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Glossary, Acronyms, and Abbreviations

Prepared by: IIUSA, http://iiusa.cc

The terms used here are seen in numerous 11th Signal Brigade Thunderbird university courses.

Format:

Term – Definition (Application area)

Example:

SEN – Small Extension Node

Sources:

(1) 9th Army Signal Command IDNX/Training Support Package 009

(2) http://www.telos-systems.com/techtalk/gldefs.htm

(3) TCP/IP Illustrated, vol. 1, W. Richard Stevens, Addison-Wesley, (1994)

(4) CECOM Support CD 2003 Release 2, SSIMP-LR Acronym List

(5) Army field manual FM 11-43 "The Signal Leader's Guide", http://www.adtdl.army.mil/cgi-

bin/atdl.dll/fm/11-43/11-43glo.htm

(6) Army field manual FM 11-55 "Mobile Subscriber Equipment (MSE) Operations",

http://www.adtdl.army.mil/cgi-bin/atdl.dll/fm/11-

55/gloss.htm

(7) "Manual for Employing Joint Tactical Communications", Enclosure GL - Glossary, CJCSM 6231.07C, 1 August 2001.

(9) Compilation of the AFCEA International Press and SIGNAL Magazine, http://www.us.net/signal/Acronyms/

(8) 11th Signal Brigade Thunderbird University staff and contractors

Numerics

# - number

@ - at

24th - Channel Signaling - The use of the 24th channel on a DS1/DTI board to carry multiplexed per-channel signals from the other 23 channels. This allows the other channels to be clear channels for 64 kbps data transmission, and to be used as AVD (alternate voice/data) channels. Also see clear channel.

2W - two-wire

2WLTU - two-wire line termination unit

4-Wire - E&M - A form of E & M signaling primarily used on trunks interfacing PBX to PBX or PBX to Central Office, which uses separate pairs of wires (up to four pair) for transmission and signaling functions. On- and off-hook signaling functions are accomplished through the E&M signaling leads.

4W - four-wire

4WLTU - four-wire line termination unit

56K - Trunk Module - This module operates at 56 kbps and can be used as a backup to a T1 trunk for critical circuits, as a temporary trunk while T1 facilities are installed, as a supplemental trunk to a T1 trunk, or as a subrate trunk to a lower-capacity node not requiring full T1 bandwidth. No routing attribute is available that allows circuits to be biased to the 56K trunk. Circuits are routed over a 56K trunk when T1 bandwidth is unavailable in order of priority.

64K - Trunk Module - The 64K trunk module consists of a 64K TRK front card and a 56K trunk interface card without a V.35 electrical connector, or a 64K X.21 trunk interface card with a 15-pin X.21 connector. The module operates at 64 kbps, with 48K of trunk bandwidth. Neither the 56K or the 64K trunk module will accommodate 24 kbps ADPCM voice calls.

@ - at

A

A-6 - Air Force Director of Communications

A - alarm

A-Law - A-law is the companding standard used in the analog-to- digital conversion process (and vice-versa) in PCM systems, European telephone networks.

A&MD - air and missile defense

A/B-Bit - Signaling - A procedure used in most T1 transmission facilities in which one bit stolen from every sixth and twelfth frame of the 24 time slots is used to carry dial and control information. The control bit in the first six frames is called the A-bit, and the control bit in the second six frames is the B-bit.

A/D - analog-to-digital

A/G - air to ground

A/L - administrative/logistics

A2C2S - Army Aviator (Airborne) command and control system

aa - device address

AA - auto answer

AAA - assign alternate area

AAA - assign alternate routing

AAB - all-to-all broadcast

AABNCP - advance airborne command post

AACA - Army airlift clearance authority

AACG - arrival airfield control group

AACOMS - Army area communications system

AACS - asynchronous address communications systems

AADC - Area Air Defense Commander

AADCOM - Army Air Defense Command

AADEOS - advanced air defense electro optical sensor (system)

AADPS - algorithmic architecture data processing subsystem

AADSACS - Army air defense Surveillance and control system

AAE - Army acquisition executive

AAE - automatic adaptive equalization

AAFIP - Automated air facilities information file

AAGS - Army air-ground system

AAIC - active addressing integrated circuits

AAIRS - airport/air carrier information reporting system

AAL - assign affiliation lists

AAL - account access layer

AAL - assign affiliation lists

AAL - (ATM adaptation layer) - The standards layer that allows multiple applications to have data converted to and from ATM cells. A protocol that translates higher layer services into the size and format of ATM cells.

AAL-5 - (ATM adaptation layer type 5) - AAL functions in support of variable bit rate, delay-tolerant connection-oriented data traffic requiring minimal sequencing or error detection support.

AALCD - active addressing liquid crystal display

AALPS - automated airload planning system

AAMA - area airspace management authority

AAMDC - Army Air Missile Defense Command

AAMMS - Army automated multi-media system

AAMPS - automated aircraft mission planning system

AAMT - Army ACTS mobile terminal

AAP - automatic asset placement

AAPPES - Army automation planning, programming, and evaluation system

AAR - after action review

AAR - air-to-air receive

AAR - automatic adaptive (alternative) routing

AARS - advanced airborne (aerial) radar system

AARS - advanced airborne radiac system

AAS - advanced automation system (FAA)

AAS - all-to-all scatter

AASC - Army area signal center

AASP - ASCII asynchronous support package

AASR - advanced airborne surveillance radar

AAT - automatic analog test

AAT - average access time

AATR - air-to-air transmit/receive

AAU - analog applique unit

AAVS - aerospace audiovisual system

AAWC - anti-air warfare commander (Navy)

AAWCS - anti-air warfare combat system

AAWWS - airborne adverse weather weapons system

AB - Ada based

AB - address bus

AB - answer back

ABC - activity based costing

ABC - analog backup computer

ABC - automatic bar code

ABC - (Absolute Bus Cycle) - Unit of interface relative to the start of the TBus frame. Contrast with relative bus cycle (RBC).

ABCC - airborne battlefield command and control center

ABCC - airborne communications center

ABCS - Army battle command system

ABCS - Army Battlefield Control System

ABD - assign bypass and duplication

ABD - Ada based document

ABD - assign bypass and duplication transfer

ABDDD - Ada based development design document

ABDT - answer back-day and time

ABFC - advanced base functional component system

ABI - application binary interface

ABI - Ada binding interface

ABIC - Army battlefield interface concept

ABIS - advanced battlespace information system

ABIT - airborne information transmission system (USAF)

ABIT - automatic built-in test

ABL - assign blacklist deletion

ABM - asynchronous balanced mode

ABM - air battle manager

ABMOC - air battle management operation center

ABN - airborne

ABNCC - airborne command and control

ABNCP - airborne command post

ABNOC - ABN operations center

ABPDD - Ada based product design document

ABR - assign bypass reception

ABR - airborne relay

ABR - available bit rate

ABR - assign bypass reception

ABS - advanced battle simulations

ABSM - answer back service message

ABT - assign bulk transfer

ac - alternating current

AC - area code

AC - armament computer

AC2MP - Army command & control master plan

ACA - acquisition capability assessment

ACA - air control authority

ACA - Australian Communications Authority

ACA - automatic circuit assurance

ACA - automatic conference arranger

ACACS - Army command and area communications system

ACALS - Army computer aided logistics system

ACARS - aircraft communications addressing and reporting system (FAA)

ACAS - Army commissary automated system

ACC - area control center

ACC - accumulator

ACC - air combat command (Air Force)

ACC - air control center

ACC - BLACKER access controller

ACC - Army Communications Command

ACC - automated carrier control

ACCAT - advanced command and control architectural testbed

ACCF - Area communications control facility

ACCIS - Army command and control information system

ACCN - Army command and control network

ACCOR - Army COMSEC central office of record

ACCS - air command and control system (NATO)

ACCS - Army command and control system

ACCSA - Allied Communications and Computer Security Agency (NATO)

ACCSDP - Army C&C development plan

ACD - automatic (automated) call distribution (distributor)

ACDI - asynchronous communications device interface

ACDS - advanced combat direction System

ACE - air combat element

ACE - adaptive communications element (USAF)

ACE - airborne (adaptive) command element (USAF)

ACE - air combat element (NATO)

ACE - automated commercial environment (Customs)

ACE - aviation combat element (USMC)

ACEC - Ada compiler evaluation capability

ACERT - Army computer emergency response team

ACES - automated communications engineering software

ACES - access certificates for electronic services

ACES - air combat engagement simulator

ACES - automated command and control evaluation system

ACES - automated communications engineering software

ACES - automated computer examination system (FBI)

ACF - access control facility (field)

ACF - access coordination fee

ACF - advanced communications function

ACI - adjacent channel interference

ACI - assign call inhibit

ACIC - Aeronautical Chart and Information Center

ACID - adaptive COMSEC interface device

ACID - all-service combat identification demonstration

ACIM - airborne communications interface module

ACIND - air customer information needs database

ACINT - acoustic intelligence

ACIPS - acoustic intelligence processing system

ACIS - American committee for interoperable systems

ACIS - Army command information system

ACIS - Automated combat information system

ACK - acknowledgement flag, TCP header

ACK - (Acknowledgment) - Control code or designation for a positive acknowledgment; sent from a receiver to the transmitter to indicate that a transmission or sequence of transmissions has been received correctly.

ACL - access control list

ACLDB - Army central logistics data Bank

ACLI - Ada command language interpretation

ACM - Association for Computing Machinery

ACME - Adaptive Collection management environment

ACMES - automated communications security management and engineering system

ACMES - Automated COMSEC Management and Engineering System

ACMS - application control management system

ACO - airspace control order

ACO - Army cryptologic operations

ACOC - area communications operations center

ACOE - Army common operating environment

ACOMMS - air communications squadron

ACP - Allied Communications Publication

ACP - ancillary control program

ACP - air campaign planning tool

ACP - automated command post

ACP - assign common-pool compressed dial list

ACPI - advanced configuration and power interface

ACPU - auxiliary computer power unit

ACQW - asymmetric coupled quantum well

ACR - access control register

ACR - alternate carrier routing (NCS)

ACR - assign channel reassignment

ACR - armored cavalry regiment

ACRC - alternate control reporting center

ACS - AUTODIN Switching Center

ACS - access control system

ACS - adaptive control system

ACS - aerial common sensor

ACS - afloat correlation system

ACS - automated commercial system (Customs)

ACSA - Allied Communications Security Agency

ACSIM - assistant chief of staff for information management

ACSO - assistant corps Signal officer

ACSU - advanced channel service unit

ACT - annual change traffic

ACTA - America’s Carriers Telecommunication Association

ACTD - advanced concept technology demonstration

ACTFAST - advanced concepts and technology rrequency agile solid state tuner

Action - Menu - The Operator Interface Action Menu contains the actions that can be performed. Each action is typically associated with a list of objects (Object Menu) on which the action is performed.

ACTO - Army Communicative Technology Office

ACTS - advanced communications technology satellite

ACTS - advanced communications technologies and services (Europe) (was RACE)

ACU - antenna control unit

ACU - auto call (calling) unit

ACUS - Area Common User System

ACVC - Ada compiler validation capability (capacity)

ACWAR - agile continuous wave acquisition radar

ADA - air defense artillery

ADA - airborne data automation

ADACS - air defense artillery control system

ADAMS - allied deployment and movement system

ADANS - airlift deployment analysis system

ADAPT - architectures design, analysis and planning tool

ADAR - air defense radar

ADARS - advanced defense avionics response strategy (USAF)

ADARS - adaptive antenna receive system

ADAS - airborne data automation system

ADATS - Army development and acquisition of threat simulators

ADB - assign data base transfer

ADC - adaptive data compression

ADC - analog to digital converter

ADC - asynchronous data communications

ADC - automatic data controller

ADCC - air defense control center

ADCCP - advanced data communications control procedures

ADCEO - Assistant Division Communications-Electronics Office

ADCP - air defense communications platform (USMC)

ADCS - advanced defense communications satellite

ADCS - air defense control system

ADCS - automated document conversion system

ADDISS - advanced deployable digital imagery support system

ADDM - asynchronous digital data modem

Address - Digital information (a combination of bits) that identifies the location of a terminal, peripheral device, a node, or any other unit or component in a network. Used mainly for routing purposes; in telephony the number entered by the caller that identifies the party called.

Address - Packet - The address packet is a call setup-signaling packet that carries the call setup information. It is transmitted in accordance with the standards in CCITT Signaling System Number 7. The Call Controller task at each node sets up call resources based on information in the address packet.

Address - Signals - Signals used to convey call destination information, such as telephone station code, central office code, and area code. Some forms of address signals are call pulses (for example, dial or multifrequency pulses).

ADDS - air deployable delivery system (Navy)

ADDS - Army data distribution (dictionary) system

ADE - Army data encyclopedia

ADE - advanced development environment

ADE - assign digit editing lists

ADE - Assign Digit Editing List Command

ADEIE - associated digital error improvement equipment

ADEPT - acquisition of desktop extended processing technology (USPS)

ADEWS - air defense electronic warfare system

ADF - application dependent format

ADF - automatic direction finder

ADF - automatic document feed

ADGE - air defense ground environment

ADH - automatic data handling

ADI - Air Defense Interface

ADIMSS - Automated DSN Integrated Management Support System

ADIMSS - Automated DSN Integrated Management Support System

ADIMSS - Advanced DSN Integrated Management Support System

ADIS - automated distributed intelligence system

ADIZ - air defense identification sone

adj - adjacent

ADL - Ada design language

ADL - address data latch

ADL - advanced distributed learning

ADL - automatic data link

ADLAT - adaptive lattice filter

ADM - advanced development model

ADM - automatic display mode

ADM - Admin

ADMAPS - automated document management and publishing system

ADMD - administrative management domain [X.400]

admin - administrative

ADMP - Army digitization master plan

ADMS - automated digital multiplexing system

ADN - area distribution node

ADN - automatic digital network

ADNET - anti-drug network

ADNS - Automatic Data Networking System

ADNX - Adaptive Digital Network Exchange

ADO - Army digitization office

ADOCU - air defense orderwire control unit

ADP - automated data processing

ADP - atmospheric downstream plasma etching

ADPCM - (Adaptive Differential Pulse Code Modulation) - ADPCM takes advantage of the high statistical correlation between consecutive voice samples to create a variable (or adaptive) quantizing scale.

ADPE - automated data processing equipment

ADPR - automated data processing resources

ADPSSO - automatic data processing special security officer

ADR - automatic data relay

ADRG - advanced research center

ADRG - automatic digital raster graphics

ADRG - ARC-Digitized Raster Graphics (ARC is a term used to designate linear features on a digital map.)

ADRS - address

ADS - Ada development system

ADS - advanced digital switch

ADS - advanced display system (Navy)

ADS - advanced distributed simulations

ADS - air data system

ADS - application development system

ADS-B - automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast

ADSI - air defense system integrator

ADSIA - Allied Data Systems Interoperability Agency

ADSIM - air defense simulation

ADSL - asymmetric DSL

ADSL - asynchronous (asymmetrical) digital subscriber line (loop)

ADSO - assistant division signal office/officer

ADSS - Army decision support system

ADST - advanced distributed simulation technology (Army)

ADT - assign digital transmission group

ADT - automatic digital tester

ADT - abstract data type

ADTOC - air defense tactical operations center

ADTP - advanced technology demonstration plan

ADU - automatic dialing unit

ADU - assign PS dialup

ADUA - administrative directory user agent

ADX - automatic data exchange

ADX - assign digit translation

AE - attenuation equalizer

AEA - airborne electronic attack (Navy)

AEA - American Electronics Association

AEELS - automatic ELINT emitter location system

AEF - Air Expeditionary Force

AEGADS - Army Electronic Generation and Distribution System

AEHF - advanced extremely high frequency (satellite)

AEI - Assign Equipment In/Out-of-Service Command

AEJ - Apache escort jammer

AEP - application environment profile

AES - advanced encryption standard

AESA - active electronically scanned array

AESOP - airborne electro-optical special operations payload

AEW - airborne early warning

AEW - Air Expeditionary Wing

AEWIC - Army Electronic Warfare and Intelligence Committee

AF - Air Force

AF - audio frequency

AFA - audio frequency amplifier

AFAITC - Armed Forces Air Intelligence Training Center

AFAMS - Air Force Agency for Modeling and Simulation

AFATDS - Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System

AFB - Air Force Base

AFC - automatic frequency control

AFC - area frequency coordinator

AFC - automatic font change

AFC - automatic frequency control

AFC2S - Air Force command and control systems

AFCA - Air Force Communications Agency (Formerly AFCC)

AFCERT - Air Force computer emergency response team

AFCH - Air Force Component Headquarters

AFCSC - Air Force Cryptologic Support Center

AFD - assign fixed-directory routing

AFDIGS - Air Force digital graphics system

AFDIS - air force dial in system

AFECO - Air Force Electronic Combat Office

AFEKMS - Air Force electronic key management system

AFEWES - Air Force electronic warfare environment simulator

AFFIRM - Association for Federal Information Resources Management

AFFOR - Air Force forces

AFIAA - Air Force Intelligence Analysis Agency

AFID - anti-fratricide identification device

AFII - Association for Font Information Interchange

AFIN - Air Force information network

AFIN - Air Force intelligence

AFINTNET - Air Force intelligence network

AFIPS - Air Force information publishing service

AFIS - automated fingerprinting identification system (FBI)

AFIWC - Air Force Information Warfare Center

AFLANT - Air Forces Atlantic

AFMIC - Armed Forces medical intelligence center

AFMSS - Air Force mission support system

AFNOC - Air Force network operations center

AFOC - Air Force Operations Center

AFORMS - Air Force Operations Resource Management System

AFPCA - Air Force Pentagon Communications Agency

AFR - assign and display frequency for network reporting

AFRTS - armed forces radio and television service

AFSAT - Air Force satellite

AFSATCOM - Air Force satellite communications

AFSC - Air Force specialty code

AFSOB - Air Force special operations base

AFSOC - Air Force Special Operations Command

AFSOF - Air Force Special Operations Forces

AFSPC - Air Force Space Command

AFSS - automated flight service station

AFT - automatic fund transfer

AFTN - aeronautical fixed telecommunications network

AFTS - audio frequency tone shift

AFWIS - Air Force WWMCCS information system

AG - applications generator

AGC - assign gateway and commercial office routing

AGC - (Automatic Gain Control) - Parameter implemented for the LDCELP module that provides the ability to automatically adjust the power level of a received signal. The power level of a received signal is automatically adjusted from a marginal or unacceptable value to one that is more suitable for voice or FAX applications.

AGCCS - Army global command and control system

Aggregate - Group - The approach used on the PRC, PRC INTL, and TMCP voice modules to group contiguous DS0 ports for clear-channel signaling (that is, the bandwidths for the ports are grouped together).

AGMS - automated gateway management system

AGMS - automated gateway management system

AGMS - automated gateway management system

AGP - advanced graphics port

AGS - airborne ground surveillance (NATO)

AHCFMS - Army health care financial management system

AHFEWS - Army high frequency electronic warfare system

AHIMA - American Health Information Management Association

AHP - analytical hierarchy process

AHPCRC - Army high performance computer research center

AI - analog input

AI - artificial intelligence

AIA - Air Intelligence Agency

AIA - Army information architecture

AIAC - ACCS implementation advisory committee (NATO)

AIC - Atlantic Intelligence Command

AIC - Advanced integrated circuit

AIC - air intercept control

AIC - Army intelligence center

AIC - Army interoperability center

AIC - audio intercommunications center

AICS - advanced interior communications system

AIDC - automated intrusion detection capability

AIDTS - Army inflight data transmission system

AIE - Ada integrated environment

AIF - audio interchange format

AIG - address indicator groups

AIG - Address Indicating Group

AII - Army information infrastructure

AIIM - Association for information and image management

AIIP - Association of Independent Information Producers

AIL - assign interswitch link initialization

AIM - advanced infosec module

AIMA - Army information & mission area

AIMC - Army Information Management Committee

AIMP - Army intelligence and electronic warfare master plan

AIMS - advanced information management system

AIMS - automated intrusion monitoring system

AIMTB - artificial intelligence module test bed

AIN - Army Information Network

AIN - advanced intelligent network

AIN - Army interoperability network

AINC - Army Interoperability Network Center

AIOD - automatic identified outward dialing

AIPC - automated information processing center

AIPS - Army information processing standards

Air - Plenums - Air plenums are used to take air in and to exhaust it.

AIRCOMTERM - air communications terminal

AIRES - advanced imagery requirements exploitation system

AIRK - area interswitch rekeying key

AIRMS - advanced infrared measuring system

AIRTERM - airborne terminal

AIRV - area interswitch rekey variable

AIS - automated information systems

AIS - air intelligence squadron

AIS - airborne intelligence system

AIS - audio intercommunication system

AIS - (Alarm Indication Signal) - 1. In modern T1/T3 systems, the AIS is an all ones signal transmitted in lieu of the normal signal to maintain transmission continuity and to indicate to the receiving terminal that there is a transmission fault that is located at the transmitting terminal or upstream of the transmitting terminal. It is also called "Blue Alarm" or "Blue Code." 2. automated information system.

AISB - Association of Imaging Service Bureaus

AISP - Association of Information Systems Professionals

AISRV - area interswitch rekey variable

AISS - automated information system security

AISSP - Army information systems security program

AIT - automatic identification technology (Army)

AITC - Army interoperability test center

AITN - Army interoperability test network

AITS - advanced information technology services

AJ - anti-jam

AJCC - Alternate Joint Communications Center

AJCM - anti-jam control modem

AJCM - AJ control modem

AJPO - Ada Joint Program Office

AK - automatic keying

AKDC - Automatic Key Distribution Center

AKDC/RCU - automatic key distribution center/rekeying control unit

AKMS - Army Key Management System

AKO - Army Knowledge Online

AL - address list

AL - applications layer

AL - address list

Alarm - Log - Contains the events that have an alarm level associated with it for a node or the network.

Alarm - Monitor - Type of operator console that displays active alarms.

Alarm - Panel - An optional control panel that can be installed in a node. It provides audible and visual alarms governed by thresholds set by the user.

ALBAM - air-land battle assessment model

ALBM - Army airland battle management

ALCC - airlift control center

ALCC - Analog Line Conditioning Circuits

ALCE - airlift control element (USAF)

ALCG - analog line conditioning group

ALCOM - Alaskan Command

ALD - assign local duplication

ALD - Assign Local Duplication Command

ALE - automatic link establishment

ALEC - alternate local exchange carriers

ALERT - advanced law enforcement and response technology

ALFS - airborne low-frequency sonar

Algorithm - A sequence of steps a CPU follows to accomplish a task.

ALICE - all-purpose lightweight individual carrying equipment

ALLA - allied long lines agency (NATO)

ALMS - automated logistics management system

ALO - air liaison officer

ALOC - administrative/logistics operations center

ALOC - area logistics operation center

ALOG - analog switch

ALOHA - aerial locations for hazardous atmospheres (NOAA)

ALP - auxiliary line printer

ALPC - adaptive link power control

Alphanumeric - Refers to input consisting of letters, numbers, and other symbols such as punctuation marks and mathematical symbols.

ALPS - assembly line processing system

ALQA - automatic link quality assessment

ALS - Assign Loop Strapping Command

ALS/N - Ada language dystem/Navy

ALSA - Air, Land, Sea Applications Center

ALSP - aggregate level simulation protocol

alt - alternate

Alternate - Buffer - A section of memory set aside (reserved) for receipt or transmission of data after the primary buffer is full.

Alternate - Routing - A feature of circuit switches that allows calls to be distributed and completed over other routes when the first route is unavailable.

ALTG - Auxiliary Line Termination Group

ALU - Arithmetic Logic Unit

AM - active matrix

AM - amplitude modulation

AM/SSB - amplitude modulation/single sideband

AMA - automatic message accounting

AMA - Assign Manual Affiliation Command

AMANDDA - automated messaging and directory assistance

AMD - active matrix display

AMD - Assign Memory Display Command

AMDF - Army master fata gile

AMDPCS - Air and Missile Defense Planning and Control System

AMDRS - aviation medicine data retrieval system

AME - aerospace management element

AME - antenna mounted electronics

AMH - automated (automatic) message handling

AMHS - Automated Message Handling System

AMI - (Alternate Mark Inversion) - A digital signal in which successive "marks" or ones alternate between positive and negative polarity of equal amplitude. Two ones of the same polarity in a row constitute a bipolar violation. See Line Coding, T1. See Also B8ZS.

AMIDS - audit monitoring and intrusion detection system

AMIS - Army management information system

AMLCD - active matrix liquid crystal display

AMME - automated multimedia exchange

AMO - acquisition (automation) management (office) organization (DISA & Army))

AMO - Automation Management Office

AMP - amplifier

AMPE - automated message processing exchange

Amplifier - A device used to boost the strength of an electronic signal.

Amplitude - The magnitude of variation in a changing quantity from its zero value. The word must be modified with an adjective such as peak, rms, maximum, and so on, which designates the specific amplitude in question.

AMPS - advanced mobile phone system (standard)

AMPS - airborne multisensor pod system

AMPS - automated (aviation) mission planning system

AMPSSO - Automated Message Processing System Security Officer

AMRIS - advanced magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy

AMRIS - Army modernization resource information system

AMS - autonomous message switch

AMS - alert management system

AMS - asset management system

AMSMP - Army modeling & simulation management program

AMSS - ammunition management standard system

AMSS - automatic meteorological sensor station (system)

AMT - Assign Multiple Trunks Command

AMTS - automated maritime telecommunications system

AMVER - automated mutual assistance vessel rescue (Coast Guard)

Analog - Signal - A signal that varies in a continuous manner, such as in human speech or music.

ANCA - allied naval communications agency (NATO)

ANCD - automated net control device

ANCS - ATM node center switch

ANCT - alternate network control terminal

ANDC - automated net control device

ANDF - architecturally neutral distribution format

ANDVT - advanced narrowband digital voice terminal

ANG - Air National Guard

ANGLICO - air and naval gunfire liaison company

ANI - Automatic Number Identification- A system, originally designed for use by Interexchange carriers (IEC’s) which transmits the "billed party number" along with a call. Note that the billed party number is not necessarily the number of the line placing the call. ANI predates SS7 and can operate in with analog as well as digital trunks. See also CLID.

ANICS - Alaskan national airspace system interfacility communications system

ANN - artificial neural network

ANOC - alternate network operations control

ANR - assign net rekeying

ANR - Assign Net Rekeying Command

ANSI - American National Standards Institute

ANSIR - awareness of national security issues and response (FBI)

ant - antenna

ANVIS - aviatorÕs night vision imaging system

ANY - assign NYX routing

AO - analog output

AO - area of operations

AOAS - advanced oceanic automation system (FAA)

AOC - Air Operations Center (was TACC) (USAF)

AOC - aerospace operations center

AOC - Air Operations Center

AOCU - analog orderwire control unit

AOD - assign online diagnostic

AOD - Assign On-Line Diagnostics Command

AODMD - acousto-optic delay-and-multiple device

AOG - Architecture Oversight Group (DOD)

AOI - area of interest

AOI - Assign Other Equipment In/Out-of-Service Command

AOR - area of responsibility

AOR - Assign and Display Unstaffed Operator Routing Command

AP - adjunct processor

AP - anomalous propagation

AP - application processor

APA - adaptive packet

APA - advanced processor assembly

APA - all points addressable

APA - arithmetic processing accelerator

APAC - ACCS planning and policy advisory committee (NATO)

APAN - Asia Pacific Area Network

APC - adaptive predictive coding

APC - assign preprogrammed conference list

APCU - antenna position control unit

APELS - airborne precision emitter location system

APF - assign profile

APF - Assign Profiles Command

APG - automated password generator

API - application programming (programmer’s) (program) interface

APIC - advanced programmer interrupt controller

APII - Asia Pacific information infrastructure

APIMS - aerospace physiology information management system

APIU - adaptable programmable interface unit

APL - average picture level

APL - Assign Pre-Affiliation List Command

APP - application portability profile

APP - application-defined

APPI - advanced peer-to-peer internetworking

Appl - apply

Applications-Specific - Network - A network dedicated to specific applications such as ATMs, point-of-purchase registers, fund transfers, etc.

APPN - advanced peer-to-peer networking

APPS - automated publications production system

APR - assign packet switch routing

APRP - adaptive pattern recognition processing

APS - active pixel sensor

APS - advance planning system (USAF)

APS - afloat planning system

APS - asynchronous protocol specification

APS - auxiliary propulsion subsystem

APSE - Ada programming support environment

APT - automatically programmed tools

APTS - afloat personal telecommunications service

APV - Assign Password Verification Command

AR - Army; Army regulation (when followed by a number)

ARC - Army Reuse Center

ARC - A term used to designate linear features on a digital map.

ARCA - advanced RISC computing architecture

ARCENT - US Army Central

ARCIS - Army company information system

ARCMIS - automated radiological management information system

ARDF - airborne radio direction finding

ARDS - assign/display routing subsystem downsized (RSSD) download

AREUR - US Army Europe

ARF - airborne relay facility

ARFA - allied radio frequencies agency (NATO)

ARFOR - Army forces

ARG - amphibious ready group

ARH - anti-radiation homing

ARI - addressee routing indicator

ARIES - airborne reconnaissance integrated electronics system

ARJFC - US Army Joint Forces Command

ARL - adjusted ring length

ARL - aerial (airborne) reconnaissance-low

ARL - airborne reconnaissance low (Army)

ARL - Army Research Laboratory

ARLL - advanced run length limited

ARLNO - Armor Liaison Officer

ARM - application reference model

ARM - Ada requirements methodology

ARM - ADP resources manager

ARMISS - agency resources management information system

ARMS - automated records management system (Air Force)

ARO - airborne reconnaissance office

AROW - acquisition/reportback orderwire

ARP - Address Resolution Protocol

ARPA - Advanced Research Projects Agency (Now DARPA)

ARPAC - US Army Pacific

ARPANET - Advanced Research Projects Agency network

ARPL - adjust requested privilege level

ARQ - Automatic Retransmission Request

ARRC - allied command rapid reaction corps (NATO)

ARRL - American Radio Relay League

ARS - aerial reconnaissance & surveillance

ARS - air radio system

ARS - automatic route selection

ARS-ST - airborne receiving system-surface terminal (Navy)

ARS - action request system

ARSOF - Army Special Operations Forces

ARSOUTH - US Army South

ART - Aiborne Receive Terminal

ARTAC - Army tactical

ARTADS - Army tactical data system

ARTCC - air route traffic control center

ARTEP - Army Training and Evaluation Program

ARTS - asynchronous remote takeover server

ARTS - asynchronous remote takeover terminal

ARU - access/relay unit

ARU - audio response unit

AS - autonomous system

AS - analog secure

ASAC - all source analysis center

ASACAC - Army Security Agency Control and Analysis Center

ASAP - automated statistical analysis program

ASAP - automatic switching and processing

ASARS - advanced synthetic aperture radar system

ASAS - all source analysis system (Army)

ASAT - anti-satellite

ASB - area signal battalion

ASBR - autonomous system border router

ASC - Aeronautical Systems Center

ASC - American Standards Committee

ASC - Area Signal Center

ASC - Army Signal Command (formerly ISC)

ASC - AUTODIN switching center

ASC - automatic switching center

ASC - Assign and Display Switch Classmarks Command

ASC2A - Air and Space Command and Control Agency

ASCI - accelerated strategic computing initiative (DOE)

ASCIET - all-service combat identification evaluation team

ASCII - (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) - The standard 7-bit code, using a coded character set consisting of 7- bit coded characters (8 bits including a parity check bit) used for informality interchange among data processing systems, data communication systems, and associated equipment. The ASCII set consists of control characters and graphic characters and is properly an alphabet rather than a code. It is the U.S. implementation of the International Telegraph Alphabet Number

5.

ASCT - auxiliary satellite control terminal

ASCXN - area Signal center extension node

ASD - access security device (NETS)

ASD - assigned software developer

ASD - automated system demonstration

ASD - Assistant Secretary of Defense

ASD(C3I) - Assistant Secretary of Defense for Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence

ASDI - Analog Simple Data Interface

ASDS - air situation display system (USAF)

ASEM - application-specific electronic module

ASEN - ATM SEN

ASEPS - automated Signal excess prediction system

ASI - alternate space inversion

ASI - alarm status indicator

ASI - assign switch initialization

ASIC - all source intelligence center

ASIC - (Application Specific Integrated Circuit) - A custom integrated circuit.

ASIM - automated security incident measurement (Navy)

ASIMS - Army sustaining base information management system

ASIS - Ada semantic interface specification

ASIS - American Society for Information Science

ASIS - American Society of Industrial Security

ASIT - adaptable surface interface terminal

ASIT - advanced security and identification technology

ASK - amplitude shift keying

ASKMM - Advanced Standard Key Management Module

ASL - adaptive speed leveling

ASM - airspace management

ASM - application of software measurement

ASM - Army security monitor

ASM - assembler source language

ASMG - allied security military general

ASMP - asymmetric multiprocessing

ASMPC - automated staff message processing center

ASN - abstract syntax notation

ASN - autonomous system number

ASN.1 - Abstract Syntax Notation 1

ASOC - alternate systems operation control

ASOC - air support operations center

ASOS - Army secure operating system

ASOS - automated surface observing system

ASP - applications service provider

ASP - Army Space Command

ASP - Association of Shareware Professionals

ASPECTS - Automated Spectrum Planning, Engineering, Coordination and Tracking System

ASPJ - advanced self-protection jammer

ASPO - Army Space Program Office

ASPS - advance signal processing system

ASQC - American Society for Quality Control

ASR - automatic send and receive

ASR - automatic speech recognition

ASR - assign SEN/RAU/NMT

ASSET - asset source for software engineering technology

ASSET - all-source satellite evaluation tool

ASSIST - automated systems security and incident support team

ASSIST - Army special security information systems terminal

ASSP - application-specific standard product

AST - airborne surveilance testbed

ASTA - airport surface traffic automation (FAA)

ASTE - advanced strategic and tactical expendables

ASTEC - advanced satellite technology and EHF communications

ASTER - advanced spaceborne thermal emissions and reflection radiometer

ASTIA - Armed Services Technical Information Agency

ASTOR - airborne stand-off radar (UK)

ASTP - advanced space technology program (DARPA)

ASTRO - Army Space Technology and Research Office

ASUWC - anti-surface warfare commander (Navy)

ASVC - automatic secure voice communications

ASW - asynchronous service window

ASW - attack, sensing, and warning

ASWC - anti-submarine warfare Commander (Navy)

ASWCCS - ASW command and control system

ASY - asynchronous

ASYNC - asynchronous

Asynchronous - Data - A form of serial data communication which is not clocked. To keep the bit stream synchronized start and stop bits are used. RS-232 computer data is commonly asynchronous data. In contrast to synchronous data.

Asynchronous - Transmission - Transmission in which the interval between transmitted characters may be of unequal length. Data transmission and timing is controlled by start and stop bits at the beginning and end of each character. It is also referred to as start- stop transmission. Asynchronous transmission does not require the transmitters and receivers to have clocks to stay in synch.

AT - access tandem

AT - asynchronous transmission

ATA - advanced technology attachment

ATACC - advanced tactical air command center (central)

ATACC - alternate tactical air control center

ATACS - advanced target acquisition counter-fire system

ATACS - Army Tactical Communications System

ATAPI - advanced technology attachment packet interface

ATARS - advanced tactical air(borne) reconnaissance system

ATB - all trunks busy

ATC - air traffic control

ATCA - Allied Tactical Communications Agency (NATO)

ATCALS - air traffic control and landing system

ATCAP - Army Telecommunication Automation System

ATCAS - air traffic control automation system (FAA)

ATCC - air traffic control center

ATCCIS - Army tactical command and control information system

ATCCS - Army Tactical Command and Control System

ATCCSS - air traffic control communications switching system

atch - attached

ATCISA - Allied Tactical Communications and Information Systems Agency

ATCU - air transportable communications unit

ATD - advanced technology demonstrations

ATDL - Army tactical data link

ATDM - asynchronous time-division multiplexing

ATDM - adaptive time division multiplexer

ATDS - airborne tactical data system (USN)

ATDT - attention dial tone

ATE - automatic test equipment

ATEC - automatic test control

ATFES - Army Tactical Frequency Engineering System

ATG - antenna transceiver group

ATG - Assign Trunk Group Cluster Command

ATH - Assign and Display Thresholds Command

ATHS - airborne target handover system

ATI - artillery target intelligence

ATID - advanced technical interoperability demonstration

ATID - automated tactical information display

ATIP - Ada technology insertion program

ATIRCM - advanced threat (tactical) infrared countermeasures

ATIS - Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions

ATIS - automatic terminal information service (FAA)

ATL - assign transfer list

ATM - air traffic management

ATM - asynchronous transfer mode

ATM - automated teller machine

ATM - asynchronous transmission mode

ATM - Assign Traffic Metering Command

ATMAC - Air Traffic Management Automated Center

ATMHS - automatic text message handling system

ATMSDI - air traffic management system development and integration

ATN - aeronautical telecommunications network (FAA)

ATNAVICS - air traffic navigation, integration and coordination system

ATO - air tasking order

ATO - authorization to operate

ATS - assign terminal service

ATP - allied technical publication

ATR - advanced tactical radar

ATR - automatic target recognition

ATR - automatic terminal recognition

ATRJ - advanced threat radar jammer

ATS - air traffic services

ATS - afloat telecommunications service

ATS - automatic terminal recognition

ATS - automated tasking system

ATS - assign terminal service

ATSS - automatic test support system

ATT - Assign Terminal Type Command

Attenuation - The difference between transmitted and received power due to transmission loss through equipment, lines, or other communication devices.

attn - attention

ATV - advanced television

Audit - Trail - A record of events that have taken place in a network.

AUI - attachment unit interface

AUIB - aircrew uniform integrated battlefield

AUP - acceptable use policy [Internet]

AUR - automated underwriter system (Treasury)

auth - authority

AUTO - automatic

Auto - Event Log - Type of operator console that displays real-time events.

Autobaud - The process of automatically adjusting to or adapting equipment to the speed of the equipment to which it connects or is connected.

AUTODIN - Automatic Digital Network

Automatic - Alternate Routing - In the event that a network is disrupted, the node will automatically reroute each call according to its priority when a path becomes available.

Automatic - Call Reconnect - Call reconnect permits automatic call rerouting away from a trunk experiencing a failure. The order of rerouting that takes place is based on a port's call priority.

Automatic - Call Rerouting - A disconnected call is automatically rerouted away from a trunk experiencing a failure through other multiplexers and lines for continuation of voice or data traffic. Rerouting is based on a port's call priority.

Automatic - Clock Restoral - A node parameter used to automatically synchronize to the next highest clock source when the current clock source becomes unavailable.

AUTOSEVOCOM - Automatic Secure Voice Communications

AUTOVON - Automatic Voice Network

AUX - auxiliary

Auxiliary - Alarm - A condition derived from an external equipment connection. The auxiliary alarm input is mapped onto the crypto circuit connector. The default state is programmable.

Auxiliary - Fan - Cooling device for a Promina 800 EXS system (part of the alarm panel).

AVC - automatic voice control

AVCATT - aviation combined arms tactical trainer

AVD - alternate voice/data

AVDTG - analog via digital transmission group

AVDTG - AUTOVON digital trunk group

AVIMO - Army visual information management office

AVL - assign variable location

AVLTU - AUTOVON line termination unit

avn - aviation

AVOW - Analog Voice Orderwire

AVR - automatic voice recognition

AVT - automatic video tracker

AVTOC - aviation tactical operations center

AWACS - airborne warning and control system

AWC - air warfare coordinator

AWDS - automated weather distribution system

AWE - Advanced Warfighting Experiment

AWE - aircraft weapons electronics

AWG - American wire gauge

AWIPS - automated (advanced) weather interactive processing system

AWIS - Army WWMCCS information system

AWN - automated weather network

AWN - Air Weather Network

AWS - advanced warning system

AWS - analyst workstation

AWSIM - air warfare simulation

AX - automatic transmission

az - azimuth

AZR - assign zone restrictions

B

B-CDMA - broadband code-division multiple access

B-ISDN - broadband ISDN

B - Channel (Bearer) - In ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network),

a 64 kbps information carrying channel, capable of carrying lower rates within the 64 kbps channel.

B/B - baseband

B/P/C/S - base, post, camp, and station

B2C2 - brigade (battalion) and below Command and control

B3ZS - (Bipolar with Three Zero Substitution) - This format is used at the DS3 level for zero code suppression and is used only with the T3 Trunk module in a Promina 800.

B8ZS - (Binary Eight Zero Substitution) - A deliberate bipolar violation to solve the ones density problem, or to accommodate the requirements of digital T1-carrier facilities in the public network, while allowing 64 kbps clear data per channel. Rather than inserting a one for every seven consecutive zeroes (see Ones Density), B8ZS inserts two violations of the bipolar line

encoding technique used for digital transmission links. This format

is used at the DS1 for zero code suppression.

BAAS - broad area surveillance system

Backbone - Network - A transmission system that is designed to interconnect and integrate a variety of voice, data, and image networks of a diverse array of equipment, plus all applications.

Backplane - Connection point between the modules and the shelf, includes jumper settings.

BADD - battlefield awareness and data dissemination

BAI - battlefield air interdiction

BAIR - battlefield automation integration review

BAL - basic assembly language

BAL - balanced

BAM - Basic Access Module

BAMD - battlefield automation management directorate

BAMP - battlefield automation management program

BAN - base area network (Air Force)

Bandwidth - The frequency range between the highest and lowest frequencies, expressed in hertz, passed through a network. Bandwidth is divided into smaller frequency ranges, which can be assigned to particular transmission uses.

Bandwidth - Calculations - In addition to bandwidth that is used by a call, there may be transparent signaling bandwidth, and trunk asynchronous bandwidth as well. Transparent signaling bandwidth is required for data calls configured for transparent signaling. Trunk asynchronous bandwidth is required for calls that originate from a data port with a port speed that is not divisible by 8 kbps, USD ports configured as pass-through timing, and QASD ports configured for asynchronous timing.

Bandwidth - On Demand (BOD) - The assignment of bandwidth to a trunk (circuit link) only when the call is active. When the call is terminated, that bandwidth is then available for other calls.

Bandwidth - Pooling - A feature that allows pooling of the capacity of individual trunks between nodes. It treats pooled bandwidth as an aggregate trunk link. Bandwidth for a particular call is contiguous on one trunk, and a call cannot be divided across more than one trunk.

Bandwidth - Reservation - An approach that allows the user to reserve bandwidth for a call. It is especially useful for high- bandwidth or high-priority calls. By entering the appropriate information in a port's database, a specified amount of bandwidth can be reserved on a daily or one-time basis. When there is insufficient bandwidth, reservation depends on normal call attrition. As calls hang up, bandwidth is reserved. Only calls with priority lower than the call's preempt priority are refused.

BAS - Battlefield Automated Systems

Baseband - The frequency band occupied by a single or composite signal in its original or unmodulated form.

BASEWAM - battlefield surveillance electronic warfare analysis model

BASIC - beginner’s all-purpose symbolic instruction code

BASM - built-in assembler

BAT - block address translation

BAT - battery

BATCON - battalion command

BATES - battlefield artillery target engagement system

Baud - A measure of signaling rate for a digital signal, which is approximately equal to bits per second.

BAV - broadcast area variables

BBC - backup bus controller

BBMTA - border BMTA

BBN - BaseBand Node

BBS - bulletin board system

BC - Broadcast

BC - bus controller

BC2AS - Bosnia command and control augmentation system

BCBL - Battle Command Battle Lab

BCC - (Block Check Character) - An error detection technique in which a character is appended to the end-of-message indicator at the end of a block of synchronous data. Using a predefined algorithm, the transmitter computes the BCC. If there are no errors (XMT and XCV data are equal), the receiver's BCC should match that of the transmitter.

BCCS - battle command and control system

BCD - binary-coded decimal

BCI - bit count integrity

BCID - battlefield combat identification

BCIS - battlefield combat identification system

BCL - batch command language

BCN - beacon

BCOR - brigade COMSEC office of record

BCP - bulk copy program

BCR - battlefield communications review

BCR - byte count register

BCS - ballistic computer system

BCS - battery computer system

BCS - block check sequence

BCS - baseband communications system

BCSR - basic commercial security requirements

BCT - battlefield command terminal

BCT - Brigade combat teams

BCTP - battle command training program

BCU - battery computer unit

BCU - buffer and conversion unit

BCV - battle command vehicle

BDA - dattle damage assessment

BDC - backup domain controller

BDD - binary decision diagrams

bde - brigade

BDI - BLACK digital interface

BDMS - baseline data base management System

BDOS - basic disk operating system

BDS - battlefield data system

BECN - backward error correction notification

Bell - Labs - The basic research facility which was AT&T's primary research facility. Bell Labs was spun off with Lucent Technologies. Many very important discoveries have been made at Bell Labs including the transistor, communications theory, and radio astronomy.

Bellcore - BELL COmmunications REsearch. See Telcordia. The research and development organization owned by the RBOCs. Bellcore represents the RBOCs in developing standards for Telco equipment and in testing equipment compliance to those standards. Bellcore also offers educational and training programs open to all interested parties.

BEPS - biological experiment per second

BER - Basic Encoding Rules

BER - (Bit Error Rate) - The percentage of received bits in error, relative to a specific amount of bits received. It is usually expressed as a number referenced to a power of 10.

BERT - 1. Bit Error Rate Test- A test for digital lines which involves looping a data path and sending a test pattern. Data returning is compared to the sent data to check for errors. Depending on the "Test Pattern" used, BERTs may or may not uncover problems. A line which only has occasional problems will need a BERT of sufficient time duration to catch that intermittent problem. A five minute BERT of an ISDN BRI circuit will only catch severe

problems. 2. A Bit Error Rate Tester. The test equipment used to perform a Bit Error Rate Test.

BET - bulk-encrypted transaction

BETA - battlefield exploitation target acquisition

BEX - broadband exchange

BEZS - (Bandwidth Efficient Zero Suppression) - An N.E.T.- developed method of zero-byte substitution to guarantee ones density (forcing a zero-byte--0000 0000 binary--to a one-byte-- 0000 0001 binary) in accord with AT&T's specification for the Accunet T1.5. All trunks used by a circuit must be configured for BEZS to ensure that data is not corrupted. BEZS is the N.E.T. version of the industry standard for B8ZS (Bipolar with Eight Zero Suppression).

BEZS - Trunk Interface Card - This card provides a DS1 bipolar signal to one full-duplex T1 trunk. It also supports maximum bandwidth zero suppression (MBZS).

BFA - battlefield function

BFA - Battlefield Functional Area

BFACS - battlefield functional area control system

BFN - beam forming network

BFSK - binary frequency shift keying

BFT - binary file transfer

BFTT - battle force tactical training (Navy)

BG - battle group

BGE - branch if greater or equal

BGP - Border Gateway Protocol

BGPHES - battle group passive horizon extension system

BHCC - Busy Hour Call Completions

BI - binary input

BI - business intelligence

BIC - bus interface controller

BICC - Battlefield Information Coordination Center

BICEP - battlefield integrated concept emulation program (Army)

BICES - battlefield information collection and exploitation system (NATO)

BIFF - battlefield identification friend or foe

BII - base information infrastructure

Billing - Telephone Number - The main phone number which all calls on a PRI are billed to. This information is required when configuring a PRI PBX.

BIMS - battlefield information management system

BIND - Berkeley Internet Name Domain

BIOS - basic input-output system

BIP - base information protection

Biphase - Coding - A bipolar coding format, also referred to as Manchester coding, which allows clock information to be imbedded into and recovered from the synchronous data stream without the need for separate clocking leads.

Bipolar - Eight-Zero Suppression - Removes the requirement for ones-density at the 64 kbps level by sending a bipolar violation code at the 1.544 Mbps level.

Bipolar - Signal - A digital signal, also referred to as AMI (alternate mark inversion) that conveys binary digits in which successive "marks" or ones alternate between positive and negative polarity, equal in amplitude. Spaces or zeros are of zero amplitude.

Bipolar - Violation - This signal is generated when receiving equipment detects two ones in a row of the same polarity in a bit stream. Also see zero suppression.

BIPS - billion instructions per second

BIRS - battlefield information reporting system

BIS - Battlefield Information Services

BISDN - broadband integrated services digital network

BIST - built-in self-test

BiSync - (Binary Synchronous Communications) - A communication protocol used by IBM. It uses a defined set of control characters and control character sequences for synchronized transmission of binary coded data between stations in a data communications system.

BIT - built-in test

Bit - (Binary Digit) - In digital circuits, the basic unit of information designated by one of two possible values, 0 or 1.

Bit - 7 Stuffing - Used to maintain ones-density requirements by

forcing Bit 7 (second least significant bit) to a one when all bits of

a byte (8-bit) are all zeros.

Bit - Error Rate Test - See BERT.

Bit - Rate - The capacity of a digital channel. ISDN calls are set up at

a given bit rate, either 64Kbps or 56Kbps. The bit rate cannot be changed during a call. See Kbps.

Bit-Oriented - Protocol - A protocol such as SDLC (Synchronous Data Link Control) and HDLC (High-Level Data Link Control).

BITE - built in test equipment

BITS - battlefield information transmission system

BIU - bus interface unit

BIX - byte information exchange (BBS)

BL - backlit

BL - baseline

BLACK - unclassified

BLII - base level information infrastructure

blk - block(s)

BLOBS - binary large objects

Block - The means for preventing calls on links, trunks, or ports.

Blocking - When a circuit switched call cannot be completed. The percentage of blocked calls to the number of calls attempted forms the basis of a statistic called "grade of service". While it is economically infeasible to build a network which would have no blocking, the phone company are held accountable by the utility commissions to keep blocking below tariffed levels. The concept of blocking cannot be applied to packet networks, only circuit switched networks.

BLOS - beyond line-of-sight

BLSM - base level system modernization (See GCSS-AF)

BLWE - Battle Lab warfighting experiment

BM - battle management

BM/C3 - battle management/command, control, and communications

BMAN - broadband metropolitan area network

BMD - ballistic missile defense (formerly SDI)

BMDO - Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (formerly SDIO)

BMM - BLACK Multiplexer Module

BMO - battalion maintenance officer

BMP - batch message processing program

BMTA - backbone message transfer agent

BN - backbone network

bn - battalion

BNC - British Naval Connector

BNC - Bayonet Neill Concelman [Electronics] (connector used with coaxial cable, named after inventor). Also: British naval connector.

BNCC - Base Network Control Center

bnd - band

BNE - branch if not equal

BO - binary output

BOC - Bell Operating Company

BOH - bottom of hill

BOI - basic operator interface

BOIS - battlefield operating instruction system

BOM - bit-oriented message

BONES - block-oriented network simulator

BOO - base of operations

BOOTP - Bootstrap Protocol

BOP - bit oriented protocol

BOS - basic operating system

BOS - Battlefield Operating System

BOSS - base operations support system

Both - Way Trunks - See Combination Trunks.

BPA - blanket purchase agreement

BPA - business process automation

BPF - Berkeley Packet Filter

BPFTP - Bullet-proof FTP

BPI - bit per inch

BPM - background processing management

BPOM - breadboard on passive optic network

BPP - Brokered Private Peering

BPR - business process reengineering

bps - (Bits Per Second) - A measure of the information transfer rate of a data channel.

Bps - bytes per second

BPSK - binary phase-shift keying

BRI - ISDN Basic Rate Interface. The common form of ISDN with 2 Bearer Channels and one D Channel. All three channels are on a single copper pair and encoded with type 2B1Q coding.

BRI-S - Basic-Rate S-Interface

BRI-U - Basic Rate U-Interface

Bridge - A device that connects two or more physical networks, and transmits packets between them. Bridges can filter packets; that is, the transmittal of certain packets. Also see repeater and router.

BRITE - Basic Rate Interface Transmission Extension. A technology where ordinary T-1 trunks (or any other digital carrier system) are used to extend ISDN service. See also Repeater.

Broadband - Characteristic of any network that multiplexes several independent network carriers into a single cable. This is usually through Frequency Division Multiplexing. Broadband technology permits traffic on several networks to coexist on a single cable.

BRSS - Brigade Remote Subscriber Service

BS - bit select address

BS - broadcast source

BSA - basic service (serving) agreement

BSA - brigade support area

BSAM - basic sequential access method

BSBN - baseband

BSBP - Block-Step-Back Parameter

BSC - binary synchronous communications

BSC - BLACK station clock

BSD - Berkeley Software Distribution

BSE - basic service element

BSF - bit scan forward

BSI - British Standards Institute

BSM - battlefield spectrum management

BSN - Brigade Subscriber Node

BSO - basic security option

BSO - brigade/battalion signal officer

BSR - bit scan reverse

BSS - broadcasting satellite service

BSU - bulk storage unit

BSYNC - binary synchronous communications

BT - bit test

BTB - branch target buffer

BTC - bit test and complement

BTL - backplane transceiver logic

BTN - See Billing Telephone Number.

btry - battery

BUCS - backup computer system

BUF - buffer

Buffer - A temporary storage space in RAM to compensate for varying data transmission rates.

Bundle - The term that describes a group of 64 kbps time slots in the T1/T3 facility. Bundles are supported on the TRK-3 module.

Bundle - ID - Bundles are identified through the Operator Interface by the card ID and an arbitrary number preceded by the letter B and an optional node ID.

Bus - An electrical path connecting circuit elements, printed circuit board assemblies, and other system components. The TBus is used to carry user data, a CBus is used to carry signaling and control information between the modules, and an XBus is used to connect the card shelves.

Bus - Extender - A card that distributes the clock and data signals for the expansion shelf of the 24-slot Promina 400. The bus extender set consists of the bus extender, bus repeater, and two bus extender cables.

Bus - Repeater - A card for the 24-slot Promina 400 that relays clock and data signals to the expansion shelf.

Bus - Terminator Board - On the Promina 800 and 400 nodes this board provides the termination point for buses on a standard shelf.

Business - Office - The part of the phone company where you call if they mess up your bill, to report problems, and to order service. Not necessarily technically literate.

BV - battlefield visualization (Army)

BVTC - battlefield video teleconferencing

BW - bandwidth

BWLP - black and white laser printer

BWM - block-write mode

BWM - bandwidth manager

BWOFS - battlefield weather observation & forecast system

BX - (Bus Extender) Module - This module (in each STS or EXS shelf in a Promina 800) functions as the communication link from the STS shelves (or EXS shelves) to the HSS-2 shelf. It is the interface between the SX module and the STS or EXS shelves and extends the bus from the SX module to the STS and EXS shelves.

Byte - A sequence of adjacent binary digits operated upon as a unit and usually shorter than a computer word. A group of eight bits makes a byte. Typically, a 16-bit word is itself divided up for handling. A byte is usually the smallest addressable unit of information in memory.

C

C

- C Programming Language

C

- confidential

C-FAST - counter-force automated surveillance & targeting (USAF)

C-SIGINT - counter-signals intelligence

C-LAN - Communications-LAN

C-E - communications-electronics

C - clear

C-Bit - Parity Format - This arrangement of the control bits in the basic M-frame is to enhance the current asynchronous DS3 datastream functionality. The 21 C-bits are defined to provide improved network maintenance and monitoring, or DS3 path monitoring and implementation of FEBE as well as providing for data link applications. Contrast with M13 format used for DS1 to DS3 multiplexing.

C-E - communications-electronics

C-EMS - Communications-Electronic Management System

C&A - certification & accreditation

C&D - cover and deception

c/kT - ratio of average carrier power to noise power spectral density

C/Ku - commercial satellite communications frequency bands

C/S/A - CINC, Service, or agency

C2 - command and control

C2 - configuration 2

C2 - uplink network control

C2BFMAA - command and control battlefield function mission area analysis

C2CAMP - command and control concept and management plan

C2CM - C2 countermeasures

C2DA - command and control decision aid

C2E - command and control element

C2IPS - command and control conformation processing system

C2MAA - command and control mission area analysis

C2MADP - command and control mission area development plan

C2MAMP - command and control mission area materiel plan

C2MUG - command and control microcomputer users group

C2P - command and control protect

C2T2 - Commercial Communications Technology Test Bed

C2V - command and control vehicle

C2W - command and control warfare

C2WC - Command and Control Warfare Commander (Navy)

C3 - command, control and consultation (NATO)

C3 - command, control, and communications

C3 - downlink network control

C3CM - C3 countermeasures (now C2CM or C2W)

C3EVAL - command, control, and communications evaluation model

C3I - command, control, communications and intelligence

C3I - command, control, communications and information (UK)

C3I - Command, Control, Computers, and Intelligence

C3S - command, control, communications system

C4 - command, control, communications, and computers

C4I - Command, Control, Communications, Computer and Intelligence

C4I2 - command, control, communications, computing, intelligence and information systems

C4IFTW - Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence for the Warrior

C4ISR - C4 Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance

C4ISR - command, control, communications, computers,intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance

C6 - Combined Command, Control, Communications, and Computer Systems Directorate

CA - Certification (certificate) Authority

CA - III Challenge Athena Phase III

CAAM - computer assisted artillery meteorology

CAAP - Critical Asset Protection Program

CAB - combat air base

Cabinet - An equipment enclosure, usually with front and rear doors. Standard EIA equipment cabinet that houses card shelves, power supplies, alarm panel, fans, power distribution units, T1 jackfields.

CAC - connection admission control

CAC - Common Access Cards

CAC2 - combined arms command and control (Army)

CACSD - computer-aided control system design

CAD - computer-aided design

CAD - collective address designators

CADCI - common air defense communications interface CAP control and alarm panel

CADD - computer aided design and drafting

CADS - computer anomaly detection system

CAE - common applications environment

CAE - computer-aided engineering

CAF - Combat Air Force

CAFED - computer-aided file of engineering drawings

CAFMS - computer assisted force management system

CAGE - commercial and government entity

CAI - computer-aided instruction

CAIRN - collaborative advanced internet research network

CAIS - common APSE interface set

CAL - computer-assisted learning

CALC - customer access line charges

Call - Manager - Controls busy/unbusy for voice calls.

Call - Priority - The priority assigned to each origination port to establish the order in which calls are reconnected, It also defines which calls can or cannot be placed when bandwidth has been reserved.

Call - Setup - The process of dynamically allocating bandwidth and establishing logical circuits that permit a voice or data call connection.

Call - Summary - Contains a summary of calls in progress on a node, link, or card.

Call - The logical port-to-port connection or circuit (also referred to as a channel) built between two ports by the network, including the origination node, pass-through nodes, and the destination node.

Called - Party Address - This is the destination phone number of a call delivered to a switch. For instance this could be the CLID of a call delivered to a PBX using DID or two-way trunks. See also DID.

CALM - computer aided load manifest (manifesting) system

CALS - computer-aided acquisition and logistics support (old)

CALS - continuous acquisition and life cycle support (new)

CAM - communication access method

CAM - computer-aided manufacturing

CAM - content-addressable memory

CAM - configurable access module

CAMA - centralized automatic message accounting

CAMEO - Computer-Aided Management of Emergency Operations (EPA)

CAMIS - Customs accounting and management information system (Customs)

CAMP - command ADP modernization program

CAMP - common Ada missile package

CAMP - computer-assisted message preparation

CAMPS - computer-aided mission planning system

CAMPS - compartmented All Source Analysis System messageprocessing system

CAN - customer access network

CAN - campus area network

CAOC - Combined Air Operations Center (NATO)

CAOW - cable orderwire

CAP - carrierless amplitude phase (modulation)

CAP - Channel Access Protocol

CAP - competitive access provider

CAP - communications-electronics accommodation program

CAP - Connection Approval Program

CAP - Control and Alarm Panel

Capacity - The amount of communications traffic a circuit, multiplexer, or network system can support. Capacity is determined by the available bandwidth and the ability to maximize bandwidth use.

CAPE - computer-aided parametric estimating

CAPI - cryptographic application programming interfaces

CAPS - communications/aural protective system

CAPS - corporate accounts processing system (IRS)

CAR - committed access rate

Card - A printed circuit board assembly that is located in a card slot on a shelf (also referred to as a module). Typically a module has a front and rear interface card. The front card contains the logic associated with the card. The card is identified by a card ID.

Card - ID - Cards are identified through the Operator Interface by a number from 0 to 127 preceded by the letter "C" and an optional node ID (for example, N2C26). The card number refers to the actual card slot in which a card resides (or will reside) in the card shelf.

Card - Parameters - See parameters.

Card - Shelf - Card shelf is a chassis that contains front and rear cards and a backplane. The cards on the shelf are connected by buses. The Promina 800 HSS-2 shelf has 16 card slots, the STS shelf has 12 card slots, and the EXS shelf has 16 card slots; the Promina 400 has 12 card slots and the expansion unit has 12 card slots; and the Promina 200 has 8 card slots.

Card - Slots - Guide rails, at the top and bottom of the card shelf interior, provide slots for inserting cards into the shelf.

CARDS - central archive for reusable defense software

CARP - contingency alternate route plan

Carrier - Detect Circuitry - Circuits that detect a carrier signal to determine if a transmission is about to occur.

Carrier - Signal - A continuous sine-wave signal at a frequency that easily passes over the communications medium. It is a pipeline that allows data to move from DCE to DCE, with the carrier modulated in order to send data.

CARS - cable television relay service (station)

CARS - contingency airborne reconnaissance system (USAF)

CART - compact array radio-location technique

CART - computer analysis and response team (FBI)

CARTS - common Ada run-time system

CAS - command automation system

CAS - crew assignment sheet

CAS - Task (Channel Associated Signaling) Task - The CAS task implements all signaling protocols and conversions for PRC and TMCP modules. The CAS task provides support for signaling protocol SSDC5-A and E&M, as described in British Telecom Publication BTNR 187.

CASE - computer-aided (assisted) systems (software) engineering

CASES - capability assessment expert system

CASL - CSCE automated software load

CASS - consolidated automated support system

CAST - computer-aided software testing

CAT - computer-assisted training or technology

CATC - carrier air traffic control center

CATF - Commander Amphibious Task Force

CATIA - computer graphic aided three-dimensional application

CATIS - computer-aided tactical information system

CATS - consolidated asset tracking system (Justice)

CAU

- controlled access unit

CAU

- crypto authorization (ancillary) unit

CAVE - Cellular Authentication of Voice Encryption

CAW - certification authority workstation

CAWG - Communications Architecture Working Group

CB - common battery

CBAC - Context Based Access Protocol

CBC - cipher block chaining

CBCS - Combat Communications Squadron

CBCS - common baseline circuit switch

CBCS - common battery circuit switching

CBEMA - Computer and Business Equipment Manufacturers Association

CBFS - cesium beam frequency standard

CBI - computer based instruction

CBLTU - common battery line termination unit

CBMS - computer-based mail system

CBR

- case based reasoning

CBR

- continuous (constant) bit rate

CBS

- corps battle simulation

CBT

- computer based training

CBT

- crossbar transceiver

cbt - combat

CBU - Conference Bridge Unit

CBus - (Control Bus) - The CBus carries signaling and control information between modules.

CBX - computer branch exchange

CC

- communications central

CC

- common criteria

CC

- Combatant Commander

CC/S/A - Combatant Commander/Service/Agency

CCA

- Circuit Card Assembly

CCB

- (Call Control Block) - The basic data structure that is used by

the call controller to identify and describe data circuits. A Call In Progress (CIP) block forms an extension to the CCB during circuit

construction. This is discarded upon circuit establishment.

CCC

- CINC Command Complex

CCC

- command and control center

CCC

- critical control circuit

CCD

- charged-coupled device

CCDEL - Command and Control Demonstration Laboratory

CCDG - Commander, Cruiser Destroyer Group

CCDL - cross channel data link

CCE - configurable crypto engine

CCEP - commercial communications security endorsement program

CCES - contingency communications extension switch

CCF

- control communications facility

CCI

- computer crime Iinitiative

CCI

- Computer Crime Investigator

CCI

- controlled cryptographic item

CCI

- controlled COMSEC item

CCIR - commander’s critical information requirements

CCIR - consultative committee of international radio

CCIS - command center information system

CCIS - command, control and information system

CCIS - 1. Common Channel Interoffice Signaling. A signaling system where network information such as address and routing information are handled externally to the actual communications (voice) path. SS7 (Signaling System 7) is the internationally standardized CCIS system. Deployment of CCIS increased efficiency since no communications (voice) channels are used merely to report an "all trunks busy" or "far end busy" conditions. It also decreased toll fraud substantially since it removed the potential for access to the signaling information that was inherent to in-band signaling schemes. CCIS also enables CLASS features as well as sophisticated re-routing features for "intelligent network" applications. See also In Band Signaling. 2. common channel interswitch signaling

CCITT - (Consultative Committee for International Telegraph and Telephone) - This international organization recommends standards for telecommunications. Also see ITU.

CCIU - CEF control interface unit

CCL

- connection control language

CCL

- continuous communications link

CCL

- communications-computer link

CCN

- common control node

CCOR - corps COMSEC office of record

CCOW - control channel order wire

CCP

- Caneware control processor

CCP

- contingency communications package

CCPC - Civil Communications Planning Committee (NATO)

CCPDS - command center processing and display system

CCPL - command and control product line (USAF)

CCPS - contingency communications parent switch

CCR

- call completion rate

CCS

- combat control system

CCS

- command & control systems

CCS

- constellation control stations

CCS

- (Common Channel Signaling) - 1. A channel used to carry

signaling information via LAPD (link access procedure/D

channel). 2. communications control set

CCSA - common control switching arrangement

CCSC - Commercial Computer Security Centre (UK)

CCSD - control communications service designator

CCSIL - command and control simulation interface language

CCSK - cyclic (cycle) code shift keying

CCSQ - combat communications squadron

CCSS - commodity command standard system

CCTC - Command and Control Technical Center

CCTT - Close Combat Tactical Trainer

CCTT - command and control team trainer

CCTV - closed circuit television

CCU

- common control unit

CCU

- combined controller unit

CCW - cable cutoff wavelength

CD

- carrier detect

CD

- collision detection

CD

- color display

CD

- compact disk

CD-I - compact disk-interactive

CD-MO - compact disk-magneto optical

CD-R - compact disk-recordable

CD-RDx - dompact disk - read only memory data exchange standard

CD-ROM - compact disk - read only memory

CD-RTOS - compact disk - real time operating system

CD-V - compact disk - video

CD-WO - compact disk - write once

CD-XA - compact disk - extended architecture

CD-R - compact disk recordable

CD

- channel designator

CD

- compact disk

CD

- compressed dial

CDA

- compound document architecture

CDA

- computer design activity

CDA

- conditioned diphase adapter

CDC

- Conditioned Diphase Converter

CDC

- central directory component

CDD

- common data dictionary

CDDI - copper distributed data interface

CDE

- common data environment

CDE

- common desktop environment

CDF

- combined distribution frame

CDGS - conditioned diphase group signal

CDI - Conditioned Diphase

CDIF - CASE data interchange facility

CDIG - commercial digital

CDIS - counter drug intelligence system

CDL

- computer design language

CDL

- compressed dialing list

CDM

- cable driver modem

CDM

- conditioned diphase modulation

CDMA - code division multiple access

CDMGB - Cable Driver Modem Group Buffer

CDMS - computer-aided design data management system

CDN

- consolidated data network (Treasury) (Now TCS)

CDN

- compressed dial number