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PHYSICS PHYC-10003

Lecturers - first half of semester 1

Andy Martin (3.15 pm) Roger Rassool (10 am and 12noon)

Director of First Year Studies

Roger Rassool

Academic laboratory coordinator

Jeff McCallum

Laboratory organiser

Colin Entwisle

ALL Email: fyl@physics.unimelb.edu.au

Today’s Lecture

Background to first year physics Introduction to mechanics Building blocks

Units Orders of magnitude Significant figures

Administrative information

Year Organisation

Semester 1: Physics 1

Semester 2: Physics 2

 
 

Demi-semester 1

Mechanics

Kinematics/Dynamics

(17 Lectures)

Demi-semester 2

Laboratory

Fluids

Electrostatics

Demi-semester 4

Laboratory

   
 

Mechanics applications Oscillations & Waves Light

(18 Lectures)

Semester 1 Exam

Magnetism Electromagnetism Atomic & nuclear physics Imaging

Semester 2 Exam

     

What is mechanics?

Behaviour of objects subjected to forces Kinematics

Description of motion without consideration of forces Will do this first

Mechanics

Why things move they way they do

Energy considerations

Kinetic and potential energy

Consideration of finite size of object

Rotational motion

Decreasing scale

Decreasing scale big small slow Increasing speed fast Mechanics - Where does it fit into the

big

Decreasing scale big small slow Increasing speed fast Mechanics - Where does it fit into the

small

slow

Increasing speed

fast

Decreasing scale big small slow Increasing speed fast Mechanics - Where does it fit into the

Mechanics - Where does it fit into the field of Physics?

Mechanics - Where does it fit into the field of Physics? Non-relativistic Relativistic Classical Kinematics

Non-relativistic

Relativistic

Classical Kinematics Time Dynamics Light Celestial Mechanics Engineering Elementary particles

Classical

Kinematics

Time

Dynamics

Light

Celestial Mechanics

Engineering

Elementary particles

Accelerators

Gravitation

Time Dynamics Light Celestial Mechanics Engineering Elementary particles Accelerators Gravitation
Time Dynamics Light Celestial Mechanics Engineering Elementary particles Accelerators Gravitation
Time Dynamics Light Celestial Mechanics Engineering Elementary particles Accelerators Gravitation
Elementary particles Accelerators Gravitation Quantum Quantum Theory Atoms & Molecules

Quantum

Quantum Theory

Atoms & Molecules Semiconductors Lasers Nuclei

Relativistic Quantum

Theory

Matter & antimatter Photons Quantum electrodynamics

Knight, §1.8 Fundamental Units Units SI (Systeme International) Length Metre (m) the meter is the
Knight, §1.8
Fundamental Units
Units
SI (Systeme International)
Length
Metre (m)
the meter is the length of the
path travelled by light in
vacuum during a time interval
of 1/299,792,458 of a second
Mass
Kilogram (kg)
Platinum-iridium international
prototype kilogram
Time
Second (s)
the duration of 9,192,631,770
periods of the radiation
corresponding to the transition
between two hyperfine levels of
the ground state of the
caesium-133 atom.
Always include units in answers to
questions and exercises
Physics on ALL scales…what a challenge Prefixes and scientific notation Large Giga (10 9 =
Physics on ALL scales…what a challenge
Prefixes and scientific notation
Large
Giga (10 9 = 1,000,000,000)
Mega (10 6 = 1,000,000)
Kilo (10 3 = 1,000)
Small
Centi (10 -2 = 0.01)
Milli (10 -3 = 0.001)
Micro (10 -6 = 0.000001)
Nano (10 -9 = 0.000000001)
From: College Physics, A Strategic Approach, Pearson

Significant figures

Physics deals with the real world!

Use the ‘weakest link’ rule

Caution:

Be wary of quoting the large number of figures given by your calculator modest penalties for outrageousoutrageous misuse of significant figures

Summary

Following this lecture you should be able to:

Appreciate the role physics plays in understanding the universe and in the real applications Appreciate the broader context of studies in mechanics Be able to use and interpret scientific notation and prefixes Understand the importance of using appropriate significant figures Understand what is required of you in this subject

Further work

Reading

Knight, Chapter 1, Section 8 (today’s lecture) Knight, Chapter 1, Sections 1-6 (next lecture)

Problems

Knight, End of Chapter, Problems and Exercises 1.28, 1.29*