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EACO DI GARUDA
(GARUDA AIACOS) ETA': 22 Anni ALTEZZA: 1.86 M PESO: 85 Kg OCCHI: Neri CAPELLI: Blu scuro DATA DI NASCITA: 6 Luglio LUOGO DI NASCITA: Nepal. GRUPPO SANGUIGNO: B SEGNI PARTICOLARI: Nessuno. PARENTI CONOSCIUTI: Nessuno. E' possibile che sia orfano ma non ci sono prove a riguardo (vedi Note). COSTELLAZIONE / SIMBOLO: Garuda, uccello rapace leggendario. ARMATURA / ARMI: Surplice di Garuda. La Surplice di Eaco non ha poteri speciali, anche se dotata di ali e potrebbe permettere di volare. Viene distrutta dalle Ali della Fenice di Phoenix. STIRPE: Comandante degli Spectre di Hades, appartenente alla Stella del Cielo degli Eroi. PRIMA APPARIZIONE: Episodio 131, "Orfeo, il triste requiem" (anime). Saint Seiya N 24, 2 capitolo (manga). EPISODI (SAGA): 131-133 (saga di Hades). NUMERI DEL MANGA: 24-25. COLPI SEGRETI / POTERI: Il principale colpo segreto di Eaco sono le Ali di Garuda. Nell'usarle, Eaco solleva rapidamente le braccia dal basso verso l'alto e con le mani crea una violenta corrente ascensionale, talmente potente da lanciare il nemico in alto fino al cielo. L'effetto quindi doppiamente devastante, perch nel ricadere la vittima si schianta violentemente contro il suolo. Il nome della tecnica

viene dall'uccello di Garuda, la cui immagine compare alle spalle di Eaco quando il colpo viene scagliato. Oltre alle Ali di Garuda, Eaco sa usare una seconda tecnica, chiamata Illusione Galattica. Quando la usa, Eaco incrocia velocemente le braccia all'altezza dei polsi, a volte sopra la testa ed a volte davanti al petto, creando una specie d'onda di energia, che travolge il nemico. A differenza delle Ali di Garuda, l'Illusione Galattica sembrerebbe una tecnica pi diretta. Per motivi sconosciuti, quando Eaco usa questo colpo nello spazio circostante compaiono decine di occhi aperti. Infine, Eaco sa usare il proprio cosmo per creare scariche di energia ed atterrare un avversario che gli vicino. Dal punto di vista fisico, Eaco dotato di una forza superiore a quella della maggior parte degli Spectre e soprattutto di una notevole velocit, che gli permette di schivare gli attacchi nemici senza riportare danni. STORIA: Nel 1743, "l'anno della luce", Hades, signore dell'oltretomba, si risvegli dal sonno di secoli nel quale Atena lo aveva sprofondato al termine dell'ultima guerra sacra. Spinto dal disgusto verso gli uomini, Hades dichiar loro guerra, ma, memore della sconfitta subita dai Cavalieri della Dea, appront un esercito di fedeli guerrieri, chiamati Spectre, e diede a ciascuno di loro un'armatura nera dal nome di Surplice. I tre Spectre pi valorosi, i cui simboli erano il Grifone, Garuda e la Viverna, vennero nominati comandanti dell'esercito. Gli Spectre si scontrarono con l'esercito dei cavalieri, ma la terribile battaglia si concluse con la vittoria di Atena e la sconfitta di Hades. In seguito a questa sconfitta, gli spiriti degli Spectre vennero imprigionati in una torre di pietra nascosta tra le montagne della Cina, e su di essa Atena appose il suo sigillo, destinato a durare per 200 anni. Secoli dopo, Hades si risvegli e, com'era stato predetto, il sigillo di Atena perse la sua efficacia. La torre di Cina si sgretol e gli spiriti delle Spectre, nuovamente liberi, presero possesso di alcuni uomini predestinati, forse discendenti degli Spectre antichi. I tre comandanti vennero cos ricomposti e colui il cui simbolo era Garuda si rivel essere un ragazzo di nome Eaco (vedi Note). Tutti gli Spectre si riunirono nell'aldil al cospetto di Hades. Hades affid a Pandora, sua luogotenente sulla Terra, ed a Rhadamantis, attuale Spectre della Viverna, il compito di invadere il Grande Tempio di Grecia ed uccidere Atena. Ad Eaco invece venne ordinato di restare con le sue truppe nell'aldil, e cos il comandante non prese parte agli scontri tra gli Spectre ed i Cavalieri di Atena. Col passare delle ore venne per a sapere che alcuni cavalieri si erano introdotti nell'aldil alla ricerca di Atena stessa, misteriosamente suicidatasi al termine della battaglia in Grecia. Prima di poter intervenire personalmente per, Eaco venne convocato da Pandora al cospetto di Hades, insieme a Rhadamantis ed a Minosse, attuale comandante del Grifone. La donna, non volendo far allarmare Hades, lo aveva tenuto all'oscuro dell'invasione e voleva invece che i comandanti assistessero ad una delle periodiche esibizioni di Orfeo, suonatore di cetra capace di produrre splendide melodie. Eaco obbed agli ordini e, insieme agli altri comandanti ed a Pandora stessa ascolt la musica di Orfeo. A sua insaputa per Orfeo aveva ordito un piano per uccidere Hades insieme a Pegasus ed Andromeda e cos la musica della sua arpa imprigion le menti di Eaco, Minosse e Pandora in una sorta di sonno. Fu Rhadamantis, sconfiggendo Orfeo, a liberare Eaco e gli altri dal potere della sua arpa. Non molto tempo dopo, Eaco ebbe modo di restituire il favore e, insieme a Minosse, soccorse Rhadamantis, in difficolt contro Kanon dei Gemelli. Anche senza il permesso del compagno, Eaco intervenne nello scontro e mise in difficolt Kanon col suo colpo segreto Illusione Galattica. La battaglia, nella quale si intromise anche Minosse, venne per interrotta dall'apparizione di Phoenix, appena giunto in Ade.

Eaco, orgoglioso e convinto della superiorit degli Spectre sui cavalieri, provoc Phoenix e poi lo colp di sorpresa. All'assalto successivo per Phoenix reag e, quasi con noncuranza, atterr Eaco e gli fece volare via l'elmo. Nella battaglia che segu, Eaco si trov inizialmente in vantaggio grazie alla sua velocit e colp ripetutamente Phoenix con entrambi i suoi colpi segreti, Ali di Garuda e Illusione Galattica. Nonostante i numerosi attacchi subiti per, Phoenix continu a rialzarsi, risorgendo sempre pi forte proprio come la Fenice, e ben presto la direzione del combattimento cambi. Dopo aver annullato le Ali di Garuda, Phoenix colp Eaco col Fantasma Diabolico, dando allo spectre l'illusione che l'Illusione Galattica gli si rivoltasse contro, distruggendolo. Messo in crisi, Eaco croll in ginocchio, ma, confidando nella propria forza e nella superiorit degli Spectre non volle arrendersi. Questa decisione gli fu fatale perch nello scontro successivo Phoenix lo annient con le Ali della Fenice, distruggendo la sua Surplice ed uccidendolo. Il cadavere di Eaco rimase al sesto cerchio di Ade e verosimilmente scomparve qualche ora dopo insieme al resto dell'aldil in seguito alla sconfitta di Hades. NOTE: Le informazioni presenti in questo profilo provengono da Saint Seiya n 24 (2 e 4 capitolo) e 25 (1 capitolo), edizione StarComics, e dall'Hypermyth ufficiale di Kurumada. Non ci sono prove sul fatto che Eaco sia orfano perch, a differenza dei cavalieri di Atena, gli Spectre sono dei predestinati che vivevano come uomini normali fino al risveglio delle costellazioni demoniache. E' quindi possibile che Eaco abbia abbandonato la propria famiglia solo di recente. Tra l'altro in realt anche possibile che Eaco non sia il vero nome del ragazzo, ma quello del primo Spectre di Garuda. Non ci sono prove a riguardo, ma va notato il fatto che Eaco un nome greco, mentre il ragazzo dovrebbe essere Nepalese. Per anni si creduto erroneamente che il nome del personaggio fosse Aiace, a causa della versione originale di Eaco, che appunto Aiacos. Eaco era il padre di Peleo, e quindi il nonno di Achille, e dopo la morte venne nominato giudice dell'aldil con Minosse e Radamanto. La traduzione di Aiacos in Aiace un errore risalente alla versione Granata del manga.

Garuda Aiacos
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Garuda Aiacos Added by Taufiq Ardan

Profile
Age Gender Date of birth Nationality Class Title Loyalty Surplice Star Height Weight Blood type 22 Male July 6 Nepalese Specter Hell Judge Hades Garuda Celestial Valiance Star 1.86 m 85 kg B Garuda Flap

Secret moves

Galactica Illusion

First appearance

manga: chapter 87, vol.24

Anime: ep.131
Voiced by Shinichiro Miki (

Aiacos without his helmet Added by Taufiq Ardan Celestial Valiance Star, Garuda Aiacos ( , Teny sei Gar da no Aiakosu) is one of the prominent characters throughout the arc. Along with Wyvern Rhadamanthys and Gryphon Minos, he is part of a collective known as The 3 Judges of Hell. Aiacos' power stems from the Celestial Valiance Star ( ).

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Special TechniquesEdit
With his role as one of the big 3 Judges of Hell, Garuda Aiacos is easily one of the more powerful spectres in the Underworld. Aiacos has two main techniques at his disposal. The "Garuda Flap" is a two part attack: Aiacos first expels a gust of wind through his arms, sending the opponent soaring miles into the air at top speed. The spectre then crosses an "X" on the ground with his feet and begins a 3 second countdown. At the end of it, the opponent is knocked back down to the ground, usually crashing onto the "X" as marked. "Galactica Illusion" is the Garuda's stronger technique. At its most basic, it is a more powerful version of the "Garuda Flap", minus the countdown. Grand illusions of demonic eyes are seen flashing in the background as Aiacos unleashes a high speed air current at his opponent through crossed arms.

Plot overviewEdit
Along with Gryphon Minos, Garuda Aiacos appeared on the scene during the fight between Wyvern Rhadamanthys and Gemini Kanon. It seems Rhadamanthys was having difficulty dealing

with the Gemini Gold Saint, and would've tasted defeat had the two Judges not intervene. Garuda immediately took an interest in the battle and hit Kanon with the "Galactic Illusion". Kanon survived, but soon fell victim to Gryphon Minos' "Cosmic Marionettion" technique. Bronze Saint Phoenix Ikki soon arrived to save Kanon from Minos. Aiacos, still itching for a good fight, challenged the Phoenix Saint to a match-up. Aiacos demonstrated his superior speed and agility over the saint, and caused sufficient damage with the "Garuda Flap". Ikki was hurled into the air before brutally crashing into the ground. However, the Phoenix was still intact. Amused, Aiacos gave the Phoenix a second taste of the technique. This time, Ikki did not land as expectedinstead, the bronze saint countered the move and swiftly smashed Aiacos' back as he recovered. Standing triumphantly over his opponent, Ikki stated that the same technique cannot be successfully used against a saint twice. Of course, Aiacos was not out, and offered to show Ikki a stronger movethe "Galactica Illusion". Hundreds of illus ional eyes flashed open within a cosmic storm as an air current sent Ikki flying into the air and to his apparent demise. The Garuda began to gloat that he had finally finished off the Phoenix, but soon enough, Ikki was on his feet once more. At this point, Gemini Saint Kanon warned Aiacos that every time Ikki was resurrected, he would become more powerful than before. Aiacos, refusing to believe in such nonsense, attacked the bronze saint with swift straight puncheswith none connecting. Aiacos was in disbelief at Ikki's newfound speed, but before he could do anything else, the Phoenix hit him with his infamous "Phoenix Genma Ken". The spectre shrugged off the move and responded with another "Galactica Illusion" -- but to his horror, Ikki stood unharmed and reiterated his earlier statementthe same technique cannot be successfully used against a saint twice. He then reversed the attack, and Aiacos' entire body was completely hacked to pieces by his own move.

Aiacos as he appears in anime Added by Taufiq Ardan Aiacos snapped out of a trance when he realized it was an illusion the effects of Ikki's demonic "Genma Ken". Minos and Rhadamanthys were dumbfounded as to what had happened, while Kanon stood amazed at having witnessed the "Genma Ken" again. Ikki then declared that the match was over; Aiacos was no longer a suitable opponent for him. Enraged at the idea that a Judge of Hell like himself would lose to a mere bronze saint, Aiacos charged towards Ikki with another attack. Ikki, now more concerned with the rumors of his brother having become the next avatar of Hades, decided to quickly end the fight. Using the powerful "Hou Yoku Ten Sho", the Phoenix obliterated the Garuda with a decisive end.

The Lost Canvas Edit


He was shown giving orders to Behemoth Violate, before dismembering a Skeleton soldier with an unnamed technique, with which he traced a cross in the air, generating an extreme cutting force. He is portrayed as quite heartless, similarly to Griffon Minos, but has an even "darker" vision of the world, as he treats his subordinates as slaves both living and dead with great disdain, serving him only by the fear of his power. This vision was questioned by Sagittarius Sisyphos when the two flying boats encountered each other. The Specter Violate harbored deep loyalty towards him. He used his technique Garuda Flap ( , Gar da Furappu), from Kurumada's original manga, to send Behemoth Violate to attack the Bronze Saints who are fixing the Boat of Hope. The attack consists in throwing the enemy to the sky into a free-fall ending in a earthshattering impact on the ground, later on, he used it against Sisyphos. Aiacos also displayed a new attack, Surendrajit ( , Sur ndorajito, from Hindi: : Champion of Indra), with which he burns to death one of his loyal Skeletons, to enable him to transform their souls into a rain of flaming feathers. He also exhibits Galactica Death Bring ( , Gyarakutika Desu Buringu), a technique that relies on immobilizing and burning the opponent's central nervous system from the inside out by channeling his Cosmo intensely through the eyes of the mask headpiece of the Garuda Surplice. He performed it on Sisyphos prior to trying to inflict the killing blow with his Garuda Flap. Even though Aiacos was successful in connecting both attacks, Sisyphos was able to survive their tremendous force. Aiacos is also capable of generating a X-like shaped symbol, which explodes creating a powerful burst of energy, damaging the surrounding area and enemies within it. Afterward, Aiacos is engaged by Sisyphos again, after awakening to the Eight Sense. Summoning all of his Cosmo, Sisyphos strikes Aiacos powerfully to the chest, shattering his Garuda Surplice and sending him flying, apparently killing him. However, it is later revealed that the Garuda Specter survived Sisyphos' assault. Hades then used Violate's body as a puppet to punish Aiacos, and he does not resist, preferring to die by her hand than die alone. However, she stops mid-blow and starts crying. He was amazed to see that even dead Violate was loyal to him. Then he admits he had profound bonds with her. He buries her body and accepts Bennu Kagaho's punishment. His Garuda Surplice is completely obliterated hence Aiacos is freed from the Masei ( , Demonic Stars). Kagaho states that from now on Aiacos is just a mere human, being given back his "human name", which is surprisingly revealed to be the same as Crateris Suiky , a character also appearing in Kurumada's Saint Seiya Next Dimension, in the continuity of which, is established as the former Crateris Silver Saint and Tenma's master.

SurpliceEdit

Garuda Surplice Added by Taufiq Ardan Aiacos' Surplice represents the mythical Garuda, the bird-like lesser divinity found in Hindu and Buddhist folklore.

NotesEdit
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One of the most noticeable physical traits of Garuda Aiacos is his hair partially covering his face, when wearing his Surplice's headpiece, in the same way as Gryphon Minos. Garuda Aiacos was the last of the 3 Judges to be introduced (Gryphon Minos was mentioned by name prior to making an official appearance), but the first to be defeated. His name is the original Greek form Of 'Eacus' which means 'earthborn one'. Ironically, his element is the Air. Though the 3 Judges are rivals, they do respect each other and are friends. In the manga and anime, both Minos and Aiacos mock of Radamantis as being "defeated" (at least knocked down) by Gemini Gold Saint Kanon with a single blast (Radamantis was finally affected by previous attacks made by Pegasus Seiya and Lyra Orphee). In the Saint Seiya video game, The Hades, however, it is interesting to note that Rhadamanthys tells Minos "We were never really that close anyway" in his entrance quote. As Masami Kurumada revealed in Saint Seiya : Next Dimension, the Garuda Specter in his incarnation in the 18th century Holy War was first a Saint known as Crateris Suikyou

Garuda
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search For other uses, see Garuda (disambiguation).

Garuda

Garuda, the Vahana of Lord Vishnu

Devanagari

Sanskrit Transliteration

Garu a

The Garuda (Sanskrit/Javanese/Balinese/Indonesian: garu a, "eagle"; P li garu a; Burmese: , [ lu ]; Tamil: karutan; Thai/Lao/Khmer: khrut; Malay: geroda; Mongolian: garid) is a large mythical bird or bird-like creature that appears in both Hindu and Buddhist mythology. From an Indian perspective, Garuda is the Hindu name for the constellation Aquila and the Brahminy kite is considered to be the contemporary representation of Garuda.[1] Indonesia adopts a more stylistic approach to the Garuda's depiction as its national symbol, where it depicts an eagle (being much larger than a kite). [2]

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1 In Hinduism 2 In the Mahabharata o 2.1 Birth and deeds o 2.2 Descendents

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Vishnu and Lakshmi riding on the Garuda - Painting in LACMA from Rajasthan, Bundi, c.1730

In Hindu reli i n, Garuda i a lesser Hindu di init , usuall t e mount (vahanam) of t e God Vishnu. Garuda is depi ted as having the golden body of a strong m with a white face, red an wings, and an eagle's beak and with a crown on his head. This ancient deity was said to be massive, large enough to block out the sun. Garuda is known as the eternal sworn enemy of the N ga serpent race and known for feeding exclusively on snakes, such behavior may have referred to th actual Short toed Eagle of India. The e image of Garuda is often used as the charm or amulet to protect the bearer from snake attack and its poison, since the king of birds is an implacable enemy and "devourer of serpent". Garudi Vidya is the mantra against snake poison to remove all kinds of evil.[3] His stature in Hindu religion can be gauged by the fact that an independentUpanishad, the Garudopanishad, and a Purana, the Garuda Purana, is devoted to him. Various names have been attributed to Garuda - Chirada, Gaganeshvara, Kamayusha, Kashyapi, Khageshvara, Nagantaka,



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2.3 s Sy 3 B s 4 As a c al and national sy o 4.1 India o 4.2 Indonesia o 4.3 Thailand o 4.4 Mongolia 5 Galle y 6 See also 7 Notes 8 Exte nal links
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Sitanana, Sudhahara, Suparna, Tarkshya, Vainateya, Vishnuratha and others. TheVedas provide the earliest reference of Garuda, though by the name of yena, where this mighty bird is said to have brought nectar to earth from heaven. The Puranas, which came into existence much later, mention Garuda as doing the same thing, which indicates that yena (Sanskrit for Eagle) and Garuda are the same. One of the faces of r Pacamukha Hanuman is Mahavira Garuda. This face points towards the west. orship of Garuda is believed to remove the effects of poisons from one's body. In Tamil Vaishnavism Garuda and Hanuman are known as "Periya Thiruvadi" and "Siriya Thiruvadi" respectively. In the Bhagavad-Gita (Ch.10, Verse 30), in the middle of the battlefield "Kurukshetra", Krishna explaining his omnipresence, says - " as son of Vinata, I am in the form of Garuda, the king of the bird community (Garuda)" indicating the importance of Garuda. Garuda plays an important role in Krishna Avatar in which Krishna and Satyabhama ride on Garuda to kill Narakasura. On another occasion, Lord Hari rides on Garuda to save the devotee Elephant Gajendra. It is also said that Garuda's wings when flying will chant the Vedas.

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e Mahabharata

[edit] Birth and deeds

Balinese wooden statue of Vishnu riding Garuda, Purna Bhakti Pertiwi Museum, Jakarta

The story of Garuda's birth and deeds is told in the first book of the great epicMahabharata.[4] According to the epic, when Garuda first burst forth from his egg, he appeared as a raging inferno equal to the cosmic conflagration that consumes the world at the end of every age. Frightened, the gods begged him for mercy. Garuda, hearing their plea, re duced himself in si e and energy. Garuda's father was the creator-rishi Kasyapa. His mother was Vinata, whose sister was Kadru, the mother of serpents. One day, Vinata entered into and lost a foolish bet, as a result of which she became enslaved to her sister. Resolving to release his mother from this state of bondage, Garud a approached the serpents and asked them what it would take to purchase her freedom. Their reply was that Garuda would have to bring them the elixir of immortality, also called amrita. It was a tall order. The amrita at that time found itself in the possession of the gods, who guarded it jealously,

since it was the source of their immortality. They had ringed the elixir with a massive fire that covered the sky. They had blocked the way to the elixir with a fierce mechanical contraption of sharp rotating blades. And finally, they had stationed two gigantic poisonous snakes next to the elixir as deadly guardians. Undaunted, Garuda hastened toward the abode of the gods intent on robbing them of theirtreasure. Knowing of his design, the gods met him in full battle-array. Garuda, however, defeated the entire host and scattered them in all directions. Taking the water of many rivers into his mouth, he extinguished the protective fire the gods had thrown up. Reducing his si e, he crept past the rotating blades of their murderous machine. And finally, he mangled the two gigantic serpents they had posted as guards. Taking the elixir into his mouth without swallowing it, he launched again into the air and headed toward the eagerly waiting serpents. En route, he encounteredVishnu. Rather than fight, the two exchanged promises. Vishnu promised Garuda the gift of immortality even without drinking from the elixir, and Garuda promised to become Vishnu's mount. Flying onward, he met Indra the god of the sky. Another exchange of promises occurred. Garuda promised that once he had delivered the elixir, thus fulfilling the request of the serpents, he would make it possible for Indra to regain possession of the elixir and to take it back to the gods. Indra in turn promised Garuda the serpents as food. At long last, Garuda alighted in front of the waiting serpents. Placing the elixir on the grass, and thereby liberating his mother Vinata from her servitude, he urged the serpents to perform their religious ablutions before consuming it. As they hurried off to do so, Indra swooped in to make off with the elixir. From that day onward, Garuda was the ally of the gods and the trusty mount of Vishnu, as well as the implacable enemy of snakes, upon whom he preyed at every opportunity.

Garuda, Belur, India

[edit] Descendents
According to the Mahabharata, Garuda had six sons from whom were descended the race of birds. The members of this race were of great might and without compassion, subsisting as they did on their relatives the snakes. Vishnu was their protector.[5]

[edit] As a Symbol

Throughout the Mahabharata, Garuda is invoked as a symbol o impetuous violent force, of speed, f and of martial prowess. Powerful warriors advancing rapidly on doomed foes are likened to Garuda swooping down on a serpent.[6] Defeated warriors are like snakes beaten down by Garuda.[7] The field marshall Drona uses a military formation named after Garuda.[8] Krishna even carries the image of Garuda on his banner.[9]

[edit] In Buddhism

The statues of Krut battling naga serpent, a Thai Buddhist adaptation of Garuda inWat Phra Kaeo temple, Bangkok

In Buddhist mythology, the garu a (P li: garu ) are enormous predatory birds with intelligence a), meaning and social organi ation. Another name for the garu a is supar a (P li: supa "well-winged, having good wings". Like the n ga, they combine the characteristics of animals and divine beings, and may be considered to be among the lowest devas. The exact si e of the garu a is uncertain, but its wings are said to have a span of many miles. This may be a poetic exaggeration, but it is also said that when a garu a's wings flap, they create hurricane-like winds that darken the sky and blow down houses. A human being is so small compared to a garu a that a man can hide in the plumage of one without being noticed (K k t J taka, J.327). They are also capable of tearing up entire banyan trees from their roots and carrying them off. Garudas are the great golden-winged Peng birds. They also have the ability to grow large or small, and to appear and disappear at will. Their wingspan is 330 yojanas (one yojana being 40 miles long). ith one flap of its wings, a Peng bird dries up the waters of the sea so that it can gobble up all the exposed dragons. ith another flap of its wings, it can level the mountains by movi g them n into the ocean. There were also the four garuda-kings : Great-Power-Virtue Garuda-King, Great-Body GarudaKing, Great-Fulfillment Garuda-King, and Free-At- ill Garuda-King, each accompanied by hundreds of thousands of attendants. The garu as have kings and cities, and at least some of them have the magical power of changing into human form when they wish to have dealings with people. On some occasionsGaru a kings have had romances with human women in this form. Their dwellings are in groves of thesimbal , or silk-cotton tree. The garu a are enemies to the n ga, a race of intelligent serpent- or dragon-like beings, whom they hunt. The garu as at one time caught the n gas by sei ing them by their heads; but the n gas

learned that by swallowing large stones, they could make themselves too heavy to be carried by the garu as, wearing them out and killing them from exhaustion. This secret was divulged to one of the garu as by the ascetic Karambiya, who taught him how to seize a n ga by the tail and force him to vomit up his stone (Pandara J taka, J.518). The garu as were among the beings appointed by akra to guard Mount Sumeru and the Tr yastri a heaven from the attacks of the asuras. In the Mahasamyatta Sutta, the Buddha is shown making temporary peace between the Nagas and the garu as. The Thai rendering of Krut (Garuda) as Vishnu vehicle and Garuda's quest for elixir was based on Indian legend of Garuda. It was told that Garuda overcame many heavenly beings in order to gain the ambrosia (amrita) elixir. No one was able to get the better of him, not even Narai (Vishnu). At last, a truce was called and an agreement was made to settle the rancor and smooth all the ruffled feathers. If was agreed that when Narai is in his heavenly palace, Garuda will be positioned in a superior status, atop the pillar above Narai's residence. However, whenever Narai wants to travel anywhere, Garuda must serve as his transport.[citation needed ] The Sanskrit word garu a has been borrowed and modified in the languages of several Buddhist ). In Burmese astrology, the vehicle of countries. In Burmese, garu as are called galone ( the Sunday planet is the galone.[10] In Kapampangan the native word for eagle is galura. In Japanese a garu a is called karura (however, the form Garuda is used in recent Japanese fiction - see below). For the Mongols, the garu a is called Khan Garuda or Khangarid (Mongolian: ). Before and after each round of Mongolian wrestling, wrestlers perform the Garu a ritual, a stylised imitation of the Khangarid and a hawk.[citation needed ] In the Qing Dynasty fiction The Story of Yue Fei (1684), Garuda sits at the head of the Buddha's throne. But when a celestial bat (an embodiment of the Aquarius constellation) farts during the Buddhas expounding of the Lotus Sutra, Garuda kills her and is exiled from paradise. He is later reborn as Song Dynasty General Yue Fei. The bat is reborn as Lady Wang, wife of the traitor Prime Minister Qin Hui, and is instrumental in formulating the "Eastern Window" plot that leads to Yue's eventual political execution.[11] It is interesting to note The Story of Yue Fei plays on the legendary animosity between Garuda and the Nagas when the celestial bird-born Yue Fei defeats a magic serpent who transforms into the unearthly spear he uses throughout his military career.[12] Literary critic C.T. Hsia explains the reason why Qian Cai, the book's author, linked Yue with Garuda is ).[13] A Peng because of the homology in their Chinese names. Yue Fei's style name is Pengju ( ( ) is a giant mythological bird likened to the Middle Eastern Roc.[14] Garuda's Chinese name is Great Peng, the Golden-Winged Illumination King ( ).[13]

[edit As a cultural and national sy bol

G ud according to Ida Made Tlaga, a 19th century Balinese artist

In India and Southeast Asia the eagle symbolism is represented by Garuda, a large mythical bird with eagle-like features that appears in both Hindu and Buddhist mythology as thevahana (vehicle) of the god Vishnu. Garuda become the national emblem of Thailand and Indonesia; Thailand's Garuda is rendered in a more traditional anthropomorphic mythical style, while that of Indonesia is rendered in heraldic style with traits similar to the real Javan Hawk-eagle.

[edit] India
India uses Garuda as military symbols:
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[edit] Indonesia
Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Garuda in Indonesia

Indonesia uses the garu a, Garuda Pancasila as its national symbol, it is somewhat intertwined with the concept of the phoenix.

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The Ga uda Panca la is coloured or gilt gold, symbolizes the greatness of the nation and is a representation of the lang Jawa or Javan awk-eagle N a u ba l . The black color represents nature. There are 17 feathers on each wing, 8 on the tail and 45 on the neck, which represent the date Indonesia proclaimed its independence: 17 August 1945. The shield it carries with the Indonesian Panca S la heraldry symbolizes self-defense and protection in struggle.[2] The Indonesian national airline is Garuda Indonesia.

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Garud Commando Force is a Special Forces unit of the Indian Air Force, specializing in operations deep behind enemy lines. The Brigade of the Guards of the Indian Army uses the Garud as their symbol. The elite bodyguards of the medieval oysala kings in Karnataka, India, were called Garudas, because they served the king in the way that Garuda served Vishnu. In both Kerala and Andhra pradesh,its state road transport are using Garuda as the name for Volvo buses.

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Indonesian Armed Forces United Nations peacekeeping missions is known as Pa u an Ga uda or Garuda deployments. In Bali and Java Garuda has become a cultural symbol, the wooden statue and mask of Garuda is a popular artworks and souvenirs. In Bali, we can find the tallest Garuda statue of 18 metres tall made from tons of copper and brass. The statue is located in Garuda Wisnu Kencana complex. Garuda has identified as Indonesia National Football Team in international games, namely "The Garuda Team". [15]

G ud 18m tall statue in Garuda Wisnu Kencana, Bali.

[edit] Thailand
Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Garuda in Thailand

Thailand uses the garu a (Thai: krut) as its national symbol.


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One form of the garu a used in Thailand as a sign of the royal family is called Krut Pha, meaning "garu a acting as the vehicle (of Vishnu)." The statue and images of Garuda adorned many buddhist temples in Thailand, it also has become the cultural symbol of Thailand.

[edit] Mongolia
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The garu a , known as Khangarid, is the symbol of the capital city of Mongolia, Ulan Bator.[16] According to popular Mongolian belief, Khangarid is the mountain spirit of the Bogd Khan Uul range who became a follower of Buddhist faith. Today he is considered the guardian of that mountain range and a symbol of courage and honesty. The bird also gives its name to angard Aviation Khangarid ( ), a football (soccer) team in the Mongolia Premier League also named after Garuda.

[edit] Gallery

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Garuda as national symbol of Indonesia

Garuda as national symbol of Thailand

Garuda (Khangardi) as the symbol of Ulan Bator, Mongolia

Garuda murthi in

est Bengal, India

Garuda, Durbar Square, Kathmandu

13th century Cham sculpture depicts Garuda devouring a serpent

12th century Cham sculpture in the Thap Mam style depicts Garuda serving as an atlas
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Garuda figure, gilt bronze, Khmer Empire, 12th-13th century, John Young Museum, University of Hawaii at Manoa

12th century bas relief at Angkor Wat in Cambodia showing Vishnu in battle mounted on Garuda

Wingless statue of Garuda or Karura in Kofukuji Temple, Nara, Japan, 8th century

Head of a Gruda during the 14th century, at National Museum of Cambodia.

[edit See also

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Garuda in the Architecture of Cambodia Karura Vishnu Garuda Purana Thunderbird (mythology) Roc (mythology) Phoenix (mythology)

[edit] Notes
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1. ^ Russel, RV & Lal, . 1916 The tribes and castes of the central pro vinces of India. Published Under the Orders of the Central Provinces AdministrationIn Fou Volu Vol. I. Macmillan and Co., Limited St. Martin s Street, London. pp. 2231 ^ a b http://www.embassyofindonesia.org/about/natsymbols.htm ^ Shakti Sadhana ^ Mahabharata, Book I: Adi Parva, Sections 23 ff. ^ Mahabharata, Book V: Udyoga Parva, Section 101. ^ "Loud was the noise with which Arjuna faced his foes, like that made by Garuda in days of yore when swooping down for snakes." (Mahabharata, Book VIII: Karna Parva, Section 77.) "The impetuosity of Ashvatthama, as he rushed towards his foe, resembled that of Garuda swooping down for seizing a large snake." (Mahabharata, Book VIII: Karna Parva, Section 59.) Arjuna "seizedDrupada as Garuda seizeth a huge snake after agitating the waters of the ocean." (Book I: Adi Parva, Section 140.) ^ Mahabharata, Book VIII: Karna Parva, Section 85. ^ Mahabharata, Book VII: Drona Parva, Section 20. ^ Mahabharata, Book VIII: Karna Parva, Section 94. ^ http://www.myanmarmtetours.com/myanmar_planetary_post.htm ^ sia, C.T. C. T. Hsia on Chin se Literature Columbia University Press, 2004 (ISBN 0231129904), 154 . ^ sia, C. T. Hsia on Chinese Literature, pp. 149 ^ a b sia, C.T. C. T. Hsia on Chinese Literature, pp. 149 and 488, n. 30 ^ Chau, Ju-Kua, Friedrich irth, and W.W. Rockhill.Chau Ju-Kua: His Work on the Chinese and Arab Trade in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries, entitled Chu -Fan-Chi. St. Petersburg: Printing Office of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1911, p. 149, n. 1 ^ Garuda Team, http://www.google.co.nz/search?q=tim+garuda&hl=en&prmd=ivnsfd&source=lnms&tbm=isch&ei=_T2WTaa VB _EsAO6-om7BQ&sa=X&oi=mode_link&ct=mode&cd=2&sqi=2&ved=0CB Q_AUoAQ&biw=1920&bih=878 ^ Michael Kohn. Mongolia. Lonely Planet, 2005. p. 52.

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[edit] External links


Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Garuda

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Garuda Purana Gauruda, arch-enemy of the naga [show]v d eHindu deities and texts

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Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garuda" Categories: Buddhist deities, bodhisattvas, and demons | Characters mentioned in the Ramayana | Dharmapalas | Heraldic birds | Mythological hybrids | Hindu gods | Hindu legendary creatures | Mythological birds of prey | National symbols of Indonesia | National symbols of Thailand | Sanskrit words and phrases | Tibetan Buddhist mythology | Mythic humanoids Hidden categories: Articles containing Burmese language text | All articles with unsourced statements | Articles with unsourced statements from April 2011 | Articles containing Mongolian language text | Articles with unsourced statements from July 2008 | Articles containing Thai language text | Use dmy dates from April 2011

Eaco
Figlio di Zeus e della ninfa Egina, figlia a sua volta del fiume Asopo, capostipite degli Eacidi, re dell'isola di Enone, era considerato il pi pio di tutti i Greci. Poich l'isola era spopolata egli preg Zeus di dargli dei compagni e il dio trasform in uomini le formiche che si trovavano su quel suolo. Il popolo cos creato ebbe da Eaco il nome di Mirmidoni (myrmekes significa in greco formiche). Spos la figlia di Scirone, Endeide, da cui nacquero Telemone e Peleo. Poi Eaco si un alla ninfa Psamate, figlia di Nereo che per sfuggirlo si era trasformata in foca. Eaco, in compagnia di Apollo e di Poseidone fabbric le mura di Troia. Riusc anche con le sue preghiere a placare Zeus, che irato contro Pelope, aveva colpito la Grecia con una grave carestia. Dopo la sua morte fu messo, per la sua grande giustizia e piet, a giudicare le anime dei morti accanto a Minosse e Radamanto negli Inferi.

Eaco (gr. ) Nella mitologia greca, figlio di Zeus e di Egina, nato nellisola che da questa prese il nome. Zeus, pregato da E., avrebbe popolato lisola mutando in uomini le formiche ( Mirmidoni). Padre di Peleo, Telamone e Foco, fu luomo pi giusto e pio dei suoi tempi e dopo la morte divenne uno dei giudici infernali. E. avrebbe costruito con Apollo e Posidone le mura di Ilio. Da E. si vantavano di discendere gli Eacidi , principi dei Molossi e poi re di Epiro, che consideravano fondatore della dinastia Pirro o Neottolemo, figlio di Achille e bisnipote di Eaco. Il primo sovrano Eacide storicamente accertato fu Thar pas (n. 440 a.C. ca.) che avvi lunificazione dellEpiro. Suo successore fu Alceta I, alla cui morte il governo fu assunto dai suoi due figli, Neottolemo I e Aribba , dando origine a una prassi di diarchia poi frequentemente seguita. La dinastia si estinse nel 230 a.C.