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Knit and Crochet

rep: repeat
beg: beginning RH: right hand
CC: contrasting color rnd(s): round(s)
cn: cable needle RS: right side
cont: continue RT2 (Right Twist): Knit 2 stitches
dec: decrease together, leaving them on the left hand
dpn: double pointed needles needle, then knit the first stitch again
est: established slipping both stitches to the right hand
inc: increase needle.
K: knit SKP: slip 1, knit 1, pass slip stitch over
KSP: Knit 1, then slip stitch back to left sl: slip
hand needle, lift 2nd stitch on left hand SSK: Slip 2 stitches knitwise, insert point
needle back over returned stitch and of left hand needle through fronts of these
replace returned stitch on RH needle (1 2 stitches and knit 2 together.
stitch decreased). st(s): stitch(es)
K2SP: Knit 2 together, then slip stitch TBL: through back loop(s)
back to left hand needle, lift second stitch tog: together
on left hand needle back over returned WS: wrong side
stitch and replace returned stitch on right wyib: with yarn in back
hand needle (2 stitches decreased). wyif: with yarn in front
LH: left hand yo: yarn over
lp(s): loop(s) end on WS: end having just completed a
LT2 (Left Twist): Skip 1 stitch, knit Wrong Side row.
second stitch through back loop, then knit end on RS: end having just completed a
both stitches together through back loop Right Side row
MC: main color STOCKINETTE ST (St st): Knit 1 row,
M1k: Pick up horizontal strand between purl 1 row alternately when working on
stitch just worked and next stitch, place on straight needles. Knit EVERY round when
left hand needle, knit this stitch (1 stitch working on a circular needle.
increased). GARTER ST: Knit EVERY row when
M1p: Pick up horizontal strand between working on straight needles. Knit 1 round,
stitch just worked and next stitch, place on purl 1 round when working on a circular
left hand needle, purl this stitch (1 stitch needle.
increased).
p: purl Crochet
pat(s): pattern(s) bphdc (back post half double
pm: place marker crochet): Yarn over, insert hook from back
psso: pass slip stitch over knit stitch to front to back around post of half double
p2sso: pass 2 slip stitches over knit stitch crochet one row below, yarn over, draw up
rem: remaining a loop, yarn over, draw through all 3 loops
on hook (this is worked on even # or wrong hook (this is worked on odd # or right side
side rows) rows)
bptr (back post triple): Yarn over twice, fptr (front post triple): Yarn over twice,
inserthook from back to front around post insert hook from front to back around post
of stitch on previous row and pull up a of stitch on previous row and pull up a
loop, (yarn over and draw through 2 loops loop, (yarn over and draw through 2 loops
on hook) 3 times. on hook) 3 times.
hdc: half double crochet
ch: chain
hdctbl: Half double crochet worked in the
dc: double crochet
back loop
fphdc (front post half double crochet):
hdctfl: Half double crochet worked in the
Yarn over, insert hook from front to back
front loop
to front around post of half double crochet
sl st: slip stitch
one row below, yarn over, draw up a loop,
sp: space
yarn over, draw through all 3 loops on
tr: treble

GAUGE: In order to ensure correct finished measurements, accurate stitch and row gauges
must be achieved.

TO CHECK GAUGE: Cast on at least 20 stitches, using the yarn and needles specified in
the instructions. Work pattern for 3". Bind off all stitches. Using a ruler as a guide, count
the number of stitches and rows over 2". (Do not include selvage stitches or cast on and
bind off rows) Divide by 2. If this number is MORE than given in the instructions, try a size
larger needle and again check your gauge. If the number is LESS than given in the
instructions, try a size smaller and check your gauge. The needle size you use does not
matter as long as the stitch and row gauge is accurate.

BINDING OFF ACROSS CABLES: To decrease when binding off across the top of a
cable, knit 2 together then bind off this stitch - this counts as 2 stitches bound off. This is
done to keep the cable from flaring out on the bind-off row and helps keep the shoulders
and neck from stretching.

STEAM: Lay the piece Wrong Side down on a padded surface and cover with a pressing
cloth. Press lightly with a steam iron. Set iron down carefully, do not drag as this will
stretch piece. This method will allow you to manipulate fabric and achieve greater length or
width if desired. It will also set stitches and even out stitch quality for a more professional
look.

STEAM LIGHTLY: Lay the piece Wrong Side down on a padded surface and move steam
iron slowly back and forth 1" above piece. Do not allow iron to touch knitted fabric. Steam
will allow knitted fabric to blossom. Selvages and ribbings will lay flat. This method may
not allow you to block pieces larger or smaller.

TIPS FOR WORKING WITH LARGE NEEDLES:When working with large needles
and gauges, it is very important that you knit a swatch at least 6" square to check both stitch
and row gauge, then adjust needle size if necessary. You should also check gauges
periodically as you knit as they may vary. With large gauges, even a small discrepancy can
make a big difference in the size of your finished garment. When finishing, sew through 1/2
of each edge stitch to keep seams narrow. Seams may be sewn with thinner yarn in a
matching color, if desired, for a neater appearance.
Skill Levels for Knitting
EASY: Projects using basic stitches, repetitive stitch patterns, simple color changes, and
simple shaping and finishing. Can include items knit back and forth or in the round.
Projects named "My First" use knit and purl stitches only and have minimal shaping.
INTERMEDIATE: Projects with a variety of stitches, such as basic cables and lace,
simple fair isle, simple intarsia, double-pointed needles and shaping multiple edges at once
and with moderate level finishing.
EXPERIENCED: Projects using advanced techniques and stitches, such as short rows,
more intricate intarsia, complex cables, complex lace patterns, and numerous color changes.

Skill Levels for Crochet


EASY: Projects using yarn with basic stitches, repetitive stitch patterns, simple color
changes, and simple shaping and finishing.
INTERMEDIATE: Projects using a variety of techniques, such as basic lace patterns or
color patterns, mid-level shaping and finishing.
EXPERIENCED: Projects with intricate stitch patterns, techniques and dimension, such as
non-repeating patterns, multi-color techniques, fine threads, small hooks, detailed shaping
and refined finishing.