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Ristampe

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 N
2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010

ISBN 9780521138239

The authors and publishers are grateful to the following photographic sources and illustrators:

Action Plus p 57 Glyn Kirk; Alamy p 5 Chris Carroll, p 11 National Motoring Museum/Motoring
Picture Library/Volvo, p 14 tl Mary Evans Picture Library, p 14 imagebroker, p 18l Bettmann,
p 18r CinemaPhoto, p 19l Christian Liewig/Liewig Media Sports, p 21r Ted Spiegel,
p 26b Popperfoto, p 37t David Robertson, p 37br FAN travelstock, p 51 Rick Gayle Studio,
p 55r Hayley Madden/S.I.N., p 55l d/Profimedia International S.R.O.; Corbis p 7 Kristi J. Black,
p 30t Michael Boys/apple pancakes; Food Features p 30b Orange cheesecake; Getty Editorial
p 11 Robert Atanasovski/Maria Joao; Getty images p 12 Hulton Archive, p 19c Christof
Koepsel/Bongarts, p 19r Jeff Haynes/AFP, p 25 Alan Powdrill/Photonica, p 35 Pankaj & Insy
Shah/Gulfimages, p 37bl Gregory Kramer/The Image Bank; iStockphoto.com p37 Spanishalex;
Punchstock, p 36 UpperCut Images, p 41t BananaStock, p 44c Image Source (Paula); Rex Features
p 14 Patrick Frilet, p 15 Jon Plumb; Science & Society Picture Library p 21l Science Museum;
Shutterstock p 38 Steve Rosset; Stone p 11 David Roth/dad; The Image Bank p 11 Ryan
McVay/writer

Illustrated by Ferenc Bálint, Humberto Blanco, Mark Duffin, Kamae Design, Gillian Martin, Julian
Mosedale, Matthew Robson, Nick Schon, John Storey, Mark Watkinson,

While every effort has been made, it has not always been possible to identify the sources of all the
material used, or to contact the copyright holders. If any omissions are brought to our notice, we
will be happy to include the appropriate acknowledgements on reprinting.

Attività integrative: Kenneth Brodey


Coordinamento del progetto e redazione: Rebecca Raynes
Videoimpaginazione: Sara Blasigh
Progetto grafico: Sara Blasigh
Stampa: G. Canale & C. S.p.A, Borgaro (TO)
Contents
1 Present simple – Like + -ing – I like and I’d like 4
Have lunch – Daily routines 6
2 Present continuous – Adverbs of frequency – Expressions of frequency –
Pronouns 8
Housework 11
3 Was and were – There was, there were – Past simple: positive (regular verbs) –
Past simple: negative 12
Memory, remember, forget 16
4 Past simple irregular verbs: positive – Past simple irregular verbs: questions
and short answers 17
Sports 19
5 Have to – Possessive ’s – Possessive pronouns – Belong to … – Whose …? 20
Work and jobs 22
6 Countable and uncountable nouns – How much …? and How many ...? – Some and any –
A lot, not … much – A lot of 25
Food and cooking 29
7 Comparatives – Superlatives 32
Countries and languages 34
8 Present continuous for the future 36
Holidays – The world 37
9 Will – I expect, I hope 41
10 Too + adjective – Adjectives and adverbs 42
The weather 43
11 Be going to – Must, mustn’t – Have to, must, don’t have to, mustn’t 44
Phrasal verbs 48
12 If and when 49
Feelings 49
13 Should 51
Adjectives for expressing opinions 52
14 Present perfect – Present perfect vs past simple 53
Sleeping and waking 56

Useful extras!
Numbers – Days – Singular and plural – Asking for things –
Offers and suggestions – Questions words 57

Irregular verb list 64

3
Present simple 1
Affermativa Negativa

I, you, we, they drink. I, You, We, They don’t drink.

He, she, it drinks. He, She, It doesn’t drink.

Interrogativa Risposta breve

Do I, you, we, they drink? Yes, I, you, we, they do. No, I, you, we, they don’t.

Does he, she, it drink? Yes, he, she, it does. No, he, she, it doesn’t.

a Completa il testo con la forma corretta dei verbi.

My brother Rudi is German, but he 1 has (have) a Spanish wife, called Lucia. Rudi and Lucia 2 (live)
3 4
in Montreal, in Canada, and they (work) at the university. Lucia (teach) geography, and Rudi
5 6
(teach) German. They (speak) French at work, but at home they usually 7 (speak)
8 9
German. They (have) a 19-year-old daughter, Heidi, and a 10-year-old son, André. Heidi (study)
10 11
French and German at university. André (go) to an English school, and he (speak) Spanish,
German, French and English.

b Scrivi doesn’t + il verbo. Usa le parole nel riquadro.


1 My sister doesn’t work in Berlin. She works in Hamburg. go
2 My brother to school. He goes to university. have
3 He has two cats, but he a dog. live
play
4 She jeans to work. She wears a dress.
speak
5 He speaks English and French, but he German.
wear
6 Richard in New York. He lives in Washington. work
7 Ivan plays tennis, but he football.

c Formula domande. Poi abbinale alle risposte nel riquadro.


1 Where / penguins / live? Where do penguins live? d
a India and Africa.
2 What / Eric Clapton / play? b Italy.
3 Where / elephants / come from? c In the White House.
4 Where / Fiat cars / come from? d In Antarctica. 
5 What / Ronaldo / play? e The guitar.
f Football.
6 Where / the US President / live?

d Formula domande e risposte.


1 ‘My sister works in a hotel.’ ‘ Does she like it?’ ‘ No, she doesn’t . She says it’s very boring.’
2 ‘My parents are teachers.’ ‘ teach children?’ ‘ . They teach at the university.’
3 ‘I’m going to Bristol to see my brother.’ ‘ live there?’ ‘ . He studies at Bristol
University.’
4 ‘Miranda is a secretary.’ ‘ work in an office?’ ‘ . She works in a bookshop.’

4
Like + -ing 1
2
love I like London. I enjoy my work.
like + noun love living in London. making films.
don’t like + verb + -ing
hate I don’t like the winter. (I enjoy something. = I feel good when I do it.)
hate getting up in the winter.

Things I like …
I like big cities. I love living in London – I think it’s got a great atmosphere.
Things I don’t like …
I don’t like the winter much. I hate getting up early in the winter, when it’s still dark.
What about work?
I really enjoy my work. I enjoy making films, but I enjoy working in the theatre, too.

a Scrivi frasi con like, don’t like, love, hate o enjoy.


1 I drive to work, but I don’t like it. I don’t like driving to work.
2 I often sit in cafés. I love it.
3 Chocolate is wonderful!
4 I do the ironing, but I hate it.
5 I get up late on Saturdays. I like that.
6 I never drink milk. I don’t like it.
7 I cook. I really enjoy it!

b Scrivi frasi vere su di te. Usa le parole nel riquadro.


chocolate watch football dogs get up early hot weather cook be ill dance

I like and I’d like


3
I like coffee. I’d like some coffee. I’d like = I would like
I like drinking coffee. I’d like to have some coffee.
(= I think coffee is nice.) (= I want some coffee.)
– Do you like coffee? – Would you like some coffee?
– Yes, I do. – No, I don’t. – Yes, please. – No, thank you.

a Cerchia la forma corretta.


1 I like / I’d like a cup of coffee, please. 4 They like walk / walking in the mountains.
2 He likes / He’d like books – he reads a lot. 5 I like / I’d like to get a new television.
3 ‘Do you like / Would you like a drink?’ 6 Do you like / Would you like swimming?
‘Not now, thanks.’ 7 I’d like to pay / paying the bill, please.

5
Have lunch … 1
4
breakfast At the Plaza Hotel, you can …
doesn’t/don’t have lunch
dinner
PLAZA HOTEL … have breakfast from 7.00 to 9.00
in the morning.
Meals
… have lunch from 12.00 to 2.00.
Breakfast 7.00–9.00
Lunch 12.00–2.00 … have dinner from 7.30 to 9.30
Dinner 7.30–9.30 in the evening.

a Completa le frasi. Usa have breakfast, have lunch o have dinner.


1 I have breakfast at 7.00 in the morning.
2 On Sunday evening, I with my parents.
3 I on Saturdays because I sleep until 12.00!
4 I finish work at 1.00, then I in a café.
5 We at about 9.00 in the evening.
6 He at school. He comes home and at 1.00.
7 I at work at about 12.30.
8 You can at the Costa Café from 6.00 in the morning.
9 ‘ (you) at school?’ ‘Yes, I .’

5
have + meals have + food/drink
a meal a sandwich
breakfast a pizza
have have have a meal have an ice cream
lunch a burger
has has
dinner an ice cream
have a cup of coffee
a snack a cup of coffee

b Completa le frasi.
1 I have a cup of coffee at Castro’s.
2 We go to La Bodega to .
3 Maria at Miller’s.
4 We go to Café Dolce and .
5 He at home. He always goes to Jo’s café.
6 I meet my friends at Mamma’s and we .

MILLER’S La Bodega
JO’S
Best burgers
Breakfast in town! Business Lunch
only 5.20 12.00–2.00
wv w
Mamma’s PIZZAS
CAFÉ CASTRO’S
DOLCE for ice cream

COFFEE HOUSE
*
Pizza Napoli ...
Pizza Romana …

6
Daily routines 1
a Osserva le immagini.

6
wake up get up breakfast go to work start
work
go to sleep go to bed have lunch get home finish
dinner

He wakes up gets up has breakfast goes starts


to work work
has
lunch

goes to goes has gets finishes


sleep to bed dinner home work

b Leggi il testo su Ingrid Braun e completa le frasi.

Ingrid gets up at 3.30 in the morning,


and works from 4.30 to 11.30.
A DAY IN
THE
LIFE OF …
She has breakfast at work, and
she has lunch at home.

INGRID BRAUN
a baker from Frankfurt,
She goes to bed at 7.00, and
Germany
sleeps eight hours every night.

1 at 3.20. 7 at 12.00.
2 She gets up at 3.30. 8 She has lunch at 1.00.
3 at 4.00. 9 at 6.00.
4 at 4.30. 10 at 7.00.
5 She has breakfast at 6.00. 11 at 7.20.
6 at 11.30.

c Leggi gli esempi e scrivi frasi su di te e la tua famiglia. I get up at 7.30.

My brother gets up at 8.00.

I go to work at 8.00, and start


work at 9.00.

We have dinner at about 6.30.

7
Present continuous 2
7
Affermativa Negativa Interrogativa Risposta breve
I’m I’m not Am I, I am.
He’s, She’s, It’s working. He isn’t, He’s not working. Is he, she, it working? Yes, he, she, it is.
We’re, You’re, They’re We aren’t, We’re not Are, you, we, they you, we, they are.
I’m not.
Si usa il present continuous per parlare di: No, he, she, it isn’t.
you, we, they aren’t.
1 cose che accadono ora
(She’s sitting on the balcony now – you can see her.) ... No, it’s OK. I’m not working at the
2 cose che accadono in un periodo di tempo moment. I’m sitting on the balcony
presente non definito and I’m having a cup of coffee ...
(She’s studying a lot – but not exactly now.)
... John’s working a lot in the
at the moment = now or around now evenings and I’m studying for my
exams, so we aren’t going out very
much at the moment ...

a Leggi le frasi e annota se le azioni accadono proprio ora (O) o in un periodo di tempo non ben definito. (ND).
1 ND I’m reading a lot. 5 We’re spending too much money.
2 They’re watching TV at the moment. 6 It isn’t raining.
3 He’s waiting at the bus stop. 7 She’s working very hard at college.
4 You aren’t getting enough exercise. 8 You aren’t listening!

b Che cosa stanno facendo le persone ora? Completa le frasi. Usa il present continuous e le parole nel riquadro.
1 She’s a travel writer. At the moment, she’s writing a book about Vietnam. design
2 I usually drive to work, but this week the bus. paint
read
3 I love Agatha Christie. Murder on the Nile at the moment.
take
4 They go away a lot. At the moment around Asia.
travel
5 He’s an architect. At the moment, a new airport. write
6 We’re doing a lot of work in the house. At the moment, the living room.

c Completa le frasi con il present continuous o il present simple secondo il contesto. Usa i verbi fra parentesi.

1 We usually have dinner with our 6 A: How many languages (you/speak)?


grandmother on Thursday. But this Thursday B: I (speak) two languages: English and
we ’re having dinner at home. Italian. I (study) French too at the
2 Look, it (rain)! Now, we can’t go to the moment.
beach. 7 I (not/like) our chemistry teacher.
3 A: What (Tony/do)? She (give) us too much homework.
B: He (watch) TV with his girlfriend. 8 I (not/understand) this physics problem.
4 A: Where (you/go)? 9 A: Why is there a cake on the table?
B: I (go) to a football game with some friends. B: We (celebrate) Kurt’s birthday.
A: Really? But you (hate) football. 10 A: Jimmy (work) in an expensive
B: That’s true, but I (love) going out with restaurant. He (cook) wonderful
friends. dinners.
5 A: What time (you/start) classes? B: What (do) in your kitchen now?
B: We usualy (start) classes at 8, but A: He (put) a frozen pizza in the oven.
today we (start) at 9.

8
Adverbs of frequency 2
8
HARDLY EVER SOMETIMES NEARLY ALWAYS
0% 100%
NEVER SELDOM/RARELY USUALLY ALWAYS

Gli avverbi di frequenza si mettono solitamente prima del verbo principale:

always always
get to work on time. on time.
I usually I’m usually I don’t usually arrive late. I’m not usually late.
arrive late. late.
hardly ever hardly ever

I usually get to work on time. I


Yes, I always get to work on
sometimes arrive a few minutes
Do you get to time. I arrive at 7.45 and start
late, if there’s a lot of traffic.
work on time? work at 8.00 – I’m never late.
I’m not usually late for work.
I’m hardly ever late for work
We start work at 9.00, and I
– maybe once or twice a year.
nearly always get there by 8.45.

a Riscrivi le frasi riferendoti a te e usando gli avverbi di frequenza.


1 I get up early. I always get up early.
I’m not usually tired in
2 I’m tired in the morning. the morning.
3 I leave the house at 7.30.
4 I’m late for work.
5 I have a big lunch.
6 I go to bed early.
7 I’m asleep by 10.30.

Expressions of frequency
9
From Gran Canaria …
once a day (once = × 1)
… there’s a ferry to La Palma once a week.
twice a week (twice = × 2)
three times a month … there’s a plane to La Gomera twice a day.
(three times = × 3)
four times a year … there’s a ferry to Tenerife three times a week.
(four times = × 4)
… there’s a plane to La Palma four times a day.

La Palma
Binter Canarias
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun Tenerife Gran Canaria dep
from Gran La Gomera 0730
Canaria to 1430

La Palma – – – 0730 – – – 0720


La Gomera La Palma
0930
Gran Canaria 1930
Tenerife 0830 – 0830 – – 0800 –
2000

a Riscrivi le frasi sostituendo le parole in corsivo.


1 He phones on Monday and Saturday. twice a week
2 They take their dog for a walk before breakfast and in the evening.
3 You can see the news at 9.00, 12.00, 5.00 and 10.00.
4 There’s a Directors’ meeting in April, August and December.
5 I have a music lesson every Monday.
6 Buses come at 11.00 am. and 4.30 pm.
9
Every 2
10 She plays tennis She runs a And she goes
Mona is very fit. She goes to the
She walks to gym every two every weekend. marathon every skiing every day
every weekend
work every day. days. three months. year.
year

two days
every
three months

(every day = Sunday,


Monday, Tuesday …)
(every two days = Sunday,
Tuesday, Thursday …)
(every three months =
January, April, July …)

b Completa le frasi. Usa every e un’espressione nel riquadro.

morning 2 hours summer 4 years month 76 years

1 They go camping every summer . 4 I pay my phone bill .


2 There’s a train to Paris . 5 He takes his dog for a walk .
3 Halley’s Comet comes . 6 They have a new president .

c Che cosa vogliono dire queste sequenze? Scrivi frasi usando every.
1 10.00, 10.10, 10.20, 10.30 ... = every ten minutes
2 Monday, Thursday, Sunday ... =
3 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006 ... =
4 Sunday 7th, Sunday 14th, Sunday 21st … =
5 8.00 am, 12.00, 4.00 pm, 8.00 pm ... =
6 1800, 1850, 1900, 1950, 2000 ... =

From time to time


11
from time to time ⎫ They live in Australia, so I never We don’t go out very
(every) now and then ⎬ = sometimes, but not often see them, but they send me often, but we go to a
occasionally ⎭ emails from time to time. concert (every) now
and then.
Queste frasi si possono mettere all’inizio o alla fine
della frase. I hardly ever watch TV.
Occasionally I watch the
news, but that’s all.

d Completa le frasi. Usa un avverbio di frequenza e un’espressione nel riquadro.


stir it with a spoon I go swimming it rains we meet for coffee I go by car I watch DVDs

1 It’s usually dry in Spain in July, but 4 I don’t do much exercise, but
it rains now and then . .
2 I hardly ever go to the cinema, but 5 You can leave it to cook for an hour, but
. .
3 I don’t see her very often, but 6 I usually cycle to work, but
. .

10
Pronouns 2

Pronomi personali I you he she it we you they

Pronomi oggetto me you him her it us you them

a Completa le frasi. Usa le parole nel riquadro.


them her he it she him me they

Writer Julia Peterson talks about …


… AND PEOPLE SHE LIK
… THINGS SHE LIKES … ES …
1 My car. It ’s an old Volvo. 3 The singer Maria João. I like

I go to work in every a lot. ’s a

day. ’s about 35 years beautiful singer.

old.

2 My earrings. I wear 4 My father. lives in

every day. ’re quite England, but I call

cheap, but I like ! every night. And often


visits in New York.

Housework
12
I wash the wash up
I do the washing do the washing up =
clothes every wash the dishes
every Monday. do the cooking = cook the meals
Monday.
NOT do the ironing = iron the clothes
I do the washing the clothes. do the cleaning = clean the house
do the shopping = buy food
do the gardening = work in the garden
do the housework = cook + clean + wash …

a Cinque amici vivono insieme: Ed, Alex, Bill, Chris


e David. Leggi il testo e scrivi chi non sta facendo Ed: This is a wonderful meal, Alex. What about you, David?
i lavori domestici oggi. Who’s doing the washing up? David: I’m buying the food and I’m
Bill: Not me. washing the clothes.
Chris: Well, I’m cleaning the Bill: Well, I’m ironing the sheets.
kitchen – and the bathroom. What about you, Ed, …?

b Ora scrivi frasi usando le parole nel riquadro.


 washing
1 David is doing the washing. 4 washing up
2 5 cleaning
the
3 6 ironing
shopping
cooking
c Chi svolge di solito i lavori domestici a casa tua? Scrivi due o tre frasi.

I usually do the gardening.


My brother usually does
the shopping, but my
mother always does the
cooking.

11
Was and were 3
13
Affermativa Negativa
I, he, she, it was I, he, she, it wasn’t
you, we, they were you, we, they weren’t
Interrogativa Risposta breve
Was I, he, she, it … ? Yes, I, he, she, it was.
No, I, he, she, it wasn’t.
Were you, we, they … ? Yes, you, we, they were.
No, you, we, they weren’t.

Here’s a photo of us in the 1950s.


We were very young – I was about
21, and Mary was only 19. Of
course, we weren’t married then.
Life wasn’t easy in those days …

a Leggi le frasi che dice l’uomo e aggiungi was o were dove è necessario.
was was
1 I a student, and Mary a nurse in London.
2 Mary’s parents shop assistants. They quite poor.
3 I in a flat with six other people. They all students too.
4 All the rooms very small, and the flat always cold.

b Correggi gli errori. Usa wasn’t o weren’t.


1 Tolstoy, the Russian artist He wasn’t an artist. He was a writer.

2 the Mexican band, The Beatles They

3 the famous writer, Pablo Picasso


4 Marlon Brando, the Greek actor

5 the Chinese leaders, Lenin and Stalin

6 the Brazilian tennis-player, Pelé

Yes/No questions
14
Interrogativa Risposta breve
Was the Yes, it
I Yes, I was. water was.
Was warm?
he, she, it …? No, he, she, it wasn’t.

we Yes, we were. Were the No, they


Were you …? you beaches weren’t.
they No, they weren’t. crowded?

12
c Formula domande con Was …? e Were …? Poi rispondi. 3
1 Was the weather good 4
? ?
(weather) (the rooms)

Yes, it was. Yes. It was Yes. Very clean.


really sunny.

2 5
? ?
(the people) (the restaurants)

No, not very No. They were


friendly. quite expensive.

3 6
? ?
(the hotel) (the food)

Yes. It was a very Yes. It was very


comfortable hotel. good.

Wh- questions
15
When was Where was it? How much were
50,000 AT the concert? the tickets?
‘PEOPLE’S
CONCERT’ On Saturday. In London. They were £1 each.

d Formula domande con was e were. Usa le espressioni nel riquadro.

How ...? How much ...? How old ...?  What ... like? What time ...? Where ...?

1 – I was at Nick’s party last night. 4 – I called last night, but you weren’t
– What was it like ? at home. ?
– It was very good. – I was at the cinema.
2 – Her grandfather died last year. 5 – Do you like my new shoes?
– Really? ? – Yes. ?
– He was about 75, I think. – They weren’t very expensive. About £40.
3 – I visited my parents last weekend. 6 – The meeting wasn’t at 10.30.
– ? – Oh? ?
– They were fine. – It was at 9.30.

Translate into Italian


The water was clean, but it wasn’t very warm.

Were the restaurants good?

What was the weather like?

13
There was, there were 3
16
Affermativa Negativa Interrogativa Risposta breve
There was There wasn’t Was there … ? Yes, there was / there were.
There were There weren’t Were there … ? No, there wasn’t / there weren’t.
Dubai is a large, modern city. But in 1900, it was very different. There was a harbour, and there were a Ther
lot of fishing boats. But there wasn’t an airport, and there weren’t even any schools.

The harbour at Dubai, 1900 Dubai, 2000

a Completa il testo con there was o there were.


The photo shows Dodgetown, Wyoming, in 1865. In Dodgetown, 1 there was
a railway station, 2 four shops and 3 a bank. 4
lots of horses, of course, but 5 any cars. It was quite hot in summer:
6 7
any swimming pools, but a large lake near the town.
8
And of course any electricity!

b Aggiungi i verbi mancanti nella forma corretta.


were was There wasn’t
1 When we young our house always cold. any central heating.

2 In 1985, one computer in our office. By 2005, twenty-five.

3 only three people at the meeting. All the others busy.

4 In the 1990s, lots of good bands, but Nirvana and REM the best.

5 I remember my grandmother’s house. It quite big: five bedrooms, but a bathroom – and the toilet outside
in the garden.

Was there …? Were there …?


17
– Were there any cars – Were there any mobile – Was there a shower – Was there a toilet?
when you were young? phones? in the house? – Yes, there was.
– Yes, there were. – No, there weren’t. – No, there wasn’t.

c Completa le domande. Indovina e scrivi le risposte della signora.


1 – Were there any dishwashers? 4 – a radio in the house?
– No, there weren’t. –
2 – any electricity? 5 – a washing machine?
– –
3 – any computer games? 6 – any lights?
– –

14
Past simple: positive (regular verbs) 3
Affermativa
I, you, he, she it, you, we, they jumped.

travelled. 1
Alcuni verbi raddoppiano la consonante
stopped.

a Scrivi il past simple di questi verbi regulari.


1 love loved 6 plan 11 carry
2 try tried 7 talk 12 cry
3 stop stopped 8 cook 13 rob
4 travel 9 study 14 kiss
5 smile 10 play 15 hug

b Leggi l’ articolo di giornale. Poi completa le frasi con un verbo nel riquadro.

jump  travel arrive decide wait stop

1200km BY FREIGHT TRAIN


18

Last weekend a 14-year- old boy 1 travelled over 1000 kilometres to see his uncle
– by freight train.
The boy, Miles Jackson, lives in the small town of Westville, near Chicago, and
he often watches the freight trains go by on their way to the east coast.
Last Saturday, he 2 to take a train to visit his uncle in Boston – 1,200
kilometres away.
‘It was easy. I just 3 for a train, and when it 4 ,I
5
on in the middle. The next morning, we 5 in Boston.’

c Ora ascolta e controlla le tue risposte.

d Completa le frasi. Coniuga i verbi tra parentesi al past simple (* = raddoppia la lettera!).
1 We stayed (stay) at home last night and (play) cards until 11.00.
2 She (live) all her life in London, and (die) there in 1910.
3 At 6.00, we (turn) the radio on and (listen) to the news.
4 I (wash) my face, (clean) my teeth and (brush) my hair.
5 She (slip*) on the steps and (drop*) her shopping bag.
6 I (phone) this morning, but nobody (answer).
7 The club (open) last April, but it (close) again a few months later.
8 Bradley (push) Makkinen, Makkinen (drop*) the ball, and Barossa
(kick) it into the goal.
9 We (chat*) for more than an hour. Most of the time, he (talk) and I
(listen).
10 He (type) ‘Dear Sir’, then he (stop*). ‘What shall I write next?’ he (ask).

15
Past simple: negative 3
19
Negativa We visited Buckingham Palace, but we didn’t go
I, you, he, she it, you, we, they didn’t jump. to Trafalgar Square. And we didn’t visit the
British Museum – the children didn’t want to go
there. They wanted to go to the Zoo, but we
didn’t have time for that. We went on the
London Eye instead, and had a fantastic view of
the whole city – and then it was time to leave. So
we didn’t do very much, but we had a good time.

a Completa le frasi. Usa la forma negativa e le parole nel riquadro. have


1 We didn’t visit St Paul’s Cathedral. It was too far away. see
2 We went to the shops in Oxford Street, but we anything. rain
buy
3 We lunch, so the children got really hungry.
take
4 We stood outside Buckingham Palace, but we the Queen. visit
5 We had a camera with us, but we many photos.
6 The weather was very good. It all day.

b Pensa a una città che hai visitato. Scrivi due cose che hai fatto e due cose che non hai PRAGUE
fatto. I saw Wenceslas Square.
I didn’t go on a river boat.

Memory, remember, forget


20
Do you remember …? Do you Yes, I remember. What’s your Er … sorry. I can’t
remember We stayed at the room number? remember … No,
I remember our first holiday Plaza Hotel in I’ve forgotten.
I don’t remember together? Madrid – Room 63.
I can’t remember

I forget
I forgot

a good
memory
a bad He’s got a good memory. (= He remembers She’s got a bad memory. (= She doesn’t
things. He doesn’t forget things.) remember things. She forgets things.)

a Completa le frasi.
1 Do you remember me? We met two years ago at a party.
2 My mother is 87, but she’s got a very good . She always her grandchildren’s
birthdays.
3 I to phone them yesterday. I must to phone this evening.
4 – Do you the name of that film we saw last month?
– No. I the film, but I what it was called.
5 I’ve got a terrible – I can’t where I parked the car this morning!

16
Past simple irregular verbs: positive 4
21
Leggi l’articolo. È una continuazione dell’articolo a pagina 15.
I verbi sottolineati sono verbi irregolari al past simple: non si Before he left, Miles was quite warm. I
aggiunge -ed al verbo ma cambiano completamente. Jackson bought two slept most of the time.’
bars of chocolate for In Boston, he got off
Verb Past simple
the journey, and he the train and went
leave left also took a bottle of straight to his uncle’s
buy bought water. house. ‘He was really
take I took ‘I had a warm coat,’ he surprised to see me,’
have He, She had told reporters, ‘so I said Miles.
tell They told
sleep We slept
get got
go went
say said

a Scrivi il past simple dei seguenti verbi. Se non li sai vai a pagina 64.
1 come c_ a
_- me
__ 5 drive _ _ _ _ _ 9 make ____ 13 hear _____
2 drink _____ 6 give ____ 10 read ____ 14 see ___
3 eat ___ 7 ring ____ 11 do ___ 15 put ___
4 write _____ 8 find _____ 12 sit ___ 16 get ___

b Completa i testi con la forma corretta dei verbi nel riquadro.


1 went
I into the café, a table in the corner, and down. After a few
sit come say
minutes, the waitress over to my table. ‘Sorry,’ she , ‘but you can’t sit here.’
go find

2
It was Boris’s big day. He up at 6.00, a shower and on his best go put get
suit and a white shirt. He into the kitchen, quickly a piece of bread and butter, leave drink
eat have
some coffee, and the flat.

3
At about 2.30, a man and a woman out of the house. The man something on a piece read put get
come write
of paper and it to the woman. The woman it quickly, then it in her
drive give
pocket. Then she into a black car and away.

4 ‘After dinner, I the washing up and some coffee, and then


ring do see
I a noise in the living room. I in and a body on hear make go
the floor – and then I the police.’

Translate into Italian


We left London at 6.00 and arrived home at 7.30.

They went out and saw a film ...

... and I stayed at home and watched TV.

17
Past simple irregular verbs: 4
questions and short answers
Did you go to...?
22
Interrogativa Did you go to
Did you visit
Did I, you, he, she it, you, we, they jump? Buckingham Palace? Trafalgar Square?

Risposta breve No, we didn’t.


Yes, we did.
Yes, I, you, he, she it, you, we, they did.

No, I, you, he, she it, you, we, they didn’t.

a Completa le domande. Poi scrivi una risposta negativa e una risposta affermativa.
1 – Did you see Nelson’s Column? – Yes, we did. / No, we didn’t.
2 – to Oxford Street? –
3 – any clothes? –
4 – to the theatre? –
5 – the pandas in London Zoo? –
6 – a good time? –

Where did he grow up?


23
Alfred Hitchcock (1899–1980) Where did Alfred
Alfred Hitchcock grew up in London, and studied Hitchcock grow up?

engineering at university.
In London.
He made his first film in 1925.
He moved to the USA in 1939, and in 1955 he became a US citizen.
When did he make
He made Psycho (his most famous film) in 1960.
his first film?
He directed over 50 films, but he never won an Oscar.
He died in Los Angeles in 1980. In 1925.

b Leggi il testo su Alfred Hitchcock. Poi formula altre domande su di lui.


1 How many films did he direct ? Over 50. 4 ? In 1939.
2 ? In 1960. 5 ? In Los Angeles.
3 ? Engineering. 6 ? None!

Translate into Italian


Did he win an Oscar?

Did you visit the British Museum?

When did they move to England?

18
Sports 4
24
1 2 3 4
I like watching sport on
TV. I often watch football,
tennis and athletics, and
I sometimes watch
snooker and horse- 5 6 7 8
racing. I don’t watch
basketball or boxing,
though – I don’t like them.
I never watch ice-hockey,
but people say it’s 9 10 11 12
interesting.

a Leggi il testo e abbina le immagini alle frasi.


1 The man often watches these: 6 , , 3 He sometimes watches these: ,
2 He doesn’t watch these: , 4 He never watches this:

Abbina questi sport con le altre immagini.


5 11 wrestling 6 table tennis 7 swimming 8 motor-racing

b Scrivi frasi vere su di te.


1 I often watch .
2 I sometimes watch .
3 I don’t watch .

Sportsmen and sportswomen


c Riconosci questi atleti?

Thierry Henry, Wang Hao, Chinese Catherine Ndereba,


French footballer table tennis player Kenyan athlete

d Scrivi le parole nel riquadro nella colonna giusta.

+ -er + player others skier The best-known


footballer table tennis player athlete cyclist footballer in England
basketball player is David Beckham.
skier
tennis player
swimmer The most famous
cyclist in the USA is
boxer
Lance Armstrong.
racing driver

19
Have to 5
25
Affermativa Negativa
I, you, we, they have to I, you, we, they don’t have to
he, she it has to he, she it doesn’t have to
Interrogativa Risposta breve
Do I, you, you, we, they have to? Yes, I, you, we, they do. No, I, you, we, they don’t.
Does he, she it have to? Yes, he, she, it does. No, he, she, it doesn’t.

With Digiview, you With Satview, you


DIGIVIEW SATVIEW
have to buy a don’t have to pay
35 FREE TV receiver, but you
Get a FREE Satview
for the receiver, but
CHANNELS! don’t have to pay
digital receiver!
you have to pay for
Buy our Digiview for the TV channels. the TV channels.
digital receiver

50 TV channels
for only £20 a month!
for only £80!

a Leggi la pubblicità.
Are you on the Internet?
b Completa il testo. Usa have to o don’t have to. Do your shopping at
home with
I like shopping on the Internet. You 1 don’t have to drive to the supermarket,
you 2 park the car, and you 3 bring the shopping SAVECO Online
home. You just buy it online, and wait for the delivery. Of course, you SAVEC
O
4
have a computer, and you 5 be at home when the
food arrives, but you 6 pay for the delivery – it’s free. We deliver the food to your
door – free!

Possessive ’s
26
Kimiko’s husband is
French. AN INTERNATIONAL FAMILY
Her husband’s
name is Michel.
Michel’s father is a
K imiko is Japanese, but her
husband Michel is French.
Michel is the son of film star Paul
film star. Leblanc. They live in a large house
in Nice.

a Completa le frasi usando le parole nel riquadro.


Kimiko Her brother Nina Ami
Kimiko’s ‘I have a sister, Ami, and a brother, Izo,’ says
1 sister is married. Kimiko. ‘My sister is married to a German doctor.
2 husband is German. They live in Frankfurt.
‘My brother lives in the USA. He has a house in
3 brother lives in the USA. Chicago. He isn’t married, but he has a girlfriend
4 name is Izo. called Nina. Her father is Italian, but her mother
is Brazilian.’
5 house is in Chicago.
6 mother is Brazilian.

20
Possessive pronouns 5
27
Aggettivi possessivi Pronomi possessivi

my mine.
your yours.
his mobile. his.
It’s her case. It’s hers.
They’re our They’re ours. yours, hers, ours, theirs
passport.
NOT
their theirs.
your’s, her’s, our’s, their’s
John’s John’s.

Is that No, it isn’t mine. OK. I’ve got our Don’t Oh, that isn’t
your mobile? I think it’s yours. passports, but I forget ours. I expect
can’t find John’s. your it’s hers.
suitcase.

a Riscrivi le frasi sostituendo le parole in corsivo con un pronome possessivo.


1 – Could I have my drink, please?
– Which is your drink, the tea or the coffee? Which is yours?
– Oh, the coffee is my drink …
… The tea is Maria’s drink.
2 They have two cars. The Honda is his car …
… and the VW is her car.
3 – I think their flat is better than our flat.
– Really? Our flat is bigger.
– Yes, but their flat is nearer the centre.

Belong to
28

This telescope once belonged This island belongs to the These jewels belong to the
to Isaac Newton. Onassis family. Queen of Britain.
(= it was Isaac Newton’s) (= it’s the Onassis family’s) (= they’re the Queen’s)

a Scrivi frasi con la forma giusta di belong to.

1 4
2 3

1 It belonged to Abraham Lincoln. 3


2 4

21
Whose ...? 5
29
is this? La coppia ha avuto ospiti per il fine settimana. Quando se ne sono andati gli ospiti
Whose … non hanno portato tutto via con loro … Leggi che cosa dicono.
are these?

does this Whose scarf Whose gloves


Who … belong to?
do these is this? are these?

Who does this Who do these


coat belong to? boots belong to?

a Formula domande con Whose …? o Who … ?


book
1 – Whose tie is this? or Who does this tie belong to?
earrings tie
– It’s Colin’s. He wear ties.
2 – ? or ?
– They’re probably Jan’s. He smokes.
3 – ? or ?
ring
– They’re Alice’s. She wore them last night.
cigars key
4 – ? or ?
– Angus’s. He speaks Italian.
5 – ? or ?
– It’s probably Matt’s. He drives a VW.
6 – ? or ?
– It’s Oliver’s.

Work and jobs


30

an office a hotel a restaurant a hospital a shop a school

a Osserva le persone nelle immagini. Poi completa le frasi.


1 5
1 She’s a secretary. She works in an office.
2 He’s a waiter. He works in a restaurant. secretary nurse
3 He’s a receptionist. He 2 6
4 She’s a teacher. She
5 She’s a nurse. She waiter shop assistant
6 He’s a shop assistant. He 3 7
7 She’s a waitress. She
8 He’s a doctor. He receptionist waitress
4 8

teacher doctor

22
5
b Osserva i cartelli e scrivi i lavori. 3

M
PARK HOTEL
1 2 5
OFFICE BANGKOK 4 6
Thai Restaurant
FULLERS HILL ROAD
The Bookshop Secondary School

1 secretary 4 ,
2 , 5
3 6

31
Per parlare di lavori possiamo usare
– un sostantivo per dire che cosa si è: I’m a nurse. NOT I’m nurse.
– un verbo per dire che cosa si fa: I work at St. Peter’s House. I look after old people.

1 2 3 4 1 nurse 7 pilot
2 factory worker 8 farmer
3 lorry driver 9 actor
5 6 7 8
4 mechanic 10 manager
5 cleaner 11 journalist
9 10 11 12 6 postman/woman 12 architect

c Abbina i lavori nel riquadro alle descrizioni.


1 11 I write for The Times newspaper. 7 I clean hotel bedrooms.
2 I deliver letters. 8 I work for Air France.
3 I do a lot of work for television. 9 I deliver furniture around Europe.
4 I design office buildings and shops. 10 I work in a garage.
5 I make parts for washing machines. 11 I grow rice.
6 I run a small business. 12 I work in a hospital.

d Completa le frasi. Usa i verbi e le frasi dell’esercizio c.


1 He’s a gardener. He looks after the gardens round the hospital.
2 She’s a writer. She stories for children.
3 She’s a hotel manager. She a large hotel in Singapore.
4 I’m a clothes designer. I my own clothes, and I also Calvin Klein.
5 He’s a bank manager. He the Bank of Saudi Arabia.
6 She’s a computer programmer. She computer games.
7 She’s a farmer. She grapes, peaches and apricots.
8 He’s a factory worker. He brakes for racing and mountain bikes.
9 They’re cleaners. They bowling alleys and video arcades.
10 She’s a sports journalist. She articles about rugby and cricket.
11 He’s an actor. He for a theatre in the centre of Milan.
12 She’s a manager. She a large chemical company in Germany.

23
Good and bad jobs 5
32
interesting. It’s It’s not a very It’s a very easy job, It’s hard work, but
It’s hard work. interesting job. It’s but I don’t earn it’s very interesting,
well paid. It isn’t
It isn’t quite difficult, but much, and I work and I earn a lot of
difficult.
it’s quite well paid. very long hours. money.
I earn a lot (of money).
I don’t earn much (money).
I (don’t) work long hours.

e Abbina i lavori nel riquadro alle descrizioni.


a hairdresser b gardener c film actor d factory worker

1 It’s a very boring job, I have to work long hours, and it isn’t very well paid.
2 It’s an interesting job, I travel a lot and I earn a lot of money.
3 I don’t earn very much, and it’s hard work, but I enjoy being outside.
4 I work quite long hours, but I meet new people all the time, so it’s quite an interesting job.

f Immagina un lavoro e descrivilo.

I’m looking for a job


33
look for ... apply for … get/find … She had a good job in a TV I’m bored. I think I’m going to
company. Unfortunately, the leave this job and get a new one.
company closed, and 85 people
a job
lost their jobs. I’m unemployed at the
moment, but I’ve applied for a
job, and I’m going for an
have (got) … leave … lose …
interview next Monday.
If you’re unemployed,
He’s still looking for a job.
you haven’t got a job. My father’s 64 – he’s going
I hope he finds one soon.
to retire next year.
retire = stop working

g Leggi la storia. Poi completa il testo con le parole nel riquadro.


find unemployed
He left school when he was 16, and started to 1 look for a job. He 2 a found retired
3 got interviews
job washing up in a hotel kitchen. He didn’t like hotel work, so he his job
got applied for
4
and a job in a factory. A year later the factory closed down and he left  look for
5
his job. Unfortunately, he couldn’t 6 another job. He lost
7 8
lots of jobs, and went for several , but nobody wanted him, and he was 9
for two years. In the end, he 10 a job in a hospital, and worked there for the next 40 years. He
11
two years ago, when he was 65.

Translate into Italian


He’s a lorry driver, and his son is a hairdresser.

It’s not a very interesting job, but it’s well paid.

She lost her job, but she soon found a new one.

24
If and when 12
69
OK. If I’m free tonight, I’ll call you. OK. I’ll call you when I get home. Dopo if e when si usa il present simple:

If I’m free,
I’ll call you.
When I get home,

or
if I’m free.
I’ll call you
when I get home.
(if = this might happen, or it (when = I know this will happen.)
NOT if I will be free
might not. I don’t know.)
when I’ll get home

a Completa le frasi con if o when.


1 I’ll tell him when he comes home. 4 you leave me, I’ll be sad.
2 she arrives, she’ll probably be quite tired. 5 I’ll turn off the TV the programme finishes.
3 you don’t stir it, it’ll burn! 6 it doesn’t rain, we’ll probably go for a walk.

b Completa le frasi della email. Hi Jan and Peta,


It’ll be great to see you tomorrow.

1 If you leave early , the journey will only take 2 or 3 hours. (you / leave early)
2 When , you’ll see a factory on your left. (you / leave the motorway)
3 We might not be at home . (you / arrive)
4 , we’ll leave a key under the mat. (we / be out)
5 We’ll tell you all our news ! (we / see you)
6 , we’ll have dinner by the river. (the weather / be nice)
See you tomorrow – Paul

Feelings
70
She’s very quiet.
She doesn’t say much. clever.
She’s quite
intelligent.
He’s very friendly. He always She learns things very
smiles and says ‘Hello.’ quickly.

She’s very hard-working. She


comes to work early, goes He’s very lazy. He never
home late, and often doesn’t does any work.
stop for lunch.

He’s really nervous when She’s very unfriendly.


he meets new people. She never says ‘Hello’.

a Scrivi frasi per descrivere queste persone.

1 She often talks to people on the bus. 4 He doesn’t like big parties.

2 She never smiles at anyone. 5 She knows what e = mc2 means.

3 He gets up at 12.00 on Saturdays. 6 He often works 11 or 12 hours a day.

49
12
71
am/is/are happy I felt quite sad when the My daughter’s very excited
Present feel sad President died. I thought about going to Mexico, but
he was a good leader. I’m a bit worried about her. I
was/were happy hope she’s going to be all right.
Past felt sad
‘I’m very happy that
you’re getting Chelsea lost 3–1 to AC Milan last
married,’ she said. night. ‘We’re very disappointed’,
the manager said.
The film was much too
long. I was really bored. At a factory in London, 6,000
workers will lose their jobs. ‘We
feel really angry about it’, said
I think I’ll pass my
one of the workers.
English exam
tomorrow, but I
feel a bit nervous. I was very frightened when I
heard a strange noise in the
night, but I tried to be calm.

b Abbina le frasi con gli appunti nel riquadro.


was / everyone / frightened / really he / about / excited / very / feels / it
really / them / worried / I’m / about  it / about / nervous / feel / quite / I
it / angry / was / I / about / really really / I’m / disappointed

1 I’m taking my driving test tomorrow. I feel quite nervous about it.
2 I’ve just failed my driving test.
3 It’s my son’s fifth birthday on Saturday.
4 It’s after midnight, and they still haven’t phoned.
5 Someone hit my car and then drove away.
6 The plane suddenly started to fall.

Interested in, afraid of …


72
After these phrases, we can use a noun or verb + -ing:

football. food.
He’s interested in NOT interested about He’s keen on
reading about football. cooking.

He’s interested in He’s afraid of (or She’s worried He’s keen on cooking.
football. frightened of) spiders. about money. (= He enjoys it.)

c Scegli due espressioni per ogni frase.


1 He’s … old cars.
interested in or keen on
2 She’s … her children’s schoolwork. or
3 He’s … being alone at night. or
4 He’s … 19th century novels. or
5 I was … breaking my leg. or

50
Should 13
73
should + verbo base
I feel tired all You shouldn’t go
I
You the time. to bed so late.
should sleep more. Maybe I should
He, She
We, They NOT should to sleep … see a doctor.

shouldn’t + verbo base You should


sleep more.
I
You
shouldn’t work so hard.
He, She
We, They NOT shouldn’t to work … You shouldn’t
work so hard.

a Scrivi due consigli per ogni problema. Usa should o shouldn’t.


1 2 3 4
I never have any My chest hurts. I’m bored! My eyes ache.
money.

1 You should go out more. 3


2 You smoke so much.
3 You buy so many clothes.
4 You go and lie down.
5 You eat in expensive restaurants.
6 You work at the computer so much.
7 You get some new glasses.
8 You stay at home all the time.

b Scrivi dei consigli. Usa should o shouldn’t e i verbi nel riquadro.


drink go study buy get up eat run criticise watch surf stay

1 – I can’t fall asleep at night. – You shouldn’t drink coffee after dinner.
2 – My friend is having a party this evening, but I don’t feel very well. I have a headache and a sore throat.
– You should stay home.
3 – I failed my last history test. – You more, and the Net less.
4 – I love the sea, but I don’t like crowed beaches. – You to Greece this summer.
5 – My son never tells me about his problems. – You him so much.
6 – I’m often late for school. – You so late.
7 – I want to lose weight, but I can’t. – You at fast food restaurants.
8 – I get tired immediately when I play football. – You every day for half an hour or more.
9 – My child often has bad dreams. – He violent shows on TV.
10 – I never have enough money to go away on holiday – You designer shoes and clothes.

Translate into Italian


You should help your little brother more.

You shouldn’t wash your blue and white shirts together.

You should read more books in English.

51
Adjectives for expressing opinions 13
74
Presente Passato

I find it interesting. I found it interesting.


I think it’s an interesting book. I thought it was an interesting book.

Football club
7th Jan Match ticket Third Round It was an exciting We roast chicken I’m not very good at Chinese.
Block 2 Saturday 7th January
match. They scored in it. We find it I find it quite difficult.
Row AA Chelsea V Real Madrid really useful.
Seat 0101 Block 2 Row AA Seat 0101 twice in the last
two minutes.
CH INE SE
I don’t have any problems with
LEV EL 1
I enjoyed that it. I think it’s an easy language.
book. I found it
very interesting.

I found Blue Moon


I thought it was quite a sad I laughed a lot in Shrek 2. I
very boring. I fell
book. I cried at the end. thought it was really funny.
asleep!

a Scrivi frasi con I find / I found … o I think / I thought e un aggettivo.


1 I’m glad I went to the lecture. I found it very interesting.
2 I couldn’t finish the crossword.
3 I really like our new dishwasher.
4 I didn’t enjoy English at school.
5 I always watch ‘Time to Laugh’ on TV.
6 I learned Italian in three weeks.

So, such
75
so + aggettivo such (a) + aggettivo + sostantivo

good a good party


so such
interesting interesting people

I had a wonderful I had a wonderful


evening. The party was evening. It was such a
so good, and the people good party, and I met
were so interesting! such interesting people.

b Completa i fumetti con so oppure such.

1 They have such a 2 It has 3 Everyone was


lovely flat! big rooms. friendly!

4 She was wearing a 5 The chairs were 6 I’m tired!


beautiful dress! comfortable!

52
Present perfect 14
76
Present perfect
I arrived. Short forms
arrived. He
We has gone. have → ’ve has → ’s
have gone. She
You opened. They have gone → They’ve gone
opened.
They She has gone → She’s gone

Osserva queste situazioni

Per descriverle possiamo


usare:

1 il present tense: The taxi is here. They’re at the The window is open.
theatre.
2 il present perfect: The taxi has They’ve gone to Someone has
arrived. the theatre. opened the window.

a Abbina le frasi.
Now What has happened
1 They’re awake. a I’ve done all the washing up.
2 The house is dark. b The police have arrived.
3 There isn’t anyone in the room. c Someone has turned all the lights off.
4 My hands are clean. d They’ve woken up.
5 The police are at the front door. e I’ve washed my hands.
6 The plates are all clean. f Everyone has left.

b Scrivi frasi con il present perfect. Usa i verbi nel riquadro.


Now What has happened
1 They’re in bed. They’ve gone to bed. come
2 The postman is at the door. The postman . gone
closed
3 She has a computer now. a computer.
put
4 He’s wearing a tie. a tie on.
bought
5 They aren’t at home. out.
6 All the windows are closed. We .

Translate into Italian


He’s parked the car and he’s getting out.

They’ve just got married.

I’ve already seen that film.

53
14
77
Carlos Ramirez has lived in Mexico,
France and the USA.
1975–96 Guadalajara, Mexico 1998–2001 Los Angeles, USA
He has written two plays, and he has Play: The Shop Assistant Film: On the Edge
made three films. He has also written a
1996–1998 Paris, France 2001– now Mexico City, Mexico
book about his life. Film: Summer Nights Play: South of the Border
Film: Under the Bridges Book: A Mexican Life

Present perfect Non diciamo esattamente quando fece queste cose. Confronta:
lived … Present perfect Past simple
He has made … Carlos Ramirez has lived in Mexico. Carlos Ramirez lived in Mexico until 1996.
written … He has written two plays. He wrote The Shop Assistant in 1990.
(= in un periodo nella sua vita)

c Che cosa ha fatto Flora Miles nella sua vita? Completa le frasi.
She has worked She has written
1976–1998 London, England
She has lived  She has done Student, London University
She has studied She has taught 1998–1999 Montreal, Canada
Student, Concordia University
1 She has done several different jobs. Waitress, Le Canard Restaurant
2 two novels. 1999–2003 Bern, Switzerland
Receptionist, Hotel Commodore
3 as a hotel receptionist.
Novel: White River
4 in England and Canada. 2003–now Ankara, Turkey
5 English. Teacher, ABC English School
Novel: Sun in the Afternoon.
6 in several countries.

I’ve never been to …


78
twice. I haven’t been to I’ve been to = I’ve visited
I’ve been to Ibiza Ibiza.
five times. I’ve never been to

I’ve never been to Ibiza. I’ve been there


five or six times.
It’s lovely.

I’ve been to Spain


several times, but I
haven’t been to Ibiza.

d Leggi gli esempi. Poi scrivi frasi vere su di te e la tua famiglia. Usa i paesi nel riquadro.

I’ve been to England twice.


London China the USA My brother has never been
Moscow Australia Italy to England.
Egypt Greece Thailand My parents have been to
Australia several times.
India Paris Brazil

54
Have you ever … ? 14
79
done Yes, I have.
Have you ever ...? ever = at any time in your life
been No, I haven’t.

Have you ever been Yes, I have.


Have you ever done No, I haven’t. to a rock festival?
a bungee jump?

e Formula domande usando i verbi nel riquadro.


been climbed done eaten  slept driven

1 Have you ever slept in a tent? 4 rabbit meat?


2 a mountain? 5 a parachute jump?
3 a racing car? 6 to an opera?

f Rispondi alle domande 1-6. Scrivi Yes, I have oppure No, I haven’t.
1 3 5
2 4 6

g Fai le domande a Giovanni con i verbi nel riquadro.

be break ride fall asleep drive meet buy

1 somebody famous? Yes, Jennifer Aniston, the film and TV star.


2 Australia? No, but I’d love to visit the outback and see kangaroos.
Also, they say Sydney’s a great city.
3 a horse? No, I’m afraid of horses.
4 your arm or leg? Yes, my leg. I fell off my bicycle.
5 in class? Yes, the teacher woke me up. It was very embarrassing.
6 a car? No, you have to be 18 to get a driver’s licence in my country,
and I’m only 16.
7 an expensive gift? Yes, a leather jacket for my girlfriend’s 16th birthday.

Translate into Italian


I’ve lived in three different countries.

I’ve never been to India.

Have you ever worked in a restaurant?

55
Present perfect vs. past simple 14
80
Confronta:
Present perfect tense Past simple tense
The President’s plane has landed. The President’s plane landed at 5.45.
– Is he still in the office? – Is he still in the office?
– No, he’s just left. – No, he left a few minutes ago.
– Let’s go and see Love Story tonight. – Let’s go and see Love Story tonight.
– No. I’ve already seen it. – No. I saw it last Saturday.

Si usa il present perfect: Si usa il past simple con espressioni di


- quando non si precisa il tempo nel passato:
tempo nel passato – at 5.45, on Monday, in 1960
- con just – a few minutes ago, 5 years ago
- con already – last Saturday, yesterday, last year

a Cerchia il tempo corretto.


1 We missed / We’ve missed the train. It just left / has just left.
2 I went / I’ve been to the theatre last weekend.
3 I know that book. I already read / I’ve already read it.
4 My hair’s wet. I just had / I’ve just had a shower.
5 Mr Jones is in his office. He came in / He’s come in ten minutes ago.

Sleeping and waking


81
Opposites
go to sleep ⎫
⎬ wake up
fall asleep ⎭
(be) asleep (be) awake
I went to … slept for … and He’s asleep. I woke him … but he fell
sleep at 8 hours … woke up She’s awake. up … asleep again.
Present Past
sleep slept 11.00 … at 7.00.
fall fell
go went
wake woke

a Completa il testo.

I1 slept really badly last night. I was 2 by 11 o’clock, but a lorry 3 me up at 1.00.
I tried to 4 again, but I couldn’t, so I turned on the light and read a book. Eventually, I think
5
I at about 5.00. I 6 at 7.00 this morning with the book in my hand. So I was
7
for most of the night!

b Scrivi una o due frasi vere su di te.


I usually go to sleep at 11.30.
I don't often sleep in the
afternoons.

56
Numbers useful extras
82
Word Number Word Number
first 1st fourth 4th
second 2nd tenth 10th
third 3rd twentieth 20th

Curtis … Oatway is … and Ivanov


is first, second, … is third, …

1st first 6th sixth 11th eleventh 16th sixteenth


2nd second 7th seventh 12th twelfth 17th seventeenth
3rd third 8th eighth 13th thirteenth 18th eighteenth
4th fourth 9th ninth 14th fourteenth 19th nineteenth
5th fifth 10th tenth 15th fifteenth 20th twentieth

a Completa le frasi. Scrivi i numeri in lettere.


1 Is Sunday the f irst (1st) day of the week or the (7th) day of the week?
2 It’s her (18th) birthday tomorrow.
3 This is my (15th) cup of coffee today. 1st
Prize
4 The (1st) prize is a car, the (2nd) prize is a holiday, and YOU’RE
(3rd) prize is €100.
the
18
Dates
83
DECEMBER 1 APRIL 4 JULY 22 MAY 30
1st December 4th April 22nd July 30th May
OR OR OR OR
the first the fourth the twenty-second the thirtieth
of December of April of July of May
1st = the first 21st = the twenty-first 30th = the thirtieth
2nd = the second 22nd = the twenty-second 31st = the thirty-first
3rd = the third 23rd = the twenty-third
4th = the fourth 24th = the twenty-fourth

b Leggi l’agenda. Rispondi alle domande. May–June June


1 When is she going to the Music Festival? 21 4 Lunch with Mary
On the twenty-second of May. 22 5
2 When is she going on holiday? 23 MUSIC 6 Nick
On 24 FESTIVAL 7
25 8
3 When are her children going to France?
26 9
27 Dr Bell 10 Car
4 When is her mother’s birthday? 28 11
29 12 Mum’s birthday
5 When is she going to the doctor? 30 13
31 HOLIDAY 14 Children to France
6 When is she seeing Nick? 1 15
2 16 London
3 17 London
57
Days useful extras

Every day
84
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
MON 8.00–8.00
TUE 8.00–8.00 football
WED 8.00–8.00
8.00–8.00 Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
THU
FRI 8.00–8.00
8.00–6.00
football
SAT
SUN 9.00–2.00 Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun

football
This shop is open There’s a market He plays football
every day. every Friday. every weekend.

a Completa le frasi. Swimming pool CONCERTS


Fri 8 May:
opening hours:
1 There’s a boat to Paxos every Tuesday. Beethoven, Bach
Mon–Fri 3.00– Fri 15 May:
8.00 Corelli, Vivaldi
2 We have English Sat: Fri 22nd May:
Chopin, Liszt
4.00–6.00
3 There’s a film Sun:
10.00–3.00
4 The pool is open
8.00
5 There’s a concert Tues 8.00–9.00 Wed 8.00–9.00 Thurs 8.00–9.00
THE SUNDAY FILM:
Maths English Science
6 They have live music The Beach Leonardo DiCaprio

In the morning, at night


85
the morning These people work for Central Taxis.
in the afternoon Nick works in the morning.
the evening
Bob works in the afternoon.
at night Lynne works in the evening.
John works at night. 6.00 12.00 6.00 12.00 6.00

Nick Bob Lynne John

b Altre sei persone lavorano per Central Taxis. Scrivi i loro nomi nella tabella. Poi completa le frasi.
G Ali sees Lynne at work.
6.00 12.00 6.00 12.00 6.00
G Bill sees Nick at work.
G Carlos starts work at 12.00. Nick Bob Lynne John

G Steve starts work at 6.00. Ali


G Mary doesn’t work at night.
G Sue works after Bill, but before Steve.

1 Ali works in the evening.


2 Mary
3 Carlos
4 Sue
5 Steve
6 Bill

58
Singular and plural useful extras

a Completa gli elenchi.

+ -s -s, -ch, -x, -sh → + -es -y → -ies


car cars box boxes dictionary dictionaries
fork bus lorry
photo glass
comb brush
-f, -fe → -ves
plate match
taxi shelf shelves
knife

b Scrivi il plurale di queste parole.


1 park parks 5 secretary 9 watch
2 beach beaches 6 church 10 fax
3 dress 7 wife 11 shop
4 nurse 8 letter 12 baby

People
86
Singular Plural people
boy boys





























girl girls
children















Singular Plural
man men
woman women
child children
person people

men women girls boys

c Completa le frasi.
In the picture, there are …
1 three men
2 four
3 five
4 six
5 eleven
6 eighteen

d Correggi gli errori in queste frasi.


lorries
1 There are five lorrys in the car park. 5 The books are on the shelfs in the living room.

2 Those aren’t taxies – they’re cars. 6 There aren’t any knifes or forks.

3 I have two English dictionary’s. 7 There are three boxs of knives.

4 They have three childrens: two boys and a girl. 8 Who are the peoples in these photoes?

59
Asking for things useful extras

Could give me my mobile Could you to …


Can
you
close the door
(please)? ! NOT
Can you to …

a Formula domande con Could you …? o Can you …?. Usa le espressioni nel riquadro.
1 I’m cold. Could you give me my jumper, please? open the window
2 I’m thirsty. phone the doctor
3 I want to read. bring me some water
4 I’m feeling ill. give me my jumper
5 It’s hot in here. bring me a sandwich
give me my book
6 I’m hungry.

I’ll have, I’d like


87

I’ll have burger and chips, please.

And I’d like


kebabs with salad.

b Quattro amici vanno al ristorante.


G John likes meat, but he doesn’t like fish, salad or tomatoes.
G Laura never eats green vegetables, and she doesn’t like chicken.
G Hamid doesn’t eat meat or fish.
G Fatima doesn’t eat rice or potatoes, and she doesn’t like soup.

Che cosa chiedono? Scrivi frasi con I’d like o I’ll have. Lunch Menu
John I’ll have chicken soup, and then I’d like chicken Starters
with rice, please. Salad with fish
Chicken soup
Laura Tomato soup
Main dishes
Chicken with rice
Hamid
Fish with potatoes
Chicken and salad
Fatima Green beans with
potatoes and tomatoes

60
Offers and suggestions useful extras
88
get a trolley? At an airport … At a restaurant … At home …
Shall I take your coat?
wash the dishes? Shall I get Shall I take Shall I wash
a trolley? your coat? the dishes?

a Formula domande con Shall I …? Usa le espressioni nel riquadro.


At an airport 1 Shall I carry your suitcase? open the window
2 carry your suitcase
At a restaurant 3 call the waiter
4 buy some sandwiches
At home 5 ask for the bill
6 make some coffee

Shall we …?, Let’s …


89
Shall we have a pizza ?
STUDIO THEATRE
Let’s go to the theatre . I’m hungry. Let’s go to the
IZZ theatre this evening.
William Shakespeare
A
P

ROMEO
Me too. Shall we and JULIET
E

have a pizza? ALAC Yes. That’s a


P

7.30 pm
good idea.

b Scrivi suggerimenti con Shall we o Let’s. Usa le frasi nel riquadro.

go for a walk go to the cinema go shopping


go swimming go to a restaurant go to a concert

1 Let’s go to a concert. / Shall we go to a concert? 1 2


Boston Symphony Orchestra HOCHBERG
2 15km
Mozart: Requiem
3
4 3
LA FONTANA
4
5
6 Q The best in
Italian cooking
SWIMMING POOL
Opening hours:
8.00–16.00

5
6

CINE MAXX
PC CENTRE Computers Tonight’s film:
KIDS’ CLOTHES House of the Dead
18.00 20.00 22.00
SOUNDS Music superstore

61
Question words (1) useful extras

What …?
90
your name? time the weather
What’s your address? What day is it? What’s London like?
your phone number? month John

What’s your address? What day is it? What’s John like?

102, London Road, Bristol. Monday. He’s very nice.

a Formula una domanda per ogni risposta.


1 ? Alex. 4 ? August.
2 ? 675 87695. 5 ? He’s very friendly.
3 ? It’s cold. 6 ? About three o’clock.

Where? When? What time?


91

Where is When is the What time is CONCERT


the concert? concert? the concert?
City Hall
It’s at the It’s on 14th It’s at seven 14 November
City Hall. November. o’clock. 7.00 pm
Come to our
b Formula domande. Usa Where?, When? o What time? PARTY
1 Where is the flower show? It’s in Queen’s Park. on: Friday 5th May
MEETING at: 8 o’clock
2 It’s on 5th May. Monday 5 April at: Mary’s house
3 It’s in Room 503. at 12.00
4 It’s at 12.00. in Room 503
Flower Show
5 It’s on Sunday.


Queen’s Park
6 It’s at 8.00. Sunday 1st June
Tickets £5

What music do you like?


92
music Do you like Beethoven? Do you like jazz? What music do you like?
What do you like?
drinks Do you like coffee? Do you like pineapple juice? What drinks do you like?

c Formula domande. Usa le parole nel riquadro.


1 Do you like cheese? Do you like fish? What food do you like? writers
2 Do you like golf? Do you like tennis? colours
3 Do you like Real Madrid? Do you like Arsenal? food
football teams
4 Do you like red? Do you like green?
fruit
5 Do you like Tolstoy? Do you like Dostoyevsky?
sports
6 Do you like oranges? Do you like apples?

62
Question Words (2) useful extras
93
can I get to …? Airport
How
do I get to …?

How far
is it?
How much

How can I get to the airport? Lido


You can go by bus, or by boat. Venice
Mestre
How far is it?
About 20 kilometres. Verona
How much is it by boat?
You are here
25 euros.

a Completa le domande.
1 get to the Lido? 3 the station?
You can go by boat. Go straight along this street.
is it? ?
About five euros. About 200 metres.
2 to Mestre? 4 Verona?
About ten kilometres. By train or by bus.
get there? by train?
By train or by bus. About 20 euros.

How are you? How old are you?


94
are you? Hi. How are you? I’m fine, thanks. How old are you? I’m six.
How
is your mother?

are you?
How old How is your Oh, she’s not How old are One’s 16,
are your children?
mother? too bad. your children? and one’s 14.

b Formula domande. Usa le parole nel riquadro.

your sister your children your brother your house your parents you

1 How is your brother? 4


He’s OK. He’s working now. They’re fine. They’re at school now.
2 5
I’m OK, thanks. She’s nearly three.
3 6
They’re both over 80. It’s about 150 years old.

63
Irregular verb list
Infinitive Past simple Past participle Infinitive Past simple Past participle
be was/were been lie lay lain
beat beat beat lose lost lost
become became become make made made
begin began begun meet met met
break broke broken pay paid paid
bring brought brought put put put
build built built read read read
burn burnt burnt ride rode ridden
buy bought bought ring rang rung
can could been able run run run
catch caught caught say said said
come came come see saw seen
cost cost cost sell sold sold
cut cut cut send sent sent
do did done shine shone shone
drink drank drunk shoot shot shot
drive drove driven show showed shown
eat ate eaten shut shut shut
fall fell fallen sit sat sat
feel felt felt sleep slept slept
find found found smell smelt smelt
get got got speak spoke spoken
give gave given spend spent spent
go went gone (been) stand stood stood
grow grew grown steal stole stolen
have had had swim swam swum
hear heard heard take took taken
hit hit hit teach taught taught
hold held held tell told told
hurt hurt hurt think thought thought
keep kept kept throw threw thrown
know knew known understand understood understood
learn learnt learnt wake woke woken
leave left left wear wore worn
lend lent lent win won won
let let let write wrote written

64
Countable and uncountable nouns 6
34

Walking in the Andes


Some things to remember
• You’re walking at over 3,000 metres, so the sun is strong. Take sunscreen, a hat and plenty of water.
• It’s a long way from one village to the next. So be sure you always have plenty of time.
• Always take some food with you. Biscuits are good, because they don’t take much space in your backpack.
• Look after your money: always keep it in a money belt.

metre hat village sunscreen water time


biscuit backpack money belt food space money
Questi sono sostantivi numerabili Questi sono sostantivi non numerabili
(countable nouns). Hanno una forma (uncountable nouns). Hanno solo la forma
singolare e plurale. Possiamo dire: al singolare. Possiamo dire:
a backpack one metre water sunscreen
backpacks metres plenty of water some sunscreen
some backpacks how many metres? how much water? lots of sunscreen
NOT some backpack, how many metre NOT a water, waters

a Countable o uncountable? Scrivi C o U.


1 U I don’t eat meat. 5 Let’s buy some fruit.
2 Is this jacket made of leather? 6 Do you like jazz?
3 They sell vegetables. 7 How much petrol have we got?
4 We’ve got plenty of wood. 8 Would you like a sandwich?

Chocolate, a chocolate
35
Alcune parole possono essere countable o uncountable.

chocolate a chocolate paper a paper coffee a coffee


(= a newspaper) (= a cup of coffee)

hair a hair glass a glass wood a wood

b Scegli l’alternativa corretta.


1 Let’s buy a paper / some paper. I want to see what’s on at the cinema.
2 I’ll have a cheese sandwich and a small coffee / some small coffee, please.
3 Give me a paper / some paper and I’ll draw a map.
4 Be careful! There’s a glass / glass on the road.
5 He has long blond hair / hairs.
6 Is that table made of a wood / wood?

25
A piece of paper 6
36
a piece a slice a packet a bottle a carton a bar
of paper of pizza of rice of wine of orange juice of chocolate

pieces slices a kilo a litre a jug a loaf of bread


of cake of salami of sugar of oil of water (plural: loaves)

c Scegli le due parole corrette per ciascun alimento.


1 a carton / piece / loaf / bottle of milk carton, bottle
2 a bottle / slice / litre / piece of cheese
3 a piece / carton / bar / slice of chocolate
4 a bar / litre / jug / packet of lemonade
5 a slice / loaf / bottle / bar of bread

d Scrivi che cosa sono le immagini. 1 2 3


CHEESE BREAD
1 slices of toast or pieces of toast TOAST

2
3
4
5
6 WOOD MEAT PINEAPPLE
4 5 6

How much … ? and How many …?


37
How much … was there? What was there on • 2,227 people
How many people were
How many …s were there? • 6,000 tonnes of coal
the Titanic? there on the Titanic?
• car (a Renault 35)
grand pianos 2,227.

• 15,000 sheets
• eggs How much coal was there?
• of milk
• of meat About 6,000 tonnes.

a Formula una domanda per ogni risposta.


1 – – 15,000. 4 – – 40 tonnes.
2 – – Five. 5 – – 40,000.
3 – – 70,000 litres. 6 – – One.

26
Some and any 6
38
In the picture you can see ... mountain trees
a lake, some trees, a mountain
and some houses.

a + singular some + plural


a lake. some trees.
(You can see) (You can see)
a mountain. some houses.
houses

lake

a Scrivi frasi con a o some.


In the picture, you can see:
bridge
trees
horses
people

boat
river

1 a river 2 3 4 5 6

Some, not any


39
A B
In Picture A …
… there’s a clock.
… there’s some bread.
… there are some glasses.
In Picture B …
… there isn’t a clock.
… there isn’t any bread.
… there aren’t any glasses.

b Le frasi descrivono l’immagine B. Segna con un tick () se sono corrette. Correggile se sono sbagliate.
1 There are some books.
There aren’t any books.
2 There isn’t a bottle. 
3 There are some flowers.
4 There’s some coffee.
5 There are some cushions.
6 There aren’t any curtains.
7 There’s a lamp.
8 There are some magazines.

27
A lot, not … much 6
40
a lot
He eats New York–London New York–London
a lot.
It costs $6,000 return $275 return
Ist Class LATE OFFER!
not … much
She doesn’t eat He eats a lot. She doesn’t eat much. It costs a lot. It doesn’t cost much.
much.
It doesn’t cost

a Completa le frasi.
a lot not … much
1 He eats a lot. He doesn’t eat much.
2 She travels a lot.
3 He He doesn’t read much.
4 He works a lot. He
5 She sleeps a lot. She
6 It doesn’t cost much.

b Descrivi le persone usando frasi dell’esercizio a.


1 John works ten hours every day. He works a lot.
2 David has no breakfast, and just a sandwich for lunch.
3 Paula sleeps five hours every night.
4 A room at the Plaza Hotel is only $10.
5 Anna often goes to LA, London, Paris and Tokyo.
6 Peter reads three books every week.

A lot of
41
fruit.
a lot of …
I eat a lot of
fish.
vegetables. ad
sweets.
A HEALTHY DIET = not much …
… butter
… cheese
f b… fruit
… vegetables
much
fruit.
fish.
… meat
J… fish
I don’t eat
many
vegetables.
sweets.
I have a very healthy diet. I eat a
lot of fruit and vegetables, and I
… sweets
… biscuits
… snacks
LM
eat a lot of fish. I don’t eat much
butter or cheese, and I don’t eat
many sweets.
not many …
S
a Completa i testi con a lot of, much o many.
a b
I don’t eat 1 fruit. I eat 1 vegetables. I eat
I eat 2 meat and 2
fish, but I don’t eat
3 3
butter. But I don’t eat meat. I don’t eat
4 4
cheese. sweets or biscuits.

b Quale dieta è più salutare, la prima o la seconda?

28
Food and cooking 6
42
Animals: Meat:
Menu
Minestrone soup
A thick soup with tomatoes, beans, and cabbage cow  beef
Caesar salad
Lettuce with thin slices of cheese and pieces of chicken

Navarin of lamb sheep  lamb


Pieces of lamb with potatoes, onions and carrots

Vegetable lasagne
Sheets of pasta with eggs, aubergines and cheese chicken  chicken

Special fried rice


Rice with beef or pork, and with peas and mushrooms
pig  pork

a Completa le tre voci usando le parole nel menu.


Meat lamb
Vegetables potatoes
Other cheese

b Pensa a un pasto che hai mangiato la scorsa settimana. Scrivi frasi per descriverlo.
For lunch yesterday
we had beef with rice
and mushrooms.

Snacks
43

crisps chocolate cake

+ + + + + =
ice cream sweets biscuits

c Completa la tabella (segna  o —). Quali spuntini possono mangiare queste persone?
1 John doesn’t eat sugar.
2 Mary doesn’t eat fat.
Oil

3 Tanya doesn’t eat flour.


These have These have These have
sugar in fat in them. flour
them. in them.
crisps —  —
d Scrivi frasi vere su di te. biscuits   
sweets  — —
I often eat
ice cream
I sometimes eat cake
I never eat chocolate

29
Cooking 6
44
Verbs cook boil fry grill roast bake –
Adjectives cooked boiled fried grilled roast(ed) baked raw

You can cook food, or you can eat it raw.

cooked food raw food (= not cooked)


Alcuni modi in cui puoi cucinare il cibo:
boil fry (= cook with fat bake (= cook in the roast (= cook in the grill
(= cook in water) or oil) oven) oven with fat or oil)

a boiled egg a fried egg baked potatoes roast(ed) meat grilled fish

e Quali di questi cibi hai mangiato? Segna  (=lo mangio spesso),  (=non lo mangio spesso) oppure  (=non l’ho
mai mangiato).
baked potatoes fried aubergines raw fish roast beef
boiled potatoes grilled chicken boiled rice raw lamb

Recipes
45
flour Californian Apple Pancakes How much flour
How much do we need?
milk 200 g flour do we need?

eggs 4 eggs How many eggs


How many do we need?
apples do we need?
2 apples 200 grams.
500 ml milk
Four.

f Leggi la ricetta del cheescake. Poi formula domande con How much …? o How many …?
1 How many biscuits do I need? Twelve.
2 Four. Orange & Lemon Cheesecake
3 400 grams. serves 6 people
4 75 grams. 12 biscuits
75 g butter
5 Two.
100 g sugar
6 100 grams. 3 lemons
4 oranges
400 g cheese
2 eggs

30
6
46
slices the oil CHICKEN STEW
Cut the onions into Pour into the pan.
pieces. water 4 to 6 chicken pieces 2 cups of water oil
1 onion salt, pepper a large pan
the onions in the pan. 2 potatoes
Put
the lid on the pan.

Cut the potatoes Pour some oil Put the chicken, Add the water, Put a lid on the Stir it
and onions into into the pan. potatoes and salt and pan, and cook it occasionally
slices. onions in the pan pepper. slowly for an with a spoon.
and fry them for hour.
10 minutes.

g Completa il testo con le parole nel riquadro.

add
You need: 1 cup of rice, 2 cups of cold water, salt cook
1 Put the rice in a pan. Then 2
put
the water over the rice, and 3 a little salt. stir
4
it very fast for a minute or two. boil
Then 5 it once with a spoon, 6 pour
a lid on the pan, and leave it to 7 very slowly
for 15 minutes. put

h Copri la ricetta dello chicken stew. Usa gli appunti per completare la ricetta.
• onions / potatoes / slices Cut the onions and
• oil / pan
• fry chicken / potatoes / onions / 10 minutes
• water / salt / pepper
• lid / pan
• cook slowly / 1 hour
• stir / spoon

Translate into Italian


We had a salad with thin slices of beef.

I like grilled fish, but I hate raw fish.

Pour some oil into the pan, then add the onions.

31
Comparatives 7
47
lighter
The Xpert is than the Atom.
more expensive

Aggettivi di una sillaba + -er Aggettivi di due o più sillabe: more + aggettivo
light lighter Doppia consonante + -er powerful more powerful
fast faster big bigger expensive more expensive
cheap cheaper thin thinner
small smaller
Aggettivi che terminano in -y: y +-ier
heavy heavier

Irregular: good better u AT


bad worse 2 600 1700 OM
RT 620
XPE A

The Xpert is more powerful than the


Atom. It’s lighter, and it has a bigger 00
u15
screen. But it’s more expensive.
Which laptop The Atom is faster than the Xpert, XPERT ATOM
is better? and it’s cheaper. But it’s heavier, and BIG SCREEN! 30x24 BIG SCREEN! 28x22
LIGHT! 2.5 kg LIGHT! 2.7 kg
it has a smaller screen.
FAST! 5.8 GHz FAST! 6.2 GHz
So they’re both good, but the Xpert is POWERFUL! POWERFUL!
better. 1280 MB RAM 1024 MB RAM

a Quali sono le forme comparative di questi aggettivi? Scrivili nella tabella sopra.
 thin warm difficult short easy comfortable

b Scrivi frasi con due comparativi. Usa gli aggettivi nel riquadro.

cheap comfortable easy expensive fast powerful short  warm 

1 The black coat is shorter than the white coat ,


but it’s warmer .
2 Book 1 ,
and .
3 First class is ,
but .
4 The Solo Plus ,
and .

32
Superlatives 7
48
Aggettivo Forma comparativa Forma superlativa Irregolari
Aggettivi di una sillaba
cheap cheaper the cheapest good, better, the best
Aggettivi di due o più sillabe
expensive more expensive the most expensive bad, worse, the worst

The silver ring is the cheapest.


(= It’s cheaper than the diamond ring, and it’s cheaper than the gold ring.)
The diamond ring is the most expensive.
(= It’s more expensive than the silver ring, and it’s more expensive than
the gold ring.)

a Scrivi le forme superlative.


1 old, older, the oldest 4 short, shorter, 7 intelligent, more intelligent,
2 young, younger, 5 lazy, lazier, 8 thin, thinner,
3 tall, taller, 6 fit, fitter, 9 hard-working, more hard-working,

b Chi nella tua famiglia è ...?


the oldest? the tallest? the most hard-working? the best singer?
the youngest? the fittest? the most intelligent? the best cook?

c Osserva l’esempio e scrivi frasi.


In my family …
In my family My grandmother is the oldest.
The tallest person is my uncle.
My sister is the best cook.
The fittest person is my
brother.

The hottest place in the world


49
Q What’s the wettest place in the world? Q What’s the largest lake in Africa?

A Mawsynram, India. (11,900 mm rain


every year) A Lake Victoria. (69,500 km2)

large animal
d Completa le domande. Usa le parole nel riquadro. tall country
1 What’s the tallest animal in the world? The giraffe (5.5 m) long woman
2 What’s in Asia? The Yangtse (6380 km) rich place
3 What’s in the world? El Azizia, Libya (57.8°C) heavy river
hot
4 What’s in South America? Brazil (8.5 million km2)
5 Who’s in the world? Alice Walton ($20 billion+)
6 What’s in the world? The blue whale (175 tonnes)

e Osserva gli esempi e scrivi frasi sul tuo paese. Edinburgh is the most beautiful city
in Britain. Celtic is the best football
team in Scotland. London is the
largest city in Britain.

33
Countries and languages 7
50

He’s Russian She’s Mexican She’s Chinese He’s Iraqi

a Completa le frasi.
-ian He’s from Russia. She’s from Italy. We’re from Egypt.
He’s Russian.
-an She’s from Mexico. They’re from South Africa. He’s from Korea.
She’s Mexican.
-ese They’re from China. I’m from Japan. She’s from Vietnam.
They’re Chinese.
-i He’s from Iraq. They’re from Israel. She’s from Pakistan.
He’s Iraqi.

Irregular forms
Most irregular nationalities are in Europe.
Norway Finland
n
Scotland
Swiss Greek Spanish Nor wegia
Portuguese
Sweden
Denmark
Ireland
England Finnish Scottish German
Poland Danish Irish
The Netherlands Germany
Turkish
Belgium France
English  Belgian French Polish
Dutch
Portugal Spain Swedish
Turkey
Switzerland Greece

51
b Abbina i paesi alle nazionalità. Completa la tabella. Ascolta e controlla le tue risposte.
I’m from … I’m … I’m from … I’m … I’m from … I’m … I’m from … I’m …
England English Norway Turkey Portugal
Scotland Finland France Greece
Ireland Poland Germany Switzerland
Denmark Spain Belgium The Netherlands
Sweden

c Trasforma le parole in corsivo nelle rispettive nazionalità.


1 We aren’t from England – I’m from Scotland and he’s from Ireland. English Scottish Irish
2 On the language course, I met students from China, Vietnam and Korea. students
3 I like food from Italy, Greece and Turkey. food
4 They sell cheese from France, the Netherlands and Switzerland. cheese
5 Is he from Norway or from Sweden? Or is he from Denmark?
6 There were people from Mexico, Colombia and Venezuela at the meeting. people

34
Language learning 7
52
fluently. a bit of very well.
I speak English I speak English. I don’t speak English
quite well. a few words of at all.

What languages do you speak?


0 1 2 3 4
English 
French 
Spanish 
Chinese 
Arabic 
Others:
Japanese 

0 = I don’t speak it at all. 3 = I speak it quite well.


1 = I speak a few words of it. 4 = I speak it fluently.
2 = I speak it a bit, but not very well.

d Osserva il questionario e le risposte della donna. Poi confrontale con queste frasi. Indica se sono corrette o no.
1 She speaks Arabic fluently. Yes.
2 She speaks a bit of Spanish. No. She doesn’t speak Spanish at all.
3 She speaks Japanese quite well.
4 She doesn’t speak English.
5 She speaks French fluently.
6 She speaks Chinese quite well.

e Leggi il testo su Dorota e scrivi frasi.


Dorota, a Polish student, studies languages at Warsaw University in Poland. She studies four languages! She started
Chinese a month ago. ‘It’s very difficult,’ she says. ‘Now I can say the names of rooms, furniture and some food.’ But
when Dorota speaks English, Americans think she is American. When she speaks German, Germans hear an accent,
but very little and she can talk about many things. Finally, she studies Spanish. When she goes to Spain on holiday,
she can ask directions and order meals. She can talk about herself – her name, her city and her school.

1 Dorota speaks Polish fluently


2
3
4
5

f Scrivi frasi vere su di te. Inizia con I speak … oppure I don’t speak … .

Translate into Italian


She’s Italian, and her husband is Scottish.

Are they Swedish or Norwegian?

She speaks Japanese quite well.

35
Present continuous for the future 8
53

What’s the programme for Wednesday? Visitor’s programme: Prof. Liu


11.00 Arrive. Taxi to Hotel Concorde.
13.00 Meet at hotel. Lunch.
Well, Professor Liu is arriving in the
morning, and she’s taking a taxi to
her hotel. Then we’re meeting her
at the hotel at around 1.00 …

a Completa il testo con il present continuous. Usa le parole tra parentesi.


13.00 Meet at hotel. Lunch.
On Wednesday afternoon, Prof. Liu 1 is giving a lecture (give) on the World 15.00 Lecture: World Economy
– 16.30
Economy. Then they 2 (have) at Old College, and in the 18.30 Dinner: Old College
3 20.00 Concert: New Hall
evening, they (go to) at New Hall. The next morning,
Thursday
Prof Liu 4 (visit) and 5 (meet).
09.00 City University
At 3.00 in the afternoon she 6 (get) to the airport. – 12.00 4th year students
13.00 Lunch
15.00 Taxi to airport

b Leggi gli esempi. Scrivi frasi vere su di te.


Now Now
I’m wearing jeans and a jumper.
Around now Around now
I’m doing exams at the moment.
The future
The future
I’m not going to go to school tomorrow.

Questions
54
Yes/no questions
Are you making a What are you
Am I film here? doing in London?
Are you, we, they …-ing?
Is he, she, it
Is your family How long are
Wh- questions
travelling with you? you staying?
How am I
When are you, we, they …-ing?
What is he, she, it

c Formula una domanda per ogni risposta. Usa gli appunti nel riquadro.
1 – What are you doing this weekend? – Nothing. how / she / get here?
2 – – Yes, thanks. I / sit / your seat?
3 – – By taxi, I think. Anna / come / to the meeting?
when / he / leaving?
4 – – Yes, she is.
you / have / a good time?
5 – – Tomorrow night.
what / you / do / this weekend?
6 – – No – that’s OK.

36
Holidays 8
55 a Abbina le email alle foto.
1

A We’re on holiday in Malaysia for two


weeks. This week we’re staying in a hotel
in the centre of Kuala Lumpur, and next
week we’re going to the south coast. We’ll
2
probably travel by bus.

B We’re going on holiday next week. We’re


staying with friends in London on Saturday,
3
then we’re staying in a cottage in Scotland
for a week. After that, we’re going to travel
around and see other places.
4

C I’ve decided to take a holiday! I’m


travelling round Mexico for two
weeks, and then I’m staying in a
friend’s apartment in Miami.

D I’ve got a week’s holiday, but I’m not going


anywhere – I’m just staying at home.

b Trova espressioni relative alle vacanze e aggiungile agli elenchi.


holiday be on holiday

stay stay in a hotel

travel travel around

c Usa le parole per scrivere frasi complete.


1 I’m going / holiday / Italy next week I’m going on holiday to Italy next week.
2 He’s staying / uncle / Berlin / two weeks
3 They’re staying / friend’s house / Hawaii
4 I’m travelling / China / three weeks
5 I’m / holiday / Egypt / a week

Translate into Italian


She’s on holiday for two weeks.

Jo took a holiday last year.

They travelled around Italy.

37
Asking about rooms 8
56
a shower at the front a single room
a room with a room of the hotel
a balcony at the back a double room
a twin room

Un turista sta parlando con la receptionist di un albergo.


1 2 3
Have you Do you want a Have you got a
got any double room or single room with
rooms free? a single room? a shower?

4 5 6 7 8
How many Has the room Is it at the How Can I see
nights are got a balcony? front or at much is the room?
you staying? the back? the room?

d Leggi le domande e scrivi T se la domanda la pone il turista o R se la domanda la pone la receptionist.


1 T 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

e Formula le domande.
1 – Has the room got a balcony? 4 –
– Yes, a small one. – Three nights – till Friday.
2 – 5 –
– No, it’s at the front. – A TV? No, it hasn’t.
3 – 6 –
– Yes, I’ll show it to you now. – j70 a night.

f Guarda la foto e rispondi alle domande.


1 Is there a sitting area with a sofa or armchair?
2 Is it a single or double room?
3 Are the beds single or double?
4 Is there a TV? Normal or flat-screen?
5 Has it got a balcony?
6 Has it got a computer?

38
The world 8

1 Panama
2 Chile
ASIA 3 Spain
NORTH
EUROPE
4 Nigeria
AMERICA 3
MEDITERRANEAN MIDDLE 6 5 Madagascar
EAST
SOUTHEAST
CENTRAL
CARIBBEAN
AFRICA ASIA
6 Mongolia
AMERICA 7 7 Vietnam
1 SOUTH CHINA
4 INDIAN SEA
SOUTH OCEAN
PACIFIC OCEAN AMERICA

ATLANTIC
5 AUSTRALIA
2 OCEAN

57
a Scrivi le parole della cartina nell’elenco corretto. Poi ascolta e controlla.
Continents Regions Oceans and seas
We say:
Asia the Middle East the Caribbean
the Atlantic (Ocean)
the Mediterranean
but:
Europe, Asia
NOT
the Europe
the Asia

b Trova i paesi sulla cartina. Poi scrivi i loro nomi.

Continents
Noun Adjective
Africa African
America American
Asia Asian
Australia Australian
Europe European

1 Madagascar is a large island in the Indian Ocean, near the coast of Africa.
2 is a European country with a coast on the Atlantic and on the Mediterranean.
3 is a small country in Central America.
4 is a country in Southeast Asia, on the South China Sea.
5 is a long, thin country in South America, on the Pacific Ocean.
6 is a large country in Central Asia, not on the sea.
7 is a West African country on the Atlantic Ocean.

c Scrivi del tuo paese.

39
Places in a country 8
58
north northern on the border with Germany
in the southwest of France in southwestern France near the German border
centre central not far from the west coast

Lille is in northern France, not far from the border


BELGIUM
with Belgium. Lille
Strasbourg is in eastern France, on the German Paris GERMANY
N Orléans
border.
W E Strasbourg
Bordeaux is in the southwest of France,
near the west coast. FRANCE
S
Nice is in the south of France, on the Mediterranean. Bordeaux
Orléans is in the centre of France, about 100 kilometres
south of Paris. Nice

d Usa le parole per scrivere frasi complete.

NIGER

IRAN
Herat
Kabul Kano
AFGHANISTAN
NIGERIA

Kandahar Ibadan
PAKISTAN
Lagos

1 Kabul / east / border / Pakistan Kabul is in the east of Afghanistan, not far from
the border with Pakistan.
2 Herat / northwest / border / Iran

3 Kandahar / 500 km / southwest / Kabul

4 Lagos / southwest / south coast

5 Ibadan / 100 km / northeast / Lagos

6 Kano / north / border / Niger

e Scrivi frasi su una località o una città del tuo paese. Di’ dove si trova.

Translate into Italian


It’s a small country in southeast Europe.

They live on the west coast of America.

We’re in northern Italy, near the French border.

40
Will 9
59
will (probably) Baker is a strong player, so she will beat
She
(probably) won’t
win. Today: Baker vs. Marco
Marco quite easily. Then she’ll play
Gassi. That won’t be an easy match, but
Baker will probably win if she plays well.
But she probably won’t beat Stankova in
the final – Stankova is a better player.

Who will Baker probably beat?


Who will probably beat Baker?

a Completa le frasi. Usa will probably oppure probably won’t.


1 My father is over 60, so he will probably retire quite soon.
2 United are playing well at the moment, so they win the match.
3 I’m very busy on Saturday, so I come to the party.
4 I was very nervous in the interview, so they give me the job.
5 The school holidays start tomorrow, so the roads be very busy.
6 It’s a very small place, so you find it on your road map.

I expect, I hope
60 (I expect … = questo probabilmente accadrà. (I hope … = voglio che questo accada.)
It’s very close – they
I expect + will I hope + present simple
both have about
I expect they win. 35%. But I expect
they will win. I hope
I don’t expect they don’t win. NOT I don’t hope they win the PLP will win.

ELECTION 10th OF SEPTEMBER I don’t expect


the DSP will get
Vote DSP
J F M A M J J A
38%
Vote FPU Manning many votes.
Vote PLP
PLP
34%
FP D
S
P
I hope Manning
wins. I think he’d
FPU
DSP 12% U I hope the FPU
be a good leader.

don’t win. I hate


them!

a Scrivi frasi con I hope, I expect oppure I don’t expect.


1 She’s taking her driving test. (hope / she / pass) I hope she passes. .
2 It’s starting to rain. (hope / we / not / get wet) .
3 I haven’t seen her for years. (not / expect / she / remember me) .
4 They don’t know London. (expect / they / get lost) .
5 He’s lost his wallet. (hope / he / find it) .
6 The traffic is terrible this evening. (expect / they / late) .

41
Too + adjective 10
61

The lorry can’t go under this bridge. The lorry can’t go over this bridge.
The bridge is too low. The bridge is too narrow.
The lorry is too high. The lorry is too wide.

a Qual è il problema? Completa le frasi usando too + un aggettivo.


1 2 3
big small long short high low

1 The sleeves are too long . The trousers .


2 The card . The envelope . 4
3 The window . The ladder .
4 The chair . His legs .

Adjectives and adverbs


Adjective Adverb
Gli avverbi regolari si formano con l’aggettivo + -ly: slow slowly
careful carefully
Alcuni avverbi hanno la stessa forma degli aggettivi: late late
good è irregolare: good well

a Scrivi se le parole in corsivo sono aggettivi o avverbi.


1 They live in a beautiful flat. adj 6 I got up quickly and had breakfast.
2 He speaks English very clearly. 7 Is Johannesburg a dangerous city?
3 I have to get up early tomorrow. 8 Have a rest. You work too hard.
4 You don’t need to drive so fast. 9 I’m tired. I slept badly last night.
5 I thought the film was really bad. 10 I’ll get a late bus home.

b Scegli due avverbi per ogni frase.


quietly clearly safely hard beautifully
late fast easily fast dangerously

1 I don’t want to go with him. He drives too fast / dangerously .


2 She spoke very . I couldn’t understand a word.
3 I enjoy reading her letters. She writes so .
4 I hope you got home last night.
5 Of course he’s tired. He works really every evening.

42
The weather 10
62
What’s the weather like?
It’s It’s quite It’s not It’s not It’s
lovely! nice. bad. very nice. terrible!

GOOD BAD

It’s It’s quite It’s OK. It’s not It’s


beautiful! good. very good. awful!

a Completa il cruciverba. 1
1 The weather’s — — — — — — — — — today. 2  4
3 B



2 ‘Is the weather good?’ ‘No, it’s — — — — — !’ E
3 ‘What’s the weather like?’ ‘It’s not — — — .’ 5 A


4 The weather here is — — — — — — — — . U


6 T
5 ‘What’s the — — — — — — — like?’
I 7


6 ‘It’s — — — — — good.’ F
7 The weather’s not very — — — — today. U
L


8 It’s a — — — — — — day today! 8

It’s hot
63
40° 30° 20° 10° 0° -10° Dubai 30° Rome 19°
very hot hot warm cool cold very cold Kuala Lumpur 39° São Paulo 28°
London 9° Tokyo 11°
Moscow -12° Warsaw 2°

b Completa le frasi.
1 It’s hot in Dubai. 5 in Rome.
2 in Kuala Lumpur. 6 in São Paulo.
3 in London. 7 in Tokyo.
4 in Moscow. 8 in Warsaw.

Translate into Italian


What’s the weather like?

It’s lovely. It’s warm and it’s sunny.

It’s terrible. It’s cold and it’s rainy.

43
Be going to 11
64
Forma affermativa Forma negativa

I’m I’m not


We’re, You’re, They’re going to + infinitive We aren’t, We’re not going to + infinitive
He’s, She’s, It’s He isn’t, He’s not

After university… We asked students in London


about their plans for the future.
Julia, 21, is studying business
‘I’m going to have a long summer holiday, and then I’m going to start applying for jobs
in the London area. I’m going to stay in London if I can – all my friends are here.’

Paula, 22, is studying Arabic


‘I’m going to go to Cairo to practise my Arabic. My boyfriend lives there
already, and he’s going to help me find a job there as an English teacher.’

Juan, 20, is studying music


‘I’m not going to get a job just yet. I’m going to stay with friends in
Singapore, and then we’re going to travel round Thailand together.’

a Completa le frasi.
1 Paula is going to live in Egypt. 4 Julia start work in the summer.
2 Paula teach English. 5 Paula and Juan stay in England.
3 Julia leave London. 6 Julia and Juan go on holiday.

b Completa gli articoli di giornale. Usa le parole nel riquadro + (not) be going to.

build leave get married save stay meet not / retire not / spend

1 are going to meet


The Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan
next month to discuss Kashmir and other problems.

2
Prince Michael and Lady Margaret Downing got engaged on
Saturday. They in early September.

3
Lucia, a 30-year-old taxi driver from Madrid, has won t5 million on the Spanish lottery.
‘I it,’ she said last night. ‘I it for my old age.’

4 ‘We 15 new hospitals in the next three


years,’ said the Prime Minister.

5
Salma Rahman her job as director of internet company Klick.com. ‘I
until the summer,’ she said last night, ‘but then I want to do something different.’

6
Nick Formby, manager of Derby Football Club, is 65, but
he says he for at least three more years.

44
Questions 11
65
Risposte brevi Wh- questions

Are you What are you


Are they going to ... ? Where are they going to ...?
Is he/she When is he/she
GREECE
‘We’re going to spend the summer in Greece this
year. We’re going to stay in Athens for a few days,
and then we’re going to visit Naxos and some of the Athens
other Greek islands ...’ Mykonos

Where are you going to What are you going to do there? Naxos
stay in Athens?

Are you going to see the Acropolis?

c Formula domande usando le parole nel riquadro.


1 How long are you going to stay in Greece?
stay in Greece?
2 hire a car?
3 get to Naxos?
4 go by boat?
5 visit Mykonos?
6 come back?

d Formula domande. Usa le parole nel riquadro e be going to.


1 – It’s my husband’s 40th birthday next week.
– Is it? What are you going to give him? ? cook
2 – They’re going to the theatre the day after tomorrow. see
wear
– That’s nice. What ?
give
3 – I’ve bought some chicken for dinner.
do
– Oh good. How ? live
4 – I’m going to a very formal party this Saturday.
– Are you? What ?
5 – He’s lost his job.
– Oh dear. What ?
6 – She’s left home and gone to London.
– Really? Where ?

Translate into Italian


We’re going to stay with some friends.

He isn’t going to leave his job.

How are you going to get to the airport?

45
Be going to for predictions 11
66
Tomorrow will be Look at those clouds. Don’t eat too Oh dear. I think I’m
cloudy. It will rain I think it’s going to rain. much. You’ll going to be sick.
in some places. be sick.

(= I can see it coming.) (= I can feel it.)

e Osserva le immagini. Cosa sta per succedere? Usa i verbi nel riquadro. 1 4
have  fall fall asleep
get wet break crash

1 He’s going to fall . 2 5


2 The cars .

3 The clothes .

4 The rope . 3 6

5 The woman a baby.

6 The man .

f Scrivi quello che pensi succederà. Usa i verbi nel riquadro.


love fail be late cry be bored pass
be early kill have a good time hate

1 Look at the baby! You frightened her. She ’s going to cry .


2 I don’t want to go that party. I don’t know anybody. I .
3 A: What time does the play start?
B: At 9.30.
A: Look at all this traffic! We .
B: Don’t worry. It’s only 8.30 and the theatre is at the end of the street. We .
4 A: The film is about two boys and their father and their love of fishing in a mountain river.
B: Sounds terrible. I it.
A: But Brad Pitt is the star. You it!
5 A: I don’t want to go to school!
B: All your best friends are in class with you. The teacher is very nice. You .
6 Oh, no! I am 45 minutes late. My mum me!
7 A: Jim didn’t study for his physics exam. He .
B: No, you’re wrong. He’s a genius! He it with no problem at all.

Translate into Italian


I’ll come, but I probably won’t stay long.

If I don’t see you, I’ll call you this evening.

It’s going to rain.

46
Must, mustn’t 11
67
be quiet. This sign means: This sign means:
You must
take off your shoes. SILENCE You must be quiet. You must take off your shoes.

talk. NO TALKING You mustn’t talk. You mustn’t wear shoes.


You mustn’t
wear shoes.

mustn’t = must not

a Osserva i cartelli. Dove si trovano?


1 e in an art gallery a b d NO MUSIC AFTER 11 p. m.
PASSPORTS
2 on a coat or dress


3 in a hotel c e
f

4 on a plane
FASTEN SEATBELTS
5 in a park
6 at an airport

b Scrivi che cosa indicano i cartelli.


a You must show your passport. d play music after 11.00 pm.
b play football. e eat or drink.
c fasten your seat belt. f put it in a washing machine.

Have to, must, don’t have to, mustn’t


68

have to You don’t have to carry it. You mustn’t carry it.
You carry it.
must (It’s got wheels. (It’s very heavy.
(It hasn’t got wheels.) You can pull it.) You’ll hurt your back.)

Have to e must hanno lo stesso significato. Don’t have to e mustn’t non hanno lo stesso significato.

a Scegli l’alternativa corretta.


1 I start work at 11.30 in the morning. I have to / don’t have to get up early.
2 I can’t see you tomorrow. I have to / don’t have to go to work.
3 We’re leaving at 10.30 tomorrow morning. You mustn’t / don’t have to be late.
4 We have to / don’t have to walk. We can go by taxi.
5 I’m feeling ill. I must / mustn’t see a doctor.
6 I’m sorry – you mustn’t / don’t have to use your mobile phone on the plane.

Translate into Italian


I must go to the bank and get some money.

We don’t have to go to work tomorrow.

Sorry – you mustn’t smoke in here.

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Phrasal verbs 11
Un phrasal verb ha due parti: 1 2
1 un verbo (get, go, sit …) wake up: I always wake up at 7.30.
2 una particella, preposizione o avverbio (up, on, off …) 1 2
sit down: We all sat down and started eating.
Alcuni phrasal verbs comuni:
get on/off, get in/out, go in/out, come in/out, grow up, stand up, sit down, lie down,
start up, shut down, print out, wake up, get up, go away, drive away/off, take off.

a Completa le frasi.
1 ‘Come and sit ,’ he said.
2 I grew in the country, but then we moved to a large city.
3 I woke at 6.00, got quickly, had breakfast, and went .
4 Hurry ! We’ll be late.
5 The front door opened. Two people came , got a car, and drove .

Phrasal verbs with an object


Quando il phrasal verb è intransitivo Verbi comuni:
si può mettere in due modi: turn ... up/down, turn ... on/off, switch ... on/off,
switch on: He switched on the light. / He switched the light on. try ... on, put ... on, throw .... away, give ... away,
take off: Take off your coat. / Take your coat off. pick ... up, put ... down.
throw away: I think I’ll throw away these old shoes. / I think I’ll throw these old shoes away.

b Puoi scrivere queste frasi in due modi. Aggiungi le frasi mancanti.


A B
1 Take off your shoes. Take your shoes off.
2 She tried on the dress. She tried the dress on.
3 Why don’t you turn on the TV?
4 Let’s throw these magazines away.
5 She gave all her money away.
6 Put on a coat – it’s cold.
7 Could you turn down the music?

Phrasal verbs with pronouns


Phrasal verb + sostantivo Phrasal verb + pronome
Take off your coat.
or → Take it off.
Take your coat off. (NOT Take off it.)

I’ll throw away these old shoes.


or → I’ll throw them away.
I’ll throw these old shoes away. (NOT I’ll throw away them.)

c Usa le parole tra parentesi per scrivere frasi complete.


1 Your jacket is on the floor. (up/it/could/pick/you) Could you pick it up?
2 Those jeans look nice. (try/going/them/I’m/on/to)
3 I need those bags. (away/don’t/throw/them)
4 There’s no hot water. (I/to/switch/forgot/on/it)
5 Your shoes are dirty. (off/them/take/you/can?)
6 I can’t hear the music. (turn/it/you/a bit/can/up?)
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