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Etymology The word Dance comes from an old German word, Danson, which means to stretch. Definition - a sport and art form that generally refers to movement of the body, usually rhythmic and to music used as a form of expression, social interaction or presented in a spiritual or performance setting. - It is an art performed by individuals or groups of human beings, existing in time and space, in which the human body is the instrument and movement is the medium - Rhythmic movement of the body to create emotions with music - Succession or arrangement of steps performed for purposes such as rituals or expression of inner thoughts History Dance has certainly been an important part of ceremony, rituals, celebrations and entertainment since before the birth of the earliest human civilizations. Archeology delivers traces of dance from prehistoric times such as the 9,000 year old Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka paintings in India and Egyptian tomb paintings depicting dancing figures from circa 3300 BC.Dance does not leave behind clearly identifiable physical artifacts such as stone tools, hunting implements or cave paintings. It is not possible to say when dance became part of human culture. One of the earliest structured uses of dances may have been in the performance and in the telling of myths. It was also sometimes used to show feelings for one of the opposite gender. It is also linked to the origin of "love making." Before the production of written languages, dance was one of the methods of passing these stories down from generation to generation. Elements of Dance Choreography - creation of steps with music and movement with a rhythm of music Costumes - the style of dress that a dancer wears. It depends upon the color Dancer - a person who perform synchronize movement. usually employed on contract or for particular performances/productions such as Anna Pavlova Patrick Swayze Rudolf Nureyev.

Decoration - it pertains to props, design and accessories. Movement - the action of the dancer as they move to create various and to communicate with audience Music - the mood and the plan based on the music Technique - control of the muscles over the body Theme - it is actually the main content of the dance. It tells us what the dance is trying to convey Choreographer - Choreographers are generally university trained and are typically employed for particular projects or, more rarely may work on contract as the resident choreographer for a specific dance company. Joy Cancho, Geleen Eugenio, Leonides D. Arpon, Gerald Casel, and Max Luna III Filipino Different kinds of dance Folk Dance - it pertains to traditional dance Example: Tinikling, Cariosa, Social Dance - it is a kind of dance that we perform in small gatherings Example: Ballroom Dance, Cha Cha, Rumba, Waltz, and Sway Modern Dance - based on the natural expressive movements by which means the dancer expresses a wide range of emotions Example: Solo, Group Dance, and Interpretative Dance Ethnic Dance - used to perform their rituals Example: Pagdiwata of the Tagbanwa of Palawan Indian Dance - highly exaggerated facial expression and extensive vocabulary of hand gestures

Example: Kathakali, Bhangra, and Punjab Ballet - a stage entertainment which enacts a story of expresses a dramatic idea through dance or theatrical story telling. It is a combined with music, drama, poetry, song, costumes and dance. Example: The Swan Court Dance - a street dance. Example: Panagbenga and Ati-atihan Theatrical Dance - perform in order to convey drama or play. Example: Opera, Myme, and Classical dance