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Reference: Polymer Properties

Thermal Transitions of Homopolymers: Glass Transition & Melting Point


Literature values for the glass transition temperature, (Tg), and melting temperature, (Tm), are given in Table I for the more common homopolymers. Polymers are listed by the repeating unit in the polymer chain. These polymers and corresponding monomers are available from Aldrich. Literature values for a given material can vary widely. The values reported in Table I have been taken from various sources and represent the most commonly reported numbers.1 Several factors can influence the reported values, including molecular weight, molecular weight distribution, tacticity, thermal history, purity, and method of measurement.

Table I: Thermal Transitions of Homopolymers: Glass Transition (Tg) & Melting Point (Tm) Temperatures
Repeating Unit Tg (C) Tm (C) Repeating Unit Tg (C) Tm (C)

Acenaphthylene Acetaldehyde 4-Acetoxystyrene Acrylamide Acrylic acid Acrylonitrile, syndiotactic Allyl glycidyl ether Benzyl acrylate Benzyl methacrylate Bisphenol A-alt-epichlorohydrin Bisphenol A terephthalate Bisphenol carbonate Bisphenol F carbonate Bisphenol Z carbonate 4-Bromostyrene cis-Butadiene trans-Butadiene 1-Butene N-tert-Butylacrylamide Butyl acrylate sec-Butyl acrylate tert-Butyl acrylate 2-tert-Butylaminoethyl methacrylate Butyl glydicyl ether Butyl methacrylate tert-Butyl methacrylate 4-tert-Butylstyrene tert-Butyl vinyl ether Butyl vinyl ether -Caprolactone Cellulose nitrate Cellulose tripropionate cis-Chlorobutadiene trans-Chlorobutadiene 2-Chlorostyrene 3-Chlorostyrene 4-Chlorostyrene Chlorotrifluoroethylene 2-Cyanoethyl acrylate Cyclohexyl acrylate Cyclohexyl methacrylate Cyclohexyl vinyl ether 2,6-Dichlorostyrene Diethylaminoethyl methacrylate
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214 -32 116 165 105 125 -78 6 54 100 205 174 147 175 118 102 -58 -24 128 -54 -26 43-107 33 -79 20 118 127 88 -55 -60 53 -20 -40 119 90 110 52 4 19 92 81 167 20

165

319

1 148 171

193

250 64

80 101

214

N,N-Dimethylacrylamide Dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate 2,6-Dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide Dimethylsiloxane 2,4-Dimethylstyrene 2,5-Dimethylstyrene 3,5-Dimethylstyrene Dodecyl acrylate Dodecyl methacrylate Dodecyl vinyl ether Epibromohydrin Epichlorohydrin 1,2-Epoxybutane 1,2-Epoxydecane 1,2-Epoxyoctane 2-Ethoxyethyl acrylate 4-Ethoxystyrene Ethyl acrylate Ethyl cellulose Ethylene, HDPE Ethylene adipate Ethylene-trans-1,4-cyclohexyldicarboxylate Ethylene isophthatate Ethylene malonate Ethylene 2,6-napthalenedicarboxylate Ethylene oxide Ethylene terephthalate 2-Ethylhexyl acrylate 2-Ethylhexyl methacrylate 2-Ethylhexyl vinyl ether Ethyl methacrylate Ethyl vinyl ether 4-Fluorostyrene Formaldehyde Hexadecyl acrylate Hexadecyl methacrylate Hexyl acrylate Hexyl methacrylate 2-Hydropropyl methacrylate Hydroquinone-alt-epichlorohydrin 2-Hydroxyethyl methacrylate Indene Isobornyl acrylate Isobornyl methacrylate

89 19 167 -127 112 143 104 -3 -65 -62 -14 -22 -70 -70 -67 -50 86 -24 43 -125 -46 18 51 -29 113 -66 72 -50 -10 -66 65 -43 95 -82 35 15 57 -5 76 60 57 85 94 110

-40

130 54

66 265

86 181

See catalog numbers Z41,247-3, Z41,255-4, Z22,171-6, Z40,603-1 and Z22,195-3 in the Book section.

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Polymer Products from Aldrich

Reference: Polymer Properties


Thermal Transitions of Homopolymers: Glass Transition & Melting Point (continued)
Table I: Thermal Transitions of Homopolymers: Glass Transition (Tg) & Melting Point (Tm) Temperatures (continued)
Repeating Unit Tg (C) Tm (C) Repeating Unit Tg (C) Tm (C)

Isobutyl acrylate -24 Isobutylene -73 Isobutyl methacrylate 53 Isobutyl vinyl ether -19 cis-Isoprene -63 trans-Isoprene -66 N-Isopropylacrylamide 85-130 Isopropyl acrylate, isotactic -11 Isopropyl methacrylate 81 Methacrylic acid 228 Methacrylic anhydride 159 Methacrylonitrile 120 2-Methoxyethyl acrylate -50 4-Methoxystyrene 113 Methyl acrylate 10 Methyl cellulose Methyl glycidyl ether -62 Methyl methacrylate, atactic 105,120 Methyl methacrylate, syndiotactic 115 4-Methylpentene 29 Methylphenylsiloxane -86 Methylstyrene 20 3-Methylstyrene 97 4-Methylstyrene 97 Methyl vinyl ether -31 Nylon 4,6 (tetramethylene adipamide) 43 Nylon 6 (-caprolactam) 52 Nylon 6,6 (hexamethylene adipamide) 50 Nylon 6,9 (hexamethylene azelamide) 58 Nylon 6,10 (hexamethylene sebacamide) 50 Nylon 6,12 (hexamethylene dodecane46 diamide) Nylon 11 (undecanamide) 42 Nylon 12 (-dodecanamide) 41 1-Octadecene 55 Octadecyl methacrylate -100 1-Octene -63 Octyl methacrylate -20 Oxy-4,4'-biphenyleneoxy-1,4phenylenesulfonyl-1,4-phenylene 230 Oxy-1,4-phenylenesulfonyl-1,4-phenyleneoxy1,4-phenyleneisopropylidene-1,4-phenylene 165 Oxy-1,4-phenylenesulfonyl1,4-phenylene ether 214 p-Phenylene isophthalamide 225

165 28 65 162

200 250

144 225 265 227

189 179

290 190 230 380

p-Phenylene terephthalamide Phenylene vinylene Phenyl methacrylate Phenyl vinyl ketone Potassium acrylate Propylene, atactic Propylene, isotactic Propylene, syndiotactic Propylene oxide Propyl vinyl ether Sodium acrylate Sodium methacrylate Styrene, atactic Styrene, isotactic Tetrabromobisphenol A carbonate Tetrafluoroethylene Tetrahydrofuran Tetramethylene adipate Tetramethylene terephthalate Thio-1,4-phenylene 2,2,2-Trifluoroethyl acrylate Trimethylene oxide Trimethylsilyl methacrylate 2,4,6-Trimethylstyrene Vinyl acetal Vinyl acetate Vinyl alcohol Vinyl benzoate Vinyl 4-tert-butylbenzoate Vinyl butyral Vinyl carbazole Vinyl chloride Vinyl cyclohexanoate Vinylferrocene Vinyl fluoride Vinyl formal Vinylidene chloride Vinylidene fluoride 2-Vinyl naphthalene Vinyl pivalate Vinyl propionate 2-Vinylpyridine 4-Vinylpyridine 1-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidone Vinyl trifluoroacetate

345 80 110 74 194 -13 -8 -8 -75 -49 230 310 100 100 157 117 -84 -118 17 97 -10 -78 68 162 355 30 85 71 101 322 227 81 76 189 41 105 -18 -40 151 86 10 104 142 54 46

380

176 66 76

240 327

232 285

82 220 49 320 227

200 200 171

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