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News

 

Tan Dawn Wei

1139 words

20 July 2008

Straits Times

STIMES

English

(c) 2008 Singapore Press Holdings Limited

Nearly half of the primary school pupils polled say they are not getting enough sleep

On some nights, Mr Michael Devakishen resorts to certain tactics to keep his 11-year-old daughter awake.

Beverly has a packed schedule of ballet and piano lessons and science, maths and Chinese tuition. There's
daily school homework on top of that.

'Sometimes, when she has to stay up late because of so much homework, both my wife and I will keep her
company by making noises in the kitchen, or singing songs just to keep her awake,' said Mr Devakishen, 41,
a secondary school teacher.

While the Primary 5 pupil says she enjoys her extra-curricular activities, she also feels tired often.

Like Beverly, children all over Singapore aren't getting enough shut-eye on school nights.

In a poll of 200 primary school pupils by The Sunday Times, 62 said they slept seven hours or less a night,
64 managed eight hours while 74 had nine hours or more of rest.

Nearly half said they felt they weren't getting enough sleep each day, and homework and tuition were the
top reasons they cited for turning in late.

'It is definitely a cause for concern,' said Dr Jenny Tang, deputy head of paediatric medicine at KK Women's
and Children's Hospital, of children who suffer from sleep deprivation.

She has seen an increasing number of them checking in for sleep apnea, chronic sleep insufficiency because
of school schedules, or behavioural sleep disorders.

The recommended number of hours a child between the ages of six and 12 should sleep a day is 10 to 11
hours, said Dr Tang.

Teens need nine hours while adults can get by with about eight.

Primary school pupils aren't the only ones lacking sleep. A poll of 940 students in 26 secondary schools last
year revealed that 80 per cent of them were getting by with less than eight hours of sleep on school days,
while only 2.6 per cent were getting the recommended nine hours.

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A new study by the Asia-Pacific Paediatric Sleep Alliance also showed that infants and toddlers in Singapore
got less sleep than their counterparts in the West.

The average bedtime for a Singaporean toddler is 9.45pm compared with about 8.30pm in Western
countries.

Ask parents why they're not putting their kids to bed earlier during the week and they point the finger at
schools which load the children with too much homework and activities.

Some kids make up for it during weekends by waking up later than usual.

Kathirevan Kalyanperumal, 10, has supplementary lessons, plus track and field and basketball training every
day of the week, which means he ends up sleeping just 6-1/2 hours a night.

He is so tired that he often falls asleep on the bus ride to school and sometimes dozes off in class.

And he doesn't use weekends to catch up on sleep either. 'I force myself to stay awake on weekends to
watch TV,' said the Primary 5 pupil. 'I won't be able to do it on school nights.'

His mother, Madam K. Bhargavi, 54, said that while Kathirevan used to sleep at 9.30pm, supplementary
classes to prepare him for the Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE) have meant pushing back his
bedtime.

'I feel sorry for him because kids nowadays have so many things to do at school,' said the housewife.

Teachers say they see more children coming to school bleary-eyed; some even nod off in class.

'Parents want tuition for the children, teachers need to give them homework. Everyone is pushing the kids
for results. It's a vicious circle,' said a Chinese-language primary school teacher who did not want to be
named.

It's also not uncommon for children to stay back after school for two hours of co-curricular activities (CCA)
at least once a week and hour-long remedial lessons three times a week.

An Education Ministry spokesman said that lower primary pupils are taught in Health Education that they
should cultivate good daily habits, including having at least eight hours of sleep a day.

Mrs Kathryn Koh, principal of Anglo-Chinese School (Junior), said that her pupils tell her they have a lot to
do, especially those in Primary 5 and Primary 6.

'It is common to hear pupils complaining about the difficulties of balancing extra enrichment classes and
school work,' she said.

She added that play is an important part of a child's development. 'Some parents pack a child's day to 'keep
him occupied', as they are not comfortable with the thought of their child 'idling' at home.'

Mr Martin Tan, principal of Anderson Primary School, said schools are conscious of the need for pupils to
have sufficient rest and family time.

'It boils down to time management and this is where parents need to work closely with their children to
ensure they are spending their time at home wisely and making the right choices,' he said.

Indeed, discipline is lacking in many homes today, and that could be why children are going to bed later, say
teachers.

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'The children's parents work and the maids can't control them, so they often do whatever they wish in the
afternoons,' said one primary school teacher.

Mr Devakishen suggests that schools introduce a flexible schedule where homework is given out three days
in advance.

'This way, the children would have more time to complete their homework and their schedules could be
worked out better,' he said.

If good grades are what parents and teachers are after, they should know that sleep deprivation can affect a
child's attention, memory, decision-making and creativity.

It can also cause him to become more irritable and can even lead to behavioural problems like hyperactivity
and disobedience.

As Primary 3 pupil Marcus Jerome Devakishen put it: 'Sometimes, I just want to sleep a little longer in the
morning.'

dawntan@sph.com.sg

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740 words
18 July 1999
Straits Times
STIMES
English
(c) 1999 Singapore Press Holdings Limited

A further breakdown of the statistics provided by the Community Development Ministry revealed that this
view holds sway even more strongly among working wives than among men. And never mind that they hold
down jobs, the chores at home are the women's work, say the working wives. JOANNE LEE talks to one
dual-career couple, financial controller Vincent Chang, 39, and Joon, 34, a human resource manager, about
their family routine.

HE SAYS:I'd like her to continue to work

"WE NEED two incomes to support the family and I'd rather Joon continued to work for as long as possible
than have her stay at home and be a housewife.

Right now, we are managing nicely because her mother helps us a great deal with Cheryl.

We both travel and entertain a fair bit, but we try to arrange it so that one of us is always around for Cheryl,
and we rely on her grandmother only as a last resort.

Although Joon takes leave from work to be with Cheryl when she is ill, I don't think she is the type who can
stay home and be a housewife for long.

In any case, we need two incomes because of the current economic uncertainty. But in an emergency, we
will have to look at it from a practical point of view and see who stays home for the kids.

Currently, my income is higher than hers, so it would be more practical for her to stay home if the need
arises. But you never know, this could change, and I could be the one staying home with the kids.

It all boils down to economics and we shall cross that bridge when we get to it.

With another baby on the way, the pressures of holding a      together are going to get
worse.

We thought having Cheryl was more than enough to handle, but she needed a sibling so we planned for
another. But I doubt there will be a third. It will be too hard to manage.

To help us with the pressure of looking after the baby, we have enlisted Cheryl's help so that she is well-
prepared to be a care-giver too.

We have involved her in the preparations for the baby's arrival. She was the one who chose his name, for
example, and decided to call him Bryan.

Hopefully, we will be able to manage two jobs and take care of Cheryl and Bryan with the help of my
mother-in-law. It will be difficult, but we will both continue to balance work and parenting as far as we can."

SHE SAYS:I can't afford to be a housewife

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"BEING the mother, I tend to spend more time with our four-year-old daughter, Cheryl, than my husband.

She relates better to me because I am probably more approachable than her father. When she falls ill, I am
the one who takes leave from work to be with her. But I do it as part of my responsibility as a mother, not
because my husband expects me to.

I am also expecting a son in less than two months' time, so I'll probably be at home more during maternity
leave. I think employers in general are more inclined to be flexible with working mothers than with fathers.
Vincent is a financial controller so his work is not as flexible as mine anyway. We are lucky because we have
my mother to help out after Cheryl gets back from nursery school in the afternoon.

If we both need to travel, for instance, Cheryl stays with my mum. Although our maid is very capable, we
feel it is very important that our family brings up our daughter and plays the main role in her life.

If there were no one to look after my children, I suppose I will have to quit my job and look after them.

We discussed this and Vincent offered to stay at home and be a house-husband! But I don't think we can do
that, at least not on my salary! My being a housewife isn't a luxury we can afford. Even if I have to stay
home and look after her, I will probably contribute to our income, for example, by giving tuition."

(c) 1999 Singapore Press Holdings Limited.

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