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WLAN Design and Deployment of Rich Media Networks BRKEWN-2000 Larry Ross Technical Marketing Engineer BRKEWN-2000

WLAN Design and Deployment of

Rich Media Networks

BRKEWN-2000

Larry Ross

Technical Marketing Engineer

BRKEWN-2000

© 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Ross Technical Marketing Engineer BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public
Ross Technical Marketing Engineer BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

1

Agenda

Wi-Fi Channel Bandwidth Management for Multiple Application Types

Configure for Capacity Voice & Video Bandwidth for Call Admission Control

Configure for best Channel Utilization Data Rates, Legacy Beam Forming & Band Select

802.11 Channel Design for VDI

Bringing 802.11n Enhancements together for a better Data, Voice, and Video WLAN

WLAN QoS for Voice & Video

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WLAN QoS for Voice & Video BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
WLAN QoS for Voice & Video BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

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Wi-Fi Channel Bandwidth Management for Multiple Application Types BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates.
Wi-Fi Channel Bandwidth Management for Multiple Application Types BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates.

Wi-Fi Channel Bandwidth Management for Multiple Application Types

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3

Cisco Media Ready Wireless LAN

VideoStream

ClientLink

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Bandwidth

Cisco

Media

Ready

WLAN

Scale

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Quality

802.11n

BandSelect &

LoadBalancing

End-to-End QoS

Call Admission

Control

Spectrum

Analysis

4

Three 5 Pound Bags

1

1 1997 6 Data Rates 1 & 2 Mbps 11 Throughput about 0.8 Mbps
1 1997 6 Data Rates 1 & 2 Mbps 11 Throughput about 0.8 Mbps

1997

6

1 1997 6 Data Rates 1 & 2 Mbps 11 Throughput about 0.8 Mbps

Data Rates 1 & 2 Mbps

Data Rates 1 & 2 Mbps

11

1 1997 6 Data Rates 1 & 2 Mbps 11 Throughput about 0.8 Mbps

Throughput

about 0.8 Mbps

If your 5 pound bag is full of 2Mbps traffic how are you going to fit in 300 Mbps

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5

The Radio Frequency Protocols in Those Three 2.4GHz Bags From Just Your Smart Phone

Train Wreck Waiting to Happen

4 different Wi-Fi protocols

802.11, 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11n

3 different technologies 802.11 Wi-Fi , Wi-Fi Direct, and Bluetooth(BT) 3 different BT protocols and soon to be 4

1.2, 2.0 plus EDR, 3.0 plus HS, and 4.0

BT specification information is in the addendum

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Continued

Train Wreck Waiting to Happen

Doing 3 different basic applications:

Voice, Video, and Data from the same device How many different communication protocols are used in each of those applications? How many of those applications are a direct port from Ethernet which does not have roaming? When layer 2 changes, is the application still going to work?

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The Wreck Is Here

The Wreck Is Here BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public
The Wreck Is Here BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

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Bluetooth Client Device Radios

Do you consider what your Bluetooth radios will do to the performance of the Wi-Fi radio of the colleague two cubes away from you?

The manufacturers and the specifications claim

co-existence:

• That is between that client‟s Wi-Fi radio and it‟s BT radio and the paired BT radio. Examples are BT headset, mouse and keyboard.

What happens during pairing?

What happens to the bandwidth of your neighbors?

What happens

with BT 3.0?

You build a secure WLAN and then put all near data over an insecure BT PERSONAL AREA NETWORK (PAN)

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BLUETOOTH PAIRING MODE

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BLUETOOTH PAIRING MODE BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 1
BLUETOOTH PAIRING MODE BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 1
BLUETOOTH PAIRING MODE BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 1

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Bluetooth Continued

When using a headset, the Wi-Fi voice packets will be replicated by

the BT radio at much slower BT data rates on the 2.4GHz channels

used by Wi-Fi.

In multichannel 2.4GHz Wlan, that means those slow BT packets will affect all Wi-Fi channels.

A BT chipset may be built for the 3.0 specification, but the BT driver

may be using a earlier device code.

The previous slide shows early BT specification behavior.

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Bandwidth Management

With “Video Calling”: Now More Important Than Ever

Recommendations:

11n Packet Aggregation Configuration for Dense Video/Voice

Manage out all possible interferers

Manage out all possible low data rates

Use MIMO antenna technology to its fullest extent

Use Legacy Client Link and Future 802.11n Client Link

Use Band Select

Use Call Admission Control

Use Multicast Direct

Enable Windows XP and Windows 7 QoS

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One Cius with Three Different Application Packet Types

This was Captured from the AP CLI -> Show Cont D1

3 Wi-Fi Media Access Categories used Simultaneously on One

WLAN SSID by the Cius

The WLAN is Configured for Voice

The Voice AC Sent 30413 G722 Codec Packets The Video AC Sent 18647 Dynamic RTP Packets

The Best Effort AC Sent 1220 ICMP Ping Reply Packets

Packets The Best Effort AC Sent 1220 ICMP Ping Reply Packets BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or

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Recommended Enterprise A-MPDU and A-MSDU Settings The Current Default Settings are not Optimal for Densely

Recommended Enterprise A-MPDU and A-MSDU Settings

The Current Default Settings are not

Optimal for Densely Deployed WLANs

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Recommended MPDU & MSDU Settings

The 7.0.116.0 Default A-MPDU and A-MSDU

Default

A-MPDU

User Priority 0, 4, 5 = Enabled

User Priority 1, 2, 3, 6, 7 = Disabled

A-MSDU

User Priority 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 = Enabled

User Priority 6, 7 = Disabled

Recommended

A-MPDU

User Priority 0, 3, 4, 5 = Enabled

User Priority 1, 2, 6, 7 = Disabled

A-MSDU

User Priority 1, 2 = Enabled

User Priority 0, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 = Disabled

Check for Recommended Changes in each Code Release

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A-MPDU & A-MSDU WLC Configuration

11n Packet Aggregation Configuration for Dense Video/Voice

Recommended for WLAN Network with a dense Deployment

of Video Call Capable Wi-Fi Phones

Including: Skype, Face Time, Cisco Cius & Social Media

These configurations are on the CLI only:

Enable A-MPDU on UP 4,5

Disable A-MSDU on 4,5,6 priorities.

Syntax -> config 802.11a 11nsupport a-mpdu tx priority <0-7> enable/disable

Examples ->

config 802.11a 11nsupport a-mpdu tx priority 5 enable config 802.11a 11nsupport a-msdu tx priority 4 disable

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2.4GHz Cius 720p Video Call to Cius Video Call without CLI Changes

Cius 720p Video Call to Cius Video Call without CLI Changes 30% Packet Loss BRKEWN-2000 ©

30%

Packet

Loss

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2.4GHz 720p Video Call RTP Analysis

Top half of Wireshark Screen Shoot

Call RTP Analysis • Top half of Wireshark Screen Shoot BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its

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2.4GHz 720p Video Call RTP Analysis (Continued)

Wireshark computes a 108% Packet Loss in this stream.

• Wireshark computes a 108% Packet Loss in this stream. BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its

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Video Call After A-MSDU and A-MPDU Changes

Video Call After A-MSDU and A-MPDU Changes BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights

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Configure for Capacity – Voice & Video Bandwidth for Call Admission Control BRKEWN-2000 © 2011
Configure for Capacity – Voice & Video Bandwidth for Call Admission Control BRKEWN-2000 © 2011

Configure for Capacity Voice & Video Bandwidth for Call Admission Control

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Xoom, iPad, Galaxy Tab, Droid Charge, Cius & iPhone

Different Devices with Different Levels of Wi-Fi and QoS support
Different Devices with Different Levels of Wi-Fi and QoS support

So, they Don’t ALL Behave the Same on Your Enterprise Network!

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Thomas Edison’s Telephonescope

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However They Can Share the Same WLAN

Find the Common Ground

Create the WLAN for both 2.4GHz and 5GHz Wi-Fi Bands

Let the Device find the Best Band and Enable Cisco Band Select to Encourage the other devices to use 5GHz

Use a Security Type that is Common to All

Don‟t Expect

Them to Roam the Same on Channel Changes

Roaming Ultimately is Done at the Client Wi-Fi Driver Level

QoS Markings for Similar Applications Maybe Different at the Wi-Fi

Battery Saving Sleep Modes Will Differ

Best Practice for Smart Phones is Routinely Check for Firmware Updates

Apple Added Voice and Video 802.11e QoS in 4.3

Wi-Fi Radio Power and Antenna Differ

Note: The Above is also True of Laptops

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802.11e CAC for Video Calls

TSPEC CAC and SIP CAC Share the Same Bandwidth Reservation.

Video has a BW Reservation

the Same Bandwidth Reservation. Video has a BW Reservation BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates.
the Same Bandwidth Reservation. Video has a BW Reservation BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates.

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Video has a BW Reservation BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco
Video has a BW Reservation BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco

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Configure for best Channel Utilization – Data Rates, Legacy Beam Forming & Band Select BRKEWN-2000
Configure for best Channel Utilization – Data Rates, Legacy Beam Forming & Band Select BRKEWN-2000

Configure for best Channel Utilization Data Rates, Legacy Beam Forming & Band Select

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Data Rates vs. Channel Utilization

Do you need 1997?

Do you need CAT3? 10GigCat6 Ethernet Cable?

Do you plug 10Mbps Ethernet NICs into 1 GIG switch ports?

Do you need 1997?

NICs into 1 GIG switch ports? • Do you need 1997? That is the first year

That is the first year of Wi-Fi. 1 & 2Mbps

1999 is 802.11b Wi-Fi and 5.5 & 11Mbps

Is it time to re-cycle your WLAN Bandwidth?

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The Data Rate Influence on CAC Bandwidth

The denser the deployment of APs,

the higher the first required data rate

(recommendation from Cisco)

If the AP deployment is not dense, the lower data rates may be

necessary to provide coverage

With the G.711 codec and the overhead of the 802.11 protocol, the cell throughput does not increase at

data rates above 24Mbps

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Tuned 802.11b/g Data Rates:
Tuned 802.11b/g Data Rates:

28

Site Planning Based on Application

Data

Rate & Range

Voice

Rate & User Density

Video

Rate & User Density

VDI

Rate & Range

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ABG ABG ABG ABG
ABG
ABG
ABG
ABG

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802.11 Channel Design for VDI BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
802.11 Channel Design for VDI BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

802.11 Channel Design for VDI

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What Is a Well Designed Coverage Plan?

Does 792x Work Well?

What is Current Channel Overlap?

What is the Current Range?

What are the Current Data Rates?

Are the Cells Built on -67dBm Edge?

What is the Wi-Fi Channel Utilization CU%? -

Throughput Does Not Increase once the CU

Reaches 33%.

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Ideal Environment for 802.11b/g/a/n Phone Clients the Cell Edge Recommendation Is -67dBm.

A typical deployment showing a 1015% overlap from each of the adjoining cells. Provides almost complete redundancy throughout the cell.

With 5GHz there are enough channels available there should be no need to

have a co-channel design, but this would the recommendation for dense 5GHz

deployments and for all 2.4GHz deployments

The same design principle applies for deployments using 802.11n APs.

Channel 1

 

Channel 6

or

Channel 11

802.11n APs. Channel 1   Channel 6 or Channel 11 The RADIUS of the cell should

The RADIUS

of the cell

should be:

67 dBm

-67dBm
-67dBm

The separation of

same channel cells

should be: 19 dB

Channel 36

Channel 44

Channel 149

cells should be: 19 dB Channel 36 Channel 44 Channel 149 -86dBm This example shows just

-86dBm

This example shows just 3 of the 5GHz 11a or bounded 11n channels.

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How to Measure and What to Measure

1 of 3

The process is the same for 11b/g, 11a, 11n 20Mhz or

40Mhz wide.

More and more, the Design is about High Density Capacity.

How users and how calls are going to be needed in a certain coverage area.

Call Capacity Max is 26 Audio Calls per Wi-Fi Channel.

Co-Channel Interference, non-Wi-Fi Interference, Data, Video and CAC Configurations are going to

reduce the MAX number of Calls

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How to Measure and What to Measure

2 of 3

Capacity by Coverage Area becomes a DATA RATE

and TRANSMIT POWER Configuration Issue.

Faster Data Rates = Smaller Cells

Lower Transmit Powers = Smaller Cells

Loss the Slow Data Rates and High TX Powers then the Cells will be Smaller.

Smaller Cells = More Cells = More Calls in a Coverage Area

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How to Measure and What to Measure

3 of 3

TEST

Set to “Disabled” all data rates except the estimated best fit data rate

Use the Actual Clients that the User is going to use

Do Live Calls with those Clients

Check the RSSI Reading Off the AP

Find the -67 dBm range by slowly moving away from the AP

Now select a client radio to be the survey benchmark radio

Disable the Slow Data Rates and abandon High TX Powers -> the Cells will be Smaller

Smaller Cells = More Cells = More Calls in a Coverage Area

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Measure the -67dBm Cell Size to the Clients

Pick Your Most Used Client

or The Client That Your WLAN Network was

Designed Around.

Find an Area in Your Facility Where That Device‟s Uplink

is at -67dBm.

Move Your New Clients to that Area.

Then Measure the Uplink dBm Value of Those Clients.

• Then Measure the Uplink dBm Value of Those Clients. BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its

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Measure the Uplink at -67dBm on the AP

Measure the Uplink at -67dBm on the AP BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All

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SSID Planning Client/Application Types

Divide by application

Hardwired client capabilities

QoS capabilities

Coverage requirements

Capacity requirements

How many SSIDs?

requirements • Capacity requirements • How many SSIDs? BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All

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VXI -

Cisco Virtualization Experience Infrastructure

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Experience Infrastructure BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 3 9

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Desktop Virtualization:

Nomenclature

Desktop Virtualization  End-to-End Suite of Technologies Architecture  Desktop Streaming  Application
Desktop Virtualization
 End-to-End
Suite of Technologies
Architecture
 Desktop Streaming
 Application Virtualization
 Terminal Services
 Supporting
Rich Media
VDI
/UC
Cisco
Virtual Desktop
VXI
 Enhanced
Infrastructure
Security
Industry Terms for VDI:
 Application
 Gartner: “Hosted Virtual
Acceleration
Desktop”
 IDC: “Centralized Virtual
Desktop”
 POE /
Energy Wise

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Cisco’s Vision for VXI

“Deliver a superior collaboration and rich media user experience

with best in class ROI in a fully integrated, open and validated desktop virtualization solution”

Media Rich Experience Data Center / Virtualization VXI Security Virtual Workspace Borderless Collaboration TCO /
Media Rich
Experience
Data Center /
Virtualization
VXI
Security
Virtual
Workspace
Borderless
Collaboration
TCO / ROI
Networks
Integrated System

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Cius – A VXI Client Device • Cius unit requires call control support from CUCM

Cius A VXI Client Device

Cius unit requires call control support from CUCM 8.5.

802.11a/b/g/n Wi-Fi for On/Off Campus Mobility

Single Stream

Seamless transition wired to wireless

Battery 8 hours (normal usage)

Docking stations at desk

Future: 3G/4G data services

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Bringing 802.11n Enhancements Together for a Better Data, Voice, and Video WLAN BRKEWN-2000 © 2011
Bringing 802.11n Enhancements Together for a Better Data, Voice, and Video WLAN BRKEWN-2000 © 2011

Bringing 802.11n Enhancements Together for a Better Data, Voice, and Video WLAN

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MIMO MIMO MIMO

Access Points

AP3500 802.11n with separate Spectrum Intelligence radios AP3500i Internal MIMO Antennas

AP3500e External MIMO Antenna support

CleanAir Technology

Simplify wireless operations with:

Automatic interference mitigation for better reliability and performance

Remote troubleshooting for fast problem resolution and less downtime

Robust security with non-Wi-Fi detection for off-channel rogues

Policy enforcement with customizable alerts to prohibit devices that interfere with the network

AP1260 802.11n External MIMO Antenna support Same as the AP3500e but without Spectrum Intelligence radio

The AP3500s and AP1260 have the same housing and PoE

requirements as the AP1140

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WLAN Advanced Settings

WLAN – Advanced Settings • For VoIP Snooping and VoIP Reporting enable this option. BRKEWN-2000 ©

For VoIP Snooping and VoIP Reporting enable this option.

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Access Points -> Radio -> 802.11a/n -> Detail

The Statistics Provide WLAN Performance Info 1 of 3

The Statistics Provide WLAN Performance Info – 1 of 3 BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its

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Access Points -> Radio -> 802.11a/n -> Detail

Profile Information on Noise and Channel Load 2 of 3

Profile Information on Noise and Channel Load – 2 of 3 BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or

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Access Points -> Radio -> 802.11a/n -> Detail

Profile Information on Noise and Channel Load 3 of 3

Profile Information on Noise and Channel Load – 3 of 3 BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or

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Access Points -> Radio -> 802.11b/g/n -> Detail

CleanAir Info From the Access Point

1 of 2

Detail CleanAir Info From the Access Point – 1 of 2 BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or
Detail CleanAir Info From the Access Point – 1 of 2 BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or

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Access Points -> Radio -> 802.11b/g/n -> Detail

CleanAir Info From the Access Point

2 of 2

Detail CleanAir Info From the Access Point – 2 of 2 BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or
Detail CleanAir Info From the Access Point – 2 of 2 BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or

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WLAN QoS for Voice & Video BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights
WLAN QoS for Voice & Video BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights

WLAN QoS for Voice & Video

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Wi-Fi 802.11e CAC & SIP CAC

SIP Based QoS (WLC code stream 6.0)

Intercept and snoop SIP traffic (AP: Upstream, WLC: downstream) to determine voice session and set QoS

RFC 3261 compliant client

SIP Based CAC (WLC code stream 7.0)

Adding to the SIP Based QoS of Release 6

Enable the network to roam voice session between APs based on available

bandwidth

Feature is applicable to SIP phone w/o TSPEC.

Bandwidth parameters are configured manually on per session bases

The WLC has 1 Media Time Parameter The Wi-Fi has 1 Channel Utilization Value for the AP‟s Radio

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A Trace of the Beacon for the AP Shows MT

Channel Utilization & Available Admission Capacity

MT Channel Utilization & Available Admission Capacity BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights

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Cius WLAN Voice & Video Packet Count

5.3% 256-511 29.0% 10.0% 128-255 2048-2346 4.3% 1024-2048 50.9% 512-1023
5.3%
256-511
29.0%
10.0%
128-255
2048-2346
4.3%
1024-2048
50.9%
512-1023

Percentage wise, by packet count, the Voice and Video are fairly similar.

But the Video packets are nearly 4 times bigger. Therefore taking up

substantially more bandwidth, if assigned the same QoS as Voice packets.

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Cius WLAN Voice & Video Byte Count

Cius WLAN Voice & Video Byte Count Percentage wise, by packet size, the Voice used 20%

Percentage wise, by packet size, the Voice used 20% of the bytes and

Video used 77.7% of the bytes, taking up substantially more bandwidth.

The Video packets of the 9971‟s ranged from 110 to 939 bytes.

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Eleven Cius Videos on One 5GHz Channel

Eleven Cius Videos on One 5GHz Channel BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights

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Cius Decode • Client Voice packet has a 802.11 UP = 6 • Client Video

Cius Decode

Client Voice packet

has a 802.11 UP = 6

Client Video packet has a 802.11 UP = 5

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IP Communicator in SIP Mode & Without Windows QoS Enabled • Client Voice packet has

IP Communicator in SIP Mode &

Without Windows QoS Enabled

Client Voice packet

has a 802.11 UP = 0

with a DSCP = EF

Client Video packet has a 802.11 UP = 0

with a DSCP = AF

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AP

Forwarded

Voice

Decode

Forwarded Client

Voice packet has

a 802.11 UP = 6

and maintains DSCP = EF

Voice packet has a 802.11 UP = 6 and maintains DSCP = EF BRKEWN-2000 © 2011
Voice packet has a 802.11 UP = 6 and maintains DSCP = EF BRKEWN-2000 © 2011
Voice packet has a 802.11 UP = 6 and maintains DSCP = EF BRKEWN-2000 © 2011

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AP Forwarded Video Decode • Forwarded Client Video packet has a 802.11 UP = 0

AP

Forwarded

Video

Decode

Forwarded Client Video

packet has a

802.11 UP = 0

and maintains

DSCP = AF

The Video is not given the

802.11

upgrade

because the

WLAN is

„Voice‟.

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Key Takeaways

Smart Phones capabilities are changing rapidly. Regularly review

what devices in your environment and their Wi-Fi and BT behaviors

are.

802.11n Packet Aggregation configuration recommendations are likely to change in the next couple code releases. Check the release notes for possible updates on configurations.

BT and Wi-Fi Direct do share the same frequencies as Wi-Fi and will consume channel bandwidth. Claims that they are not is untrue.

MIMO Antennas and Beam Forming are your friends.

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Visit the Cisco Store for Related Titles http://theciscostores.com BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates.

Visit the Cisco Store for Related Titles http://theciscostores.com

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Thank you. Skinny Client Control Protocol Data Length: Reserved: Message ID: On Hook Message BRKEWN-2000

Thank you.

Skinny Client Control Protocol Data Length:

Reserved:

Message ID:

On Hook Message

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On Hook

BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public On Hook 4 0x00000000

4

0x00000000

0x00000007

65

65

Addendum

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Proof That We Had a SIP Marked UP a SIP Media Packet Between the AP

Proof That We Had a SIP Marked UP a SIP Media Packet Between the AP and the WLAN Infrastructure.

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Show 802.11a AP Radio Information Via AP Console ( Serial or Telnet)

User Access Verification

Username: cisco

Password:

AP0022.90e3.373c>en

Password:

AP0022.90e3.373c#

show controller d1

interface Dot11Radio1

Radio AIR-AP1140A, Base Address 0021.1bfc.4280, BBlock version 0.00, Software version 2.10.3

Serial number: FHH123000CW

Number of supported simultaneous BSSID on Dot11Radio1: 16

Carrier Set: Americas (OFDM) (US) (-A)

Uniform Spreading Required: Yes

Configured Frequency: 5745 MHz Channel 149

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Continuing ‘show cont d1’ From the AP

QBSS Load: 0x6, Policing Stats: Rx downgrades 112, Tx downgrades 0

Classifier Stats tx_on_up6 0, tx_on_up4 2211

Configured Local Access Class Parameters

 

Back

: cw-min 4 cw-max 10 fixed-slot 7 admission-cont

 

Best

: cw-min 4 cw-max 10 fixed-slot 3 admission-control Off txop 0

Video

: cw-min 3 cw-max 4 fixed-slot 2 admission-control Off txop 0

Voice

: cw-min 2 cw-max 3 fixed-slot 2 admission-control On txop 0

SIP stats sip_udp_rx_pkt 1162, sip_tcp_rx_pkt 1049,

 

downlink classified_pkt 38803,

uplink classified_pkt 39408,

 

num_processed_SIP_Calls 16

Transmit queues: In Progress 0

 

---- Active --- In-Progress --------------- Counts --------------

Cnt Quo Bas Max Cnt Quo Bas

Sent

Discard Fail

Retry

Multi

Uplink

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Voice

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

73345

0

2

4470

1777

Video

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

370

0

0

26

10

Best

0

3 646

3

0

3 150

4941

0

0

67

34

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SIP Information on the WLC Monitor Page

SIP Information on the WLC Monitor Page SIP VoIP Call Failure in This Case BRKEWN-2000 ©

SIP VoIP Call Failure in This Case

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WLC Trap Logs

These logs can be forwarded to syslog servers.

Logs • These logs can be forwarded to syslog servers. BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its

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Tracing Voice QoS Marking with Snooping

• the AP. • • of „0‟ • x‟10B6‟.
the AP.
of „0‟
x‟10B6‟.
• the AP. • • of „0‟ • x‟10B6‟. This is the original packet from the

This is the original packet

from the PC client radio to

This is a voice packet

from a softphone application.

The 802.11 header and IP header have QoS values

RTP Sequence number is

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The Client Packet Sequence Number

The Client Packet Sequence Number • This is the second have of the packet from the
The Client Packet Sequence Number • This is the second have of the packet from the

This is the second have of the

packet from the PC client radio to the AP.

The original voice packet from the softphone application has a RTP

sequence number of 4278 (hex

10B6).

The 802.11 header and IP header have QoS values of „0‟

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The Client Packet Between the AP and WLC

• • • •

This is the same packet with a

CAPWAP wrapper.

The packet is being forwarded by the AP to the WLC.

The original voice packet from the softphone application has a RTP

sequence number of 4278 (hex

10B6).

The CAPWAP header has voice QoS.

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IP Communicator 8.6 on Windows 7 with QoS Profile Enabled. This was a HD 720p

IP Communicator 8.6 on Windows 7 with QoS Profile Enabled. This was a HD 720p Video Call.

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IP Communicator 8.6 on W7 with QoS

HD Video Call

Voice G722 Packet

DSCP = AF (41)

802.11e User Priority (UP) = 4

The Typical VoWLAN UP Would Be 6

User Priority (UP) = 4 • The Typical VoWLAN UP Would Be 6 BRKEWN-2000 © 2011

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Same Call This Is Next IP Comm Packet

Dynamic RTP Packet

DSCP = AF (41)

802.11e UP = 4

The Typical VoWLAN UP

Would Be 5

This Keeps Both Packets in the Same 802.11e

Access Category (AC),

and Therefore Serialized

Media Access

Access Category (AC), and Therefore Serialized Media Access BRKEWN-2000 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All

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Bluetooth

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Basic BT Spec Basics

Maximum Permitted Power

Range

(approximate)

~100 meters

~10 meters

~1 meter

Class

 

mW

dBm

Class 1

100

20

Class 2

2.5

4

Class 3

1

0

Version Data Rate Maximum Application Throughput Version 1.2 1 Mbps 0.7 Mbit/s Version 2.0 +
Version
Data Rate
Maximum Application Throughput
Version 1.2
1 Mbps
0.7 Mbit/s
Version 2.0 + EDR
2-3 Mbps
2.1 Mbit/s

Version 3.0 + HS

Version 4.0

Perhaps

24 Mbit/s

Perhaps

24 Mbit/s

(note: only with AMP, and depends on the

AMP. BT itself remains 2.1 Mbit/s max)

(note: only with AMP, and depends on the AMP. BT itself remains 2.1 Mbit/s max)

Alternative MAC and PHY (AMP) Implementation

Bluetooth - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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End of Addendum

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