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Impact of PV and Wind Power to the Grid - What needs to be done
Impact of PV and Wind Power to the Grid - What needs to be done
Impact of PV and Wind Power to the Grid - What needs to be done
Impact of PV and Wind Power to the Grid - What needs to be done
Impact of PV and Wind Power to the Grid - What needs to be done

Impact of PV and Wind Power to the Grid -

What needs to be done to manage it?

German Approach

Session 4: Addressing Technical Challenges

17.06.2011

17.06.2011

Asia Clean Energy Forum 2011 June 20 21, 2011 in Manila

Prof. Dr.Ing. Christoph Menke

University of Applied Science, Trier, Germany Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment, Bangkok,

Thailand

Senior Consultant for Renewable Energy Policy, GIZ GmbH, Germany

Scenario 2010- 2030 Germany (Guiding Scenario 2010) 17.06.2011 17.06.2011 17.06.201117.06.2011Seitepage2 2
Scenario 2010- 2030 Germany (Guiding Scenario 2010) 17.06.2011 17.06.2011 17.06.201117.06.2011Seitepage2 2

Scenario 2010- 2030 Germany (Guiding Scenario 2010)

Scenario 2010- 2030 Germany (Guiding Scenario 2010) 17.06.2011 17.06.2011 17.06.201117.06.2011Seitepage2 2
Scenario 2010- 2030 Germany (Guiding Scenario 2010) 17.06.2011 17.06.2011 17.06.201117.06.2011Seitepage2 2
Scenario 2010- 2030 Germany (Guiding Scenario 2010) 17.06.2011 17.06.2011 17.06.201117.06.2011Seitepage2 2
17.06.2011 17.06.2011
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17.06.2011
Generation of Wind & PV in January 2010 (presently > 36.000 MW installed ) 35.000

Generation of Wind & PV in January 2010

(presently > 36.000 MW installed)

PV in January 2010 (presently > 36.000 MW installed ) 35.000 30.000 25.000 20.000 15.000 10.000

35.000

30.000

25.000

20.000

15.000

10.000

5.000

0

Wind: 26.000 MW PV: 9.800 MW (Stand 1.1.10)

PhotovoltaikWind

WindPhotovoltaik

17.06.2011

17.06.2011

17.06.2011
1
1

1

25

2

49

3

73

4

97 121 145 169 193 217 241 265 289 313 337 361 385 409 433 457 481 505 529 553 577 601 625 649 673 697 721

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

Source: Holger Gassner,RWE Innogy,Thorsten Schneiders, E.ON Climate&Renewables, Christoph Weißenborn,BDEW

Generation of Wind & PV 20.6. – 05.07. 2010 35.000 30.000 25.000 20.000 15.000 10.000

Generation of Wind & PV 20.6. 05.07. 2010

Generation of Wind & PV 20.6. – 05.07. 2010 35.000 30.000 25.000 20.000 15.000 10.000 5.000

35.000

30.000

25.000

20.000

15.000

10.000

5.000

0

Photovoltaik

Photovoltaik

Wind

Wind: 26.000 MW PV: 9.800 MW

(Stand 1.1.10)

During that time less then 10% from

installed Wind power!

3.520 MW Wind am 3.7. (Stundenmittelwert 0:00 bis 1:00 Uhr) entspricht 13,5% der inst. Leistung

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17.06.2011

123 MW Wind am 23.6. (Stundenmittelwert 8:00 bis 9:00 Uhr)

entspricht 0,46% der inst. Leistung

123 MW Wind am 23.6. (Stundenmittelwert 8:00 bis 9:00 Uhr) entspricht 0,46% der inst. Leistung

1

8:00 bis 9:00 Uhr) entspricht 0,46% der inst. Leistung 1 20.6. 25 21.6. 49 22.6. 73

20.6.

25

21.6.

49

22.6.

73

23.6.

97

121

145

169

193

217

241

265

24.6.

25.6.

26.6.

27.6.

28.6.

29.6.

30.6.

1.7.

289

2.7.

313

3.7.

337

4.7.

361

5.7.

28.6. 29.6. 30.6. 1.7. 289 2.7. 313 3.7. 337 4.7. 361 5.7. Source: Holger Gassner RWE

Source: Holger Gassner RWE Innogy Thorsten Schneiders E ON Climate&Renewables Christoph Weißenborn BDEW

Renewable energies make electricity production more volatile … Daily min and max available wind capacity
Renewable energies make electricity production more volatile … Daily min and max available wind capacity

Renewable energies make electricity production more volatile …

Daily min and max available wind capacity in Germany in January 2008 Capacity in MW
Daily min and max available wind capacity in Germany in January 2008
Capacity in MW
20000
18000
16000
14000
17.06.2011
17.06.2011
12000
10000
8000
6000
4000
2000
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

Day (January 2008)

Scource: bdew

Source: Holger Gassner,RWE Innogy,Thorsten Schneiders, E.ON Climate&Renewables, Christoph Weißenborn,BDEW

bdew Source: Holger Gassner,RWE Innogy,Thorsten Schneiders, E.ON Climate&Renewables, Christoph Weißenborn,BDEW
Renewable energies make electricity production more volatile … Example: Demand and renewable input 2.10.08 –
Renewable energies make electricity production more volatile … Example: Demand and renewable input 2.10.08 –

Renewable energies make electricity production more volatile …

Example: Demand and renewable input 2.10.08 7.10.08 in East-Germany

Netzlast und EEG-Einspeisung 02.10.08 - 07.10.08 60000 350 300 250 40000 200 150 20000 100
Netzlast und EEG-Einspeisung 02.10.08 - 07.10.08
60000
350
300
250
40000
200
150
20000
100
50
0
0
1
12
23
34
45
56
67
78
89
100
111
122
133
144
h
MW
€/MWh

Ist-EEG

Netzlast

Band

Preis

Source: BDEW

Source: Holger Gassner,RWE Innogy,Thorsten Schneiders, E.ON Climate&Renewables, Christoph Weißenborn,BDEW

BDEW Source: Holger Gassner,RWE Innogy,Thorsten Schneiders, E.ON Climate&Renewables, Christoph Weißenborn,BDEW
Times with negative prices increase 494.26 € / MWh 350 300 Täglicher Höchstpreis 250 Täglicher

Times with negative prices increase

Times with negative prices increase 494.26 € / MWh 350 300 Täglicher Höchstpreis 250 Täglicher Tiefstpreis
494.26 € / MWh 350 300 Täglicher Höchstpreis 250 Täglicher Tiefstpreis (rot falls negativ) 200
494.26
€ / MWh
350
300
Täglicher Höchstpreis
250
Täglicher Tiefstpreis
(rot falls negativ)
200
17.06.2011
17.06.2011
150
100
50
0
-50
-100
-150
-200
-500.02
01.10.2008
01.11.2008
01.12.2008
01.01.2009
01.02.2009
01.03.2009
01.04.2009
01.05.2009
01.06.2009
01.07.2009
01.08.2009
01.09.2009
01.10.2009
01.11.2009

Source: Holger Gassner,RWE Innogy,Thorsten Schneiders, E.ON Climate&Renewables, Christoph Weißenborn,BDEW

01.11.2009 Source: Holger Gassner,RWE Innogy,Thorsten Schneiders, E.ON Climate&Renewables, Christoph Weißenborn,BDEW
Requirements for the future: Change of the Grids Changes are required from a conventional grid

Requirements for the future:

Change of the Grids

Requirements for the future: Change of the Grids Changes are required from a conventional grid to

Changes are required from a conventional grid to a new grid with:

1. Power Quality and Grid Management

17.06.2011

17.06.2011

2. Wind energy and power plant scheduling

3. Energy and Cost Management

4. Energy and communication

5. Extension of the grid (Super grid)

and power plant scheduling 3. Energy and Cost Management 4. Energy and communication 5. Extension of
Energy supply structures are changing Kohle Kernkraft Wasser Hoch- spannungs- netz Mittel- spannungs-

Energy supply structures are changing

Energy supply structures are changing Kohle Kernkraft Wasser Hoch- spannungs- netz Mittel- spannungs-
Kohle Kernkraft Wasser
Kohle
Kernkraft
Wasser

Hoch-

spannungs-

netz

Mittel-

spannungs-

netz

Nieder-

spannungs-

netz

So far: conventionell grid Central Large Power Plants

Designed for max. demand coverage

Constant tariffs no dependence on time of day Clients are disconnected if required

17.06.2011 No information at client side about grid impact

Strict Powerlimits for supplier

17.06.2011

Hugh reserve margin required for unpredicted grid equirements in case of power plant failure

Only one way control required

Source: Prof. Dr. J. Schmid, ISES, Kassel

grid equirements in case of power plant failure Only one way control required Source: Prof. Dr.
Energy supply structures are changing Future grids : Additional decentralized supply Demand coverage through trade

Energy supply structures are changing

Future grids:

Additional decentralized supply Demand coverage through trade Tarifs are dependent on time of day

Demand and Supply optimisation through dialog and trade/pricing

Variable supply limits, depending on actual grid load

Reserve margins reduced/ optimized through trade

Bi-directional communication and high information needs

Kohle Kernkraft Wasser Windpark PV BZ Wind PV BZ KWK
Kohle
Kernkraft
Wasser
Windpark
PV
BZ
Wind
PV
BZ
KWK

Source: Prof. Dr. J. Schmid, ISES, Kassel

information needs Kohle Kernkraft Wasser Windpark PV BZ Wind PV BZ KWK Source: Prof. Dr. J.
information needs Kohle Kernkraft Wasser Windpark PV BZ Wind PV BZ KWK Source: Prof. Dr. J.
Power-Quality- und Gridmanagement Changing Supply – and demand curves Power Decentralised supply Consumer 0 0

Power-Quality- und Gridmanagement

Changing Supply and demand curves

Power

Gridmanagement Changing Supply – and demand curves Power Decentralised supply Consumer 0 0 5 3 7

Decentralised

supply

Consumer

– and demand curves Power Decentralised supply Consumer 0 0 5 3 7 7 Supply 17.06.2011
– and demand curves Power Decentralised supply Consumer 0 0 5 3 7 7 Supply 17.06.2011
0 0 5 3 7 7
0
0
5
3
7
7

Supply

Power Decentralised supply Consumer 0 0 5 3 7 7 Supply 17.06.2011 17.06.2011 time Conventionell Power

17.06.2011

17.06.2011

Consumer 0 0 5 3 7 7 Supply 17.06.2011 17.06.2011 time Conventionell Power supply Source: Prof.

time

Conventionell Power supply

Source: Prof. Dr. J. Schmid, ISES, Kassel

0 0 5 3 7 7 Supply 17.06.2011 17.06.2011 time Conventionell Power supply Source: Prof. Dr.
0 0 5 3 7 7 Supply 17.06.2011 17.06.2011 time Conventionell Power supply Source: Prof. Dr.

Megawatts

Megawatts Wind energy and power plant scheduling are improved through forecast Predicted and observed (measured) wind

Wind energy and power plant scheduling are improved through forecast

Predicted and observed (measured) wind power

2500

2000

1500

1000

500

0

prediction observed
prediction observed
prediction observed
prediction observed

prediction

observed

17.06.2011

17.06.2011

prediction observed 17.06.2011 17.06.2011

17.06.2011

prediction observed 17.06.2011 17.06.2011
prediction observed 17.06.2011 17.06.2011

07.07

08.07

09.07

10.07

11.07

12.07

Source: Prof. Dr. J. Schmid, ISES, Kassel

10.07 11.07 12.07 Source: Prof. Dr. J. Schmid, ISES, Kassel Quality of wind forecast today In

Quality of wind forecast today In Germany:

> 90% for

48 h forecast

95% for 3h forecast

=> EEX publish daily wind and PV forecst for next

day

In Germany: > 90% for 48 h forecast  95% for 3h forecast => EEX publish
Power-Quality- und Gridmanagement Informationgrid Converter with Fixed rotation: Windpower Hydropower

Power-Quality- und Gridmanagement

Informationgrid

Power-Quality- und Gridmanagement Informationgrid Converter with Fixed rotation: Windpower Hydropower

Converter with

Fixed rotation:

Windpower

Hydropower

Recipr. engines

P

Windpower Hydropower Recipr. engines P Converter with Variable rotation:   Windpower
Windpower Hydropower Recipr. engines P Converter with Variable rotation:   Windpower

Converter with

Variable rotation:

 

Windpower

Hydropower

Recipr. engines

 

Microturbines

Converter with Variable rotation:   Windpower Hydropower Recipr. engines   Microturbines j P, cos
Converter with Variable rotation:   Windpower Hydropower Recipr. engines   Microturbines j P, cos
Converter with Variable rotation:   Windpower Hydropower Recipr. engines   Microturbines j P, cos

j

P, cos

Recipr. engines   Microturbines j P, cos , THD Direct Converters Photovoltaik Thermophoto-

, THD

engines   Microturbines j P, cos , THD Direct Converters Photovoltaik Thermophoto-
engines   Microturbines j P, cos , THD Direct Converters Photovoltaik Thermophoto-

Direct Converters

Photovoltaik

Thermophoto-

voltaic

Fuell Cells

17.06.2011

17.06.2011

Direct Converters Photovoltaik Thermophoto- voltaic Fuell Cells 17.06.2011 17.06.2011 j P, cos

j

P, cos

Fuell Cells 17.06.2011 17.06.2011 j P, cos , THD Battery- storages with bidirecc- tional

, THD

Battery-

storages

with bidirecc-

tional

converters

Battery- storages with bidirecc- tional converters
storages with bidirecc- tional converters j P, cos Fly wheel storage with bidirecc- tional

j

P, cos storages with bidirecc- tional converters j Fly wheel storage with bidirecc- tional

with bidirecc- tional converters j P, cos Fly wheel storage with bidirecc- tional

Fly wheel

storage

with bidirecc-

tional

Converters

Fly wheel storage with bidirecc- tional Converters
Fly wheel storage with bidirecc- tional Converters

, THD

storage with bidirecc- tional Converters , THD j P, cos , THD Power Grid Effective Powwer

j

P, cos storage with bidirecc- tional Converters , THD j , THD Power Grid Effective Powwer (P) Effective

, THD

bidirecc- tional Converters , THD j P, cos , THD Power Grid Effective Powwer (P) Effective

Power Grid

Effective Powwer (P)

Effective Power (P) +

Reactive power compensation (cos

j ) + Reduction of

distortion

Source: Prof. Dr. J. Schmid, ISES, Kassel

(P) + Reactive power compensation (cos j ) + Reduction of distortion Source: Prof. Dr. J.
Energy and Cost Management Variable Power Tariffs – Power Trading floor Leipzig LPX EEX Month

Energy and Cost Management

Energy and Cost Management Variable Power Tariffs – Power Trading floor Leipzig LPX EEX Month D

Variable Power Tariffs Power Trading floor Leipzig LPX EEX

Month

Day

Price Absatz
Price
Absatz
Price Absatz
Price
Absatz

17.06.2011

17.06.2011

Source: Prof. Dr. J. Schmid, ISET, Kassel

Leipzig LPX EEX Month D a y Price Absatz Price Absatz 17.06.2011 17.06.2011 Source: Prof. Dr.
Energy and Communication Energy- and Power-Quality-Management: Local Energy Management Power-Quality-Management Lokales

Energy and Communication

Energy and Communication Energy- and Power-Quality-Management: Local Energy Management Power-Quality-Management Lokales

Energy- and Power-Quality-Management: Local Energy Management

Power-Quality-Management

Lokales Energie Management (inkl. aktueller Energiepreise)

LEM PV 17.06.2011 17.06.2011 Wasser Wind Hilfsge- Elektro- BZ- BHKW nerator heizung Lastabwurf Brenn- stoff
LEM
PV
17.06.2011
17.06.2011
Wasser
Wind
Hilfsge-
Elektro-
BZ-
BHKW
nerator
heizung
Lastabwurf
Brenn-
stoff
lokale
Anbieter
Stromnetz
Steuerungsebene unidirektional

Source: Prof. Dr. J. Schmid, ISET, Kassel

Brenn- stoff lokale Anbieter Stromnetz Steuerungsebene unidirektional Source: Prof. Dr. J. Schmid, ISET, Kassel
Requirements: Optimization of grid integration • Overhead lines: seasonal standards and/or temperature monitoring •
Requirements: Optimization of grid integration • Overhead lines: seasonal standards and/or temperature monitoring •

Requirements:

Optimization of grid integration

Overhead lines: seasonal standards and/or temperature monitoring

New storage systems (e.g. compressed air energy storage

power plants)

17.06.2011

17.06.2011

Improved forecast of load and wind generation

Better feed-in management

Establishment of an intraday market

Demand side management

System Service Bonus

feed-in management • Establishment of an intraday market • Demand side management • System Service Bonus
System Service Bonus Past: • Wind turbines had to be shut off when grid stability

System Service Bonus

System Service Bonus Past: • Wind turbines had to be shut off when grid stability problems

Past:

Wind turbines had to be shut off when grid stability problems occured

Conventional power plants have to ensure grid stability if not enough renewables are online.

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17.06.2011

Present and future:

Windpower turbines are sophisticated and increasingly able to provide system services to contribute to the stability of the grid.

They have to remain connected in case of grid stability problems.

to contribute to the stability of the grid. • They have to remain connected in case
Finally: Large and extensive capacity Building on all levels is required to cope with the

Finally: Large and extensive capacity Building on all levels is required to cope with the energy future

on all levels is required to cope with the energy future In Germany are more 60

In Germany are more 60 universities/cities, where you can study different aspects of Renewable energy and Energy Efficiency

Map shows location of Actor in RE education from German DGS RE group:

We meet once a year and discuss required academic issues in RE education

Source: Prof. K. Vajen, DGS University Group, Kassel

17.06.2011 17.06.2011
17.06.2011
17.06.2011
required academic issues in RE education Source: Prof. K. Vajen, DGS University Group, Kassel 17.06.2011 17.06.2011
Thank you for your kind attention! 17.06.2011 17.06.2011 Prof. Dr. – Ing. Christoph Menke University
Thank you for your kind attention! 17.06.2011 17.06.2011 Prof. Dr. – Ing. Christoph Menke University
Thank you for your kind attention! 17.06.2011 17.06.2011 Prof. Dr. – Ing. Christoph Menke University
Thank you for your kind attention! 17.06.2011 17.06.2011 Prof. Dr. – Ing. Christoph Menke University

Thank you for your kind attention!

17.06.2011

17.06.2011

Prof. Dr.Ing. Christoph Menke

University of Applied Science, Trier, Germany Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment, Bangkok, Thailand Senior Consultant for Renewable Energy Policy, GIZ GmbH, Germany menke@fh-trier.de