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SPED Professional Piping Designer (PPD) Level III Syllabus

1. The Basics of Plant Layout Design The plant layout designer The designers role Principal functions Project input data The logical diagram Basic layout philosophy Plan view layout Elevation layout Diagonal piping runs Valve manifolds Use of space Abbreviations, standards and terminology Abbreviations Codes and standards Piping codes Terminology 2. Plant Layout Specification The component of Specification Modifications Terms Equipment arrangement Equipment elevations Roads, paving, and railroads Platforms, ladders and stairs Maintenance Plant operation Above-ground piping Pipeway design procedure 3. Plot Plans The Plot plan in the process unit Definition Plot plan development Types of plot plans The grade-mounted horizontal inline arrangement The structure-mounted vertical arrangement Equipment location Plant layout specification Economic piping Process requirements Common operation Real estate availability Equipment sizes Underground facilities Climate conditions Pipe racks Roads, access ways and paving buildings Equipment spacing Planning printing plant size Printing plant layout essentials Sample plot plan arrangement 4. Compressors Auxiliary equipment Selection of auxiliary equipment to be Parts compressor Centrifugal compressors: nozzles orientations Types of machines Size and position of nozzles Horizontal split-case compressors Vertical split-case compressors Reciprocating compressors Types of machines Types of cylinders Types of compressor drives Lube oil system Seal oil system Room of compressor Surface condensers and auxiliary equipment Equipment location and elevation Compressor maintenance Compressor maintenance versus economics Maintenance considerations for no shelter

Compressor arrangement and location No shelter Enclosed structure Elevations of machines Centrifugal compressors Reciprocating compressors Inter-and after coolers Storage vessel Housing and platform requirements General compressor layout Centrifugal compressor: inlet piping Suction line strainers Break-out flanges Miscellaneous piping connections High-Pressure steam inlet piping Straightening vanes Reciprocating compressor piping Compressor foundation, cylinder and snubber supports Line branches compressor pipe supports Drain piping 5. Drums Types of drums Capacity of drums with Korbogen heads Location of drums Elevation and support Nozzle locations Platform arrangements Piping arrangements Drum instrumentation Maintenance Further considerations 6. Exchangers Types and use of exchangers General parts and terminology of exchangers Location of exchangers Layout of shell and tube exchangers in banks Exchanger construction Shell and tube exchangers Plate exchangers Spiral heat exchangers Double pipe exchangers Air cooler exchangers Exchanger location and support Nozzle orientation Exchanger piping

Exchanger maintenance 7. Furnaces Basic operation and primary parts of a furnace Types of furnaces Terminology Burners Combustion air preheating systems General arrangement of furnaces Setting furnace elevation Auxiliary equipment Piping layout for a furnace Circular furnace piping Box-type furnace piping Convection section piping Burner management system piping Transfer line piping Tail gas incinerator and waste heat unit 8. Pumps Pump terminology NPSH requirements Types of pumps Centrifugal pumps Positive displacement (reciprocating) pumps Rotary pumps Pumps Locations Locating boiler feed pumps Locating vertical pumps Pump piping Piping layout considerations Suction and discharge piping for horizontal pumps Flexibility of lines Multiple-pump piping arrangements Steam turbine piping arrangements Auxiliary pump piping arrangements Types of pump drivers Pump piping supports Pump harness piping 9. Reactors Process operation Types of reactors Design consideration for reactors Location of reactors Support and elevation Nozzle location and elevations

Platform arrangements Piping arrangements Maintenance 10. Towers The distillation process Batch shell Continuous shell Fractional distillation Vapor and liquid flow Types of towers Reflux Design considerations for towers Tower elevation and support Tower internals Nozzle elevation and orientation Platform arrangements Tower piping Reboiler connections Tower instruments Maintenance 11. Pipe Racks Establishing width, bent spacing, and elevation bent spacing Setting line, valve and instrumentation locations Pipe flexibility and supports Structural considerations Other considerations 12. Structures Design features Structural terms Structural details Small structures Medium-sized structures Large structures Stair structures Drill structures Operation platforms 13. Underground Piping Industry standards Terminology Types of systems Uncontaminated storm water Contaminated storm water Oily water sewer Chemical sewer Combined sewer Seminary sewer Blowdown system Pump-out system

Solvent collection system Cooling water Fire water Potable water Construction of systems Construction materials Oily water and storm water systems Line sizing Chemical and process (closed) sewers Process and potable water Fire water system Deluge and spray systems Underground electrical and instrument ducts Underground details Double containment underground systems Fabrication Underground composite 14. Instrumentation Types of instruments Instrument locations Miscellaneous 15. Process Liquid Storage Tanks Codes and regulation National fire protection association codes The occupational safety and health act Local codes and regulations Terminology Selection of type of connections Types of tanks Cone-roofs tank Floating-roof tank Low-temperature storage tank Horizontal pressure tank (bullet) Hortonsphere pressure tank Fire protection Pumps area Piping installation and flexibility Spill containment Dike access Sizing tanks and dikes Tank details Tank supports 16. Stress Analysis Introduction to piping stress Pipe stress analysis work process Critical lines list

Stress isometrics Analysis and revision Conceptual studies Three-dimensional modelling (3-D) Isometric extraction and approval Impacts of excessive pipe stress Overstressing piping components Overstressing nozzles Impacting mechanical equipment Causes of pipes stress Weight Thermal Other Layout solutions for weight stress Piperack pipe allowable spans Branch pipe allowable spans Unsupported overhand allowable spans Breaking up a system into its spans Other weight stress problems Layout solutions of thermal loads Determining the thermal growth of a pipe Checking the piping layout on rotating equipment Checking the piping layout in piperacks Cold springing the piping to reduce the loads on equipment nozzles Layout solutions for other stress Checking the piping layout for reciprocating equipment Checking the piping layout for wind stress 17. Computer-Aided Design Basic cad applications Graphics symbols Standard drawings Layering Scanning and translation Automated drawings Integrated modelling systems Systems engineering and instrument design Conceptual planning Detailed Planning Detailed Engineering Interference Checking Issue Documents Electronic spool sheets Cad benefits summary