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Serate Chimiche - Present Perfect – Passato Prossimo - seratechimiche.altervista.

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Present Perfect – Passato Prossimo

• In inglese il Present Perfect si forma con Present Simple TO HAVE + Participio Passato del verbo

have
+ participio passato
has

• Il Participio Passato dei verbi regolari si forma come il Past Simple (infinito senza TO + -ed)

• Il Participio Passato dei verbi irregolari corrisponde alla 3° voce del loro paradigma

• Uso del Past Simple:

- Anche con i verbi intransitivi

She has arrived


E' arrivata

- Azioni passate avvenute in un periodo di tempo non completamente trascorso definito con
espressioni di tempo come today, this morning, week, month, year, this summer, so far,
up to now (finora)

She has arrived this morning


E' arrivata stamattina (è ancora mattina)

- Azioni passate avvenute in un periodo di tempo non specificato e il cui risultato arriva al
presente

Have you brought the umbrella? No, I haven't


Hai portato l'ombrello? No

- Con for (da) e since (da/da quando); for introduce la durata dell'azione e risponde alla domanda "da
quanto tempo"; since indica il momento d'inizio dell'azione e risponde alla domanda "da quando"

I have lived here for 5 years


Vivo qui da 5 anni

I have lived here since 2000


Vivo qui dal 2000

- Con altre espressioni di tempo come: just (appena), always (sempre), often (spesso),
never (mai - nelle negative), ever (mai - nelle interrogative), already (già),
yet (già - nelle interrogative/ ancora - nelle negative), recently (recentemente), lately (ultimamente),
many/several/two/three times (molte/tante/2/3 volte), before (prima)

Has Bob ever worked in London?


Bob ha mai lavorato a Londra?

I've just closed the door


Ho appena chiuso la porta

She's always played football


Ha sempre giocato a calcio

Have you seen Mark recently?


Hai visto Mark recentemente?

I've already had breakfast


Ho già fatto colazione

I haven't had breakfast yet


Non ho ancora fatto colazione

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Serate Chimiche - Present Perfect – Passato Prossimo - seratechimiche.altervista.org

• Frase Affermativa: SOGGETTO + Present Perfect + COMPLEMENTI

Present Perfect
esempio
to work
have worked I've worked hard this week
I
've worked Ho lavorato molto questa settimana
have worked You've worked all night long
You
've worked Hai lavorato tutta la notte
has worked Bob's worked in London
He
's worked Bob ha lavorato a Londra
has worked She's worked as a teacher
She
's worked Ha lavorato come insegnante
has worked It's worked very well
It
's worked Ha funzionato molto bene
have worked We've worked at home
We
've worked Abbiamo lavorato a casa
have worked You've worked together
You
've worked Avete lavorato insieme
have worked They've worked here today
They
've worked Hanno lavorato qui oggi

• Frase Negativa: SOGGETTO + haven't/hasn't + Participio Passato del verbo + COMPLEMENTI

Present Perfect
esempio
to work
I haven't worked hard this week
I haven't worked
Non ho lavorato molto questa settimana
You haven't worked all night long
You haven't worked
Non hai lavorato tutta la notte
Bob hasn't worked in London
He hasn't worked
Bob non ha lavorato a Londra
She hasn't worked as a teacher
She hasn't worked
Non ha lavorato come insegnante
It hasn't worked very well
It hasn't worked
Non ha funzionato molto bene
We haven't worked at home
We haven't worked
Non abbiamo lavorato a casa
You haven't worked together
You haven't worked
Non avete lavorato insieme
They haven't worked here today
They haven't worked
Non hanno lavorato qui oggi

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Serate Chimiche - Present Perfect – Passato Prossimo - seratechimiche.altervista.org

• Frase Interrogativa Affermativa: Have/Has + SOGGETTO + Participio Passato del verbo + COMPLEMENTI

Present Perfect
esempio
to work
Have I worked hard this week?
Have I worked
Ho lavorato molto questa settimana?
Have you worked all night long?
Have you worked
Hai lavorato tutta la notte?
Has Bob ever worked in London?
Has he worked
Bob ha mai lavorato a Londra?
Has she worked as a teacher?
Has she worked
Ha lavorato come insegnante?
Has it worked well?
Has it worked
Ha funzionato bene?
Have we worked for nothing?
Have we worked
Abbiamo lavorato per niente?
Have you worked together?
Have you worked
Avete lavorato insieme?
Have they worked here today?
Have they worked
Hanno lavorato qui oggi?

• Frase Interrogativa Negativa: Haven't/Hasn't + SOGGETTO + Participio Passato del verbo +


COMPLEMENTI

Present Perfect
esempio
to work
Haven't I worked hard this week?
Haven't I worked
Non ho lavorato molto questa settimana?
Haven't you worked all night long?
Haven't you worked
Non hai lavorato tutta la notte?
Hasn't Bob worked in London this summer?
Hasn't he worked
Bob non ha lavorato a Londra questa estate?
Hasn't she worked as a teacher?
Hasn't she worked
Non ha lavorato come insegnante?
Hasn't it worked well?
Hasn't it worked
Non ha funzionato bene?
Haven't we worked for you?
Haven't we worked
Non abbiamo lavorato per te?
Haven't you worked together?
Haven't you worked
Non avete lavorato insieme?
Haven't they worked here today?
Haven't they worked
Non hanno lavorato qui oggi?

• Risposte brevi

Have you worked all night long? Yes, I have/No, I haven't


Hai lavorato tutta la notte? Sì/No

Has Bob ever worked in London? Yes, he has/No, he hasn't


Bob ha mai lavorato a Londra? Sì/No

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