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CHAPTER 1

Background of the Study

Recycling has always been a matter of helping the environment and for economic

reasons. Recycling is the process of re-using a given product beyond its intended use. It

can also produce a new products from a recycable material. Recycling is a key

component of modern waste reduction and is the third component of the "Reduce, Reuse,

Recycle" waste hierarchy.

The process of recycling has been around for thousands of years. During historic

times, as early as 400 BC (and even earlier), people have been recycling. An

archaeological evidence indicates that glasses from the imperial Byzantine times were

being recycled in the ancient city of Sagalassos, located in current day Turkey. There is

also evidence that early Romans recycled bronze coins into statues that could be sold at a

higher monetary value than the original coins. In hard times like war, metals like jewelry

and coins were being melted for weapons or other necessary goods. Pottery recycling

operations have been uncovered as well.


In pre-industrial times recycling and general household re-using was actually a

commonplace practice. When materials did become worn beyond further use, recyclable

materials were recycled into new items since it was generally cheaper to reuse them than

buying new ones. Evidence shows that scrap bronze and other metals were collected in

Europe and melted down for perpetual reuse. In Britain, dust and ash from wood and coal

fires were being down cycled as a base material in brick making. During these times in

the history of recycling was mainly motivated by the economic benefits of using recycled

feedstock instead of virgin material.

The history of recycling took a turn during the times of industrialization. As it

became easier and cheaper to produce goods through technological innovation and mass

production, it also became easier and sometimes cheaper to throw used items away.

Nonetheless, anytime there was a massive economic slump, people would look for ways

to make the most of what they had. An example, during the Great Depression, people

reused and recycled materials because they could not afford to buy news items or acquire

virgin materials.

Throughout the history of recycling the ultimate recycler is none other than

Mother Nature. If not for her wonderful magic in the composting process, we would all

be covered in leaves and other dead organic matter.


There are different materials that can be recycled some of them are glass, paper,

metal, plastic, textiles and electronics. Recycling these materials can reduce the

consumption of fresh raw materials, reduce energy usage, reduce air pollution and water

pollution by reducing the need for "conventional" waste disposal, and lower greenhouse

gas emissions as compared to virgin production.

There are different types of Recycling. One of them is Paper recycling. It is the

process of manufacturing old paper products and turning them into new, reusable paper

products. Newspaper, Shredded paper, Phonebooks ,Cardboard ,Magazines ,Computer

paper, Envelopes ,Construction paper are the most recognized recycled products. When

you recycle cardboard and other paper products you can create millions of new products

such as Egg cartons,Paper towels,Tissue,Toilet paper,Newspaper,Phonebooks, Paper

bags ,Notebooks ,Stamps, Business cars, Calendars.. The benefits of recycling paper are

it leaves more trees for the sustainability of our environment and it can be recycled 8

times to create new products.

Glass recycling on the other hand is the process of taking old glass products and

turning them into new, reusable glass products. Recycling old glass uses 40% less energy

than manufacturing it from new. Not all glass is manufactured through the same process,

so that is why light bulbs, dishes and window glass can not be recycled. The main glass

recyclable products are Beverage containers, Food jars. Glass can be recycled over again

and never lose its quality or quantity.

Metal recycling, another type of recycling, is the process of reusing old metal

material, mainly aluminum and steel, to make new products. Recycling old metal
products uses 95% less energy than manufacturing it from new materials.Almost all

aluminum and steel products can be recycled over again without compromising its

content. Aluminum such as Soda cans, Appliances, Auto parts, Windows, Doors and steel

such as Tin cans, Auto parts, Bridge parts, Appliances, Torn-down buildings. Metal

recycling reduces greenhouse gas emissions and lessens land and water pollution.

Plastic recycling is the process of reprocessing used scrap and waste plastic into

new plastic material. Recycling old plastic products uses 20%-40% less energy than

manufacturing it from new. Plastics products that are PET bottles such as Soda and water

bottles, Mouthwash bottles, Plastic wrap, Peanut butter and other food jars, Salad

dressing bottles and bottles that contains HDPE (high-density polyethylene) These

plastics include Milk containers, Trash bags, Yogurt containers, Liquid laundry detergent

containers, Shampoo bottles, Juice containers. It can be used to make toys, park benches,

carparts, drainage pipes and more and it also reduces greenhouse gas emissions.

Computer recycling is the process of recycling and refurbishing old computer

parts into new, usable parts. Glass monitor, Keyboard, CD Rom drive, Plastic case,

Cathode ray tube (CRT), Cable, Copper in power cord, Metal from circuit board, Printer

cartridges, Batteries are the computer parts that can be recycled. Computer recycling

allows people to buy used computers at an affordable price and it conserves energy use in

manufacturing plants and lastly, Recycling textiles such as old clothes not only cuts down

on waste and pollution, but provides cheap apparel to low-income families all over the

world. Also, fibers from shredded recycled textiles can be used to make new products.
Recycling happens inorder to save the environment. This is the process the waste

materials in order to make them reusable. Conserved energy, reduced pollution, reduced

amount of greenhouse emission and reduced consumption of natural resources are the

positive effects of recycling. But recycling also causes negative effects such as sites

where recycling is done that is not managed properly. Some sites are not clean and not

well organized that may give unhealthy effects in producing a recycled product.

One of the largest importance of recycling is the ability to preserve more used

materials for later use. While some materials have a limited amount of times that they can

be recycled, many others can theoretically be recycled an infinite number of times. Often

the energy required to recycle materials is far less than the energy required to make a

product out of new materials. Recycling is the process that helps to minimize the

presence of waste materials in our communities. Items such as glass, paper, and plastics

are being reused to create new products, they do not end up taking up space in a landfill

somewhere. Another example of the importance of recycling has to do with the creation

of new jobs. As more people recycle, the number of people required to collect, sort and

process recycled items continues to grow. More jobs in the community means more

money spent in local stores, more taxes collected for the city or town, and in general a

healthier economy for everyone concerned.

And lastly, recycling is important to maintain a healthy balance in the ecology of the

planet. By not having to mine raw materials in order to continue producing the same
volume of products, there is less damage to our rivers, forests, and areas where wildlife is

abundant.
CHAPTER II

Introduction

Recycling is a form of making used and supposed to be garbage materials to a

new usable product. Recycling is important because it lessen garbage and at the same less

time help the environment lessen the pollution that is one of the major problem of the

government. It also gives alternative jobs and additional income to jobless Filipinos. The

researcher is curious how high school students, at their young age are aware of the

importance of recycling and at the same time how do they patronize products made out of

these recycled materials.

Statement of the Problem:

What is the level of awareness of high school students in recycling and their level

of patronizing recycled products?

Objectives of the Study:

• To show the level of awareness of high school students to recycling

• To show the level of patronage of high school students in recycled

products
Significance of the Study:

With this study, the students will be aware of recycling and its importance. They

will be aware of the importance of patronizing recycled products in our society and how

it helps the government in its problem regarding proper disposal of garbage.

METHODOLOGY

Research Design:

The research design used in this study is analytical. Analytical method of research

focuses on the analysis of the level of awareness of the respondents in recycling and their

level of patronizing recycled products.

It used survey/questionnaires conducted by the researcher using questions

addressed to high school students to determine how much do they know about recycling

and how do they patronize different products out of recycled products. The questioning

for the students were structured for the researcher to determine the level of awareness in

recycling and their level of patronizing recycled products.

Population of the Study:

The respondents of the researcher are 30 high school students from Mary Help of

Christians School Canlubang, Calamba, Laguna.


Locale of the Study:

The research locale of the study was at Mary Help of Christians School

Canlubang, Calamaba, Laguna because I am concerned how concerned are the present

high school students of my alma mater to the importance of recycling and how do they do

it.

Procedure of Data Gathering:

The researcher went to Mary Help of Christians School Canlubang, Calamba,

Laguna to conduct a research about the level of awareness of the high school students in

recycling and their level of patronizing recycled products. The researcher chose in

random 30 high schools students to answer prepared questionnaires. It took 3 days for the

researcher to complete and collect the questionnaires because some students were not

able to finish answering the survey questions in time while some are cooperative in

submitting the questionnaires given to them on time.


Research Instrument:

This questionnaire aims to find the level of awareness of high school students in

recycling and their way of practicing it. This also aims to show their level of patronizing

recycled products instead of new ones.

QUESTIONARE

Name:

Age:

Gender:

1. Are you aware about recycling? (If your answer is no, please return the

questionnaire)

______ YES ______ NO

2. Where did you learn about recycling?

______ School ______ Home

______ Community others pls. specify ______

3. Do you practice recycling? (If your answer is no, skip to question # )

______ Yes ______ No


4. How often do you practice recycling?

______ Always ______ Often

______ Seldom

5. Where do you practice recycling? (You can check more than once)

______ School ______ Home

______ Community others pls. specify ______

6. What materials have you recycled? (You can check more than once)

______ Paper ______ Plastic

______ Glass ______Textiles

______ Computer others pls. specify ______

7. What are your reasons why you recycle? (You can check more than once)

______ I recycle because it is a requirement in our school

______ We practice recycling at home and at our community

______ I am a nature lover

______ Recycling is part of my daily routine

other reasons pls. specify _______________________________________

8. Do you prefer to buy recycled products than brand new products? (If your answer
is no, skip to #11)

______ Yes ______ No

______ It depends
9. Why do you prefer to buy recycled products than brand new products? (You can
check more than once)

______ I preferred recycled products because it is unique

______ I preferred recycled products because it is environmentally

friendly

______ I preferred recycled products because it is affordable

Other reasons pls. specify ______________________________________

10. How often do you buy recycled products?

______ Always ______ Often

______ Seldom ______ Never

11. Why do you prefer to buy brand new products than recycled products? (You can

check more than once)

______ I prefer to buy brand new products because of its good quality

______ I prefer to buy brand new products because I am the first user

______ I prefer to buy brand new products because I prefer something

new and in style

Other reasons pls. specify ______________________________________


The level of awareness of high school students in recycling
And their level of patronizing these recycled products

A term paper

Submitted to:

Ma’am Bautista

Colegio De San Juan De Letran

In patial fulfillmet of the requirements

For English 023

Lolee Jade N. Faustino

Feb.14,2011
Dedication:

This research paper is lovingly dedicated to the people who guided me and

extended their unselfish support in any way they could.

to my family, especially my mom and sister for their support throughout this

research and for their love and care.

To my friends, for always being around whenever I needed their help.

To my professor, Ma’am Bautista, thank you for always being there to support

and help me throughout this research.


Acknowledgement:

My acknowledgement and appreciation to the many people behind to make this

research paper possible.

My outmost gratitude to my professor, Ma’am Bautista for the encouragement

and guidance to fulfill this study.

I am very much grateful to my family for their unfailing support, understanding

and undying love for me.

Above all, to our ALMIGHTY GOD. Thank you for the courage and faith you

have given me to fulfill this research.