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Trasporto e distribuzione di gas

NORMA Saldatura delle tubazioni di acciaio UNI EN 12732


EUROPEA Requisiti funzionali

FEBBRAIO 2005

Gas supply systems


Welding steel pipework
Functional requirements

La norma contiene i requisiti per la produzione e il controllo di


giunti saldati per l’installazione e la modifica di tubazioni e canaliz-
zazioni d’acciaio terrestri utilizzate nei sistemi per il trasporto e la
distribuzione di gas, ivi comprese le tubazioni in servizio per tutte
le gamme di pressione per il trasporto di gas naturale trattato, non
tossico e non corrosivo in conformità alla ISO 13686 quando:
- gli elementi delle tubazioni sono realizzati in acciaio al carbonio
non legato o leggermente legato;
- la tubazione non è situata in aree commerciali o industrialiindustri ali
come parte integrante del processo industriale su tali aree, ad
eccezione delle tubazioni e canalizzazioni utilizzate per il rifor-
nimento di queste ultime;
- la tubazione non è ubicata in impianti per uso domestico
secondo la UNI EN 1775;
- la temperatura di progetto del sistema è compresa tra -40 °C e
120 °C.

TESTO INGLESE

La presente norma è la versione ufficiale in lingua inglese della


norma europea EN 12732 (edizione aprile 2000).

ICS 25.160.40

UNI  © UNI
Ente Nazionale Italiano Riproduzione vietata. Tutti
Tutti i diritti sono riservati. Nessuna parte del presente documento
di Unificazione può essere riprodotta o diffusa con un mezzo qualsiasi, fotocopie, microfilm o altro, senza
Via Battistotti Sassi, 11B il consenso scritto dell’UNI.
20133 Milano, Italia www.uni.com

UNI EN 12732:2005 Pagina I


PREMESSA NAZIONALE
La presente norma costituisce il recepimento, in lingua inglese, del-
la norma europea EN 12732 (edizione aprile
apr ile 2000), che assume co-
sì lo status di norma nazionale italiana.

La presente norma è stata elaborata sotto la competenza dell’ente


federato all’UNI
CIG - Comitato Italiano Gas

La presente norma è stata ratificata dal Presidente dell’UNI, con


delibera del 18 gennaio 2005.

Le norme UNI sono elaborate cercando di tenere conto dei punti di vista di tutte le parti
interessate e di conciliare ogni aspetto conflittuale, per rappresentare il reale stato
dell’arte della materia ed il necessario grado di consenso.
Chiunque ritenesse, a seguito dell’applicazione di questa norma, di poter fornire sug-
gerimenti per un suo miglioramento o per un suo adeguamento ad uno stato dell’arte
in evoluzione è pregato di inviare i propri contributi all’UNI, Ente Nazionale Italiano di
Unificazione, che li terrà in considerazione per l’eventuale revisione della norma stessa.

Le norme UNI sono revisionate, quando necessario, con la pubblicazione di nuove edizioni o
di aggiornamenti.
È importante pertanto che gli utilizzatori delle stesse si accertino di essere in possesso
dell’ultima edizione e degli eventuali aggiornamenti.
Si invitano inoltre gli utilizzatori a verificare l’esistenza di norme UNI corrispondenti alle
norme EN o ISO ove citate nei riferimenti normativi.

UNI EN 12732:2005  © UNI Pagina II


EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 12732
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM April 2000

ICS 25.160.40

English version

Gas supply systems - Welding steel pipework - Functional


requirements
Systèmes d'alimentation en gaz - Soudage des tuyauteries Gasversorgungssysteme - Schweißen von Rohrleitungen
en acier - Prescriptions fonctionnelles aus Stahl - Funktionale Anforderungen

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 16 August 1999.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official
versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

 © 2000 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 12732:2000 E
worldwide for CEN national Members.
Page 2
EN 12732:2000

Contents Page

Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

1 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

2 Normative references . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

3 Definitions an
and a
ab
bbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

4 Quality system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

4.1 Welding contractors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10


4.2 Welders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.3 Welding supervisory/co-ordination personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.4 Testing personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

5 Welding co
consumables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

6 Production welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

6.1 General requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11


6.2 Joint preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
6.3 Preheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
6.4 Tacking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
6.5 Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
6.6 Actions af
after we
w elding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
6.7 Repair of weld defects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

7 Special pr
p rocedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

7.1 Attachment of structural parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14


7.2 Attachment of cathodic protection connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
7.3 Hot tapping and other welding work on pressurized pipelines and systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

8 Inspection of the weld joint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

8.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
8.2 Scope of inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
8.3 Non-destructive ex examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
8.4 Time of inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
8.5 Acceptance criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
8.6 Recording of test results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

9 Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

9.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
9.2 Archiving requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

10 Spec
Specif
ific
ic requ
requir
irem
emen
ents
ts for
for gas
gas supp
supply ly sy
syststem
ems s up to and and inclinclududiningg
16 bar MOP (distribution) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

10.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
10.2 Welders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
10.3 Welding supervisory personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
10.4 Production welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
10.5 Acceptance rer equirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
10.6 Requirements for records and documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Page 3
EN 12732:2000

11 Specific requirements for gas supply systems


greater than 16
16 ba
bar MO
MOP (t
(transmission) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

11.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
11.2 Welders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
11.3 Welding supervisory personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
11.4 Qualification of
of we
welding pr procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

11.5 Production welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22


11.6 Destructive testing of production welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
11.7 Acceptance rer equirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
11.8 Requirements for records and documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

12 Specific re
requirements fo
for me
metering, re
regulating an
and co
compressor st
stations . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

12.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
12.2 Specific requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Annex A (informative) Qualification for pipeline welders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Annex B (informative) Te
T esting of the base material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Annex C (informative) Wall tth


hickness co
compensation/Design ex
examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

Annex D (informative) Critical aspects for hot-tap welding or welding welding on


gas-pressurized pipelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Annex E (informative) Vi
Visual iin
nspection of
of jo
joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Annex F (informative) Manual ultrasonic testing of weld joints for wall thicknesses
between approximately 6 mm and 10 mm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

Annex
Annex G (infor
(informat
mative
ive)) Accept
Acceptanc
ance
e criteri
criteria
a recomme
recommenda
ndatio
tions
ns for on-s
on-site
ite produ
producti
ction
on welds
welds . . . . . . 38

Annex H (informative) Recommendations for brazing brazing and aluminothermic welding


of anodic bonding leads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Annex I (informative) Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49


Page 4
EN 12732:2000

Foreword

This European Standard has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 234 "Gas supply", the
secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication
of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2000, and conflicting national
standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by October 2000.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the
following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and t he United Kingdom.

There is a complete suite of functional standards prepared by CEN/TC 234 „Gas supply“ to cover
all parts of the gas supply system from the input of gas to the transmission system up to the
inlet connection of the gas appliances, whether for domestic, commercial or industrial
purposes.

In preparing this standard a basic understanding of gas supply by the user has been assumed.

Gas supply systems are complex and the importance on safety of their construction and use has led
to the development of very detailed codes of practice and operating manuals in the member
countries. These detailed statements embrace recognised standards of gas engineering and the
specific requirements imposed by the legal structures of the member countries.

CEN/TC 234 will continue its work updating this Standard to the latest developments at regular
intervals.

This European Standard has been prepared under mandate M/017 given to CEN by the Commission of
the European Communities and the European Free Trade Association.

1 Scope

This European Standard contains requirements for the production and testing of weld joints for
the installation and modification of onshore steel pipelines and pipework used in gas supply
systems, including in-service pipelines, for all pressure ranges for the carriage of processed,
non-toxic and non-corrosive natural gas according to ISO 13686, where

- the pipe
pipeline
line element
elementss are made
made of unall
unalloye
oyedd or low-a
low-alloy
lloyed
ed carbo
carbonn steel;
steel;

- the pipeline
pipeline is
is not locat
located
ed within
within comm
commerci
ercial
al or indus
industria
triall premise
premisess as integr
integral
al part
part of the
industrial process on those premises except for any pipelines and facilities supplying such
premises;

- the pipew
pipework
ork is not
not located
located withi
withinn househo
household
ld instal
installati
lations
ons accor
accordin
dingg to EN 1775:1
1775:1998
998;;

- the desig
designn temper
temperatu
ature
re of the syst
system
em is betw
between
een -40
-40 °C and 120
120 °C inclusi
inclusive.
ve.

With respect to production and testing of welds, this European Standard refers to basic
standards drafted by CEN/TC 121 and CEN/TC 138 as they exist up to the date of issue of this
standard.

This standard is not applicable to welds produced prior to the publication of this European
standard.

Clauses 4 to 9 describe general requirements which relate to all areas of application mentioned.

The following clauses contain specific requirements:

Clause 10: Supply systems for a maximum operating


operating pressure up to and including
including 16 bar
(distribution)

Clause 11:
11: Supply systems
systems for a maximum
maximum operating
operating pressure
pressure greater
greater than 16 bar (transmissi
(transmission)
on)
Page 5
EN 12732:2000

Clause 12: Metering,


Metering, regulatin
regulatingg and compres
compressor
sor stations
stations

Table 1 assigns the application areas to quality requirement categories as a function of the
working pressure and pipe materials used.

Table 1: Allocation to quality


quality requirement categories

Quality requirement Area of activity applies to


category

A Pressure range and base material  100 mbar


Group 1 according to EN 288-
3:1992
R t 0,5   360 N/mm2
Examples of use
Mains and service pipes in gas
distribution systems
B Pressure range and base material > 100 mbar  5 bar
Group 1 according to EN 288-
3:1992
R t 0,5   360 N/mm2
Examples of use
Mains and service pipes in gas
distribution systems, pipework
in stations
C Pressure range and base material > 5 bar  16 bar
Group 1 according to EN 288-
3:1992
R t 0,5   360 N/mm2
Examples of use
Pipelines including pipework in
stations and gas distribution
systems
D Pressure range or base material > 16 bar*
Group 1 to 3 according to EN 288-
3:1992
Examples of use
Pipelines including pipework in
stations and gas transmission
systems
Note:
R t 0,5 specified minimum yield strength according to EN 10208-2:1996.
*
Pipelines having hoop stresses at design pressure up to 30 % of specified minimum
yield strength and operated at a pressure up to 24 bar can be allocated to quality
requirement category C by the pipeline operator.

Additional requirements may be specified when, for example

- the st
strain on
on pi
pipeline
ines and
and syste
stems;

- the materials;

- the line routing;

- the design
ign or the weldi
lding techniqu
ique

are considered critical.

This European Standard specifies common basic principles for gas supply systems. Users of this
European Standard should be aware that there can exist more detailed national standards and/or
Page 6
EN 12732:2000

codes of practice in the CEN member countries.

This European Standard is intended to be applied in association with these national standards
and/or codes of practice setting out the above-mentioned basic principles.

In the event of conflicts in terms of more restrictive requirements in national


legislation/regulation with the requirements of this standard, the national
legislation/regulation shall take precedence.

2 Normative references

This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other
publications. These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the
publications are listed hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions
of any of these publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by
amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to
applies.

EN 287-
287-1:1
1:1997
997 Approva
Approvall testi
testing
ng of welder
welderss - Fusio
Fusionn weldin
weldingg - Part
Part 1: S
Stee
teels
ls

EN 288-2
288-2:19
:1992
92 Specif
Specificat
ication
ion and
and approval
approval of
of welding
welding proced
procedure
uress for metal
metallic
lic mater
materials
ials -
Part 2: Welding procedure specification for arc welding

EN 288-3
288-3:19
:1992
92 Specif
Specificat
ication
ion and
and approval
approval of
of welding
welding proced
procedure
uress for metal
metallic
lic mater
materials
ials -
Part 3: Welding procedure tests for the arc welding of steels

EN 288-5
288-5:19
:1994
94 Specif
Specificat
ication
ion and
and approval
approval of
of welding
welding proced
procedure
uress for metal
metallic
lic mater
materials
ials -
Part 5: Approval by using approved welding consumables for arc welding

EN 288-6
288-6:19
:1994
94 Specif
Specificat
ication
ion and
and approval
approval of
of welding
welding proced
procedure
uress for metal
metallic
lic mater
materials
ials -
Part 6: Approval related to previous experience

EN 288-7
288-7:19
:1995
95 Specif
Specificat
ication
ion and
and approval
approval of
of welding
welding proced
procedure
uress for metal
metallic
lic mater
materials
ials -
Part 7: Approval by a standard welding procedure for arc welding

EN 288-8
288-8:19
:1995
95 Specif
Specificat
ication
ion and
and approval
approval of
of welding
welding proced
procedure
uress for metal
metallic
lic mater
materials
ials -
Part 8: Approval by a pre-production welding test

prEN
prEN 288-
288-99 Spec
Specififica
icatition
on and appr
approv
oval
al of weld
welding
ing proc
proced
edur
ures
es for
for met
metall
allic
ic mater
material
ialss -
Part 9: Welding procedure test for on land and offshore site butt welding of
transmission pipelines

EN 439:1
439:199
9944 Weld
Weldin
ingg cons
consum
umab
ables
les - Shie
Shieldi
lding
ng gase
gasess for
for arc
arc weld
welding
ing and
and cutt
cuttin
ingg

EN 440:
440:19
1994
94 Weld
Weldin
ingg consu
consuma
mable
bless - Wire
Wire elect
electro
rode
dess and dep
depos
osits
its for
for gas-s
gas-shi
hield
elded
ed meta
metall arc
welding of non-alloy and fine-grain steels - Classification

EN 473
473:19
:1993
93 Qual
Qualififica
icatition
on and
and cert
certififica
icatition
on of
of NDT
NDT pers
person
onne
nel.l. Gene
Genera
rall prin
princip
ciple
less

EN 499:199
499:19944 Welding
Welding consum
consumable
abless - Covere
Coveredd elec
electro
trodes
des for manual
manual metal
metal arc weldin
weldingg of
of non-
non-
alloy and fine-grain steels - Classification

EN 571-1
571-1:19
:1997
97 Non-de
Non-destr
struct
uctive
ive testi
testing
ng - Penetr
Penetrant
ant testi
testing
ng - Part
Part 1: Genera
Generall principl
principles
es

EN 583-
583-11 Non-
Non-de
dest
stru
ruct
ctiv
ivee tes
testiting
ng - Ult
Ultra
raso
soni
nicc exa
exami
mina
natition
on - Par
Partt 1:
1: Gen
Gener
eral
al prin
princi
cipl
ples
es

EN 719
719:1
:199
9944 Weld
Weldin
ingg coor
coordi
dina
natition
on - Tas
Tasks
ks and
and res
respo
pons
nsib
ibililititie
iess

EN 729-1
729-1:19
:1994
94 Quality
Quality requ
require
iremen
mentsts for weldin
weldingg - Fusion
Fusion weldin
weldingg of metall
metallic
ic mater
materials
ials -
Part 1: Guidelines for selection und use

EN 729-2
729-2:19
:1994
94 Quality
Quality requ
require
iremen
ments
ts for weldin
weldingg - Fusion
Fusion weldin
weldingg of metall
metallic
ic mater
materials
ials -
Part 2: Comprehensive quality requirements

EN 729-3
729-3:19
:1994
94 Quality
Quality requ
require
iremen
ments
ts for weldin
weldingg - Fusion
Fusion weldin
weldingg of metall
metallic
ic mater
materials
ials -
Page 7
EN 12732:2000

Part 3: Standard quality requirements

EN 729-4
729-4:19
:1994
94 Quality
Quality requ
require
iremen
ments
ts for weld
welding
ing - Fusio
Fusionn welding
welding of metal
metallic
lic mater
material
ialss -
Part 4: Elementary quality requirements

EN 756
756:19
:1995
95 Weld
Welding
ing cons
consum
umabl
ables
es - Wir
Wiree elec
electr
trod
odes
es and
and wire
wire-f
-flux
lux comb
combina
inatition
onss for
for
submerged arc welding of non-alloy and fine grain steels - Classification

EN 757:199
757:19977 Welding
Welding consuma
consumablebless - Covere
Coveredd elec
electro
trodes
des for manual
manual metal
metal arc-we
arc-weldin
ldingg of
of high
high
strength steels - Classification

EN 758
758:19
:1997
97 Weld
Welding
ing con
consu
suma
mable
bless - Tubu
Tubula
larr core
coredd elect
electro
rode
dess for
for meta
metall arc
arc weld
welding
ing wit
withh or
without a gas shield of non-alloy and fine grain steels - Classification

EN 760:
760:19
1996
96 Weldi
Welding
ng cons
consum
umab
able
less - Fluxe
Fluxess for sub
subme
merg
rged
ed arc
arc wel
weldin
dingg - Clas
Classi
sific
ficat
ation
ion

EN 970:1
970:199
9977 Non-
Non-de
destr
struc
uctitive
ve exa
exami
mina
natio
tionn of fusio
fusionn weld
weldss - Vis
Visual
ual exam
examina
inatition
on

EN 1290:
1290:199
19988 Non-de
Non-destr
structi
uctive
ve exami
examinat
nation
ion of
of welds
welds - Magn
Magnetic
etic particl
particlee examina
examinatio
tionn of weld
weldss

EN 1418
1418:199
:19977 Welding
Welding person
personnel
nel - Approv
Approval
al testin
testingg of weld
welding
ing oper
operato
ators
rs for
for fusion
fusion weldi
welding
ng
and resistance weld setters for fully mechanized and automatic welding of
metallic materials

EN 1435:
1435:199
19977 Non-de
Non-destr
structi
uctive
ve exam
examinat
ination
ion of weld
weldss - Radi
Radiogr
ograph
aphic
ic exami
examinati
nation
on of
of welde
weldedd
 joints

EN 1668:
1668:199
19977 Weldin
Weldingg consuma
consumablebless - Rods,
Rods, wires
wires and depo
deposits
sits for tung
tungsten
sten inert
inert gas
gas welding
welding
of non alloy and fine grain steels - Classification

prEN
prEN 170
1708-
8-11 Weld
Welding
ing - Basic
Basic weld
weld join
jointt deta
details
ils in ste
steel
el - Par
Partt 1: Pre
Press
ssur
urize
izedd comp
compon
onent
entss

EN 1714:
1714:199
19977 Non-de
Non-destr
structi
uctive
ve exam
examinat
ination
ion of weld
weldss - Ultr
Ultraso
asonic
nic exam
examinat
ination
ion of weld
welded
ed
 joints

EN 1775:19
1775:1998
98 Gas supply
supply - Gas
Gas pipew
pipework
ork for buildin
buildings
gs - Maximum
Maximum operat
operating
ing pressu
pressure
re  5 bar -
Functional recommendations

EN 10002-1:1990
10002-1:1990 Metallic
Metallic materials
materials - Tensile testing
testing - Part 1: Method
Method of test

EN 10204:1
10204:1995
995 Metalli
Metallicc produc
products
ts - Types
Types of inspecti
inspection
on docum
document
entss

EN 10208-1:1997
10208-1:1997 Steel pipes
pipes for pipelines
pipelines for combustible
combustible fluids
fluids - Technical delivery
delivery
conditions - Part 1: Pipes of requirement class A

EN 10208-2:1996
10208-2:1996 Steel pipes
pipes for pipelines
pipelines for combustible
combustible fluids
fluids - Technical delivery
delivery
conditions - Part 2: Pipes of requirement class B

EN 24063:1992
24063:1992 Welding,
Welding, brazing
brazing,, soldering
soldering and braze-weldin
braze-weldingg of metals - Nomencla
Nomenclature
ture of
processes and reference numbers for symbolic representation on drawings
(ISO 4063:1990)

EN 25817:
25817:199
19922 Arc-we
Arc-welde
ldedd joints
joints in steel
steel - Guidance
Guidance on
on quality
quality level
levelss for imperf
imperfect
ections
ions
(ISO 5817:1992)

EN 26520:
26520:199
19911 Classif
Classificat
ication
ion of imperfe
imperfecti
ctions
ons in metall
metallic
ic fusion
fusion welds
welds with explan
explanati
ations
ons
(ISO 6520:1982)

EN 27963:
27963:199
19922 Welds
Welds in steel
steel - Calibr
Calibratio
ationn block
block No. 2 for ultr
ultraso
asonic
nic examin
examinati
ation
on of welds
welds
(ISO 7963:1985)

EN 29692:1994
29692:1994 Metal-arc
Metal-arc welding
welding with
with covered
covered electrode,
electrode, gas-shielded
gas-shielded metal-arc
metal-arc welding
welding and
and
gas welding - Joint preparations for steel (ISO 9692:1992)

EN 45001
45001:19
:1989
89 General
General crit
criteri
eriaa for the
the opera
operatio
tionn of testin
testingg labora
laborator
tories
ies
Page 8
EN 12732:2000

ISO 13686 Natural gas - Quality designation

3 Definitions an
and a
ab
bbreviations

For the purposes of this standard, the following definitions apply.


Symbols used in formulae are defined where they occur.

3.1 design temperature (DT): The temperature on which the design calculations are based.

3.2 gas: The gaseous fuel which is in a gaseous state at a temperature of 15 °C under atmospheric
pressure (1,013 25 bar absolute).

3.3 gas distribution system: The pipeline system including piping above and below ground and all
other equipment necessary to supply the gas to the consumer.

3.4 gas distributor: The private or public organization authorized to distribute gas to


consumers through a gas distribution system.

3.5 gas transmission: The activity intended to convey gas from one place to another through
pipelines in order to supply gas to distribution systems or to industrial consumers.

3.6 installation: Equipment and facilities for the extraction, production, chemical treatment,
measurement, control, storage or offtake of the transported gas.

3.7 maximum operating pressure (MOP): The maximum pressure at which a system can be operated
continuously under normal conditions.

Note: normal conditions are: no fault in any device or stream.

3.8 national requirements: Requirements following from national legislation or more detailed


or stringent national standards

3.9 onshore pipeline: A buried and/or above ground pipeline including those sections laid in or
across inland lakes or water courses.

3.10 pipeline: A system of pipework with all associated equipment and stations up to the point of
delivery. This pipework is mainly below ground but also includes above ground parts.

3.11 pipeline components: The elements from which a pipeline is constructed. The following are
distinct pipeline elements:

- pipe
pipe incl
includ
udin
ingg col
cold-
d-fo
form
rmed
ed bend
bends;
s;

  - fittings

EXAMPLE 1: reducers, tees, factory-made elbows and bends, flanges, caps, welding stubs,
mechanical joints.

- fabr
fabrica
icatition
ons,
s, man
manuf
ufact
actur
ured
ed from
from elem
elemen
ents
ts ref
refer
erre
redd above
above;;

EXAMPLE 2: manifolds, slug catchers, pig launching/receiving stations, metering and control
runs.

- equipment;

EXAMPLE 3: valves, expansion joints, insulating joints, pressure regulators, pumps,


compressors.

- pressure vessels.

3.12 pipeline operator: The private or public organization authorized to design, construct,


and/or operate and maintain the gas supply system.

3.13 pipework: An assembly of pipes and fittings.


Page 9
EN 12732:2000

3.14 pressure: The gauge pressure of the fluid inside the system, measured in static
conditions.

3.15 station: A plant or facility for the operation and/or processing of gas supply systems.

3.16 test pressure (TP): The pressure to which the gas supply system is subjected, to ensure
that it can operate safely.

4 Quality system

If required by the pipeline operator, a quality system shall be applied to pipeline welding. A
set of recommended quality requirements according to EN 729 is provided in Table 2, which
specifies the requirements of EN 729 for the different categories as defined in Table 1.

Table 2: Recommended quality


quality requirements
requirements

Quality requirement category in


Requirement relating to: accordance with Table 1
A B C D

Quality system according to:

EN 729-1:1994 and EN 729-2:1994(complete) + + * *


EN 729-1:1994 and EN 729-3:1994 (standard) + + * *
EN 729-1:1994 and EN 729-4:1994 (elementary) * * - -

Welding coordination personnel:


 according to EN 719:1994: welding engineer + + + *
1)
welding technician + + * -
welding specialist1) + * * -
 Foreman welder with several years technical experience * * - -

Testing personnel according to EN 473:1993 * * * *

Welding procedure specification (WPS):


according to EN 288-2:1992 (except gas welding, procedure no. 311) * * * *

Approval of welding procedures according to one of the following standards:

EN 288-3:1992 (welding procedure test) + + * *


EN 288-5:1994 (using approved welding consumables) * * - -
EN 288-6:1994 (previous experience) * - - -
1)
EN 288-7:1995 (standard welding procedures) + + * *
EN 288-8:1995 (pre-production welding test) + * * *
prEN 288-9 (welding procedure test for site welding) + + + *
1) This may be applicable
applicable in category
category D for small
small projects
projects or for materials
materials with R t 0,5  360 N/mm².

Explanation: * recommended
+ optional
- not recommended
Page 10
EN 12732:2000

4.1 Welding contractors

If required by the pipeline operator, contractors shall demonstrate their ability to perform
the work. Reference can be made to EN 729.

4.2 Welders

All welders shall be qualified for the work they are required to undertake.

The qualification should be carried out in accordance with an appropriate specification (see
clauses 10, 11 and 12).

The pipeline operator may accept welders provided it can be demonstrated that they have produced
welds of the required quality within the essential variables of the welding procedure.

4.3 Wel
eldi
din
ng supe
superrvi
viso
sorry/
y/co
co--ordi
ordina
nattion
ion per
personn
sonnel
el

Welding tasks and responsibilities for welding shall be assigned to personnel with the
appropriate experience and technical knowledge. Where a quality system is required, these
personnel should be qualified to EN 719:1994.

4.4 Testing personnel

Destructive testing and non-destructive examination personnel shall be employed either by the
pipeline contractor or by the pipeline operator or by an independent testing company. All
companies providing such personnel should be certified. All non-destructive examination
personnel shall be qualified for the duties they are to perform in accordance with EN 473:1993 or
skill recognition by the pipeline operator.

5 Welding consumables

Welding consumables shall be in accordance with:

Shielded metal arc welding (prodedure no. 111) : EN 499:1994 and EN 757:1997
Gas metal arc welding (procedures nos. 135, 141) : EN 440:1994 and EN 1668:1997
Flux-cored arc welding (procedures nos. 114, 136) : EN 758:1997
Shielding gases : EN 439:1994
Submerged arc welding (prodedure no. 12) : EN 756:1995
Fluxes for submerged arc welding (prodedure no. 12) : EN 760:1996

The numbering of the procedures given in brackets is in accordance with EN 24063:1992.

All filler materials shall be certified as conforming to the relevant European Standard.
Batch testing of the filler materials can be required by the pipeline operator. The certificates
shall be in accordance with EN 10204:1995, type 3.1.B. The chemical composition of the deposited
weld metal
metal shall be compatib
compatiblele1) with the parent
parent metal.
metal.

Unless
Unless otherwise matching1) weld metal for girth
otherwise agreed, matching girth welds shall be required.
required. For the
selection of consumables, the use of Table 3 is recommended.

After filler material has been removed from its original package, it shall be protected or
stored in accordance with the manufacturer's requirements, so that its characteristics or
welding properties are not affected.

1)
 taking into account any specific property requirements
Page 11
EN 12732:2000

Table 3: Matching filler material requirements


requirements

Steel specification Filler material requirements


to EN 10208-1:1997 and to EN 440:1994/EN 499:1994/EN 757:1997
EN 10208-2:1996**

Rt 0,5 Rm Rt 0,5 Rm KV  
or
Designatio Designatio
R p 0,2 
n n
N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 J

L 210 210 335 - 475 E35 355 440 - 570


L 245 245 - 440 415 E35 355 440 - 570
L 290 290 - 440 415 E35 355 440 - 570 47/32
L 360 360 - 510 460 E42 420 500 - 640
L 415 * 415 - 565 520 E46 460 530 - 680
L 450 * 450 - 570 535 E46 460 530 - 680
L 485 * 485 - 605 570 E50 500 560 - 720
L 555 * 555 - 675 625 E55 550 610 - 780
E62 620 690 - 890
NOTES:

* For
For wal
walll thi
thick
ckne
ness
sses
es > 8 mm a low
lower
er stre
streng
ngth
th cons
consum
umab
able
le can
can be
be use
usedd for
for the
the roo
roott and
and
hot pass.

** Fitt
Fittin
ingg mat
mater
eria
ials
ls are
are to
to be
be spec
specififie
iedd in
in acc
accor
orda
dance
nce with
with the appr
approp
opri
riat
atee EN
EN stan
standar
dard.
d.

R t 0,5 Specified


Specified minimum yield strength measured in N/mm2 .
strength measured

R m Tensile strength according to EN 10208-2:1996 measured in N/mm2 .

R p 0,2 0,2 % proof strength according to EN 10002-1:1991 measured in N/mm2 .

KV  Impact test value (Charpy-V method) obtained for full size specimen
(average/individual) measured in Joule.

6 Production welding

6.1 General requirements

All welding shall comply with the approved welding procedure specification.

6.1.1 Working area

The working space shall enable adequate access to the work area in order to provide a safe
environment and to allow satisfactory production and testing of a weld joint.

6.1.2 Layout of weld joints

Weld joints, in particular tie-ins, shall be arranged and designed in a way suited to the planned
welding and testing technique. The placement of tie-in welds is particularly important.

6.1.3 Types of
of we
weld jjo
oints

Unless otherwise agreed, pipes and pipeline fittings shall be connected using butt-welded
 joints.
Page 12
EN 12732:2000

6.1.4 Joint e
ed
dge pr
preparation

Joint edge preparations shall comply with the appropriate EN standards and the approved welding
procedure. Appropriate EN standards include prEN 1708-1 and EN 29692:1994. The choice of joint
configuration shall take into account the welding technique, the welding position and the
accessibility of the joint.

6.1.5 Weld s
sp
pacing

Weld spacing shall be sufficient to ensure the integrity of the joint.

6.1
.1.6
.6 Dif
Differ
ferent
ent wa
wall thic
thickn
knes
esse
ses
s

When pipes of different wall thicknesses have to be joined together, special precautions shall
be taken to avoid stress concentration and weld defects.

When butt welding pipework of different wall thicknesses has to be performed, 6.2.2 below and/or
prEN 1708-1 shall apply. Annex C of this Standard should also be observed.

6.1
.1.7
.7 Pipe
ipe branc
ranch
hes and
and nozz
ozzle
les
s

Forged fittings are preferred. Weld-on branches and nozzles are allowed.

6.1.8 Laminations

Additional precautions can be required where welding is performed in the area of laminations.

A recommended procedure for checking for laminations is given in Annex B.

6.1.9 Butt we
welded cr
cross jo
joints

Unless otherwise agreed, butt welded cross joints shall be avoided.

6.2 Joint preparation

6.2.1 Pipe end preparation

To ensure that the required weld quality is achieved, all necessary details concerning the joint
preparation have to be laid down in the welding procedure specification.

6.2.2 Alignment of
of th
the jo
joints

Alignment clamps shall be used where possible; the details and how they are to be used shall be
included in the welding procedure specification.

Root misalignment is acceptable as far as it is not affecting the integrity of the joint. For
recommendations see Annex G.

Misalignment of pipes and pipelines made of steel grades with a minimum specified yield strength
R t 0,5 less than or equal to 360 N/mm2 which is outside the tolerance range of the tables given in
Annex G may be compensated for by deformation, if agreed by the pipeline operator, by the use of
special equipment or by transition pieces. The heat-treatment condition of the material shall
be taken into account.

NOTE: The strength of thermomechanically treated as well as quenched and termpered steels
is, in some cases, permanently reduced by heating to temperatures above 580 C.
Page 13
EN 12732:2000

Root misalignment of pipes and pipelines of different wall thicknesses and made of steel grades
than 360 N/mm2 which is outside
with a specified minimum yield strength R t 0,5 greater than outside the
tolerance range of the tables given in Annex G shall be compensated for by using transition
pieces.

During correction of excessive root misalignment, measures shall be taken to avoid defects.
Examples of permissible weld configurations are given in Annex C.

6.3 Preheating

Preheating shall be applied in accordance with the welding procedure specification.

6.4 Tacking

Whenever tack welds are used, they shall be made using the welding procedure designed for the
root pass. They shall be distributed equally around the circumference.

The tacks shall be free from cracks. Cracked tacks shall not be welded over, and shall be ground
out and rewelded.

6.5 Welding

Precautions shall be taken to:

- minimiz
minimizee hydrog
hydrogen
en pick-
pick-up
up in
in the work,
work, in particu
particular
lar for steels
steels which
which are sensiti
sensitive
ve to
cold cracking;

- avoid condensation;

- avoi
avoidd air
air move
moveme
ment
ntss in the
the pipe
pipe;;

- avoi
avoidd unc
uncon
ontr
trol
olle
ledd ele
elect
ctri
rica
call cur
curre
rent
nt;;

- minimi
imize ma
magnetic effect
ects;

- avoid cold cracking;

- avoid arc strikes.

6.6 Actions after welding

After the weld is completed, weld spatter shall be removed. The weld surface shall be cleaned of
slag. The cooling process shall not be accelerated beyond the rate specified in the welding
procedure specification.

Where air temperatures are below 5 C and/or poor climatic conditions like wind or rain prevail,
or if the pipeline operator requires it, the weld joint shall be protected against excessively
rapid cooling.

Stress-relief heat treatment may be necessary.

6.7 Repair of weld defects

Weld joints which do not meet the specified requirements shall be repaired or cut out. On each
weld joint which requires repair, the faulty area shall be clearly marked.
marked. The marking shall not
be removed until the defect has been repaired and the repair work has been inspected. If more
than 20 % of the total weld exhibits defects requiring repair, or if several defective weld
sections amount to this length overall, the weld joint in question shall be cut out and rewelded
unless otherwise agreed by the pipeline operator.
Page 14
EN 12732:2000

Weld joints with cracks shall be completely cut out. However, in special cases, and where
approved by the pipeline operator, cracks may be repaired provided the cause of the crack has
been established beyond doubt and provided it is confirmed that the fault has been correctly
identified.

Repairs shall be retested non-destructively using suitable techniques.

If non destructive testing of a repair reveals that the area still has unacceptable
indications, the weld shall be cut out and rewelded unless otherwise agreed by the pipeline
operator.

7 Special procedures

Before special procedures as given below are carried out, the type and scope of testing of the
weld joint shall be specified. The scope of the testing shall be in accordance with 8.2. The
testing technique used will depend on the type and dimension of the weld pieces.

7.1 Attachment of
of s
sttructural p
pa
arts

Structural parts shall be attached using a continuous weld. Intermittent welds shall not be
used.

When welding structural parts onto components made of steel grades with specified minimum yield
strength greater than 360 N/mm2 , special measures shall be employed which take account of the
material characteristics.

EXAMPLE: buttering with low-yield/low-hydrogen electrodes.

These precautions shall be specified in the welding procedure specification.

7.
7.2
2 Atta
Attach
chme
ment
nt of ca
cath
thod
odic
ic prot
protec
ecti
tion
on conn
connec
ecti
tion
ons
s

Electrical bonds to the pipe surface must be made with a welding or brazing method which does not
alter the integrity of the metal. It shall be demonstrated by a performance test that the
metallurgical structure is not adversely affected.

To qualify for making cathodic protection connections, the operator's skill shall be tested
under site conditions before work begins.

When cable connections are made to the pipeline, the adhesion of the weld shall be verified.

Recommendations for brazing and aluminothermic welding of anodic bonding leads are given in
Annex H.

7.
7.3
3 Hot
Hot tapp
tappin
ing
g and
and othe
otherr wel
weldi
ding
ng work
work on pres
pressu
suri
rize
zed
d pipe
pipeli
line
nes
s and
and sys
syste
tems
ms

All hot-tap welding procedures shall include the following additional requirements:

Hot-tap welding shall only be carried out after sufficient research and development to ensure
the safety of the operation and the correct mechanical properties of the weld.

Prior to the execution of welding work on pressurized pipelines and systems, the pipeline
operator shall establish whether the design, the material and the construction condition of the
pipeline allows welding under operating pressure. Critical aspects for hot-tap welding shall be
included in the welding procedure specification and shall be subject to approval by the pipeline
operator. A list of critical aspects is given in Annex D for information.

Welding sleeves and split-tees greater than DN 50 nominal size for use on pipelines made of steel
grades with specified minimum yield strength greater than 360 N/mm2 shall be of the split full-
encirclement type or shall incorporate additional local reinforcement.
Page 15
EN 12732:2000

The longitudinal seam weld of a split attachment shall not be allowed to impinge on the pipe wall
of the pressurized pipe. Where the attachments are of steel grades with specified minimum yield
strength greater than 360 N/mm2 or are designed so that longitudinal contraction stresses can
cause deformation, the first circumferential fillet weld shall be completed before the second
is started. The cooling rate shall not be increased. Where tacks for installation purposes are
necessary in the area of the second circumferential weld these shall be ground out completely.

8 Inspection of the weld joint

8.1 General

Weld quality shall be ensured by inspection of the welds using destructive tests and/or non-
destructive examination. The results of these tests shall be documented. Non-destructive
examination shall be carried out in accordance with approved procedures and destructive testing
shall be as for the original welding procedure, i.e. EN 288-3:1992 or prEN 288-9.

8.2 Scope of inspection

The inspection shall comprise inspection during welding, final visual inspection, non-
destructive examination and destructive testing.

The minimum extent of non-destructive examination in respect of the quality requirement


category and the type/position of the weld joint is given in Table 4.

The pipeline operator shall select which welds are to be tested.

Where less than 100 % non-destructive examination is performed and the quality of the weld joint
does not meet the requirements, further welds shall be examined to determine the extent of the
problem. The cause of the fault shall be eliminated. Except when otherwise agreed, two further
welds shall be inspected for each rejected weld.
Table 4: Minimum extent of non-destructive
non-destructive examination
examination

Quality Radiography
Visual
requirement or Surface
examination
category in Type/position of the weld joint ultrasonic crack  
by welding
accordance examination test
supervisor
with Table 1 (see note 1)
A Circumferential welds, branches, See note 2 See note 2
nozzles and fillet welds; longitudinal See note 3
seams
Unconcealed pipe spans; pipelines on 100 % See note 4
bridges, pipeline sections crossing
railways, navigable waterways or landing
strips/runways
B Circumferential welds See note 2 See note 2
Branches, nozzles and fillet welds See note 2 See
note 2
Longitudinal seams 100 % 10 %
Unconcealed pipe spans; pipelines on 100 % See note 4
bridges, pipeline sections crossing
railways, major roads and motorways,
navigable waterways or landing
strips/runways
C Circumferential welds 20 % 10 %
Branches, nozzles, fillet welds 10 0 % 10 %
Longitudinal seams 100 % 100 %
Weld joints not included in the pressure 100 % 100 %
test
Unconcealed pipe spans; pipelines on 100 % 100 %
bridges, pipeline sections crossing
railways, major roads and motorways,
navigable waterways or landing
strips/runways
continued
Page 16
EN 12732:2000

Table 4: Minimum extent of non-destructive


non-destructive examination
examination (continued)

Quality Radiography
Visual
requirement or Surface
examination
category in Type/position of the weld joint ultrasonic crack  
by welding
accordance examination test
supervisor
with Table 1 (see note 1)
D Circumferential welds 100 % 20 %
Branches, nozzles, fillet welds 100 % (See note 7) 20 %
(see note 5)
Longitudinal seams 100 % 100 %
Sweepolets
Weld joints not included in the 100 % 100 %
pressure test (see note 6)
If pipelines/units are laid or 100 % 100 %
installed in built-up areas
Unconcealed pipe spans; pipelines 100 % 100 %
on bridges, pipeline sections
crossing railways, major roads and
motorways, navigable waterways or
landing strips/runways
Note 1: The proportion of both techniques shall be agreed.

Note 2: Representative random sample on the basis of the total number of weld joints made by a
welder during the course of one year.

Note 3: One destructive test of field weld per year by means of tensile and/or bending test
for welders qualified only for gas welding (procedure no. 311) or only for fillet welds.

Note 4: The pipeline operator shall specify the extent of non-destructive examination
taking into account the design conditions, for example:

- externa
externall loads in additi
addition
on to interna
internall pressure
pressure;;
- supports;
- expansi
expansionon due to temper
temperatu
ature.
re.

Note 5: Where welds with incomplete penetration are used, the pipeline operator can require
100 %.

Note 6: Seams shall be tested 100 % by two different inspection techniques.

Note 7: For branches and nozzles, consideration should be given by the pipeline operator to
these methods.

Concluded

8.
8.3
3 Non-
on-dest
destru
ruct
ctiv
ive
e ex
exam
amin
inat
atio
ion
n

The method or combination of methods for visual and non-destructive examination of the welds
shall be specified by the pipeline operator. Prior to commencement of welding, the non-
destructive examination procedures shall be submitted to the pipeline operator for approval.
In special cases, one inspection test method may be replaced by another.

Other forms of non-destructive examination can be required, depending on the material used, the
design and/or the welding technique.

Visual examination of welds should be carried out in accordance with EN 970:1997. Supplementary
recommendations are given in Annex E.
Page 17
EN 12732:2000

Radiographic examination shall be carried out in accordance with EN 1435:1997. If not otherwise
agreed by the pipeline operator, the image quality class shall be class A for categories A
through C and class B for category D. The test laboratory contracted for radiographic work
should be accredited to EN 45001:1989.

Ultrasonic examination shall be carried out in accordance with EN 583-1 and EN 1714:1997.
Supplementary recommendations are given in Annex F.

In procedures nos. 114, 135 and 136 in accordance with EN 24063:1992, the following additional
requirements shall be applicable.

In special cases supplementary ultrasonic examination can be required.

EXAMPLE: When short-circuit welding and/or where large thicknesses are involved.

In the first instance, the extent of this supplementary ultrasonic examination shall be 25 %.

Depending on the results of this examination, the pipeline operator can either:

- requ
requir
iree supp
supple
leme
ment
ntar
aryy exam
examin
inat
atio
ionn or

- redu
reduce
ce the
the ext
exten
entt of
of this
this exam
examin
inat
atio
ion.
n.

Dye-penetrant examination shall be carried out in accordance with EN 571-1:1997.

Magnetic-particle examination shall be carried out in accordance with EN 1290:1998.

The flow chart in Figure 1 identifies where the criteria for execution, extent and acceptance
for various non-destructive examination methods can be found in this and other documents.

Non-destructive examination procedures


according to 8.3

Application
Stations
Supply systems MOP < 16 bar Supply systems MOP > 16 bar Quality requirement cat.
Quality requirement cat. A, B, C Quality requirement cat. D A, B, C, D

Visual Magnetic Dye Radiographic Ultrasonic


examination particle penetrant examination examination
examination examination

Procedure:
Procedure: Procedure: Procedure: Procedure: prEN 583-1
EN 970:1997 EN 1290:1998 EN 571-1:1997 EN 444:1994 EN 1714:1997
Annex E EN 1435:1997 Annex F

Criteria: Criteria: Criteria: Criteria: Criteria:


Annex E Annex G Annex G Annex G Annex G
Annex G Table G.3

Figure 1: Non-destructive examination


examination procedures and acceptance criteria
Page 18
EN 12732:2000

8.4 Time of inspection

All non-destructive examination shall be carried out before pressure testing, with the
exception of final tie-in welds which are not subjected to the pressure test (”golden welds”).

8.5 Acceptance criteria

The pipeline operator shall specify the acceptance criteria.

The acceptance criteria given in Table G.1 for radiographic findings and in Table G.3 for
ultrasonic findings are based on workmanship criteria. The pipeline operator can use EPRG
guidelines (see Annex G.2) or alternative acceptance criteria based on fracture mechanics
analysis and fitness-for-purpose criteria, provided they are fully documented and based on a
proven safe approach.

The results of the radiographic examination shall meet the acceptance requirements which are
given in clauses 10 and 11.

Weld defects detected by means of ultrasonic examination shall be evaluated in accordance with
the requirements of Table G.3.

The acceptance requirements for alternative examination methods shall be determined from case
to case.

8.
8.6
6 Rec
eco
ordi
rding of tes
test resu
result
lts
s

A clear relationship shall exist between the examination report, the radiographs and the weld
under examination, and shall be indicated in a sketch or pipe logbook.

9 Documentation

9.1 General

The documentation is intended to prove that the welding requirements and test provisions
according to this standard are fulfilled.

This documentation shall be compiled in such a way that traceability is ensured.

9.
9.2
2 Archiv
chivin
ing
g req
requir
uiremen
ementts

Documentation shall be archived in accordance with the pipeline operator's policy.

10 Specif
Specific
ic rrequ
equire
iremen
ments
ts for
for gas
gas supp
supply
ly s
syst
ystems
ems up to
to and
and inclu
includin
ding
g 16 bar MOP
MOP
(distribution)

10.1 General

This clause contains specific requirements for the welding and inspection of gas supply systems
up to and including 16 bar MOP (distribution).

Table 1 defines the quality requirement categories.


Page 19
EN 12732:2000

10. 2 Welders

Welders shall be qualified in accordance with EN 287-1:1997, taking into account the essential
variables as laid down in clause 6. For acceptance criteria in accordance with EN 287-1:1997
reference can be made to Annex G.1.

For gas welding (procedure no. 311) of pipes of category A, welders' qualification requirements
are to be defined by the pipeline operator.

Welders employed in the installation of buried pipelines shall have passed their welding
examination under site conditions. This requirement is deemed to have been fulfilled if the
examination is conducted in an area which simulates a pipe trench of the following dimensions:

- maximum length: 1,5 m

- maximum spacing between pipe wall and trench bottom: 0, 4 m

- maximum spacing between pipe wall and trench wall: 0,5 m

Welders certificate shall clearly indicate, by reference to this standard, that the welders
qualification test has been performed under the conditions mentioned above.

10
10.3
.3 Weld
Weldin
ing
g supe
superv
rvis
isor
ory
y pers
person
onne
nell

Welding specialists qualified to EN 719:1994 are qualified to act as welding supervisors


monitoring welding work on site. For welding work in quality requirement categories A and B, the
welding supervisor can be a foreman welder with several years specialized technical
experience.

10.4
10.4 Prod
Produc
ucti
tion
on weld
weldin
ing
g

If feasible, working pits or bell holes should be constructed in the pipe trench. They should
have a minimum free length of 1,5 m at the weld area. The distance from pipe to bell hole bottom
should be not less than 0,4 m and from pipe to trench wall not less than 0,6 m.

Bell holes shall be kept free of water during welding work.

Segmental cuts up to 7,5 (tangents up to 15) are permitted for pipelines and systems for
quality requirement categories A and B. Segmental cuts up to 2,5 (tangents up to 5) are
permitted for pipelines and systems in quality requirement category C.

In areas subject to ground movements and at unconcealed pipe spans and at pipelines on bridges,
changes of direction using segmental cuts shall not be permitted.

10.4
10.4.1
.1 Join
Jointt prep
prepar
arat
atio
ion
n

Socket joints according to prEN 1708-1 are allowed for all diameters in quality requirement
categories A and B, if approved by the pipeline operator.

Bell and spigot, socket or sleeve welds shall be set up so that the root gap of the fillet weld is
the minimum possible. No tools with sharp edges shall be used during this process. Where the end
of the socket shall be forged, it shall be heated to a forging temperature suitable for the
material quality.

The welding of alignment aids and similar temporary attachments onto pipelines should be
avoided. If necessary, alignment aids and similar temporary attachments can be used with the
approval of the pipeline operator.

10.4.2 Welding

All welding, including repairs and welding of patches for repair, shall be carried out in
accordance with the approved welding procedure specification.
Page 20
EN 12732:2000

10.5
10.5 Acce
Accept
ptan
ance
ce requi
require
reme
ment
nts
s

For radiographic examination reference can be made to Table G.1 or Table G.2.

For ultrasonic examination reference can be made to Table G.3.

10.6
10.6 Requir
Requireme
ements
nts for rec
record
ords
s and docume
documenta
ntatio
tion
n

The following documents should be made available:

a) materi
material
al cert
certifi
ificate
cate (only
(only for
for cate
categor
goryy C);
C);

b) weld
weldin
ingg proced
procedur
uree specif
specific
icat
ation
ion;;

c) weldi
welding
ng pro
proce
cedu
dure
re app
appro
rova
vall reco
record
rd;;

d) pipe
pipe log
logbo
book
ok (on
(only
ly for
for cat
categ
egor
oryy C);
C);

e) weldin
weldingg proc
procedu
edure
re qualifi
qualificati
cation
on record
record;;

f) non-
non-de
dest
stru
ructi
ctive
ve exa
examin
minat
atio
ionn repo
report
rts;
s;

g) radiographs;

h) pipe
pipe rout
routin
ingg (as
(as bui
builtlt).
).

11 Specif
Specific
ic requi
requirem
rement
ents
s for gas
gas suppl
supply
y system
systems
s greate
greaterr than
than 16 bar
bar MOP
MOP (trans
(transmis
missio
sion)
n)

11.1 General

This clause contains specific requirements for the welding and inspection of gas supply systems
greater than 16 bar MOP (transmission). These welding aspects shall be taken into account in
order to reduce the risk of weld defects. Table 1 shows the area of application.

11.2 Welders

Welders can be qualified according to EN 287-1:1997 or in accordance with a standard of the


pipeline operator. An example is given in Annex A.

If the pipeline operator has justifiable doubts regarding the skill of a welder in respect of
the welding work to be performed, requalification with additional requirements can be
required.

11
11.3
.3 Weld
Weldin
ing
g supe
superv
rvis
isor
ory
y pers
person
onne
nell

The monitoring of welding work on site can be delegated from the welding supervisory personnel
in charge according to clause 4, Table 2, to a welding specialist qualified to EN 719:1994.

11.4
11.4 Qualif
Qualifica
icatio
tion
n of weldin
welding
g proced
procedure
ures
s

The pipeline operator shall specify the requirements for the approval of the welding procedure
according to the relevant part of EN 288. Table 2 gives an overview of the recommended
requirements. The welding procedure shall be in accordance with EN 288-2:1992 and be submitted
to the pipeline operator for approval prior to commencement of welding.
Page 21
EN 12732:2000

For welding work on materials which have not been qualified by standard procedures according to
EN 288-7:1995, as well as for special designs, qualification of the procedure shall be carried
out according to EN 288-3:1992 or, as specified by the pipeline operator, according to
EN 288-8:1995.

EXAMPLE 1: cable connections for cathodic protection.

EXAMPLE 2: work on ”live-lines”.

EXAMPLE 3: installation aids.

11.4.1 Testing
Testing requiremen
requirements
ts for welding
welding procedure
procedure qualificat
qualification
ion

As transmission pipelines are subject to external forces, care shall be taken to ensure that
weld defects cannot become critical.

For grades L 485 and L 555 according to EN 10208-2:1996, matching of base and filler materials
is required and the use of Table 3 is recommended.

Testing should be carried out in accordance with EN 288-3:1992 or prEN 288-9, as appropriate.

However. depending on service and/or conditions to be experienced by the pipeline, more


stringent requirements or additional tests can be specified by the pipeline operator.

EXAMPLE 1: overmatching of consumables.

EXAMPLE 2: impact testing.

EXAMPLE 3: transverse tensile testing.

EXAMPLE 4: all-weld-metal tensile testing.

11
11.4
.4.2
.2 Impac
mpactt tes
testting
ing

In addition to prEN 288-9 and EN 288-3:1992, the following requirements are prescribed for the
weld metal notched in the centre of the weld and in the heat-affected zone.

Minimum impact energy:

- Steel grades
grades with
with specified
specified minimum
minimum yield
yield strength N/mm2
strength less or equal to 360 N/mm
Average 27 Joule (J)
Individual 20 Joule (J)

- Steel grades
grades with
with specified
specified minimum
minimum yield
yield strength
strength greater
greater than N/mm2
than 360 N/mm
Average 40 Joule (J)
Individual 30 Joule (J)

NOTE: If the EPRG rules are specified by the pipeline operator, the Charpy-V requirements
of 40 Joule average, 30 Joule individual shall be used (see Table G.2).

In addition to the above-mentioned standards, testing is required for all pipe wall thicknesses
greater than 5 mm. Where subsidiary tests are necessary because of limited wall thickness, the
measured impact energy (KV P) shall be stated together with the test piece cross-section (S P )
measured under the notch in square millimetres.

For comparison with the requirements specified above, the measured energy shall be converted to
the impact energy KV  (in
 (in Joules) using the formula:

8 × 10 × KV P
KV  

S P
Page 22
EN 12732:2000

where:

KV  is the impact energy for the full-size specimen, in Joules;


KV P is the measured impact energy, in Joules;
S P is the cross-section measured under the notch, in square millimetres.

The specimen shall be as thick as possible.

The verification test temperature shall be equal to the minimum design temperature or, if
agreed, to the minimum exposure temperature which can occur.

11
11.4
.4.3
.3 Tran
Transv
sver
erse
se tens
tensil
ile
e test
test

The tensile strength of the joint, including the fusion zone of each specimen, shall be equal to
or greater than the specified minimum tensile strength of the pipe material. If the specimen
breaks in the weld metal, it shall be considered acceptable provided that the specified minimum
tensile strength of the pipe material has been achieved.

11
11.4
.4.4
.4 All-
All-we
weld
ld-m
-met
etal
al ten
tensi
sile
le tes
testt

If an all-weld-metal tensile test is specified (information in addition to that contained in


the 3.1.B certificate to EN 10204:1995), the test specimen and the tests should be in accordance
with the appropriate EN standard. The yield strength should be equal to or higher than the
specified minimum yield strength of the parent metal.

11.5
11.5 Prod
Produc
ucti
tion
on weld
weldin
ing
g

11.5
11.5.1
.1 Gene
Genera
rall requi
require
reme
ment
nts
s

If feasible, working pits or bell holes should be constructed in the pipe trench. They should
have a minimum free length of 1,5 m at the weld area. The distance from pipe to bell hole bottom
should be not less than 0,4 m and from pipe to trench wall not less than 0,6 m.

Bell holes shall be kept free of water during welding work.

Pipes, pipeline parts and other components which require marking (in accordance with
EN 10204:1995) shall be restamped or remarked next to the cutting line prior to cutting.

The minimum length of a single pipe to be welded into a pipeline shall be 0,5 times DN.

Where forged fittings are used in a tie-in situation, the fittings should have pipe-pups welded
to them before welding into the line so that the final tie-in is a pipe-to-pipe joint.

Segmental cuts shall be limited to 1,5 (tangents up to 3). When segmental cuts are used only
manual welding shall be allowed.

In areas subject to ground movements and at unconcealed pipe spans and at pipelines on bridges,
changes of direction by segmental cuts are not permitted.

11.5
11.5.2
.2 Join
Jointt prep
prepar
arat
atio
ion
n

Absence of laminations shall be proven by ultrasonic testing or other appropriate means, before
branches, nozzles and structural parts are welded onto pipelines or other components and before
cutting is carried out (see Annex B).

Pipes and pipeline components shall be clamped in such a way that strain due to movement on the
weld during welding is avoided.

The welding of alignment aids and similar temporary attachments onto pipelines shall not be
acceptable.
Page 23
EN 12732:2000

11.5.3 Welding

During welding, particular attention shall be paid to:

- preheat temperature;

- the time lapse between runs;

- the number of runs before work can be interrupted;

- the total time for weld completion;

- the welding energy for root pass for downhill


downhill welding with cellulosic electrodes.

In cases where tie-in welds are not subjected to hydrostatic testing and when welding steel
grades from Groups 2 and 3 according to EN 288-3:1992, cellulosic electrodes shall be permitted
only at the discretion of the pipeline operator.

11
11.5
.5.4
.4 Repa
Repair
irs
s of weld
weld defe
defect
cts
s

When an external repair of the root is carried out, it shall be made to a qualified procedure.

If a test of a repair weld shows that the area is still defective, the seam shall be cut out and
rewelded unless otherwise agreed by the pipeline operator.

11.6
11.6 Destru
Destructi
ctive
ve testin
testing
g of
of prod
product
uction
ion welds
welds

The minimum number of production welds to be tested shall be in accordance with Table 5. Welds
shall be tested in accordance with EN 288-3:1992 or, if required by the pipeline operator, in
accordance with prEN 288-9.

Table 5: Minimum number of production test welds as function of pipeline length

Pipeline length L Number of samples


km
1 < L  10 1
10 < L  50 2
L > 50 2 plus 1 further sample per length
of 50 km or part thereof

11
11.7
.7 Acce
Accept
ptan
ance
ce requ
requir
irem
emen
ents
ts

For radiographic examination reference can be made to Table G.1 or Table G.2.

For ultrasonic examination reference can be made to Table G.2 or Table G.3.

When welding level grades from Groups 2 and 3 according to EN 288-3:1992 with wall thicknesses
greater than 10 mm which are not pressure-tested, then welds shall also be ultrasonically
examined (see Table 4, note 6). In case of welding with cellulosic electrodes, this examination
shall be carried out not sooner than 24 hours after the welding has been completed unless soaking
is performed.

In case the pipeline operator uses EPRG guidelines (see Annex G.2) or alternative acceptance
criteria based on fracture mechanics analysis and fitness-for-purpose criteria it is
recommended to perform the non-destructive testing of the welds by combination of two different
inspection techniques.
Page 24
EN 12732:2000

11.8
11.8 Requir
Requireme
ements
nts for rec
record
ords
s and
and docum
document
entati
ation
on

Traceability of documents for each single weld joint shall be compiled which shall include
identification of the welders employed and the welds produced by them.

The documents as listed below should be verified and checked prior to commissioning.

Records and documentation should include:

a) requirements of the relevant authorities;

b) approval on installation;

c) contractual conditions;

d) planning and execution documentation;

EXAMPLE 1: specifications, welding instructions, calculations and computations, design


plans, part lists.

e) approval/certificate of suitability, also for subcontractors and suppliers if


applicable;

f) qualification of welding personnel:

1) qualification of welding supervisory body according to EN 719:1994 and area of


responsibility of welding supervisory body;

2) qualification of welders (welder's certificate);

3) qualification of operators of welding machines according to EN 1418;

g) qualification of test personnel:

1) qualification of test supervisory body according to the appropriate EN standard and


area of responsibility of test supervisory body;

2) qualification of testers according to the appropriate EN standard and duties of


testers;

h) proof of the suitability of the welding method according to EN 288 series;

i) certificates, authorizations, delivery confirmation for semi-finished products and


components;

 j) written records on the execution of heat-treatment operations;

k) test records:

1) non-destructive examination and destructive tests;

2) soundness and strength tests;

l) report on special features of construction work as well as on special measures;

EXAMPLE 2: work under difficult conditions such as adverse, cramped conditions.

m) inventory and location of components;

n) pipe logbook;

o) if applicable, conformity declaration by the welding contractor, also by subcontractors


and suppliers;

p) approval records.
Page 25
EN 12732:2000

12 Specif
Specific
ic rrequ
equire
iremen
ments
ts for
for mete
meterin
ring,
g, regu
regulat
lating
ing and compre
compresso
ssorr stati
stations
ons

12.1 General

This clause contains specific requirements for welding on and inspection of stations. Table 1
defines the quality requirement categories.

12.2
12.2 Spec
Specif
ific
ic req
requi
uire
reme
ment
nts
s

It is recommended that the same requirements are used for stations as for the general pipeline
construction, according to the quality requirement category. The requirements relating
particularly to construction below ground level are excluded. These include:

- examination of welders under site conditions (see 10.2 and 11.2);

- general requirements for working pits or bell holes (see 10.4, 11.5.1);

- destructive testing (see 11.6).

Additional measures can be required in certain circumstances.

EXAMPLE 1: When design temperature or vibration are considered critical.

EXAMPLE 2: When special materials are used for pipes and /or pipework.

EXAMPLE 3: When different grades of steel are being welded together.


Page 26
EN 12732:2000

Annex A (informative)

Qualification for pipeline welders (Girth welds and branch connections)

A.1 General

In the case of fully mechanised processes, before execution of approval test, welders should be
examined about functional knowledge appropriate to the welding unit as specified in Annex B of
EN 1418:1997.

A.2
A.2 Exec
Execut
utio
ion
n of appr
approv
oval
al test
test

a) The test
test pipes to
to be welded
welded should
should be of pipeline
pipeline steel accordi
according
ng to EN 10208.

b) Weldi
Welding
ng tech
techni
niqu
quee shoul
shouldd be:
be:

- single side no backing (ss nb) or

- single side with backing (ss mb) or

- both side (bs).

c) Welding shall be performed


performed in an area which
which simulates
simulates a pipe
pipe trench
trench of the
the following
following maximum
maximum
dimensions:

- trench length: 1,5 m

- spacing between pipe wall and trench bottom: 0,4 m

- spacing between pipe wall and trench wall: 0,5 m

d) For pipes
pipes less than
than DN 400 the welder
welder should
should complete
complete the
the whole
whole circumferenc
circumferencee of a joint.
joint.

e) For pipes equal or greater than DN 400 the welder should weld half the circumference of the
 joint (12 to 6 o‘clock position) in which case h e is qualified to weld over the entire
circumference.

A.3 Range of
of te
test pi
pieces

Pipeline welders shall perform a test for the particular type of application. Parameters could
be:

- Welding process;

- Welding po
position;

- Fille
Fillerr mate
materi
rial
al (inc
(includ
ludin
ingg combi
combina
natio
tions
ns);
);

- Pipe material.

For an overall qualification for all diameters the welder shall perform as a minimum two
different diameters in at least two positions.

EXAMPLE: the combinations PC/PF or PC/PG according to EN ISO 6947:1997.

For (cellulosic or basic) downhill or flux cored arc welding the diameters shall be :

- DN 150 with a wall thickness in the range from 4,5 mm to 9 mm and

- 400  DN  800 with wall thickness > 10 mm.


Page 27
EN 12732:2000

For other processes the dimensions should be:

- 50  DN  150 with wall thicknesses between 3,6 mm and 9 mm and

- 400  DN  800 with wall thickness > 10 mm.

Additionally, one DN 50 weldolet or equivalent in position PC on a pipe of at least DN 400 should


be welded.

A.4 Preparation

Filler material shall be approved, certified and commercially available. Welding shall be
carried out according to an approved welding procedure specification. 10.2 should be
maintained.

A.5 Exe
xecu
cuttion
ion of
of tes
testt wel
weldi
din
ng

The pipeline operator shall nominate an examiner. Unless otherwise agreed a notified body shall
examine the qualification. The welder shall identify himself with an appropriate document.
Clear identification marks shall be present on the pipe before welding starts. Repairs during
welding are not allowed.

A.6 Inspection

Both non-destructive examination and mechanical testing are required.

After finishing welding, the examiner shall execute visual examination. The quality should meet
the requirements of Annexes E and G.1.

All test pieces shall be X-rayed according to EN 287-1:1997 and examined according to table G.1
quality requirement category D.

For automatic processes (metal active gas (MAG) welding/ metal inert gas (MIG) welding)
ultrasonic examination shall be carried out instead of radiography, when the wall thickness
exceeds 8 mm. Weld quality should meet the requirements of Annex G.3 of this standard.

The weldolet shall be subjected to Magnetic Particle examination only.

A.6.
A.6.1
1 Test
Testin
ing
g girth
girth wel
welds
ds

Mechanical testing shall be performed on each part of the joint welded in the relevant welding
position according to EN 287-1:1997. The four bend or fracture test pieces of 400  DN  800 test
weld shall be taken from the 1, 3, 4 and 5 o‘clock positions. For the small diameter welder
qualification test the weld test pieces shall be taken in accordance with EN 287-1:1997. For
cellulosic welds, a degassing heat treatment of 250 °C for up to 10 hours is recommended on
transverse bend test specimens.

A.6.
A.6.2
2 Test
Testin
ing
g weldo
weldole
lets
ts

Four macro specimens shall be taken from the fillet weld.

A.7 Approval ra
range

A.7.1 Materials

When welding the combination as mentioned above the welder is qualified according to this
standard for welding all pipelines in all diameters, wall thicknesses and material according to
EN 10208 for the relevant procedures and positions.

The welder is only qualified to use the type of filler material for which he has been approved.

EXAMPLE: Cellulosic only qualifies cellulosic.


Page 28
EN 12732:2000

A.7.
A.7.2
2 Dime
Dimens
nsio
ions
ns

When separate qualifications are performed the range is as follows:

- DN 50 quali
qualifie
fiess all diame
diameter
terss up to and
and includi
including
ng DN 100
100 (categ
(category
ory:: small
small diamet
diameter)
er);;

- DN 150
150 qualifi
qualifies
es all diam
diameter
eterss between
between DN
DN 100 and
and up to and
and includ
including
ing DN
DN 250 (cate
(categor
gory:
y:
medium diameter);

- DN 400
400 quali
qualifie
fiess equal
equal to or great
greater
er than
than DN
DN 250
250 (categ
(category
ory:: large
large diame
diameter
ter).
).

A.7.
A.7.3
3 Tech
Techni
niqu
que
e

- Single
Single side
side (ss)
(ss) qualifi
qualifies
es single
single side
side and
and both side
side (bs)
(bs) and
and single
single side
side with
with backing
backing (ss
(ss
mb).

- Single
Single side
side with
with backi
backing
ng (ss
(ss mb)
mb) only
only qualif
qualifies
ies sing
single
le side
side with
with backi
backing.
ng.

- Both
Both side
side (bs)
(bs) quali
qualifies
fies both
both side
side and
and single
single side
side with
with back
backing
ing (ss
(ss mb).
mb).

A.8 Duration of
of v
va
alidity

The duration of validity for the certificate is six months.

Non-destructive testing (NDT) records shall be maintained according to small, medium and large
pipe size categories, for the purpose of extending the validity of the welder certificates.

A.9 Certificate

The pipeline welder certificate shall be similar to that proposed in EN 287-1:1997

The certificate should clearly indicate by reference to this standard that the welders
certification test has been performed under the conditions stated in Annex A.

The original certificate is non-transferable and shall be directly in the possession of the
welder or the contractor during execution of the work.

The examiner present during test welding shall sign and stamp the original certificate.
Page 29
EN 12732:2000

Annex B (informative)

Testing of the base material (lamination test)

Ultrasonic test equipment should be used for lamination tests; wall thickness measuring
instruments should not be used for this purpose.

Transmitter/receiver twin test probes or a single-crystal probe with detection zone greater
than near field zone should be used.

Ability to detect a flat-bottom hole of 2 mm diameter and a depth of 40 % of wall thickness


through to the respective rear wall should be ensured.
Page 30
EN 12732:2000

Annex C (informative)

Wall thickness compensation/Design examples

Figure C.1: Weld joint in the case of inadmissible high edge offset; transition piece with
counterweld (dimensions in mm)

Figure C.2: Weld joint in the case of inadmissible high edge offset; machined off on root side

Figure C.3: Weld joint in the case of inadmissible high edge offset; machined off on root side
and counterwelded (dimensions in mm)
Page 31
EN 12732:2000

Annex D (informative)

Critical aspects for hot-tap welding or welding on gas-pressurised pipelines

D.1 General

This annex refers to 7.3 and describes the general variables which should be maintained for hot-
tap welding or welding on gas-pressurized pipelines of category D (transmission pipelines).
Parts of them are essential and should be stated in the welding procedure specification. This
annex applies to:

- Split tees and repair sleeves nominal diameter  DN 100

- Threadolets and weldolets nominal diameter  DN 100

- Set-on branches nominal diameter  DN 25

D.2 Definition

Temper bead method: A weld sequence whereby the heat-affected zone of the base material is
softened as much as possible.

D.3 Symbols

Hdm: Amount of diffusible hydrogen in 100 mg of weld metal.

D.4 Recommendations

D.4.
D.4.1
1 Equi
Equipm
pmen
entt

Mechanical control of welding current.

D.4.
D.4.2
2 Supe
Superv
rvis
isio
ion
n

Supervision should be performed by the pipeline operator or its nominee.

D.4.
D.4.3
3 Safe
Safety
ty prec
precau
auti
tion
ons
s

Safety precautions should be taken and maintained in accordance with the pipeline operator's
standard or the authority's regulations.

Grouping of materials should comply with EN 288-3:1992, Table 3.

D.4.
D.4.4
4 Iden
Identi
tifi
fica
cati
tion
on

Prior to commencement of work, identification marks should be checked for compliance with the
operator's standard.

D.4.
D.4.5
5 Fill
Filler
er mate
materi
rial
als
s

Filler materials should be in accordance with clause 5.

The pipeline operator may specify a special brand. For the application, filler material
requirements should be:

- specified minimum yield strength  400 N/mm2;


400 N/mm

- ultimate tensile strength equal to or greater than 400 and up to and including 560 N/mm2 ;

- A5  26 %;

- KV  47 J/32 J;
Page 32
EN 12732:2000

- the verification test temperature in accordance with the pipeline operator's standard;

- Hdm  3 ml from 3 sets. Single value up to and including 3,5 ml is allowed;

- vacuum packaging should be specified;

- type of 3.1.B certificate in accordance with EN 10204:1995.

D.5 Weld pr
preparation

Precautions should be taken to avoid arc strikes on the gas-pressurized pipeline in the case of
longitudinal weldments:

- by the use of backing strip;

- by adequate spacing between fitting and pipe.

Preparations should be in accordance with the appropriate EN standard.

D.6 Welding procedure

Description: The contractor should specify the applicable welding procedure. The welding
procedure should be approved by the pipeline operator.

Approval: Approval should be given if the welding procedure meets the requirements of the
pipeline operator's standard.

Qualification: The procedure qualification should be performed in accordance with the pipeline
operator's standard. (See also D.11).

Validity: The validity of the welding procedure qualification may be changed at the discretion
of the pipeline operator.

D.7 Perf
Perfo
orman
rmance
ce of th
the wel
welde
derr

Welders should prove their competence prior to commencement of work. A test weld should be
executed and examined. (See also D.11).

The welding method and specimen should be approved by the pipeline operator.

The pipeline operator should qualify/approve the welders carrying out welding on gas-
pressurized pipelines.

Validity: The validity of the welders performance qualification may be changed at the
discretion of the pipeline operator.

D.8 Precautions

To avoid cold cracking and burn-through, the following precautions are recommended:

- Normali
Normalized
zed steel
steelss (used
(used before
before 1970
1970)) can be more
more sensi
sensitive
tive to
to cold crac
cracking
king.. The pipe
pipeline
line
operator may take special measures by preheating and/or reducing gas flow.

- A minimum
minimum wall
wall thickne
thickness
ss for
for safe
safe working
working should
should be
be maintai
maintained
ned.. As a cons
conseque
equence
nce,, a
maximum allowable rod diameter and minimum run-out length should be specified.

- Depres
Depressur
surizin
izingg of the
the pipel
pipeline
ine shou
should
ld be cons
consider
idered
ed for
for certai
certainn minimu
minimum
m wall
wall
thicknesses.

- A minimum
minimum flow
flow should
should be
be maintai
maintained
ned for
for certa
certain
in minim
minimum
um wall
wall thick
thickness
nesses,
es, at
at the
operator's discretion.
Page 33
EN 12732:2000

- A minimum
minimum dist
distance
ance betw
between
een a fittin
fittingg and othe
otherr weldme
weldments
nts shoul
shouldd be specifi
specified
ed by the
the
pipeline operator.

D.9 Execution

Seam preparation: Weld ends on the inside and outside of the fitting or sleeve should be ground
smooth.

Damaged surfaces: Minor surface damage can be repaired by grinding. Wall thickness reduction
should be limited to 95 % of the minimum allowable wall thickness unless otherwise specified. A
smooth transition to normal contour should be required with a maximum slope of 1:4.

Also applicable are 6.1, 6.1.5 and 6.1.8. With respect to 6.1.8, the pipeline operator should be
informed in the event of reportable defects.

There should be equal spacing between the fitting and the pipe.

The cap of the pipe seam weld should be removed by grinding, extending to 50 mm from each fillet
weld of the fitting.

Tack welding should be carried out by fully qualified welders.

Preheating for tack welds should be specified. If applicable, the minimum required length of
tack welds should be 50 mm. The maximum distance between tack welds should be 300 mm. Tack
welding should be specified in the welding procedure specification.

The pipeline operator should specify preheating parameters, if applicable. The welding
sequence should be specified in the welding procedure specification.

Unless otherwise specified, the maximum electrode diameter for wall thicknesses up to 7,0 mm
should be 2,5 mm. Above 7,0 mm wall thickness, 3,25 mm electrodes can be used. Above 10,0 mm wall
thickness, 4,0 mm electrodes may be used. Weaving is permitted up to twice the electrode
diameter.

Buttering may be used as a means of avoiding cold cracking. The pipeline operator can specify the
temper bead method. To avoid excessive shrinkage, the specified weld sequence should be
observed.

Each fitting shall be clearly marked.

D.10 Repairs

Each repair should require the pipeline operator's approval. Each repair should be specified
and documented. Repaired welds should be 100 % inspected.

D.11
D.11 Proced
Procedure
ure qualif
qualifica
icatio
tion
n rec
record
ord/we
/welde
lderr perfor
performan
mance
ce qualif
qualifica
icatio
tion
n

The pipeline operator can specify special welding conditions for the welding procedure approval
record . The procedure/performance test for welding on a gas-pressurized pipeline is optional.
Testing should be in accordance with EN 288-3:1992. The pipeline operator may specify
Page 34
EN 12732:2000

Annex E (informative)

Visual inspection of joints

E.1 General

This annex should be applied to all circumferential welds, branch and fillet welds. Visual
inspection of joints should be performed in accordance with EN 970:1997.

Requirements are based on acceptance criteria as laid down in Annex G.

E.2 Recommandations

In addition to the requirements of 8.4 of EN 970:1997, it should be verified that the face angle
between the parent metal and the weld metal is greater than 120  (see Figure E.1). In the case of
circumferential welds, undercuts (with reference to Table G.1 or Table G.2,) should be
permitted provided these have a smooth transition to the parent metal.

Figure E.1: Face angle between parent metal and weld metal
Page 35
EN 12732:2000

Annex F (informative)

Manual ultrasonic testing of weld joints for wall thicknesses between approximately 6 mm and
10 mm

F.1 General

Testing details for wall thicknesses between approximately 6 mm and 10 mm are specified to
ensure a precise distinction between geometric and defect echoes on the screen, where testing is
carried out within the 50 mm test range measured within the shortened projection distance.
Assessment of echo levels compared with circular disc reflectors as calibration values in this
wall thickness range is possible only to a limited degree because the test takes place in the
near field of the sound field.

For this purpose, the following equipment is to apply:

- Miniatu
Miniature
re angle
angledd test
test heads
heads with
with 4 MHz
MHz nomin
nominal
al frequ
frequenc
ency,
y, a beam
beam angle
angle of
of 70 and a fixed
installed measuring staff.

- Calibr
Calibrati
ation
on block
block with
with groov
groovee and edges
edges in acco
accorda
rdance
nce with
with Figur
Figuree F.1a.
F.1a. The thic
thicknes
knesss
shall not deviate from the nominal wall thickness of the pipeline to be measured by more
than 10 %.

- Calibr
Calibrati
ation
on block
block with
with bored
bored hole
hole in accor
accordan
dance
ce with
with Figur
Figuree F.2a.
F.2a. The
The block
block shall
shall be made
made
from flat steel complying with EN 10025:1994, e.g. S 355 N, and shall have a minimum
cross-section of 36 mm x 20 mm and a minimum length of 140 mm.

Calibration of the ultrasonic tester and setting of the test sensitivity shall be carried out in
accordance with F.2.

F.2 Calibration

F.2.
F.2.1
1 Adju
Adjust
stme
ment
nt of
of spac
spacin
ing
g

The calibration of the ultrasonic tester shall be carried out in the shortened projection
distance, actually in the 50 mm test range. The use of calibration block no. 2 according to
EN 27963:1992 is to be preferred.

Using a calibration block as shown in Figure F.1a, a groove at spacing a1 (pos. 1) and a groove at
spacing
spacing a2 (pos. 2) or an edge
edge at spacing a3 (pos. 3) should
should each be scanned
scanned and the correspondi
corresponding
ng
echo base points set to the shortened projection spacings shown in Figure F.1b belonging to the
spacings
spacings a1 and a2 , or a3 , as applicable.
applicable. By this the
the echoes
echoes should be
be set to at
at least 80
80 % of
screen height.

F.2.2 Sensitivit
Sensitivity
y adjustment
adjustment when
when using
using the Distan
Distance
ce Gain
Gain Size metho
method
d

The shape and location of the sloping curve (reference line) for a circular disc reflector of
1 mm diameter is shown in the Distance Gain Size diagram for the test head. The shape and location
shall be specified by the test supervisory body, taking into account the respective acoustic
attenuation and transferred to the screen using a waterproof colour pen.

The test sensitivity will be determined on the basis of a cylindrical bored hole in the
calibration block as shown in Figure F.2a. The echo signal of the cylindrical bored hole will be
modulated to the level of the sloping curve using a dB amplification controller as shown in
Figure F.2b.

The amplification must then be increased by 8 dB. This amplification takes account of the
difference in sensitivity between the signal from a circular disc reflector of 1 mm diameter and
the signal from a cylindrical bored hole of 2 mm diameter with the same acoustic path.
Page 36
EN 12732:2000

NOTE: After the echo signal from the 2 mm cylindrical bored hole has been increased by 8 dB,
the sloping curve for the wall thickness range from 10 mm to 12 mm will correspond to a
circular disc reflector of 1 mm diameter (calibration standard). For the wall thickness
range from approximately 6 mm to 10 mm, the sloping curve will correspond only approximately
to a circular disc reflector of 1 mm diameter.

To summarize, the following dB additions apply for setting the required test sensitivity:
2 mm cylindrical bored hole in the calibration block set to the level
of the sloping curve x dB

increase in amplification + 8 dB

transfer correction + dB

test sensitivity = dB

The additional amplification of 8 dB only applies when a miniature angled test head with a
nominal angle of 70 and a nominal frequency of 4 MHz is used.
Miniature angled test heads with nominal beam angles other than 70 (e.g. 80) or ominal
frequencies other than 4 MHz (e.g. 2 MHz) are also usable. But in these cases the sloping curve,
the sensitivity adjustment and the increase in amplification has to be specified by the test
supervisory body.

Figu
Figure
re F.1
F.1a:
a: Cali
Calibr
brat
atio
ion
n block
block wit
with
h rect
rectan
angu
gula
larr groo
groove
ves
s and edge (All dimensions are in mm)
and edge

Figure F.1b:Screen display for adjustment


Page 37
EN 12732:2000

Figure F.2a: Calibration block cylindrical boring (All dimensions are


block with cylindrical
in mm)

Figure F.2b:Screen display for adjustment of test sensitivity


Page 38
EN 12732:2000

Annex G (informative)

Acceptance criteria recommendations for on-site production welds

G.1
G.1 Acce
Accept
ptan
ance
ce crit
criter
eria
ia ac
acco
cord
rdin
ing
g to EN 25
2581
817:
7:19
1992
92

Table G.1: Acceptance criteria according to EN 25817:1992

Quality requirement
Assessment category to
ca
cattegor
egory
y in ac
acco
cord
rdan
ance
ce Typ
Type/
e/p
posit
ositio
ion
n of
of the
the weld
weld join
jointt
EN 25817:1992
with Table 1

A+B Assessment category D


Circumferential welds except:
Serial nos. 2,3,4,5,6 = C

Serial no. 8
Branches, nozzles, fillet welds Long imperfections = C
Short imperfections = D

Serial no. 11
Longitudinal seams h  0,1 x T , but not more than
1,5 mm and a length of 50 mm

Unconcealed pipe spans; pipelines


on bridges, pipeline sections
crossing railways, major roads and
motorways, navigable waterways or
landing strips/runways

C Assessment category C
Circumferential welds except:
Serial nos. 12,13,14,15 = D

Serial no. 8
Branches, nozzles, fillet welds Long imperfections = C
Short imperfections = D

Serial no. 11
Longitudinal seams h  0,1 x T , but not more than
1,5 mm and a length of 50 mm

Welds seams not included in the


pressure test

Unco
nconcea
ncealled pipe
ipe spa
spanns; pip
pipeelin
lines Same req
requuire
irements
nts as
as giv
giveen
on bridges, pipeline sections in quality requirement
crossing railways, major roads and category D
motorways, navigable waterways or
landing strips/runways

Continued
Page 39
EN 12732:2000

Table G.1 (continued): Acceptance criteria according to EN  25817:1992

Quality requirement
Assessment category to
category in ac
acc
cordanc
ance Type
Type/p
/pos
osit
itio
ion
n of the
the wel
weld
d joi
joint
nt
EN 25817:1992
with Table 1
D Assessment category B except:
Serial no. 8
Long imperfections = C
Short imperfections = D
Circumferential welds Serial nos. 3,9,12 = C
Serial no. 21 (see note 1) = C
Serial nos. 24,25 not permitted
Serial no. 11
Branches, nozzles, fillet welds h  0,1 x T , but not more than
1,5 mm and a length of 50 mm
For crater pipes
(EN 26520:1991;
ref.no. 2024)
Same imperfections are
acceptable as serial
no. 5 = B
Longitudinal seams, sweepolets
Serial no. 16
Long imperfections = B
Short imperfections = C

Serial no. 17

weld joints not included in the


pressure test

Imperfection with:
l  10 mm
b  4 mm
If pipelines/units are laid/installed in h  4 mm
built-up areas acceptable

Serial no. 18 (see note 2)


Unco
Unconcncea
eale
ledd pip
pipee spa
spans
ns;; pip
pipel
elin
ines
es on Seri
Serial
al no.
no. 26
26 (se
(seee not
notee 3)
3)
bridges, pipeline sections crossing
railways, major roads and motorways,
navigable waterways or landing
strips/runways
NOTE 1: Internal concavity of any length is acceptable, provided the density of radiographic image of the
internal concavity does not exceed the density of the thinnest adjacent base metal. If it does exceed this, the
length is limited to 10 mm in any 300 mm of continuous weld or the total weld length, whichever is less. Serial
no. 21 includes burn-through.
NOTE
NOTE 2: Permitt
Permitted
ed misalign
misalignmen
mentt of surfaces
surfaces::
Wall thickness (T ) Permissible external Permissible internal
misalign
ignment misalign
ignment
T  10
 10 mm 0,3 x T  1 mm on entire circumference
10 mm < T  24
 24 mm 3,0 mm 2 mm over length DN
T  >
 > 24 mm 0,125 x T  2,5 mm over length 1/3 DN
NOTE 3: Accumulated length of all imperfections in each 300 mm of continuous weld shall not exceed
50 mm.
Concluded
Page 40
EN 12732:2000

G.2
G.2 Summ
Summar
ary
yooff req
requi
uirem
remen
ents
ts for
for def
defect
ect acc
accep
epta
tanc
nce
e lleve
evels
ls and
and def
defec
ectt lim
limit
its
s

The EPRG guidelines on the assessment of defects in transmission pipeline girth welds are based on
literature reviews, an extensive laboratory test programme, published experimental data and
accepted fitness for purpose methodologies. The guidelines are structured in three tiers and
specify defect acceptance levels in Tier 1 (good workmanship) and defect limits in Tiers 2 and 3
(fitness-for-purpose). The application of current welding standards can lead to quite different
defect limits. but the EPRG guidelines provide uniform acceptance levels and defect limits, with a
comprehensive technical justification [1].

[1] Gerhard
Gerhard Knauf
Knauf and
and Phil
Phil Hopkin
Hopkins:
s: The
The EPRG
EPRG guidel
guidelines
ines on the
the assess
assessment
ment of defec
defects
ts in
transmission pipeline girth welds, 3R international, 35 (1996), Journal number 10/11,
October/November, 1996, pp. 620-624

EPRG
EUROPEAN PIPELINE RESEARCH GROUP

a co-operation of European gas transmission and pipe manufacturing companies

Address:
Mannesmannröhren-Werke AG
Mannesmann Forschungsinstitut
Ehinger Straße 200, D-47259 Duisburg
Postfach 25 11 60, D-47251 Duisburg

MEMBERSHIP OF THE EUROPEAN


PIPELINE RESEARCH GROUP (EPRG)

BP International Limited, UK
BG plc, UK
British Steel plc, UK
S.A. Distrigaz, Belgium
Europipe GmbH, Germany
Gaz de France, France
ILVA/Lamiere e Tubi S.r.I., Italy
Mannesmannröhren-Werke AG, Germany
N.V. Nederlandse Gasunie, The Netherlands
Preussag Stahl AG, Germany
Rautaruukki Oy, Finland
Ruhrgas AG/PLE GmbH, Germany
Shell Internationale Petroleum Maatschappij B.V., The Netherlands
S.N.A.M. S.p.A., Italy
Page 42
EN 12732:2000

Table G.2.2: Summary of defect acceptance levels (Tier 1) and defect limits (Tier 2 and Tier 3)

T i er 1 T i er 2 T i er 3
Type of defect
Acceptance criteria Limit criteria Limit criteria

Exte
Extern
rnal
al profi
rofile
le Exce
Excess
ss weld
weld meta
metall shou
should
ld be unif
unifor
orm
m and
and not
not more
more than
than 3 mm in heig
eight.
ht. It
should merge smoothly with the parent metal and not extend beyond the
original joint preparation by more than 3 mm each side. No area should have
the weld face lower than the adjacent pipe surface.

Interna
rnal pr
profile The ro
root be
bead or
or an
any c
co
oncavi
avity s
sh
hould me
merge
rge ssm
moothly iin
nto th
the a
ad
djace
acent
surface but at no point should the w eld be thinner than the pipe thickness.

Root concavity - Length 25 % of weld circumference

- Depth 1,5 mm or 0,1 x T  (if


 (if less)

Undercut (cap) - Length 50 mm 7 x T 

- Total 50 mm in 300 mm or 15 % of 7 x T  in


 in any 300 mm Figure G.1
circumference (if less)

- Depth 1 mm or 0,1 x T  (i


 (if less) Assumed to be < 3 mm

Undercut (root) - Length 25 mm 7 x T 


Figure G.1
 - Total 25 mm in 300 mm or 8 % of 7 x T  in
 in any 300 mm
circumference (if less)

- Depth 1 mm or 0,1 x T  (i


 (if less) Assumed to be < 3 mm

Inadequate - Length 25 mm 7 x T 
root
penetration Figure G.1
- Total 25 mm in 300 mm or 8 % of 7 x T  in
 in any 300 mm
circumference (if less)

Incomplete - Length 25 mm 7 x T 
(lack of)
root fusion Figure G.1
- Total 25 mm in 300 mm or 8 % of 7 x T  in
 in any 300 mm
circumference (if less)

Incomplete - Length 25 mm 7 x T 
(lack of) cap
fusion Figure G.1
- Total 25 mm in 300 mm or 8 % of 7 x T  in
 in any 300 mm
circumference (if less)

Incomplete - Length 50 mm 7 x T 
fusion
due to cold lap Figure G.1
- Total 50 mm in 300 mm or 15 % of 7 x T  in
 in any 300 mm
circumference (if less)

Lack of - Length 50 mm 7 x T 
sidewall fusion
Figure G.1
- Total 50 mm in 300 mm or 15 % of 7 x T  in
 in any 300 mm
circumference (if less)

Lack of - Length 50 mm 7 x T 
inter-run
fusion Figure G.1
- Total 50 mm in 300 mm or 15 % 7 x T  in
 in any 300 mm
of circumference (if less)
Continued
Page 43
EN 12732:2000

Table G.2.2 (continued): Summary of defect acceptance levels (Tier 1) and defect limits (Tier 2 and Tier 3)

Tier 1 Tier 2 T i er 3
Type of defect
Acceptance criteria Limit criteria Limit criteria

Cracks Not allowed

Crater cracks 4 mm

Burn-through 6 mm
- Individual

- Total 2 per 300 mm

Porosity, - Individual 3 mm or 0,25 x T  (if


 (if less)
T  <
 < 10 mm

- Tot
Total
al When
When proje
roject
cted
ed radi
radial
ally
ly throu
hrough
gh the
the wel
weld,
d, not
not
to exceed a total area of 2 % of the projected
weld area in the radiograph, calculated by
multiplying the length of the weld affected by
porosity, with a minimum of 150 mm, by the Figure G.1
maximum width of the weld.

Porosity, - Individual 6 mm or 0,25 x T  (if


 (if
T  10 mm less)

- Total as for T  <


 < 10 mm 5 % of projected
area on
radiograph

Hollow bead, -Individual 50 mm


T  <
 < 10 mm

- Total 50 mm in 300 mm or 15 % of circumference (if


less)

Hollow bead, - Length 6 mm or 0,25 x T  (if


 (if Figure G.1
T  >
 > 10 mm less)

- Total as for T < 10 mm 5 % of projected


area on
radiograph

Slag, - Length 50 mm
T  <
 < 10 mm

- Total 50 mm in 300 mm or 15 % of circumference


(if less) Figure G.1

Slag, - Length 40 % of
T  10 mm circumference
- Total as for T  <
 < 10 mm

- Width 3 mm

Inclusions, - Total 12 mm in 300 mm and 4 in 300 mm Figure G.1


T  <
 < 10 mm

- Width 3 mm or 0,5 x T  (if


 (if less)

Inclusions, - Total 40 % of Figure G.1


T  10 mm as for T  <
 < 10 mm circumference

- Width 3 mm

Defect ac
accumulation, 100 mm in 300 mm or 15 % of pi pipe ci
circumference Figure G.
G.1
T  <
  < 10 mm (if less), excluding porosity

(Root concavity is not included in accumulation calculations, unless it


causes
the weld thickness to be less than that of the pipe.)
continued
Page 44
EN 12732:2000

Table G.2.2 (concluded): Summary of defect acceptance levels (Tier 1)


and defect limits (Tier 2 and Tier 3)

T i er 1 T i er 2 T i er 3
Type of defect
Acceptance criteria Limit criteria Limit criteria

Defect interaction, Inherent in defect accumulation criteria If a planar, slag or


T  <
 < 10 mm porosity defect is
separated from a planar
defect by a distance
smaller than the length
of the shorter of the
two defects, then
recategorize as a
single planar defect of
length equal to the two
individual lengths +
separation. Figure G.1
gives limits for
interacting planar
defects.

Defect ac
accumulation, 100 mm
mm inin 30
300 mm
mm or
or The la
larger of
of 7 x T  in
 in
T  >
 > 10 mm 15 % of pipe any 300 mm or 100 mm in
circumference (if any 300 mm, excluding
less), excluding porosity. Slag is not
porosity. included in the
accumulation
calculation, provided
pipe material strength
450 N/mm2. Figure G.1

Accumulation of planar
defects shall be 15 %
of circumference.
Accumulation of planar
and non-planar defects
shall be 40 % of
circumference.

(Root concavity is not included in accumulation calculations, unless it


causes
the weld thickness to be le ss than that of the pipe.)

Defect interaction, Inherent in defect If a planar, slag or po


porosity defect is se
separated
T  10 mm accumulation criteria. from a planar defect by a distance smaller than
the length of the shorter of the two defects,
then recategorize as a single planar defect of
length equal to the two individual lengths +
separation.

The recategorized Figure G.1 gives limits


plan
planar
ar defe
defect
ct shou
should
ld for inte
intera
ract
ctin
ing
g pla
plana
narr
have
have the
the sa
same
me iden
identi
tity
ty defe
defect
cts.
s.
as the planar defect.
Concluded
Page 45
EN 12732:2000

Figure
G.1:Girth weld defects limits for Tier 3 (Wall thickness in mm)

G.3
G.3 Meth
Method
od and
and a
acce
ccept
ptan
ance
ce crit
criteri
eria
a for
for ultr
ultras
ason
onic
ic insp
inspec
ecti
tion
on asses
assessm
smen
entt

G.3.1 Distance Gain Size method

The Distance Gain Size method should be used for the assessment of ultrasonic indications. The recording
limits given in Table G.3.1 are applicable. Indications of defect reflections which exceed the results in
Table G.3.2 are inadmissible.

G.3.
G.3.2
2 Com
Compara
parattive
ive Ele
Eleme
men
nt met
metho
hod
d

When using the Comparative Element method, the test sensitivity after inclusion of the comparative line on
a 3 mm cross hole shall be increased by 6 dB. Assessment shall be in accordance with Table G .3.2.

G . 3. 3 General

Adjacent fault reflections at the same depth shall be separated by at least the length of the largest
individual fault reflection; if not, they should be considered as a continous fault reflection length.

The examination shall be performed in accordance with test rate 2 as given in EN 1714:1997. In critical
cases or to improve the assessment, the test rate should be increased or other additional test procedures
(e.g. radiographic examination) should be used.

Weld joints on materials which have a tendency to hydrogen-induced cracking shall be checked after the
post-welding diffusion of hydrogen, at the earliest 24 hours after the welding.
Page 46
EN 12732:2000

Table G.3.1: Recording of indications

Calibration standards and fault reflection lengths using the Distance Gain Size method

Calibration level - Sensitivity setting Fault reflection


circular disc amplitude below lengths
Wall thickness (T )
reflector calibration level to be recorded
mm
diameter by dB above this length
mm mm

6 < T   10
10 1 ,0 6 10

10 < T   15
15 1, 0 6 10

15 < T   20
20 1, 5 6 10

20 < T   40
40 2, 0 6 10

T  >
 > 40 3, 0 12 10

Table G.3.2: Assessment of indications using the Distance Gain Size method

Maximum allowable numbers and sizes of reflectors

Maximum allowable Echo level above


Number of indications
Wall thickness T  *
 * lengths of reflectors calibration level
per m of seam
in mm per echo** dB
mm

 6  T  10
 10 5 10   6
an d 2 20  6
10 < T  20
 20 10 10 6
an d 3 20 6
an d 1 10 12***

20 < T  40
 40 10 10   6
an d 4 25   6
an d 1 10  12***

40 < T  60
 60 10 10   6
an d 4 30   6
an d 1 10  12***

NOTES:

* If wall
wall thic
thickkness
nesses
es diff
differ
er,, the
the lowe
lowerr wal
walll thi
thiccknes
knesss sha
shallll be dec
decisiv
isive.
e.

** For
For con
confifirm
rmed
ed vol
volum
umee defe
defect
ctss (no
(nott in the
the vic
vicin
initityy of
of the
the sur
surfa
face
ce),
), faul
faultt leng
length
thss
exceeding the calibration levels by up to 6 dB can be allowed up to 1,5 times the allowable
length. Confirmation may take the form of a radiographic examination.

***
*** The
The acc
accept
eptabi
abilit
lityy of
of sing
single,
le, large
large defec
defects
ts shall
shall be conf
confirm
irmed
ed on the basis
basis of rand
random
om
samples, e.g. by means of radiographic examination.
Page 47
EN 12732:2000

Annex H (informative)

Recommendations for brazing and aluminothermic welding of anodic bonding leads

H.1 Joinin
Joining
g techni
technique
ques
s

Full details of the joining technique and associated equipment should be submitted to the pipeline
operator for approval prior to use and should conform to the manufacturer‘s reco mmendations.

H.2 Procedu
Procedure
re qualifica
qualificatio
tion
n

Prior to starting, the contractor should submit a preliminary welding procedure


procedure specification to the
pipeline operator for approval. The procedure should be qualified by making three consecutive test joints
in the presence of the pipeline operator on material to be used in production. The test material should be
selected by the pipeline operator to represent the upper quartile of the carbon equivalent range.

The electrical resistance of each joint should be measured and should not exceed 0,1 . The mechanical
strength of the joint should be tested by means of a sharp blow from a 1 kg hammer.

All three test joints should be sectioned and prepared for metallographic examination.
examination. The following tests
should be performed on the sections.

a) Copper penetration measurement


The depth of copper penetration below the surface of the pipe material should be measured
metallographically. The fusion line of the weld or braze should not be more than 1mm below the pipe
surface. Intergranular copper penetration of the pipe material should not exceed 0,5 mm beyond the
fusion line when a micro-section is examined at a magnification not exceeding x 50.

b) Hardness su
survey
Each section should be tested using a 10 kg load. A traverse should be made across the weld zone as shown
in Figure
Figure H.1 and should consist of at least six impressions; two in the heat-affected zone each side of
the weld/braze and one in the parent metal each side of the weld/braze. The hardness values should not
exceed 325
exceed 325 HV10, or they should be as specified by the pipeline operator.

Weld/braze metal Parent metal


surface

1 2 4 6
3 5

Weld heat-affected zone (visible after etching)


NOTE:Hardness impressions 2, 3, 4 and 5 should be entirely within
within the
heat-affected zone and located as close as possible to the fusion
boundary.

All dimensions are in millimetres

Figure H.1:Recommended
H.1:Recommended locations for hardness traverses and impressions for brazing and aluminothermic
welding

H.3 Operation qualific ation

Prior to carrying out production work, each operator should complete three test joints which should pass
the tests for electrical conductivity
conductivity and mechanical strength (hammer test) required in H.2. All welding
and tests should be witnessed by the pipeline operator.
Page 48
EN 12732:2000

H.4 Production joints

The attachments should be located at least 150 mm from any seam or circumferential weld. The weld area
should be clean, dry and free from oil, grease, mill scale or other foreign matter. Preheating should be
applied as specified in the approved procedure.

All attachments should be tested for mechanical resistance strength (hammer test), followed by an
electrical continuity test, both as recommended in H.2.

Should any attachment prove to be defective, it should be carefully removed, ensuring that the parent
material thickness is not reduced below the specified tolerances. Rejoining should be carried out at a new
location on the pipe.
Page 49
EN 12732:2000

ANNEX I (informative)

Bibliography

EN 288-1
288-1:1
:1992
992 Spec
Specififica
icatio
tionn and appro
approva
vall of weldi
welding
ng proc
procedu
edure
ress for
for metall
metallic
ic mate
materia
rials
ls -
Part 1: General rules for fusion welding

EN 444:
444:19
1994
94 Non-
Non-de
deststru
ruct
ctiv
ivee tes
testiting
ng - Gen
Gener
eral
al prin
princi
cipl
ples
es for
for the
the radi
radiog
ogra
raph
phic
ic exam
examin
inat
atio
ionn of
of
metallic materials using X-rays and gamma-rays

EN 462-1
462-1:1
:199
9944 Non-
Non-de
dest
stru
ruct
ctiv
ivee tes
testin
tingg - Imag
Imagee qual
quality
ity of radio
radiogr
graph
aphss - Part
Part 1: Image
Image quali
quality
ty
indicators (wire type) - Determination of image quality values

EN 462-2
462-2:1
:1994
994 Non-
Non-de
dest
stru
ruct
ctiv
ivee tes
testin
tingg - Image
Image quali
quality
ty of radio
radiogr
graph
aphss - Part
Part 2: Image
Image quali
quality
ty
indicators (step/hole type) - Determination of image quality value

EN 1712
1712:1
:199
9955 Non-
Non-de
dest
stru
ruct
ctiv
ivee exam
examin
inat
atio
ionn of wel
welds
ds - Acce
Accept
ptan
ance
ce cri
crite
teri
riaa for
for ultr
ultras
ason
onic
ic
examination of welded joints

EN 10025:
10025:19
1994
94 Hot rolle
rolledd prod
produc
ucts
ts of non
non-a
-allo
lloyy str
struc
uctur
tural
al ste
steels
els;; tec
techni
hnica
call deliv
deliver
eryy cond
conditi
ition
onss
(includes amendment A1: 1993)

EN ISO
ISO 6947:
6947:1997
1997 Welds
Welds - Workin
Workingg positio
positions,
ns, defin
definitio
itions
ns of
of angles
angles of slope
slope and
and rotati
rotation
on
UNI
Ente Nazionale Italiano La pubblicazione della presente norma avviene con la partecipazione volontaria dei Soci,
di Unificazione dell’Industria e dei Ministeri.
Via Battistotti Sassi, 11B Riproduzione vietata - Legge 22 aprile 1941 Nº 633 e successivi aggiornamenti.
20133 Milano, Italia

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