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DATA HANDLING PAGE

I

)1ýACCESSION

NO.

TM9501521

09-TITLE

PRACTICAL

99-DOCUMENT

LOC

'

ARODYNAMICS

OF

THE

An-2

AIRCRAFT

47-SUBJECT

AREA

oi,

20

43,AUTHOR

 

SHIFRIN,

M.

N.

I-TOPIC TAGS

aerodynamic

fo-1ce,

aerodynamic

boundary

layer,

aerodynamic

stability,

aerodynamic

control,

aerodynamic

aircraft

drag/(U)AN2

transport

10-DATE OF

INFO

-----.68

43-SOURCEPRAKTICHESKAYA

(RUSSIAN)

AERODINAMIKA

SAMOLETA

AN-2

FT

FTD-1T

DO&UMF•T

419-

gN.

9

74-MONITORING

AGENCY

63-SECURITY

AND

DOWNGRADING

INFORMATION

64-CONTROL

MARKINGS

69-PROJECT NO.

2o0o6

97-HEADER

CLASN

UNCL, O

NONE

76-REEL/FRAME

NO.

1890

CONTRACT

0477

NO.

77-SUPERSEDES

FTD

'T'

NO.

78-CHANGES

40-GEOGRAPHICAL

AREA

UR

PUBLISHING

DATE

TYPE

PRODUCT

65-

94-

02-UR/0000/6 8/000/000/000i/0! ?6.,

TRANSLATION

ACCESSION NO.

ABSTRACT

NO. OF PAGES

232

REVISION

FREQ

.

(U)

The

book

discusses

basic

properties

and

laws

of motion

of

the

air,

aerodynamic

forces

of

the

wing,

peculiarities

of

layout

stability

flight

and

aerodynamic

and

properties

of

controllability

and

is

of the

for

conditions,

The

peculiarities

intended

of

icing.

book

the

aircraft under different

of flight

aircraft,

equilibrium,

conditions

under

students

of colleges

and

schools

of

civil aviation

and

can be

used

by

flying

personnel

of other

departments

operating

the

An-2

aircraft.

There are

6

tables

and 105 figures.

AFSC

pto.R Om,

,*

,

AOSR

6 9

*g

12 76 TR

kEVIEI

"UNIVERSITY OF COLORADOR~iRTBAOT6N' UNIDE'NTIFIED

FLYING OBJE.CTS

BY- A

PANEL OF Tilt.' NATIONAL

ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

ILL

UMN'1 lS69

Copyright,

National

Academy of Sciences,

1969.

This book.

or any parts thereof,

without written

reproduction

in

06ýy hot he reproduced in any form

fr6m the'publisher

except that

for any

or ih part,

is" permitted

permission

whole,

use of the United

States Government,

IoI

Reproduced

for

Information

the

CLEARING

Federal

by

H0USE

Scientific

Springfield

& Technical

Va. 22151

1. This doctiment has been approved forpubl-c M'l.ase and sale; its distribution is Unlimited.

ii

,

C~A

A~-

-

1 1 L

~

C6loradop

Pancl,'of the

of' the

Report on

by

a

National

Unidentif~ied

Flying OL'jccts,

Acadubfy, of -Sciences

-eart.y

'The panel was

Npvember

1968.,

appointed

ih

The

charge

the la ttcrpart -of Octohecr and

ain

to' the, Pa'nel was

"to provide

independent 9 asse,§ýmcnt

the- (University -of Col1orado)

of

ýthe- sc6pc, ine~thodoJlogy,

study as refilccted-in

-and finidings, 6f

the

(University's')

Reoft.

WletePne.1

largeqly

restrict-ed

its re~view to this

9 cýharge,,

it

was

thought botn

a~ppropr-iate

afid nbces'sar'y that the

:Pancl become faufiiiiar,with various scic-entlficý 'o *nts of view asi

*,

_pre~scntc.-d in other publ:icatibns

and -reports b'y technically

trainEd,

S pqrmons

It

-

was

not

the

task of 'the,'Panel to

Conduct

its, own study

-of' UFOs.

Vatfous po,:*hts of view 'to hearings.- The t6ask-was to study the

Un 55 iVersity'sRep-orfand- to assess:, First, its; scope-; namcly,

d~id" 'theRepq'iT,

thcA~t a sclenti~fi6 study of 'UFO' phenomaen~a 'should have embracecj-? Second,, its ffiethodology; namely'; aOid' tib Re-port,. in the opinion

of -,the.YPane1,-- reveal ati accepae sihtif'ib-methodology and

40~ro46 to thce- subject?

Third,, itý fihdihgs; namely, were the

or to 'invite advocates, scientif ically trained,or -not . of'

in the 'opinion

of the Pane:ý, cover' those topits-

-Y-;.cnCus'p~ns

-anid. interpretations warxzift~d iby the 6'idence and

Iye

-aspresented'in the R6Port affd wer'e

they reasonable?

9

Iift'h6

course of its review the Pahi~l coilsulted

papers -ioi

tihe'same.'subject

by

teph'nica'J.ly

trained pe~rsons

(for example,

-W~llibni

Marko'wi~tz,

Flying., Ob-jects,"

"IThe Physic6s

and, Metaphysics

of 'Unidefitif iedi

Scie~nce,, 157,

19'

pp.

."1274-79,.

Jamies

E.

11Sc1,n&en_'T~e'_cnology

and

UPOs,w1

presented, Januiary

26,

VMcl~ofald,, '1968,' at a

General Sepnciir,

of the United Aircraft': Reseci'ch

 

9I,Aboiatories',

}2ast

flaftfbs j,

Connectdctit.

James

E. McDonald,

f1IUFOs, a- Ah

196, ýat the Canadiah -Aeronauti~cs and, Space Institute Ast*i'&haut~ics

Symposiumý, 116ntreal), Canhada. Jamies E~. McDonald',

Internatio6nal Scientifio Alspects of' the Prob~lems of Uriidc'nti-f led

International 'Scientikr-c

Problcihi,"l

prc~ented 'March 12,,

I'týecn on

P.i~yilng Objects,"

,sent to

thie 'United

Nationis -on June, 7,,,

19G7,

Dool 11. Mbnze.J,ý,. -Plying- Saucers,

Harvard

Uriivcrisitty

rs~

 

9(C~b~dge152'.

'J~f

~JT~hze

End

'Lylc

'G'. Boyd:',

T'he

VWorld

of-Fying

Sa'uce~rs,

Doublechoy

(New

York~,

1%,3).

Report

fI Leigs

I:

5C7cScc

:i~ff7~

sory

Panel. on

Unidle:tif iod

V

Jauri

PT.lF-7

F-T6V

T

Q8i)i.

-Advisory

1)c;.-rd,

ad,

hoc Z564.7-Efec'ec5k

 

J~yc~j~s,

'1Zf

~ .fnGc~

tpsLuWI~i'0.9,ii)i'1

c ~

xh~~FTIyin

UI7Jets'E,

koTings

Represcntatives,

1ýinetic th

Congress,

Second

Session, July

20,

J.9CB).

!-

-3'

The

Panei

beg=rn its

review inmr.idjztcly- c'fter- the, 1"eport

became available, on -Novcmber .5ý, 1968, by an initiala readbig of the Report by: each, member of the Panel durxing a tw0-week period. The 'PaneJ. convened on tdcember 2 for a dfiscussioh of members' ,-initial assessmentsq, for consi]deration .of the-Pane)' sý charge

(scope,

.Uineatibn 0f further steps in

methodolVogy,

and findings

in. the

its review.

Report),

Te

and

iatter

fob. de6-

iiilued

.,the study of

technit.aJ.y trained persons, (e.g.,

,fuitheP cxamination

furher -directed 'study -of specialized chapters of -the Rebprt.7by:

appropriate members of the Pane,. Extensive dscLssion; •oh by qorrespqodence and by, Aelcphon, occurred du.ing this perieod.

The 'Panel met again -on January '6,19G9, to

other documents

-presenting

views and fkid ing•4o5%

the documents

summark and

eited- a)•-•"•

findings,

-nd

of the Report's

conclude

it"s-deliberatiohs

and to ,prepare

Ie

its findings,, which are presented beJ7b!.w

I.

SCOPE

The- study

are'

by the

University- of Colorado commenced

Case studies

of

of

these,

in

59 reports

October

ten

reported one

S196G

of

reports predated

they were included

continued

and

for about two, years,.

detail,

UFOs

LIFO

'presentedin

with 68 plates;

the ,project, but were

A chapter

in

foreign is

so well, documented 'that

and one

UF~s

study, ,programs S~~to

countries, to UFOsý iný history,

devoted

to

in

the

20 yeais

'receding

the

study.

Ten chapters

are

devoted

to

perceptual problems, .ogical, aspects of

el'ectricity and plasrfa interpretations, 'balloons., instrumentation for UFO searches,.," and statistical analyses. (T.Wentýy-four appdndix&s add' 1 detailed ,teechnical backgroundct the" study. Volume 4 cohcludGes

'processes of peFception,and

reporting,

boom,

psycho-.;.

atospheric

UFO reports,

optids,

radar,

sonic

with an index of

27

pages.)

i

p

In

6ur: bpinion

the- scope. of the, ýtfdy was adequate

to

its

 

II.

ME'rHOpOLOGY

 

As

a)rule,

fibel

trips we.re made t6o

investigate

UFO reports

only

if

they were less

than

a

y,-ar o]ld,.

The Report

states -that

"nearl/

all

MO-sigtgtirL,

are

of

short: duration,

seldom

last;j

an

"hour .2nd ',uually

for a iew minuces.

Thus most

investigations

co,.

siste,] of intervi.ews

usually

consi'sting

of

,a

p;y,'hologi,;t-),

•c",,'re

with

persons 'who ,made

each

(a

two persons

physical .fcports.

scientist Three

teams, rid

,mployed

in f•jield

in'vcstigations

whe'e, tele-

phoni,,

co!1mIunio1t:J.or,

v-,J:t h

1,O•-

':.ghti

,r" individuals

gaive

hoie -of

gc,:i.•ing

added

irnfo:.'ma-t:icn.

The

aim %%,as to

get

a

tcam to

the

site

ti

I'

ii

el

j.

.

- -~

4I

as quickla-% as ýposslible aft-er- a reported, sighting. (-It was founid thaf near:Ly afl. cases cu bd ilssified in such -categories as

pr nksý, hoaxes., nav itrptations,.and various typs of is -interpretatiobns. A few-events; whic did-not fit thesýe categories,

aire lef t, unexplainied.-

iNat~rilals

and conditions

(O

OrenabJle

to laboratory ,approaclies

werea investig~ted c,, alleged` UFO parts by chemical: .4nalysis, ,WUtomoliilei ignition f~,lAre by simulation studids,j and -UtO photography

by ihotog anumet~ieic alyscs.

5potographic. cases investigated,,

nine are sýaid 'to givee'Vi.dence, of probable fabrication, seven are

clas~ified a's niatur-alor;-M~an-'mddc pheriom na', twelve provided in-

ýsuif i'cit dat

oraa*ssnd seven were considered to be

possible fabrications:nn.poe-ob"ra

jctwihig

strangenes~s.1);rnepod-tberelobeswthig

technibal-ly traine~d pers6nnel We're utilized by the Univer~ity. the Universi`ty :group- included' a s4ub-group on fibld inivestigations of UFO re'ports;, their'nai ration- and -interpretations.'of cas~bs 6re- reasonable and, adequate,. Leading,groups werCe engaged ýuncl&' contract for specialized vibrk -- egS'vnfoitd Research Institute on radar, anomalies and a subsidiary.'of the Raytheon Corporation for photo- granupbtric analyses. Divergent vi~ews of those few scientists-,who

to-

'have looked; into UFOs welod subject' was -also surveyed i

taken* into, account. -The, history of the including-the ex-periences in,sore other

thations. F~inallyj extensive,use was made of many specialists in

various public 'and private l'aboratories.-

The Report makes cJleai thiat with the,-best means at our dis- pos~l p6sitivib cor~relation :of all UFO reports with identifiable,

-known~ pýhnomeM, is iiot' poss"ible.

-can provideý the

No ýstudy, past, -curr~nt oi" ,future,

that a 'familiar

'The

basis

for

statinfg categorically

this" mdtter.

phenomenhon wi-il

'nedessawiy be-linka&ble

dogmoatisrivo

.to'e'very sighting

It

is

~Report is" free of

also clear,

'as one goes through the descriptions of UFO sightings-, whether in

-the,Report.or lin, Other litýe'rature,

psitive identification wit

;no Positive,'idenittfication,with ýextrater~restrial

that -while som~e incide'nts.,have

no

faIla pheniomena', they also have,

visitors or 'artifacts.

We think

the methodblogy

and

approa6h, weie we~ll chosen,

in

'FINDINGS'

Th' ýStudy concludes (a)'that ab6ut 90 pe.rcent of al~l UFO

III.

r~ots 'prov to

qiePl~aus ibly related to"ordinary plienomcnia,

,(b") th'atli'ttle

-ifanything has come from the study of UPOs in"the

has added to

scient~ific knowledge, and (c)that

study of

UFO si

htings -is not. justi~fiedl

in

theýý

past -21 ycaf-r-s that furth.-jr extansi~'o

j

I

V

1----

M

'I

,t

C,

tfyf

'

-_

tlii- it11s

;h

,,potii

e

- -5

-

"S

/

'

on~evidenc~mnow av1la2

.N'

~The

RL-ppoiV'. iiig

nde-lmiis

bni11~ig'htt

tl

N'.f

1h uibber~,,. Drelkid

'offiialscireicy,

fitu.re

Aitsffist

s6ctionji ýt

recjer

oh UFO,, -UFO-ts~.-a-aPosiq

gover~mn~ahf~h

~nenzr

go -d-c~gitly, cprts,2a;hd''jv

6i ;them reljate

of~Osapear

an-suimmaýrize

to, thc. q'estiqn 6f,

.'&ýratc

dAn. t

theso jindin-

C

I

aw~t

2ifiy

of

fbrtheV

InmvcstigattOnsý 0 We-pa

pjedi~i~igv or

the.tudy,

Jo~tin~CO

comm~ents6',

2,

Oh, secr~ecy~i.

ts

t6e,

su)Lbie

07

1"thr~obded,>r'i bfficibl"ýI

We accept,,this

fid"h

f

h

~uy

NAin-,

NýUj

thn

-2

bndffie*

()j

inv

th

thietviemt.

UF

;sJjh '

wht,fqvzin,1~ 3n"h.Ontdy"uTure, IWo% eer,

1potrcitacs.

y. ledr

-ihins''h

Ojhculde quetio

r

sigh6nNeprsi~in"the

reuin

governanns

rulort:

"rmThe.historyo-l 'puh.i,,?"

sThtý 2ond

bepasis

bt-e thins

A~iriyTrbelate'tiu.!

pectat~j.6nthat -thcy are

~bingrtonfiuetoVe,~ac

ri~ed

o o tepaoumetD 'fonscudha,

withut

thesefch or afuch!sý)auf

ne

'Ofvei;O-arce P :-operati n-s

Ngs

to-

so~ot-eudy

as-

no'e

ex-D

_oe sýie

oml et

it

as l-

We, co'n~ur, wi

the

4we evnves57tjOrunfunhe

poltU

-

ignb

~Y~o.c

-

9

"0

feoIetzaol.0h

reotsrsccit ifrec

~QCmi(:ldZ~in

std

f

hiskiidn oir~

UFc!s"?

th

46a-(

Would

The,~uyon

~

o~~fi

Feurrt-f oxton no~\

of ctatO

but th;it

VvO.1sii

sti]--itg'thyntr~dhuteng to sc'itrn'o?'

P~prith

ehins

11ce. ýxidec1tiohs

norefo1

s

:tithout ve 1

Ao c~hc'-o.aco!IcV

*t).finhse

hun

4tswpno51-

u~of.

se~t~

andleo

sruwcd'

9

(G)rnon'At

the, so "

II!,Ctl'rit

(G

Vsb~

upia

majbri

-'-hows aytiy

Ae

tli( 'tte'!-

1111It

le

1;";

a

ý. s,' sphr'ie. opt::ie s,

studytbunde

Lt'ic-:o

t

af(K'

:aiI.wh- c'h

Os211

j f --

n

ontigic-tudyon f~do'Ubs1I,?,

quite lrin

ntkin.-`dg has

t.J.przl

jise t-JAIs-01C, :w

pi&

to

n.OW

Ckld

Seyenti -hI

zltcNi.'ifi

NN

S"

6-

-attention in

connection with -the iitcrpretation

of

some

1IFO reports,

buit

relevant to prpcltical problcm.

of military

,4-,tit

they are

ii

also of fundencintal

and civ:ilian

scienti.fic interest,

Defense,

and they arc

safety

being carried

related

to the improvement of

efforts are

"te•Areas

by the Depax-tment

flyi,.,.

Researl.h

of

the Environmental

Science

Services Administration,

the National Aeronautics

and norprofit

and

Space

Administration, zations •such

work, ls, sponsored by-the National Science Foundation."

anid by universities

reseurch organi-

Research,

whose

as the National Center for

Atmospheric

The Report also observes

(7)

that UFO reports and beliefs

scientist and the communications

--

i.e.,

(6)

and

(7)

--

proposal"

procedures

and

customary.

are also of interest to " t the social

specialist."

In these areas particuilarly

implying that normal.

the study suggests (8) that "scientists with adequa'ze training and

credentials who do come

0ihoud -be supported,

assessments ,of prooposals* should be followed

up with a clearly defined,.specific

competitive

here

as

is

"We concur with these

evaluations and recommendations.

IV. PANEL CONCLUSION

The range. of

We concur

in

topics

in the Report

is

extensive

and its

various

chapters.,

value to scholars

pertinent and useful in

field.

,bi6rity

two -decades.

dealing with many aspects of the subject,

in many fields.

any fi,,•

re

in the reboyioncltion

should prove of

0.his

Its analyses and findings are

assessment of activity in

suggesting that no high

UMO investigatio:'s is warranted by data of the past

We are

in the opinion

effort to apply oj)jectivelp

unanimous

that this has been

a very the relevant techniques

6editable

science

of

to the solution of the

UFO problem.

The Report recognizes

easily explained.

The

and possible

,iat there remain UFO sightings that are not

Report does suggest, however,

that there seems to

be n6o reason 'to attribute /them to an extraterrestrial source without

evidence that is much more

difficult it is to transient sightings

of particular aspects of the topic (e.g.,

may

to expand

Of present

hypothesis of extraterrestrial ,vksitatimns

so many reasonable

methods

success.

general

of

directions

in which an explanation may cventually be found,

be

usefu3,

a

convincing.

apply scientific

The Report

to the

also shows how occasional

promising On the

with any chance of

of

UFOs

in

While further

phenomena)

study

atmospheric

is

not

a

stuidy

sc~en~tific

know.ledge

undeo."standing

the

the phenomena.

basis way

the

.eIast likely

exp.anation of UPOs is

by intelligent

beings.

Gera•d.

0.

M. Clemence,

chairminn;

H.

R.

Crane,

David M. Dennison,

E.

R.

Hilgard,

Mark Kac,

C. D. Shane,

Oswald G.

--

Wallacc

Fenn,

H. Keffer Hart.linc,

Francis W. Relche].derfer.,

Will:u ,mW. Rubey,

Villard,

Jr.

Attachments:

- List of-Panel Members

- Letter of Transmittal

MEMBERS OF THE REVIEW PA14L

Gerald M. Clemence,

'tale University

H. R. Crane

University of Michigan

David M. Dennison University of Michigan

Wallace 0. Fenn University of !v.jhester

H. Kelleor Ha - vl-./ne -

The RockefeC.tlor

Qiiversity

E. R. Hilgard

Stanford University

II

Chairman

Mark Xac The Rockefeller

Fiancis W. Reichelderfor

Washington,

William W. Rubey University of California

Univev-'ity

D.C.

at Los Angeles

C.

D.

Shane

Santa Cruz,

California

Oswald G. Villarsd,

Jr.

Stanford

University

Ii

II

$

I

I

a

%.4

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

C,,

orfFcI

Or Twc pICSEONt

Rie604tt. WASI~iNGON.0.

C.

8•

'014?UIOAV4.*PUC

4:S

January

8,

1969

The 1ionorable Alexander

Assistant Secretary

20330

Dear Dr.

H.

Flax

of the Air Force

Washington,

D.

C.

Flax:

Following your request

appointed

a panel

of October

of its members

29,

1968,

the

Academy

to review

tho report of the University of Colorado study group

on Unidentified

Flying Objects.

As you know,

a final

draft of this report was

made available

Under the

panel has devoted

to the

panel on November 15,

of Dr.

Gerald

time and

methodology

1968.

the

to

a

chairmanship

Clemence

effort

substantial

careful review of the

ings

and unanimously approved the attached report, which

I am pleased

scope, of the Colorado study

to transmit

arbd find-

group and

has prevared

on behalf

of the panel.

The

belief

in

Academy

the

accepted

importance

this task because of its

of making available

to the

government

scientific

and the

significance

public

a careful

assessment of the

of UFO phenomena which have '

j

been variously

inirpreted both in

this

country

and

"

abroad.

Substantial

questions

have been

as and investigation

raised

the adequacy

of our

research

to

pro-

grams

to

explain

or to determine

the nature

of

these

sometimes

It

puzzling

that

is

my hope

reports

the Colorado

of observed

report,

phenomena.

together

with

our panel review, will be helpful to you and other

responsible officials in

determining

the

nature

and

scope

of

any

continuing research

effort in

this

area.

K

!

The Honorable Alexander H. Flax

January

8,

1969

Page

Two

Finally,

may

I

add

that

the

 

re-

viewing

panel

was

prepared

and

is

report of the being made

avail-

it

able

in

Its use in whole or part for any other purpose would

for

the

sole

a

purpose

on

of assisting

its

the governient

of action.

reaching

decision

future

course

be

incompatible with

the purpose of

it

was

che review and conducted.

the conditions

under which

Attachment

Sincerely

yours,

F

ederick

ittz

President

3.

4.

S.

-

IV efol 0firrifo" of

DOCUMENT CONTROL DATA-

title, ?,nfft* e 4

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suiu~7

National Academy of Sciences

"2101Constitutior

Ave.

N. 1 .1

R & D

k

er eted ,.ilw

UNC

Washington,

D.C.

20418

F

PO

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H9VMW OF THE UINIVERSITY OF COLO!.-)0

?2?PORT 3N

B! A PANEL OF T}iiE NAY'IO::AL ACADE::Y 0. S

:-'S

DESCR:PT I . E

,Ij

Scientific

AU TlO0R(S

(Firet!

7 ES

'7' pe of repurt nsil

liisvi'

.rax.

riddl,

Special

initial, last ,n:,.ra,,

Gerald M. Clemence,

chairman

.ant

N41Di

TIFIED

%PW

ý"e overall report

%J

It.

cl 4 astflSh

MLY2G OBJi!cTr3

6.

REPORT

=ATE

 

'

AL

NO

0 FC-Tb.

NO

OF

I.FFS

8 January 1969

 

9

8S.

CONTIRACT

OR

CRAN{T

NO

9n,. ORG'INATORS

REPORT

%U%IBt•(SI

F18600-67-C-0071

and

AFOSIK

OA-b-(:-U(,$

h.

P ROJ EC

''I-)

 
 

9730

C. 61102F

 

O ,-FR

REPORT %0(51 (Ant- other numbers thit miar be assigned

 

d.

681310

,. ,,,,o69

 

-1 2 7 6 TRp

AR-2b

_0

DISTRIqUoiO•S

S-A-MENT1.

This document

has been approved for

public

release

and

sale;

AWs distribution is unlimited. The copyright notation does not prohibit the un-

"MLRited distribution of this report by the U.S.

Government

by reasons

of the

pro-

tI.

viions of contract F18600-67-C-0071 by and between the U.S.

and

the

SUPPLEI,'ENI AR

-

TES1

2

SP0'15ORING

%.tLTARY A- T.VITY

coovright

holder

(%

"

/

H

AFSO

(SCGS

for AFOSR)

"

-.

Andrews

AFB

13.

ABSTRAC-

O -

-"

Washington,

D.C.

20331

"»ýThead hoc committee concurs 'with -he findings of the reporL of the University of

Colorado entitled "Scientific Study of Unidentified Flying Objects," Dr. Edward U. Condon, Scieftific Director• Panel agrees that a study of UFOs in general is not a promising way to expand scientific understaniing of the pheno-mena, and adds: "On the basis of present knoowledge th3 least likely explanation of UFOs is the hypo- thesis of extraterrestrial visita=ions bv intelligept beings."•% provisions of the subject contract, the Government has acquired 1 necessary rights in the forementioned report to per--t its unlimited reproduction and distribution for any and all Guvernment purposes, notwithstanding the report's copyright notation:

"'Copyright,

Natioial

Academy

of Scienccs,

14.

Keywords:

NAS

Clemence

UFOs

review

report

Condon report

University

of

Colorado

report

DDI 1473

,@~~~

1969".)

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