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Vertical Choker Basket Hitches

This illustration shows the


basic sling hitches.
It also shows capacities for a
single sample sling, rigged
with each hitch.
The sample sling's Working
Load Limit in a vertical hitch
is 500 lbs.
Sample Sling WLL (lbs.): 500 375 1,000 866 707 500
This sling has a Working Load Limit of 500 lbs. in a vertical hitch. Used in a choker hitch, it would have
a capacity of 375 lbs. Used in a basket hitch with the legs at a 90° angle to the load, it would have a
working load limit of 1,000 lbs. Used in a basket hitch with the legs at a 60° angle to the load, it would
have a working load limit of 866 lbs., etc. - Why? The angle at which a sling is used, and the number of
legs lifting the load can significantly effect its capacity. The formula for this calculation is shown below.
Vertical - When a sling is used in a vertical hitch,
the full lifting capacity of the sling material can be Basket Hitch (less than 90°) -
utilized. When slings or sling legs are used
Choker - Due to the stress created at the choke at an angle during a lift , the sling
point, slings rigged with this hitch achieve only capacity is reduced. How much it is
about 75% of their potential capacity. reduced depends on the sling angle
Always pull a choker hitch tight before a lift is (see above and table, right).
made - never during the lift. (more, click here) Note that the rated capacity of a 30°
Basket Hitch (90°) - The cradle configuration of Basket is only one half that of a 90°
this hitch allows the two extending ends (legs) of Basket. Sling angles below 30° are
the sling to function as if they were two separate strongly discouraged. A sling angle
slings. The capacity of the sling in this hitch is of 60° or more is preferred.
twice that of the same sling in a vertical hitch, but
Sling Specification Tables -
only if the sling angle of each leg is 90° (see right).
Sling tables throughout our site
Lifting with both legs at 90° would normally
contain the Working Load Limits of
require two lifting devices or a spreader bar.
slings rigged with these hitches at
certain specified angles.

Formula for adjusting the Working Load Limit of a sling or sling leg used at an angle:
Vertical Hitch Working Load Limit X Number of Legs* X Sling Angle Factor = WLL at specified
angle.
The Working Load Limit for the sample sling above, in a 60° basket hitch would be calculated as follows:
500 lbs. (Vertical WLL) x 2 (num. of legs) x .866 (sling angle factor from table) = 866 lbs.
*Chain Slings: When adjusting the working load limit of four-legged chain slings, the number of legs entered in the formula must be 3
not 4. This is due to the difficulty of rigging a quad leg chain sling so that all legs share the load equally.
Use the formula below and the Sling Angle To calculate the reach for equal legs
Table to estimate the lift angle. needed to rig at a 45° or 60° angle.
Reach at 60 degrees: L = 2 x D
H / L = Sling Angle Factor
Reach at 45 degrees: L = 1.4 x D

On Multi-Leg Slings:
Reach = L

Slings in a Basket Hitch:


Reach = 2 L + the distance around the load (
from lift point to lift point.)

Load Angle Factor = L / H

Load On Each Leg of a Sling (L ) = 1

Load (lbs.) x Load Angle Factor


Number of Legs*

*See also three and four leg slings below

To calculate the load on each leg of a sling


with unequal legs:

Triple leg slings have 50% more capacity than


double legs only if the center of gravity is in the
center of the connection point and the legs are
adjusted to share the load equally.
Load (lbs) x D2 x L1 Rigging a Quad leg sling so that all legs share the
Load on Leg L1 = H x (D1 + D2) load equally is very difficult. Therefore, when
adjusting the working load limit of four leg chain
Load (lbs) x D1 x L2 slings, the number of legs in the calculation must
Load on Leg L2 = H x (D1 + D2) be 3 not 4. Many riggers follow this model for
quad leg slings of any material, relying on the
fourth leg for stability only.

Choke Angle - When lifting or turning a load Choker Hitch Rated Capacity - A choker hitch
rigged with a choker hitch, the angle at which a will have 75% of the capacity of a single leg
sling is turned back on itself can reduce it's capacity vertical hitch only if the corners are softened and
below what is listed for its choker hitch, if the angle the horizontal angle is greater than 30°.
is too severe. When a load is allowed to hang free,
the natural choke angle is about 135°.

If the angle is less than 120°, you must adjust its Use blocks to prevent angles less than 30°.
Choker Hitch Working Load Limit by the
appropriate choke factor from this table.
Choker Hitch WLL x Choke Factor =
Adjusted WLL

More Information:
Rigging With Slings
Slings - Introduction
Slings - Warnings & Safe Operating Tips
Wire Rope Slings - Introduction
Wire Rope Slings - Warnings
Chain Slings - Introduction
Chain Slings - Warnings
Web Slings - Introduction
Web & Round Slings - Warnings
Round Slings - Introduction