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Plurals

Plural Suffix

Forming the plural in Turkish is simple compared to the Accusative case. It is formed using the suffix -lAr.
Now you might be thinking, “what is that capital A doing there?” to which we respond with 2-way vowel
harmony.

This is the other form of vowel harmony found in Turkey suffixes. Basically if the final vowel is front (i, e,
ü, ö) use -ler. If it is back (a, ı, o, u), use the suffix -lar. This rule along with the rule for 4-way vowel
harmony will be used in several suffixes across Turkish grammar, so try to get used to it now.

Here are some examples:

Turkish, Nominative English Turkish, Plural English

ayı bear ayılar bears

kuş bird kuşlar birds

kurbağa frog kurbağalar frogs

köpek dog köpekler dogs

hindi turkey hindiler turkeys

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