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Elliptical Marquee

The Elliptical Marquee Tool creates elliptical selections:


To create a selection In the Toolbox, select the Elliptical Marquee Tool; click on the image and drag (holding mouse's left button pressed) While New selection option choosen on the Options bar you delete the existing selection by creating a new selection. To add an ellipse to existing selection you have either to choose Add to selection option on the Options bar or to press (and hold) [Shift] key while selecting. To subtract an ellipse from existing selection you have either to choose Subtract from selection option on the Options bar or to press [Alt] key while selecting. To intersect an ellipse with existing selection you have either to choose Intersect with selection option on the Options bar or to press [Shift+Alt] keys while selecting. To create an elliptical selection with predefined proportions choose Fixed Aspect Ratio style on the Options bar and set Width and Height values. While creating new selection you can constrain proportions to 1:1 (ie. create round selection) by pressing [Shift] key while selecting. To create an elliptical selection with predefined size choose Fixed Size style on the Options bar and set Width and Height values. While New selection option is chosen and the point of cursor is within selected area the tool looks like this and can move selection (ie. borders of selected area and not image content). While New selection option is chosen you can also move selection using keyboard cursor keys.

Rectangular Marquee Tool


The Rectangular Marquee Tool creates rectangular selections:
1. In the Toolbox, select the Rectangular

Tool 2. Drag it on your image holding down the left mouse button. 3. While the New selection option is chosen on the Options bar, you delete the existing selection by making a new selection. 4. To add an area to the existing selection you have either to choose the Add to selection option on the Options bar or to hold down [Shift] key while selecting. 5. To subtract an area from the existing selection you have either to choose the Subtract from selection mode on the Options bar or to hold down [Alt] key while selecting. 6. To intersect an area with the existing selection you have either to choose the Intersect with selection option on the Options bar or to hold [Shift+Alt] keys while selecting. 7. To create a selection with the predefined proportions choose the Fixed Aspect Ratio style on the Options bar and set Width and Height values.

8. While creating a new selection you can constrain proportions to 1:1 (ie. create a square selection) by holding down [Shift] key while selecting. 9. To create a selection with the predefined size choose the Fixed Size style on the Options bar and set Width and Height values. 10. While the New selection option is chosen and the cursor is within the selected area the tool looks like this and can move the selection (ie. borders of the selected area and not the image content). You can also move the selection using the keyboard keys.

Single Row Marquee Tool


The Single Row Marquee Tool creates one pixel high and all image wide row selections:

To select a row In the Toolbox, select the Single Row Marquee Tool and click on the image. While New selection option choosen on the Options bar by creating new selection you delete existing selection. To add a row to existing selection you have either to choose Add to selection option on the Options bar or to press (and hold) [Shift] key while selecting. To subtract a row from existing selection you have either to choose Subtract from selection option on the Options bar or to press [Alt] key while selecting. Like with other selecting tools you can intersect new row with existing selection (either by choosing Intersect with selection option on the Options bar or by pressing [Shift+Alt] keys while selecting. However the result will be the new selection. While New selection option is chosen and the point of cursor is within selected area the tool looks like this and can move selection (ie. borders of selected area and not image content). While New selection option is chosen you can also move selection using keyboard cursor keys.

Single Column Marquee Tool


Single Column Marquee Tool creates one pixel wide and all image high column selections:

To select a row In the Toolbox, select the Single Column Marquee Tool and click on the image. While New selection option choosen on the Options bar by creating new selection you delete existing selection. To add a column to existing selection you have either to choose Add to selection option on the Options bar or to press (and hold) [Shift] key while selecting.

To subtract a column from existing selection you have either to choose Subtract from selection option on the Options bar or to press [Alt] key while selecting. Like with other selecting tools you can intersect new column with existing selection (either by choosing Intersect with selection option on the Options bar or by pressing [Shift+Alt] keys while selecting. However the result will be the new selection. While New selection option is chosen and the point of cursor is within selected area the tool looks like this and can move selection (ie. borders of selected area and not image content). While New selection option is chosen you can also move selection using keyboard cursor keys.

Move Tool
The Move Tool moves/duplicates a selected image area or layer.

In the Toolbox, select the Move Tool To move a layer* while no image area is selected, hold down the left mouse button, drag and drop it (release the button). To move a layer while some image area is selected*, put the Move Tool outside the selection, then drag and drop. To move a selected area put the Move Tool inside the selection, then drag and drop. While the Move Tool is active, you can precisely move the selected area or layer (if none is selected) using the keyboard cursor keys. To constrain movement (to move an object strictly horizontally or vertically) hold down [Shift] key while moving. To duplicate a layer drag it with the Move Tool holding down [Alt] key. To duplicate a selected area click on it with the Move Tool and drag it holding down [Alt] key. After you've moved / duplicated the selection, the Move Tool moves / duplicates the selected area (not the entire layer), no matter where the cursor is (movie). Right-click click with the Move Tool on the image; there appears a list of all layers that are not empty in this spot. Click on a layer name to select it.

Lasso Tool
The Lasso Tool creates freehand selections:

To select an area In the Toolbox, select the Lasso Tool, click on the image and draw a contour holding mouse's button pressed*(or simply draw if you use sylus). To close the contour just release button if you draw with mouse or uplift stylus. While New selection option choosen on the Options bar by creating new selection you delete existing one. To add an area to existing selection you have either to choose Add to selection option on the Options bar or to press (and hold) [Shift] key while selecting.

To subtract an area from existing selection you have either to choose Subtract from selection option on the Options bar or to press [Alt] key while selecting. To intersect new selection with existing one either choose Intersect with selection option on the Options bar or press [Shift+Alt] keys while selecting. While New selection option is chosen and the point of cursor is within selected area the tool looks like this and can move selection (ie. borders of selected area and not image content). While New selection option is chosen you can also move selection using keyboard cursor keys.

Polygonal Lasso Tool


The Polygonal Lasso Tool creates polygonal selections: 1. In the Toolbox, select the Polygonal Lasso Tool. 2. Click on your image to set the first anchor point; then create a contour by adding anchors (clicking) in the key points. 3. When you come near the first anchor points it looks like this . Click to close the contour. 4. You can also double-click to close the contour at anytime and any point. 5. While the New selection option is chosen on the Options bar, you delete the existing selection by making a new selection. 6. To add an area to the existing selection you have either to choose the Add to selection mode on the Options bar or to hold down [Shift] key while selecting. 7. To subtract an area from existing selection you have either to choose the Subtract from selection option on the Options bar or to hold down [Alt] key while selecting. 8. To intersect a new selection with the existing selection, either choose the Intersect with selection mode on the Options bar or by holding [Shift+Alt] keys while selecting. 9. While the New selection option is chosen and the cursor is within the selected area the tool looks like this and can move the selection (ie. borders of the selected area and not the image content). 10. You can also move selection by using the keyboard cursor keys.

Magnetic Lasso Tool


The Magnetic Lasso Tool creates selections, automatically clinging to edges of contrast objects:

In the Toolbox, select the Magnetic Lasso Tool. Choose the tool's options: o Width defines the range, where the tool detects edges. o Edge Contrast defines tool's sensitivity o Frequency defines how often the tool sets anchor points. Click on the image to set the first anchor point. Draw with Magnetic Lasso to outline the object. The tool automatically creates fstening points (anchors) clinging to object's edges. To force a fastening point (to set an anchor manually) click at a key point. When you come near the first anchor points it looks like this . Click to close the contour. You can also double-click to close contour at anytime and any point. While New selection option chosen on the Options bar by creating new selection you delete existing one. To add an area to existing selection you have either to choose Add to selection option on the Options bar or to press (and hold) [Shift] key while selecting. To subtract an area from existing selection you have either to choose Subtract from selection option on the Options bar or to press [Alt] key while selecting. To intersect new selection with existing one either choose Intersect with selection option on the Options bar or press [Shift+Alt] keys while selecting. While New selection option is chosen and the point of cursor is within selected area the tool looks like this and can move selection (ie. borders of selected area and not image content). While New selection option is chosen you can also move selection using keyboard cursor keys.

Magic Wand Tool


The Magic Wand Tool selects similarly colored areas:
1. In the Toolbox, select the Magic Wand

Tool. 2. On the Options bar, set the tool's options: o Tolerance defines the tools sensitivity. The higher value you set, the wider areas are selected. o Contiguous forces selecting similar colors only in the adjacent areas. o Anti-alised softens the selection edges. It is set by default.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

9.

Use All Layers makes the Magic Wand to select likewise colored areas in all visible layers. Click on the image with the Magic Wand Tool to select an area. While the New selection operating mode is chosen on the Options bar, you delete the existing selection by making a new selection. To add an area to the existing selection you have either to choose the Add to selection option on the Options bar or to hold down [Shift] key while clicking. To subtract an area from the existing selection you have either to choose Subtract from selection option on the Options bar or to hold down [Alt] key while clicking. To intersect a new selection with the existing selection either choose the Intersect with selection option on the Options bar or hold [Shift+Alt] keys while selecting. While the New selection option is chosen and the cursor is within the selected area the tool looks like this and can move the selection (ie. borders of the selected area and not the image content). You can also move the selection using the keyboard cursor keys.
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Slice Tool
The Slice Tool cuts images to pieces for Web publications:
1. In the Toolbox, select the Slice

Tool. 2. Drag a rectangle holding down the mouse button. 3. If necessary, move and resize the currently active slice. To move a slice by just a few pixels, use the keyboard cursor keys. 4. To create a slice with the pre-defined proportions choose the Fixed Aspect Ratio style and set Width and Height values. 5. To create a slice with pre-defined size choose Fixed Size style and fill the Width and Height input fields. 6. To add a slice just drag another rectangle. 7. Right-click on a slice to open the tool's context menu. Through this menu you can access the commands available in Photoshop. 8. To access the rest of the slicing commands you have to switch to ImageReady [Shift+Ctrl+M].

Slice Select Tool


The Slice Select Tool selects, moves, and resizes slices:

In the Toolbox, select the Slice Select Tool and click on a slice to select it. You can move and resize with the Slice Select Tool bounding box of selected slice. To move a slice by a few pixels you can use keyboard cursor keys. Right-click on a slice to open the tool's context menu. Via this menu you can access commands available for slices in Photoshop. To access the rest of Slice commands you have to switch to ImageReady.

Crop Tool
The Crop Tool cuts out a defined area deleting or hiding the rest of an image:

In the Toolbox, select the Crop Tool, click on the image and draw a rectangle holding mouse's button pressed. When you release the button a bounding box appears. You can move, resize and rotate it. To move bounding box by a few pixels you can use keyboard cursor keys. While bounding box is active you can choose Hide or Delete option: Delete completely remove cut-off (shielded) parts of the image; Hide only hides them, so you can make them visible later on using Move Tool.. To apply crop you have either to press [Enter] key or right-click on the image and choose command Crop in context menu. To pre-define target image size fill Width, Height and Resolution fields on the Options bar. Units (cm or inch) have to be specified in the same fields; otherwise Photoshop sets it to px (pixels). Note that while bounding box is active the rest of Photoshop tools and commands are not available. You have either to apply [Enter] or to discard [Esc] crop to resume the work.

Healing Brush
To retouch using sampled pixels:
1. In the Toolbox, select the Healing Brush

Tool.

2. Set brush size and style. 3. On the Options bar, select the Sampled option. 4. Alt-click (click holding down [Alt] key) somewhere on your image to define a sampling point. 5. Paint with the Healing Brush Tool on the damaged area. 6. The Aligned gadget on the Options bar (not selected by default) forces the starting point to follow your cursor, even after you complete a stroke, while leaving it off starts the sample point back to its original location at the start of each stroke. To retouch using a pattern: 7. On the Options bar, select the Pattern option. 8. Choose a pattern from the Pattern picker (movie). 9. Paint with the Healing Brush Tool on a damaged area.

Patch Tool
The Patch Tool retouches image using sampled pixels or pattern*. It works as a combination of the Healing Brush with the Lasso Tool: There are 2 methods to retouch using sampled pixels. Method 1:
1. 2. 3. 4. In the Toolbox, select the Patch Tool. Drag in (select) a damaged area with the Patch Tool**(exactly like with Lasso Tool) On the Options bar, choose the Source mode. Drag the selection (cursor inside the selection) onto a repair-source area (movie).

Method 2:
5. Drag in a repair-source area with the Patch Tool*. 6. On the Options bar, choose the Destination mode. 7. Drag the selection (cursor inside of selection) onto a damaged area (movie).

To retouch with a pattern, use Method 3:


8. Drag in a damaged area with the Patch Tool*. 9. In the Pattern picker, choose a pattern (movie). 10. Click the Use Pattern button on the Options bar.

Brush Tool
Brush
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

is a freehand painting tool.

Open an image to your choice or create a new one. Activate the Brush Tool. In the Options bar, define brush tip size. Choose a color. Paint. In the Brush Preset picker, adjust the brush hardness - either increase it for sharp-edged strokes or soften it for gradual color transitions. 7. There are some more controls for the Brush Tool in the Options bar. For example, you can reduce the "Opacity" value. Now the Brush paints with transparent strokes allowing seeing the previous content.

Pencil Tool
Pencil

is a freehand painting tool. Unlike Brush, it can't have soft edges. In the Toolbox, select the Pencil Tool. Choose brush size and style*. Select color. Paint. on the Options bar, you can also define blending mode (on animation I choose Hue) and Opacity. Auto Erase option allows you to use the Pencil like Eraser Tool: o Select "Auto Erase" o When your stroke starts on area with foreground color (in the movie - cyan), the tool erases. o When your stroke starts on area with any other color the tool draws.

Clone Stamp Tool


The Clone Stamp Tool paints with a sampled pixels of an image. 1. 2. 3. 4. Open an image to your choice. From the Toolbox, choose the Clone Stamp Tool. In the Options bar, set the tool's tip size and hardness as we did it for the Brush Tool. Point the cursor at the image area you want to paint with, hold down [Alt] key, then mouse-click. You have just selected the source point for cloning. 5. Paint with the copied pixels. 6. The "Aligned" gadget in the Options bar (checked by default) forces the source point to follow your mouse, even after you complete a stroke. In other words, every new stroke continues the image started by the first stroke. 7. Deselecting the "Aligned" option starts the sample point back to its original location every time you release the mouse button. That is, every new stroke re-starts cloning your image from the source point.

Pattern Stamp Tool


In the Toolbox, select the Pattern Stamp Tool. Set brush size and hardness*. Define pattern. Paint. on the Options bar, define blending mode (in the movie, the author selects "Mutiply") and "Opacity".

The Aligned gadget on the Options bar (not selected by default) forces the starting point to follow your mouse, even after you complete a stroke, while leaving it off starts the starting point back to it's original location at the start of each stroke.

History Brush Tool


The History Brush Tool paints with a history state or snapshot.

In the Toolbox, select the History Brush Tool. Choose brush size and style*. In the History palette**, select a source history state or snapshot. Paint with the selected history state. On the Options bar you can also define
a. Airbrush

mode b. blending mode (in the movie I choose Dissolve) c. Opacity d. Flow (matters when the Airbrush mode is active

Art History Brush Tool


The Art History Brush

Tool creates artistic effects using defined history state:

In the Toolbox, select the Art History Brush Tool Choose brush size and style. Set in History palette source history state or snapshot. Paint. on the Options bar you can define also blending mode, opacity and style, area and tolerance

Eraser Tool
The Eraser

Tool clears the current layer content.

In the Toolbox, select the Eraser Tool. Choose brush size and style*. Erase. On the Options bar, you may also define the erasing mode, opacity, and flow. The Erase to History option allows us to use the Eraser as the History Brush

Tool

Background Eraser Tool


The Background Eraser Tool clears content of background layer to transparency:

In the Toolbox, select the Background Eraser Tool. Choose brush size and style*. Choose in Layers palette Background. Erase. The "Sampling" gadget in the Options bar allows to select one of three erasing modes: o "Continuous" (default method) allows to erase everything. o "Once" allows to erase only color you first click on. For example, if you start a stoke on a red area the tool erases only red pixels. o "Background Swatch" only allows erasing pixels that contain current background color. Tolerance gadget sets the tool's sensitivity. Limits defines range of the tool: all over image (Discontiguous), only adjacent areas (Contiguous) or only inside pixels (Find Edges). Protect Foreground Color option disallows erasing pixels that contain current foreground color.

Magic Eraser Tool


The Magic Eraser

Tool automatically clears continuously colored areas:

In the Toolbox, select the Magic Eraser Tool. Click on an area to erase. "Contiguous" checkbox on the Options bar (checked by default) limits the tool's range to adjacent areas only, while deselicting it allows to erase similar pixels all over image. In the Options bar, you can also set "Tolerance" (the tool's sesitivity) and stroke "Opacity". "Anti-alliased" option smooths edges of erased areas.

Paint Bucket Tool


The Paint Bucket Tool fills the continuously colored area with the forground color or pattern.

To fill with foreground color:


In the Toolbox, select the Paint Bucket Tool. Click on your image to fill the area. Use Tolerance field to adjust the tool's sensitivity. "Contiguous" option limits the tool's range to adjacent areas. in the Options bar you can also choose the blending mode and opacity.

To fill with pattern:


in the Options bar, choose Fill mode "Pattern". In the Pattern picker, choose a pattern sample. Click on your image to fill the area.

Gradient Tool

In the Toolbox, select the Gradient Tool. On the Options bar, choose gradient sample and style. Click on the image to define starting point, drag and release on ending point. In the Options bar, you can define also blending mode and opacity. Dither option (selected by default) creates smoother gradients.

Blur Tool
The Blur

Tool unfocuses image areas:

In the Toolbox, select the Blur Tool. Choose brush size and style. Set the tool's strength. Drag on the image. In the Options bar, you can also specify the effect's "Mode".

Sharpen Tool
The Sharpen

Tool focuses image areas:

In the Toolbox, select the Sharpen Tool. Choose brush size and style*. Set the tool's strength. Drag on the image. In the Options bar, you can also specify the effect's "Mode"

Smudge Tool
The Smudge

Tool spreads and mixes content of image areas:

In the Toolbox, select the Smudge Tool. Choose brush size and style. Set the tool's strength. Drag on the image. In the Options bar, you can also specify the effect's "Mode"

Dodge Tool
The Dodge

Tool lightens image areas:

In the Toolbox, select the Dodge Tool. Choose brush size and hardness. Set exposure (stroke strength). Drag on the image. In the Options bar, you can choose also the tool's range: Shadows, Midtones or Highlights.

Burn Tool
The Burn

Tool darkens image areas:

In the Toolbox, select the Burn Tool. Choose brush size and hardness. Set exposure (stroke strength). Drag on the image. on the Options bar you can choose also the tool's range: Shadows, Midtones or Highlights.

Sponge Tool
The Sponge

Tool saturates / desaturates image areas:

In the Toolbox, select the Sponge Tool. Choose brush size and style*. Select mode (what do you want - saturate or desaturate). Set the tool's Flow (tool's strength). Drag on the image.

Horizontal Type Tool


The Horizontal Type Tool creates and edits vector-based text in a separate layer.

In the Toolbox, select the Horizontal Type

Tool.

On the Options bar, set the font options: family (style), size, color and anti-aliasing method*. Click on your image and type. While you are typing, the cursor looks like this , so you can adjust the typed text position without changing the tool. While you are typing, most of the other Photoshop functions are not available. When finished, click on any tool in the Toolbox or on a layer in the Layers palette to apply the typing and return to the standard editing mode. To edit a previously typed text, select the proper text layer** in the Layers palette or just select the text with the Type Tool (the layer has to be selected automatically) and work like with a regular text editor.

Vertical Type Tool


The Vertical Type

Tool creates and edits vector-based text in a separate layer.

In the Toolbox, select the Vertical Type Tool. On the Options bar, set the font options: family (style), size, color and anti-aliasing method*. Click on your image and type. While you are typing, the cursor looks like this , so you can adjust the typed text position without changing the tool. While you are typing, most of the other Photoshop functions are not available. When finished, click on any tool in the Toolbox or on a layer in the Layers palette to apply the typing and return to the standard editing mode. To edit a previously typed text, select the proper text layer** in the Layers palette or just select the text with the Type Tool (the layer has to be selected automatically) and work like with a regular text editor.

Horizontal Type Mask Tool


The Horizontal Type Mask

Tool creates creates type-shaped selections.

In the Toolbox, select the Horizontal Type Mask Tool. Set on the Options bar font options: family (style), size and anti-aliasing method*. Click on the image; Photoshop automatically adds a kind of quick mask**. Type. While you are typing, the cursor looks like this , so you can adjust typed text position without changing the tool. When ready, select any other tool to return to standard editing mode. Now you can edit selected area.

Vertical Type Mask Tool


The Vertical Type Mask

Tool creates creates type-shaped selections.

In the Toolbox, select the Vertical Type Mask Tool. Set on the Options bar font options: family (style), size and anti-aliasing method*. Click on the image; Photoshop automatically adds a kind of quick mask**. Type. While you are typing, the cursor looks like this , so you can adjust typed text position without changing the tool. When ready, select any other tool to return to standard editing mode. Now you can edit selected area.