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L6 - FLOWLINES & PIPELINES

PIPELINE & FLOWLINE DESIGN

LAY TECHNIQUES

LAY BARGE & LAY SHIP INSTALLATION

REEL SHIP INSTALLATION

“J” LAYING

REEL SHIP INSTALLATION

FLOWLINE BUNDLES

FLEXIBLE PIPE

PIPELINE TIE-INS

TRENCHING

ROUTE SELECTION & SURVEYS

OIL

GAS

EXPORT

EXPORT

PRODUCTION

PLATFORM

SUBSEA DEVELOPMENT SCHEME

8 Water Injection

Hydraulic/Chemical

Umbilical

Electrical umbilical

3”Service

14” Water Injection

Seabed

12” 12”

6”

Production

Test

8” Gas Lift

12” 12” 6” Production Test 8” Gas Lift Seabed Electrohydraulic umbilical 10” Water Injection”
12” 12” 6” Production Test 8” Gas Lift Seabed Electrohydraulic umbilical 10” Water Injection”
12” 12” 6” Production Test 8” Gas Lift Seabed Electrohydraulic umbilical 10” Water Injection”
12” 12” 6” Production Test 8” Gas Lift Seabed Electrohydraulic umbilical 10” Water Injection”

Seabed

Electrohydraulic

umbilical

10” Water

Injection”

Electrohydraulic

umbilical

Seabbed

8” Production

8” Production

12 Well Template

SUMMARY - PIPELINE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS

Flow Assurance Issues ( Module 1)

Strength Hydraulics – incl. Two-Phase Flow Stability – Laying Welding Installation – Laying Towing Trenching Upheaval Buckling Corrosion

– Laying Towing Trenching Upheaval Buckling Corrosion Multiphase Flow in Flowlines   Installation Further

Multiphase Flow in Flowlines

Upheaval Buckling Corrosion Multiphase Flow in Flowlines   Installation Further Aspects to considers :
 

Installation

Further Aspects to considers :

 

Inspection Monitoring Intervention Repair Abandonment

Inspection

PIPELINE / FLOWLINE ROUTE SURVEY

DESIGN CONSTRUCTION AS-BUILT OPERATIONAL

SURVEY DESIGN CONSTRUCTION AS-BUILT OPERATIONAL S e a b e d B a t h e
SURVEY DESIGN CONSTRUCTION AS-BUILT OPERATIONAL S e a b e d B a t h e
SURVEY DESIGN CONSTRUCTION AS-BUILT OPERATIONAL S e a b e d B a t h e

Seabed Bathemetry

MALAMPAYA Gas Field Pipeline Route

a t h e m e t r y MALAMPAYA Gas Field Pipeline Route Side scan

Side scan sonar and sub-seabed profiling for route planning

LORELAY PIPELAY VESSEL
LORELAY PIPELAY VESSEL
BALDER
BALDER
6 × 12m pipe welded on deck and lifted to “j” lay tower. In-line Sled

6 × 12m pipe welded on deck and lifted to “j” lay tower.

6 × 12m pipe welded on deck and lifted to “j” lay tower. In-line Sled welded

In-line Sled welded into line

APACHE – REEL SHIP (Note now replaced by Apache

11)

Apache was the first self-propelled vessel ever built for laying pipe from a reel. It used a vertical reel, a concept first introduced by Santa Fe at the 1975 Offshore Technology Conference. The vertical reel, with the adjustable stern ramp, allowed the lay angle to be increased or decreased depending on water depth and pipe properties. The preliminary design basis is for the laying of 16-inch, 12-inch, and smaller pipes in 800m of water. The reel has a certain capacity (See separate Table), but containing several 10’s of Km the pipe is normally laid in less than 24 hours.

APACHE REEL SHIP

RANGE OF RAMP ANGLES

18 – 70 Degrees

MAIN REEL

Pipe Dia

Length

320 REEL

4”

100 Km

Pipe Dia Length

6”

64 Km

2”

50 Km

10”

24 Km

4”

13 Km

14”

12 Km

6”

7 Km

16”

6 Km

200 REEL

Pipe Dia Length

2”

19 Km

4”

6Km

COMPARISON OF PIPELAY VESSEL CAPABILITY ON A SINGLE REEL

Pipeline diameter (ins)

18

16

14

12

ON A SINGLE REEL Pipeline diameter (ins) 18 16 14 12 DeepBlue 10 Skandi 8 6

DeepBlue

10

Skandi

8

6

4

2

Ugland Reel

Apache

Apache 11

Norlift

0

0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Length (km)

70

80

90

100

110

120

FLOWLINE BUNDLES

FLOWLINE BUNDLES 1. Towhead 2. Bundle 3. Tow off Beach FLOWLINE BUNDLES Bundles are welded under

1. Towhead

2. Bundle

3. Tow off Beach

FLOWLINE BUNDLES
FLOWLINE BUNDLES
Bundles are welded under factory conditions, pre-formed into complete lengths and tested The completed pipeline
Bundles are welded under factory conditions, pre-formed into complete
lengths and tested
The completed pipeline bundle is launched into sheltered waters of the bay,
inspected and tested prior to towing out to the field
The drag on the chains during the tow causes the bundle to lift and “fly”
through the water clear of the seabed

Final positioning of the bundle at the location is undertaken by winching the neutrally buoyant bundle to a predetermined point on the seabed prior to stabilising and tying in by divers or ROV’s

FLEXIBLE PIPE

BASIC PRODUCTION FROM STEEL TAPES AND EXTRUDED PLASTIC

FLEXIBLE PIPE BASIC PRODUCTION FROM STEEL TAPES AND EXTRUDED PLASTIC FLEX INSTALLER VESSEL

FLEX INSTALLER VESSEL

LAYING FLEXIBLE PIPE

LAYING FLEXIBLE PIPE VERTICAL LAYING HORIZONTAL LAYING
LAYING FLEXIBLE PIPE VERTICAL LAYING HORIZONTAL LAYING

VERTICAL LAYING

LAYING FLEXIBLE PIPE VERTICAL LAYING HORIZONTAL LAYING

HORIZONTAL LAYING

ANCHOR ACTION AN ARMOUR BACKFILL

FULL PENETRATION

FLUKE ANGLE CHANGES

AN ARMOUR BACKFILL FULL PENETRATION FLUKE ANGLE CHANGES FLUKE REMOVED FROM BOTTOM PROTECTION FOR OFFSHORE PIPELINES
AN ARMOUR BACKFILL FULL PENETRATION FLUKE ANGLE CHANGES FLUKE REMOVED FROM BOTTOM PROTECTION FOR OFFSHORE PIPELINES

FLUKE REMOVED FROM BOTTOM

PENETRATION FLUKE ANGLE CHANGES FLUKE REMOVED FROM BOTTOM PROTECTION FOR OFFSHORE PIPELINES STANDARD 140 - 200

PROTECTION FOR OFFSHORE PIPELINES

FLUKE REMOVED FROM BOTTOM PROTECTION FOR OFFSHORE PIPELINES STANDARD 140 - 200 LB/FT 3 CONCRETE PIPE
FLUKE REMOVED FROM BOTTOM PROTECTION FOR OFFSHORE PIPELINES STANDARD 140 - 200 LB/FT 3 CONCRETE PIPE

STANDARD 140 - 200 LB/FT 3 CONCRETE PIPE LAYING ON SURFACE

140 - 200 LB/FT 3 CONCRETE PIPE LAYING ON SURFACE HIGHER STRENGTH CONCRETE ARMOUR COATING STANDARD
140 - 200 LB/FT 3 CONCRETE PIPE LAYING ON SURFACE HIGHER STRENGTH CONCRETE ARMOUR COATING STANDARD

HIGHER STRENGTH CONCRETE ARMOUR COATING

LAYING ON SURFACE HIGHER STRENGTH CONCRETE ARMOUR COATING STANDARD 3 TYPE BURIED 1 2 STANDARD CONCRETE
LAYING ON SURFACE HIGHER STRENGTH CONCRETE ARMOUR COATING STANDARD 3 TYPE BURIED 1 2 STANDARD CONCRETE
STANDARD 3 TYPE BURIED 1 2 STANDARD CONCRETE TYPE 1 WITH CONCRETE (SET ON) ARMOUR
STANDARD
3
TYPE
BURIED
1
2
STANDARD CONCRETE
TYPE
1
WITH CONCRETE
(SET ON) ARMOUR COVER
1
1
CONCRETE TYPE 1 WITH CONCRETE (SET ON) ARMOUR COVER 1 ANCHOR WALKS ON BACKFILL STANDARD CONCRETE

ANCHOR WALKS ON BACKFILL

CONCRETE (SET ON) ARMOUR COVER 1 ANCHOR WALKS ON BACKFILL STANDARD CONCRETE TYPE 1 WITH ENGINEERED
STANDARD CONCRETE TYPE 1 WITH ENGINEERED
STANDARD CONCRETE
TYPE
1
WITH ENGINEERED

ARMOUR BACKFILL

4
4
CONCRETE TYPE 1 WITH ENGINEERED ARMOUR BACKFILL 4 EXTRA STEEL 6 5 SHAPED ARMOURED SECTION SPECIAL
CONCRETE TYPE 1 WITH ENGINEERED ARMOUR BACKFILL 4 EXTRA STEEL 6 5 SHAPED ARMOURED SECTION SPECIAL

EXTRA STEEL

6
6
5
5

SHAPED ARMOURED SECTION

1 WITH ENGINEERED ARMOUR BACKFILL 4 EXTRA STEEL 6 5 SHAPED ARMOURED SECTION SPECIAL REINFORCING ARMOUR
1 WITH ENGINEERED ARMOUR BACKFILL 4 EXTRA STEEL 6 5 SHAPED ARMOURED SECTION SPECIAL REINFORCING ARMOUR
1 WITH ENGINEERED ARMOUR BACKFILL 4 EXTRA STEEL 6 5 SHAPED ARMOURED SECTION SPECIAL REINFORCING ARMOUR

SPECIAL REINFORCING ARMOUR CONCRETE

B 7
B
7
1 WITH ENGINEERED ARMOUR BACKFILL 4 EXTRA STEEL 6 5 SHAPED ARMOURED SECTION SPECIAL REINFORCING ARMOUR

HAZARD OF PIPE BEING HIT BY FISHING EQUIPMENT

Fishing Trawler

HAZARD OF PIPE BEING HIT BY FISHING EQUIPMENT Fishing Trawler Free Span Point of contact Trawl

Free Span

BEING HIT BY FISHING EQUIPMENT Fishing Trawler Free Span Point of contact Trawl boards making contact

Point of contact

Trawl boards making contact with a pipeline span are less likely to come free when hitting at an angle

FLAT OTTER BOARD

pipeline span are less likely to come free when hitting at an angle FLAT OTTER BOARD

PIPELINE / FLOWLINE WITH FREE SPAN

FLEXJET 11 - Small Pipe Burial Vehicle Pipe Drops to bottom of Trench Pre-Laid Pipe

FLEXJET 11 - Small Pipe Burial Vehicle

Pipe Drops to bottom of Trench Pre-Laid Pipe High Pressure Cutting Jets Fluidise soil
Pipe Drops to bottom of Trench
Pre-Laid Pipe
High Pressure Cutting
Jets Fluidise soil

Pipe Tracker Location System

Backfill

Low Pressure Jets excavating soil away from jetting arms

ROCK DUMPING
ROCK DUMPING
ROCK DUMPING
ROCK DUMPING