Sei sulla pagina 1di 20

THE NEW LITERACIES AND THE FREE SOFTWARE

THE NEW LITERACIES AND THE FREE SOFTWARE Marius Stoica, Arad County Public Library

Marius Stoica, Arad County Public Library

What involves the new literacies?

New ways to access knowledge through the use of Information and Communication Technologies:

Using computers

Using the Internet

Using all other related technologies

What is the essence of literacy?

Apart from the social and practical aspect of literacy

"Have courage to use your own understanding!" - I. Kant

from the social and practical aspect of literacy ● " Have courage to use your own

Figuring out computer literacy!

The ability to use a computer (hardware)

The ability to use an operating system

The ability to use application and system software

The ability to read and write software code (programming)

Proprietary software

Software is a commercial product

The access to software must respect the rules applied to any merchandise

● Software is a commercial product ● The access to software must respect the rules applied

Free software

Software is a community effort

No proprietary restriction in using it and distributing it

You get access to the source code

a community effort ● No proprietary restriction in using it and distributing it ● You get

The UNIX operating system (70's)

Research OS at Bell Labs made by employees

A vehicle of free knowledge among researches and hackers

Not a commercial software up until 1983

Free Stoftware Foundation (80's)

The GNU (Gnu's Not Unix) Operating System

Free tools to build a Unix like system

Lack of kernel for a functional OS

The GNU General Public Licence

A truly free, non-proprietary license, but anti- commercial

for a functional OS ● The GNU General Public Licence – A truly free, non-proprietary license,

The Linux kernel (90's)

Started by a student, supported by an impatient community

The birth of the first complete functional GPL'ed OS through the proliferation of GNU/Linux distributions

Debian

Red Hat

Suse

Slackware

Etc.

Open Source Initiative

Open-source vs. free software - the bazaar vs. the cathedral

Open Source Initiative and the Open Source Definition

Copyleft licenses (commercially restrictive) and Permissive licenses (less restrictive)

the Open Source Definition ● Copyleft licenses (commercially restrictive) and Permissive licenses (less restrictive)

What about libraries?

Free software as:

1.A strategic IT infrastructure

2.A great way to empower librarians

3.A new library resource and service focusing on new literacies among library users

IT infrastructure

Free OS for

Desktop use

Intranet network

Server use

No monopoles: software as service not as product

Application software

Office suite: OpenOffice, Gnome Office etc.

DTP : GIMP, Inkscape, Scribus

Multimedia: Audacity, Cinelerra

WWW:

Browser, Online communication software etc.

CMS: Drupal, Wordpress

Library and collection management

ILS:

Koha

Evergreen ILS

DLS

Kete

Greenstone

Invenio

Reevaluation of library science

Information is a decentralized resource The user is a source of information

Professional support in software development

Libraries support for the development of technologies related to information management:

Standards of data communication

Managements system software

Semantic web technologies

Integration of all library system requirements with the semantic web tendencies:

Machine readable meta-data used for classifying library resources directly inside the Web pages

Free software for the public

Software code and packages as resources for the public

Mirroring free software websites on public library servers

Empowering the user

1.The freedom to run the program for any purpose.

2.The freedom to study how the program works, and change it to make it do what you wish.

3.The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor.

4.The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements (and modified versions in general) to the public, so that the whole community benefits.

Saper aude!

Educative, scientific and creative software for the public. Some distros:

Debian junior, Skolelinux, Scientific Linux

Making a customized distribution of the library :

Using live distro frameworks: Debian Live, Linux Live