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# &C&"Arial,Bold"&16 Retaining Wall Design to AS5100.

Title Description

## Design of T-cantilever retaining walls to AS5100.3

Revisions
Date By 10/6/2010 KF 3/17/2011 KF 3/17/2011 KF Checked KF NK Description Created Revised to include water over soil behind Structure load effects calcs modified for water over

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5100.3

er over

Rev A B

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## &C&"Arial,Bold"&16 Retaining Wall Design to AS5100.3

General This Excel sheet is based on Craigs Soil Mechanics p187 and AS5100.3. Please read these documents before using the sheet.

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## &C&"Arial,Bold"&16 Retaining Wall Design to AS5100.3

Inputs Calculations h soil (m) 3.9 h soil-w 3.9 h wall (m) 3.9 a+b+c 3 w (m) 0 Include rqt for over excavation? yes t (m) 0.4 hp 0.4 (Depth for passive resistance) a (m) 0 h submerged soil 0 b (m) 0.4 c (m) 2.6 ht (m) 0.5 NOTE: The shear key and soil in front of the retaining wall is ignored in the calculation of d (m) 0.4 overall stability. f (m) 2.6 g (m) 0.4 Surcharge (kN/m2) 2.5 Fv (kN) 0 FH (kN) 0 Eccentricity for FH (m) 0 Unit weight of concrete (kN/m3) 25.5 Unit wieght of water, w (kN/m3) 10 Retained Substrate soil sat (kN/m3) 19 19 soil above water table (kN/m3) 19 19 soil ' (deg) 30 0.52 30 0.52 Allow. bearing pressure (kN/m2) 200 base friction (deg) 30 0.52 Capacity for Overturning 0 Adhesion (kPa) - Applies for drained material ' active ' passive Include seepage? Soil Pressure co-efficients = = = Ka Kp 0.87 1 1 0.55 3 = = = 0.5 0.05 0.89 Capacity for Sliding 90 deg 27 deg 30 deg 30 deg 0 deg no = = = = = 1.57 0.47 0.52 0.52 0

5 4 3 2 1

-1 1 2 2 3 3 4

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## &C&"Arial,Bold"&16 Retaining Wall Design to AS5100.3

Calculations Bearing Include overburden A? Include Fv? Include weight of soil on toe? Total Vertical Load (kN) Total Moment (kN) Centroid of reaction from toe (m) Eccentricity of reaction,e Lies in middle third? Max bearing pressure, qmax (kN/m2) Min bearing pressure, qmin (kN/m2) Bearing Legnth

Calculations (nominal loads and moments about toe) Force (kN/m) Item Max pressure (kPa) X Y LA (m) M (kNm/m) 1 40.5 78.98 1.3 102.68 2 40.5 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 5 1.37 5.33 1.95 10.39 Seepage, 6 0 0 2 0 Wieght of toe 0 0 0 Weight of stem -39.78 0.2 -7.96 Weight of heel -26.52 1.7 -45.08 Soil and wat on heel -172.9 1.7 -293.93 Weight of shear key -4.08 2.8 -11.42 Overburden on A 2.5 -6.5 1.7 -11.05 Vertical Load 0 0.2 0 Horizontal Load 0 3.9 0 Passive, 7 -22.8 -4.56 Weight of soil on toe 1.9 0 0 0

Capacity for Overturning Strength reduction factor, g Include overburden A? no Include Fv in stabilising moment?no Include wieght of soil on toe? yes 0.55 [AS5100.3, Table 13.3.1]

## 113.07 197.12 CAPACITY FOR OVERTURNING SUFFICIENT

Capacity for Sliding Strength reduction factor, g Include overburden A? Include Fv in friction capacity? Include weight of soil on toe? 0.6 [AS5100.3, Table 13.3.1] no no yes 243.28 30 0.58 140.46 0 4.56 84.31 87.01 CAPACITY FOR SLIDING SUFFICIENT

Total Vertical Forces on base (kN/m) Assumed angle of interface friction (deg) Friction Coefficient Nom. Resistance from base friction (kN) Adhesion on base (kN) Nominal passive resistance Design actions, 1.0 x Se (kN/m) Resisting Force, g x Rug (kN/m)

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## &C&"Arial,Bold"&16 Retaining Wall Design to AS5100.3

Reinforcement Design Factor on soil loads for design Factor on horizontal load at top for design Height of wall over base Depth of soil over base (m) Depth of water over base (m) Depth of soil over water over base (m) Depth of soil under water over base (m) Design loads at base of stem Item 1 2 3 4 5 Horizontal Load

## no yes no -243.28 -245.33 1.008 0.492 yes 160.82 1.36 3

Total Vertical Load (kN) Total Moment (kN) Centroid of reaction from toe (m) Eccentricity of reaction,e Lies in middle third? Max bearing pressure, qmax (kN/m2) Min bearing pressure, qmin (kN/m2) Bearing Legnth

BEARING PRESSURE OK

## Design loads on shear key

Note: Shear key is designed to take full passive pres used above. Passive P (kN/m2) Rect comp (kN/m) Tria comp (kN/m)

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## &C&"Arial,Bold"&16 Retaining Wall Design to AS5100.3

1.5 1.5 3.5 3.5 0 3.5 0

on soil loads for design on horizontal load at top for design of wall over base of soil over base (m) of water over base (m) of soil over water over base (m) of soil under water over base (m)

n loads at base of stem Max pressure (kPa) 36.35 36.35 0 0 1.37 X Force (kN/m) Y 63.61 0 0 0 4.78 0 LA (m) M (kNm/m) 1.17 74.21 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.75 8.37 3.5 0

## V* (kN/m) M*(kNm/m) Design loading at base of stem 102.59 123.87

n loads at joint of toe and heel with stem Soil press Overburd. Net (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) 160.82 10.2 150.62 Force= 160.82 10.2 150.62 LA = 139.56 1.36 0 84.3 84.3 84.3 55.26 Force= -82.94 LA = -84.3 Force= LA = Rect comp Tria comp 0 0 143.68 1.3 0 0 0 0 -179.66 1.73 0 0

## n loads on shear key

Shear key is designed to take full passive pressure. This may not be the actual force Top 28.5 11.4 4.56 Bottom 51.3 LA (m) LA (m) 0.2 0.27

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