Sei sulla pagina 1di 31

Kantipur Engineering College Dhapakhel, Lalitpur

(Affiliated to Tribhuvan University )

Kantipur Engineering College Dhapakhel, Lalitpur ( Affiliated to Tribhuvan University ) A Case Study Report On

A Case Study Report On " Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Market"

By:-

Bipin Timalsina(51/BEX/061) Rajendra Ranjit (70/BEX/061) Ramu Sharma Poudel (72/BEX/061) Samrat Subedi (73/BEX/061)

Department of Electronics and Computer Engineering Lalitpur,Nepal

July 10, 2008

Data and information in this study report has been obtained by us, from the source believed to be reliable. The information contain here are only for scholar purpose only. We don not guarantee the accuracy and completeness of any information included here and we are not responsible for any error and damages arises due to use of these information. For detail and complete information concern department should be sought.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

First of all we would like to thank our subject teacher Mr. Rabindra Khati for her co- operation right from the starting of our case study. In case of any difficulties we are receiving continuous help from the department.

Similarly the immense help and Information provided by staff of KFVMDB is heading this case study project towards success. So we cannot forgot their help for providing the information required by us.

We would also like to thank all those who are directly or indirectly involved to build this project.

Finally we would like to thank all our Group members for their continuous support and motivation.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE

Page No.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

I

TABLE OF CONTENTS

II

1 – INTRODUCTION

1

  • 1.1 Background of Organization

1

1.1.1 Geographical location

2

  • 1.2 Strategies outline of the KFVMDB

3

  • 1.2.1 Goal

3

  • 1.2.2 Vision

3

  • 1.2.3 Objectives of the KFVMDB

3

  • 1.3 Composition of the KFVDMB

3

  • 1.4 Organizational Structure of the organization

4

  • 1.5 Objectives of the Study

5

  • 1.6 Significance of the Study

5

  • 1.7 Limitations of the study

5

  • 1.8 METHODOLOGY

6

  • 1.8.1 Research Design

6

  • 1.8.2 Sources of Data

6

1.8.2.1 Primary Data

6

1.8.2.2 Secondary Data

6

  • 1.8.3 Data gathering and processing procedures

7

  • 1.8.4 Tools used for analysis

7

2 – PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

8

  • 2.1 Management Practices of KFVMDB

8

  • 2.2 Wholesale Market management system of KFVMDB

8

  • 2.2.1 Legal authority to the institution manages the market

9

  • 2.2.2 Regulatory rules and regulations and there

enforcement to

manage the market

9

  • 2.2.3 Market use planning system of KFVMDB

10

  • 2.2.4 Appropriate control of assets and manage by KFVMDB

11

  • 2.2.5 Contractual agreement between KFVDMB and its market users

11

  • 2.2.6 Contractual agreement between

KFVDMB and its service providers

12

2.2.7 Market information system of KFVMDB

13

  • 2.2.8 Effective decision making structure of the organization

13

  • 2.2.9 Staff in the organization

14

2.3 Income and expenditure of the organization

17

2.4 Distribution of arrival of Fruit & Vegetables in Kalimati Market,2004-2005

20

3 – SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION

23

  • 3.1 Summary

23

  • 3.2 Major Findings

24

  • 3.3 Conclusion

25

IV

©CHAPTER – I: INTRODUCTION

  • 1.1 Background of the Organization

Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Market is the pioneer organized terminal wholesales market, where retailers institutional consumers and others block consumer procure there supplies of commodities. For giving an organized shape to the marketing of agricultural production specially, vegetables and fruits product in Kathmandu valley. Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Market was set up

©CHAPTER – I: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Organization Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Market is the

by the food and agriculture department of the ministry of the agriculture in

©CHAPTER – I: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Organization Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Market is the

1987.

The need to bring important in the state of Kalimati market was identified as a priority. Hence an agreement Kalimati market project was signed in 1990 between His Majesty and United Nation Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) to construct equip the market with physical infrastructures. The present facilities are the outcome of that agreement. Government felt the needs of an independent body for the efficient operation and management of the market. Keeping in this view, Kalimate Fruits and Vegetable Wholesale Market Development Board was formulated on 13 th February 1995 under the development board act 1957.

©CHAPTER – I: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Organization Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Market is the

With a view to manage the operations of the market in an organized way and ensuring planned development of agriculture marketing, His Majesty’s government has formulated new organizational set up “Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Market Development Board 2002”.

©CHAPTER – I: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Organization Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Market is the

Recently, HMG/N has provided the responsibility of operation and management of Dharke collection center at Dadhing district and Balaju market which is under construction at Kathmandu to the Board.

1

1.1.2 Geographical Location

Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Wholesale Market is located at kathmandu (capital city of Nepal). This market is located at ward No. 13 Kathmandu metropolitan City. The land covered by market is 45 ropani.

1.1.2 Geographical Location Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Wholesal e Market is located at kathmandu (capital city

Major Supplying Sources of Kalimati Fruits and vegetables Market within country

1.1.2 Geographical Location Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Wholesal e Market is located at kathmandu (capital city
1.1.2 Geographical Location Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Wholesal e Market is located at kathmandu (capital city

The other main supply sources country of KFVM are: (in percentage)

1.1.2 Geographical Location Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Wholesal e Market is located at kathmandu (capital city
  • 1. India (13.68%)

  • 2. China (Tibet)(2.27%)

  • 3. Bhutan (1.14%)

2

1.2Strategies outline of the KFVMDB

  • 1.2.1 Goal

To up life the socio-economic condition of the fruits and vegetable producer farmers.

1.2Strategies outline of the KFVMDB 1.2.1 Goal To up life the socio-economic condition of the fruits
  • 1.2.2 Vision

Rapid commercialization of agriculture through market development.

  • 1.2.3 Objectives of the KFVMDB

To increase production and productivity of fruits and vegetable through creating market facility. To help establish and consulted equitable rural urban linkage. To develop satellite market outside Kalimati market collection centers. To make adequate arrangements for market intelligence.

To establish a system of standard market conduct and trade practices. To operate Kalimati market self-sustainable way in financially.

1.2Strategies outline of the KFVMDB 1.2.1 Goal To up life the socio-economic condition of the fruits

1.3 Composition of the KFVDMB

The Board consist the following members:

1.

2.

3. 4.
3.
4.

5.

The chairman appointed by the Majesty’s Government.

One representative from the Ministry of agriculture and co-operatives as the members.

The ward chairman, ward No. 13 representatives of Kathmandu

metropolitan city as the members.

A farmer nominated by HMG.

The Executive Director of the Board at the member secretary.

3

1.4 Organizational Structure of the organization

BOARD EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR DEPUTE DIRECTOR Legal Account Market mgt. Planning, section ADMINSTRATI section Section monitoring, ON
BOARD
EXECUTIVE
DIRECTOR
DEPUTE
DIRECTOR
Legal
Account
Market mgt.
Planning,
section
ADMINSTRATI
section
Section
monitoring,
ON SECTION
evaluation &
market
Staff
Revenue
Market
information
Adm.
unit
operation
section
and
General
Expendit
monitorin
Service
ure unit
g
Statistic
information &
Inventory
planning unit
(store)
Security
Engineering,
construction &
maintenance

4

1.5 Objectives of the Study

Major objective of the study is to analyze the management system of Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Market Development Board.

Specific objectives are:

To study the management practices of KFVMDB. To study levels of employment in KFVMDB. To analyze income and expenditure of the organization.

1.5 Objectives of the Study Major objective of the study is to analyze the management sy

1.6 Significance of the Study

Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Market is a big wholesale market of fruits and vegetable. This market
Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Market is a big wholesale market of fruits and
vegetable. This market has capable to representative of whole Kathmandu
valley in its sector. One of the objectives of the study is to analyze management
system of KFVMDB. So that itself it is important on other hand, there is a lack
of books and articles write about the management system of fruits and
vegetables wholesale market. This is the best try to come out in paper about the
fruits and vegetables wholesale market management system. I believe this
fieldwork report really to help who are interested to know about this type of
market management system.
1.7
Limitations of the study
This study is not perfectly complete. It has some incomplete parts. Because of
some matters are very secrete of the organization. The limitation certain to the
following aspects are:
Due to the limited time given for the fieldwork most data are
based on secondary data.
This study does not include implementation policy of the

KFVMDB.

This study does working.

not include overall

staffs and there

method of

5

1.8 METHODOLOGY

1.8.1

Research Design

The most reliable and effective sources of the field report are concerned data in concerned field report. Data is the foundation of all fieldwork. Since the basic objective of the field report study "A Fieldwork Report on Management System of KFVDMB & Its Role and Function to Manage the Market" appreciate the methodology has been follows.

1.8 METHODOLOGY 1.8.1 Research Design The most reliable and effective sources of the field report are

The first step is to collect required information and data concern of the research report by contacting the concern staffs. This work is to be completed mainly secondary data but also some data’s are primary.

Sources of Data Primary Data Secondary Data us for our research. Here I KFVMDB
Sources of Data
Primary Data
Secondary Data
us
for
our
research.
Here
I
KFVMDB

1.8.2

The data required for the study is accumulated from the concerned authorities like KFVMDB.

1.8.2.1

Primary data is the actual data. They are collect from the research project in hand. These data are finding for the meeting of specific objectives of the study. The primary data here has been collected through observation, interview, situation analysis about the view regarding it managerial system.

1.8.2.2

Secondary data is that data which are already collected for the other propose.

But these data help information from:-

1.

collect these data and

2.

News published in the news paper about the KFVMDB

3.

T.V. and radio news about the KFVMDB.

6

1.8.3

Data gathering and processing procedures

After collecting the required data and information from the various sources and medium. The data and information are systematically arranged and tabulate in order to require of the study.

  • 1.8.4 Tools used for analysis

1.8.3 Data gathering and processing procedures After collecting the required data and information from the various

This research study are regards the various tools, diagram, org. chart, financial figure etc. as per clearly notify of the study.

7

CHAPTER – II: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

2.1 Management Practices of KFVMDB

A management is an important aspect. A success of an organization depends upon among others the efficiency of its management. It is concerned with optimization of resources. Resources denote man, machine, money, material above all, time. Time is money. The delay of improper use of time means waste of money. For example, the delay in the use of ice plant, fish shed and allocation space in the phase II multi propose shed building at Kalimati market was a loss of revenue. In other words to use all infrastructures properly, it should be built as per the need of the users should be practical. Ice plant of KFVMDB found quite impractical to produce ice therefore it was not rented out yet.

Wholesale Market management system of KFVMDB i) ii) iii) iv) Legal authority to the institutions managing
Wholesale Market management system of KFVMDB
i)
ii)
iii)
iv)
Legal authority to the institutions managing the market.
Regulatory rules and regulations and there enforcement.
Market use plans.
Appropriate control of assets and management.
v)
Contractual arrangements with market user.
viii)
ix)
remuneration and incentive.
Effective contractual arrangements with service providers.
Economically viability and sustainability.
x)
Management information service.

2.2

Some components are very essential to manage the wholesal e market as well the Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Wholesale Market Development Board has been following this path with this components.

vi) Effective decision marketing structure. vii) Adequate trained and disciplined staff and attractive

8

2.2.1

Legal authority to the institution manages the market

The legal authority and power is the most important condition for effective management of an organization and efficient operation of a market. The organization should be a legal authority delegated under the specific Act or by- law.

“In order to provide a sound legal frame work for agriculture marketing development, there is a need for legislative provisions which improve the enabling function, economic regulatory functions and empowers the authority at various levels to restrict socially undesirable events and consequences. Acts and rules to organize legal business entities, reduce business risk, standardized trading practice, attract foreign investment and joint venture, enable free movement of goods and free pricing mechanism help improve efficiency of marketing through strong participation of the private of the markets.

2.2.1 Legal authority to the in stitution manages the market The legal authority and power is

Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Development Board is formulated by the formation order, February 1995 under the development Board Act. The board “is empowered to formulate rules which are approved by the Government. The board can posses and deal in all kinds of property and duty fees. Legally, it has a separate and distinct entity.

2.2.1 Legal authority to the in stitution manages the market The legal authority and power is

The Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Development Board is need of celerity and adequacy in legal authority. The lack of clarity and well defined role and function of the Kalimati Board chairman and the market manager created problems in the management of the mark et experiencing frequent interference by the chairman. Since the Board is formed under the development Board Act, the government has a major role in terms of nomination of the Board Members. Due to the frequent changes of the government, the Government nominated Board Chairman and the members used to be changed. The author had experience of working with five chairmen with in the five years.

2.2.2

Regulatory rules and regulations and there enforcement to manage the market

The KFVMDB is well equipped with various rules developed with the

assistance of support “support to new Kalimati Market Project” which are as

follow:-

9

* Revised Kalimati Fruit and Vegetable Wholesale Market Development and operation rules, June 1999. Board staff Rules 1995. Revised board staffs Rules (draft) May 2000. Financial Administration Rules and account Manuals June 1999. Staff Requirement Manuals. * Retail and Farmers Market Operation Manuals. * Staff Job Description.

*

*

*

*

* Revised Kalimati Fruit and Vegetabl e Wholesale Market Development and operation rules, June 1999. Board

These rules are in force. However, the level of agreement is low since the enforcement of the rules particularly the market operation rule is weak. The advance of space and passage is very common in the MSB which is undesirable since it is hinders (obstructs) the movement of goods and customers and affects the business of others traders.

The level of compliance of the rules depends upon its understanding by the user, adequate authority to the staff to act, promote action on defaulters and cooperation of others user. It is essential on the part of the organization that the user themselves cooperate on the full compliance of the rules.

In case of non-compliance or for example use of authorized space, the board should be taking following action in sequence.

- Give warning to the violator to leave authorized space in friendly words. - Issue warning
-
Give warning to the violator to leave authorized space in friendly
words.
-
Issue warning in writing.
-
Remove the produce from the authorized space.
-
Levy penalty and fine.
-
Lastly, issues show cause notice why the lease agreement should not
be terminated.

The organization and its staffs should be committed that the rules are complied for the benefit of all users. The action taken against the defaulters should be transparent in order to reduce occurrence of such incidence and to make others users knowledgeable of the consequence of violation of rules.

  • 2.2.3 Market use planning system of KFVMDB

An efficient management of a wholesale market depends upon effective market use plan. The market may consist of various facilities such as selling floor or

10

shop, parking space, storage, toilet, restaurant, office rooms, management building, electrical and telecommunication facilities. A development of market facilities depend among others, the objective of market method of market operation, number of traders, amount of inflow and outflow of goods.

The proper market use plans as selling space use plans, traffic and parking plan, garbage collection
The proper market use plans as selling space use plans, traffic and parking plan,
garbage collection and disposal plan, security plan are essential to ensure
efficient use of facilities, avoid congestion, maintain good sanitary condition,
attain security etc. the space should be allocated separately depending upon the
type of commodities such as fresh vegetables or potato or fruit. The wholesale
and the retail facilities should not be with in an enclosure as far as possible. At
Kalimati the retail market and the wholesale market are separate hence the
customers confusion on market is very low, parking problem does not exist and
customers’ convenience is ensured.
At Kalimati Wholesale Market, the selling space is highly inadequate as the
Board had to allocate the available space to all the traders registered prior to
December, 1997 on an equitable basis. This has created the problem to the
traders that they do not have adequate space to unload even half a truck load of
vegetables. But now days try to good management to allocate the space to
farmers and traders as far as possible.
2.2.4
Appropriate control of assets and manage by KFVMDB
A Wholesale market dose consists of land shop, storages, office building, etc. in
the case of Kalimati Market the land belongs to the Agriculture Department.
The newly built facilities are handed over to the Board. However, it is not clear
whether the ownership is under the Board or the Ministry of Agriculture. So
that, it should be clear defined who is the owner and is responsible for short and
long term maintenance and capital replacement.
2.2.5
Contractual
agreement
between
KFVDMB
and
its
market
users

In order to ensure clear understanding and compliance of rules right and duties of the market user such as traders of wholesale market tenants and of retail shop, there should be contractual agreement between the market authority and the users. The agreement should clearly states:

11

duration of contract facilities to be used by user obligation of the users and the authority terms and condition amount of time of payment of rent and fees and penalties provision for amendments in agreement transfer of contract agreed access to lease’s premises arrangements for subletting

⇒ duration of contract ⇒ facilities to be used by user ⇒ obligation of the users

KFVDMB

and

its

Contractual agreement is also needed to ensure discipline in market operation and minimize legal dispute and litigation.

At Kalimati Market, the wholesalers have contract for space use for a period of five years and retailers for three years. They have to renew their license on an annual basis. The non-renewal of license on time means termination of the agreement.

2.2.6

Contractual

providers

agreement

between

service

⇒ duration of contract ⇒ facilities to be used by user ⇒ obligation of the users

The facilities and service to be provided by the market authority could be contracted out. The management of parking space, collection of entry fees, maintenance of toilets, and provision of security service can be given to private parties or organization in contract.

⇒ duration of contract ⇒ facilities to be used by user ⇒ obligation of the users

The Kalimati Board has contractual agreement with respect to cleaning of the market and the toilets. Such arrangement was made with security firm however it was discontinued due to inefficiency.

Even entry fee and parking fee collection could be arranged under contract.

However, it is necessary to ensure that the undue advantages are not extracted from the market uses. Also it is to be considered particularly in case of contract of entry fee that necessary information collection is tide up with the agreement and assured.

  • - Frequency of meetings was high and members received meeting fees.

12

In practice, these committees should be:

voluntary run on non-fee basis represented by real stakeholders backed by professional concerned with real issue

2.2.7 Market information system of KFVMDB Marketing information is one of the major activities of the
2.2.7
Market information system of KFVMDB
Marketing information is one of the major activities of the board. Wholesale
price information is collected twice a day one in the morning around 7 a. m. and
next in the afternoon at 1a.m. in addition daily arrival of commodities is
rewarded price data of a commodity is collected from five selected wholesaler.
The board as list of 5 selected wholesaler with two alternatives for each
commodity. Also there are selected wholesalers respondents of market
collection data.
Daily price information is broadcasted by Radio Nepal same day at 6.35 p.m.
besides, the board is publishing weakly and monthly reports for use by policy
makers and traders. And some daily newspapers are publishing of price list of
Kalimati Market regularly.
2.2.8
Effective decision making structure of the organization
An effective and prompt decision making is one of the most important elements
in the efficient management of a wholesale market. The decision makers should
a composite group of experienced people representation different stakeholder
including market management professional.
In the Kalimati Wholesale Market Development Board director has the
managing authority must be capable of making capable of making decision
which can be implemented.

At Kalimati Wholesale Market, there is a board of director with total members of 5 which are as follows:

Chairman ( Nominated by Government)

Member ( Representative by the Ministry of Agriculture)

13

Member (Chairman of ward no 13 of Kathmandu M.C.) Member (Representative by the farmers, which is nominated by Government) Member secretary (Executive Director of the Board)

  • 2.2.8 Staff in the organization

Market management is complex and it covers various aspect such as sanitation, security, traffic and parking, supplementary services management, day to day operation of markets, regular information service, legal matters, accounting, financial management and investment, staff management development. The basic objectives management is an optimum use of facilities and attains maximization of return.

Member (Chairman of ward no 13 of Kathmandu M.C.) Member (Representative by the farmers, which

To achieve the complex tasks there are need of adequate staff well trained in various field. The staff moral should be high always committed to there duty and to implement the Board decision. There should be a job security, reasonable salary and adequate incentive tied with profit/loss of the organization.

At Kalimati Market there is water treatment plant, ice plant, and freezer and could room hence the organization requires technical staff operating and maintaining these facilities.

Member (Chairman of ward no 13 of Kathmandu M.C.) Member (Representative by the farmers, which

14

The organization management staffs are as follows

Table:1 Post Levels No. of staffs Executive Director Deputy Director Account Officer Planning Officer Legal Officer
Table:1
Post
Levels
No. of staffs
Executive Director
Deputy Director
Account Officer
Planning Officer
Legal Officer
Market Operating Officer
Market Operating Officer (junior)
Computer Operators
Electronic Overseer
Planning Assistant
Assistant Administrators
Accountants
Civil Overseer
Store Keeper
Security Guard In charge
Electrician
Plumber
Assistant Level Employees
Heavy Vehicle Drivers
Light Vehicle Drivers
Security Guards
Peons
Total no. of staffs
8
1
8
1
6
1
6
1
6
1
6
1
5
1
5
2
5
1
5
1
5
3
5
2
5
1
5
1
5
3
4
1
4
1
4
11
3
2
2
2
2
18
no level
8
64
(Sources: KFVMDB-2005)

15

Chart:1

Staffs and level in the organization level, 7 level, 6 level, 5 1 2 level, 1
Staffs and level in the organization
level, 7
level, 6
level, 5
1
2
level, 1
3
4
level, 4
5
level, 2
level, 3
6
7

The chart of level and staffs in the organization has shows how many types of level of staff working in the organization. This chart indicates different levels of staff in different part. Like as the level 8 staff is one, level 6 staff is 5 etc.

Chart:1 Staffs and level in the organization level, 7 level, 6 level, 5 1 2 level,

16

2.3 Income and expenditure of the organization

Table 2

( According to the Record ) From Fiscal Year 2054/055 to 2061 Baishakh

Year

Income

Expenditure

Surplus

Increase/

Decrease

Income

Expenditure

Percentage

change in

Increase/

Decrease

Income

Expenditure

2055/56 2056/57 2057/58 2058/59 2059/60 2060/61 2061/62 2062/63 Rs. Rs Rs Rs Rs Rs Rs Rs
2055/56
2056/57
2057/58
2058/59
2059/60
2060/61
2061/62
2062/63
Rs.
Rs
Rs
Rs
Rs
Rs
Rs
Rs
2743805
3275695
3244888
7436238
8538072.55
11269019.98
14312713.26
12969666
2087957
2638471
3924264
7130926
7373839.1 8060104.22
9501591.00
8774063
655848
637224
-679376
305312
1164233.45
3208915.76
4811122.26
4195603
531890
-30807
4191350
1101835
2730947
3043693
-1343047
550514
1285793 3206662
242913
686265
1441487
-727528
19.39
-0.94
129.17 14.82
31.99
27.01
-9.38
26.37
48.73
81.71 3.41
9.31
17.88
-7.66
Source: KFVMDB-2005

This table shows the income, expenditure and surplus record from the fiscal year (2055\56) to 2062\63.

2.3 Income and expenditure of the organization Table 2 ( According to the Record ) From

17

Chart:2

Comparison among income, expenditure and surplus

16000000 14000000 12000000 10000000 8000000 6000000 4000000 2000000 0 2055/56 2056/57 2057/58 2058/59 2059/60 2060/61 2061/62
16000000
14000000
12000000
10000000
8000000
6000000
4000000
2000000
0
2055/56
2056/57
2057/58
2058/59
2059/60
2060/61
2061/62
2062/63
-2000000
Years
This chart 2 shows the income expenditure & surplus stream in the
different year of the organization. This organization had start to run in
own leg (own financial resources) from its established year. This
organization has strong financial position. Chart 2 shows loss of the
organization only one income year (2057/58).
Amount
Chart:2 Comparison among income, expenditure and surplus 16000000 14000000 12000000 10000000 8000000 6000000 4000000 2000000 0
Income Surplus
Income
Surplus

Expenditure

18

Table 3

  • 2.3.1 Income and Expenditure Report

Fiscal Year:-2061/062

Report from Shrawan,2061 to Ashadh,2062 (Amount in rupees)

Month Income Expenditure Surplus Budget Released Shrawan 1298253.67 638325.31 659928.36 1269347.30 Bhadra 1317706.16 957941.63 359764.53 1000000.00
Month
Income
Expenditure
Surplus
Budget Released
Shrawan
1298253.67
638325.31
659928.36
1269347.30
Bhadra
1317706.16
957941.63
359764.53
1000000.00
Ashwin
1330222.96
608577.80
721645.16
0.00
Kartik
1886943.64
784423.08
1102520.56 1000000.00
Mangsir
1876679.35
800007.74
1076671.61 1000000.00
Paush
1785852.44
1012853.2
772999.24
1000000.00
Magh
1982153.80
675829.00
1306324.8
1000000.00
Falgun
1758238.75
834161.62
924077.13
500000.00
Chaitra
1585653.97
1191281.92
394372.05 1000000.00
Baisakh
2372054.75
898358.08
1473696.67 1000000.00
Jesth
1677719.13
749806.72
927912.41 1000652.70
Asadh
1901965.76
2324463.59
-422497.83
1300000.00
Total:-
20773444.38 11476029.69
9297414.69 11070000.00
(Source: KFVMDB 2005)

Above the table has shows income, expenditure, surplus and budget released of organization in the income year 2062\63 in each month separately. We are found after the read of this table, the budget released averagely 1000000 but some month adding or deducting from 10lakh. Income and expenditure is not similar. Every month has different income and expenditure report in the table. The table also shows one month (Ashad) goes loss but others 11 months had earned surplus. As a whole in the income year 2061\62 had earned profit.

Table 3 2.3.1 Income and Expenditure Report Fiscal Year:-2061/062 Report from Shrawan, 2061 to Ashadh,2062 (Amount

19

Chart:3

Income & Expenditure for the income year 061/62 Shrawan Bhadra 3000000 Ashwin 2500000 Kartik 2000000 1500000
Income & Expenditure for the income
year 061/62
Shrawan
Bhadra
3000000
Ashwin
2500000
Kartik
2000000
1500000
Mangsir
1000000
Paush
500000
Magh
0
-500000
Falgun
-1000000
Chaitra
Baisakh
Jesth
Category
Asadh
This chart shows the income, expenditure, surplus and budget released
of the organization in the income year 2061\062 in each month
separately.
2.4 Distribution of arrival of Fruit & Vegetables in Kalimati
Rs
Income
Expenditure
Surplus
Budget
Released

Market,2004-2005

Table: 4 In KG Sn District Quantity 1 Bara 1357754 2 Bhaktapur 7406654 3 Chitwan 6072211
Table: 4
In KG
Sn
District
Quantity
1
Bara
1357754
2
Bhaktapur
7406654
3
Chitwan
6072211
4
Dhadging
24596531
5
Dhanusha
289140
6
Gorkha
1713780
7
Jhapa
2339170
8
Kathmandu
10539685
9
Kavre
21448248

20

10 Lalitpur 2653930 11 Makwanpur 14199223 12 Morang 164890 13 Nuwakot 2843734 14 Nawalparasi 481095 15
10
Lalitpur
2653930
11
Makwanpur
14199223
12
Morang
164890
13
Nuwakot
2843734
14
Nawalparasi
481095
15
Parsa
2471953
16
Rautahat
1512015
17
Sarlahi
5763305
18
Sunsari
1081340
19
Tanahu
914532
20
India
18108126
21
Tibet
2392685
22
Others
2876690

21

Chart: 4

Sourcewise Distribution of arrival of Fruit & Vegetables in Kalimati Market,2004-2005

Others

2% Bara Tibet Bhaktapur 1% 2% 6% Chitwan India 5% 14% Tanahu 1% Sunsari 1% Dhadging
2%
Bara
Tibet
Bhaktapur
1%
2%
6%
Chitwan
India
5%
14%
Tanahu
1%
Sunsari
1%
Dhadging
Sarlahi
19%
4%
Rautahat
1%
Parsa
2%
Dhanusha
Nawalparasi
0%
0%
Gorkha
Nuwakot
1%
2%
Jhapa
Morang
2%
0%
Kathmandu
Makwanpur
Lalitpur
8%
11%
2%
Kavre 16%
Kavre
16%

The above chart shows the source wise distribution of arrival of fruits and vegetables in Kalimati market in 2004-2005. Main source of fruits and vegetables arrival in the kalimati market is Dhadging which covers about18.70% of the total arrival. India covers 13.77%, Kavre covers 16.31%, Makwanpur cover 10.80, Kathmandu covers 8.01%, Bhaktapur covers 5.63%, Chitwan covers 4.62% and so on.

22

CHAPTER – III: SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION

3.1 Summary During the preparation of this field work report, I have gained experiment and confidence
3.1 Summary
During the
preparation of this field work report, I have gained
experiment and confidence how to talk with chief executive director and
other level of staffs in the organization in order to gain the required
informations.
The Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Development Board had under the set up
of HMG/Nepal. Ministry of Agriculture.
The Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Development Board is one of the
economically strong organizations. It has own sources of finance and this
organization is smoothly running to sustainable way.
The management system of this board is good. But they are not mobilized
their full resources.
Market sanitation is not good. Management always tries to keep clean the
market environment but some traders are not helping to management. So
that they have to co-ordinate with the traders and concern stakeholders of the
market.
Management is a system which has different types of people from different
work culture. They have their own approach to do work. They are set up in
the different position of the organization. Position indicates their
responsibilities and authorities in the management. So that the top
management level should have the knowledge of organization management.
Role and function of the Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Market Development
Board has defined the Act of staff work description which is certified by the
HMG. Ministry of Agriculture.

23

3.2 Major Findings

During the preparation of this field work report, I found various weakness and strength in the management system of Kalimati Fruits and Vegetables Market Development Board. I am going to summaries this report.

Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Market Development Board is one of the leading market of the fruits and vegetable in the Kathmandu valley. This market involves the various traders. They are different types like as wholesalers, retailers, bicycle venders etc.

3.2 Major Findings During the preparation of this field work report, I foun d various weakness

This market has under the set up of HMG/Nepal Ministry of Agriculture. The Board chairman has nominated by the H. M. G. Ministry of Agriculture. Five members are committed in the high committee Board. The Executive Director is the member secretary of this Board. The Executive Director is responsible to executive the directive of the organization and to manage daily operation of this organization.

In title my field works ‘The Management System and Its Role and Function of the Kalimati Fruits and Vegetable Market Development Board’. According to my objectives of the field work to be found the strength, weakness and there working method in the organization.

This organization has a good management system. Amongst all staff are energetic, innovative and active. They have performed their duty honestly. But this organization arises some conflict between top level staffs. The Executive Director possesses the capability to solve these problems in positive way.

In this organization has developed good marketing information system and discriminate the price information through net, media & newspapers. It has become so easier to grasp new opportunities for market development. Solid waste management process is also undertaken by the management.

Role and function of staffs to manage of organization as per Act, staffs work description 2002.

24

3.3 Conclusion

Management of wholesale market is an art and science. It involves various complex areas such as legal authority, sanitation, security, transport and parking, operation and maintance of facilities, rental and fee collection, staff management and development, enforcement of market rules and regulation, etc.

3.3 Conclusion Management of wholesale market is an art and science. It involves various complex areas

There should be an effective decision making structure, trained and adequate staff, effective interaction and consultative mechanism among the stakeholders and well-designed management information system.

The market should be managed in business approach so that the market resources are optimally used. Accordingly, benefits of an efficient use of resources go to all stakeholders, market tenants and users. Services are provided to the users promptly and efficiently. The market should be sustainable and long term maintance, capital replacement and staff benefits should be ensured. It should be kept clean, by-products and garbage are properly managed to ensure friendly environment.

3.3 Conclusion Management of wholesale market is an art and science. It involves various complex areas

25