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MIXED METHOD

RESEARCH DESIGN
Institute of Education and Research
University of Dhaka
PRESENTING BY……..

MD. RASEL
SARDER(12171)

MD. TARIKUL
ISLAM(12111)
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WE WILL DISCUSS ABOUT……
 Definition of Mixed Method Research
 Basic Characteristic of Mixed Method
Research
 When we conduct a Mixed Method Study

 Reason for using Mixed Method

 The types of Mixed Method Research

 Steps for conducting a Mixed Method


Research
 Criteria for Evaluating a Mixed Method Study

 Some Strength and Weakness of the M.M.S


QUANTITATIVE
AND
QUALITATIVE
RESEARCH
QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH
• Quantitative research is a way of collecting
numerical research or data which then can
be converted into useable statistics.
• It uses measureable data to formulate facts
and uncover patterns in research.
QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
• Qualitative research is used to gain a deeper
understanding of the subject.
• It helps to develop ideas or hypothesises. It
is used to uncover trends in thoughts and
opinions. Common methods used are
focused groups, individual interviews and
observations
WHAT IS MIXED METHODS RESEARCH?

 Mixed methods research is a procedure for


collecting, analyzing and “mixing” both
quantitative and qualitative methods in a
single study or a series of studies to
understand a research problem. -Creswell
& Plano Clark(2011)
 The purpose of this form of research is that
both qualitative and quantitative research, in
combination, provide a better understanding of
a research problem or issue than either research
approach alone.
HOW WOULD YOU COMBINE TWO
TYPES OF DATA?

Qualitative Quantitative Numeric Data


Text Data
234252311234233
This is a sample of a text 211153412314455
file of words that might 412143351423155
be collected on interview 221535131532251
transcripts, observation 324431242241554
field notes, or optically- 215
scanned documents.
COLLECTING BOTH QUANTITATIVE AND
QUALITATIVE DATA
Quantitative data Qualitative data
 Interviews
 Questionnaire
 Observations
 Survey
 FGD
 Census  Documents Studies
 Attendance Record  Case-Study

 Checklists  Audio-visual materials

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FRAMEWORK FOR VIEWING
PERSPECTIVES ON MIXED METHODS

Quantitative Data Qualitative Data

Findings Findings

Findings

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A MIXED METHODS RESEARCHER…

 Collects both quantitative and qualitative data


 “Mixes” them

 “Mixes” them at the same time (concurrently) or one


after the other (sequentially)
 Emphasizes both equally or unequally
BASIC CHARACTERISTICS

 Provide the rationale for the design


 Include collecting qualitative and quantitative
data
 Consider priority

 Consider sequence

 Match the data analysis to a design

 Diagram the procedures

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WHEN DO YOU CONDUCT A MIXED
METHODS STUDY ?
 When we have both quantitative and
qualitative data
 When one type of research is not enough to
explain or to answer the question
 When we want qualitative research to help
explain quantitative findings
 When we want to generalize findings to a
large population
 When we want to provide alternative
perspectives in a study
WHAT ARE THE REASON FOR USING
MIXED METHODS ?
 To explain and interpret.
 To explore a phenomenon.
 To develop and to test a new instrument.
 To complement the strengths of a single design.
 To overcome the weaknesses of a single design.
 To address a question at different levels.
 To address a theoretical perspective at different
levels.
WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF MIXED
METHODS DESIGN?
 The Convergent Parallel Design Four
 The Explanatory Sequential Design Basic
 The Exploratory Sequential Design Desig
 The Embedded Sequential Design n of
M.M.R

 The Transformative Design Complex


 The Multiphase Design Design of
M.M.R
THE CONVERGENT PARALLEL DESIGN

The purpose of a convergent of Parallel


mixed methods design is to simultaneously
collect both qualitative and quantitative data,
merge the data and use the results to
understand a research problem.
CONTINUE….
Characteristic

 Data Collection Priority (Equal)


 Sequence (Concurrently/ Simultaneously)

 Use of Data (To Compare Similar/Dissimilar)


THE EXPLANATORY SEQUENTIAL DESIGN
Characterized by: An explanatory sequential
mixed methods design consists of first collecting
quantitative data and then collecting qualitative data
to help explain or elaborate on the quantitative
results.
Purpose: To use qualitative results to assist the
findings of a quantitative study.
CONTINUE….
Characteristic

 Data Collection Priority (Quantitative Data)


 Sequence (First Quantitative Data)

 Use of Data (To Refine, Polish, Elaborate)


THE EXPLORATORY SEQUENTIAL DESIGN

Characterized by: An exploratory sequential


mixed method design involves the procedure of first
gathering qualitative data to explore a phenomenon
and then collecting quantitative data to explain
relationship found in the qualitative data.
Purpose: To explore a phenomenon. This strategy
may also be useful when developing and testing a
new instrument.
CONTINUE….
Characteristic

 Data Collection Priority (Qualitative Data)


 Sequence (First Qualitative Data)

 Use of Data (To Refine, Polish, Elaborate)


THE EMBEDDED SEQUENTIAL DESIGN

The embedded design is to collect


quantitative and qualitative data
simultaneously or sequentially but to have
one form of data play a supportive role to the
other form of data.
CONTINUE….
Characteristic

 Data Collection Priority (Often Quant./Often


Qual.)
 Sequence (Sequentially / Simultaneously)

 Use of Data (To Provide additional Source or


Argument)
THE TRANSFORMATIVE DESIGN

The Transformative mixed methods design is


to use one of the four designs but to encase
the design within a transformative framework
or lens.
THE MULTIPHASE DESIGN
The Multiphase Design is a complex design that
builds on the basic convergent, explanatory,
exploratory and embedded design which is occur
when researchers or a team of researchers
examine a problem or topic through a series of
phases or separate studies.
STEPS IN THE PROCESS OF CONDUCTING A
MIXED METHOD STUDIES

 Determine a mixed method study is feasible


 Identify a rationale for a mixed method study
 Identify the data collecting strategy and type of
design
 Develop quantitative, qualitative and mixed
method research questions
 Collect quantitative and qualitative data
 Analyze data separately or concurrently
 Write a report as one or two phase study
DIAGRAM OF STEPS OF MIXED METHOD
DESIGNS
STEP-1: DETERMINE A MIXED METHOD STUDY IS
FEASIBLE

• Research problem
 Content – any topics
 Fit the problem to mixed methods
(arguments)

• Access to both qualitative and quantitative


data

• Background and resources


STEP-2: IDENTIFY A RATIONALE FOR A MIXED
METHOD STUDY

 Consider why you are collecting both


quantitative and qualitative data.
 Be explicit in this rationale

 Include it early in the research plan or report


STEP-3: IDENTIFY A DATA COLLECTION
STRATEGY

 The priority give you will give to quantitative


and qualitative data
 The sequence of your data collection, if you
do not plan to collect the data
 The specific forms of quantitative data and
qualitative data you will collect
STEP-4: DEVELOP QUANTITATIVE , QUALITATIVE
AND MIXED METHODS QUESTIONS

 Identify questions prior to a study or during


the study
 Create both exploratory questions and
analytic variable question
 Question will emerge depend on the type of
design
STEP-5: COLLECT QUANTITATIVE AND
QUALITATIVE DATA

 The sequence of data collection will depend


on the type of design
 In all design the presentation of data or
information will be will organized
STEP-6: ANALYZE DATA SEPARATELY OR
CONCURRENTLY
 Data analyze mainly related to the specific
type of design being used
 Analyze data (qualitative and quantitative)
separately, concurrently or both
STEP-7: WRITE A REPORT AS ONE OR TWO
PHASE STUDY
 The report is written in two phase

 The report integrates the quantitative and


qualitative phases or the study in each
section
HOW DO YOU EVALUATE A MIXED METHOD
STUDY ?
 Describes that mixed method is the best approach to
answer the research questions.
 Incorporates both qualitative and quantitative data
collection and analysis.
 Explicitly combines or mixes two datasets.

 Frames the study one of the mixed method research


designs.
 Provides a diagram of the procedure to clarify the
timing, priority and mixing within the study.
 Signals to the reader that the study is using mixed
method.
WHAT ARE SOME STRENGTHS?

Can be easy to describe and to report

Can be useful when unexpected results arise from a


prior study

Can help to generalize qualitative data

Helpful in designing and validating an instrument

Can position research in a transformative framework


WHAT ARE SOME WEAKNESSES?

Time required.

Discrepancies between different types of


data.

Can be difficult to decide when to proceed in


sequential designs.

Little guidance on transformative methods.


SOME EXAMPLE OF MIXED METHOD RESEARCH
PROBLEM
 “Exploring the Effect of Motivational
Feedback given in Continuous on Self-
Regulated learning”

 “The Pattern of Teacher Student


Communication at the Primary Level
Education in Bangladesh”

 “A Sequential Explanatory Study of College


Student’s Copy-and-Paste Note Talking”
THANK YOU ALL………
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