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Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Universiti Malaysia Pahang

Electrical Machines (BEE2123) Lab Report

Student Name

Student ID Section
Title of
Lecturer Date of Experiment Performed

Marks Distribution Marks

Title (5 marks)
Abstract (10 marks)
Objective and introduction (10 marks)
Experimental methods (10 marks)
Results (20 marks)
Discussion (20 marks)
Conclusions (10 marks)
References (5 marks)
Report format (10 marks)
Late Submission (1 marks deduction per minutes)
Total Mark (100%)

I declare that this assessment item is my own work, except where acknowledged, and has not been submitted for academic credit elsewhere,
and acknowledge that the assessor of this item may, for the purpose of assessing this item:

• Reproduce this assessment item and provide a copy to another member of the University ; and/or,
• Communicate a copy of this assessment item to a plagiarism checking service (which may then retain a copy of the assessment
item on its database for the purpose of future plagiarism checking).
• I certify that I have read and understood the University Rules in respect of Student Academic Misconduct.

Signature of student: ____________________ Date:___________________
Title of Lab Experiment

Your Name, (ID Number)

Abstract— The primary function of the abstract is the theory section is to show how the raw data is
to allow the reader to obtain an understanding of manipulated to become results. Relevant equations used
what the report is about and what was accomplished. are to be presented and described to illustrate their basis
The abstract should answer the following questions: and origin. This section should include diagrams where
What is the objective of the experiment? Why is this needed. Define all variables used in the equations.
objective significant? What type of experiment is Write equations using an equation writer in a word
performed to achieve the objective? What are the processor.
major results of the experiment? What conclusions
can be made from these results? The abstract should The experimental methods should give a detailed
never be more than one page long (recommend less
description in your own words of how YOU
than 150 words) and should not include any
accomplished the experimentation. *Tips: This should
references to the body of the report.
include equipment used in the experiment as well as
how it was used. The description should have sufficient
I. OBJECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION detail so that another experimenter could duplicate your
A. Objective
Should answer the question: What is the experiment Use sketches, diagrams or photos, to describe the
designed to determine? experimental set-up. Label the main components.
Provide dimensions and material of test samples where
B. Introduction
The appropriate information for the introduction
varies with the kind of report. Most introductions B. Some guideline for figure, table and equation
provide the reader with the necessary background and For the equation, must put the equation number, do
theory to help put the objectives and results in a proper not put the detailed calculation if it is too long. You can
perspective. When necessary, previous related work is put it in Appendix. Example of equation:
described. If the report is on several short experiments, − b ± b 2 − 4ac
x= . (0)
the overall purpose and background of the group of 2a
experiments should be described first, followed by the
necessary information for each of the experiments. In Here is the example format for figure. Figure 1 shows
this case, the introduction should not be a mere the output voltage for full wave single phase rectifier.
collection of material on each, but should be written
using connected paragraphs with clear transitions 1

between ideas and information.

.8 0

.6 0

.4 0


.2 0

0 0

The introduction should say why this series of tests is -0




being done, and give any relevant background -0




information. -1
0 2
4 6
0 2
4 6


A. Review Stage
Fig.1: Output voltage for full wave single phase
Place your theory and experimental methods here. The
theory should explain all equations, theoretical
used for data comparison and so on. experiment. Make recommendations for further study.
Suggest ways to improve the results of this experiment.
Table 1 – data comparison
Processor size
[1] G. O. Young, “Synthetic structure of industrial
Memory 4MB plastics (Book style with paper title and editor),” in
Plastics, 2nd ed. vol. 3, J. Peters, Ed. New York:
Hard Disk 160MB
McGraw-Hill, 1964, pp. 15–64.
[2] W.-K. Chen, Linear Networks and Systems (Book
style). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123–
Place your results and discussion here. This is the [3] H. Poor, An Introduction to Signal Detection and
most important part of the report. Summarize your Estimation. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1985, ch.
results in the introductory sentence. Relate your results 4.
to your objective. Present the results in the easiest way [4] Lister, B., Next Generation Studio: A New Model
for your reader to understand: graphs, tables, figures, for Interactive Learning,
etc. Spreadsheets are often an ideal tool for organizing
the data, analyzing the data, and generating graphs and
tables. All tables and figures should be accompanied by
comments or discussions in the text of report; use a
numbering system for identification of each one. All
figures and tables must have numbers and captions.
While the table captions should be placed over the table,
figure captions should be placed below the figure.

Calculations and formulas are not presented in this

section. Your calculations should be detailed in the
Formulas should be discussed in the THEORY section.

Explain the results of the experiment, comment on the

shapes of the curves, compare obtained results with
expected results, give probable reasons for discrepancies
from the theory, answer any questions outlined in the
instructions and solve any problems that my have been
presented. Tell why things happened, not only that they
did happen. Experimental errors should be discussed
here. Use Appendices if the space of figure, table and etc
are not enough. For detailed calculation can be shown in

Place your conclusions here. State your discoveries,
judgments and opinions from the results of this
APPENDICES (If related)

Example of material that you can put in APPENDICES

A. Data Tables

Place your data tables here if available. Data tables are for the convenience of the extremely interested
reader. These tables may contain any additional comparisons or calculations that you have prepared.
RESULTS may contain only summaries of your work. Data Tables are the place to show everything that
you did.

B. Sample Calculations

Place your sample calculations here. Demonstrate how you performed the calculations made in the
experiment. Include tabular results of computations where such are made. Show the generic calculations
to support all your work.

C. Equipment List

Place your equipment list here. Every piece of equipment used in the experiment should be listed.

D. Raw Data Sheets

Attach your raw data sheets to the end of the report.