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Bluetooth low energy

Robin Heydon, CSR plc

Copyright CSR plc 2008 Robin Heydon Page 1


What is Bluetooth?
Bluetooth is:
worldwide registered / protected trademark
recognised brand
a standard

Very successful
~2.5 billion devices

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What is Bluetooth?

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thesis

all widely successful technologies will be used


in other unintended applications

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other applications for Bluetooth?

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other applications for Bluetooth?

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tip ?

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Bluetooth low energy
Kept Changed
Adaptive Frequency Hopping Acknowledgement Scheme
L2CAP multiplexing layer Lower Power Connections
Profiles and Protocol concepts Faster Data Transactions
Proven Qualification System Star-Bus topology
Profile Testing System Longer Range
Unplugfests More Devices in Piconet

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who is low energy ?

7 layers Accel Marvell


Anritsu Atheros Nordic
AT4 Wirelesss Broadcom NXP
Frontline CSR Qualcomm
IVT Cypress SiRF
Rhode & Schwarz EM Micro ST Micro
Infineon Texas Instruments
ISSC Toshiba

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Architecture

Meter Service Class

Sensor Profile

Attribute Profile

Attribute Protocol

L2CAP (multiplexing)

Bluetooth “Chip”

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Some numbers...

Number of devices active within a network = 4000


Number of devices “able to be connected” within an area = unlimited
Max power draw = < 15 mA (suitable for coin cell battery)
Signal topology = Star
Real topology = Star Bus
Data rate (physical) = 1 Mb/s
Data rate (application) = ~200 kb/s
Range (raw) = ~50 meters
Range (LNA/PA) = ~500 meters

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Students !!!
http://www-control.eng.cam.ac.uk/~pcr20/papers/PEMD2004.pdf

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Bluetooth Robust?

Narrow Band Signals


Adaptive Frequency Hopping
Forward Error Correction
Fast Acknowledgment
Cyclic Redundancy Checks at Radio
Additional CRC’s at L2CAP (optional)

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Bluetooth longevity
Bluetooth SIG : 1998
Working Specification : 2001

Automotive Industry require 10 year life for chips


Harsh Environment
Temperature / Vibrations

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Cost ?

Bluetooth today:
2008 ASP = US$1.60 (£0.89)
2012 ASP = US$1.20 (£0.67)

Bluetooth low energy:


Expected to be 50% below price

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Volume ?
Bluetooth today:
1 Billion chips / year

Goal:
2 Billion chips / year

15 million chips a year...


Bluetooth enabled portable media players
Bluetooth automation market

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Summary

Bluetooth low energy can meet requirements for Metering


Robust / Low Power / Star-Bus

Industry support is extensive


Test / Silicon Vendors / Software / System Integration

Security issues need to be addressed


Can’t rely on security of physical channel
Bluetooth does vertical solutions - can help you solve this

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thank you

Robin Heydon rh@csr.com


Global Standards - CTO Office www.csr.com
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CSR plc
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Cowley Road Mobile: +44 (0)7795 035468
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