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616s-O23 JUNE 2009

Technician Diploma in Construction

Constru ction tech n iques 2

Wednesday

You should have the

city$p

Guilds

1 0 June 2009

following for this examination

09:30 - 1 1:30

.

a multiple-choice answer sheet

.

a pen with black or blue ink

.

a non-programmable calculator

This question paper is the property of the City and Guilds of London lnstitute and is to be returned after the examination.

Read the following notes before you answer any questions

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.

.

.

.

.

You must use a pen with black or blue ink to complete all parts of the answer sheet.

Check that you have the correct answer sheet for the examination.

Check that your name and candidate details are printed correctly at the top of your answer sheet.

lnform the invigilator if your name or examination details are not correct.

Each question shows four possible answers (lettered 'd','b', 'c'and 'd'); only one is correct.

Decide which one is correct and mark your answer on the answer sheet with your pen.

For example if you decide 'a' is correct, mark your answer like this

mlo @ e @

u [c**i l-c-d I [c*r ] t-c-d I

lf you want to change your answer, cancel your first choice by filling in the 'cancel' box below the circle like this

mo

If

@ o

crcr ttc-*r

@

t lc"m I

Then mark the answer which you have now decided is correct. For example if you now decide 'c' is correct, mark your answer like this

,l'

o o o \!/

f

trc"r"o-"r""r t l-c*r

I l-c-""1 t

Any other marks on the form may invalidate some of your answers.

.

.

Any calculations or rough working can be done on the question paper.

Attempt all questions. lf you find a question difficult, leave it and return to it later.

This paper contains 60 questions. Answer them using the ,boxes' numbered 1 to 60 on the answer sheet.

O The City and Guilds of London lnstitute 2009.

l lllilt l]ililil ffifl lllfi iltil ]ilI ilt ilt 067 7 64a

Skeletal and portalframe buildings are most commonly used for

a industrial and commercial buildings
b domestic dwellings

c timber-framedoffices

d temporarystructures.

Timber framed buildings are most commonly used as

a

u

,/

d

high-rise flats large span storage areas dwelling houses multi-storey offices.

Corrugated metal or plastic roofing sheets on angle iron purlins are normally fixed with

a

drive screws

b

hook bolts

c

coach bolts

J

angle brackets.

Cavity ties in cavity walls are normally spaced at not less than

'?

b

c

d

5

per

m2

6perm'

Tperm'

8 per m2.

The purpose of using trial holes on site before commencing construction of a building is to

Secret nailed floorboards are nailed through

the

a

b

 

(9

tongue

assess the type of excavation needed

b

groove

investigate the nature of the site

c

surface

substrata

d

end joints.

c

d

A

decide on the foundation excavation sequence assess the need for trench timbering.

mechanical backactor with a 600 mm

wide bucket is most likely to be used for which type of excavation work?

10 Thin bed granolithic floor screeds are laid

. q

\&'

,directly onto the sub base concrete on a polythene damp-proof membrane

c on a coating
d

of bituminous paint

over an asphalt membrane.

a Trenches.

b Site strip.

c Reduced level

d Site clearance.

dig.

A plain concrete stepped strip foundation is

likely to be used on which type of ground?

6

b

Clay.

Sloping.

c Porous.

d Waterlogged.

11 How many thicknesses of tile do interlocking concrete roofing tiles require at

the lap?

a 1.

b2.

.c" 3.

d4.

A semi-rigid structuraljoint in a steel

skeletalframe has

a

mild steel bolts with clearance holes

b

high tensile steel bolts in holes with no clearance

C

riveted con nections only

d

welded connections only.

Figure 1

12 Figure 1 illustrates a roof structure which termed a

IS

067 7 647

a

verandah

b

double

e

lean to

d

single.

13 Metal ties are screwed to a door frame if it

is

a warped
b being built-in

c likely to twist d to be fire resistant.

14 An architrave is used on internal door linings to

/a

b

c

d

conceal the joint between lining and plaster cover the edge of wallpaper

conceal the planted

cover the joint between lining and door.

stop on the lining

15 A dead-light in a sash window is a sash which is

a

pivoted

b

top hung

c

fixed

shut

O

sliding.

16 The drip groove on the underside of a

window sill is to

a

b

f

d

prevent rising damp

break capillary

disperse driving rain prevent water retention.

action

17 The location of basic reinforced steel in a cast in situ concrete stairway supported at top and bottom only is

a close to the soffit of the stairway
b across each step only

c at the connection to the landing

d at the junction between tread and riser.

only

18 Balusters on a stainvay are fixed between

a

'

. riser and tread

1- handrail and stringboard

c

6

- ,rise and going newel post and trimmer.

19 Ceramic tiles used as a floor finish to concrete floors are considered to be which type of finish?

a

Flexible.

b

Non-slip.

C

Totally impervious.

d

Rigid.

067 7 64l-

20 The first coat of paint applied to an unpainted surface to provide adhesion for further coats is termed

a

bonding

b

knotting

c

stopping

d

priming.

21 The mains supply of water to a building is

usually controlled by a

a cylinder
b

c

d

storage

stop tap

water cylinder

jubilee clip.

22 ln a hot water system which includes a hot water storage cylinder, the draw-off pipe to the hot water taps is located

a at the bottom of the

cylinder

b at the top of the cylinder

c

d

midway

up the cylinder

near the hot water inlet.

23 A wall built between the land of one landowner and the next is termed a

a

b

picket wall

separation wall

c boundary wall

d safety wall.

24 Galvanised or plastic-coated wire mesh boundary fencing usually has

a horizontal support wires between the posts
b vertical support wires between the posts

c no support wires between

the posts

d diagonalwires between the posts.

25 A sole trader can be defined as someone who

a

v

is a partner within a company is an individual operating on their own account

c has a limited

d has limited liability status.

annualturnover

See next page

26 When contractors get smaller companies or trades people to undertake work in their specialist areas, it is known as

a self employment

.V

subcontracting

C labouring

d diversifying.

A

27 limited company is one which

a

is restricted in the type of work that it is

allowed to undertake b works to the limits of its ability

c has a limited annual turnover

{ has limited liability status.

A

28 craftsperson is the person who

a is directly responsible for the work carried out by the building operatives

_ts

is directly carrying out the particular

work

c employs the operatives to carry out the

work

d controls the deliveries of materials onto the building site.

29 general building operative is a

A

a craftsperson who is responsible for the

day-to-day building work

person who provides assistance to the craftsperson to enable them to perform their work

c supervisor in charge of the building

,

"b

team

d person who controls the deliveries of materials onto the building site.

30 Which item of mechanical plant would normally be used to excavate a foundation trench?

a

b

d

d

A

A

A

A tracked drag-line.

dumper.

bulldozer.

backacter.

31 The most appropriate mechanical plant required to reduce level dig down to formation level for a motorway is

a

"V

a

a

a fork-lift truck

backacter

bulldozer

c

d an aggregate hopper.

0677 64L

32 What is the most appropriate use of a

mechanical scraper?

a

Excavating a trench.

"t

Reduce levels over a large area.

c

Loading a lorry.

d

Moving spoil across site.

33 What do the words'PPE' mean when used on a building site?

I

a

b

c

Pedestrians prohibited everywhere.

Professional people exit.

Personal protection excluded. Personal protective equipment.

Figure 2

34 The warning sign in Figure 2 indicates

,{

b

hard hats must be worn on this site

hard hats may be worn on this site

{ workmen only past this point

d

beware of falling objects.

Figure 3

35 From the stair in Figure 3 calculate the total

rise.

a b 2200.

2460.

d c 2600.

2640,

The most common use of portal frame building is for

a

multi-storey blocks

b

single-storey, wide span structures

c

monolithic structures

d

two-storey office blocks.

Figure 4

37 The length of the span of the trussed rafter in Figure 4 is

a

b

C

d

3m

4m

6m

7m.

PLAN

l,

-4L600J

zeoo

J sEcloN eA

Figure 5

38 The volume of concrete required for the foundations shown in Figure 5 is

a

3.159

m3

b

3.483

m3

C

15.48

m3

d

25.80 m3.

0677 64L

I

I

.

s.so, ,l

Figure 6

The area of concrete required in Figure 6 is

a 12.57 m2

b

c

d

18.80 m2

30.33 m2

39.76 m2.

40 The net area of facing bricks in a wall 7500 mm x 4000 mm with two windows size 1200 mm x 1200 mm is

a

26.79

m2

b

27.12 m2

c

27.79

m2

d

28.03

m2.

41 The area of facing bricks required for the external skin of a wall with an overall plan size 7500 mm x 3500 mm and a storey height of 2700 mm is

a

57.42

m2

b

59.40

m2

C

61.45

m2

d

63.23

m2.

Area of brickwork

23m

Area of

doors and windows

150m x

1 125m2

Net unit rate per m2 for brickwork $30.55

Figure 7

42 Using the information given in Figure 7, calculate the cost of brickwork for the wall.

a $84 978.75

b $126 097.50

c

$51 096.90

d $1 10 258.52

See next page

43 A selected tender list is a list which shows companies who

a

have written in requesting to quote for all kinds of work

b

wish to quote for work that only they

7 CeIt do

 

"/

have been selected by the client or building team as being capable of

undertaking

the work

proposed

d

wish to select the type of work to quote

for.

\rea

of wall

1000 m'

\rea of doors and windows

120 m'

47 A method statement is used by the

a

estimator to price the most appropriate plant and method of working for a major operation foremen to tell the bricklayers how to ./ lay bricks

b

,d

-

d

architects to present their plans

quantity surveyor to create a checklist for'taking off' quantities.

Area of wall

985

Area of doors and windows 92 m2

Net unit rate per m2

$27.59

lricks per m'

i0

lricks laid oer hour oer bricklaver

i5

Figure 9

{umber of bricklayers

{umber of general building loeratives

Figure 8

I @ $12.00 per

10ur

2 @

'lour

$9.00 per

44 How many hours (nearest hour) does it take a team of bricklayers to lay the bricks in Figure 8?

a

,{

c

d

210

320

750

960

hours.

hours.

hours.

hours.

45 The process required to calculate the

quantities needed for a contract is known as

a dimensioning
b

c abstracting

specifying

d taking off.

46 The most efficient bricklaying team for

simple walling applications is

a

-v

c

d

0677 64L

Bricklayer :

1:

2:

3:

4:

Labourer

1

1

1

1

4B

Calculate the cost for the net area of

brickwork as shown in Figure 9 (nearest full unit of cost).

a

b

c

v

$ 20 800

$ 21 455

$ 22 145

$ 24 638.

49 Which one of the following is a bar chart typically used for construction programmes?

Centre line of

trench

Width of trench

23.40 metres

0.60

metres

Depth of concrete in trench 0.225 metres

Output for placing concrete

1.75 man hours per m3

Number of operatives 3

Figure 10

50 Using the information given in Figure 10, how many gang hours does it take to lay the in situ concrete in the foundation trench?

/

o.aozhours.

b 1.843 hours.

c 3.159 hours.

d 5.415 hours.

51 Which one of the following should be

v

included

in an invitation to tender to a

supplier?

a Centre line measurement.

b Site manager's name.

-{ d

Parties to the contract. Cashflow statement.

52 An order of materials is received on site. Which document would the supplier send for signing to acknowledge receipt of the goods and advise what has been delivered?

a lnvoice.

b

y'

d

Advice Note.

Oelivery

Note.

Order Form.

A contract for a subcontractor is issued by the

a client

b

architect

,,y'main

d

contractor

nominatedsubcontractor.

0677 64a

54 Which one of the following must be included in a simple bar chart construction programme?

-{ b

Work duration. Method of measurement

C lnterim payments.

d Plant requirements.

55 A Gant diagram takes the form of

a

a pie chart

b

. a frequency polygon

c

a

bar chart

d

an arrow diagram.

56 The manpower and equipment requirements for a particular operation are

stated in

a time sheets
b contract conditions

c hire rates

d method statement.

57 Which of the following would a method statement include?

a

b

c

Date of commencement, duration of operations, date of completion. Quantities, duration of operations, sequence.

Quantities, duration of operation, date

of completion.

/ Date of commencement, duration of operations, sequence.

58 Work in progress on-site is monitored by

-

.X- b

weekly site meetings

interim valuations

c cost in use calculations d cosUvalue analysis.

See next page

59 One of the main benefits of using a computerised spreadsheet is that

a it can be printed in various colours

.y

totals are automatically changed when altered

c

it is easier to read

d

everyone can use it.

60 An all in labour rate is

.{

b

calculation of total operative costs

rate of pay operatives receive

c tax and deductions from an operatives wage
d

cost of plant and machinery on site.

NOW GO BACK AND CHECK YOUR WORK

. IMPORTANT -

Are the details at the top of the answer sheet correct?

Have you filled in your answers in INK in the appropriate boxes on the answer sheet?

0677 64l-