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EDP401T

Provisional Project List 2011

Title of the project Objective of the project Expected outcomes of the project. List the Number of Mentors Name
things that can be measured. students
needed
1 Development of a retractable parabolic Solar Design of a retactable Solar Dish to supply Mechanical Design of the system. Reflective 1 Dr. Stoffel Fourie / Louis Beneke
Dish for the Science & Technology Train 300kW of solar heat energy to a Stirling Motor efficiency of the system.
for the Science & Technology Train
2 Development of a Stainless Steel Salt Heat Capture and transfer the Heat Energy to the Physical design of the system. / Heat capacity 1 Dr. Stoffel Fourie / Marcus Ranyao /
exchanger to be applied to the Solar Dish for the hotside of the Stirling Motor for the Science & and energy balance of the system./ Heat transfer L Beneke
Science & Technology Train. Technology Train system.
3 Development of a Hydraulic Safety Brake Design a retactable hydraulic system for the Mechanical Design of the System. Design if the 1 Dr. Stoffel Fourie / Louis Beneke
system, for special application to the Science & S&T Train to make sure that it is securely Hydraulic System.
Technology Train parked.
4 Development of a Sewer Gas plant for special Design of an anearobic system that will Design of the Reactor. / Design of the Tanker to 1 Dr. Stoffel Fourie / Marcus Ranyao /
application on the Science & Technology Train produce methane gas from the sewer material make it suitable for the reaction to occur. / Gas L Beneke
generated by the S&T Train. storage system
5 Development of a collapsable vehicle access This ramp must be collapsable. The purpose Physical design of the system. / Physical design 1 Dr. Stoffel Fourie / Louis Beneke
ramp for the Science & Technology Train. is to allow vehicles to drive onto and off the to make it modular.
train. This must be strong enough for a
backactor and a drilling rig.
6 Formula SAE student car Design and manufacture a new car for racing Parts must be designed and manufactured 10 I Aghachi

7 Hydraulic Dynamometer The 1.5 stage turbine test rig at the CSIR As part of this project the student/s are required 1 Glen Snedden & Thomas Abraham
utilises a hydraulic dynamometer to control to diagnose the system and propose and
the turbine speed. This pack is clearly over implement the most viable solution. The student
designed and often runs out of control will be required to spend time at the CSIR in order
authority
th it over th
the turbine
t bi as environmental
i t l tto di
diagnose th
the problem
bl andd implement
i l t solutions
l ti
temperature changes. on-site.
8 Small Gas Turbine Shaft Dynamics Small gas turbines used in radio controlled The student is required to analyse the dynamics of 1 Glen Snedden & Thomas Abraham
models typically operate at shaft speeds of an existing shaft design and provide a method
120000 RPM but can extend to 200 000 RPM. (spreadsheet or better) for future analyses. In
Combustion at such a small scale is extremely addition a proposal for alternative engine and
tricky and the combustor length is limited by shaft layouts should be proposed and analysed
the shaft length between compressor and including a scenario whereby a high speed
turbine, which is in turn limited by the shaft generator maybe added to the shaft.
dynamics.

9 Small Gas Turbine Generator/Starte Small gas turbine engines currently only This project requires the student/s to design and if 1 or 2 Glen Snedden & Thomas Abraham
generate thrust, but if they are to be used for possible test on a rudimentary test rig a high
larger or military applications then electrical speed generator capable of generating 2 kW of
power generation would enable the UAV electrical power from a shaft rotating at 120000
to carry fewer batteries. RPM. The generator must also be capable of
acting as a starter.

BTech projects list 2011.xlsx/tw Page 1/5 02/02/2011


EDP401T
Provisional Project List 2011

Title of the project Objective of the project Expected outcomes of the project. List the Number of Mentors Name
things that can be measured. students
needed
10 Automated Pitch Control for an Aerodynamic The 5-hole probe calibrator stand at the CSIR The student is required to design and implement a 1 Glen Snedden & Thomas Abraham
Calibrator is currently manually operated in pitch but cost effective control system for the pitch axis of
automated in yaw, making the completion of the calibrator utilising existing control software
a full calibration matrix of 13 pitch settings and hardware wherever possible. The system
tedious. currently makes use of a Siemens S2700 PLC and
WinCC Flexible architecture.

11 Casing and Shroud design for Shrouded turbine The 1.5 stage turbine test rig currently is only The student would be required to propose a new Glen Snedden & Thomas Abraham
testing in the 1.5 stage turbine rig at the CSIR: capable of testing free tip turbines. The casing design to incorporate shrouds and analyse
GS/TA addition of the capability to incorporate the successful candidate design for adequate
shrouded turbines would be of great value strength. In addition the design of a shroud
but is complicated by the fact that the rig system for the turbine must be designed to
requires the casing to rotate in order to include interlocking with neighbouring blades and
traverse flowfield and take measurements. adequate leakage sealing. The final shroud design
will be rapidly prototyped for test and evaluation
of the fit and locking mechanisms.

12 Gravity propelled glider Design and build and demonstrate a glider 1. Total flying time when launched by hand on an Not more than 2 Johny Sebastein
that can fly for 20 seconds using gravity, and a slope not more than 10 degrees. 2. Ability to in a group.
air resistance as propelling force. It must have land without crashing and damging the glider. 3.
a pair of ailerons to correct the roll, a pair of Ability to correct pitch, roll and elevators manually
elvators to adjust the pitch and a rudder to to extend the flying time. 4. Flying distance in a
correct yaw.
yaw These correction in flight could straight line
line.
be done using servo motors. The glider must
be launched by bare hands. Any material
coulld be used as long as they can withstand
the changing environmental conditions and
are able to incorporate pitch, roll and
elevators asjustments. Able to carry a payload
of 500 mg and have enough space for three
servo motors and a PCB of 50 mm x 50 mm .

13 Granule hopper for industrial beverage Development of granule hopper according to 1 Pierre van Rhyn
dispensing machine industrial and SHE requirements; Software
development and implementation for mission-
critical operational requirements
14 Positional control system for solar panel Develop and test a solar panel positional 1 Pierre van Rhyn
deployment/retraction control system for solar panel deployment and
retraction from a building

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EDP401T
Provisional Project List 2011

Title of the project Objective of the project Expected outcomes of the project. List the Number of Mentors Name
things that can be measured. students
needed
15 Simplified laboratory grade data logger for Develop a laboratory grade data logger for 1 Pierre van Rhyn
multichannel measurement and alarm control use by less technical persons to record: Volts
AC, Volts DC, Amps AC, Amps DC,
Temperature, Pressure, Linear movement
and TimeDateStamp
16 Determination of the maximum water distilling Build, test and develop a water-distilling boiler 1 Pierre van Rhyn
rate per unit area of photovoltaic solar panels (heating element and flow control) powered by
photovoltaic solar panel(s) and determine the
maximum water distilling flow rate per square
meter of solar panel
17 Integrated Air Sourced Heat Pump (ASHP) 1 Prof Z Huan
water heater (design, setup, testing)
18 ASHP drying system for banana 1 Prof Z Huan
19 ASHP system for water heating and space 1 Prof Z Huan
cooling in a restaurant
20 Freezing chamber (-40C) design 1 Prof Z Huan
21 Impingent freezing air supply system (50m/s) 1 Prof Z Huan
22 Survey of energy consumption by food freezing 1 Prof Z Huan
industry (Company based)
23 Combustion Compression at Various Ignition To compare the different delay's on the Maximum performance of a engine 1 CB Steyn
Timings different ignition timing
24 Performance And Emissions Of A 1600cc Petrol To compare the results of a standard engine To investigate if system on marked is working 1 CB Steyn
Engine with an engine fitted with a H2/O2 splitting
system
25 The Effectiveness Of A Centrifugal Oil Filter To investigate if this filter can save money. More mileage on a diesel engine before changing 1 CB Steyn
oil and oil filter
26 Performance And Emissions Of A One Cylinder The effectness of this machine 1 CB Steyn
Diesel Engine
27 Design And Built Of A Biodiesel Manufacturing To produce biodiesel A cost effective plant for the farmer 1 CB Steyn
Plant
28 Wave power generator Design a machine that extracts power from 1 C F Meyer
ocean wave motion.
29 Hydraulic control valve Design a hydraulic control valve working on 1 C F Meyer
the principle of a cam sqeezing pipes instead
of a spool in a casing
30 Free wheeling clutch plate Adapt a clutch plate from a popular small car 1 C F Meyer
to have a free-wheeling mechanism as a fuel
saving feature

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EDP401T
Provisional Project List 2011

Title of the project Objective of the project Expected outcomes of the project. List the Number of Mentors Name
things that can be measured. students
needed
31 Hydro-dynamic Water Heater Design, build and test a model of a water The apparatus must be designed, build and tested 1 C F Meyer
heater that heats water in a closed tank by the to see what the resistance to rotation is at various
agitation of the water by vanes being rotated speeds. The challenge is for the design to be as
by an external shaft. The shaft would be compact and cheap as possible because large
driven by a wind turbine that does not form scale prototypes would be much larger. The
part of this project. subject matter concerns Fluid Mechanics.

32 Lift to change street lamps Design a simple lift that can be mounted on a Considderation should be given to alternatives - ie 1 C F Meyer
1 ton bakkie to lift a person to change street hydraulic vs mechanical or combination. Strength
lamps calculations and hydraulics would be required.
Drawings to be done.
33 The design, construction and evaluation of a The purpose of this project is to design, Design calculations, drawings, prototype building, 2 J Nwamba
solar heat pump for homes. construct and evaluate the solar heat pump. testing and evaluation. Must be able to heat and
With the rising cost of heating bills solar heat cool a 4m x 4 m room as required.
pumps may be the way to go. A solar heat
pump will waste minimal energy while heating
or cooling a home. It is a great alternative to
air conditioning and furnaces for most homes.
Instead of using a lot of power to generate
heat, this type of system simply relocates it.
During the summer, heat is moved out of an
area to cool it, and a heat transfer in the
opposite direction is performed during winter
to warm an area up.

34 The design, construction and evaluation of a The purpose of this project is to design, Design calculations, prototype building, testing 2 J Nwamba
solar dryer. construct and evaluate a solar dryer. An and evaluation. The dryer must be able to remove
improved technology in utilizing solar energy 20% moisture to 13% moisture in 1-2 days from
for drying grain is the use of solar dryers 1000 kg of maize grain. There is a market for
where the air is heated in a solar collector and solar dryers in South Africa.
then passed through beds of grain. There are
two basic types of solar dryer appropriate for
use with grain: natural convection dryers
where the air flow is induced by thermal
gradients; and forced convection dryers
wherein air is forced through a solar collector
and the grain bed by a fan

35 The design, construction and evaluation of solar The purpose of this project is to design, Design calculations, prototype building, testing 2 J Nwamba
water pump. construct and evaluate a solar-powered and evaluation. Cattle drinking trough is located
pumping system for a local farmer wanting to 23 m higher than a drilled well. Sizing of Pump
pump water from a drilled well up to a controller, Solar module sizing and pump
watering trough for cattle in a distant field. selection. Must raise 0.3 liters of water per
minute. Must be fully automatic.

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EDP401T
Provisional Project List 2011

Title of the project Objective of the project Expected outcomes of the project. List the Number of Mentors Name
things that can be measured. students
needed
36 Conversion of a conversional domestic fridge to The purpose of this project is convert the Sizing of controller, Solar module sizing etc. Use 1 J Nwamba
a Photo Voltaic powered fridge. Eskom powered domestic fridge to PV PV power to drive the fridge. Take readings,
powered. The objective will be to check the analyse data, draw tables/graphs, conclusions and
benefits associated with PV powered fridges. recommendations.
There exists a market for competitive solar
powered fridges in South Africa

37 Design of a small biogas plant for conversion of Design of a plant to utilise fish waste for the Design of the system. Design within SA OSH Act 1-2 Frederik Oosthuizen & Tony Wynne
fish waste for a small fish harvesting industry production of biogas. The plant should and other statuatory requirements. Full CAD
include a compressor suitable for filling gas model with manufacturing drawings.
bottles for distribution.
38 Design of a slaughter / municipal waste biogas Design of a plant to utilise fish waste for the Design of the system. Design within SA OSH Act 1-2 Frederik Oosthuizen, Hauke Jessen
plant for energy production (open methane gas production of biogas. The plant should and other statuatory requirements. Full CAD & Tony Wynne
production) include a compressor system for filling gas model with manufacturing drawings.
bottles.
39 Design of a cost effective slaughter facility with Design of a water saving concept to handle Design of the system. Design within SA OSH Act 1-2 Frederik Oosthuizen, Hauke Jessen
discharge capability to a biogas plant. fish waste generated by a small aquaculture and other statuatory requirements. Full CAD & Tony Wynne
industry model with manufacturing drawings.
40 Design of an insulated ducting system to utilise To utilise the waste heat produced to Evaluation of the current installation. New system 1-2 Tony Wynne
waste heat from a fuel cell stimulate the release of hydrogen in a metal design incl. Installation. Full CAD model and
hydride storage system manufacturing drawings
41 Powered conversion kit for a rural pedal bike for To develop an accessory kit to enable An assessment of load requirements. Design of 1-2 Mike Wythe
transportation of solid foods and liquids powered assistance for easier commuting the system with a complete CAD modelmodel,
with a typical rural load. manufacturing drawings.
42 Non invasive leaf blower The design of a quiet and effective leaf blower Design of the equipment, CAD model and 1-2 Mike Wythe
for use in office parks manufacturing drawings
43 Robotic arm simulating human limb behaviour. Design and simulate a robotic arm that may Mechanical design of skeletal structure.Control 1 P van Rhyn
serve as a prosthetic replacement arm for system design to operate arm.
disabled person.

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