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Indian Institute of Technology Bombay Department of Civil Engineering Autumn Semester 2011-2012

CE – 307 Design of Structures I Laboratory – 8 Solution

Common data for both problems:

1. Maximum size of aggregate – 20 mm

2. Stirrups bar diameter – 8 mm

3. Top anchor bars – 12 mm

4. Exposure condition: Severe

Design Data:

Span, l = 10 m Width of Beam, b = 230 mm Total depth of Beam, D = 550 mm Concrete strength, f ck = 35 MPa Steel strength, f y = 500 MPa

Support Moment:

Moment due to dead load, M sup,DL = 95 kN-m Moment due to Live load, M sup,IL = 145 kN-m

Mid-span Moment:

Moment due to dead load, M mid,DL = 75 kN-m Moment due to Live load, M mid,IL = 135 kN-m

Design for Support Moment:

1. Calculate the Ultimate Support Moment:

M

M

u

,sup

u ,sup

1.5

1.5



 

MM

95

sup,

DL

145

M

u ,sup

360

kN-m

2. Calculate d & d’:

sup,

IL

September 23, 2011

Given, D 550 mm. Assume maximum longitudinal bar diameter of 32 mm and

transverse reinforcement diameter of 8 mm.

Hence, d 550 45 8

16 481 480 mm

d = Depth of compression reinforcement = 45 8 16

1

69 70 mm

Depth ration = d/d = 0.145.

3. Calculate M u,lim :

From balanced-section considerations:

M

M

M

u

,lim

u ,lim

u ,lim

0.133

0.133

241.5

 

ck

230

f

bd



35

2

480

kNm <

M

u,sup

2

Therefore, design the beam at support as doubly-reinforced section.

Calculate area of steel (you can also calculate this directly using other expressions derived in class):

 x u .max  700 d 1100  0.87 f y x    0.416 u .max  384.89 mm d

a.

Calculate:

0.456

b. Determine lever-arm:

z

max

 



d

1

c. Determine area of required tension steel for limiting moment:

A

st 1

M u ,lim

0.87 f z

y

max

1221 mm 2

4. Calculate A st2 :

A st 2

M u ,2

0.87

fd (

y

d

'

)

665

mm

2

5. Calculate Total A st :

AAA

st

st

1

st

2

1886

2

mm

Adopt 2-Y32+1-Y20 bars in tension (total area

or

A st , provided

= 1922 mm 2 ,

p

t tension

,

1.74%

)

A

st

2,

provided

AA 701 mm

st , provided

st

1

Note – There may be problem with distributing 3 bars in tension at the same level.

Alternately, we may also adopt 4-Y25 bars in tension (total area

A st , provided

=

1964 mm 2 , or

p

t tension

,

1.78%

), and carry out further calculations accordingly.

6. Calculate f sc :

2

f sc = 395 N/mm 2 (From Table-F of SP 16 as given in class)

7. Calculate A sc :

2

A

sc

A

st

2,

provided

0.87

f

y

f sc

772

mm 2

Adopt 2-Y20 + 1-Y16 bars in compression (total area

Clear spacing check:

a. Clear spacing between tension bars =

[230 (2

45) (2

8)

(4

25)]/ 3 8 mm

A sc, provided

= 829 mm 2 )

Required clear spacing = 20 (max aggregate size) + 5 = 25 mm (Clause 26.3.2) > Clear spacing between bars. Hence provide the bars in two layers.

b. Clear spacing Compression between bars =

[230 (2

45) (2

8)

(3

20)]/ 2 32 mm

Required clear spacing = 20 (max aggregate size) + 5 = 25 mm (Clause 26.3.2) < Clear spacing between bars. Hence OK.

Minimum longitudinal steel content:

a. Tension steel: 0.85
0.24
f ck
,
f
f
y
y
 p
t ,min

t ,min

max

p t ,temsion

Since

Hence OK.

Maximum longitudinal steel content:

a. Tension steel:

t ,max

min

0.04

Or

Hence OK.

p

t ,min

2.5%

>

D

d

p

, 0.025

t ,tension

 

 

 max 0.0017, 0.0028

0.0028

 min 0.045, 0.025

0.025

Design for Mid-Span Moment:

1. Calculate the Ultimate Support Moment:

2. Calculate d & d’:

M

M

u mid

,

u mid

,



1.5

1.5

 

MM

75

,,

135

mid live

M

u ,sup

315

kNm

3

Given, D 550 mm. Assume maximum longitudinal bar diameter of 32 mm and

transverse reinforcement diameter of 8 mm.

Hence, d 550 45 8

16 481 480 mm

d' = Depth of compression reinforcement = 45 8 16

Depth ration = d/d = 0.145.

3. Calculate M u,lim :

69 70 mm

From balanced-section considerations:

M

M

M

u

,lim

u ,lim

u

,lim

0.133

0.133

241.5

 

ck

230

f

bd



35

2

480

kNm <

M

u,sup

2

Therefore, design the beam at support as doubly-reinforced section.

Calculate area of steel (you can also calculate this directly using other expressions derived in class):

a.

Calculate:

x u .max

700

d

1100

0.87

f

y

b. Determine lever-arm:

0.456

z

max

 



d

1

0.416

x

u .max

d

 

384.89

mm

c. Determine area of required tension steel for limiting moment:

A

st 1

M u ,lim

0.87 f z

y

max

1221 mm 2

4. Calculate A st2 :

A

st

2

M u ,2

0.87

fd (

y

d

'

)

413

mm

2

5. Calculate Total A st :

AAA

st

st

1

st

2

1634

2

mm

Adopt 2-Y28+2-Y16 bars in tension (total area

or

A st , provided

= 1634 mm 2 ,

p

t tension

,

1.62%

)

A

st

2,

provided

AA 413 mm

st , provided

st

1

6. Calculate f sc :

2

f sc = 395 N/mm 2 (From Table-F of SP 16 as given in class)

7. Calculate A sc :

4

A

sc

A

st

2,

provided

0.87

f

y

f sc

455

mm 2

Adopt 2-Y20 bars in compression (total area

Clear spacing check:

A sc, provided

= 628 mm 2 )

a. Clear spacing between tension bars =

[230 (2

45) (2

8)

(2

28) (2

16)]/ 3 12 mm

Required clear spacing = 20 (max aggregate size) + 5 = 25 mm (Clause 26.3.2) > Clear spacing between bars. Hence provide the bars in two layers.

b. Clear spacing Compression between bars =

[230 (2

45) (2

8)

(2

20)] 84 mm

Required clear spacing = 20 (max aggregate size) + 5 = 25 mm (Clause 26.3.2) < Clear spacing between bars. Hence OK.

c. The minimum and maximum steel content check is not given here since their values have already been calculated above, and the steel provided is seen to be within this limit.

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