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 PHYSICS PHYC-10003 Lecturers - first half of semester 1 Andy Martin (3.15 pm) Roger Rassool (10 am and 12noon) Director of First Year Studies Roger Rassool Academic laboratory coordinator Jeff McCallum Laboratory organiser Colin Entwisle ALL Email: fyl@physics.unimelb.edu.au

Today’s Lecture

Background to first year physics Introduction to mechanics Building blocks

Units Orders of magnitude Significant figures

Year Organisation

Semester 1: Physics 1

Semester 2: Physics 2

Demi-semester 1

Mechanics

Kinematics/Dynamics

(17 Lectures)

Demi-semester 2

Laboratory

Fluids

Electrostatics

Demi-semester 4

Laboratory

Mechanics applications Oscillations & Waves Light

(18 Lectures)

Semester 1 Exam

Magnetism Electromagnetism Atomic & nuclear physics Imaging

Semester 2 Exam

 What is mechanics? Behaviour of objects subjected to forces Kinematics Description of motion without consideration of forces Will do this first Mechanics Why things move they way they do Energy considerations Kinetic and potential energy Consideration of finite size of object Rotational motion

Decreasing scale

big

small

slow

Increasing speed

fast

Mechanics - Where does it fit into the field of Physics?

Non-relativistic

Relativistic

Classical

 Kinematics Time Dynamics Light

Celestial Mechanics

Engineering

Elementary particles

Accelerators

Gravitation

Quantum

Quantum Theory

Atoms & Molecules Semiconductors Lasers Nuclei

Relativistic Quantum

Theory

Matter & antimatter Photons Quantum electrodynamics

Knight, §1.8
Fundamental Units
Units
SI (Systeme International)
Length
Metre (m)
the meter is the length of the
path travelled by light in
vacuum during a time interval
of 1/299,792,458 of a second
Mass
Kilogram (kg)
Platinum-iridium international
prototype kilogram
Time
Second (s)
the duration of 9,192,631,770
corresponding to the transition
between two hyperfine levels of
the ground state of the
caesium-133 atom.
Always include units in answers to
questions and exercises
Physics on ALL scales…what a challenge
Prefixes and scientific notation
Large
Giga (10 9 = 1,000,000,000)
Mega (10 6 = 1,000,000)
Kilo (10 3 = 1,000)
Small
Centi (10 -2 = 0.01)
Milli (10 -3 = 0.001)
Micro (10 -6 = 0.000001)
Nano (10 -9 = 0.000000001)
From: College Physics, A Strategic Approach, Pearson

Significant figures

Physics deals with the real world!