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® DuPont’s registered trademark

registered trademark ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ Delrin ® Acetal resins Design with

Delrin ®

Acetal resins

Design

with

Delrin ®

Start with DuPont Engineering Polymers

Do You Speak Delrin ® ? Introduction Outstanding Attributes List of Grades Low Wear, Low Friction Series Key Properties Table

5

7

9

11

13

17

 

Stiffness & Strength Creep Resistance Stress Relaxation Fatigue Resistance Impact Resistance UV Resistance Temperature Chemical Resistance

19

21

23

25

Performance

27

29

31

33

Typical Applications

 

37

 

Radii Uniform Wall Thickness Ribs Bosses Threads Snap Fits

39

41

43

Design

Basics

45

 

47

49

Rapid Prototyping Stockists/Machinists Colours Processing Regrind & Recycling Laser Marking Medical Applications Further Reading

 

51

53

55

57

59

61

63

65

 

‘Design with Delrin ® Data at your fingertips

 
 

5

 

5

7

9

11

13

17

19

21

 

7

9

 

?

®

Speak Delrin

Do You

Introduction

Outstanding Attributes

List of Grades

Series

Low Friction

Low Wear,

Key Properties Table

®

Stiffness

Creep

Stress

Fatigue

11

13

17

19

& Strength

21

Resistance

23

Relaxation

25

Resistance

27

Resistance

Use the colour

coded bars to help

you ‘flick’ through to

the relevant section

and data

Delrin

Performance

& Strength

29

Impact

Resistance

31

UV

33

Temperature

 

Acetal resins

Resistance

37

Chemical

   
 

39

‘Design with Delrin ®

 

Typical Applications

Radii

41

Design

Design Basics

with

Prototyping

Rapid

®

Delrin

Stockists/Machinists

Colours

Processing

& Recycling

Regrind

Marking

Laser

Applications

Medical

Start

Reading

kramedartderetsigers’tnoPuD®

Further

DuPont Polymers

with

Samples

Engineering

Wall Thickness

Uniform

Ribs

Bosses

Threads

Snap Fits

43

45

47

49

51

53

55

57

59

61

63

65

This handbook makes basic

information easily available to

designers and others and gives

a

impressive range of Delrin ®

properties.

is illustrated with a selection

of photographs showing some

It

quick reminder of the

 

of the enormous variety of applications for which Delrin ®

has already been successfully used.

4

5

Back to index Delrin ® versatility: snap fits to ski bindings, clips to conveyors, buckles
Back to index
Delrin ® versatility: snap fits to ski bindings, clips to conveyors,
buckles to bicycle parts
▲ ▲ ▲ Do You Speak Delrin ® ? Do you speak Delrin ® ?
Do You Speak Delrin ® ?
Do you speak Delrin ® ?
Are you as fluent as you
would like to be?
Are you up to speed with
all the new grades including
Low Wear, Low Friction, UV
Resistant and the Eleven
Series?
Delrin
unique blend them
of
® has – a understand
properties
in
Do you know where
Delrin ® is used – and why?
Have you heard of Delrin ®
but don’t know what it feels
like?
“Performance”
Designers the – best use from simple Delrin rules
to get
®
in
“Design Basics”
View
applications
this binder
throughout

This Delrin ® “phrase book” will help you brush up on your acetal knowledge until it becomes your first language.

6

Delrin ® versatility: skate parts, ski bindings, speaker grilles
Delrin ® versatility: skate parts, ski bindings, speaker grilles
INTRODUCTION What is Delrin ® ? the automotive, appliance, construction, hardware, electronics and consumer goods
INTRODUCTION
What is Delrin ® ?
the automotive, appliance,
construction, hardware, electronics
and consumer goods industries.
Delrin ® is an engineering
thermoplastic with a combination of
physical properties not available
either in metals or other plastics.
Back to index
Trade name: Delrin ®
Generic name: acetal
Sub class: homopolymer
It has a well balanced profile of
mechanical properties, environmental
resistance and processability at
moderate cost.
Abbreviation: POM
(polyoxymethylene)
Structure: highly crystalline
polymerized formaldehyde
Delrin ® acetal resins provide
substantial strength, stiffness and
creep resistance.
Typical examples of Delrin ® applications
appear throughout this handbook
Delrin ® has gained widespread
recognition for reliability of
performance in many thousands of
engineering components all over
the world.
Since its commercial introduction by
DuPont in 1960 it has been used in
Delrin ® acetal homopolymer was introduced by DuPont in 1960.
Copolymer acetal followed somewhat later, around 1962.

7

8

Back to index Delrin ® versatility: coloured lighters to carousels, pumps to pegs
Back to index
Delrin ® versatility: coloured lighters to carousels, pumps to pegs

OUTSTANDING ATTRIBUTES

The outstanding attributes of Delrin ® acetal resins include:

Toughness at low temperatures (down to –40°C)

High mechanical strength and rigidity

Fatigue endurance unmatched by other plastics

High resistance to repeated impacts

Excellent resistance to moisture, petrol, solvents etc.

Excellent dimensional stability

petrol, solvents etc. Excellent dimensional stability Natural lubricity Resilience Good electrical insulating

Natural lubricity

Resilience

Good electrical insulating characteristics

Ease of fabrication

Wide useful temperature range (in air –50 to +90°C with intermittent use up to 160°C

This unique balance of properties makes Delrin ® suitable for many metal replacement projects

9

10

Back to index Delrin ® : whether standard or specialised, a grade for every application
Back to index
Delrin ® : whether standard or specialised, a grade for
every application

LIST OF DELRIN ® GRADES

 

Standard

 

100

High viscosity

100P High viscosity, easy processing. 111P High viscosity, easy processing, improved stability

500

Medium viscosity

500P Medium viscosity, easy processing

511P Medium viscosity, easy processing, improved stability

 

900P Low viscosity, easy processing 911P Low viscosity, easy processing, improved stability

1700P Very low viscosity, easy processing, improved stability

   

UV

127UV

High viscosity, best UV Medium viscosity, best UV Low viscosity, best UV

527UV

927UV

1727UV Very low viscosity, best UV

107

High viscosity, UV

507

Medium viscosity, UV

Low Wear/Low Friction DE 9156 1,5% PTFE micropowder 120MP 20% PTFE micropowder DE 9152 1,5%

Low Wear/Low Friction

DE 9156 1,5% PTFE micropowder 120MP 20% PTFE micropowder DE 9152 1,5% PTFE micropowder 520MP

DE 9156 1,5% PTFE micropowder 120MP 20% PTFE micropowder DE 9152 1,5% PTFE micropowder 520MP 20% PTFE micropowder 500AF 20% PTFE fibres 500CL Chemical Lubricant 500AL Advanced Lubricant 900SP Special Polymer 500SC Silicone Concentrate 100KM Kevlar ® Modified

Chemical Lubricant 500AL Advanced Lubricant 900SP Special Polymer 500SC Silicone Concentrate 100KM Kevlar ® Modified
   

Toughened

 

100ST Super tough, high viscosity 100T Toughened, high viscosity

 

500T

Toughened, medium viscosity

   

Glass Reinforced/Filled

 

510GR

10%GR

525GR

25%GR

570

20%GF

577

20%GF, UV resistant

Delrin ®

100 =high

viscosity

500 =medium

viscosity

900 =low

viscosity

11

12

RESIN SELECTOR – DELRIN ® AGAINST METAL Level 2 Level 3 Level 1 Requirements: Solution:
RESIN
SELECTOR
DELRIN ® AGAINST
METAL
Level
2
Level
3
Level
1
Requirements:
Solution:
appropriate
Tribological system
how
can
I
avoid ?
grade
of Delrin ®
·
Delrin ® with
low
specific
wear rate,
w
s
Wear
Delrin ® 100/500/900
($)
Delrin ® 500CL
($$)
Delrin ® DE9152/DE9156
($$)
Delrin ® 500AL
($$)
high
PV
Delrin ® 100KM
($$$)
Delrin ® 520MP
($$$)
wear
Delrin ® 500AF
($$$$)
Best
steel
·
Delrin ® with
low
specific
wear rate,
w
s
Wear
Delrin ®
100/500/900
($)
Delrin ® DE9156/DE9152
($$)
low
Delrin ® 500CL
Delrin ® 500AL
($$)
PV
($$)
Delrin ®
100KM
($$$)
Delrin ®
Delrin ® 520MP
Delrin ® 500AF
($$$)
against
($$$$)
Best
metal
Delrin ®
with low coefficient
of
friction,
µ
Friction
Delrin ® 100KM
Delrin ® 100/500/900
Delrin ® DE9152/DE9156
Delrin ® 500CL
Delrin ® 500MP
Delrin ® 500AL
Delrin ® 500AF
($$$)
($)
($$)
friction
($$)
($$$)
($$)
Best
($$$$)
High wear resistance
against aluminium
Delrin ® 100KM
($$$)
aluminium
wear
Delrin ® 500CL
($$)
Delrin ® 500AL
($$)
PV= pressure
• velocity
($)
($$$$)
=
relative
cost
THE AFFECTING WEAR FACTORS ARE: AND FRICTION * Pressure of contact * LOW WEAR, LOW
THE
AFFECTING
WEAR FACTORS
ARE:
AND FRICTION
*
Pressure of contact
*
LOW
WEAR,
LOW
FRICTION
Relative velocity
SERIES
*
Temperature
*
Geometry
of motion
*
Frequency
of motion
Choosing Delrin ® is a good
*
of
Nature and finish
starting point for applications in
which wear and friction are major
issues. Unmodified Delrin ® has
low friction and wear against steel
as can be seen from the chart
surface
*
Lubrication
Back to index
below.
PROTOTYPE TESTING IS IMPORTANT
1000
ABS ▲
Countersurface
= steel
PPO▲
100
PBT▲ ▲
PA66
POM
10
(Delrin ® )
▲POM+20%PTFE
(Delrin ® )
1
0.00
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
For metal as a
counter surface,
the harder the
surface the
better the
wear and
friction behaviour
of the system.
Aim for a hardness
of greater than
50 HRc
Dynamic coefficient of friction, µ
New!
Specific wear rate
(10 -6 mm 3 /Nm)

The natural lubricity of Delrin ® means it may be found unlubricated in many gear and bearing applications

13

14

RESIN SELECTOR – DELRIN ® AGAINST DELRIN ® Level 1 Level 3 Level 4 Level
RESIN SELECTOR – DELRIN
®
AGAINST DELRIN
®
Level
1
Level
3
Level 4
Level 2
Tribological
Solution:
appropriate
Solution:
other
How
can
I
system
grade
of
Delrin ®
than
material
avoid
?
choice
Non-squeaking
grades of
Delrin ®
external
lubrication
Delrin ®
500SC@10%
($)
Delrin
®
Delrin ®
500AL
($$)
squeak
Delrin ®
900SP
($$)
other
material
for
against
Back to index
Delrin ®
120MP/520MP
($$$)
counter
surface
Delrin ®
500AF
($$$$)
Delrin
®
reduce
pressure
Delrin ®
with low specific wear
Wear
Delrin ®
DE9156/DE9152
Delrin ®
500SC @
5%
Delrin ®
500AF
wear
Delrin ®
500AL
external
lubrication
Delrin ®
900SP
Delrin ®
500SC @
10%
Delrin ®
120MP/520MP
rate, w· s
($$)
($)
($$$$)
($$)
($$)
($)
($$$)
Best
Delrin ® with
low
coefficient of friction, µ
Friction
Delrin
® DE9156/DE9152
($$)
Delrin
® 500AF
($$$$
Delrin
® 520MP
($$$)
Delrin
® 120MP
($$$)
friction
external
lubrication
Delrin
® 500AL
($$)
Delrin
® 500SC
@ 5%
($)
Best
Delrin
® 900SP
($$)
Delrin
® 500SC
@ 10%
($)
Delrin ®
toughened grades
impact
(external
lubrication needed)
noise
or
Delrin ®
100T
($)
optimise design
Delrin ®
500T
($)
failure
Delrin ®
100ST
($$)
($) .
($$$$) = relative cost
continued When two parts are in contact in a wear situation it is normal to

continued

When two parts are in contact in a wear situation it is normal to choose dissimilar materials (eg Delrin ® acetal and Zytel ® nylon). Factors such as dimensional stability may make such a choice impossible, in which case the new Low Wear, Low Friction grades of Delrin ® may be suitable. The table below shows the improvement in wear and friction compared to standard grades.

Quieter too! noise grades reduce (squeak) compared Certain dramatically with standard grades
Quieter too!
noise
grades reduce
(squeak)
compared
Certain dramatically
with standard grades
10000 New Grades 100P● 1000 DE 9152● Standard 100 Grades ●500AL ●900SP 10 Countersurface ●520MP
10000
New Grades
100P●
1000
DE 9152●
Standard
100
Grades
●500AL
●900SP
10
Countersurface
●520MP
= Delrin ®
1
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
Specific wear rate
(10 -6 mm 3 /Nm)

Dynamic coefficient of friction, µ

Please refer to the grades list for details of Low Wear, Low Friction Resins

LOW

WEAR,

LOW

FRICTION

SERIES

15

16

Back to index Delrin ® : stiff, strong, tough, chemically resistant
Back to index
Delrin ® : stiff, strong, tough, chemically resistant

For

graphs

see

next

section

Campus

diskette

available

KEY

PROPERTIES

TABLE

Based on Delrin ® 100 high viscosity acetal

Property

Units

Value

Yield stress

MPa

71

Yield strain

%

25

Strain at break

%

70

Flexural modulus

MPa

2800

Izod notched impact

kJ/m 2

12

strength @ 23°C

8

@–40°C

Temperature of deflection under load

°

C

115

Melt temperature

°C

177

Flammability

HB

Shrinkage

%

1,9 to 2,2

Melt Flow Index

g/10 min

2,2

Chemical Resistance

Density

g/cm 3

outstanding

1,42

Delrin ® 100 is the toughest unmodified acetal available with a unique combination of elongation and stiffness

17

Delrin ® 100 is the toughest unmodified acetal available with a unique combination of elongation and
Delrin ® 100 is the toughest unmodified acetal available with a unique combination of elongation and

18

Description/Application Snap fit buckle Back to index Material chosen and why Delrin ® 100 was
Description/Application
Snap fit buckle
Back to index
Material chosen and why
Delrin ® 100 was chosen for its unique balance of stiffness and strength
PERFORMANCE

PERFORMANCE

PERFORMANCE Stiffness and Strength

Stiffness and Strength

PERFORMANCE Stiffness and Strength
PERFORMANCE Stiffness and Strength

The modulus of Delrin ® is affected by changes in the temperature as shown below.

3 2 1 0 —20 0 20 40 60 80 100 Temperature (°C) Young’s modulus
3
2
1
0
—20
0
20
40
60
80
100
Temperature (°C)
Young’s modulus of Delrin ®
as a function of temperature
Young’s modulus (GPa)
80 -20°C 23°C 60 40 90°C 20 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 Strain
80
-20°C
23°C
60
40
90°C
20
0 0
2
4
6
8
10
Strain (%)
Stress v Strain at –20°C,
23°C and 90°C
Stress (MPa)

The mechanical response to short term loads is shown above

To judge the stiffness and springiness of Delrin ® ask your nearest DuPont Engineering Polymers office for test bar samples.

The exceptional elongation coupled with stiffness makes Delrin ® suitable for snap fits

19

20

Description/Application Clothes peg Back to index Material chosen and why Delrin ® 100 was chosen
Description/Application
Clothes peg
Back to index
Material chosen and why
Delrin ® 100 was chosen for its good spring characteristics and superior creep
compared with polyamide, polypropylene and acetal copolymer
The factors affecting creep are: * Stress level PERFORMANCE * Time Creep * Temperature Creep
The factors
affecting
creep are:
*
Stress level
PERFORMANCE
*
Time
Creep
*
Temperature
Creep is defined as time dependent
strain, resulting from stress.
Isochronous stress/strain
Delrin®100 @ 23°C
20
15
Delrin ® Acetal Resins
have extremely good
creep resistance for an
unreinforced polymer
10
5
0
Always try
to design parts
so that they are
not permanently
loaded
0
0,5
1,0
1,5
2,0
2,5
Total strain (%)
(projected)
100 000 h
10000 h
5000 h
1000 h
100 h
1h
10 h
Stress (MPa)

Upon removal of a 14 MPa deforming stress, Delrin ® immediately recovers 40% of the imposed strain

21

22

Description/Application Car window guides Back to index Material chosen and why Delrin ® 100P was
Description/Application
Car window guides
Back to index
Material chosen and why
Delrin ® 100P was chosen for its good friction properties and a balance of
impact and creep resistance with high dimensional stability
12,5%.Yield point strain 69 MPa Stress relaxation Strain 0,3%. 17 MPa 5%. 66 MPa particularly
12,5%.Yield point strain 69 MPa
Stress
relaxation
Strain 0,3%. 17 MPa
5%. 66 MPa
particularly
0,9%. 34 MPa
important
when
PERFORMANCE
is considering
Stress relaxation
press-fit
assembly
Stress relaxation is defined as
decrease of the stress required to
maintain constant strain.
Te n s i l e
s t r e s s
r e l a x a t i o n
o f
Delrin ® 100 and 500 @ 23°C
100
80
40
20
10
0,01
0,1
1,0
10
100
1000
10000
Hours
% of initial stress

Stress free mouldings may be obtained by annealing Delrin ® at 160°C for 45 mins

23

24

Description/Application Tool changer carousel Back to index Material chosen and why Delrin ® 100 was
Description/Application
Tool changer carousel
Back to index
Material chosen and why
Delrin ® 100 was chosen for the best balance of stiffness and strength coupled
with flex fatigue resistance needed for the spring fingers of the tool gripper
Fatigue of failure stress Delrin ® compared with PERFORMANCE other plastics 6 Fatigue 10 cycles,
Fatigue
of failure
stress
Delrin
®
compared
with
PERFORMANCE
other plastics
6
Fatigue
10
cycles, 23°C
Stress
Material
(MPa)
When materials are stressed
cyclically at high levels of stress
in relation to their tensile strength,
they tend to fail at levels of stress
below their ultimate tensile
strength.
Polycarbonate
10
ABS
11
Polypropylene
15
Delrin
®
acetal
32
This phenomenon is termed
“fatigue failure.”
50
40
30
20
10
Cycles to failure
0
10 3
10 4
10 5
10 6
10 7
Stress (MPa)

Delrin ® Acetal Resins have extremely high resistance to fatigue failure from –40°C to +80°C

25

26

Description/Application Rollerblade brake Back to index Material chosen and why Delrin ® 100ST was chosen
Description/Application
Rollerblade brake
Back to index
Material chosen and why
Delrin ® 100ST was chosen for the best combination of stiffness and
impact resistance at low temperature, combined with good mouldability
PERFORMANCE

PERFORMANCE

PERFORMANCE Impact Resistance

Impact Resistance

PERFORMANCE Impact Resistance
PERFORMANCE Impact Resistance

Impact resistance is defined as the ability to withstand a sudden blow rather than a slowly applied load.

▲ See also Effect of Radii in ‘Design Basics’
See also
Effect of Radii in
‘Design Basics’
20 60 15 50 10 Izod Impact v Temp 40 Delrin 100 R 5 30
20
60
15
50
10
Izod Impact v Temp
40
Delrin 100
R
5
30
0
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
Temperature, °C
20
10
0
500
500T
100
100T
100ST
Charpy Impact Strength (23°C)
Delrin ® acetal maintains its high toughness
down to very low temperatures
Impact strength, kJ/m 2
Impact strength, kJ/m 2

27

28

Description/Application Moped brake lever Material chosen and why Delrin ® 127UV was chosen for its
Description/Application
Moped brake lever
Material chosen and why
Delrin ® 127UV was chosen for its excellent balance of mechanical
properties combined with good UV resistance
▲ x00 BK Coloured Delrin offer ® resins UV protection. High levels Standard of carbon
x00 BK
Coloured Delrin
offer
® resins
UV
protection.
High
levels
Standard
of
carbon
act
as
some black
an
effective
screen
PERFORMANCE
for
non-critical
UV outdoor
x07 BK
applications
UV Resistance
Back to index
Acetal resins, like most
polymers, are affected by
light, particularly sunlight
which includes ultra-violet
radiation of wavelength
290-400 nm.
29
Colours
Typical values for Delrin ® grade 527UV compared with other grades.
500
1000
500
1000
R
1,0
1,0
x27UV
BK
UV Stabilised
0,5
0,5
0
0
Exposure, kJ/m 2
Exposure, kJ/m 2
Accelarated Interior Weathering
according to
SAE J-1885
The Delrin ® UV family of resins are well suited for sporting goods and other
items which are used outdoors but stored indoors
Relative Gloss
Relative Tensile Strength

30

Description/Application Bearing roll cages Back to index Material chosen and why Delrin ® 100 was
Description/Application
Bearing roll cages
Back to index
Material chosen and why
Delrin ® 100 was chosen for its good thermal stability combined
with a low coefficient of friction and superior impact resistance
Key Thermal Characteristics Property °C Melt temperature 177 Vicat Softening PERFORMANCE 10 N 174
Key
Thermal
Characteristics
Property
°C
Melt
temperature
177
Vicat
Softening
PERFORMANCE
10
N
174
Temperature
50
N
160
Relative
Thermal
The highly crystalline
nature of Delrin ® means it
is suitable for short-term
exposure to temperatures
close to the melting point
of 177°C.
Index
(w/o
impact)
90
HDT
(1,8
MPa)
115
Ball
Pressure
Test
165
Specific • Heat
0,35
Thermal
0,30
Conductivity
to
(W/m
K)
0,37
100
After 1 year
at 100°C
75
Delrin ® retains
80% of its
tensile strength
50
1
2
5
10
Exposure time in years for
which tensile strength in
excess of 55 MPa is retained
If you need higher temperature resistance,
consider DuPont Zytel ® nylons , Crastin ® and Rynite ®
polyesters or Zenite™ LCPs.
The thermal stability of Delrin ® means it finds use
in applications from –50°C to +90°C
Air Temperature ( 0 C)

31

32

Description/Application Pool cleaner swivel bearing Back to index Material chosen and why Delrin ® 500P
Description/Application
Pool cleaner swivel bearing
Back to index
Material chosen and why
Delrin ® 500P was chosen for its excellent wear properties, chemical
resistance, snap-fit ability and dimensional stability
 

PERFORMANCE

   
 

Chemical Resistance

 

CHEMICAL

BEHAVIOUR

 

Acetic acid (5%) Acetic acid (50%) Acetone Air (all pressures) Alcohol (all types) Ammonia (10%) Aniline Benzene Bleaching fluid (10% chlorine) Brake fluid Butane Calcium chloride (10%) Carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide Chloracetic acid (10%) Chlorine gas Chlorinated water < 0,5 ppm Chloroform

resistant

affecting

The factors

are:

resistance

chemical

Concentration

 

unsatisfactory

resistant

resistant

resistant

unsatisfactory

 

*

limited resistance

Time

*

resistant

Temperature

*

Level

Stress

*

 

unsatisfactory

resistant

resistant

 

resistant

resistant

resistant

unsatisfactory

unsatisfactory

 

resistant

     

limited resistance

14 Alkali

9

7

4

0

Neutral

Acid

 

Chromic acid (10%)

unsatisfactory

Do

not

use

Delrin

®

Citric acid

resistant

in

strong

acids

or

Cyclohexane Detergents

resistant

bases

outside

the

resistant

range

of

pH

4

to

9

Diesel fuel Ethanol

resistant

resistant

Ethyl acetate

resistant

 
 
resistant Ethyl acetate resistant     Delrin ® has excellent resistance to moisture, gasoline,

Delrin ® has excellent resistance to moisture, gasoline, lubricants, solvents and many neutral chemicals

33

34

Description/Application Fuel level device Back to index Material chosen and why Delrin ® 500P was
Description/Application
Fuel level device
Back to index
Material chosen and why
Delrin ® 500P was chosen for its good petrol resistance,
good mechanical properties and ease of moulding
   

PERFORMANCE

 
 

Chemical Resistance cont.

 

CHEMICAL Ethyl ether Ethylene glycol Formaldehyde (37%) Formic acid Fuel oil Gasoline Glucose (sat.sol.) Heptane Hexane Hydrochloric acid (10%) Hydrofluoric acid Hydrogen peroxide (1%) Hydrogen peroxide (30%) Hydrogen sulphide Insecticides Isoctane Jet fuel/kerosene Lubricating oil Methyl chloride Methylene chloride Methyl ethyl ketone Mineral oil Motor oil Nitric acid (10%)

BEHAVIOUR

 

CHEMICAL Nitrous acid Nitrous oxide (dry) Oils (food) Oils (mineral) Oleic acid Palmitic acid Paraffins Perchloric acid (10%) Phosphoric acid (30%) Phthalic acid Potassium hydroxide (10%) Propane (liquified gas) Sodium chloride (10%) Sodium hydroxide (10%) Sodium hypochlorite (5%) Sulfur dioxide Sulphuric acid (30%) Tetrahydrofuran Toluene Trichloroacetic acid Trichloroethane (1,1,1) Turpentine / white spirit Urea (5%) Vinegar

BEHAVIOUR

resistant

unsatisfactory

resistant

unsatisfactory

resistant

resistant

unsatisfactory

resistant

resistant

resistant

resistant

resistant

resistant

resistant

resistant

unsatisfactory

resistant

unsatisfactory

unsatisfactory

resistant

unsatisfactory

unsatisfactory

resistant

resistant

unsatisfactory

resistant

unsatisfactory

unsatisfactory

resistant

unsatisfactory

resistant

unsatisfactory

resistant

unsatisfactory

resistant

resistant

limited resistance

resistant

limited resistance

unsatisfactory

limited resistance

resistant

resistant

resistant

resistant

resistant

unsatisfactory

resistant

35

36

Do it in Delrin ®
Do it in Delrin ®
nothing does it better
nothing does it better
Back to index
Back to index

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS

Ski Bindings

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS Ski Bindings Lighters Gears Toughness @–40°C UV performance Zips Chemical resistance Pressure

Lighters

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS Ski Bindings Lighters Gears Toughness @–40°C UV performance Zips Chemical resistance Pressure

Gears

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS Ski Bindings Lighters Gears Toughness @–40°C UV performance Zips Chemical resistance Pressure

Toughness @–40°C

UV performance

Zips

Lighters Gears Toughness @–40°C UV performance Zips Chemical resistance Pressure vessel Strength,stiffness, low

Chemical resistance

Pressure vessel

Strength,stiffness, low

wear, low friction

Conveyors

vessel Strength,stiffness, low wear, low friction Conveyors Clips Low friction, bright colours Door Handles Low wear,

Clips

Strength,stiffness, low wear, low friction Conveyors Clips Low friction, bright colours Door Handles Low wear, quiet

Low friction, bright colours

Door Handles

Conveyors Clips Low friction, bright colours Door Handles Low wear, quiet operation Fuel Systems Elongation, fatigue

Low wear, quiet operation

Fuel Systems

colours Door Handles Low wear, quiet operation Fuel Systems Elongation, fatigue strength Stiffness, low friction, UV

Elongation, fatigue

strength

Stiffness, low friction,

UV performance

Fasteners

Speaker Grilles

low friction, UV performance Fasteners Speaker Grilles Chemical resistance Economical, toughness Easy flow, impact
low friction, UV performance Fasteners Speaker Grilles Chemical resistance Economical, toughness Easy flow, impact

Chemical resistance

Economical, toughness

Easy flow, impact performance

The exceptional balance of properties has led to a diverse use of Delrin ® around the world

37

38

Description/Application Spring clips Material chosen/Design comment Delrin ® 111P was chosen for this application.
Description/Application
Spring clips
Material chosen/Design comment
Delrin ® 111P was chosen for this application. Radii lowers stress
concentration when parts are put under load
of radii main has use functions three DESIGN BASICS * Reduces notch effect Radii *
of radii
main
has use functions three
DESIGN
BASICS
*
Reduces notch
effect
Radii
*
Helps material flow
*
Eases ejection from
mould
see
also
Back to index
Impact
Performace
P
= Applied Load
R
= Fillet Radius
T
= Thickness
P
39
R
3,0
2,0
T
2,0
Usual
1,5
1,0
0
0,2
0,4
0,6
0,8
1,0
1,2
1,4
Always use radii
at rib junctions
and stressed areas
but also consider
thread terminations,
knurled inserts and
surface textures
R/T
Delrin ® like many plastics, is notch-sensitive but unlike other resins
it has high impact strength at low temperatures
Stress Factor

40

Description/Application Ratchet mechanism Back to index Material chosen/Design comment Delrin ® 500P. Low distortion
Description/Application
Ratchet mechanism
Back to index
Material chosen/Design comment
Delrin ® 500P. Low distortion and cost efective part ensured
by use of even wall thickness
DESIGN BASICS Uniform Wall Thicknesses Choosing the correct wall thickness for a moulded part is
DESIGN
BASICS
Uniform Wall Thicknesses
Choosing the correct wall
thickness for a moulded part
is a function of end use
constraints (what does the
part have to do?), moulding
factors, (what is the thinnest
section that can be moulded?)
and overall cost.
The exact thickness may be
estimated by the use of Finite
Element Analysis (FEA) used
Even
wall
thickness
gives:
in both part design and flow
analysis, but where possible
Even shrinkage
*
less distortion
should be relatively constant
throughout.
* Even
set-up moulding
quickest
cycle
*
Less
low material
cost

Even wall section will greatly benefit highly crystalline polymers such as Delrin ®

41

42

Description/Application Cross beam Back to index Material chosen/Design comment Delrin ® 100P enables increased
Description/Application
Cross beam
Back to index
Material chosen/Design comment
Delrin ® 100P enables increased stiffness to be achieved by
use of ribs without compromising surface finish
DESIGN BASICS Ribs Proper use of ribs will: * Save material and weight * Shorten
DESIGN
BASICS
Ribs
Proper use
of ribs will:
* Save material and weight
* Shorten moulding cycle
* Eliminate voids in thick
sections
Ribs are
an effective way
to improve the rigidity of
moulded parts.
For Delrin
, ribs
®
should be
the general wall
1
/
to
2
/
2
3
thickness, with
° to
1 /
4
1 /
°draft angle per side.
2

Sink marks caused by ribs may be hidden by use of textured surface or suitable interruption in the area of the sink.

surface or suitable interruption in the area of the sink. If ribbing is unacceptable, Delrin ®

If ribbing is unacceptable, Delrin ® 510GR and 525GR offer significant increase in stiffness

43

44

Description/Application Fuel flange Back to index Material chosen/Design comment Delrin ® 511P. Boss and linking
Description/Application
Fuel flange
Back to index
Material chosen/Design comment
Delrin ® 511P. Boss and linking rib design
provides accurate hole centres
DESIGN BASICS Bosses Boss Design * Hole dia = 0,75 x nominal dia of screw
DESIGN
BASICS
Bosses
Boss Design
* Hole dia = 0,75 x nominal
dia of screw
* Boss dia: 2 to 3 times
hole dia
* Hole depth 2 x nominal
screw dia minimum
Bosses are used for
mounting purposes or for
reinforcement around holes.
As a rule of
the a outside
diameter
2 to 3 times
boss should be
the hole
diameter.
Heavy sections
may be
avoided by stepping
the boss
Always use screws designed for
plastics when considering
assembly. These may be single
or twin-start threaded or
trilobular screws. Repeated
assembly and disassembly is
possible with Delrin . ®
off the adjoining wall.
Use radii at all junctions.

Weld lines should be avoided in bosses. Delrin ® being generally unreinforced, has excellent weld line strength

45

46

Description/Application Industrial valve Back to index Material chosen/Design comment Delrin ® 500P. Moulded thread
Description/Application
Industrial valve
Back to index
Material chosen/Design comment
Delrin ® 500P. Moulded thread form avoids machining
DESIGN BASICS Threads Round threads
DESIGN
BASICS
Threads
Round threads
Correct termination of threads 1mm
Correct termination of threads
1mm

When required, threads may be automatically moulded into the part, eliminating the need for mechanical thread- forming operations. For external threads, it may be possible to locate the parting line on the centre of the thread. For internal threads, an automatic unscrewing device is used in the tool.

Use of a buttress thread will avoid unnecessary radial forces on type mating the part
Use
of
a buttress
thread
will
avoid
unnecessary
radial
forces
on
type mating
the
part

To avoid ‘squeak’ on heavily loaded threads, consider the Low Wear, Low Friction grades

of Delrin ®

▲

The dimensional stability of Delrin ® makes it very suitable for the moulding of accurate thread forms

47

48

Description/Application Cable guide Back to index Material chosen/Design comment Snap fit in Delrin ® 500
Description/Application
Cable guide
Back to index
Material chosen/Design comment
Snap fit in Delrin ® 500 gives strong, rattle-free connection
DESIGN BASICS Snap Fits L Snap Fits are a cost effective way of assembling parts
DESIGN
BASICS
Snap Fits
L
Snap Fits are a cost effective
way of assembling parts
together without the use of
special tools.
R
Usually the parts are at rest
before and after assembly
and pass through a stressed
condition as the snap fit is
made to work.
Cantilever Snap Fits
Make
as long
*
as possible
*
Taper
‘L’ snap
fit
lug
* Use radii
at root

Delrin ® is also excellent for circular and spherical snap fit designs

With Delrin ® , a single use snap fit may be stressed up to 8% strain (Delrin ® 100). For a frequently used one refer to

the fatigue stress graph

▲

The combination of stiffness and elongation makes Delrin ® very suitable for snap fits

49

50

Shoehorn prototype CNC machining of simple shapes possible in Delrin ®
Shoehorn prototype
CNC machining of simple shapes possible in Delrin ®
▲ Prototyping tips * generated Keep heat during machining to a * minimum Support *
Prototyping tips
*
generated
Keep heat
during
machining
to a
*
minimum
Support
*
and
long thin
parts walls
RAPID
PROTOTYPING
notch
Be aware
of the
effect
of machining
parts
Back to index
In order to test parts in the actual
material it is normally necessary
to mould them. Due to the ease
of machining of Delrin ® , it may
be possible to prototype parts
by NC machining, utilising the
CAD data which describes
the part geometry.
1
2
3
Create
Machine
CAD
Data
Tool
Stock
Shapes
Paths
(Block,
Rod)
5a
5
4
Modify
Test
Parts
Hand
Finish
Geometry
51
6
7
NC
Machine
Mould
Parts
Delrin ®
Mould
Tool
stockists/
machinists
Delrin ® has excellent machining characteristics
using conventional tools

52

Rod stock, slab Back to index Always ask for Delrin ® by name
Rod stock, slab
Back to index
Always ask for Delrin ® by name

STOCKISTS/MACHINISTS

STOCKISTS/MACHINISTS Contact your DuPont representative for detailed information on your local Delrin ® stockist

Contact your DuPont representative for detailed information on your local Delrin ® stockist

Details of companies experienced in machining Delrin ® acetal resins are also available from your DuPont representative

53

54

Delrin ® The heart of a good product Back to index
Delrin ® The heart of a good product
Back to index

COLOURS

Typical reference codes for Delrin ® colours

NC = Natural BK = Black WT = White GY = Grey GN = Green
NC = Natural
BK = Black
WT = White
GY = Grey
GN = Green
BL = Blue
YL = Yellow
RD = Red
GY = Grey GN = Green BL = Blue YL = Yellow RD = Red Custom
Custom colours are available fully compounded as product from DuPont or by masterbatch from pigment
Custom colours are
available
fully
compounded
as product
from
DuPont
or by
masterbatch
from
pigment suppliers

Ideally any masterbatch should be acetal based

Shrinkage v. Colour 2,1 GN
Shrinkage v. Colour
2,1
GN
2,0 1,9 1,8 1,7 COLOUR Pigments may affect shrinkage – test first! SHRINKAGE (%) NC
2,0
1,9
1,8
1,7
COLOUR
Pigments
may affect
shrinkage –
test first!
SHRINKAGE (%)
NC
WT
YL
BK
BL
GY
RD

No heavy metals are used in Delrin ® Colours

55

56

Description/Application Venting system grille Back to index Material chosen and why Delrin ® 927UV was
Description/Application
Venting system grille
Back to index
Material chosen and why
Delrin ® 927UV was chosen for its excellent mouldability and impact resistance.
Its resistance to UV and easy colourability are additional assets

PROCESSING

The most important variables in producing good parts by injection moulding are:

* Melt temperature

* Injection speed

* Hold pressure

* Screw forward time

* Mould temperature

Above all, a good quality homogeneous melt is required.

Typical set-up conditions for Delrin ® 100 are shown below.

set-up conditions for Delrin ® 100 are shown below. Grades based ‘P’ stabilisation system suitable for
Grades based ‘P’ stabilisation system suitable for hot runner on are tools, the these include
Grades
based
‘P’
stabilisation
system
suitable
for hot
runner
on are tools, the
these
include
100P,
500P, 900P,1700P
927UV,1727UV,
127UV, 527UV,
111P, 511P,
911P.
Always dry toughened grades
for 4 hours at 80°C

Melt

Mould

 

Hold

 

Max Hold

 

Temp

Temp

Pressure

Hold Pressure

Time (s/mm)

Up Time

Shrinkage

(

°C )

(

°C )

(

MPa )

(min)

(

% )

 

215

 

90

 

100

8

30

1,9 - 2,2

For specific processing information ask for the free booklet Delrin ® Moulding Manual’

57

58

Description/Application Golf tee Material chosen and why Delrin ® 100 regrind was chosen for the
Description/Application
Golf tee
Material chosen and why
Delrin ® 100 regrind was chosen for the shank. Capable of
withstanding high impact, it provides the correct rigidity
to to glass virgin or 25% REGRIND Up to of properly ground sprues and REGRIND
to to glass virgin or 25% REGRIND
Up
to
of
properly
ground
sprues
and
REGRIND
&
runners
RECYCLING
may
be
mixed
with
resin
with
little
no
effect
on
mechanical
properties.
>POM<
Toughened
grades
will
need
be
dried
prior
moulding.
Back to index
For
reinforced
grades, use a
slow speed
RECYCLING
rotor.
on the grinder
combination
stiffness
and
is Delrin elongation
that
®
effective
in
snap
fits
of also so
means
that
parts
may
be
of and The disassembled Delrin little long makes to
prior
recycling.
The
® term
stability
means
that
parts
may
be
reground
remoulded
with
effect
on
properties.
Incineration efficient alternative
It is important to use analytical techniques in part design
to reduce the impact of recyclate on the environment
an energy

59

60

Description/Application Ski adjuster Back to index Material chosen and why Delrin ® 500LM BK-L01 was
Description/Application
Ski adjuster
Back to index
Material chosen and why
Delrin ® 500LM BK-L01 was chosen for its clarity of laser marking
plus its mechanical properties

LASER

MARKING

Advantages * High process rate contactless * Flexibility, easy change of layout and character type
Advantages
* High process rate contactless
*
Flexibility,
easy change
of layout and character
type
pre-treatment,
* No surface
no solvent, no ink
*
High durability
of the
marking
Colours for laser marking 500LM BK-L01 Black BL-L01 Blue BN-L01 Brown GN-L01 Green GY-L01 Grey
Colours for laser marking 500LM
BK-L01
Black
BL-L01
Blue
BN-L01
Brown
GN-L01
Green
GY-L01
Grey
RD-L01
Red
WT-L01
White

Laser marking is particularly suitable when the batch sizes are small and marking variability is required (e.g. serial numbers or different languages).

A range of colours

specially optimised

for laser marking is

available in Delrin ® .

Tested with several

Nd:YAG laser

systems, these

colours provide high

contrast markings

with almost no

engraving

LASER = Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
LASER = Light
Amplification
by
Stimulated
Emission
of Radiation
▲

See also Delrin ® colours

61

62

Description/Application Medical tube clip Back to index Material chosen and why Delrin ® 500P was
Description/Application
Medical tube clip
Back to index
Material chosen and why
Delrin ® 500P was chosen for its chemical resistance and springiness

MEDICAL APPLICATIONS

CAUTION

Do not use DuPont materials in medical applications involving permanent implantation in the human body or permanent contact with internal body fluids or tissue.

Do not use DuPont materials in medical applications involving brief or temporary implantation in the human body or contact with body fluids or tissues unless the material has been provided directly from DuPont under a contract which expressly acknowledges the contemplated uses.

DuPont makes no representation, promise, express warranty or implied warranty concerning the suitability of these materials for implantation in the human body or in contact with internal body fluids or tissues.

For food contact or pharmaceutical applications, regulatory compliance statements are available, please contact your
For food contact
or pharmaceutical
applications, regulatory
compliance statements are
available, please
contact your local DuPont
representative for
details.

Delrin ® acetal resin is not certified for implants

63

64

Technical Information A wealth of experience available in various formats
Technical Information
A wealth of experience available in various formats
▲▲▲ FURTHER READING Main Literature for Delrin ® Delrin ® Product guide Back to index
▲▲▲
FURTHER
READING
Main Literature for Delrin ®
Delrin ® Product guide
Back to index
To access further
information concerning
any topic covered in this
binder, please contact
your local DuPont office
and properties
Design
Information
Moulding
DuPont
has
wide
Manual
selection
literature
covering
of specific
application
areas
such
as
Appliances,
Automotive,
Electrical,
Furniture
a etc.,
Access information on
Delrin ® at our internet
address:
http://www.dupont.com/
together
with
enggpolymers/europe
General
Design
Principles
handbook
which
covers
all
The general brochure covering all DuPont engineering polymers
is called ‘From concept to commercialisation’
DuPont
engineering
a resins

65

66

Delrin ® Makes the Difference Back to index Delrin ® . Chosen for reliability of
Delrin ® Makes the Difference
Back to index
Delrin ® . Chosen for reliability of performance in many
thousands of engineering components all over the world

FURTHER

INFORMATION

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Slovenská Rep.
Tel (02) 574 14 111
Fax(02) 574 14 150
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Tel +45 43 62 36 00
Fax+45 43 62 36 17
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Tel (06172) 87 0
Fax(06172) 87 27 01
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Tel (02) 392 78 66
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España
Tel (3) 227 60 00
Fax(3) 227 62 00
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Hellas
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Israël
Tel (3) 528 62 62
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Italia
Tel (02) 25 302.1
Fax(02) 92 107 845
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Maroc
Tel (2) 27 48 75
Fax(2) 26 54 34
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Norge
Tel 67 14 10 00
Fax67 14 02 20
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Tel (01) 512 35 71
Fax(01) 512 35 71 12/
512 35 71 31
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Tel (22) 635 04 01
Fax(22) 691 09 00
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Tel (2) 69 24 25/69 26 64
Fax(2) 600 02 07
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Tel (095) 797 22 00
Fax(095) 797 22 01
Schweiz/
Suisse/Svizzera
Tel (061) 326 66 00
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Suomi/ Finland Tel 09-725 66 100 Fax09-725 66 166 Sverige Tel +46 8-750 40 20
Suomi/
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Tel 09-725 66 100
Fax09-725 66 166
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Tel (01442) 34 65 00
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