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LES

TEMPLES IMMERGES DE LA NUBIE

SERVICE DES ANTIQUITES DE L'EGYPTE

LES

TEMPLES IMMERGES DE LA NURIE

THE TEMPLE OF BIGEH


PAR AYLWARD
M.

BLACKMAN

LE CAIRE
IMPRIMERIE DE L'INSTITUT FRANCAIS
D'ARCHEOLOGIE ORIENTALE
1915

THE TEMPLE OF BIGEH


BY

AYLWARD

M.

BLAGKMAN

M. A.

Laycock Student of Egyptology at Worcester College, Oxford,

Late Oxford University Nubian Research Scholar,

Formerly Scholar of Queen's College.

PREFACE.

The
early

following record of the Temple of Bigeh, was

made

in April

and

May, 1910. Owing

to the intense heat of the pile of granite

boulders

that forms the Island of Bigeh, the


difficult,

development of negatives proved very


obtain ice from the

and although I managed


at Shellal the results
this difficulty

to

Sudan Government's
have been

steamers

were not altogether

satisfactory. I

helped out of

however by

my

friend Dr. Junker of Vienna


to

through whose friendly

offices I

obtained permission

pubhsh in

this

volume

the magnificent photographs of^igehjrem|)le belonging to the Koniglichen

Ahademie der Wtssenschaften


Dr. Junker and the
sity.

at Berlin. I trust that in spite

of the

war both

AkademiemW accept my warmest thanks

for their genero-

But

have

to

thank Dr. Junker for other favours. He not only gave


I

me

much

help while

was preparing

my

manuscript

but also read through


corrections.

the proofs,

making

several important suggestions


to

and

My

best

thanks are also due


p.

Mr. Griffith for editing the Demotic


for editing the
little

graffiti (see

47),
to

to Professor

Hunt

Greek inscription on
full

p.

kg,

and

Miss Porter for again furnishing

me

with

bibliographical parti-

culars.

Aylward M. Blackman.
Worcester College, Oxford, November 191
A.

THE TEMPLE OF BIGEH,


PART
I.

INTRODUCTION AND TEXT.


The
island of Bigeh which lies between Philae

and El-Heseh

(PI. II, i), is,

with the exception of the last named, the southernmost of the islands in the First
Cataract. Like
hills'''

El-Heseh Bigeh
winding

consists of a

number

of small

rugged granite
is

intersected by

valleys. At the water's edge,

wherever there

sufficient deposit of

Nile-mud, the

thrifty inhabitants raise their scanty


II,

crop of

vegetables and dura'^', while they build their houses (PI.

and 4) upon
midst

any available ledge on the


island,
is

hill-sides. In

one of the valleys, in the centre of the

the

modern

cemetery'^' with the

tomb

of the local shevkh in

its

(PI. II, 3).

The temple

is

situated

on the

east shore opposite Phila?, and,


,

till

the raising

of the water-level by the

Aswan dam stood some way back from


in front of the pylon, but

the river. There


little

was a stone quay or landing-stage

some

distance

away from
close
hills,

it.

This has

now

disappeared beneath the water which comes quite

up

to the pylon itself'*'.

Immediately behind the temple

rise the granite

upon

the boulders composing which

numbers

oi graffili are to be found.


Ill,
1).

In former years the temple was surrounded with houses'^' (PI.

These

have recently been demolished and the precincts cleared of

all

encumbrances.

Like the temples of Kalabsheh, Dendur, Ajuala and Haifa, that of Bigeh also

appears to have been erected on a terrace or platform, composed no doubt of


the underlying ruins of earlier edifices.
'^'

The

original substructure, however, has


and i; Reisner, Archaeological

Weigall, Report on
Nubia, Vol.

the Antiquities

of Lower Nubia, PI. XII,


cf.

Survetj of
'^'

I, Pis.

19, a, b, and 9i, b;


at

Id., Pis. to

lo and 16, a (views of El-Heseh).


to the increased

Even these poor attempts

husbandry have now had

be abandoned owing

height of the water-level.


'^'

For an account of the ancient cemeteries see Reisner,


Weigall,
oip. cit.,

op. cit., p.

loa-i

1.
is

'*'

PI. XII,

It.

My
li.

description was written in 1910.


is

The temple

now (191 3)

almost completely submerged


'5)

when

the reservoir

full.

WEiGALL,op. W.,PI. XII, 9,

The Temple of Bigeh

THE TEMPLE OF

BtCEII.

been so enveloped in modern cement that


exact nature (PI.
Ill,

it is

now

impossible

to

determine
all

its

a).

Most of the temple has been destroyed,

that

now

remains being the gate-way of the pylon'*' and the greater part of the facade of
the outer hall. This facade consists of four columns'"^', adorned with the elaborate
floral capitals

usual in the Ptolemaic and early

Roman

periods,

combined with a

screen or curtain-wall of about half the height of the columns'^'.

What remains

of the outer hall

is

the

work

of Ptolemy XllI, but the reliefs

on the pylon gate-way were executed


appear above the head of the
dedicatory inscriptions
(e.

in the reign of

Augustus, whose cartouches


the scenes, and also in the

officiating

king in

all

g. p.

h;f)

in this part of temple.

The scenes and

inscriptions

on the exterior walls of the pylon gate-way are

executed in sunk relief (en creux), as are also those on the east (exterior) face
of the screen, on the columns, and on the east

jambs and

interior walls of the

door-wav, of the outer

hall.

The scenes and


are in low relief.

inscriptions on the interior walls of the pylon gate-way, on

the west face of the screen, and on the west

jambs of the door, of

the outer hall

Bibliography of the published plans and general views of the temple of BioEH.

Plan of
Cbahpollion, Notices
descriptives , I,

the

Facade.

iBg.

General view of the Temple (looking North).


Fbith, Egypt and Palestine Photographed and Described, vol.
I, Pi.

Sa; Frith, Upper Egypt

and Ethiopia,

Pi.

5.

The Island and Temple of Bigeh from Philw.


Weigall, Report on
the Antiquities

of Lower Nubia, PI. XII, i.

The Facade (looking north-west).


BoNOHi and Siiarpe, Egypt, Nubia, and Ethiopia,
Mabiette, Voyage dans
la

PI.

LXI (photograph, dated iSBg-iSGo);

Haule-Egypte, PI. 80.

'"
''*'

The lowers have disappeared except


Only three now remain and the
Cf.

for inconsiderable

fragments (see pp. 21 and 99).


is

capital of
PI.

one of them

missing.

'*'

Blaceman, Dendur,

p. 20,

and

XXXII. The roof-cornice and the jambs of the facade

are destroyed.

EAST FACE OF THE PYLON GATE-WAY

SOUTH JAMB.

The Pylon Gate-Way (west face).


BoNoui and Sharpe, Egypt, Nubia, and Ethiopia,
Frith, Upper Egypt and Ethiopia, PI.
i/i.

PI. LXII.

THE PYLON.
The East Face of the Gate -Way.
(Pis.

1II,2-VI,

1.)

The South Jamb^^\

SCENES

and

II

(PI. HI, 2).

These scenes are completely destroyed.

SCENE

III

(PI. IV).

The king
ing

offers

[^

to

Horns and a goddess, both of

whom

are stand-

.
a.

Text.

In front of the king

4__i

^^^ a*n*a
-n

=^

^c
I

fr

Offering

the symbol of a million years to his father


h.

In front of Horus
-n

-<

/\

,'

.1

rrrr,

-^^

I give thee all lands

in peace,
c.
ttl

In front of the goddess

^^1^*^^^'^=' ^^ ^^x
those

put the love of thee


7)

among men;

who

are

T 11 T i^^'iT'Sj upon earth are in praise of

thee.
d.

In a vertical line behind the goddess

-<

it,

W|j5*

-==

-pi::a-x~~piry,:n::-E:):""
dreds of thousands
of

'>Isis.?'

years which are with

my

heart rejoices exceedingly

when

see

it.

exalt thy

kingdom upon earth

like that of the

son of

Archaeological details

The upper part


away except

of the scene containing the head-dresses


is

and the names and


is

attributes of the divinities,


for part of his

destroyed.

The

figure of the king


[j^
.

entirely

broken

hand and the symbol


5.

Horus. Head-dress no.

The goddess. Head-dress

no. 17 or

18?

'"

Tlie architrave

and north jamb are destroyed.

THE TEMPLE OF BtGEH.

SCENE IV (PI. IV).

The king

makes

offering to Osiris
is

and

Isis,

both of

whom

are standing

-.

The

figure of the king

destroyed.
-

Text. a. Above Osiris in three lines

- |^8
i

1 1

"^ "-^^ fvJ

**
I

I'm

''^'"'^''fc

* ^Ullerance by

[Osiris]

great god, lord

of Abaton, August divine power, lord of Philae.r


b.

The

inscription in front of Osiris


Isis in

is

broken away.
lines
:

c.

Above

one

vertical

f^l

/ i \J "^

^A ^^
J

and two horizontal


.

l^

h'^-m^
Isis

.1

-^

TM

Utterance by
:

given

life,

mistress of Abaton, beautiful lady, mistress of Philae(?), mistress of

southern countries.
ll V -s. thy territory as far as the sun-shine. 55
x(?)>
e.

d.

In front of

Isis

<

J^
:

'^n=^

l-,4siJ il\ Fiji's

^I

extend ^^ (?)

In a vertical line behind

Isis

iSf

j|

"]

(TT^^ ^"J

]ll=^=

^^**-

King

of

Upper and Lower Egypt

Osiris-Onnophris true-of-voice,

king of gods, the great Nile creating fruit-trees, the mighty flood inundating
the tillage at
/.
its

season,

making

the field fruitful in all

its

produce
:

'''^

75

In two horizontal lines separating scene IV from the dado

>
j

I^w

'

The august door which

the king of

Upper and Lower Egypt Autokrator

made
[Isis]

for his father Osiris,


-n

great god lord of Abaton, and for his mother

Abchaeological details
Osiris.
Isis.

Head-dress no.

7.

Head-dress no. 18.


Wiirlcrb.,

'''

See Brugscii,
Cr.

i54o.
to

W
'''

'-'2^i-)'iv^]t'^j^'^f S^j Hymn


p.

Amon,

Cairo,

9, 3 (E. A.

W.

Budoe,

Reading Book, p. ago, and see also


Lit.
:

3oo).
all its fruits^

tfFertilizinff llie field

with

(Junker).

EAST FACE OF THE I'YLON GATE-WAY

THICKNESS OF SOUTH JAMB.

THE DADO

(PI. IV).

The decoration
an elongated ==.

consists of the usual lotus- llowers

and buds growing out of

The Thickness of the South Jamb.


(Pis.

V and

VI,

i.)

SCENES

and

II.

Entirely destroyed.

SCENE

III

(PI. V).

The king
away.
Text.
a.

>-

offers M. B to

Hathor-Tefnut who

is

standing

-<

-.

The upper

parts of the head-dresses, and the texts above the king

and goddess, are broken

Behind the king

>

VT

w'^'

-^

-^

^^^^'

protection,

life,

and happiness behind him


h.

like

Re

for ever! v

In front of the king


'''-symbol to his

.-

*__j^|a<^

4>

-<>-^^'"- A > Offering

the

iw/i

mother the Heroine {Wsr-t^

that she (sic)

may be given

life, n

c.

In front of Hathor-Tefnut

<

J(^^

''^

-'='###

ffl

put

the fear of thee in the hearts of all the countries,

Archaeological details

The king. The part


ing part of no.
i

of the head-dress that

is

preserved

is

like the

correspond-

3.

Hathor-Tefnut.

Head-dress no.

i'] {})

SCENE IV

(PI. V).

The king
standing
Text.
-<

offers incense,

and

libation in a '4 -vase, to

Horus, who

is

a.

Behind the king

>

XX-J W
for ever!
5?

''^

t^^

^^^'^

protection,

life,

and happiness behind him


h.

like

Re

Above the king


Or wmb;
see Junker,

>

[SK] (K^SS^I
.S.

^-(MEilil
p. 93.

T^

"'

Der Auszug der Hathor-Tefnut aus Nubien,


p.

For the magical use of

this

symbol see remarks in Idem,

THE TEMPLE OF BtCEH.


of

King of Upper and Lower Egypt, lord of the Two Lands Autokrator, lord
diadems Kaisaros-living-for-ever Beloved-of-Isis.
*^-

55

f""^
life].

ff

Offering

[incense](?)
d.

to his

august father, that he may be [given

Above Horus

in three

imes

<

M
1

1
1

feSli

|S3

I
of

cssssa

/3

*
;

son of Osiris
:

[lord] of Abaton.
c?I

e.

In front of Horus
in heaven,
-n

a,'

S^*-vaIj^ji

give thee the duration

Re
f.

In two horizontal lines separating the scene from the dado

^
|

(1)

i^m i

<'>

^' i^-* J

iior

^ 1 ^ M r ^ICM^IU ill^i
C

+^

'^^'

'"/^

^m^
.

'Hf f iK,

3CblXl ^. C^l^f:^i;-]

^^

Live the good god, running(?)[. .?. .].


great god, lord of Abaton
j

his father Osiris-Onnophris true -of- voice,

king of Upper and Lower Egypt, lord of the

Two Lands

Autokrator, son of Re,


w

lord of diadems Kaisaros-living-for-ever Beloved-of-Isis!

Archaeological details

The king. Head-dress

no.

1.

He

holds a

-f

-vase for libation in his right and a ^-censer in his


is

left

hand. In the latter the right -ball of incense


Horus. Head-dress no.
5.

replaced by

(see

fig. 1).

o/iL
p,

THE DADO

(Pis.

V and

VI,
>-

1).

Hapy and Sekhet


Text. a.

carrying the usual trays of offerings.


vertical lines
:

Above and behind Hapy in three

>-

7\
J

101

^^

/.v,A

<= '^^ ^

^^.
-^

fi

ykv*\

|-|

rr

The king of

Upper and Lower Egypt Autokrator has come before thee,


lord of Abaton, that be

Osiris, great god,

sources at his season;

may bring to thee the that be may pour forth

Nile of

Upper Egypt from the two

the ^ts-vases for thy ka in

Rigeh.
'"

Clearly * in both pliotographs (Pis.


?

V and

VI, 1); but periiaps

T[

T[

hfi]j is

intended,

being a mistake of the engraver for

INTERIOR OF THE PYLON GATE-WAY


h.

SOUTH WALL.
:

Above and behind Sekhet in three

vertical lines

*y\5 tmsC^\

zD
<=-=%Ji
to thee the estate
to

j:jAf (LiJic
-^^^
__

The king
given
life,

of

Upper and Lower Egypt Kaisaros

has become before thee, o

Isis

mistress of Abaton, that he


all

may bring
offer

which

is

great and rich in

good things, that he may

thee

all its

produce.
:

Archaeological details

Hapy. Head-dress no. i4.

For the girdle see Dendm%

Pi.

CXVlll, 2.
is

He

carries the usual tray

upon which
his

a 1-sceptre

between two T-vases and

two bunches of lotus-flowers. From

hands hang water-plants.


I

Sekhet. Head-dress no. i5 but with


tray
is

Jl replacing the three I- trees. Her

loaded with cakes of bread upon which three birds are placed.
also

From her

hands

dangle water-plants.

The

Interioii of the
(Pis.

Gate-Way.

VH-IX.)

The Soulh Wall.

THE FRIEZE. The

frieze consists of the

two cartouches

alternating with three i-ornaments.

i:
At the west end of the
frieze is a

winged serpent
its

-<

upon a rrn-sign;

it

wears the ^-crown, and has i crossing

wings (see

PI. VII).

There was doubtless another similar serpent

at the east

end of the

frieze

crowned with
SCENE
I

and facing

>-.

(PI. VII).

The king

> offers

incense and a libation to Osiris-Onnophris accompanied

THE TEMPLE OF bIgEH.


Isis

by

and Ilarpok rates. Osiris-Onnophris and


first

Isls

are seated

<

Behind them
his lips,

stands Harpokrates with the

finger of his right

hand

laid

upon

and holding
Text. a.

a Ifi^- plover in his left hand.

Above the king


of

>
,

^2 (^^5] ^, (^Hiill
|

The king
I

Upper and Lower Egypt, lord of the Two Lands Autokrator,

son of Re, lord of diadems Kaisaros-living-for-ever Beloved-of-Ptah.


h.

In front of the king

|1AM^;.

4^ awa

Jji

cfOltering incense

and
c.

a libalion (to) his august father that he

may be
:
-<

given
1

life.'^

Above Osiris-Onnophris

in three lines

ff

V|

if^UfM

||i

^^ LJB^f^ ^
d.

^^

T'
I

'ai
I

'^^
P

Utterance by Osiris-Onnophris

true -of- voice, great god, lord of Abaton, august divine power, lord of Philae.

Above

Isis in

two lines

im

h^-^i^J /^^
j

f J"^''^'^

jlbAJ^O

"Utterance by
n

Isis

given

life,

mistress of Abaton, beautiful lady,

mistress of Philae.
e.

Above Hai'pokrates in one


J

vertical
r
I

and one horizontal

line

<

im \k
Isis,

3)

n-^^L^iuf
1

Utterance by Harpokrates, son of

son

of Osiris, lord of Abaton.

Archaeological details

The king. His head-dress


censer which he holds in his
In his right

is

broken away as

is

also half his body.

For the

left

hand,

cf.

Dendur, PI. CXV, k.

hand

the king holds a 1-vase

from the spout of which the libation

flows in three streams on to a I-shaped offering-stand.


is

Upon

the offering-stand

one c^a-shaped and two -shaped cakes


Osiris.

(cf.

Dendtir, PI. CXI, 3).

Head-dress no. 6 without the disk above the horn.


cf.

For the dress


p.

Dendtir, PI. CXVIII, 6, PI. XI,

and see

also the

remarks on

6 of that work.

He

holds the usual

and i\

Isis.

Head-dress no. 18.

Harpokrates. Head-dress no. 3 with ^-lock of hair. The plaits of the lock are
clearly indicated.

Round

his

neck hangs the milk-amulet


cf.

(cf.

Dendur, Pis.

LV and CXIV,

3).

For the cloak,

DendUr,

PI.

CXVIII, 7.

WEST FACE OF THE PYLON GATE-WAY


SCENE
II

ARCHITRAVE.

(PI. VIII).

The
is

figures have

been entirely cut away except for a portion of the king who

standing

>-.

Text. a. Behind the king

:->
Re

J"?'

1J=^

0'\r\
j=^
I

rr

All protection, life,

and happiness behind him


b.

like

for ever! v

In a vertical line behind the king

>

/w,^.:%^

<=
J"^

m.

o^"

jM i c3
If

.= kk^
.

mxj

f jd.

LoJ

SI

tttt: a

-i^^

come

forth

from the cavern


foes.
all

always at the time of evening, guarding the places of Bigeh against the
I

enter Abaton and rest until the earth lightens.


V

cause joy to be

among

people

THE DADO

(PI. IX).

The dado
any thing
of.

consisted of vertical lines of text that are too fragmentary to


-

make

The West Face of the Gate-Way.


(Pis.

X-XVIU.)

The Architrave.

SCENE l(^'(Pls. XI and XII).

The king

>-

offers

to

a god

who

is

seated

-<

-.

The

figures are

broken

away above the

waists. -

Text. a. In front of the kinff


A-?-

>-

[iiJ

ava*---=^

cann

^[Offering] Mat (Af;'-<) to his august father that he

may be

given life.w

SCENE

II

(Pis.

XI and XII).

The king

offers

wine

to a

god and a goddess, both


the waist.

of

whom

are seated

-<

The

figures are broken

away above

"'
''''

Restore

parallel to

^.

Above the north jamb.


9

The Temple of Bigeh.

10

THE TEMPLE OF BiCEH.


Tkxt. a.

Behind the king

|f ?E^
J"^
like
[*

"^^^ [protection,

life,

and happiness] behind him


In front of the king
:

Re
i]l

for ever!
a.-a''

b.

>-

: -<

ii^a

#
??

.<>-

hU>

r[ Offering]
c.

wine

to his

august father that he may be given

life,

Behind the two


I
'

divinities in a vertical line


ff

S ^^ ULI
beneath the

III

iVi^> I

T^

All foreign countries are united


-n

(stc)

sandals like Re for ever, Archaeological details

In front of the two deities

is

a I-shaped offering-stand upon which are a

%-

vase and a lotus-flower.

SCENE

III

(Pis.
-.

XI and XV).
offers incense

The king
are

seated - The
>-.

and a

libation to Osiris

and

Isis,

both of

whom

figures of the king

and

divinities are

damaged

as in the

two previous scenes.


Text. a. In front of the king
^
:

<

-'*>~^,*,

ft

i""^"^

^^

casj -^

.<>.

At" Offering
life.

incense and a libation to his august father that he

may be

given
h.

In a vertical line behind the divinities

>-

gMia ^^^

iVi

like

t i It ^^ Re for ever.
i

^ foreign lands are united beneath


:

the (sic) sandals

Archaeological details

In front of the two divinities there are the


lolus-flower, as in scene
Osiris.
II.

same offering- stand, vase, and

For the dress

cf.

that of Osiris in scene

I,

interior of pylon gate-way,

south wall, p. 8.

SCENE ivC) (Pis. XI and XV).

The king
'"
'*'

<

(broken away)

offers

tf

to a

god who

is

seated'^'

>-.

Above Ihe south jamb.


As in Ihe preceding scenes the figure of ihe god
is

broken away above the waist.

WEST FACE OF THE PYLON GATE-WAY


Text.
a.

NORTH JAMB.
ffOfferine:

11

In front of the kine;

-.

- i-_i

^'**>^^H

Mat

{m,'>-t) to his

[august] father

The Under Face of

the Architrave.

The whole length


west of which
inscription

of the stone

is

occupied by a great winged scarab,


is

the direction in which the scarab


=

flying

to the

is

the following

inj

single line'^)

E^jl^fTf^iVft!;!^!^!
jj

dappled of feathers, coming forth from the horizon, within the division of

Lower Egypt.
coming
forth

75

God

of Edfu, great god, lord of heaven, dappled of feathers,

from the horizon, within the division of Upper Egypt,

North Jamb.

SCENE

(Pis. XI
:

and

XII).

Published

L., D., Text, IV, 17/1 (title of

Rhnum-Re

only).

The king

-<

offers a
>.

^-vase

to

Khnum-Re accompanied by

Satis, both of

whom

are standing

__W0^1 _/,^-7..^ -=J


Text.
a.

In a vertical line behind the kine; o

-<

-^^n
Hh
live

fl/*~A
11 A*A

^w*
,

I
1

s e

1 1

Take

to

thyself'"^'

these thy libations that have issued from

(?), that

have come from


-n

Bigeh, thy great sacred place, that thou(?) mayest


b.

Behind the king Above the king


of

<

YTlp. ..
,

All protection, life

and happiness. ..

c.

^ ^(^^^^
of the
:

^.(ME^HJZE]
Autokrator,
1

King

Upper and Lower Egypt, lord

Two Lands

son of

Re, lord of diadems Kaisaros Beloved-of-Ptah-and-Isis.


d.
rf

In front of the king

<

t ^ ^ ^""^
1

"^-j

=^

^bs^

-w

-*>^^

'4>

Offering a ^-vase to his august father that he


e.

may be

given life.
|f

Above Khnum-Re

in three lines

|^ F V '^ ''^'
Khnum-Re,

'*"~^

m mm 0\
'"
'>^'

4i

I
I

^
I

'

rf

1110

Utterance bv
''

lord of the Cataract,

Bolli llie

winged scarab and the inscription are carved in low


$

relief.

Erman, Gramm.^,

386, Anm.

IS

THE TEMPLE OF bIGEH.


i

great god,

within Bigeh, divine power within the Foremost of the

Nomes

{H'.t

^nrt [Elephantine])."

/
g.

In front of

Khnum-Re

^ *'^ll^^^^io^'
:

"' S^^^ *^ ^

great Nile at his season.

Above

Satis in three lines

^^ij^^l^'*^'^"*^!

Utterance by Satis the great, mistress of ///i(?), eye of Re, lady of heaven,

mistress of all gods, R'yl, the mighty one in Bigeh,


his cavern in order to revive the

making

the Nile issue from

Two

Lands.

Archaeological details

The

king.

Head-dress no.

3.

Khnum-Re. Head-dress
Satis.

no. a/i.

Head-dress no.
its

li.

In the middle of the


:

^- crown

is

a scorpion with
is

opposite

two front claws, so

-. The body of the goddess

broken away.

SCENE

II

(Pis.

XI and
-

XIII).

(destroyed) are standing


The king
-

offers to

Harendotes and Nephthys, both of

whom

Text.

a.

Above Harendotes
I

"^ '^/S o ! i '1 1 H


son of
Isis,

M ^ ^i A

in three lines

>
j

^/]\^m

iZ^

-Utterance by Har[endotes]

son of Osiris, great god, lord of Abaton, divine power (s/im), lord

ofPhilae(?).^
b.

The

inscription in front of Harendotes has


is

been nearly

all

broken away

and what remains


c.

obscured with modern cement.


in

Above Nephthys

one

vertical

and one horizontal

line

>-

7y)

TT

"^^

ll% ''^^ \f"\'Z^o

^Utterance by Nephthys the beneficent, the god's


v

sister, in the

midst of Abaton.

d.

Behind the legs of Nephthys

i^>

^^if^^n/l

^^'^^^^^8 of Upper

Egypt, ruler of Lower Egypt.

WEST FACE OF THE PYLON GATE-WAY


e.

NORTH
^'^

JAMB.

13

In front ofNephlbys

>

J^^^^^'"*^
:^|0f^^

give thee the South

and North in allegiance unto thee.


/.

In a vertical line behind Nephthys

''\'9\^K'til^^

Lower Egypt
of gods, a

lector of She-who-is-in-her-time [jmy-t-lr-s), king of kings, chief

hawk

great of strength, within Abaton, avenging his father Osiris,

rending his enemies with his claws, Harendotes, great god, lord of Abaton.
Archaeological details
:

Harendotes. Head-dress no. 5.


Nephthys. Head-dress no. 16.

SCENE

III (Pis.

XIII

and XIV).
to a

(broken away) makes offering of whom are standing Text. Above the god w\m
The king
-<

god (Geb?) and Nut, both

a.

>-

h.

Above Nut

in one vertical
(^

and one horizontal

line

>-

ly^

w
I

J*
c.

J
-n

"""^

Utterance by Nut

the beautiful mistress, within

Bigeh

(^Snin).

In front of Nut

>

B"^^
:

' '

"^

M k^

^^

as far as the

sun-shine.
d.

In a single vertical line behind Nut

>-i0f"<^'ii^^V**^
'1tf<')^M
things

w
of

-=^^'"rnfi'fi^^^:'
:

'

-King

Upper and Lower Egypt


created
all

lord of strength, mighty of arm, father of the gods,


all plants, vivifying all

who

prince {rp'ly)

of the gods. V

Archaeological details

The god. His head-dress


that part of 7.

is

destroyed except for the top which resembles

Nut. Only the

left

horn of the

\/ that formed part of her head-dress remains.

^^

THE TEMPLE OF bIgEU.

SCEHE IT (PI. XIV).

The king
standing*

(destroyed) offers to

Isis

and Harpokrales, both of

whom

are

.
I^CS voT^
I

ff

Philae (irh), mistress of

Upper Nubia {Hnl-hm-njr)

ill Ml Kyi
]

the four quarters of heaven [nn-l).

b.

The

inscription in front of Isis

is illegible.

f.

Above Harpokrates in two

vertical

and one horizontal

line

>
]

j^ J^

pokrates, the great and mighty, eldest of Osiris, the august child
forth

who came

from

Isis.

d.

In front of Harpokrates

J^^L!~^iii^^@ w^s-^^^s
:

in

I give thee food

and bread without count.


-

e.

In a vertical line behind Harpokrates

iSf jj

At"*^

o
m,

m.

^^Q

JVJi.%I.WQ*

ill

SlMII

Upper and Lower Egypt

Isis

given

life,

mistress of Abaton, lady, mistress of

Philae, the august, the Heroine, lady in

Upper Nubia

(^Hn-t-ljn-nfr),

lady,

princess in the four quarters (of the world), possessor of life, lady of the land,

according
given
life,

to

whose command

is

the destiny of /?r/,

Rnnt

mistress of food,

Isis

mistress of Philae.

/.

In two horizontal lines separating the scene from the dado

>

i3SS(dI5Iil33i

S=:^,1'iP#

v-rrvm.

[Autok]rat[or], son of Re, lord of diadems Kaisaros-living-for-ever

Beloved-of-Isis

Abaton, august divine power within Nubia

(7''-s/l).

"
'"

Only Iwo

tiorizonlal lines of lexl


ist

remain, the preceding vertical lines being broken away.

=i5ir. irDas i\w der Br-t

nach ihrem Befehlw (Junker).

WEST FACE OF THE PYLON GATE-WAY


Archaeological details
Isis.
:

THICKNESS OF NORTH JAMB.

15

Head-dress no. 18.

Hai'pokrates. Head-dress no. 3 with side lock.

THE DADO

(PI. XIV).

The decoration

of the dado consists of the usual lotus-flowers

and buds growing

out of an elongated

=^.
The Thickness of
the

North Jamb.

SCENE I(P1. XVIII,

1).

The king
cut away to

-<

- stands before Re-Harakhte.


for the arch

The lower

parts of the figures are

make room

which was inserted here when the temple

was converted
Text.
b.

into a church (see p. 36, footnote 1).

a.

Behind the king


:

Protection.

55

Above the king

^ ^ (^^"^
j

r^ /^MPr^^ j
jm ^^ \r

"King of

Upper and Lower Egypt, lord


diadems Kaisaros.
c.

of the

Two Lands

Autokrator, son of Re, lord of

Above Re-Harakhte

in

two

lines

^
j

t|

l^ /^ ^
i

Utterance by Re-Harakhte, great god, in the midst of Abaton.s

Archaeological details

The

king. Head-dress no. i3.

Re-Harakhte. Head-dress no. 29.


SCENES
II,

III

and IV.

Destroyed bv the insertion of the arch.

THE DADO

(PI.

X,

1).

A portion of the dado

is

preserved and contains parts of the usual figures of


their trays of offerings
-<

Hapy and Sekhet carrying


Text.
h.

-.

a.

Behind Hapv py

: =

^^
-<

S.^ 1
11
I

M ^B^H

Behind Sekhet
he
(?)

1"^

AX^

f"j^=lld:^

'

the two granaries of thy majesty with all fruits

-n

15

THE TEMPLE OF BIGEH.


South Jamb.

SCENE

(Pis.

XI and XV).

The king

holding

in his right

hand stands before Horus

of Edfu

{Hr

Blidty)

accompanied by Hathor, both of

whom
:

are standing

<
J

Text. a. In a vertical line behind the king

- T"lf vlj

"""

Live the good god! Receiving the harpoon, slaying the crocodiles and the beasts

which are
b.

in the water; putting his knife in the foes of his father; piercing

(?)...

Behind the king

>

9f

'^'J^'^

2 [2]\

"^^^ protection,

life,

and

happiness behind him like Re for ever!


c.

Above the king

^(g^T^]
:

gf^ C^ MP^ ^^JC-]


?5

King of Upper and Lower Egypt, lord of the Two Lands Autokrator, son of
Re, lord of diadems Kaisaros-living-for-ever Beloved-of-Isis.
d.

In front of the l^ing in three vertical lines

>
J

^"T"*

^^^ 1 4" 4* nllli -^

frThis

harpoon which
it is

bring before thee

is

thy

weapon which
upon the

slays the captured

(hippopolamus),

thy blade which pierces the crocodile.

Thou

slayest

him

and thy father

rejoices.

Thou

puttest his limbs


Isis is in

fire

throughout the

districts in the land.

Thy mother

gladness of heart.
-<

e.

Above Horus

in

two vertical and one horizontal lines

Jy),\k -^^

(^Iq
(1)

'^Utterance by

Horus of Edfu (Hr

Bfully), great god, lord of heaven,

-jj-Jj.-.;
'*'

cf.

IJ J|, ,i^(BRUGSCH,

W6rterb., 177).

For im/> see Brugsch, Worterh., 269.

WEST FACE OF THE PYLON GATE-WAY

SOUTH JAMB.

17

lord of Edfu (Msny-l), Horus over the Ombite''^ son of Osiris, the excellent heir

who
/.

issued from

Isis,

avenger of his father in Abaton.s


: -<

In front of Horus in a vertical line

ft

,'

^^^

'<2

If

"

U^J

l give thee strength like

mine own

self,

thy majesty being the

great chief of thy people.


g.

Above Hathor

in

one vertical and two horizontal lines

i^

^i
III
I

"-^ft^li
j

"Utterance by Hathor
i

the great, lady of Dendereh, eye of Re,

within Bigeh,

in Abaton

]i.

In front of Hathor in a vertical line


'==> I
I

^^.ijlt'^'!^!*^^
work
of the
15

J
i.

^^ cause thy condition to flourish by the

craftsman,

lead thy heart against the place of the foes.

In a single vertical line behind Hathor

-<

. .

C&tJ^ !."'l^^"'T..^"'
the foes(?) of Onnophris true-of- voice
,

= :,V^'

m ^P jo

(?)

.:'.[Tewhosla,s(?)]

the mighty, the valiant one,

who

drives

back the

foes of Bigeh,

Horus of Edfu {Rr Bhdty).v

Archaeological details

The king. Head-dress


each horn.

no. 8 but with two additional uraei

hanging from

Horus. Head-dress no. 5.


Hathor. Head-dress no. 17.

SCENE

II

(Pis.

XI and XVI).
48
(text a

Published

Junker, Auszug der Halhor-Tefnut aus Nubien, p.


-

and part of

e).

The king
met, both of

>-

(broken away) makes offering


are standing
-<

to

Thoth accompanied by Sekh-

whom

-.

Text. a. Above Thoth in two vertical lines


'"
(2)

->

j^ U^
J

"^^^

See Sethe, Sage vom Sonnenauge , p. 5.

rj = ta,/4(?) like
t{ny
:K"
I s

myself?

7,.

'''

cf.

Copt,

xcuc Xfo.
this

'*'

=s6. For

meaning

of sby see Erman,

A.Z., 48,

p.

34, D.

(*)

^ =e
r

The Temple of Bigeh.

18

THE TEMPLE OF BIGEH.


''

;'V

^=A^

c?

Ullerance by Tholh twice P'reat, the mightv, lord of

Hennopolis
b.

(//wiitr), pacifying the

Yhme
is

{Nsr-ty^^ in Bigeh.
is

jj

The

inscription in front of
illegible.

Tholh

much broken and

now

covered with

cement and quite


c.

Above Sekhmet

in three vertical lines

* j^ ^
j

^^

-^ (^ ^=
Re, diadem

Sekhmet
on

the great, mistress of the

Flame
on

(Nsr-l) in Bigeh, eye of

his forehead, the great ur.TUS^^'


(L

his head.
-<

In front of

Sekhmet

in a vertical line

- a
-< :

^^^

^ III

=*^"^
e.

Thou

hast given all thy foes unto the slaughter-house.

In a single vertical line

behind Sekhmet

KStf /jlly

III

t jower Egypt
i

H i&
:

i I

'^

^ H 1 ^

'''''"'

li'lo

^'"s "'

^m' mJ
(^Nsr-t) in

prince of truth, chief of the gods, pacifying the

Flame

Bigeh by his excellent utterances, the mysterious limb that issued from Re,
designing the foundations of temples, twice great, whose likeness exists not,

Thoth twice great, the mighty, lord of Ilermopolis [Hmnw).n


Archaeological details
:

Tholh. Head-dress no. 97.

Sekhmet. Head-dress no. 28.


SCENE
III

(PI. XVI).

The king

>

(broken away) makes offering

to

Shu-Arensnuphis
-<

(^K'.-w'b-liw)

accompanied by Tefnut, both of


Text.
'""^
e
a.

whom
: -<

are standing

Above Shu-Arensnuphis

HL-aij

A-IB
to

4^

^ Abaton, giving breath 111^ ei x'^"^"^^^ whose voice is heard without his being seen n
1
'''^.

every nose,

I"

Bui see Sethk, Sage vom Sonnenauge,

p.

for the origin of this


9.

name.

'"
'
*'

See Setue, Snge vom Sovnenauge , p i3, note


'lil'..t

(Jumer).
is

Or -before he

seenn; see Blackuan, A. Z.,

Z19,

io3. In Flolemaic texis

-^ and ^^

are

not dilTerenliated (see Junker, Gramm. Dmderatexte , S 283).

WEST FACE OF THE PYLON GATE-WAY


h.

SOUTH JAMB.
too broken to read.
lines
:

19

The

inscription in front of Shu-Arensnupliis


in

is

c.

Above Tefnut

one vertical and three horizontal

<

i^

r(D* ^-T ,J^'J-^ri'"'|TSl"".P^^Uttera^


.
.
i

by Tef[nut].

["?] great uraeus


fire

on

his (?)

head, B'yt who burns up his

enemies with the


d.

of her mouth,

In a single vertical line behind

Sekhmet

D^f "^^/T] ill

tl

lj^j

/^oTI~^;='!!!P^''Z!-^?ft~l';---^The
Lower Egypt
of Abalon,
:

king of Upper and

The Ka-Pure-of-Body

[K',-w'b-liw)^'^\ great god, in the midst


into

great august god,

who came

existence formerly, the wind

of

Archaeological details

Shu-Arensnuphis. His head-dress


Tefnut.

is

destroyed.

Head-dress no. 28.

SCENE IV (PI. XVll).

The king

>-

(broken away) makes offering


are standing
-<

to Isis

accompanied by Haren-

dotes, both of

whom

-.

Text.

a.

Of the

inscription above Isis only two lines, one vertical


: -<

and one
.

horizontal, are preserved

SUSI
. .

r'>H

r'>

'^^
1

Isis [in
h.

the midst of] Abaton,.


Isis
: -<

mistress of southern countries."

In front of

a^Li

^^''^ I

* I

Rive thee all a;ood

things
c.

Above Harendotes in two

vertical,

and one horizontal,

lines

im

ff

Utterance by Harendotes, son of


Osiris.

Isis,

great god, lord of Abaton, excellent

avenger of his father


A.

In front of Harendotes

'

if
15

'

2l """^

''^^^
1 1 1 1

^
:

Ji- ^

"^^^^

^^
.

wl give satiety to all people in thy time.


e.

In two horizontal lines separating scene IV from the dado

-<

'^'

A name

for Arensnupliis (see Junker,

Amzug

der Hathor -Tefnut aus Nubien, p. 89). -^^ is a

variant of

(Junker).
3.

20

THE TEMPLE OF bIGEH.


i

(MD^GEiii^i
ii'll^^l
(

iiih^ri^..

Autokrator, son of Re, lord of diadems Kaisaros-

living-for-ever, [beloved of Osiris], the great god, lord of Abaton, august divine

power, within Bigeh (^Snm).v


AnCHAEOLOGICAL DETAILS
Isis.
:

Head-dress no. 18.

Harendotes. Head-dress no. 5.

THE DADO

(PI. XVII).

The decoration
an elongated

consists of the usual lotus-flowers

and buds growing out of

=^.
The Thickness of
(Pis.

the

South Jamb.

IX and XVIII, a.)

SCENE

(PI.

Win,
>

2).

The king
Text.
a.

worships Ptah
:

who
j

stands

-<

inside a

^-shaped

shrine.

Above the king

?K(K5r53 Jl^C^WlS
]

Klng of Upper and Lower Egypt, lord of


Re, lord of diadems Kaisaros.
h.

the

Two Lands

Autokrator, son 0'

Above Ptah in a horizontal line

-<

|fvi

Ptah, father of

the gods.

Archaeological details

The king. Head-dress

no. i3.
kilt

For the combination of

and broad

belt see Dendur, PI. CXVIII,

1,

and

Petrie, Decorative Art, p. 62.

Ptah.

Head-dress no. 19.


is

Ptah

|l as usual. His sceptre

is

the regular combination of


is

lYf. The

top

of the shrine in front, above the cornice,

decorated with a uraeus.

SCENES

II,

III,

and

IV.

Destroyed by the insertion of the arch.

THE DADO

(PI. IX).

Remains of Ggures of Hapy and Sekhet


offerings.

>-

carrying their usual trays of

SOUTH PYLON-TOWER
Text.
a.

WEST WALL.
-

21

In a vertical line behind

i^P" U^^,^
h.

^^ [furnishes] thine otTering-table with


:

...
Hapv
:

>

m ^* *4-' ^-^ 1**r ^ '~^ ** -'*

all

food.

In a vertical line behind Sekhet

--^

THE NORTH PYLON-TOWER.


West Wall.
(PI.

XIV.)
is

All that

now remains

of the north pylon-tower

a fragment of the west wall

adjoining the gate-way.


figure of a goddess (?)

On

it is

a small portion of a scene showing part of the


-<

who

is

standing

Text. a.

Behind the goddess in a

vertical line

-i

USf J^ *=*

'"'
II

> 1

"'^^^
I

"^^"8? ^^ Upper and

Lower Egypt

the great gods,

lords of heaven

and earth, lords of the month, making the

light to shine in

the darkness, lords of the youths (?),

who make women


-n

conceive,

when

their

majesties shine in the heaven every day.


h.

Immediately below the above scene


:

is

much

destroyed horizontal line of


of the fore-

inscription

>-

J^

-= \y^m
remains of a

cThe great pylon

court
c.

Under

b are the

vertical line of text

<

- \j^ ^^W^ '~^


o

THE SOUTH PYLON-TOWER.


The West Wall.
(PI.

XVL)
is

All that

now remains

of the south pylon-tower


II

fragment of the west wall.

This fragment, which adjoins scenes

and

III

of the south
:

jamb

of the gate-

way,

is

covered with text arranged in vertical lines

M _p
^

*
^

<"

Bhn

\.e.b{',)

hn.

22

THE TEMPLE OF BIGEH.


i(T)^-.(T) m mm m __

(')

Ti:irr;xin3?>"M4.ii:jj,''i-i(iii:iit^am r\

great [in] heaven, [mighty upon] earth, king


cities,

[itij)

of the

underworld (^r),
[..?.,]
. I

lands, foreign countries (?), nomes(?),

.?.

.[. .?. .],

great bull, lord of vigour, possessor of


at the

the office, prince of gods, exalted of


Osiris lord of the world (n/
/;),

name, great one

head of

all

gods,

together with his son and his two sisters, Osiris-

Onnophris true-of-voice, great god, lord of Abaton.55


I).

Below a (adjacent
:

to the

lower half of scene


3
,

III

of the south

jamb)

in two

vertical

.IIhues

>

>
|

roi J t'^l [?] i|(')J{g

^WAWA '^\,%rmm

THE OUTER HALL.


Published
description.
:

See Champollion, Notices

descriptives ,

I,

160, for a general and very brief

The East Face of the Screen and Columns.


(Pis.

XIX,

and

XX -XXIII).

SCENE

(PI.

XX).
-

The king

- offers

two

y -mirrors

to a

goddess

who

is

standing

>-.

The

heads of the king and goddess are broken away from the mouth upwards, and
the descriptive texts above

them are likewise destroyed.

Text, a. Behind the king

: ^;^J^
Re
:

^1*^
j

^:

AH

protection,

life,

and happiness behind him


h.

like

for ever.U

Beneath the king's right hand

-^

^^

iT| "Offering a mirror. Utte-

rance.
c.
3

In front of the king

'^^H'TT* {Tl'^MT^

'^

U^^

^%I^Hy^.,,
I

g^i^

^'^^11

''fake for thyself the disk of silver

'"
'*'

See Criiar, Gramm?, 8 384, ^nni.


Mistake for
J||^
|

See Junker, Grammatik der Denderatexte

245.

THE OUTER HALL


[Vkwr).
.

EAST FACE OF SCREEN AND COLUMNS.


See thy beautiful face, o lady,

23

it

is

wrought

for thy ka.

beholding thy beauty.


d.

In front of the goddess

^ ^ ~ ^
T
this

'

; "^
I

^
heaven
is

w] give

unto thee what [the sun] sees [by day] and what the
n

moon

in

beholds,

Only a small portion of the frame of

scene

is

left.

What remains
II

exactly like the corresponding part of the frame enclosing scenes


p. 26).

and

III

(see

COLUMN

(Pis.
:

XXI, XXIV, and XXV).


descriptives
,

Published

See Champollion, Notices

I,

160, for

general description and for

the cartouches in a, and the text of b; see also L., D., Text IV, 17/1, for

name and

titles

of

Halhor

at

end of

b,

and Denon, Voyage,

16, 2,

for

(upper band).
exactly like the correspond-

The

capital

and top of the column were doubtless

ing parts in columns 9 and 3 (see pp. 26-27 for a

full description).

Immediately

below the now destroyed

five rings,

which represent the cords that bind together

the bundle of stalks forming the shaft, are two encircling bands of inscription.
a.

The upper band

consists of repetitions of the

two cartouches of Ptolemy

XIII,

alternating with one another, and spaced with Hathor-heads.

The cartouches
is

and heads

rest

upon r^n-signs. On

either side of each cartouch

uraeus

from which hangs the Q-symbol.

The cartouches are


ever Beloved-of-Isis.
>

<

Q" fl^M
ff

^P"?"

^ JZ^^

Ptolemaios-living-for-

(T^^iTr^jTl^^lJj
is

Heir-of-the-god-who-saves Ghosen-of-

Ptah Doing-tlie-lruth-oi-Re (Living-form-of-) Amon.


b.

The lower band

as follows

^-^I'^'^Ih^'^'i^M'"'
'LWo

~lf S;i;.^;i:;-yf^ l-'V^1l.::nn|

the good god! Supporting heaven (glj-t), bearing up the firmament, for the

"'

See Budge, Book of

the

Kings,

II, p.

ihS.

12)

Written

\_J

24

THE TEMPLE OF BIGEH.

king of Upper and Lower Egypt, the king of Upper and Lower Egypt, The-

Heir-of-the-god-who-saves Chosen-of-Ptah Doing-the-truth-of-Re (Living-

Form-of-)

Amon

Living-for-ever,

who

is

heloved of Ilorus of Edfu, the great

god, the lord of heaven."

(!fl^UPf ai:^ (>^^-Zir^ MI


Beautiful of hands with the sistrum,

"[Live] Ihegood godi

making music

for his

mother according

to

her desire, king of Upper and Lower Egypt, Ptolemaios-living-for-ever Belovedof-Isis,

heloved of Hathor the great, mistress of Bigeh [Sninyv


pillar
is

Immediately below b on the east side of the


in

the following inscription

two vertical lines (PI. XXI)

->
:

1^

I ^""^

"^^^^

)fy

Jf

^^=o*^^i

mm
aiiv
Osiris.

il*

IflJ

^^ li^^^^iluii

<ii^KCmim \m A H Wmm
I

ilU i*n-!f T"" "? "Iff -^^ m


'

II

11

''^

fl

"^^^

Utterance

Ipet (Ip-t) appears in the forecourt of her palace in drunkenness,

mistress of beauties (?)


sides.

She gives beauty


:

to

her house upon

its

four

She arrives

in joy

(lit.

washing) of heart, she increases their


her brother Osiris, refreshing

people, she diminishes the foes, she gives


his

limbs with cool water upon every tenth day that he


(PI. XXII).

may become (?)

SCENE

II

Published

See Champollion, Notices


title

descriplives, I,

i6o (head

of

Khnum-Re

only), and

L., D., Text IV, 17/i (a

of

Khnum-Re

in text e).

The king

offers four
is

j-shaped ring-stands representing

(?sr- f- vases

^*'

to

Khnum-Re who

standing

>-.

Text. a. In a vertical line behind the king


'"

-^

rrn J

^iail

Perhaps we should read


critic ,

"^^tM^C)

(Junker).

W
'" "'

-^i

is

for

^^,',

(see Brugsch, Worterb., Suppl., i3/i6).

V* ='nd

irdiminishi (Junker).
lit

See Griffith, Hieroglyphs, pp.

and 49.

THE OUTER HALL

EAST FACE OF SCREEN AND COLUMNS.


...

T^

\k.Mm
Satis,

'^

'^P'y

Live the eood eod

Born of
h.

nursed by

[..?..] lord of the knife (?).

Above the king

^.,.^
of

(v j 1 ;.>=>! C:" Ul
|

"^^

('^^llP'^^iC^J

^King

Upper and Lower Egypt, lord of (the Two

Lands) Heir-of-the-god-who-saves Chosen-of-Ptah Doing-lhe-truth-of-Re (LivingForm-of-) Anion, son of Re, lord of (diadems) Ptolemaios-living-for-ever Belovedof-Isis.

c.

In two horizontal lines under the king's right hand

-<

|=r.^=

s^^
I I I I

?
\

A~^l
.M%vyA
I

1^
" \

Purifying with four U ~

r/sr-f- vases of

water. Formula.

A.

In three vertical lines in front of Ptolemy

''^^
:

*
I

Jl

!'*''7\<s

4 >

l/wv^

ll

*-^
/^

S ^^*-^

The
first

.^=f^|Mi
them

\^^=.l\^:

\\\\\-=\

_^^ The

four <S"i/-f-goddesses
of
(hi

are brought before thee while thou purifyest thy form therewith.
rests in

Dendereh, the second comes from the rfChamber of Magics


is

hlc'.w),

the third

Ubastet, the fourth

is

Uto.

They purify thy head every day.


:

e.

Above Khnum-Re
I

in three vertical lines

>-

4-

*J

-#

i\k J^^
v

T^^

Utterance

nT/''^ "^^ ilfkn by Khnum-Re, lord of


j

Bigeh (6'nm), august power, within the Foremost of the Nomes, god of the east,
shining in the day-time,
f.

In front of

Khnum-Re
ffl

in a vertical line

"
-

f t=c:Jfg

<=\

^H^
g-.

-^^kAA^S^

purify thy body from every evil thing.


in a vertical line
>

Behind Khnum-Re

t0f [..?..

]||

rrKing of Upper and

Lower Egypt

[?]

who

purifies the sacred

hawks (?) [drtyw) and


'"
(2)

their [.?.] (i',rr),

Khnum-Re,

lord of Bigeh (6'nn).5j

^
Cf.

is

perhaps a mistake of the engraver for

sceneIII,rf(p. 28).
^-

"'

= 'i

tralles

was widerwartig

istn

(Brugsch, Worterb., p. 169).


4

The Temple of Bigeh.

26

THE TEMPLE OF BtGEH.


:

Archaeological details

The king. Head-dress

no. 9.

Khnum-Re. Head-dress
at top

no.

2/4.

The frame which encloses


and
sides.

this

scene and scene


at the top is a

III consists

of a roll, or torus,
Pis.

Above the torus

winged disk (see

XIX,

1,

XXII, XXIII and XXIX), and this


(see Pis. XIX,
1

is

surmounted by a cornice adorned with uraei


side
is

and XXIX). Outside the torus on either

a single papyrusits

reed upon the head of which rests a cobra that has entwined the stalk in

long

coils.

Doubtless the serpent on the north side wore the


(cf.

^-crown and
Pis.

the

one on the south side the ^-crown

pp.

87 and ko and Dendur,

XXXII,

XXXIV, and LXXXVllI).


COLUMN
2 (Pis.
:

XIX,
,

1,

XXin, XXIX, and XXX).


17^
for the

Published

See L.

D., Text IV,

end of

text b.

This column and column 3 have the usual elaborate


period.

floral

capitals of the

The

stalks of the

bundle of reeds which form the column, are actually

carved on the part of the shaft immediately below the capital. They terminate
in five rings

which represent the cords with which the bundle

is tied.

Beneath

these five rings there are two bands of inscription encircling the column.
a.

The upper band

consists of repetitions of the

two cartouches of Ptole-

my

XIII placed side by side (resting each


tfj '".

on the sign

and surmounted by

2^), alternating with the figure

From

the tip of each of the f-sticks held


stick terminates in

by

this figure

hangs the ,^^-symbol, while the end of each

3*(not \).

The cartouches
b.

are

S;i;.c*:^!f C:^"^U']
is

@^MPii]IS
''

'

The lower band

of inscription,

as follows

T^k^J

Driving back the foe [hrw), supporting (?) (Iiry?) heaven, king of Upper and Lower Egypt, Ptolemaios-living-for-ever (Beloved-) of-Isis, beloved of Khnum-

Re, lord of Bigeh.n

Immediately below

h,

on the east side of the

pillar, is the
.^:r

tion in a vertical line (PI.

XXX)
cf.

-h.

?T| p^ .c=

and

following inscrip-

.= s^^
2.

^^

"'
'"

See Pis.

XXV and XXX

and

Dendur, Pis. XXXIV, 2 and

XXXV,

~\m

irArro-Feindu (JuNitEn).

THE OUTER HALL

EAST FACE OF SCREEN AND COLUMNS.

27

^Uo. I
earth
is
is

iTi^iil!

JSiriKI
is

"Formula

Heaven

is

In festival, the

in joy, the

two (?) divisions of the world are in


in rejoicing, Bigeh (^Snm)
is

the [Place of] Truth


in

in exultation, Abaton

wonder; as

for the
v

people of Philae, their hearts are glad

when

Isis

occupies [her] shrine

COLUMN

3 (Pis.

XIX,
,

and XXXIV).
b.

Published

See L.

D., Text IV, lyi for beginning of text in verlical line below

Column
Below
a.

3 has the

same elaborate

floral
tie

capital as

column

while the

treatment of the stalks, and the cords that


the cords there are two

them,
b.

is

identical in both cases.

bands of
as

text

a and
9
,

The upper band,

is

the

same

on column

except that the

face h.

[^ -symbols

>-.

The lower band,


^D i
% """
I

is

as follows

J ''^ out the tl ( I 1 firmament, king of Upper and Lower Egypt, Plolemaios-living-for-ever BelovedP

"

^liSf f"'^|Pf |^)f f ^|' Live the good god, who stretches

(T^

of-Isis,

beloved of Osiris, great god, lord of Abaton.


h

Immediately below
a vertical iin;(see PI.

on the east side of the column


:

xxxiv)

^ ^^:=;^:i-:i;n:f u
Mem(^sr)
is

is

the following text in

^/J^ITlTl^^^li
phis, for ever

Abaton, Bigeh, Edfu, Thebes, Dendereh,


the sun in his disk, the prince

and ever! Triumphant

of

the gods, over his foes.

Triumphant
:?

is

Osiris, the

moon-god Thoth,

the prince

of the gods, over [his] adversaries.

SCENE

III

(PI. XXIII).
-

The king
Text.
a.

>-

offers four "J-vases to

Osiris-Onnophris
:

who

is

standing
|

-<

Behind the king

in a vertical line

>

DSlf

!?)

^""^^^

-^^""'^'^Mm
Lower Egypt
'"
I
:

S^^ ^
whom
1
'

""^ /-I

I^mpty

Kiner of Upper and

Child of Satis,

the mistress of
Grammatik der Denderatexte
2, for variations.

nursed.
S

.[.?.].

I'lti'i

'* '''
I
I

'^/''i/

(^^ Junker,

77, 4)? Cf. Bbugsch,

Tlies.,

1376, and Brugsch, Worterb., SuppL, 81

4.

28
b.

THE TEMPLE OF BtCEH.


Directly behind the king
:

,,

>

VT 1^

All protection,

life,

and

happiness [behind him like Re for ever!].


r.

Above the king

^^
j

(^TTT^^Ii^^IIJ H.:(^H
j

llp-^^j^^-E _^
of-)

rKing of Upper and Lower Egypt, lord (of the Two Lands)

Heir-of-the-god-who-saves Ghosen-of-Ptah Doing-the-trulh-of-Re (Living-form-

Amon, son

of Re, lord (of diadems) Ptolemaios-living-for-ever Beloved-

of-Isis. V

d.

In front of the king in three vertical lines''^

>i

~ip'VT

.^^[inii*

rEncircling with four Hms-f-vases of water. Formula


before thy majesty,
it

The

wwis-f-vase comes

purifies

thy body.

These august vessels enoble they

members. The
Selkis. n

first is Isis,

the second ISb-t-F'g, the third Sothis, the fourth

e.

Above Osiris- Onnophris

in

two

vertical

and one horizontal

lines

'*

^ H5
purified
/.

^Utterance by Osiris- Onnophris, great god, lord of Abaton, the

first

and

for

whom was made

the tor-purification'^', Osiris lord of the

Underworld (?)

(</t' <.?).

In front of Osiris -Onnophris in a vertical line

-<

\k
them

j^ j )C

.a

Hr]
(T.

wHorus, Thoth, Gab, Sepa

(Sp?)'**. I(?)

give

for cleansing (?).

Behind Osiris-Onnophris in a vertical

line

->

\lf^

\- -^^ f\^=mm= m f \

''*
(2)

Cf.

scene

II,

d, p. a 5.

,_=.
Paraliele

"
'*'

geben kml-nftwr

6. a. (Junkeb).
nffi-f- vases

This text seems to identify the four

with these four gods? In d they are called

Isis,

Nbt-F'g,

Sothis, and Selkis.

THE OUTER HALL


King
of

WEST FACE OF SCREEN AND COLUMNS.


:

29

Upper and Lower Egypt

Horus, lord of cleansing, purifying his body


is

with nms-<-vases. The abomination of his majesty


[king]
(^sc.

filth.

Osiris-Onnophris

ny-swt?) of gods.

Archaeological details

The king. Head-dress

no.

Osiris-Onnophris. Head-dress no. 7.

He wears
PI.

the usual short kilt combined with a broad belt


is

(cf.

Dendur,

CXVIII, 11); the latter

held up with narrow straps passing over the shoul-

ders.

Below the scene

is

row

of Hjg'-birds, each resting

upon a '^^-sign,

and with * under the uplifted arms.

The West Face of the Screen and Columns,


(Pis. VI, a
,

XIX,

and XXIV-XXVIil and XXXVI-XL.)

SCENE

(PI.

XXV).
is

The scene

destroyed except for the feet and parts of the legs of the figures,
*

which show that the king stood -

in front two gods.

The scraps

of text that

remain are undecipherable.


Beneath
this

scene there

is

a dado of conventionalised lotus-flowers and buds.

COLUMN

(Pis. VI, 2,

XXIV, XXV, and XXVI).

For the bands of inscription and decoration that encircle the top of the

column

see p. 28.
->

The king

- stands before Hathor

>

who

holds his right hand in her

left,

and with her right hand puts the ^-symbol

to his nose.

Text. a. Behind the king in a vertical line (PI.

XXIV)

<

li"^*"T

V.*^v-j^.^ __,^
_

tt

-:^Vt^.-^^^"CMlM
of

r\j(*=1 Live

the good god!

The image {ssp-nh)

great of strength,

mighty of arm before his mother, son of Be, lord of diadems Ptolemaios-Iivingfor-ever Beloved-of-Isis. v
h.

Behind the king


like

behind him

Re

^ ^
J^^'

V^

rr

All life

and happiness

for ever!:^

80
c.

THE TEMPLE OF bIgEH.


'

Above the king

-^-^ ll#^

('i^^MPf ^^J"'^
:

"

^on of Re, Plolemaios-

living-for-ever Beloved-of-lsis.
<l.

Above Hatlior

in

two vertical lines

-* 1^1^
j
:

ff

Utterance bv Hathor the great, mistress of Bigeh (^Snm).v


e.

In front of Hathor in a vertical line

>
^

T T*""^
and

P*^^'

^^ZZZ

-I j)ut for thee

my

life

into thy nostrils, health

stability [into]

Ihv body, o lord of the

Two

Lands.

/:

Behind Hathor in a

vertical line (PI.

XXV)

>

^^

f
of

'

"^ *-c=

~ -<=*'***' f$ .c=-^^^^V
:

^ ^^ioi^iTu
>,'^=,c
rr

"^^

Queen

Upper and Lower Egypt

Wosret

in

Dendereh, beautiful of countenance,

with the four faces, great in the south, mighty in the north, ruler in the east

and west, Hathor

the great, mistress of Bigeh ((S)7>i).

Archaeological details

The

king.

Head-dress no.

9.

He wears a broad
left

belt as well as a kilt (cf.

DenMr,

PI.

CXVIII,

1).

In his

hand he holds

and /i.

Hathor. Head-dress no. 17.

Immediately below
a

this

scene are a a line of text in large hieroglyphs, and b


lions.

band of decoration consisting of empty cartouches between hawk-headed


a (Pis. VI, 9

and XXV). In a horizontal

line

^1|1U^^|
00

jUP'^'^ir ^^
b (PI. VI, 9).

"Live the good god! Uniting with Hathor, enlarging


n

[Ptolem]aios-living-for-ever Beloved-of-Isis.

Above each cartouch, which

rests

upon a

r-aen-sign, is

^R

fl

The

lions sit

on '^^-signs placed each above IT. The lion on the north


wears

m-

side of the cartouch


lion
is

W,

the one

on the south side

i/L.. In front of each

a sceptre

composed of the combined signs JY-

SCENE

II

(PI.
>

XXVI).

The king
'"

- comes out of the


-ornaments.

royal residence (symbolised by

ij

to

go

to

See Gbifpith, Hieroglyphs, p. 36.


I

One

side of the | as well as the lop is, in our example,

decorated with

THE OUTER HALL


the temple. In front of

WEST FACE OF SCREEN AND COLUMNS.


a priest

31

him are two standards preceded by


III, Pi.

who

is

burning incense
Text.
a.

(cf.

scene

XXVllI, and L., D., IV, 71, a).

Above the standards


r,-,

in three horizontal lines

- l^ *= W^
1

m
Re

nU)
for

i^

Tr"^^^

J'"

"^'^^ SO^ 0*

comes

forth

from his house

making music (?)

in front of

him,

making a way

him, while the standards

(6/muj)''' clear (the road)'^'.


(3)

I A^^vwA
I

J
j^
_

'^^
^
^

wWepwawet

of the north,

power of heaven. Thoth, twice

great, lord of Ilermopolis.

c.

In front of and between the two standards in three vertical lines

^^ ^/JM (n^
and
JSsr-tn
1

'2.

ff

Utterance bv the Tillar-of-his-mother'


1

who

cleanses the

Great House, and censes the Uraeus-goddess {ir-t)ri

Utterance by the Shmty

Thy way

is

clear unto earth in Bigeh; there are no impurities

near [thee]
d.

[^hy?] enemies (?).

Above the scene in a horizontal

line

<

f^_|^y^~^^''^^^iwj The king


(^shmty),

^'^XcdTV

[W "^^"^^
and Lower

of "pp'r

Egypt, shining in the red crown, beautiful of appearance in the double diadem

coming

forth

from the purification


iht^ for his father, v

to the

shrine of his mother, perform-

ing the ceremonies (ir

(1'

Cf.

n "^ ...1

^ ^ ^ [bbm) ^^^^^^-=-1^
Worterb., i3o.
left

ff

The

priests carrying standards

clear her
'^'

way unto her abodes. Brugsch,

This sentence has been

incomplete by the sculptor for lack of space; there

is

no lacuna

after
'''

\^.
Cf.

V**1

^
r',

11

1 "

Wepwawet
{r',

of the South ,

power of the Two Lands

L.

/).

IV, 7

a), n

'*'

See Sethe, Zur Sage vom Sonnenauge, p. 10-12 (esp. footnote 2 on p. 11).
Restore to

(''

wl-l-k

w;-(=Copt. fAyH), and


WSrterb.
,

cf.

^ i ^ '^^ x^ ''^ T ***

^35lli^:r;TP( '^'^SCH,
'*'

85 1 ).

is

shaped something

like

32

THE TEMPLE OF bIgEH.


:

Abchakological details

The king. Head-dress

no. a.

He wears
PI.

the usual short kilt


1

combined with a broad

belt (cf.

Dendur,

CXVni,

1).

In his right

hand he holds a long |-staff


- symbol.

(cf.

DendUr, PI. LI),

and

in his left a J- mace

and the

The standards. They are of the regular form, long poles terminating in a '^^- perch, and surmounted in the one case by a jackal and in the other

J^,

by an ibis

j^He
offers a

The

Pillar-of-his-Mother.

^-pot of incense. He
is

is

clothed in a

panther skin in the usual fashion; his figure

much damaged.
to the cornice

Above

e is

a frieze (PI.
It

XXVI) corresponding

on the

east face

of the screen.
is

consists of the following designs. In the centre resting

on ik.^

a large disk with a winged scarab in the midst. This scarab grasps the

symbol

in its

hind

feet.

Above the larger disk

is

a smaller one flanked with

pendant uraei, and furnished with wings that droop down on either side of the
larger disk.
that

The uraeus on

the north side wears the

^-crown

of

Lower Egypt,

on the south side the

M- crown
is is

of

Upper Egypt. Laid transversely upon

the wings near each uraeus

a l-feather, the quill of which terminates in

Q.

At either end of the frieze

winged uraeus whose body


end wears the

is

coiled through a

Q-symbol. The uraeus


the south end the
of Ptolemv XIII.

at the north

^- crown,

and

the one at

M-crown. Both

snakes protect with their wings a cartouch


:

The cartouch

in front of the northern snake is


is
-< :

>-

f"

j^A
f|

MP^]Z!\i^
)2l;^^3

That in front of the southern snake

f^i"! i >,>==

Both cartouches are surmounted by


is

Between each cartouch and the central design


a.

a vertical line of text, a

and

b.

On

the north side

\y ^^H
\k .^

-*i^^

l^^^2= >flla

r;Horus
??

of Edfu, great god, lord of Msn-t, dappled of


h.

plumage, rising in the horizon.

On

the south side

>

j
|

fi -^ = ifii

Horus of Edfu
-n

great god, lord of heaven, dappled of plumage, rising in the horizon,

COLUMN

2 (PI.

XXVII).
side of this

The north-west

column

is

decorated with four pairs of genii or

THE ENTRANCE TO THE OUTER HALL


as well (Pis.

EAST FACE
the

NORTH JAMB.

37

XXXI, XXXII and XXXV). Beneath

whole length of the cornice

and down the outer edge


the west
(Pis.

of the east face of the east


roll or torus,

jambs and the west

face of

jambs runs the

ornamented with

a pattern of binding'*'

XXIX, XXXIV and XXXVI).


East Face.

The North Jamb.


(PL XXIX.)

Published

See Denon, Voyage, 122, 2

for decoration

on cornice.

On
is

the edge of the jamb, outside the torus and continuing into the cornice,

a single papyrus stem

upon

the

head of which

sits

Uto in the form of a cobra,


stalk of the

wearing the
plant in
its

^- crown
long
coils.

of

Lower Egypt t. The snake entwines the

THE CORNICE.
In the centre of the cornice
of
it.

is

a large

iSi with

winged scarab

in the midst

Above

floats the solar disk

furnished with pendulous uraei and wings that

droop down on either side of the ifig. The uraeus on the north side wears the

^-crown and
signs
cf.

the one on the south the

^-crown. Between
w

the uraei are the

^^

He

of Edfu, great god, lord of heaven,

For the whole design


is

p.

39. The edge of the cornice on either side of these symbols

carved to

represent the palm-ribs of which the primitive cornice was composed (see Petrie,
Decorative Art, p.

98 and 99).

THE PROJECTION.

A king

->

offers

to

Khnum who
blank.

is

seated -

<-.

The cartouches and

the

spaces for inscriptions are

left

Archaeological details

The king. Head-dress

no. 3.

Khnum. Head-dress
SCENE
I.

no. 26.

A king
''

stands

-<

with
97.

both hands raised in adoration.

Petbie, op.

cit., p.

38

THE TEMPLE OF BIgEH.


Text. a. Above the king
b.
:

|0|f (Blank

tS^
J
j

( Blank
^

In front of the king

* * T ^= JJ||^ ^__^

Adoring the god

at even.

Archaeological details

The king. Head-dress


SCENE
II.

no. 3.

A king slands
Text.
b. a.

-<

in the same attitude as in scene


:

II.

Above the king


: -<

Blank
j

(^

(Blank
j

In front of the king

*
"]

^= ^=*J

Adoring the god

at noon,

-n

Archaeological details

The king. Head-dress


SCENE
III.

no. 9.

A king

stands

<

in the

same

attitude as in the
at

two previous scenes.

Text. a. *

/tj

Adoring the god

dawn.

Archaeological details

The king. Head-dress

no.

Upon
column

the north side of this


2,
is

jamb, where

it

projects

beyond the

east face of
:

the following inscription (Pi.

XXX)

in a vertical line

<

iT|

'^j'^-^_^"^^" J"^*!
[Blidly) rises in
his shrine;
city,

.rUtterance
is

The god

of Edfu

Khnum

likewise

with him.

He

devises plans

concerning his whole

he takes counsel for his temple, he repels his enemies,


evil to cease

he drives awav his foes, he makes

from

w
"*

fct

(Juskb).

_ ""y (Junker).

THE ENTRANCE TO THE OUTER HALL

EAST FACE

THICKNESS OF NORTH JAMR.

39

The Thickness of
(Pis.

the

North Jamb.

XXXI-XXXHL)

THE CORNICE

(Pis.

XXXI and XXXII).


of Ptolemy XIII
fashion,
to

Upon
The

the

cornice are the two cartouches


is

remaining space

carved, in the usual

represent palm-ribs (see remarks on p. 87).

THE PROJECTION

(Pis.

XXXI and XXXII).


to

:fi
Hathor accompanied by
..9b&

A king

offers a i^J|- wreath

Harpokrates, both of
Text.
b.

whom
king

are squatting ( Blank


^

^.

a.

Above

the

(fikniP

jf^
mistress

Above Hathor
55

^^^ JV.

'

tf

Hathor,

of

f^
r?m

Bigeh ((jS)nm).

h
r-F^

Archaeological details

The king. Head-dress

no.

1 1

Hathor. Head-dress no. 17.

She holds a short |- sceptre in her hand which

rests

upon her knee.

Harpokrates. Head-dress no. 3 with the ^-shaped side-lock of hair.

He

puts the

first

finger of his left

hand

to his

mouth. In

his right

hand he

holds the /i- scourge.

Upon
in

the thickness of the north


<

two vertical lines a

and

jamb below
> (Pis.

the projection

is
:

an inscription

XXXI and XXXIII)

(=3^i:-:j!:jE(:^tiritii:i:^-T::2 -&
tW
of

Horus over the Ombite''^ great

of heart, sovereign, lord of victory


f Blank
,

like the son of Isis,

king of Upper and Lower Egypt


with his
sister,

son of Re, lord


lord of the

diadems TBIank

his wife, the princess;

Two

"'

Sethe, Sage vom Sonnenauge, p.

5.

40

THE TEMPLE OF BtOEH.


;

Lands f iank 1

beloved of the Beneficent gods, and of


y^

Isis

the great, the god's

mother, mistress of [..?..], in the midst of PhiUie.

:Hiif:~M:ri:s^-=:^~-'^
I

m,

\\

('iR

l.;<-

J=i^

frLive the

good goddess

(?)

given

life,

mistress

of Ahaton, the August, the Heroine, within Bigeh, great Wd',-t-eye, mistress of

Upper and Lower Egypt, princess

in the

ends of the world, primaeval goddess,

who came
was yet

into being at the beginning!

She inherited the Two Lands while she


is

in her

swaddling clothes. She

in all cities with her beloved brother

Osiris (?). n

The South Jamb.


(PI.

XXXIV.)

The outer edge


is

of the south, like the corresponding part of the north

jamb,

decorated with a cobra entwining a papyrus -stem. The snake, which here

represents Nekhbet, wears the

^-crown

of

Upper Egypt.

THE CORNICE.

The same

as

on the north jamb.

THE PROJECTION.

A king

offers

fl^

to Osiris

who

is

seated

-<

-.

Archaeological details

The king. Head-dress


Osiris.

effaced.
7.

Head-dress no.

He
SCENE

is

mummiform

(cf. PI.

VII) and holds the

/i-whip and7-crook.

I.

A king stands
Text.
b.
L

with hands uplifted in adoration.


:

a.

Above the king


*

>
j

tAf f Blank J

\j^ %

nJlank

j^ JVi-=%c'

Opening

(at) even."

'"

S'tft ffPrimaeval goddessr.

THE OUTER HALL


demons arranged one above
adjacent wall.

WEST FACE OF SCREEN AND COLUMNS.


the other,

33

commencing

at the level of the top of

the screen and continuing almost as far

down

as the top of the

dado on the

Row
Text.

Two

jackal-headed genii

>-

a.

In front of the foremost in a vertical line

>-

-^^^

"2^

1 "i

.c=
of

u^|
I

^Nb-nh-w',s (Lord-of-life-and-happiness), great god, in the

il-l

Osiris.

57

b.

In front of the hindermost in a vertical line

>-

Sm^

MJ 1

^""^

vlwy (Slasher), great god,

in the house of Isis.

Archaeological details

The foremost demon holds


holds one in either hand.

'^-knife

in his left

hand, the hindermost

Row
Text.

2.
a.

Two
'^^

ox (?)- headed genii

>-.

In front of the foremost in a vertical line

> =i=(')

1
1

-<=^

J
i',-t.r>

to
-

(')

[. .?. .]-/ir(?)

-faced?), great god, in his

b.

Infrontof the hindermost in a vertical

line

Tf"

__

lIp"

^K',(^.)-msnf, great

god
:

yj

Archaeological details

Each demon holds a

^^ -knife

in his left hand.


genii

Row

3.

Two snake-headed

-.

Text. a. In front of the foremost in a vertical line


I
\

>-

iM

rP

|I

^ KN'y (serpent), great god, in the //sm(n)-house.


In front of the hindermost in a vertical line
:

b.

g^* p|.
hand.

Archaeological details

Both demons hold

1 in their left,

and

-? in their right,

(2)

^"^'=v:.
M

mistake for Asmn natron.


5

The Temple of Bigeh.

ik

THE TEMPLE OF BIgEH.

Row

4.

Two human-headed
^H Imy

genii

>-.

Text. a.
I

In front of the foremost in a vertical line

>-

Sm.
-n

\\^\\
'^^^^

^^^

|_
b.

(Slasher), great god, in the

-house,
-

In front of

tlie

hindermost in

a vertical line

MJ

II

(t'ly,

great god, in Philae (Ht-Hnl).v

Abchaeologigal details

The foremost demon has


his left

^- snake

on

his

head and

carries a

^v,- knife in

hand. The hindermost,


left,

who perhaps

has a uraeus on his forehead (?),

holds 1 in his
the

and

> in his right

hand. For the decoration at the base of


i,

column

see Pis. XXVII,

XXIX, and XXXVI,

and

cf.

Pis.

XXXVI,

and

XL and
COLUMN

Dendtir, PI.

XXXIV.

3 (Pis.

XXXIX and XL).


side of this

The south-west

column,

like the north-west face of

column

2,

is

decorated with genii or demons in four rows.

Row

1.

One hawk-headed
him

genius only

-<

-.

Text. a. In front of

in a vertical line

-<

|V|
in

^^

j'^j.g=
v

'S^m
b.

''Utterance by Sin
in

(The Runner), great god,


bit
:

M(?)

Behind him
.3*st

one vertical line and a

j^

|?

-<>-

1^

^^*^

^V

Sll

^8=

r^
I

Utterance by the watchers,


55

who watch

their lord

and who never sleep while repelling the adversaries.


Archaeological details

The demon holds

a ^v^-knife in either hand.

Row

2.
"

damaged
Text.
<~rr-)

-.

Two

genii, the foremost

hawk-headed,

the hindermost

much

a.

In front of the foremost in a vertical line

-<

i^lj^ Jlj

LJISS
(')

^Utterance by Dr (The Swift One), great god in Philae.

is

certain.

THE OUTER HALL


b.
,

WEST FACE OF SCREEN AND COLUMNS.


: -<

35

In front of the hindermost in a vertical line


.
.

_V J'1t.c=^^~^^4=?|

Horns, great god in the house of


:

Archaeological details

The foremost demon holds

^^-knife

in either
-.

hand.

Row
Text.
b.

3.

Two much

injured genii
:

a.

In front of the foremost


<

->

mrn^~~^ m
^jmrnM

A o

Ombos."

In front of the hindermost

iT)

B=^?* *

Archaeological details
Either

demon

holds a knife in his right hand.

Row

U.

Two

almost effaced hawk-headed

(?) genii
:

Text. a. In front of the foremost in a vertical line

<

-f
-

"t

l"1t.^=^ri*
"1

KNfr-hu(l), great god in Abaton.n


b.
A^

In front of the hindermost in a vertical line


rr

i^

|i

w ^J^

.c=

Utterance by 'pr-phwy(^.), great god, in Bigeh (^Snm).v

Archaeological details

Both demons hold a N^-knife in either hand.

SCENE

III

(PI. XXVIII).

The king

>-

comes out,

as in scene II,

from the royal residence, preceded

by the Pillar-of-his-Mother:5 (Jti-mw-t^f) and the jackal- and ibis-standards.


Text.
a.

Above the standards

in

two horizontal lines

J\ t#,

(^-^Hi3!i3)T^!i> "~:i:';T'>eson
of

Re comes

forth

from

his

house

like

Re when he shines
V

in the horizon.

He

enters the house of the August, the Heroine (^Sps-t Wsr-ty-i>


b.

Immediately adjoining a are the two cartouches of Ptolemy XIII

>-

c.

Above the

In-mvo-t-f,

and between

the two standards, in three vertical lines

l^lIM

J!l^

>^

>^*

i(n

Kl

il

^^

Se

THE TEMPLE OF bIGEH.

/J

A')-^^ ctUtterance by the TiUar-of-his-Mother' who


i

purifies the

Great House?

Utterance by
"
|

crowned with Uto, mistress of Pe, the

great one, mistress of

Thy way

is

in rejoicing without (?)[. .?. .];


:?

triumph
d.

is

in front of thee; thou encirclest


line

Abaton in gladness.
:

Above the scene in a horizontal

>

ij0lf

fJ

M]W

^==Jf'^-^

5^A 0T(iii3<r..iPiti
to

r^i o

Tk

king of Upper and Lower Egypt, shining in the white crown, beautiful of

appearing in the palace, entering into the temple of [Onjnophris- triumphant

perform the ceremonies

Osiris (?) the beneficent god, lord of Abaton.

Archaeological details

The king. Head-dress

no.

with

JtL above
II.

it.

He holds
The
bed on

the

same emblems

as in scene

The Pillar-of-his-Mother. The same


frieze
p.

as in scene

II.

above scene

111 is

exactly the

same

as that above scene II, descri-

32.

THE ENTRANCE TO THE OUTER HALL.


(Pis.

XXIX-XL.)

The entrance
which
open
is

to the

outer hall divides in half the screen, or curtain- wall,


to

built

between the columns of the facade


between
it

shut off the hall from the


like the usual

court'"' that lay

and the pylon. This door

Ptolemaic

and Roman

screen-door'^', has no architrave either


is

on the east or west side of the

screen. Instead there

a slight projection at the top of either


is

jamb

in which,

on the east

face of the screen,

the

upper socket

for the

door- pivot. These


(Pis.

projections are

surmounted by the ordinary palm-branch cornice


is

XXIX,

XXXIV and
'*'

XXXVI)'^' which

continued throughout the interior of the doorway

In this court a church

must have been erected

in Christian times.

The foundation
on

of the apse
PI. I,

is still visible

in the threshold of the entrance to tlie outer hall (see the ground-plan
9).

and

Pis.

XIX,

and XXXVI,

The arch

in the pylon gateway

must

also

have formed part of the

church.
^> '" Cf. similar

doors at Edfu, Philae, Denddr, Kalabsheh and Dakkeh.

Pbtkie, Decorative Art, pp. 98 and 99.

THE ENTRANCE TO THE OUTER HALL


Archaeological details
:

EAST FACE

SOUTH JAMB.

41

The king. Head-dress


SCENE
II.

no. 9.

A king

stands

>

in the

same
:

attitude as in scene
%j0|f

I.
^
.

Text. a.
h.

Above the king


:

->
j

(Blank

In front of the king

^Ss1^=^|^

( Blank

Opening

at

noon.w

Archaeological details

The king. Head-dress


SCENE
III.

no. 9.

A king
Text.
h.

stands a.

in the

same
:

attitude as in the

two previous scenes.


( Blank j
at

Above the king


:

>

>-

iSif TBIank
1
*

^j^

In front of the king

A^ V

rr

Opening

dawn,

jj

Archaeological details

The king. Head-dress

no.

Upon

the south side of this


is

jamb where

it

projects

beyond the east face of


vertical
line
:

column 3

the following inscription

(PI.

XXXI)

in a

>-

l*''C_j
is

"U'-terance

Heaven

rejoices in possession of
is

its

mystery; the

left

eve

joined

to the right eye.

The moon

secret until

its

day exactly;
art

all its

functions (nCw) are established upon rising and setting.


in

Thou

Shu, shining

heaven and earth.

Re, rejoice thou! Thoth has come forth in triumph; the


its

sacred eye has come to him, to


{dbh-l-s).

master.

He has furnished

it

with

its

offering

The king beloved

of the gods founding''^

''

The

inscription

is left

incomplete.
6

The Temple of Bigeh.

4S

THE TEMPLE OF bIgEH.

The Thickness of
(PI.

the

South Jamb.

XXXV.)

THE CORNICE.

The same

as

on the corresponding north

side.

THE PROJECTION.

A kingsquatting
Text.
b.
-.

>-

offers

two ^-vases

to Isis

and Harendotes, both of

whom

are

-.

a.

Above the king


Isis in

MJiank

Above

two vertical lines

A*^-^^

j^fj

lsis given

life,
c.

mistress of Abaton. n

Above Harendotes
Isis.

in

two

vertical lines

TJkT''

ff

Haren-

dotes, son of

Archaeological details

The king. Head-dress


Isis.

no. 12.
the usual female coiffure with

Her head-dress
rests

is

on top

j-

In bar

hand, which

on her knee, she holds a short T- sceptre.

Harendotes. Head-dress no. 5.

Upon

the thickness of the south


>

jamb below

the projection,
:

is
t

an inscription

in two vertical lines a

- and

b -

(PI.

XXXV)

a.

o4-^

'^^ l.j ^Cj

(S.

-i:^!n-r:iii:-;t\::iTi^KKz: 'Live
forth

the

good god, beloved of the great god lord of Abaton, the goodly youth who came
from Nut, prince
(^ity)

of gods, king (^ny-swt) of


{hk'>)

Upper Egypt, sovereign


(^spt

{bily) of

Lower Egypt, ruler

of the

Underworld

igr-t), lord of the

uraei while in his mother's

womb,

shining of beams in the evening.

THE ENTRANCE TO THE OUTER HALL

INTERIOR OF

DOORWAY

NORTH WALL.

43

("^

->

*=* '

I flii^

!^ ^ 3 J ^Horus, goodly
(rhy-t)

youth, sweet of love,

whom

the

two Crown-Goddesses, the people

and

his

ka advanced; he adored
vs^ith

Khnum

the august in order to receive for himself a crowning

the double diadem;

sacred of splendour with the living Apis, king of Upper and

Lower Egypt,
v

master

of feats (ir th-t),

son of Re, lord of diadem(s) Ptolemy XIII.

The Interior of the Doorway.


(Pis.

XXXI-XXXni and XXXV.)


a cornice

The walls are decorated with


is

which

as

we have

alreadv seen

a continuation of the cornice of the


is

jambs on the

east face of the doorway.

It

ornamented with the usual ribbing imitating palm-sticks, interspersed

with the cartouches of Ptolemy XIII. Each cartouch rests on the


is

r^-svmbol and

surmounted by 2^. The frieze, separated from the cornice by the torus, projects beyond the surface of the wall below and forms the rudimentarv architrave, or projection, above the
PI.

jambs on the west

face of the

doorway (see

XXXVI,

and

2).

These jambs unlike those on the east face of the doorway


as,

have no thickness or reveals, these being in the same plane

and forming

one with, the interior walls of the doorway. Both the north and south walls are
decorated with eight rows of
Pis.
five repetitions of

the group of symbols

1.

t1

(see

XXXIII and XXXV).


The North Wall.

THE FRIEZE

(Pis.

XXXI and XXXII).


Horus of Edfu accompanied by Hathor, both of

A king

- offers | to
<-.

whom

are seated
of

Behind the king are two kneeling male figures; the foremost
above his head.

whom
Text.
b.

has

^, the hindermost Ac),


:

a.

Above the king

T Blank

J.
:

Above Horus in a
Above Hathor
:

vertical line
"

>

jk "^^

rr

Horus of Edfu.

c.

\^

Archaeological details

The king. Head-dress


Horus. Head-dress no.

no. a.
5.

44

THE TEMPLE OF bIGEH.


Hathor. Head-dress no. 17.

The two kneeling

figures.

Head-dress no. 20.

The South Wall.

THE FRIEZE

(PI.

XXXV).
"

A king

-
is

offers

1 to

Osiris

accompanied by

Isis,

both of

whom

are seated

Behind the king are two kneeling male figures. Above the head of the

foremost

CW,

above the head of the hindermost %.


:

Text. a. Above the king


b.

>
]

lj0|f (^BlankJ
J

^0, %

t.

BianP'
(^
1

In front of the king in a vertical line


all life

f
1

Offering
c.

and happiness
two

to his

august father.
:

55

Above

Osiris in

vertical lines

-<
J

|"'

||

j""^^"!}
c3d|^
|

"Osiris,

great god, lord of Abaton.


d.
life,

Above

Isis in

two vertical lines

*
J

J^ A J'"^

Isis

given

mistress of Abaton.n

Archaeological details

The

king.

Head-dress no.
7.

Osiris.
Isis.

Head-dress no.
1

Head-dress no.

7 without uraeus.

The two kneeling

figures.

Head-dress no. 20.

The West Face.


(Pis.

XXXVI,

and

-XL.)

North Jamb.

Upon

the edge of the

jamb

(PI.

XXXVII), outside the torus,

is

an elongated

I surmounted by a cobra crowned with the ^-diadem of Lower Egypt. The


snake entwines the whole length of the stem in
its coils (cf. p.

87,

PI.

XXIX).

THE CORNICE.

The same

as

on the east face (see

p.

87),

THE ENTRANCE TO THE OUTER HALL


THE PROJECTION
(PI.

WEST FACE

NORTH JAMB.

45

XXXVIl).
Isis

squatting
A king
->

with hands uplifted in adoration kneels before

who

is

>-.

Text.
b.

a.

Above the king


Isis

-<

- T

Blank

J.
>-

Above

in two vertical lines

At'^^'

^^fj

'''

''Isis

given

life,

mistress of Abaton.

Archaeological details

The king. Head-dress


Isis.

no. lo.

Head-dress no. i8(?).


-sceptre in her
J

She holds a short

hand which

rests

upon her knee.


lines

Below the projection on the jamb are two

vertical

of inscription

<

ken'

m ^P

-"'^

J\

"__

'

Utterance

Thoth twice great, lord of Hermopolis,

cleansing everything with his hands, coming forth [that he


the sanctuary of Isis given life

may

purify]

{^^h-jT^
,
i

her

pure are her people

pure

is

the (sic) shrine, pure are her bones, pure are her

members
her,

[liw), pure are her


to

two fingers (?), pure

is

her body, pure


is

is

that

which belongs
is
.

her (tVy-s)(?),

pure are her ornaments, pure


is]

her house, pure

.,

pure

[pure

every road upon which she journeys.

Immediately below the inscription, and forming a dado,

is

a scene representing

Thoth

>-

pouring water out of a f-vase

(PI.

XXXVI,

i).

Text.

a.

Above Thoth

in a horizontal line
n

->

ll^lff;^^^
"^"''^

Utterance by Thoth twice great


h.

In front of Thoth

^ /^Zj^KJbKK
under

^^"^ t^^^^'"

'"'

There

is

no room

for

before

f^

ft6

THE TEMPLE OF BtGEH.


:

Archaeological details

Thoth.

Head-dress no. 96.

Upon
column
9

the north side of this


is

jamb where

it

projects

beyond

the west face of


:

the following inscription in a vertical line (PI.

XXXVIII)

<

..[i
Q

m
*

t
>:.

if*''

Tl ^

*=H-^^^y^

the

gate-way of the temple,


of the horizon

the folding doors (^ptsw) of the sanctuary.

The doors
Isis

upon the

back of Geb, these gates of the abode of


sanctuary [lim-t-s)
filled
is

who

is

given

life

[. .?. .].

Her

adorned with gold (s'w^j, overlaid with gold

(^[cdm'),

with their things by clever fingers (?). There are pillars beneath them

in order to enlarge the sanctuary of his mother.

The South Jamb^^K

THE CORNICE

(PI.

XXXVI,

9).

The same

as

on the north jamb.

THE PROJECTION (PL XXXIX).


.4

king

"

with hands raised in adoration kneels in front of Osiris


:

who

is

squatting
Text.
b.

so

IT.
TBlank
1

a.

Above the king

TBlank j.
-<

Above Osiris in two

vertical lines
w

Y'

T -^^m
t

mam

/^ o

Osiris,

great god, lord of Abaton.


:

Archaeological details

The

king. Head-dress no. 10.

Osiris.

Head-dress no. 6

(?).

Immediately below the projection in two vertical lines (Pis. XXXVI,

and
J
I

XXXIX)
^

:^"i?nl>^V^-|t^/3| n JiV oil ^^ ^


I

IH n J.l
'
I
I

j^4^(^^
'"

Upon

the edge of the

jamb an elongated

lolus-flower replaces the papyrus stem (see p. hU),

and the surmounting serpent wears the 4^-crown.

THE DEMOTIC GRAFFITI OF BIgEH.

hi

|()

?(>

^ S B^i
r)

'

r''

'

is

Utterance by llorus of Edfu

[Blulty^, great god, lord of heaven.


Osiris lord of Abaton, pure
is

Pure

[pure]
is

is

the shrine(?) of
is

his temple,

pure

his palace,

pure

his throne,
is

pure

is

his chapel (hd),

pure are his amulets, pure are his bandages, pure


pure are the priests who carry him, pure
is

his collar,

pure

is

his body,
. . .

[his]

minister (?)[. .?. .].

..5:

Below

this inscription

is

a scene representing Horus

pouring water out

of a J-vase(Pl.

XXXVI,2).
in a horizontal line
: -<

Text.

a.

Above Horus

1^ \k
"P"^

.^ "1

-^^

Utterance by Horus of Edfu, great god, lord of heaven.


In front of Horus

h.

^ /^^K^K^
jamb where
it

^o"'' ^i'"^^-''

Archaeological details

Horus. Head-dress no. 21.

Upon
column 3

the south side of the


is

projects

beyond the west face of

the following inscription in a vertical line (PI.

T]
\\i

I I

Jxj

*..
I

n
I

.^1

c-j m
I

!'_^^j! -TT- I
I I

I I

XL)

>-

j] I'
I

Jld.-l'^v-.
I

.-^^

i-m-i

. .

4AJ Jn

-^mm

.=^^
:

y\

im

Jl

<

iBi

AA

'^^ J
wood

Utterance

the divine doors of the gates

of the horizon, the hall of heaven


Osiris, are built (Vfc) of

upon

earth, the great doors of the places of

of the garden ('w n hnt),

wrought with copper of

Syria

by the hands [..?..]

horizon [?]

THE DEMOTIC GRAFFITI OF BIGEH


BY
F. LL.

GRIFFITH.

The

grajjlli of the
little

Bigeh temple cannot compare in interest with those of

Philae. Although

remains of the temple, the survival of the main door-

ways has preserved

a considerable

number

of graffiti, but they are short,

ill-

engraved, and in poor condition, and, until the exhaustive researches of the

last

few years, had not attracted the attention of any copyist. Upon the magnificent

photographs of the scenes and hieroglyphic inscriptions made by the expedition

THE TEMPLE OF bIGEH. Academy


the demotic grajjiti are of most.

of the Prussian

shewn on a minute

scale,

and
can

Mr. Blackman

made squeezes

The following notes are

all that I

gather from a brief study of these materials.

No.

1.

In the thickness of the south

jamb

of the pylon gate (see Pis.

V and

VI, i) two or three small graffiti can be detected.

No. 2.

On

the west face of the north jamb, between the heads of


is
SL

Isis

and

Horus

(PI.

XIV)

graffito of 7 or

8 short lines in bad condition.

No. 3.

On

the west face of the south


(PI.

jamb about
XVII) are

the figures of

Isis

and Horus,

and

in the

band above the scene


Horus
is

five graffiti.

Over the crown of

wThe

salutation of Hor(?) son of Pshenthofr,

i^

^\
1

^^ ^
^

badly engraved.
No.
^1

y
'

j:^

In scene

II

on the east face of the screen

"'U/|iV
v/'^ J
On

wall (Pis. XXI-XXII and


the
first

XXIX) are
:

li

longer lines,

^ ^"^ /
No. 5.

apparently reading
Isis

frHis[name] remaineth

here befoie

of Philae and Osiris of the Holy Place

Graffito No. 3.

(t.e.Abaton )....

the

same wall over the head of the king

in scene III (PI. XXIII)

is

a ffrafRto of 3 lines

much
I,

injured.

No. 6. In scene

on the east face of the north jamb

J//-,^

-^
s

Cu'^
^ ^^

of the entrance to the outer hall (PI.

XXIX) are four

lines

K^i,\<J>^
n 1
i/

in front of the feet of the king. It begins with the

name

^^^
{"

"
jt-i/'

^^
*''*---^
\->

rfEsmet-055
.J

and the groups


tpt

'

moiii,

pwer,

are seen in the

Graffito No. 6.

10 1^

following lines. In front of the head of the next figure

^-j
.

^|^H<| p/3^

below
INo.

is

one line o;Pshenthof.


(Jn

cf.

no. 3.

-p

.1
r
''

/.

the north side

ol

the

passage

ot

/lOJ

^3^

/C

this entrance,

between the standing figure of the


(?)

-y-^ ^,^|tf a5<4

^'"8'
(PI.

^"^ *^^ goddess XXXII)


i

kneeling behind

him
:

yy/^^^^
'
;
Graffito No. 7.

is

a graffito of 7 lines well preserved

The
p ti

salutation of

Pakhnum son
/

of Harpaesi son
the Agent,

of Harheri son of Panasht (?)

and Esmet p-wer(J) the hierogrammat

GREEK INSCRIPTION.
No. 8.

Ii9

On

the east face of the south

jamb

(PI.

XXXIV)

are two grajiii.

The

upper one (above the king in scene

I) is of 5 lines
r,

The

salutation of

Pabek son

of

Harpson

the lower (above the king in scene III) consists of


the

name Petemerawe55.

y^'

r-zA.

.^l/^
a-

1
GREEK INSCRIPTION.
This mutilated Greek
grajjllo is

7^
x0
Graffito

engraved on the
gate -way, below
No. 8.

interior south wall of the pylon

scene

II.

Professor A. S. Hunt of Queen's College,

Oxford, very kindly

made

the following transcription from a wet squeeze,

adding a translation and a few comments.

Rough

lettering, 9-3 cent. A. D.

[l.

.]

Ua^wv

id

Year.

Pachon 19,

TO TiporrxMvn^OL
'^It.riTVioaita.ex

the obeisance
of Smetuispaek-

ovi sx rnxTpos

V-

oui son of etc.

epTa(pis

Oa.
[
.

.[

aevTieiai

(ptXoov (ir}Tpo[s
Evo"(X)77<paTr; [?

his

mother being
etc.

WTZaXcCTOlKV [?
ItiSi

xa

TQis g-y[v

to Isis

and the associated

voiois Osois eir

[ay

gods, for good luck

li.

and

li.

^(irjTuio^nxsKovt

is,

suppose,

alt

one name as ex -natpos follows, Oa.


Xe.
it.

being the grandfather. The as before xovi could be read aO or


H. 7

and

8.

OjXwv looks

like Philas,
O

but
.

cannot read ix or amh before


Q

Perhaps we should read


fem. prefix.
I.

[s

eva-fttir.

or [s(2)

evcT(trn.

.,

Ser being the common

10.

Ka

after I<t^ of course


left out.

means

xa{, but there

has been some correction, for the

apparently has got


II.

11 and 12. en (xydOo)

^ dyaOfi

Tu)(^ri

i.e.

sbonis auspiciis.

The Temple of Bigeh.

PART

II.

INDEXES.

A.

INDEX OF DIVINITIES.

DIVINITV.

POSITION

IN

TEMPLE.

CONSOfiT.

ASSOCIATES.

PLATES.

PAGES.

Apis

Entrance

to outer hall, east face,

XXXV

/.a

thickness of south

jamb

(text b

below projection).
?

West

face of pylon gate -way,.


III.

Nut.

XIII,

XIV

north jamb, scene

Outer hall, east face of screen,


Geb.

Horus, Thoth,
Spi.

XXIII

28

scene IV (texiy").
[

Entrance

to outer hall,

west face,
(text).

XXXVIII

/16

north side of north jamb

Outer hall, nortli-west side of coGenii


i

32-35

OR Demons,

lumn

and south-west
3.

side of

column

East face of pylon gate-way, thickness of south jamb, dado.

Sekhet.

V,VI,i

West face
Hapy.

of pylon gate-way, thick-

Sekhct.

X,

i5

ness of north

jamb, dado.
Sekhet.

West face

of pylon gate-way, thick-

IX

20

ness of south jamb, dado.

West face

of pylon gale-way, north


II.

Nephthys

XI, XIII

jamb, scene

West face of pylon gate-way, south


Haren DOTES.

Tsis.

XVII

jamb, scene
Entrance

IV.
Isis,

to outer hall, east face,

XXXV

liH

thickness of south
jection.

jamb, pro-

IIarpokrates.

Interior of pylon gate-way, south

Osiris, Isis.

VII

wall, scene

I.

S9

THE TEMPLE OF bIgEH.

DiriHiTr.

POSITION

IN

TEMPLE.

CONSORT.

associates.

plates.

West

face of pylon gale-way, uorlh

Isis.

XIV

jamb, scene
Harpokr4tes.
(

IV.

Entrance

to outer hall, east face,

Hathor.

XXXI, XXXII

thickness of north
jection.

jamb, pro-

West

face of pylon gate-way, south


I.

Horus of
Edfu.

XI,

XV

jamb, scene

Outer hall, column

(text i).

Horus of
Edfu.

XXI, XXIV

Outer
Hatiior.

hall,

west face of column

XXIV, XXV,

XXVI
Entrance
to outer hall, east face,

Harpokrates.

XXXI, XXXII

thickness of north jamb, projection.

Entrance

to

outer hall, interior of


frieze.

Horus
Edfu.

of

XXXI, XXXII

doorway, north wall,


HathorTefndt
(?)(')

East face of pylon gale- way, thickness of south jamb, scene


III.

[Wsr.t).
East face of pylon gate-way, south

A goddess
(name
destroyed).

IV

jamb, scene
IIoRUS.

III.

East face of pylon gate-way, thickness of south jamb, scene IV.


I

West face of pylon gate-way, underface of architrave''^'.

West face
IIorusofEdfu.^

of pylon gale-way, south


I.

Hathor.

XI,

XV

jamb, scene

Outer hall, column

(lower band

Hathor.

XXI, XXIV

of inscription, b).

Outer hall, west face of screen,


1

XXVI

frioze

above scene

II

'^'.

"1

lo outer ball, east face, tbickness of '"

Probably not HsUior-Tcrnut but Isb in view of west face of pylon gate- way, north jamb, scene IV, c, p. north jamb (text 4 below projection), p. 4o.
is

i/i

and entrance

Horus of Edfu

here represented in bis well-known form of a winged solar disk.

INDEX OF DIVINITIES.

53

5&

THE TEMPLE OF BIGEH.

DiTimtr.

POSITION

IN

TEMPLE.

CONSORT.

ASSOCIATES.

PLATES.

PAGES.

Outer hall, east face of screen,


(

m-i-Fg,
Sothis, Selkis.

XXIII

98

scene

III (text </)'".

Entrance

to outer hall, east face,

XXXI,
XXXlll

/.o

thickness of north

jamb

(text b,

below projection).
Entrance to outer hall, east face,
thickness of south
Isis.

Harendotes.

XXXV

jamb, pro-

jection.

Entrance

to

outer hall, interior of


frieze.

Osiris.

llli

doorway, south wall,


Entrance
to outer hall,

west face,

XXXVII

A5

north jamb, projection.

Entrance to outer hall,


north side of north

Avest face,
(text).

XXXVIII

jamb

Entrance to outer hall, east face,


north jamb, projection.

XXIX

37

Entrance to outer hall, east face,

XXX

38

Kbnuu.

north side of north

jamb

(text).

Entrance

to

outer hall, east face,

XXXV

/.a

thickness of south

jamb

(text h

below projection).

West face of pylon gale-way, north

Satis.

XI, XII

jamb, scene

1.

North pylon-tower, west wall.

XIV
XXll

Khkum-Hc

Outer hall, east face of screen,


scene
II.

2/1

Outer hall, column


of inscription i).
IBPIITHYS.

(lower band

West face of pylon gate-way, north


jamb, scene
II.

Harendotes.

XI, XIII

Nb-i-F'g.

Outer hall, east face of screen,


scene
III (text

Isis,

Sothis,

XXIII

28

dy^K

Selkis.

(I)

Tlie goddess is here identified with one of the four

mnt

- vases.

INDEX OF DIVINITIES.

55

DIVINITY.

56

THE TEMPLE OF BtCEH.

OIVIMTT.

POSITION

IN

TEMPLE.

CONSORT.

ASSOCIATES.

PLATES.

PAGES.

East face of pylon gate-way, thickness of south jamb, scene IV


(text/).

OsiBIS-

Interior of pylon gate-way, south

ISIS.

Harpoki-ates.

VII

Onnopbris
TRUB-Or-VOICE.

wall, scene

I.

South pylon-tower, west wali(text).


Outer hall, east face of screen,
\

XVI
XXIII

22

scene

III.

'TAIL

West

face of pylon gale-way, thickI.

XVIII, 9

20

ness of south jamb, scene

East face of pylon gate-way, thickness of south jamb, scene IV


(text e).

Outer hall, west face of screen,


He.

XXVIII

35

scene

III (text a).

Entrance to outer hall, east face,


south side of south jamb (text).

XXXI

Re-Harakbte.

West face

of pylon gate-way, thickI.

XVIII

i5

ness of north jamb, scene

West
R'yl.

face of pylon gate-way, north


I (textg-).

Identified with
Satis.

XI,X11

jamb, scene
West

face of pylon gale-way, north

Identified with
Isis.

XIV

jamb, scene IV.


Rnn-t.

West face

of pylon gate-way, north


(text d).

Identified with
Isis.

XIV

jamb, scene IV
Rrl.

West face

of pylon gate-way, north


(text d).

Identified with
Isis.

XIV

itx

jamb, scene IV

West

face of pylon gate-way, north


I.

Khnum-Re.

XI, XII

jamb, scene
Satis.

Outer hall, east face of screen,


scene
II (text a).

XXII

Outer hall, east face of screen,


scene
Sekiiet.
III (text a).

XXIII

East face of pylon gate-way, thick-

Hi py-

V, VI,i

ness of south jamb, dado.

INDEX OF DIVINITIES.

57

DIVIMTY.

PO-SITION IN TEMPLE.

CONSORT.

ASSOCIATES.

PLATES.

PAGES.

West face of pylon gate-way, thickness of north jamb, dado.

Hapy.

i5

5EKHET.

West face of pylon gate-way,

thick-

Hapy.

IX

90

ness of south jamb, dado.

Sekhmet.

West face

of pylon gate-way, south


II.

Thotb.

XI. XVI

jamb, scene
Seleis.

Outer hall, east face of screen,


scene
III (text rf)'".

Isis,

Nb-l-F'g,
Sothis.

XXIII

28

Shu.

Entrance

to outer hall, east face,


(text).

XXXI

III

south side of south jamb

SuuArensnupuis

West

face of pylon gale-way, south


III.

Tefnut.

XVI

18

jamb, scene

{K\-wh-Kvo).
SOTHIS.

Outer hall, east face of screen,


scene
III (text <i)(".

Isis,

Nb-t-Fg,
Selkis.

XXIII

Sp'

Outer hall, south face of screen,


scene III (text/)
(2).

Horus, Thoth,
Geb.
Nsr-t.

XXIII

28

Shmty.

Outer hall, west face of screen,


scene
II (text c).

XXVI

3i

West face of pylon gate-way, north


jamb, scene IV
bps- 1
(text e).

XIV

ih

Wsrt.

Outer hall, west face of screen,


scene
III (text a).

XXVIII

35

(see p. 52,

footnote

i).

Entrance to outer hall, east face,


thickness of north

XXXI,
XXXIII

io

jamb

(text b

below projection).

West face

of pylon gate-way, south


II.

Sekhmet.

XI, XVI

17

jamb, scene
Thoth.
(text).

Outer hall, east side of column 3

XXXIV

27

Outer hall, east face of screen,


scene
III {\.extj)^^l

Horus, Geb,

Sp',.

XXIII

'"

The goddess The god


is

is

here identified with one of the four nni-(- vases.

"'

here apparenlly identified with one of the four nmst-vases.

Tlie

Temple o/Bigeh.

58

THE TEMPLE OF bIgEH.

INDEX OF THE ATTRIBUTES OF THE DIVINITIES.

59

B.

THE ATTIUBUTES OF THE DIVINITIES

AND THE LOCALITIES WITH WHICH THEY ARE CONNECTED.

DIVINITY.

THE attributes ok the divinities AND THE LOCALITIES WITH WHICH THEY ARE CONNECTED.

PAGES.

Apis.

"^ "^ J

"''

/l9

Geb.

i _,**iL_,.^^ * ilfNi^W' ^^^*T^^"^^-^i V^ W^WA


I 1

=>'' (?)
11
I

rn

Ll'TJerrr

[^]

i3

iMliy*''ijSi

i3

HaREN DOTES.

19
Z12

8
rhnPOKRATES.
ill

J^w

^V

all

3o
Hathor.

3o

S-

39
5

Hathor-Tefnut
(seep. 5a footnote
i).

HoRUS.

!i ll-

/^i

(')

1.

e.

The

king's mother.

60

THE TEMPLE OF BiCEH.

DlVlNITr.

INDEX OF THE ATTRIBUTES OF THE DIVINITIES.

61

DIVINITY.

63

THE TEMPLE OF bIgEH.

DITIMTT.

TUK ATTItlDUTKS OF THE DIVINITIES AND THE LOCALITIES WITH HICH THEY ARE CONNECTED.

PAGES.

^
OsiBIS-OsNOPHRIS
TRUE-OF-VOICB.

i:ri2::ii-^!2' A^^^oo=r,^, Of

1(?)

22

Ptah.

90
i5
1

Re-Habakhte.
Satis.

zl^H=
Seeumet.

r:o-^i.?;^-iT-^;:-?^

18

Sud-Arbnsnuphis

18

ho
(see pp.

57 and 52
1 ).

1 1
,

t^.'.ZMCi^;^ I

n
.

V^ =

!,";

!r^ '
ly
18

footnote

(3.

/^|--:7",:, :^r|nl=o-= ^.^^r^:^^

Thoth.

{y. /^
<

n1
1 1

.'.

:i;

Uto.

C3

(')

(?)

Wepwawet.
'"

R^^''
as a sacred standard.

The Rod appears here

INDEX OF HEAD-DRESSES.

63

C.

INDEX OF HEAD-DRESSES.
WEARER.
PLATE.

NO.
1

PBOYENANCE.

East face of pylon gate-way, thickness of south

jamb, scene IV
Outer hall, east face of screen, scene Outer hall, west face of screen, scene
Entrance
scene
to outer hall, east face,
III
III.

I^'ng*

V.
XXIIf.

...
. .
.

III

XXVIIf.

north jamb,
r,

XXIX.

Entrance

to outer hall, east face,

south jamb,

scene HI

XXXIV.

Entrance

to outer hall,

interior of

doorway,

II..
.
.

south wall, frieze


2.

XXXV.
XXII.

Outer hall, east face of screen, scene

Outer hall, column

t,

west side
II.
.
.

XXIV. XXVI.

Outer hall, west face of screen, scene


Entrance to outer hall
scene
I
,

east face

south

jamb
-n

XXXIV.

Outer hall, interior of doorway, north wall,


frieze

XXXI XXXII.
,

3.

Interior of pylon gate-way, south wall, scene

(with side-lock)

Harpokrates.

VII.

West

face of pylon
I

gate-way, north jamb,


K^ing.

scene

XI, XII.

West

face of pylon gate -way, north

jamb,
Harpokrates.

scene IV (with side-lock)

XIV.

Entrance

to outer hall, east face,

north jamb, King.

projection

XXIX.

Entrance
scene
I

to

outer hall, east face, north jamb,

XXIX.

Entrance to outer hall, east face, thickness


of

north

jamb,

projection

(with

side-

lock)
4.

Harpokrates.
of pylon

XXXI, XXXII.

West

face
I

gate-way, north jamb,


. .

scene
5.

(see p.

2 for further details)..

Satis.

XI, XII.

East

face

of pylon

gate -way,

south jamb,

scene

III

Horus.

IV.

East face of pylon gate-way, thickness of south

jamb, scene IV

V.

West

face of pylon gate -way,


II

north jamb,

scene

Harendotes.

XI, XIII.

et
no.

THE TEMPLE OF BIgEH.


I-ROVKNANCE.

WEARER.

PLATE.

Wesl face of pylon gate-way, south jamb, scene I. West face of pylon gate-way, south jamb,
scene IV

Horus.

XI, XV.

Harendotes.

XVII.

Entrance
sout

to outer hall, east face, thickness of

jamb, projection

XXXV.
XXXI, XXXII.
VII.

Entrance to outer hall, interior of doorway,


north wall, frieze
6.
?

Horus.
I.

Interior of pylon gate-way, south wall, scene

Osiris.

Entrance

to outer hall

west face

south

jamb

projection
7.

XXXIX.

East face

of

pylon gate -way, south jamb,


"

scene IV

IV.

West

face of pylon gate -way,


III

north jamb,

scene

Geb?
. .

XIII, XIV.

Outer hall, east face of screen, scene III.


Entrance
to

Osiris- Onnophris.

XXIII.

outer hall, east face, south jamb,


Osiris.

projection

XXXIV.

Entrance to outer hall, interior of


south wall
8.
,

doorway,

frieze

XXXV.

West

face of
I

pylon gate- way, south jamb,

scene

(with two additional uraei hanging


K^ing.

from each horn)


9.

XI, XV.

Entrance
scene

to outer hall, east face,


II

north jamb,

XXIX.

Entrance
scene
1 0.

to outer hall, east face,


II

south jamb,

XXXIV.

Entrance to outer hall , west face, north jamb


projection

XXXVII.

Entrance

to outer hall,

west face, south

jamb
n

projection

XXXIX.
XXXI, XXXII.

11.

Entrance to outer hall, east face, thickness of


north jamb , projection

12.

Entrance
south

to outer hall, east face, thickness of

jamb

projection

XXXV.

13.

East face of pylon gate-way, thickness of south

jamb, scene

III

V.

West

face of pylon gate- way, thickness of north


I

jamb, scene

XVIII,

1.

West

face of pylon gate-way, thickness of south


,

jamb scene
1

XVIII,

2.

4.

East face of pylon gate-way, thickness of south

jamb, dado

Hapy.

V, VI.

INDEX OF HEAD-DRESSES.
NO.

65
PLATE.

PROVENANCE.

WEARER.

15.

East face of pylon gale-way, thickness of south

jamb, dado
16.

<"

Sekhet.

V, VI.

West

face
II

of pylon gate- way,

north jamb,

scene

Nephthys.
of

XI, XIII.

17.? East

face

pylon gate-way, south jamb,

scene
?

III

A
III

goddess.

IV.

East face of pylon gate-way, thickness of south

jamb, scene

Hathor-Tefnut
south jamb,

'^l

V.

West

face
I

of pylon gate -way,

scene

Hathor.
i,

XI, XV.

Outer hall, column


Entrance

west side

XXV.
XXXI, XXXII.

to outer hall, east face, thickness of


t

north jamb, projection

Entrance

to outer hall,

interior of

doorway,

north wall, frieze

XXXI, XXXII.

Entrance to outer hall, interior of doorway,


south wall, frieze (without uraeus)
Isis.

XXXV.

18.? East face of pylon gate-way, south jamb,


scene HI

A
south jamb,

goddess.

IV.

East face of pylon gale -way,


scene IV

Isis.
I.

IV.
VII.

Interior of pylon gate-way, south wall, scene

West

face of pylon gate- way,

north jamb,

scene IV

XIV.

West

face

of pylon gate-way,

south jamb,
a

scene IV
?

XVII.

Entrance to outer hall, west face, north jamb,


projection
n

XXXVII.

9.

West

face of pylon gate-way, thickness of south


1

jamb, scene
20.
Entrance

Ptah.
interior of doorway,

XVIII,

a.

to outer hall,

north wall, frieze

Kneeling figures

XXXI, XXXII.

behind King.
Entrance
to

outer hall, interior of doorway,

south wall, frieze

Kneehng

figures

XXXV.

behind King. 21. Entrance


to

outer

hall,

west

face,

south

jamb
22.

Horus.

XXXVI,

a.

West

face of pylon gale-way, thickness of north


I

jamb, scene

Re-Harakhte.

XVIII,

i.

'''

But

witli

t^t^l^

replacing the three l-trees.

'''

See p. 53, footnote

i.

The Temple of Bigeh.

66
HO.

THE TEMPLE OF BIgEH.


PROVBNANCK.
,

WEARER.

PLATE.

23.

West

face of pylon
II

gate -way, soulh

jamb,
Sekhmet.
XI, XVI.

scene

West

face
ill

of pylon gate -way,

south jamb,
Tefnut.

scene

XVI.

24.

West

face
I

of pylon gale-way,

north jamb,

scene

Khnum-Re.
II.
.

XI, Xli.

Outer hall, west face of screen, scene


25.

Khnum-Re.

XXII.

Entrance to outer hall, east face, north jamb,


projection

Khnum.
,

XXIX.

26.

Entrance

to

outer hail

west face

north jamb

Tholh.

XXXVI,

1,

XXXVII.

27.

West

face of pylon
II

gate -way, soulh jamb,

scene

XI, XVI.

D.

INDEX OF AUTHORITIES QUOTED.


B

i8 (footnote U).
a

Blaclcman, A. Z., Ag.

Erman, Aegyptische Grammatik


11 (footnote 9),

(Drilte Aullage).
1).

Blacicman, The Temple of Dendur.


note 3).

(foot-

92 (footnote

Erman, A. Z., h%.

17 (footnote k).

Bonomland Sharpe, Egypt, Nubia, and Ethiopia.

3
Frith
,

Brugsch, Thesaurus. Brugsch, Worterbuch.


(footnotes 1, 3),

27
h

(footnote 1).

Egypt and Palestine Photographed and DesI.

(footnote 1),
3),

16

cribed,

a
9
,

a5 (footnote

3i

(foot-

Frith, Upper Egypt and Ethiopia.

notes 1,5).

Brugsch, Worterbuch, Suppl.

9/1

(footnote 2),

27 (footnote 1). Budge, Book of the Kings,

II.

2 3 (footnote 1). 9
).

Griffith,

Mr. F.

Li.

U^
(foot-

Budge, Egyptian Reading Book. U (footnote

Griffith, Hieroglyphs, 'ih (footnoted), 3

note

1).

H
Champoliion, Notices
descriptives ,
I.

2,

22,

Hunt, Professor A.

S.

aS,

all.

D
Junlier.

h (footnote 3),

\k (footnote
1,

2),

18

Denon, Voyage.

23, 37

(footnote 3),

2^ (footnotes

2), 26

(foot-

INDEX OF AUTHORITIES QUOTED.


nole 2), 28 (footnote 3),
2, 3).'

67

38

(footnotes t,

'

Junker, Der Auszug des Hathor-Tefnut aus


bien.

Nu-

Petrie, Egyptian Decorative Art.

36 (footnote

3),

5 (footnote 1), 17,

19 (footnote 9).
1

37 (with footnote

1).

Junker, Grammatik der Denderalexte.

(foot-

R
Reisner, Archaeological Survey of Nubia,
(footnotes 9, 3).
I.
1

note 9), 18 (footnote 4), 99 (footnote 9),

97 (footnote

1).

S
Lepsius, Denkmdler, IV.

3i (footnote 3).
,

Sethe, Sage vom Sonnnenauge.

7 (footnote

1),

Lepsius

Denkmdler, Text

IV.

11, 9 3, 9 4

18 (footnotes
(footnote
1).

1,

9), 3i (footnote 4),

89

96, 97
iM

W
19 (footnote
t).

Marlette, Denderah,

III.

Weigall, Report on
bia.
1

the Antiquities of

Lower Nu9

Mariette, Voyage dans la Haule-Egypte.

(footnotes

1,3,4,5),

E.

GENERAL INDEX.
E

Ajiiala.

Aswan dam.
Augustus.

B
Beneficent Gods.

C
Cataract, First.
K

Chamber

of

Magic .
into a).

Church (Temple converted


(footnote
1).

i5, 36

D
Dakkeh.

Demons.
Dendereh.

Dendur.
<i<r-t- vases.

68

THE TEMPLE OF bIgEH.

Landing-stage.

^yt

(primaeval goddess).

M
Milk-amulet.

5*y (-goddesses.
Sheykh, local (of Bigeh).
Standards, sacred [bknw).

39 25
1

3i
Z.7

N
Nile (Osiris as the).

Syria (Copper of).

iVm*- (-vases.

28
Tl-sli.
iZi

hiT-purificalion.

28

Philae.

1,36
3i, 32, 35, 35
/.7

Pillar-of-his-Molher.

W
VF(/^^eye.
/.o

Prussian Academy.

Q
Quay.

u)((-symbol.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

Pint.

Preface

vii

PART
Introduction and Text

I.

i-^9

PART
Indexes
:

II.

A. Index of Divinities
B.

5i-58
and the
localities

Altribules of the divinities

with which they are connected.

59-62

C. Index of Head-dresses

63-66
.

D. Index of authorities quoted


E.

66-67

General Index

67-68

LIST OF PLATES

"^

r.

Ground-plan of the Temple.


1".

II.

View of Bigeh from El-Heseh.


Houses on the east side of
Bigeli.

3*.
li*.

The Sheykh's Tomb

in the

modern cemetery.

Houses on the south side of Bigeh.

III.

2*.

The Temple surrounded with houses (in the year 1907). The Pylon and Terrace after restoration (April 1910).
Gate-way of pylon, Gate-way of pylon,
east face, south

IV.

jamb, scenes HI and

IV.
III, IV,

V.
VI.

east face, thickness of south east face, thickness of south


1,

jamb, scenes

and dado.

Gate-way of pylon,
Outer hail, column

jamb, dado.

decoration on lower part of west side.


I.

VII.
VIII.

Gate-way of pylon, interior south wall, scene


1 n
1.
-n
-^

'i

interior south wall, scene interior south wail, dado.

II.

IX.

fl

1
fl

X.

" 1
71

"
7)

1 1
-rt

west face, thickness of north jamb, dado.

2*.

71

west face. west face, architraves and scenes


I

XI.

and

II

of north

and south

jambs.
XII.
XIII.
-1

7)

55

"
-n

west face, norlh jamb, scene

I.

n
n
n
17

ri

n
V V
7)

west face, north jamb, scene


west face, north jamb, scenes

II.

XIV.

v
r,

-n

III

and

IV.

XV.
XVI.
XVII.
XVIII.
1.

r,

west face, south jamb, scene


west face, south jamb, scenes

I.

7)

71

II

and and

III.

71

71

71

ri

west face, south jamb, scenes

III

IV.
I.

75

71

D
r>

71

west face, thickness of north jamb, scene

9.

'

west face, thickness of south jamb, scene

I.

XIX.

1*.

Outer hall, east face of screen and columns.


71
7,

2*.

west face of screen and columns.


east face of screen, scene
east face of screen,
I.

XX.
XXI.
XXII.
XXIII.

71

17

71

-9

column
scene
II.

1.

71

71

east face of screen east face of screen

71

n
71

scene
1.

III.

XXIV.

71

west side of column

XXV.
XXVI.
XXVII.
XXVIII.

0
71

11

north-west side of column

1.
II.

71

west face of screen

scene

71

17

north-west side of column


west face of screen
,

9.
III.

71

71

scene

XXIX.

71

77

entrance, east face, north jamb.


entrance, east face, north side of north jamb.

XXX.

71

71

'''

An

asterisk

* denotes the aathor's pliotographs.

72

THE TEMPLE OF BiCEH.


Outer
n

XXXI.
XXXII.

hall, entraace, east face, thicknessof north


1

jamb and south

side of south jamb.

entrance, interior north wall.

XXXUI. XXXIV.

entrance, east face, inscription on thickness of north


of interior north wall.

jamb and decoration

entrance, east face, south jamb.


entrance, east face, thickness of south

XXXV.
XXXVI.
XXXVII.

jamb and

interior south wall.

west face, north jamb of entrance. west face, south jamb of entrance,
entrance, west face, north jamb.

xxxvm.
XXXIX.
XL.
y

entrance, west face, north side of north

jamb and north-west

side of

column
-

9.

entrance, west face, south jamb and south-west side of column 3.


entrance, west face, south side of south

jamb and south-west

side of

column

3.

xu.
XLU.
XLUI.

Types of head-dresses.
Types of head-dresses (continued). Types of head-dresses (concluded).

BIGEH.

Plate I

Metres

a.

Interior of Pylon.

e.
f.

Foundation of Apse of Christian church.


Step.

b.
c.

Modem

cement pavement.
slab.

Granite

g.

Ancient pavement.

d.

Inclined approach.

c/5

I. 'I'he

Temple surrounded with Houses

(in the year 1909).

2.

The Pylon and Terrace

after Restoration (April 1910).

Gate-Way of Pylon

East Face

South Jamb

Scenes

III

and IV,

Gate-Way

of Pylon

Hast Face

Thickness of South Jamb

Scenes

III, I\'

and Dado.

u o c o

-a

3 O
t/2

Gate-Way of Pylon

Interior

South Wall

Scene

II.

o
-a

I.

Gate-Way of Pylon

-.

West Face

Thickness of North Jamb

Dado.

2.

Gate- Way of Pylon

West

Pace.

a o
-a

a c

CO

o >>

r
W:
i^ZSi'

"I

tH..

7^.

X':^

w^'M-

Ml

h=^
1

'

'

4'

'

""
j..j>

.A

%
<yV'

.''r'T

-1

feMC-^
*"St^
<;s:

/.

^^/
?^^j->'1

'-

^r-'

fcj ^^

c o
"^assi*

-.'i
-V
I

^u\sAr' ^Vh'tJf "A

'fr

'3111
Jf

I*"--'^'/! ^sjfSc;.'

"^^*. '
I

A
l\

j: J>.JJ

Gate- Way of Pylon

West Face

North Jamb

Scene

II.

Gate-Way of Pylon

West Face

North Jamb

Scenes

III

and IV.

3 O
:/5

C
_o
a,

Gate-Way

of Pylon

West Face

South Jamb

Scenes

II

and

III.

>i;*sr

Gate-Way of Pylon

West

face

South Jamb

Scenes

III

and IV.

u c V u
CO

o
C/2

c
_o >%
a-

a.

"'miiimm

..^i'-t-i:'i''-fi^,^f>''ti-:

I.

Outer Hall

East Face of Screen and Columns.

2.

Outer Hall

West Face

of Screen and Columns.

mm
*:"'*

Outer Hall

East Face of Screen

Column

^Mt&^

wn3"/Pi,XfT

;:v\;;-;i*.

'

t.

Outer Hall

West Side of Column

i.

y&iiimiiivama'ii

n iii/MKi:,

i.

"ntir'- In

')

'-'-;ini>"''ff'ss.

Outer Hall

North West Side of Column

Outer Hall

West Face

of

Screen

Scene

II.

Outer Hall

North West Side of Column

2.

Outer Hall

West Face

of Screen

Scene

III.

Outer Hall

Entrance

East Face

North Jamb.

'S^fi-.^

|tei

*f

,v4'

jHSH

Outer Hall

Entrance

East Face

Thickness of North Jamb and South Side of South Jamb.

*m
Outer Hall
:

Entrance

Interior

North Wall.

Outer Hall

Entrance

East Face

Inscription

on Thickness of North Jamb and Decoration

of Interior North Wall.

Outer Hall

Entrance

East Face

South Jamb.

tnwii!-aaas*-==

Outer Hal!

Entrance

East Face

Thickness

of

South Jamb and Interior South Wall.

o
!/5

U.

a o s

,i#j'>'

p.

iii

f^lllL

f&*'

Outer Hall

Entrance

West Face

North Jamb.

I'll

>

Outer Hall

Entrance

West

face

North Side of North Jamb and North West Side of Column

2.

Outer Hall

Entrance

West Face

South Jamb and South West Side of Column

3.

Phototypie Berthaud, Paris

Outer Hall

Entrance

West Face

South Side

o(

South Jamb and South West Side of Column

3.

BIGEH.

Plate

XLI

Head-dresses.

BIGEH.

Plate

XLII

10

11

12

13

li

15

16

17

18

Head-dresses.

BIGEH.

Plate

XLin

19

20

21

22

24

25

26

27

Head-dresses.

hfWBfcr^SSS.:'-*-

PLEASE

DO NOT REMOVE
FROM
THIS

CARDS OR

SLIPS

POCKET

UNIVERSITY

OF TORONTO

LIBRARY

35B5

Blackman, Aylward Hanley ^^ temple of Bigeh

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