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iz:i&18

¼fu;e 35 ns[ksa½
ukekadu i=

*xzke lHkk-----------------------------------------------------------------------------ds-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------¼fuokZpu {ks=½ ls lnL; dk fuokZpuA


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*xzke lHkk ls iz/kku dk fuokZpuA
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*xzke lHkk ls mi&iz/kku dk fuokZpuA

*iapk;r lfefr--------------------------------------------------------ds -----------------------------------------------------------


fuokZpu * {ks= ds lnL; dk fuokZpuA

*ftyk ifj"kn~----------------------------------------------------------------------ds-----------------------------------------------------------------fuokZpu {ks= ds lnL; dk fuokZpuA


eSa mDr fuokZpu ds fy, vH;FkhZ dk ukekadu djrk gaw %&

vH;FkhZ dk uke-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------firk ;k ifr dk uke----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Mkd irk------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- mldk uke xzke lHkk@iapk;r lfefr@ftyk
ifj"kn~------------------------------------------------ds------------------------------------------------fuokZpu {ks=------------------------------------------------------------------------------ds fy, fuokZpu ukekoyh esa
Øe la[;k------------------------------------ij ntZ gSA

esjk uke-----------------------------------------------------xzke lHkk@iapk;r lfefr@ftyk ifj"kn~ ds fuokZpu {ks=-----------------------------------------------


-
ds fy, fuokZpu ukekoyh esa Øe la[;k----------------ij ntZ gSA

rkjh[k---------------- izLFkkid dk uke vkSj gLrk{kjA

-------------------------------------------------------------------------
eSa mi;qZDr] vH;FkhZ] bl ukekadu ls vuqer gwa vkSj ,rn~}kjk ?kks"k.kk djrk
gwa fd‐&

¼d½ eSaus ---------------------------------------o"kZ dh vk;q iw.kZ dj yh gS(

¼[k½ eSa ?kks"k.kk djrk@djrh gwa fd eSaus jkT; ljdkj] uxjikfydk] xzke iapk;r] iapk;r lfefr]
ftyk ifj"kn~ ;k lgdkjh lkslkbZVh ls lEcfU/kr ;k mu }kjk ;k mudh vksj ls iV~Vs ij yh
xbZ vFkok vf/kx`ghr fdlh Hkwfe dk vfrØe.k ugha fd;k gS] vkSj fof/k ds v/khu fdlh vU;
fujgZrk ls Hkh xzLr ugha gwa(

¼x½ eSa vkxs ?kks"k.kk djrk gwa fd eSa--------------------------------------tkfr@tutkfr dk lnL; gwa tks vuqlwfpr
tkfr@tutkfr gSA
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¼?k½ eSaus fgekpy izn's k iapk;rh jkt ¼fuokZpu½ fu;e] 1994 ds fu;e 35 ¼2½ ds v/khu ;Fkk
visf{kr l{ke izkf/kdkjh }kjk lE;d~ :Ik ls tkjh fd;k x;k ^^izek.k&i=^^ layXu dj fn;k
gSA

¼³½ eSaus u rks dHkh Lokid inkFkZ dk mi;ksx d:axk@d:axh vkSj u ghs iksLr] vQhe vkSj xk¡ts
¼Hkkax½ dh [ksrh d:axk@d:axh rFkk vU;ksa dks Lokid inkFkZ dk mi;ksx u djus vkSj
iapk;r {ks= esa iksLr] vQhe vkSj xk¡ts ¼Hkkax½ dh [ksrh u djus ds fy, Hkh izsfjr
d:¡xk@d:¡xhA

rkjh[k------------------------- vH;FkhZ ds gLrk{kjA

¼fjVÉux vkWfQlj }kjk Hkjk tk,xk½

ukekadu i= dh Øe la[;k----------------------- ;g ukekadu i= eq>s-----------------------------------vH;FkhZ@izLFkkid }kjk---------------------------------


------------------------------------------------------------
¼LFkku½ ij------------------------¼le;½ ij------------------------¼rkjh[k½ dks ifjnŸk fd;k x;k FkkA

rkjh[k-------------------------------------
fjVÉux vkWfQljA

¼ukekadu i= dks eatwj ;k ukeatwj djus dk fjVÉux vkWfQlj dk fofu'p;½

eSaus fof/k ds vuqlkj ukekadu i= dh ijh{kk dj yh gS vkSj esjk fofu'p; fuEufyf[kr gS‐&
rkjh[k----------------------------------
fjVÉux vkWfQljA
mi;qZDr vH;FkhZ ds ukekadu i= dks u rks vLohd`r fd;k x;k gS] vkSj u gh mlus viuh
-------------------------------------------------------
vH;ÆFkrk okfil yh gS vkSj blfy, mls ¼izrhd dk uke½ ,rn~}kjk vkcafVr fd;k tkrk
gSA

rkjh[k-----------------------------
fjVÉux vkWfQljA

ukekadu i= ds fy, jlhn vkSj laoh{kk rFkk uke okil ysus dh lwpuk ¼uksfVl½

115
¼bl ukekadu i= ds izLrqr djus okys O;fDr dks lkSaik tk,xk½A

ukekadu i= dh Øe la[;k---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------
xzke lHkk ds--------------------------------------------fuokZpu {ks= ds lnL; ds fuokZpuA

xzke lHkk-------------------------------------------------------------ls iz/kku@mi iz/kku ds fuokZpuA

iapk;r lfefr---------------------------------------------ds ---------------------------------------------


fuokZpu {ks= ls lnL; ds fuokZpuA

ftyk ifj"kn~-------------------------------------------------ds---------------------------------------------------fuokZpu {ks= ls lnL; ds fuokZpuA

ds fy, vH;FkhZ ds ukekadu i= vH;FkhZ@izLFkkid }kjk eq>s-------------------------¼rkjh[k½---------------------¼le;½ ij esjs


--------------------------------------------------------------------
dk;kZy; esa ifjnŸk fd, x, FksA lHkh ukekadu i=ksa dh ¼LFkku½-------------------------
¼rkjh[k½--------------¼le;½ ij laoh{kk dh tk,xhA

vH;ÆFkrk-----------------------------------¼rkjh[k½------------------------------¼le;½ rd okfil yh tk ldsxhA vH;ÆFkrk okfil ysus


dss fy, fu;r le; ds volku ds rqjUr i”pkr~ izrhd vkcafVr fd;k tk ldsxkA

rkjh[k---------------------------------- fjVÉux vkWfQljA

*tks “kCn ykxw u gks mls dkV nsAa ^^A

116
iz:i 18&d
¼fu;e 35 ¼2½ ns[ks½a
¼vns; izek.k Ik=½

-------------------------------------------------------------------------xzke iapk;r@iapk;r lfefr@ftyk ifj’kn~ dk;kZy;-----------------------------

--------------------------------------ftyk----------------------------

Ikzekf.kr fd;k tkrk gS fd iapk;r vfHkys[k ds vuqlkj] Jh@Jhefr@dqekjh----------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------iq=@iq=h@iRuh Jh---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

---------------------fuoklh xzke iapk;r--------------------------------------------------xzke-----------------------------------------------Mkd?kj---------------------------

-----------------------fodkl [k.M-------------------------------------------ftyk----------------------------------------------------------------fgekpy inzs”k ls

iapk;r }kjk vf/kjksfir dj dk dksbZ cdk;k ;k lHkk] lfefr ;k ftyk ifj’kn~ dks ns; fdlh izdkj dk

cdk;k ;k izfr/kkfjr jde] tks lHkk] lfefr ;k ftyk ifj’kn fuf/k dk Hkkx gS] dh dksbZ jde ns; ugha gSA

lfpo
ftyk ifj’kn@iapk;r lfefr------------------

lfpo@lgk;d---------------------------
xzke iapk;r--------------------------------------
fodkl [k.M-------------------------------------
ftyk---------------------------------------------------

fVIi.kh%&xzke iapk;r }kjk tkjh izek.k i= dk;Zdkjh vf/kdkjh iapk;r lfefr }kjk izfrgLrk{kfjr
fd;k tk,xkA

** “tks ykxw u gks mls dkV nsAa

117
iz:i&19
¼fu;e 36 ns[ks½a

jkT; dh xzke iapk;r] iapk;r lfefr vkSj ftyk ifj"kn~ ds fuokZpu ds fy, vH;FkhZ }kjk yh tkus okyh
'kiFk ;k izfrKk dk iz:i

eSa---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------xzke iapk;r-----------------------------------------------------------------------@iapk;r lfefr----------------------------------------


ftyk ifj"kn~---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------esa Hkjs tkus okys LFkkuksa ds fy, ukekafdr fd;k x;k vH;FkhZ
ijekRek ds uke “kiFk ysrk gwa@lR; fu"Bk ls izfrKku djrk gwa fd eSa fof/k }kjk LFkkfir Hkkjr ds
lafo/kku ds izfr lPph J)k vkSj fu"Bk j[krk gwa fd vkSj eSa Hkkjr dh izHkqrk vkSj v[k.Mrk dks v{kq..k
j[kwx
a kA

vH;FkhZ ds gLrk{kjA

118