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4.

R1 R1
1k 1k

+0.40
+0.10 B1 Volts
B1 Volts 0.4V
D1
0.1V
D1 DIODE
DIODE

0.00

+0.05
µA

µA
R1
1k

+0.30
B1 Volts
0.3V
D1
DIODE
+0.00
µA

R1 R1
1k 1k

+0.60 +0.64
B1 Volts
B1 Volts
0.7V 1.2V
D1 D1
DIODE
DIODE
+560
µA
+104
µA
R1 R1
1k 1k

+0.65
+0.61
B1 B1 Volts
Volts
1.5V
0.8V D1
D1 DIODE
DIODE

+849
µA
+188
µA

R1 R1
1k 1k
+0.62 +0.66
B1 Volts B1 Volts
0.9V 2V
D1 D1
DIODE DIODE

+1.34
mA
+278
µA

R1 R1
1k 1k

+0.63 +0.68
B1 Volts B1 Volts
1V 3V
D1 D1
DIODE DIODE
+2.32
mA
+371
µA
R1
1k

+0.69
B1 Volts
4V
D1
DIODE

+3.31
mA

R1
1k

+0.70
B1 Volts
6V
D1
DIODE
+5.30
mA

R1
1k

+0.71
B1 Volts
8V
D1
DIODE
+7.29
mA

R1
1k

+0.71
B1 Volts
10V
D1
DIODE
+9.29
mA
Rangkaian 4.3

R2 R2
1k 1k

B2 0.00 B2 +0.34
0V D2 Volts 3V D2 Volts
DIODE-ZEN DIODE-ZEN

+2.66
mA
0.00
mA

R2 R2
1k 1k

B2 +0.29 B2 +0.34
1V D2 Volts 3.5V D2 Volts
DIODE-ZEN DIODE-ZEN

+3.16
mA
+0.71
mA

R2
R2
1k
1k

B2 +0.32 B2 +0.35
2V D2 Volts 4V D2 Volts
DIODE-ZEN DIODE-ZEN
+3.65
+1.68

mA
mA

R2 R2
1k 1k

B2 +0.33 B2 +0.36
2.5V D2 Volts 4.5V D2 Volts
DIODE-ZEN DIODE-ZEN
+4.14
+2.17

mA
mA
R2 R2
1k 1k

B2 +0.36 B2 +0.38
5V D2 Volts 7V D2 Volts
DIODE-ZEN DIODE-ZEN

+6.62
+4.64

mA
mA

R2 R2
1k 1k

B2 +0.37 B2 +0.38
5.5V D2 Volts 7.5 D2 Volts
DIODE-ZEN DIODE-ZEN
+5.13

+7.12
mA

mA
R2 R2
1k 1k

B2 +0.37 B2 +0.39
6V D2 Volts 8V D2 Volts
DIODE-ZEN DIODE-ZEN
+5.63

+7.61
mA

mA

R2 R2
1k 1k

B2 +0.38 B2 +0.39
6.5V D2 Volts 8.5V D2 Volts
DIODE-ZEN DIODE-ZEN
+8.11
mA
+6.12
mA
R2 R2
1k 1k

B2 +0.40 B2 +0.40
9V D2 Volts 10V D2 Volts
DIODE-ZEN DIODE-ZEN

+9.59
+8.60

mA
mA

R2
1k

B2 +0.40
9.5V D2 Volts
DIODE-ZEN
+9.10
mA

Rangkaian 4.4

Gambar 5

Output input
Gambar 7

Output input

Gambar 7

Output 10 mikrofarad

Gambar 7 output 100 mikrofarad


4.6. gambar 9

Gelombang V1 gelombang V2

4.7. gambar 10
a) 5Vpeak 50Hz 10Vpeak 50Hz

10(b)

5Vpeak 50Hz 10Vpeak 50Hz

10(c)
5Vpeak 50Hz 10Vpeak 50Hz

4.8 Gambar 11

5Vpeak 50Hz 10Vpeak 50Hz


4.9 Gambar 12

5Vpeak 50Hz 10Vpeak 50Hz