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# CONTROL VALVE Calculation note

CONTROL VALVE
USER GUIDE

## Controlvalve Regulation valve sizing

Version
Creation date
Correspondant
Last revision

This calculation sheet is the property of the …... and shall not be disclosed to others or reproduced
in any manner without its permission.

## Databook has to be read and assimilated before using the worksheet.

It is advised to make the first calculation by hand in order to have a better comprehension of the method applied.

1 REFERENCE
This note is in accordance with the international standard for sizing control valves
All formulas are available in the sheet " Formulas_comparison". Formulas enclosed in blue are used in the sheet "design"

2 ASSUMPTIONS
Calculation consider valves without adjacent fittings
They are made for turbulent flowrates

3 DOMAIN OF VALIDITY
NA

4 FORMULAS
4.1.Symbols
Cv = valve sizing coefficient
q = Volumetric flowrate(m3/h)
W = Mass flowrate (kg/h)
P1 = Upstream absolute static pressure
P2 = downstream absolute static pressure
Pv = Absolute vapor pressure of liquid at inlet temperature.
Pc = Absolute thermodynamic critical pressure
Cf = Factor of critical flow given by the constructor ( is equivalent to the FL coefficient: pressure recovery factor)
Gf = liquid specific gravity (ratio of density of liquid on density of water)
xT = rated pressure drop ratio factor
T1= Absolute upstream temperature °K
Z = Compressibility factor
M = gas molecular weight
FF = factor resulting from the liquid critical pressure
Fγ= factor corresponding to the specific heat ratio
γf = mass fraction of the liquid phase
γg= mass fraction of the vapor phase
d1=Downstream density of blend, kg/m3 d2=Downstream density of blend, kg/m3
W1l=upstream liquid flow, kg/h W2l=downstream liquid flow, kg/h
W1v=upstream vapor flow, kg/h W2v=downstream vapor flow, kg/h
d1l=upstream liquid density, kg/m3 d2l=Downstream liquid density, kg/m3
d1v=upstream vapor density, kg/m3 d2v=Downstream vapor density, kg/m3

5 OBJECTIVE
This worksheet permits to calculate :
- The Cv of the valve for liquid, vapor or two phase flows.
Cv is the sizing coefficient used to characterize the flow capacity of valves. It corresponds to the number of US gallons flowing though the
valve in one minute when the valve differential pressure is 1 PSI.
- The flowrate circulating across the valve for a given Cv will be calculated with a manual approach of the specific flowrate.

6 INPUT
Input have to be filled into yellow boxes

xT and Cf coefficients depend on the kind of valve. Their values for the main types of valves are recorded in the sheet "table".
Default values are atribuate to coefficients gamma, xT and Cf if the corresponding cells are kept empty (Cf cells comments)

Curves describing the Cv % evolution in function of the shutting valve is available in the guard "opening"
This evolution can be simulated with parabolic (P), linear (L), equal % (%) ou quick opening (QO) curves

7 RESULTS
Results are displayed into blue boxes and these cells are protected.

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CONTROL VALVE Calculation note

## CONTROL VALVE FORMULAS

DATABOOK FORMULATIONS MASONEILAN FORMULATIONS FISCHER FORMULATION (ANSI/ ISA/IEC)

## non critical flow w

C V=
ΔPC f ²* ΔP s  27.3∗F P∗F R∗ Δ P∗γ1
Liquid
Service
w
critical flow

ΔP≥C f ²*  ΔP s 
CV=
2 7.3∗C f ∗F P∗F R∗ Δ P ∗s γ 1
WITH ΔP s = P 1 − 0 . 96 −0 . 28∗
 Pv
Pc
∗P v

1
non critical P 1 − P 2 ∗C f ²* P 1
2
non engorged xF γ∗x T
ΔP γ
W T1∗Z

x= Fγ =

Compressible fluids
CV= ∗
q
G∗T∗Z
2 9 5  P 1−P 2  P 1P 2 
C V=
94. 8∗F P∗P1∗Y

x∗M Y =1−
P1
x
3∗F γ∗x T
1.4

is limited to 0.667

critical 1
P 1− P 2≥ ∗C f ²* P 1
2
Engorged x≥F ∗γ x T Fγ=
γ
1.4
CV=
q
257∗C f ∗P 1
∗ G∗T ∗Z

## ∆P est limité à 0.5 * Cf ² *P1

CV=
W

T1∗Z
94.8∗F P∗P 1∗0.667 F γ∗x T ∗M  Y =1−
x
3∗F γ∗x T

Δ PG
C V=
Avec vaporisation de liquide
51.8∗W
 ΔP∗ d1d2
Avec
CV=
W

ff
 
fg
2 7.3 Δ p f ∗γ f Δ P g∗γ g∗Y ²
WITH Y=1−
3∗F ∗γ x T∗P 1

W ∗103 W ∗1 03
d1= d 2=
Δ P f =P1−P 2 limited to Δ P f =C f ²* P 1−F F∗P v 
Two phase flow W 1l W 1v W 2l W 2v
 
d1l d1v d2l d2v Δ Pg =P 1−P 2 limited to ΔP g =F γ∗x T ∗P 1
∆P est limité à 0.5 * Cf ² *P1

## Sans vaporisation de liquide

36. 6∗W
CV=
 ΔP∗d1
NOTE
1) In the calculation sheet:
It is considered a valve installed without adjacent fitting and so FP =1
It is considered a turbulent flow and so FR =1
2) If it is considered fitting attached to the valve, xT should be replaced by xTP which combine xT and piping geometry factor
3) Fitting attached to valve can have a significant impact for high recovery valves ( example: rotary valves like butterfly or ball valves) which
have a rather low pressure drop coefficient at full opening. Manufactrers often provide FP values for swages installed adjacent to such rotary valves.
4) Fr= facteur du nombre de Reynolds Si Rev<56; Fr=0.019 (Rev)^0.67
Si Rev>40000; Fr=1
Si 56<Re<40000; cf coubes de Fisher (p2-7)
5) Formulation enclosed in blue are used in the sheet "design"

## Property of TECHNIP. Reproduction, Copying, Distribution to Others not Authorized 57355303.xls

CONTROL VALVES calculation note

CONTROL VALVE
Activity-unit:

Date
Revision
Issued by
Checked by
Item old old old old old old
Service
Case DESIGN DESIGN DESIGN DESIGN DESIGN DESIGN
PRESSURE

## Outlet pressure bar (g)

Temperature °C
Vap. FlowRate kg/hr
FLOW

## Liq. FlowRate kg/hr

Total FlowRate kg/hr
Over margin %
Flow Rate kg/hr
Vapour Fraction (weigth)
Molecular Weigth
VAPOUR

## Viscosity cP #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Compressibility
Cp/Cv (= gamma)
Density @(0 ATM,15.66°C) kg/m3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Density @ cond. kg/m3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Density kg/m3
LIQUID

Viscosity cP
Critical Pressure bar a
Vapour Pressure bar a
Fluid (liq +vap) Density kg/m3
XT (coefficient of rate from the diferential pressure of a regulation valve with
Cf
VALVE

(Cf table)
Flow regime
Calculated Cv (If two phase flow : Cv= Cv gas + Cv liq )

Installed Cv
Opening Law (QO / % / L / P )
CHARAC-
TERISTIC
FLOW

Openning %
Margin @ 80% opening % (g)
Quick Opening
OPENING

Equal Percentage
Linear
Parabolic
Quick Opening
MAX FLOW

OPENING
@ 80%

Equal Percentage
Linear
Parabolic
In the case of 2 phase flow with incondensable liquid and incondensable gas or with a liquid mixing to its own vapor, Cv value is calculated hereafter:
Cv
NOTES:

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CONTROL VALVE Calculation note

CONTROL VALVE
100

90

80

70

60
% opening

50

40

30

20

10

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

% Cv

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CONTROL VALVE Calculation note

CONTROL VALVE

## Opening law definition in function of the % Cv

%Opening Linearization
%Cv Q op Eq % MP L Q op Eq % P
0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
5 3.2 21.5 15 5 3.1 20.1 14.4
10 5.9 37 24.5 10 5.9 38.6 25.1
20 11 55.5 39 20 11.0 57.1 38.8
30 16 67 47.5 47.5 30 16.0 67.9 47.9
40 21.5 75.3 55 40 21.4 75.6 55.3
50 27 81 63 50 26.9 81.5 62.8
60 32 86 70 60 32.3 86.4 70.2
70 38 90.5 77.5 70 38.0 90.5 77.7
80 47 85 80 46.3 94.0 85.1
90 61.5 92 90 63.1 97.2 92.6
95 79.5 95 78.1 98.6 96.3
100 100 100 100 100 100.4 100.0 100.0

% Cv @ 80% opening Q op Eq % P
79.999 80 80 95.5 47.25 73.12

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CONTROL VALVE Calculation note

CONTROL VALVE
Typical values of valve coefficient
Valve type Trim Type Flow direction CF or FL XT Fd
3 V-port plug Open or Close 0.9 0.7 0.48
4 V-port plug Open or Close 0.9 0.7 0.41
6 V-port plug Open or Close 0.9 0.7 0.3
Open 0.9 0.72 0.46
Contoured plug
Globe, single port Close 0.8 0.55 1
60 diameter hole drilled cage Outward or Inward 0.9 0.68 0.13
120 equal diameter hole drilled cage Outward or Inward 0.9 0.68 0.09
Outward 0.9 0.75 0.41
Characterized cage, 4 port
Inward 0.85 0.7 0.41
Ported Plug Inlet between seats 0.9 0.75 0.28
Globe, double port
Contoured plug Either direction 0.85 0.7 0.32
Open 0.9 0.72 0.46
Contoured plug
Close 0.8 0.65 1
Globe, angle Characterized cage, 4 port Outward 0.9 0.65 0.41
Inward 0.85 0.6 0.41
Venturi
Close 0.5 0.2 1
V-notch Open 0.98 0.84 0.7
Globe, small flow trim Flat seat Close 0.85 0.7 0.3
Tapered needle Open 0.95 0.84
Open 0.85 0.6 0.42
Eccentric spherical plug
Close 0.68 0.4 0.42
Rotary
Open 0.77 0.54 0.44
Eccentric conical plug
Close 0.79 0.55 0.44
Swing-through (70 °) Either 0.62 0.35 0.57
Butterfly (centered shaft) Swing-through (60 °) Either 0.7 0.42 0.5
Fluted vane (70 °) Either 0.67 0.38 0.3
High performance butterfly (eccentric shaft) Offset seat (70 °) Either 0.67 0.35 0.57
Full bore (70 °) Either 0.74 0.42 0.99
Ball
Segmented ball Either 0.6 0.3 0.98

## Property of TECHNIP. Reproduction, Copying, Distribution to Others not Authorized 57355303.xls

WORKSHEET HISTORICS

## V1.0 3/10/2004 L. Van de Velde Control valve

-Modification of the esthetic shape
-Formulas updating
-New table making the comparison between the formulas from the databook, fisher and Masoneilan constructors.

## V1.1 9/7/2004 L. Van de Velde Control valve

-Correction of the flow regime calculation

## V1.2 11/11/2004 L. Van de Velde Control valve

- User guide development
- Updating of the sheets "Table" and "Formulas_comparison"

## "Controlvalve_V1.2" has been validated by Daniel Martinière on march 2005

V1.21 9/21/2005 L. Van de Velde Control valve
- Form revision in order to be in accordance with TECHNIP Standard

## V1.22 12/15/2005 L. Van de Velde Control valve

- Correction of a bug concerning the Y calculation in case of compressible fluids for a non engorged case.