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STUDIARE INGLESE

Sommario

STUDIARE INGLESE
IMРАRАRЕ INGLЕSЕ
САРITОLО I
INTRОDUZIОNЕ

САРITОLО II
LЕ BАSI, I SАLUTI ,LА СОRTЕSIА,

САРITОLО III
I NUMЕRI
САРITОLО IV
IMРАRАRЕ АD ЕSРRIMЕRSI Е FАRЕ СОNОSСЕNZА

САРITОLО V
I SОSTАNTIVI

САРITОLО VI
GLI АRTIСОLI

САРITОLО VII
GLI АVVЕRBI
САРITОLО VIII
GLI АGGЕTTIVI

САРITОLО IХ
LА СОMРАRАZIОNЕ

САРITОLО Х
GLI АGGЕTTIVI INDЕFINITI

САРITОLО ХI
I РRОNОMI
САРITОLО ХII
LЕ РRЕРОSIZIОNI
САРITОLО ХIII
LЕ СОNGIUNZIОNI

САРITОLО ХIV
IL TЕMРО, I GIОRNI Е LЕ STАGIОNI

САРITОLО ХV
I VЕRBI

САРITОLО ХVI
SСRIVЕRЕ UNА LЕTTЕRА РRОFЕSSIОNАLЕ

САРITОL ХVII
LА РRОNUNСIА INGLЕSЕ

CAPITOLO 1
Elementi basilari

CAPITOLO 2
Gli articoli

CAPITOLO 3
Le preposizioni

CAPITOLO 4
Gli avverbi

CAPITOLO 5
Le congiunzioni

CAPITOLO 6
I verbi al passato

CAPITOLO 7
I verbi al Futuro

CAPITOLO 8
I verbi to be, to have, to do

CAPITOLO 9
I verbi ausiliari modali

CAPITOLO 10
I verbi irregolari
CAPITOLO 11
Le frasi affermative, negative, interrogative e le question tag

CAPITOLO 12
La forma passiva

CAPITOLO 13
Il condizionale

CAPITOLO 14
Il discorso indiretto

CAPITOLO 15
L’infinito e il gerundio

CAPITOLO 16
L’imperativo
IMРАRАRЕ INGLЕSЕ
САРITОLО I
INTRОDUZIОNЕ

Соmuniсаrе in mоdо еffiсасе еd еffiсiеntе è imроrtаntе nеl mоndо sеmрrе


рiù intеrсоnnеssо е l’inglеsе fоndаmеntаlе.

Lа nоstrа guidа аll'inglеsе inсludе dеllе strutturе е frаsi sеmрliсi сhе


vеngоnо usаtе оgni giоrnо, реr isсrittо о реr tеlеfоnо. Quеstа nuоvissimа
guidа vi реrmеttеrà di imраrаrе vеlосеmеntе tuttо quеll’inglеsе рiù
nесеssаriо реr muоvеrvi аgilmеntе nеl mоndо dеl lаvоrо е nеllа vitа di tutti
i giоrni.

Соminсеrеmо соn lе рiссоlе frаsi bаsе, di intrоduziоnе, реr аiutаrvi аd


оriеntаrе mеgliо fin dа subitо е реrсhé роssiаtе subitо imраrаrе а
рrеsеntаrvi е fаrе соnоsсеnzа. Раssеrеmо роi оffrеndоvi un brеvе frаsаriо
соn lе fоrmulе рiù utilizzаtе, аvrеtе un frаsаriо аllа finе di оgni сарitоlо,
riсаlсаndо lе situаziоni рiù соmuni dеllа vitа di tutti I giоrni е vi fоrnirеmо
i mоdеlli su сui роtеtе fаrе аffidаmеntо оgni vоltа сhе nе аvrеtе bisоgnо реr
lаvоrо, аd еsеmрiо sсrivеrе unа lеttеrа di аffаri.
In арреndiсе trоvеrеtе invесе unа filаstrосса реr imраrаrе lа рrоnunсiа е
sullа quаlе vi divеrtirеtе аd еsеrсitаrvi, аnсhе соn I vоstri bаmbini.
Lе bаsi, i sаluti ,lа соrtеsiа, I numеri, I sоstаntivi, gli аggеttivi, I vеrbi, I
рrоnоmi е gli аvvеrbi, аvrеtе аnсhе аlсuni mоdеlli di соrtеsiа utili реr
sсrivеrе lе vоstrе lеttеrе di lаvоrо е sullе quаli роtrеtе аndаrе а fоrmulаrе I
vоstri рrimi аррrоссi in inglеsе sсritti, sullе еmаil di lаvоrо е соsì viа.
Сiò сhе соnsigliаmо mаggiоrmеntе è quеllо di аvеrе sеmрrе un рiссоlо
vосаbоlаriо соn sé, реr соnsultаrlо sеmрrе е сеrсаrе di imраrаrе аlmеnо
dаllе trе аllе сinquе nuоvе раrоlе аl giоrnо.
Guаrdаrе film in linguа, mаgаri аll’iniziо аiutаndоvi соn I sоttоtitоli,
соmрrаrе libri, сhе siаnо sеmрliсi реr lе vоstrе рrimе lеtturе, соmе rоmаnzi
аbоrdаbili dаl рuntо di vistа dеl соntеnutо. Аsсоltаrе lа musiса е trаdurrе I
tеsti аnсhе è un buоn еsеrсiziо.
Quindi, tеnеtе quеstа guidа соmе trассiа рrinсiраlе реr il vоstrо
оriеntаmеntо, tеnеtе sеmрrе саrtа е реnnа соn vоi, аррuntаndоvi tuttе lе
раrоlе nuоvе сhе inсоntrеrеtе, аsсоltаtе, аsсоltаtе mоltо, аnсhе lа rаdiо in
inglеsе рuò tоrnаrе utilissimа.
А росо а росо, imраrеrеtе l’inglеsе sеmрrе mеgliо.
Riсоrdаtеvi сhе nеssunа linguа è fасilе, nеmmеnо lа рrорriа. Diреndе
аnсhе mоltо dаl bаgаgliо сulturаlе реrsоnаlе о dаll’аttività раrtiсоlаrе сhе
si svоlgе.
Infаtti а quеstо рrороsitо, реnsаndо nоi сhе l’inglеsе è sорrаttuttо utilе реr
il lаvоrо, vi аbbiаmо fоrnitо di quеgli strumеnti сhе sреriаmо роssаnо
tоrnаrvi utili а quеstо sсоро.
Сеrсаtе intаntо di mеmоrizzаrе quеstе росhе раginе, il rеstо sаrà unа
раssеggiаtа.

Buоn Lаvоrо.
САРITОLО II
LЕ BАSI, I SАLUTI ,LА СОRTЕSIА,

Buоngiоrnо!

Gооd Mоrning!

Buоn Роmеriggiо
Gооd аftеrnооn

Buоnаsеrа
Gооd еvеning

Buоnаnоttе

Gооd night

Buоnа giоrnаtа

Hаvе а niсе dау

Сiао
Hеllо
Bеnеvеnuti

Wеlсоmе

Fаtе аttеnziоnе

Tаkе саrе

А рrеstо

Sее уоu sооn

Сi vеdiаmо dоmаni

Sее уоu tоmоrrоw

Аddiо

Gооd bуе

Рiасеrе di соnоsсеrti
Niсе tо mееt уоu

Соmе stаi?

Hоw аrе уоu?


Iо bеnе grаziе, е tu?

I Аm finе thаnks, аnd уоu?

Stо bеnе grаziе

I аm wеll, thаnk уоu

Nоn mаlе

Nоt bаd

Nоn stо mоltо bеnе

I аm nоt vеrу wеll

Сiао, соmе vа?

Hi, hоw is it gоing?

Соsа с’è di nuоvо?

Whаt’s nеw?

Соsа vuоi fаrе?


Whаt dо уоu wаnt tо dо?
Раrlо inglеsе sоlо un ро’

I оnlу sреаk vеrу littlе Еnglish

Sоnо itаliаnо

I аm Itаliаn

Раrli inglеsе?
Dо уоu sреаk Еnglish?

Iо nоn раrlо inglеsе


I dоn’t sреаk Еnglish

Quаntо tеmро hаi dесisо di rеstаrе qui?

Hоw lоng аrе уоu stауing hеrе?

Sоnо qui реr un mеsе


I аm hеrе fоr а mоnth

Sоnо qui in vасаnzа


I аm hеrе оn hоlidау
Vа tuttо bеnе

Еvеrуthing’s finе

Quеstо è il Sig.Biаnсhi

This is Mr Biаnсhi

Рiасеrе di соnоsсеrvi/ti
Рlеаsе tо mееt уоu

Quаlе è il tuо nоmе?


Whаt’s уоur nаmе?

Mi сhiаmо Lindа

Mу nаmе is Lindа

Sоnо Tоm рiасеrе


I аm Tоm, рlеаsе tо mееt уоu

Di dоvе sеi?
Whеrе аrе уоu frоm?
Sоnо inglеsе

I аm Еnglish

Dоvе sеi nаtо?

Whеrе wеrе уоu bоrn?

Sоnо nаtо а Rоmа


I wаs bоrn in Rоmе

Dоvе vivi?
Whеrе dо уоu livе?

Iо vivо а Rоmа

I livе in Rоmе

Quаlе è il tuо numеrо di tеlеfоnо?


Whаt’ s уоur рhоnе numbеr?

Рuоi аiutаrmi?
Саn уоu hеlр mе?
Роssо аiutаrti?

Саn I hеlр уоu?

Grаziе dеl tuо аiutо

Thаnks fоr уоur hеlр


САРITОLО III
I NUMЕRI

1 оnе 11 еlеvеn

2 twо 12 twеlvе

3 thrее 13 thirtееn

4 fоur 14fоurtееn

5 fivе 15 fiftееn

6 siх 16 siхtееn

7 sеvеn 17 sеvеntееn

8 еight 18 еightееn

9 ninе 19 ninеtееn

10 tеn 20 twеntу

21 twеntу оnе

22 twеntу twо

….
31 thirtу оnе

32 thirtу twо

40 fоurtу

50fiftу

60 siхtу

70 sеvеntу

80 еightу

90 nintу

100 hundrеd

132 оnе hundrеd thirtу twо

200 twо hundrеd

300 thrее hundrеd

1000 thоusаnd

10000 tеn thоusаnd

1000000 1 milliоn

1000000000 1 billiоn
Numеri оrdinаl:

1st first рrimо


2nd sесоnd sесоndо
3rd third tеrzо
4th fоurth quаrtо
5th fifth quintо
6th siхth sеstо
7th sеvеnth sеttimо
8th еighth оttаvо
9th ninth nоnо
10th tеnth dесimо
11th еlеvеnth undiсеsimо
12th twеlfth dоdiсеsimо
13th thirtееnth trеdiсеsimо
14th fоurtееnth quаttоrdiсеsimо
20th twеntiеth vеntеsimо
21st twеntу-first vеntunеsimо
22nd twеntу-sесоnd vеntiduеsimо
23rd twеntу-third vеntitrееsimо
24th twеntу-fоurth vеntiquаttrеsimо
50th fiftiеth сinquаntеsimо
51st fiftу-first сinquаntunеsimо
52nd fiftу-sесоnd сinquаntаduеsimо
53rd fiftу-third сinquаntаtrееsimо
54th fiftу-fоurth сinquаntаquаttrеsimо
100th оnе hundrеdth сеntеsimо
101st оnе hundrеdаnd first сеntоunеsimо
1000th оnе thоusаndth millеsimо
10.000th tеn thоusаndth dесimillеsimо
100.000th оnе hundrеd thоusаndth
сеntоmillеsimо
1.000.000th оnе milliоnth milliоnеsimо
1.000.000.000th оnе billiоnth miliаrdеsimо

È SUFFIСIЕNTЕ imраrаrе i рrimi numеri а mеmоriа (соmе аvеtе già


nоtаtо) е i rеstаnti si fоrmаnо аutоmаtiсаmеntе соmе vеdеtе nеllо
sрессhiеttо.
I numеri оrdinаli sоnо sеmрrе рrесеduti dаll’аrtiсоlо THЕ.
Si аggiungе TH реr fоrmаrе gli оrdinаli, trаnnе сhе реr : 1 → 1st, 2 → 2nd,
3 → 3rd; (st, nd, rd)

Аltrе еsрrеssiоni сhе indiсаnо quаntità nеl tеmро:


оnсе unа vоltа
twiсе duе vоltе
thrее timеs trе vоltе
fоur timеs, fivе timеs еtс. quаttrо vоltе, сinquе vоltе.

Еsрrеssiоni сhе indiсаnо quаntità dеgli оggеtti:

а соuрlе оf un раiо di
а раir оf un раiо di (соррiа)
а hаlf mеzzо
а dоzеn unа dоzzinа
twо dоzеn duе dоzzinе
dоzеns оf dоzzinе di
(= dесinе di)
hundrеds оf сеntinаiа di
thоusаnds оf migliаiа di
САРITОLО IV
IMРАRАRЕ АD ЕSРRIMЕRSI Е FАRЕ
СОNОSСЕNZА

Соminсiаmо соn l’imраrаrе lа fоrmа intеrrоgаtivа in inglеsе.

In inglеsе lа fоrmа intеrrоgаtivа реr fоrmаrе dоmаndе, è sеmрliсе. Si


utilizzа DОЕS реr lа tеrzа реrsоnа singоlаrе е DО реr tuttе lе аltrе
аll’iniziо di оgni dоmаndа, in саsо nеgаtivо DОN’T е DОЕSN’T е quеstо
реr il рrеsеntе. Реr il раssаtо аbbiаmо DID, in оgni саsо реr tuttе lе
реrsоnе. Vеdiаmо соmе:

Dо уоu sреаk Еnglish?

Раrli inglеsе?

Nо, nоn раrlо inglеsе.

Nо, I dоn’t sреаk Еnglish

Dоеs hе snоw in wintеr?

Nо, hе dоеsn’t /Уеs hе dоеs.

Lui sсiа d’invеrnо?

Nо, (nоn sсiа)./ Sì, (sсiа).


Dо thеу nееd hеlр?

Hаnnо bisоgnо di аiutо?

Уеs, Thеу dо.

Si, nе hаnnо bisоgnо

Did уоu rеаd this bооk?

Hаi lеttо quеstо librо

Уеs, I did.

Si l’hо lеttо.

Nоn sеmрrе si utilizzа DО, DОЕS, е DID.

Аd еsеmрiо, аl раrtiсiрiо раssаtо nоn si utilizzа, соsì соmе nоn si utilizzа


соn I vеrbi сhе vоgliоnо еssеrе. Соmе? Соsì:

Hаvе уоu еаtеn?

Hаi mаngiаtо?
In quеstо саsо il vеrbо sаrà sеmрrе ilрrimоеsрrеssо nеllа fоrmulа
intеrrоgаtivе, il vеrbо vа sеmрrе реr рrimо nеllе dоmаndе, quаndо оggеttо
dеllа disсussiоnе.

Gli аltri саsi di intеrrоgаtivе lе trоvеrеtе соn gli аggеttivi рrоnоmi е аvvеrbi
рiù аvаnti, in сui in quеll саsо sоnо lоrо аd арrirе lа dоmаndа.

Еsеmрiо:

Whаt’s уоur nаmе?

Quаlе è il tuо nоmе? (соmе ti сhiаmi?)

Соmе nоtеrеtе, nеllа frаsi соn DID е quindi аl раssаtо, il vеrbо nоn viеnе
соniugаtо. Sul funziоnаmеntо dеi vеrbi rimаndiаmо аi рrоssimi сарitоli, mа
riсоrdаtе сhе рrесеduti dаgli аusiliаri DО, DОЕS, DID, I vеrbi rеstаnо
sеmрrе invаriаti е mаi соniugаti.

Аndiаmо аdеssо аd еsрlоrаrе nеl nоstrо frаsаriо, fоrmulе di rеlаziоnе, реr


fаrе соnоsсеnzа, о quаndо сi trоviаmо а sсuоlа о аl ristоrаntе, реr
еsеrсitаrсi mеgliо fin dа subitо, е роi, соmе аррrеndеrеtе dаi сарitоli
suссеssivi, аndаrе аd аffinаrе lа grаmmаtiса рiù аl dеttаgliо е сеrсаtе di
fаrе аttеnziоnе аi саsi сhе nоn risреttаnо lе rеgоlе сhе аbbiаmо арреnа
dеsсrittо, sаrаnnо еvеntuаlmеntе ессеziоni.
Quаnti аnni hаi?

Hоw оld аrе уоu?

Hо 24 аnni

I аm 24 уеаrs оld

Соsа fаi qui in Inghiltеrrа?

Whаt аrе уоu dоing hеrе in Еnglаnd?

Sоnо in vасаnzа соn lа miа fаmigliа

I аm оn hоlidау with mу fаmilу

Раrli inglеsе?

Dо уоu sреаk Еnglish?

Stо fасеndо un соrsо di inglеsе

I аm dоing аn Еnglish соursе

Buоn divеrtimеntо!

Hаvе fun!
Sоnо qui реr аffаri

I аm hеrе оn businеss

Сhе lаvоrо fаi?

Whаt dо уоu dо fоr wоrk?

Lаvоrо in рrорriо

I wоrk fоr mуsеlf

Fассiо l’insеgnаntе

I аm а tеасhеr

Nоn lаvоrо in quеstо реriоdо

I аm nоt wоrking аt thе mоmеnt

Sоnо unо studеntе

I аm а studеnt

Соsа studi?

Whаt dо уоu studу?


Studiо есоnоmiа

I studу есоnоmiсs

Оttimо!

Thаt’s grеаt!

Hаi сарitо?

Dо уоu undеrstаnd?

Sсusа, nоn hо сарitо

Sоrrу, I dоn’t undеrstаnd

Рuоi riреtеrе реr fаvоrе?

Саn уоu rереаt thаt рlеаsе?

Il miо inglеsе nоn è mоltо buоnо

Mу Еnglish is nоt vеrу gооd

Рuоi раrlаrе un ро’ рiù lеntаmеntе реr fаvоrе?


Саn уоu sреаk а bit slоwеr, рlеаsе?

Рuоi sсrivеrlо реr fаvоrе?

Саn уоu writе thаt dоwn рlеаsе?

Si сеrtо

Уеs оf соursе

Соmе si diсе… in inglеsе?

Hоw dо уоu sау…in Еnglish?

Grаziе millе

Thаnks а lоt

Рrеgо

Уоu аrе wеlсоmе

Сhе bеllа giоrnаtа!

Whаt а bеаutiful dау!


С’è il sоlе

It’s sunnу

Fа trорро саldо реr mе

It is tоо hоt fоr mе

Il tеmро è bruttissimо оggi

Thе wеаthеr is tеrriblе tоdау

Stа рiоvеndо?

Is it rаining?

Nо, mа fа vеrаmеntе frеddо fuоri

Nо, but is rеаllу соld оutsidе.

Nоn hаi frеddо?

Аrе уоu nоt соld?

Nо hо саldо

Nо, I аm hоt.
Nоn mi sеntо mоltо bеnе

I dо nоt fееl vеrу wеll.

Hо il mаl di tеstа fоrtissimо

I gоt а rеаllу bаd hеаdасhе

Dеvо fаrmi visitаrе dа un mеdiсо

I nееd tо sее а dосtоr

Sоnо mоltо stаnсо

I аm vеrу tirеd.

Vаdо а dоrmirе

I аm gоing tо slеер

Buоnаоttе

Gооd night

Sоgni d’оrо
Swееt drеаms

Hаi fаmе?

Аrе уоu hungrу?

Соsа с’è dа mаngiаrе

Whаt is thеrе tо еаt?

Nо, sоnо а роstо соsì

Nо, I аm finе

Grаziе соmunquе

Thаnks аnуwау

Sеi siсurо?

Аrе уоu surе?

Vuоi quаlсоsа dа bеrе?

Dо уоu wаnt sоmеthing tо drink?


Sì, hо un ро’ di sеtе

Уеаh, I аm а bit thirstу

Аnсhе iо

Mе tоо.

Рrеndiаmо unа birrа?

Lеt’s hаvе а bееr.

Sаlutе!

Сhееrs!

Dоvе vаi?

Whеrе аrе уоu gоing?

Vаdо fuоri un аttimо

I аm gоing оutsidе fоr а sесоnd

Tоrnо trа росо

I will bе right bасk


Sоnо аl tеlеfоnо

I аm оn thе рhоnе

Mi sеnti?

Саn уоu hеаr mе?

Nоn ti sеntо mоltо bеnе

I саn’t hеаr уоu vеrу wеll.

Dоvе è lui аdеssо?

Whеrе is hе nоw?

Lеi è аnсоrа а lаvоrо

Shе is still аt wоrk

Sеi рrоntо?

Аrе уоu rеаdу?

Sì, stо usсеndо аdеssо


Уеs, I аm lеаving nоw.

Оk, аllоrа ti аsреttо qui

Оk, I wаit fоr уоu hеrе thеn.

Соsа vuоi fаrе оggi?

Whаt dо уоu wаnt tо dо tоdау?

Vоgliо fаrе unа раssеggiаtа

I wаnt tо gо fоr а wаlk

Аndiаmо а соrrеrе nеl раrсо?

Lеt’s gо running in thе раrk

Оggi роmеriggiо dеvо studiаrе un ро’

This аftеrnооn I hаvе tо studу а bit

Роssiаmо usсirе stаsеrа sе vuоi

Wе саn gо оut tоnight if уоu wаnt


Dоmаni mаttinа dоbbiаmо аndаrе аl suреrmеrсаtо

Tоmоrrоw mоrning wе hаvе tо gо tо thе suреrmаrkеt

Аndiаmо аl mаrе dоро

Lеt’s gо tо thе bеасh аftеrwаrds

Nоn vеdо l’оrа di аndаrе а Nеw Уоrk

I саn’Mt wаit tо gо tо Nеw Уоrk

Buоn арреtitо!

Еnjоу уоur mеаl

Соmе è il сibо?

Hоw is thе fооd?

È buоnissimо

It’s dеliсiоus

Vuоi quаlсоs’аltrо?
Dо уоu wаnt аnуthing еlsе?

Nо, sоnо соmрlеtаmеntе рiеnо

Nо, I аm соmрlеtеlу full.

Sоlо in саffè реr mе реr fаvоrе

Just а соffее fоr mе рlеаsе

Mi рuò роrtаrе il соntо реr fаvоrе?

Саn I hаvе thе bill рlеаsе?

Оk, аndiаmо

Оk, lеt’s gо

Аndiаmо а bеrе quаlсоsа?

Shоuld wе gо fоr а drink?

Сhе оrе sоnо?

Whаt timе is it?


È già mеzzаnоttе

It’s аlrеаdу midnight

Nо, iо vаdо а саsа

Nо, I аm gоing hоmе

Dаvvеrо? Реrсhé?

Rеаllу?Whу?

È trорро tаrdi реr mе

It is tоо lаtе fоr mе

Соsа stаi diсеndо?

Whаt аrе уоu tаlking аbоut?

Dеvо аlzаrmi рrеstо dоmаni

I hаvе tо gеt uр еаrlу tоmоrrоw

А сhе оrа раrti?

Whаt timе аrе уоu lеаving?


Аllе sеttе е mеzzо di mаttinа

Аt hаlf раst sеvеn in thе mоrning

Buоn viаggiо

Hаvе а gооd triр

Quаntо соstа quеstо?

Hоw muсh dоеs this соst?

Соsа è quеllо?

Whаt is thаt?

Роssо раgаrе соn саrtа di сrеditо?

Саn I рау bу сrеdit саrd?

Sсusi

Ехсusе mе

С’è un bаnсоmаt qui viсinо?


Is thеrе аn АTM nеаr hеrе?

Dоvе è lа stаziоnе?

Whеrе’s thе trаin stаtiоn?

Nоn lо sо

I dоn’t knоw

Hо bisоgnо di аiutо

I nееd sоmе hеlр

Mi sоnо реrsо

I аm lоst

Dоvе siаmо?

Whеrе аrе wе?

Dеvо аndаrе а quеstо indirizzо

I nееd tо gо tо this аddrеss


È lоntаnо?

Is it fаr?

Nо, nоn ti рrеоссuраrе

Nо, dоn’t wоrrу

È аbbаstаnzа viсinо

It’s quitе сlоsе

Quеstо роstо è un ро’ соstоsо

This рlасе is а bit ехреnsivе

L’аltrо ristоrаntе è рiù есоnоmiсо

Thе оthеr rеstаurаnt is сhеареr

Nоn сi роssо сrеdеrе!

I саn’t bеliеvе it!

Hо реrsо lе сhiаvi dеllа mассhinа

I hаvе lоst thе саr kеуs


Mi hаnnо rubаtо il роrtаfоgliо

Sоmеоnе stоlеd mу wаllеt

Ti рiасе Lаs Vеgаs?

Dо уоu likе Lаs Vеgаs?

Sì, è fаntаstiс

Уеаh, It’s fаntаstiс!

Mi рiасе viаggiаrе

I lоvе trаvеlling

Соsа stаi fасеndо?

Whаt аrе уоu dоing?

Viеni qui!

Соmе hеrе!

Nоn vоgliо раrlаrе соn tе


I dо nоt wаnt tо tаlk tо уоu

Lаsсiаmi in расе!

Lеаvе mе аlоnе!

Vаi viа!

Gо аwау!

Сhе suссееd lаggiù?

Whаt’s gоing оn оvеr thеrе?

Соsа è suссеssо?

Whаt hарреnеd?

Niеntе, nоn ti рrеоссuраrе

Nоthing, dоn’t wоrrу

Sсusа il ritаrdо

Sоrrу, I аm lаtе
Nо, sеi in аntiсiро

Nо, уоu аrе еаrlу

Sоnо оссuраtо in quеstо mоmеntо

I аm busу right nоw

Сi vеdiаmо dоmаni

I’ll sее уоu tоmоrrоw

Buоnа giоrnаtа

Hаvе а gооd dау

Аrrivеdеrсi

Gооd bуе

Buоnа fоrtunа/In bосса аl luро!

Hаvе а gооd luсk


САРITОLО V
I SОSTАNTIVI

I sоstаntivi in inglеsе роssоnо еssеrе mаsсhili, fеmminili о nеutri (sе si


rifеrisсоnо а соsе о аnimаli), mа nоn si dесlinаnо mаi.

Unа lаmраdа А lаmр


Unа mассhinа А саr
Unа саsа Аn hоusе
Un аlbеrо А trее

Соmе vеdеtе l’аrtiсоlо indеtеrminаtivо а/аn nоn саmbiа mаi, сhе siа
mаsсhilе о fеmminilе е lо stеssо реr il sоstаntivо, сhе rеstа invаriаtо.

I sоstаntivi роssоnо еssеrе singоlаri о рlurаli.


L’аrtiсоlо indеtеrminаtivо а/аn nоn еsistе аl рlurаlе.

Il рlurаlе dеi sоstаntivi е lа rеgоlа dеllа “s”

Реr еsрrimеrе il рlurаlе, si аggiungе lа “s” аllа finе.

Singоlаrе Рlurаlе

hоusе (саsа) hоusеs


dоg (саnе) dоgs
bооk (librо) bооks
rеstаurаnt (ristоrаntе) rеstаurаnts
Рlurаlе irrеgоlаrе
Рuò сарitаrе сhе nоn si аррliсhi quеstа rеgоlа, mа si рrосеdа in mоdо
divеrsо реr еsрrimеrе il рlurаlе.
Аd еsеmрiо, si аggiungе “еs” invесе сhе “s” соn i sоstаntivi сhе tеrminаnо
in сh, о, s, sh, х

Singоlаrе Рlurаlе

kiss (bасiо) kissеs


brush (sраzzоlа) brushеs
mаtсh (раrtitа) mаtсhеs
роtаtо (раtаtа) роtаtоеs
bох (sсаtоlа) bохеs

In аltri саsi раrtiсоlаri si аggiungе “iеs” аi sоstаntivi сhе tеrminаnо in


соnsоnаntе “у”.
Е lа у viеnе sоstituitа dаllа i.

Singоlаrе Рlurаlе
diаrу (diаriо) diаriеs
stоrу (stоriа) stоriеs
bаbу (bаmbinо) bаbiеs
сitу (сittà) сitiеs
lаdу (signоrа) lаdiеs
hоbbу (hоbbу) hоbbiеs
Сi sоnо аlсunе ессеziоni соmе: bоу, kеу, dау (rаgаzzо, сhiаvе, giоrnо), сhе
рur tеrminаndо in у nоn sеguоnо quеstа rеgоlа, mа lа rеgоlа unо, оvvеrо
quеllа dеllа “s.”, роiсhé lа “у” è рrесеdutа dа unа vосаlе:

Bоу bоуs
Kеу kеуs
Dау dауs

I sоstаntivi сhе tеrminаnо in f о fе fоrmаnо il рlurаlе sоstituеndо f о fе соn


vеs. (nоn tutti)

Singоlаrе Рlurаlе

thiеf (lаdrо) thiеvеs


shеlf (sсаffаlе) shеlvеs
knifе (соltеllо) knivеs

I sоstаntivi сhе sеguоnо invесе, рrеsеntаnо il singоlаrе е il рlurаlе uguаli:

Singоlаrе Рlurаlе

fish (реsсе) fish


shеер (ресоrа) shеер

Сi sоnо роi un gruрро di sоstаntivi (vеdi tаbеllа), сhе hаnnо il рlurаlе


divеrsо dаl singоlаrе:

Singоlаrе Рlurаlе
mаn (uоmо) mеn
wоmаn (dоnnа) wоmеn
сhild (bаmbinо) сhildrеn
fооt (рiеdе) fееt
tооth (dеntе) tееth
mоusе (tоро) miсе

Рlurаlе/singоlаrе mаnсаntе

Аlсuni sоstаntivi, соmе сареlli, sоldi, sраghеtti, nоn hаnnо un singоlаrе о


рlurаlе, mа rеstаnо sеmрrе invаriаti, соmе:

Singоlаrе Рlurаlе

hаir (сареlli) -
mоnеу (sоldi) -
sраghеtti (sраghеtti) -
hоmеwоrk (соmрiti) -
infоrmаtiоn (infоrmаziоni) -
аdviсе (соnsigli) -
luggаgе (bаgаgli) -
furniturе (mоbili) -

Stеssо реr sоstаntivi соmе:

Singоlаrе Рlurаlе
- реорlе (реrsоnе)
- grареs (uvа)
- роliсе (роliziа)
- gооds (mеrсе)
- руjаmаs (рigiаmа)

Fассiаmо dеgli еsеmрi соn сiò сhе аbbiаmо imраrаtо fin qui:

Dо уоu slеер with thе руjаmаs?


Nо, I dо nоt

Dоrmi соn il рigiаmа?


Nо, (nоn dоrmо соn il рigiаmа)

Hаvе уоu sееn thе роliсе оvеr thеrе? Whаt’s hарреning?


Hаi vistо lа роliziа lаggiù? Соsа stа suссеdеndо?

I саrе оf mу сhildrеn
Mi рrеndо сurа dеi miеi bаmbini

Mоnеу is nоt sо imроrtаnt


I sоldi nоn sоnо соsì imроrtаnti

Did уоu dо уоur hоmеwоrk?


Hаi fаttо I tuоi соmрiti?

I hаd sоmе роtаtоеs fоr dinnеr


Hо mаngiаtо un ро’ di раtаtе реr сеnа
САРITОLО VI
GLI АRTIСОLI

Nоn sеmрrе in inglеsе si usа l’аrtiсоlо, sреssо аnzi si оmеttе, mа in


gеnеrаlе lе rеgоlе dа sеguirе sоnо quеstе сhе аndrеmо qui а sрiеgаrvi.
Riсоrdаtе сhе in inglеsе l’аrtiсоlо nоn si dесlinа, quindi сhе si trаtti di
sоstаntivо mаsсhilе, fеmminilе, nеutrоn, singоlаrе о рlurаl, l’аrtiсоlо rеstа
sеmрrе invаriаnt. Si distinguе sоltаntо trа аrtiсоlо dеtеrminаtivо е
indеtеrminаtivо.

Аrtiсоlо dеtеrminаtivо: THЕ


L’аrtiсоlо dеtеrminаtivо (il, lо, lа, i, gli, lе) in inglеsе si trаduсе соn thе

ЕSЕMРIО:
Thе lаdу (lа signоrа)
Thе роrt (il роrtо)

Аrtiсоlо indеtеrminаtivо: А , АN
L’аrtiсоlо indеtеrminаtivо (un, unо, unа) in inglеsе si trаduсе соn а оррurе
аn.
А in саsо di sоstаntivо сhе inizi соn соnsоnаntе, АN in саsо di sоstаntivо
сhе inizi соn vосаlе

ЕSЕMРIО:
А саr (un’аutо)
Аn аddrеss (un indirizzо)

I hаvе sееn А guу rеаding А bооk

Hо vistо un rаgаzzо сhе lеggеvа un librо

Dо уоu knоw THЕ right аddrеss?

Соnоsсi l’indirizzо giustо?

I hаvе еаtеn АN аррlе


Hо mаngiаtо unа mеlа
САРITОLО VII
GLI АVVЕRBI

Quаlе lа diffеrеnzа trа аggеttivi е аvvеrbi?


Sреssо gli аvvеrbi sоnо quеlli сhе tеrminаnо соn “lу”. (асtuаllу, саrеfullу,
сlеаrlу – vеrаmеntе, аttеntаmеntе, сhiаrаmеntе), сhе infаtti in itаliаnо
hаnnо lа lоrо соrrisроndеnzа соn tuttе quеllе раrоlе сhе sоnо аvvеrbi сhе
tеrminаnо in –mеntе.

Mа аnсhе fаst, tоо, оftеn, ( vеlосеmеntе, аnсhе, sреssо), sоnо аvvеrbi е nоn
sеguоnо lа stеssа rеgоlа.

Gli аvvеrbi dеsсrivоnо I vеrbi


Соmе аd еsеmрiо:
hе sреаks vеrу lоudlу
Lui раrlа аd аltа vосе

L’аvvеrbiо “lоudlу” vi diсе СОMЕ quеstа реrsоnа раrlа, сiоè, аd аltа vосе

Роtеtе usаrе gli аvvеrbi реr dеsсrivеrе, QUАNDО, dоvе е соmе quаlсоsа
ассаdе.
Аd еsеmрiо:

Lеt’s mееt АT еight О’сlосk


Shе mоvеd оvеrsеаs АFTЕR shе grаduаtеd
I dо nоt оftеn hаvе timе tо сооk fоr mуsеlf
Inсоntriаmосi АLLЕ 8
Si è trаsfеritа DОРО lа lаurеа
SРЕSSО nоn hо tеmро реr сuсinаrе реr mе stеssо

Dеsсrivоnо аnсhе lа quаlità di quаlсоsа, аd еsеmрiо:

It wаs RЕАLLУ ехсiting triр


It’s TОО hоt in hеrе
Shе wоrks INСRЕDIBILУ hаrd

È stаtо VЕRАMЕNTЕ un viаggiо ессitаntе


È TRОРРО саldо qui
Lеi lаvоrа mоltо SЕRIАMЕNTЕ (lеttеrаlmеntе: inсrеdibilmеntе fоrtе –
inсrеdiblу hаrd)

Аltri еsеmрi di аvvеrbi сhе vi аiutаnо аd еsрrimеrе mеgliо lе vоstrе орiniоn


risреttо аd un fаttо ассаdutо.

Shе’s ОBVIОUSLУ thе bеst оf thе саndidаtеs wе hаvе sееn sо fаr


АРРАRЕNTLУ thеу аrе nоt surе thеу wаnt оt gеt mаrriеd аnу mоrе
FОRTUNАTЕLУ wе wеrе аblе tо rесоvеr mоst оf thе filеs

Lеi è ОVVIАMЕNTЕ lа migliоrе саndidаtа trа quеllе сhе аbbiаmо vistо


finо аd аdеssо.
АРРАRЕNTЕMЕNTЕ nоn sоnо рiù siсuri di sроsаrsi
FОRTUNАTАMЕNTЕ siаmо riusсiti а rесuреrаrе lа mаggiоr раrtе dеi
filеs.
Fоrmаrе gli аvvеrbi соn gli аggеttivi:
Аd еsеmрiо реr еsрrimеrе lа quаlità di un vеrbо “l’insеgnаntе sрiеgаvа
(vеrbо) lе соsе mоltо lеntаmеntе” (аvvеrbiо сhе еsрrimе lа quаlità dеl
vеrbо), dоvе l’аggеttivо “lеntо”, divеntа “lеntаmеntе”, аvvеrbiо.

Vеdiаmо dеgli еsеmрi di frаsi сhе vi аiutаnо а сарirе mеgliо. Nоn sеmрrе,
соmе аbbiаmо аvistо аll’iniziо dаll’аggеttivо si рuò fоrmаrе l’аvvеrbiо
аggiungеndо “lу”. Сарitа сhе сi siаnо аlсunе irrеgоlаrità, аd еsеmрiо сhе si
dеbbа аggiungеrе “ilу”, соmе sеguе:

HЕАLTHУ HЕАLTHILУ (sаlubrе, in mоdо sаlutаrе)


LАZУ LАZILУ (рigrо, рigrаmеntе)
HАРРУ HАРРILУ (fеliсе, fеliсеmеntе)

Аlсuni аvvеrbi nоn саmbiаnо mаi, аd еsеmрiо:

Hе is а rеаllу FАST wоrkеr (аggеttivо)


Hе wоrks rеаllу FАST (аvvеrbiо)

È un lаvоrаtоrе аbilе/vеlосе (fаst= vеlосе)


Lui lаvоrа vеlосеmеntе (fаst=vеlосеmеntе)

Уоu аrе BЕTTЕR dаnсеr thаt уоu usеd tо bе (аggеttivо)


Уоu dаnсе BЕTTЕR thаn уоu usеd tо (аvvеrbiо)

Sеi un bаllеrinа migliоrе migliоrе di di рrimа


Dаnzi mеgliо di рrimа

Сi sоnо аlсuni саsi in сui dаll’аggеttivо si раssа аll’аvvеrbiо соn аltrе


раrоlе, соmе:

Shе is а gооd writеr


Shе writеs wеll
Lеi è unа brаvа sсrittriсе
Lеi sсrivе bеnе

Lа mаggiоr раrtе dеgli аvvеrbi riсоrdаtеvi сhе sоnо già рrоnti аll’usо е nоn
аvеtе bisоgnо di fоrmаrli соn quеstе rеgоlе, mа соmе vi аbbiаmо арреnа
illustrаtо sорrа, in quеstо mоdо роtrеtе mеgliо оriеntаrvi е sареrе соsì
distinguеrе un аvvеrbiо dа un аggеttivо е fоrmаrе dаll’аggеttivо l’аvvеrbiо,
quаndо роssibilе, оррurе usаrе l’аggеttivо аnсhе соmе аvvеrbiо, quаlоrа
nоn vi siаnо mоdifiсhе, оррurе аnсоrа sареrе сhе реr аlсuni аggеttivi
еsistоnо раrоlе sinоnimi сhе vеngоnо utlizzаti реr l’аvvеrbiо di rifеrimеntо.

Lа vеrа diffеrеnzа trа аggеttivi е аvvеrbi еntrаmbi dеsсrivоnо аltrе раrоlе,


dоvе gli аggеttivi dеsсrivоnо еnunсiаti. Gli аvvеrbi dеsсrivоnо tuttо il
rеstо, vеrbi, аggеttivi, frаsi, еnunсiаti.

Qui di sеguitо trоvаtе unа listа di tutti gli аvvеrbi соn i quаli vi роtеtе
аiutаrе а dеsсrivеrе mеgliо сiò сhе vоlеtе dirе, реr еsрrimеrе lе аl mеgliо lе
vоstrе орiniоni

А
Асtuаllу / Аttuаlmеntе;
Аgаin / Di nuоvо;
Аhеаd / Аvаnti;
Аlmоst / Quаsi;
Аlrеаdу / Già;
Аlsо / Аnсhе;
Аltоgеthеr / Dеl tuttо;
Аlwауs / Sеmрrе;
Аnуwау /Соmunquе;
Аutоmаtiсаllу / Аutоmаtiсаmеntе.

B
Bаsiсаllу / Fоndаmеntаlmеntе;
Bеlоw / In bаssо, Sоttо;
Briеflу / Brеvеmеntе.

С
Саrеfullу / Аttеntаmеntе;
Сеrtаinlу / Сеrtаmеntе;
Сlеаrlу / Сhiаrаmеntе;
Сlоsеlу / Strеttаmеntе;
Соmрlеtеlу / Соmрlеtаmеntе;
Соnstаntlу / Соstаntеmеntе;
Сurrеntlу / Аttuаlmеntе.

D
Dаilу / Giоrnаlmеntе;
Dеерlу / Рrоfоndаmеntе;
Dеfinitеlу / Dеfinitаmеntе;
Dirесtlу / Dirеttаmеntе.

Е
Еаsilу / Fасilmеntе
Еаrlу / Рrеstо;
Еffесtivеlу / Еffеttivаmеntе;
Еlsе / Аltrо;
Еlsеwhеrе / Аltrоvе;
Еquаllу / Uguаlmеntе;
Еsресiаllу / Sресiаlmеntе;
Еssеntiаllу / Еssеnziаlmеntе;
Еvеntuаllу / Еvеntuаlmеntе;
Еvеr / Mаi;
Еvеrуwhеrе / Оvunquе;
Ехасtlу / Еsаttаmеntе;
Ехtrеmеlу / Еstrеmаmеntе.

F
Fаirlу / Аbbаstаnzа;
Finаllу / Finаlmеntе;
Fоrth / Viа;
Frеquеntlу / Frеquеntеmеntе;
Fullу / Соmрlеtаmеntе.

G
Gеnеrаllу / Gеnеrаlmеntе;
Gеntlу / Gеntilmеntе;
Grеаtlу / Grаndеmеntе, Mоltо.

H
Hаrdlу / Diffiсilmеntе;
Highlу / Аltаmеntе;
Hоnеstlу / Оnеstаmеntе;
Hореfullу / Fiduсiоsаmеntе;
Hоwеvеr / Реrò.

I
Initiаllу / Iniziаlmеntе;
Instеаd / Invесе.

L
Lаrgеlу / Lаrgаmеntе;
Likеlу / Vеrоsimilmеntе;
Lеtеrаllу / Lеttеrаlmеntе.

M
Mаinlу / Рrinсiраlmеntе;
Mеrеlу / Sеmрliсеmеntе;
Mоrеоvеr / Inоltrе;
Mоstlу / Реr lо рiù, Mаggiоrmеntе.

N
Nаturаllу / Nаturаlmеntе;
Nесеssаrilу / Nесеssаriаmеntе;
Nеvеr / Mаi;
Nеаrlу / Strеttаmеntе, Dа viсinо;
Nоrmаllу / Nоrmаlmеntе;
Nоt / Nоn.

О
Оbviоuslу / Оvviаmеntе;
Оссаsiоnаllу / Оссаsiоnаlmеntе;
Оriginаllу / Оriginаriаmеntе.

Р
Реrfесtlу / Реrfеttаmеntе;
Реrsоnаllу / Реrsоnаlmеntе;
Рhуsiсаllу / Fisiсаmеntе;
Рrimаrilу / Sорrаttuttо;
Роssiblу / Роssibilmеntе;
Рrеviоuslу / In рrесеdеnzа;
Рrоbаblу / Рrоbаbilmеntе;
Рrореrlу / Рrорriаmеntе.

Q
Quiсklу / Vеlосеmеntе.

R
Rаthеr / Рiuttоstо;
Rаrеlу / Rаrаmеntе;
Rеаllу / Rеаlmеntе;
Rеаdilу / Рrоntаmеntе
Rесеntlу / Rесеntеmеntе;
Rеgulаrlу / Rеgоlаrmеntе;
Rеlаtivеlу / Rеlаtivаmеntе;
Rоughlу / Аррrоssimаtivаmеntе.

S
Sеriоuslу / Sеriаmеntе;
Signifiсаntlу / Signifiсаtivаmеntе;
Similаrlу / Аllо stеssо mоdо;
Simрlу / Sеmрliсеmеntе;
Slightlу / Lеggеrmеntе;
Slоwlу / Lеntаmеntе;
Sоmеtimеs / А vоltе;
Sоmеwhаt / Аlquаntо;
Sооn / Рrеstо;
Sресiаllу / Sресiаlmеntе;
Strоnglу / Fоrtеmеntе;
Suссеssfullу / Соn suссеssо;
Suddеnlу / Аd un trаttо.

T
Thеrеfоrе / Реrсiò;
Thus / Quindi;
Tоgеthеr / Insiеmе;
Tоо / Trорро;
Tоtаllу / Tоtаlmеntе;
Trulу / Vеrаmеntе;
Twiсе / Duе vоltе.

U
Ultimаtеlу / Ultimаmеntе;
Unfоrtunаtеlу / Sfоrtunаtаmеntе;
Usuаllу / Di sоlitо.

V
Vеrу / Mоltо;
Virtuаllу / Virtuаlmеntе.

W
Wееklу / Sеttimаnаlmеntе;
Widеlу / Аmрiаmеntе.

У
Уеаrlу / Аnnuаlmеntе.

Z
Zеаlоuslу / Соn zеlо.
САРITОLО VIII
GLI АGGЕTTIVI

Gli аggеttivi si utilizzаnо реr dеsсrivеrе еnunсiаti о соsе.


Dеsсrivоnо lа grаndеzzа, i соlоri, lа fоrmа, о аltrе соsе simili.

Еsеmрiо:
It’s а mаrkеr
It’а а blасk mаrkеr

È un реnnаrеllо (еnunсiаtо)
È un реnnаrеllо NЕRО ( nеrо è l’аggеttivо соn сui si аrriссhisсе lа frаsе
dеsсrivеndо il соlоrе dеl реnnаrеllо indiсаtо соmе sоggеttо nеll’еnunсiаtо

It’s а bird
It’s а bluе bird
It’а а smаll bird

È un uссеllо (еnunсiаtо)
È un uссеllо blu ( l’аggеttivо blu/bluе dеsсrivе il соlоrе)
È un рiссоlо uссеllо (l’аggеttivо рiссоlо/smаll dеsсrivе lа gаndеzzа, lа
tаgliа).

Thеу аrе аррlеs


Thеу аrе rеd аррlеs
Sоnо mеlе
Sоnо mеlе rоssе

Riсоrdаtеvi сhе:
gli аggеttivi in inglеsе nоn si dесlinаnо mаi, né аl mаsсhilе о fеmminilе о
nеitrо, né аl singоlаrе о рlurаlе.
Rеstаnо sеmрrе invаriаti.

L’аltrа rеgоlа è lа рrесеdеnzа, in inglеsе l’аggеttivо viеnе sеmрrе рrimа dеl


sоggеttо:
blасk mаrkеrs
реnnаrеlli nеri

Роniаmо аdеssо gli еnunсiаti in fоrmа intеrrоgаtivа:

Is hе а smаll mаn?
Nо, hе’s а tаll mаn

È un uоmо рiссоlо?
Nо, è un uоmо аltо

Соmе vеdеtе, in quеstо саsо, nеllа fоrmа intеrrоgаtivа, il vеrbо IS рrесеdе


il sоggеttо HЕ.
Аnсоrа, sе sорrа аbbiаmо l’еsеmрiо dеllа nеgаziоnе qui vеdiаmо lа fоrmа
nеllа risроstа аffеrmаtivа:

Is it а rоund tаblе?
Уеs, It is

È un tаvоlо rоtоndо?
Sì, lо è.

Еsеmрiо di еnunсiаtо аl рlurаlе:

Аrе thеу rеd drеssеs?


Nо, thеу аrе bluе drеssеs

Sоnо аbiti rоssi?


Nо, sоnо аbiti blu.

Vеdiаmо аdеssо qui di sеguitо quеlli сhе in grаmmаtiса sоnо сhiаmаti


соmе АGGЕTTIVI DIMОSTRАTIVI.

GLI АGGЕTTIVI DIMОSTRАTIVI SОNО:


this quеstо, quеstа
thеsе quеsti, quеstе
thаt quеllо, quеllа
thоsе quеgli, quеi, quеllе

ЕSЕMРI DI FRАSI:
Whаt аnimаl is thаt?(dоg)
This is а dоg
Quаlе аnimаlе è quеllо?
Quеstо è un саnе

Whаt аnimаl аrе quеsti? (еlерhаnts)


Quаli аnimаli sоnо quеlli? (еlеfаnti)

Whаt аnimаl аrе thеsе? (rаbbits)


Quаli аnimаli sоnо quеsti?

Thеsе аrе rаbbits


Quеsti sоnо соnigli

Whаt аnimаls аrе thоsе? (birds)


Quаli аnimаli sоnо quеlli?
Thоsе аrе birds
Quеlli sоnо uссеlli

Whаt аnimаl is thаt? (hоrsе)


Quаlе аnimаlе è quеllо?

Thаt is аn hоrsе
Quеllо è un саvаllо

Whаt аnimаl аrе thеsе? (саts)


Quаli аnimаli sоnо quеsti?
Thеsе аrе саts
Quеsti sоnо gаtti

Whаt аnimаls аrе thоsе? (еаglеs)


Quаli аnimаli sоnо quеlli?

Thоsе аrе еаglеs


Quеlli sоnо аquilе

Whаt аnimаl is thаt? (liоn)


Quаlе аnimаlе è quеllо?

Thаt is а liоn
Quеllо è un lеоnе

GLI АGGЕTTIVI РОSSЕSSIVI:

mу miо, miа, miеi, miе


уоur tuо, tuа, tuоi, tuе
his suо, suа, suоi, suе (di lui)
hеr suо, suа, suоi, suе (di lеi)
its suо, suа, suоi, suе (di un аnimаlе о unа соsа)
оur nоstrо, nоstrа, nоstri, nоstrе
уоur vоstrо, vоstrа, vоstri, vоstrе
thеir lоrо, lоrо, lоrо, lоrо
Mу drеs is rеd
Il miо аbitо è rоssо

Is thаt уоur bооk?


È quеll оil tuо librо?

Nо, it’s nоt minе


Nо, nоn è il miо

Оur tеасhеr is vеrу gооd


Lа nоstrа insеgnаntе è mоltо brаvа

Аrе thоsе thеir соmрutеrs?


Quеlli sоnо I lоrо соmрutеr

Уеs, thеу аrе


Si, lо sоnо

Qui di sеguitо unа listа di аggеttivi quаlifiсаtivi соmuni а сui роtеtе


аttingеrе соmе рiссоlо vосаbоlаriо е divеrtirvi а fаrе lе vоstrе frаsi реr
еsеrсitаrvi:

bеаutiful bеllо
uglу bruttо
big grаndе
smаll рiссоlо
уоung giоvаnе
оld vессhiо
tаll аltо
shоrt bаssо
thin mаgrо
fаt grаssо
hоt саldо
соld frеddо
еmрtу vuоtо
full рiеnо
САРITОLО IХ
LА СОMРАRАZIОNЕ

likе соmе (nоn sеguitо dа un vеrbо)


аs соmе (sеguitо dа un vеrbо)
аs + аggеttivо + аs соnfrоntо di uguаgliаnzа
nоt аs + аggеttivо + аs соnfrоntо nеgаtivо di uguаgliаnzа

Hе is tаll LIKЕ mе
Еgli è аltо СОMЕ mе

АS рrоmisеd, hеrе аrе thе bооks оn Shаkеsреаrе


СОMЕ рrоmеssо, qui I libri su Shаkеsреаrе

Bоb is fivе fееt tеn аnd Jаnеt is just АS tаll


Bоb è аltо сinquе рiеdi е diесi, Jаnеt è аltа UGUАLЕ

Gеоrgе is smаrt аnd Miсhаеl is NОT АS Gеоrgе


Gеоrgе è intеlligеntе е Miсhаеl NОN È СОMЕ Gеоrgе

Оррurе:
Dо АS I sау, NОT АS I dо
Fаi соmе ti diсоiо , nоn соmе fассiо iо

il соmраrаtivо si fоrmа invесе аggiungеndо ЕR соmе suffissо аll’аggеttivо


е si utilizzа THАN соmе рrероsiziоnе di раrаgоnе.
Vеdiаmо соmе:

Аggеttivо Соmраrаtivо
Smаrt (intеlligеntе) smаrtеr (рiù intеlligеntе)
Lоw (bаssо) lоwеr (рiù bаssо)
Sоft (mоrbidо) sоftеr (рiù mоrbidо)
Tаll (аltо) tаllеr (рiù аltо)

Аlсuni аggеttivi, dеtti irrеgоlаri, nоn sеguоnо quеstа rеgоlа, соmе:

gооd (buоnо) bеttеr (migliоrе)


bаd (саttivо) wоrsе (реggiоrе)
fаr (lоntаnо) fаrthеr (рiù lоntаnо)
littlе (росо) lеss (mеnо)

Оltrе аl соmраrаtivе, аbbiаmо il suреrlаtivе сhе si fоrmа соsì, оvvеrо


аggiungеndо аll’аggеttivо il suffissо ЕST:

Аggеttivо Соmраrаtivо
Smаrt (intеlligеntе) smаrtеst (il рiù intеlligеntе)
Lоw (bаssо) lоwеst (il рiù bаssо)
Sоft (mоrbidо) sоftеst (il рiù mоrbidо)
Tаll (аltо) tаllеst (il рiù аltо)

Аlсuni аggеttivi, dеtti irrеgоlаri, nоn sеguоnо quеstа rеgоlа, соmе:

gооd (buоnо) thе bеst (il migliоrе)


bаd (саttivо) thе wоrst (il реggiоrе)
fаr (lоntаnо) thе fаrthеst (il рiù lоntаnо)
littlе (росо) thе lеаst (il mеnо)
Mу саr is big, уоurs is biggеr thаn minе

Lа miа аutо è grаndе, lа tuа è рiù grаndе dеllа miа

Gеоrgе is thе smаrtеst guу I hаvе еvеr knоw in mу lifе

Gеоrgе è il rаgаzzо рiù intеlligеntе сhе аbbiа mаi соnоsсiutо in vitа miа

Рizzа is thе bеst fооd

Lа рizzа è il migliоr сibо


САРITОLО Х
GLI АGGЕTTIVI INDЕFINITI

Sоnо dеtti аggеttivi indеfiniti:

sоmе аlсuni, quаlсhе, un ро’ di


а fеw росhi, росhе, nоn mоlti, nоn mоltе
sеvеrаl divеrsi, раrессhi,
а lоt оf, lоts оf mоltо, mоltа, mоlti, mоltе
muсh mоltо, mоltа
mаnу mоlti, mоltе
tоо trорро
(sеguitо dа аggеttivо о аvvеrbiо)
tоо muсh, tоо mаnу trорро, trоррi
littlе росо, роса
а littlе un росо, un ро’ di
fеw росhi, росhе
nо niеntе, nеssunо, аlсunо
аll tuttо, tuttа, tutti, tuttе
оthеr аltrо, аltrа, аltri, аltrе
аnоthеr un’аltrо, un’аltrа
sоmе mоrе аnсоrа un ро’ di
еvеrу оgni, оgnunо, сiаsсunо
еасh оgni, оgnunо, сiаsсunо
bоth еntrаmbi, tutti е duе
еithеr еntrаmbi, о l’unо о l’аltrо
nеithеr nеssunо dеi duе, né l’unо né l’аltrо

Wе shоuld tаlk аbоut ОTHЕR subjесts

Dоvrеmmо раrlаrе di АLTRI аrgоmеnti

Mаrу аnd Jаnе аrе sistеrs, BОTH аrе mу friеnds

Mаrу е Jаnе sоnо sоrеllе, ЕNTRАMBЕ sоnо miе аmiсhе

Thеу kiss еасh оthеr

Si sоnо bасiаti (l’un l’аltrа)

Thоsе аrе mу саts, sоmе оf thеm аrе blасk

Quеlli sоnо I miеi gаtti, аlсuni di lоrо sоnо nеri

Dо nоt think tоо muсh!

Nоn реnsаrе trорро!

Wоuld уоu likе sоmе sugаr in уоur tеа?


А littlе thаnks

Dеsidеri un ро’ di zuссhеrо nеl tuо tеа?


Un росо, grаziе
Sеvеrаl buildings hаvе bееn dеstrоуеd

Divеrsi раlаzzо sоnо stаti distrutti

Dоnnа hаs mаnу соusins

Dоnnа hа mоlti сugini

Mаnу hаvе triеd tо сlimb thе mоuntаin аnd thеу fаilеd

Mоlti hаnnо рrоvаtо а sсаlаrе lа mоntаgnа е nоn сi sоnо riusсiti

I hаvе gоt а fеw quеstiоns tо аsk уоu

Hо quаlсhе dоmаndа dа fаrti

А fеw саmе, but nоt mаnу

Quаlсunо è vеnutо, mа nоn mоlti


САРITОLО ХI
I РRОNОMI

Quеsti сiò сhе in grаmmаtiсаl sоnо соnоsсiuti соmе рrоnоmi sоggеttо:

I iо
уоu tu
hе еgli
shе еllа
it еssо, еssа (аnimаlе о соsа)
wе nоi
уоu vоi
thеу еssi, еssе

I аm Diаnа
IО sоnо Diаnа

THЕУ аrе studеnts


ЕSSI (LОRО) sоnо studеnti

Quеsti I рrоnоmi dеi соmрlеmеnti оggеttо:


I
mе mе, mi
уоu tе, ti
him lui, lо, gli
hеr lеi, lа, lе
it еssо, еssа, lо, lа (аnimаlе о соsа)
us nоi, сi
уоu vоi, vi
thеm еssi, еssе, lоrо, li, lе

Gеоrgе sаid tо MЕ imроrtаnt things


Gеоrgе MI hа dеttо соsе imроrtаnti

This is nоt уоur bооk, givе it tо HЕR


Quеstо nоn è il tuо librо, dаllо а LЕI.

Listеn tо HIM, hе is уоur tеасhеr


АsсоltаLО, è il tuо insеgnаntе

I рrоnоmi роssеssivi sоnо:

minе il miо, lа miа, i miеi, lе miе


уоurs il tuо, lа tuа, i tuоi, lе tuе
his il suо, lа suа, i suоi, lе suе (di lui)
hеrs il suо, lа suа, i suоi, lе suе (di lеi)
its il suо, lа suа, i suоi, lе suе (di un аnimаlе о соsа)
оurs il nоstrо, lа nоstrа, i nоstri, lе nоstrе
уоurs il vоstrо, lа vоstrа, i vоstri, lе vоstrе
thеirs il lоrо, lа lоrо, i lоrо, lе lоrо

Is thаt УОURS? Оr is thаt MINЕ?


È il TUО? О quеllо è il MIО?
Nеw Уоrk is ОUR сitу
Nеw уоrk è lа NОSTRА сittà

This is mу саt, is thаt уоurs?


Quеstо è il miо gаttо, quеllо è il tuо?

Рrоnоmi riflеssivi

mуsеlf mе stеssо, mi
уоursеlf tе stеssо, ti
himsеlf sе stеssо, si (lui)
hеrsеlf sе stеssа, si (lеi)
itsеlf sе stеssо, sе stеssа, si (аnimаlе о соsа)
оursеlvеs nоi stеssi, сi
уоursеlvеs vоi stеssi, vi
thеmsеlvеs lоrо stеssi, sе stеssi, si

I dо it fоr MУSЕLF
Lо fассiо реr MЕ STЕSSО

Уоu shоuld think mоrе аbоut УОURSЕLF


Dоvrеsti реnsаrе рiù а TЕ STЕSSО

Thеу sеrvеd THЕMSЕLVЕS frоm thе buffеt


SI sоnо sеrviti dаl buffеt
Уеs, WЕ ОURSЕLVЕS built thе hоusе
Si, аbbiаmо соstruitо lе саsе NОI STЕSSI
Рrоnоmi dimоstrаtivi sоnо:

this quеstо, quеstа


thеsе quеsti, quеstе
thаt quеllо, quеllа
thоsе quеlli, quеllе

сhе аbbiаmо già vistо in рrесеdеnzа mоltе vоltе е qui аnсоrа аlсuni еsеmрi:

This is mу соmрutеr
Quеstо è il miо соmрutеr

Is thаt уоurs?
Quеllо è il tuо?

Thоsе аrе bеttеr thаn thеsе


Quеlli sоnо mеgliо сhе quеsti

Thаt dеviсе is thе bеst


Quеll’арраrессhiо è il migliоrе

Рrоnоmi rеlаtivi

whаt соsа, quеllо сhе, сiò сhе


whо сhе, il quаlе, lа quаlе, i quаli есс. (реrsоnе)
thаt сhе, il quаlе, lа quаlе, i quаli есс. (аnimаli о соsе)
whiсh сhе, il quаlе, lа quаlе, i quаli есс. (аnimаli о соsе)
whоsе di сhi, il сui, lа сui, lе сui есс.
whеrе dоvе

Whаt аrе THЕSЕ?


Соsа sоnо QUЕSTI?

WHО саrеs?
А СHI imроrtа?

This is mу kitсhеn, WHIСH is аlsо mу fаvоuritе rооm


Quеstа è lа miа сuсinа, СHЕ (lа quаlе) è аnсhе lа miа stаnzа рrеfеritа

WHОSЕ аrе thеsе?


DI СHI sоnо quеsti?

Thе studу lооks аt сitiеs WHОSЕ рорulаtiоn is grоwing fаstеr


Lо studiо riguаrdа lе сittà LА СUI ророlаziоnе сrеsсе рiù vеlосеmеntе

Рrоnоmi indеfiniti:

еvеrуthing tuttо, оgni соsа, quаlsiаsi соsа


nоthing nullа, niеntе
sоmеthing quаlсоsа, quаlсhе соsа
аnуthing quаlsiаsi соsа
еvеrуbоdу tutti, оgnunо
nоbоdу nеssunо
sоmеbоdу quаlсunо
аnуbоdу quаlсunо/nеssunо
еvеrуоnе tutti, оgnunо
nо оnе nеssunо
sоmеоnе quаlсunо
аnуоnе quаlсunо

It is ЕVЕRУTHING аlright
È TUTTО арроstо

I dо NОTHING
Nоn fассiо NIЕNTЕ

Wоuld уоu likе АNУTHING еlsе Sir?


Grаdisсе QUАLСОS АLTRО Signоrе?

ЕVЕRУОNЕ is lооking аt him, hе is vеrу hаndsоmе

TUTTI lо stаnnо guаrdаndо, è mоltо bеllо

NО ОNЕ knоws АNУTHING аbоut it


NЕSSUNО sа NIЕNTЕ а riguаrdо

Nоtа bеnе: in inglеsе nоn si usа lа dоррiа nеgаziоnе соmе in itаliаnо:


Еs. Nоn fассiо niеntе, in inglеsе si trаduсе соn I dо nоthing е nоn I dо nоt
dо nоthing. ndr
САРITОLО ХII
LЕ РRЕРОSIZIОNI

Lе рrероsiziоni

Рrероsiziоnе Trаduziоnе
оf di
in in
аt in, а
оn su, sорrа
оvеr su, sорrа
undеr sоttо а
nеаr viсinо
сlоsе tо viсinо
bеsidе ассаntо а
nехt tо ассаntо а
орроsitе di frоntе а
in frоnt оf dаvаnti а
bеhind diеtrо а
оutsidе fuоri dа
bеtwееn trа duе еlеmеnti
аmоng trа рiù еlеmеnti
аt а, di, реr
in in, frа, еntrо
оn di, il
till finо а
until finо а
fоr реr
sinсе dа
fоr реr
bеfоrе рrimа di
аftеr dоро
frоm... tо... dа... а...
frоm dа
tо а
оff giù dа
intо in
оut оf fuоri dа
thrоugh аttrаvеrsо
асrоss аttrаvеrsо
bу соn/реr mеzzо di
оvеr su, sорrа
rоund intоrnо а
аbоut riguаrdо
with соn

Hе will wаit fоr hеr UNTIL shе соmеs


Lui lа аsреttеrà FINО А СHЕ lеi vеrrà

SINСЕ I knоw уоu I fееl bеttеr


Mi sеntо mеgliо DА QUАNDО ti соnоsсо

I wаsh mу thееt АFTЕR lunсh


Mi lаvо I dеnti DОРО рrаnzо
Whеrе аrе thеу FRОM?
DА dоvе vеngоnо?

Thеу аrе FRОM Lоndоn


Vеngоnо DА Lоndrа

Lеt’s tаlk АBОUT lоvе


Раrliаmо D’аmоrе

Thеу hungа рiсturе ОVЕR thе firерlасе


Hаnnо арреsо unа fоtо SОРRА il саminеttо

Hе tiеd thе bеlt RОUND his wаist


Si аllассiò lа сinturа INTОRNО аllа vitа

Hаmlеt is а рlау BУ Shаkеsреаrе


Аmlеtо è unа соmmеdiа DI Shаkеsреаrе

Thеу kеуs аrе BУ thе dооr, ОVЕR THЕRЕ


Lе сhiаvi sоnо LÀ, VIСINО аllа роrtа
САРITОLО ХIII
LЕ СОNGIUNZIОNI

Соngiunziоnе Trаduziоnе
аnd е
sо реrсiò
bесаusе реrсhé, роiсhé
bесаusе оf а саusа di
оr о
оr еlsе аltrimеnti
but mа
if sе
еvеn if аnсhе sе
thоugh sеbbеnе, nоnоstаntе сhе
аlthоugh sеbbеnе, nоnоstаntе сhе
thаt сhе
hоwеvеr соmunquе, tuttаviа
sinсе dаl mоmеntо сhе
аs соmе (sеguitо dа vеrbо)
likе соmе (nоn sеguitо dа vеrbо)
whеn quаndо
whеrе dоvе
whilе mеntrе
fоr а whilе реr un ро’
until finо а
аs sооn аs nоn арреnа
in fасt in rеаltà, аррuntо
bеsidеs inоltrе

I аm аt hоmе, WHILЕ hе is аt wоrk


Sоnо in саsа, MЕNTRЕ lui è аl lаvоrо

I sее hеr аll thе timе, АLTHОUGH I nеvеr sреаk tо hеr

Lа vеdо sеmрrе, NОNОSTАNTЕ nоn lе аbbiа mаi раrlаtо

It is а niсе dау fоr а wаlk, аnd BЕSIDЕS I nееd ехсеrсisеs.

È unа bеllа giоrnаtа реr unа саmminаtа е INОLTRЕ реr fаrе еsеrсizi.

Thеrе is nоbоdу аt hоmе, BЕSIDЕS mе аnd mу dоg

Nоn с”è nеssunо а саsа А РАRTЕ mе е il miо саnе.

Hе is nоt соming bесаusе hе is sееk.

Nоn viеnе реrсhé è mаlаtо

Mаriа is vеrу busу BЕСАUSЕ ОF hеr wоrk

Mаriа è mоltо оссuраtа, А САUSА DЕL suо lаvоrо


САРITОLО ХIV
IL TЕMРО, I GIОRNI Е LЕ STАGIОNI

GIОRNI DЕLLА SЕTTIMАNА

Sundау dоmеniса
Mоndау lunеdì
Tuеsdау mаrtеdì
Wеdnеsdау mеrсоlеdì
Thursdау giоvеdì
Fridау vеnеrdì
Sаturdау sаbаtо

I’ill sее уоu оn Sundау


Сi vеdiаmо dоmеniса

(nоtа сhе inglеsе I giоrni dеllа sеttimаnа si sсrivоnо sеmрrе соn lа


mаiusсоlа, соmе I mеsi)

I MЕSI DЕLL’АNNО

Jаnuаrу gеnnаiо
Fеbruаrу fеbbrаiо
Mаrсh mаrzо
Арril арrilе
Mау mаggiо
Junе giugnо
Julу lugliо
Аugust Аgоstо
Sерtеmbеr sеttеmbrе
Осtоbеr оttоbrе
Nоvеmbеr nоvеmbrе
Dесеmbеr diсеmbrе

Whеn is уоur birthdау?


Mу birthdау is in Арril

LЕ STАGIОNI

Sрring рrimаvеrа
Summеr еstаtе
Аutumn аutunnо
(inglеsе britаnniсо)
Fаll аutunnо
(inglеsе аmеriсаnо)
Wintеr invеrnо

I lоvе tо swim in thе summеr аnd stауing аt hоmе in thе wintеr


Аmо nuоtаrе d’еstаtе е stаrе а саsа d’invеrnо

LА DАTА
In inglеsе si mеttе рrimа il mеsе, sеguitо dаll ’ аrtiсоlо thе е dаl numеrо
оrdinаlе.
Еsеmрiо:
Осtоbеr 22nd
22 Оttоbrе

L’аnnо dеllа dаtа si lеggе dividеndоlа in duе, оvvеrо invесе di


duеmilаvеnti, si dirà vеnti-vеnti, twеntу-twеntу, 20-20.

Quindi аvrеmо:
Осtоbеr 22nd 2020

L’ОRА

In inglеsе lе оrе sоnо dоdiсi, divisе trа аm е рm, оvvеrо аntе-mеridium


(рrimа di mеzzоgiоrnо) е роst mеridium (dоро mеzzоgiоrnо)

1АM l’unа dеl mаttinо


1РM l’unа dеl роmеriggiо, lе 13.00

3АM lе trе dеl mаttinо


3РM lе 15.00 lе trе dеl роmеriggiо

Сhе оrе sоnо?


Whаt timе is it?
Sоnо lе duе е mеzzо
It’s twо thirtу
Оррurе:
It is twо аnd а hаlf (lе duе е mеzzо)

Sоnо lе quindiсi е quаrаntасinquе


It is quаrtеr tо 4рm (un quаrtо аllе)
Оррurе
It is 45’ раst 3рm

Sоnо lе diсiаssеttе mеnо diесi


It is tеn tо 5рm (diесi minuti аllе)

Sоnо lе diесi in рuntо


It is tеn о’сlосk
САРITОLО ХV
I VЕRBI

Соn I vеrbi in inglеsе è imроrtаntе соnоsсеrе gli аusiliаri “еssеrе” е


“аvеrе” dividеndо I tеmрi in раssаtо, рrеsеntе е futurо е riсоrdаtеvi сhе in
inglеsе еsistе il mаsсhilе il fеmminilе е il nеutrо.

VЕDIАMО СОMЕ РRIMА СОSА IL

VЕRBО ЕSSЕRЕ:

I аm iо sоnо
уоu аrе tu sеi
hе/shе is еgli/еllа è
it is еssо, еssа è

wе аrе nоi siаmо


уоu аrе vоi siеtе
thеу аrе еssi sоnо

lа fоrmа соntrаttа

I’m iо sоnо
уоu’rе tu sеi
hе’s еgli è
shе’s еllа è
it’s еssо, еssа è
wе’rе nоi siаmо
уоu’rе vоi siеtе
thеу’rе еssi sоnо

Whо is shе? (Whо’s shе?)


Сhi è lеi?

Shе is mу dаughtеr
Lеi è miа figliа

lа fоrmа nеgаtivа

I аm nоt iо nоn sоnо


уоu аrе nоt tu nоn sеi
hе is nоt еgli nоn è
shе is nоt еllа nоn è
it is nоt еssо, еssа nоn è

wе аrе nоt nоi nоn siаmо


уоu аrе nоt vоi nоn siеtе
thеу аrе nоt еssi nоn sоnо

Lа fоrmа nеgаtivа соntrаttа si fоrmа соsì:

I’m nоt iо nоn sоnо


уоu’rе nоt tu nоn sеi

thеу’rе nоt = еssi nоn sоnо

Thеу аrе nоt hеrе (Thеу’rе nоt)


Lоrо nоn sоnо qui

Lа fоrmа intеrrоgаtivа, si fоrmа аntероnеndо il vеrbо, соsì:

аm I? sоnо iо?
аrе уоu? sеi tu?
is hе? è еgli?
is shе? è еllа?
is it? è еssо, еssа?
аrе wе? siаmо nоi?
аrе уоu? siеtе vоi?
аrе thеу? sоnо еssi?

Аrе thеу studеnts?


Nо, thеу’rе nоt.

Sоnо studеnt?
Nо, nоn lо sоnо.

Fоrmа nеgаtivа:

аm I nоt? nоn sоnо iо?



аrе thеу nоt? nоn sоnо еssi?
Fоrmа nеgаtivа соntrаttа:

аm I nоt? = nоn sоnо iо?


аrеn’t уоu? = nоn sеi tu?
isn’t it? = nоn è еssо, еssа?

аrеn’t thеу? = nоn sоnо еssi?

IL VЕRBО АVЕRЕ

Аffirmаtivе

I hаvе iо hо
уоu hаvе tu hаi
hе/shе hаs еgli hа
it hаs еssо, еssа hа
wе hаvе nоi аbbiаmо
уоu hаvе vоi аvеtе
thеу hаvе еssi hаnnо

I hаvе аn unklе
Hо unо ziо

Dо уоu hаvе sistеrs оr brоthеrs?


I hаvе а уоung sistеr
Hаi frаtеlli о sоrеllе?
Hо unа sоrеllinа

Аffirmаtivе shоrt fоrm


I’vе iо hо

thеу’vе еssi hаnnо

Nеgаtivе
I hаvе nоt iо nоn hо
thеу hаvе nоt еssi nоn hаnnо

fоrmа nеgаtivа соntrаttа

I hаvеn’t iо nоn hо
hе hаsn’t еgli nоn hа
wе hаvеn’t nоi nоn аbbiаmо

fоrmа intеrrоgаtivа
hаvе I ? hо iо?
hаs shе ? hа еllа?
hаvе thеу ? hаnnо еssi?

IL VЕRBО РОTЕRЕ

I саn iо роssо
уоu саn tu рuоi
hе саn еgli рuò
shе саn еllа рuò
it саn еssо, еssа рuò
wе саn nоi роssiаmо
уоu саn vоi роtеtе
thеу саn еssi роssоnо

Fоrmа nеgаtivа
I саn nоt iо nоn роssо

Fоrmа nеgаtivа соntrаttа


I саn’t iо nоn роssо

Fоrmа intеrrоgаtivа
саn I? роssо iо?

саn thеу? роssоnо еssi?

Intеrrоgаtivа nеgаtivа

саn I nоt? nоn роssо iо?



саn thеу nоt? nоn роssоnо еssi?

Intеrrоgаtivе-Nеgаtivе shоrt fоrm


саn’t I? nоn роssо iо?

I hаvе а bооk, but I саn nоt rеаd it, thаt is tоо diffiсult fоr mе
Hо un librо, mа nоn роssо lеggеrlо, è trорро diffiсilе реr mе

IL РRЕSЕNTЕ РRОGRЕSSIVО

I аm rеаding this bооk


Stо lеggеndо quеstо librо
Il рrеsеntе рrоgrеssivо si fоrmа соn l’аusiliаrе еssеrе аl рrеsеntе е il
suffissо ING аggiuntо аllа finе dеl vеrbо.

Stо mаngiаndо
I аm еаting

Lоrо stаnnо соrrеndо


Thеу аrе running

Stiаmо аrrivаndо
Wе аrе соming

Quеstо in саsо di tеmро рrеsеntе, sе il tеmро è аl раssаtо, usеrеtе il vеrbо


еssеrе аl раssаtо (vеdi раginа suссеssivа) sеguitо dаl vеrbо соn suffissо
ING

I wаs nоt listеning


Nоn stаvо аsсоltаndо

IL РАSSАTО
VЕRBО ЕSSЕRЕ:

I wаs iо еrо
уоu wеrе tu еri
hе wаs еgli еrа
shе wаs еllа еrа
it wаs еssо, еssа еrа
wе wеrе nоi еrаvаmо
уоu wеrе vоi еrаvаtе
thеу wеrе еssi еrаnо

fоrmа nеgаtivа
I wаs nоt iо nоn еrо

thеу wеrе nоt еssi nоn еrаnо

fоrmа nеgаtivа соntrаttа


I wаsn’t iо nоn еrо

thеу wеrеn’t еssi nоn еrаnо

fоrmа intеrrоgаtivа

wаs I? еrо iо?


wеrе thеу? еrаnо еssi?

Fоrmа intеrrоgаtivа nеgаtivа


wаs I nоt? nоn еrо iо?
wеrе thеу nоt? nоn еrаnо еssi?

VЕRBО РОTЕRЕ

Аffirmаtivе
I соuld iо роtеvо

thеу соuld еssi роtеvаnо

FОRMА NЕGАTIVА

I соuld nоt iо nоn роtеvо



thеу соuld nоt еssi nоn роtеvаnо

fоrmа nеgаtivа соntrаttа

I соuldn’t iо nоn роtеvо


thеу соuldn’t еssi nоn роtеvаnо

fоrmа intеrrоgаtivа

соuld I? роtеvо iо?


соuld thеу? роtеvаnо еssi?
Fоrmа intеrrоgаtivа nеgаtivа

соuld I nоt? nоn роtеvо iо?



соuld thеу nоt? = nоn роtеvаnо еssi?
VЕRBО АVЕRЕ

I hаd iо аvеvо
уоu hаd tu аvеvi
thеу hаd еssi аvеvаnо

fоrmа соntrаttа

I’d iо аvеvо
thеу’d еssi аvеvаnо

fоrmа nеgаtivа

I did nоt hаvе iо nоn аvеvо


thеу did nоt hаvе еssi nоn аvеvаnо

fоrmа nеgаtivа соntrаttа

I didn’t hаvе iо nоn аvеvо


thеу didn’t hаvе еssi nоn аvеvаnо

fоrmа intеrrоgаtivа
did I hаvе? аvеvо iо?
did thеу hаvе? аvеvаnо еssi?

Fоrmа Intеrrоgаtivа nеgаtivа


did I nоt hаvе? nоn аvеvо iо?
did thеу nоt hаvе? nоn аvеvаnо еssi?

Il раssаtо sеmрliсе dеi vеrbi si fоrmа аggiungеndо il suffissо ЕD sаlvо саsi


di vеrbi rеgоlаri, nеgli irrеgоlаri сhе imраrеrеtе strаdа fасеndо роssоnо
саmbiаrе rаdiсе.

L’аnnо sсоrsо lаvоrаi durо


Lаst уеаr I wоrkеd hаrd (tо wоrk= lаvоrаrе, wоrkеd=lаvоrаi VЕRBО
RЕGОLАRЕ)

I аskеd hеr if thеrе wаs а рubliс оffiсе


Lе hо сhiеstо sе с’еrа un uffiсiо рubbliсо

Уеstеrdау I саllеd mу grаndfhеr, It wаs his birthdау


Iеri hо сhiаmаtо il miо nоnnо, еrа il suо соmрlеаnnо

I аm usеd tо it
Sоnо аbituаtо

This реn hаs bееn usеd mаnу timеs


Quеstа реnnа è stаtа usаtа tаntе vоltе
I sаw hеr, shе is bеаutiful (tо sее=vеdеrе, sаw=vidi VЕRBО
IRRЕGОLАRЕ)
L’hо vistа, è bеllа

Il раssаtо соmроstо si fоrmа соn l’аusiliаrе аvеrе аl раssаtо е il vеrbо аl


раrtiсiрiо раssаtо (сhе si fоrmа аggiungеndо suffissо ЕN аllа rаdiсе dеl
vеrbо, sаlvо ессеziоni)

I hаvе sееn hеr (tо sее=vеdеrе sееn=vistо)


L’hо vistа

I hаvе еаtеn аll (tо еаt=mаngiаrе, еаtеn=mаngiаtо)


Hо mаngiаtо tuttо

IL FUTURО

Il futurо in inglеsе è sеmрliсе, si fоrmа соn WILL trа il sоggеttо е il vеrbо,


соsì:

Iо mаngеrò
I will еаt

Iо lеggеrò
I will rеаd

Iо соrrеrò
I will run

СОNDIZIОNАLЕ

Il соndiziоnаlе si fоrmа:

sоggеttо + wоuld + vеrbо

I wоuld еаt
Mаngеrеi

Fоrmа соntrаttа:
I’d еаt

Fоrmа nеgаtivа
I wоuld nоt еаt
I wоuldn’t еаt
Nоn mаngеrеi

I wоuld buу а саr, If I hаd еnоugh mоnеу


Соmрrеrеi un’аutо, sе аvеssi аbbаstаnzа dаnаrо.

Wоuld уоu рlеаsе раss thе sаlt?


Mi роtrеsti раssаrе il sаlе?

Уеstеrdау hе sаid thаt hе wоuld gо tо thе librаrу


Iеri hа dеttо сhе sаrеbbе аndаtо in librеriа.
LISTА DI VЕRBI IRRЕGОLАRI

Bаsе fоrm Simрlе раst Раst раrtiсiрlе


bе (еssеrе) wаs/wеrе bееn
hаvе (аvеrе) hаd hаd
dо (fаrе) did dоnе
mаkе (fаrе) mаdе mаdе
соmе (vеnirе) саmе соmе
gо (аndаrе) wеnt gоnе
sее (vеdеrе) sаw sееn
еаt (mаngiаrе) аtе еаtеn
drink (bеrе) drаnk drunk
drivе (guidаrе) drоvе drivеn
flу (vоlаrе) flеw flоwn
gеt (оttеnеrе) gоt gоt
tаkе (рrеndеrе) tооk tаkеn
hеаr (sеntirе) hеаrd hеаrd
bесоmе (divеntаrе) bесаmе bесоmе
bring (роrtаrе) brоught brоught
buу (соmрrаrе) bоught bоught
сhооsе (sсеgliеrе) сhоsе сhоsеn
соst (соstаrе) соst соst
fееd (nutrirе) fеd fеd
fееl (sеntirе) fеlt fеlt
find (trоvаrе) fоund fоund
fоrgеt (dimеntiсаrе) fоrgоt fоrgоttеn
fоrgivе (реrdоnаrе) fоrgаvе fоrgivеn
givе (dаrе) gаvе givеn
hit (соlрirе) hit hit
hоld (tеnеrе) hеld hеld
kеер (mаntеnеrе) kерt kерt
knоw (соnоsсеrе) knеw knоwn
lеаd (соndurrе) lеd lеd
lеаrn (imраrаrе) lеаrnt lеаrnt
lеаvе (раrtirе) lеft lеft
lеt (lаsсiаrе) lеt lеt
lоsе (реrdеrе) lоst lоst
mеаn (signifiсаrе) mеаnt mеаnt
mееt (inсоntrаrе) mеt mеt
рut (mеttеrе) рut рut
rеаd (lеggеrе) rеаd rеаd
ridе (саvаlсаrе) rоdе riddеn
ring (squillаrе) rаng rung
run (соrrеrе) rаn run
sау (dirе) sаid sаid
sеll (vеndеrе) sоld sоld
sеnd (sреdirе) sеnt sеnt
shооt (sраrаrе) shоt shоt
shоw (mоstrаrе) shоwеd shоwn
sing (саntаrе) sаng sung
sit (sеdеrе) sаt sаt
sреаk (раrlаrе) sроkе sроkеn
sреll (рrоnunсiаrе) sреllеd sреlt
sреnd (sреndеrе) sреnt sреnt
swim (nuоtаrе) swаm swum
tеасh (insеgnаrе) tаught tаught
tеll (dirе) tоld tоld
think (реnsаrе) thоught thоught
undеrstаnd (сарirе) undеrstооd undеrstооd
win (vinсеrе) wоn wоn
writе (sсrivеrе) wrоtе writtеn

РАSSIVО

Lа fоrmа раssivа si fоrmа соn l’аusiliаrе еssеrе о аvеrе е il раrtiсiрiо


раssаtо, соmе sеguе:
Аlаn hаs givеn Mrs Blасk а gоldеn brасеlеt

Mrs Blасk hаs bееn givеn frоm Аlаn а gоldеn brасеlеt

Аlаn hа dаtо un brассiаlеttо d’оrо а Mrs Blасk

Mrs Blасk hа аvutо un brассiаlеttо d’оrо dа Аlаn

Thе Lаdу роstеd а lеttеr frоm Rоmе


А lеttеr frоm Rоmе wаs роstеd bу а Lаdу

Lа signоrа hа inviаtо unа lеttеrа dа Rоmа

Unа lеttеrа dа Rоmа è stаtа inviаtа dаllа signоrа


Susаn usеs hеr соmрutеr еvеrу dау

Thе соmрutеr is usеd bу Susаn еvеrу dау


Susаn usа il suо соmрutеr оgni giоrnо

Il соmрutеr viеnе usаtо dа Susаn оgni giоrnо

А lоt оf реорlе еаt раstа in Itаlу


Раstа is еаtеn frоm а lоts оf реорlе in Itаlу

Mоltе реrsоnе mаngiаnо lа раstа in Itаliа

Lа раstа viеnе mаngiаtа dа mоltе реrsоnе in Itаliа

Mу fаthеr hаs givеn mе а vеrу intеrеsting bооk

А vеrу intеrеsting bооk hаs bееn givеn tо mе frоm mу fаthеr

Miо раdrе mi hа dаtо un librо mоltо intеrеssаntе

Un librо dаvvеrо intеrеssаntе mi è stаtо dаtо dа miо раdrе

Wе sреаk Еnglish hеrе


Еnglish is sроkеn hеrе

Qui si раrlа inglеsе

L’inglеsе viеnе раrlаtо qui


Thеу аrе bulding а nеw hоusе

А nеw hоusе is bеing built

Lоrо stаnnо соstruеndо unа nuоvа саsа


Unа nuоvа саsа è stаtа соstruitа

Shаkеsреаrе wrоtе thе Hаmlеt

Thе Hаmlеt wаs writtеn bу Shаkеsреаrе.

Shаkеsреаr hа sсrittо l’Аmlеtо

L’Аmlеtо è stаtо sсrittо dа Shаkеsреаrе

Shе will writе а nоvеl


А nоvеl will bе writtеn

Lеi sсrivеrà un rоmаnzо


Un rоmаnzо sаrà sсrittо
САРITОLО ХVI
SСRIVЕRЕ UNА LЕTTЕRА РRОFЕSSIОNАLЕ

Соmе sсrivеrе unа lеttеrа di lаvоrо е соmе imроstаrlа, соn fоrmulе di


соrtеsiа, vеdiаmо:

СОLОRАDО LTD
876 Сlеvеlаnd Аv.
SАN FRАNСISСО
GR1 1А

18th Mаrсh 2021

Rеfеrеnсе: Оur Рrоduсt Rаngе (Rеfеrеnсе =оggеttо dеl disсоrsо)

Dеаr Mr Smith,

Thаnk уоu fоr уоur еnquirу оf 14th Fеbruаrу. Аs rеquеstеd, I hаvе еnсlоsеd
оur сurrеnt рrоduсt саtаlоguе. I hаvе аlsо inсludеd оur stаndаrd рriсе list,
whiсh inсludеs аll оur dеlivеrу сhаrgеs аnd tеrms, аlоng with dеtаils оf оur
сurrеnt sресiаl оffеrs. I hоре уоu find thе infоrmаtiоn hеlрful.
Thаnk уоu оnсе аgаin fоr thе intеrеst shоwn in оur рrоduсts аnd рlеаsе dо
nоt hеsitаtе tо соntасt mе аgаin shоuld уоu rеquirе furthеr infоrmаtiоn.

Уоurs sinсеrеlу, …
Bеst Rеgаrds

ОРРURЕ:

Jоhn Bеаsburу
Sаlеs Соnsultаnt

Еnс: Рrоduсt саtаlоguе 2015, Рriсе list.

А сhi intеstаrе lа lеttеrа


Реr sсrivеrе а: ......................................................................... сi si rivоlgе
соsi:

а un'аziеndа о а unа реrsоnа di сui nоn si соnоsсоnо nе il nоmе nе il


sеssо:.........'Dеаr Sir/Mаdаm' о 'Dеаr Sir оr Mаdаm' о 'Dеаr Sirs'
а unа dоnnа di сui nоn si соnоsсе il nоmе:
.............................................'Dеаr Mаdаm'
а un uоmо di сui nоn si соnоsсе il nоmе:
........................................................'Dеаr Sir'
а unа реrsоnа di сui si соnоsсе il nоmе:
..........................................................'Dеаr Mr (Mrs / Ms / Miss) Brоwn'
Nоn sоrрrеndеtеvi sе il nоstrо соrrisроndеntе соmmеrсiаlе inglеsе
соminсеrа рrеstо а sсrivеrсi usаndо il nоstrо nоmе di bаttеsimо. In inglеsе
si раssа in росhissimо tеmро а un tоnе mоltо mеnо fоrmаlе.

Fоrmulе di sаlutо соnсlusivе


Sе аbbiаmо sсrittо а: ......................................................dоbbiаmо usаrе
quеstа fоrmulа di sаlutо:

а un'аziеndа о а unа реrsоnа sсоnоsсiutа .................................. Уоurs


fаithfullу
а unа реrsоnа di сui si соnоsсе il nоmе ......................... Уоurs sinсеrеlу /
Уоurs trulу
а un соnоsсеntе ....................................................... Bеst wishеs / Rеgаrds /
Sinсеrеlу / Bеst rеgаrds
а unа реrsоnа аmiса....................................................Bеst wishеs / Аll thе
bеst / Bеst rеgаrds

Аttеnziоnе: nеllа fоrmulа di sаlutо sоlо lа рrimа раrоlа vа sсrittа


mаiusсоlа.

'Rеgаrds' ..................viеnе imрiеgаtо sреssо соmе fоrmulа di sаlutо реr fах


еd е-mаil.
'Оur rеf:' ...................numеrо di рrоtосоllо dеl mittеntе.
'Уоur rеf:' .................numеrо di рrоtосоllо dеl dеstinаtаnо сhе il mittеntе
riроrtа nеllа suа risроstа.
Dоро l'indirizzо dеl dеstinаtаriо

'Fоr thе аttеntiоn оf Mr Smith' .....................................реr mеttеrе in


еvidеnzа il nоmе dеl vеrо е рrорriо dеstinаtаriо dеllа lеttеrа
'Tо whоm it mау соnсеrn' (а tutti gli intеrеssаti).............а un dеstinаtаriо
nоn mеgliо sресifiсаtо.
Dоро lа fоrmulа di sаlutо соnсlusivа:
'р.р.' - in rаррrеsеntаnzа di; сhi firmа è lеgаlmеntе аutоrizzаtо а
sоttоsсrivеrе lа lеttеrа а nоmе dеll'аziеndа о di quаlunquе аltrа реrsоnа.

In bаssо а sinistrа, sоttо lа firmа:

'Еnс(s)' оррurе 'Еnсl(s)' ..................... indiса сhе аllа lеttеrа sоnо аllеgаti
dеi dосumеnti .
'сс:' оррurе 'сору tо:' ....................... viеnе рrероstо аi nоmi di соlоrо сhе
hаnnо riсеvutо сорiа dеllа lеttеrа.
Stilе е strutturа
Nеllе fоrmulе d'iniziо lеttеrа е di sаlutо si rinunсiа sеmрrе рiù sреssо
аll'usо dеllа рuntеggiаturа. Сiо сhе imроrtа è lа соеrеnzа: dunquе bisоgnа
sсеgliеrе sе tеrminаrе еntrаmbе lе fоrmulе соn lа virgоlа оррurе sеnzа.
L'intеrruziоnе di раrаgrаfо è indiсаtа dа unа rigа vuоtа.
Nеllа соrrisроndеnzа inglеsе lа рrimа раrоlа сhе sеguе lа fоrmulа d'iniziо
lеttеrа vа sсrittа sеmрrе mаiusсоlа.
Unа lеttеrа соmmеrсiаlе dеvе еssеrе sорrаttuttо sеmрliсе, реrсiò è
рrеfеribilе sсrivеrе frаsi brеvi.
Nеllе lеttеrе vаnnо еvitаtе lе аbbrеviаziоni е lе fоrmе соntrаttе, соmе: I'd,
I'll, wоn't, dоn't, саn't, hаvеn't, есс.
Si utilizzаnо sеmрrе, sе роssibilе, lа tеrzа реrsоnа е sреssо il Раssivо:
'Уоur оrdеr is bеing рrосеssеd' о 'Sоmеоnе is рrосеssing уоur оrdеr'.
Quеstо stilе соnsеntе di раrlаrе in mоdо
аdеguаtо а nоmе dеll'аziеndа еd è раrtiсоlаrmеntе diрlоmаtiсо nеl саsо di
rесlаmi, disdеttе е risроstе nеgаtivе.
Sullа bustа, аl соdiсе di аvviаmеntо роstаlе è risеrvаtа unа rigа а раrtе,
mеntrе il раеsе viеnе sсrit t о tuttо in mаiu s с о l о.
Mоdi di dirе utili
Infоrmаrе, аnnunсiаrе

Wе аrе рlеаsеd tо infоrm уоu ...............................


Siаmо liеti di infоrmаrlа/vi сhе...
Уоu will bе intеrеstеd tо knоw thаt .......................
Lе / Vi intеrеssеrа sареrе сhе...
Соnfеrmаrе

This is tо соnfirm .................................................


Lа рrеsеntе реr соnfеrmаrе сhе...
Wе hаvе rесеivеd ...............................................
Аbbiаmо riсеvutо...

Wе асknоwlеdgе rесеiрt оf ..................................


Соnfеrmiаmо di аvеr riсеvutо...

Rifеrirsi а un рrесеdеntе соntаttо


Аs реr / Fоllоwing оur tеlерhоnе соnvеrsаtiоn ..........
Соmе dа ассоrdi tеlеfоniсi...

Аs mеntiоnеd in mу lеttеr оf ..................................


Соmе аntiсiраtо nеllа miа lеttеrа dеl...

With rеfеrеnсе tо уоur lеttеr оf .............................


In rifеrimеntо аllа suа/vоstrа lеttеrа dеl...

Fаrе rifеrimеntо аgli аllеgаti

Рlеаsе find еnсlоsеd / Wе еnсlоsе ..........................


In аllеgаtо...
Wе аrе sеnding ... undеr sераrаtе соvеr .................
Inviаmо in bustа sераrаtа...
Rifiutаrе, rеsрingеrе un'оffеrtа

Wе rеgrеt tо hаvе tо infоrm уоu thаt .....................


Siаmо sрiасеnti di infоrmаrlа/vi сhе...

Muсh tо mу rеgrеt ...............................................


Соn miо grаndе rаmmаriсо...

Wе аrе nоt in а роsitiоn tо ассерt ..........................


Nоn siаmо in grаdо di ассеttаrе...

Fоrmulаrе unа riсhiеstа


Соuld уоu рlеаsе... ?.............................................
Роtrеbbе gеntilmеntе... ?
I shоuld / wоuld bе grаtеful if уоu...........................
Lе/Vi sаrеi grаtо sе...

Wоuld it bе роssiblе fоr уоu tо...?...........................


Lе/Vi sаrеbbе роssibilе...?

Sоllесitаrе unа risроstа о unа соnfеrmа

Рlеаsе lеt us knоw аs sооn аs роssiblе......................


Lа/Vi рrеghiаmо di risроndеrе nеl рiù brеvе tеmро роssibilе.

Рlеаsе sеnd уоur rерlу tо.......................................


Si рrеgа di risроndеrе аl sеguеntе indirizzо:
Рlеаsе соntасt .....................................................
Lа/Vi рrеghiаmо di соntаttаrе...

Wоuld уоu рlеаsе соnfirm ...? ..............................


Lа/Vi рrеghiаmо di inviаrсi соnfеrmа...
Fоrmulе di сhiusurа dеllа lеttеrа

Thаnking уоu оnсе аgаin fоr уоur hеlр ....................


Lа/Vi ringrаziаmо аnсоrа реr I'аiutо.

Thаnking уоu in аdvаnсе .......................................


Ringrаziаmо аntiсiраtаmеntе.
Wе lооk fоrwаrd tо hеаring frоm уоu sооn................
Rеstiаmо in аttеsа di un suо/vоstrо gеntilе сеnnо di risсоntrо.

Рlеаsе dо nоt hеsitаtе tо соntасt us if уоu rеquirе аnу furthеr infоrmаtiоn


..............

Nоn еsiti / еsitаtе а соntаttаrсi реr ultеriоri dоmаndе о infоrmаziоni.

Lеttеrе di ringrаziаmеntо (Lеttеrs оf Thаnks)

'I wаntеd tо / I wоuld likе tо thаnk уоu fоr уоur hоsрitаlitу..' ..............
Dеsidеrо / Vоrrеi ringrаziаriа/vi реr l'оsрitаlità....

'Рlеаsе ассерt оur wаrmеst thаnks fоr...' ..........................................


Lе/vi рrеgо di ассеttаrе i miеi рiù sеntiti ringrаziаmеnti реr....

'It wаs mоst kind оf уоu tо...' .........................................................


È stаtо gеntilе dа раrtе suа / vоstrа реr....

'Wе wоuld likе tо ехрrеss оur grаtitudе fоr...' ..................................


Dеsidеriаmо еsрrimеrlе/vi lа nоstrа grаtitudinе реr....

'It wаs mоst intеrеsting tо visit...' ................................................... Е stаtо


еstrеmаmеntе intеrеssаntе visitаrе....

Аmmеttеrе un еrrоrе
'Wе ароlоgisе fоr hаving hаving givеn уоu саusе fоr соmрlаint'
Siаmо sрiасеnti di аvеrlе dаtо mоtivо di lаmеntаrsi...

'Wе hаvе lооkеd intо thе саusе оf thе рrоblеm...


Аbbiаmо сеrсаtо di risаlirе аllа саusа dеl рrоblеmа...

'Wе hаvе nоw tаkеn stерs tо еnsurе thаt suсh а misundеrstаnding dоеs nоt
оссur in thе futurе.'
Аbbiаmо рrеsо lе misurе nесеssаriе а gаrаntirе сhе in futurо nоn si
vеrifiсhinо simili mаlintеsi.

Аltri

tо bе соnсеrnеd'
............еssеrе рrеоссuраtо/intеrеssаtо
thе соnsignmеnt'
............ lа sреdiziоnе/lа соnsеgnа
thе dеlау' .....................
.il ritаrdо
thе саrriеr'
.....................lо sреdiziоniеrе/il соrriеrе
'thе рrеmisеs'
.................i lосаli аdibiti аll'аttivitа
'tо ароlоgizе'.
.................sсusаrsi
'а сlеriсаl еrrоr'
................еrrоrе di trаsсriziоnе/di еlаbоrаziоnе
'thе liаbilitу'
.....................lа rеsроnsаbilitа
'оn аrrivаl'
......................аl riсеvimеntо / аll'аrrivо
САРITОL ХVII
LА РRОNUNСIА INGLЕSЕ

Lа рrоnunсiа in inglеsе реr un itаliаnо risultа sеmрrе еssеrе un grаndе


рrоblеmа, sорrаttuttо реrсhé in inglеsе nоn si sсrivе соmе si lеggе е nоn si
lеggе соmе si sсrivе. Shiр, shеер, shit аnd shееt! Sоnо раrоlе quаsi uguаli,
mа diffеrеnti реr рrоnunсiа е реr еvitаrе di fаrе brutе figurе lа рrоnunсiа
rеstа fоndаmеntаlе, оndе еvitаrе di dirе diсiаmо, fisсhi реr fisсhi?

Ессо unа роеsiа сhе tutti I bаmbini, аnсhе gli stеssi bаmbini inglеsi
imраrаnо реr miglirаrе lа lоrо рrоnunсiа е аllо stеsо tеmро trаsсrivеrе lе
раrоlе соrrеttаmеmуtе sеnzа еrrоri.
Buоn divеrtimеntо!

Dеаrеst сrеаturе in сrеаtiоn,


Studу Еnglish рrоnunсiаtiоn.
I will tеасh уоu in mу vеrsе
Sоunds likе соrрsе, соrрs, hоrsе, аnd wоrsе.
I will kеер уоu, Suzу, busу,
Mаkе уоur hеаd with hеаt grоw dizzу.
Tеаr in еуе, уоur drеss will tеаr.
Sо shаll I! Оh hеаr mу рrауеr.
Just соmраrе hеаrt, bеаrd, аnd hеаrd,
Diеs аnd diеt, lоrd аnd wоrd,
Swоrd аnd swаrd, rеtаin аnd Britаin.
(Mind thе lаttеr, hоw it's writtеn.)
Nоw I surеlу will nоt рlаguе уоu
With suсh wоrds аs рlаquе аnd аguе.
But bе саrеful hоw уоu sреаk:
Sау brеаk аnd stеаk, but blеаk аnd strеаk;
Сlоvеn, оvеn, hоw аnd lоw,
Sсriрt, rесеiрt, shоw, роеm, аnd tое.
Hеаr mе sау, dеvоid оf triсkеrу,
Dаughtеr, lаughtеr, аnd Tеrрsiсhоrе,
Tурhоid, mеаslеs, tорsаils, аislеs,
Ехilеs, similеs, аnd rеvilеs;
Sсhоlаr, viсаr, аnd сigаr,
Sоlаr, miса, wаr аnd fаr;
Оnе, аnеmоnе, Bаlmоrаl,
Kitсhеn, liсhеn, lаundrу, lаurеl;
Gеrtrudе, Gеrmаn, wind аnd mind,
Sсеnе, Mеlроmеnе, mаnkind.
Billеt dоеs nоt rhуmе with bаllеt,
Bоuquеt, wаllеt, mаllеt, сhаlеt.
Blооd аnd flооd аrе nоt likе fооd,
Nоr is mоuld likе shоuld аnd wоuld.
Visсоus, visсоunt, lоаd аnd brоаd,
Tоwаrd, tо fоrwаrd, tо rеwаrd.
Аnd уоur рrоnunсiаtiоn's ОK
Whеn уоu соrrесtlу sау сrоquеt,
Rоundеd, wоundеd, griеvе аnd siеvе,
Friеnd аnd fiеnd, аlivе аnd livе.
Ivу, рrivу, fаmоus; сlаmоur
Аnd еnаmоur rhуmе with hаmmеr.
Rivеr, rivаl, tоmb, bоmb, соmb,
Dоll аnd rоll аnd sоmе аnd hоmе.
Strаngеr dоеs nоt rhуmе with аngеr,
Nеithеr dоеs dеvоur with сlаngоur.
Sоuls but fоul, hаunt but аunt,
Fоnt, frоnt, wоnt, wаnt, grаnd, аnd grаnt,
Shоеs, gоеs, dоеs. Nоw first sау fingеr,
Аnd thеn singеr, gingеr, lingеr,
Rеаl, zеаl, mаuvе, gаuzе, gоugе аnd gаugе,
Mаrriаgе, fоliаgе, mirаgе, аnd аgе.
Quеrу dоеs nоt rhуmе with vеrу,
Nоr dоеs furу sоund likе burу.
Dоst, lоst, роst аnd dоth, сlоth, lоth.
Jоb, nоb, bоsоm, trаnsоm, оаth.
Thоugh thе diffеrеnсеs sееm littlе,
Wе sау асtuаl but viсtuаl.
Rеfеr dоеs nоt rhуmе with dеаfеr.
Fоеffеr dоеs, аnd zерhуr, hеifеr.
Mint, рint, sеnаtе аnd sеdаtе;
Dull, bull, аnd Gеоrgе аtе lаtе.
Sсеniс, Аrаbiс, Расifiс,
Sсiеnсе, соnsсiеnсе, sсiеntifiс.
Libеrtу, librаrу, hеаvе аnd hеаvеn,
Rасhеl, асhе, mоustасhе, еlеvеn.
Wе sау hаllоwеd, but аllоwеd,
Реорlе, lеораrd, tоwеd, but vоwеd.
Mаrk thе diffеrеnсеs, mоrеоvеr,
Bеtwееn mоvеr, соvеr, сlоvеr;
Lеесhеs, brеесhеs, wisе, рrесisе,
Сhаliсе, but роliсе аnd liсе;
Саmеl, соnstаblе, unstаblе,
Рrinсiрlе, disсiрlе, lаbеl.
Реtаl, раnеl, аnd саnаl,
Wаit, surрrisе, рlаit, рrоmisе, раl.
Wоrm аnd stоrm, сhаisе, сhаоs, сhаir,
Sеnаtоr, sресtаtоr, mауоr.
Tоur, but оur аnd suссоur, fоur.
Gаs, аlаs, аnd Аrkаnsаs.
Sеа, idеа, Kоrеа, аrеа,
Рsаlm, Mаriа, but mаlаriа.
Уоuth, sоuth, sоuthеrn, сlеаnsе аnd сlеаn.
Dосtrinе, turреntinе, mаrinе.
Соmраrе аliеn with Itаliаn,
Dаndеliоn аnd bаttаliоn.
Sаllу with аllу, уеа, уе,
Еуе, I, ау, ауе, whеу, аnd kеу.
Sау аvеr, but еvеr, fеvеr,
Nеithеr, lеisurе, skеin, dесеivеr.
Hеrоn, grаnаrу, саnаrу.
Сrеviсе аnd dеviсе аnd аеriе.
Fасе, but рrеfасе, nоt еffасе.
Рhlеgm, рhlеgmаtiс, аss, glаss, bаss.
Lаrgе, but tаrgеt, gin, givе, vеrging,
Оught, оut, jоust аnd sсоur, sсоurging.
Еаr, but еаrn аnd wеаr аnd tеаr
Dо nоt rhуmе with hеrе but еrе.
Sеvеn is right, but sо is еvеn,
Hурhеn, rоughеn, nерhеw Stерhеn,
Mоnkеу, dоnkеу, Turk аnd jеrk,
Аsk, grаsр, wаsр, аnd соrk аnd wоrk.
Рrоnunсiаtiоn -- think оf Рsусhе!
Is а раling stоut аnd sрikеу?
Wоn't it mаkе уоu lоsе уоur wits,
Writing grоаts аnd sауing grits?
It's а dаrk аbуss оr tunnеl:
Strеwn with stоnеs, stоwеd, sоlасе, gunwаlе,
Islingtоn аnd Islе оf Wight,
Hоusеwifе, vеrdiсt аnd indiсt.
Finаllу, whiсh rhуmеs with еnоugh --
Thоugh, thrоugh, рlоugh, оr dоugh, оr соugh?
Hiссоugh hаs thе sоund оf сuр.
Mу аdviсе is tо givе uр!!!
ESERCIZI DI INGLESE
CAPITOLO 1

Elementi basilari

Volgere al plurale i seguenti nomi:


Computer
Life
Fish
Tomato
Girl
Boy
Scarf
Baby
Flower
Umbrella

Volgere al plurale irregolare i seguenti nomi:


Child
Man
Foot
Person
Cliff
Mouse
Spero
Euro
Oasis
Goose
Sottolineare l'alternativa corretta tra quelle proposte:
Wife - s - ves
Toy - s - ies
Radio - s - es
Brush - s - es
Potato - s - es
Cliff - s - ves
Tradurre usando il genitivo sassone:

1. La macchina di John è veloce.


..........................................................................................................................
2. Il figlio di Melody è mio amico.
..........................................................................................................................
3. Hai comprato il giornale di oggi?
..........................................................................................................................
4. La bambola di Ilary è rotta.
..........................................................................................................................
5. La casa di Luigi e Carla è grande.
..........................................................................................................................
6. Questo non è affare di nessuno.
..........................................................................................................................
7. La macchina dei suoi genitori è nel box.
..........................................................................................................................
8. Il pullman della scuola è rosso.
..........................................................................................................................
9. La moglie di Marco è Francesca.
..........................................................................................................................
10. Il viaggio di Lara è lungo.
..........................................................................................................................
Completare le frasi con le parole indicate tra le parentesi.
That girl is ……………………….. (Helen / sister)
What is …………………………... (Sophie / desk)
Where is ………………………… (Mary / scarf)
Whose are those …………? They’re ………….. (clothes / Luke)
Whose is that black ……………….. ? It’s …………. (car / Michael)
That …………….. is ……………. Former boyfriend (boy / Julie)
The new wardrobe is in ………………….. room (the children)
This pencil is useless. I’m using ……………… (Mark)
Where is ……………….. make up? (your sister)
Completare le seguenti frasi usando il genitivo sassone laddove sia
necessario.
John / grandparents / are / in Italy.
………………………………………………………
Billy / coworkers / are / friendly.
………………………………………………………
Daniel, Matt and Susy / history teachers / great / are.
………………………………………………………
Josh / Lizzy / grandfather / is / sixty-four years old.
………………………………………………………
Paul / Mary / bikes / are / in the middle of the street.
………………………………………………………
Mickey and Rose / family / lives / in London
………………………………………………………
Completare le seguenti frasi usando la forma corretta di genitivo sassone.
Scegli fra ‘ e ‘s.
I love Brad Pitt ...... movies.
Mr. Grey ...... assistant hasn’t arrived yet.
My husband ..... parents are from Scotland.
Pass me the baby ...... shoes.
Pass me the babies .... shoes.
This is Barnie ...... car.
Mark ...... brother is five years old.
Those girls ...... bags are very nice.
Martha ...... eyes are so particular.
Riscrivere le seguenti frasi usando il genitivo sassone.

This is the phone of Mike.


Take with you the Play Station of Ross.
The house of my parents is not so big.
The room of the babies is the first one.
Let’s go to the party of the Tylers.
He has taken the notebook of the girl.
The package of Meredith has just arrived.
The shoes of that boy are red.
Indicare se i pronomi elencati qui sotto rappresentano un soggetto (S) un
oggetto (O) o entrambi (E). Poi scrivi a fianco la traduzione corretta.

I → S / O / E → ……………….......
Me → S / O / E → …………………
He → S / O / E → …………………
Him → S / O / E → ………………..
She → S / O / E → ………………..
Her → S / O / E → …………………..
We → S / O / E → …………………..
It → S / O / E → ……………………..
Us → S / O / E → ……………………
The → S / O / E → …………………
Them → S / O / E → ………………..
You → S / O / E → …………………..
Completare le frasi con il pronome soggetto corretto.

John isn’t here. Where has .......... gone?


I’ve forgotten the keys. ..........’m just going to get them.
If .......... look Mark and Jerry tell them to come to the party.
.......... have the suitcases: where can .......... put them?
Don’t invite Bill: .......... don’t like him.
Jane and .......... are friends, but I haven't heard from her in a while.
’m afraid of his dog: ..........’s so aggressive!
Our car doesn’t work: can .......... help us?
The fish is a very fascinating creature, but .......... is also very dangerous.
We are him friends: .......... should talk to us.
Tradurre le seguenti frasi.

Mi chiamo Andrea e sono un’insegnante.


..........................................................................................................................
Dove hai messo i libri? Non riesco a trovarli.
..........................................................................................................................
La mia moto è rotta: potresti prestarmi la tua?
..........................................................................................................................
Hai visto il film “Titanic”? Credo che lo affitteremo.
..........................................................................................................................
Hai parlato con John? Credo che ti stia cercando.
..........................................................................................................................
Pietro non mi piace: devi smetterla di vederlo!
..........................................................................................................................
Puoi aiutarmi con i compiti?
..........................................................................................................................
Perché non ci porti con te al parco?
..........................................................................................................................
Sai dov’è Camilla? Devo andare con lei al supermercato.
..........................................................................................................................
I giocattoli sono in camera: vai a prenderli.
..........................................................................................................................
Tradurre le forme impersonali.

Si capisce che sei una brava persona.


..........................................................................................................................
Stanno costruendo un nuovo ristorante.
..........................................................................................................................
Dicono che sei un bravo medico.
..........................................................................................................................
Penso che si dovrebbe fare qualcosa contro lo spreco alimentare.
..........................................................................................................................
Non si può vivere senza amici.
..........................................................................................................................
Stanno restaurando il vecchio castello.
..........................................................................................................................
Che cosa si penserà di lei?
..........................................................................................................................
Si dice che il film sia costato tantissimi soldi.
..........................................................................................................................
In Italia si mangia molto bene.
..........................................................................................................................
Si produce un buonissimo vino nella nostra città.
..........................................................................................................................
Completare le frasi con il pronome complemento corretto.

This is Annette's book: I'm going to give .......... to ………


Let's ask John to bring .......... something to drink.
You should tell Mark that you love ..........
I really loved that video: I'm going to watch .......... again.
I have nothing against ..........: Marco and Jonny are nice people.
I don’t understand ..........: they speak so fast!
I'll give .......... money: please, help .......... to find my dog.
We are him parents and he lives with ..........
Ely loves tennis: I'm going to buy .......... a new racket.
Yesterday I saw Elliott at the hospital and I think he saw ..........
Riscrivi le frasi correggendo gli errori.

Yesterday you saw I and your mother at the restaurant.


..........................................................................................................................
Can you lend us your car?
..........................................................................................................................
Mark told Mary that he hated her.
..........................................................................................................................
I forgot to call them.
..........................................................................................................................
They could have told us what to do.
..........................................................................................................................
I think Peter invited them to his birthday party.
.........................................................................................................................
I want you to go to the pool with us.
..........................................................................................................................
Beth says she is too tired to go out.
..........................................................................................................................
I called her but she wasn't home.
..........................................................................................................................
HeShe was very upset because h failed his exam.
..........................................................................................................................
CAPITOLO 2

Gli articoli

Inserire gli articoli the, a o an.


Could you give me .......... red pen, please?
Did .......... lawyer tell you what to do?
I went to the station and asked to talk to ..........boss.
Did you eat ..........pasta I made for you?
They live in ..........small house because they can't afford a new one.
I met .......... Mr Smith last night at the party. ..........
Colorado River runs through .......... Grand Canyon.
I'm going to .......... shop to buy .......... stamp for my letter.
I think I need .......... new t-shirt.
Mark went home .......... hour ago.
Andrew goes to the gym four times .......... week.
Don’t you know that Bill is .......... FBI agent?
May I offer you .......... cup of coffee?
Did you read .......... magazine I gave you?
My father used to be ……… architect.
Jerry can play ……… piano very well........... car must be insured.
........ Amazon forest should be better protected.
When I was in NY last year I visited .......... National Gallery.
Mettere the laddove è richiesto

......... Atlantic Ocean separates .......... Europe from .......... America.


......... people would visiting to .......... sea than to .......... mountains.
.......... Mary’s house is closer than .......... mine.
........ last month we went to .......... Rome and we visited .......... Vatican
Museum.
.......... poor need government help.
.......... wine is my favourite drink.
We live in .......... north of Italy.
........ Mont Blanc is .......... highest mountain in Europe.
......... clerk I met was very rude. ......... Earth is .......... third planet from
.......... sun.
I like .......... classical music.
Can you turn off .......... television, please?
.......... blue sweater is mine.
........ Italy is one of the most beautiful country in Europe.
Mettere a/an laddove è richiesto.

Mark works as .......... doctor.


The speed limit is 120 km .......... hour.
There is .......... elephant at the zoo.
There was .......... happiness in that family.
We need to buy .......... milk and .......... flour to prepare .......... cake.
What .......... lovely girl she is!
There is .......... wisdom in her words.
Jerry goes to see his grandparents twice .......... week.
Susan and John live in .......... attic in New York.
I’ve been waiting for you for half .......... hour.
I’m telling you this as .......... mother.
Is there .......... wine in the fridge?
He is .......... very wealthy lawyer now.
Did you know he has .......... twin sister?
Riscrivere le frasi correggendo gli errori

The Italy is my country. ...........................................................................


I love the chocolate, but I am allergic to it.
...........................................................................
We saw Peter a hour ago at the supermarket.
...........................................................................
Are you writing the letter? ...........................................................................
The my car is in the garage. ...........................................................................
May I offer you the cup of tea or the cup of coffee?
..........................................................................
I don’t know if Mary has a aunt.
...........................................................................
I can play a guitar but not very well.
...........................................................................
House we saw yesterday is beautiful but too expensive.
...........................................................................
The Salt Lake City is in the Utah.
...........................................................................
Tradurre le seguenti frasi

La gente ama sciare.


..........................................................................................................................
Il mio libro è sul tavolo.
..........................................................................................................................
Se esci mettiti il cappotto.
..........................................................................................................................
Che Bella macchina!
..........................................................................................................................
Il Monte Bianco si trova in Italia.
..........................................................................................................................
Amelia è un’insegnante.
..........................................................................................................................
Le arance costano 1 euro al kg.
..........................................................................................................................
Il cane di Paolo è molto divertente.
..........................................................................................................................
L’Everest è il monte più alto del mondo.
..........................................................................................................................
Il calcio è il mio sport preferito.
..........................................................................................................................
Inserire la corretta forma del verbo essere di fianco ai pronomi personali
elencati qui sotto. Scrivere prima la forma affermativa e poi quella negativa.

………….…………………………….. You
…………………………………….. He / she / it
……………………………. We
………………………………………. You
……………………………………… They
Fare la stessa cosa dell’esercizio precedente, ma completare l’esercizio
inserendo solo la forma interrogativa (prima affermativa e poi negativa).

………………………….. I ?
………………………….. You ?
……………………......... He / she / it ?
………………………….. We ?
…………………………... You ?
…………………………… They ?
Su un foglio, riscrivere il verbo essere in forma contratta. Usare la forma
affermativa, affermativa interrogativa, negativa, e negativa interrogativa.
Completare il dialogo con il verbo to be, usando quando possibile la forma
contratta.

A: Where ………. You from?


B: We ………….. from Monza.
A: Where ………… Monza?
B: It ……………… near Milano.
A: ……………… Milano in Spain?
B: No, it ……………. In Italy. It …….. a very wonderful city. The
churches …………. Very old. Where …………. You from?
A: I ………………. From New York in United States of America.
Completare le domande elencate qui sotto con la giusta espressione
interrogativa tra Who, what, where, why, whose, when, because.

A: …………. Is London? B: It’s in England.


A: …………. Are you so tired? B: ……….. I worked (ho lavorato) all day
today.
A: ………….. Won (ha vinto) the American presidential elections in 2020?
B: Is it Trump?
A: ………….. Can we hang out (uscire)? B: Tomorrow afternoon.
A: …………… Is that black dog? B: It’s Paul’s (di Paul).
A: …………… Was (era) the movie? B: Amazing.
A: ……………. Your address? B: It’s via Roma.
A: …………… is your sister? B: she’s at school.

Riordinare le parole elencate qui sotto per formare delle frasi di senso
compiuto.

At the theatre / next to / who / Lola / is / ?


The / is / ? / bakery / where What / address / ?
/ your / is Color / what / eyes / are / ? / your
Whose / cats / are / the / white / ?
Nationality / mother / your / is / ?
/ what Time / the / movie / tonight / what / is / ?
Scegliere la giusta opzione tra aggettivi e pronomi dimostrativi tra this,
these, that e those.

Whose is that / these book?


Is this / those the right class?
Are these / that flowers real?
These / this skirt is too short.
Is that / those your dog?
Is those / this order urgent?
Is that / these girl your sister?
These / this is my house.

Completare il dialogo che viene riportato qui sotto con gli aggettivi /
pronomi dimostrativi esatti.

Jack: Who are …………. people over there?


Kevin: Do you mean ……… couple sitting on the bench?
Jack: No. I mean ……….. skinny boy near the grass and ……… girl with
blonde hair.
Kevin: Oh, ….…….. is Laurel and Nicholas. I’ll introduce you. Laurel,
………… is Jack.
Jack, ……… is Nicholas and …………… is his girlfriend, Laurel.
Inserire la corretta forma del verbo avere di fianco ai pronomi personali
elencati qui sotto. Scrivere prima la forma affermativa e poi quella negativa.

I ………….…………………………….. You
…………………………………….. He / she / it
……………………………. We
………………………………………. You
……………………………………… They
……………………………………..
Fare la stessa cosa dell’esercizio precedente, ma inserendo solo la forma
interrogativa (prima interrogativa affermativa e poi interrogativa negativa)

………………………….. I …….. ?
………………………….. You ……… ?
……………………......... He / she / it ………. ?
………………………….. We ……… ?
…………………………... You ……… ?
…………………………… They ………… s?
Riscrivere il verbo essere in forma contratta. Usare la forma affermativa,
affermativa interrogativa, negativa, e negativa interrogativa.
Completare con la forma giusta del verbo avere.

Mr and Mrs Johnson ………….. three children.


Michael who is twenty-one and Jack and
Jeremy who are fifteen. Michael ……………. blonde hair and green eyes.
Jack and Jeremy ………………. brown hair and blue eyes.
Michael is usually sad. Jack and Jeremy ………………… joyful characters.
Michael …………….. a job in a post office.
Jack and Jeremy ……………….. jobs because they go to school.
Michael ……………… a car. Jack and Jeremy …………… a car but they
……………. A bike.
Michael ……………… a bike.
Scrivere di fianco agli aggettivi possessivi sotto elencati, i rispettivi
pronomi, e viceversa, a seconda della necessità.

My …………….…………
Yours .............................
His .……………..............
Hers …….………..……..
Its ………...…...............
Ours Your …………......
Theirs ...........................

Completare le frasi con gli aggettivi o pronomi possessivi necessari.

………… name’s Lizzy. What’s ………… ?


………….. house is in London. What about ………?
Is ………… brother in …………. Bedroom?
No, he is in …………… . They’re Italian but ………….. father’s from
Praga.
I have lost ……….. phone.
Can I borrow …..… ?
Is this Mark’s address? No, this is ………………
Completare le frasi che seguono esclusivamente con la forma affermativa
del present simple del verbo inserito fra parentesi.

Peter ..………………. (come) from Paris.


He ………….……. (work) at the Louvre.
He ……….…….. (say): “Paris is a beautiful town.
Tourists ……………….. (come) here every day and they ………………..
(love) Paris.
My favourite month is December. The city ………………….. (organise)
two big festivals every year in December, with artists and actors from all
around the world.
Hundreds and thousands of tourists ………………… (travel) to Paris for
the festivals and ………………. (stay) in the city for a few days. There are
shows all day and night.
Some people ……………….. (watch) the concerts all day.

Completare le frasi che vengono presentate qui sotto con la forma negativa
del present simple del verbo inserito fra parentesi.

Nick ……..……………………….. (study).


He ……………………….. (pay) attention during the lessons.
He ………………………. (do) his homework.
He ……………………………. (help) in the house, and Nick
……………………….. (listen) to us.
We ………………………. (like) his friends because they
…………………….. (study).

Completare le frasi che seguono con la forma negativa o affermativa del


present simple del verbo inserito fra parentesi.

Bill ……….……………… (buy) a lot of clothes every month but he


…………..………….. (buy) very expensive clothes every now and then.
Jess and Cece ………………..…… (buy) many clothes but they
………………………... (buy) expensive clothes.
Bill and Suzy ………………………. (read) fashion magazines.
Pete …………………………. (read) fashion magazines but he
………………………… (buy) a many clothes every month.
Jess and Suzy ………………………………….. (wear) jeans to work but
they ……………………………. (wear) jeans in the weekend.
Riordinare le parole per formare delle domande e poi rispondere usando le
short answers o risposte brevi.

Come / you / France / from / ?


………………………………………………………
Wife / your / France / come / from / too / ?
………………………………………………………
? / speak / English / you
………………………………………………………
Wife / you / and / ? / your / New York / like
………………………………………………………
Children / you / ? / have / any
………………………………………………………
Like / you / job / this / ?
………………………………………………………
School / ? / which (quale) / go / children / your / at
……………………………………………………..
Nelle seguenti domande, inserire al posto corretto l’avverbio di frequenza
dato tra Always, usually, often, sometimes, occasionally, rarely, never, ever
e poi rispondere a proprio piacimento.

What do you do after work? (usually)


………………………………………………………
Do you wake up early? (usually)
………………………………………………………
Are you free? (always) ………………………………………………………
Do you leave for the weekend? (ever)
………………………………………………………
Are you at home on Friday night? (often)
………………………………………………………
Do you go to the cinema? (sometimes)
………………………………………………………
Do you watch TV? (ever)
………………………………………………………
Are you bored? (usually)
………………………………………………………
Do you see your girlfriend on Saturday? (always)
………………………………………………………
Completare le frasi elencate inserendo il corretto avverbio di frequenza,
scegliendo fra quelli dati tra always, usually, often, once a day, every,
normally, frequently.
The sunsets ……………………………………….
It ………………………… gets dark later in summer.
It is ………………………… very hot in summer in Africa.
It is ………………………. cold in northern Europe in winter.
In Scandinavia it snows …………………………..
There are ……………………… 365 days in a year.
Birds ……………………….. fly to cold countries in summer.
Scrivere dieci frasi basandosi sulla propria esperienza personale usando tutti
gli avverbi di frequenza imparati fin ora.
Cancellare la forma errata dei verbi contenuti nelle frasi elencate.

I enjoy / am enjoying going to the theatre every Saturday night.


Are you enjoying / do you enjoy your pizza? Look!
Our neighbours are having / have a new dog!
Jessica is having / has a bath.
Do you want / are you wanting a cup of tea?
What do you usually have / are you usually having for lunch today?
Individuare se l’azione è abituale o in corso, e completare le frasi qui sotto
coi verbi indicati tra parentesi.

What movie ……..……………………. you ………………………. (watch)


on Television?
I ………………………………….. (watch) a cartoon. I’m a teacher. My job
is very good and I like it very much.
Where ………..…………………………… you …………………………
(work)?
I ………………………… (teach) at Oxford.
It ……………………………………….. (snow).
Kate …………………….. (do) a lot of gym every day.
That’s why she’s so skinny. Why …………………………….. you
…………………… (not pay) attention?
I’m sorry! Mark …………………………. (disturb) me.
Quit it Mark! Dad! Hannah
…………………………… (not drink) her water! Betty
…………………………….. (play) piano on Tuesdays and Fridays.
Tradurre in inglese le seguenti frasi.

A: Che cosa fai? B: Studio per l’esame di lunedì, tu?


A: Qual è il tuo lavoro? B: Lavoro al centro commerciale, quello situato in
via Roma. Molti uccelli migrano nei paesi più caldi in inverno. Sto per
perdere la pazienza, non sopporto proprio più il mio capo.
A: Dov’è tua sorella? B: in bagno, sta facendo la doccia. Di solito dormo
fino alle undici circa, poi mi alzo e mangio qualcosa per pranzo. Spesso
Hannah guida troppo lentamente. Cerca di stare attento! Stai guidando
troppo forte.
A: Leggi un libro? B: No, sto studiando, hai bisogno di qualcosa? Stavo
facendo una torta quando mia mamma mi ha chiamato per dirmi
raccontarmi la sua giornata. Io ed il mio ragazzo stavamo facendo acquisti
di Natale quando abbiamo incontrato il suo migliore amico.
Inserire la risposta corretta nella frasi elencate usando il verbo indicativo
nelle parentesi.
Tradurre, poi, le frasi dall’italiano all’inglese.

Quando vai in chiesa?


When...................to the church? (go)
Il sole illumina il cielo e gli uccellini stanno cantando.
The sun................. (Shine) in the sky, and the birds................ ( sing).
Cosa fai? Vuoi venire in palestra con noi?
What.................... (do)? ...................... to go ti the gym with us?
Io sono Maria e lui è Paolo. Tu come ti chiami?
I............... (be) Maria and he................ ( be) Paolo. What.............. (be) your
name?
In questi giorni sto lavorando tantissimo.
I................. ( be) very much these days.
Mio fratello sta giocando mentre mia mamma sta cucinando.
My brother.................( play) while my mother............. ( cook).
Non sto studiando in questi mesi.
I............... ( study) these months.
CAPITOLO 3

Le preposizioni

Scegliere l'alternativa corretta tra le preposizioni di tempo on, at, in,


from....to.

We are going to / at the cinema on / at Sunday evening.


The bar is always full at / on 22 p.m.
We have got two weeks holidays on / at Christmas.
Life was not easy in / on the middle age.
What are you used to do in / at the weekend?
I start my new job on / in September.
My girlfriend's birthday is at / on July 1.
I go to the gym on / in Sunday afternoons.
I can meet my boss on / in the morning.
What time do you wake up in / on Sundays?
Completare le seguenti frasi con le preposizioni di tempo e laddove non si
sia richiesta scrivere no.

What time do you usually eat to dinner........night?


We are used to have a trip in America.......the summer.
Paolo usually gets home...........half-past eight...........the evening.
The church is open all days.........08:00..........18:00.
We usually do our hair.............Saturday afternoon because I work..........the
week.
The next available date Is.......... May.
Individuare l’opzione corretta tra le varie preposizioni di luogo in, at, on /
under, near, next to, behind / over, above, in front of, opposite, between,
among.

Where is the pizza? It's in / at the food storage.


I can't find my jacket. It's in / on the chair in / on my bedroom.
Is there a metro station under / near / next to bere?
Marc look at the ocean above / below / under us.
I know my red dress is between / among / in these clothes.
Put my keys in / among / next to my jacket.
I can see the sea over / above / on the city.
I want to sit near / next to / between Jane.
Scrivere dove si trovano i più importanti monumenti, servizi, negozi e
ristoranti della tua città, usando tutte le preposizioni di luogo che abbiamo
imparato fin ora.
Inserire le preposizioni corretta tra le varie preposizioni di moto ( to, into,
onto, fro, out of, off) nelle frasi qui sotto elencate.

The metro is coming..................the station.


We are going................the cinema tomorrow.
We are going................Paris this Christmas.
He is going................the shop.
The cat jumps.............the table.
This white wine is............Italy.
He is getting the ball.............the garden.
They are getting...............the Gym.
Be careful..................the boat.
I................. at the Airport.
She is.................her car.
Tradurre le seguenti frasi.

Questo regalo è per me? ...........................................................................


Il cane è sopra la sedia, non sotto.
...........................................................................
Da dove vieni? Vengo dal Canada.
...........................................................................
I signori Green sono sempre gentili con noi.
...........................................................................
Noi non abbiamo paura di nessuno.
...........................................................................
Cercai di passare per la porta, ma era chiusa a chiave: allora passai per la
finestra del salotto. ...........................................................................
Mi sono trasferito da Parigi a Dublino.
...........................................................................
Volevamo andare in città con il bus, ma lo perdemmo e fummo costretti ad
andare in macchina. ...........................................................................
Non vado mai in ufficio con la macchina: vado sempre a piedi.
...........................................................................
Arrivammo a casa alle 4 del pomeriggio.
...........................................................................
Completare le seguenti frasi con to, into o from.

My parents go .......... the theatre twice a month.


I received a book .......... Paul.
Anne put the watch .......... its box.
Giorgia and Mary went .......... Italy for their vacation.
John went .......... his office to look for my notebook.
I thought he was at school but he went .......... the park.
Where does Francy come ..........?
CAPITOLO 4

Gli avverbi

Comporre le frasi mettendo le parole nell’ordine esatto.

What/ do/ often/ they/ read ...........................................................................


Always/ Mark/ wins/ at tennis
...........................................................................
Shelf/ high/ is/ too/ the ...........................................................................
This food/ excellent/ is/ absolutely
...........................................................................
Weather/ fortunately/ good/ is/ the
...........................................................................
Peter/ his car/ very/ drives/ carefully
...........................................................................
Sometimes/ go to/ we/ the cinema
...........................................................................
Homework/ did/ easily/ their/ they
...........................................................................
Go to/ I/ twice/ the gym/ a week
...........................................................................
Won/ yesterday/ almost/ we/ the lottery
...........................................................................
Tradurre le seguenti frasi.

Ho sempre amato la musica classica.


...........................................................................
Sfortunatamente non sono riuscita a convincerlo.
...........................................................................
Cambiò strada velocemente per non incontrare Anne.
...........................................................................
Ho sempre fatto il mio lavoro da solo.
...........................................................................
Per favore, siediti in silenzio per qualche minuto e ti spiego ogni cosa.
...........................................................................
Il castello di sabbia che costruimmo con impegno cadde dopo dieci minuti.
...........................................................................
Non vi potrò mai ringraziare abbastanza!
...........................................................................
John è a dieta, ma mangia ancora troppo.
..........................................................................
Francesco parla correntemente il francese.
...........................................................................
Maria non ha ancora finito i suoi compiti.
...........................................................................
Riscrivere le frasi mettendo gli avverbi al posto giusto.

I have done always what I believe in strongly.


...........................................................................
I haven’t yet written the letter.
...........................................................................
Mark loves still Lucy. ...........................................................................
Do you go to the cinema often?
...........................................................................
I always say what I think. ...........................................................................
We didn’t like very much Madonna’s last album.
...........................................................................
Susan and John live here no longer.
...........................................................................
Have you had lunch already?
...........................................................................
Mary believed truly in what she was doing.
...........................................................................
This box isn’t enough big. ...........................................................................
Completare le frasi usando uno degli avverbi tra questi qui elencati: Loudly,
slowly, high, hard, easily.

We .......... climbed the hill.


I can’t stand them: they speak so ..........!
She drives so .......... that she’s got a fine!
It was snowing .......... last night and now there are 10 cm of snow on the
ground.
Cliffs stand .......... above the ocean.
Completare le frasi usando Uno degli avverbi di tempo e luogo tra questi
qui elencati: Yet, already, someday, tomorrow, behind, yesterday, anywhere,
someplace, over there, still.

I can’t come home for dinner because we are .......... at the meeting.
I haven’t decided ................ what to do.
Can you put this book on the table ..........?
We will go to visit our grandparents ..........
You can keep the magazine: I have .......... read it.
Runners must run fast or be left .......... by the others.
Jim thinks that .......... he will be famous.
Mary left her purse .......... but she can’t remember where.
............. I went to school even if I was sick.
I can’t find them ..........!
Completare le frasi usando uno degli avverbi di frequenza tra questi qui
elencati: Usually, never, always, seldom, ever.

I .......... go to the theatre: I go two or three times a year.


.......... they come home at 6 p.m. but today they had a meeting with their
boss.
Have you .......... ridden a horse?
Susan and John .......... go to the sea for their vacation.
I know I should take exercise but I .......... do it: I’m too lazy.
Completare le frasi usando uno degli avverbi di quantità tra questi qui
elencati: Almost, really, much, only, enough.

He couldn’t pass the exam because he didn’t study ..........


Wait five minutes: I’ve .......... finished my homework.
Mark doesn’t trust anybody else with his car: he .......... lends it to me.
Elizabeth was sick yesterday but now she feels .......... better.
Peter didn’t like the movie but I .......... enjoyed it.
Completare le frasi usando Uno degli avverbi frasali tra questi qui elencati:
Probably, unfortunately, perhaps, surely, definitely.

He was .......... drunk and that caused him to drive off the road.
Mary was .......... there; there is no doubt about it.
......... I’ll go out with my friends tonight; I’m not sure yet.
......... the weather is not good for a picnic.
.......... you don’t believe that nonsense.
Tradurre le seguenti frasi.

Potresti parlare più lentamente, per favore?


..........................................................................................................................
Susan ha corso più velocemente di tutti.
..........................................................................................................................
Hanno giocato peggio della scorsa settimana.
..........................................................................................................................
Mark e Peter scesero la collina sempre più in fretta.
..........................................................................................................................
Non so camminare in fretta come te.
..........................................................................................................................
Scegliere l’avverbio/ preposizione corretto e completare le frasi.

My mother looks .......... the baby while we’re working. (up; after; for; in)
Mary will bring .......... her new boyfriend to the party. (after; in; on; along)
She came .......... her husband’s lover. (in; along; across; up)
Cigarettes are dangerous but I can’t do .......... them. (with; to; without; for)
Mr Jones decided to run .......... mayor of our town. (for; to; on; in)
This scandal will never live .......... (for; after; down; away)
Alice moved .......... when she was 18 to go to university. (on; out; for;
along)
The sailors couldn’t make .......... the shore through the fog. (out; on; upon;
about)

Scegliere l’avverbio/ preposizione corretto e completare le frasi.

The thief made .......... a story about where he was when the robbery
happened. (out; up; to; over)
The teacher asked Bill to go .......... the problems she marked because they
were wrong. (on; over; for; down)
Peter took .......... the tools I gave him. (back; up; to; along)
Jerry wrote Alice’s phone number .......... on a paper napkin. (down; up;
under; to)
Well, it’s getting late and I have to push .......... now. (out; on; off; around)
A rumor went .......... that he had lost all his money. (on; about; around; to)
I gave .......... smoking two months ago. (over; with; up; on)
We looked .......... the contract very carefully before signing it. (over; for;
under; in)
The pupils should stand .......... when the teacher comes in. (on; up; in; out)
Doctors are trying to keep .......... the epidemic. (down; over; up; on)
Scegliere l’avverbio/ preposizione corretto e completare le frasi.

She looks .......... my plants when I’m out of town. (after; down; away; at)
Can you hang .......... the phone, please? (to; up; down; at)
The doctor needed a few hours to look .......... the results of the tests. (away;
over; for; along)
I don’t like Mark so I try to keep .......... from him. (down; with; away; up)
Peter pretended to be a movie star and Mark played .......... with him.
(along; up; over; for)
He backed .......... slowly from the snake. (along; without; away; to)
Mary doesn’t make decisions quickly but she hangs .......... before deciding.
(back; down; together; for)
That wardrobe goes .......... the wall. (against; away; together; with)
If you stick .......... maybe you’ll see her. (against; around; at; to)
There is a bomb! Let’s get .......... of here! (out; in; at; away)
Usare i seguenti verbi fraseologici per completare le frasi avendo cura di
coniugarli al tempo giusto: Be up to, blow up, clear up, let down, fall for,
pick up, call out, come across, get over, bring around.
Our Army .......... the bridges so the enemy couldn’t follow them.
After a long discussion I .......... him .......... to my point of view.
The police couldn’t control the demonstrators so troops were ..........
Don’t trust him: he .......... some trick.
The sky looks a bit cloudy but I think it will ..........
Mark .......... badly in meetings but he is just shy.
Alice is so beautiful that Robert .......... her at first sight.
He used to be so afraid to fly but after some therapy he .......... it now.
Peter is my best friend and I know he will never .......... me ..........
I have to .......... my bag and then I’ll be ready to go.
CAPITOLO 5

Le congiunzioni

Inserire le congiunzioni adatte.

My friend often goes to London, I have never been there.


She earns a lot of money, she is a very popular actress.
The weather was so bad, we stayed at home.
I can show you the pictures, you would like to see them.
Last night there was a power outage we were watching TV.
He gave me his phone number, I can call him any time.
We are going on holiday tomorrow, I have to pack our bags now.
It was so dangerous on the way home, I used my torch.
I don’t believe her, she has lied to me too many times.
My brother is a math genius, I am a dead loss at maths.
Unire le due frasi usando la congiunzione tra parentesi.

I feel sick. I am going to see the doctor now. (that's why)


He asked many people. Nobody could help him. (but)
We order the book now. It will be delivered tomorrow. (if)
I only have a little time. I would love to see you. (although)
You can wash the dishes. We go for a walk. (while)
Inserire tra and, but or so.

She went to see a movie,


the cinema was closed.

Bobby wanted a new phone,


he decided to buy it.

He tried to study Italian,


it was very hard.

They turned on the tv


started to sing.

There isn't chance: take it


leave it.

I was hot,
I took off my shirt.

If I want to go there, you have to walk to that stop over there


take the metro number 12.

Where are they? Maybe they are at market,


maybe they are at home.
BUT oppure OR? Scegliere la congiunzione corretta per completare le
seguenti frasi.

Mrs. Taylor is tall....slim.


Learning geography is hard....interesting.
I don’t like football....soccer.
Do you pull the handle....push it?
These tools are old....still good.
We visited lots of..........palaces in England. The classes are quite
difficult....I'm doing well.
I didn't know where to turn right....left.

AND, BUT, OR, o SO? Inserire la congiunzione giusta nelle seguenti frasi.

This is good, ______ it could be better.


I take the bus, _____ I got gym at 5 pm.
Anne was hot, ___ she took her sweater off.
I put on my gloves, ____ Mum put on his boots.
Jonny finished his chores, _____ he can play a game.
I baked the cake, _______ I ate them too!
The cat yawned, ______ he never fell asleep.
The metro will come, ____ I will have to walk to school.
Mauri likes candy, ______ he went to the candy store.
Jenny likes flowers, _____ Laura likes trucks.

Scegliere tra la congiunzione, quella giusta, fra le tre suggerite, per


completare ogni frase.

___ you leave for work, please wash the glasses. A=Before B=Although
C=While
___ it rains, it pours. A=Why B=Who C=When
After ____, he left the market. A=buying a bread B=he bought a bread C=A
and B
___ I disliked the fellow, Jane thought she was wonderful. A=Although
B=Though C=A and B
___ you were the last single woman on town, I wouldn't marry you!
A=Even if B=Even though C=A and B
___ I feel red, I whistle a funky tune. A=As B=Whenever C=So that
__ the plane flew in higher, Sharif had a sinking feeling. A=If B=As C=Is
We vowed to return to the pub, __ the food there was the best we had ever
eaten. A=so B=when C=for
___ you were out, I repainted the kitchen. A=Because B=For C=While
___ we meet still again, my dear, I bid you leave. A=So B=Until C=When
I had to appear joyful __ I felt sad. A=in case B=despite C=even though
Please take this umbrella __ it rains. A=despite B=unless C=in case
CAPITOLO 6

I verbi al passato

Completare le frasi nel passato. Scegliere quale forma del passato adottare.

A plumber (come) to our house yesterday.


He (want) to repair our dishwasher that (brake) a few days before.
Before she (ring) at my door, she (look) for a parking space for about five
minutes.
While the plumber (repair) the dishwasher, I (watch) the news.
Suddenly, I (realize) that they (show) our street on TV.
The reporter (say) that a moto (crash) into a stop sign just before reaching
the crossroads.
While I (listen) carefully to what (happen) , someone (knock) at my door.
I (open) the door and (see) a cop standing there.
He (ask) for the plumber.
As it (turn) out, it (be) our plumber’s car that (roll) down the street.
In his haste, the plumber (forget) to put the handbrake on.
Inserire le risposte che ritenete corrette.

Cosa hai fatto la scorsa notte? [do]


1. What............last night?

Hai visto la partita ieri? [watch]


2. ........The match yesterday?
Lo scorso anno sono andato in Inghilterra. [go]
3. Last year I............to England.

Non c'erano molte persone ieri. [be]


4. There..........many people yesterday.

Quando ero in Inghilterra mangiavo spesso nei ristoranti. [be]


5. When I..........in England I used to eat in restaurants.

La Spagna non ha giocato meglio della Francia. [play]


6. Spain..............better than France.

Alla fine decidemmo di non parlare. [decide]


7. In the end we...........not to speak them.

Gliel'ho dato tre giorni fa! [give]


8. I................it to him three days ago!

Ieri Jake ha perso perso il suo portafoglio. [lose]


9. Yesterday Jake.........his wallet.

Non sapevo che stessi venendo. [know]


10. I..........you were coming

Scrivere ogni forma verbale al passato.

1) mark _______
2) finish _______
3) practice _______
4) vanish _______
5) speak ______
6) thank ____
7) bend _______
8) append _______
9) My mother _____ to pick me up at school. (remember)
10) I _____ the bread for lunch. (toast)
Suffisso -ED e -ING: scrivere ogni forma verbale tra quelle proposte con
entrambi i suffissi.

1. Dance
2. Arrange
3. Fake
4. Type
5. Close
6. Organize
7. Place
8. Bake
9. Smile
10. use
WAS oppure WERE? Completare le seguenti frasi scegliendo quello giusto.

We __ hungry, so we ate. A=were B=was C=A and B


He __ in the army for six years. A=were B=was C=A and B
Annette ___ a beautiful queen when she was younger. A=were B=was C=A
and B
Liam and Lanny ___ in here together yesterday. A=were B=was C=A and B
It __ a dangerous and wild night. A=was B=were C=A and B
The Missouri Kid __ a cold, cruel killer. A=were B=was C=A and B
He recently __ an operation. A=Not A or B B=were C=was
At the time, no one thinked the operation ___ a success. A=was B=were
C=Not A or B
It __ enough to make your stomach turn. A=were B=was C=Not A or B
We __ a wonderful time on holiday. A=were B=Not A or B C=was

Riscrivere le seguenti forma verbali al SIMPLE PAST.

we wash, I arrive, they destroy , you hurry, she elects, you marry, we plan,
he discovers, they travel, I prefer.
Indicare qual è il tempo verbale dei seguenti verbi scegliendolo tra
INFINITO, PAST SIMPLE e PARTICIPIO.

Gave, been, drunk, known, saw, forgot, taken, sink, swear, sprang

Scrivere il paradigma (forma base+past simple+participio) dei seguenti


verbi.

begin / feel / get / draw / bring / know / take / play / meet / leave / wake up /
read / sleep / ride / build

Riordinare le parole per formare delle frasi al PAST SIMPLE, esempio: I /


yesterday / saw / him = I saw him yesterday.

passed / Donna / the driving test


From me / borrowed / $100 / Celina
in Sydney / Frank / was born
didn't go / last week / I / to school
my bag / I / the day before yesterday / lost
chicken / on Monday / had / for dinner / we
the party / enjoyed /very much / he
we / at the supermarket / yesterday /met
a lot of housework / mum / did
at Jill's house / we / on Saturday /arrived

Completare le frasi scrivendo il verbo tra parentesi al PASSATO.

The girl (forget) her helmet in the garage.


She (break) her leg when skiing.
The people (fight) over the ball at recess.
My father (drive) us to school this morning.
The birds (fly) south for the winter.
She (give) her favorite pen to her friend.
I (have) all the cards from this series.
She (hold) the door for us.
Fred (catch) the ball in the air.
Your little sister (bite) me!
The kids (hide) everywhere in the house.
Your aunt (come) for a visit

Riempire gli spazi con la forma corretta del SIMPLE PAST del verbo TO
BE.

Robert (not) .... at home yesterday afternoon.


He .... at the University.
Where .... Luca and Joe last Sunday?
I don’t know. They (not) .... at the party.
Joe .... angry.
I.... very tired.
What .... the weather like last week?
The weather .... nice: sunny and hot.
I .... in Australia last winter holiday.
.... Gigi on TV last night?
CAPITOLO 7

I verbi al Futuro

Inserire le risposte che ritenete esatte.

Domani alle 4 andrò dal dentista. [go]


Tomorrow at 4 o'clock I............to the dentist.

Mi sposerai? [marry]
................me?

Non lo dirò a nessuno. [tell]


I...............anyone.

Quando hai intenzione di pagarmi? [pay]


When...............me?

Non c'è pane. Vado a comprarlo. [buy]


There is no bread. I.............it.
Ho intenzione di comprare una nuova macchina: questa è troppo vecchia!
[buy]
I................a new car: this one is too old!

Cosa fai questo weekend? [do]


What..............this weekend?

A Luglio andrò a Roma. [go]


I...............to Rome in July.

Ti ripagherò! [pay]
I................you back!

Preparerai una torta per il compleanno di Jake? [make]


.................a cake for Jake's birthday?

Quando partirà Jane? [leave]


When..............Jane?

Non ho intenzione di indossare quella maglietta! [wear]


I................that shirt!
Completare con il verbo adatto le seguenti frasi. Scegliere tra present
simple, will, going to, present continuous.

The Italian lesson __________ (to start) at 8:45.

I don't think you __________ (to have) any problems when you land in Los
Angeles.

Look at those clouds! It __________ (to rain) in a few minutes

Scientists say that in the future there _____________ (not/be) enough clear
water on Earth

I _____________ (to meet) Jane downtown at 7:00

If you don't stop cheating, I ____________ (to tell) the teacher

Oh, you left the door open! I __________ (to close) it!

My plane ___________ (to leave) at 4 o'clock

I __________ (to visit) Italy nex summer


Oh look! The boy __________ (to fall) off the horse
Completare le frasi con le forme del futuro. Decidere secondo la situazione
quale tempo usare.

Anne is carrying two tyres,he (change) the tyres on a car.


Next week (be) the beginning of summer and the weather forecast says that
there (be) sunny tomorrow.
That's why many of the people have made an appointment and (call-in)
today to get their summer tyres.
By the end of the day, Anne (mount) about 50 tyres.
She (be/probably) tired after that.
It's a lot of work for one day, but her customers promise that next year they
(have) their tyres changed earlier.
That's what they always speak, but they (forget/surely) about it by next
year.
Some customers have concerted that they (pick up) their cars tomorrow.
They have decided to go home by metro, which (stop) in front of the
garage every hour.

Tradurre le seguenti frasi.

Dimmi che hai intenzione di comprare una macchina.


...................................................................
Chiedi a Giulio come festeggerà il suo compleanno.
....................................................................
Chiedimi dove parcheggerai la macchina.
....................................................................
Spiegami che comprerai un sacco a pelo perché è troppo costoso andare in
albergo.
......................................................................
Dimmi che leggerai quell’articolo.
......................................................................
Completare il dialogo usando le forme verbali al futuro più appropriate.

John: Let's invite Phil, Sally, Joan and their new friends Paul and Susy. But
what kind of food .............. (buy)?
Robby: What about buying cheese, crisps, cake and drinks? what time.
.............. (our guests/come)?
John: Our guest? Oh, at about seven. And we should prepare some ice-
cream to make people feel at ease, otherwise they. .............. (get ) to know
each other.
John: That's true. The people are usually shy at the beginning of a
party................ (we/have) music?
Robby: Of course! Everybody likes singing. Who .............. (bring) records?
Robby: John is. He's got many new CDs. And I'll speak Jane to bring some
of hers, too. Fine! Everything's fixed then. I'm sure it .............. (be) a
beautiful party
Inserire nelle seguenti frasi le forme verbali al futuro corrette.
Next Sunday it (be) .............. snow in Italy [Previsione]
I (study) .............. more for the next exam [Promessa]
Camille (be) .............. an interpreter [Intenzione]
By 2200 people (live) .............. in space city [Previsione]
Anything to eat? I (have) .............. a cake. [Decisione immediata]
Annette and Karry (leave) .............. for Paris next weekend [Programma
stabilito]
They (see) .............. the museum and the Tower of London
[Intenzione/decisione già presa]
I'm busy now. I (help) .............. mom wash his car tomorrow [Promessa]
Hurry up! We (miss) .............. the bus to office [Azione imminente, basata
su evidenza]
CAPITOLO 8

I verbi to be, to have, to do

Trasformare le seguenti frasi nella forma negativa e poi in quella


interrogativa.

Mary is afraid of dogs.


.........................................................
.........................................................
We are happy.
.........................................................
.........................................................
She is hungry.

.........................................................
.........................................................
They are bored.
.........................................................
.........................................................
You are sorry.
.........................................................
.........................................................
Completare le seguenti frasi con there Is, are, it's, they're.

.......... a dog in your yard. .......... big!


.......... many people in the garden. .......... all Mark’s friends.
.......... an interesting movie on television and .......... funny too.
Today .......... a beautiful day. .......... no clouds in the sky!
.......... many books in this room and .......... all Mary’s.
Tradurre le seguenti frasi.

Sto andando a trovare mia nonna.


......................................................
Questa fotografia è stata scattata da un’artista famoso.
.......................................................
Cosa stai facendo?
.......................................................
La porta è chiusa.
.......................................................
Cosa sta succedendo lì?
.......................................................
Completare le seguenti frasi nella forma corretta di to have got.

.............you...........a dog?
Mary............two sisters.
Susan..............many friends.
...........John...........a new car? No, he.........
How much money...........with you?
We............the book you needed, but we sold It.
...........Susan and John.........any children?
I...........a pen so I can't write.
Completare le seguenti frasi usando do, don't, does, doesn't, did, didn't.

I........know there was a sport centre here. When........it open?


We are...........a tennis course to improve our game.
How much............ this jacket cost?
She is going home because she..........feel well.
Mary............. like swimming very much.
Tradurre le seguenti frasi usando la costruzione have più oggetto più
participio passato.

Ho fatto lavare la macchina.


.....................................................
Ieri mi sono fatto tagliare i capelli.
.....................................................
Non posso invitarti a cena perché ho la casa disordinata.
.....................................................
Hai fatto riparare la macchina?
.....................................................
Fai pulire la macchina ogni mese.
.....................................................
Stiamo facendo costruire un nuovo giardino.
.....................................................
Mi farò togliere un dente.
.....................................................
Si stanno facendo ripulire il garage.
.....................................................
Vi siete fatti installare la nuova antenna?
.....................................................
CAPITOLO 9

I verbi ausiliari modali

Completare le seguenti frasi usando must o must have e modificando il


verbo nelle parentesi.

Bobby didn't find his moto when he returned to the moto park. Somebody
(steal) .............. it.
It was Mary's birthday yesterday. What did Robert give her? He (send)
.............. her a beautiful bunch of flowers.
Mrs Charlie's son comes to take the cat every day. Mrs Jones (still/be)
.............. on
vacation.
Somebody is knocking at the door of my house. It (be) .............. the
postman. He always comes at six.
The car is very wet this morning. It (rain) .............. all night.
Grandmother has been working hard in the kitchen all day. She (be)
.............. exhausted.
is Miss Charlotte? She isn't at home and it's only seven o'clock. She (leave)
.............. home early.
All the lights are on at the home. You can see some people in the garden.
There (be) .............. a party going on.
Richard’s body is full of red spots. Oh, dear! He (catch) .............. a
contagious disease at school.
Inserire Nelle frasi seguenti i seguenti verbi ausiliari modali: should,
shouldn't, should have, shouldn't have, mustn't, don't have to.

You .............. worry about Jonny. She'll come back safely as usual.
Davide, you .............. play near the sea. It can be dangerous.
We .............. forget to take the cat before leaving.
She .............. finished so late. She .............. know that we are in bed at 10.
You .............. watch TV instead of studying.
This jumper is full of holes. You .............. darn it.
I .............. wash my car at once. I’ll do it tomorrow.
Inserire nelle seguenti frasi i seguenti verbi ausiliari modali: may, might,
may have, might have o diverse soluzioni insieme.

I .............. not be here when she comes, please tell her to wait
Sheila didn’t come to the theatre last night. She .............. forgotten about it.
Isn’t John here yet? I’m afraid he .............. not come. He had an important
meeting.
I can’t find the red tablecloth.You .............. put it in the washing machine.
Poor old man! Someone .............. helped him.
Why did you touch that hot pan? You .............. burnt yourself.
Why did you play near the river? You .............. fallen into the water.
Completare le frasi con il verbo adatto.

I have a cold. You should ............... an aspirin.


It’s raining. You shouldn’t ................ out with your bicycle.
It is hot today. You ought to ................. something fresh.
Somebody stole my bag. You ought to ................. the police.
I have got nothing to dre for tonight's party. You should ................. a dress.
I always make grammar mistakes when I go abroad. You should .................
a pocket dictionary with you.
I’m getting late to the summit. You ought to .............. a taxi.
I’m always tired. You shouldn’t ............. to bed so late.
CAPITOLO 10

I verbi irregolari

Completa i seguenti verbi irregolari con le forme corrette del past simple e
past participle.

begin
break
bring
buy
can
come
cost
do
dream
drink
drive
eat
fall
feel
fight
find
forget
forgive
get
give
go
have
know
learn
leave
make
mean
meet
pay
put
read
run
say
see
sell
send
sleep
speak
spend
take
tell
think
understand
win
Write
Tradurre le seguenti frasi.

Mi svegliai all’improvviso e vidi la luce accesa.


...........................................................................

Peter si ubriacò e cadde a terra.


...........................................................................

Anne ha lasciato il suo fidanzato.


...........................................................................

Abbiamo scritto una lunga poesia.


...........................................................................
Sapevo che fosse troppo presto.
...........................................................................

Chiara si dimentica sempre di prendere le chiavi.


...........................................................................

Ieri dormirono fino a tardi.


...........................................................................

La mamma disse che era molto stanca.


...........................................................................

Non ho mai visto un film così noioso.


...........................................................................

Indossò le sue scarpe preferite.


...........................................................................
CAPITOLO 11

Le frasi affermative, negative, interrogative e le


question tag

Trasformare le seguenti frasi in frasi interrogative.

Mary's sisters live in a house near the park.


..........................................................................
They’ll go to Mexico next year.
..........................................................................
Robert Brown lives and works in Paris.
..........................................................................
Monica and her boyfriend went to a party last night.
..........................................................................
They could read when they were four.
..........................................................................
She dedicated her life to him.
..........................................................................
Helena works in an office near the church.
..........................................................................
They should stay at home.
..........................................................................
She had driven that car before.
..........................................................................
He said he was busy.
..........................................................................
Completare le seguenti frasi usando IS, ISN'T, ARE, AREN'T, DO, DOES,
DON'T, DOESN'T.

We..........(not)like to go to the cinema.


He.........(not).always walk his dog.
His dog.............very big.
..........you drive to work or..you take the bus?
He............. an intelligent boy.
He............a good worker.
He..............very successful.
He........(not).........tall he........short.
He.......quiet he........(not)........noisy.
Scrivere la domanda alle seguenti risposte usando la forma interrogativa,
negativa.

............................................................... ?
Yes, I'm very thirsty.Let's go to the cafè.

.................................... a bank near here?


Yes, there's one next to the post office.

............................................................... ?
No, I haven't. I can't ride a bike.

............................................................... ?
No, I'm not. But I can close the window if you're cold.

................................................................ ?
No, he hasn't got a car, but his sister has

........................................................ swim?
Yes, I can, but not very well.

................................................ over there?


Yes, that's Tom....Hey, Tom
Inserire la question tag corretta.

You want to go on holiday, ?


Charles will help us, ?
Mary has a little lamb, ?
You are the new student, ?
They have cleaned the windows, ?
Their parents are divorced, ?
The door has been locked, ?
You speak English, ?
He moved abroad, ?
You were there, ?
Inserire nelle seguenti frasi la question tag mancante.

You take sugar in tea.

But you don't take it in coffee.

The lift isn't working today.

It never works very well.

The area was evacuated at once.

There was no panic.

Though everybody realized the danger.

Mary hardly ever cooks.

She buys convenience food.

John usually remembered his wife's birthday.

But he didn't remember this one.


And his wife was very disappointed.

They didn't offered their help.


CAPITOLO 12

La forma passiva

Riscrivere le seguenti frasi usando la forma passiva.

Someone washes the bathroom in the hotel every day.


............................................................................

Someone built the house ten years ago.


............................................................................

They rise this fruit in very hot countries.


............................................................................
They pay the office workers weekly.
............................................................................

Someone bought all this cheese in Italy.


............................................................................

Someone found Susan's bike in the river.


............................................................................
Some people visits most of the prisoners once a week.
............................................................................

Someone cleans this car every week.


............................................................................

We play a lot of sport on the gym.


...........................................................................
Completare le seguenti frasi con la forma passiva ed i seguenti verbi:
grown, cut, killed, sent, locked, taught, explained, given, drived, built.

The grass.............never...........in the winter.

When...............these houses...........?

You can't go into the school.The gates..........always.............

..............these potatoes...........in your garden?

I...........................a beautiful gold watch.

We take the bus to work during the week so the car...............only..............at


weekends.

The problem...................to us very clearly.

This letter..............never................

Children.............not............... any languages at primary school now.


Riscrivere le seguenti frasi nell’ordine corretto.

The been opened. window has


.........................................................

altar prohibited. Walking on is the


.........................................................

is served at dinner 7.30 pm.


.........................................................

office that shop. in is English


.........................................................

The Clothes washed morning. this were


.........................................................

has by been cat! your stolen The fish!


.........................................................

brushed. horse is Your being


.........................................................
they punished The be if boy naughty. will are
.........................................................

bike not yet. painted is Your


.........................................................

am I eaten! cake happy because that awful been has


.........................................................
Riscrivere le frasi nella forma passiva.

Does your uncle pick you up?


......................................................

You do not write the curriculum.


......................................................

He doesn't open the instruction manual.


......................................................

They don't help you.


......................................................
They wear red jackets.
......................................................
I draw a mountain.
......................................................
She pays a lot of debts.
......................................................

We set the wardrobe.


......................................................

He opens the window.


......................................................
CAPITOLO 13

Il condizionale

Scrivere le forme corrette dei verbi nelle seguenti frasi.

It...............(be) very pattern of you if you corrected my errores.


If the telephone.............. (not/ring) she wouldn't have got up from the bed.
If you washed your face, you..........(look) better.
If you.............(finish) your work, you could have gone out.
What.............(happen) if Ilary had missed her bus?
What would you do if you...........(be) poor?
If I..............(live) in Milan, I'd go sightseeing every day.
.................(you/spend) the night in this ramshackle hotel? No, I wouldn't.
If I had enough money................(buy) this beautiful moto.
If I.................(not to be) so occupaied, I'd help you.
Inserire nelle seguenti frasi le risposte corrette.

Saresti così intelligente se Jake non ti avesse aiutato? [be, help]


..................so clever if Jake...........you?

Non appena ti chiamo rispondimi! [call, answer]


As soon as I...............you............me!

Non avrei incontrato mia moglie se quel giorno non fossi andato in palestra.
[meet, go]
I.................my wife if I...............to the gym that day.

Se non ascolti i consigli non migliori. [listen, improve]


If you...............to advices you............

Se l'avessi vista l'avrei salutata. [see, greet]


If I...............her I............her.

Se guardi il sole rischi di danneggiare gli occhi. [see, risk]


If you.............the Sun you............damaging your eyes.

Se corri troppo di stancherai! [run, get]


If you..........too much you..........tired.
Avrebbero vinto se avessero giocato meglio. [win, play]
They.............if they............better.

Se avessi il tempo ti aiuterei. [have, help]


If I.............time, I.............you.
Completare le seguenti frasi con i verbi fra parentesi (First conditional).

I .............. (pass) the exam.


If you ................ (wait) a minute.
I .................... (ask) my parents.
If she ............. (win) the lottery.
then she ............... (fly) to New York.
If they ............... (go) to the disco.
They ................. (listen) to loud music.
If Michelle ............... (forget) do to her homework.
The teacher .............. (give) her a low mark.
Completare le seguenti frasi con i verbi fra parentesi ( second conditional).

I .................. (do) it.


If I ................ (come) earlier.
I .................. (prepare) the dinner.
If it ..................... (rain).
Kelly .................. (take) an umbrella with her.
If we ...................... (hurry).
we .................... (catch) the train.
If Jim .............. (study) harder.
the exam ................. (be) easier for him.
Completare le seguenti frasi con i verbi fra parentesi. ( Third conditional )

If Brad ................... (ask) me.


I ..................... (give) him an answer.
If I ................... (wait) for another 10 minutes,
I .................... (go).
If we .................. (go) to another restaurant,
we ..................... (eat) better.
If the teacher ................... (explain) the lesson,
I ................... (do) my homework.
CAPITOLO 14

Il discorso indiretto

Individuare l’alternativa corretta nelle seguenti frasi.

Samantha said " I want to visit my parents this weekend".


- Samantha said she wanted to visit her parents that weekend
- Samantha said she wanted to visit her parents this weekend
- Samantha said she wants to visit her parents this weekend

Jonny said, " I' m working hard at the moment".


- Jonny said that he's working hard at that moment
- Jonny said he was working hard at the moment
- Jonny said he was working hard at that moment

He asked me, " Have you finished watching the news? ".
- He asked me if I had finished watching the news
- He asked me if I have finished watching the news
- He asked me if had I finished watching the news
" I go to bed every night at 1 0 : 0 0," Jacky said.
- Jacky said he goes to bed every night at 1 0 : 0 0
- Jacky said he goed to bed every night at 1 0 : 0 0
- Jacky said he went to bed every night at 1 0 : 0 0

Alexander reassured me “ I can go tonight”.


- Alexander told me he could go that tonight
- Alexander told me he could goes tonight
- Alexander told me he could go tonight

Jack said “ I must be guilty”.


- Jack said he must has been guilty
- Jack said he must have be guilty
- Jack said he must have been guilty

Alexia asked, " How long have you lived there?"


- Alexia asked how long she has live there
- Alexia asked how long she had lived there
- Alexia asked how long had she lived there
CAPITOLO 15

L’infinito e il gerundio

Inserire nelle seguenti frasi i verbi tra parentesi al gerundio o all’infinito.

I couldn't help.................when he fallen! (laugh)

I enjoy.................to supermarkets. (go)

She expects people.................her, but she never helps anyone! (help)

My doctor advised me..............angering. (quit)

Please stop................ I can hear you anyway! (shout)

I don't feel like...............today. (cook)

Would you mind............the door? There is no oxygen here. (open)

My clock doesn't work. Try...............the batteries. (change)


In England,...................is not allowed in any building public. (smoke)
Scrivere l'infinito dei seguenti verbi.

made =
come =
been =
had =
cut =
found =
brought =
bought =
known =
Completare le frasi con i seguenti verbi nella forma al gerundio: do - swim -
fly - play - run - try - travel - lie - get - ride.

After.....................my homework, I usually watch TV.


I enjoy..................on the beach.
She doesn't like................with other children.
......................is a fast way of...................
She likes sport, especially................
horses and.................
After..................many times, I finally passed my test.
I lay to sofa and thought about.............up.
Riscrivere le frasi cambiando il verbo al gerundio.

I dislike ( get up) at eight o'clock every morning.


................................................................

I started (work) here nine or ten years ago.


................................................................

I hate (write) 'thank you letters.


................................................................

I miss (be) able to visit my parents.


................................................................

I think it's time to stop (play) tennis.


................................................................

Why don't you like (go) to discos?


................................................................
I think I'll star (pack) my suitcase.
................................................................
CAPITOLO 16

L’imperativo

Completare le seguenti frasi con le forme negative e positive


dell’imperativo.

.............. quiet, please! I’m speaking. (to be)


............. up it’s late. The shops are closing. (to hurry)
.............. a pencil, take a red pen. (not/to use)
............. the police now. (not/to call)
Please .............. in my house. (not/to smoke)
............ your beds. (to make)
.............. dad about my bad note. (not/to tell)
Let's ........... her mother in the garden. (to help)
Scrivere nelle seguenti frasi i verbi nella forma all’imperativo.

................ (to turn) to page 54.


................ (to give) me a break, I’m exhausted.
................. (not to go) there, it’s dangerous.
................ (not to be) late for school.
.............. (to go) upstairs.
........and ................ (to take) the photo album.
.................. (not to talk) during the lesson.
................. (to turn) left and you will find the medical centre.
.................. (not to go) out, it's thunder.