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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Division of Camarines Sur
COLEGIO DELA VIRGIN DEL PILAR (CVP), INC
Formerly: Academia Sagrada Familia de Lupi, Inc.
SCHOOL ID NO. 433585
Colacling, Lupi, Camarines Sur
Mobile # SMART 0912-488-8437/GLOBE 0935-347-3635

Discipline and Ideas in the


Applied Social Sciences
THE APPLIED SOCIAL SCIENCES
AND THE DISCIPLINE OF
COUNSELING

Week 1
Module 1
Most Essential Learning Competency:
1. Clarify the relationships and differences between social Science
and applied sciences.
2. Identify the goals and scope of counseling.
3. Explain the principles of counseling.
HOW TO USE THIS MODULE

Before starting the module, I want you to set aside other tasks that will disturb you
while enjoying the lessons. Read the simple instructions below to successfully enjoy the
objectives of this kit. Have fun!

1. Follow carefully all the contents and instructions indicated in every page
of this module.
2. Write on your notebook the concepts about the lessons. Writing enhances
learning that is important to develop and keep in mind.
3. Perform all the provided activities in the module.
4. Let your facilitator/guardian assess your answers using the answer key card.
5. Analyze conceptually the posttest and apply what you have learned.
6. Enjoy studying!

PARTS OF THE MODULE

• Expectations - These are what you will be able to know after completing the
lessons in the module.
• Pre-test - This will measure your prior knowledge and the concepts to be
mastered throughout the lesson.
• Looking Back to your Lesson - This section will measure what learning’s and
skills did you understand from the previous lesson.
• Brief Introduction - This section will give you an overview of the lesson.
• Discussion - This section provides a short discussion of the lesson. This aims to
help you discover and understand new concepts and skills.
• Activities - This is a set of activities you will perform with a partner.
• Remember - This section summarizes the concepts and applications of the
lessons.
• Check your understanding - It will verify how you learned from the
lesson.
• Post-test - This will measure how much you have learned from the entire
module.
EXPECTATIONS

Specifically, this module will help you to:


• Clarify the relationship between the social sciences and the applied
social sciences
• Cite the differences among applied social sciences
Let us start your journey in learning more on applied and social
sciences. I am sure you are ready and excited to answer the Pretest.
Smile and cheer up!

PRETEST
Graphic Organizer Completion. Using the bubble map below, classify whether the following
disciplines are Pure Social Sciences or Applied Social Sciences.
Disciplines to be categorized:

Economics Political Science


Counseling History
Geography Social Work
Psychology Anthropology
Sociology Political Science
Demography Communication

Applied Social
Science
PURE SOCIAL
SCIENCES

Discipline to be categorized
Economics Political Science
Counseling History
Geography Social Work
Psychology Anthropology
Sociology Demography
Communication
BRIEF INTRODUCTION

Social sciences are investigating human society and the different forces that operate
within it. The different disciplines of the Social Sciences look at human societies and divest
perspectives and focus on an area of expertise for analysis. Economics, Political Science,
Sociology, Geography, Anthropology, Psychology, Demography and History are all branches
of the Social Sciences. Such areas provide social scientists with specific expertise, tools and
skills that can help them better understand social phenomena. The Applied Social Sciences,
on the other hand, focuses on the practical application of the various theories, frameworks,
concepts, and methodologies learned from the Social Sciences in real-life settings.
The Module addresses the key distinctions between social sciences and applied social
sciences. This also explores the concepts and fields of social sciences and applied social
sciences.

DISCUSSIONS

Lesson Defining the Social Sciences and the Applied

1 Social Sciences

Social sciences are vast fields of scientific study which investigate human societies
and the different forces within them. These diverse fields examine how people interact and
develop their culture. Social sciences are comprised of several disciplines, including
history, political science, sociology, psychology, economics, geography, demography,
anthropology and linguistics. Through a body of empirical knowledge, the social sciences
offer a complex collection of lenses that allow us to understand and clarify the various
aspects of human society. Varieties of lens that the social sciences study refer to the various
areas of the social sciences that research human society. That field of social science uses a
diverse collection of lenses made up of a body of ideas, theories, structures and
methodologies that allow us to understand and research the multi-faceted forces that make
up and influence human society.

BRANCHES OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES

Economics

Economics studies the allocation of scarce resources and the production and
exchange of goods and services within society. The two primary divisions of the economics
are microeconomics, which focuses on the actions of individual consumers and producers,
and macro-economics, which explores the actions and output of the aggregate economy.

Anthropology

Anthropology is a scientific study of human beings and their cultures in the past and
present. Anthropology’s systematic approach to human research, the importance of
fieldwork and participant observation, and its focus on cross-cultural comparison, make it
special in the social sciences.

History

History is a systematic study of past human events in order to understand the


meaning, dynamics and relationship of the causes and effects of events in the development
of societies. This is derived from the Greek word past, which means "investigation" or
"investigation." In a social science, history focuses on the interpretation and analysis of
historical events, as they have historically occurred with the use of primary and secondary
sources. Primary sources refer to eyewitness reports or historical accounts of the incident.
They often use secondary sources or facts that are not eye-witness accounts and are based
on primary sources.

Political Science

Political science focuses on human actions in relation to political processes, states,


rules and international affairs. This explores the relationship between citizens and politics
at all levels, from the citizen to the national and international levels.
Psychology

Psychology is researching how the human mind functions in consonance with the
body to generate thoughts that contribute to individual actions. Psychology analyzes how
individuals and communities view the world through various feelings, thoughts and states
of consciousness.

Sociology

Sociology is a systematic study of people’s behavior in groups. It is derived from the


Latin word socio which means “people together” and Greek word logos which means “the
study of.” As a discipline of the social science, it attempts to understand why and how
people interact with each other and how the function as a society or social subgroups.
Applied sociology focus on the use and proper application of sociological theories,
methods and skills to examine data.

Geography

Geography is a study of the relationship between people and their environment.


Geography was derived from Greek words: geography means "world" and “graphos” means
"charting or drawing." Geography examines both the physical features of the Earth's
surface and its interaction with human societies. This also explores how human society
communicates with the natural world and the effect of environments and places on people.

Demography

Demography is a statistical study of human populations over time, according to the


Max Planck Center for Demographic Science (2016). This explores trends in population
growth through the study of birth, human activity, and morbidity, aging and mortality
statistics. Population studies or social demography are an important sub-field of sociology.
Social demographers analyze demographic data to identify, describe and forecast social
phenomena. This also studies the composition of social class and population distribution.

Discipline and Ideas in Applied Social Sciences by Dela Cruz et al.


(2016) p.6-11
DEFINING THE APPLIED SOCIAL SCIENCES

The applied social sciences were developed as a response to the highly segmented
and compartmentalized division of social science disciplines that dominated western
research training in the late 1990s and until the end of the twentieth century. Scholars
from the social sciences argued that there is a need for more collaboration in the various
fields of the social sciences. This suggests that the various areas of social sciences need to
work together effectively to resolve problems. This multidisciplinary approach to the study
of various social problems has become the focus and the beginning of applied social
sciences. Similar to social sciences, which concentrate on theoretical studies of society,
applied social sciences concentrate on the use and application of the various ideas,
theoretical models and hypotheses of social science disciplines to better explain society
and the various challenges and issues it faces. The applied social sciences were used to
provide possible approaches to the complex problems of society (Gouldner, 1989).

Counseling

Counseling is one of the areas of social sciences applied to it. As an application of the
social sciences, counseling provides guidance, assistance and support to individuals who
are distracted by a range of problems in their lives. Professional guidance is provided to the
individual through counseling, and this is done through the application of psychological
methods such as the collection of case history data, personal interviews and skills tests.
Counseling may be provided by psychologists, life coaches, job psychologists and personal
development counselors.

Social Work

Social research is another technical practice in the social sciences related to it.
Having been trained in social sciences to interact and understand social realities, an
applied social sciences practitioner has a good theoretical and conceptual foundation for
social work practice. Through social work, professionals are supporting people, families,
associations and neighborhoods to strengthen their individual and mutual well-being.

Communication Studies

Applied social sciences provide appropriate instruction for employment in the


communications field. One example of a career in the advertising industry is in the field of
mass media. For example, in the news and current affairs department of major television
and radio networks, practitioners stress the importance of balance, objective, truthful and
creative reporting of news and other important events as they have happened.
Practitioners in applied social sciences have ample experience in this field as they are
equipped with communication theories and principles that allow them to understand and
educate the public about the social, political, cultural, and economic realities.

Discipline and Ideas in Applied Social Sciences


by Dela Cruz et al. (2016) p.11-15
Communication professionals have the skills to write, create and deliver news accurately
and creatively to the public.

ACTIVITIES
Activity 1.1 Data Retrieval Chart

Direction: As you read the lesson, fill out the data retrieval chart.
Data Retrieval Chart About the Main Concerns and Focus of the Social Sciences

Discipline Main Concern and Focus as a Discipline


Social Sciences

History

Anthropology

Economics

Sociology

Geography

Demography

Political Science
ACTIVITIES
Activity 1.2 Photo Analysis
Direction: Analyze the photo and answer the questions below.

Guide Questions

1. Identify and analyze the symbols used and relate it to Social Science disciplines.

2. How does the photo explain the nature and significance of the Social Science
disciplines?
PREPARATION FOR THE NEXT TOPIC

Activity 1.3 Photo Analysis


Directions:
Analyze the photo and answer the questions below

A. What is counseling? Why do you think counseling is considered a discipline of the


Applied Social Sciences?