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University of the East

Computer of Engineering

Information Technology Department

Name: Luck Perez


Year and Section: 1st yr/BSIT-8A
SN: 2008-44-11992
Professor: Jherold John R. Valdoz
User Interface

In information technology, the user interface (UI) is everything designed into an


information device with which a human being may interact -- including display screen,
keyboard, mouse, light pen, the appearance of a desktop, illuminated characters, help
messages, and how an application program or a Web site invites interaction and responds
to it. In early computers, there was very little user interface except for a few buttons at an
operator's console. The user interface was largely in the form of punched card input and
report output.

Later, a user was provided the ability to interact with a computer online and the user
interface was a nearly blank display screen with a command line, a keyboard, and a set of
commands and computer responses that were exchanged. This command line interface
led to one in which menus (list of choices written in text) predominated. And, finally, the
graphical user interface (GUI) arrived, originating mainly in Xerox's Palo Alto Research
Center, adopted and enhanced by Apple Computer, and finally effectively standardized by
Microsoft in its Windows operating systems.

The user interface can arguably include the total "user experience," which may include
the aesthetic appearance of the device, response time, and the content that is presented to
the user within the context of the user interface.

Multitasking

Multitasking is a method by which multiple tasks, also known as processes, share


common processing resources such as a CPU. In the case of a computer with a single
CPU, only one task is said to be running at any point in time, meaning that the CPU is
actively executing instructions for that task. Multitasking solves the problem by
scheduling which task may be the one running at any given time, and when another
waiting task gets a turn. The act of reassigning a CPU from one task to another one is
called a context switch. When context switches occur frequently enough the illusion of
parallelism is achieved. Even on computers with more than one CPU (called
multiprocessor machines), multitasking allows many more tasks to be run than there are
CPUs.

File system

File system (often also written as file system) is a method for storing and organizing
computer files and the data they contain to make it easy to find and access them. File
systems may use a data storage device such as a hard disk or CD-ROM and involve
maintaining the physical location of the files, they might provide access to data on a file
server by acting as clients for a network protocol (e.g., NFS, SMB, or 9P clients), or they
may be virtual and exist only as an access method for virtual data More formally, a file
system is a special-purpose database for the storage, hierarchical organization,
manipulation, navigation, access, and retrieval of data.
University of the East

Computer of Engineering

Information Technology Department

Name: Mychil Pingol


Year and Section: 1st yr/BSIT-8A
SN: 2008-11-51191
Professor: Jherold John R. Valdoz