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Bearing Design Principles

PV Calculation

Calculate Sleeve Bearing PV Limit

Example: .750” Shaft @200rpm; As a guideline, a 20,000 PV limit is specified for the
85.0 lb. total load, bearing length .750” Fiber-LubeTM bearings. Test results conducted at
V = 0.262* x rpm x diameter 15,000 PV gave only 0.002” wear after 10 million
= 0.262 x 200 x .750 = 39.3 fpm cycles, ±25° oscillation run at 60 cpm and 343
P = total load / projected area (A)** pounds radial load. For special applications 50,000
A = .750(shaft) x .750 (bearing length) = .562 in2 PV is possible.
P = 85.0 lbs. / .562 in2 = 151.2 psi

PV (Pressure & Velocity) is the most common empirical tool to use when comparing and contrasting bearing
performance. "P" is related to pressure or pounds per square inch on the projected bearing area, while "V" is
velocity in feet per minute of the wear surface. Knowing the PV limit of a bearing, the designer can determine the
loads and surface running speeds under which a bearing can safely operate. Since heat generated by friction is
one of the major causes of degradation in liners, evaluation of the operating conditions of a fiberglass-reinforced,
composite journal bearing requires that you know the approximate temperature generated on or near the actual
wear surface. The temperature rise is also dependent on the running speed and is not a linear function of the
PV product.

Length Ratio
Optimum performance can be achieved by specifying a length to inside diameter ratio (L/ID) ranging from 0.5 to
2.0. Below an L/ID of 0.5, highly stressed areas at the bearing's corner may cause premature cracking. If the L/ID
ratio is higher than 2.0, a small shaft misalignment could cause cross-corning jamming. At this point, the unit's
radial and/or longitudinal stresses could exceed 30,000 PSI. However, bearings constructed with the proper L/ID
ratio can accept misalignment and shock loads without premature failure. 1-877-432-3627
Designing for Edge Loading
As with liner construction, in order to optimize a composite bearing's impact resistance, the bearing must
also take advantage of the performance drivers that are related to
the wind angle of the fiberglass backing. The fiberglass backing's
orientation off of the neutral axis is a significant driver in the finished
performance of the bearing itself. Most composite bearing companies
utilize winding equipment that produces bearings between a 40 and
55 degree wind angle. For most applications this is acceptable;
however, for applications where repeated high stress/strain is
of concern, the backing can be further optimized by positioning CONTINUOUS FIBERGLASS
the wind angle closer to a theoretical 90 degree wind angle. Our
manufacturer's equipment is all precisely computer controlled and as a result, wind angles can be modified to
accommodate higher impact resistance.

PACEOFINDUSTRY 1-877-432-3627
Load Capacity
Daemar's manufacturer has a proprietary process of fiberglass filament winding that results in exceptionally
strong structures that can support the bearing surface more than adequately. Loading in excess of 30,000 PSI
can be tolerated in many situations, provided
the design and the conditions of service are
fully outlined and analyzed by a Daemar
bearing specialist. Fatigue is not a limiting
factor in the use of Fiber-LubeTM bearings.
Frequent laboratory test have shown that the
bearing is often more fatigue-resistant than
the shaft.

Bearing Wear
During the initial break-in period of a Fiber-LubeTM bearing, a transfer film is created on the mating surface. In
some operations, as much as 0.001" of wear may occur during this period, while in other operations, break-in
wear may be negligible. For more detail on the
break-in period and the mechanism by which
each bearing achieves sufficient film transfer,
refer to the respective product inserts.

Test Conditions
Bearing: 1.5” Bore x 0.75” Wide
Wear Surface: 4140 Steel
5-8 Microinch Ra 50-55 Rc
WEAR (0.001”)

Test Conditions: 22,500 lbs

Radial Load (20,000 lbs)
50 Degree Oscillation Angle
50 Cycles Per Minute

CYCLES (106) 1-877-432-3627