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GRADE 11 STEM

Name: Ebarsabal, Rickaella G. Date: 10/22/20

Section: STEM-103

LESSON 2: CHARACTERISTICS, PROCESSES AND ETHICS OF


RESEARCH
Read and Analyse

Direction: Read the following articles below and answer the questions that follow.

Ethics in Qualitative Research

Certain ethical challenges in qualitative research necessitate sustained attention of two


interconnected worlds: the world of the researcher and the world of the participant. A critical
view of some of the ethical challenges in the participants’ and researchers’ world reveals that
how we examine both these worlds’ effects how we design our research. In addition, it reflects
the need for researchers to develop an ethical research vocabulary at the inception of their
research life through multiple modes. The modes may include dialogue in the spoken and
written and visual to affect their aims to adhere to the principles of respect, beneficence,
nonmaleficence, and justice in a way that is mutually beneficial to the participant and the
researcher.

Further, the deliberations in this paper reveal that a critical conscious research ethics are
embedded in the unfolding research ethics process involving the participants and the
researchers, and both the participant and researcher add equal weight to the transparency of the
ethical process and add value to building methodological and ethical rigor to the research.

The global public health response to COVID-19 could be significantly enhanced by safe,
effective vaccines and treatments, reliable measures of correlates of immune protection, and
improved scientific knowledge of the disease and its transmission. It is widely agreed that
vaccines would be particularly important, and over 100 candidate vaccines are currently being
developed. Well-designed human challenge studies provide one of the most efficient and
scientifically powerful means for testing vaccines, especially because animal models are not
adequately generalizable to humans.

Challenge studies could thus be associated with substantial public health benefit in so
far as they (a) accelerate vaccine development, (b) increase the likelihood that the most effective
(candidate) vaccines will ultimately become available), (c) validate tests of immunity, and (d)
improve knowledge regarding SARS-CoV-2 infection and transmission.

PRACTICAL RESEARCH 1 MS. JIMNAIRA ABANTO


GRADE 11 STEM
I. Questions:

1. Based on the article, how will you define ethics in research?

It necessitates sustained attention of two interconnected world which is the researcher and the
participant. It also reveals how we examine both worlds and how we going to design it for our
research. It also reflects our needs as a researcher.

2. Are SARS-CoV-2 infection and transmission study on humans rather than animal models
unethical?

No, it is more efficient and scientifically appropriate for testing vaccines because animal models
are not suitable to be generalizing as human being. In addition, there are lots of differences of
human and animals.

3. If you were a part of the research teams conducting such phenomenon, what will you do to
correct the unethical feature of the experiment?

If being a researcher requires ethics in researching, we should already know that animal testing
and human testing are different especially in this type of scenario. It can affect the whole people
if we don’t do it ethically.

4. How do you characterize good research writing?

For me, to qualify a good research writing is to have a certain characteristics that must be valid,
verifiable, and systematic, also must be based on the works of others, can be replicated or
doable and being sincerely interested in conducting this research.

5. What is the importance of following the ethical standards in conducting a research?

There are several reasons why to adhere in following ethical standards while we conduct a
research; first it to promote the aims of the research, to gain knowledge, truth and avoidance of
errors.

PRACTICAL RESEARCH 1 MS. JIMNAIRA ABANTO


GRADE 11 STEM
LESSON 3: QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH VS. QUALITATIVE
RESEARCH

I. Direction: Using a Venn Diagram below, illustrate the differences and similarities between a
quantitative and qualitative method of research by filling in completely the Venn diagram
presented.

-expressed in words
-used to understand
-both
concepts or thoughts
expressed
- expressed in number and graphs in
written forms
-to gather in-sights on
-used to test or confirms theories
topics we dont
-generalizable facts -both use to
understand
see
-experiments is part of conducting this
-open question
research truthfulness
are allowed
-questions are fixed -both can ask
-observation descibed
questions
in words or literary
reviews

II. Decide whether the following topics or research questions is qualitative or quantitative.
Explain why and what is your basis. Write your answers on the spaces provided.

 Culinary Arts: Then and Now

Qualitative, because all of us really don’t study culinary arts and by this research means is to
help us understand other concepts or to gather more information that we don’t know and that
can be described through words.

 How do the TVL students feel about their chosen strand?

Quantitative, my basis on this one is how many people on a specific school feel on their strand if
it is somehow happy because this is the strand they choose to chase their dream job or just
somehow just to graduate.

 What is the degree of satisfaction of students taking the different SHS? Tracks?

PRACTICAL RESEARCH 1 MS. JIMNAIRA ABANTO


GRADE 11 STEM
Qualitative, this study might aim senior high school students to find an appropriate method to
inform students to correctly select their academic field of study and their intentions.

 The Why and How of Social Networking Use

Qualitative, this one can’t be expressed through graphs and numbers but to help us to
understand the concepts of it by words. It also gathers information to help us to understand.

 The Level of Social Media Addiction among the Youth

Quantitative, this kind of research can use graphs or numbers to see how many youth are using
social media within 24 hours and how badly it can affect them.

LESSON 4: THE KINDS OF RESEARCH ACROSS FIELDS


I. Identify the specific area of interest for each given topic by writing the letter of each type in
the correct column. Likewise, below the letter representing your answer, write the importance of
such research in your daily life.

A. Digital Age B. Child in Conflict with the Law C. Classroom


Environment

D. Herbal Medicines E. Financial Management

Arts-Based Humanities Science ICT Business

_C_ _B_ _D_ _A_ _E_

Explanation: Explanation: Explanation: Explanation: Explanation:

Classrooms in Child in Herbal Digital Age In our situation,


art-based fields Conflict with Medicines Environment is financial
can be a great the law can nowadays has a huge impact management is
problem since lead in to many lots of healing to ICT because Business needs
some of this circumstances myths that lots of because one
class can be such as mental actually might technologies wrong move
done inside and health issues or be a fact or not. and other can lead into
outside of the socializing internet stuffs business
premises. issues. are open to bankruptcy
everyone.

PRACTICAL RESEARCH 1 MS. JIMNAIRA ABANTO