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Tavola Periodica degli Elementi

idrogeno elio

H 13.99
20.27
0.071
He 0.95@2.5
4.222
0.125
1 1312
2.20 2 2372.3
-
1.0078 4.0026
±1 -
1s1 1s2

Li
litio
435.6
1603 Be
berillio
1560
2742 simbolo chimico
nome

H
idrogeno
13.99
20.27
temperatura di solidificazione (K)
temperatura di ebollizione (K)
X solido fortemente acido
B
boro
2349
4200 C
carbonio
4600@10.8
3915 N
azoto
63.15
77.36 O
ossigeno
54.36
90.19 F
fluoro
53.48
85.03 Ne
neon
24.56
27.1
0.534 1.85 0.071 densità (g/cm3) [al p.e. per i gas] mediamente acido 2.34 2.267 0.808 1.141 1.505 1.207
3 520.2
0.98 4 899.5
1.57 numero atomico [Z] 1 1312
2.20
energia di prima ionizzazione (kJ/mol)
elettronegatività [scala di Pauling] X liquido debolmente acido 5 800.6
2.04 6 1086.5
2.55 7 1402.3
3.04 8 1313.9
3.34 9 1681
3.98 10 2081
-
6.938 9.0122 massa atomica (g/mol) 1.008 proprietà degli ossidi 10.806 12.011 14.007 15.999 18.998 20.18
+1
[He]2s1
+2
[He]2s2
stato di ossidazione
configurazione elettronica
±1
1s1 X gassoso neutro
debolmente basico
+3
[He]2s22p1
+2±4
[He]2s22p2
+2±3+4+5
[He]2s22p3
-1-2
[He]2s22p4
-1
[He]2s22p5
-
[He]2s22p6
sodio magnesio alluminio silicio fosforo zolfo cloro argon

Na 370.9
1156 Mg 923
1363
x@y = xK alla pressione di yMPa
elemento = elemento naturale X sconosciuto mediamente basico
fortemente basico Al 933.5
2743 Si 1687
3539 P 317.3
553.7 S 388.4
717.8 Cl 171.6
239.1 Ar 83.81
87.3
0.968 1.738 elemento = elemento sintetico 2.70 2.329 1.823 2.07 1.563 1.395
11 495.8
0.93 12 737.7
1.31 111 = radioattivo (massa riferita alla miscela isotopica naturale)
anfotero 13 577.5
1.61 14 786.5
1.9 15 1011.8
2.19 16 999.6
2.58 17 1251.2
3.16 18 1520.6
-
22.99 24.305 26.982 28.085 30.974 32.06 35.45 39.948
+1 +2 [111] = radioattivo (massa riferita all’isotopo più stabile) +3 +2±4 ±3+5 -2+4+6 ±1+3+5+7 -
[Ne]3s1 [Ne]3s2 [Ne]3s23p1 [Ne]3s23p2 [Ne]3s23p3 [Ne]3s23p4 [Ne]3s23p5 [Ne]3s23p6
potassio calcio scandio titanio vanadio cromo manganese ferro cobalto nichel rame zinco gallio germanio arsenico selenio bromo kripton

K 336.7
1032
0.862
Ca 1115
1757
1.55
Sc 1814
3109
2.985
Ti 1941
3560
4.506
V 2183
3680
6
Cr 2180
2755
7.19
Mn 1519
2334
7.21
Fe 1811
3134
7.874
Co 1768
3200
8.90
Ni 1728
3003
8.908
Cu 1358
2835
8.96
Zn 692.7
1180
7.14
Ga 302.9
2673
5.91
Ge 1211.4
3106
5.323
As 1090@3.6
887
5.727
Se 494
958
4.81
Br 265.8
332
3.103
Kr 115.8
119.9
2.413
19 418.8
0.82 20 589.8
1.00 21 663.1
1.36 22 658.8
1.54 23 650.9
1.63 24 652.9
1.66 25 717.3
1.55 26 762.5
1.83 27 760.4
1.88 28 737.1
1.91 29 745.5
1.90 30 906.4
1.65 31 578.8
1.81 32 762
2.01 33 947
2.18 34 941
2.55 35 1139.9
2.96 36 1350.8
3.00
39.098 40.078 44.956 47.867 50.942 51.996 54.938 55.845 58.933 58.693 63.546 65.38 69.723 72.631 74.922 78.972 79.904 83.798
+1 +2 +3 +2+3+4 +2+3+4+5 +2+3+4+6 +2+3+4+6+7 +2+3+6 +2+3 +2+3 +1+2 +2 +3 +2+4 ±3+5 -2+4+6 ±1+3+5(+7) (+1)(+2)
[Ar]4s1 [Ar]4s2 [Ar]3d14s2 [Ar]3d24s2 [Ar]3d34s2 [Ar]3d54s1 [Ar]3d54s2 [Ar]3d64s2 [Ar]3d74s2 [Ar]3d84s2 [Ar]3d94s2 [Ar]3d104s2 [Ar]3d104s24p1 [Ar]3d104s24p2 [Ar]3d104s24p3 [Ar]3d104s24p4 [Ar]3d104s24p5 [Ar]3d104s24p6
rubidio stronzio ittrio zirconio niobio molibdeno tecnezio rutenio rodio palladio argento cadmio indio stagno antimonio tellurio iodio xenon

Rb 312.5
961
1.532
Sr 1050
1650
2.64
Y 1799
3203
4.472
Zr 2128
4650
6.52
Nb 2750
5017
8.57
Mo 2896
4912
10.28
Tc 2430
4538
11
Ru 2607
4423
12.45
Rh 2237
3968
12.41
Pd 1828
3236
12.02
Ag 1235
2483
10.49
Cd 594.2
1040
8.65
In 429.7
2345
7.31
Sn 505.1
2875
7.265
Sb 903
1908
6.697
Te 722.7
1261
6.24
I 386.9
457.4
4.933
Xe 161.4
165.1
2.942
37 403
0.82 38 549.5
0.95 39 600
1.22 40 640.1
1.33 41 652.1
1.60 42 684.3
2.16 43 702
1.90 44 710.2
2.20 45 719.7
2.28 46 804.4
2.20 47 731
1.93 48 867.8
1.69 49 558.3
1.78 50 708.6
1.96 51 834
2.05 52 869.3
2.10 53 1008.4
2.66 54 1170.4
2.60
85.468 87.62 88.906 91.224 92.906 95.95 [98.91] 101.07 102.91 106.42 107.87 112.41 114.82 118.71 121.76 127.6 126.9 131.29
+1 +2 +3 +3 +4 +3+5 +1+2+3+4+5+6 +4+5+6+7 +2+3+4+5+6+7 +2+4 +1 +2 +3 +2+4 ±3+5 -2+4+6 ±1+3+5+7 (+1)(+2)(+4)(+6)(+8)
[Kr]5s1 [Kr]5s2 [Kr]4d15s2 [Kr]4d25s2 [Kr]4d45s1 [Kr]4d55s1 [Kr]4d55s2 [Kr]4d75s1 [Kr]4d85s1 [Kr]4d10 [Kr]4d105s1 [Kr]4d105s2 [Kr]4d105s25p1 [Kr]4d105s25p2 [Kr]4d105s25p3 [Kr]4d105s25p4 [Kr]4d105s25p5 [Kr]4d105s25p6
cesio bario afnio tantalio tungsteno renio osmio iridio platino oro mercurio tallio piombo bismuto polonio astato radon

Cs 301.7
944
1.93
Ba 1000
1910
3.51
Hf 2560
4876
13.31
Ta 3290
5731
16.69
W 3695
6203
19.25
Re 3459
5903
21.02
Os 3306
5285
22.59
Ir 2719
4403
22.56
Pt 2041
4098
21.45
Au 1337
3243
19.3
Hg 234.3
629.9
13.53
Tl 577
1746
11.85
Pb 600.6
2022
11.34
Bi 544.7
1837
9.78
Po 527
1235
9.196
At ?575
?503
?6.35
Rn 202
211.5
4.4
55 375.7
0.79 56 502.9
0.89
Lantanidi 72 658.5
1.30 73 761
1.50 74 770
2.36 75 760
1.90 76 840
2.20 77 880
2.20 78 870
2.28 79 890.1
2.54 80 1007.1
2.00 81 589.4
1.62 82 715.6
2.33 83 703
2.02 84 812.1
2.00 85 899
2.20 86 1037
2.20
132.91 137.33 178.49 180.95 183.84 186.21 190.23 192.22 195.08 196.97 200.59 204.38 207.2 208.98 [209] [210] [222]
+1 +2 +4 +5 +1+2+3+4+5+6 +4+6+7 +2+3+4+6+8 +3+4 +2+4 +1+3 +1+2 +1+3 +2+4 +3+5 +2+4+6 ±1+3+5+7 (+2)(+6)
[Xe]6s1 [Xe]6s2 [Xe]4f145d26s2 [Xe]4f145d36s2 [Xe]4f145d46s2 [Xe]4f145d56s2 [Xe]4f145d66s2 [Xe]4f145d76s2 [Xe]4f145d96s1 [Xe]4f145d106s1 [Xe]4f145d106s2 [Xe]4f145d106s26p1 [Xe]4f145d106s26p2 [Xe]4f145d106s26p3 [Xe]4f145d106s26p4 [Xe]4f145d106s26p5 [Xe]4f145d106s26p6
francio radio rutherfodio dubnio seaborgio bohrio hassio meitnero darmstadio roentgenio copernicio nihonio flerovio moscovio livermorio tennessinio oganesson

Fr ?281
?890
?1.87
Ra ?973
2010
5.5
Rf ?2400
?5800
?23.2
Db ?29.3
-
- Sg ?35
-
- Bh ?37.1
-
- Hs ?41
-
- Mt ?37.4
-
- Ds ?34.8
-
- Rg ?28.7
-
- Cn ?283
?340
?14
Nh ?700
?1430
?16
Fl ?340
?210
?14
Mc ?670
?1400
?13.5
Lv ?709
?1085
?12.9
Ts ?723
?883
?7.2
Og ?320
?350
?5
87 393
>0.79 88 509.3
0.90
Attinidi 104 580
- 105 665
- 106 757
- 107 740
- 108 730
- 109 ?800
- 110 ?960
- 111 ?1020
- 112 ?1155
- 113 ?704.9
- 114 ?832.2
- 115 ?538.3
- 116 ?663.9
- 117 ?742.9
- 118 ?860.1
-
[223] [226] [267] [268] [269] [270] [269] [278] [281] [282] [285] [286] [289] [290] [293] [294] [294]
+1 +2 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 ?+1+3+6 ?+2+8 ?+3 +2 ?+1+3 ?+2 ?+1+3 ?+2 ?+1+3 ?+2+4
[Rn]7s1 [Rn]7s2 [Rn]5f146d27s2 [Rn]5f146d37s2 [Rn]5f146d47s2 [Rn]5f146d57s2 [Rn]5f146d67s2 [Rn]5f146d77s2 [Rn]5f146d87s2 [Rn]5f146d97s2 [Rn]5f146d107s2 [Rn]5f146d107s27p1 [Rn]5f146d107s27p2 [Rn]5f146d107s27p3 [Rn]5f146d107s27p4 [Rn]5f146d107s27p5 [Rn]5f146d107s27p6
ununennium unbinilium

Uue ?288
?903 Ubn ?953
?1973 lantanio cerio praseodimio neodimio promezio samario europio gadolinio terbio disprosio olmio erbio tullio itterbio lutezio

119
?3
?463.1
?0.86 120
?7
?563.3
?0.91
La 1193
3737
6.162
Ce 1068
3716
6.77
Pr 1208
3403
6.77
Nd 1297
3347
7.01
Pm 1315
3273
7.26
Sm 1345
2173
7.52
Eu 1099
1802
5.264
Gd 1585
3273
7.9
Tb 1629
3396
8.23
Dy 1680
2840
8.54
Ho 1734
2873
8.79
Er 1802
3141
9.066
Tm 1818
2223
9.32
Yb 1097
1703
6.9
Lu 1925
3675
9.841
?[315] ?[299] 57 538.1
1.10 58 534.4
1.12 59 527
1.13 60 533.1
1.14 61 540
?1.13 62 544.5
1.17 63 547.1
1.20 64 593.4
1.20 65 565.8
?1.20 66 573
1.22 67 581
1.23 68 589.3
1.24 69 596.7
1.25 70 603.4
?1.10 71 523.5
1.27
?+1 ?+2
[Og]8s1 [Og]8s2 138.91 140.12 140.91 144.24 [145.9] 150.36 151.96 157.25 158.93 162.5 164.93 167.26 168.93 173.05 174.97
+3 +3+4 +3 +3 +2+3 +2+3 +3 +3 +3 +3 +3 +3 +2+3 +2+3 +3
[Xe]5d16s2 [Xe]4f15d16s2 [Xe]4f36s2 [Xe]4f46s2 [Xe]4f56s2 [Xe]4f66s2 [Xe]4f76s2 [Xe]4f75d16s2 [Xe]4f96s2 [Xe]4f106s2 [Xe]4f116s2 [Xe]4f126s2 [Xe]4f136s2 [Xe]4f146s2 [Xe]4f145d16s2
attinio torio proattinio uranio nettunio plutonio americio curio berkelio californio einstenio fermio mendelevio nobelio lurenzio

Ac ?1500
?3471
10
Th 2023
5061
11.7
Pa 1841
?4300
15.37
U 1405
4404
19.1
Np 912
?4273
20.45
Pu 912.5
3505
19.82
Am 1449
2880
12
Cm 1613
3383
13.51
Bk 1259
2900
14.78
Cf 1173
?1743
15.1
Es 1133
?1269
8.84
Fm ?1800
?9.7
- Md ?1100
?10.3
- No ?1100
?9.9
- Lr ?1900
?16.1
-

89 499
1.10 90 587
1.30 91 568
1.5 92 597.6
1.38 93 604.5
1.36 94 584.7
1.28 95 578
1.30 96 581
1.30 97 601
1.30 98 608
1.30 99 619
1.30 100 629
1.30 101 636
1.30 102 639
?1.30 103 478.6
-
[227] 232.04 231.04 238.03 [237] [244] [243] [247] [247] [251] [252] [257] [258] [259] [266]
+3 +4 +4+5 +3+4+5+6 +3+4+5+6 +3+4+5+6 +3+4+5+6 +3 +3+4 +3 +3 +3 +2+3 +2+3 +3
[Rn]6d17s2 [Rn]6d27s2 [Rn]5f26d17s2 [Rn]5f36d17s2 [Rn]5f46d17s2 [Rn]5f67s2 [Rn]5f77s2 [Rn]5f76d17s2 [Rn]5f97s2 [Rn]5f107s2 [Rn]5f117s2 [Rn]5f127s2 [Rn]5f137s2 [Rn]5f147s2 [Rn]5f146d7s2

Metalli Semimetalli Non metalli


Metalli alcalini Metalli alcalino Metalli di transizione Elementi di transizione interna Metalli di probabili Alogeni Gas nobili
terrosi Terre rare Metalli nobili Lantanidi Attinidi post-transizione
probabili probabili probabili Terre rare probabili

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