from X to Y, a distance of 27 km at 5 kmph and 7 kmph respectively. B reaches Y and immediately turns back meeting A at Z. What is the distance from X to Z?

 1) 25 km 2) 22.5 km 3) 24 km 4) 20 km

Solution:

The distance between X and Y is 27 kms.

Let the distance between Y and Z be d kms.

Since A travels faster than B, he reaches Y and then turns back to meet A at Z.

Here, A travels a distance of (27 + d) kms while B travels a distance of (27 – d) kms. d = 4.5 kms

Thus, the distance between X and Z = 27 – d = 27 – 4.5 = 22.5 kms.

32.

3 Marks

Hence, option 2.

The winning relay team in a high school sports competition clocked 48 minutes for a distance of 13.2 km. Its runners A, B, C and D maintained speeds of 15 kmph, 16 kmph, 17 kmph, and 18 kmph respectively. What is the ratio of the time taken by B to that taken by D?

1)

5 : 16

 2) 5 : 17 3) 9 : 8 4) 8 : 9

Solution: Since, each runner is running the same distance; the ratio of the time taken for B and

D will be the reverse of the ratio of their speeds (Speed is inversely proportional to

time, when the distance is constant).

The ratio of the time taken by B and D = 18 : 16 = 9 : 8

33.

3 Marks

Hence, option 3.

In a race of 200 meters, A beats S and N by 20 metres and 40 metres respectively. If S and N are running a race of 100 metres with exactly same speed as before, then, by how many metres will S beat N?

 1) 11.11 metres 2) 10 metres 3) 12 metres 4) 25 metres

Solution:

In a 200 m race, A beats S by 20 m and N by 40 m.

Thus, when A covers 200 m, S covers only 180 m and N covers only 160 m. Hence, in a 100 m race, S beats N by (100 − 88.89) = 11.11 m

34.

3 Marks

Hence, option 1.

Three bells chime at intervals of 18, 24 and 32 minutes respectively. At a certain time they begin to chime together. What length of time will elapse before they chime together again?

 1) 2 hours 24 minutes 2) 4 hours 48 minutes 3) 1 hour 36 minutes 4) 5 hours

Solution:

The three bells will ring together again at:

35.

3 Marks

Least Common Multiple of (18, 24, 32).

18 = 2 × 3 × 3 = 2 1 × 3 2

 24 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 = 2 3 × 3 1 32 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 = 2 5 × 3 0

Thus, LCM = 2 5 × 3 2 = 32 × 9 = 288 minutes

= 4 hrs, 48 minutes

Hence, option 2.

In a mile race, Akshay can be given a start of 128 metres by Bhairav. If Bhairav can give Chinmay a start of 4 metres in a 100-metre dash, then who out of Akshay and Chinmay will win a race of one and half miles, and what will the final lead given by the winner to the loser be? (One mile is 1600 metres).

1)

2)

3)

4)    Solution:

Given: 1 mile = 1600 m.

(i) Akshay can be given a start of 128 m by Bhairav in a mile race:

When Bhairav covers 1600 m, then Akshay covers (1600 – 128) = 1472 m

(ii) Chinmay can be given a start of 4 m by Bhairav in a 100 m race:

When Bhairav covers 100 m, then Chinmay covers (100 – 4) = 96 m

Thus, when Bhairav covers 1600 m, then Chinmay covers 96 × 16 = 1536 m and Akshay covers 1472 m.

Hence, when Chinmay covers 2400 m (1.5 mile), then Akshay covers Thus, Akshay can be given a start of Hence, option 4.