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1

Ì.Ä. Áàð÷åíêîâà, À.Ò. Îñèïåíêîâà

ÀÍÃËÎ-ÐÓÑÑÊÈÉ
ñëîâàðü
ÌÓÇÛÊÀËÜÍÛÕ
ÒÅÐÌÈÍÎÂ
2- ,

Ìîñêâà
Èçäàòåëüñòâî «Ô »
2014
2

ÓÄÊ 802.0
ÁÁÊ 81.2 Àíãë
Á26

Ðåöåíçåíòû:
ïðîôåññîð, êàíä. ôèëîë. íàóê Ìàõìóðÿí Ê.Ñ.
äîöåíò, êàíä. ôèëîë. íàóê Êóçíåöîâà Ã.Í.

Áàð÷åíêîâà Ì.Ä., Îñèïåíêîâà À.Ò.


Á26 Àíãëî-ðóññêèé ñëîâàðü ìóçûêàëüíûõ òåðìèíîâ
[ ]/ . . , . . . — 2-
., . — Ì.: , 2014 — 160 .

ISBN 978-5-89349-120-3

Ñëîâàðü ñîäåðæèò îêîëî 5000 ñëîâàðíûõ ñòàòåé è


âêëþ÷àåò, êðîìå îáøèðíîãî ñëîÿ îáùåëèòåðàòóðíîé ëåêñèêè,
òåðìèíû, îòíîñÿùèåñÿ ê òåîðèè ìóçûêè, ìóçûêàëüíîé íîòàöèè,
ìóçûêàëüíûì èíñòðóìåíòàì, íàðîäíûì ïåñíÿì è òàíöàì,
ìóçûêàëüíîìó èñïîëíèòåëüñòâó.
Äëÿ ñòóäåíòîâ ìóçûêàëüíûõ ôàêóëüòåòîâ ïåäàãîãè÷åñêèõ âóçîâ,
à òàêæå øèðîêîãî êðóãà ÷èòàòåëåé, ïîëüçóþùèõñÿ ìóçûêàëüíîé
ëèòåðàòóðîé.

ISBN 9 7 8 - 5-89349-120-3 © Èçäàòåëüñòâî « », 2 014


3

Ïðåäèñëîâèå

Íàñòîÿùèé ñëîâàðü ïðåäíàçíà÷åí äëÿ ñòóäåíòîâ ìóçûêàëü-


íûõ ôàêóëüòåòîâ ïåäàãîãè÷åñêèõ âóçîâ.
Íàðÿäó ñ ÷èñòî òåðìèíîëîãè÷åñêîé ëåêñèêîé â ñëîâàðü
âêëþ÷åí îáøèðíûé ñëîé îáùåëèòåðàòóðíîé ëåêñèêè, èñïîëü-
çóåìîé â ìóçûêàëüíîé ëèòåðàòóðå äëÿ îöåíêè è îïèñàíèÿ ïðî-
èçâåäåíèé ìóçûêè, à òàêæå äëÿ îïèñàíèÿ èõ âîçäåéñòâèÿ íà
âíóòðåííèé ìèð ÷åëîâåêà, íà ýñòåòè÷åñêîå âîñïðèÿòèå ñëó-
øàòåëÿ.
Òåðìèíîëîãèÿ ñëîâàðÿ îõâàòûâàåò ñëåäóþùèå òåìû: òåî-
ðèÿ è èñòîðèÿ ìóçûêè, ìóçûêàëüíàÿ íîòàöèÿ, ìóçûêàëüíûå
èíñòðóìåíòû, íàðîäíûå ïåñíè è òàíöû, ìóçûêàëüíîå èñïîë-
íèòåëüñòâî.
 ñëîâàðå øèðîêî èñïîëüçóåòñÿ ñèñòåìà ãðàììàòè÷åñêèõ,
ñòèëèñòè÷åñêèõ è ýòèìîëîãè÷åñêèõ ïîìåò. Ôîíåòè÷åñêàÿ õà-
ðàêòåðèñòèêà ñëîâà ïðåäñòàâëåíà â ñèñòåìå Ìåæäóíàðîäíîé
ôîíåòè÷åñêîé òðàíñêðèïöèè.
Ðÿä çíà÷åíèé è ñëîâîóïîòðåáëåíèé ëåêñè÷åñêèõ åäèíèö
èëëþñòðèðóåòñÿ òèïè÷íûìè ñëîâîñî÷åòàíèÿìè è ÷àñòîòíû-
ìè ïðèìåðàìè èç òåêñòîâ ìóçûêàëüíîé òåìàòèêè.
 ñëîâàðå ó÷èòûâàþòñÿ ñóùåñòâóþùèå ðàçëè÷èÿ â òåðìè-
íîëîãèè è ëåêñè÷åñêîé ñî÷åòàåìîñòè, ïðèíÿòûõ â Âåëèêîá-
ðèòàíèè è ÑØÀ. Àìåðèêàíñêèå âàðèàíòû ñíàáæåíû ïîìåòîé
«àìåð.», àíãëèéñêèå äàþòñÿ áåç ïîìåò.
Âíóòðè ñëîâàðíîé ñòàòüè ñíà÷àëà ïîäàåòñÿ îáùåëèòåðà-
òóðíîå çíà÷åíèå, çàòåì óçêîñïåöèàëüíîå. Ñèíîíèìû îòäåëÿþòñÿ
çàïÿòîé. Ðàçíûå çíà÷åíèÿ, áëèçêèå ïî ñåìàíòèêå, îòäåëÿþòñÿ
òî÷êîé ñ çàïÿòîé. Îòäàëåííûå ïî ñìûñëó çíà÷åíèÿ îòäåëÿ-
þòñÿ àðàáñêèìè öèôðàìè. Ïîÿñíåíèÿ ê çíà÷åíèÿì äàþòñÿ â
êðóãëûõ ñêîáêàõ. Êîñîé ÷åðòîé îòäåëÿþòñÿ âàðèàíòû â ðóñ-
ñêîì è àíãëèéñêîì òåêñòå.
Ïðè ïîäãîòîâêå ñëîâàðÿ èñïîëüçîâàëèñü àíãëèéñêèå è àìå-
ðèêàíñêèå òîëêîâûå ñëîâàðè ïî ìóçûêå, ìóçûêàëüíàÿ ýíöèê-
ëîïåäèÿ, à òàêæå îðèãèíàëüíûå òåêñòû èç êíèã ìóçûêàëüíîé
òåìàòèêè.
Âêëþ÷àåò îêîëî 5000 ñëîâàðíûõ ñòàòåé.
4

Ñïèñîê èñïîëüçóåìûõ ïîìåò

Ãðàììàòè÷åñêèå ïîìåòû:
a — adjective — èìÿ ïðèëàãàòåëüíîå
adv — adverb — íàðå÷èå
int — interjection — ìåæäîìåòèå
n — noun — èìÿ ñóùåñòâèòåëüíîå
pl — plural — ìíîæåñòâåííîå ÷èñëî
p.p. — past partici ple — ïðè÷àñòèå âòîðîå
predic — predicative — ïðåäèêàòèâíîå óïîòðåáëåíèå, ïðåäèêàòèâíî
sing — singular — åäèíñòâåííîå ÷èñëî
v — verb — ãëàãîë
â ãðàì. çíà÷. — â ãðàììàòè÷åñêîì çíà÷åíèè
íàðå÷. — íàðå÷èå
óïîòð. ñ ãë. â åä. è (ìí.) ÷. — óïîòðåáëÿåòñÿ ñ ãëàãîëîì â åäèí-
ñòâåííîì è (ìíîæåñòâåííîì) ÷èñëå
Ñòèëèñòè÷åñêèå ïîìåòû:
áèáë. — áèáëåèçì
áóêâ. — áóêâàëüíî
âîåí. — âîåííûé òåðìèí
âîçâûø. — âîçâûøåííî
âóëüã. — âóëüãàðíî
ãðóá. — ãðóáîå ñëîâî èëè âûðàæåíèå
äæàç. — äæàçîâûé òåðìèí èëè âûðàæåíèå
äèàë. — äèàëåêòèçì
æàðã. — æàðãîíèçì
çâóêîïîäð. — çâóêîïîäðàæàòåëüíîå ñëîâî
èðîí. — èðîíè÷íî
èñê. — èñêóññòâî
èñò. — îòíîñÿùèéñÿ ê èñòîðèè
êèíî — êèíåìàòîãðàôèÿ
êíèæí. — ëèòåðàòóðíî-êíèæíîå ñëîâî
ëèò. — ëèòåðàòóðîâåäåíèå
ìèô. — ìèôîëîãèÿ
ìóç. — ìóçûêàëüíûé òåðìèí
îáðàçí. — îáðàçíîå óïîòðåáëåíèå
îáûêí. — îáûêíîâåííî
îñîá. — îñîáåííî
îôèö. — îôèöèàëüíûé òåðìèí
ïåðåí. — â ïåðåíîñíîì çíà÷åíèè
ïîýò. — ïîýòè÷åñêîå ñëîâî
ïðåçð. — ïðåçðèòåëüíî
5 Ñïèñîê èñïîëüçóåìûõ ïîìåò

ïðåèì. — ïðåèìóùåñòâåííî
ïðåíåáð. — ïðåíåáðåæèòåëüíî
ïðîô. — ïðîôåññèîíàëèçì
ðàçã. — ðàçãîâîðíîå ñëîâî èëè âûðàæåíèå
ðàçã.-ãðóá. — ðàçãîâîðíî-ãðóáîâàòîå
ðåäê. — ðåäêîå (ñëîâî èëè âûðàæåíèå)
ðåë. — ðåëèãèÿ
ñîáèð. — ñîáèðàòåëüíîå
ñîêð. — ñîêðàùåíèå, ñîêðàùåííî
òåàòð. — òåàòðîâåäåíèå, òåàòð
òæ. — òàêæå
òëâ. — òåëåâèäåíèå
óìåíüø. — óìåíüøèòåëüíàÿ ôîðìà
óñèë. — óñèëèòåëüíî
óñò. — óñòàðåâøåå ñëîâî
öåðê. — öåðêîâíîå ñëîâî
øóòë. — øóòëèâî
ýâô. — ýâôåìèçì
ýìîö.-óñèë. — ýìîöèîíàëüíî-óñèëèòåëüíîå
Ýòèìîëîãè÷åñêèå ïîìåòû:
àâñòðàë. — óïîòðåáèòåëüíî â Àâñòðàëèè
àìåð. — àìåðèêàíèçì
âåíã. — âåíãåðñêèé
ãðå÷. — ãðå÷åñêèé
äð.-ãðå÷. — äðåâíåãðå÷åñêèé
äð.-åâð. — äðåâíååâðåéñêèé
èíä. — èíäèéñêèé
èðë. — óïîòðåáèòåëüíî â Èðëàíäèè
èñë. — èñëàíäñêèé
èñï. — èñïàíñêèé
èò. — èòàëüÿíñêèé
ëàò. — ëàòèíñêèé
íåì. — íåìåöêèé
ïîëüñê. — ïîëüñêèé
ïîðòóã. — ïîðòóãàëüñêèé
ðóñ. — ðóññêèé
ôèíñê. — ôèíñêèé
ôð. — ôðàíöóçñêèé
øâåäñê. — øâåäñêèé
øîòë. — óïîòðåáèòåëüíî â Øîòëàíäèè
ÿï. — ÿïîíñêèé
6

A
A, a [eI] n áóêâåííîå îáîçíà÷åíèå çâóêà «ëÿ»
a battuta [ { b@´tüt@] adv èò. 1) òî÷íî âî âðåìåíè 2) â çà-
äàííîì ´òåìïå
abbandomente [@ b{ndoU´ment@] adv èò. ïðîèçâîëüíî, ñ óâëå-
´
÷åíèåì (èñïîëíÿòü)
abbassamento [@ b{s@´ment@U] n èò. ñêðåùèâàíèå ðóê ïðè èãðå
íà ôîðòåïüÿíî ´
abbassando [@b@´s¸nd@U] p.p. èò. óìåíüøàÿ ñèëó çâóêà
abbreviation [@ brÖvi´eIS(@)n] n àááðåâèàòóðà, çíàêè ñîêðàùåí-
íîãî íîòíîãî ´ ïèñüìà
ABC art [ eI˜bÖ—´sÖ ¸t] n óïðîùåííîå èñêóññòâî
´
abrupt [@´bröpt] ´
a ðåçêèé, îòðûâèñòûé
abruptly [@´bröptli] adv 1) âíåçàïíî, ðåçêî 2) îòðûâèñòî
absolute [´{bs@lüt] a àáñîëþòíûé, íåîãðàíè÷åííûé, íåçàâè-
ñèìûé
absolute music [ {bs@lüt ´mjüzIk] n íåïðîãðàììíàÿ ìóçûêà
absolute pitch [ ´{bs@lüt ´pI¶] n 1) àáñîëþòíàÿ âûñîòà (çâóêà)
2) àáñîëþòíûé ´ ñëóõ; that singer has ~ ó òîãî ïåâöà àáñî-
ëþòíûé ñëóõ
absorbent [@b´sþb@nt, @b´zþb@nt] a çâóêîïîãëîùàþùèé; ~ material
çâóêîïîãëîùàþùèé ìàòåðèàë
abstract music [ {bstr{kt ´mjüzIk] n = absolute music
academy [@´k{d@mi]´ n 1) (ìóçûêàëüíàÿ) àêàäåìèÿ (âûñøåå ó÷åá-
íîå çàâåäåíèå); Royal A. of Music in London Êîðîëåâñêàÿ
ìóçûêàëüíàÿ àêàäåìèÿ â Ëîíäîíå 2) ïðèâèëåãèðîâàííîå
ñðåäíåå (÷àñòíîå) ó÷åáíîå çàâåäåíèå; ~ of music ìóçûêàëü-
íàÿ øêîëà 3) àêàäåìèÿ (îáùåñòâî ïîîùðåíèÿ èñêóññòâ è
íàóê); Santa Cecilia ~ in Rome ìóçûêàëüíàÿ àêàäåìèÿ Ñàíòà
×å÷èëèÿ â Ðèìå
a cap(p)ella [ { k{´pel@] a , adv èò. à êàïåëëà
a capriccio [ {´ k@´prÖ¶I@U] adv èò. âèðòóîçíî, «êàïðèçíî» (ñòèëü
èñïîëíåíèÿ)´
accelerando [¸ ¶eleI´r¸nd@U, @k sel@´r{nd@U] ð.ð. èò. à÷÷åëåðàíäî,
´
áûñòðee, óñêîðÿÿ òåìï ´
accelerated [@k´sel@reItId] a óñêîðåííûé
accent [´{ks(@)nt] I n 1) àêöåíò, óäàðåíèå, âûäåëåíèå; to give
a little ~ ñëåãêà âûäåëèòü; an ~ on the first pulsation of each
second meàsure àêöåíò íà ïåðâóþ äîëþ êàæäîãî âòîðîãî
òàêòà 2) îòëè÷èòåëüíàÿ ÷åðòà, ãëàâíûé ïðèçíàê; the ~ of
Beathoven îòëè÷èòåëüíàÿ îñîáåííîñòü ìóçûêè Áåòõîâåíà
accent [@k´sent] II v äåëàòü àêöåíò, óäàðåíèå, àêöåíòèðîâàòü;
âûäåëÿòü, ïîä÷åðêèâàòü
7 act

accentor [@k´sentþ, @k´sent@] n 1) ñîëèðóþùèé ïåâåö èëè èñ-


ïîëíèòåëü 2) äèðèæåð
accentuate [@k´sen¶ueIt] v äåëàòü àêöåíò, óäàðåíèå; ïîä÷åðêè-
âàòü, âûäåëÿòü
accentuation [@k sen¶u´eIS(@)n] n ïîñòàíîâêà àêöåíòà, óäàðåíèÿ;
ïîä÷åðêèâàíèå,´ âûäåëåíèå
acciaccatura [@ ¶{k@´tU@r@] n à÷÷àêàòóðà, êîðîòêèé ôîðøëàã (ìå-
ëèçì) ´
accidental [ {ksI´dentl] n çíàê àëüòåðàöèè
´
acclaim [@´kleIm] I n øóìíîå, ðàäîñòíîå ïðèâåòñòâèå èëè âîç-
ãëàñû îäîáðåíèÿ; àïëîäèñìåíòû; the play received great
critical ~ ïüåñà áûëà âîñòîðæåííî âñòðå÷åíà êðèòèêîé
acclaim [@´kleIm] II v 1) øóìíî, áóðíî àïëîäèðîâàòü (êîìó-ë.)
2) ïðîâîçãëàøàòü êîãî-ë. ïîáåäèòåëåì
acclamation [ {kl@´meIS(@)n] n øóìíîå, ðàäîñòíîå îäîáðåíèå;
´
ïðèâåòñòâåííûå âîçãëàñû; to hail with ~s ïðèâåòñòâîâàòü
øóìíûìè âîçãëàñàìè îäîáðåíèÿ
acclamatory [@´kl{m@t(@)ri] a îäîáðèòåëüíûé; ~ shouts âîçãëà-
ñû îäîáðåíèÿ
accolade [´{k@leId] n àêêîëàäà (ñêîáêà, îáúåäèíÿþùàÿ äâà è
áîëåå íîòíûõ ñòàíîâ)
accomodate [@´kÁm@deIt] v ïðèñïîñàáëèâàòü
accompaniment [@´kömp(@)nim@nt] n àêêîìïàíåìåíò, ìóçûêàëüíîå
ñîïðîâîæäåíèå
accompa nist, accompa nyist [@´kömp(@)nI(I)st] n àêêîìïàíèà-
òîð
accompany [@´kömp(@)ni] v àêêîìïàíèðîâàòü
accomplish [@´kömplIS] v 1) çàâåðøàòü, äîâîäèòü äî êîíöà 2) ñî-
âåðøåíñòâîâàòü, äåëàòü ñîâåðøåííûì
accomplished [@´kömplISt] a 1) çàêîí÷åííûé, çàâåðøåííûé 2) èñ-
êóñíûé, ñîâåðøåííûé; êâàëèôèöèðîâàííûé; ~ musician
èñêóñíûé/ïðåâîñõîäíûé ìóçûêàíò; ~ performance ñîâåð-
øåííîå/ïðåâîñõîäíîå èñïîëíåíèå
accord [@´kþd] n 1) àêêîðä; ñîçâó÷èå 2) ãàðìîíè÷åñêîå ñî÷åòàíèå
accordion [@´kþdi@n] n àêêîðäåîí
achromatic [ {kr@(U)´m{tIk] a 1) áåñöâåòíûé, ëèøåííûé îê-
ðàñêè 2) ´àõðîìàòè÷åñêèé
aco ustic [@´küstIk] a àêóñòè÷åñêèé, çâóêîâîé; ~ material çâó-
êîïîãëîùàþùèé ìàòåðèàë; ~ bass àêóñòè÷åñêèé áàñ
acoustically [@´küstIkli] adv àêóñòè÷åñêè; ñ òî÷êè çðåíèÿ àêó-
ñòèêè
acoustics [@´küstIks] n 1) àêóñòèêà 2) ñ ãë. âî ìí. ÷ . àêóñòè÷åñ-
êèå ñâîéñòâà ñîîðóæåíèÿ
act [{kt] I n òåàòð. àêò, äåéñòâèå
act 8
act [{kt] II v òåàòð. èñïîëíÿòü (ðîëü); èãðàòü; to ~ a part èã-
ðàòü ðîëü
action [´{kS(@)n] n 1) äåéñòâèå, âîçäåéñòâèå; the strings are set
vibrating by the ~ of the bow ñòðóíû âèáðèðóþò ïîä âîç-
äåéñòâèåì ñìû÷êà 2) äåéñòâèå, ðàçâåðòûâàíèå ñîáûòèé
(â ïüåñå, îïåðå è ò.ï.); the development of the ~ ðàçâèòèå
ñþæåòà; unity of ~ åäèíñòâî äåéñòâèÿ 3) ìåõàíèçì ìóçû-
êàëüíîãî èíñòðóìåíòà; the ~ of the piano is becoming stiff
ìåõàíèçì ýòîãî ïèàíèíî ñòàíîâèòñÿ òóãèì 4) òðàêòóðà
(óïðàâëÿþùèé ìåõàíèçì â îðãàíå)
actor [´{kt@] n àêòåð; celebrated/renouned ~ ïðîñëàâëåííûé àêòåð
actress [´{ktrIs] n àêòðèñà
adagio [@´d¸³@U] I n èò. àäàæèî
adagio [@´d¸³@U] II adv èò. ìåäëåííî, ñïîêîéíî (î òåìïå ìó-
çûêè)
adapt [@´d{pt] v 1) ïðèñïîñîáëÿòü; to ~ oneself to/for ïðèñïî-
ñîáëÿòüñÿ ê; àðàíæèðîâàòü, îðêåñòðîâàòü, ïåðåêëàäûâàòü;
to ~ for piano playing ïåðåëîæèòü äëÿ ôîðòåïüÿíî/àðàí-
æèðîâàòü äëÿ èñïîëíåíèÿ íà ôîðòåïüÿíî
adaptation [ {d{p´teIS(@)n] n àðàíæèðîâêà, ïåðåëîæåíèå; îð-
êåñòðîâêà; ´ piano ~ ïåðåëîæåíèå äëÿ ôîðòåïüÿíî
adapted [@´d{ptId] a àäàïòèðîâàííûé; àðàíæèðîâàííûé; ïå-
ðåäåëàííûé
adapter, adaptor [@´d{pt@] n àäàïòåð, çâóêîñíèìàòåëü
adjacent [@´³eIs(@)nt] a ðàñïîëîæåííûé ðÿäîì; ~ notes/intervals
ðàñïîëîæåííûå ðÿäîì íîòû/èíòåðâàëû
adjustable [@´³öst@b(@)l] a ðåãóëèðóåìûé
ad-lib [ {d ´lIb] I n ïðåèì. òåàòð. ýêñïðîìò, èìïðîâèçàöèÿ (ñ
´
ýñòðàäû, ïåðåä ìèêðîôîíîì è ò.ï.)
ad-lib [ {d ´lIb] II a òåàòð. íåïîäãîòîâëåííûé, èìïðîâèçè-
´
ðîâàííûé (î ïåñíå, âûñòóïëåíèè è ò.ï.)
ad libitum [ {d ´lIbIt@m] ëàò . ïî óñìîòðåíèþ, ïî æåëàíèþ èñ-
ïîëíèòåëÿ;´ ~ change the rhythm ðèòì ìåíÿåòñÿ ïî æåëà-
íèþ; ~ add a cadenza ïî æåëàíèþ äîáàâëÿåòñÿ êàäåíöèÿ
admirable [´{dm(@)r@b(@)l] a çàìå÷àòåëüíûé, ïðåâîñõîäíûé
admiration [ {dm@´reIS(@)n] n âîñõèùåíèå, âîñòîðã; profound/
sincere ~ ´èñêðåííèé âîñòîðã; to excite general ~ âûçûâàòü
âñåîáùåå âîñõèùåíèå
admire [@d´maI@] v âîñõèùàòüñÿ, ëþáîâàòüñÿ
admirer [@d´maI(@)r@] n ëþáèòåëü; an ~ of music ëþáèòåëü ìó-
çûêè
admission [@d´mIS(@)n] n äîñòóï, âõîä; free ~ âõîä áåñïëàòíûé/
ñâîáîäíûé; ~ by tickets âõîä ïî áèëåòàì; price of ~ âõîä-
íàÿ ïëàòà
9 agility

admit [@d´mIt] v 1) âïóñêàòü, äîïóñêàòü; to ~ into college/into


school ïðèíÿòü â êîëëåäæ/øêîëó; children are not ~ted äåòÿì
âõîä âîñïðåùåí 2) äàâàòü ïðàâî íà âõîä; the ticket ~s one
ýòîò áèëåò äàåò ïðàâî íà âõîä îäíîìó ëèöó 3) âìåùàòü
(î ïîìåùåíèè); the hall ~s 3 persons ýòîò çàë ðàññ÷èòàí
íà 3 ÷åëîâåê
adorable [@´dþr@b(@)l] a 1) îáîæàåìûé 2) ïðåëåñòíûé, âîñõè-
òèòåëüíûé
adoration [ {d@´reIS(@)n] n îáîæàíèå; ïîêëîíåíèå; popular ~ âñå-
´
îáùåå ïîêëîíåíèå; object of ~ ïðåäìåò îáîæàíèÿ/ëþáâè/
ïîêëîíåíèÿ
adore [@´dþ] v 1) îáîæàòü; ïîêëîíÿòüñÿ 2) ðàçã. î÷åíü ëþáèòü,
îáîæàòü; to ~ music î÷åíü ëþáèòü ìóçûêó
adorn [@´dþn] v 1) óêðàøàòü 2) ñëóæèòü óêðàøåíèåì; to ~ the
stage áûòü óêðàøåíèåì ñöåíû
advertisement [@d´vÆ:tIsm@nt] n îáúÿâëåíèå; ðåêëàìà; àíîíñ
Aeolian harp [Ö @UlI@n ´h¸p] n ýîëîâà àðôà
Aeolian mode [Ö´ @UlI@n ´m@Ud] n ýîëèéñêèé ëàä
aesthete [´ÖsTÖt] ´n ýñòåò
aesthetic, aesthetical [Ös´TetIk, es´TetIk, Ös´TetIk(@)l, es´TetIk(@)l] a
ýñòåòè÷åñêèé, îòíîñÿùèéñÿ ê ýñòåòèêå
aestheticism [Ös´TetIsIz(@)m] n ýñòåòèçì; ýñòåòñòâî
aesthetics [Ös´TetIks,es´TetIks] n ýñòåòèêà
affabile [´{f@b(@)l] adv èò. ïðèâåòëèâî, ãðàöèîçíî
affect [@´fekt] v 1) (âîç)äåéñòâîâàòü (íà ÷òî-ë.); âëèÿòü 2) âîë-
íîâàòü, òðîãàòü; to ~ smb to tears ðàñòðîãàòü êîãî-ë. äî ñëåç;
he was not ~ed by the music ìóçûêà åãî íå òðîíóëà
affectation [ {fek´teIS(@)n] n èñêóññòâåííîñòü, âû÷óðíîñòü; ~ of
´
style âû÷óðíîñòü ñòèëÿ
affected [@´fektId] a èñêóññòâåííûé, íååñòåñòâåííûé; ~ style âû-
÷óðíûé ñòèëü
affecting [@´fektIÎ] a òðîãàòåëüíûé; âîëíóþùèé; ~ scene òðî-
ãàòåëüíàÿ ñöåíà
affinity [@´fInIti] n áëèçîñòü, ñõîäñòâî; ~ of forms áëèçîñòü æàíðîâ
affliction [@´flIkS(@)n] n ïå÷àëü, ñêîðáü
after beat [´¸ft@ ´bÖt] n çàêëþ÷åíèå òðåëè
Aganippe [ {g@´nIpÖ] n 1) ãðå÷. ìèô. Àãàíèïïà (èñòî÷íèê íà ãîðå
Ãåëèêîí,´ âîçíèêøèé îò óäàðà êîïûòà Ïåãàñà) 2) èñòî÷-
íèê âäîõíîâåíèÿ; ïîýòè÷åñêèé äàð
agile [´{³aIl] a ïîäâèæíûé, ïðîâîðíûé, áûñòðûé, æèâîé; the
flute is most ~ in playing trills ôëåéòà îñîáåííî âèðòóîçíà
ïðè èñïîëíåíèè òðåëåé
agility [@´³IlIti] n ïîäâèæíîñòü, ïðîâîðíîñòü, áûñòðîòà, æè-
âîñòü, ãèáêîñòü; the violin is endowed with great ~ in rapid
agitation 10
passages ñêðèïêà ïîçâîëÿåò äîñòèãàòü áîëüøîé âèðòóîçíîñòè
â èñïîëíåíèè áûñòðûõ ïàññàæåé
agitation [ {³I´teIS(@)n] a âîëíåíèå; âîçáóæäåíèå; ñìÿòåíèå; áåñ-
´
ïîêîéñòâî
agr éments [ ¸greI´mÁÎs] n pl ôð. ìåëèçìû (ìóçûêàëüíûå óêðà-
øåíèÿ) ´
air [e@] n àðèÿ; ïàðòèÿ; ïåñíÿ; ìîòèâ; ìåëîäèÿ; íàïåâ; stirring/
plaintive/mournful ~ âîëíóþùàÿ/æàëîáíàÿ/ïå÷àëüíàÿ ìå-
ëîäèÿ
air column [e@ ´kÁl@m] n ñòîëá âîçäóõà (â äóõîâîì èíñòðóìåí-
òå)
airy [´e(@)ri] a âîçäóøíûé, ëåãêèé, ãðàöèîçíûé
aisle [aIl] n òåàòð. ïðîõîä ìåæäó ðÿäàìè
Alberti bass [@l´bÆ:ti beIs] n pl aëüáåðòèåâû áàñû (òèï àêêîì-
ïàíåìåíòà) ´
al fine [{l ´fÖneI] adv èò. äî êîíöà
alla [´¸l@] prep èò. â ñòèëå; ~ breve (èãðàòü) â ðàçìåðå 2/2; ~
marcia â ñòèëå ìàðøà; ~ militare â ñòèëå âîåííîãî ìàðøà;
~ russa â ðóññêîì ñòèëå; ~ turca â òóðåöêîì ñòèëå; ~ zingara
â öûãàíñêîì ñòèëå
allargando [¸l@r´gand@U] ð.ð. èò. ðàñøèðÿÿ, çàìåäëÿÿ
allegoric, allegorical [ {lI´gÁrIk, {lI´gÁrIk(@)l] a èíîñêàçàòåëü-
íûé, àëëåãîðè÷åñêèé ´ ´
allegretto [ {lI´gret@U] I n èò. àëëåãðåòòo; óìåðåííî áûñòðûé
òåìï ´
allegretto [ {lI´gret@U] II adv èò. àëëåãðåòòo
allegrissimo´ [ {lI´grIsIm@U] adv èò. î÷åíü áûñòðî
´
allegro [@´le(I)gr@U] I n èò. àëëåãðî
allegro [@´le(I)gr@U] II a èò. ðàäîñòíûé, âåñåëûé (î òåìïå)
allegro [@´le(I)gr@U] III adv èò. îæèâëåííî, áîäðî; ~ commodo
íå î÷åíü ñêîðî; ~ con brio áûñòðî, ñ îãíåì; ~ con grazia
áûñòðî, ãðàöèîçíî; ~ molto î÷åíü áûñòðî; ~ scherzando áû-
ñòðî, øóòëèâî; ~ vivace æèâî, ñêîðî
allemanda [´{lm¸nd] n èò. 1) àëëåìàíäà (ñòàðèííûé òàíåö)
2) çàìåäëÿÿ
allemande [{lI´m¸nd@] n ôð. = allemanda
all-star [´þl st¸] a ñîñòîÿùèé èç çâåçä (î òðóïïå); ñ ó÷àñòèåì
çâåçä (î ïîñòàíîâêàõ); special ~ matinee ñïåöèàëüíîå äíåâíîå
ïðåäñòàâëåíèå, â êîòîðîì âñå ðîëè èñïîëíÿþò ïåðâîêëàññ-
íûå èñïîëíèòåëè
allure [@´ljU@] v ïðèâëåêàòü, çàâëåêàòü; ~ public ïðèâëåêàòü ñëó-
øàòåëåé
aloud [@´laUd] adv 1) âñëóõ 2) ãðîìêî, ãðîìêèì ãîëîñîì
alter [´þlt@] v èçìåíÿòü, ìåíÿòü; ~ the tempo ìåíÿòü òåìï
11 Ambrosian chant

alteration [ þlt@´reIS(@)n] n 1) ÷åðåäîâàíèå; a rapid ~ between a


tone and´its neighbour áûñòðîå ÷åðåäîâàíèå â çâó÷àíèè äâóõ
ñîñåäíèõ íîò 2) ïåðåäåëêà, ïåðåñòðîéêà, àëüòåðàöèÿ; mode
~ ëàäîâàÿ àëüòåðàöèÿ
alternate [þl´tÆ:nIt] a ÷åðåäóþùèéñÿ
alternating [´þlt@neItIÎ] a ïåðåìåííûé; ~ rhythm ïåðåìåííûé
ðèòì
althorn [´{lthþn] n àëüòãîðí (äóõîâîé ìóíäøòó÷íûé èíñòðó-
ìåíò)
alto [´{lt@U] n ( pl -os [@Uz], -ti [ti]) 1) àëüò (ãîëîñ è èíñòðó-
ìåíò) 2) êîíòðàëüòî
alto clarinet [´{lt@U kl{rI´net] n àëüòîâûé êëàðíåò
alto clef [´{lt@U ´klef]´ n àëüòîâûé êëþ÷
alto flute [´{lt@U ´flüt] n àëüòîâàÿ ôëåéòà
alto trombone [´{lt@U trÁm´b@Un] n àëüòîâûé òðîìáîí
amateur [´{m@t@, ´{m@¶(U)@, {m@´tÆ:] I n 1) ëþáèòåëü, íåïðî-
´
ôåññèîíàë; gifted ~ òàëàíòëèâûé ëþáèòåëü 2) äèëåòàíò
amateur [´{m@t@, ´{m@¶(U)@, {m@´tÆ:] II a ëþáèòåëüñêèé, äè-
´
ëåòàíòñêèé, íåïðîôåññèîíàëüíûé; his piano performance
was very ~ îí î÷åíü íåïðîôåññèîíàëüíî èãðàë íà ôîðòå-
ïüÿíî
amateur choir [´{m@t@ ´kwaI@] n õîð ñàìîäåÿòåëüíîñòè, ëþáè-
òåëüñêèé õîð
amateur theatricals [´{m@t@ Ti´{trIk(@)lz] n (îáûêí. pl) ëþáèòåëü-
ñêèé ñïåêòàêëü
amateurish [´{m@t@rIS, {m@´¶jU(@)rIS, {m@´tÆ:rIS] a = amateur
´
amateurishness [´{m@t@rISnIs, ´
{m@´¶U(@)rISnIs, {m@´tÆ:rISnIs] n äè-
´
ëåòàíòñòâî; îòñóòñòâèå ïðîôåññèîíàëüíîãî ´ ìàñòåðñòâà
amazing [@´meIzIÎ] a óäèâèòåëüíûé, ïîðàçèòåëüíûé, èçóìèòåëü-
íûé
ambiguity [ {mbI´gjüIti] n íåÿñíîñòü, äâóñìûñëåííîñòü, íå-
´
îïðåäåëåííîñòü
ambiguios [{m´bIgju@s] a 1) äâóñìûñëåííûé 2) íåÿñíûé, íå-
÷åòêèé
ambition [{m´bIS(@)n] n 1) ÷åñòîëþáèå 2) ñòðåìëåíèå; öåëü;
it is his ~ to become a pianist åãî ìå÷òà — ñòàòü ïèàíèñòîì
ambitious [{m´bIS@s] a 1) ÷åñòîëþáèâûé; ~ artist ÷åñòîëþáè-
âûé àðòèñò; ~ plans ÷åñòîëþáèâûå çàìûñëû, äàëåêî èäó-
ùèå ïëàíû; ~ programme îáøèðíàÿ/ãðàíäèîçíàÿ ïðîãðàììà
2) ñòðåìÿùèéñÿ (ê ÷åìó-ë.); ñòðàñòíî äîáèâàþùèéñÿ (÷åãî-
ë.); ~ to do smth ìå÷òàþùèé ñäåëàòü ÷òî-ë. 3) ïðåòåíöè-
îçíûé; èçûñêàííûé, âû÷óðíûé
Ambrosian chant [{m´br@UzI@n ¶¸nt] n öåðê. aìâðîñèàíñêèå ïåñ-
íîïåíèÿ
A minor scale harmonic 12
A minor scale harmonic [´eI ´maIn@ ´skeIl h¸´mÁnIk] n ëÿ ìèíîð
ãàðìîíè÷åñêèé
A minor scale melodic [´eI ´maIn@ ´skeIl mI´lÁdIk] n ëÿ ìèíîð ìå-
ëîäè÷åñêèé
A minor scale natural [´eI ´maIn@ ´skeIl n{¶(@)r@l] n ëÿ ìèíîð íà-
òóðàëüíûé
amorous [´{m@r@s] a ëþáîâíûé; ~ songs ëþáîâíûå ïåñíè
amphitheatre, amphitheater [´{mfITI@t@] n àìôèòåàòð
amplifier [´{mplIfaI@] n óñèëèòåëü
amplitude [´{mplItjüd] n àìïëèòóäà
amused [@´mjüzd] a äîâîëüíûé; ~ listeners äîâîëüíûå/óâëå÷åííûå
ñëóøàòåëè
amusement [@´mjüzm@nt] n 1) îáûêí. pl ðàçâëå÷åíèå, óâåñåëå-
íèå, çàáàâà 2) óäîâîëüñòâèå; to play music for one’s own
~ èãðàòü íà ôîðòåïüÿíî äëÿ ñâîåãî ñîáñòâåííîãî óäîâîëü-
ñòâèÿ 3) ïðèÿòíîå çàíÿòèå 4) âåñåëüå, ðàäîñòü
ancient [´eInS(@)nt] a 1) àíòè÷íûé, äðåâíèé; ~ art àíòè÷íîå èñ-
êóññòâî 2) äðåâíèé, ñòàðèííûé; in ~ times â äðåâíèå âðå-
ìåíà
andante [{n´d{nti, {n´d{nteI] I n èò. àíäàíòå
andante [{n´d{nti, {n´d{nteI] II adv èò. àíäàíòå, ïëàâíî, íå
òîðîïÿñü
andantino [ {nd{n´tÖn@U] I n èò. àíäàíòèíî
andantino [ ´{nd{n´tÖn@U] II adv èò. àíäàíòèíî, íåñêîëüêî áû-
´ andante
ñòðåå, ÷åì
angelot [´{n³IlÁt] n ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò âðîäå ëþòíè
anglaise [Án´gleIz] n ôð. îáùåå íàçâàíèå ñòàðèííûõ àíãëèéñêèõ
òàíöåâ (êîíòðäàíñ, õîðíïàéí è äð.)
anguish [´{ÎgwIS] n ìóêà, áîëü, ìó÷åíèå, ñòðàäàíèå
animate [´{nImeIt] v 1) îæèâëÿòü 2) âîîäóøåâëÿòü
animated [´{nImeItId] a îæèâëåííûé, æèâîé
animato [ {nI´m¸t@U] adv èò. âîîäóøåâëåííî, îæèâëåííî
anniversary´ [ {nI´vÆ:s(@)ri] n ãîäîâùèíà, ïðàçäíîâàíèå ãîäîâ-
ùèíû ´
announce [@´naUns] v 1) îáúÿâëÿòü, èçâåùàòü; çàÿâëÿòü 2) îïî-
âåùàòü, âîçâåùàòü; äàâàòü çíàòü (íå ñëîâàìè); to ~ of smth
by a peal of bells âîçâåñòèòü î ÷åì-ë. êîëîêîëüíûì çâîíîì
announcement [@´naUnsm@nt] n îáúÿâëåíèå, èçâåùåíèå; ñîîá-
ùåíèå (òæ. ïî ðàäèî)
announcer [@´naUns@] n äèêòîð
annoy [@´nOI] v äîñàæäàòü, äîêó÷àòü, íàäîåäàòü; ðàçäðàæàòü,
áåñïîêîèòü
annoying [@´nOIIÎ] a äîñàäíûé, ðàçäðàæàþùèé; íàäîåäëèâûé,
áåñïîêîÿùèé
13 anxious

annual [´{nju@l] a åæåãîäíûé; ãîäîâîé, ãîäè÷íûé; ~ festival of


music åæåãîäíûé ôåñòèâàëü ìóçûêè
annually [´{nju@li] adv åæåãîäíî, â ãîä; to commemorate/ celebrate
~ åæåãîäíî îòìå÷àòü/ïðàçäíîâàòü
answer [´¸ns@] n ñïóòíèê (îòâåò â ôóãå)
anthem [´{nT(@)m] I n 1) àíòåì (ãèìí, òîðæåñòâåííàÿ ïåñíü);
national ~ ãîñóäàðñòâåííûé ãèìí 2) öåðê. àíòåì (õîðîâîå
ïðîèçâåäåíèå òèïà ìîòåòà èëè êàíòàòû íà áèáëåéñêèé òåêñò)
anthem [´{nT(@)m] II v âîñïåâàòü
antic [´{ntIk] I n 1) pl ãðèìàñû, óæèìêè, øóòîâñòâî, êðèâ-
ëÿíüå; to play ~ êðèâëÿòüñÿ, âûêèäûâàòü íîìåðà 2) óñò.
ñêîìîðîõ, ôèãëÿð 3) ëè÷èíà, ìàñêà 4) ãðîòåñê
antic [´{ntIk] II a ãðîòåñêíûé
antic [´{ntIk] III v êðèâëÿòüñÿ, ïîòåøàòüñÿ
anticipate [{n´tIsIpeIt] v îæèäàòü, ïðåäâèäåòü, ïðåä÷óâñòâîâàòü;
ïðåäâêóøàòü; to ~ success ïðåäâèäåòü óñïåõ; to ~ smth with
pleasure îæèäàòü ÷åãî-ë. ñ óäîâîëüñòâèåì; to ~ a failure/
refusal/ disaster îïàñàòüñÿ ïðîâàëà/îòêàçà/êàòàñòðîôû
anticipation [{n tIsI´peIS(@)n] n îæèäàíèå, ïðåäâèäåíèå, ïðåä-
´
÷óâñòâèå; ïðåäâîñõèùåíèå, ïðåäâêóøåíèå
anticlimax [ {ntI´klaIm{ks] n ñïàä, ðàçðÿäêà íàïðÿæåíèÿ
´
antiphon [´{ntIf@n] n öåðê. àíòèôîí
antiphonal [{n´tIf@n(@)l] a îòíîñÿùèéñÿ ê àíòèôîíó; àíòèôîí-
íûé; ~ singing àíòèôîííîå ïåíèå
antiphonal phrase [{n´tIf@n@l freIz] n ôðàçà ñ íåîïðåäåëåííîé ìó-
çûêàëüíîé âûñîòîé
antiphony [´{ntIf@ni] n 1) ïîî÷åðåäíîå ïåíèå äâyõ õîðîâ 2) =
anti phon
antique [{n´tÖk] I n 1) ïàìÿòíèê äðåâíîñòè, ïðîèçâåäåíèå àí-
òè÷íîãî èñêóññòâà 2) (the ~) ðàçã. äðåâíåå (îñîá. àíòè÷-
íîå) èñêóññòâî; àíòè÷íûé ñòèëü
antique [{n´tÖk] II a 1) êíèæí. äðåâíèé, ñòàðèííûé 2) àí-
òè÷íûé
antiquity [{n´tIkwIti] n 1) äðåâíèé ìèð, àíòè÷íîñòü 2) äðåâ-
íîñòü, ãëóáîêàÿ ñòàðèíà 3) ñîáèð . äðåâíèå (íàðîäû)
àntithesis [{n´tITIsIs] n 1) ( pl -ses [sÖz]) àíòèòåçà, ðåçêîå ïðî-
òèâîïîñòàâëåíèå ïðîòèâîïîëîæíîñòåé 2) ïîëíàÿ ïðîòè-
âîïîëîæíîñòü
anxiety [{δzaI@ti] n 1) òðåâîãà, áåñïîêîéñòâî, áîÿçíü; ñòðàõ;
slight/vague/acute ~ ëåãêîå/ñìóòíîå/ñèëüíîå áåñïîêîéñòâî
2) îáûêí. pl íåïðèÿòíîñòè; çàáîòû 3) ñòðàñòíîå æåëàíèå,
ñòðåìëåíèå, ðâåíèå
anxious [´{ÎkS@s] a 1) áåñïîêîÿùèéñÿ, òðåâîæàùèéñÿ; îïàñà-
þùèéñÿ 2) òðåâîæíûé, áåñïîêîéíûé 3) ñòðåìÿùèéñÿ
a piacere 14
(ê ÷åìó-ë.), ñòðàñòíî æåëàþùèé (÷åãî-ë.); ~ for success ñòðå-
ìÿùèéñÿ ê óñïåõó
a piacere [ { pI@´¶eri] adv èò. ïî æåëàíèþ èñïîëíèòåëÿ
´
apparent [@´p{r@nt] a 1) ÿâíûé, î÷åâèäíûé, íåñîìíåííûé; íà-
ãëÿäíûé 2) âèäèìûé, êàæóùèéñÿ
apparition [ {p@´rIS(@)n] n âèäåíèå, ïðèçðàê, ïðèâèäåíèå
apparitional´ [ {p@´rIS(@)n@l] a ïðèçðà÷íûé, ïîäîáíûé ïðèâè-
äåíèþ ´
appassionata [@ p{sj@´n¸t@U] n àïïàññèîíàòà
appeal [@´pÖl] v´ 1) âçûâàòü; îáðàùàòüñÿ ñ ïðèçûâîì 2) ïðî-
ñèòü, ìîëèòü, óìîëÿòü 3) ïðèâëåêàòü, èíòåðåñîâàòü; âîë-
íîâàòü, òðîãàòü; to ~ strongly/specially ãëóáîêî/îñîáåííî
âîëíîâàòü
appear [@´pI@] v 1) ïîÿâëÿòüñÿ, ïîêàçûâàòüñÿ 2) âûñòóïàòü (îá
àêòåðå, ìóçûêàíòå è ò.ï.); to ~ as/in the character of Othello
âûñòóïàòü â ðîëè Îòåëëî; to ~ in every big concert hall in
Europe âûñòóïàòü/èãðàòü/ïåòü âî âñåõ áîëüøèõ êîíöåðò-
íûõ çàëàõ Åâðîïû
appearance [@´pI(@)r@ns] n 1) âíåøíèé âèä 2) âûñòóïëåíèå (â
òåàòðå, íà êîíöåðòå); to make one’s first ~ on the stage äå-
áþòèðîâàòü 3) ïóáëèêàöèÿ, âûõîä â ñâåò (êíèãè, ìóçû-
êàëüíîãî ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ)
appeasement [@´pÖzm@nt] n 1) óìèðîòâîðåíèå 2) óòîëåíèå, îá-
ëåã÷åíèå
appena [{´pen@] adv èò. åäâà, åëå-åëå
applaud [@´plþd] v 1) àïëîäèðîâàòü, ðóêîïëåñêàòü; to ~ loudly/
vigorously ãðîìêî/áóðíî àïëîäèðîâàòü 2) âîñõèùàòüñÿ; ïðè-
âåòñòâîâàòü, îäîáðÿòü; to ~ smb’s skills âîñõèùàòüñÿ ÷üèì-
ë. ìàñòåðñòâîì
applause [@´plþz] n 1) àïëîäèñìåíòû, ðóêîïëåñêàíèÿ; îâàöèÿ;
a storm of ~ áóðíûå àïëîäèñìåíòû, îâàöèÿ; well-merited/
loud/prolonged ~ çàñëóæåííûå/ãðîìêèå/ïðîäîëæèòåëüíûå
àïëîäèñìåíòû; ~ broke out ðàçäàëñÿ âçðûâ/ãðîì àïëîäèñ-
ìåíòîâ; to rise in ~ âñòðå÷àòü (êîãî-ë.) îâàöèåé, óñòðî-
èòü îâàöèþ; ~ redubles àïëîäèñìåíòû óñèëèâàþòñÿ 2) âîñ-
õèùåíèå, îäîáðåíèå; to win general ~ âûçâàòü âñåîáùåå
âîñõèùåíèå
applied [@´plaId] a ïðèêëàäíîé; ~ art ïðèêëàäíîå èñêóññòâî; ïðàê-
òè÷åñêèé; ~ music ïðàêòè÷åñêèå çàíÿòèÿ ïî ìóçûêå è ïå-
íèþ (â ó÷åáíûõ çàâåäåíèÿõ)
appoggiatura [@ pÁ³@´tU@r@] n äîëãèé èëè íåïåðå÷åðêíóòûé ôîð-
øëàã (ìåëèçì) ´
appoint [@´pOInt] v 1) íàçíà÷àòü (íà ïîñò); óòâåðæäàòü (â äîë-
æíîñòè); he was ~ ed teacher of music åìó äàëè ìåñòî ó÷è-
15 argent

òåëÿ ìóçûêè; to ~ smb to a professorshi p íàçíà÷èòü/óòâåðäèòü


êîãî-ë. ïðîôåññîðîì 2) íàçíà÷àòü; to ~ a day for the premiere
íàçíà÷èòü äåíü ïðåìüåðû
appraise [@´preIz] v îöåíèâàòü ( òæ. ïåðåí. )
appreciate [@´prÖSieIt] v 1) öåíèòü, âûñîêî ñòàâèòü; áûòü ïðè-
çíàòåëüíûì (çà ÷òî-ë.) 2) õîðîøî ðàçáèðàòüñÿ (â ÷åì-ë.);
áûòü çíàòîêîì, öåíèòåëåì; to ~ music keenly òîíêî ÷óâ-
ñòâîâàòü ìóçûêó
appreciation [@ prÖSi´eIS(@)n] n 1) îöåíêà ïî äîñòîèíñòâó; ïðà-
´
âèëüíîå ïîíèìàíèå; óìåíèå õîðîøî ðàçîáðàòüñÿ; ~ of
ae sthetic value òî íêîå âîñïð èÿò èå ýñòåò è÷åñêîé öå í-
íîñòè; music ~ ìóçûêàëüíûé àíàëèç 2) âîñïðèÿòèå ìó-
çûêè
apprehend [ {prI´hend] v êíèæí. 1) ïîñòèãàòü, ïîíèìàòü; to ~
´
the intentions of an author ïîíÿòü çàìûñåë àâòîðà; to ~ the
meaning of a passage ïîíÿòü ñìûñë îòðûâêà 2) ïðåä÷óâñòâî-
âàòü, ïðåäâèäåòü; îïàñàòüñÿ
apprehension [ {prI´henS(@)n] n 1) ÷àùå pl îïàñåíèå, äóðíîå ïðåä-
´
÷óâñòâèå, ñòðàõ 2) ñïîñîáíîñòü ïîñòèãàòü, âîñïðèíèìàòü;
ïîíèìàíèå; weak ~ ñëàáîå âîñïðèÿòèå
approval [@´prüv(@)l] n îäîáðåíèå; to receive/merit ~ ïîëó÷èòü/
çàñëóæèâàòü îäîáðåíèå
approximate [@´prÁksImIt] a 1) ïðèáëèçèòåëüíûé, ïðèáëèçèòåëüíî
òî÷íûé, îòíîñèòåëüíî âåðíûé 2) îáëàäàþùèé áîëüøèì
ñõîäñòâîì, áëèçêèé
apron [´eIpr@n] n àâàíñöåíà
apron stage [ eIpr@n ´steI³] n = apron
´
aptitude [´{ptItjüd] n ñïoñîáíîñòü; ñîîáðàçèòåëüíîñòü; îäàðåí-
íîñòü; musical/unusual/natural ~ ìóçûêàëüíàÿ/óäèâèòåëü-
íàÿ/ïðèðîäíàÿ îäàðåííîñòü
aptly [´{ptli] adv óäà÷íî
a quatre mains ôð. â ÷åòûðå ðóêè
arabesque [ {r@´besk] n àðàáåñêà
´
arbitrary [´¸bIt(r@)ri] a ïðîèçâîëüíûé; êàïðèçíûé
Arcadian [¸´keIdI@n] a 1) àðêàäñêèé, îòíîñÿùèéñÿ ê Àðêàäèè;
ïàñòóøåñêèé, èäèëëè÷åñêèé 2) ïàñòîðàëüíûé
arch chanter [ ¸¶ ´¶¸nt@] n öåðê. ðåãåíò (ïåâ÷èõ â ñîáîðå)
architectonics ´[ ¸kItek´tÁnIks] n àðõèòåêòîíèêà
archly [´¸¶li] adv´ 1) èãðèâî, ëóêàâî; íàñìåøëèâî 2) õèòðî,
êîâàðíî
arco [´¸k@U] n èò. ñìû÷îê; coll’ ~ èãðàòü ñìû÷êîì
argent [´¸³(@)nt] a ãîðÿ÷èé, ïûëêèé, ñòðàñòíûé; ðåâíîñòíûé;
~ love ïûëêàÿ/ñòðàñòíàÿ ëþáîâü; ~ hate/longing æãó÷àÿ
íåíàâèñòü/-åå æåëàíèå; ~ admirer ñòðàñòíûé ïîêëîííèê;
ardo(u)r 16
~ follower/supporter ðåâíîñòíûé ïîñëåäîâàòåëü/ñòîðîííèê;
~ student óñåðäíûé ó÷åíèê
ard o(u)r [´¸d@] n ñòðàñòü; ïûë, ïûëêîñòü; ðâåíèå, ýíòóçè-
àçì
arduous [´¸dju@s] a 1) òðóäíûé, íàïðÿæåííûé 2) ýíåðãè÷íûé,
íåóòîìèìûé; íàïðÿæåííûé (î äåÿòåëüíîñòè è ò.ï.); ~ efforts
íåîñëàáíûå óñèëèÿ
arduously [´¸dju@sli] adv 1) ñ òðóäîì, ñ íàïðÿæåíèåì 2) ýíåð-
ãè÷íî, íåóòîìèìî
arena [@´rÖn@] n (pl òæ. -nae [nÖ]) 1) àðåíà 2) êðóãëàÿ ñöåíà
(áåç àâàíñöåíû) 3) ìåñòî äåéñòâèÿ; ïîïðèùå
aria [´¸ri@] n àðèÿ; ïåñíÿ
arietta [ ¸rI´et@, {rI´et@] n àðèåòòà
´
ariose [´¸rI@Us, ´
´{rI@Us] a ïåâó÷èé, ìåëîäè÷íûé
arioso [ ¸rI´@Uz@U] n àðèîçî
arpeggio´ [¸´pe³i@U] n èò. (pl -gios [³@Us]) àðïåäæî, àðïåäæèî
arrange [@´reIn³] v àðàíæèðîâàòü
arrangement [@´reIn³m@nt] n àðàíæèðîâêà, îáðàáîòêà; ïåðåëî-
æåíèå ìóçûêàëüíîãî ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ; choral ~ õîðîâàÿ àðàí-
æèðîâêà, àðàíæèðîâêà äëÿ õîðà
arranger [@´reIn³@] n àðàíæèðîâùèê
arresting [@´restIÎ] a ïðèâëåêàþùèé âíèìàíèå, çàõâàòûâàþùèé
arrestive [@´restIv] a ïðèêîâûâàþùèé âíèìàíèå
art [¸t] n 1) èñêóññòâî; antique ~ àíòè÷íîå èñêóññòâî; popular/
folk ~ íàðîäíîå èñêóññòâî; work/masterpiece/treasures of ~
ïðîèçâåäåíèå/øåäåâð/ñîêðîâèùà èñêóññòâà; decorative/
applied ~ äåêîðàòèâíîå/ïðèêëàäíîå èñêóññòâî; the Fine Arts
èçÿùíûå èñêóññòâà 2) pl ãóìàíèòàðíûå íàóêè (òæ . liberal
arts); faculty of ~s îòäåëåíèå ãóìàíèòàðíûõ íàóê; Bachelor/
Master of Arts áàêàëàâð/ìàãèñòð ãóìàíèòàðíûõ íàóê; to
graduate in ~s îêîí÷èòü îòäåëåíèå ãóìàíèòàðíûõ íàóê
3) ò âîð÷å ñòâî 4) óìå íèå, èñêóññòâî, ìàñòå ðñòâî ; ~ of
execution ìàñòåðñòâî èñïîëíåíèÿ
artful [´¸tf(@)l] a 1) õèòðûé, ëîâêèé; ~ design êîâàðíûé çà-
ìûñåë; ~ dodge ëîâêàÿ óâåðòêà 2) óñò. èñêóñíûé, ëîâêèé
3) èñêóññòâåííûé
articulate [¸´tIkjuleIt] v 1) îò÷åòëèâî ïðîèçíîñèòü 2) àðòèêó-
ëèðîâàòü
articulation [¸ tIkju´leIS(@)n] n àðòèêóëÿöèÿ
´
artificial [ ¸tI´fIS(@)l] a ïðèòâîðíûé, äåëàííûé, íàïóñêíîé
´
artisan [ ¸tI´z{n] n ðåìåñëåííèê, ìàñòåðîâîé
´
artist [´¸tIst] n õóäîæíèê, äåÿòåëü èñêóññòâà, àðòèñò; merited
~ of the Republic çàñëóæåííûé àðòèñò ðåñïóáëèêè; People’s
~ of the USSR íàðîäíûé àðòèñò ÑÑÑÐ
17 attendant keys

artiste [¸´tÖst] n ýñòðàäíûé àðòèñò; ïðîôåññèîíàëüíûé ïåâåö;


òàíöîð; àêòåð
artistic, artistical [¸´tIstIk, ¸´tIstIk(@)l] a 1) àðòèñòè÷åñêèé; ~
temperament àðòèñòè÷åñêèé òåìïåðàìåíò 2) õóäîæåñòâåí-
íûé; ~ skill õóäîæåñòâåííîå ìàñòåðñòâî
artistically [¸´tIstIkli] adv 1) àðòèñòè÷åñêè, ìàñòåðñêè; ~ done
ìàñòåðñêè âûïîëíåííûé 2) ñ õóäîæåñòâåííîé òî÷êè çðå-
íèÿ
artistry [´¸tIstri] n 1) àðòèñòèçì, àðòèñòè÷íîñòü; ìàñòåðñòâî;
õóäîæåñòâåííîñòü èñïîëíåíèÿ 2) çàíÿòèå èñêóññòâîì
artless [´¸tl@s] a 1) ïðîñòîé, áåçûñêóñíûé; ~ grace åñòåñòâåííàÿ/
âðîæäåííàÿ ãðàöèÿ 2) íåóìåëûé, íåèñêóñíûé, íåëîâêèé;
~ artist íåèñêóñíûé/íåóìåëûé õóäîæíèê/ìàñòåð 3) ãðóáûé,
ïëîõî âûïîëíåííûé
ascending [@´sendIÎ] a âîñõîäÿùèé; ~ scale âîñõîäÿùàÿ ãàììà
aspirate [´{spIreIt] v ïðîèçíîñèòü ñ ïðèäûõàíèåì
aspiration [ {spI´reIS(@)n] n 1) ñòðåìëåíèå, ñèëüíîå æåëàíèå
(äîñòèãíóòü´ ÷åãî-ë.) 2) äûõàíèå, âäîõ; ïðèäûõàíèå
aspire [@´spaI@] v (to, after, at) ñòðåìèòüñÿ, äîìîãàòüñÿ; to ~
to honours ñòðåìèòüñÿ ê ïî÷åñòÿì
assonance [´{s@n@ns] n ñîçâó÷èå
assonant [´{s@n@nt] a ñîçâó÷íûé
assuage [@´sweI³] v óìèðîòâîðÿòü, óñïîêàèâàòü
assuasive [@´sweIsIv] a óñïîêàèâàþùèé, ñìÿã÷àþùèé; ~ voice
óñïîêàèâàþùèé ãîëîñ
astounding [@´staUndIÎ] a ïîðàçèòåëüíûé, óäèâèòåëüíûé
asymmetry [eI´sImItri] n àñèììåòðèÿ, àñèììåòðè÷íîñòü
asynchronous [eI´sIÎkr@n@s] a àñèíõðîííûé
atabal [´{t@ b{l] n èñò. ëèòàâðà (ó ìàâðîâ)
´
atechnic [@´teknIk] a íåóìåëûé, áåç ñïåöèàëüíîé ïîäãîòîâêè
a tempo [ {´temp@U] adv èò. â ïðåæíåì òåìïå
´
atonal [eI´t@Un@l, {´t@Un@l] a àòîíàëüíûé; ~ music àòîíàëüíàÿ
ìóçûêà
atonality [ eIt@U´n{lIti] n àòîíàëüíîñòü
´
atrocious [@´tr@US@s] a æåñòêèé, çâåðñêèé, ñâèðåïûé, óæàñíûé
attack [@´t{k] n 1) àòàêà (â ïåíèè, èñïîëíèòåëüñòâå íà ìó-
çûêàëüíûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ, â íîòàõ) 2) äæàç. îñòðîäèíà-
ìè÷íûé «ïîäúåçä» ê çâóêó; óñêîðåíèå òåìïà
attend [@´tend] v ïîñåùàòü, ïðèñóòñòâîâàòü; to ~ a concert/ceremony
ïðèñóòñòâîâàòü íà êîíöåðòå/öåðåìîíèè; to ~ school ïîñå-
ùàòü øêîëó
attendance [@´tend@ns] n àóäèòîðèÿ, ïóáëèêà; large/small ~ áîëü-
øàÿ/íåáîëüøàÿ àóäèòîðèÿ
attendant keys [@´tend@nt kÖz] n ðîäñòâåííûå òîíàëüíîñòè
attune 18
attune [@´tjün] v íàñòðàèâàòü (ìóçûêàëüíûå èíñòðóìåíòû)
aubade [´@U b¸d] n ôð. 1) ïîýò. ïåíèå ïòèö íà ðàññâåòå 2) ïîýò.
óòðåííÿÿ ´ ñåðåíàäà 3) óòðåííèé êîíöåðò
audacity [þ´d{sIti] n ñìåëîñòü, îòâàãà; ~ of style îðèãèíàëüíîñòü
ñòèëÿ
audible [þ´dIb(@)l] I n ôð. 1) ïîýò. óòðåííÿÿ ñåðåíàäà 2) óò-
ðåííèé êîíöåðò
audible [þ´dIb(@)l] II a ñëûøíûé, âíÿòíûé; ñëûøèìûé; he was
scarcely ~ åãî åäâà áûëî ñëûøíî; ~ whisper ãðîìêèé øå-
ïîò
audience [´þdi@ns] n 1) àóäèòîðèÿ, ïóáëèêà, çðèòåëè, ñëóøà-
òåëè; to perform before a large ~ âûñòóïàòü ïåðåä áîëüøîé
àóäèòîðèåé; there was a large ~ at the theatre â òåàòðå áûëî
ìíîãî çðèòåëåé/ïóáëèêè; most exacting ~ èñêóøåííàÿ ïóá-
ëèêà 2) ðàäèîñëóøàòåëè; òåëåçðèòåëè
audition [þ´dIS(@)n] I n 1) ñëóõ, ÷óâñòâî ñëóõà 2) ïðîáà, ïðî-
ñëóøèâàíèå (âîêàëèñòîâ, èíñòðóìåíòàëèñòîâ è ò.ï.); first
~ ïåðâîå ïðîñëóøèâàíèå, ïåðâûé òóð (êîíêóðñà è ò.ï.)
audition [þ´dIS(@)n] II v 1) óñòðàèâàòü ïðîáó, ïðîñëóøèâàòü
(âîêàëèñòîâ, èíñòðóìåíòàëèñòîâ è ò.ï.) 2) ïðîõîäèòü ïðîáó
(î âîêàëèñòàõ, èíñòðóìåíòàëèñòàõ è ò.ï.)
augmentation [ þgmen´teIS(@)n] n óâåëè÷åíèå äëèòåëüíîñòè
´
augmented [þg´mentId] a óâåëè÷åííûé; ~ fourth/interval/triad óâå-
ëè÷åííàÿ êâàðòà/-ûé èíòåðâàë/-îå òðåçâó÷èå
aulos [´þlÁs] n ( pl -loi [lOi]) èñò. àâëîñ (äðåâíåãðå÷åñêèé äó-
õîâîé èíñòðóìåíò)
aurally [´þr@li] adv íà ñëóõ, óñòíî
authentic [þ´TentIk] a ïîäëèííûé; aóòåíòè÷íûé; àâòåíòè÷íûé;
~ cadance àâòåíòè÷åñêàÿ êàäåíöèÿ/-èé êàäàíñ; ~ mode àâ-
òåíòè÷åñêèé ëàä
author [´þT@] n àâòîð; ïèñàòåëü; ~’s royalty àâòîðñêèé ãîíî-
ðàð
authority [þ´TÁrIti, @´TÁrIti] n 1) àâòîðèòåò, êðóïíûé ñïåöè-
àëèñò; çíàòîê 2) àâòîðèòåòíûé èñòî÷íèê (êíèãà, äîêó-
ìåíò)
autograph [´þt@gr¸f] n 1) àâòîãðàô 2) îðèãèíàë ðóêîïèñè
autonomous music [þ´tÁn@m@s mjüzIk] n àâòîíîìíàÿ ìóçûêà
auxiliary [þg´zilj@ri, þk´zilj@ri] I n âñïîìîãàòåëüíàÿ íîòà
auxiliary [þg´zilj@ri, þk´zilj@ri] II a âñïîìîãàòåëüíûé; ~ note =
auxiliary I
avid [´{vId] a æàæäóùèé (÷åãî-ë.); ~ of fame/success æàæäó-
ùèé ñëàâû/óñïåõà
avocation [ {v@´keIS(@)n] n êíèæí. ïðèçâàíèå; he is a musician
by ~ îí ´ìóçûêàíò ïî ïðèçâàíèþ
19 ballad

avocational [ {v@´keIS(@)n@l] a ëþáèòåëüñêèé, ñàìîäåÿòåëüíûé;


´
îòíîñÿùèéñÿ ê õîááè; ~ musicians ñàìîäåÿòåëüíûå ìóçû-
êàíòû, ìóçûêàíòû-ëþáèòåëè
award [@´wþd] I n ïðèñóæäåíèå (ïðåìèè, íàãðàäû)
award [@´wþd] II v ïðèñóæäàòü (ïðåìèþ, íàãðàäó)
awareness [@´we@nIs] n ïîíèìàíèå, îñâåäîìëåííîñòü, çíàíèå
ayre [e@] n óñò. 1) ñîëüíàÿ ïåñíÿ 2) òîíàëüíîñòü

B
B [bÖ] n áóêâåííîå îáîçíà÷åíèå íîòû «ñè»
baby grand [ beIbi ´gr{nd] n êàáèíåòíûé ðîÿëü
baby(-)piano´ [ beIbi pi´{n@U] = baby grand
´
bacchanal [ b{k@´n{l, ´b{k@n(@)l] n 1) îñîá. ëèò. âàêõàíêà 2) âàê-
´
õàíè÷åñêàÿ ïåñíü; âàêõàíè÷åñêèé òàíåö
bachelor [´b{¶@l@] n áàêàëàâð; B. of Arts áàêàëàâð ãóìàíèòàð-
íûõ íàóê
Bach trumpet [´b¸k (b¸x) ´trömpIt] n òðóáà Áàõà
back [b{k] n íèæíÿÿ äåêà èíñòðóìåíòà
backfall [ b{k´fþl] n ðû÷àæîê â ìåõàíèçìå îðãàíà
background´ [´b{kgraUnd] n ôîí, ìóçûêàëüíîå ñîïðîâîæäåíèå,
øóìîâîå îôîðìëåíèå è ò.ï.; ~ music ìóçûêàëüíûé ôîí,
ïðèãëóøåííàÿ ìóçûêà, ñîïðîâîæäàþùàÿ àâòîðñêèé òåêñò
è ò.ï.
backing [´b{kIÎ] n ìóçûêàëüíîå ñîïðîâîæäåíèå
back up [´b{k ´öp] I n ìóçûêàëüíîå ñîïðîâîæäåíèå
back up [´b{k ´öp] II v ñîïðîâîæäàòü ìóçûêîé; ~ed up by jazz
quartet â ñîïðîâîæäåíèè äæàçîâîãî êâàðòåòà
backup [´b{köp] a ñëóæàùèé àêêîìïàíåìåíòîì; ñîïðîâîæäà-
þùèé (î ìóçûêå); àêêîìïàíèðóþùèé
bagatelle [ b{g@´tel] n áàãàòåëü (íåáîëüøàÿ ìóçûêàëüíàÿ ïüå-
ñà) ´
bagpipe [´b{gpaIp] n ÷àñòî pl âîëûíêà (äóõîâîé èíñòðóìåíò)
bagpiper [´b{g paIp@] n âîëûíùèê
´
bagpi pes [´b{gpaIps] n pl = bagpi pe
balalaika [ b{l@´laIk@] n áàëàëàéêà
´
balance [´b{l@ns] I n óðàâíîâåøèâàíèå (çâó÷íîñòè)
balance [´b{l@ns] II v óðàâíîâåøèâàòü
balanced [´b{l@nst] a ãàðìîíè÷íûé
ball [bþl] n áàë; costume ~ êîñòþìèðîâàííûé áàë-ìàñêàðàä;
to give a ~ äàâàòü áàë; to open the ~ îòêðûâàòü áàë
ballad [´b{l@d] n 1) áàëëàäà (íàðîäíàÿ ïåñíÿ ñåíòèìåíòàëü-
íî-ïîâåñòâîâàòåëüíîãî õàðàêòåðà) 2) äæàç. áàëëàäà (ìåä-
ballade 20
ëåííàÿ ïüåñà ñ òåìîé â 32 òàêòà) 3) óñò. ñàòèðè÷åñêàÿ
ïåñåíêà
ballade [b{´l¸d] n 1) áàëëàäà (ëèðè÷åñêîå ñòèõîòâîðåíèå èç
òðåõ ñòðîô ñ ðåôðåíîì è ïîñûëêîé) 2) = ballad 1)
ballad-opera [´b{l@d (´)Áp(@)r@] n îïåðà, ìóçûêà êîòîðîé âçÿ-
òà èç íàðîäíûõ ïîïóëÿðíûõ ïåñåí
balladry [´b{l@dri] n ðåäê. 1) (íàðîäíûå) áàëëàäû 2) ñòèëü áàë-
ëàä; ñëîæåíèå áàëëàä
ballerina [ b{l@´rÖn@] n (pl òæ. -ne [nI]) áàëåðèíà; ~ assoluta
´
èò. ïðèìà-áàëåðèíà
ballet [´b{leI] n áàëåò
ballet dancer [´b{leI d¸ns@] n àðòèñò áàëåòà, òàíöîâùèê; àð-
´
òèñòêà áàëåòà, òàíöîâùèöà, áàëåðèíà
ballet master [´b{leI m¸st@] n áàëåòìåéñòåð
ballet mistress [´b{leI´ mIstrIs] n ïðåïîäàâàòåëüíèöà áàëåòà
ballet music [´b{leI mjüzIk] ´ n ìóçûêà ê áàëåòó, áàëåòíàÿ ìó-
çûêà ´
balletomane [´b{lIt@meIn, b@´let@meIn] n áàëåòîìàí
balletomania [ b{lIt@´meInI@] n áàëåòîìàíèÿ
ballroom [´bþlrUm, ´ ´bþlrüm] n áàëüíûé, òàíöåâàëüíûé çàë
ballroom dancing [ bþlrUm ´d¸nsIÎ] n áàëüíûå òàíöû
band [b{nd] n 1) îðêåñòð;´ jazz ~ äæàçîâûé îðêåñòð; brass ~
îðêåñòð ìåäíî-äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ; military ~ âîåííûé
îðêåñòð; øêîëüíûé îðêåñòð äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ 2) ãðóï-
ïà ìóçûêàíòîâ, èãðàþùèõ íà îäíîðîäíûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ (â
îðêåñòðå) 3) îðêåñòð ëåãêîé ìóçûêè 4) äæàç. èãðà âñåì
îðêåñòðîì
band call [´b{nd ´kþl] n ðàçã. ðåïåòèöèÿ îðêåñòðà
b a n d le ad e r [´b{nd lÖd@] n 1) äèðèæåð äæàç-îðêåñòðà; âî-
åííûé êàïåëüìåéñòåð ´ 2) âîåí. ñòàðøèíà âîåííîãî îð-
êåñòðà
bandmaster [´b{nd m¸st@] n 1) äèðèæåð (îñîá. äóõîâîãî îð-
´
êåñòðà); êàïåëüìåéñòåð 2) âîåí. ñòàðøèíà âîåííîãî îð-
êåñòðà
bandore [b{n´dþ] n óñò. ëþòíÿ
band shell [´b{nd´Sel] n ðàêîâèíà (äëÿ îðêåñòðà â ïàðêå)
bandsman [´b{ndzm@n] n (pl -men) îðêåñòðàíò; ìóçûêàíò îð-
êåñòðà
bandstand [´b{ndst{nd] n ýñòðàäà äëÿ îðêåñòðà
bandurria [b¸n´dürI¸] n èñï. ëþòíÿ
bandwagon [´b{nd w{g@n] n ìîäà, ïîâàëüíîå óâëå÷åíèå; Mozart
´
~ óâëå÷åíèå Ìîöàðòîì
bang-up finale [´b{Îöp fI´n¸li] n ýôôåêòíûé ìóçûêàëüíûé ôèíàë
banjer [´b{n³@] n = banjo
21 bass

banjo [´b{n³@U] n (pl -os, -oes [@Us]) áàíäæî (ñòðóííûé ùèï-


êîâûé èíñòðóìåíò)
banjoist [´b{n³@UIst] n èñïîëíèòåëü íà áàíäæî
banjore [´b{n³þ] n = banjo
banjulele [ b{n³@´leIli] n ñòðóííûé ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò
´
(êîìáèíàöèÿ áàíäæî è ãàâàéñêîé ãèòàðû)
bank [b{Îk] n êëàâèàòóðà îðãàíà
bank of keys [´b{Îk @v ´kÖz] n = bank
bar [b¸] n 1) òàêò 2) òàêòîâàÿ ÷åðòà
barbarous [´b¸b(@)r@s] a äèêèé, îãëóøèòåëüíûé (î çâóêàõ); ~
noise îãëóøèòåëüíûé øóì (ãîëîñîâ, ìóçûêè); ~ music äèêàÿ
ìóçûêà
barbiton [´b¸bIt@n] n èñò. ëèðà; ëþòíÿ
barcarol(l)e [ b¸k@´r@Ul] n èò. áàðêàðîëà (ïåñíÿ âåíåöèàíñêèõ
´
ãîíäîëüåðîâ); áûòîâîé ìóçûêàëüíûé æàíð, îñîáåííî ðàñ-
ïðîñòðàíåííûé â Âåíåöèè
bard [b¸d] n áàðä, ïåâåö; íàðîäíûé ïåâåö ó äðåâíèõ êåëüòñ-
êèõ ïëåìåí
bar iton e [´b{rIt@Un] n 1) áàðèòîí (ìóæñêîé ãîëîñ ñðåäíåãî
ðåãèñòðà ìåæäó áàñîì è òåíîðîì) 2) áàðèòîí (ìåäíûé
äóõîâîé ìóíäøòó÷íûé èíñòðóìåíò)
baritone oboe [´b{rIt@Un ´@Ub@U] n áàðèòîíîâûé ãîáîé
bar(-)line [´b¸laIn] n = bar 2)
b arn da n ce [´b¸nd¸ns] n 1) ñåëüñêèé ïðàçäíèê ñ òàíöàìè
(â àìáàðå) 2) òàíåö òèïà ïîëüêè; òàíåö òèïà øîòëàíä-
ñêîãî
bar nstor m [´b¸nstþm] v ïðåíåáð. 1) äàâàòü ïðåäñòàâëåíèÿ â
ñàðaÿõ (î áðîäÿ÷èõ àêòåðàõ) 2) ãàñòðîëèðîâàòü â ïðîâèí-
öèè
barnstormer [´b¸nstþm@] n ïðåíåáð. 1) áðîäÿ÷èé àêòåð 2) ãàñò-
ðîëåð (î ìóçûêàíòå, àêòåðå)
baroque [b@´rÁk, b@´r@Uk] I n áàðîêêî (ñòèëü â ìóçûêå XVII—
XVIII ââ.)
baroque [b@´rÁk, b@´r@Uk] II a ïðè÷óäëèâûé
barrel organ [´b{r@l þg@n] n àâòîìàòè÷åñêèé, âàëîâûé îðãàí;
øàðìàíêà ´
barytone [´b{rIt@Un] n = baritone
base [beIs] a íèçêèé; íåãðîìêèé; ~ sound/voice íèçêèé çâóê/
ãîëîñ
basic [´beIsIk] a îñíîâíîé; ~ tone îñíîâíîé òîí
bass [beIs] I n 1) áàñ (ìóæñêîé ãîëîñ íèçêîãî ðåãèñòðà) 2) áàñ
(ñàìàÿ íèçêàÿ ïàðòèÿ ìíîãîãîëîñîãî ìóçûêàëüíîãî ñî÷è-
íåíèÿ) 3) = double bass 4) ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò íèç-
êîãî ðåãèñòðà
bass 22
bass [beIs] II a áàñîâûé; íèçêèé
bass clarinet [´beIs kl{rI´net] n áàñ-êëàðíåò
´ n áàñîâûé êëþ÷
bass clef [ beIs ´klef]
´
bass-drum [´beIs ´dröm] n áîëüøîé áàðàáàí
basset-horn [´b{sIt hþn] n áàññåòãîðí (àëüòîâûé êëàðíåò)
bass flute in C [´beIs ´flüt In sÖ] n àëüáèçèôîí (áàñîâàÿ ôëåé-
òà)
bass flute in G [´beIs ´flüt In ³Ö] n àëüòîâàÿ ôëåéòà
bass horn [´beIs ´hþn] n áàñãîðí (äóõîâîé èíñòðóìåíò)
basso [´b{s@U] n èò. áàñ (ìóæñêîé ïåâ÷åñêèé ãîëîñ); ~ buffo
áàññî áóôôî (êîìè÷åñêèé áàñ); ~ cantante áàññî êàíòàíòå
(âûñîêèé áàñ); ~ profundo/profondo áàññî ïðîôóíäî (î÷åíü
íèçêèé áàñ)
bassoonist [b@´sünIst] n ôàãîòèñò
bass-string [´beIs strIÎ] n áàñîê (ñàìàÿ íèçêàÿ ïî òîíó ñòðóíà
ó ñìû÷êîâûõ ´èíñòðóìåíòîâ)
bass trombone [´beIs tr@m´b@Un] n áàñîâûé òðîìáîí
bass trumpet [´beIs trömpIt] n áàñîâàÿ òðóáà
´ n áàñ-òóáà, áàñîâàÿ òóáà
bass tuba [´beIs tjüb@]
´
bass-viol [´beIs ´vaI@l] n 1) âèîëîí÷åëü 2) êîíòðàáàñ 3) âèîëà
äà ãàìáà (ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
baton [´b{tÁn] n äèðèæåðñêàÿ ïàëî÷êà; under the ~ of A., under
A.’s ~ ïîä óïðàâëåíèåì À. (îá îðêåñòðå); äèðèæåð/äèðè-
æèðóåò/äèðèæèðîâàë À.
batte ry [´b{t(@)ri] n 1) óäàðíàÿ ãðóïïà îðêåñòðà 2) óêðàøå-
íèÿ
beat [bÖt] I n 1) ðèòì; òàêò; in ~ â ðèòìå; off the ~ íå â ðèò-
ìå; off ~ ñèíêîïè÷åñêèé 2) îòñ÷èòûâàíèå òàêòà; he kept
~ with his hand îí îòáèâàë òàêò ðóêîé 3) ðèòìè÷åñêàÿ äîëÿ
(åäèíèöà ðèòìà, ìåòðà); strong/weak ~ ñèëüíàÿ/ñëàáàÿ äîëÿ;
four ~s to a measure ÷åòûðåõäîëüíûé âçìàõ äèðèæåðñêîé
ïàëî÷êè
b ea t [bÖt] II v (beat [bÖt], beaten [bÖtn]) 1) îòáèâàòü (òàêò,
âðåìÿ); òàêòèðîâàòü; to ~ the time îòáèâàòü òàêò; äåëàòü
÷òî-ë. â òàêò (ìàðøèðîâàòü è ò.ï.); he was ~ing time with
his foot îí îòáèâàë òàêò íîãîé 2) áèòü; to ~ the drum
áèòü â áàðàáàí
beating [´bÖtIÎ] n ïóëüñàöèÿ; ïóëüñèðóþùåå äâèæåíèå
beautiful [´bjütIf(@)l] a 1) ïðåêðàñíûé, êðàñèâûé; ~ voice ïðå-
êðàñíûé ãîëîñ 2) ïðåâîñõîäíûé, âåëèêîëåïíûé
beauty [´bjüti] n êðàñîòà; ïðåêðàñíîå; ~ of form/voice/melody
êðàñîòà ôîðìû/ãîëîñà/ìåëîäèè
bebop, be-bop, be bop [´bÖbÁp] n = bop
beguile [bI´gaIl] v ïîìîãàòü êîðîòàòü ÷àñû; ðàçâëåêàòü, îòâëå-
23 binary

êàòü; ñêðàøèâàòü; to ~ weary hours with music êîðîòàòü ÷àñû


çà ìóçûêîé; ðàçâåÿòü ñêóêó ìóçèöèðîâàíèåì
bell [bel] n 1) êîëîêîë; Tom ~ áîëüøîé êîëîêîë 2) êîëîêîëü÷èê;
áóáåí÷èê 3) îáûêí. pl çâîí; ïåðåçâîí (êîëîêîëîâ); êàðè-
ëüîí; ïîäáîð êîëîêîëîâ; êóðàíòû; a chime of ~s áîé êó-
ðàíòîâ 4) ðàñòðóá (ó äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ)
bell-lyre [´belaI@] n = Glockenspiel
bell note [´bel ´n@Ut] n òîí, íàñòðîéêà (â òîíàëüíîñòü); to play/
sound the ~ äàòü òîí
bellows [´bel@Uz] n pl ìåõè äëÿ íàãíåòàíèÿ âîçäóõà (â îðãàíå)
belly [´beli] n 1) âåðõíÿÿ äåêà ó ñòðóííûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ 2) äåêà
ó ôîðòåïüÿíî
bend [bend] n ïðèåì äæàçîâîãî èñïîëíèòåëüñòâà, ïðè êîòî-
ðîì âçÿòûé çâóê íåìíîãî ïîíèæàåòñÿ, à çàòåì âîçâðàùà-
åòñÿ íà èñõîäíóþ âûñîòó
benefit [´benIfIt] n áåíåôèñ
benefit concert [´benIfIt ´kÁns@t] n áëàãîòâîðèòåëüíûé êîíöåðò
benefit night [´benIfIt ´naIt] n = benefit
benefit performance [´benIfIt p@´fþm@ns] n áëàãîòâîðèòåëüíîå ïðåä-
ñòàâëåíèå
bent [bent] n âëå÷åíèå, ñêëîííîñòü
berceuse [ber´sÆ:z] n ôð. êîëûáåëüíàÿ
bergamasca [b@rga´m¸sk@] n èò. òàíåö ïðîâèíöèè Áåðãàìî â
Èòàëèè
bergeret [ be@Z@´ret] n ïàñòîðàëü
Big Ban d ´[ bIg ´b{nd] n 1) äæàç â ñîñòàâå 14—20 ìóçûêàí-
´
òîâ 2) ñòèëü äæàçîâîãî èñïîëíèòåëüñòâà (ãðóïïàìè èëè
òóòòè)
big beat [´bIg ´bÖt] n îäèí èç ñòèëåé ñîâðåìåííîé ýñòðàäíîé
ìóçûêè
big time [´bIg taIm] a àìåð. ðàçã. 1) ïîëüçóþùèéñÿ øóìíûì
óñïåõîì 2)´ âûäàþùèéñÿ, êëàññíûé; ~ singer çàìå÷àòåëü-
íûé ïåâåö
big -time r [´bIg taIm@] n çíàìåíèòîñòü, àêòåð è ò.ï. âûñøåãî
êëàññà ´
bill [bIl] I n 1) ïðîãðàììà (òåàòðàëüíàÿ, êîíöåðòíàÿ è ò.ï.);
to change (the) ~ ñìåíèòü ïðîãðàììó; to head/top the ~ áûòü
ãâîçäåì ïðîãðàììû 2) àôèøà
bill [bIl] II v 1) îáúÿâëÿòü â àôèøàõ 2) îáêëåèâàòü àôèøàìè
billboard [´bIlbþd] n äîñêà äëÿ àôèø è îáúÿâëåíèé
bill poster [´bIl p@Ust@] n 1) ðàñêëåéùèê àôèø 2) àôèøà
binary [´baIn@ri]´a 1) äâîéíîé, ñäâîåííûé 2) äâóõ÷àñòíûé; ~
form äâóõ÷àñòíàÿ ôîðìà 3) äâóäîëüíûé; ~ measure äâóäîëü-
íûé ðàçìåð/òàêò, ñ÷åò íà äâà
bind 24
bind [baInd] n ëèãà; ëèãàòóðà
binotonous [baI´nÁt@n@s] a ðåäê. íà äâóõ íîòàõ
bis [bIs] adv åùå ðàç, âòîðè÷íî, íà áèñ
bitonality [ bÖt@´n{lIti] n áèòîíàëüíîñòü
black-bottom´ [ bl{k´bÁt@m] n áëýêáîòýì (àìåðèêàíñêèé òàíåö)
´
blackface [´bl{kfeIs] n àìåð. íåãð-ïåâåö
Black Mass [ bl{k ´m{s] n ðåêâèåì, çàóïîêîéíàÿ ñëóæáà
blare [ble@] I ´n 1) çâóê òðóáû; the ~ of the trumpet/brass çâóêè
ôàíôàð/ìåäíûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ 2) ðåâ; ðåçêèé, íåïðèÿò-
íûé çâóê
blare [ble@] II v òðóáèòü, èãðàòü íà ìåäíûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ; the
band ~d (out) a march äóõîâîé îðêåñòð ñûãðàë ìàðø
blast [bl¸st] I n çâóê äóõîâîãî èíñòðóìåíòà; to blow a ~ on the
horn çàòðóáèòü â ðîã
blast [bl¸st] I v óñò. èãðàòü íà òðóáå
blatancy [´bleIt(@)nsi] n ðåçêîñòü (çâóêà)
bleak [blÖk] a õîëîäíûé, ìðà÷íûé (î çâó÷àíèè)
blend [blend] v ñëèâàòüñÿ âîåäèíî; ãàðìîíèðîâàòü; the piano
~ed well with orchestra ôîðòåïüÿíî õîðîøî ãàðìîíèðîâà-
ëî ñî çâó÷àíèåì îðêåñòðà
block [blÁk] n 1) êîðîáî÷êà (ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò) 2) äåòàëü
â îðãàííîì ìåõàíèçìå
block-chord [ blÁk ´kþd] n äæàç. áëîê-àêêîðä (àêêîðä èç ïÿòè
´
çâóêîâ, çàìêíóòûé â ïðåäåëàõ îêòàâû)
blow [bl@U] I n çâóê äóõîâîãî èíñòðóìåíòà
blow [bl@U] II v (blew [blü], blown [bl@Un]) 1) èãðàòü íà äóõî-
âîì èíñòðóìåíòå 2) èçäàâàòü çâóê (î äóõîâîì èíñòðóìåíòå)
blower [´bl@U@] n òðóáà÷
blue [blü] a 1) ãîëóáîé; Rhapsody in B. Ðàïñîäèÿ â ãîëóáûõ òîíàõ
2) óíûëûé, ïîäàâëåííûé
bluegrass [´blügr¸s] n áëóãðàñ (ðàçíîâèäíîñòü ìóçûêè «êàíò-
ðè»)
blue notes [´blü n@Uts] n pl áëþçîâûå íîòû (ñòóïåíè ìàæîðà è
ìèíîðà, ïîíèæåíèå ïðèáëèçèòåëüíî íà 1/4 òîíà)
blues [blüz] n 1) áëþç, ïåñåííûé æàíð àìåðèêàíñêèõ íåãðîâ
2) áëþç, ìåäëåííûé òåìï â òàíöåâàëüíîé ìóçûêå; Negro
~ íåãðèòÿíñêèé áëþç
blurred [blÆ:d] a íåÿñíûé, òóìàííûé; ðàñïëûâ÷àòûé, ñìàçàí-
íûé (î çâó÷àíèè)
boisterous [´bOIst(@)r@s] a íåèñòîâûé, áóðíûé, øóìíûé
bold [b@Uld] a õðàáðûé, ñìåëûé; äåðçíîâåííûé
bolero [b@´le(@)r@U] n ( pl -ros [r@s]) áîëåðî (èñïàíñêèé òàíåö)
bombardon [bÁm´b¸dn] n 1) áîìáàðäîí (ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðó-
ìåíò) 2) îäèí èç ðåãèñòðîâ îðãàíà
25 bourdon

bones 1 [b@Unz] n pl àìåð. ðàçã. èñïîëíèòåëü íåãðèòÿíñêèõ ïåñåí


bones 2 [b@Unz] n pl êàñòàíüåòû (óäàðíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
bongo(e)s [´bÁÎg@Uz] n pl áîíãè (óäàðíûé èíñòðóìåíò ëàòèíî-
àìåðèêàíñêîãî ïðîèñõîæäåíèÿ)
boog ie-woog ie [ bügi ´wügi] n 1) áóãè-âóãè, ñòèëü (ìàíåðà)
´
èãðû, ïðåèìóùåñòâåííî íà ôîðòåïüÿíî, â äæàçå 2) ëþ-
áàÿ äæàçîâàÿ ìóçûêà â ñòèëå áóãè-âóãè 3) áóãè-âóãè, òà-
íåö 30-õ ãã. XX â.
book [bUk] I n ëèáðåòòî (îïåðû è ò.ï.)
book [bUk] II v 1) çàêàçûâàòü çàðàíåå, áðàòü (áèëåò); to ~ seats
for a performance áðàòü áèëåòû íà ñïåêòàëü 2) àíãàæèðî-
âàòü (ìóçûêàíòà)
book-holder [´bUk h@Uld@] n óñò. ñóôëåð
booking clerk [´bUkIδ kl¸k] n êàññèð áèëåòíîé òåàòðàëüíîé êàññû
booking office [´bUkIÎ ÁfIs] n áèëåòíàÿ êàññà
boom [büm] I n 1) áóì, ´ áûñòðûé ïîäúåì 2) øóìèõà, øóìíàÿ
ðåêëàìà; àæèîòàæ; a ~ was worked up before the arrival of
the singer åùå äî ïðèåçäà ïåâèöû/ïåâöà íà÷àëñÿ àæèîòàæ
boom [büm] II v ñîçäàâàòü øóìèõó, ñåíñàöèþ; ðåêëàìèðîâàòü
boost [büst] v ðàçã. ðåêëàìèðîâàòü; ñïîñîáñòâîâàòü ðîñòó ïî-
ïóëÿðíîñòè
bop [bÁp] n áîï, íàïðàâëåíèå â äæàçîâîé ìóçûêå, ïîïóëÿð-
íîå ïîñëå âòîðîé ìèðîâîé âîéíû
bopper [´bÁp@] n 1) ðàçã. ìóçûêàíò, èñïîëíÿþùèé äæàçîâóþ
ìóçûêó 2) ëþáèòåëü èëè ëþáèòåëüíèöà äæàçà
boppist [´bÁpIst] n = bopper
bopster [´bÁpst@] n = bopper
bossa nova [ bÁs@ ´n@Uv@] n èñï. 1) áîññà íîâà, áîññàíîâà (ìó-
çûêàëüíûé ´ ðèòì ëàòèíîàìåðèêàíñêîãî ïðîèñõîæäåíèÿ, ïî-
ëó÷èâøèé ñ 60-õ ãã. XX â. øèðîêóþ ïîïóëÿðíîñòü) 2) ïàð-
íûé áàëüíûé òàíåö, áëèçêèé ïî õàðàêòåðó ê ñàìáå
boston [´bÁst(@)n] n áîñòîí, âàëüñ-áîñòîí
bottles [´bÁtlz] n pl áóòûëêè (óäàðíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
bottom [´bÁt@m] n íèæíÿÿ äåêà ñòðóííûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ
bouffe [büf] I n ôð. ñîêð. îò opera bouffe
bouffe [büf] II a ôð. øóòîâñêîé, êîìè÷åñêèé
bounce [baUns] I n äæàç. óìåðåííûé òåìï
bounce [baUns] II v èñïîëíÿòü, óïðóãî îòòÿãèâàÿ äîëè òàêòà
bourdon [´bU@dn] n 1) áóðäîí, îäèí èç ðåãèñòðîâ îðãàíà; âèä
îðãàííîãî ïóíêòà 2) áóðäîí (áàñîâûå ñòðóíû âèîëû è
ëþòíåâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ, ðàñïîëîæåííûå ðÿäîì ñ ãðèôîì)
3) òÿíóùèé çâóê âîëûíêè; íåïðåðûâíûé è íå èçìåíÿþ-
ùèéñÿ ïî âûñîòå çâóê îòêðûòûõ ñòðóí ùèïêîâûõ è ñìû÷-
êîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ
bourree 26
bourree [´bureI] n ôð. áóððå (ñòàðèííûé ôðàíöóçñêèé òàíåö)
bouzouki [bU´züki] n (pl -kia [kI@]) ãðå÷. ãèòàðà
bow 1 [b@U] I n 1) ñìû÷îê; óäàð ñìû÷êà 2) = slashing bow
bow 1 [b@U] II v âëàäåòü ñìû÷êîì; he ~s admirably îí âåëèêî-
ëåïíî âëàäååò ñìû÷êîì
bow 2 [baU] I n ïîêëîí; to take a ~ ðàñêëàíÿòüñÿ (â îòâåò íà àï-
ëîäèñìåíòû)
bow 2 [baU] II v 1) êëàíÿòüñÿ 2) ïðåêëîíÿòüñÿ (òæ . ~ down);
to ~ to a great musician ïðåêëîíÿòüñÿ ïåðåä âåëèêèì ìó-
çûêàíòîì
bowed [baUd] a ñìû÷êîâûé; ~ instruments ñìû÷êîâûå èíñòðó-
ìåíòû
bower [´b@U@] n ìóçûêàíò, èãðàþùèé íà ñìû÷êîâûõ èíñòðó-
ìåíòàõ
bow hair [´b@U´hÆ@] n âîëîñ ñìû÷êà
bow hand [´b@Uh{nd] n ðóêà, êîòîðàÿ äåðæèò ñìû÷îê (ïðàâàÿ)
bowing [´b@UIÎ] n 1) èãðà íà ñêðèïè÷íûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ 2) òåõ-
íèêà âëàäåíèÿ ñìû÷êîì 3) øòðèõ
bow instrument [´b@U´InstrUm@nt] n ñìû÷êîâûé èíñòðóìåíò
bowl [baUl] n àìåð. àìôèòåàòð, ñòàäèîí
bow-tapping [´b@U´t{pIÎ] n óäàð ñìû÷êà
bow-tip [´b@U´tIp] n êîíåö ñìû÷êà; with the ~ (èãðàòü) êîí-
öîì ñìû÷êà
box 1 [bÁks] n 1) ëîæà (â òåàòðå) 2) ñèäÿùèé â ëîæå
box 2 [bÁks] n àìåð. ðàçã. 1) ðîÿëü; ïèàíèíî 2) ëþáîé ñòðóí-
íûé èíñòðóìåíò 3) ãðàììîôîí
box-keeper [´bÁks kÖp@] n êàïåëüäèíåð ïðè ëîæàõ
´
box of dominoes [´bÁks @v ´dÁmIn@Uz] n ïèàíèíî; ðîÿëü
box office [´bÁks ÁfIs] n òåàòðàëüíàÿ êàññà
´
box office play [´bÁks ÁfIs ´pleI] n ðàçã. «êàññîâàÿ» ïüåñà
brace [breIs] n = accolade
brass [br¸s] I n (the ~) ñîáèð . ìåäíûå äóõîâûå èíñòðóìåíòû,
«ìåäü»
brass [br¸s] II a ìåäíî-äóõîâîé; ~ family ñåìåéñòâî ìåäíî-
äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ; ~ instruments/winds ìåäíî-äóõîâûå
èíñòðóìåíòû
brass band [ br¸s˜´b{nd] n 1) ìåäíûé äóõîâîé îðêåñòð 2) èí-
´
ñòðóìåíòàëüíûé îðêåñòð ñåâåðîàìåðèêàíñêèõ íåãðîâ, èã-
ðàþùèõ íà óëèöå
brasses [´br¸sIz] n pl = brass
brassy [´br¸si] a ìåòàëëè÷åñêèé (î çâóêå)
brave [breIv] adv áðàâóðíî
bravissimo [br¸´vÖsIm@U] int áðàâèññèìî!
bravo [´br¸v@U, br¸´v@U] int (pl -vos [v@s]) áðàâî!
27 brusque

bravura [br@´vjU(@)r@] n èò. 1) áðàâóðíîñòü 2) áðàâóðíûé ïàñ-


ñàæ; áðàâóðíàÿ ïüåñà 3) áëåñòÿùåå èñïîëíåíèå òåõíè÷åñêè
òðóäíûõ ïüåñ
break [breIk] n 1) ïåðåðûâ; ïàóçà; a ~ in the song ïàóçà â ïåñ-
íå èëè ïåíèè; without a ~ áåñïðåðûâíî 2) äæàç. áðåéê (ìà-
ëîìåëîäè÷íàÿ èìïðîâèçàöèÿ, èñïîëíÿåìàÿ áåç ðèòìè÷åñ-
êîãî àêêîìïàíåìåíòà)
breakdown [´breIkdaUn] n áðåéêäàóí (ñòðåìèòåëüíûé íåãðèòÿí-
ñêèé òàíåö)
breath [breT] n 1) äûõàíèå 2) âçäîõ 3) ëåãêèé, åëå ñëûøíûé
çâóê; øåïîò; below/under one’s ~ øåïîòîì, òèõî 3) âû-
äûõàíèå âîçäóõà áåç âèáðàöèè ãîëîñîâûõ ñâÿçîê
breathe [brÖD] v 1) äûøàòü; âäûõàòü; âûäûõàòü 2) (into) ïåðåí.
âäîõíóòü; to ~ a new life âäîõíóòü íîâóþ æèçíü 3) èãðàòü
íà äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ; äóòü â äóõîâûå èíñòðóìåíòû
breather [´brÖD@] n ïàóçà, öåçóðà, ëþôòïàóçà
brea thtaking [´breT teIkIÎ] a ïîðàçèòåëüíûé, çàõâàòûâàþùèé
´
breve [brÖv] n 1) áðåâèñ (îäèí èç çíàêîâ ìåíçóðàëüíîé íîòà-
öèè) 2) áðåâèñ (íîòà, ðàâíàÿ ïî äëèòåëüíîñòè äâóì öå-
ëûì íîòàì)
brid ge [brI³] n 1) êîáûëêà (ñêðèïêè, ãèòàðû) 2) ïîäñòàâêà
ó ñìû÷êîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ; at the ~ ó ïîäñòàâêè 3) øòåã
ó ôîðòåïüÿíî 4) ñðåäíÿÿ ìîäóëèðóþùàÿ ÷àñòü ïüåñû â
ýñòðàäíîé ìóçûêå, äæàçå
bright [braIt] a 1) ÿðêèé, æèâîé, ÿñíûé (î çâóêå) 2) äæàç. â
äîâîëüíî áûñòðîì òåìïå; ~ swingly äîâîëüíî áûñòðî; ~ rock
áûñòðûé ðîê-í-ðîëë
brilliance, brilliancy [´brIlj@ns, ´brIlj@nsi] n âåëèêîëåïèå, áëåñê;
the violin is capable of ~ and dramatic effect ñêðèïêà ïî-
çâîëÿåò äîáèòüñÿ â çâó÷àíèè áëåñêà è äðàìàòè÷åñêîãî ýô-
ôåêòà
brilliant [´brIlj@nt] n áëåñòÿùèé, ñâåðêàþùèé; ÿðêèé; âåëèêî-
ëåïíûé; a ~ school of instrument makers âåëèêîëåïíàÿ øêîëà
ñêðèïè÷íûõ ìàñòåðîâ
brillante [brÖ´l¸nt@] a èò. áëåñòÿùèé
brio [´brÖ@U] n èò. æèâîñòü, îæèâëåíèå
brioso [brI´Áz@U] a èò. æèâîé, âåñåëûé, âîçáóæäåííûé
brisk [brIsk] à æèâîé, îæèâëåííûé
broken [´br@Uk@n] a àðïåäæèðîâàííûé; ~ chord ëîìàíûé, àð-
ïåäæèðîâàííûé àêêîðä
brusco [´brüsk@U] a èò. ãðóáûé, ðåçêèé
brush [bröS] n ùåòêà (óäàðíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
brushes [´bröSIz] n pl = brush
brusque [brüsk, brUsk] a ðåçêèé
brutal 28
brutal [´brütl] a ãðóáûé, æåñòîêèé
bud [böd] n ðàçã. 1) äåáþòàíòêà; ~ of promise àìåð. ïîäàþùàÿ
íàäåæäû äåáþòàíòêà 2) ðåäê. äåáþòàíò
budding [´bödIÎ] a ïîäàþùèé íàäåæäû, ìíîãîîáåùàþùèé; ~
composers ìîëîäûå òàëàíòëèâûå êîìïîçèòîðû
buffo [´böf@U, ´bUf@U] I n ( pl òæ. -fi [fi]) èò. ïåâåö-áóôô, ïå-
âåö, èñïîëíÿþùèé êîìè÷åñêèå ðîëè
buffo [´böf@U, ´bUf@U] II a êîìè÷åñêèé, ñìåøíîé; opera-~ îïåðà-
áóôô
buffoon [b@´fün] n êëîóí, øóò, áóôôîí; ôèãëÿð
buffoonery [b@´fün(@)ri] n øóòîâñòâî, áóôôîíàäà
bugle [´bjüg(@)l] I n 1) îõîòíè÷èé ðîã 2) ãîðí, ñèãíàëüíàÿ òðóáà;
~ call ñèãíàë íà ãîðíå 3) áþãåëüãîðí (ìåäíûé äóõîâîé èí-
ñòðóìåíò)
bugle [´bjüg(@)l] II v 1) òðóáèòü â ãîðí 2) äàâàòü ñèãíàë èëè
òðóáèòü íà ãîðíå
bugler [´bjüg(@)l@] n ãîðíèñò
burden [´bÆ:dn] n 1) ïðèïåâ, ðåôðåí 2) óñò. àêêîìïàíåìåíò
3) áàñîâûé ãîëîñ âîëûíêè 4) òåìà, îñíîâíàÿ ìûñëü
b ur ial se r vice [´beri@l sÆ:vIs] n çàóïîêîéíàÿ ñëóæáà, ïàíè-
õèäà ´
burlesque [bÆ:´lesk] I n 1) áóðëåñê(à) (ìóçûêàëüíàÿ ïüåñà ïðè-
÷óäëèâîãî, øóòëèâîãî, ãðóáîâàòî-êîìè÷åñêîãî õàðàêòåðà)
2) ðàçíîâèäíîñòü íåáîëüøîé êîìè÷åñêîé îïåðû, áëèçêàÿ
ê âîäåâèëþ 3) ïàðîäèÿ, êàðèêàòóðà
burlesque [bÆ:´lesk] II v ïàðîäèðîâàòü, ïðåäñòàâëÿòü â êîìè-
÷åñêîì âèäå
burst [bÆ:st] v (burst): to ~ into smth, to ~ out doing smth âíå-
çàïíî èëè áóðíî íà÷èíàòü ÷òî-ë.; to ~ into song çàïåòü; to
~ into cheering ðàçðàçèòüñÿ áóðíîé îâàöèåé; the audience
~ into applause â çàëå ðàçäàëèñü áóðíûå àïëîäèñìåíòû
button [´bötn] n ïóãîâèöà ó ñìû÷êîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ
buzz [böz] I n 1) æóææàíèå 2) ãëóõîé ãóë
buzz [böz] II v 1) æóææàòü 2) èçäàâàòü ãëóõîé çâóê
Byzantine music [b(a)I´z{ntaIn, b(a)I´z{ntÖn ´mjüzIk] n âèçàíòèé-
ñêàÿ ìóçûêà (ìóçûêà äëÿ ëèòóðãè÷åñêîãî ïåñíîïåíèÿ ïðà-
âîñëàâíîé öåðêâè)

C
C [sÖ] n 1) áóêâåííîå îáîçíà÷åíèå íîòû «äî» 2) çíàê, èçîá-
ðàæàþùèé òàêò â 4/4 3) íàçâàíèå êëþ÷à «äî»
cabinet piano [´k{bInIt pi´{n@U] n êàáèíåòíûé ðîÿëü
29 cancel

cachucha [k@´¶ü¶@] n êà÷ó÷à (èñïàíñêèé òàíåö)


cacophonic, cacophonical [ k{k@´fÁnIk, k{k@´fÁnIk(@)l] = cacoph-
onous ´ ´
caco p ho n o us [k@´kÁf@n@s] a êàêîôîíè÷åñêèé, íåáëàãîçâó÷-
íûé
cacophony [k@´kÁf(@)ni] n êàêîôîíèÿ (õàîòè÷åñêîå íàãðîìîæ-
äåíèå çâóêîâ), íåáëàãîçâó÷èå
cadence [´keId(@)ns] n 1) êàäàíñ; ~ plagale ïëàãàëüíûé êàäàíñ;
~ evitee ïðåðâàííûé êàäàíñ; ~ imparfaite íåñîâåðøåííûé
êàäàíñ 2) ìîäóëÿöèÿ; ïîíèæåíèå (ãîëîñà) 3) êàäåíöèÿ;
~ authentique àâòåíòè÷åñêàÿ êàäåíöèÿ
cadent [´keId(@)nt] a ðèòìè÷åñêèé, ìåðíûé
cadenza [k@´denz@] n êàäåíöèÿ
caesura [sI´zjU(@)r@] n ( pl òæ. -rae [rÖ]) 1) öåçóðà 2) ïàóçà; ïå-
ðåðûâ
cakewalk [´keIkwþk] n êåêóîê (áàëüíûé è ýñòðàäíûé òàíåö)
calando [k@´l¸nd@U] p.p. èò. ñòèõàÿ, óìåíüøàÿ ñèëó çâóêà
calcando [k@l´k¸nd@U] p.p. èò. ïîä÷åðêèâàÿ
calinda [k@´lInd@] n êàëèíäà (íåãðèòÿíñêèé òàíåö)
call [kþl] I n çîâ, ïðèçûâ
call [kþl] II v àìåð. 1) to ~ out a singer âûçûâàòü (àïëîäèñ-
ìåíòàìè) ïåâöà/àêòåðà 2) ðàçã. ïðèãëàøàòü íà òàíåö
call and response [ kþl @nd rI´spÁns] n àíòèôîííîå ñòðîåíèå íå-
êîòîðûõ ïåñåí ´ñåâåðîàìåðèêàíñêèõ íåãðîâ (ñïèðèòþýëñ,
òðóäîâûå ïåñíè) è äæàçîâûõ ôîðì (áëþç)
calling [´kþlIÎ] n ïðèçâàíèå; high ~ âûñîêîå ïðèçâàíèå; his ~
is that of musician åãî ïðèçâàíèå — ìóçûêà
calliope [k@´laI@pI, ´k{lI@Up] n àìåð. êàëëèîïà (êëàâèøíûé ìó-
çûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
calm [k¸m] I a ñïîêîéíûé, òèõèé
calm [k¸m] II v óñïîêàèâàòü, óìèðîòâîðÿòü
calmness [´k¸mnIs] n òèøèíà, ñïîêîéñòâèå
calmando [k@l´m¸nd@U] p.p. èò. óñïîêàèâàÿñü
calmato [k@l´m¸t@U] a èò. òèõèé, ñïîêîéíûé
calore [k@´lþr@] n èò. òåïëîòà; con ~ îäóøåâëåííî, ñ îãíåì
calypso [k@´lIps@U] n ( pl -os [@Uz]) êàëèïñî (ïàðíûé áàëüíûé
òàíåö)
camarilla [ k{m@´rIl@] n èñï. êàìàðèëüÿ
´
cambiata [k@mbI´{t@] n êàìáèàòà, îáìåííàÿ íîòà
campana [k@m´p¸n@] n èò. êîëîêîë
canary [k@´ne(@)ri] n êàíàðè (áàëüíûé è ñöåíè÷åñêèé òàíåö VI—
VII ââ., ïîïóëÿðíûé âî Ôðàíöèè è Èòàëèè)
cancan [´k{nk{n] n êàíêàí
cancel [´k{ns(@)l] n áåêàð
canned music 30
canned music [´k{nd ´mjüzIk] n àìåð. ðàçã. ìóçûêà â ìåõàíè-
÷åñêîé çàïèñè, ãðàìïëàñòèíêà; ìàãíèòîôîííàÿ ëåíòà
ña no n [´k{n@n] n 1) ïðàâèëî; çàêîí, êàíîí 2) êàíîí (âèä
ìíîãîãîëîñèÿ) 3) öåðêîâíîå ïåñíîïåíèå
canorous [k@´nþr@s] a êíèæí. ìåëîäè÷íûé; çâó÷íûé; ïåâó÷èé
cantabile [k{n´t¸bIli] a èò. ïåâó÷èé, íàïåâíûé, êàíòàáèëå
cantando [k{n´t¸nd@U] p.p. èò. ïåâó÷å, ðàñïåâàÿ
cantata [k{n´t¸t@, k@n´t¸t@] n êàíòàòà
cantation [k{n´teIS(@)n] n ðåäê. ïåíèå, çàêëèíàíèå
cantatrice [´k{nt@trÖs] n ôð ., èò. (ïðîôåññèîíàëüíàÿ) ïåâèöà,
âîêàëèñòêà
canticle [´k{ntIk(@)l] n 1) öåðê. äóõîâíàÿ ïåñíü, êàíò, ãèìí
2) (Canticles) pl áèáë. Ïåñíü Ïåñíåé (ñâîä åâðåéñêîé ëþ-
áîâíîé ëèðèêè, âîøåäøåé â Áèáëèþ)
cantilena [ k{ntI´lÖn@] n êàíòèëåíà; ïåâó÷åñòü, ìåëîäè÷íîñòü
´
cantillate [´k{ntIleIt] v 1) ïåòü, íàïåâàòü 2) ðàññêàçûâàòü íà-
ðàñïåâ, ïåòü ðå÷èòàòèâîì
cantillation [ k{ntI´leIS(@)n] n ïîâåñòâîâàíèå íàðàñïåâ, ðå÷è-
òàòèâ ´
canto [´k{nt@U] n (pl -os [@Uz]) 1) ïåíèå, ïåñíÿ, íàïåâ 2) âåðõ-
íèé ãîëîñ, ñîïðàíî
cantor [´k{nt@, ´k{ntþ] n öåðê. 1) ïåâ÷èé-ñîëèñò (â öåðêâè),
êàíòîð (â ñèíàãîãå) 2) ðåãåíò (õîðà)
cantus firmus [ k{nt@s ´fÆ:m@s] n ëàò . êàíòóñ ôèðìóñ (ãëàâíàÿ
íåèçìåííàÿ´ìåëîäèÿ â êîíòðàïóíêòå)
canzona [k{n´ts@Un@] n (pl -ne [ni]) êàíöîíà (èòàëüÿíñêàÿ ïåñíÿ)
2) èíñòðóìåíòàëüíàÿ ïüåñà íàïåâíîãî õàðàêòåðà
canzonet [ k{nz@´net] n êàíöîíåòòà (èòàëüÿíñêàÿ ïåñåíêà)
cap [k{p] n´ êðûøêà, êîëïà÷îê (ó ìóçûêàëüíûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ)
capability [ keIp@´bIlIti] n 1) ñïîñîáíîñòü; ~ to distinguish pitches
´
ñïîñîáíîñòü ðàçëè÷àòü çâóêè ðàçíîé âûñîòû 2) ñïîñîáíîñòü,
îäàðåííîñòü 3) ïðåèì. pl (íåèñïîëüçîâàííûå, ïîòåíöèàëü-
íûå) âîçìîæíîñòè
capable [´keIp@b(@)l] a 1) ñïîñîáíûé, îäàðåííûé; ~ pupil ñïî-
ñîáíûé ó÷åíèê 2) óìåëûé; çíàþùèé 3) (of) ïîääàþùèéñÿ,
äîïóñêàþùèé; ~ of improvement ïîääàþùèéñÿ óëó÷øåíèþ/
óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàíèþ; the horn is ~ of considerable agility
âàëòîðíà äîïóñêàåò çíà÷èòåëüíóþ ãèáêîñòü çâó÷àíèÿ
capacious [k@´peIS@s] a âìåñòèòåëüíûé; ~ concert hall âìåñòè-
òåëüíûé êîíöåðòíûé çàë
capacity [k@´p{sIti] n 1) âìåñòèìîñòü; the hall has a seating ~
of 2,000 â çàëå 2000 ñèäÿ÷èõ ìåñò; to play to ~ òåàòð. äå-
ëàòü ïîëíûå ñáîðû; ~ audience ïåðåïîëíåííûé çàë; ïîë-
íûé ñáîð; the play drew ~ audiences ïüåñà øëà ñ àíøëaãîì
31 catching

2) (for, of) ñïîñîáíîñòü (ê ÷åìó-ë., íà ÷òî-ë.); a child’s ~


for learning âîñïðèèì÷èâîñòü ðåáåíêà
capriccio [k@´prÖ¶I@U] n (pl òæ. -cci [¶i]) èò. êàïðè÷÷(è)î
capriccioso [k@ prI¶I´@Uz@U] a èò. êàïðè÷÷(è)îçî, êàïðèçíûé,
ïðèõîòëèâûé ´
cap-shaped [´k{p SeIpt] a ÷àøåîáðàçíûé; ~ mouthpiece ÷àøå-
îáðàçíûé ìóíäøòóê
captivating [ k{ptI´veItIÎ] a ïëåíèòåëüíûé, î÷àðîâàòåëüíûé,
´
îáàÿòåëüíûé; óâëåêàòåëüíûé
caressing [k@´resIÎ] a ëàñêîâûé, íåæíûé; ~ sounds ëàñêàþùèå
ñëóõ çâóêè
carillon [´k{rIlj@n, k@´rIlj@n] n 1) íàáîð êîëîêîëîâ 2) ìåëîäè÷íûé
êîëîêîëüíûé ïåðåçâîí 3) êàðèëüîí, ìóçûêàëüíàÿ ïüåñà,
ïîäðàæàþùàÿ êîëîêîëüíîìó çâîíó 4) êóðàíòû 5) ðåãèñòð
îðãàíà
carioca [ k{rI´@Uk@] n êàðèîêà (áðàçèëüñêèé òàíåö òèïà ñàìáû)
´
carol [´k{r@l] I n 1) âåñåëàÿ ïåñíü 2) ãèìí (îáûêí. ðîæäåñòâåí-
ñêèé)
carol [´k{r@l] II v 1) ïåòü âåñåëóþ ïåñíþ 2) âîñïåâàòü, ñëà-
âèòü
carol(l)er [´k{r@l@] n êíèæí. 1) ñì . carol v + -er 2) âîñïåâàþ-
ùèé, ñëàâÿùèé 3) õðèñòîñëîâ
carry [´k{ri] v âåñòè; to ~ the melody âåñòè ìåëîäèþ (â õîðå,
îðêåñòðå)
case [keIs] n 1) êîðïóñ (ó ôîðòåïüÿíî) 2) ôóòëÿð, ÷åõîë (ó
ìóçûêàëüíûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ)
cassation [k{´seIS(@)n] n ñòèëü äèâåðòèñìåíòà äëÿ îðêåñòðà èëè
ìàëîé ãðóïïû èíñòðóìåíòîâ
cast [k¸st] I n 1) ðàñïðåäåëåíèå ðîëåé 2) ñîñòàâ èñïîëíèòå-
ëåé (â äàííîì ñïåêòàêëå); ñîñòàâ îðêåñòðà; àêòåðñêèé ñî-
ñòàâ; good ~ ñèëüíûé ñîñòàâ; to choose the ~ ïîäáèðàòü
èñïîëíèòåëåé 3) ñïèñîê äåéñòâóþùèõ ëèö è èñïîëíèòå-
ëåé
cast [k¸st] II v (cast, cast) ðàñïðåäåëÿòü (ðîëè); äàâàòü ðîëü
(àêòåðó); she was badly ~ åé áûëà äàíà íåïîäõîäÿùàÿ ðîëü
Castalia [k{s´teIlI@] n ãðå÷. ìèô. Êàñòàëüñêèé êëþ÷, Êàñòàëèÿ
(èñòî÷íèê íà Ïàðíàñå); îáðàçí. òæ. èñòî÷íèê âäîõíîâåíèÿ
castanets [ k{st@´nets] n pl êàñòàíüåòû
´
casting [´k¸stIÎ] n ðàñïðåäåëåíèå ðîëåé; ïîäáîð àêòåðîâ
catch [k{¶] n 1) èñò. êà÷÷à (æàíð ñâåòñêèõ âîêàëüíûõ ïüåñ
èìèòàöèîííîãî ñêëàäà IV—VI ââ.) 2) êàíîí äëÿ íåñêîëüêèõ
ìóæñêèõ ãîëîñîâ ñ êîìè÷åñêèì òåêñòîì
catching [´k{¶IÎ] a çàæèãàòåëüíûé, óâëåêàòåëüíûé; ~ songs çà-
æèãàòåëüíûå ïåñíè
catchy 32
catchy [´k{¶i] a ëåãêî çàïîìèíàþùèéñÿ; ~ melody ëåãêî çà-
ïîìèíàþùèéñÿ ìîòèâ/-àÿñÿ ìåëîäèÿ
catgut [´k{tgöt] n 1) ñòðóíà (äëÿ ìóçûêàëüíûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ);
êåòãóò, êèøå÷íàÿ ñòðóíà 2) ñêðèïêà 3) ñîáèð . ñòðóííûå
èíñòðóìåíòû
cavatina [ k{v@´tÖn@] n êàâàòèíà
C clef [´sÖ´ klef] n êëþ÷ «äî», àëüòîâûé êëþ÷
cedez [s@´de] ôð. çàìåäëÿéòå
celebrate [´selIbreIt] v 1) ïðàçäíîâàòü; òîðæåñòâåííî îòìå÷àòü
(ãîäîâùèíó è ò.ï.) 2) ïðîñëàâëÿòü, âîñïåâàòü, ïðåâîç-
íîñèòü; to ~ a hero in a song ïðîñëàâëÿòü ãåðîÿ â ïåñíå
celebrated [´selIbreItId] a çíàìåíèòûé, ïðîñëàâëåííûé
ñelebration [ selI´breIS(@)n] n 1) ïðàçäíîâàíèå; òîðæåñòâà 2) ïðî-
ñëàâëåíèå; ´ âîñïåâàíèå 3) öåðêîâíàÿ ñëóæáà
celebrity [sI´lebrIti] n 1) èçâåñòíîñòü, çíàìåíèòîñòü 2) ïðåèì.
èðîí. çíàìåíèòîñòü (î ÷åëîâåêå) 3) óñò. ïðàçäíîâàíèå; òîð-
æåñòâà
celesta [sI´lest@] n ÷åëåñòà (ïëàñòèíî÷íûé óäàðíî-êëàâèøíûé
ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
cellist, ‘cellist [´¶elIst] n ( ñîêð. îò violoncellist) ðàçã. âèîëîí-
÷åëèñò
cello, ‘cello [´¶el@U] n (pl -os [@Uz]; celli, ‘celli [lÖ]) ( ñîêð . îò
violoncello) ðàçã. âèîëîí÷åëü
celloist [´¶el@(U)Ist] n = cellist
cembalo [´¶emb@l@U] n (pl -li [lÖ], -los [l@Uz]) ñîêð. îò clavicembalo
centenary [sen´tÖn@ri] n ñòîëåòèå
centre, centår [´sent@] n 1) öåíòð 2) (Ñ.) Äîì (â íàèìåíîâà-
íèÿõ) Music C. Äîì ìóçûêè 3) ñåðåäèíà; ~ of the bow ñå-
ðåäèíà ñìû÷êà
ceremonial [ serI´m@Uni@l] a òîðæåñòâåííûé, ïàðàäíûé; ~ dress
ïàðàäíàÿ´ôîðìà îäåæäû
C-flat [´sÖ ´fl{t] n äî áåìîëü
cha-cha, cha-cha-cha [´¶¸ ¶¸, ¶¸ ¶¸ ´¶¸] n ÷à-÷à-÷à (áàëüíûé
òàíåö ëàòèíîàìåðèêàíñêîãî ´ ïðîèñõîæäåíèÿ)
chaconne [S@´kÁn, S{´k@n] n 1) ÷àêîíà (ñòàðèííûé òàíåö VI—
VII ââ.) 2) ÷àêîíà (ìóçûêàëüíàÿ ïüåñà VII—VIII ââ.)
chalumeau [S¸lü´m@U] n ôð. 1) ñâèðåëü 2) íèæíèé ðåãèñòð êëàð-
íåòà
chambe r [´¶eImb@] a êàìåðíûé; ~ orchestra/music êàìåðíûé
îðêåñòð/-àÿ ìóçûêà; ~ conñert êîíöåðò êàìåðíîé ìóçû-
êè
chamber organ [´¶eImb@ ´þg@n] n êîíöåðòíûé îðãàí
change [¶eIn³] I n ïåðåìåíà, èçìåíåíèå (èíñòðóìåíòà)
change [¶eIn³] II v 1) ìåíÿòü (èíñòðóìåíò); piccolo ~ to 3rd
33 chime

flute ìàëóþ ôëåéòó ñìåíèòü íà òðåòüþ ôëåéòó 2) èçìåíÿòü,


ïåðåäåëûâààòü
changing note [´¶eIn³IÎ ´n@Ut] n âñïîìîãàòåëüíàÿ íîòà
chan so n [´S{ns(@)n] n ôð. ïåñíÿ; pious ~ óñò. öåðêîâíîå ïå-
íèå
chansonnette [ S{ns@´net] n ôð. ïåñåíêà, øàíñîíåòêà
´
chansonier [ SÁn´sÁnjeI] n øàíñîíüå, èñïîëíèòåëü, à èíîãäà è
´
àâòîð ïåñåí
chant [¶¸nt] I n 1) ïîýò. ïåñíü; ïåíèå; íàïåâ; the ~ of birds
ïåíèå ïòèö 2) êàíò, öåðêîâíîå ïåíèå, ïåñíîïåíèå 3) ìî-
íîòîííîå ïåíèå; îäíîîáðàçíàÿ ïðîòÿæíàÿ ïåñíÿ; óíûëûé
íàïåâ 4) äåêëàìàöèÿ èëè ÷òåíèå íàðàñïåâ
chant [¶¸nt] II v 1) ïîýò. ïåòü; ðàñïåâàòü 2) âîñïåâàòü; to ~
the praises of smb âîñïåâàòü êîãî-ë.; âîçäàâàòü õâàëó êîìó-
ë. 3) ìîíîòîííî ïîâåñòâîâàòü èëè ïåòü 4) ãîâîðèòü èëè
÷èòàòü íàðàñïåâ
chanter [´¶¸nt@] n 1) ñì . chant v + -er 2) ïîýò. ïåâåö; ïåâèöà;
ïåâóíüÿ 3) õîðèñò; ïåâ÷èé 4) ðåãåíò (õîðà); õîðìåéñòåð
5) âåðõíèé ãîëîñ (ó âîëûíêè)
chanteuse [S{n´tÆ:z, SÁn´tÆ:z] n ôð. ïåâèöà (ýñòðàäíàÿ)
chant(e)y [´S{nti] n ´óñò. = shanty
chantress [´¶¸ntrIs] n ïåâèöà, ïåâóíüÿ
chaos [´keIÁs] n õàîñ
chapel [´¶{p(@)l] n öåðê. õîð ïåâ÷èõ; ïåâ÷åñêàÿ êàïåëëà (îñîá.
ïðèäâîðíàÿ)
chapel-master [´¶{p(@)l m¸st@] n 1) êàïåëüìåéñòåð (îñîá. ïðè-
äâîðíûé) 2) ðåãåíò´ (õîðà ïåâ÷èõ); õîðìåéñòåð
character [´k{rIkt@] n ðîëü (â ïüåñå)
Charleston [´¶¸lst(@)n] n ÷àðëüñòîí (áàëüíûé òàíåö 20—30-õ ãã.
è îäíà èç ôîðì äæàçà)
charm [¶¸m] I n î÷àðîâàíèå, îáàÿíèå; ïðèâëåêàòåëüíîñòü
charm [¶¸m] II v î÷àðîâûâàòü, ïëåíÿòü
chase [¶eIs] n âûñòóïëåíèå àíñàìáëÿ äæàçèñòîâ, èìïðîâèçè-
ðóþùèõ ïîî÷åðåäíî
check-taker [´¶ek teIk@] n áèëåòåð
chef d’oeuvre [ SeI ´ ´dÆ:vr@] n ôð. ( pl chefs- [SeI]) øåäåâð
c h im e [¶aIm] I´ n 1) ( òæ. p l ) íà áî ð êî ëî êî ëî â; êóð àí ò û
2) pl êîëîêîëüíûé ïåðåçâîí; çâîí êóðàíòîâ; ìåëîäèÿ,
èñïî ë í ÿå ìà ÿ í à êóð à í ò à õ/ êî ëî êî ëà õ 3) áî é (÷ àñî â)
4) ãàðìîíèÿ, ìóçûêà (ñòèõà) 5) ñîãëàñèå, ñîãëàñîâàí-
íîñòü; ãàðìîíè÷åñêîå ñî÷åòàíèå; in ~ â ãàðìîíèè, â ñî-
ãëàñèè
chime [¶aIm] II v 1) âûáèâàòü ìåëîäèþ (íà êîëîêîëàõ, êóðàíòàõ)
2) çâó÷àòü, çâîíèòü, çâåíåòü; the bells are chiming ðàçäà-
Chinese gong 34
åòñÿ êîëîêîëüíûé ïåðåçâîí; çâåí ÿò/èãðàþò êóðàíòû
3) áèòü, îòáèâàòü (î ÷àñàõ) 4) çâîíèòü (â êîëîêîëà)
Chinese gong [ ¶aI´nÖz ´gÁÎ] n êèòàéñêèé ãîíã (ìóçûêàëüíûé
èíñòðóìåíò)´
choir [kwaI@] I n 1) õîð; õîðîâîé àíñàìáëü, êàïåëëà; 70-strong
~ õîð èç 70 ÷åëîâåê; to direct/conduct a ~ ðóêîâîäèòü/äè-
ðèæèðîâàòü õîðîì; to set up/create a ~ îðãàíèçîâàòü/ñîçäàòü
õîð 2) öåðê. õîð ïåâ÷èõ, öåðêîâíûé õîð 3) õîðîâîå, ïåâ-
÷åñêîå îáùåñòâî 4) = chorus I 5) ãðóïïà (÷àñòü îðêåñò-
ðà); the brass ~ ãðóïïà ìåäíî-äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ 6) êîë-
ëåêòèâ èëè òðóïïà ïåâöîâ è òàíöîðîâ; àíñàìáëü ïåâöîâ
è òàíöîðîâ; àíñàìáëü ïåñíè è òàíöà 7) áàëåòíûé àíñàìáëü
8) öåðê. õîðû (â ñîáîðå); êëèðîñ 9) ïîáî÷íàÿ êëàâèàòóðà
îðãàíà
choir [kwaI@] II v ïîýò. ïåòü õîðîì
cho irbo y [´kwaI@bOI] n 1) ìàëü÷èê-ïåâ÷èé 2) ó÷àñòíèê õîðà
ìàëü÷èêîâ
choirmaster [´kwaI@m¸st@] n 1) õîðìåéñòåð 2) ðåãåíò õîðà
choir-office [´kwaI@(r) ÁfIs] n öåðê. ñëóæáà ñ õîðîâûì ïåíèåì
´
choir organ [´kwaI@ ´þg@n] n ïîçèòèâ (ñðåäíåé âåëè÷èíû êîì-
íàòíûé îðãàí)
choir service [´kwaI@ ´sÆ:vIs] n öåðê. õîðîâîå ïåíèå
choragus [kÁ´reIg@s] n (pl -gi [³aI]) 1) êîðèôåé, ïðåäâîäèòåëü
õîðà (â äðåâíåãðå÷åñêîì òåàòðå) 2) ðóêîâîäèòåëü õîðà èëè
îðêåñòðà; õîðìåéñòåð
choral [´kþr@l] I n õîðàë
choral [´kþr@l] II a 1) õîðîâîé; ~ singing õîðîâîå ïåíèå 2) õî-
ðàëüíûé, îòíîñÿùèéñÿ ê õîðàëó
chorale [kÁ´r¸l] n = choral I
choralist [´kþr@lIst] n ïåâ÷èé; õîðèñò
chorally [´kþr@li] adv õîðîì
choral service [´kþr@l ´sÆ:vIs] n öåðê. ñëóæáà ñ õîðîì
choral society [´kþr@l s@ saI@ti] n àíñàìáëü ïåâöîâ, õîð
chord 1 [kþd] n òîëñòàÿ ´ñòðóíà (ìóçûêàëüíîãî èíñòðóìåíòà)
chord2 [kþd] n àêêîðä; final ~s çàêëþ÷èòåëüíûå àêêîðäû; seventh
~ ñåïòàêêîðä; ~ of the fourth and sixth êâàðòñåêñòàêêîðä;
~ of the sixth/sixth ñåêñòàêêîðä
chorded [´kþdId] a êíèæí. ñëèâàþùèéñÿ â îäèí àêêîðä, ãàð-
ìîíè÷åñêèé
chord progression [´kþd pr@´greS(@)n] n àêêîðäîâàÿ ïîñëåäîâà-
òåëüíîñòü/-ûå ïaññàæè, -îå äâèæåíèå
choregy [kÁ´rÖ³aI] n äîëæíîñòü êîðèôåÿ, ïðåäâîäèòåëÿ õîðà
(â äðåâíåãðå÷åñêîì òåàòðå)
choreograph [´kÁri@gr¸f, ´kþri@gr¸f] n = choreographer
35 cithara

choreographer [ kÁri´Ágr@f@, kþri´Ágr@f@] n áàëåòìåéñòåð


choreographic [ ´kÁri´Ágr@fik, ´ kþri´Ágr@fik] a õîðåîãðàôè÷åñêèé,
áàëåòíûé ´ ´
choreography [ kÁri´Ágr@fi, kþri´Ágr@fi] n 1) õîðåîãðàôèÿ, èñ-
êóññòâî òàíöà ´ 2) õîðåîãðàôèÿ,
´ ñîçäàíèå è ïîñòàíîâêà áà-
ëåòíûõ òàíöåâ
choric [´kÁrIk] a êíèæí. õîðîâîé, îòíîñÿùèéñÿ ê õîðó
chorine [´k@UrIn] n àìåð. ðàçã. õîðèñòêà
chorist [´kÁrIst] n 1) ó÷àñòíèê õîðà (â äðåâíåãðå÷åñêîì òåàò-
ðå) 2) ïîþùèé â õîðå; ó÷àñòíèê õîðîâîãî àíñàìáëÿ
chorister [´kÁrIst@] n 1) ïåâ÷èé, îñîá. ìàëü÷èê-ïåâ÷èé 2) àð-
òèñò èëè àðòèñòêà õîðà; õîðèñò; õîðèñòêà 3) àìåð. ðåãåíò
(õîðà)
choristic, choristical [k@´rIstIk, k@´rIstIk(@)l] a õîðîâîé
chorus [´kþr@s] I n 1) õîð; õîðîâàÿ ãðóïïà; in ~ õîðîì 2) òå-
àòð. õîð è áàëåò (äðàìàòè÷åñêîãî òåàòðà) 3) êîðäåáàëåò
4) òðóïïà ïåâöîâ; àíñàìáëü ïåñíè è òàíöà 5) õîð (â äðåâ-
íåãðå÷åñêîì òåàòðå) 6) ïðèïåâ; ðåôðåí 7) ìóçûêàëüíîå
ïðîèçâåäåíèå äëÿ õîðà 8) äæàç. ãàðìîíè÷åñêàÿ îñíîâà
èìïðîâèçàöèè
chorus [´kþr@s] II v 1) ïåòü õîðîì 2) ïîâòîðÿòü, ãîâîðèòü, ÷èòàòü
è ò.ï. õîðîì, îäíîâðåìåííî
chorus(-)girl [´kþr@sgÆ:l] n õîðèñòêà (ýñòðàäû, îïåðåòòû)
Christy minstrels [´krIsti ´mInstr@lz] n pl ãðóïïà çàãðèìèðîâàí-
íûõ íåãðàìè èñïîëíèòåëåé íåãðèòÿíñêèõ ïåñåí
chromatic [kr@(U)´m{tIk] a õðîìàòè÷åñêèé; ~ scale õðîìàòè÷åñêèé
çâóêîðÿä; ~ depression/elevation ïîíèæåíèå/ïîâûøåíèå
çâóêà íà ïîëòîíà
chromaticism [kr@(U)´m{tIsIz(@)m] n õðîìàòèçì
chromatic sign [kr@(U)´m{tIk ´saIn] n çíàê ïðè êëþ÷å
chronometer [kr@´nÁmIt@] n ìåòðîíîì
church [¶Æ:¶] a öåðêîâíûé; ~ singing öåðêîâíîå ïåíèå
church cadence [´¶Æ:¶ ˜´keId(@)ns] n ïëàãàëüíûé êàäàíñ
circle [´sÆ:k(@)l] n 1) êðóã; ~ of fifths êâèíòîâûé êðóã 2) òåàòð.
ÿðóñ; dress ~ áåëüýòàæ; parquet ~ àìôèòåàòð; çàäíèå ðÿäû
ïàðòåðà; family/upper ~ âåðõíèé ÿðóñ/áàëêîí 3) àðåíà öèðêà
circuit [´sÆ:kIt] n òóðíå; theatre companies travel over regular
~s òåàòðàëüíûå òðóïïû âûåçæàþò â òðàäèöèîííûå òóðíå/
íà ãàñòðîëè
circuiteer [ sÆ:kI´tI@] n ãàñòðîëåð
´
circus [´sÆ:k@s] n 1) öèðê 2) àðåíà; ìàíåæ (öèðêà) 3) öèð-
êîâîå ïðåäñòàâëåíèå
cithara [´sIT@r@, ´kIT@r@] n êèôàðà, êèòàðà (ùèïêîâûé èíñòðóìåíò
äðåâíèõ ãðåêîâ, ðîäñòâåííûé ëèðå)
cither 36
c i t h e r [´sID@] n 1) öèò ð à (ù èïêî âûé è í ñò ð óìå í ò ) 2 ) =
cithara
cithern [´sIDÆ:n] n = cither
citole [´sIt@Ul] n öèñòðà, öèòîëà (ñòàðèííûé ùèïêîâûé èíñò-
ðóìåíò)
citybilly [´sItI bIli] n ( pl -billies [bIlIz]) ãîðîäñêîé ïåâåö èëè
ìóçûêàíò,´èñïîëíÿþùèé ìóçûêó «êàíòðè»
clangorous [´kl{Î@r@s] a ëÿçãàþùèé, áðåí÷àùèé; çâåíÿùèé;
èçäàþùèé ðåçêèé ìåòàëëè÷åñêèé çâóê; îãëóøèòåëüíûé (î
çâóêå, øóìå è ò.ï.)
clarinet [ kl{rI´net] n êëàðíåò
clarinet(t)ist´ [ kl{rI´netIst] n êëàðíåòèñò
clarion [´kl{ri@n] ´ n ïîýò. 1) ðîæîê, ãîðí 2) çâóê ðîæêà, ãîð-
íà 3) ïðèçûâíûé çâóê, ïðèçûâ, êëè÷ 4) ðåãèñòð îðãàíà
clarionet [ kl{rI@´net] n = clarinet
´
clarity [´kl{rIti] n ÷èñòîòà; ïðîçðà÷íîñòü; ~ of tone ÷èñòîòà
çâó÷àíèÿ
classic [´kl{sIk] n 1) êëàññèê (îñîá. îá àíòè÷íûõ ïèñàòåëÿõ)
2) êëàññè÷åñêîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå 3) ïðèâåðæåíåö êëàññèöèçìà
4) pl êëàññèêà
classic, classical [´kl{sIk, ´kl{sIk(@)l] a 1) êëàññè÷åñêèé, àíòè÷-
íûé; ~ authors êëàññè÷åñêèå ïèñàòåëè äðåâíîñòè; ãðå÷åñ-
êèå è ðèìñêèå êëàññèêè 2) êëàññè÷åñêèé; ~ music êëàñ-
ñè÷åñêàÿ ìóçûêà 3) îáðàçöîâûé; ~ taste òîíêèé/èçûñêàííûé
âêóñ
classicism [´kl{sIsIz(@)m] n êëàññèöèçì
clatter [´kl{t@] I n ãðîõîò, ëÿçã
clatter [´kl{t@] II v 1) ñòó÷àòü, ãðåìåòü 2) ãðîõîòàòü, ãðîìû-
õàòü
clattering [´kl{t@rIÎ] a ñòó÷àùèé, ãðîìûõàþùèé; a contrasted
and ~ allegro section êîíòðàñòèðóþùèé íàïîðèñòûé ýïè-
çîä àëëåãðî
clavecin [´kl{v(I)sIn] n êëàâåñèí
clavicembalo [ kl{vI´¶emb@l@U] n (pl -li [lÖ]) = clavecin
´
clavichord [´kl{vIkþd] n êëàâèêîðä (ñòàðèííûé ìóçûêàëüíûé
èíñòðóìåíò)
clavier 1 [´kl{vI@] n êëàâèàòóðà
clavier 2 [´kl{vI@] n 1) êëàâèð (íåìåöêîå íàçâàíèå êëàâèøíî-
ñòðóííûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ, îñîá. ôîðòåïüÿíî); Bach’s ~ concerto
ôîðòåïüÿííûé êîíöåðò Áàõà 2) ôîðòåïüÿííîå ïåðåëîæåíèå
3) íåìàÿ êëàâèàòóðà
clean [klÖn] a òåõíè÷åñêè ÷èñòûé (îá èñïîëíåíèè)
clear [klI@] a 1) ÿñíûé, ïðîçðà÷íûé 2) çâîíêèé, îò÷åòëèâûé,
÷èñòûé; ~ tone ÷èñòûé çâóê
37 commemorate

clef [klef] n 1) êëþ÷; bass/alto/treble ~ áàñîâûé/àëüòîâûé/ñêðè-


ïè÷íûé êëþ÷; C ~ êëþ÷ «äî»; G ~ êëþ÷ «ñîëü»; F ~ êëþ÷
«ôà» 2) êëàïàí (ó äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ)
climactic [klaI´m{ktIk] a êóëüìèíàöèîííûé
climax [´klaIm{ks] I n êóëüìèíàöèÿ; âûñøàÿ òî÷êà, êóëüìè-
íàöèîííûé ïóíêò
climax [´klaIm{ks] II v äîõîäèòü èëè äîâîäèòü äî êóëüìèíà-
öèîííîãî ïóíêòà
clinker [´klIÎk@] n àìåð. ðàçã. íåïðàâèëüíî âçÿòàÿ íîòà
clog box [´klÁg ´bÁks] n äæàç. êëîã áîêñ (óäàðíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
clog dance [´klÁg d¸ns] n êëîãäàíñ (òàíåö, êîòîðûé òàíöóþò
â äåðåâÿííûõ áàøìàêàõ)
close [kl@Uz] n êîíåö, çàâåðøåíèå, êàäàíñ
close shake [´kl@Us ´SeIk] n âèáðàòî íà ñòðóííûõ è äóõîâûõ èí-
ñòðóìåíòàõ
closing [´kl@UzIÎ] I n àìåð. çàêëþ÷åíèå, ôèíàë
closing [´kl@UzIÎ] II a çàêëþ÷èòåëüíûé; ~ harmony çàêëþ÷èòåëü-
íàÿ ãàðìîíèÿ
cluster [´klöst@] n êëàñòåð (ãðóïïà ðàñïîëîæåííûõ ðÿäîì íîò
íà êëàâèàòóðå, áåðóùèõñÿ âìåñòå); ~ technique êëàñòåðíàÿ
òåõíèêà
coda [´k@Ud@] n 1) êîäà (çàêëþ÷èòåëüíàÿ ÷àñòü ìóçûêàëüíîãî
ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ) 2) øòèëü (ó íîòû)
codetta [k@´det@] n êîäåòòà, çàêëþ÷èòåëüíàÿ ïàðòèÿ
col [kÁl] prep èò. = con
collaborating pianist [k@´l{b@reItIÎ ´pÖ@nIst] n ïèàíèñò, èñïîëíèòåëü
ïàðòèè ðîÿëÿ â êàìåðíîì àíñàìáëå
collateral part [k@´l{t(@)r@l ´p¸t] n ïîáî÷íàÿ ïàðòèÿ
coloratura [ kÁl@r@´t(j)U(@)r@] n êîëîðàòóðà
´
coloratura soprano [ kÁl@r@´tU(@)r@ s@´pr¸n@U] n 1) êîëîðàòóðíîå
ñîïðàíî 2) ïåâèöà, ´ îáëàäàþùàÿ êîëîðàòóðíûì ñîïðàíî
colo(u)r [´köl@] n òåìáð, îòòåíîê
combo [´kÁmb@U] n (pl -os [@Uz]) êîìáî, ìàëûé äæàçîâûé ñî-
ñòàâ
comedy [´kÁmIdi] n 1) êîìåäèÿ; musical ~ ìóçûêàëüíàÿ êîìå-
äèÿ 2) ïðåäñòàâëåíèå êîìåäèè íà ñöåíå
comes [´k@UmÖz] n ëàò . ñïóòíèê (íàçâàíèå îòâåòà â ôóãå)
comic [´kömIk] a 1) êîìè÷åñêèé, þìîðèñòè÷åñêèé 2) êîìåäèé-
íûé; ~ writer àâòîð êîìåäèé; ~ opera êîìè÷åñêàÿ îïåðà
comma [´köm@] n 1) êîììà (èíòåðâàë ìåíüøå 1/8 òîíà) 2) çíàê
öåçóðû (‘) â âîêàëüíûõ è èíñòðóìåíòàëüíûõ ñî÷èíåíè-
ÿõ
commemorate [k@´mem@reIt] v îòìå÷àòü (ñîáûòèå); ïðàçäíîâàòü
(ãîäîâùèíó)
commission 38
commission [k@´mIS(@)n] I n çàêàç; on ~ an opera ïî çàêàçó
commission [k@´mIS(@)n] II v äàâàòü ïîðó÷åíèå; ~ an opera çà-
êàçàòü îïåðó
common chord [´kÁm@n ´kþd] n îáùèé àêêîðä, ïîñðåäñòâóþùèé
àêêîðä; òðåçâó÷èå
common time [´kÁm@n ´taIm] n ÷åòûðåõäîëüíûé èëè äâóäîëü-
íûé òàêòîâûé ðàçìåð (òæ . ~ measure)
community [k@´mjünIti] n îáùåñòâî; ~ theater àìåð. íåïðîôåñ-
ñèîíàëüíûé/ëþáèòåëüñêèé òåàòð; ~ center àìåð. ïîìåùå-
íèå äëÿ ïðîâåäåíèÿ êóëüòóðíûõ è îáùåñòâåííûõ ìåðîï-
ðèÿòèé; êëóá, äâîðåö êóëüòóðû, áîëüøîé çàë
comp [kÁmp, kömp] I n (ñîêð . îò accompaniment) ðàçã. àêêîì-
ïàíåìåíò
comp [kÁmp, kömp] II v (ñîêð . îò accompany) ðàçã. äæàç. àêêîì-
ïàíèðîâàòü
company [´kömp(@)ni] n òðóïïà; opera ~ îïåðíàÿ òðóïïà; ballet
~ áàëåòíàÿ òðóïïà
compass [´kömp@s] n äèàïàçîí (ãîëîñà èëè èíñòðóìåíòà)
compete [k@m´pÖt] v ñîñòÿçàòüñÿ, ó÷àñòâîâàòü â êîíêóðñå
competition [ kÁmpI´tIS(@)n] n êîíêóðñ; ñîñòÿçàíèå; êîíêóðñíûé
ýêçàìåí; ´all-union ~ âñåñîþçíûé êîíêóðñ; international ~
ìåæäóíàðîäíûé êîíêóðñ; to enter a ~ ó÷àñòâîâàòü â êîí-
êóðñå
competitioner [ kÁmpI´tIS(@)n@] n ó÷àñòíèê ñîñòÿçàíèÿ, êîíêóðñàíò
´
competitive [k@m´petItIv] a êîíêóðñíûé; ~ examination êîíêóð-
ñíûé ýêçàìåí
competitor [k@m´petIt@] n = competitioner
comping [´kömpIÎ] n äæàç. ðèòìè÷åñêèé ñâîáîäíûé àêêîìïà-
íåìåíò íà ãèòàðå
complete [k@m´plÖt] I a ïîëíûé; ~ cadence ïîëíûé êàäàíñ; ~
works ïîëíîå ñîáðàíèå ñî÷èíåíèé
complete [k@m´plÖt] II v çàêàí÷èâàòü, çàâåðøàòü; the pianist has
just completed a tour of Europian countries ïèàíèñò òîëüêî
÷òî çàêîí÷èë òóðíå ïî Åâðîïå
compose [k@m´p@Uz] v ñî÷èíÿòü, ñîçäàâàòü (ìóçûêàëüíîå ïðî-
èçâåäåíèå)
composer [k@m´p@Uz@] n êîìïîçèòîð
composite [´kÁmp@zIt] a ñîñòàâíîé, ñëîæíûé; ~ style ñìåøàí-
íûé ñòèëü
composition [ kÁmp@´zIS(@)n] n 1) ñî÷èíåíèå (êàêîãî-ë. ïðîèç-
âåäåíèÿ) 2)´ ìóçûêàëüíîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå/ñî÷èíåíèå 3) êîì-
ïîçèöèÿ
compound [´kÁmpaUnd] a ñîñòàâíîé, ñëîæíûé; ~ interval ñîñòàâ-
íîé èíòåðâàë; ~ time ñëîæíûé òàêò
39 conga drum

compressed [k@m´prest] a ñæàòûé; ~ movement ñæàòàÿ/ñêîìï-


ðåññèðîâàííàÿ ÷àñòü (öèêëè÷åñêîãî ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ)
comprise [k@m´praIz] v âêëþ÷àòü, îõâàòûâàòü
con [kÁn] prep èò. ñ, ïðè, âìåñòå ñ; ~ amore ñ ëþáîâüþ; ~
anima ñ äóøîé; ~ brio âîîäóøåâëåííî; ~ calma ñïîêîéíî;
~ forsa ñ ñèëîé; ~ fuoco ñ îãíåì, âîîäóøåâëåííî; ~ gioco
èãðèâî, âåñåëî; ~ passione ñòðàñòíî, ýìîöèîíàëüíî; ~
sordino ñ ñóðäèíîé; ãëóõî, ïðèãëóøåííî; ~ spirito âîî-
äóøåâëåííî
ñonception [k@n´sepS(@)n] n 1) ïîíèìàíèå 2) çàìûñåë
concert [´kÁns@t] n êîíöåðò; ~ hall êîíöåðòíûé çàë; ~ music
êîíöåðòíàÿ ìóçûêà; ~ violinist êîíöåðòèðóþùèé ñêðèïà÷
concertgoer [´kÁns@t g@U@] n ëþáèòåëü êîíöåðòîâ
´ ´gr{nd] n êîíöåðòíûé ðîÿëü
concert grand [ kÁns@t
´
concertina [ kÁns@´tÖn@] n êîíöåðòèíà (ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðó-
´
ìåíò, èìåþùèé âèä øåñòèãðàííîé ãàðìîíèêè)
concertino [ kÁns@´tÖn@U] n 1) ñîëèðóþùàÿ ãðóïïà â êîí÷åðòî
ãðîññî (â´ ìóçûêå áàðîêêî) 2) êîíöåðòèíî (óêàçàíèå èñ-
ïîëíÿòü ñîëèðóþùèì èíñòðóìåíòàì) 3) íåáîëüøîå ïðî-
èçâåäåíèå â õàðàêòåðå êîíöåðòà
concertize [´kÁns@taIz] v ðàçã. êîíöåðòèðîâàòü
concertmaster [´kÁns@t m¸st@] n àìåð. êîíöåðòìåéñòåð (ïåðâûé
´
ñêðèïa÷ è ðóêîâîäèòåëü îðêåñòðà)
con certo [k@n´¶Æ:t@U] n ( pl -os [@Uz]) êîíöåðò (ìóçûêàëüíîå
ïðîèçâåäåíèå); the Piano ~ in C Major êîíöåðò äî ìàæîð
äëÿ ôîðòåïüÿíî; C ~ N for piano and orchestra êîíöåðò N
äëÿ ôîðòåïüÿíî è îðêåñòðà
concerto grosso [k@n´¶Æ:t@U ´grþs@(U)] n èò. êîí÷åðòî ãðîññî (ôîð-
ìà àíñàìáëåâî-îðêåñòðîâîé ìóçûêè VII—VIII ââ.)
concise [k@n´saIs] a âûðàçèòåëüíûé; êðàòêèé, ñæàòûé
conclusion [k@n´klüZ(@)n] n çàêëþ÷åíèå, ôèíàë
concord [´kÁÎkþd] n ñîçâó÷èå, ãàðìîíèÿ
concordant [k@n´kþd(@)nt] a ñîçâó÷íûé, ãàðìîíè÷íûé
condensation [ kÁnden´seIS(@)n] n 1) ñæàòîñòü (ñòèëÿ) 2) êðàò-
´
êîå èçëîæåíèå (ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ)
conduct [k@n´dökt] v äèðèæèðîâàòü (îðêåñòðîì); ~ed by ïîä
óïðàâëåíèåì
conducting [k@n´döktIÎ] n óïðàâëåíèå/äèðèæèðoâàíèå (îðêåñ-
òðîì, õîðîì)
conductor [k@n´dökt@] n äèðèæåð; ~’s baton äèðèæåðñêàÿ ïàëî÷êà
conga [´kÁÎg@] n 1) êîíãà (ëàòèíîàìåðèêàíñèé òàíåö) 2) êîíãà
(óäàðíûé èíñòðóìåíò ëàòèíîàìåðèêàíñêîãî ïðîèñõîæäå-
íèÿ)
conga drum [´kÁÎg@ ´dröm] n = conga 2)
connoisseur 40
connoisseur [ kÁn@´sÆ:] n ôð. çíàòîê
´
consecutive [k@n´sekjutIv] a ïîñëåäîâàòåëüíûé; ~ fifths/octaves
ïàðàëëåëüíûå êâèíòû/îêòàâû
consecutives [k@n´sekjutIvz] n pl = ïàðàëëåëüíûå êâèíòû/îêòàâû
conservatoire [k@n´sÆ:v@tw¸] n ôð. êîíñåðâàòîðèÿ
conservatory [k@n´sÆ:v(@)t@ri] n îáûêí. àìåð. (Ñ.) êîíñåðâàòîðèÿ
consolation [ kÁns@´leIS(@)n] n óòåøåíèå; music was his only ~ ìó-
çûêà áûëà ´ åãî åäèíñòâåííûì óòåøåíèåì
consonance [´kÁns@n@ns] n 1) ñîçâó÷èå 2) êîíñîíàíñ
consonant [´kÁns@n@nt] a ñîçâó÷íûé; ãàðìîíè÷íûé
consort [´kÁnsþt] n 1) êàìåðíûé èíñòðóìåíòàëüíûé àíñàìáëü
â Àíãëèè 2) ìóçûêàëüíîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå äëÿ òàêîãî àíñàìáëÿ
consternation [ kÁnst@´neIS(@)n] n óæàñ, èñïóã
´
consummate [k@n´sömIt] a ñîâåðøåííûé (ïî êà÷åñòâó)
contemporary [k@n´temp(@)r@ri, k@n´temp(@)ri] a ñîâðåìåííûé; ~
music ñîâðåìåííàÿ ìóçûêà
content [k@n´tent] n (÷àñòî pl) ñîäåðæàíèå (ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ); witty
in ~ îñòðîóìíàÿ ïî ñîäåðæàíèþ
contest [´kÁntest] I n êîíêóðñ
contest [k@n´test] II v ó÷àñòâîâàòü â êîíêóðñå
contestant [k@n´test(@)nt] n ó÷àñòíèê êîíêóðñà, êîíêóðñàíò
continental seating [ kÁntI´nentl ´sÖtIÎ] n çðèòåëüíûé çàë ñ øè-
ðîêî ðàññòàâëåííûìè ´ ðÿäàìè áåç öåíòðàëüíîãî ïðîõîäà
continuity [ kÁntI´njüIti] n ðàçâåðòûâàíèå ìóçûêàëüíîé òåìû,
ñêâîçíîå´ ðåøåíèå
continious trill [k@n´tInju@s ´trIl] n öåïü òðåëåé
contrabass [ kÁntr@´beIs] n êîíòðàáàñ
´
contrabass clarinet [ kÁntr@´beIs kl{rI´net] n êîíòðàáàñîâûé êëàð-
íåò ´ ´
contrabassist [ kÁntr@´beIsIst] n èñïîëíèòåëü íà êîíòðàáàñå
contrabassoon ´[ kÁntr@b@´sün] n êîíòðàôàãîò
contrabass tuba ´[ kÁntr@´beIs ´tjüb@] n êîíòðàáàñîâàÿ òóáà
´
contra-dance, contradance [´kÁntr@d¸ns] n = country dance
contrafagotto [ kÁntr@f@´gÁt@U] n = contrabassoon
´
contralto [k@n´tr{lt@U] n (pl -ti [ti], -toes, -tos [@Uz]) êîíòðàëüòî
(íèçêèé æåíñêèé ïåâ÷åñêèé ãîëîñ)
contrapose [ kÁntr@´p@Uz] v ïðîòèâîïîñòàâëÿòü
´ [ kÁntr@p@´zIS(@)n] n ïðîòèâîïîñòàâëåíèå, àíòè-
contraposition
òåçà ´
contrapuntal [ kÁntr@´pöntl] a êîíòðàïóíêòè÷åñêèé, êîíòðàïóí-
´
êòíûé; ~ texture êîíòðàïóíêòè÷åñêàÿ ñòðóêòóðà
contrapuntist [ kÁntr@´pöntIst] n êîíòðàïóíêòèñò
´
contrary [´kÁntr@ri] a ïðîòèâîïîëîæíûé; ~ motion ïðîòèâîïî-
ëîæíîå ãîëîñîâåäåíèå
41 cottage piano

contrast [k@n´tr¸st] v ïðîòèâîïîëàãàòü


contribute [k@n´trIbjüt] v äåëàòü âêëàä; ñïîñîáñòâîâàòü, ñîäåé-
ñòâîâàòü; he ~ed greatly to the improvement of national music
îí ìíîãîå ñäåëàë äëÿ ðàçâèòèÿ íàöèîíàëüíîé ìóçûêè
contribution [ kÁntrI´bjüS(@)n] n âêëàä; to make a ~ to smth ñäå-
´
ëàòü âêëàä/âíåñòè ñâîþ ëåïòó âî ÷òî-ë.; ñîäåéñòâèå
conventional [k@n´venS(@)n@l] a îáû÷íûé, ïðèâû÷íûé, îáùåïðè-
íÿòûé; òðàäèöèîííûé; ~ musicians ìóçûêàíòû, ïðèäåðæè-
âàþùèåñÿ òðàäèöèîííûõ ìóçûêàëüíûõ òå÷åíèé; ~ form
ïðèâû÷íàÿ ôîðìà
conventionalism [k@n´venS(@)n@lIz(@)m] n óñëîâíîñòü; ðóòèííîñòü;
òðàôàðåòíîñòü; òðàäèöèîííîñòü
convey [k@n´veI] v ïåðåäàâàòü; I can’t ~ my feelings in words íå
ìîãó âûðàçèòü ñëîâàìè òî, ÷òî ÿ ÷óâñòâóþ
convivial [k@n´vIvi@l] a ïðàçäíè÷íûé; ïèðøåñòâåííûé
cool [kül] a õîëîäíûé (î ìàíåðå èñïîëíåíèÿ â äæàçå 50-õ ãã.);
~ jazz «õîëîäíûé» äæàç (î äæàçå 50-õ ãã.)
copula [´kÁpjul@] n ( pl òæ. -lae [li]) 1) êîäåòòà 2) = coupler
cor [kþ] n ôð. 1) âàëòîðíà 2) ðåãèñòð îðãàíà
cor anglais [ kþr ¸Î´glei] n ôð. àíãëèéñêèé ðîæîê
cord [kþd] n ´ñâÿçêà; vocal ~ ãîëîñîâûå ñâÿçêè
cornerman [´kþn@m@n] n (pl -men [m@n]) 1) èñïîëíèòåëü êî-
ìè÷åñêîé ðîëè â íåãðèòÿíñêîì àíñàìáëå ïåâöîâ 2) ñè-
äÿùèé ïîñëåäíèì â ðÿäó àêòåðîâ
cornet [´kþnIt] n 1) êîðíåò, êîðíåò-à-ïèñòîí (ìóçûêàëüíûé
èíñòðóìåíò) 2) êîðíåòèñò 3) ðåãèñòð îðãàíà 4) öèíê (äó-
õîâîé ìóíäøòó÷íûé èíñòðóìåíò IV—VI ââ.)
co rn e t a p isto n (s) [ kþnIt@´pIst@n(z)] n ( pl cornet a pistons
[ kþnIt@´pIst@nz]) =´ cornet 1)
corno´ [´kþn@U] n (pl -ni [ni]) èò. âàëòîðíà
corno di bassetto [ kþn@U dI b@´set@U] n áàññåòãîðí
coronach [´kÁr@n@k]´n 1) ïîõîðîííàÿ ìóçûêà, ïîõîðîííàÿ ïåñíü
(â ãîðíîé Øîòëàíäèè) 2) ïîõîðîííûé ïëà÷, ïðè÷èòàíèÿ
(â Èðëàíäèè)
corps de ballet [ kþ d@ ´b{leI] n ôð. êîðäåáàëåò
´
coryphaeus [ kÁrI´fÖ@s] n (pl -phae [fÖaI]) 1) êîðèôåé (â äðåâ-
íåãðå÷åñêîé ´ òðàãåäèè) 2) äèðèæåð õîðà 3) ãëàâà, ëèäåð
coryphee [ kþrI´feI] n ôð. êîðèôåé (â êîðäåáàëåòå)
´ st¸] v ðàçã. èãðàòü ãëàâíóþ ðîëü â ïàðå (ñ êåì-ë.)
co-star [´k@U
costume [´kÁstjUm] n îäåæäà; ïëàòüå, êîñòþì
costume ball [´kÁstjUmbþl] n êîñòþìèðîâàííûé áàë, áàë-ìàñ-
êàðàä
cotillion, cotillon [k@´tIlj@n] n àìåð. êàäðèëü
cottage piano [ kÁtI³´pj¸n@U] n íåáîëüøîå ïèàíèíî
´
coulisse 42
coulisse [kU´lÖs] n êóëèñà (â òåàòðå)
counter-melody [´kaUnt@ ´mel@di] n êîíòðìåëîäèÿ
counterpoint [´kaUnt@pOInt] n êîíòðàïóíêò
counterpoise [´kaUnt@pOIz] v óðàâíîâåøèâàòü
counter-rhythm [´kaUnt@ ´rIDm] n êîíòððèòì
counter-subject [´kaUnt@ ´söb³Ikt] n ïðîòèâîñëîæåíèå
countertenor [ kaUnt@´ten@] n óñò. âûñîêèé òåíîð, àëüò, ôàëüöåò
countertheme ´[´kaUnt@TÖm] n êîíòðòåìà; ïðîòèâîñëîæåíèå
country [´köntri] I n ìóçûêà «êàíòðè»
country [´köntri] II a îòíîñÿùèéñÿ ê ìóçûêå «êàíòðè»; ~ singer
èñïîëíèòåëü ïåñåí êàíòðè
country-and-western [ köntri @n(d) ´west@n] n àìåð. «êàíòðè ýíä
´
âåñòåðí», ñòèëèçîâàííàÿ íàðîäíàÿ ìóçûêà (îñîá. çàïàäíûõ
è þæíûõ øòàòîâ) äëÿ èãðû íà ýëåêòðîãèòàðå
country dance [ köntri ´d¸ns] n 1) êîíòðäàíñ (àíãëèéñêèé íà-
ðîäíûé òàíåö) ´ 2) êîíòðäàíñ (áàëüíûé òàíåö)
coun try music [´köntri mjüzIk] n 1) ìóçûêà «êàíòðè» 2) =
country-and-western ´
coupee [kü´pÖ] n ôð. êóïå (ïà â òàíöàõ)
coupler [´köpl@] n êîïóëà (ìåõàíèçì â îðãàíå)
couplet [´köplIt] n 1) êóïëåò, ñòðîôà 2) äóîëü
courante [kü´r¸nt] n êóðàíòà (ôðàíöóçñêèé ïðèäâîðíûé ñà-
ëîííûé òàíåö VI—VII ââ.)
course [kþs] n êóðñ (îáó÷åíèÿ, ëåêöèé); piano ~ êóðñ èãðû íà
ôîðòåïüÿíî; composition ~ êóðñ êîìïîçèöèè; to complete
the full ~ çàêîí÷èòü ïîëíûé êóðñ (îáó÷åíèÿ)
cover [´köv@] n ÷åõîë; ôóòëÿð; êðûøêà
covered stops [ köv@d ´stÁps] n pl çàêðûòûå ëàáèàëüíûå òðóáû
îðãàíà ´
cowbell [´kaUbel] n àëüïèéñêèé êîëîêîëü÷èê
cracovienne [kr@ k@UvI´en] n ôð. êðàêîâÿê (ïîëüñêèé íàðîäíûé
òàíåö) ´
craft [kr¸ft] n èñêóññòâî, ìàñòåðñòâî
craftsmanship [´kr¸ftsm@nSIp] n ìàñòåðñòâî
ñreaky [´krÖki] a ñêðèïó÷èé
cr eation [kri´eIS(@)n] n 1) ñîçèäàíèå 2) ñîçäàíèå, òâîðåíèå
3) ïðîèçâåäåíèå (èñêóññòâà); ~ of genius ãåíèàëüíîå ïðî-
èçâåäåíèå 4) âîïëîùåíèå (ñöåíè÷åñêîå è ò.ï.)
creative [kri´eItIv] a òâîð÷åñêèé, ñîçèäàòåëüíûé; ~ abilities òâîð-
÷åñêèå ñïîñîáíîñòè; ~ power òâîð÷åñêàÿ, ñîçèäàòåëüíàÿ
ñèëà
creator [kri´eIt@] n òâîðåö, ñîçäàòåëü
Credo [´krÖd@U, ´kreId@U] n ( pl -os [@Uz]) ëàò., èò. êðåäî (÷àñòü
ìåññû è åå íà÷àëüíîå ñëîâî «Âåðóþ»)
43 cultural

cremona [krI´m@Un@] n êðåìîíñêàÿ ñêðèïêà


crescendo [krI´Send@U] n èò. êðåùåíäî; ïîñòåïåííîå óâåëè÷å-
íèå ñèëû çâóêà
crisp [krIsp] a æåñòêèé
critic [´krItIk] n êðèòèê
critical [´krItIk(@)l] a êðèòè÷åñêèé
criticism [´krItIsIz(@)m] n 1) êðèòèêà; slashing/violent/malicious/
bitter ~ óíè÷òîæàþùàÿ/ÿðîñòíàÿ/çëîáíàÿ/ðåçêàÿ êðèòèêà;
to suffer harsh ~ from smb ïîäâåðãíóòüñÿ æåñòîêîé êðè-
òèêå ñî ñòîðoíû êîãî-ë. 2) êðèòè÷åñêèé ðàçáîð; êðèòè-
÷åñêèå çàìå÷àíèÿ; êðèòè÷åñêàÿ ñòàòüÿ
criticize, criticise [´krItIsaIz] v 1) êðèòèêîâàòü; to ~ an author/
opera êðèòèêîâàòü àâòîðà/îïåðó 2) îñóæäàòü
critique [krI´tÖk] n ôð. 1) êðèòèêà 2) êðèòè÷åñêèé îòçûâ, êðè-
òè÷åñêàÿ ñòàòüÿ; ðåöåíçèÿ
crook [krUk] n êðîíà ìåäíî-äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ
croon [krün] I n òèõîå ïðîíèêíîâåííîå ïåíèå ïåðåä ìèêðî-
ôîíîì
croon [krün] II v 1) íàïåâàòü âïîëãîëîñà; to ~ to oneself íà-
ïåâàòü ïðî ñåáÿ 2) òèõî è ïðîíèêíîâåííî, ñ ÷óâñòâîì
èñïîëíÿòü (ïîïóëÿðíûå) ïåñåíêè ïåðåä ìèêðîôîíîì
crooner [´krün@] n ýñòðàäíûé ïåâåö, øàíñîíüå
cross fingering [´krÁs ´fIÎg(@)rIÎ] n âèëî÷íàÿ àïïëèêàòóðà (íà äó-
õîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ)
cross flute [´krÁs ´flüt] n ïîïåðå÷íàÿ ôëåéòà
crotchet [´krÁ¶It] n 1) ÷åòâåðòàÿ íîòà 2) ôàíòàçèÿ, êàïðèç
crouth [kraUT] n = crowd 2
crowd1 [kraUd] n (the) òåàòð., êèíî ñòàòèñòû, ôèãóðàíòû; ~ scene
ìàññîâàÿ ñöåíà
crowd 2 [kraUd] n êðîòà (ñòàðèííûé êåëüòñêèé ñìû÷êîâûé èí-
ñòðóìåíò)
crude [krüd] n ãðóáûé
cruelty [´krü@lti] n æåñòîêîñòü
crusched [kröSt] n âèä ìóçûêàëüíîãî óêðàøåíèÿ
crush-room [´kröSrüm, ´kröSrUm] n ôîéå (â òåàòðå)
crystal [´krIstl] a ÷èñòûé, ïðîçðà÷íûé, êðèñòàëüíûé; ~ sounds
êðèñòàëüíî ÷èñòûå çâóêè
csardas [´¶¸d¸S] n âåíã. = czardas
culminate [´kölmIneIt] v äîñòèãàòü âûñøåé, êóëüìèíàöèîííîé
òî÷êè
culmination [ kölmI´neIS(@)n] n êóëüìèíàöèÿ; êóëüìèíàöèîííûé
ïóíêò ´
cultural [´köl¶(@)r@l] a êóëüòóðíûé; ~ centre äîì êóëüòóðû, äâîðåö
êóëüòóðû; ~ achievements äîñòèæåíèÿ â îáëàñòè êóëüòóðû
culture 44
culture [´köl¶@] n êóëüòóðà
cup [köp] n êîëïà÷îê (ó ìóçûêàëüíîãî èíñòðóìåíòà)
cup bells [´köp ´belz] n pl êîëîêîëü÷èêè (ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñò-
ðóìåíò)
cup mute [´köp ´mjüt] n ÷àøå÷íàÿ ñóðäèíà äëÿ ìåäíûõ èíñò-
ðóìåíòîâ
cupped [köpt] a ÷àøåâèäíûé, èìåþùèé ôîðìó ÷àøè
curtain [´kÆ:tn] n çàíàâåñ; the ~ rises/falls/drops çàíàâåñ ïîä-
íèìàåòñÿ/îïóñêàåòñÿ/ïàäàåò
curtain call [´kÆ:tn kþl] n âûçîâ èñïîëíèòåëÿ (íà ñöåíó); to take
three ~ s âûõîäèòü òðè ðàçà íà àïëîäèñìåíòû
curtain raiser [´kÆ:tn reIz@] n íåáîëüøàÿ (îáûêí. îäíîàêòíàÿ)
ïüåñà, èñïîëíÿåìàÿ ´ ïåðåä íà÷àëîì ñïåêòàêëÿ
curtain-tune [´kÆ:tntjün] n èíòðîäóêöèÿ, ìóçûêà, èñïîëíÿåìàÿ
ïåðåä íà÷àëîì ñïåêòàêëÿ
curtain-up [´kÆ:tnöp] n ïîäíÿòèå çàíàâåñà; íà÷àëî ñïåêòàêëÿ
curve [kÆ:v] n 1) êðèâàÿ; çàêðóãëåíèå; melodic ~ ìåëîäè÷åñ-
êàÿ ëèíèÿ 2) èçãèá (äâèæåíèå â áàëåòå)
cycle [´saIk(@)l] n öèêë; vocal ~ âîêàëüíûé öèêë
cyclic, cyclical [´s(a)IklIk, ´s(a)IklIk(@)l] a öèêëè÷åñêèé; ~ form
öèêëè÷åñêàÿ ôîðìà
cymbals [´sImb(@)lz] n pl òàðåëêè (óäàðíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
cymbal suspended [´sImb@l s@s´pendId] n ïîäâåøåííàÿ òàðåëî÷-
êà
czardas [´¶¸d{S] n âåíã. ÷àðäàø (âåíãåðñêèé òàíåö)

D
D [dÖ] n áóêâåííîå îáîçíà÷åíèå çâóêà «ðå»
da capo [ d¸´k¸p@U] adv èò. (ïîâòîðèòü) ñíà÷àëà
dal segno ´[´d¸l ´senjþ] adv èò. îò çíàêà
damp [d{mp] v çàãëóøàòü çâóê
damper [´d{mp@] n 1) äåìïôåð 2) ñóðäèíà
damper pedal [´d{mp@ ´ped(@)l] n ïðàâàÿ ïåäàëü
dance [d¸ns] I n 1) òàíåö; ïëÿñêà; barn ~ øîòëàíäñêèé òàíåö;
round ~ âàëüñ 2) òàíöåâàëüíàÿ ìóçûêà; to compose ~ s ñî-
÷èíÿòü òàíöåâàëüíóþ ìóçûêó 3) áàë, òàíöåâàëüíûé âå÷åð;
to give a ~ óñòðîèòü òàíöåâàëüíûé âå÷åð 4) òóð, òàíåö
dance [d¸ns] II v 1) òàíöåâàòü; ïëÿñàòü; îòïëÿñûâàòü; to ~ to
the music òàíöåâàòü ïîä ìóçûêó; to ~ off one’s head òàíöåâàòü
äî ïîòåðè ñîçíàíèÿ/äî èçíåìîæåíèÿ; to ~ a waltz/jig òàíöå-
âàòü âàëüñ/îòïëÿñûâàòü äæèãó 2) çàñòàâëÿòü òàíöåâàòü
dancer [´d¸ns@] n 1) òàíöîð; ïëÿñóí; ~ at shows áàëàãàííûé
øóò, ïàÿö 2) òàíöîâùèê; òàíöîâùèöà; áàëåðèíà
45 decima

dancing [´d¸nsIÎ] n òàíöû; ïëÿñêà


dancing girl [´d¸nsIÎ gÆ:l] n 1) òàíöîâùèöà; áàÿäåðà 2) ïðî-
ôåññèîíàëêà-ïàðòíåðøà´ íà ïëàòíûõ òàíöàõ
dancing-master [´d¸nsIÎ m¸st@] n ó÷èòåëü òàíöåâ
dancing-mistress [´d¸nsIδ mIstrIs] n ó÷èòåëüíèöà òàíöåâ
dancing-party [´d¸nsIÎ p¸ti] ´ n òàíöåâàëüíûé âå÷åð
´
dancing-school [´d¸nsIÎ skül] n øêîëà òàíöåâ
danseuse [d¸n´sÆ:z] n ôð. òàíöîâùèöà; áàëåðèíà
dark [d¸k] a 1) òåìíûé; ÷åðíûé 2) áåçðàäîñòíûé; ìðà÷íûé,
óãðþìûé; ïå÷àëüíûé 3) ãëóáîêèé (î çâóêå)
dash [d{S] n çíàê ñòàêêàòî
dead [ded] a 1) ìåðòâûé 2) ãëóõîé (î çâóêå)
dead march [´ded m¸¶] n ïîõîðîííûé ìàðø
deafen [´def(@)n] v 1) îãëóøàòü; äåëàòü ãëóõèì 2) çàãëóøàòü,
ïðèãëóøàòü (çâóê) 3) äåëàòü çâóêîíåïðîíèöàåìûì, çâó-
êîèçîëèðîâàòü
deafening [´def(@)nIÎ] I n çâóêîèçîëèðóþùèé ìàòåðèàë
deafening [´def(@)nIÎ] II a 1) îãëóøàþùèé; îãëóøèòåëüíûé; ãðî-
ìîâîé; î÷åíü ãðîìêèé; ~ applause/cheers îãëóøèòåëüíûå
àïëîäèñìåíòû 2) çàãëóøàþùèé; ïðèäàþùèé çâóêîíåïðî-
íèöàåìîñòü
death knell [´deT´nel] n ïîõîðîííûé çâîí; to sound the ~ for smth,
to sound the ~ of smth ïðåäâåùàòü êîíåö/ãèáåëü ÷åãî-ë.
deathless [´deTl@s] a áåññìåðòíûé; ~ fame/name áåññìåðòíàÿ
ñëàâà/-îå èìÿ
debut [´de(I)bjü] I n ôð. äåáþò, ïåðâîå âûñòóïëåíèå; to make
one’s ~ äåáþòèðîâàòü
debut [´deIb(j)ü] II v äåáþòèðîâàòü
debutant [´deIbjüt¸Î] n ôð. äåáþòàíò
debutante [´debjUt¸nt] n ôð. äåáþòàíòêà
decachord [´dek@kþd] I n äåñÿòèñòðóííàÿ àðôà (äðåâíåãðå÷åñêàÿ)
decachord [´dek@kþd] II a äåñÿòèñòðóííûé
decadence [´dek@d(@)ns] n 1) êíèæí. óïàäîê; óõóäøåíèå 2) äå-
êàäåíòñòâî, óïàäî÷íè÷åñòâî, äåêàäàíñ
decadency [´dek@d(@)nsi] n 1) êíèæí. óïàäîê, ðàçëîæåíèå 2) =
decadencå
decadent [´dek@d(@)nt] I n äåêàäåíò
decadent [´dek@d(@)nt] II a äåêàäåíòñêèé, óïàäî÷íè÷åñêèé
decay [dI´keI] n óâÿäàíèå; óïàäîê
decibel [´desIbel,´desib(e)l] n îäíà äåñÿòàÿ Áåëà (åäèíèöà èçìå-
ðåíèÿ ñèëû çâóêà)
decide [desI´de] adv ôð. ðåøèòåëüíî
decima [´desIm@] n (pl -mae [mÖ]) ëàò . 1) äåñÿòàÿ ÷àñòü 2) ðåäê.
äåöèìà
deciso 46
deciso [de´¶Öz@U] a èò. ðåøèòåëüíûé, ñìåëûé
declamation [ dekl@´meIS(@)n] n õîðîøàÿ ôðàçèðîâêà (ïðè ïå-
´
íèè) äåêëàìàöèè
decline [dI´klaIn] n óïàäîê, ñïàä; the ~ of art óïàäîê èñêóññò-
âà
decor [´deIkþ] n ôð. òåàòð. 1) äåêîðàöèè 2) îôîðìëåíèå (âû-
ñòàâêè è ò.ï.)
decorate [´dek@reIt] v óêðàøàòü, äåêîðèðîâàòü
decoration [ dek@´reIS(@)n] n óêðàøåíèå, óáðàíñòâî; äåêîðèðî-
âàíèå ´
decorative [´dek(@)r@tIv] a äåêîðàòèâíûé; ~ art äåêîðàòèâíîå/
ïðèêëàäíîå èñêóññòâî
decrescendo [ dÖkrI´Send@U] n èò. äåêðåøåíäî, äåêðåùåíäî,
ïîñòåïåííîå ´ óìåíüøåíèå ñèëû çâóêà
dedicate [´dedIkeIt] v 1) ïîñâÿùàòü; to ~ one’s life to work/music
ïîñâÿòèòü æèçíü ðàáîòå/ìóçûêå 2) ïîñâÿùàòü; íàäïèñû-
âàòü (ïðîèçâåäåíèå è ò.ï.)
dedicated [´dedIkeItId] a ïîñâÿùåííûé
dedication [ dedI´keIS(@)n] n 1) ïîñâÿùåíèå 2) ïîñâÿùåíèå, íàä-
´
ïèñü (â êíèãå)
deep [dÖp] a 1) ãëóáîêèé, ñèëüíûé, èíòåíñèâíûé; ~ impression
ãëóáêîå âïå÷àòëåíèå; ~ influence ñèëüíîå âëèÿíèå 2) íèç-
êèé, ïîëíûé, ãðóäíîãî òåìáðà (î çâóêå, ãîëîñå); ~ sound
íèçêèé çâóê
deepen [´dÖp@n] v ïîíèæàòü çâóê; ïîíèæàòüñÿ (î çâóêå)
defame [dI´feIm] v ïîçîðèòü, áåñ÷åñòèòü
dehor [de´þr] ôð. âûäåëÿòü, âûäåëÿÿ
delay [dI´leI] n çàäåðæàíèå
deliberate [dI´lIb(@)rIt] a îñòîðîæíûé, íåòîðîïëèâûé
delicate [´delIkIt] a 1) óòîí÷åííûé, èçûñêàííûé, òîíêèé; ~
taste èçûñêàííûé, òîíêèé âêóñ; ~ mind âîçâûøåííûé óì;
~ style èçûñêàííûé, îòòî÷åííûé, ôèëèãðàííûé ñòèëü
2) èçÿùíûé, ñäåëàííûé ñî âêóñîì; èñêóñíûé 3) îñòðûé,
òîíêèé, ÷óâñòâèòåëüíûé; ~ ear îñòðûé ñëóõ
delicato [delI´k¸t@U] a èò. íåæíûé, èçÿùíûé, èçûñêàííûé
delight [dI´laIt] I n âîñòîðã, âîñõèùåíèå; íàñëàæäåíèå, óäî-
âîëüñòâèå; óñëàäà; music is her only ~ ìóçûêà — åå åäèí-
ñòâåííàÿ óñëàäà
delight [dI´laIt] II v 1) äîñòàâëÿòü íàñëàæäåíèå; âîñõèùàòü
2) âîñõèùàòüñÿ, íàñëàæäàòüñÿ; to ~ to do smth ñ íàñëàæ-
äåíèåì äåëàòü ÷òî-ë.; to ~ in music ïîëó÷àòü íàñëàæäåíèå
îò ìóçûêè
demisemibreve [´demIsemI brÖv] n ïîëîâèíà òîíà
demisemitone [´demIsemI t@Un] ´ n ÷åòâåðòü òîíà
´
47 deviate

demisemiquawer [´demIsemI kweIv@] n òðèäöàòü âòîðàÿ íîòà


demon [´dÖm@n] n 1) äåìîí;´ èñêóñèòåëü; ñàòàíà, äüÿâîë 2) äóõ,
äîáðûé ãåíèé 3) ãåíèé; èñòî÷íèê âäîõíîâåíèÿ
depth [depT] n èíòåíñèâíîñòü; ãëóáèíà; ñèëà; ïîëíîòà; ~ of
sound/feeling ñèëà çâóêà/ïåðåæèâàíèÿ
derivative [dI´rIv@tIv] n îáðàùåíèå àêêîðäà
derry [´derI] n 1) âîñêëèöàíèå, èñïîëüçóåìîå â ïðèïåâàõ 2) ðåäê.
áàëëàäà
descant [´desk{nt] I n 1) ïîýò. ïåñíÿ, ìåëîäèÿ, íàïåâ 2) äèñ-
êàíò; ñîïðàíî 3) ðàííÿÿ ôîðìà ïîëèôîíè÷åñêîãî ïðî-
èçâåäåíèÿ 4) óñò. âñòóïëåíèå ñ âàðèàöèÿìè íà äàííóþ
òåìó
descant [dIs´k{nt] II v ïåòü, íàïåâàòü, ðàñïåâàòü
descend [dI´send] v ïîíèæàòüñÿ (î òîíå, çâóêå)
descending [dI´sendIÎ] a íèñõîäÿùèé; ~ scale íèñõîäÿùàÿ øêàëà,
íèñõîäÿùàÿ ãàììà
descent [dI´sent] n ïîíèæåíèå, ïàäåíèå, îñëàáëåíèå; ~ of sound
îñëàáëåíèå çâóêà
design [dI´zaIn] I n (òâîð÷åñêèé) çàìûñåë, ïëàí, ïðîåêò; the
composer’s ~ çàìûñåë êîìïîçèòîðà
design [dI´zaIn] II v âûíàøèâàòü çàìûñåë; çàäóìûâàòü; to ~ a
musical composition âûíàøèâàòü ìóçûêàëüíîå ïðîèçâåäå-
íèå
desk [desk] n ïþïèòð; ïóëüò
despare [dI´spe@] I n 1) îò÷àÿíèå; áåçûñõîäíîñòü; áåçíàäåæ-
íîñòü 2) èñòî÷íèê ñòðàäàíèÿ, îãîð÷åíèÿ
despare [dI´spe@] II v îò÷àèâàòüñÿ, òåðÿòü íàäåæäó, âïàäàòü â
îò÷àÿíèå
desperate [´desp(@)rIt] à áåçíàäåæíûé, áåçâûõîäíûé
destiny [´destIni] n 1) ñóäüáà, äîëÿ, ó÷àñòü; fortunate ~ ñ÷àñò-
ëèâàÿ ñóäüáà; to be reconciled to one’s ~ ïðèìèðèòüñÿ ñ
ñóäüáîé; 2) íåèçáåæíîñòü, ðîê; inevitable ~ íåîòâðàòèìûé
ðîê
detache [det¸´Se] I n ôð. äåòàøå (øòðèõ ó ñìû÷êîâûõ èíñòðó-
ìåíòîâ)
detache [det¸´Se] II adv ôð. (èãðàòü) ðàçäåëüíî (íà êëàâèø-
íûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ)
develop [dI´vel@p] v ðàçâèâàòü, ñîâåðøåíñòâîâàòü; to ~ a melody
ðàçâèâàòü òåìó
development [dI´vel@pm@nt] n 1) ðàçâèòèå, ñîâåðøåíñòâîâàíèå
òåìû 2) ðàçðàáîòêà (â ñîíàòíîé ôîðìå)
development section [dI´vel@pm@nt ´sekS(@)n] n ðàçäåë ðàçðàáîò-
êè ìóçûêàëüíîé ôîðìû
deviate [´dÖvieIt] v îòêëîíÿòüñÿ, óõîäèòü, óêëîíÿòüñÿ; to ~ from
deviation 48
a theme îòêëîíÿòüñÿ îò òåìû; to ~ from the central tonality
îòêëîíÿòüñÿ îò îñíîâíîé òîíàëüíîñòè
deviation [ dÖvi´eIS(@)n] n îòêëîíåíèå, îòñòóïëåíèå
´
device [dI´vaIs] n ïðèåì; stylistic ~ ñòèëèñòè÷åñêèé ïðèåì; stale
~ èçáèòûé ïðèåì 2) óñòðîéñòâî, ïðèñïîñîáëåíèå, ìåõà-
íèçì; ñðåäñòâî
devoted [dI´v@UtId] a 1) ïîñâÿùåííûé 2) óâëåêàþùèéñÿ, öå-
ëèêîì îòäàþùèéñÿ (÷åìó-ë.); ~ to music óâëåêàþùèéñÿ
ìóçûêîé
devotee [ dev@´tÖ] n ðåâíîñòíûé ïîêëîííèê; ïðèâåðæåíåö; ~
´
to/of ballet ãîðÿ÷èé ïîêëîííèê áàëåòà
devotion [dI´v@US(@)n] n 1) ïðèâåðæåííîñòü, ðåâíîñòíîå ñëó-
æåíèå 2) ïîñâÿùåíèå (íåñêîëüêèõ ñòðàíèö êàêîé-ë. òåìå
è ò.ï.)
dexterity [dek´sterIti] n ëîâêîñòü, ñíîðîâêà; õîðîøèå ñïîñîá-
íîñòè
d ia pa so n [ daI@´peIsn] n 1) îñíîâíîé ðåãèñòð îðãàíà 2) äè-
àïàçîí ´(çâóêîâîé îáúåì ïåâ÷åñêîãî ãîëîñà, èíñòðóìåíòà
è ò.ï.) 3) âûñîòà çâóêà 4) = fork 5) çâó÷íîñòü (ìåëî-
äèè)
diaphony [daI´{f@ni] n äèàôîíèÿ
diatonic [ daI@´tÁnIk] a äèàòîíè÷åñêèé; ~ scale äèàòîíè÷åñêèé
çâóêîðÿä´
dichord [´daIkþd] n äèõîðä, äâóñòðóííûé èíñòðóìåíò
die away [´daI @´weI] v çàìèðàòü (î çâóêå)
diesis [´daIIsIs] n (pl -ses [sÖz]) äèåç
differential [ dIf@´renS(@)l] a îòëè÷èòåëüíûé, õàðàêòåðíûé; ~
´
percularity/characteristic îòëè÷èòåëüíàÿ îñîáåííîñòü/õàðàê-
òåðíûé ïðèçíàê
digital [´dI³Itl] n êëàâèøà
digital technique [´dI³Itl tek´nÖk] n ïàëüöåâàÿ òåõíèêà
dignity [´dIgnIti] n äîñòîèíñòâî, ÷óâñòâî ñîáñòâåííîãî äîñòî-
èíñòâà
dilettante [ dIlI´t{nti] n (pl ðåäê. -ti [ti], -tes [t@z]) èò. äèëåòàíò,
ëþáèòåëü ´
dim [dIm] I a ñìóòíûé, íåÿñíûé; ~ idea íåÿñíàÿ ìûñëü; ~
remembrance ñìóòíîå âîñïîìèíàíèå
dim [dIm] II v îñëàáëÿòü, ïðèòóïëÿòü; to ~ feelings ïðèòóïëÿòü
÷óâñòâà
diminished [dI´mInISt] a óìåíüøåííûé; ~ interval/chord/triad
óìåíüøåííûé èíòåðâàë/àêêîðä/-îå òðåçâó÷èå
diminuendo [dI mInju´end@U] n èò. äèìèíóýíäî, ïîñòåïåííîå
îñëàáåâàíèå´
diminution [ dImI´njüS(@)n] n óìåíüøåíèå, ñîêðàùåíèå âäâîå
´
49 discordant

ðèòìè÷åñêîé äëèòåëüíîñòè íîòû è ïàóçû ïðè ïîâòîðåíèè


òåìû èëè ìîòèâà
din [dIn] I n íàçîéëèâûé øóì; ãðîõîò
din [dIn] II v øóìåòü, ãðîõîòàòü; îãëóøàòü øóìîì
ding [dIÎ] I n çâîí (êîëîêîëà)
ding [dIÎ] II v çâåíåòü (ïîäîáíî êîëîêîëó, ìåòàëëó)
dingdong [´dIδdÁÎ] I n çâîí (êîëîêîëà); ïåðåçâîí, «äèíü-äîí»
dingdong [´dIδdÁÎ] II a çâåíÿùèé, çâîíêèé
dingdong [´dIδdÁÎ] III v çâîíèòü, çâåíåòü (òæ . ïåðåí. )
diptych [´dIptIk] n äèïòèõ (ìóçûêàëüíûé öèêë èç äâóõ ïüåñ)
direct [dI´rekt, daI´rekt] I a ïðÿìîé; ~ sound ïðÿìîé, íåîòðà-
æåííûé çâóê ´
direct [dI´rekt, daI´rekt] II v äèðèæèðîâàòü; to ~ an orchestra
äèðèæèðîâàòü ´ îðêåñòðîì; who ~ ed at yesterdays’s conñert?
êòî â÷åðà äèðèæèðîâàë?
direction [d(a)I´rekS(@)n] n 1) äèðèæèðîâàíèå, ðóêîâîäñòâî, óï-
ðàâëåíèå; under the ~ of ïîä óïðàâëåíèåì 2) ïîñòàíîâêà
(ñïåêòàêëÿ, ïüåñû) 3) ðåæèññóðà, ðàáîòà ñ àêòåðàìè 4) äî-
ïîëíèòåëüíûé íîòíûé ñòàí (â îðêåñòðîâîé ïàðòèè 1-é ñêðèï-
êè, ôîðòåïüÿíî èëè àêêîðäåîíà, íà êîòîðîì âûïèñàíû îñ-
íîâíûå òåìû äðóãèõ ïàðòèé ñ óêàçàíèåì èõ âñòóïëåíèÿ)
director [d(a)I´rekt@] n 1) äèðèæåð (îðêåñòðà, õîðà) 2) ðåæèñ-
ñåð, ðåæèññåð-ïîñòàíîâùèê; ïðîäþñåð; assistant ~ ïîìîù-
íèê ðåæèññåðà
dirge [dÆ:³] n 1) ïîãðåáàëüíàÿ ñëóæáà, ïàíèõèäà 2) ïëà÷åâ-
íàÿ ïåñíü, ïîãðåáàëüíàÿ ïåñíü
dirty tones [ dÆ:ti ´t@Unz] n pl äæàç. ïðèåì äæàçîâîãî èñïîë-
´ îñíîâàííûé íà èñêàæåíèè òåìïåðèðîâàííî-
íèòåëüñòâà,
ãî òîíà
disappear [ dIs@´pI@] v èñ÷åçàòü, ñêðûâàòüñÿ
disappoint ´[ dIs@´pOInt] v ðàçî÷àðîâûâàòü, íå îïðàâäûâàòü íà-
äåæäó ´
disciple [dI´saIp(@)l] n ó÷åíèê, ïîñëåäîâàòåëü
disconnected [ dIsk@´nektId] a ñáèâ÷èâûé, îòðûâèñòûé, íåñâÿç-
´
íûé, áåññâÿçíûé
disconsolate [dIs´kÁns(@)lIt] a ìðà÷íûé, íàãîíÿþùèé òîñêó, ïðè-
âîäÿùèé â óíûíèå
discontinue [ dIsk@n´tInjü] v ïðåêðàùàòü, îñòàíàâëèâàòü, ïðå-
ðûâàòü; to´ ~ one’s work ïðåêðàùàòü, áðîñàòü ðàáîòó
discord [´dIskþd] I n íåáëàãîçâó÷èå, äèññîíàíñ
discord [dIs´kþd] II v çâó÷àòü äèññîíàíñîì
discordance [dIs´kþd(@)ns] n = discord I
discordant [dIs´kþd(@)nt] a íåáëàãîçâó÷íûé, äèññîíèðóþùèé,
íåñòðîéíûé
disharmonious 50
disharmonious [ dIsh¸´m@Uni@s] a äèñãàðìîíè÷íûé
´
disharmonize, disharmonise [dIs´h¸m@naIz] v 1) íàðóøàòü ãàð-
ìîíèþ 2) äèñãàðìîíèðîâàòü
disharmony [dIs´h¸m@ni] n äèñãàðìîíèÿ
disk, disc [dIsk] n (ãðàìì)ïëàñòèíêà
displacement [dIs´pleIsm@nt] n ïåðåìåùåíèå, ïåðåñòàíîâêà
disposition [ dIsp@´zIS(@)n] n ðàñïîëîæåíèå (íîò íà íîòíîì ñòàíå)
´
disquiet [dIs´kwaI@t] v áåñïîêîèòü, âîëíîâàòü, òðåâîæèòü; ëè-
øàòü ñïîêîéñòâèÿ
dissociation [dI s@USI´eIS(@)n, dI s@UsI´eIS(@)n] n ðàçúåäèíåíèå
´
dissonance [´dIs@n@ns] ´
n äèññîíàíñ, íåñîçâó÷íîñòü
dissonant [´dIs@n@nt] a äèññîíèðóþùèé, íåñòðîéíûé; ~ harmony
äèññîíèðóþùàÿ ãàðìîíèÿ
distance [´dIst@ns] n èíòåðâàë ìåæäó äâóìÿ òîíàìè
distant [´dIst@nt] a äàëåêèé; äîíîñÿùèéñÿ èçäàëåêà; ñëàáûé,
ëåãêèé, íåóëîâèìûé; îòäàëåííûé, ñäåðæàííûé, õîëîäíûé
distinctive [dIs´tIÎktIv] a îòëè÷èòåëüíûé, õàðàêòåðíûé, îñîáåí-
íûé; ~ feature îòëè÷èòåëüíàÿ, õàðàêòåðíàÿ ÷åðòà
distinguished [dI´stIÎgwISt] a èçâåñòíûé, âûäàþùèéñÿ; ~ career
áëèñòàòåëüíàÿ êàðüåðà
distune [dIs´tjün] v ðàññòðàèâàòü (ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
dithyramb [´dITIr{m(b)] n 1) äð.-ãðå÷. äèôèðàìá (õîðîâîå ïåñ-
íîïåíèå â ÷åñòü áîãà Äèîíèñà) 2) êíèæí. äèôèðàìá, âîñ-
õâàëåíèå, õâàëà
ditty [´dIti] n ïåñåíêà, ÷àñòóøêà
divagate [´daIv@geIt] v êíèæí. îòêëîíÿòüñÿ îò òåìû
divagation [daIv@´geIS(@)n] n îòêëîíåíèå, îòñòóïëåíèå îò òåìû
divergence [d(a)I´vÆ:³(@)ns] n îòêëîíåíèå; ðàñõîæäåíèå; îòëè-
÷èå
diversify [daI´vÆ:sIfaI] v ðàçíîîáðàçèòü, âàðüèðîâàòü
diversity [d(a)I´vÆ:sIti] n 1) ðàçíîîáðàçèå, ìíîãîîáðàçèå 2) îò-
ëè÷èå, ðàçëè÷èå, íåñõîäñòâî; ñâîåîáðàçèå
divert [d(a)I´vÆ:t] v 1) îòâëåêàòü (âíèìàíèå) 2) ðàçâëåêàòü, óâå-
ñåëÿòü, çàáàâëÿòü
divertissement [dI vertIs´m¸Î,˜dI´vÆ:tIsm@nt] n 1) ðàçâëå÷åíèå 2) äè-
âåðòèñìåíò, ´óâåñåëèòåëüíîå ïðåäñòàâëåíèå 3) òàíöåâàëü-
íàÿ ñþèòà èëè âñòàâíûå íîìåðà â áàëåòå èëè îïåðå 4) ëåãêàÿ
âèðòóîçíàÿ ïüåñà òèïà ïîïóððè 5) èíòåðëþäèÿ â ôóãå
divisi [dI´vÖzÖ] a pl èò. ðàçäåëåíèå îäíîðîäíûõ ñòðóííûõ èí-
ñòðóìåíòàëüíûõ ãîëîñîâ õîðà íà äâå èëè áîëüøå ïàðòèé
(áóêâ. «ðàçäåëåííûå»)
Dixieland, dixieland [´dIksil{nd] n äèêñèëåíä
do, doh [d@U] n íîòà «äî»
dodecaphony [ d@Ude´k{f@ni] n äîäåêàôîíèÿ
´
51 downstroke

doit [dOIt] n êîðîòêîå ãëèññàíäî íà ñíÿòèè çâóêà (ïðèåì èãðû


â ýñòðàäíîé ìóçûêå)
dolce [´dÁl¶i] a èò. ïðèÿòíûé, íåæíûé, ëàñêîâûé
dolente [dÁ´lent@] a èò. æàëîáíûé, ñêîðáíûé
doloroso [dÁlÁ´rþz@U] a èò. ïðè÷èíÿþùèé áîëü, òîñêëèâûé, ïå÷àëüíûé
dolorous [´dÁl@r@s] a ïå÷àëüíûé, ãðóñòíûé
domain [d@(U)´meIn] n îáëàñòü, ñôåðà, ïîëå äåÿòåëüíîñòè
dominant [´dÁmIn@nt] I n äîìèíàíòà, ïÿòàÿ ñòóïåíü äèàòîíè-
÷åñêîé ãàììû
dominant [´dÁmIn@nt] II a äîìèíàíòîâûé, îòíîñÿùèéñÿ ê äî-
ìèíàíòå
dominate [´dÁmIneIt] v äîìèíèðîâàòü, ïðåîáëàäàòü
doodle [´düdl] v èãðàòü íà âîëûíêå
doodle-sack [´düdls{k] n âîëûíêà
Dorian mode [´dþri@n ´m@Ud] n äîðèéñêèé ëàä
dot [dÁt] I n 1) òî÷êà (çíàê óâåëè÷åíèÿ äëèòåëüíîñòè íîòû èëè
ïàóçû â ïîëòîðà ðàçà) 2) çíàê ñòàêêàòî
dot [dÁt] II v ñòàâèòü òî÷êó
double [´döb(@)l] I n 1) óäâîåíèå, ïîâòîðåíèå 2) ñòàðèííîå
íàèìåíîâàíèå âàðèàöèé
double [´döb(@)l] II a 1) = duple 2) çâó÷àùèé íà îêòàâó íèæå
double bar [´döb(@)l bÓ] n äâîéíàÿ, êîíå÷íàÿ ÷åðòà
double-bass [ döb(@)l ´beIs] n êîíòðàáàñ
double-basson´ [´döb(@)l b@´sün] n êîíòðàôàãîò
double-bass trombone [´döb(@)l ´beIs trÁm´b@Un] n êîíòðàáàñî-
âûé òðîìáîí ´
double cadance [´döb(@)l ´keId(@)ns] n ãðóïåòòî (ìåëîäè÷åñêîå óê-
ðàøåíèå)
double flat [´döb(@)l ´fl{t] n äóáëü-áåìîëü
double-horn [´döb(@)l ´hþn] n äâîéíàÿ âàëòîðíà
double-quick [ döb(@)l´kwIk] adv î÷åíü áûñòðî
´
double-sharp [´döb(@)l ´S¸p] n äóáëü-äèåç
double-stop [ döb(@)l ´stÁp] v ïðèæàòü äâå ñòðóíû îäíîâðåìåí-
íî (ïðè èãðå´ íà ñêðèïêå è ò.ï.)
double-stopping [´döb(@)l ´stÁpIÎ] n ïðèåì èãðû äâîéíûìè íî-
òàìè íà ñòðóííûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ
doublet [´döblIt] n äóîëü
doucement [dus´m¸Î] adv ôð. íåæíî
downb eat [´daUnbÖt] n äâèæåíèå ðóêè (äèðèæåðà) âíèç äëÿ
îáîçíà÷åíèÿ ñèëüíîé äîëè òàêòà
down beat [´daUn ´bÖt] n äæàç. ïåðâàÿ è òðåòüÿ äîëè òàêòà
downstage [ daUn´steI³] I a îòíîñÿùèéñÿ ê àâàíñöåíå
downstage [´ daUn´steI³] II adv íà àâàíñöåíå; íà àâàíñöåíó
downstroke ´[´daUnstr@Uk] n äâèæåíèå (ñìû÷êîì) âíèç
drama 52
drama [´dr¸m@] n 1) äðàìà (ïüåñà) 2) ( îáûêí . the ~) äðàìà-
òóðãèÿ, äðàìàòè÷åñêàÿ ëèòåðàòóðà, äðàìà
dramatic [dr@´m{tIk] a 1) äðàìàòè÷åñêèé, òåàòðàëüíûé; äðà-
ìàòóðãè÷åñêèé; ~ performance òåàòðàëüíîå ïðåäñòàâëåíèå
2) âîëíóþùèé, ÿðêèé; success was ~ óñïåõ áûë ïîòðÿñà-
þùèì
dramatics [dr@´m{tIks] n 1) äðàìàòè÷åñêîå èñêóññòâî 2) ïðåä-
ñòàâëåíèå, ñïåêòàêëü; amateur ~ òåàòðàëüíàÿ ñàìîäåÿòåëü-
íîñòü; ëþáèòåëüñêèé ñïåêòàêëü
dramatic soprano [dr@´m{tIk s@´pr¸n@U] n äðàìàòè÷åñêîå ñîïðàíî
dramatist [´dr{m@tIst] n äðàìàòóðã
dr amatiza tion [ dr{m@taI´zeIS(@)n] n äðàìàòèçàöèÿ, èíñöåíè-
ðîâêà ´
dramatize, dramatise [´dr{m@taIz] v 1) äðàìàòèçèðîâàòü, èí-
ñöåíèðîâàòü (ëèòåðàòóðíîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå) 2) ïðåóâåëè-
÷èâàòü, ðàçûãðûâàòü òðàãåäèþ
dramaturge [´dr{m@tÆ:³] n = dramatist
dreamily [´drÖmIli] adv ìå÷òàòåëüíî
dreamy [´drÖmi] a ìå÷òàòåëüíûé
dress circle [´dres sÆ:kl] n òåàòð. áåëüýòàæ
´
dress-coat [´dres k@Ut] n ôðàê
´
dresser [´dres@] n êîñòþìåð
dress rehearsal [´dres rI hÆ:s(@)l] n ãåíåðàëüíàÿ ðåïåòèöèÿ
dressing room [´dresIÎ ´rüm] n ãàðäåðîáíàÿ, êîìíàòà äëÿ îäå-
âàíèÿ
drive [draIv] n äæàç. íàïîð, àêòèâíîñòü â çâóêîèçâëå÷åíèè è
èñïîëíåíèè
drone [dr@Un] I n 1) âîëûíêà 2) áàñîâàÿ òðóáêà âîëûíêè èëè
åå çâó÷àíèå
drone [dr@Un] II v ïåòü ìîíîòîííî
drop [drÁp] n îïóñêàíèå çàíàâåñà (â òåàòðå)
drop-curtain [´drÁp kÆ:tn] n = drop
drop-scene [´drÁpsÖn]´ n 1) = drop 2) çàêëþ÷èòåëüíàÿ ñöåíà;
ñöåíà ïîä çàíàâåñ
drown [draUn] v çàãëóøàòü (çâóê)
drum [dröm] I n 1) áàðàáàí; bass ~ áîëüøîé áàðàáàí; side/snare
~ ìàëûé áàðàáàí; to beat/play the ~ áèòü â áàðàáàí 2) çâóê
áàðàáàíà, áàðàáàííûé áîé 3) kettle ~ ëèòàâðà 4) pl äæàç.
óäàðíûå èíñòðóìåíòû
drum [dröm] II v 1) áèòü â áàðàáàí, áàðàáàíèòü 2) âûñòóêè-
âàòü/âûáèâàòü ìåëîäèþ (íà áàðàáàíå è ò.ï.)
drumbeat [´drömbÖt] n áàðàáàííûé áîé
drummer [´dröm@] n áàðàáàíùèê
drummer girl [´dröm@ gÆ:l] n áàðàáàíùèöà
53 echo

drumming [´drömIÎ] n áàðàáàííûé áîé, áàðàáàííàÿ äðîáü


drums [drömz] n pl óäàðíûå èíñòðóìåíòû
drumstick [´dröm stIk] n áàðàáàííàÿ ïàëî÷êà
´
dry [draI] a íåýìîöèîíàëüíûé, ñóõîé
duet(t) [dju´et] n äóýò
duettist [djü´etIst] n îäèí èç èñïîëíèòåëåé äóýòà
duetto [djü´et@U] n èò. = duet(t)
dulcimer [´dölsIm@] n öèìáàëû
dull [döl] a ïðèòóïëåííûé, ïðèãëóøåííûé; íåÿñíûé, ñìóòíûé;
~ sound ãëóáîêèé çâóê
dumb [döm] a 1) íåñëûøíûé, òèõèé, ïðèãëóøåííûé; ~ peal
ãëóõîé/ïðèãëóøåííûé óäàð êîëîêîëà 2) áåççâó÷íûé, íå-
çâó÷íûé; ~ notes íåçâó÷àùèå êëàâèøè (ó ðîÿëÿ)
dumb piano [´döm pi´{n@U] n íåìàÿ êëàâèàòóðà
dummy [´dömi] n òåàòð . ñòàòèñò, ñòàòèñòêà
duo [´dju:@U] n ( pl duos, dui [´djüi(:)]) n èò. äóýò, äóî
duodecimal [ dju:@´desIm(@)l] n äâåíàäöàòàÿ ÷àñòü
duple [´djüpl] ´ a äâîéíîé; äâóõ÷àñòíûé; ~ time äâóäîëüíûé
òàêò
duplet [´djüplIt] n äóîëü
duplicate [´djüplIkeIt] v äóáëèðîâàòü; âîñïðîèçâîäèòü; ïîâòî-
ðÿòü â òî÷íîñòè; to ~ a note an octave higher ñûãðàòü íîòó
îêòàâîé âûøå
duplication [ djüplI´keIS(@)n] n óäâàèâàíèå
´
duration [djU´reIS(@)n] n ïðîäîëæèòåëüíîñòü
duty bugle [´djüti ´bjügl] n ñèãíàëüíûé ðîæîê
dux [döks] n âîæäü (íàçâàíèå òåìû ôóãè)
dwell [dwel] v (dwelt, ðåäê. dwelled [dwelt]) òÿíóòü; to ~ on a note
òÿíóòü íîòó
dying away [´daIÎ @´wei] p.p. çàìèðàÿ, óãàñàÿ
dynamics [daI´n{mIks] n äèíàìèêà (ñèëà çâó÷àíèÿ è åå èçìå-
íåíèÿ)

E
E, e [Ö] n áóêâåííîå îáîçíà÷åíèå íîòû «ìè»
ear [I@] n (ìóçûêàëüíûé) ñëóõ; play by ~ èãðàòü ïî ñëóõó; ~
for music ìóçûêàëüíûé ñëóõ
earless [´I@lIs] a ëèøåííûé ìóçûêàëüíîãî ñëóõà
earphones [´I@f@Unz] n pl íàóøíèêè
ear-splitting [´I@ splItIÎ] a îãëóøèòåëüíûé
easy listening [ Özi ´lIs@nIÎ] n ëåãêàÿ ìóçûêà
echo [´ek@U] I ´n ( pl -oes [@Uz]) 1) ýõî (õóäîæåñòâåííûé ïðè-
åì, îñíîâàííûé íà ïîâòîðåíèè ìóçûêàëüíîé ôðàçû èëè
echo 54
ñîçâó÷èÿ ñ ìåíüøåé ñèëîé çâó÷íîñòè) 2) îòðàæåííûé
çâóê, îòðàæåíèå 3) ðåãèñòð îðãàíà äëÿ âîñïðîèçâåäåíèÿ
ýôôåêòà ýõî
echo [´ek@U] II v 1) ïîâòîðÿòü, îòðàæàòü çâóê; îãëàøàòüñÿ ýõîì;
the valley ~ed as he sang ýõî äîëèíû âòîðèëî ïeñíå 2) ïî-
âòîðÿòüñÿ ýõîì, îòðàæàòüñÿ (î çâóêå)
echo attachment [´ek@U @´t{¶m@nt] n ïðèñïîñîáëåíèå äëÿ ïî-
ëó÷åíèÿ ýôôåêòà ýõî íà ìåäíûõ äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ
eclat [´eI(´)kl¸] n ôð. (øóìíûé) óñïåõ; they performed with the
expected ~ êàê è ïðåäïîëàãàëîñü, îíè âûñòóïàëè ñ îãðîì-
íûì óñïåõîì
eclogue [´eklÁg] n ýêëîãà, ïàñòóøåñêàÿ ïåñíÿ
ecossaise [ eIkÁ´sez] n ôð. ýêîñåç, ýêîññåç (øîòëàíäñêèé íà-
ðîäíûé´ òàíåö)
ecstasy [´ekst@si] n 1) ýêñòàç; èññòóïëåíèå, èññòóïëåííûé âî-
ñòîðã 2) ýêñòàç, ïîýòè÷åñêîå âäîõíîâåíèå
edition [I´dIS(@)n] n èçäàíèå; popular ~ ïîïóëÿðíîå, ìàññîâîå
èçäàíèå
effect [I´fekt] n ýôôåêò, âïå÷àòëåíèå; for ~ äëÿ (âíåøíåãî)
ýôôåêòà, íàïîêàç
effeminate [I´femInIt] a óñò. òîìíûé, ñëàäîñòðàñòíûé (î çâó-
êàõ ìóçûêè)
E flat clarinet [´Ö fl{t kl{rI´net] n ìàëûé êëàðíåò
´
eighth [eItT] I n óñò. îêòàâà
eighth [eItT] II a âîñüìîé; ~ note âîñüìàÿ íîòà; ~ rest âîñüìàÿ
ïàóçà
eightsome [´eIts(@)m] n øîòëàíäñêàÿ êàäðèëü
eightsome real [´eIts(@)m ´rÖl] n = eightsome
eisteddfod [aI´stedf@d] n óýëüñêèé åæåãîäíûé ìóçûêàëüíûé ôå-
ñòèâàëü; ñîñòÿçàíèå áàðäîâ
ELa , Ela [´Ö´l¸] n èñò. ñàìàÿ âûñîêàÿ íîòà â ãàììå Ãâèäî
ä’Àðåööî
elegiac [ elI´³aI@k] a ýëåãè÷åñêèé, ïå÷àëüíûé
´
elegy [´elI³i] n 1) ýëåãèÿ (ïüåñà çàäóì÷èâîãî, ïå÷àëüíîãî õà-
ðàêòåðà) 2) ñêîðáíûé íàïåâ
eleventh [I´lev(e)nT] n óíäåöèìà
eloquent [´el@kw@nt] a ÿðêèé, âûðàçèòåëüíûé; ~ tone âûðàçè-
òåëüíûé òîí, çâó÷àíèå
elusive [I´lüsIv] a íåóëîâèìûé, óñêîëüçàþùèé
embellishment [Im´belISm@nt] n óêðàøåíèå, ìåëèçì
embouchure [ ÁmbU´SU@] n ôð. 1) àìáóøþð (ñïîñîá ñêëàäûâà-
íèÿ ãóá è ´ÿçûêà äëÿ èçâëå÷åíèÿ çâóêà ïðè èãðå íà äóõî-
âûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ) 2) ìóíäøòóê ó ìåäíûõ äóõîâûõ èíñò-
ðóìåíòîâ
55 enrich

emcee [ em´sÖ] I n àìåð. ðàçã. 1) êîíôåðàíñüå, âåäóùèé (ðà-


´
äèîïðîãðàììû è ò.ï.) 2) ðàñïîðÿäèòåëü (áàëà è ò.ï.)
emcee [ em´sÖ] II v àìåð. ðàçã. áûòü êîíôåðàíñüå, âåäóùèì,
´
ðàñïîðÿäèòåëåì; êîíôåðèðîâàòü, âåñòè (ïðîãðàììó, êîí-
öåðò)
eminent [´emInent] a 1) âûäàþùèéñÿ, çíàìåíèòûé; âèäíûé,
çàíèìàþùèé âûñîêîå ïîëîæåíèå 2) çàìå÷àòåëüíûé, ïðå-
âîñõîäíûé, âûäàþùèéñÿ; an ~ work of art çàìå÷àòåëüíîå
ïðîèçâåäåíèå èñêóññòâà
emotion [I´m@US(@)n] n ýìîöèÿ, âîëíåíèå, âîçáóæäåíèå, ÷óâñòâî
emotional [I´m@US(@)n@l] a 1) ýìîöèîíàëüíûé 2) âîëíóþùèé;
~ music âîëíóþùàÿ ìóçûêà
emphatic [Im´f{tIk] a âûðàçèòåëüíûé, ýìôàòè÷åñêèé
enchanting [In´¶¸ntIÎ] a î÷àðîâàòåëüíûé, îáâîðîæèòåëüíûé,
ïëåíèòåëüíûé, îáàÿòåëüíûé
encore [´ÁÎkþ] I n 1) áèñèðîâàíèå, âûçîâ íà áèñ 2) èñïîë-
íåíèå íà áèñ; the violinist gave three ~s ñêðèïà÷ ñûãðàë òðè
ïüåñû íà áèñ
encore [´ÁÎkþ] II v êðè÷àòü «áèñ»; to ~ a singer âûçûâàòü ïåâöà
íà áèñ; to ~ a song òðåáîâàòü ïîâòîðíîãî èñïîëíåíèÿ ïåñíè
encore [´ÁÎkþ] int áèñ!
encourage [In´körI³] v 1) îáîäðÿòü, âîîäóøåâëÿòü, ïîîùðÿòü,
ïîääåðæèâàòü; to ~ local music-making amateurs ïîääåðæèâàòü
ìåñòíóþ ìóçûêàëüíóþ ñàìîäåÿòåëüíîñòü
encouragement [In´körI³m@nt] n 1) îáîäðåíèå, âîîäóøåâëåíèå;
cries of ~ îäîáðèòåëüíûå âîçãëàñû 2) ïîîùðåíèå, ïîääåðæêà
endow [In´daU] v îáûêí. passive îäàðÿòü, íàäåëÿòü; the violin is
~ed with great agility in rapid passages ñêðèïêà ïîçâîëÿåò
äîáèòüñÿ áîëüøîé âèðòóîçíîñòè â áûñòðûõ ïàññàæàõ
endowed [In´daUd] a îäàðåííûé, òàëàíòëèâûé
energetic [ en@´³etIk] à ýíåðãè÷íûé, ñèëüíûé, ðåøèòåëüíûé
´
energico [I´nÆ:³Ik@U] a èò. ýíåðãè÷íûé, ñèëüíûé, ðåøèòåëüíûé
English horn [ IÎglIS ´hþn] n àíãëèéñêèé ðîæîê; àëüòîâûé ãî-
áîé ´
English violet [ IÎglIS ´vaI@l@t] n ñìû÷êîâûé èíñòðóìåíò òèïà âèîëü
ä’àìóð ´
enharmonic, enharmonical [ enh¸´mÁnIk, enh¸´mÁnIk(@)l] a ýí-
ãàðìîíè÷åñêèé; ~ interval ´ ýíãàðìîíè÷åñêèé
´ èíòåðâàë
enharmonics [ enh¸´mÁnIks] n ýíãàðìîíèçì
enjoy [In´³OI] ´v ïîëó÷àòü óäîâîëüñòâèå (îò ÷åãî-ë.); íàñëàæ-
äàòüñÿ (÷åì-ë.); to ~ music ëþáèòü ìóçûêó
enrich [In´rI¶] v îáîãàùàòü, ðàñøèðÿòü, ïîâûøàòü; music has
~ed his life ìóçûêà îáîãàòèëà åãî æèçíü; to ~ the sonority
óñèëèòü, îáîãàòèòü çâó÷àíèå
ensemble 56
ensemble [Án´sÁmb(@)l] n 1) àíñàìáëü (ãðóïïà ìóçûêàíòîâ, ñî-
âìåñòíî èñïîëíÿþùèõ ìóçûêàëüíîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå) 2) àí-
ñàìáëü (ïüåñà, ïðåäíàçíà÷åííàÿ äëÿ èñïîëíåíèÿ íåñêîëü-
êèìè ó÷àñòíèêàìè) 3) ñîãëàñîâàííîñòü èñïîëíåíèÿ
enter [´ent@] I n âûõîä (íà ñöåíó)
enter [´ent@] II v 1) âõîäèòü, âñòóïàòü; ~ violins âñòóïàþò ñêðèï-
êè 2) ïîñòóïàòü, ñòàíîâèòüñÿ ÷ëåíîì; to ~ a school/an
institute ïîñòóïàòü â øêîëó/èíñòèòóò 3) ïðèíèìàòü ó÷àñ-
òèå; to ~ for a contest as a singer ó÷àñòâîâàòü â êîíêóðñå
âîêàëèñòîâ; to ~ the competition âûñòóïàòü â êîíêóðñå
entertain [ ent@´teIn] v 1) ðàçâëåêàòü, çàáàâëÿòü; to ~ smb with
´
songs ðàçâëåêàòü êîãî-ë. ïåñíÿìè 2) to ~ oneself ðàçâëå-
êàòüñÿ, çàáàâëÿòüñÿ
entertainer [ ent@´teIn@] n ýñòðàäíûé àðòèñò, ýñòðàäíèê; êîí-
ôåðàíñüå´
entertainmen t [ ent@´teInm@nt] n 1) çðåëèùå, ïðåäñòàâëåíèå
2) ýñòðàäíûé´ êîíöåðò; äèâåðòèñìåíò 3) ðàçâëå÷åíèå, óâå-
ñåëåíèå; ~ show ðàçâëåêàòåëüíàÿ ïðîãðàììà
enthusiasm [In´Tjüzi{z(@)m] n ýíòóçèàçì, âîñòîðã, âîîäóøåâ-
ëåíèå
entone [In´t@Un] n = intone
entracte [Án´tr{kt] n ôð. àíòðàêò (â òåàòðå)
entrance [´entr@ns] n 1) âõîä; free ~ âõîä áåñïëàòíûé 2) âû-
õîä (àêòåðà íà ñöåíó è ò.ï.) 3) ïîñòóïëåíèå (â øêîëó è
ò.ï.) 4) èíòðîäóêöèÿ
entrance fee [´entr@ns fÖ] n 1) âõîäíàÿ ïëàòà 2) âñòóïèòåëüíûé
âçíîñ
entrance hall [´entr@ns hþl] n âåñòèáþëü
entrechat [´Ántr@S¸] n ôð. àíòðàøà (â òàíöàõ)
entr ée [´ÁntreI] n ôð. 1) àíòðå (â ñðåäíèå âåêà â Åâðîïå — ïî-
ÿâëåíèå â ïèðøåñòâåííîì çàëå ìàñêèðîâàííûõ ïåðñîíà-
æåé, ñîïðîâîæäàâøååñÿ ïåñíåé, òàíöàìè è ò.ï.) 2) àí-
òðå (â XVII—XVIII ââ. — ýëåìåíò ñèíêðåòè÷åñêîãî òåàò-
ðàëüíîãî æàíðà, ðàñïðîñòðàíåííîãî â Åâðîïå) 3) àíòðå
(â áàëåòå — ïåðâàÿ ÷àñòü ðàçâåðíóòûõ êëàññè÷åñêèõ òàíöå-
âàëüíûõ ôîðì: ïà-äå-äå, ïà-äå-òðóà è äð.)
entrements [´Ántr@meI] n pl ôð. èñò. òàíöû, ïåñíè è ò.ï., èñ-
ïîëíÿåìûå âî âðåìÿ ïèðà
entrepreneur [ Ántr@pr@´nÆ:] n ôð. 1) àíòðåïðåíåð 2) óñòðîè-
òåëü êîíöåðòîâ´ è ò.ï.
entr y [´entri] n 1) âñòóïëåíèå (ãîëîñà, èíñòðóìåíòà, òåìû)
2) èíòðîäóêöèÿ
Eolian, Eolic [Ö´@UlI@n, Ö´ÁlIk] a = Aeolian, Aeolic
epic [´epIk] I n ýïè÷åñêàÿ ïîýìà
57 excel

epic [´epIk] II a ýïè÷åñêèé


epilog(ue) [´epIlÁg] n ýïèëîã, çàêëþ÷åíèå
episode [´epIs@Ud] n 1) èíòåðìåäèÿ (â ôóãå) 2) ýïèçîä (ðàç-
äåë êðóïíîé ìóçûêàëüíîé ôîðìû)
episodic, episodical [ epI´sÁdIk, epI´sÁdIk(@)l] a ýïèçîäè÷åñêèé
´
epithalamium [ epIT@´leImI@m] n´ýïèòàëàìà (ñâàäåáíàÿ ïåñíü â
´
÷åñòü íîâîáðà÷íûõ)
equable [´ekw@b(@)l] a 1) ðàâíîìåðíûé, ðîâíûé; ~ pulse ðàâ-
íîìåðíàÿ, ðèòìè÷íàÿ ïóëüñàöèÿ 2) óðàâíîâåøåííûé, ñïî-
êîéíûé; ~ temper óðàâíîâåøåííûé, ñïîêîéíûé õàðàêòåð
erotic [I´rÁtIk] a ýðîòè÷åñêèé
established [I´st{blISt] a ïðèçíàííûé; ~ authority ïðèçíàííûé
àâòîðèòåò (î ÷åëîâåêå); a musician with ~ reputation ìóçû-
êàíò ñ èìåíåì
estrade [e´str¸d] n âîçâûøåíèå, ýñòðàäà
etude [eI´tjüd] n ôð. ýòþä
euharmonic [ jüh¸´mÁnIk] a ñëàäêîçâó÷íûé; áëàãîçâó÷íûé; ãàð-
ìîíè÷åñêè ´ ñîâåðøåííûé
euphonic, euphonical [jü´fÁnIk, jü´fÁnIk(@)l] a áëàãîçâó÷íûé
euphonious [jü´f@Uni@s] a = euphonic
euphoniously [jü´f@Uni@sli] adv áëàãîçâó÷íî; ñîãëàñíî, ñòðîéíî
(î ïåíèè è ò.ï.)
euphonium [jü´f@Uni@m] n 1) ýóôîíèóì (ìåäíûé äóõîâîé èí-
ñòðóìåíò, áàðèòîí) 2) îäèí èç ðåãèñòðîâ îðãàíà
euphony [jü´f@Uni] n áëàãîçâó÷èå
eurhythmic [jü´rIDmIk] a 1) ðèòìè÷íûé 2) ðèòìè÷åñêèé 3) ãàð-
ìîíè÷íûé, ïðîïîðöèîíàëüíûé
eurhythmics [jü´rIDmIks] n ðèòìèêà; õóäîæåñòâåííàÿ ãèìíàñ-
òèêà, ðèòìè÷åñêàÿ ãèìíàñòèêà
eurhythmy [jü´rIDmi] n ðèòìè÷íîñòü; ýâðèòìèÿ, ðàâíîìåðíîñòü
ðèòìà (ìóçûêè, òàíöà, ðå÷è)
Euterpe [jü´tÆ:pi] n äð.-ãðå÷. Ýâòåðïà (ïîêðîâèòåëüíèöà ìóçû-
êè è ïîýçèè â ãðå÷åñêîé ìèôîëîãèè)
evensong [´Öv(@)nsÁÎ] n 1) öåðê. âå÷åðíÿÿ ñëóæáà â àíãëèêàíñ-
êîé öåðêâè 2) ïîýò. âå÷åðíÿÿ ïåñíÿ
evergreen [´ev@grÖn] a ïîïóëÿðíàÿ, «íåñòàðåþùàÿ» ìåëîäèÿ â
ëåãêîé ìóçûêå
exaltation [ egzþl´teIS(@)n, eksþl´teIS(@)n] n âîëíåíèå, âîñòîðæåí-
´
íîñòü, ýêçàëüòàöèÿ ´
exalted [Ig´zþltId] a âîñòîðæåííûé, âîçâûøåííûé; ~ lyricism
âîçâûøåííûé ëèðèçì
exceedingly [Ik´sÖdIÎli] adv ÷ðåçâû÷àéíî, î÷åíü, êðàéíå
excel [Ik´sel] v 1) ïðåâîñõîäèòü; to ~ one’s teacher ïðåâçîéòè
ñâîåãî ó÷èòåëÿ 2) (÷àñòî in, at) âûäåëÿòüñÿ (÷åì-ë. õî-
excellence 58
ðîøèì); îòëè÷àòüñÿ, âûäàâàòüñÿ; to ~ in singing áûòü âû-
äàþùèìñÿ ïåâöîì
excellence [´eks(@)l@ns] n ñîâåðøåíñòâî; âûäàþùååñÿ ìàñòåð-
ñòâî; âûñîêîå êà÷åñòâî; the ~ of performance âûñîêîå ìà-
ñòåðñòâî èñïîëíåíèÿ
excellent [´eks(@)l@nt] a ïðåâîñõîäíûé, îòëè÷íûé, âåëèêîëåïíûé
excerpt [´eksÆ:pt] n îòðûâîê; âûäåðæêà; öèòàòà
excitement [Ik´saItm@nt] n âîçáóæäåíèå, âîëíåíèå
executant [Ig´zekjut@nt] I n èñïîëíèòåëü, ìóçûêàíò
executant [Ig´zekjut@nt] II a èñïîëíÿþùèé (ìóçûêàëüíîå ïðî-
èçâåäåíèå)
execute [´eksIkjüt] v èñïîëíÿòü; sonata is difficult to ~ ñîíàòà
ñëîæíà äëÿ èñïîëíåíèÿ
execution [ eksI´kjüS(@)n] n 1) èñïîëíåíèå (ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ) 2) ìà-
ñòåðñòâî ´ èñïîëíåíèÿ; the pianist has marvelous ~ ïèàíèñò
îáëàäàåò çàìå÷àòåëüíûì ìàñòåðñòâîì èñïîëíåíèÿ
exercise [´eks@saIz] I n óïðàæíåíèå; five-finger ~s ôîðòåïüÿí-
íûå óïðàæåíèÿ, ýêçåðñèñû
exercise [´eks@saIz] II v óïðàæíÿòüñÿ
expand [Ik´sp{nd] v ðàñøèðÿòü, óâåëè÷èâàòü
expansion [Ik´sp{nS(@)n] n ðàñøèðåíèå, óâåëè÷åíèå
explicit [Ik´splIsIt] a ÿñíûé, òî÷íûé, ïîäðîáíûé, îïðåäåëåí-
íûé
exponent [Ik´sp@Un@nt] n êíèæí. èñïîëíèòåëü (ìóçûêàëüíûõ ïðî-
èçâåäåíèé)
exposition [ eksp@´zIS(@)n] n ýêñïîçèöèÿ (ïåðâûé ðàçäåë ñîíàòíîé
ôîðìû ´èëè ôóãè, ñîäåðæàùèé èçëîæåíèå îñíîâíûõ òåì)
express [Ik´spres] v âûðàæàòü, îòðàæàòü
expression [Ik´spreS(@)n] n âûðàçèòåëüíîñòü, ýêñïðåññèÿ
expressional [Ik´spreS(@)n@l] a âûðàçèòåëüíûé, ýêñïðåññèâíûé
expressionism [Ik´spreS(@)nIz(@)m] n ýêñïðåññèîíèçì
expressionistic [Ik spreS@´nIstIk] a ýêñïðåññèîíèñòè÷åñêèé, ýê-
ñïðåññèîíèñòñêèé ´
expressionless [Ik´spreS(@)nl@s] a íåâûðàçèòåëüíûé; íè÷åãî íå âû-
ðàæàþùèé
expressive [Ik´spresIv] a âûðàçèòåëüíûé; ~ means âûðàçèòåëü-
íûå ñðåäñòâà; ~ voice âûðàçèòåëüíûé ãîëîñ
exquisite [Ik´skwIzIt, ´ekskwIzIt] a 1) èçûñêàííûé, óòîí÷åííûé,
òîíêèé, èçÿùíûé 2) ñîâåðøåííûé, çàêîí÷åííûé; an ~
ear for music àáñîëþòíûé ìóçûêàëüíûé ñëóõ
exquisiteness [Ik´skwIzItnIs, ´ekskwIzItnIs] n óòîí÷åííîñòü, èçûñ-
êàííîñòü, èçÿùåñòâî
extemporaneous [Ik stemp@´reIni@s] a íåïîäãîòîâëåííûé, èìï-
ðîâèçèðîâàííûé ´
59 facile

extempore [Ik´stemp(@)ri] I n óñò. ýêñïðîìò, èìïðîâèçàöèÿ


extempore [Ik´stemp(@)ri] II a íåïîäãîòîâëåííûé, èìïðîâèçè-
ðîâàííûé
extempore [Ik´stemp(@)ri] III adv ýêñïðîìòîì, áåç ïîäãîòîâêè
extemporization [Ik stemp@raI´zeIS(@)n] n 1) èìïðîâèçàöèÿ 2) ýê-
ñïðîìò ´
extemporize, extemporise [Ik´stemp@raIz] v èìïðîâèçèðîâàòü; âû-
ñòóïàòü áåç ïîäãîòîâêè
extemporizer [Ik´stemp@raIz@] n èìïðîâèçàòîð
extensio n [Ik´stenS(@)n] n 1) ðàñøèðåíèå, óâåëè÷åíèå 2) Uni-
versity E. êóðñû ïðè óíèâåðñèòåòå; âå÷åðíèé ôàêóëüòåò
extracurricular [ ekstr@k@´rIkjul@] a âíåàóäèòîðíûé; îáùåñòâåííûé
´
(î ðàáîòå ñòóäåíòîâ)
extramural [ ekstr@´mjU(@)r@l] a 1) çàî÷íûé èëè âå÷åðíèé (î
´ êóðñå) 2) âíåøêîëüíûé; ~ work âíåøêîëüíàÿ
ôàêóëüòåòå,
ðàáîòà; ~ courses/teaching öèêëû ëåêöèé è ïðàêòè÷åñêèõ
çàíÿòèé ïðè êîëëåäæàõ è óíèâåðñèòåòàõ
extrao rdinary [Ik´strþd(@)n(@)ri] a íåîáû÷àéíûé, çàìå÷àòåëü-
íûé, âûäàþùèéñÿ; man of ~ genius âûäàþùèéñÿ òàëàíò,
ãåíèé
extravagance [Ik´str{v@g@ns] n ýêñòðàâàãàíòíîñòü, ïðè÷óäëèâîñòü
extravaganza [Ik str{v@´g{nz@] n 1) ìóçûêàëüíàÿ ïüåñà ñ êî-
´
ìè÷åñêèìè íàðóøåíèÿìè ïðèíÿòûõ ïðàâèë 2) æàíð îïå-
ðåòòû â ÑØÀ (êîìïèëÿöèÿ ïîïóëÿðíûõ ìåëîäèé)
extremely [Ik´strÖmli] adv êðàéíå, ÷ðåçâû÷àéíî, â âûñøåé ñòå-
ïåíè
exuberant [Ig´zjüb(@)r@nt] a áüþùèé êëþ÷îì, íåóäåðæèìûé,
æèçíåðàäîñòíûé; ~ section of the concerto æèçíåðàäîñòíûé
ðàçäåë êîíöåðòà
exultance, exultancy [Ig´zölt(@)ns, Ig´zölt(@)nsi] n ëèêîâàíèå, òîð-
æåñòâî
exultant [Ig´zölt@nt] a ëèêóþùèé, òîðæåñòâóþùèé
exultation [ egzöl´teIS(@)n] n ëèêîâàíèå, òîðæåñòâî; ýêçàëüòà-
öèÿ ´

F
F [ef] n 1) áóêâåííîå îáîçíà÷åíèå íîòû «ôà» 2) áàñîâûé êëþ÷,
êëþ÷ «ôà»
fa [f¸] n çâóê «ôà» (â ñîëüìèçàöèè)
fable [´feIb(@)l] n ôàáóëà, ñþæåò
faburden [´f¸bÆ:dn] n àíãëèéñêàÿ ðàçíîâèäíîñòü ôàáóðäîíà (ñòà-
ðèííîãî ìíîãîãîëîñèÿ)
facile [´f{saIl] a ëåãêèé
facility 60
facility [f@´sIlIti] n ëåãêîñòü (èñïîëíåíèÿ è ò.ï.)
facture [´f{k¶@] n 1) ôàêòóðà, ïèñüìî, ñòèëü 2) ïðîèçâîäñòâî
ìóçûêàëüíûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ
faculty [´f{k(@)lti] n 1) ñïîñîáíîñòü, äàð 2) ôàêóëüòåò, îòäå-
ëåíèå; musical ~ ìóçûêàëüíûé ôàêóëüòåò; liberal arts ~
ôàêóëüòåò ãóìàíèòàðíûõ íàóê 3) ïðîôåññîðñêî-ïðåïîäà-
âàòåëüñêèé ñîñòàâ
fade [feId] v ïîñòåïåííî çàòèõàòü, çàìèðàòü (î çâóêàõ)
fado [´f¸dU] n ïîðòóãàëüñêàÿ íàðîäíàÿ ïðîòÿæíàÿ ïåñíÿ (íà-
÷àëà XIX â.)
fagotto [f¸´gÁt@U] n (pl -ti [ti]) = basson
failure [´feIlj@] n íåóäà÷à, íåóñïåõ, ïðîâàë; dead ~ ïîëíûé
ïðîâàë; to end in ~ îêîí÷èòüñÿ íåóäà÷åé; to meet with ~
òåðïåòü íåóäà÷ó; to invite ~ îáðåêàòü ñåáÿ íà íåóäà÷ó
faint [feInt] a íåÿñíûé, ñëàáûé (î çâóêå)
fall [fþl] n êàäàíñ
false [fþls] a ôàëüøèâûé; ~ note ôàëüøèâàÿ íîòà
falsetto [fþl´set@U] n 1) ôàëüöåò 2) â ãðàì. çíà÷. íàðå÷. ôàëü-
öåòîì; to sing in ~ ïåòü ôàëüöåòîì
fame [feIm] n ñëàâà, èçâåñòíîñòü; love of ~ òùåñëàâèå; to win
~ äîáèòüñÿ èçâåñòíîñòè, ñòàòü çíàìåíèòûì; to make ~ ñî-
çäàâàòü ðåïóòàöèþ
famed [feImd] a ïðîñëàâëåííûé, èçâåñòíûé; to be ~ for smth
ïðîñëàâèòüñÿ ÷åì-ë.
fameless [´feImlIs] a íåèçâåñòíûé; íåçíà÷èòåëüíûé
famous [´feIm@s] a çíàìåíèòûé, ïðîñëàâëåííûé, ñëàâíûé, èç-
âåñòíûé
fan [f{n] n ïî÷èòàòåëü, ëþáèòåëü; rock music ~s ëþáèòåëè ðîê-
ìóçûêè
fa ncy [´f{nsi] n èñò. 1) ôàíòàçèÿ, êàïðèç, ïðè÷óäà 2) èí-
ñò ð óìå í ò à ëüí àÿ ïüå ñà èìèò à öèî í í î ãî ñêëà ä à X VI —
XVII ââ.
fancy-ball [ f{nsi´bþl] n êîñòþìèðîâàííûé áàë, ìàñêàðàä; êàð-
íàâàë ´
fancy dress [ f{nsi ´dres] n ìàñêàðàäíûé êîñòþì
´
fancy-dress [´f{nsi ´dres] a êîñòþìèðîâàííûé; ~ ball ìañêàðàä
fandango [f{n´d{Îg@U] n (pl -gos [@Uz]) 1) ôàíäàíãî (èñïàíñ-
êèé òàíåö) 2) àìåð. áàë, òàíöåâàëüíûé âå÷åð
fanfare [´f{nfe@] n 1) ôàíôàðû 2) ìåäíî-äóõîâûå èíñòðóìåíòû
3) äóõîâîé îðêåñòð (âî Ôðàíöèè è Èòàëèè) 4) òðóáíûé
ñèãíàë âîåííîãî èëè òîðæåñòâåííîãî õàðàêòåðà
fantasia [f{n´teIzi@, f{nt@´zI@] n èò. 1) ôàíòàçèÿ (ìóçûêàëüíàÿ
ïüåñà â ñâîáîäíîé ´ ôîðìå) 2) àðàáñêèé òàíåö
fantasie [´f{nt@zi] n ôàíòàçèÿ (ìóçûêàëüíîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå)
61 fiddlestick

fantastic [f{n´t{stIk] a ôàíòàñòè÷åñêèé, ïðè÷óäëèâûé; ãðîòåñ-


êíûé
fantasy [´f{nt@si] I n 1) = fancy 2); 2) = fantasia 1)
fantasy [´f{nt@si] II v èãðàòü ôàíòàçèè; èìïðîâèçèðîâàòü
farandole [ f{r@n´d@Ul] n ôàðàíäîëà (ïðîâàíñàëüñêèé ñòàðèí-
´
íûé íàðîäíûé õîðîâîäíûé òàíåö)
farburden [f¸´bÆ:dn] = faburden
farce [f¸s] n ôàðñ
far-famed [ f¸´feImd] a øèðîêî èçâåñòíûé; çíàìåíèòûé, ïðî-
ñëàâëåííûé´
farucca [f¸´ruk@] n ôàðóêà (èñïàíñêèé òàíåö)
fashion [´f{S(@)n] n 1) îáðàç, ìàíåðà 2) ñòèëü, ìîäà
fast [f¸st] adv ñèëüíî, áûñòðî, ñêîðî
fasten [´f¸s(@)n] v ïðèêðåïëÿòü; to ~ mute íàäåòü ñóðäèíó
favo(u)rite [´feIv(@)rIt] a ëþáèìûé, èçëþáëåííûé
F clef [´ef ´klef] n = F 2)
feast [fÖst] I n 1) ïðàçäíåñòâî 2) (ðåëèãèîçíûé) ïðàçäíèê
feast [fÖst] II v 1) ïðàçäíîâàòü 2) óñëàæäàòü, ëàñêàòü (ñëóõ);
to ~ the ears with music óñëàæäàòü ñëóõ ìóçûêîé
feature [´fÖ¶@] n îñîáåííîñòü, õàðàêòåðíàÿ ÷åðòà; ñâîéñòâî
fee [fÖ] n 1) ãîíîðàð; âîçíàãðàæäåíèå; no ~ show êîíöåðò, â
êîòîðîì âûñòóïàþùèå íå ïîëó÷àþò âîçíàãðàæäåíèÿ 2) âçíîñ;
admission ~ âñòóïèòåëüíûé âçíîñ
feel [fÖl] (felt [felt]) v 1) ÷óâñòâîâàòü 2) âîñïðèíèìàòü, ïîíè-
ìàòü; to ~ music deeply ÷óâñòâîâàòü, ïîíèìàòü ìóçûêó
feint [feInt] n óñò. ïîëóòîí; äèåç
fender bass [´fend@ ´beIs] n áàñ-ãèòàðà ôèðìû «Ôåíäåð», èí-
ñòðóìåíò äæàç-îðêåñòðà
fermata [fÆ´m¸t@] n ôåðìàòà
ferocious [f@´r@US(@)s] a æåñòîêèé, ñâèðåïûé, áóðíûé, äèêèé
festal [´festl] a ïðàçäíè÷íûé; ðàäîñòíûé, âåñåëûé; ~ music
ïðàçäíè÷íàÿ, âåñåëàÿ ìóçûêà
festival [´festIv(@)l] n 1) ôåñòèâàëü; the Three Choirs ~ Ôåñòè-
âàëü òðåõ õîðîâ (â Âåëèêîáðèòàíèè) 2) ïðàçäíåñòâî
festive [´festIv] a ïðàçäíè÷íûé, âåñåëûé; on ~ occasions ïî
ïðàçäíèêàì
fete [fe(I)t] n ôð. ïðàçäíåñòâî, ïðàçäíèê (îñîá. íà îòêðûòîì
âîçäóõå)
fiddle [´fIdl] I n 1) ðàçã. ñêðèïêà 2) èñò. ôèäåëü (ñòàðèííûé
ñìû÷êîâûé èíñòðóìåíò) 3) øîòë. ñêðèïà÷
fiddle [´fIdl] II v ðàçã. èãðàòü íà ñêðèïêå, «ïèëèêàòü»
fiddle-case [´fIdlkeIs] n ôóòëÿð ñêðèïêè
fiddler [´fIdl@] n ñêðèïà÷ (îñîá. óëè÷íûé)
fiddlestick [´fIdl stIk] n ñìû÷îê
´
fiddle-string 62
fiddle-string [´fIdlstrIÎ] n ñêðèïè÷íàÿ ñòðóíà
fife [faIf] I n ìàëåíüêàÿ ôëåéòà (ïðèìåíÿåòñÿ â âîåííîì îð-
êåñòðå); äóäêà
fife [faIf] II v èãðàòü íà äóäêå, ôëåéòå
fifer [´faIf@] n ôëåéòèñò, äóäî÷íèê
fifteenth [ fIf´tÖnT] n êâèíòäåöèìà
fifth [fIfT, ´fIftT] n êâèíòà (èíòåðâàë)
figurant [´fIgjUr@nt, ´fIg@r@nt] n 1) ôèãóðàíò, àðòèñò êîðäåáàëåòà
2) ñòàòèñò
figurante [ fIgjU´rÁnt, fIg@´rÁnt] n 1) ôèãóðàíòêà, àðòèñòêà êîð-
äåáàëåòà ´ 2) ñòàòèñòêà
´
figuration [ fIgjU´reIS(@)n] n ôèãóðàöèÿ
figure [´fIg@]´ I n 1) ôèãóðà (ìåëîäè÷åñêàÿ, ðèòìè÷åñêàÿ 2) ôè-
ãóðà (â òàíöå)
figure [´fIg@] II v ôèãóðèðîâàòü, èãðàòü ðîëü; to ~ prominently
èãðàòü âàæíóþ ðîëü; his name ~ s on the list åãî èìÿ åñòü â
ñïèñêå; he will certainly ~ in history îí íåñîìíåííî âîé-
äåò â èñòîðèþ
figured bass [ fIg@d ´beIs] n öèôðîâàííûé áàñ, ãåíåðàë-áàñ
fill in [´fIl´In]´v äæàç. èìïðîâèçèðîâàòü âî âðåìÿ ïàóçû (óêà-
çàíèå áàðàáàíàì)
fill out [´fIl´aUt] v äæàç. òî÷íî ïîä÷åðêèâàòü ðèòìè÷åñêèé ðè-
ñóíîê ìåëîäèè (óêàçàíèå áàðàáàíàì)
final [´faInl] a çàêëþ÷èòåëüíûé; ~ chords çàêëþ÷èòåëüíûå àê-
êîðäû
finale [fI´n¸li] a ôèíàë, çàêëþ÷åíèå
finger [´fIÎg@] I n 1) ïàëåö 2) òóøå; she has a very good ~ ó
íåå ïðåêðàñíîå òóøå
finger [´fIÎg@] II v 1) èãðàòü íà ìóçûêàëüíîì èíñòðóìåíòå 2) óêà-
çûâàòü àïïëèêàòóðó
fingerboard [´fIÎg@bþd] n 1) ãðèô ó ñòðóííûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ;
at the ~ (èãðàòü) ó ãðèôà íà ñìû÷êîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ 2) êëà-
âèàòóðà
finger-cymbals [´fIÎg@ sImb(@)lz] n pl = castanets
finger-hole [´fIÎg@h@Ul] ´ n áîêîâîå îòâåðñòèå, êëàïàí (â äóõî-
âîì èíñòðóìåíòå)
fingering [´fIÎg(@)rIÎ] n 1) ïðèêîñíîâåíèå ïàëüöåâ; áûñòðîå äâè-
æåíèå ïàëüöåâ 2) èãðà íà ìóçûêàëüíîì èíñòðóìåíòå 3) àï-
ïëèêàòóðà, ïàëüöîâêà
finger training [´fIÎg@ ´treInIÎ] n ïîñòàíîâêà ïàëüöåâ
fioritura [ fjþrI´tU(@)r@] n (pl -re [ri]) ôèîðèòóðà (îðíàìåíòàëüíûå
´
ïàññàæè)
first [fÆ:st] a ïåðâûé, âåäóùèé; ~ violin/fiddle ïåðâàÿ ñêðèïêà
first class [ fÆ:st ´kl¸s] a ðàçã. ïåðâîêëàññíûé; ïðåâîñõîäíûé
´
63 flutter tongue

first night [ fÆ:st ´naIt] n ïðåìüåðà, ïåðâîå ïðåäñòàâëåíèå


first nighter´ [ fÆ:st ´naIt@] n ðàçã. çàâñåãäàòàé, ïîñòîÿííûé ïî-
´
ñåòèòåëü òåàòðàëüíûõ ïðåìüåð
first-rate [ fÆ:st ´reIt] a ïåðâîêëàññíûé
´
fistula [´fIstjUl@] n äóäêà, ñâèðåëü
fit [fIt] n óñò. 1) ÷àñòü áàëëàäû, ïåñíü 2) ìóçûêàëüíàÿ ñòðîôà
fitfully [´fItf(@)li] adv ñóäîðîæíî; ïîðûâèñòî; ïðåðûâèñòî, òîë-
÷êàìè
five [faIv] n (the F.) «Ìîãó÷àÿ êó÷êà» (Áàëàêèðåâ, Áîðîäèí,
Êþè, Ìóñîðãñêèé, Ðèìñêèé-Êîðñàêîâ)
five-finger exercise [´faIv fIÎg@ ´eks@saIz] n ìóçûêàëüíîå óïðàæ-
íåíèå äëÿ ïàëüöåâ ´
flageolet [ fl{³@´let] n 1) ôëàæîëåò íà ñìû÷êîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ
è àðôå´ 2) òèï ñòàðèííîé ôëåéòû 3) ñâèðåëü 4) îäèí èç
ðåãèñòðîâ îðãàíà
flegeolet-tones [ fl{³@´let ´t@Unz] n pl ôëàæîëåòíûå çâóêè
´
flat [fl{t] I n áåìîëü; D ~ ðå áåìîëü
flat [fl{t] II a 1) ôàëüøèâûé; her high notes are a little ~ îíà
íåìíîãî ôàëüøèâèò íà âûñîêèõ íîòàõ 2) áåìîëüíûé 3) ìà-
ëûé (îá èíòåðâàëå)
flatted fifth [´fl{tId ´fIfT] n ïîíèæåíèå V ñòóïåíè â äæàçîâîé
ìóçûêå
flatten [´fl{tn] v äåòîíèðîâàòü; ïîíèæàòü íà ïîëòîíà
flautist [´flþtIst] n ôëåéòèñò
flexatone [´fleks@tÁn] n ôëåêñàòîí (ÿçû÷êîâûé óäàðíûé ìóçû-
êàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
flicflac [´flIkfl{k] n ôð. ïà â òàíöàõ
fling [flIÎ] n øîòëàíäñêèé òàíåö
florid [´flÁrId] a âû÷óðíûé; ~ music íàïûùåííàÿ ìóçûêà
flourish [´flörIS] n ôàíôàðû; ~ of trumpets òóø, òîðæåñòâåííàÿ
öåðåìîíèÿ
flowing [´fl@UIÎ] p.p. ñòðóÿñü, ïëàâíî; with ~ bow ïëàâíî âåñòè
ñìû÷êîì
flue [flü] n ïðîñòûå èëè ëàáèàëüíûå îðãàííûå òðóáû
flue-pipes [´flü´paIps] n pl = flue
flue-work [´flü´wÆ:k] n = flue
flute [flüt] I n 1) 1) ôëåéòà (äåðåâÿííî-äóõîâîé èíñòðóìåíò)
2) ôëåéòà (îäèí èç ðåãèñòðîâ îðãàíà) 3) ôëåéòèñò
flute [flüt] II v èãðàòü íà ôëåéòå
fluted [´flütId] a ïîäîáíûé çâóêàì ôëåéòû; ìåëîäè÷íûé
fluting [´flütIÎ] n èãðà íà ôëåéòå
flutist [´flütIst] n ôëåéòèñò
flutter tongue [´flöt@ ´töÎ] n ïðèåì èãðû íà äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ
áåç òðîñòè (âèä òðåìîëî)
fluty 64
fluty [´flüti] a ìåëîäè÷íûé, íåæíûé; ïîäîáíûé çâóêó ôëåéòû
foil [fOIl] n êîíòðàñò; ôîí; to serve as a ~ îòòåíÿòü
folk [f@Uk] a íàðîäíûé
folk dance [´f@Uk d¸ns] n íàðîäíûé òàíåö
folklore [´f@Uklþ] ´n ôîëüêëîð, íàðîäíîå òâîð÷åñòâî
folklorist [´f@Uk lþrIst] n ôîëüêëîðèñò, ñîáèðàòåëü ôîëüêëîðà
folk song [´f@Uk´sÁÎ] n íàðîäíàÿ ïåñíÿ
footing [´fUtIÎ] n íîæíàÿ àïïëèêàòóðà îðãàíà
foot-key [´fUtkÖ] n ïåäàëü îðãàíà
footlights [´fUtlaIts] n pl 1) ðàìïà 2) ðàçã. òåàòð; ïðîôåññèÿ
àêòåðà; to appear before the ~ âûñòóïàòü íà ñöåíå; âñòó-
ïàòü íà àêòåðñêîå ïîïðèùå
force [fþs] I n ñèëà; with ~ ñ ñèëîé, ñî çíà÷åíèåì
force [fþs] II v ôîðñèðîâàòü (çâóê); to ~ one’s voice íàïðÿãàòü
ãîëîñ
foreground [´fþgraUnd] n ïåðåäíèé ïëàí; àâàíñöåíà
fork [fþk] n êàìåðòîí
forlana [fþ´l¸n@] n (pl -ne [ni], -s [z]) ôîðëàíà (ñòàðèííûé èòà-
ëüÿíñêèé òàíåö)
forlorn [f@´lþn] a âîçâûø. 1) æàëêèé, íåñ÷àñòíûé 2) îäèíî-
êèé 3) îò÷àÿâøèéñÿ
form [fþm] I n ôîðìà
form [fþm] II v ñîñòàâëÿòü, îáðàçîâûâàòü, ôîðìèðîâàòü
formal [´fþm(@)l] a ôîðìàëüíûé, ôîðìàëèñòè÷åñêèé
formalism [´fþm@lIz(@)m] n ôîðìàëèçì
forte [´fþteI] a èò. ôîðòå; ñèëüíûé, ãðîìêèé
forte pedal [´fþteI ´ped(@)l] n ïðàâàÿ ïåäàëü (ó ôîðòåïüÿíî)
forte-piano [´fþteI pi´{n@U] n óñò. ôîðòåïüÿíî, ôîðòåïèàíî
fortissimo [fþ´tIsIm@U] a èò. ôîðòèññèìî; î÷åíü ãðîìêèé
foundation [faUn´deIS(@)n] n ôóíäàìåíò, îñíîâàíèå; îñíîâà, áà-
çèñ; harmonic ~ ãàðìîíè÷åñêàÿ îñíîâà
founder [´faUnd@] n îñíîâàòåëü, ó÷ðåäèòåëü
four-handed [ fþ´h{ndId] a äëÿ ÷åòûðåõ ÷åëîâåê (îá èãðå íà ìó-
çûêàëüíûõ´ èíñòðóìåíòàõ); ðàçûãðûâàåìûé â ÷åòûðå ðóêè
(íà ðîÿëå)
fours [fþz] n äæàç. ÷åòâåðêè, ÷åðåäîâàíèå ñîëèñòîâ ïî ÷åòû-
ðå òàêòà
fourteen [ fþ´tÖn] n êâàðòäåöèìà
fourth [fþT] ´ n êâàðòà
four-three chord [´fþ´TrÖ ´kþd] n òåðöêâàðòàêêîðä
foxtrot [´fÁkstrÁt] I n ôîêñòðîò (òàíåö)
foxtrot [´fÁkstrÁt] II v òàíöåâàòü ôîêñòðîò
fragile [´fr{³aIl] a õðóïêèé
fragment [´fr{gm@nt] n ôðàãìåíò, îòðûâîê
65 Gagaku

free [frÖ] a 1) ñâîáîäíûé, íåïðèíóæäåííûé; ~ in time ðèò-


ìè÷åñêè ñâîáîäíî 2) áåñïëàòíûé; the entry is ~ âõîä áåñ-
ïëàòíûé; ~ concerts áåñïëàòíûå êîíöåðòû
French horn [ fren¶ ´hþn] n 1) âàëòîðíà 2) îõîòíè÷èé ðîã
´
frequency [´frÖkw@nsi] n ÷añòîòà; high/ low ~ âûñîêàÿ/íèçêàÿ
÷àñòîòà (êîëåáàíèé)
freshly [´freSli] adv ñâåæî
frets [frets] n pl ëàäû íà ñòðóííûõ ùèïêîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ
friction [´frIkS(@)n] n òðåíèå
friction drum [´frIkS(@)n ´dröm] n ôðèêöèîííûé áàðàáàí (óäàð-
íûé èíñòðóìåíò, â êîòîðîì çâóê èçâëåêàåòñÿ ïîñðåäñòâîì
ëåãêîãî òðåíèÿ âëàæíîãî ïàëüöà î ìåìáðàíó)
frog [frÁg] n êîëîäî÷êà ñìû÷êà; with the ~ (èãðàòü) ó êîëî-
äî÷êè
frolicsome [´frÁlIks(@)m] a èãðèâûé, ðåçâûé; ~ finale èãðèâûé
ôèíàë
frottola [´frÁt@l@] n (pl -le [leI]) ôðîòòîëà (ñòàðèííàÿ èòàëüÿí-
ñêàÿ ïåñíÿ)
fugal [´fjüg(@)l] a ôóãîâûé, îòíîñÿùèéñÿ ê ôóãå
fugato [fjü´g¸t@U] a èò. ôóãàòî, â ôîðìå ôóãè
fughetta [fü´get@] n ôóãåòòà (íåáîëüøàÿ ôóãà)
fugue [fjüg] n ôóãà
full [fUl] a 1) ïîëíûé; ~ bow (èãðàòü) ïîëíûì ñìû÷êîì 2) ïîë-
íîçâó÷íûé, ãëóáîêèé; ~ voice ïîëíîçâó÷íûé ãîëîñ; ~ tone
ãëóáîêèé òîí
full organ [´fUl ´þg@n] n çâó÷àíèå «ïîëíîãî îðãàíà» (îðãàííîå
tutti)
fundamental [ fönd@´mentl] n îñíîâíîé òîí àêêîðäà, îñíîâíîé
´
çâóê â îáåðòîííîì ðÿäó
funeral [´fjün(@)r@l] I n ïîõîðîíû, çàóïîêîéíàÿ ñëóæáà
funeral [´fjün(@)r@l] II a ïîõîðîííûé, òðàóðíûé
funky [´föÎki] n äæàç. áîëüøîå îòêëîíåíèå îò òåìïåðèðîâàí-
íîãî ñòðîÿ â íåêîòîðûõ ñòèëÿõ äæàçîâîé ìóçûêè
furioso [ fju(@)rI´@Uz@U] a èò. íåèñòîâûé, áåøåíûé, ÿðîñòíûé;
´
ñòðàñòíûé
furious [´fjU(@)ri@s] a ÿðîñòíûé, íåèñòîâûé, áåçóäåðæíûé

G
G [³Ö] n 1) áóêâåííîå îáîçíà÷åíèå íîòû «ñîëü» 2) ñêðèïè÷íûé
êëþ÷, êëþ÷ «ñîëü»
gaff [g{f] n ðàçã. äåøåâûé ìþçèê-õîëë, áàëàãàí
Gagaku, gagaku [ g¸g¸´kü] n ãàãàêó (ÿïîíñêàÿ ñòàðèííàÿ ïðè-
äâîðíàÿ ìóçûêà)´
gala 66
gala [´g¸l@] n ïðàçäíåñòâî, òîðæåñòâî; ~ concert òîðæåñòâåí-
íûé (ïðàçäíè÷íûé) êîíöåðò; ~ day òîðæåñòâåííûé (ïðàç-
äíè÷íûé) äåíü; ~ òîðæåñòâåííûé (ïðàçäíè÷íûé) âå÷åð,
ãàëà-ïðåäñòàâëåíèå
gallery [´g{l@ri] n 1) õîðû 2) ãàëåðåÿ 3) áàëêîí, ãàëåðêà (â
òåàòðå)
gallery hit [´g{l@ri hIt] n ðàçã. èãðà íà ïóáëèêó; èãðà, ðàññ÷è-
òàííàÿ íà àïëîäèñìåíòû
galliard [´g{li@d] n ãàëüÿðäà (ñòàðèííûé èòàëüÿíñêèé è ôðàí-
öóçñêèé òàíåö)
gallop [´g{l@p] n ãàëîï (òàíåö)
gallopade [ g{l@´peId] n = gallop
´
gamba [´g{mb@] n âèîëà äà ãàìáà (ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
game theory [´geIm TI(@)ri] n òåîðèÿ èãð (èñïîëüçóåòñÿ â ñî-
´
÷èíåíèè ïðîèçâåäåíèé àâàíãàðäèñòñêîé ìóçûêè)
gamut [´g{m@t] n 1) ìóçûêàëüíûé çâóêîðÿä, ãàììà 2) äèà-
ïàçîí (ãîëîñà, èíñòðóìåíòà)
gavotte [g@´vÁt] n ãàâîò (ôðàíöóçñêèé òàíåö)
gay [geI] a âåñåëûé, ðàäîñòíûé
G clef [´³Ö ´klef] n êëþ÷ «ñîëü»
general [´³en(@)r@l] a 1) îáùèé, âñåîáùèé 2) ðàñïëûâ÷àòûé,
íåòî÷íûé, îáùèé; ~ impression îáùåå âïå÷àòëåíèå
generator [´³en@reIt@] n 1) íèæíèé çâóê àêêîðäà, ïðèìà 2) ïåð-
âûé ÷àñòè÷íûé òîí çâóêà
genius [´³Öni@s] n (pl òæ. -nii [nIaI]) 1) òîëüêî sing îäàðåííîñòü,
ãåíèàëüíîñòü; a man of ~ ãåíèàëüíûé ÷åëîâåê; 2) (pl -ses [sIz])
ãåíèé, ãåíèàëüíûé ÷åëîâåê, ãåíèàëüíàÿ ëè÷íîñòü; 3) òîëü-
êî sing òàëàíò, ñêëîííîñòü, ñïîñîáíîñòü; to have a ~ for music
îáëàäàòü áîëüøèìè ìóçûêàëüíûìè ñïîñîáíîñòÿìè
genre [´ZÁnr@] n ôð. 1) ìàíåðà, ñòèëü 2) æàíð
gentle [´³entl] a íåæíûé, ñïîêîéíûé, ìÿãêèé; ~ sounds íå-
æíûå çâóêè; ~ music òèõàÿ, íåæíàÿ ìóçûêà
genuine [´³enjuIn] a ïîäëèííûé, èñòèííûé
ghost dance [´g@Ust d¸ns] n îáðÿäîâûé òàíåö ñåâåðîàìåðèêàí-
ñêèõ èíäåéöåâ, ïîñâÿùåííûé óìåðøèì
gig [gIg] n ðàçã. àíãàæåìåíò íà îäíî âûñòóïëåíèå (îñîá. äæàçà)
gittern [´gItÆ:n] n êèôàðà; ëèðà
glee [glÖ] n 1) âåñåëîå ëèêîâàíèå 2) âèä ìíîãîãîëîñíîãî ïå-
íèÿ (áåç àêêîìïàíåìåíòà)
gle e club [´glÖ klöb] n êëóá èëè òîâàðèùåñòâî, îðãàíèçîâàí-
íîå äëÿ èñïîëíåíèÿ ïåñåí, áàëëàä è ò.ï. (áåç àêêîìïà-
íåìåíòà)
gleeful [´glÖf(@)l] a ðàäîñòíûé, âåñåëûé, ëèêóþùèé
gleeman [´glÖm@n] n ( pl -men [m@n]) èñò. ìåíåñòðåëü
67 grave

glide [glaId] I n 1) ïëàâíîå äâèæåíèå 2) õðîìàòè÷åñêàÿ ãàì-


ìà
glide [glaId] II v ñêîëüçèòü; to ~ the full bow âåñòè ïî ñòðóíàì
ïîëíûì ñìû÷êîì
glissando [glI´s{nd@U] I n ôð. ãëèññàíäî; rising/falling ~ âîñ-
õîäÿùåå/íèñõîäÿùåå ãëèññàíäî
glissando [glI´s{nd@U] II v äâèãàòüñÿ ïëàâíî; ñêîëüçèòü; ~ full
length of bow ïëàâíî âåñòè âñåì ñìû÷êîì
Glockenspiel [´glÁk@nspÖl] n íåì. ìåòàëëîôîí, ãëîêåíøïèëü;
íàáîð êîëîêîëü÷èêîâ
glorify [´glþrIfaI] v ïðîñëàâëÿòü; ïðåâîçíîñèòü
glorious [´glþri@s] a âåëèêîëåïíûé, ïðåêðàñíûé, ÷óäåñíûé, âîñ-
õèòèòåëüíûé
glory [´glþri] n ñëàâà; òðèóìô
gong [gÁÎ] n ãîíã (óäàðíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
gongstick [´gÁÎstIk] n ìîëîòî÷åê äëÿ ãîíãà
go on at once [´g@V´Án @t´wöns] v ñðàçó æå ïåðåéòè (ê ñëåäóþ-
ùåé ÷àñòè ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ)
gopak [g@U´p¸k] n ãîïàê (áåëîðóññêèé è óêðàèíñêèé íàðîä-
íûé òàíåö)
gospel [´gÁsp(@)l] n ðåëèãèîçíûå ïåñíè ñåâåðîàìåðèêàíñêèõ íå-
ãðîâ
gospel songs [´gÁsp(@)l ´sÁÎz] n pl = gospel
grace [greIs] n 1) ãðàöèÿ, èçÿùåñòâî 2) îðíàìåíòèêà (ìåëèç-
ìû, ôèîðèòóðû è ò.ï.)
graceful [´greIsf(@)l] a ãðàöèîçíûé, èçÿùíûé
grace-note [´greIsn@Ut] n 1) ôîðøëàã 2) ìåëèçì
gradation [gr@´deIS(@)n] n ãðàäàöèÿ, ïîñòåïåííîñòü (ïðè óñèëåíèè
èëè óìåíüøåíèè çâóêà è äâèæåíèÿ)
grade [greId] n ñòåïåíü; ñòóïåíü
gradually [´gr{³u@li] adv ïîñòåïåííî; ~ dying away ïîñòåïåí-
íî çàìèðàÿ
gramophone [´gr{m@f@Un] n 1) ãðàììîôîí 2) ïàòåôîí
grand [gr{nd] I n = grand piano
grand [gr{nd] II a áîëüøîé; ìîíóìåíòàëüíûé; ~ orchestra áîëü-
øîé ñèìôîíè÷åñêèé îðêåñòð; ~ opera áîëüøàÿ îïåðà (â ïðî-
òèâîïîëîæíîñòü êîìè÷åñêîé îïåðå è îïåðåòòå); G. Hall of
the Conservatoire Áîëüøîé çàë êîíñåðâàòîðèè
grandiose [´gr{ndi@Us] a 1) ãðàíäèîçíûé 2) ïîìïåçíûé, íà-
ïûùåííûé, ïðåòåíöèîçíûé
grandisonant [gr{n´dIs@n@nt] a çâó÷àùèé òîðæåñòâåííî
grand piano [ gr{nd pi´{n@U] n ðîÿëü
grave [greIv] a´ 1) çíà÷èòåëüíûé, òîðæåñòâåííûé 2) òÿæåëûé
3) íèçêèé (î òîíå)
great 68
great [greIt] a áîëüøîé, âåëèêèé
great organ [´greIt ´þg@n] n ãëàâíàÿ êëàâèàòóðà îðãàíà
greenroom [´grÖnrüm,˜´grÖnrUm] n 1) àðòèñòè÷åñêîå ôîéå 2) òå-
àòð. ðàçã. ñïëåòíè
greet [grÖt] v äîíîñèòüñÿ (î çâóêå)
Gregorian chants [grI gþri@n ´¶¸nts] n pl ãðåãîðèàíñêèå ïåñíî-
ïåíèÿ, ãðåãîðèàíñêèé ´ õîðàë (â öåðêîâíîé êàòîëè÷åñêîé
ìóçûêå) äëÿ ãîëîñà
grind [graInd] v (ground [graUnd]) èãðàòü íà øàðìàíêå
gross [gr@Us] a 1) áîëüøîé, êðóïíûé 2) ãðóáûé; ïðèòóïëåí-
íûé; ~ ear íåìóçûêàëüíûé ñëóõ
gross flute [´gr@Us ´flüt] n ïîïåðå÷íàÿ ôëåéòà
grotesque [gr@U´tesk] I n ãðîòåñê, ïðîèçâåäåíèå â ãðîòåñêíîé
ìàíåðå
grotesque [gr@U´tesk] II a ãðîòåñêíûé, ïðè÷óäëèâûé, ôàíòàñ-
òè÷åñêèé
ground [graUnd] n ïàðòåð (â òåàòðå)
ground-bass [ graUnd´beIs] n 1) áàññî îñòèíàòî (ïîâòîðÿþùà-
ÿñÿ òåìà â ´áàñó) 2) áàññî îñòèíàòî (èíñòðóìåíòàëüíîå ïðî-
èçâåäåíèå ñ íåèçìåííî ïîâòîðÿþùåéñÿ òåìîé â áàñó)
groundling [´graUndlIÎ] n 1) íåâçûñêàòåëüíûé çðèòåëü 2) çðè-
òåëü, ñòîÿùèé â ïàðòåðå (â Åëèçàâåòèíñêîì òåàòðå)
group [grüp] I n íåáîëüøîé âîêàëüíî-èíñòðóìåíòàëüíûé àí-
ñàìáëü; instrumental ~ èíñòðóìåíòàëüíûé àíñàìáëü
group [grüp] II v 1) ãðóïïèðîâàòü(ñÿ) 2) êëàññèôèöèðîâàòü,
ðàñïðåäåëÿòü ïî ãðóïïàì
growl [graUl] n 1) ãðîõîò, ðîêîòàíèå 2) ïðèåì èãðû íà ìåä-
íûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ (â äæàçå)
guaracha [gw¸´r¸¶@] n ãóàðà÷à (êóáèíñêèé òàíåö èñïàíñêîãî
ïðîèñõîæäåíèÿ)
guidance [´gaId(@)ns] n ðóêîâîäñòâî; under the ~ of ïîä ðóêî-
âîäñòâîì (îá îðêåñòðå, õîðå)
guitar [gI´t¸] I n ãèòàðà; to pluck a ~ ïåðåáèðàòü ñòðóíû ãèòà-
ðû; to play the ~ èãðàòü íà ãèòàðå
guitar [gI´t¸] II v èãðàòü (ñåðåíàäû) íà ãèòàðå
guitarist [gI´t¸rIst] n ãèòàðèñò
guslar [´gUsl@] n ðóñ. ãóñëÿð
gusli [´gUsli] n ðóñ. ãóñëè (ðóññêèé ùèïêîâûé èíñòðóìåíò)
gut scraper [´göt skreIp@] n øóòë. ñêðèïà÷
´
gut sring [´göt ´strIÎ] n æèëüíàÿ ñòðóíà
guttural [´göt(@)r@l] a ãîðòàííûé (çâóê)
gymel, gimel, gemell [´³Im@l] n ãèìåëü (ôîðìà ñðåäíåâåêîâîé
ïîëèôîíèè, cantus gemellus)
69 harmonious

H
habanera [ h{b@´nje(@)r@] n õàáàíåðà (èñïàíñêèé òàíåö-ïåñíÿ
´
êóáèíñêîãî ïðîèñõîæäåíèÿ)
half [h¸f] à ïîëîâèííûé; ~ cadance ïîëîâèííûé êàäàíñ
half note [´h¸f n@Ut] n àìåð. ïîëîâèííàÿ íîòà
half rest [´h¸f rest] n àìåð. ïîëîâèííàÿ ïàóçà
half step [´h¸f step] n àìåð. ïîëóòîí (íàèìåíüøåå ðàññòîÿíèå
ìåæäó çâóêàìè ïî âûñîòå â ñîâðåìåííîé 12-çâóêîâîé ìó-
çûêàëüíîé ñèñòåìå)
halftone [ h¸f´t@Un] n àìåð. = half step
´ çàë; concert ~ êîíöåðòíûé çàë; the Grand H. of the
hall [hþl] n
Conservatoire Áîëüøîé çàë êîíñåðâàòîðèè
halleluiah, halleluja(h), (h)alleluia [ h{lI´lüj@] int àëëèëóéÿ
´
hamme r [´h{m@] n ìîëîòî÷åê (â ìåõàíèçìå íåêîòîðûõ ìó-
çûêàëüíûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ); a ~ of a piano ìîëîòî÷åê ðîÿ-
ëÿ
hand [h{nd] n ðóêà, êèñòü ðóêè; piece for four ~s ïüåñà äëÿ
èãðû â ÷åòûðå ðóêè
handbell [´h{ndbel] n êîëîêîëü÷èê
handbill [´h{nd bIl] n ðåêëàìíûé ëèñòîê, àôèøà
hand-organ [´h{nd´ þg@n] n øàðìàíêà
´
ha rd [h¸d] adv ñèëüíî, èíòåíñèâíî, íàñòîé÷èâî, óïîðíî,
óñåðäíî
hard bop [´h¸d ´bÁp] n òâåðäûé áîï (îäèí èç ñòèëåé äæàçîâî-
ãî èñêóññòâà, ðàçíîâèäíîñòü ñòèëÿ áîï)
hard felt stick [´h¸d ´felt ´stIk] n ïàëî÷êà ñ ãîëîâêîé èç òâåð-
äîãî âîéëîêà
Harlem jump [´h¸l@m ´³ömp] n äæàç. ãàðëåìñêèé àêöåíò (îäèí
èç ñòèëåé ôîðòåïèàííîé èãðû â äæàçå)
harmonic [h¸´mÁnIk] n ãàðìîíè÷åñêèé ïðèçâóê, îáåðòîí
harmonic, harmonical [h¸´mÁnIk, h¸´mÁnIk(@)l] a 1) ãàðìîíè-
÷åñêèé, ãàðìîíè÷íûé, ñòðîéíûé 2) îòíîñÿùèéñÿ ê ãàð-
ìîíèè; ~ minor scale ãàðìîíè÷åñêèé âèä ìèíîðíîé ãàì-
ìû (ñ ñåäüìîé ïîâûøåííîé ñòóïåíüþ) 3) ìóçûêàëüíûé,
ìåëîäè÷íûé
harmonica [h¸´mÁnIk@] n 1) ñòåêëÿííàÿ ãàðìîíèêà 2) àêêîð-
äåîí 3) ãóáíàÿ ãàðìîíèêà
harmonically [h¸´mÁnIk(@)li] adv ãàðìîíè÷åñêè; ãàðìîíè÷íî
harmonicon [h¸´mÁnIkÁn] n 1) = harmonica 2) îðêåñòðèîí (ìó-
çûêàëüíûé ìåõàíè÷åñêèé èíñòðóìåíò, èìèòèðóþùèé îð-
êåñòð è íàïîìèíàþùèé âíåøíèì âèäîì îðãàí)
harmonic tone [h¸´mÁnIk ´t@Un] n îáåðòîí, ôëàæîëåò
harmonious [h¸´m@Uni@s] a 1) ãàðìîíè÷íûé; ãàðìîíèðóþùèé,
harmonist 70
ñîçâó÷íûé; ~ sounds ãàðìîíè÷íûå çâóêè; ~ voices ãàðìî-
íèðóþùèå ãîëîñà 2) ìåëîäè÷íûé, áëàãîçâó÷íûé; ~ songs
áëàãîçâó÷íûå ïåñíè
harmonist [´h¸m@nIst] n 1) ìóçûêàíò, êîìïîçèòîð 2) ãàðìî-
íèñò (ñïåöèàëèñò â îáëàñòè ãàðìîíèè) 3) îðêåñòðàòîð,
òðàíñêðèïòîð
harmonium [h¸´m@Uni@m] n ôèñãàðìîíèÿ (ÿçû÷êîâûé ïíåâìà-
òè÷åñêèé êëàâèøíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
harmonization [ h¸m@naI´zeIS(@)n] n ãàðìîíèðîâàíèå; ãàðìîíè-
çàöèÿ ´
harmonize, harmonise [´h¸m@naIz] v 1) ãàðìîíèðîâàòü, ñîãëà-
ñîâûâàòüñÿ, ñî÷åòàòüñÿ 2) ãàðìîíèçèðîâàòü; to ~ a melody
ãàðìîíèçèðîâàòü ìåëîäèþ
harmon mute [´h¸m@n ´mjüt] n äæàç. ñóðäèíà «õàðìîí» äëÿ ìåä-
íî-äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ
harmony [´h¸m@ni] n 1) ãàðìîíèÿ, ñîçâó÷èå 2) áëàãîçâó÷èå,
ñòðîéíîñòü çâó÷àíèÿ; the ~ of voices ñòðîéíîå çâó÷àíèå
ãîëîñîâ 3) ãàðìîíèÿ (ðàçäåë òåîðèè ìóçûêè)
harp [h¸p] I n àðôà
harp [h¸p] II v èãðàòü íà àðôå
harper [´h¸p@] n 1) àðôèñò 2) ìåíåñòðåëü
harpist [´h¸pIst] n (ïðîôåññèîíàëüíûé) àðôèñò
harpsichord [´h¸psIkþd] n êëàâåñèí (ùèïêîâûé êëàâèøíûé ìó-
çûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
harp-shaped [´h¸pSeIpt] a àðôîîáðàçíûé
harsh [h¸S] a ðåçêèé, íåïðèÿòíûé
hat [h{t] n ÷àøå÷íàÿ ñóðäèíà; äæàç. in ~ (èãðàòü) ñ ñóðäè-
íîé
haunting [´hþntIÎ] a ïðåñëåäóþùèé, çàïàäàþùèé â ïàìÿòü, íà-
âÿç÷èâûé (î ìåëîäèè, ðèòìå è ò.ï.)
hautbois, hautboy [´(h)@UbOI] n (pl -bois, -boys [OIz]) óñò. = oboe
hautboist [´(h)@UbOIIst] n = oboist
head [hed] n 1) ãîëîâêà ôëåéòû 2) ãîëîâêà íîòû 3) ìåìáðà-
íà (óäàðíûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ) 4) çàãëàâèå, çàãîëîâîê
heading [´hedIÎ] n çàãîëîâîê
headline [´hedlaIn] v àìåð. áûòü âåäóùèì àêòåðîì â øîó
headliner [´hedlaIn@] n ïîïóëÿðíûé àêòåð, çâåçäà ýêðàíà è ò.ï.
headnote [´hedn@Ut] n çâóê âûñîêîãî (ãîëîâíîãî) ðåãèñòðà ïåâ-
÷åñêîãî ãîëîñà
headphones [´hedf@Unz] n pl íàóøíèêè
head register [ hed ´re³Ist@] n ãîëîâíîé ðåãèñòð
´
head tone [´hedt@Un] n = headnote
head voice [´hedvOIs] n ãîëîâíîé ãîëîñ èëè ðåãèñòð
hear [hI@] v (heard [hÆ:d]) 1) ñëûøàòü 2) ñëóøàòü, âíèìàòü;
71 hit

to ~ a famous singer/violinist ñëóøàòü çíàìåíèòîãî ïåâöà/


ñêðèïà÷à
heart-piercing [´h¸t pI@sIÎ] a òðîãàòåëüíûé, äóøåùèïàòåëüíûé;
that sweet ~ melody ´ ýòà áëàãîçâó÷íàÿ è òðîãàòåëüíàÿ ìå-
ëîäèÿ
heavenly [´hev(@)nli] a ýìîö.-óñèë. âåëèêîëåïíûé, âîñõèòèòåëü-
íûé, èçóìèòåëüíûé, áîæåñòâåííûé
heavy [´hevi] a òÿæåëûé
helicon [´helIk@n] n ãåëèêîí (äóõîâîé èíñòðóìåíò)
hemidemisemiquaver [´hemIdemI´semI kweIv@] n øåñòüäåñÿò ÷åò-
âåðòàÿ íîòà ´
heroic [hI´r@UIk] a 1) ãåðîè÷åñêèé, ãåðîéñêèé 2) ãåðîè÷åñêèé,
ýïè÷åñêèé; ~ poem/poetry/song ýïè÷åñêàÿ ïîýìà/ïîýçèÿ/
ïåñíü 3) âûñîêîïàðíûé (î ÿçûêå)
heterogeneous [ het(@)r@U´³Öni@s] a ãåòåðîãåííûé, ðàçëè÷íûé,
íåîäíîðîäíûé, ´ ðàçíîðîäíûé
heterophony [´het@r@f@ni] n ãåòåðîôîíèÿ
hi-fi [´haI faI, haI ´faI] a ñîêð. îò high fidelity ( pl hi-fis); ~ set
ïðîèãðûâàòåëü´ è ò.ï. ñ âûñîêîé òî÷íîñòüþ âîñïðîèçâåäå-
íèÿ çâóêà
high [haI] I a âûñîêèé, ðåçêèé (î çâóêå); ~ pitch/tone âûñî-
êèé òîí; ~ voice âûñîêèé èëè ðåçêèé ãîëîñ; the violin is
not ~ enough ñêðèïêà íåäîñòàòî÷íî âûñîêî íàñòðîåíà
high [haI] II adv âûñîêî, ðåçêî, íà âûñîêèõ íîòàõ; to sing ~
ïåòü âûñîêèì ãîëîñîì; his voice rose ~ îí çàïåë âûñîêèì
ãîëîñîì
highhat [ haI´h{t] n = hi-hat
´
high-pitched [ haI ´pI¶t] a âûñîêèé, ïðîíçèòåëüíûé (î çâóêå)
high-toned [ haI ´ ´t@Und] a âûñîêèé (î çâóêå)
´
hi-hat [ haI´h{t] n ïåäàëüíûå òàðåëêè
hillbilly´[´hIlbIli] n àìåð. ðàçã. äåðåâåíñêèé; ~ songs/music íà-
ðîäíûå ïåñíè/-àÿ ìóçûêà; ~ band äåðåâåíñêèé îðêåñòð;
îðêåñòð íàðîäíûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ
hissing [´hIsIÎ] a øèïÿùèé, ñâèñòÿùèé (î çâóêå)
histrionic [ hIstri´ÁnIk] a 1) ñöåíè÷åñêèé, àêòåðñêèé 2) òåàò-
´
ðàëüíî íååñòåñòâåííûé
histrionics [ hIstri´ÁnIks] n 1) òåàòð. ïðåäñòàâëåíèå, ñïåêòàêëü;
´
òåàòðàëüíîå èñêóññòâî 2) òåàòðàëüíîñòü, íàèãðàííîñòü
hit [hIt] n 1) óäàð 2) óñïåõ; óäà÷à; luckily ~ íåîæèäàííûé óñ-
ïåõ, ñ÷àñòëèâûé ñëó÷àé, âåçåíüå; to be/make a (big) ~ èìåòü
(áîëüøîé) óñïåõ, ïðîèçâåñòè (øóìíóþ) ñåíñàöèþ; he made
a ~ with his songs åãî ïåñíè èìåëè îãðîìíûé óñïåõ 3) ïî-
ïóëÿðíàÿ ïåñåíêà, ïüåñà, ïëàñòèíêà è ò.ï.; I want to buy
~s from operas ÿ õî÷ó êóïèòü ïëàñòèíêè ñ ïîïóëÿðíûìè
hit 72
àðèÿìè èç îïåð 4) ïîïóëÿðíûé èñïîëíèòåëü, ëþáèìåö
ïóáëèêè
hit [hIt] v (hit) 1) óäàðÿòü/áèòü ïî ÷åìó-ë. 2) ïîäõîäèòü, íðà-
âèòüñÿ; to ~ smb’s taste ïðèéòèñü êîìó-ë. ïî âêóñó; to ~ the
taste of the public (ïî)íðàâèòüñÿ ïóáëèêå; how did it ~ you?
êàê âàì ýòî ïîíðàâèëîñü?, êàêîå ýòî ïðîèçâåëî íà âàñ âïå-
÷àòëåíèå?
hoa r se [hþs] a 1) õðèïëûé, ñèïëûé, îõðèïøèé (î ãîëîñå)
2) ãðóáûé, ðåçêèé, íåïðèÿòíûé, ðåæóùèé ñëóõ (î çâóêå)
hoboe [´h@Ub@U] n = oboe
hold [h@Uld] n = fermata
hole [h@Ul] n çâóêîâîå îòâåðñòèå ó äóõîâîãî èíñòðóìåíòà
hollow [´hÁl@U] a ãëóõîé (î çâóêå); ~ roar ãëóõîé ãóë
homogeneity [ h@Um@³I´nÖIti] n îäíîðîäíîñòü, ãîìîãåííîñòü
homogeneous ´[ h@Um@´³Öni@s] a îäíîðîäíûé, ãîìîãåííûé
´
homophonic [ hÁm@´fÁnIk] a ãîìîôîííûé, óíèñîííûé
homophonous ´[hÁ´mÁf@n@s] a = homophonic
homophony [hÁ´mÁf@ni] n ãîìîôîíèÿ (âèä ìíîãîãîëîñèÿ)
honorary [´Án(@)r@ri] a ïî÷åòíûé; ~ reward ïî÷åòíàÿ íàãðàäà;
~ title/degree ïî÷åòíîå çâàíèå/-àÿ ñòåïåíü; ~ monument
ïàìÿòíûé ìîíóìåíò, êåíîòàô
hono(u)r [´Án@] I n 1) ÷åñòü, äîáðîå èìÿ, õîðîøàÿ ðåïóòàöèÿ
2) ïî÷åò, ïî÷åñòü, óâàæåíèå, ïî÷òåíèå
hono(u)r [´Án@] II v 1) ïî÷èòàòü, ÷òèòü 2) (with) óäîñòàèâàòü
hono(u)rable [´Án(@)r@b(@)l] a 1) ÷åñòíûé, áëàãîðîäíûé 2) ïî-
÷åòíûé; ~ duty ïî÷åòíàÿ îáÿçàííîñòü 3) óâàæàåìûé, ïî-
÷òåííûé
hook [hUk] n ôëàæîê, õâîñòèê (÷àñòü íîòû)
hop [hÁp] I n ðàçã. òàíöû, íåáîëüøîé òàíöåâàëüíûé âå÷åð
hop [hÁp] II v ðàçã. òàíöåâàòü, îòïëÿñûâàòü, ïëÿñàòü
hopak [h@U´p¸k] n = gopak
horn [hþn] n 1) ðîã, ðîæîê, ãîðí; huntsman’s/hunting ~ îõîò-
íè÷èé ðîã; English ~ àíãëèéñêèé ðîæîê; to blow/wind the
~ òðóáèòü â ðîã, èãðàòü íà ðîæêå 2) âàëòîðíà; French ~
âàëòîðíà 3) ðóïîð (ãðîìêîãîâîðèòåëÿ); òðóáà (ãðàììîôîíà)
4) îðãàííûé ðåãèñòð
horn blower [´hþn bl@U@] n 1) ãîðíèñò 2) ðîæå÷íèê
hornp ipe [´hþnpaIp] ´ n 1) âîëûíêà 2) íàðîäíûé àíãëèéñêèé
òàíåö (ìàòðîññêèé)
horn tuba [´hþn ´tjüb@] n âàëòîðíîâàÿ òóáà, âàãíåðîâñêàÿ òóáà
horsehair [´hþshe@] n âîëîñ ñìû÷êà
hot [hÁt] n äæàç. ãîðÿ÷èé, îæèâëåííûé, çàõâàòûâàþùèé
hot jazz [´hÁt ´³{z] n ãîðÿ÷èé äæàç (îäíà èç ðàçíîâèäíîñòåé
äèêñèëåíäà)
73 husky

house [haUs] I n ( pl -ses [zIz]) 1) òåàòð. çðèòåëüíûé çàë; full


~ ïîëíûé ñáîð, àíøëàã, «âñå áèëåòû ïðîäàíû»; thin ~
ïîëóïóñòîé çàë; Opera H. îïåðíûé òåàòð 2) ïóáëèêà, çðè-
òåëè; appreciative ~ çðèòåëè, òåïëî ïðèíèìàþùèå àðòèñ-
òîâ; to bring down the ~ âûçâàòü ãðîì àïëîäèñìåíòîâ 3) ïðåä-
ñòàâëåíèå; the first ~ starts at 5 ïåðâîå ïðåäñòàâëåíèå íà-
÷èíàåòñÿ â 5 ÷àñîâ
ho use [haUz] II v âìåùàòü, ñîäåðæàòü; the Bolshoi ~ s 2000
spectators Áîëüøîé òåàòð âìåùàåò 2000 çðèòåëåé
h o w l [haUl] I n 1) âî é, çàâûâàí èå 2) ñò îí , êðèê, âî ïëü
3) âçðûâ, ãðîì; a ~ of laughter/merriment âçðûâ õîõîòà/âå-
ñåëüÿ
howl [haUl] II v 1) âûòü, çàâûâàòü 2) ñòîíàòü, ðåâåòü
howler [´haUl@] n ïëàêàëüùèê; ïëàêàëüùèöà
howling [´haUlIÎ] I n âîé, ðåâ
howling [´haUlIÎ] II a 1) âîþùèé 2) ðåâóùèé, âîïÿùèé 3) ýìîö.-
óñèë. âîïèþùèé, êðè÷àùèé, êîëîññàëüíûé, óæàñíûé; ~
success êîëîññàëüíûé, íåáûâàëûé óñïåõ
hum [höm] I n 1) ãóäåíèå, ãóë; ãëóõîé øóì, ðîêîò, ðîêîòà-
íèå 2) ìóðëûêàíüå, íàïåâàíèå
hum [höm] II v 1) ðîêîòàòü, ãóäåòü 2) íàïåâàòü, ïåòü áåç
ñëîâ; ìóðëûêàòü, ïåòü ñ çàêðûòûì ðòîì; to ~ a tune ìóð-
ëûêàòü ïåñåíêó; to ~ smth in a low tone ìóðëûêàòü ñåáå
ïîä íîñ
human [´hjüm@n] a 1) ÷åëîâå÷åñêèé, ãóìàííûé 2) ãóìàíèòàðíûé
humming [´hömIÎ] a æóææàùèé, ãóäÿùèé; ~ sound æóææàíèå,
ãóäåíèå
humoresque [ hjüm@´resk] n þìîðåñêà (ìóçûêàëüíàÿ ïüåñà)
´
humorous [´hjüm@r@s] a 1) þìîðèñòè÷åñêèé 2) çàáàâíûé, âå-
ñåëûé, ñìåøíîé, êîìè÷åñêèé; ~ songs êîìè÷åñêèå ïåñåíêè
humo(u)r [´hjüm@] n þìîð
humstrum [´hömström] n 1) ãðóáî ñäåëàííûé èëè ïëîõî íàñòðî-
åííûé ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò 2) áðåí÷àíèå, òðåíüêà-
íüå
hunting horn [´höntIÎ hþn] n îõîòíè÷èé ðîã
hurdy-gurdy [´hÆ:di gÆ:di] n 1) ëèðà ñ âðàùàòåëüíûì êîëåñîì
2) øàðìàíêà ´
hurry [´höri] n òðåìîëî
hush [höS] I n òèøèíà, ìîë÷àíèå
hush [höS] II v 1) çàñòàâëÿòü çàìîë÷àòü 2) óñïîêàèâàòü, óáà-
þêèâàòü 3) óñïîêàèâàòüñÿ, óòèõàòü
husky [´höski] a ñèïëûé, õðèïëûé; ~ voice õðèïëûé, ñèïëûé
ãîëîñ; the viola tone is ~ in the low register òîí àëüòà â íèçêîì
ðåãèñòðå õðèïëîâàòûé
hydrolicon 74
hydrolicon [haI´drþlIk@n] n âîäÿíîé îðãàí, ãèäðàâëîñ (III â. äî
í. ý.)
hymn [hIm] I n 1) öåðêîâíûé ãèìí, ïñàëîì 2) õâàëåáíàÿ ïåñíÿ,
ïðîñëàâëåíèå, ãèìí
hymn [hIm] II v 1) ïåòü õâàëó, âîñõâàëÿòü 2) ïåòü ãèìíû, ïñàëìû
hymnal [´hImn(@)l] I n ñáîðíèê öåðêîâíûõ ãèìíîâ, ïñàëòûðü
hymnal [´hImn(@)l] II a îòíîñÿùèéñÿ ê öåðêîâíûì ãèìíàì
hymn book [´hIm bUk] n = hymnal I
hymnist [´hImnIst] n ïñàëìîïåâåö; ñî÷èíèòåëü ïñàëìîâ
hymnody [´hImn@di] n 1) èñïîëíåíèå öåðêîâíûõ ãèìíîâ 2) èçó-
÷åíèå öåðêîâíûõ ãèìíîâ 3) ñîáðàíèå öåðêîâíûõ ãèìíîâ
hymnographer [hIm´nÁgr@f@] n = hymnist

I
ice-dance [´aIsd¸ns] n 1) òàíåö íà ëüäó 2) áàëåò íà ëüäó
ice-dancing [´aIs d¸nsIÎ] n = ice-dance
idea [aI´dI@] n 1)´ èäåÿ, ìûñëü 2) òåìà (ìóçûêàëüíîãî ïðîèç-
âåäåíèÿ)
ideal [ aI´dI@l] I n 1) èäåàë 2) âåðõ ñîâåðøåíñòâà
ideal [´ aI´dI@l] II a 1) èäåàëüíûé, ñîâåðøåííûé, ïðåâîñõîä-
íûé´ 2) âîîáðàæàåìûé, ìûñëåííûé
idiom [´Idi@m] n èäèîìàòè÷åñêîå âûðàæåíèå; õàðàêòåðíûé (äëÿ
äàííîãî àâòîðà) îáîðîò
idiosyncrasy [ Idi@´sIÎkr@si] n îñîáåííîñòü ñòèëÿ, ìàíåðû
idyl(l) [´IdIl] n´ 1) èäèëëèÿ ( òî æå â ïåðåí. ) 2) ïàñòîðàëü (íå-
áîëüøàÿ îïåðà, ïàíòîìèìà, áàëåò, íàïèñàííûå íà èäèë-
ëèñòè÷åñêèé ñþæåò èç ñåëüñêîé æèçíè) 3) èäèëëèÿ (èí-
ñòðóìåíòàëüíàÿ ïüåñà èëè ÷àñòü öèêëè÷åñêîãî ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ
ïðîãðàììíî-èçîáðàçèòåëüíîãî õàðàêòåðà)
image [´ImI³] I n ìûñëèìûé îáðàç, ïðåäñòàâëåíèå; vague ~
ñìóòíîå, îòäàëåííîå ïðåäñòàâëåíèå
image [´ImI³] II v 1) èçîáðàæàòü, îòîáðàæàòü 2) ïðåäñòàâëÿòü
ñåáå, âîîáðàæàòü 3) îïèñûâàòü (ÿðêî, îáðàçíî) 4) áûòü
òèïè÷íûì, ñèìâîëèçèðîâàòü (÷òî-ë.)
imaginary [I´m{³In(@)ri] a âîîáðàæàåìûé; íåðåàëüíûé
imagination [I m{³I´neIS(@)n] n 1) âîîáðàæåíèå, ôàíòàçèÿ; to
catch smb’s´ ~ çàõâàòèòü ÷üå-ë. âîîáðàæåíèå; to surpass all
~ ïðåâçîéòè âñå îæèäàíèÿ 2) òâîð÷åñêîå âîîáðàæåíèå
imaginative [I´m{³In@tIv] a 1) îäàðåííûé áîãàòûì âîîáðàæå-
íèåì; ~ power ñèëà âîîáðàæåíèÿ 2) îáëàäàþùèé òâîð÷åñ-
êèì âîîáðàæåíèåì; ~ composer ÿðêèé êîìïîçèòîð
imagine [I´m{³In] v 1) âîîáðàæàòü, ïðåäñòàâëÿòü ñåáå 2) ïðåä-
ïîëàãàòü, äóìàòü 3) äîãàäûâàòüñÿ, ïîíèìàòü
75 impressionistic

imbroglio [Im´br@Uli@U] n ( pl -glios [li@Us]) ïîëèðèòìèÿ


imitate [´ImIteIt] v ïîäðàæàòü, êîïèðîâàòü, èìèòèðîâàòü
imitation [ ImI´teIS(@)n] n èìèòàöèÿ; ïîäðàæàíèå, êîïèðîâàíèå
´
imitative [´ImIt@tIv] a 1) ïîäðàæàòåëüíûé 2) ïîääåëüíûé, íå-
íàñòîÿùèé
imitator [´ImIteIt@] n ïîäðàæàòåëü, èìèòàòîð
immelodious [ ImI´l@UdI@s] a íåìåëîäè÷íûé
´
impassioned [Im´p{S(@)nd] a ñòðàñòíûé, ïûëêèé
imperceptible [ Imp@´septIb(@)l] a íåîùóòèìûé, íåóëîâèìûé; ~
cha nge å äâà´ çàìåò íîå, íåçíà ÷èòåëüíîå èçìå íåíèå ; ~
gradations ìåëü÷àéøèå îòòåíêè; ~ touch ëåãêîå ïðèêîñíî-
âåíèå
imperfect [Im´pÆ:fIkt] a 1) íåñîâåðøåííûé, ïëîõîé 2) íåïîë-
íûé, íåçàêîí÷åííûé, íåçàâåðøåííûé
imperfect cadence [Im´pÆ:fIkt ´keId@ns] n íåñîâåðøåííûé êàäàíñ
imperfection [ Imp@´fekS(@)n] n 1) íåñîâåðøåíñòâî, íåïîëíîòà
´
(êàêèõ-ë. êà÷åñòâ è ò.ï.) 2) íåäîñòàòîê, äåôåêò, èçúÿí
impersonal [Im´pÆ:s(@)n@l] a áåñïðèñòðàñòíûé, îáúåêòèâíûé, áåñ-
ñòðàñòíûé
impersonate [Im´pÆ:s@nIt] I a îëèöåòâîðåííûé; âîïëîùåííûé
impersonate [Im´pÆ:s@neIt] II v 1) òåàòð. èñïîëíÿòü ðîëü, èã-
ðàòü 2) îëèöåòâîðÿòü, âîïëîùàòü
impersonation [Im pÆ:s@´neIS(@)n] n 1) èçîáðàæåíèå (êîãî-ë.)
´
2) òåàòð. èñïîëíåíèå ðîëè 3) îëèöåòâîðåíèå, âîïëîùå-
íèå; to be the ~ of smth áûòü âîïëîùåíèåì ÷åãî-ë.
impersonify [ Imp@´sÁnIfaI] v 1) èçîáðàæàòü (êîãî-ë.), ïîäðàæàòü
êîìó-ë. 2)´ îëèöåòâîðÿòü, âîïëîùàòü
impetuosity [Im pe¶u´ÁsIti] n ïîðûâèñòîñòü, ïûëêîñòü, ñòðåìè-
´
òåëüíîñòü, èìïóëüñèâíîñòü
impetus [´ImpIt@s] n 1) òîë÷îê, èìïóëüñ 2) ñòèìóë, ïîáóæäå-
íèå; to give an ~ to smth äàòü òîë÷îê ÷åìó-ë., ïîáóäèòü ê
÷åìó-ë.
implication [ ImplI´keIS(@)n] n ñêðûòûé ñìûñë, çíà÷åíèå
´
implicit [Im´plIsIt] a ïîäðàçóìåâàåìûé, íå âûðàæåííûé ïðÿ-
ìî
implied [Im´plaId] a ïîäðàçóìåâàåìûé, ïðåäïîëàãàåìûé
important [Im´pþt(@)nt] a âàæíûé, çíà÷èòåëüíûé, âëèÿòåëüíûé
impresario [ ImprI´s¸ri@U] n (pl -os [@Us], -ri [ri]) èìïðåñàðèî,
´
àíòðåïðåíåð
impress [Im´pres] v ïðîèçâîäèòü âïå÷àòëåíèå (íà êîãî-ë.)
impression [´Im´preS(@)n] n âïå÷àòëåíèå
impressionism [Im´preS(@)nIz(@)m] n èìïðåññèîíèçì
impressionist [Im´preS(@)nIst] n èìïðåññèîíèñò
impressionistic [Im preS@´nIstIk] a èìïðåññèîíèñòñêèé
´
impressive 76
impressive [Im´presIv] a ïðîèçâîäÿùèé ãëóáîêîå âïå÷àòëåíèå,
âïå÷àòëÿþùèé; âûðàçèòåëüíûé, âîëíóþùèé
impromptu [Im´prÁmptjü] I n ôð. ýêñïðîìò
impromptu [Im´prÁmptjü] II a ôð. èìïðîâèçèðîâàííûé
impromptu [Im´prÁmptjü] III adv ôð. áåç ïîäãîòîâêè, ýêñïðîìòîì
improvisation [ Impr@vaI´zeIS(@)n] n èìïðîâèçàöèÿ
´
improvisator [Im´prÁvIzeIt@] n èìïðîâèçàòîð
improvisatorial [Im prÁvIz@´tÁrI@l] a èìïðîâèçàòîðñêèé; ~ gift/talent
èìïðîâèçàòîðñêîå ´ äàðîâàíèå/òàëàíò èìïðîâèçàòîðà
improvize, improvise [´Impr@vaIz] v èìïðîâèçèðîâàòü
in [In] prep â, íà, èç; ~ A, ~ B, ~ F è ò.ä. ñòðîé èíñòðóìåí-
òîâ, òðàíñïîíèðóþùèõ â ëÿ, ñè-áåìîëü, ôà è ò.ä.
in-accord [ In @´kþd] n äèñãàðìîíèÿ; íåñîãëàñîâàííîñòü, íå-
´
áëàãîçâó÷èå
inartistic [ In¸´tIstIk] a 1) íåõóäîæåñòâåííûé, íåàðòèñòè÷íûé
´
2) ëèøåííûé õóäîæåñòâåííîãî âêóñà
inborn [ In´bþn] a âðîæäåííûé; ïðèðîæäåííûé; ïðèðîäíûé
incessant´ [In´ses(@)nt] a íåïðåðûâíûé, áåñïðåñòàííûé, áåñêî-
íå÷íûé, ïîñòîÿííûé
incessible [In´sesIbl] a íåïðåðûâíûé, áåñïðåñòàííûé
incidental [ InsI´dentl] a ñëó÷àéíûé, íåñóùåñòâåííûé; ïîáî÷-
íûé ´
incidental music [ InsI´dentl ´mjüzIk] n ìóçûêà ê äðàìå, ôèëüìó
incipit [In´sIpIt] ëàò´ . îáîçíà÷åíèå íà÷àëà ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ
inclination [ InklI´neIS(@)n] n âëå÷åíèå, ñêëîííîñòü; to have an
~ for music´ èìåòü ñêëîííîñòü ê ìóçûêå
include [In´klüd] v ñîäåðæàòü, çàêëþ÷àòü â ñåáå, èìåòü â ñâî-
åì ñîñòàâå
incompetent [In´kÁmpItent] a íåêîìïåòåíòíûé, íåñâåäóùèé; íå-
ñïîñîáíûé; íåóìåëûé
incomplete [ Ink@m´plÖt] íåïîëíûé; ~ measure íåïîëíûé òàêò;
~ seventh ´chord íåïîëíûé ñåïòàêêîðä
incomprehensible [In kÁmprI´hensIb(@)l] a íåïîíÿòíûé; íåâðàçó-
´
ìèòåëüíûé; íåïîñòèæèìûé
incomprehension [In kÁmprI´henS(@)n] n íåïîíèìàíèå
´
inconceivable [ Ink@n´sÖv@b(@)l] a íåïîíÿòíûé, íåïîñòèæèìûé
´
incongruent [In´kÁÎgrU@nt] a êíèæí. íåñîîòâåòñòâåííûé, íåñî-
îáðàçíûé
incongruity [ Ink@n´grüIti] n 1) íåñîîòâåòñòâèå; íåñîîáðàçíîñòü;
´
íåñî÷åòàåìîñòü; íåñîâìåñòèìîñòü 2) íåóìåñòíîñòü
incongruous [In´kÁÎgru@s] a íåñîîòâåòñòâåííûé; íåñîîáðàçíûé;
íåïîäõîäÿùèé; íåñî÷åòàåìûé; íåñîâìåñòèìûé
inconsequence [ In´kÁnsIkw@ns] n íåïîñëåäîâàòåëüíîñòü, íåëî-
ãè÷íîñòü ´
77 inherent

inconsiderable [ Ink@n´sId(@)r@b(@)l] a íåçíà÷èòåëüíûé, íåñóùå-


´
ñòâåííûé, íè÷òîæíûé
inconsistency [ Ink@n´sIst(@)nsi] n 1) íåñîâìåñòèìîñòü; íåñîîò-
´
âåòñòâèå, íåñîîáðàçíîñòü 2) íåïîñëåäîâàòåëüíîñòü, ïðî-
òèâîðå÷èå
inconsonant [In´kÁns@n@nt] a (with, to) íåñîçâó÷íûé, íåãàðìî-
íèðóþùèé
inconspicuous [ Ink@n´spIkju@s] a íåçàìåòíûé, íåïðèìåòíûé, íå
ïðèâëåêàþùèé ´ âíèìàíèå
inconstant [In´kÁnst@nt] a íåïîñòîÿííûé, èçìåí÷èâûé; ~ style
íåðîâíûé ñòèëü
increase [´IÎkrÖs] I n âîçðàñòàíèå, óâåëè÷åíèå
increase [In´krÖs] II v 1) óâåëè÷èâàòü, óñèëèâàòü 2) óâåëè÷è-
âàòüñÿ, ðàñòè; óñèëèâàòüñÿ
indefinite [In´def(@)nIt] a íåîïðåäåëåííûé; ~ sound çâóê íå-
îïðåäåëåííîé âûñîòû
indignation [ IndIg´neIS(@)n] n íåãîäîâàíèå
´
indistinct [ IndI´stIÎkt] a 1) íåÿñíûé, íåîò÷åòëèâûé; ~ sound
´
íåÿñíûé çâóê 2) ñìóòíûé, ðàñïëûâ÷àòûé; ~ idea/image
ñìóòíîå ïîíÿòèå/-ûé îáðàç
inefficient [ InI´fIS(@)nt] a íåñïîñîáíûé, íåóìåëûé
´
inelegant [In´elIg@nt] a íåèçÿùíûé; íåýëåãàíòíûé; òÿæåëîâåñíûé
(î ñòèëå)
inevitable [I´nevIt@b(@)l] a íåèçáåæíûé, íåìèíóåìûé
infamous [´Inf@m@s] a ïîëüçóþùèéñÿ äóðíîé ñëàâîé, èìåþùèé
äóðíóþ ðåïóòàöèþ, áåññëàâíûé
inferior [In´fI(@)ri@] a (÷àñòî to) õóäøèé (ïî êà÷åñòâó); ìåíü-
øèé (ïî êîëè÷åñòâó); ~ in importance èìåþùèé ìåíüøåå
çíà÷åíèå
infinite [´InfInIt] a áåñêîíå÷íûé, áåñïðåäåëüíûé, áåçãðàíè÷-
íûé; ~ canon áåñêîíå÷íûé êàíîí
inf la me [In´fleIm] v (with) âîëíîâàòü, âîçáóæäàòü; to ~ the
audience çàæå÷ü, óâëå÷ü àóäèòîðèþ
inflect [In´flekt] v ìîäóëèðîâàòü (î ãîëîñå)
inflection, inflexion [In´flekS(@)n] n ìóçûêàëüíàÿ èíòîíàöèÿ; ìî-
äóëÿöèÿ, èçìåíåíèå èíòîíàöèè
infrequent [In´frÖkw@nt] a ðåäêèé, íå ÷àñòî âñòðå÷àþùèéñÿ èëè
ñëó÷àþùèéñÿ; ~ opportunity ðåäêàÿ âîçìîæíîñòü
inharmonic, inharmonical [ Inh¸´mÁnIk, Inh¸´mÁnIk(@)l] a íåãàð-
ìîíè÷íûé; íàðóøàþùèé ´ ãàðìîíèþ ´
inharmonious [ Inh¸´m@Uni@s] a 1) íåãàðìîíè÷íûé, íåñòðîé-
íî çâó÷àùèé, ´ íåñòðîéíûé, íåñîçâó÷íûé 2) íåãàðìîíè-
ðóþùèé, íåñî÷åòàþùèéñÿ
inherent [In´hI(@)r@nt, In´her@nt] a 1) ïðèñóùèé, ñâîéñòâåííûé;
inherently 78
to be ~ in smth áûòü ïðèñóùèì, ñâîéñòâåííûì ÷åìó-ë.
2) íåîòúåìëåìûé 3) âðîæäåííûé, ïðèðîæäåííûé; an ~ love
of beauty ïðèðîæäåííàÿ òÿãà ê ïðåêðàñíîìó
inherently [In´hI(@)r@ntli, In´her@ntli] adv ïî ñâîåìó ñóùåñòâó, â
ñâîåì ñóùåñòâå, â ñâîåé îñíîâå
inhospitable [ InhÁ´spIt@b(@)l] a ìðà÷íûé, óíûëûé, ñóðîâûé
´
inhuman [In´hjüm@n] a áåñ÷åëîâå÷íûé, æåñòîêèé, áåçæàëîñò-
íûé
inimical [I´nImIk(@)l] a íåáëàãîïðèÿòíûé; âðåäíûé; ~ circum-
stances to success îáñòîÿòåëüñòâà, íåáëàãîïðèÿòñòâóþùèå/
ïðåïÿòñòâóþùèå óñïåõó
initial [I´nIS(@)l] a íà÷àëüíûé, çàãëàâíûé
initiate [I´nISieIt] v 1) íà÷èíàòü, ïðèñòóïàòü; to ~ work ïðèñòóïèòü
ê ðàáîòå 2) (into) çíàêîìèòü ñ îñíîâàìè
in moderation [In mÁd@´reIS(@)n] adv óìåðåííî, ñäåðæàííî
innocent [´In@s(@)nt] a íåâèííûé, áåçûñêóñíûé, ïðîñòîé
inobservant [ In@b´zÆ:v(@)nt] a íåâíèìàòåëüíûé, íåíàáëþäàòåëü-
´
íûé; ~ spectator íåâíèìàòåëüíûé çðèòåëü
insatiable [In´seIS@b(@)l] a íåíàñûòíûé, æàäíûé; íåóòîìèìûé;
~ desire íåóòîìèìîå æåëàíèå; ~ ambition íåóåìíîå ÷åñòî-
ëþáèå
inscribe [In´skraIb] v (to) äåëàòü äàðñòâåííóþ íàäïèñü, ïîñâÿùàòü
insensible [In´sensIb(@)l] a íå÷óâñòâèòåëüíûé, íåîùóòèìûé
inseparable [In´sep(@)r@b(@)l] a íåîòäåëèìûé, íåðàçäåëüíûé; íå-
ðàçðûâíûé, íåðàçëó÷íûé
insight [´InsaIt] n 1) ïðîíèöàòåëüíîñòü; ñïîñîáíîñòü ïðîíèê-
íîâåíèÿ â ñóùíîñòü 2) ïîíèìàíèå, èíòóèöèÿ; deep/keen
ãëóáîêîå ïîíèìàíèå; to understand through ~ èíòóèòèâíî
ïîíèìàòü (÷òî-ë.)
insignificant [ InsIg´nIfIk@nt] a 1) íåçíà÷èòåëüíûé, íåñóùåñòâåí-
´
íûé, ìàëîâàæíûé 2) íè÷òîæíûé, ìàëåíüêèé 3) áåññî-
äåðæàòåëüíûé, ïóñòîé, íè÷åãî íå âûðàæàþùèé
insincere [ InsIn´sI@] a íåèñêðåííèé, ëèöåìåðíûé
´
insipid [In´sIpId] a 1) áåçâêóñíûé, ïðåñíûé 2) ñêó÷íûé, íå-
èíòåðåñíûé; ~ beauty áåçæèçíåííàÿ, õîëîäíàÿ êðàñîòà
inspiration [ InspI´reIS(@)n] n âäîõíîâåíèå; âîîäóøåâëåíèå
´
inspire [In´spaI@] v 1) âíóøàòü, âñåëÿòü, çàðîíÿòü (ìûñëü, ÷óâ-
ñòâî è ò.ï.) 2) âäîõíîâëÿòü, âîîäóøåâëÿòü; to ~ audience
âäîõíîâèòü, çàæå÷ü àóäèòîðèþ
instant [´Inst@nt] a íåìåäëåííûé, íåçàìåäëèòåëüíûé; ìãíîâåí-
íûé; ~ success ìãíîâåííûé óñïåõ
instruct [In´strökt] v ó÷èòü, îáó÷àòü
instruction [In´strökS(@)n] n îáó÷åíèå, ïðîñâåùåíèå; to give ~
in music îáó÷àòü ìóçûêå
79 interlace

instructive [In´ströktIv] a ïîó÷èòåëüíûé; ~ experience öåííûé


îïûò
instrument [´Instrum@nt] I n ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò; stringed/
winged/percussion ~s ñòðóííûå/äóõîâûå/óäàðíûå èíñòðóìåí-
òû; to play an ~ èãðàòü íà (ìóçûêàëüíîì) èíñòðóìåíòå; to
tune an ~ íàñòðàèâàòü èíñòðóìåíò
instrument [´Instrum@nt] II v èíñòðóìåíòèðîâàòü, îðêåñòðîâàòü
instrumental [ Instru´mentl] a èíñòðóìåíòàëüíûé; ~ ensemble/
´
group èíñòðóìåíòàëüíûé àíñàìáëü/-àÿ ãðóïïà; ~ music èí-
ñòðóìåíòàëüíàÿ ìóçûêà
instrumentally [ Instru´ment(@)li] adv â èíñòðóìåíòàëüíîì èñ-
ïîëíåíèè ´
instrumentalist [ Instru´ment(@)lIst] n èíñòðóìåíòàëèñò (ìóçû-
êàíò) ´
instrumentation [ Instrumen´teIS(@)n] n 1) èíñòðóìåíòîâêà, îð-
êåñòðîâêà 2) ìàíåðà´ èñïîëíåíèÿ
instrumentist [´Instrum@ntIst] n = instrumentalist
integrated [´IntIgreItId] a çàâåðøåííûé, çàêîí÷åííûé
in te nse [In´tens] a 1) ñèëüíûé, ÷ðåçìåðíûé; çíà÷èòåëüíûé
2) íàïðÿæåííûé, èíòåíñèâíûé 3) âïå÷àòëèòåëüíûé, ýê-
ñöåíòðè÷íûé
intensely [In´tensli] adv 1) ñèëüíî, î÷åíü; ÷ðåçìåðíî 2) ñ íà-
ïðÿæåíèåì, íàïðÿæåííî, âíèìàòåëüíî
intensify [In´tensIfaI] v 1) óñèëèâàòü 2) óñèëèâàòüñÿ, íàðàñòàòü
intensity [In´tensIti] n èíòåíñèâíîñòü, ñèëà; ãëóáèíà; ~ of sound
ñèëà, íàñûùåííîñòü çâóêà; ~ of passion ñèëà ñòðàñòè 2) íà-
ïðÿæåííîñòü
intensive [In´tensIv] a 1) èíòåíñèâíûé, íàïðÿæåííûé; óñèëåí-
íûé 2) ãëóáîêèé, òùàòåëüíûé
intent [In´tent] a 1) (on) ïîãðóæåííûé (âî ÷òî-ë.); ïîãëîùåí-
íûé, çàíÿòûé (÷åì-ë.) 2) ïîëíûé ðåøèìîñòè; ~ to succeed
íàñòîé÷èâî äîáèâàþùèéñÿ óñïåõà
intention [In´tenS(@)n] n íàìåðåíèå, óìûñåë, ñòðåìëåíèå, öåëü
interact [ Int@r´{kt] n èíòåðìåäèÿ, àíòðàêò
´
interchangeable [ Int@´¶eIn³@b(@)l] a âçàèìîçàìåíÿåìûé; ðàâíî-
´
öåííûé, ðàâíîçíà÷íûé
interchangeably [ Int@´¶eIn³@b(@)li] adv 1) çàìåíÿÿ äðóã äðóãà
2) ïîïåðåìåííî, ´ ïîî÷åðåäíî; ñìåíÿÿ äðóã äðóãà
interdependent [ Int@dI´pend@nt] a âçàèìîçàìåíÿåìûé, çàâèñÿ-
ùèé äðóã îò äðóãà´
interflow [´Int@fl@U] I n ñëèÿíèå, ñìåøèâàíèå
interflow [ Int@´fl@U] II v ñëèâàòüñÿ, ñìåøèâàòüñÿ
interlace [ ´Int@´leIs] v 1) ïåðåïëåòàòü, îïëåòàòü; ñîåäèíÿòü 2) ïå-
´
ðåïëåòàòüñÿ, ñïëåòàòüñÿ; ñîåäèíÿòüñÿ
interlude 80
interlude [´Int@lüd] I n 1) èíòåðëþäèÿ 2) àíòðàêò, ïåðåðûâ ìåæ-
äó äåéñòâèÿìè, àêòàìè 3) òåàòð. èñò. êðàòêîå ïðåäñòàâ-
ëåíèå ìåæäó îñíîâíûìè äåéñòâèÿìè ñïåêòàêëÿ, èíòåðëþäèÿ
interlude [´Int@lüd] II v 1) ïðåðûâàòü äåéñòâèå ïüåñû èëè ñïåê-
òàêëÿ ïðîìåæóòî÷íûì ýïèçîäîì, ôàðñîì è ò.ï. 2) óñò. äàâàòü
ïüåñó
intermezzo [ Int@´mets@U] n ( pl -i [i], -os [@Us]) 1) èíòåðìåäèÿ
´
2) èíòåðìåööî
intermission [ Int@´mIS(@)n] n 1) àìåð. àíòðàêò 2) ïåðåðûâ, ïà-
´
óçà, îñòàíîâêà
intermixed [ Int@´mIkst] a ñìåøàííûé; òåñíî ñïëåòåííûé
internal pedal ´ [In´tÆ:nl ´pedl] n âûäåðæàííûé òîí â ñðåäíèõ ãî-
ëîñàõ
international [ Int@´n{S(@)n@l] a ìåæäóíàðîäíûé, èíòåðíàöèî-
íàëüíûé; ~´ competition of vocalists ìåæäóíàðîäíûé êîí-
êóðñ ïåâöîâ
Internationale [ Int@n{S@´n{l] n Èíòåðíàöèîíàë (ìåæäóíàðîä-
íûé ïðîëåòàðñêèé´ ãèìí, ïàðòèéíûé ãèìí Êîììóíèñòè-
÷åñêîé ïàðòèè Ñîâåòñêîãî Ñîþçà)
interplay [´Int@pleI] n âçàèìîäåéñòâèå, âçàèìîñâÿçü; the ~ of plot
and character âçàèìîäåéñòâèå ñþæåòà è îáðàçà
interpret [In´tÆ:prIt] v 1) òîëêîâàòü, èíòåðïðåòèðîâàòü 2) ðàñ-
êðûâàòü çàìûñåë, ñîäåðæàíèå (ìóçûêàëüíîãî ïðîèçâåäå-
íèÿ)
interpretation [In tÆ:prI´teIS(@)n] n 1) èíòåðïðåòàöèÿ, òîëêîâà-
íèå, îáúÿñíåíèå ´ 2) ðàñêðûòèå çàìûñëà, ñîäåðæàíèÿ
interpreter [In´tÆ:prIt@] n 1) èíòåðïðåòàòîð 2) ïåðåâîä÷èê
interrelated [ Int@rI´leItId] a âçàèìîäåéñòâóþùèé; âçàèìîñâÿçàí-
´
íûé, ñîîòíåñåííûé
interrelation [ Int@rI´leIS(@)n] n âçàèìîîòíîøåíèå, âçàèìîñâÿçü,
ñîîòíîøåíèå ´
interrupt [ Int@´röpt] v ïðåðûâàòü, ïðèîñòàíàâëèâàòü (õîä, òå-
´
÷åíèå ÷åãî-ë.)
interrupted cadance [ Int@´röptId ´keId@ns] n ïðåðâàííûé êàäàíñ
´
interruptedly [ Int@´röptIdli] adv ñ ïåðåðûâàìè, ñ ïðîìåæóòêà-
ìè; ïðåðûâèñòî´
interruption [ Int@´röpS(@)n] n 1) ïåðåðûâ, âðåìåííîå ïðåêðà-
´
ùåíèå, ïðèîñòàíîâêà; çàìèíêà, çàäåðæêà 2) íàðóøåíèå,
ïîìåõà, ïðåïÿòñòâèå
interval 1 [´Int@v(@)l] n èíòåðâàë; major/minor ~ áîëüøîé/ìàëûé
èíòåðâàë; ~signs èíòåðâàëüíûå çíàêè; upper tone of ~ âåð-
õíèé òîí èíòåðâàëà
interval 2 [´Int@v(@)l] n = intermission
in time [In´taIm] adv âîâðåìÿ
81 inverted

intimite [´IntImIt] a 1) ãëóáîêèé, ñîêðîâåííûé; ~ feelings/thoughts


ñîêðîâåííûå ÷óâñòâà/ìûñëè 2) áëèçêèé, çàäóøåâíûé; ~
friends áëèçêèå äðóçüÿ 3) õîðîøî çíàêîìûé, ãëóáîêèé (î
çíàíèè)
intonate [In´t@UneIt] v = intone 2)
intonation [ Int@´neIS(@)n] n 1) èíòîíàöèÿ 2) ïðîèçíåñåíèå íà-
´
ðàñïåâ; ÷òåíèå ðå÷èòàòèâîì 3) çà÷èí (â öåðêîâíîé ìóçûêå)
intone [In´t@Un] v 1) èíòîíèðîâàòü; ìîäóëèðîâàòü (î ãîëîñå)
2) ïðîèçíîñèòü íàðàñïåâ; èñïîëíÿòü ðå÷èòàòèâîì 3) çà-
ïåâàòü, ïåòü ïåðâûå ñëîâà
intoxicating [In´tÁksIkeItIÎ] a 1) îïüÿíÿþùèé 2) ïüÿíÿùèé, âîç-
áóæäàþùèé
intoxication [In tÁksI´keIS(@)n] n 1) îïüÿíåíèå 2) âîçáóæäåíèå,
óâëå÷åíèå ´
intricacy [´IntrIk@si] n çàïóòàííîñòü, ñëîæíîñòü; the ~ of a plot
çàïóòàííîñòü, ñëîæíîñòü ñþæåòà; the ~ of form ñëîæíîñòü
ôîðìû
intricate [´IntrIkIt] a çàïóòàííûé, ñëîæíûé, çàìûñëîâàòûé
intrigue [´IntrÖg, In´trÖg] n ñþæåò, ñþæåòíàÿ ëèíèÿ, èíòðèãà
in triguing [In´trÖgIÎ] a 1) èíòðèãóþùèé, ñòàâÿùèé â òóïèê
2) óâëåêàòåëüíûé, çàíèìàòåëüíûé
intrinsic [In´trInsIk, In´trInzIk] a 1) ïîäëèííûé, èñòèííûé, äåé-
ñòâèòåëüíûé; the ~ meaning ïîäëèííîå, èñòèííîå çíà÷å-
íèå 2) ïðèñóùèé, ñâîéñòâåííûé; beauty ~ to smth êðà-
ñîòà, ïðèñóùàÿ ÷åìó-ë.
introduce [ Intr@´djüs] v 1) ââîäèòü, âñòàâëÿòü 2) ïðåäñòàâëÿòü,
´
çíàêîìèòü; to ~ children to the world of music çíàêîìèòü
äåòåé ñ ìèðîì ìóçûêè 3) âïåðâûå èñïîëíÿòü; the sonata
was first ~ed by the Boston Symphony Orchestra ñîíàòà áûëà
âïåðâûå èñïîëíåíà Áîñòîíñêèì ñèìôîíè÷åñêèì îðêåñò-
ðîì
introduction [ Intr@´dökS(@)n] n 1) âñòóïëåíèå (ê îïåðå, äåéñòâèþ,
´
àêòó) 2) èíòðîäóêöèÿ
introductory [ Intr@´dökt(@)ri] a âñòóïèòåëüíûé, ââîäíûé; ïðåä-
âàðèòåëüíûé ´
intuition [ Intju´IS(@)n] n èíòóèöèÿ, ÷óòüå
intuitional´ [ Intju´IS(@)n@l] a èíòóèòèâíûé
´
invariably [In´ve(@)ri@bli] adv íåèçìåííî, ïîñòîÿííî
invention [In´venS(@)n] n èíâåíöèÿ
inverse [ In´vÆ:s] a îáðàòíûé, ïðîòèâîïîëîæíûé
inversion ´[In´vÆ:S(@)n] n 1) îáðàùåíèå (èíòåðâàëà, àêêîðäà è ò.ï.)
2) èíâåðñèÿ; ïåðåìåùåíèå ãîëîñîâ; ïðîòèâîäâèæåíèå
invert [In´vÆ:t] v ïåðåñòàâëÿòü, ìåíÿòü ïîðÿäîê
inverted [In´vÆ:tId] a îáðàòíûé; èíâåðòèðîâàííûé
inverted mordent 82
inverted mordent [In´vÆ:tId ´mþd(@)nt] n ìîðäåíò ñ âåðõíåé âñïî-
ìîãàòåëüíîé íîòîé
inverted pedal [In´vÆ:tId ´pedl] n âûäåðæàííûé òîí â âåðõíèõ ãî-
ëîñàõ
invertible counterpoint [In´vÆ:tIb(@)l ´kaUnt@pOInt] n îáðàòèìûé êîí-
òðàïóíêò
inviting [In´vaItIÎ] a çàìàí÷èâûé, ñîáëàçíèòåëüíûé, ïðèâëå-
êàòåëüíûé, ìàíÿùèé, çîâóùèé
involve [In´vÁlv] v 1) âêëþ÷àòü â ñåáÿ, çàêëþ÷àòü, ñîäåðæàòü;
ïîäðàçóìåâàòü, ïðåäïîëàãàòü 2) âëå÷ü çà ñîáîé, âûçûâàòü
(ïîñëåäñòâèÿ); ïðèâîäèòü (ê ÷åìó-ë.) 3) âîâëåêàòü, âïó-
òûâàòü, âìåøèâàòü 4) óãëóáëÿòüñÿ, ïîãðóæàòüñÿ (âî ÷òî-
ë.); áûòü çàíÿòûì, óâëå÷åííûì (÷åì-ë.)
Ionian mode [aI´@UnI@n ´m@Ud] n èîíèéñêèé ëàä (ìåëîäè÷åñêèé
ðÿä, çâóêîðÿä êîòîðîãî ñîâïàäàåò ñî çâóêîðÿäîì íàòóðàëü-
íîãî ìàæîðà)
irksome [´Æ:ks(@)m] a óòîìèòåëüíûé, ñêó÷íûé, íàäîåäëèâûé;
ðàçäðàæàþùèé, äîñàæäàþùèé
iron frame [´aI@n ´freIm] n ÷óãóííàÿ ðàìà ó ôîðòåïüÿíî
ironic, ironical [aI´rÁnIk, aI´rÁnIk(@)l] a èðîíè÷åñêèé, íàñìåø-
ëèâûé
irregular [I´regjul@] a íåïðàâèëüíûé, íåðåãóëÿðíûé; ~ rhythm
íåðåãóëÿðíûé, íåïîñòîÿííûé ðèòì
irregularity [I regju´l{rIti] n íåïðàâèëüíîñòü, íåðåãóëÿðíîñòü,
´
íåïîñòîÿíñòâî
irrelevant [I´relIv@nt] a íåóìåñòíûé, íå èìåþùèé îòíîøåíèÿ
irresistible [ IrI´zIstIb(@)l] a 1) íåïðåîäîëèìûé; ~ desire/impulse
´
íåïðåîäîëèìîå æåëàíèå/ñòðåìëåíèå 2) íåîòðàçèìûé; ÷ðåç-
âû÷àéíî ñèëüíûé; ~ attraction íåïðåîäîëèìîå âëå÷åíèå;
íåîòðàçèìîå îáàÿíèå
irresolute [I´rez@lüt] a íåðåøèòåëüíûé, êîëåáëþùèéñÿ
isochronous [aI´sÁkr@n@s] a èçîõðîííûé; îäíîâðåìåííûé; îäè-
íàêîâî ïðîäîëæèòåëüíûé; ïîâòîðÿþùèéñÿ ÷åðåç îäèíà-
êîâûå ïðîìåæóòêè
isolated [´aIs@leItId] a îòäåëüíûé, èçîëèðîâàííûé
itinerant musicians [aI´tIn(@)r@nt mju(:)´zIS(@)nz] n pl ñòðàíñòâó-
þùèå, áðîäÿ÷èå ìóçûêàíòû

J
jack [³{k] n «ïðûãóí» (÷àñòü ìåõàíèçìà êëàâåñèíà, ñïèíåòà,
âåðäæèíåëà)
jaleo [h@´leI(@)U] n õàëåî (èñïàíñêèé íàöèîíàëüíûé òàíåö ñ
êàñòàíüåòàìè)
83 jitterbug

jam [³{m] v àìåð. æàðã. èìïðîâèçèðîâàòü (î äæàçå)


jam session [´³{m seS(@)n] n àìåð. ñîáðàíèå äæàçîâûõ èëè ðîê-
èñïîëíèòåëåé äëÿ´ ñîâìåñòíîãî ìóçèöèðîâàíèÿ
jangle [´³{Îg(@)l] I n 1) ðåçêèé çâóê 2) íåñòðîéíûé øóì ãî-
ëîñîâ 3) ïåðåçâîí êîëîêîëîâ
jangle [´³{Îg(@)l] II v èçäàâàòü ðåçêèå íåñòðîéíûå çâóêè; áðåí-
÷àòü; íåñòðîéíî çâó÷àòü
jar [³¸] I n íåïðèÿòíûé, ðåçêèé, äðåáåçæàùèé çâóê
jar [³¸] II v èçäàâàòü íåïðèÿòíûé, ðåçêèé çâóê; äðåáåçæàòü
jarabe [h@´r¸beI] n õàðàáå (ìåêñèêàíñêèé òàíåö, íàïîìèíàþ-
ùèé ìàçóðêó)
jarring [´³¸rIÎ] a ðåçêèé (î çâóêå, íîòå)
jazz [³{z] I n 1) äæàç 2) ïîïóëÿðíàÿ òàíöåâàëüíàÿ ìóçûêà;
~ festival ôåñòèâàëü äæàçîâîé ìóçûêè; ~ competition êîí-
êóðñ äæàçîâîé ìóçûêè
jazz [³{z] II v 1) èñïîëíÿòü äæàçîâóþ ìóçûêó 2) òàíöåâàòü
ïîä äæàç
Jazz Age [´³{z eI³] n âåê äæàçà, äâàäöàòûå ãîäû ÕÕ ñòîëå-
òèÿ ´
jazz-band [´³{z ´b{nd] n äæàç-áàíä, äæàç-îðêåñòð
jazzman [´³{zm@n] n (pl -men [m@n]) äæàçèñò, ñîëèñò èëè îð-
êåñòðàíò äæàç-îðêåñòðà
jazz-music [´³{z ´mjüzIk] n äæàçîâàÿ ìóçûêà
jazz-rock [ ³{z ´rÁk] n äæàç-ðîê, ñî÷åòàíèå äæàçîâûõ ðèòìîâ
´
ñ ðèòìàìè ðîê-í-ðîëà
jazzy [´³{zi] a äæàçîâûé, ïðèñóùèé äæàçîâîé ìóçûêå
Jew’s harp [ ³üz ´h¸p] n âàðãàí (ÿçû÷êîâûé ùèïêîâûé ìó-
çûêàëüíûé ´ èíñòðóìåíò)
jig [³Ig] I n äæèãà (òàíåö)
jig [³Ig] II v òàíöåâàòü, ïëÿñàòü äæèãó
jigger [´³Ig@] I n òàíöóþùèé äæèãó
jigger [´³Ig@] II v ðàçã. òàíöåâàòü, âñòàâ â êðóã
jingle [´³IÎg(@)l] n 1) çâîí, ïåðåçâîí, çâÿêàíüå; the ~ of bells
çâîí áóáåí÷èêîâ, êîëîêîëü÷èêîâ 2) ÷òî-ë. çâåíÿùåå, îñîá.
êîëîêîëü÷èê, áóáåí÷èê
jingle [´³IÎg(@)l] v çâåíåòü, çâÿêàòü, ïîçâÿêèâàòü (÷åì-ë.); bells
~ êîëîêîëü÷èêè, áóáåí÷èêè çâåíÿò
jingle bells [´³IÎg(@)l belz] n áóáåíöû
jingle-jangle [ ³IÎg(@)l´˜³{Îg(@)l] n çâîí, ïåðåçâîí, ïîçâÿêèâàíèå
´ n ÿçû÷îê êîëîêîëü÷èêà
jinglet [´³IÎglIt]
jingling [´³IÎglIÎ] a çâåíÿùèé, ïîçâàíèâàþùèé, ïîçâÿêèâàþùèé
jingly [´³IÎgli] a 1) çâåíÿùèé, ïîçâÿêèâàþùèé 2) ïåðåëèâ-
÷àòûé, çâîíêèé
jitterbug [´³It@bög] I n ðàçã. àìåð. 1) äæèòòåðáàã, áûñòðûé òàíåö
jitterbug 84
ñ ðåçêèìè äâèæåíèÿìè ïîä äæàçîâóþ ìóçûêó 2) ëþáèòåëü
äæèòòåðáàãà
jitterbug [´³It@bög] II v ðàçã. àìåð. òàíöåâàòü (ñ ïðûæêàìè è
äðóãèìè ðåçêèìè äâèæåíèÿìè) ïîä áûñòðóþ äæàçîâóþ
ìóçûêó
jive [³aIv] I n äæàç. 1) æàðãîí äæàçîâûõ ìóçûêàíòîâ 2) äæà-
çîâàÿ ìóçûêà
jive [³aIv] II v äæàç. 1) èñïîëíÿòü äæàçîâóþ ìóçûêó 2) òàíöå-
âàòü ïîä äæàçîâóþ ìóçûêó
jo lly [´³Áli] a 1) âåñåëûé, ðàäîñòíûé, æèâîé 2) ïðàçäíè÷-
íûé, øóìíûé
jongleur [ZÁδglÆ] n ôð. èñò. ñðåäíåâåêîâûé áðîäÿ÷èé ïåâåö,
ìåíåñòðåëü (â Àíãëèè, Ôðàíöèè)
jota [´h@Ut@] n õîòà (èñïàíñêèé íàðîäíûé òàíåö); ~ aragonesa
àðàãîíñêàÿ õîòà
jovial [´³@Uvi@l] a âåñåëûé; æèâîé
joy [³OI] n ðàäîñòü; âåñåëüå; óäîâîëüñòâèå
joyful [´³OIf(@)l] a ðàäîñòíûé, ñ÷àñòëèâûé
joyless [´³OIl@s] a áåçðàäîñòíûé, ïå÷àëüíûé
joyous [´³OI@s] a = joyful
jubilant [´³übIl@nt] n ëèêóþùèé
jubilate [´³übIleIt] I n ëèêîâàíèå, ðàäîñòíûé ïîðûâ
jubilate [´³übIleIt] II v ëèêîâàòü, òîðæåñòâîâàòü, ðàäîâàòüñÿ
jubilation [ ³übI´leIS(@)n] n (èíîãäà pl) ëèêîâàíèå, ïðàçäíåñòâî
´
jubilee [´³übIlÖ, ³übI´lÖ] n 1) þáèëåé 2) ïðàçäíåñòâî, ïðàçäíèê
jubilize, jubilise ´[´³übIlaIz] v 1) ñïðàâëÿòü þáèëåé 2) ëèêîâàòü,
òîðæåñòâîâàòü; ïðàçäíîâàòü
jug band [´³ög b{nd] n øóìîâîé îðêåñòð
jump [³ömp] a ñ ñèëüíûì àêöåíòîì (î ñòèëå äæàçîâîé ìóçûêè)
jungle style [´³öÎg(@)l ´staIl] n äæàç. ñòèëü äæóíãëåé (îäèí èç
ñòèëåé èãðû íà äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ)
junior [´³üni@] a ìëàäøèé
just [³öst] a ÷èñòûé, òî÷íûé; ~ intonation ÷èñòàÿ, òî÷íàÿ èí-
òîíàöèÿ

K
kanoon [k@´nün] n äðåâíèé ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò òèïà
àðôû, èìåþùèé 50—60 ñòðóí
Kapelle [k¸´pel@] n (pl -n) íåì. èñò. ìóçûêàëüíàÿ êàïåëëà
Kapellmeister [k¸´pel maIst@] n íåì. êàïåëüìåéñòåð, äèðèæåð
´
kapellmeister music [k¸´pel maIst@ ´mjüzIk] n ñòàðîìîäíàÿ, ñêó÷-
íàÿ ìóçûêà ´
kazachok [ k¸z@´¶Ák] n êàçà÷îê (ðóññêèé íàðîäíûé òàíåö)
´
85 lag

keen [kÖn] a 1) æèâî èíòåðåñóþùèéñÿ, ñòðàñòíî óâëåêàþùèéñÿ;


to be ~ on music î÷åíü ëþáèòü ìóçûêó 2) òîíêèé; îñòðûé;
~ ear îñòðûé ñëóõ
kettledrum [´ketldröm] n ëèòàâðà (óäàðíûé èíñòðóìåíò äðåâíåãî
ïðîèñõîæäåíèÿ)
key [kÖ] I n 1) êëàâèøà; white/black ~ áåëàÿ/÷åðíàÿ êëàâèøà;
the ~s of pianoforte êëàâèøè ôîðòåïüÿíî 2) êëàïàí (äó-
õîâîãî èíñòðóìåíòà) 3) pl êëàâèàòóðà; a set of ~s êëàâèà-
òóðà 4) êëþ÷, òîíàëüíîñòü; major/minor ~ ìàæîðíàÿ/ìè-
íîðíàÿ òîíàëüíîñòü; ~ of C major òîíàëüíîñòü äî ìàæîð;
central ~ îñíîâíàÿ òîíàëüíîñòü 4) êëþ÷ (äëÿ íàñòðîéêè
ìóçûêàëüíûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ)
key [kÖ] II v íàñòðàèâàòü ìóçûêàëüíûå èíñòðóìåíòû
keyboard [´kÖbþd] n êëàâèàòóðà
keyboard instruments [´kÖbþd ´Instrum@nts] n pl êëàâèøíûå èí-
ñòðóìåíòû
key bugle [´kÖ ´bjügl] n ðîæîê ñ êëàïàíàìè
key centre [´kÖ ´sent@] n òîíàëüíàÿ îñíîâà
keyed [kÖd] a 1) ñíàáæåííûé êëàïàíàìè èëè êëàâèøàìè, êëà-
âèøíûé 2) íàñòðîåííûé (î ìóçûêàëüíîì èíñòðóìåíòå)
keyhole [´kÖh@Ul] n çâóêîâîå îòâåðñòèå ó äóõîâîãî èíñòðóìåíòà
keynote [´kÖn@Ut] n 1) îñíîâíîé òîí, òîíèêà 2) ëåéòìîòèâ,
îñíîâíàÿ ìûñëü, âåäóùàÿ èäåÿ; îñíîâíîé ïðèíöèï
key signature [´kÖ˜ sIgn@¶@] n êëþ÷åâîé çíàê, êëþ÷åâîå îáîçíà-
´
÷åíèå; òîíàëüíîñòü
key tone [´kÖt@Un] n = keynote 1)
key up [´ kÖ ˜´öp] v = key II
kit [kIt] n ðåäê. ìàëåíüêàÿ ñêðèïêà
kithara [kI´T¸r@] n êèôàðà, êèòàðà (äðåâíåãðå÷åñêèé ùèïêî-
âûé ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
knakers [´n{k@z] n = bones
knockabout [´nÁk@baUt] n 1) äåøåâîå ïðåäñòàâëåíèå, ãðóáûé
ôàðñ 2) àêòåð, ó÷àñòâóþùèé â òàêîì ïðåäñòàâëåíèè
koto [´k@Ut@U] n 1) êîòî (îáùåå íàçâàíèå ÿïîíñêèõ ñòðóííûõ,
÷àùå ùèïêîâûõ, èíñòðóìåíòîâ ñ ãîðèçîíòàëüíûì êîðïó-
ñîì) 2) êîòî (ÿïîíñêèé ñòàðèííûé ìíîãîñòðóííûé ùèï-
êîâûé èíñòðóìåíò)

L
la [l¸] n çâóê «ëÿ» (â ñîëüìèçàöèè)
lag [l{g] I n îòñòàâàíèå, çàïàçäûâàíèå
lag [l{g] II v 1) îòñòàâàòü ( òæ . ~ behind) 2) ìåäëèòü, ìåø-
êàòü, ìåäëåííî òàùèòüñÿ
lament 86
lament [l@´ment] I n 1) ïëà÷, ðûäàíèÿ, ñòåíàíèÿ, ãîðüêàÿ æà-
ëîáà 2) ýëåãèÿ, æàëîáíàÿ ïåñíü
lament [l@´ment] II v 1) ïëàêàòü, îïëàêèâàòü, ñòåíàòü, ãîðü-
êî æàëîâàòüñÿ 2) ãîðåâàòü, ñîêðóøàòüñÿ, ñåòîâàòü
lamentable [´l{m@nt@b(@)l, l@´ment@b(@)l] a æàëîáíûé, ïå÷àëü-
íûé
lame ntatio n [ l{m@n´teIS(@)n] n ïëà÷, ðûäàíèÿ, ñòîí, æàëî-
áà ´
lancers [´l¸ns@z] n ëàíñüå (ñòàðèííàÿ ôîðìà êàäðèëè)
languor [´l{Îg@] n òîìíîñòü, òîìëåíèå
languorous [´l{Îg@r@s] a òîìíûé, êàê áû èçíåìîãàþùèé
large side drum [´l¸³ ´saIdröm] n ìàëûé áàðàáàí óâåëè÷åííî-
ãî ðàçìåðà
larghetto [l¸´get@U] n, a èò. ëàðãåòòî (íåìíîãî ñêîðåå, ÷åì largo)
largo [´l¸g@U] a (pl -os [@Uz]) èò. ëàðãî (øèðîêèé, ïðîòÿæíûé,
ìåäëåííûé)
launch [lþn¶] v íà÷èíàòü, îòêðûâàòü; the theme is ~ed by the
flutes òåìà íà÷èíàåòñÿ ó ôëåéò
laureate [´lþriIt] n ëàóðåàò
lead [lÖd] I n 1) ãëàâíàÿ ðîëü 2) èñïîëíèòåëü èëè èñïîëíè-
òåëüíèöà ãëàâíîé ðîëè
lead [lÖd] II v (led [led]) 1) ðóêîâîäèòü, óïðàâëÿòü; to ~ a choir
óïðàâëÿòü õîðîì 2) äæàç. óêàçàíèå â ïàðòèÿõ íà âåäóùèé
õàðàêòåð ìóçûêàëüíîãî îòðûâêà
leader [´lÖd@] n 1) êîíöåðòìåéñòåð 2) ïåðâûé ñêðèïà÷ â îð-
êåñòðå 3) ïèàíèñò, ðàçó÷èâàþùèé ïàðòèè ñ ïåâöàìè 4) äè-
ðèæåð; choir ~ ðóêîâîäèòåëü îðêåñòðà; êàïåëüìåéñòåð;
ðåãåíò (õîðà) 4) âîæäü (òåìà ôóãè)
leading [´lÖdIÎ] a ãëàâíûé, îñíîâíîé; ~ part ãëàâíàÿ ðîëü, ãëàâ-
íàÿ ïàðòèÿ; ~ lady èñïîëíèòåëüíèöà ãëàâíîé ðîëè
leading-business [´lÖdIÎ ´bIznIs] n ðîëè, àìïëóà ïðåìüåðîâ
leading-motive [´lÖdIΘ´m@UtIv] n ëåéòìîòèâ
leading note [´lÖdIΘ´n@Ut] n íèæíèé èëè âîñõîäÿùèé ââîäíûé
òîí ê òîíèêå (VII ñòóïåíü)
ledger, leger (line) [´le³@ (laIn)] n äîáàâî÷íàÿ íîòíàÿ ëèíåéêà
legato [lI´g¸t@U] a, adv èò. ëåãàòî (ñâÿçíî, ñëèòíî, ïëàâíî)
legend [´le³(@)nd] n ëåãåíäà
legendary [´le³(@)nd(@)ri] I n ñáîðíèê ëåãåíä
legendary [´le³(@)nd(@)ri] II a ëåãåíäàðíûé, â õàðàêòåðå ëåãåíäû
legitimate drama [lI´³ItImIt ´dr¸m@] n 1) ïüåñà âñåìè ïðèçíàííîãî
äîñòîèíñòâà 2) äðàìàòè÷åñêèé òåàòð, äðàìà (â îòëè÷èå îò
ìóçûêàëüíîé êîìåäèè è ò.ï.)
leitmotiv, leitmotif [´laItm@U tÖf] n ëåéòìîòèâ
lengthy [´leÎTi] a ñëèøêîì ´äëèííûé, ðàñòÿíóòûé
87 loge

lento [´lent@U] a, adv èò. ëåíòî (ìåäëåííî)


lesser [´les@] a = minor II 3)
lesson [´les(@)n] n æàíð ïüåñ äëÿ êëàâåñèíà XVII—XVIII ââ.
le tte r n o ta ti o n [´let@ n@´teIS(@)n] n áóêâåííîå í îòíîå ïèñü-
ìî
level [´lev(@)l] n óðîâåíü; ~ of sound óðîâåíü çâó÷àíèÿ
L.H. [´el ´eI¶] n ñîêð. îò Left Hand óêàçàíèå íà èñïîëíåíèå
ëåâîé ðóêîé
library [´laIb(r@)ri] n áèáëèîòåêà
libretto [lI´bret@U] n ( pl -os [@Us], -ti [ti(:)]) ëèáðåòòî
licence, license [´laIs(@)ns] n îòêëîíåíèå îò íîðì, ïðàâèë (â
èñêóññòâå, ëèòåðàòóðå)
Lied [lÖd] n (pl Lieder [´lÖd@]) íåì. ïåñíÿ, ðîìàíñ
lift [lIft] n äæàç. ïðîäîëæèòåëüíîå ãëèññàíäî â âîñõîäÿùåì íà-
ïðàâëåíèè äî âçÿòèÿ çâóêà
ligature [´lIg@¶@] n ëèãàòóðà, ëèãà
light [laIt] a 1) ëåãêèé 2) ñëàáûé; a ~ accent ñëàáîå âûäåëå-
íèå
lilt [lIlt] I n 1) âåñåëàÿ, æèâàÿ ïåñåíêà 2) òàêò, ðèòì (ïåñíè)
lilt [lIlt] II v ïåòü âåñåëî è ðèòìè÷íî
limelight [´laImlaIt] n òåàòð. 1) äðóììîíäîâ ñâåò 2) ñâåò ðàìïû
3) ÷àñòü ñöåíû ó ðàìïû 4) ïîïóëÿðíîñòü; in the ~ íà âèäó;
to be fond of the ~ ëþáèòü ïîïóëÿðíîñòü, âñåîáùåå âíè-
ìàíèå 5) â ãðàì. çíà÷. ãëàãîëà îñâåùàòü äðóììîíäîâûì
ñâåòîì; ÿðêî îñâåùàòü
limpid [´lImpId] a ïðîçðà÷íûé, ÿñíûé; ~ soprano ÷èñòîå ñîïðàíî
line [´laIn] n 1) íîòíàÿ ëèíåéêà; ledger ~ äîáàâî÷íàÿ íîòíàÿ
ëèíèÿ 2) ñòðîêà 3) pl òåàòð. ðîëü
lip [lIp] n àìáóøþð
lip trill [´lIp ´trIl] n 1) ãóáíàÿ òðåëü 2) äæàç. èíòîíàöèîííî íå-
òî÷íàÿ òðåëü
liquid [´lIkwId] a ïëàâíûé, ìåëîäè÷íûé; ~ sounds ìåëîäè÷íûå
çâóêè; çâó÷íûé, ïåâó÷èé; a ~ voice çâó÷íûé ãîëîñ
lira [´lI(@)r@] n ( pl liras, lire [´lIreI]) èò. ëèðà
listener [´lIs(@)n@] n ñëóøàòåëü
liturgy [´lIt@³i] n ëèòóðãèÿ
lively [laIvli] adv îæèâëåííî, âåñåëî
loath-to-depart [ l@UT t@ dI´p¸t] n ïðîùàëüíàÿ ïåñíÿ, èñïîë-
íÿåìàÿ ïðè ïðîâîäàõ´
locrian mode [´l@Ukri@n ´m@Ud] n ëîêðèéñêèé ëàä
loft [lÁft] n õîðû (â öåðêâè, çàëå è ò.ï.)
lofty [´lÁfti] a 1) âîçâûøåííûé, âûñîêèé; ~ style âûñîêèé ñòèëü
2) âåëè÷åñòâåííûé
loge [l@UZ] n òåàòð. ëîæà
lonely 88
lonely [´l@Unli] a 1) îäèíîêèé, íàâåâàþùèé òîñêó, îäèíî÷å-
ñòâî 2) óíûëûé
long [lÁÎ] a äîëãèé
long fall [´lÁÎ ´fþl] n äæàç. òèï ãëèññàíäî
longhair(ed) [ lÁδhe@(d)] n óñò . ðàçã. ïðåäïî÷èòàþùèé ñåðü-
åçíóþ ìóçûêó ´
longing [´lÁÎIÎ] a æàæäóùèé ÷åãî-ë.; òîñêóþùèé
longway [´lÁδweI] n ðàçíîâèäíîñòü êîíòðäàíñà
loud [laUd] a ãðîìêèé, çâó÷íûé
loudness [´laUdnIs] n ãðîìêîñòü, çâîíêîñòü, ñèëà çâóêà
loud pedal [´laUd ´pedl] n ïðàâàÿ ïåäàëü (ó ôîðòåïüÿíî)
loudspeaker [ laUd´spÖk@, ´laUd spÖk@] n ãðîìêîãîâîðèòåëü, ðåï-
ðîäóêòîð ´ ´
low [l@U] a 1) òèõèé, íåãðîìêèé (î ãîëîñå) 2) íèçêèé (î çâóêå)
lower [´l@U@] v ïîíèæàòü (òåìïåðèðîâàííûé òîí)
lozhki [´lÁZki] n pl ëîæêè (óäàðíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
lull [löl] I n = lullaby I
lull [löl] II v = lullaby II
lullaby [´löl@baI] I n 1) êîëûáåëüíàÿ ïåñíÿ 2) ìÿãêèå óñïîêà-
èâàþùèå çâóêè
lullaby [´löl@baI] II v óáàþêèâàòü, óñïîêàèâàòü, óñûïëÿòü
lutanist [´lüt(@)nIst] n èãðàþùèé íà ëþòíå
lute [lüt] I n ëþòíÿ (ñòàðèííûé ñòðóííûé ùèïêîâûé èíñò-
ðóìåíò)
lute [lüt] II v ðåäê. 1) èãðàòü íà ëþòíå 2) çâó÷àòü ïîäîáíî
ëþòíå
lutenist [´lüt(@)nIst] n = lutanist
lutist [´lütIst] n 1) = lutanist 2) ìàñòåð, äåëàþùèé ëþòíè
lyre [laI@] n ëèðà
lyric, lyrical [´lIrIk, ´lIrIk(@)l] a 1) ëèðè÷åñêèé 2) ìóçûêàëüíûé
lyricism [´lIrIsIz(@)m] n ëèðèçì
lyrico-dramatic [´lIrIk@U ´dr@´m{tIk] a ëèðèêî-äðàìàòè÷åñêèé
lyrics [´lIrIks] n 1) òåêñò ïåñíè 2) ëèðè÷åñêèå ñòèõè, ëèðèêà
lyrist [´laI(@)rIst] n 1) èãðàþùèé íà ëèðå 2) ëèðèê, ëèðè÷åñ-
êèé ïîýò

M
macabre [m@´k¸b(@)r@] a ïîãðåáàëüíûé, ìðà÷íûé, æóòêèé; dance
~ òàíåö ñìåðòè
mad [m{d] a (about, on) ñòðàñòíî ëþáÿùèé, îáîæàþùèé; ~
about (on) music ïîìåøàííûé íà ìóçûêå
madison [´m{dIs(@)n] n ìýäèñîí, ìåäèñîí (ñîâðåìåííûé òàíåö)
madrigal [´m{drIg(@)l] n ìàäðèãàë
89 mannered

Maecenas [maI´sÖn@s] n ìåöåíàò


maestoso [ mae´st@Uz@U] adv èò. ìàýñòîçî (âåëè÷åñòâåííî, òîð-
æåñòâåííî) ´
maestro [´maIstr@U] n (pl -os [@Uz], -ri [rÖ]) èò. ìàýñòðî
magic, magical [´m{³Ik, ´m{³Ik(@)l] a âîëøåáíûé, ìàãè÷åñ-
êèé
magician [m@´³IS(@)n] n âîëøåáíèê, ÷àðîäåé, êîëäóí
magnetic [m{g´netIk] a ïðèòÿãèâàþùèé, ïðèâëåêàòåëüíûé
mag nific, magnifica l [m{g´nIfIk, m{g´nIfIk(@)l] a óñò. 1) âåëè-
êîëåïíûé 2) ïîìïåçíûé, âûñîêîïàðíûé (î ìàíåðå, ñòè-
ëå)
ma g n i f ic e n t [m{g´nIfIs(@)nt] a âåëèêîëåïíûé, ïûøíûé; ~
composer çàìå÷àòåëüíûé êîìïîçèòîð
mainstream [´meInstrÖm] n îáîçíà÷åíèå óñòîÿâøèõñÿ ñòèëåé
äæàçà
majestic [m@´³estIk] a âåëè÷åñòâåííûé, âåëè÷àâûé
majesty [´m{³Isti] n âåëè÷åñòâåííîñòü, âåëè÷àâîñòü; ~ of the
horn âåëè÷åñòâåííîñòü çâó÷àíèÿ ðîãà
major [´meI³@] I n 1) ìàæîð 2) áîëüøîé èíòeðâàë; áîëüøàÿ
òåðöèÿ
major [´meI³@] II a 1) ìàæîðíûé; ~ key ìàæîðíàÿ òîíàëüíîñòü;
~ scale ìàæîðíàÿ ãàììà; ~ triad ìàæîðíîå òðåçâó÷èå 2) áîëü-
øîé; ~ interval áîëüøîé èíòåðâàë
major [´meI³@] III v àìåð. ñïåöèàëèçèðîâàòüñÿ (î ñòóäåíòå);
he ~s in vocal singing îí ñïåöèàëèçèðóåòñÿ ïî âîêàëó, åãî
îñíîâíîé ïðåäìåò — âîêàë
make [meIk] v (made [meId]) ñîçäàâàòü, òâîðèòü; to ~ symphony
ñî÷èíèòü, íàïèñàòü ñèìôîíèþ
ma king [´meIkIÎ] n 1) ñîçäàíèå, òâîðåíèå 2) (-making) êàê
êîìïîíåíò ñëîæíûõ ñëîâ: musicmaking ñî÷èíåíèå ìóçû-
êè, ìóçèöèðîâàíèå
male [meIl] a ìóæñêîé; ~ choir ìóæñêîé õîð
malicious [m@´lIS@s] a çëîáíûé; çëîé
mallet [´m{lIt] n êîëîòóøêà; soft ~ ìÿãêàÿ êîëîòóøêà
mambo [´m{mb@U] I n ìàìáî (ëàòèíîàìåðèêàíñêèé òàíåö)
mambo [´m{mb@U] II v òàíöåâàòü ìàìáî
manager [´m{nI³@] n èìïðåñàðèî
mandola [m{n´d@Ul@] n ìàíäîëà (ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
mandolin(e) [ m{nd@´lIn] n ìàíäîëèíà
mandolinist [ ´m{nd@´lInIst] n èãðàþùèé íà ìàíäîëèíå
mandora, mandore ´ [m{n´dþr@, m{n´dþ] n = mandola
manner [´m{n@] n 1) ñïîñîá, ìåòîä, îáðàç äåéñòâèÿ 2) ñòèëü,
õóäîæåñòâåííûé ìåòîä, ìàíåðà èñïîëíåíèÿ
mannered [´m{n@d] n âû÷óðíûé, ìàíåðíûé
manual 90
manual [´m{nju@l] n 1) ìàíóàë (êëàâèàòóðà äëÿ ðóê ó îðãàíà,
êëàâåñèíà) 2) ðóêîâîäñòâî, ó÷åáíîå ïîñîáèå, ñïðàâî÷íèê
manuscript [´m{njuskrIpt] I n ðóêîïèñü
manuscript [´m{njuskrIpt] II a ðóêîïèñíûé; ~ copy ðóêîïèñíûé
ýêçåìïëÿð, ðóêîïèñü
maraca [m@´r{k@] n ( îáûêí. pl ) ìàðàêà (óäàðíûé èíñòðóìåíò
â ýñòðàäíîì îðêåñòðå, ðîä ïîãðåìóøêè)
march [m¸¶] I n ìàðø; dead, funeral/wedding ~ ïîõîðîííûé/
ñâàäåáíûé ìàðø
march [m¸¶] II v ìàðøèðîâàòü
marchal [´m¸S@l] a ìàðøåîáðàçíûé
marching band [´m¸¶IÎ b{nd] n èíñòðóìåíòàëüíûé àíñàìáëü
ñåâåðîàìåðèêàíñêèõ´ íåãðîâ, èãðàþùèõ íà óëèöàõ
marimba [m@´rImb@] n ìàðèìáàôîí, ìàðèìáà (ðàçíîâèäíîñòü
êñèëîôîíà)
Marseillaise [ m¸s@´leIz, m¸seI´ez] n ôð. Ìàðñåëüåçà (ôðàíöóç-
´
ñêàÿ ðåâîëþöèîííàÿ ´ ïåñíÿ, ãîñóäàðñòâåííûé ãèìí Ôðàí-
öèè)
martial [´m¸S(@)l] a âîåííûé; ~ music âîåííàÿ ìóçûêà, ìàð-
øè; in the ~ mood â ñòèëå ìàðøà
marvel(l)ous [´m¸v(@)l@s] a èçóìèòåëüíûé, óäèâèòåëüíûé, ÷ó-
äåñíûé
masked ball [´m¸skt ´bþl] n áàë-ìàñêàðàä
masque [m¸sk] n ìàñêà (ìóçûêàëüíî-äðàìàòè÷åñêèé æàíð, ïî-
ïóëÿðíûé ïðè àíãëèéñêîì äâîðå XVI—XVII ââ.)
mass [m{s] n ìåññà, êàòîëè÷åñêàÿ öåðêîâíàÿ ñëóæáà, ëèòóð-
ãèÿ; ~ for the dead ìåññà íà ñìåðòü (êîãî-ë.); ~ of the
Resurrection çàóïîêîéíàÿ ëèòóðãèÿ
massive [´m{sIv] à 1) ñïëîøíîé, öåëüíûé; in a ~ block (èãðàòü)
ñëèòíî 2) ãðàíäèîçíûé, îãðîìíûé; ~ programme in education
øèðîêàÿ ïðîãðàììà íàðîäíîãî ïðîñâåùåíèÿ
master [´m¸st@] I n 1) ó÷èòåëü, ìàýñòðî; music ~ ó÷èòåëü ìó-
çûêè 2) ìàãèñòð (ó÷åíàÿ ñòåïåíü); M. of Arts ìàãèñòð ãó-
ìàíèòàðíûõ íàóê
master [´m¸st@] II v ïðåîäîëåâàòü, ñïðàâëÿòüñÿ; to ~ a difficulty
ïðåîäîëåòü òðóäíîñòü 2) îâëàäåâàòü; to ~ the piano íàó÷èòüñÿ
èãðàòü íà ðîÿëå
Master of the (King’s) music [´m¸st@r @v D@ ´kIÎz ´mjüzIk] n ïðè-
äâîðíûé êàïåëüìåéñòåð
mastersinger [´m¸st@ sIÎ@] n ðåäê. = Meistersinger
mastery [´m¸st(@)ri] ´I n ìàñòåðñòâî, èñêóññòâî; ñîâåðøåííîå
âëàäåíèå (ïðåäìåòîì, èãðîé è ò.ï.); his ~ of the violin åãî
ñîâåðøåííîå âëàäåíèå òåõíèêîé èãðû íà ñêðèïêå
mastery [´m¸st(@)ri] II a ìàñòåðñêèé, èñêóñíûé, ñîâåðøåííûé;
91 melodåon

the musician’s piano accompaniment was ~ ìóçûêàíò ìàñ-


òåðñêè àêêîìïàíèðîâàë íà ôîðòåïüÿíî
matin [´m{tIn] n 1) ïîýò. óòðåííÿÿ ïåñíÿ (ïòèö); to sing ~s ïåòü,
ùåáåòàòü íà çàðå, ïî óòðàì 2) öåðê. (çà)óòðåíÿ
matin ée [´m{tIneI] n ôð. óòðåííèé èëè äíåâíîé êîíöåðò, ñïåê-
òàêëü
mature [m@´¶U@] a çðåëûé; ~ age âîçðàñò çðåëîñòè; ~ years çðåëûå
ãîäû; ~ work çðåëîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå, òâîðåíèå
maxima [´m{ksIm@] n ìàêñèìà
maxixe [m@´SÖS(@)] n ïîðòóã . ìàò÷èø (ñòàðèííûé áðàçèëüñêèé
òàíåö)
mazurka [m@´zÆ:k@] n ïîëüñê. ìàçóðêà
MC, Master of Ceremonies [ m¸st@ š@v ´serIm@nIz] n = emcee I
´
mean part [´ mÖn ˜´p¸t] n ñðåäíèé ãîëîñ, òåíîðîâàÿ èëè àëüòî-
âàÿ ïàðòèÿ
means [mÖnz] n óïîòð. ñ ãë. â åä. è ìí. ÷. ñðåäñòâî, ñïîñîá; ~
of expression âûðàçèòåëüíûå ñðåäñòâà; expressive ~ âûðà-
çèòåëüíûå ñðåäñòâà
measurable [´meZ@r@bl] a = mensural
measure [´meZ@] n 1) ìåòð, ðàçìåð 2) òàêò; ~ repeats ïîâòîð
òàêòà 3) äëèòåëüíîñòè â ìåíçóðàëüíîé íîòàöèè è èõ ñî-
îòíîøåíèÿ 4) îòíîøåíèå ïîïåðå÷íîãî ñå÷åíèÿ çâó÷àùåé
òðóáêè äóõîâîãî èíñòðóìåíòà ê åå äëèíå 5) óñò. òàíåö (îñîá.
ïëàâíûé)
mechanism [´mek@nIz(@)m] n ìåõàíèçì, àïïàðàò, óñòðîéñòâî
mediaeval [ medi´Öv(@)l] a ñðåäíåâåêîâûé
´
mediant [´mÖdI@nt] n âåðõíÿÿ ìåäèàíòà (III ñòóïåíü)
mediator [´mÖdIeIt@] n ìåäèàòîð
mediocre [ mÖdi´@Uk@] a ïîñðåäñòâåííûé, ñðåäíåãî êà÷åñòâà,
´
çàóðÿäíûé, áåçäàðíûé
meditation [ medI´teIS(@)n] n ðàçìûøëåíèå, ðàçäóìüå
´
medium [´mÖdi@m] I n ( pl òæ. -dia [dI@]) ñðåäñòâî âûðàæåíèÿ;
music is his ~ îí âûðàæàåò ñâîè ÷óâñòâà ñðåäñòâàìè ìó-
çûêè
medium [´mÖdi@m] II a óìåðåííûé; ~ slowly äîâîëüíî ìåäëåí-
íî; ~ swing ñðåäíèé òåìï â äæàçå; ~ tempo â ñðåäíåì òåìïå
medley [´medli] n ïîïóððè
Meistersinger [´maIst@ sIÎ@] n íåì. ìåéñòåðçèíãåð (ïîýò, ïåâåö
´
èç öåõîâûõ ðåìåñëåííèêîâ â Ãåðìàíèè XIV—XVI ââ.)
melancholic [ mel@n´kÁlIk] a ìåëàíõîëè÷åñêèé, ãðóñòíûé
´
melisma [mI´lIzm@] n ( pl -mata [m@t@]) 1) ïåñíÿ, ìåëîäèÿ, íà-
ïåâ 2) ìåëèçì
melodåon [mI´l@UdI@n] n 1) ìåëîäèîí (äóõîâîé èíñòðóìåíò)
2) ìåëîäèîí (âèä àêêîðäåîíà) 3) àìåð. ìþçèê-õîëë
melodic 92
melodic [mI´lÁdIk] a ìåëîäè÷åñêèé, ìåëîäè÷íûé; ~ section ìå-
ëîäè÷íàÿ ñåêöèÿ (èíñòðóìåíòû, âåäóùèå â äæàçîâûõ àí-
ñàìáëÿõ ìåëîäèþ); ~ line ìóçûêàëüíàÿ ôðàçà; ~ minor scale
ìåëîäè÷åñêàÿ ìèíîðíàÿ ãàììà
melodics [mI´lÁdIks] n ìåëîäèêà
melodious [mI´l@Udi@s] a 1) ìåëîäè÷íûé 2) ìÿãêèé, íåæíûé,
ïåâó÷èé
melodist [´mel@dIst] n 1) ìåëîäèñò, êîìïîçèòîð 2) ïåâåö
melodium [mI´l@UdI@m] n = melodeon
melodize, melodise [´mel@daIz] v 1) äåëàòü ìåëîäè÷íûì 2) ñî-
÷èíÿòü ìåëîäèè
melodramatic [ mel@dr@´m{tIk] a 1) ìåëîäðàìàòè÷åñêèé 2) òå-
àòðàëüíûé, ´íàðî÷èòî ýìîöèîíàëüíûé, àôôåêòèðîâàííûé
melody [´mel@di] n 1) ìåëîäèÿ, íàïåâ; old folk ~ ñòàðèííûé
íàðîäíûé íàïåâ 2) òåìà (â ìóçûêå) 3) ìåëîäè÷íîñòü
melophone [´mel@f@Un] n 1) ìåëîôîí, ìåëîôîíè÷åñêàÿ ãèòàðà
2) ìåëîôîí (âèä àêêîðäåîíà)
melos [´melÁs] n ìåëîñ, ìåëîäè÷åñêîå íà÷àëî â ìóçûêå
melting [´meltIÎ] a íåæíûé, ìÿãêèé, òðîãàòåëüíûé
membrane [´membreIn] n ìåìáðàíà
mensurable [´menS(@)r@b(@)l] a = mensural
me n sur a l [´menS@r@l] a 1) ðèòìè÷íûé 2) ìåíçóðà ëüíûé; ~
notation ìåíçóðàëüíàÿ íîòàöèÿ
merengeue [m@´reÎgeI] n òàíåö òèïà ðóìáà
merit [´merIt] n çàñëóãà
merry [´meri] a âåñåëûé, ðàäîñòíûé
merry-andrew [ merI´{ndrü] n øóò, ïàÿö, ôèãëÿð, ãàåð
merrymaking [´meri´ meIkIÎ] n âåñåëüå, ïîòåõà; óâåñåëåíèå; ïðàç-
äíåñòâî ´
metre, metår [´mÖt@] n ìåòð, ìåòðè÷åñêèé ðàçìåð, ìóçûêàëüíûé ðèòì
metrics [´metrIks] n ìåòðèêà, ó÷åíèå î ìåòðå
metronome [´metr@n@Um] n ìåòðîíîì
mezza voice [ mets@˜´v@U¶I] adv èò. âïîëãîëîñà
mezzo [´mets@U] ´ a èò. 1) ñðåäíèé; ~ forte/piano äîâîëüíî ãðîì-
êî/òèõî 2) = mezzo-soprano
mezzo-soprano [ mets@U s@´pr¸n@U] n (pl -os [@Uz]) ìåööî-ñîïðàíî,
ìåäçîñîïðàíî ´
mi [mÖ] n çâóê «ìè» (â ñîëüìèçàöèè)
microphone [´maIkr@f@Un] n ìèêðîôîí
microphony [´maIkr@f@Uni] n ìèêðîôîííûé ýôôåêò
middle bow [´mIdl˜´b@U] n ñåðåäèíà ñìû÷êà
middle C [ mIdl ´sÖ] n «äî» ïåðâîé îêòàâû
military band´ [ mIlIt(@)ri ´b{nd] n 1) âîåííûé îðêåñòð 2) äó-
õîâîé îðêåñòð; ´ øêîëüíûé îðêåñòð äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ
93 monody

miniature [´mIni@¶@, ´mInI¶@] n ìèíèàòþðà (íåáîëüøàÿ ìóçû-


êàëüíàÿ ïüåñà)
minim [´mInIm] n = half note
Minnesinger [´mInI sIÎ@] n ìèííåçèíãåð (íåìåöêèé ñðåäíåâå-
êîâûé ïîýò-ïåâåö) ´
minor [´maIn@] I n ìèíîðíûé êëþ÷; ìèíîð
minor [´maIn@] II à 1) ìèíîðíûé; ~ triad/key ìèíîðíîå òðå-
çâó÷èå/-àÿ òîíàëüíîñòü 2) ïåðåí. ãðóñòíûé, ìèíîðíûé 3) ìà-
ëûé; ~ interval/third ìàëûé èíòåðâàë/-àÿ òåðöèÿ
minstrel [´mInstr@l] n 1) ìåíåñòðåëü (ïîýò, ïåâåö, ìóçûêàíò ñðåä-
íåâåêîâüÿ) 2) àìåð. pl áåëûå ïåâöû è òàíöîðû, çàãðèìè-
ðîâàííûå ïîä íåãðîâ è èñïîëíÿþùèå íåãðèòÿíñêèå ïåñ-
íè è òàíöû 3) ïîýò. ìóçûêàíò
minstrelsy [´mInstr@lsi] n ðåäê. 1) èñêóññòâî ìåíåñòðåëåé 2) ñîáèð.
ìåíåñòðåëè 3) ïîýçèÿ, áàëëàäû ìåíåñòðåëåé
minuet [ mInju´et] n ìåíóýò
mixture ´[´mIks¶@] n ìèêñòóðà (ñìåøàííûé ðåãèñòð îðãàíà)
mobile [´m@UbaIl] a ïîäâèæíûé, èçìåí÷èâûé
modal [´m@Udl] a ëàäîâûé; îòíîñÿùèéñÿ ê òîíàëüíîñòè
modality [m@U´d{lIti] n ìîäàëüíîñòü
mode [m@Ud] n 1) ëàä 2) òîíàëüíîñòü
moderate [´mÁd(@)rIt] a óìåðåííûé, ñäåðæàííûé
moderation [ mÁd@´reIS(@)n] n óìåðåííîñòü; in ~ óìåðåííî, ñäåð-
æàííî ´
moderato beat [ mÁd@´r¸t@U ´bÖt] adv äæàç. â ñðåäíåì òåìïå,
´
â ñòèëå áèò-ìóçûêè
moderato bounce [ mÁd@´r¸t@U ´baUns] adv â ñðåäíåì òåìïå, òÿ-
æåëî ´
moderato slow [ mÁd@´ r¸t@U˜´sl@U] adv óìåðåííî, ìåäëåííî
moderato swing ´[ mÁd@´r¸t@U ´swIÎ] adv äæàç. â ñðåäíåì òåì-
ïå ´
modernism [´mÁd@nIz(@)m] n ìîäåðíèçì
modulate [´mÁdjuleIt] v ìîäóëèðîâàòü, ïåðåõîäèòü èç îäíîé òî-
íàëüíîñòè â äðóãóþ
modulation [ mÁdju´leIS(@)n] n 1) ìîäóëÿöèÿ êàäåíöèîííàÿ 2) ìî-
äóëÿöèÿ ´íåêàäåíöèîííàÿ (îòêëîíåíèå)
monochord [´mÁn@kþd] n 1) ìîíîõîðä (îáùåå íàçâàíèå îäíî-
ñòðóííûõ ìóçûêàëüíûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ) 2) ìîíîõîðä (ïðèáîð
äëÿ îïðåäåëåíèÿ âûñîòû òîíà ñòðóíû è åå ÷àñòåé) 3) äð.-
ãðå÷. îäíîñòðóííûé ùèïêîâûé èíñòðóìåíò
monodic, monodical [m@´nÁdIk, m@´nÁdIk(@)l] a ðåäê. 1) ïîãðåáàëü-
íûé; ïå÷àëüíûé 2) ìîíîäè÷åñêèé
monodrama [ mÁn@(U)´dr¸m@] n ìîíîäðàìà
´
monody [´mÁn@di] n 1) ìîíîäèÿ (îäîãîëîñîå ïåíèå â óíèñîí
monotone 94
èëè îêòàâó áåç ñîïðîâîæäåíèÿ) 2) ìîíîäèÿ (ïåíèå ñîëî
ñ ñîïðîâîæäåíèåì) 3) ðåäê. ïîãðåáàëüíàÿ ïåñíÿ
monotone [´mÁn@t@Un] I n ìîíîòîííîñòü; îäíîîáðàçíàÿ ïîâòî-
ðÿåìîñòü
monotone [´mÁn@t@Un] II a = monotonous
monotone [´mÁn@t@Un] III v ïåòü ìîíîòîííî
monotonous [m@´nÁt(@)n@s] a ìîíîòîííûé; îäíîîáðàçíûé; ñêó÷-
íûé
monument [´mÁnjum@nt] n ïàìÿòíèê
monumental [ mÁnju´m@nt@l] a 1) óâåêîâå÷èâàþùèé, ñëóæàùèé
ïàìÿòíèêîì; ´ ÿâëÿþùèéñÿ ïàìÿòíèêîì 2) êîëîññàëüíûé,
ïîðàçèòåëüíûé
mood [müd] n 1) íàñòðîåíèå 2) óñò. ëàä; òîíàëüíîñòü
moodily [´müdIli] adv 1) êàïðèçíî 2) óíûëî, óãðþìî; çàäóì-
÷èâî, ïå÷àëüíî
morbid [´mþbId] a ìðà÷íûé; ìåëàíõîëè÷íûé
mordent [´mþdnt] n ìîðäåíò
morose [m@´r@Us] a ìðà÷íûé, óãðþìûé
mosaic [m@U´zeIIk] n = medley
motet [m@U´tet] n ìîòåò
motif [m@U´tÖf] n îñíîâíàÿ òåìà; ëåéòìîòèâ, ãëàâíàÿ ìûñëü
motion [´m@US(@)n] n äâèæåíèå, âåäåíèå (ãîëîñîâ), ãîëîñîâå-
äåíèå
motivation [ m@UtI´veIS(@)n] n ïîáóæäåíèå; ìîòèâèðîâêà; èçëî-
´
æåíèå ìîòèâîâ
motive [´m@UtIv] n = motif
motor [´m@Ut@] a ìîòîðíûé, äèíàìè÷åñêèé; ~ section ìîòîð-
íûé, äèíàìè÷åñêèé ðàçäåë (î ìóçûêàëüíîì ïðîèçâåäåíèè)
motto [´mÁt@U] n ( pl -os, -oes [@Uz]) ãëàâíàÿ òåìà
motto-theme [´m@t@U ´TÖm] n ãëàâíàÿ òåìà
mount [maUnt] v òåàòð. 1) îôîðìëÿòü (ñïåêòàëü) 2) ñòàâèòü
(ïüåñó)
mournful [´mþnf(@)l] a ïå÷àëüíûé, ñêîðáíûé; òðàóðíûé; ìðà÷-
íûé; ~ song ïå÷àëüíàÿ, çàóíûâíàÿ ïåñíÿ
mouth hole [´maUT ´h@Ul] n îòâåðñòèå äëÿ âäóâàíèÿ âîçäóõà ó
äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ
mouthorgan [´maUT þg@n] n 1) ñâèðåëü 2) = harmonica 3)
mouthpiece [´maUTpÖs]´ n 1) ìóíäøòóê ó ìåäíî-äóõîâûõ èíñò-
ðóìåíòîâ 2) ìèêðîôîí
movement [´müvm@nt] n 1) äâèæåíèå; òåìï 2) ÷àñòü öèêëè÷åñ-
êîãî ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ (ñîíàòû, ñþèòû)
muffle [´möf(@)l] I n ïðèãëóøåííûé çâóê
muffle [´möf(@)l] II v çàãëóøàòü, ãëóøèòü (çâóê)
muffled [´möf(@)ld] a çàãëóøåííûé, ïðèãëóøåííûé
95 musicology

muffler [´möfl@] n ñóðäèíà, ñóðäèíêà


murmurous [´mÆ:m(@)r@s] a ïðèãëóøåííûé; æóð÷àùèé, øåëå-
ñòÿùèé; æóææàùèé
Muse [mjüz] n (the M.) 1) âäîõíîâåíèå; the M. is mute ìóçà
ìîë÷èò, íåò âäîõíîâåíèÿ 2) (the ~s) pl èçÿùíûå èñêóñ-
ñòâà
musette [mjü´zet] n 1) ìþçåò (ðîä âîëûíêè) 2) ìþçåò (ñòà-
ðèííûé ôðàíöóçñêèé òàíåö)
music [´mjüzIk] n 1) ìóçûêà; to ~ ïîä ìóçûêó; set to ~ ïîëî-
æåííûé íà ìóçûêó 2) ìóçûêàëüíîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå; orchestral
~ îðêåñòðîâîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå, îðêåñòðîâàÿ ìóçûêà 3) íîòû;
to read ~ èãðàòü ïî íîòàì; ÷èòàòü íîòû; to play without ~
èãðàòü áåç íîò; to sing ~ ïåòü ñ ëèñòà 4) óñò. îðêåñòð, õîð
musical [´mjüzIk(@)l] I n 1) ìþçèêë 2) = musical comedy 3) =
musicale
musical [´mjüzIk(@)l] II a 1) ìóçûêàëüíûé; ~ instruments ìó-
çûêàëüíûå èíñòðóìåíòû 2) òîíêî ïîíèìàþùèé ìóçûêó,
ìóçûêàëüíûé 3) ìåëîäè÷íûé; ~ sounds/voice ìåëîäè÷íûå
çâóêè/-ûé ãîëîñ
musical box [´mjüzIk(@)l bÁks] n ìóçûêàëüíàÿ øêàòóëêà
musical comedy [ mjüzIk(@)l ´kÁmIdi] n ìóçûêàëüíàÿ (êèíî)êî-
ìåäèÿ, îïåðåòòà ´
musicale [ mjüzI´k{l] n àìåð. ìóçûêàëüíûé âå÷åð
´
musical score [´mjüzIk(@)l˜´skþ] n 1) ïàðòèòóðà 2) êèíî ìóçû-
êàëüíîå ñîïðîâîæäåíèå êèíîôèëüìà; ïàðòèòóðà ôèëüìà
music appreciation [´mjüzIk @ prÖSi´eIS(@)n] n ìóçûêàëüíûé àíà-
ëèç ´
music-book [´mjüzIk bUk] n ñáîðíèê ïüåñ äëÿ îðêåñòðà
music box [´mjüzIk bÁks] n 1) = musical box 2) óñò. øàðìàíêà
music case [´mjüzIk keIs] n ïàïêà äëÿ íîò
music centre [´mjüzIk sent@] n ìóçûêàëüíûé êîìáàéí (ïðîèã-
ðûâàòåëü, ìàãíèòîôîí ´ è ðàäèîïðèåìíèê)
music-folio [´mjüzIk f@UlI@U] n = music case
´
music hall [´mjüzIk hþl] n 1) êîíöåðòíûé çàë 2) ìþçèê-õîëë
music-holder [´mjüzIk h@Uld@] n = music case
musician [mjü´zIS(@)n] n 1) ìóçûêàíò 2) ìóçûêàíò-èñïîëíè-
òåëü 3) âîêàëèñò 4) êîìïîçèòîð
musicianship [mjü´zIS(@)nSIp] n ìóçûêàëüíîñòü, òîíêîå ïîíèìàíèå
ìóçûêè (ïðåèì. èñïîëíèòåëåì)
music-loft [´mjüzIk lÁft] n õîðû (äëÿ ìóçûêàíòîâ)
music-master [´mjüzIk m¸st@] n ïðåïîäàâàòåëü ìóçûêè
music-mistress [´mjüzIk´ mIstrIs] n ïðåïîäàâàòåëüíèöà ìóçûêè
´
musicologist [ mjüzI´kÁl@³Ist] n ìóçûêîâåä
´
musicology [ mjüzI´kÁl@³i] n ìóçûêîâåäåíèå, ìóçûêîçíàíèå
´
music-paper 96
music-paper [´mjüzIk ´peIp@] n íîòíàÿ áóìàãà
music-rack [´mjüzIk r{k] n = music stand
music scholar [´mjüzIk ´skÁl@] n ìóçûêîâåä
music school [´mjüzIk skül] n 1) ìóçûêàëüíàÿ øêîëà; ìóçûêàëüíîe
ó÷èëèùå 2) cåìèíàð ïðåïîäàâàòåëåé ìóçûêè
music stand [´mjüzIk st{nd] n ïþïèòð, ïóëüò
music stool [´mjüzIk stül] n ñòóë ñ âèíòîâûì ïîäúåìîì (äëÿ èã-
ðàþùåãî íà ðîÿëå)
music text [´mjüzIk˜´tekst] n íîòû, ïàðòèòóðà
mutate [mjü´teIt] v 1) âèäîèçìåíÿòü 2) âèäîèçìåíÿòüñÿ
mutation [mjü´teIS(@)n] n 1) èçìåíåíèå, ïåðåìåíà 2) ìóòàöèÿ
mute [mjüt] I n ñóðäèíà; with ~ ñ ñóðäèíîé; without ~ áåç ñóð-
äèíû
mute [mjüt] II v íàäåâàòü ñóðäèíó
muted [´mjütId] a ïðèãëóøåííûé, çàñóðäèíåííûé, çàñòîïîðåí-
íûé; with ~ strings ïîä ñóðäèíêó
muttering [´möt(@)rIÎ] n îòäàëåííûå, ãëóõèå ðàñêàòû (ãðîìà è
ò.ï.)
mysterious [mI´stI(@)ri@s] a òàèíñòâåííûé
mystery [´mIst(@)ri] n ìèñòåðèÿ; òàéíà
mystic, mystical [´mIstIk, ´mIstIk(@)l] a 1) ìèñòè÷åñêèé 2) òà-
èíñòâåííûé, çàãàäî÷íûé
myth [mIT] n ìèô
mythic, mythical [´mITIk, ´mITIk(@)l] a ìèôè÷åñêèé; ôàíòàñòè-
÷åñêèé

N
naker [´neIk@] n èñò. ëèòàâðà
name band [´neIm˜ b{nd] n îðêåñòð ïîä óïðàâëåíèåì çíàìåíèòîãî
äèðèæåðà ´
natural [´n{¶(@)r@l] I n 1) êëþ÷ «äî» 2) áåêàð, îòêàç îò àëü-
òåðàöèè 3) çíàê áåêàðà
natural [´n{¶(@)r@l] II a 1) íàòóðàëüíûé; ~ trumpet íàòóðàëü-
íàÿ òðóáà; ~ scale íàòóðàëüíàÿ ãàììà 2) âðîæäåííûé, ïðè-
ñóùèé; ~ gift/ability âðîæäåííûé äàð/-àÿ ñïîñîáíîñòü
naturalism [´n{¶(@)r@lIz(@)m] n íàòóðàëèçì
naturalist [´n{¶(@)r@lIst] n íàòóðàëèñò
nature [´neI¶@] n 1) ïðèðîäà 2) ñóùíîñòü, îñíîâíîå ñâîé-
ñòâî; ñâîéñòâà, õàðàêòåð ÷åãî-ë.; lyrical ~ of the composition
ëèðè÷åñêèé õàðàêòåð ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ
nautch [nþ¶] n èíä . âûñòóïëåíèå ïðîôåññèîíàëüíûõ òàíöîâ-
ùèö (â Èíäèè) 2) ïðîôåññèîíàëüíàÿ òàíöîâùèöà â Èí-
äèè
97 notable

nautch girl [´ nþ¶ ˜ gÆ:l] n = nautch 2)


neck [nek] n øåéêà ´ (ñìû÷êîâîãî èíñòðóìåíòà)
negro spirituals [´nÖgr@U spI´rI¶u@lz] pl íåãðèòÿíñêèå äóõîâíûå
ïåñíè (â ÑØÀ)
nepenthean [ne´penTI@n] a ïîýò. óñïîêàèâàþùèé; äàþùèé çàá-
âåíèå
nerve-ràcking [´nÆ:v r{kIÎ] a ðàçäðàæàþùèé, íåðâèðóþùèé;
äåéñòâóþùèé íà ´íåðâû
nerve-wracking [´nÆ:v r{kIÎ] a = nerve-racking
nervous [´nÆ:v@s] a 1) ´íåðâèðóþùèé, äåéñòâóþùèé íà íåðâû
2) âûðàçèòåëüíûé (î ñòèëå)
neum(e)s [njümz] n pl èñò. íåâìû (äðåâíåå íîòíîå ïèñüìî â
âèäå îñîáûõ çíà÷êîâ äëÿ çàïèñè âîêàëüíîé ìóçûêè)
neutral [´njütr@l] a íåéòðàëüíûé; áåçðàçëè÷íûé, áåçó÷àñòíûé
neutralize, neutralise [´njütr@laIz] v íåéòðàëèçîâàòü
never-ending [ neve(r) ´endIÎ] a íåïðåêðàùàþùèéñÿ; áåñêîíå÷íûé
never-fading [´ nev@´feIdIÎ] a íåóâÿäàþùèé, íåóâÿäàåìûé
New Orleans jazz´ [´njü þ´ lI@nz˜´³{z] n íîâîîðëåàíñêèé äæàç
(îäèí èç ñàìûõ ðàííèõ ñòèëåé äæàçîâîãî èñêóññòâà ÕÕ â.)
new thing [´njü ´TIÎ] n îáùåå îáîçíà÷åíèå íîâûõ òå÷åíèé â äæà-
çîâîì èñêóññòâå êîíöà 50—60-õ ãã.
nice [naIs] a 1) õîðîøèé; ~ ear òîíêèé ñëóõ 2) èçûñêàííûé;
óòîí÷åííûé; ~ taste in art òîíêîå ïîíèìàíèå èñêóññòâà
night-piece [´naIt pÖs] n íîêòþðí
ninth [naInT] n íîíà (èíòåðâàë)
ninth chord [´naInT ´kþd] n íîíàêêîðä
noble [´n@Ub(@)l] n 1) áëàãîðîäíûé, âåëèêîäóøíûé 2) ïðåêðàñ-
íûé, çàìå÷àòåëüíûé
nocturne [´nÁktÆ:n] n ôð. íîêòþðí
noise [nOIz] n 1) øóì, ãàì; ãðîõîò 2) çâóê (îáûêí. íåïðèÿò-
íûé)
noiseful [´nOIzf(@)l] a øóìíûé
noiseless [´nOIzlIs] a áåñøóìíûé, òèõèé, áåççâó÷íûé, áåçìîë-
âíûé
noiseproof [´nOIzprüf] a íå ïðîïóñêàþùèé øóìà; çàùèùåííûé
îò øóìà
noisily [´nOIzIli] adv øóìíî, ãðîìêî; ñ ãðîõîòîì
nonet [´n@Unet] n 1) íîíåò (àíñàìáëü èç äåâÿòè èñïîëíèòåëåé)
2) ìóçûêàëüíîå ñî÷èíåíèå äëÿ äåâÿòè èñïîëíèòåëåé
nonny-nonny [´nÁni´nÁni] int óñò. òðà-ëÿ-ëÿ (ïðèïåâ)
nonstop [ nÁn´stÁp] adv áåçîñòàíîâî÷íî
´
normal [´nþm(@)l] a íîðìàëüíûé; ñòàíäàðòíûé
notable [´n@Ut@b(@)l] I n âûäàþùèéñÿ ÷åëîâåê; âèäíûé äåÿòåëü
notable [´n@Ut@b(@)l] II a çàìå÷àòåëüíûé; âèäíûé, âûäàþùèéñÿ
notation 98
notation [n@U´teIS(@)n] n íîòíîå ïèñüìî, íîòàöèÿ
note [n@Ut] n 1) íîòà; ~ value äëèòåëüíîñòü íîòû 2) ïîýò. óñò.
ìóçûêà, ìåëîäèÿ; ~ of praise õâàëåáíàÿ ïåñíü
noted [´n@UtId] a 1) çíàìåíèòûé, èçâåñòíûé; ~ throughout the
world ïîëüçóþùèéñÿ ìèðîâîé ñëàâîé, âñåìèðíî èçâåñò-
íûé 2) çàïèñàííûé íîòíûì ïèñüìîì
noteless [´n@UtlIs] a 1) íåìóçûêaëüíûé (î çâóêå); ãëóõîé, íå-
çâó÷íûé 2) áåçâåñòíûé, íåçàìåòíûé; ~ composer áåçâåñò-
íûé, çàáûòûé êîìïîçèòîð
notice [´n@UtIs] n 1) âíèìàíèå; to meet with public ~ îáðàòèòü
íà ñåáÿ âíèìàíèå ïóáëèêè 2) îáîçðåíèå, ðåöåíçèÿ; the
concert has favourable ~s ãàçåòû äàëè ïîëîæèòåëüíûå îò-
çûâû î êîíöåðòå
notoriety [ n@Ut@´raI@ti] n äóðíàÿ ñëàâà; to bring smth, smb into
~ ñîçäàòü´ ïå÷àëüíóþ èçâåñòíîñòü ÷åìó-ë., êîìó-ë.
notorious [n@(U)´tþri@s] a 1) ïîëüçóþùèéñÿ äóðíîé ñëàâîé; ïå-
÷àëüíî èçâåñòíûé; ïðåñëîâóòûé 2) îáùåèçâåñòíûé; it is
~ that âñå çíàþò, ÷òî
novel [´nÁv(@)l] a íîâûé, ðàíåå íå ñóùåñòâîâàâøèé; ~ idea ñâåæàÿ
ìûñëü
novelette [ nÁv@´let] n íîâåëåòòà (ìóçûêàëüíàÿ ïüåñà)
´
novelty [´nÁv(@)lti] n íîâèçíà; the charm of ~ ïðåëåñòü íîâèç-
íû
nuance [´njü¸ns] n ôð. íþàíñ, îòòåíîê çâó÷àíèÿ
number [´nömb@] n 1) íîìåð 2) ÷èñëî; êîëè÷åñòâî 3) íîìåð
ïðîãðàììû, âûñòóïëåíèå 4) ìåòð, ðàçìåð; ðèòì
nut [nöt] n ïîðîæåê (â ñòðóííûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ)

O
ob(b)ligato [ ÁblI´g¸t@U] a, adv èò. îáëèãàòî
´
objet d’art [ ÁbZeI ´d¸] a ôð. (pl objets d’art [ ÁbZeI ´d¸]) ïðåäìåò
èñêóññòâà ´ ´
oblique motion [@´blÖk ´m@US(@)n] n êîñâåííîå ãîëîñîâåäåíèå
oboe [´@Ub@U] n ãîáîé; baritone ~ áàðèòîíîâûé ãîáîé
oboist [´@Ub@UIst] n ãîáîèñò
obscure [@b´skjU@] a íåÿñíûé, ñìóòíûé, íåîò÷åòëèâûé (î çâó-
êå)
obtuse [@b´tjüs] a ïðèãëóøåííûé, çàãëóøåííûé (î çâóêå)
ocarina [ Ák@´rÖn@] n îêàðèíà (ðîä ôëåéòû)
occidental´ [ ÁksI´dent(@)l] a çàïàäíûé
occidentalism´ [ ÁksI´dent@lIz(@)m] n êóëüòóðà, îáû÷àè è ò.ï. çà-
ïàäíûõ íàðîäîâ´
octachord [´Ákt@kþd] I n 1) îêòàõîðä (âîñüìèñòðóííûé çâóêî-
99 opening

ðÿä) 2) îêòàõîðä (âîñüìèñòðóííûé ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðó-


ìåíò)
octachord [´Ákt@kþd] II a âîñüìèñòðóííûé
octachordal [´Ákt@kþdl] a = octachord II
octave [´Ákt(e)Iv] n îêòàâà; small ~ ìàëàÿ îêòàâà
octave flute [´ÁktIv˜´flüt] n ìàëàÿ ôëåéòà
octet(te) [Ák´tet] n 1) îêòåò (àíñàìáëü èç âîñüìè èñïîëíèòå-
ëåé) 2) îêòåò (ñî÷èíåíèå äëÿ âîñüìè èíñòðóìåíòîâ)
octuor [´ÁktjU@] n = octet(te)
ode [@Ud] n îäà; Pindaric/heroic ~ ïèíäàðè÷åñêàÿ/ãåðîè÷åñêàÿ
îäà
odelet [´@UdlIt] n ìàëåíüêàÿ îäà
odeum [@U´dÖ@m, ´@UdI@m] n (pl òæ. odea [@U´dÖ@, ´@UdI@]) 1) äð.-
ãðå÷. îäåîí 2) êîíöåðòíûé, çðèòåëüíûé çàë
off beat [ Áf´bÖt] n, äæàç. âòîðàÿ è ÷åòâåðòàÿ äîëè òàêòà
offensive ´[@´fensIv] a íåïðèÿòíûé, ïðîòèâíûé, îòâðàòèòåëüíûé
(î çâóêå)
off-key [ Áf´kÖ] a ôàëüøèâûé (î çâóêå); the band was ~ îðêåñòð
´
ôàëüøèâèë
off-pitch [ Áf´pI¶] a = off-key
offstage [ ´Áf´steI³] I n ÷àñòü ñöåíû, ñêðûòàÿ îò çðèòåëåé; çà-
´ ÷àñòü ñöåíû
êóëèñíàÿ
offstage [ Áf´steI³] II adv çà êóëèñû, çà ñöåíó; to go ~ óõîäèòü
´
ñî ñöåíû çà êóëèñû
oldie [´@Uldi] n ðàçã. «ñòàðóøêà» (ñòàðàÿ ïåñíÿ, ñîõðàíèâøàÿ
ïîïóëÿðíîñòü)
olio [´@UlI@U] n (pl -os [@Uz]) = medley
ominous [´ÁmIn@s] a çëîâåùèé, óãðîæàþùèé; ~ silence çëîâå-
ùàÿ òèøèíà
one-act [´wön {kt] a îäíîàêòíûé (áàëåò, ïüåñà)
one-man [´wön ´m{n] a ïðîèçâîäèìûé îäíèì ÷åëîâåêîì; a ~
show òåàòð îäíîãî àêòåðà
one-night stand [ wön naIt ´st{nd] n àìåð. åäèíñòâåííîå ïðåä-
ñòàâëåíèå è ò.ï. ´ â äàííîì ãîðîäå
onestep [´wönstep] I n 1) óàíñòåï (ñàëîííûé òàíåö 20-x ãã.)
2) óàíñòåï (îäíà èç ôîðì äæàçà)
onestep [´wönstep] II v òàíöåâàòü óàíñòåï
open diapason [´@Up@n daI@´peIsn] n ãëàâíûå îòêðûòûå ëàáèàëü-
íûå ãîëîñà îðãàíà´
opening [´@Up(@)nIÎ] I n 1) îòâåðñòèå (äëÿ ïðîõîæäåíèÿ âîç-
äóõà) 2) íà÷àëî; âñòóïèòåëüíàÿ ÷àñòü (ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ) 3) òå-
àòð. îòêðûòèå ñåçîíà; ïåðâîå ïðåäñòàâëåíèå; before the ~
there have been two dress rehearsals ïåðåä ïåðâûì ñïåêòàêëåì
áûëî äâå ãåíåðàëüíûõ ðåïåòèöèè
opening 100
opening [´@Up(@)nIÎ] II a ïåðâûé; íà÷àëüíûé; âñòóïèòåëüíûé
open notes [´@Up@n ´n@Uts] n pl íàòóðàëüíûå çâóêè (íà äóõîâûõ
èíñòðóìåíòàõ)
open string [´@Up@n strIÎ] n îòêðûòàÿ/ïóñòàÿ ñòðóíà
opera [´Áp(@)r@] n 1) îïåðà; comic ~ êîìè÷åñêàÿ îïåðà 2) (îáûêí.
the ~) îïåðíîå èñêóññòâî; to be fond of the ~ áûòü ïîêëîí-
íèêîì îïåðíîãî èñêóññòâà 3) îïåðíûé òåàòð
opera bouffe [ Áp(@)r@ ˜´büf] n îïåðà-áóôô(à)
´
opera girl [´Áp(@)r@ gÆ:l] n òàíöîâùèöà êîðäåáàëåòà
opera glass(es) [´Áp(@)r@ gl¸s(Iz)] n ( pl ) òåàòðàëüíûé áèíîêëü
opera-house [´Áp(@)r@ haUs] ´ n îïåðíûé òåàòð
opera pitch [´Áp(@)r@ ´pI¶] n âûñîòà ñòðîÿ, óñòàíàâëèâàåìàÿ â
îïåðíûõ òåàòðàõ
opera-seria [ Áp(@)r@ ´sI@rI@] n îïåðà-ñåðèÿ, äðàìàòè÷åñêàÿ îïåðà
XVIII â. ´
operatic [Áp@´r{tIk] a îïåðíûé; ~ art îïåðíîå èñêóññòâî; ~ singer/
performance/music îïåðíûé ïåâåö/ñïåêòàêëü/-àÿ ìóçûêà
operatize, operatise [´Áp(@)r@taIz] v ïèñàòü îïåðó ïî êàêîìó-ë.
ïðîèçâåäåíèþ
operetta [ Áp@´ret@] n 1) îïåðåòòà 2) îïåðåòî÷íûé æàíð
ophicliede´ [´ÁfIklaId] n îôèêëåéä (äóõîâîé ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñò-
ðóìåíò)
optimistic, optimistical [ ÁptI´mIstIk, ÁptI´mIstIk(@)l] a îïòèìè-
ñòè÷íûé, îïòèìèñòè÷åñêèé ´ ´
opus [´@Up@s] n (îáûêí. sing ) ëàò . îïóñ, ïîðÿäêîâàÿ íóìåðàöèÿ
ñî÷èíåíèé êîìïîçèòîðîâ
opuscule [Á´pöskjül] n íåáîëüøîå ìóçûêàëüíîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå
oratorial [ Ár@´tþrI@l] a îðàòîðèàëüíûé, îðàòîðíûé
oratorio [ ´Ár@´tþri@U] n (pl -os [@Uz]) îðàòîðèÿ; pathetic ~ ïà-
´
òåòè÷åñêàÿ îðàòîðèÿ
orchestra [´þkIstr@] n 1) îðêåñòð; string ~ ñòðóííûé îðêåñòð;
woodwind ~ îðêåñòð äåðåâÿííî-äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ; State
Symphony ~ ãîñóäàðñòâåííûé ñèìôîíè÷åñêèé îðêåñòð;
chamber ~ êàìåðíûé îðêåñòð; be in charge in the ~ ðóêî-
âîäèòü îðêåñòðîì 2) ìåñòî äëÿ îðêåñòðà èëè õîðà 3) àìåð.
ïàðòåð 4) îðõåñòðà (ìåñòî õîðà â äðåâíåãðå÷åñêîì òåàòðå)
orchestra chairs [´þkIstr@˜´¶e@z] n = orchestra 3)
orchestral [´þkIstr@l] a îðêåñòðîâûé; ~ performance îðêåñòðî-
âîå èñïîëíåíèå; to the ~ accompaniment ïîä àêêîìïàíå-
ìåíò îðêåñòðà
orchestra pit [´þkIstr@˜pIt] n îðêåñòðîâàÿ ÿìà
orchestra stalls [´þkIstr@ ´stþlz] n = orchestra 3)
orchestrate [´þkIstreIt] v îðêåñòðîâàòü, èíñòðóìåíòîâàòü; ïè-
ñàòü ìóçûêó äëÿ îðêåñòðà
101 original

orchestration [ þkI´streIS(@)n] n 1) îðêåñòðîâêà (èçëîæåíèå îð-


êåñòðîâîãî ´ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ â âèäå ïàðòèòóðû) 2) îðêåñò-
ðîâêà, èíñòðóìåíòîâêà (ïåðåëîæåíèå êàêîãî-ë. ïðîèçâå-
äåíèÿ, íàïð. ôîðòåïüÿííîãî, äëÿ îðêåñòðà)
orchestre [´þkIstr@] n = orchestra
orchestrelle [´þkIstrel] n íåáîëüøîé îðêåñòð
orchestric [þ´kestrIk] a 1) òàíöåâàëüíûé 2) îðêåñòðîâûé
orchestrics [þ´kestrIks] n òàíöåâàëüíîå èñêóññòâî
orchestrina, orchestrino [ þkI´strÖn@, þkI´strÖn@U] n = orchestrion
orchestrion [þ´kestrI@n] n´1) îðêåñòðèîí
´ (ìåõàíè÷åñêèé ìóçû-
êàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò) 2) èñò. îðêåñòðèîí (ïåðåíîñíîé
îðãàí)
organ [´þg@n] I n 1) îðãàí; American ~ ôèñãàðìîíèÿ; great ~
áîëüøîé îðãàí; street ~ øàðìàíêà 2) ãîëîñ; à magnificient
~ èçóìèòåëüíûé ãîëîñ
organ [´þg@n] II v ðåäê. èãðàòü íà îðãàíå
organ-blower [´þg@n bl@U@] n 1) ðàçäóâàëüùèê ìåõîâ (ó îðãà-
íà) 2) ìåõàíè÷åñêîå ´ ïðèñïîñîáëåíèå äëÿ ðàçäóâàíèÿ ìåõîâ
(ó îðãàíà)
organ-builder [´þg@n˜ bIld@] n ìàñòåð, äåëàþùèé îðãàíû, îðãàí-
íûé ìàñòåð ´
organ-grinder [´þg@n graInd@] n øàðìàíùèê
organist [´þg@nIst] n 1) ´ îðãàíèñò 2) óñò. îðãàííûé ìàñòåð
organ keyboard [´þg@n˜´kÖbþd] n = manual
organ-loft [´þg@n lÁft] n ãàëåðåÿ â öåðêâè äëÿ îðãàíà, õîðû
organ-pipe [´þg@n paIp] n îðãàííàÿ òðóáà
organ-player [´þg@n pleI@] n = organist 1)
´
organ-point [´þg@n pOInt] n îðãàííûé ïóíêò
organ-stop [´þg@n stÁp] n 1) ðåãèñòð îðãàíà (ãðóïïà òðóá îï-
ðåäåëåííîãî äèàïàçîíà è îäèíàêîâîãî òåìáðà) 2) ðåãèñòð
îðãàíà (ìåõàíè÷åñêîå óñòðîéñòâî, ïîçâîëÿþùåå âêëþ÷àòü
ðàçëè÷íûå ãðóïïû òðóá)
organum [´þg@n@m] n ëàò . îðãàíóì, äèàôîíèÿ
oriental [ þrÖ´entl, ÁrÖ´entl] a âîñòî÷íûé; àçèàòñêèé; ~ motifs
´
âîñòî÷íûå ìîòèâû´
Orientalism [ þrÖ´ent@lIz@m, ÁrÖ´ent(@)lIz(@)m] n îðèåíòàëèçì
(êóëüòóðà, ´íðàâû, îáû÷àè ´ è ò.ï. âîñòî÷íûõ íàðîäîâ)
oriental timpany [ þrÖ´entl ´tImp@ni] n òèìïëèòî (óäàðíûé èí-
ñòðóìåíò) ´
original [@´rI³In(@)l, @´rI³(@)n@l] I n 1) ïîäëèííèê, îðèãèíàë
2) ïåðâîèñòî÷íèê
original [@´rI³In(@)l, @´rI³(@)n@l] II a 1) ïåðâîíà÷àëüíûé, èñ-
êîííûé; ~ idea ïåðâîíà÷àëüíûé çàìûñåë 2) îðèãèíàëüíûé,
ïîäëèííûé 3) íîâûé, ñâåæèé; ~ thought ñâåæàÿ ìûñëü
originality 102
4) òâîð÷åñêèé, íåçàóðÿäíûé; ~ composer íåçàóðÿäíûé, ñà-
ìîáûòíûé êîìïîçèòîð; ~ talent ñàìîáûòíûé òàëàíò
originality [@ rI³I´n{lIti] n 1) ïîäëèííîñòü 2) ñàìîáûòíîñòü,
´
îðèãèíàëüíîñòü 3) íîâèçíà, ñâåæåñòü; ñâîåîáðàçèå
ornament [´þn@m@nt] I n îðíàìåíòèêà, óêðàøåíèå ìåëîäèè
ornament [´þn@m@nt] II v óêðàøàòü
ornamental [ þn@´mentl] a ñëóæàùèé óêðàøåíèåì, îðíàìåíòàëü-
íûé ´
ornamentally [ þn@´ment(@)li] adv â êà÷åñòâå óêðàøåíèÿ
´
orotund [´Ár@Utönd] a 1) çâó÷íûé, ïîëíîçâó÷íûé (î ãîëîñå)
2) ÷åòêèé, ÿñíûé (î äèêöèè)
orpharion [ þf@´raI@n] n îðôåîðåîí, îðôàðèîí (ðîä ãèòàðû)
´
Orphean [þ´fI@n] a ñëàäêîçâó÷íûé, ìåëîäè÷íûé, ÷àðóþùèé,
êàê ìóçûêà Îðôåÿ; ~ lyre ñëàäêîçâó÷íàÿ ëèðà; ~ strains ÷à-
ðóþùèå ñòðóíû
orpheoreon [þ´fI@rI@n] n ðåäê. = orpharion
Orpheus [´þfI@s] n ãðå÷. ìèô. Îðôåé
Orphic [´þfIk] a ÷àðóþùèé, êàê ìóçûêà Îðôåÿ; ~ song ÷àðó-
þùàÿ ïåñíÿ
ostinato [ ÁstI´n¸t@U] adv èò. îñòèíàòî; íàñòîé÷èâî, óïîðíî
outdance ´[aUt´d¸ns] v 1) òàíöåâàòü äîëüøå äðóãèõ 2) òàíöå-
âàòü ëó÷øå äðóãèõ
outdoor [´aUtdþ] a îòêðûòîãî òèïà; ~ theatre òåàòð íà îòêðû-
òîì âîçäóõå, çåëåíûé òåàòð
outfit [´aUt fIt] n 1) îäåæäà 2) àíñàìáëü (äæàçîâûé è ò.ï.); three-
piece ~ ´òðèî
outlandish [aUt´l{ndIS] a çàìîðñêèé, ÷óæåñòðàííûé
outmoded [aUt´m@UdId] a âûøåäøèé èç ìîäû; ñòàðîìîäíûé, îò-
æèâøèé
out-of-date [ aUt @v ´deIt] a óñòàðåëûé; ñòàðîìîäíûé
out of door [ ´aUt @v ´dþ] a = outdoor
out-of-fashion ´ [ aUt @v ´f{S(@)n] a ñòàðîìîäíûé; íåìîäíûé
out-of-tune [ aUt´˜@v˜´tjün] a ðàññòðîåííûé (î ìóçûêàëüíîì èí-
ñòðóìåíòå) ´
outpace [aUt´peIs] v îïåðåæàòü
outsing [aUt´sIÎ] v (outsang [aUt´s{Î], outsung [aUt´söÎ]) 1) ïðå-
âîñõîäèòü â ïåíèè; ïåòü ëó÷øå 2) ïðîêðè÷àòü, ïðîïåòü
outstanding [aUt´st{ndIÎ] a âûäàþùèéñÿ, çíàìåíèòûé
ovation [@U´veIS(@)n] n îâàöèÿ, áóðíûå àïëîäèñìåíòû; the singer
was given a standing ~ ïåâöà âñòðåòèëè áóðíûìè àïëîäèñ-
ìåíòàìè
overabundant [ @Uv@r@´bönd@nt] a èçáûòî÷íûé
´
overact [ @Uv@r´{kt] v ïåðåèãðûâàòü (ðîëü)
´
overaction [ @Uv@r´{kS(@)n] n ïåðåèãðûâàíèå (ðîëè)
´
103 parallel

overcrowded [ @Uv@´kraUdId] a ïåðåïîëíåííûé; ~ theatre/hall ïå-


ðåïîëíåííûé ´ òåàòð/çàë
overnight [ @Uv@´naIt] adv âäðóã, íåîæèäàííî; ñðàçó æå; he rose
´
to international fame ~ îí ïðèîáðåë ìèðîâóþ ñëàâó ïî÷òè
âíåçàïíî
overplay [ @Uv@´pleI] v àìåð. ïåðåèãðûâàòü, ïåðåñòàðàòüñÿ
overpraise´ [ @Uv@´preIz] v ïåðåõâàëèâàòü, çàõâàëèâàòü
´
overprize [ @Uv@´praIz] v ïåðåîöåíèâàòü, îöåíèâàòü ñëèøêîì âû-
ñîêî ´
overrate [ @Uv@´reIt] v ïåðåîöåíèâàòü; to ~ one’s abilities/one’s
´ ïåðåîöåíèâàòü ñâîè âîçìîæíîñòè/ñïîñîáíîñòè
capacities
overspun string [ @Uv@´spön ´strIÎ] n îáâèòàÿ ñòðóíà
´
overstretch [ @Uv@´stre¶] v ñëèøêîì íàòÿãèâàòü (ñòðóíû)
´
overtone [´@Uv@t@Un] n îáåðòîí; ~ series îáåðòîíû
overture [´@Uv@tjU@, ´@Uv@¶(U)@] I n óâåðòþðà; âñòóïëåíèå, ïðåëþäèÿ
overture [´@Uv@tjU@, ´@Uv@¶(U)@] II v èãðàòü óâåðòþðó; íà÷èíàòü
óâåðòþðîé (ïðåäñòàâëåíèå)
own tempo [´@Un ´temp@U] n òåìï ñîîáðàçíî õàðàêòåðó ïüåñû

P
p [pÖ] ñîêð. îò piano II
pace [peIs] n ñêîðîñòü, òåìï
paean [´pÖ@n] n èñò. ïîáåäíàÿ èëè õâàëåáíàÿ ïåñíü
pagan [´peIg@n] a ÿçû÷åñêèé
pageant [´p{³(@)nt] n 1) ïûøíîå çðåëèùå, ïûøíàÿ ïðîöåñ-
ñèÿ 2) êàðíàâàëüíîå øåñòâèå; ìàñêàðàä 3) ïîêàçíàÿ ïûø-
íîñòü; ïóñòîé áëåñê 4) èñò. ïîäâèæíàÿ ñöåíà äëÿ ïðåä-
ñòàâëåíèÿ ìèñòåðèé; ïðåäñòàâëåíèå ìèñòåðèé
pageantry [´p{³(@)ntri] n 1) ïûøíîå çðåëèùå, áëåñê, âåëè-
êîëåïèå 2) ïóñòàÿ âèäèìîñòü
page-one, page-oner [ peI³´wön, peI³´wön@] n àìåð. ðàçã. 1) ñåí-
ñàöèÿ 2) èçâåñòíàÿ ´ ëè÷íîñòü
´ (÷üå èìÿ ÷àñòî ôèãóðèðóåò
â ãàçåòàõ)
painful [´peInf(@)l] a ìó÷èòåëüíûé, òÿãîñòíûé
palais de dance [ p{leI d@ ´d¸ns] n ( pl palais [´p{leIz]) ôð. äàí-
ñèíã ´
palette [´p{lIt] n ïàëèòðà
palindrome [´p{lIndr@Um] n ïàëèíäðîì, ïåðåâåðòåíü
Pandean pipes [´p{ndI@n˜´paIps] n pl ôëåéòà Ïàíà, ñâèðåëü
Panpi pes [´p{n´paIps] n = Pandean pi pes
pantomime [´p{nt@maIm] n ïàíòîìèìà
parallel [´p{r@lel] a ïàðàëëåëüíûé; ~ intervals/motion ïàðàëëåëü-
íûå èíòåðâàëû/-îå ãîëîñîâåäåíèå
paramount 104
paramount [´p{r@maUnt] à ïåðâîñòåïåííûé; of ~ importance ïåð-
âîñòåïåííîãî çíà÷åíèÿ
paraphrase [´p{r@freIz] I n ïàðàôðàç(à) (èíñòðóìåíòàëüíàÿ ïüå-
ñà)
paraphrase [´p{r@freIz] II v ïåðåñêàçûâàòü, ïàðàôðàçèðîâàòü
parent [´pe(@)r@nt] a ðîäñòâåííûé
parode [´p{r@Ud] n èñò. ïàðîäîñ (ïåðâàÿ ïåñíü õîðà â ãðå÷åñ-
êîé òðàãåäèè)
parody [´p{r@di] n ïàðîäèÿ
parquet [´ p¸keI,˜´p¸ki] n ïåðåäíèå ðÿäû ïàðòåðà; ~ circle çàä-
íèå ðÿäû ïàðòåðà, àìôèòåàòð
part [p¸t] n 1) ðîëü 2) ÷àñòü öèêëè÷åñêîãî ìóçûêàëüíîãî ïðî-
èçâåäåíèÿ 3) ïàðòèÿ, ãîëîñ; orchestrial ~s îðêåñòðîâûå ïàðòèè;
the tenor ~ ïàðòèÿ òåíîðà; music written for voices in the ~/
in ~s ìóçûêà, íàïèñàííàÿ äëÿ ìíîãîãîëîñîãî ïåíèÿ
parterre [p¸´te@] n 1) ïàðòåð 2) ïóáëèêà ïàðòåðà 3) àìåð. çàäíèå
ðÿäû ïàðòåðà, àìôèòåàòð
participatory theatre [p¸´tIsIpeIt(@)ri˜´TI@t@] n òåàòð èëè ïðåäñòàâ-
ëåíèå ñ ó÷àñòèåì çðèòåëåé
partial tones [´p¸S(@)l ´t@Unz] n pl ïàðöèàëüíûå (÷àñòè÷íûå) òîíû
partita [p¸´tÖt@] n 1) ïàðòèòà (âàðèàöèÿ íà õîðàëüíóþ ìåëî-
äèþ äëÿ îðãàíà) 2) ïàðòèòà (ðàçíîâèäíîñòü èíñòðóìåí-
òàëüíîé ñþèòû)
part singing [´p¸t sIÎIÎ] n 1) ìíîãîãîëîñîå ïåíèå 2) ãîëîñî-
âåäåíèå
part-song [´p¸t sÁÎ] n 1) âîêàëüíîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå äëÿ íåñêîëüêèõ
ãîëîñîâ 2) õîðîâàÿ ïåñíÿ â ãîìîôîíè÷åñêîì ñòèëå 3) ïàðòèÿ
â õîðå
part-writing [´p¸t ´raItIÎ] n ãîëîñîâåäåíèå; ïàðòèòóðà
pas [p¸] n ôð. ïà (â òàíöàõ); ~ seul ñîëüíûé áàëåòíûé íîìåð
pas de deux [ p¸ d@ ´dÆ:] n ôð. ïà-äå-äå
pas de trois [ ´p¸ d@ ´trw¸] n ôð. ïà-äå-òðóà
pash [p{S] n (´ñîêð. îò passion) æàðã. ñòðàñòü; get some ~ in your
dance! áîëüøå æèçíè! (îáðàùåíèå ê òàíöóþùèì)
paso doble [ p{s@U ´d@UbleI] n ïàñîäîáëü (èñïàíñêèé òàíåö)
passacaglia [´ p{s@´k¸lj@] n 1) ïàññàêàëüÿ (ñòàðèííûé èñïàíñ-
êèé òàíåö) ´ 2) ïàññàêàëüÿ (ìóçûêàëüíàÿ ïüåñà äëÿ îðãà-
íà, êëàâèðà)
passage [´p{sI³] n 1) ïåðåõîä 2) ïàññàæ
passing bell [´p¸sIÎ (´)bel] n ïîõîðîííûé çâîí
passing note [´p¸sIÎ ´n@Ut] n ïðîõîäÿùàÿ íîòà
passion [´p{S(@)n] n 1) ñòðàñòü 2) (The P.) ñòðàñòè Ãîñïîäíè;
Ñòðàñòè (ìóçûêàëüíî-äðàìàòè÷åñêîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå î ñòðà-
äàíèÿõ Õðèñòà)
105 pedalization

passional [´p{S(@)n@l] a = passionate


passionate [´p{S(@)nIt] a ñòðàñòíûé, ïûëêèé
Passion music [´p{S(@)n˜´mjüzIk] n ðåë. = passion 2)
Passion play [´p{S(@) n˜pleI] n èñò. ìèñòåðèÿ, ïðåäñòàâëÿþùàÿ
ñòðàñòè Ãîñïîäíè, ïàññèîí
pass-pied [´p¸s pjeI] n ïàñïüå (ñòàðèííûé ôðàíöóçñêèé íàðîäíûé
òàíåö)
pasticcio [p{´stI¶@U] n (pl -ci [¶Ö]) èò. 1) ïàñòè÷÷î (îïåðà, ñî-
ñòàâëåííàÿ èç îòðûâêîâ äðóãèõ îïåð) 2) ñìåñü, ïîïóððè
pastiche [p{´stÖS] n = pasticcio
pastoral [´p¸st(@)r@l] a ïàñòîðàëüíûé, ïàñòóøåñêèé
pastorale [ p{st@´r¸l(i)] n (pl -li [-li], -s [-z]) ïàñòîðàëü
pastoralist ´[´p¸st(@)r@lIst] n àâòîð ïàñòîðàëåé
pastoralize [´p¸st(@)r@laIz] v ïèñàòü ïàñòîðàëè
pat [p{t] n 1) ïîõëîïûâàíèå, õëîïàíüå; øëåïàíüå 2) òàíåö
àìåðèêàíñêèõ íåãðîâ; ÷å÷åòêà
pathetic [p@´TetIk] a óñò. ïàòåòè÷åñêèé
pathos [´peITÁs] n 1) ñòðàñòíîå âîîäóøåâëåíèå, ïîäúåì, ýí-
òóçèàçì 2) ïàôîñ
pattern [´p{t(@)n] n îáðàçåö, ïðèìåð; music ~ ìóçûêàëüíûé ðè-
ñóíîê
patter-song [´p{t@ sÁÎ] n êîìè÷åñêàÿ àðèÿ ñ ðå÷èòàòèâîì
pause [pþz] n 1) ïàóçà, ïåðåðûâ; ïåðåäûøêà; general ~ ãåíå-
ðàëüíàÿ ïàóçà 2) ôåðìàòà
p a va n (e ) [p@´v{n, ´p{v@n] n ïàâàíà (áàëüí ûé òàíåö XVI—
XVII ââ.)
pay-box [´peI bÁks] n òåàòðàëüíàÿ êàññà
peal [pÖl] I n 1) çâîí êîëîêîëîâ, òðåçâîí 2) íàáîð êîëîêî-
ëîâ; the bells ring in ~ êîëîêîëà èìåþò ñòðîéíîå çâó÷àíèå
3) ðàñêàò (ãðîìà è ò.ï.)
peal [pÖl] II v 1) ãðåìåòü, ðàçäàâàòüñÿ 2) òðåçâîíèòü; ~ bells
çâîíèòü â êîëîêîëà
peccant string [´pek@nt ´strIÎ] n (the) äåòîíèðóþùàÿ ñòðóíà
peculiarity [pI kjüli´{rIti] n 1) ñïåöèôè÷íîñòü, îñîáåííîñòü
´
2) õàðàêòåðíàÿ ÷åðòà; îòëè÷èòåëüíîå êà÷åñòâî, ñâîéñòâî
Ped. [ped] n = pedal
pedal [´pedl] I n 1) ïåäàëü; damper/lou/forte ~ ïðàâàÿ ïåäàëü
(ó ôîðòåïüÿíî); soft/piano ~ ëåâàÿ ïåäàëü (ó ôîðòåïüÿíî)
2) íîæíàÿ êëàâèàòóðà îðãàíà
pedal [´pedl] II a ïåäàëüíûé
pedal [´pedl] III v íàæèìàòü ïåäàëü; ïåäàëèçèðîâàòü
pedal-board [´pedl bþd] n ïåäàëü; ïåäàëüíàÿ (íîæíàÿ) êëàâè-
àòóðà îðãàíà
pedalization [ ped(@)laI´zeIS(@)n] n ïåäàëèçàöèÿ
´
pedalling 106
pedalling [´pedlIÎ] n íîæíàÿ àïïëèêàòóðà (îðãàíà)
pedal point [´pedl ´pOInt] n îðãàííûé ïóíêò
peg [peg] n 1) 1) êîëîê (ó ôîðòåïüÿíî, ñòðóííûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ)
2) íîæêà èëè óïîð âèîëîí÷åëè
peg-box [´peg bÁks] n êîëêîâûé ÿùèê (ó ñìû÷êîâûõ èíñòðó-
ìåíòîâ)
penetrating [´penItreItIÎ] a 1) ñèëüíûé 2) ïðîíèçûâàþùèé, ïðî-
íèêàþùèé
penetrative [´penItr@tIv] a ïðîíçèòåëüíûé, ðåçêèé (î çâóêå)
pensive [´pensIv] a çàäóì÷èâûé, ïå÷àëüíûé; ìåëàíõîëè÷íûé
pentachord [´pent@kþd] n 1) ïåíòàõîðä 2) ïÿòèñòðóííûé ìó-
çûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò
pentatonic [ pent@´tÁnIk] I n ïåíòàòîíèêà
pentatonic [´ pent@´tÁnIk] II a ïåíòàòîííûé; ~ scale ïåíòàòîí-
íûé çâóêîðÿä´
pentatonism [´pent@ t@UnIz(@)m] n ïåíòàòîíèêà
´
perceptible [p@´septIb(@)l] a îùóòèìûé, âîñïðèíèìàåìûé; ðàç-
ëè÷èìûé, çàìåòíûé
perception [p@´sepS(@)n] n 1) âîñïðèÿòèå, îùóùåíèå 2) ñïî-
ñîáíîñòü âîñïðèÿòèÿ
percuss [p@´kös] v óäàðÿòü
percussion [p@´köS(@)n] I n ãðóïïà óäàðíûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ
percussion [p@´köS(@)n] II a óäàðíûé; ~ family ñåìåéñòâî óäàð-
íûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ
percussionist [p@´köS(@)nIst] n èñïîëíèòåëü íà óäàðíûõ èíñòðó-
ìåíòàõ, óäàðíèê
percussive [p@´kösIv] a óäàðíûé; ñîòðÿñàþùèé; ~ playing ÷åò-
êîñòü (óäàðíîñòü) èãðû (èñïîëíåíèÿ)
perfect [´pÆ:fIkt] I a 1) ïîëíûé; ÷èñòûé; ~ interval ÷èñòûé èí-
òåðâàë; ~ fourth/fifth/octave ~ ÷èñòàÿ êâàðòà/êâèíòà/îêòà-
âà 2) ñîâåðøåííûé; ~ cadance ñîâåðøåííûé êàäàíñ
perfect [p@´fekt] II v 1) ñîâåðøåíñòâîâàòü, óëó÷øàòü 2) çàâåð-
øàòü, çàêàí÷èâàòü, âûïîëíÿòü
perfect fifth interval [´pÆ:fIkt ´fIfT˜´Int@v@l] n èíòåðâàë ÷èñòàÿ êâèí-
òà
perfect fourth interval [´pÆ:fIkt˜´fþT ´Int@v@l] n èíòåðâàë ÷èñòàÿ
êâàðòà
perfection [p@´fekS(@)n] n 1) ñîâåðøåíñòâîâàíèå, óñîâåðøåí-
ñòâîâàíèå 2) çàâåðøåíèå; to bring a work to ~ çàâåðøèòü
ðàáîòó 3) ñîâåðøåíñòâî, áåçóïðå÷íîñòü; ~ itself ñàìî ñî-
âåðøåíñòâî; a rare ~ of form ðåäêîå ñîâåðøåíñòâî ôîðìû;
to attain ~ äîñòè÷ü ñîâåðøåíñòâà; to ~ áåçóïðå÷íî, â ñî-
âåðøåíñòâå; to have many ~s èìåòü ìíîãî äîñòîèíñòâ 4) çà-
êîí÷åííîñòü, çàâåðøåííîñòü äåòàëåé
107 phonogenic

perfect octave interval [´pÆ:fIkt ˜´ Ákt@v˜´Int@v@l] n èíòåðâàë ÷èñ-


òàÿ îêòàâà
perform [p@´fþm] v 1) èñïîëíÿòü, âûïîëíÿòü, äåëàòü 2) ïðåä-
ñòàâëÿòü, èãðàòü (ïüåñó) 3) èñïîëíÿòü (ðîëü, ìóçûêàëü-
íîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå); to ~ on the flute èãðàòü íà ôëåéòå,
âûñòóïàòü ñ èãðîé íà ôëåéòå
performance [p@´fþm@ns] n 1) òåàòðàëüíîå ïðåäñòàâëåíèå, ñïåê-
òàêëü; first ~ ïðåìüåðà; farewell ~ ïðîùàëüíîå âûñòóïëå-
íèå, ïðîùàëüíûé ñïåêòàêëü; evening/afternoon ~ âå÷åðíèé/
äíåâíîé ñïåêòàêëü 2) âûñòóïëåíèå, èñïîëíåíèå, êîíöåðò
3) èãðà, èñïîëíåíèå (ðîëè); best ~ ëó÷øåå èñïîëíåíèå; a
very creditable ~ âïîëíå ïðèëè÷íîå èñïîëíåíèå; to give a
~ èñïîëíÿòü; to give a ~ of a concerto/oratorio èñïîëíÿòü
êîíöåðò/îðàòîðèþ
performer [p@´fþm@] n èñïîëíèòåëü, àðòèñò; he is an admirable
~ on the violin îí âîñõèòèòåëüíî èãðàåò íà ñêðèïêå; a most
indifferent ~ ñëàáûé èñïîëíèòåëü
performing arts [p@´fþmIÎ ´¸ts] n pl èñïîëíèòåëüñêèå âèäû èñ-
êóññòâà (òåàòð, öèðê è ò.ï.)
period [´pI(@)ri@d] n ïåðèîä
periodicity [ pI(@)rI@´dIsIti] n ïåðèîäè÷íîñòü, ÷àñòîòà
´
permanent [´pÆ:m@n@nt] a ïîñòîÿííûé, íåèçìåííûé; ~ rhythm
ïîñòîÿííûé ðèòì
perpetual [p@´pe¶u@l] a âå÷íûé, áåñêîíå÷íûé; ~ canon áåñêî-
íå÷íûé êàíîí
personate [´pÆ:s@neIt] v 1) èãðàòü ðîëü 2) ïåðåâîïëîùàòüñÿ, îëè-
öåòâîðÿòü
personification [p@ sÁnIfI´keIS(@)n] n 1) ïåðñîíèôèêàöèÿ, îëè-
öåòâîðåíèå 2) ´âîïëîùåíèå
personify [p@´sÁnIfaI] v 1) îëèöåòâîðÿòü, ïåðñîíèôèöèðîâàòü
2) âîïëîùàòü, ñèìâîëèçèðîâàòü
pervade [p@´veId] v ïðîíèçûâàòü
petite [p@´tÖt] a ôð. ìàëåíüêèé; ~ piece ìàëåíüêàÿ îäíîàêòíàÿ
ïüåñà
p ettico at-pip e [´petik@Ut paIp] n òðóáà ñ êîíè÷åñêèì ðàñòðó-
áîì
philharmonic [ fIl@´mÁnIk, fIlh¸´mÁnIk] n 1) ôèëàðìîíèÿ 2) ìå-
ëîìàí ´ ´
philharmonic society [ fIl@´mÁnIk ˜s@´saIIti] n ôèëàðìîíè÷åñêîå
îáùåñòâî ´
phonal [´f@Unl] a ðåäê. ãîëîñîâîé
phonic [´fÁnIk, ˜´f@UnIk] a 1) çâóêîâîé 2) îáðàçóåìûé ñ ïîìî-
ùüþ ãîëîñà (î çâóêå)
phonogenic [ f@Un@´³enIk] a îáëàäàþùèé ïðèÿòíûì ãîëîñîì
´
phonograph 108
phonograph [´f@Un@gr¸f] n 1) ôîíîãðàô 2) àìåð. ðàçã. ãðàììî-
ôîí, ïàòåôîí
phrase [freIz] I n ôðàçà, ôðàçèðîâêà
phrase [freIz] II v ôðàçèðîâàòü, âûäåëÿòü ìóçûêàëüíûå ôðàçû
phrasing [´freIzIÎ] n ôðàçèðîâêà, âûäåëåíèå ìóçûêàëüíûõ ôðàç
physharmonica [ fIz(h)¸´mÁnIk@] n ôèñãàðìîíèÿ
pianette [pj{´net]´ n íåáîëüøîå íèçåíüêîå ïèàíèíî
pianino [pj{´nÖn@U] n ( pl -os [@Uz]) íåáîëüøîå ïèàíèíî
pianism [´pI@nIz(@)m, ´pj¸nIz(@)m] n ïèàíèçì, èñêóññòâî è òåõ-
íèêà èãðû íà ôîðòåïüÿíî
pianissimo [pI@´nIsIm@U] adv, èò. ïèàíèññèìî (î÷åíü òèõî)
pianist [´pÖ@nIst,˜´pj¸nIst] n ïèàíèñò; ïèàíèñòêà
piano [pi´{n@U] I n (pl -os [@Uz]) ôîðòåïüÿíî, ôîðòåïèàíî; ðî-
ÿëü; grand ~ ðîÿëü; upright ~ ïèàíèíî; (cabinet) ~ êàáè-
íåòíûé ðîÿëü
piano [pi´{n@U, pi´¸n@U] II adv èò. ïèàíî (òèõî)
piano concerto [pi´{n@U k@n´¶Æ:t@U] n ôîðòåïüÿííûé êîíöåðò
pianoforte [pi {n@U´fþti] n = piano I
´
pianola [ pi@´n@Ul@] n ïèàíîëà
´
piano-organ [pi´{n@U þg@n] n âèä øàðìàíêè
´
piano pedal [pi´{n@U˜´pedl] n ëåâàÿ ïåäàëü
piano-player [pi´{n@U pleI@] n 1) = pianola 2) ðåäê. ïèàíèñò
´
piano stool [pi´{n@U stül] n âðàùàþùèéñÿ òàáóðåò äëÿ ðîÿëÿ
´
piano writing [pi´{n@U ´raItIÎ] n ôîðòåïüÿííîå ïèñüìî, ôîðòå-
ïüÿííûé ÿçûê
piatti [pI´{ti] n òàðåëêè (ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
pibroch [´pÖbrÁk] n âàðèàöèè äëÿ âîëûíêè
piccolo [´pIk@l@U] n ( pl -os [@Uz]) èò. 1) ìàëàÿ ôëåéòà, ïèêêî-
ëî 2) ìàëåíüêîå ïèàíèíî
piccolo piano [´pIk@l@U pi´{n@U] n = piccolo 2)
pick [pIk] v àìåð. ïåðåáèðàòü ñòðóíû (áàíäæî è ò.ä.); èãðàòü
íà ñòðóííîì èíñòðóìåíòå
pick-up [´pIk öp] n çâóêîñíèìàòåëü, àäàïòåð
piece [pÖs] n 1) ïüåñà; to play a ~ ñûãðàòü ïüåñó 2) àìåð. ìó-
çûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò
piercing [´pI@sIÎ] a ïðîíèçûâàþùèé, ïðîíçèòåëüíûé (î çâó-
êå)
piffero [´pIf@r@U] n ( pl -os [@Uz]) ïèôôåðî (ðîä âîëûíêè)
pin [pIn] n = peg
pious chanson [´paI@s˜´S{ns(@)n] n öåðêîâíîå ïåñíîïåíèå
pipe [paIp] I n 1) ñâèðåëü, äóäêà 2) òðóáà (â îðãàíå) 3) pl âî-
ëûíêà 4) àìåð. æàðã. ñàêñîôîí 5) ïåíèå, ñâèñò (ïòèö è
ò.ï.) 6) ãîëîñ, çâóê ãîëîñà; to have a fine ~ èìåòü ïðåêðàñíûé
ãîëîñ
109 platter

pipe [paIp] II v 1) èãðàòü íà ñâèðåëè èëè äóäêå; to ~ a song


èãðàòü íà ñâèðåëè ïåñåíêó 2) ïðèçûâàòü ñâèðåëüþ èëè äóä-
êîé
piped music [ paIpt ´mjüzIk] n ðàçã. ìóçûêà, ïåðåäàþùàÿñÿ ïî
´
ðàäèî (â îáùåñòâåííûõ ìåñòàõ)
pipe-organ [ paIp ´þg@n] n îðãàí
piper [´paIp@]´ n âîëûíùèê; äóäî÷íèê; èãðàþùèé íà ñâèðåëè
piping [´paIpIÎ] n 1) èãðà íà äóäêå, ñâèðåëè 2) çâóêè ñâèðåëè
3) âûñîêèé, òîíêèé èëè ðåçêèé ãîëîñ 4) ïðîíçèòåëüíûé,
ðåçêèé çâóê, ïèñê 5) ïåíèå ïòèö
pipy [´paIpi] a ïðîíçèòåëüíûé, ðåçêèé; a ~ little voice ïðîíçè-
òåëüíûé ãîëîñîê
pirouette [ pIru´et] n ïèðóýò; to perform a ~ ñäåëàòü ïèðóýò
´
piston [´pIst(@)n] n ïèñòîí, âåíòèëü, êëàïàí
piston valve [´pIst(@)n ´v{lv] n ïoìïîâûé âåíòèëü (ó ìåäíî-äó-
õîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ)
pit [pIt] n 1) ïàðòåð, îñîá. çàäíèå ðÿäû çà êðåñëàìè 2) îðêåñ-
òðîâàÿ ÿìà, ìåñòî äëÿ îðêåñòðà
pitch [pI¶] I n âûñîòà (çâóêà, òîíà, çâó÷àíèÿ); relative ~ îò-
íîñèòåëüíàÿ âûñîòà (çâóêà); absolute ~ àáñîëþòíàÿ âûñî-
òà çâóêà; àáñîëþòíûé ñëóõ
pitch [pI¶] II v èìåòü èëè ïðèäàâàòü îïðåäåëåííóþ âûñîòó; these
songs are ~ ed too high/too low for me ýòè ïåñíè ñëèøêîì
âûñîêè/íèçêè äëÿ ìîåãî ãîëîñà; to ~ a tune higher/lower
òðàíñïîíèðîâàòü ìåëîäèþ äëÿ áîëåå âûñîêîãî/íèçêîãî
ãîëîñà; to ~ one’s voice higher/lower ïîâûñèòü/ïîíèçèòü
ãîëîñ; to ~ one’s voice correctly ïåòü â òîí; you ~ the tune
too low âû âçÿëè ñëèøêîì íèçêî
pitched [pI¶t] a âûñîêèé; high ~ voice âûñîêèé ãîëîñ
pitchfork [´pI¶fþk] n = fork
pitchpipe [´pI¶paIp] n êàìåðòîí-äóäêà
pittite [´pItaIt] n çðèòåëü ïîñëåäíèõ ðÿäîâ
pizzicato [ pItsI´k¸t@U] adv èò. ïèööèêàòî
´
plagal [´pleIg(@)l] a ïëàãàëüíûé; ~ cadence ïëàãàëüíûé êàäàíñ;
~ mode ïëàãàëüíûé ëàä
plainchant [´pleIn¶¸nt] n ãðèãîðèàíñêîå ïåíèå, õîðîâîå ïåíèå
plain-song [´pleInsÁÎ] = plainchant
plaintive [´pleIntIv] a ïå÷àëüíûé, ãðóñòíûé; çàäóì÷èâûé; æà-
ëîáíûé
plantation song [pl{n´teIS(@)n (pl¸n´teIS(@)n)˜´sÁÎ] n ïåñíü àìåðè-
êàíñêèõ íåãðîâ-ðàáîâ (íà ïëàíòàöèè)
planxty [´pl{Îksti] n èðëàíäñêàÿ òàíöåâàëüíàÿ ìåëîäèÿ
platform [´pl{tfþm] n ïîìîñò
platter [´pl{t@] n àìåð. ðàçã. ãðàììîôîííàÿ ïëàñòèíêà
plaud 110
plaud [plþd] v óñò. àïëîäèðîâàòü
plaudit [´plþdIt] n îáûêí. pl 1) ðóêîïëåñêàíèÿ, àïëîäèñìåí-
òû; noisy ~ s ãðîìêèå àïëîäèñìåíòû 2) (ãðîìêîå èëè âîñ-
òîðæåííîå) âûðàæåíèå îäîáðåíèÿ
plausive [´plþzIv] a ðåäê. ðóêîïëåùóùèé, îäîáðèòåëüíûé
play [pleI] I n ïüåñà; ïðåäñòàâëåíèå, ñïåêòàêëü
play [pleI] II v 1) èñïîëíÿòü (ìóçûêàëüíîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå è ò.ï.);
èãðàòü; to ~ a pàrt èãðàòü ðîëü; to ~ a piece ñûãðàòü ìóçû-
êàëüíóþ ïüåñó; to ~ a record ïîñòàâèòü, ïðîèãðàòü ïëàñ-
òèíêó 2) èãðàòü (íà ìóçûêàëüíîì èíñòðóìåíòå); to ~ the
piano/violin/flute èãðàòü íà ðîÿëå/ñêðèïêå/ôëåéòå 3) èã-
ðàòü (î ìóçûêå èëè ìóçûêàëüíîì èícòðóìåíòå); the organ
was ~ ing èãðàë îðãàí; just then the music began to ~ â ýòîò
ìîìåíò çàèãðàëà ìóçûêà 4) ñîïðîâîæäàòü ìóçûêîé; the band
~ed them out of town îíè óõîäèëè èç ãîðîäà ïîä çâóêè
îðêåñòðà; the organist was ~ ing the congregation out îðãà-
íèñò çàèãðàë, è ïðèõîæàíå ñòàëè âûõîäèòü èç öåðêâè 5) äà-
âàòü ïðåäñòàâëåíèå, èñïîëíÿòü ïüåñó; to ~ a tragedy ñòà-
âèòü òðàãåäèþ
playable [´pleI@b(@)l] a 1) ãîäíûé äëÿ èãðû (î ìóçûêàëüíîì èí-
ñòðóìåíòå) 2) ìîãóùèé áûòü ñûãðàííûì
playbill [´pleIbIl] n 1) òåàòðàëüíàÿ àôèøà 2) òåàòðàëüíàÿ ïðî-
ãðàììà
player [´pleI@] n 1) àêòåð 2) ìóçûêàíò, èñïîëíèòåëü 3) àâòî-
ìàòè÷åñêèé ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò
player piano [ pleI@ pI´{n@U] n = pianola
´
playful [´pleIf(@)l] a èãðèâûé, øàëîâëèâûé, âåñåëûé, øóòëè-
âûé; ~ pizzicato âåñåëîå, øóòëèâîå ïèööèêàòî
playgoer [´pleI g@U@] n òåàòðàë, ëþáèòåëü òåàòðà
play-going [´pleI´ g@UIÎ] n ïîñåùåíèå òåàòðà
´
playhouse [´pleIhaUs] n òåàòð (äðàìàòè÷åñêèé)
playing [´pleIIÎ] n èãðà, èñïîëíåíèå; first-class orchestral ~ ïåð-
âîêëàññíàÿ èãðà îðêåñòðà; percussive ~ ÷åòêîñòü, óäàðíîñòü
èãðû (èñïîëíåíèÿ)
playlet [´pleIlIt] n êîðîòêàÿ ïüåñà
playwright [´pleIraIt] n äðàìàòóðã
pleasant [´plez(@)nt] a ïðèÿòíûé, ìèëûé, ñëàâíûé
pleasurable [´pleZ(@)r@b(@)l] a äîñòàâëÿþùèé óäîâîëüñòâèå, ïðè-
ÿòíûé
pleasure [´pleZ@] I n óäîâîëüñòâèå, íàñëàæäåíèå
pleasure [´pleZ@] II v êíèæí. äîñòàâëÿòü óäîâîëüñòâèå
plectrum [´plektr@m] n (pl -ra [r@]) ïëåêòð, ìåäèàòîð
pluck [plök] v çàùèïûâàòü, ùèïàòü èëè ïåðåáèðàòü ñòðóíû; to
~ a guitàr ïåðåáèðàòü ñòðóíû ãèòàðû; in the virginal the strings
111 pop concert

are ~ ed â âåðäæèíàëå çâóê ïîëó÷àåòñÿ â ðåçóëüòàòå ùèï-


êîâûõ äâèæåíèé ïî ñòðóíàì
plucked instrument [´plökt˜´Instrum@nt] n ùèïêîâûé èíñòðóìåíò
plucking [´plökIÎ] a ùèïêîâûé (èíñòðóìåíò)
plug [plög] n ïðîáêà (ó ôëåéòû)
plunger [´plön³@] n ñóðäèíà â âèäå âîéëî÷íîé øëÿïû (ó äó-
õîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ)
plunk [plöÎk] I n çâîí (ãèòàðû, áàíäæî è ò.ï.)
plunk [plöÎk] II v 1) ïåðåáèðàòü ñòðóíû; to ~ the banjo ïåðå-
áèðàòü ñòðóíû áàíäæî 2) çâåíåòü (î ñòðóíå ãèòàðû, áàí-
äæî è ò.ï.)
pochette [pÁ´Set] n èñò. ïîøåòòà (íåáîëüøàÿ ñêðèïêà)
pocket-fiddle [´pÁkIt fIdl] n = pochette
poco grotesco [´p@Uk@U gr@´tesk@U] adv, èò. íåìíîãî ñ ãðîòåñêîì
poignancy [´pOInj@nsi] n ðåçêîñòü, ÷åòêîñòü
point [pOInt] n òî÷êà
polca [´ pÁlk@,˜´p@Ulk@] n ïîëüêà
polish [´pÁlIS] v ïðèäàâàòü âíåøíèé ëîñê, ýëåãàíòíîñòü; äåëàòü
áîëåå èçûñêàííûì
polished [´pÁlISt] a èçûñêàííûé, ýëåãàíòíûé; îòòî÷åííûé (î
ñòèëå)
polka [´pÁlk@,˜´p@Ulk@] n = polca
polonaise [ pÁl@´neIz] n ïîëîíåç (ñòàðèííûé ïîëüñêèé áàëüíûé
òàíåö) ´
polyharmony [ pÁlI´h¸m@ni] n ïîëèãàðìîíèÿ
Polyhymnia [ ´pÁlI´hImnI@] n Ïîëèãèìíèÿ (ìóçà õðàìîâîé ìó-
´
çûêè â äðåâíåãðå÷åñêîé ìèôîëîãèè)
polymetry [p@´lImItrI] n ïîëèìåòðèÿ
polyphonic [ pÁlI´fÁnIk] a 1) ïîëèôîíè÷åñêèé, ìíîãîãîëîñíûé;
´
~ counterpoint/variations ïîëèôîíè÷åñêèé êîíòðàïóíêò/-èå
âàðèàöèè 2) ìíîãîçâó÷íûé
polyphony [p@´lIfeni] n ïîëèôîíèÿ, ìíîãîãîëîñèå
polytonality [ pÁlIt@´n{lIti] n ïîëèòîíàëüíîñòü
pomp [pÁmp] ´n ïûøíîñòü, ïîìïà
pomposity [pÁm´pÁsIti] n ïîìïåçíîñòü, íàïûùåííîñòü
pompous [´pÁmp@s] a âåëèêîëåïíûé, ïîìïåçíûé, ýôôåêòíûé
pop 1 [pÁp] n îòðûâèñòûé çâóê, õëîïàíüå; ùåëê; òðåñê
pop 2 [pÁp] n ðàçã. ñîêð. îò popular concert
pop 3 [pÁp] a ðàçã. ñîêð. îò popular
pop 4 [pÁp] a â ñòèëå «ïîï»; ~ tunes ìåëîäèè â ñòèëå «ïîï»;
~ music ïîï-ìóçûêà; ~ songs ïåñåíêè â ñòèëå «ïîï», «ïî-
ïñû»
pop concert [ pÁp ´kÁnset] n ïîï-êîíöåðò, êîíöåðò ïîïóëÿðíîé
ìóçûêè ´
pop 112
pop group [´pÁp grüp] n (íåáîëüøîé) àíñàìáëü ýñòðàäíîé ìó-
çûêè, ïîï-àíñàìáëü
popular [´pÁpjul@] a 1) äîõîä÷èâûé, ïîïóëÿðíûé, ïîíÿòíûé;
~ concert êîíöåðò ïîïóëÿðíîé ìóçûêè 2) ïîïóëÿðíûé,
ïîëüçóþùèéñÿ èçâåñòíîñòüþ, ïîïóëÿðíîñòüþ; ~ singer
ëþáèìûé ïåâåö; ~ music/song ïîïóëÿðíàÿ ìóçûêà/ïåñíÿ
popularity [ pÁpju´l{rIti] n ïîïóëÿðíîñòü; to gain ~ çàâîåâàòü ïî-
´
ïóëÿðíîñòü
popularization [ pÁpjul@raI´zeIS(@)n] n ïîïóëÿðèçàöèÿ
´ a ïîðòàòèâíûé, ïåðåíîñíîé; ~ record player
portable [´pþt@b(@)l]
ïîðòàòèâíûé ïðîèãðûâàòåëü
portable organ [´pþt@b(@)l˜´þg@n] n èñò. ïîðòàòèâíûé, ïåðåíîñíîé
îðãàí, ïîðòàòèâ
portative organ [´pþt@tIv˜´þg@n] n = portable organ
portamento [ pþt@´ment@U] n ïîðòàìåíòî (ñïîñîá èñïîëíåíèÿ
ìåëîäèè) ´
position [p@´zIS@n] n 1) ïîçèöèÿ, ïîëîæåíèå ðóê ïðè èãðå íà
ìóçûêàëüíîì èíñòðóìåíòå; natural ~ åñòåñòâåííàÿ ïîçè-
öèÿ 2) ïîçèöèÿ, ïîëîæåíèå ïàëüöåâ ëåâîé ðóêè ïðè èãðå
íà ñòðóííîì èíñòðóìåíòå 3) ïîëîæåíèå, ðàñïîëîæåíèå
(àêêîðäà)
positive organ [´pÁzItIv˜´þg@n] n èñò. ñðåäíåâåêîâûé íåáîëüøîé
(êîìíàòíûé) îðãàí
poster [´p@Ust@] I n 1) îáúÿâëåíèå; àôèøà; ïëàêàò 2) ðàñêëåé-
ùèê àôèø, ïëàêàòîâ
poster [´p@Ust@] II v 1) îêëåèâàòü îáúÿâëåíèÿìè, ðåêëàìîé è
ò.ï. 2) ðåêëàìèðîâàòü
postlude [´p@Ustljüd] n ïîñòëþäèÿ
pound [paUnd] v (÷àñòî at, on) áèòü, êîëîòèòü; to ~ on the piano
áàðàáàíèòü (êîëîòèòü) ïî êëàâèøàì
powerful [´paU@f(@)l] a ñèëüíûé, ìîùíûé, ìîãó÷èé
practice [´pr{ktIs] n ïðàêòèêà; òðåíèðîâêà, óïðàæíåíèå; she’s
doing her ~ at the piano îíà óïðàæíÿåòñÿ â èãðå íà ðîÿëå;
I haven’t done much ~ ÿ ìàëî óïðàæíÿëñÿ (òðåíèðîâàëñÿ)
practice, practise [´pr{ktIs] v òðåíèðîâàòüñÿ, óïðàæíÿòüñÿ, ïðàê-
òèêîâàòüñÿ; to ~ scales ðàçó÷èâàòü ãàììû, óïðàæíÿòüñÿ â
èãðå ãàìì; to ~ the violin óïðàæíÿòüñÿ â èãðå íà ñêðèïêå;
to ~ (at) the piano óïðàæíÿòüñÿ â èãðå íà ðîÿëå
precentor [prI´sent@] n ðåãåíò õîðà
precision [prI´sIZ(@)n] n òî÷íîñòü, ÷åòêîñòü; ~ of performance
òî÷íîñòü èñïîëíåíèÿ
predominant [prI´dÁmIn@nt] a ïðåîáëàäàþùèé, ïðåâàëèðóþùèé;
ïðåâîñõîäíûé
preface [´prefIs] I n ïðåäèñëîâèå; ââîäíàÿ ÷àñòü; âñòóïëåíèå
113 principal tempo

pre face [´prefIs] II v äåëàòü âñòóïëåíèå; ñíàáæàòü ïðåäèñëî-


âèåì
prelude [´preljüd] I n ïðåëþä, ïðåëþäèÿ; âñòóïëåíèå
prelude [´preljüd] II v ïðåëþäèðîâàòü; ñëóæèòü âñòóïëåíèåì
prelusion [prI´ljüZ(@)n] n 1) = prelude I 2) èñïîëíåíèå ïðåëþäèè,
ïðåëþäèðîâàíèå
prelusive [prI´ljüsIv] a âñòóïèòåëüíûé
prelusory [prI´ljüs(@)ri] a = prelusive
premier [´premi@] n 1) ïðåìüåðà, ïåðâîå èñïîëíåíèå 2) àêò-
ðèñà íà ïåðâûõ ðîëÿõ, âåäóùàÿ àêòðèñà
premium [´prÖmi@m] n íàãðàäà; ïðåìèÿ; âîçíàãðàæäåíèå
preoccupy [prÖ´ÁkjupaI] v çàíèìàòü, ïîãëîùàòü âíèìàíèå, îçà-
áî÷èâàòü
preparation [ prep@´reIS(@)n] n ïðèãîòîâëåíèå; dissonance ~ ïðè-
ãîòîâëåíèå ´ äèññîíàíñà; ~ prolongation ïðèãîòîâëåíèå çà-
äåðæàíèÿ
prepared piano [prI´pe@d ´pj{n@U] n «ïîäãîòîâëåííîå» ôîðòåïüÿíî
(ñ íàâåøåííûìè íà ñòðóíàõ ìåòàëëè÷åñêèìè èëè äåðåâÿí-
íûìè ïðåäìåòàìè)
present [prI´zent] v òåàòð. 1) ïîêàçûâàòü, äàâàòü, èãðàòü 2) ïî-
êàçûâàòü (àêòåðà â êàêîé-ë. ðîëè)
presentation [ prez(@)n´teIS(@)n] n ïðåäñòàâëåíèå, ïîêàç (ñïåê-
òàêëÿ) ´
press [pres] v íàæèìàòü, íàäàâëèâàòü; ~ the pedal áðàòü ïåäàëü;
~ the key íàæàòü íà êëàâèøó
prestige [pre´stÖZ] n ïðåñòèæ
prestissimo [pre´stIsIm@U] adv èò. ïðåñòèññèìî (î÷åíü áûñòðî)
presto [´prest@U] adv èò. ïðåñòî (áûñòðî)
pretty [´prIti] a ìåëîäè÷íûé, êðàñèâûé, ïðèÿòíûé; ~ voice êðà-
ñèâûé (ïðèÿòíûé) ãîëîñ; ~ song êðàñèâàÿ ïåñíÿ
prevailing [prI´veIlIÎ] a ïðåîáëàäàþùèé, ïðåâàëèðóþùèé, ãîñ-
ïîäñòâóþùèé
prima donna [ prÖm@˜´dÁn@] n èò. ïðèìàäîííà
´
prima vista [ prÖm@ ˜´vIst@] adv èò. ñ ëèñòà
´
prime [praIm] n 1) íèæíÿÿ íîòà àêêîðäà 2) òîíèêà; îñíîâ-
íîé òîí 3) ïðèìà (èíòåðâàë)
primitive [´prImItIv] a ïðèìèòèâíûé, ïðîñòîé, íåñëîæíûé; ~
type of art ïðèìèòèâèñòñêîå èñêóññòâî
principal [´prInsIp(@)l] n àìåð. «çâåçäà», âåäóùèé àêòåð èëè âå-
äóùàÿ àêòðèñà
principal boy [ prInsIp(@)l ´bOI] a òåàòð. òðàâåñòè, àêòðèñà, èñ-
ïîëíÿþùàÿ ´âåäóùóþ ðîëü ìàëü÷èêà èëè þíîøè â äåòñêîì
ñïåêòàêëå
principal tempo [´prInsIp(@)l ´temp@U] n ïåðâîíà÷àëüíûé òåìï
prize 114
prize [praIz] I n íàãðàäà, ïðåìèÿ, ïðèç; to win a ~ ïîëó÷èòü
ïðèç/íàãðàäó; ~ competition êîíêóðñ íà ïðèç
prize [praIz] II v âûñîêî öåíèòü, îöåíèâàòü
prizewinner [´praIz wIn@] n ïðèçåð, îáëàäàòåëü ïðèçà, ëàóðåàò
prodigious [pr@´dI³@s] ´ à 1) óäèâèòåëüíûé, èçóìèòåëüíûé 2) îã-
ðîìíûé, ãðîìàäíûé; Britten’s output of operas was ~ Áðèòòåí
íàïèñàë îãðîìíîå êîëè÷åñòâî îïåð è äðóãèõ âîêàëüíûõ ïðî-
èçâåäåíèé
prodigy [´prÁdI³i] n ÷óäî, íåîáûêíîâåííî îäàðåííûé ÷åëîâåê;
infant ~ ÷óäî-ðåáåíîê, âóíäåðêèíä; ~ violinist íåîáûêíî-
âåííûé ñêðèïà÷
produce [pr@´djüs] v 1) ïðîèçâîäèòü, âûïóñêàòü; the sound is
~ed by plucking the string çâóê ïîëó÷àåòñÿ â ðåçóëüòàòå ùèïêà
ïî ñòðóíå 2) ñòàâèòü ïüåñó (îïåðó, áàëåò è ò.ï.)
producer [pr@´djüs@] n 1) ðåæèññåð-ïîñòàíîâùèê, ïðîäþñåð
2) ëèöî, ôèíàíñèðóþùåå ïîñòàíîâêó ñïåêòàêëÿ èëè ïðîèç-
âîäñòâî ôèëüìà 3) àìåð. âëàäåëåö êèíîñòóäèè èëè òåàòðà
production [pr@´dökS(@)n] n ïîñòàíîâêà (ïüåñû, îïåðû, áàëåòà)
productive [pr@´döktIv] a ïëîäîâèòûé
professional [pr@´feS(@)n@l] I n ïðîôåññèîíàë; ÷åëîâåê óìñòâåííîãî
òðóäà èëè ñâîáîäíîé ïðîôåññèè
professional [pr@´feS(@)n@l] II a ïðîôåññèîíàëüíûé; ~ skills ïðî-
ôåññèîíàëüíîå ìàñòåðñòâî
professor [pr@´fes@] n 1) ïèàíèñò (â áàðå, íåìîì êèíî è ò.ï.)
2) øóòë. äèðèæåð îðêåñòðà
profound [pr@´faUnd] a ãëóáîêèé, îñíîâàòåëüíûé
p ro g ra mme , p ro gr a m [´pr@Ugr{m] I n 1) ïðîãðàììà; theatre
~ òåòðàëüíàÿ ïðîãðàììà 2) ïðåäñòàâëåíèå, ñïåêòàêëü;
the ~ was a huge success ïðåäñòàâëåíèå èìåëî áîëüøîé
óñïåõ
programme, program [´pr@Ugr{m] II v ñîñòàâëÿòü ïðîãðàììó
programme music [´pr@Ugr{m mjüzIk] n ïðîãðàììíàÿ ìóçûêà
´
progress [´pr@Ugres] I n 1) ïðîãðåññ; óñïåõè, äîñòèæåíèÿ; to
make ~ äåëàòü óñïåõè 2) õîä, òå÷åíèå, ðàçâèòèå, äâèæå-
íèå âïåðåä
progress [pr@´gres] II v 1) ïðîãðåññèðîâàòü, ðàçâèâàòüñÿ, óëó÷-
øàòüñÿ, ñîâåðøåíñòâîâàòüñÿ 2) äåëàòü óñïåõè 3) ïðîäâè-
ãàòüñÿ âïåðåä
progression [pr@´greS(@)n] n 1) ïðîãðåññèÿ 2) ñåêâåíöèÿ 3) ïðî-
äâèæåíèå, ïîñëåäîâàòåëüíîñòè, ïàññàæè; chord ~ àêêîð-
äîâàÿ ïîñëåäîâàòåëüíîñòü/-îå ïðîäâèæåíèå/-ûå ïàññàæè
progressive [pr@´gresIv] a ïðîãðåññèâíûé, ïåðåäîâîé; ~ jazz/rock
ïðîãðåññèâíûé äæàç/ðîê (íàïðàâëåíèÿ äæàçîâîãî èñêóñ-
ñòâà)
115 psalm

prolific [pr@´lIfIk] a ïëîäîâèòûé; ~ composer ïëîäîâèòûé êîì-


ïîçèòîð
prologue [´pr@UlÁg] n 1) ïðîëîã 2) ïåðåí. íà÷àëî (÷åãî-ë.) 2) àê-
òåð, ïðîèçíîñÿùèé èëè ÷èòàþùèé ïðîëîã
prolong [pr@´lÁÎ] v ïðîäëåâàòü, ïðîäîëæàòü, óâåëè÷èâàòü â äëèíó
prolongation [ pr@UlÁδgeIS(@)n] n çàäåðæàíèå
´
prolonged [pr@´lÁÎd] a äëèòåëüíûé, çàòÿíóâøèéñÿ; ~ applause
ïðîäîëæèòåëüíûå àïëîäèñìåíòû
prolusion [pr@´lüZ(@)n] n 1) ðåïåòèöèÿ; ïðîãîí (ïüåñû) 2) ïðîáà
ïåðà, ïåðâîå ïå÷àòíîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå
prom [prÁm] n ðàçã. ñîêð. îò promenade concert
promenade concert [´prÁm@n¸d kÁns@t] n ïðîìåíàä-êîíöåðò (îá-
ùåäîñòóïíûé ñèìôîíè÷åñêèé ´ êîíöåðò, âî âðåìÿ êîòîðîãî
ïóáëèêà ñòîèò èëè ñâîáîäíî ïåðåäâèãàåòñÿ ïî çàëó)
prominence, prominency [´prÁmIn@ns, ´prÁmIn@nsi] n âûäàþùåå-
ñÿ, âèäíîå ïîëîæåíèå; a person of considerable ~ ÷åëîâåê,
çàíèìàþùèé âèäíîå ïîëîæåíèå
prominent [´prÁmIn@nt] a èçâåñòíûé, âûäàþùèéñÿ; our ~ singers
íàøè èçâåñòíûå, âûäàþùèåñÿ ïåâöû
promising [´prÁmIsIÎ] a ìíîãîîáåùàþùèé, ïîäàþùèé íàäåæ-
äû; ïåðñïåêòèâíûé; ~ pupil ìíîãîîáåùàþùèé ó÷åíèê
promoter [pr@´m@Ut@] n 1) àíòðåïðåíåð 2) èìïðåñàðèî, àãåíò
prompt-box [´prÁmpt bÁks] n ñóôëåðñêàÿ áóäêà
prompter [´prÁmpt@] n ñóôëåð
prompt-side [´prÁmpt saId] n 1) ëåâàÿ (îò àêòåðà) ñòîðîíà ñöåíû
2) àìåð. ïðàâàÿ (îò àêòåðà) ñòîðîíà ñöåíû
pronounce [pr@´naUns] v ïðîèçíîñèòü; ~ distinctly îò÷åòëèâî ïðî-
èçíîñèòü
pronunciation [pr@ nönsi´eIS(@)n] n ïðîèçíîøåíèå, äèêöèÿ
prop [prÁp] n ñòîéêà, ´ ïîäñòàâêà, ïîäïîðêà
property [´prÁp@ti] n áóòàôîðèÿ, ðåêâèçèò
property-man [´prÁp@ti m{n] n áóòàôîð, ðåêâèçèòîð
property-room [´prÁp@ti rüm] n áóòàôîðñêàÿ, ðåêâèçèòîðñêàÿ
proportion [pr@´pþS(@)n] n ïðîïîðöèîíàëüíîñòü, ñîðàçìåðíîñòü;
in/out of ~ ñîðàçìåðíî/íåñîðàçìåðíî, íåñîèçìåðèìî
props [prÁps] n òåàòð. ñîáèð . ðåêâèçèò
pr osce nium [pr@(U)´sÖni@m] n ( pl -ia [i@]) 1) àâàíñöåíà, ïðî-
ñöåíèóì 2) ïðîñêåíèóì (â Äðåâíåé Ãðåöèè è Äðåâíåì
Ðèìå)
prose [pr@Uz] n ïðîçà (âèä ñðåäíåâåêîâîãî ïåñíîïåíèÿ)
prosser [´prÁs@] n æàðã. àêòåð-ïðîôåññèîíàë
prothalamion, prothalamium [ pr@UT@´leImI@n, pr@UT@´leImI@m] n
´
(pl -ia [i@]) ñâàäåáíàÿ ïåñíü ´
psalm [s¸m] I n ïñàëîì
psalm 116
psalm [s¸m] II v 1) ïåòü ïñàëìû 2) ïðîñëàâëÿòü ïñàëìîïåíèåì
psalmist [´s¸mIst] n 1) ïñàëìèñò, ñî÷èíèòåëü ïñàëìîâ 2) öåðê.
èñòîð. ðåãåíò õîðà
psalmodic [s{l´mÁdIk] a îòíîñÿùèéñÿ ê ïåíèþ ïñàëìîâ, èìå-
þùèé õàðàêòåð ïñàëìîâ
psalmodist [´s¸m@dist, ´s{lm@dist] n ïñàëìîïåâåö
psalmody [´s¸m@di, ´s{lm@di] n ïñàëìîäèÿ, ïåíèå ïñàëìîâ 2) ñî-
áðàíèå ïñàëìîâ, ïñàëòûðü
psalterion [sþl´tI(@)rI@n] n = psaltery
psaltery [´sþlt@ri] n ïñàëòåðèîí (äðåâíèé ñòðóííûé ùèïêîâûé
ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
pseudonym [´sjüd@nIm] n ïñeâäîíèì
public [´pöblIk] n ïóáëèêà; the theatrical ~ òåàòðàëüíàÿ ïóáëè-
êà; ~ at large øèðîêàÿ ïóáëèêà
publicity [pö´blIsIti] n 1) èçâåñòíîñòü, ñëàâà 2) ðåêëàìà, ðåê-
ëàìèðîâàíèå
publicize, publicise [´pöblIsaIz] v 1) ðåêëàìèðîâàòü 2) îïîâåùàòü,
èçâåùàòü
publicly [´pöblIkli] adv ïóáëè÷íî; îòêðûòî, âñåíàðîäíî
public relations [ pöblIk˜rI´leIS(@)nz] n pl 1) ñâÿçü (ëèöà, îðãà-
´
íèçàöèè) ñ îáùåñòâîì 2) ðåêëàìíîå äåëî, òåõíè÷åñêàÿ
ñëóæáà èíôîðìàöèè
public-spirited [ pöblIk˜´spIrItId] a ïàòðèîòè÷åñêè íàñòðîåííûé
publish [´pöblIS] v´èçäàâàòü, îïóáëèêîâûâàòü; ïå÷àòàòü ñâîå ïðî-
èçâåäåíèå
pulpit [´pUlpIt] n ïóëüò, ïþïèòð
pulsàtile [´pöls@taIl] n óäàðíûé (èíñòðóìåíò)
pulsation [pöl´seIS(@)n] n ïóëüñàöèÿ
pulse [pöls] n ïóëüñ, ðèòì
pump valve [´pömp˜´v{lv] n = piston valve
puppet-show [´pöpIt S@U] n 1) êóêîëüíîå ïðåäñòàâëåíèå 2) êó-
êîëüíûé òåàòð
pure [pjU@] a ÿñíûé, îò÷åòëèâûé, ÷èñòûé
purfling [´pÆ:flIÎ] n óñû (ó ñìû÷êîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ)
purity [´pjU(@)rIti] n ÷èñòîòà
pyramidon [ pIr@´mIdI@n] n ëàáèàëüíûe òðóáû, ñóæåííûå êâåðõó
â îðãàíå´
pyrrhic [´pIrIk] n èñò. ïèððèõà (äð.-ãðå÷. âîåííûé òàíåö)

R
radiant [´reIdient] a áëåñòÿùèé, âåëèêîëåïíûé
radical [´r{dIk(@)l] a êîðåííîé, îñíîâíîé
rag [r{g] n 1) àìåðèêàíñêèé áàëüíûé òàíåö 2) ñèíêîïèðî-
117 rapturous

âàííûé òàíöåâàëüíûé ðèòì 3) ìàíåðà èãðû íà ôîðòåïü-


ÿíî â ðàííåì äæàçå
raga [´r¸g@] n ðàãà
rage [reI³] I n ÿðîñòü, ãíåâ, áåøåíñòâî
rage [reI³] II v áóøåâàòü, íåèñòîâñòâîâàòü
ragg ed [´regId] a 1) íåáðåæíûé; the execution was ~ èñïîë-
íåíèå áûëî íåñòðîéíûì 2) ðåçêèé, íåïðèÿòíûé (î çâó-
êå)
raging [´reI³IÎ] a ÿðîñòíûé; áóøóþùèé, íåèñòîâûé
raginis [´r{gInIs] n ðàãà, êîòîðóþ èñïîëíÿþò æåíùèíû
ragtime [´r{gtaIm] n ðåãòàéì (ìóçûêà, òàíåö, ïîïóëÿðíûå â
1920-õ ãã. â ÑØÀ ñðåäè ÷åðíîêîæåãî íàñåëåíèÿ)
rain dance [´reIn d¸ns] n òàíåö-çàêëèíàíèå äëÿ âûçîâà äîæäÿ
(îñîá. ó ñåâåðîàìåðèêàíñêèõ èíäåéöåâ)
raise [reIz] I n ïîâûøåíèå, ïîäúåì
ra ise [reIz] II v 1) ïîäíèìàòü, ïîâûøàòü 2) èçäàâàòü (çâóê);
ïîäàâàòü (ãîëîñ); to ~ a song çàâåñòè ïåñíþ; to ~ a hymn
çàòÿíóòü ïñàëîì; to ~ a song of triumph çàëèòüñÿ ïîáåä-
íîé ïåñíüþ; to ~ a cheer ðàçðàçèòüñÿ àïëîäèñìåíòàìè
raised [reIzd] à ïîâûøåííûé; ~ sound ïîâûøåííûé çâóê (ïðîòèâ
òåìïåðèðîâàííîãî)
rallentando [ r{l@n´t{nd@U] p.p. èò. (pl -os [@Uz]) ðîëëåòàíäî (çà-
ìåäëÿÿ) ´
rancorous [´r{Îk(@)r@s] a çëîáíûé, îçëîáëåííûé; äûøàùèé íå-
íàâèñòüþ
range [reIn³] I n 1) ñôåðà, çîíà; îáëàñòü, êðóã 2) äèàïàçîí;
the ~ of a voice/of a musical äèàïàçîí ãîëîñà/ìóçûêàëüíîãî
èíñòðóìåíòà
range [reIn³] II v (from, between) êîëåáàòüñÿ â îïðåäåëåííûõ
ïðåäåëàõ
rank [r{Îk] I n êàòåãîðèÿ, ðàçðÿä, êëàññ; a musician of the highest
~ âûäàþùèéñÿ ìóçûêàíò; composer of the second ~ çàó-
ðÿäíûé êîìïîçèòîð; singer not in the first ~ çàóðÿäíûé ïåâåö
rank [r{Îk] II v 1) îòíîñèòüñÿ ê êàêîé-ë. êàòåãîðèè 2) çàíè-
ìàòü êàêîå-ë. ìåñòî
rapid [´r{pId] a ñòðåìèòåëüíûé; in ~ successions â áûñòðîé ïîñ-
ëåäîâàòåëüíîñòè; ~ figurations áûñòðûå (ñòðåìèòåëüíûå)
ôèãóðàöèè
rapidamente [r@ pÖd@´ment(e)I] adv èò. áûñòðî, ñòðåìèòåëüíî
´
rapt [r{pt] a âîñõèòèòåëüíûé, âîñòîðæåííûé
rapture [´r{p¶@] I n âîñòîðã, âûðàæåíèå âîñòîðãà, ýêñòàç
rapture [´r{p¶@] II v âîñõèùàòü; ïðèâîäèòü â âîñòîðã
rapturous [´r{p¶(@)r@s] a êíèæí. âîñòîðæåííûé, âîñõèùåííûé;
~ applause âîñòîðæåííûå àïëîäèñìåíòû
raree show 118
raree show [´re(@)rI˜S@U] n òåàòð. ïðîô. 1) êóêîëüíûé òåàòð (òèïà
ïåòðóøêè) 2) óëè÷íîå ïðåäñòàâëåíèå 3) ïðåíåáð. áàëàãàí
(î çðåëèùå)
rarity [´re(@)rIti] n ðåäêîñòü; ðåäêîå ÿâëåíèå
rash [r{S] a (ñëèøêîì) ïîñïåøíûé; îïðîìåò÷èâûé, áåçðàñ-
ñóäíûé
rasp [r¸sp] I n ñêðåæåò; ñêðåáóùèé çâóê; ñêðèïó÷èé ãîëîñ
rasp [r¸sp] II v ñêðåæåòàòü, èçäàâàòü ðåçêèé, ñêðåæåùóùèé
çâóê
rasping [´r¸spIÎ] a 1) ñêðåæåùóùèé, ðåçêèé (î çâóêå) 2) ñêðè-
ïó÷èé (î ãîëîñå)
raspy [´r¸spi] a = rasping
ratchet [´r{¶It] n òðåùîòêà (ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
rate [reIt] n ðàçðÿä; first-~ orchestra ïåðâîêëàññíûé îðêåñòð; this
orchestra is very second-~ ýòî î÷åíü ïîñðåäñòâåííûé îðêåñòð
rattle [´r{tl] I n 1) = ratchet 2) òðåñê, ãðîõîò; äðåáåçæàíèå,
ïåðåñòóê
rattle [´r{tl] II v òðåùàòü; ãðîõîòàòü; ãðåìåòü
rattle-bag [´r{tl b{g] n ïîãðåìóøêà
rattle-box [´r{tl bÁks] n ïîãðåìóøêà
raucous [´rþk@s] a õðèïëûé, ñèïëûé; ðåçêèé, ïðîíçèòåëüíûé
ravenous [´r{v(@)n@s] a àë÷óùèé, æàæäóùèé (÷åãî-ë.); ~ for
praise/for fame æàæäóùèé ïîõâàëû/ñëàâû
re [reI] n çâóê «ðå» (â ñîëüìèçàöèè)
rea d [rÖd] v (read [red]) 1) ÷èòàòü 2) ðàçáèðàòü, ïðî÷èòûâàòü;
to ~ music at sight ÷èòàòü íîòû ñ ëèñòà; to ~ a piece of music
ðàçîáðàòü ìóçûêàëüíóþ ïüåñó 3) èíòåðïðåòèðîâàòü; the
piece ~ s both ways ïüåñó ìîæíî ïîíèìàòü (òîëêîâàòü)
äâîÿêî
realism [´rI@lIz(@)m] n ðåàëèçì
realistic [rI@´lIstIk] a ðåàëèñòè÷åñêèé, ðåàëèñòè÷íûé
reality [ri´{lIti] n ðåàëèñòè÷íîñòü, ðåàëèçì
realization, realisation [ rI@laI´zeIS(@)n] n îñóùåñòâëåíèå, ðåà-
ëèçàöèÿ (çàìûñëà) ´
realm [relm] n îáëàñòü, ñôåðà; the ~ of fancy îáëàñòü ôàíòà-
çèè
rebec [´rÖbek] n = rebeck
rebeck [´rÖbek] n ðåáåê (ñòàðèííûé ñìû÷êîâûé èíñòðóìåíò)
rebop [´rÖbÁp] n = bop
rebound [´rÖb@Und] I n îòêëèê, ýõî
rebound [rI´baUnd] II v âûçûâàòü îòêëèê, ýõî
recall [rI´kþl] I n 1) âûçîâ (èñïîëíèòåëÿ íà ñöåíó); to give an
actor a ~ âûçûâàòü àêòåðà 2) èñïîëíåíèå íà áèñ, áèñèðî-
âàíèå
119 record library

recall [rI´kþl] II v âûçûâàòü èñïîëíèòåëÿ


re ca p itulate [ rÖk@´pI¶uleIt] v 1) (êðàòêî) ïîâòîðÿòü; ïåðå-
÷èñëÿòü 2)´ ðåçþìèðîâàòü, ñóììèðîâàòü 3) êîíñïåêòè-
ðîâàòü
recapitulation [ rÖk@pI¶u´leIS(@)n] n ðåïðèçà (â ñîíàòíîé ôîð-
ìå) ´
recast [´rÖ k¸st] I n íîâûé ñîñòàâ èñïîëíèòåëåé, íîâîå ðàñ-
´
ïðåäåëåíèå ðîëåé
recast [ rÖ´k¸st] II v (recast) äàâàòü (ïüåñó) â íîâîì ñîñòàâå
´
èñïîëíèòåëåé 2) ïåðåðàñïðåäåëÿòü ðîëè
receive [rI´sÖv] v ïîëó÷àòü, âñòðå÷àòü; to ~ much acclaim/attention
ïîëüçîâàòüñÿ áîëüøèì óñïåõîì/âíèìàíèåì; the pianist was
~ed coldly/with tumultuous applause ïèàíèñò áûë âñòðå÷åí
õîëîäíî/áóðåé àïëîäèñìåíòîâ
reception [rI´sepS(@)n] n âñòðå÷à, ïðèåì; the play had/met with
a favourable ~ ïüåñà áûëà õîðîøî ïðèíÿòà/âñòðå÷åíà çðè-
òåëÿìè
recessional [rI´seS(@)n@l] n öåðê. ïîñëåäíåå ïåñíîïåíèå (ïåðåä
êîíöîì ñëóæáû)
recital [rI´saItl] n 1) êîíöåðò ñîëèñòà, ñîëüíûé êîíöåðò 2) êîí-
öåðò èç ïðîèçâåäåíèé îäíîãî êîìïîçèòîðà
recitalist [rI´saIt(@)lIst] n êîíöåðòàíò
recitando [ reI¶I´t¸nd@U] p.p. èò. ðàññêàçûâàÿ, äåêëàìèðóÿ (â
ïåíèè) ´
recitative [ resIt@´tÖv] n 1) ðå÷èòàòèâ 2) ïîáî÷íàÿ êëàâèàòóðà
îðãàíà ´
recognize, recognise [´rek@(g)naIz] v âûðàæàòü ïðèçíàíèå, îò-
äàâàòü äîëæíîå; to be ~ed ïîëó÷àòü/çàñëóæèòü ïðèçíàíèå;
his talent was at last ~ed åãî òàëàíò ïîëó÷èë íàêîíåö ïðè-
çíàíèå
recognized [´rek@gnaIzd] a ïðèçíàííûé, îáùåïðèçíàííûé
recondite [´rek@ndaIt, rI´kÁndaIt] a ìàëîèçâåñòíûé; çàáûòûé (î
ïðîèçâåäåíèè)
record [´rekþd] I n ïëàñòèíêà, ãðàìçàïèñü; çâóêîçàïèñü; sound
~ ôîíîãðàììà, çâóêîâàÿ äîðîæêà
record [rI´kþd] II v 1) çàïèñûâàòü íà ïëàñòèíêó, ïëåíêó; äå-
ëàòü ãðàìçàïèñü 2) çàïèñûâàòüñÿ (î çâóêå); the piano does
not ~ well çâóê ôîðòåïüÿíî ïëîõî çàïèñûâàåòñÿ (íà ïëàñ-
òèíêó è ò.ï.) 3) ïåòü, çàëèâàòüñÿ (î ïòèöå)
recorder 1 [rI´kþd@] n ìàãíèòîôîí; çâóêîçàïèñûâàþùèé àïïàðàò
recorder 2 [rI´kþd@] n ðîä ñòàðèííîé ôëåéòû (ïðîäîëüíàÿ ôëåéòà
ñ íàêîíå÷íèêîì)
recording [rI´kþdIÎ] a çàïèñûâàþùèé (çâóê)
record library [´rekþd laIbr@ri] n ôîíîòåêà
´
record player 120
record player [´rekþd pleI@] n 1) ïðîèãðûâàòåëü 2) = gramophone
´
recreation [ rekri´eIS(@)n] n îòäûõ; ðàçâëå÷åíèå; ~ facilities ìå-
´
ñòà îòäûõà è ðàçâëå÷åíèÿ (êëóáû, òåàòðû, ñòàäèîíû, ðå-
ñòîðàíû è ò.ï.)
recur [rI´kÆ:] v 1) (to) âíîâü ïðèõîäèòü íà óì; ñíîâà âîçíè-
êàòü 2) ïîâòîðÿòüñÿ, ïðîèñõîäèòü âíîâü; festivity that ~ s
every ten years ïðàçäíèê, êîòîðûé îòìå÷àåòñÿ êàæäûå äåñÿòü
ëåò
recurrent [rI´kör@nt] a ïîâòîðÿþùèéñÿ, ïåðèîäè÷åñêèé
redundant [rI´dönd@nt] a èçëèøíèé, ÷ðåçìåðíûé, îáèëüíûé
reecho [rÖ´ek@U] n ïîâòîðÿþùååñÿ ýõî; ðàñêàòû ýõî
reed [rÖd] n 1) ñâèðåëü; äóäî÷êà 2) òðîñòü (ó äåðåâÿííûõ äó-
õîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ) 3) ÿçû÷îê (ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
4) ÿçû÷êîâûé ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò 4) äæàç. îáîçíà-
÷åíèå ãðóïïû äåðåâÿííûõ äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ
reed-flute [´rÖd ´flüt] n îäèí èç ðåãèñòðîâ îðãàíà
reed pipe [´rÖd paIp] n 1) ñâèðåëü; äóäî÷êà 2) ÿçû÷êîâàÿ òðóáêà
îðãàíà
reed-stop [´rÖd ´stÁp] n îðãàííûé ðåãèñòð ñ ÿçû÷êîâûìè òðó-
áàìè
reedy [´rÖdi] a 1) òðîñòíèêîâûé 2) ïðîíçèòåëüíûé (î ãîëî-
ñå, çâóêå)
reel [rÖl] I n 1) ðèë (ñòàðèííûé àíãëèéñêèé è øîòëàíäñêèé
íàðîäíûé òàíåö) 2) ëþáîé íàðîäíûé õîðîâîäíûé òàíåö,
õîðîâîä 3) àìåð. âèðãèíñêàÿ êàäðèëü ( òæ . Virginia ~ )
reel [rÖl] II v 1) òàíöåâàòü ðèë èëè äðóãîé íàðîäíûé õîðî-
âîäíûé òàíåö 2) âîäèòü õîðîâîä
refinement [rI´faInm@nt] n óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàíèå; îáðàáîòêà
reflect [rI´flekt] v îòðàæàòü (çâóê)
reflection [rI´flekS(@)n] n îòðàæåíèå; the ~ of sound îòðàæåíèå
çâóêà
refrain [rI´freIn] n ðåôðåí, ïðèïåâ
refreshing [rI´freSIÎ] a îñâåæàþùèé, æèâèòåëüíûé
regal [´rÖg(@)l] n ðåãàëü (íåáîëüøîé ñðåäíåâåêîâûé îðãàí)
reggae [´regeI] n ðåããåé (ðèòìè÷åñêàÿ ìóçûêà â ñòèëå ðîê)
register [´re³Ist@] n 1) ðåãèñòð (ãðóïïà òðóá îäèíàêîâîãî òåìáðà
â îðãàíå) 2) ðåãèñòð (ïåâ÷åñêîãî ãîëîñà èëè ìóçûêàëü-
íîãî èíñòðóìåíòà); chest/head ~ ãðóäíîé/ãîëîâíîé ðåãèñòð
regression [rI´greS(@)n] n âîçâðàùåíèå ê îòïðàâíîé òî÷êå; âîç-
âðàùåíèå â ïðåæíåå ñîñòîÿíèå
regret [rI´gret] n ñêîðáü, ñîæàëåíèå
regular [´regjul@] a ïðàâèëüíûé, òî÷íûé, ðåãóëÿðíûé; ~ rhythm
ðåãóëÿðíûé ðèòì
regularity [ regju´l{rIti] n ïðàâèëüíîñòü; ðåãóëÿðíîñòü
´
121 repercussion

rehearsal [rI´hÆ:s(@)l] n ðåïåòèöèÿ; dress ~ ãåíåðàëüíàÿ ðåïå-


òèöèÿ
rehearse [rI´hÆ:s] v ðåïåòèðîâàòü; ïîâòîðÿòü
reiterative [rÖ´It(@)r@tIv] I n ïîâòîð
reiterative [rÖ´It(@)r@tIv] II a ïîâòîðÿþùèéñÿ, õàðàêòåðèçóþùèéñÿ
ïîâòîðàìè
relation [rI´leIS(@)n] n ñâÿçü; ñîîòíîøåíèå
relative [´rel@tIv] I n = relative key
relative [´rel@tIv] II a îòíîñèòåëüíûé
relative key [´rel@tIv ´kÖ] n ïàðàëëåëüíàÿ òîíàëüíîñòü (ìàæîð
èëè ìèíîð)
relax [rI´l{ks] v ðàññëàáëÿòü, îñëàáëÿòü; ~ your hand íå íà-
ïðÿãàéòå ðóêó
relish [´relIS] v ïîëó÷àòü, íàõîäèòü óäîâîëüñòâèå; íàñëàæäàòü-
ñÿ
remains [rI´meInz] n pl ïîñìåðòíûå ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ
reminiscence [ remI´nIs(@)ns] n ðåìèíèñöåíöèÿ, âîñïîìèíàíèå
remote [rI´m@Ut] ´ a îòäàëåííûé, äàëüíèé; ~ keys äàëåêèå, îò-
äàëåííûå òîíàëüíîñòè
remove [rI´müv] v ñíèìàòü, óáèðàòü, óäàëÿòü; ~ mute ñíÿòü ñóð-
äèíó
renaissance [rI´neIs(@)ns] n 1) (R.) ýïîõà Âîçðîæäåíèÿ, Ðåíåñ-
ñàíñ; ñòèëü Ðåíåññàíñ; R. music ìóçûêà Âîçðîæäåíèÿ 2) âîç-
ðîæäåíèå (èñêóññòâà è ò.ï.)
renaissant [r@´neIs(@)nt] a îòíîñÿùèéñÿ ê ýïîõå Âîçðîæäåíèÿ
renascence [rI´n{s(@)ns] n = renaissance
render [´rend@] v èñïîëíÿòü (ïðîèçâåäåíèå); ïåðåäàâàòü (äóõ ïðî-
èçâåäåíèÿ); òîëêîâàòü; the piano solo was well ~ed ñîëî íà
ðîÿëå áûëî õîðîøî èñïîëíåíî; he ~s Bach in a very original
manner îí ïî-ñâîåìó èíòåðïðåòèðóåò, èñïîëíÿåò, òîëêóåò
Áàõà
rendition [ren´dIS(@)n] n èñïîëíåíèå; èçîáðàæåíèå
renew [rI´njü] v îáíîâëÿòü; âîññòàíàâëèâàòü, âîçîáíîâëÿòü
renewal [rI´njü@l] n îáíîâëåíèå; âîçðîæäåíèå; âîññòàíîâëåíèå
renovate [´ren@veIt] v âîññòàíàâëèâàòü; îñâåæàòü; îáíîâëÿòü
renovation [ ren@´veIS(@)n] n âîññòàíîâëåíèå; îáíîâëåíèå
repeat [rI´pÖt]´ I n 1) ïîâòîðåíèå; çíàê ïîâòîðåíèÿ; ïîâòîð; ïî-
âòîðåíèå êàêîãî-ë. ðàçäåëà ïüåñû, ðåïðèçà; measure ~ ïîâòîð
òàêòà 2) èñïîëíåíèå íà áèñ
repeat [rI´pÖt] II v 1) ïîâòîðÿòü 2) ïîâòîðÿòüñÿ, âñòðå÷àòüñÿ
âíîâü
repeated note [rI´pÖtId ´n@Ut] n ðåïåòèöèÿ
repeatedly [rI´pÖtIdli] adv íåîäíîêðàòíî, ÷àñòî, ïîâòîðíî
repercussion [ rÖp@´köS(@)n] n 1) îòçâóê, ýõî, îòðàæåíèå çâóêà
´
repercussive 122
2) â ãðèãîðèàíñêîì ïåíèè òèïè÷åñêèé ìåëîäè÷åñêèé îáî-
ðîò, ñâÿçûâàþùèé îñíîâíîé òîí ñ ôèíàëüíûì òîíîì
3) ìíîãîêðàòíî ïîâòîðÿþùèéñÿ òîí â íåêîòîðûõ íåâìàõ
4) â ôóãå ïåðâîå ïðîâåäåíèå òåìàòè÷åñêîãî ìàòåðèàëà
rep er cussive [ rÖp@´kösIv] a 1) îòðàæàþùèé 2) îòðàæåííûé
´
3) ïîâòîðÿþùèéñÿ; that single ~ note îäíà ýòà ïîâòîðÿþ-
ùàÿñÿ íîòà
repertoire [´rep@tw¸] n ôð. ðåïåðòóàð; the theatre has seven operas
on its ~ â ðåïåðòóàðå òåàòðà ñåìü îïåð
repertory [´rep@t(@)ri] n 1) = repertoire 2) = repertory theatre
repertory company [ rep@t(@)ri ˜´kömp@ni] n ïîñòîÿííàÿ òðóïïà ñ
´
îïðåäåëåííûì ðåïåðòóàðîì
repertore theatre [ rep@t(@)ri ´TI@t@] n òåàòð ñ ïîñòîÿííîé òðóïïîé
è îïðåäåëåííûì ´ ðåïåðòóàðîì
repetend [ repI´tend] n ïîâòîð, ðåôðåí
repetition ´[ repI´tIS(@)n] n 1) ðåïåòèöèÿ, ïîâòîðåíèå 2) áûñò-
´
ðîå ïîâòîðåíèå çâóêà íà êëàâèøíûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ
reply [rI´plaI] I n îòâåò
reply [rI´plaI] II v îòâå÷àòü
report [rI´pþt] n ðåïóòàöèÿ, ñëàâà; to be of good/evil/ ill ~ èìåòü
õîðîøóþ/ïëîõóþ/äóðíóþ ðåïóòàöèþ
represent [ reprI´zent] v 1) ïðåäñòàâëÿòü ñîáîþ, îëèöåòâîðÿòü;
´
ñèìâîëèçèðîâàòü; îçíà÷àòü 2) èñïîëíÿòü ðîëü 3) ñòàâèòü
íà ñöåíå; to ~ a play ïîñòàâèòü ïüåñó íà ñöåíå, ñûãðàòü
ïüåñó
representation [ reprIzen´teIS(@)n] n 1) èçîáðàæåíèå 2) ïðåäñòàâ-
´
ëåíèå (òåàòðàëüíîå) 3) ïîêàç íà ñöåíå
reprise [rI´prÖz] n = recapitulation
reproduce [ rÖpr@´djüs] v 1) âîñïðîèçâîäèòü; his voice can be
~ed on a ´grammophone åãî ãîëîñ ìîæíî óñëûøàòü â çàïè-
ñè íà ãðàììîôîííîé ïëàñòèíêå 2) âîçîáíîâëÿòü ïîñòàíîâêó
(ñïåêòàêëÿ)
repulsive [rI´pölsIv] a îòòàëêèâàþùèé, îìåðçèòåëüíûé
requiem [´rekwi@m, ´rekwiem] n ðåêâèåì
resemblance (between, to) [rI´zembl@ns] n ñõîäñòâî (ñ ÷åì-ë.)
resin [´rezIn] I n ñìîëà, êàíèôîëü
resin [´rezIn] II v êàíèôîëèòü, íàòèðàòü êàíèôîëüþ (ñìû÷îê)
resolution [ rez@´lüS(@)n] n ðàçðåøåíèå; interval/chord ~ ðàçðå-
´
øåíèå èíòåðâàëà/àêêîðäà
resolve [rI´zÁlv] v 1) ðàçðåøàòü (äèññîíàíñ) 2) ðàçðåøàòüñÿ
(î äèññîíàíñå)
resonance [´rez@n@ns] n ðåçîíàíñ, îòçâóê; acoustic ~ àêóñòè÷åñêèé
ðåçîíàíñ
resonance-box [´rez@n@ns˜bÁks] n ðåçîíàíñíûé ÿùèê
123 revery

resonan t [´rez@n@nt] a 1) ðàçäàþùèéñÿ, çâó÷àùèé; çâó÷íûé,


çâîíêèé; a deep ~ voice íèçêèé, çâó÷íûé ãîëîñ 2) ðåçî-
íèðóþùèé; ðåçîíàíñíûé; ~ sounds ðåçîíèðóþùèå çâóêè
resonate [´rez@neIt] v ðåçîíèðîâàòü
resonator [´rez@neIt@] n ðåçîíàòîð
resound [rI´zaUnd] v 1) ïîâòîðÿòü, îòðàæàòü (çâóê) 2) îòðà-
æàòüñÿ (î çâóêå)
resourñeful [rI´zþsf(@)l, rI´sþsf(@)l] a èçîáðåòàòåëüíûé, íàõîä÷èâûé
respiration [ respI´reIS(@)n] n 1) äûõàíèå 2) âäîõ
´
resplendent [rI´splend@nt] a áëèñòàòåëüíûé, âåëèêîëåïíûé, îñ-
ëåïèòåëüíûé
respond [rI´spÁnd] v îòâå÷àòü, ðåàãèðîâàòü
response [rI´spÁns] n 1) îòâåò; ðåàêöèÿ; îòêëèê; ready ~ æè-
âîé îòêëèê 2) îòâåò, ñïóòíèê (ôóãè)
responsibility [rI spÁnsI´bIlIti] n 1) îòâåòñòâåííîñòü 2) îáÿçàí-
´
íîñòü, îáÿçàòåëüñòâî
rest [rest] n ïàóçà, ïåðåðûâ, ïåðåäûøêà
restrained [rI´streInd] à ñäåðæàííûé; ~ applause ñäåðæàííûå àï-
ëîäèñìåíòû
restrict [rI´strIkt] v îãðàíè÷èâàòü, äåðæàòü â îïðåäåëåííûõ ïðå-
äåëàõ
resume [rI´zjüm] v âîçîáíîâëÿòü, ïðîäîëæàòü; to ~ work âîçîá-
íîâèòü, ïðîäîëæèòü ðàáîòó
retardation [ rÖt¸´deIS(@)n] n 1) âèä çàäåðæàíèÿ 2) çàìåäëå-
íèå òåìïà´
reticent [´retIs(@)nt] a ñäåðæàííûé
retro [´retr@U] n ðåòðî (ñòèëü)
rev. [rev] v ( ñîêð. îò revolve; òæ. ~ up) óñêîðÿòü òåìï (ìóçû-
êè)
re ve rbe ra nt [rI´vÆ:b(@)r@nt] a 1) îòðàæàþùèéñÿ 2) çâó÷àùèé
3) çâó÷íûé
reverberate [rI´vÆ:b@rIt] I a îòðàæåííûé
reverberate [rI´vÆ:b@reIt] II v 1) îòðàæàòü; to ~ sound îòðàæàòü
çâóê 2) îòðàæàòüñÿ, îòäàâàòüñÿ
reverberating [rI vÆ:b@r´eItIÎ] a 1) çâó÷àùèé; ãðîõî÷óùèé, ãðå-
´
ìÿùèé; ðàñêàòèñòûé 2) ïåðåí. ãðîìêèé; ~ fame ãðîìêàÿ ñëàâà
reverberation [rI vÆ:b@´reIS(@)n] n 1) îòðàæåíèå 2) îòðàæåííûé
çâóê 3) ðàñêàò; ´ ðîêîòàíèå 4) ýõî, îòçâóê
reverie [´rev@ri] n 1) ìå÷òà, ãðåçà, ôàíòàçèÿ 2) ôàíòàçèÿ (ìó-
çûêàëüíàÿ ïüåñà)
reverse [rI´vÆ:s] v 1) âðàùàòüñÿ â ïðîòèâîïîëîæíîì íàïðàâ-
ëåíèè 2) òàíöåâàòü, îñîá. âàëüñèðîâàòü, êðóæàñü â ëåâóþ
ñòîðîíó
revery [´rev@ri] n = reverie
review 124
review [rI´vjü] n 1) ðåöåíçèÿ, (êðèòè÷åñêèé) îáçîð 2) òåàòð.
îáîçðåíèå, ðåâþ
revival [rI´vaIv(@)l] n âîçðîæäåíèå
revive [rI´vaIv] v âîçðîæäàòü
revoice [rÖ´vOIs] v 1) âòîðèòü; îòçûâàòüñÿ ýõîì 2) íàñòðàèâàòü
îðãàí
revue [rI´vjü] n = review
reward [rI´wþd] I n íàãðàäà, âîçíàãðàæäåíèå
reward [rI´wþd] II v 1) âîçíàãðàæäàòü; âîçäàâàòü äîëæíîå 2) íà-
ãðàæäàòü, äàâàòü íàãðàäó
rhapsodic, rhapsodical [r{p´sÁdIk, r{p´sÁdIk(@)l] a 1) ðàïñîäè-
÷åñêèé 2) âîñòîðæåííûé, ýêñòàòè÷åñêèé; íàïûùåííûé
rhapsodist [´r{ps@dIst] n 1) àâòîð, ñî÷èíèòåëü ðàïñîäèé 2) äð.-
ãðå÷. ðàïñîä (ñòðàíñòâóþùèé ïåâåö, ñëàãàòåëü è ñêàçèòåëü
ýïè÷åñêèõ ïîýì)
rhapsodize [´r{ps@daIz] v ñî÷èíÿòü èëè ïåòü ðàïñîäèè
rhapsody [´r{ps@di] n 1) ðàïñîäèÿ (èíñòðóìåíòàëüíîå ïðîèç-
âåäåíèå) 2) èñò. ðàïñîäèÿ, ïåñíÿ ðàïñîäà
rhumba [´römb@] n = rumba
rhythm [´rID(@)m] n (pl -mi [maI]) ðèòì; ðèòìè÷íîñòü; ðèòìè-
÷åñêîå äâèæåíèå; ïåðèîäè÷íîñòü, öèêëè÷íîñòü; modern ~
ðèòìè÷åñêèé ñòðîé ñîâðåìåííîé ìóçûêè
rhythmed [´rID(@)md] a = rhythmical
rhythmic [´rIDmIk] I n ðèòìèêà
rhythmic [´rIDmIk] II a = rhythmical
rhythmical [´rIDmIk(@)l] a ðèòìè÷íûé; ðèòìè÷åñêèé; ~ scale ðèò-
ìè÷åñêàÿ ñåòêà
rhythmics [´rIDmIks] n = rhythmic I
rhythmometår [rID´mÁmIt@] n ìåòðîíîì
rhythm section [´rIDm ´sekS(@)n] n ãðóïïà àêêîìïàíèðóþùèõ èí-
ñòðóìåíòîâ, ñîçäàþùàÿ ðèòìè÷åñêóþ îñíîâó äæàçîâîé
èãðû
rhythmus [´rIDm@s] n (pl -mi [mi]) = rhythm
rib [rIb] n îáå÷àéêà (ó ñìû÷êîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ)
rich [rI¶] à íèçêèé, ãëóáîêèé, ìîùíûé; ~ tones íèçêèå òîíû;
~ voice ãëóáîêèé ãðóäíîé ãîëîñ
ride [raId] v (rode [r@Ud], ridden [´rIdn]) àìåð. äæàç. èìïðîâè-
çèðîâàòü
rifacimento [rI f¸¶I´ment@U] n ( pl -ti [tÖ]) èò. ïåðåäåëêà, àäàï-
´
òàöèÿ ìóçûêàëüíîãî ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ
riff [rIf] n äæàç. íåáîëüøàÿ ðèòìè÷åñêàÿ ôèãóðà, ÷àñòî ñëó-
æàùàÿ ñîïðîâîæäåíèåì ê ñîëüíîé èìïðîâèçàöèè
rigadoon [ rIg@´dün] n ðèãîäîí (ñòàðèííûé ôðàíöóçñêèé òà-
íåö) ´
125 romanticism

ring [rIÎ] I n 1) êðóã, êðóæîê; to dance in a ~ òàíöåâàòü, âçÿâøèñü


çà ðóêè (âñòàâ â êðóæîê) 2) çâóê, çâó÷àíèå
ring [rIÎ] II v (rang [r{Î], rung [röÎ]) çâåíåòü, çâó÷àòü
ring key [´rIÎ ´kÖ] n êîëüöåâîé êëàïàí (ó äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåí-
òîâ)
rip-roaring [ rIp ˜´rþrIÎ] a àìåð. æàðã. áóéíûé, øóìíûé, øóì-
ëèâûé ´
rise [raIz] I n ïîâûøåíèå, óâåëè÷åíèå; the ~ and fall of the voice
ïîâûøåíèå è ïîíèæåíèå ãîëîñà
rise [raIz] II v (rose [r@Uz], risen [´rIz(@)n]) ïîäíèìàòüñÿ, ïî-
âûøàòüñÿ
rising [´raIzIÎ] a ïîâûøàþùèéñÿ, âîçðàñòàþùèé
ritornel [ rItþ´nel] n ðèòóðíåëü
ritornello´ [ rItþ´nel@U] n = ritornel
road manager ´ [´r@Ud m{nI³@] n àäìèíèñòðàòîð ãàñòðîëèðóþ-
´
ùåé òðóïïû, ðàçúåçäíîãî òåàòðà
roadshow [´r@UdS@U] n àìåð. ãàñòðîëüíîå ïðåäñòàâëåíèå
roady [´r@Udi] n ðàçã. = road manager
roar [rþ] n 1) ðåâ, ãðîõîò 2) õîõîò; ~s of laughter ðàñêàòû õîõîòà
roaring [´rþrIÎ] I n ðåâ, øóì, ãðîõîò, ãóë
roaring [´rþrIÎ] II a øóìíûé, áóðíûé, ãðîìêèé; ~ applause áóð-
íûå àïëîäèñìåíòû; ~ voice ãðîìîâîé ãîëîñ
rock [rÁk] n 1) ðîê (ñòèëü â ïîï-ìóçûêå) 2) = rock’n’roll
rock’n’roll [ rÁk—@n˜´r@Ul] n ðîê-í-ðîëë
rock opera [´ rÁk ´Áp(@)r@] n îïåðà â ñòèëå ðîê, ðîê-îïåðà
rods [rÁdz] n ´pl ïðóòüÿ (ïðèìåíÿþòñÿ ïðè èãðå íà òàðåëêå, áà-
ðàáàíå)
Roger [´rÁ³@] n «Ðîäæåð» (àíãëèéñêèé äåðåâåíñêèé òàíåö, òæ.
Sir ~ de Coverly)
role [r@Ul] n ðîëü (òæ. ïåðåí.); to play the leading ~ èãðàòü ãëàâíóþ
ðîëü; to play the ~ of smb èãðàòü êàêóþ-ë. ðîëü
role specialization [´r@Ul speS@laI´zeIS(@)n] n àìïëóà
´
roll [r@Ul] I n áîé áàðàáàíà; áàðàáàííàÿ äðîáü 2) âèä èñïîë-
íèòåëüñêîé òåõíèêè íà óäàðíûõ
roll [r@Ul] II v 1) ãðåìåòü; ãðîõîòàòü 2) èçäàâàòü ãëóáîêèé çâóê;
the organ ~ed forth its stately welcome òîðæåñòâåííî è ïðè-
âåòñòâåííî çàçâó÷àë îðãàí 3) âûáèâàòü äðîáü (íà áàðàáà-
íå)
romance [r@(U)´m{ns] I n ðîìàíñ
romance [r@(U)´m{ns] II v ïðåäàâàòüñÿ ìå÷òàì, ôàíòàçèðîâàòü
romanesca [ r@Um@´nesk] n ðîìàíåñêà (ñòàðèííûé èòàëüÿíñêèé
íàðîäíûé ´ òàíåö)
romantic [r@(U)´m{ntIk] a ðîìàíòè÷åñêèé
romanticism [r@(U)´m{ntIsIz(@)m] n ðîìàíòèçì
rondo 126
rondo [´rÁnd@U] n (pl -os [@Uz]) ðîíäî (ìóçûêàëüíàÿ ôîðìà)
root [rüt] n îñíîâíîé òîí àêêîðäà
root position [´rüt p@´zIS(@)n] n îñíîâíîå ïîëîæåíèå; ~ of a chord
îñíîâíîå ïîëîæåíèå àêêîðäà
rosin [´rÁzIn] I n = resin I
rosin [´rÁzIn] II v = resin II
rotary valve [´r@Ut@ri ´v{lv] n âðàùàòåëüíûé âåíòèëü (ó ìåäíûõ
äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ)
rotund [r@U´tönd] a çâó÷íûé, ïîëíîçâó÷íûé
rough [röf] n ðåæóùèé ñëóõ, íåïðèÿòíûé; ~ voice ðåçêèé ãî-
ëîñ
roulade [rü´l¸d] n ðóëàäà (áûñòðûé, âèðòóîçíûé ïàññàæ)
round [raUnd] I n 1) êàíîí äëÿ ïåíèÿ 2) òóð; competition consists
of three ~s êîíêóðñ ñîñòîèò èç òðåõ òóðîâ 2) = round dance
round [raUnd] II a ìÿãêèé; ãóñòîé; çâó÷íûé; ãëóáîêèé (î ãî-
ëîñå, çâóêå)
round dance [´raUnd d¸ns] n 1) õîðîâîä; êðóãîâîé òàíåö 2) òà-
íåö, â êîòîðîì ïàðû ´ äâèãàþòñÿ ïî êðóãó (âàëüñ è ò.ï)
roundel [´raUndl] n õîðîâîäíûé òàíåö
roundelay [´raUndIleI] n 1) íàðîäíàÿ ïåñíÿ èëè áàëëàäà XIV â.
2) õîðîâîäíûé òàíåö; õîðîâîä 3) êîðîòåíüêàÿ ïåñåíêà ñ
ïðèïåâîì 4) êíèæí. ïòè÷üè ãîëîñà; ðóëàäû (ñîëîâüÿ è ò.ï.)
roust [raUst] I n øîòë. 1) ãîëîñ 2) êðèê, ðåâ
roust [raUst] II v øîòë. êðè÷àòü, îðàòü, øóìåòü
rout [raUt] n 1) øóì, ãàì, ñóåòà 2) ðàóò, âå÷åðíèé ïðèåì
routine [rü´tÖn] n ýêçåðñèñ(û), òðåíèðîâêà (òàíöîâùèêà)
rubato [rü´b¸t@U] adv èò. ðóáàòî, íå ñòðîãî â òàêò
rude [rüd] a 1) ïðèìèòèâíûé, ãðóáûé (î ñòèëå, ìàíåðå) 2) ðåç-
êèé, íåïðèÿòíûé (î çâóêå)
rueful [´rüf(@)l] a ïå÷àëüíûé, óíûëûé
ruff [röf] v øîòë. 1) âûáèâàòü äðîáü íà áàðàáàíå 2) ñòó÷àòü
íîãàìè â çíàê îäîáðåíèÿ
ruffle [´röf(@)l] I n áàðàáàííàÿ äðîáü
ruffle [´röf(@)l] II v âûáèâàòü äðîáü íà áàðàáàíå
rumba [´römb@] I n èñï. ðóìáà, áàëüíûé òàíåö ëàòèíîàìåðè-
êàíñêîãî ïðîèñõîæäåíèÿ
rumba [´römb@] II v òàíöåâàòü ðóìáó
rumble [´römb(@)l] I n ãðîìûõàíèå, ãðîõîò, ãðîõîòàíèå
rumble [´römb(@)l] II v ãðîìûõàòü, ãðîõîòàòü, ãðåìåòü
run [rön] n âèðòóîçíûé ãàììîîáðàçíûé ïàññàæ
run-through [´rön Trü] n 1) ïðîñìîòð; ïðîñëóøèâàíèå; the song
was ready for a first ~ ïåñíÿ áûëà ãîòîâà äëÿ ïåðâîãî ïðî-
ñëóøèâàíèÿ 2) = rehearsal
rusty [´rösti] a õðèïëûé, ðåçêèé, ñêðèïó÷èé
127 scale

S
sackbut [´s{kböt] n èñò. ñðåäíåâåêîâûé äóõîâîé èíñòðóìåíò,
ïðåäøåñòâåííèê òðîìáîíà
sacred [´seIkrId] a äóõîâíûé; ~ music/songs äóõîâíàÿ ìóçûêà/
-ûå ïåñíîïåíèÿ
sad [s{d] a ïå÷àëüíûé, ãðóñòíûé, óíûëûé
saltarello [ s{lt@´rel@U] n èò. ñàëüòàðåëëî (ðàçíîâèäíîñòü èòàëü-
ÿíñêîãî ´ òàíöà)
saltation [s{l´teIS(@)n] n ñêà÷êà; ïëÿñêà; íåîæèäàííîå èçìåíåíèå
ðàçâèòèÿ, äâèæåíèÿ
saltatory [´s{lt@t(@)ri] a òàíöóþùèé; òàíöåâàëüíûé; ~ talent ñïî-
ñîáíîñòü ê òàíöàì
samba [´s{mb@] n ñàìáà (áðàçèëüñêèé òàíåö)
sambuca [s{m´bjük@] n ñàìáóêà (ñòðóííûé èíñòðóìåíò Äðåâ-
íåãî Âîñòîêà)
samisen [´s{mIsen] n ÿï . ñÿìèñåí (ÿïîíñêèé ùèïêîâûé èíñò-
ðóìåíò)
sancho [´s{Îk@U] n ( pl -os [@Uz]) ïðèìèòèâíàÿ íåãðèòÿíñêàÿ
ãèòàðà
sanctus [´s{Îkt@s] n ( ÷àñòî S.) 1) Ñîíêòóà (÷àñòü êàòîëè÷åñ-
êîé ìåññû) 2) óñò. black ~ ïàðîäèÿ íà ðåëèãèîçíûé ãèìí
saraband, sarabande [´s{r@b{nd] n èñï. ñàðàáàíäà (íàðîäíûé èñ-
ïàíñêèé òàíåö XVII—XVIII ââ.)
sarrusophîne [ s{rUz@U´f@Un] n ñàððþçîôîí, ñàðþñîôîí (äóõîâîé
òðîñòåâîé ´ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
satire [´s{taI@] n ñàòèðà, èðîíèÿ
satiric, satirical [s@´tIrIk, s@´tIrIk(@)l] a ñàòèðè÷åñêèé
satiric drama [s@´tIrIk ´dr¸m@] n äðåâíåãðå÷åñêàÿ äðàìà ñ ó÷à-
ñòèåì õîðà ñàòèðîâ
saturnine [´s{t@naIn] a êíèæí. óãðþìûé, ìðà÷íûé
sax [s{ks] n ðàçã. ñàêñîôîí
saxhorn, sax-horn [´s{kshþn] n ñàêñãîðí (äóõîâîé ìóíäøòó÷-
íûé èíñòðóìåíò)
saxophone [´s{ks@f@Un] n ñàêñîôîí; ~ player ñàêñîôîíèñò, èñ-
ïîëíèòåëü íà ñàêñîôîíå
saxophonist [s{k´sÁf(@)nIst] n ñàêñîôîíèñò, èñïîëíèòåëü íà ñàê-
ñîôîíå
scaffold [´sk{f(@)ld, ´sk{f@Uld] n òðèáóíû (äëÿ çðèòåëåé)
scale [skeIl] n çâóêîðÿä; ãàììà; øêàëà; natural/chromatic ~ íà-
òóðàëüíûé/õðîìàòè÷åñêèé çâóêîðÿä; diatonic/major/minor
~ äèàòîíè÷åñêàÿ/ìàæîðíàÿ/ìèíîðíàÿ ãàììà; the ~ of F
ãàììà ôà ìàæîð; to learn one’s ~s ó÷èòü ãàììû, íà÷èíàòü
ó÷èòüñÿ ìóçûêå, áûòü íà÷èíàþùèì â ìóçûêå
scat 128
scat [sk{t] n äæàç. ìàíåðà ïåíèÿ, êîãäà ïåâåö èìïðîâèçèðó-
åò áåç ñëîâ â ïîäðàæàíèå ìóçûêàëüíîìó èíñòðóìåíòó
scenario [sI´n¸ri@U] n (pl -os [@Uz]) ñöåíàðèé; ~ writer ñöåíà-
ðèñò
scherzo [´ske@ts@U] n (pl -os [@Uz]) ñêåðöî
schmalz artist [´Smþlts (Sm{lts) ¸tIst] n àìåð. êîìïîçèòîð, ñî-
´
÷èíÿþùèé ñëàùàâî-ñåíòèìåíòàëüíûå ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ
school [skül] n 1) øêîëà; children’s music ~ äåòñêàÿ ìóçûêàëüíàÿ
øêîëà; four-year music ~ ìóçûêàëüíîå ó÷èëèùå 2) íàïðàâ-
ëåíèå, øêîëà; impressionistic ~ of music èìïðåññèîíèñòñ-
êàÿ øêîëà ìóçûêè, èìïðåññèîíèñòñêîå íàïðàâëåíèå â
ìóçûêå 3) ðóêîâîäñòâî, ó÷åáíî-ìåòîäè÷åñêîå ïîñîáèå; ~
of counter point/of playing the piano øêîëà êîíòðàïóíê-
òà/èãðû íà ôîðòåïüÿíî
scolion [´skÁlI@n] n äð.-ãðå÷. ïåñíÿ, êîòîðóþ ãîñòè ïîþò ïî î÷å-
ðåäè íà ïèðó
sconce [skÁns] n ïîäñâå÷íèê; piano ~s ïîäñâå÷íèêè íà ïèàíèíî
score [skþ] I n 1) ïàðòèòóðà; vocal ~ êëàâèð; piano ~ ïåðåëî-
æåíèå ïàðòèòóðû äëÿ ôîðòåïüÿíî; miniature/pocket ~ êàð-
ìàííàÿ ïàðòèòóðà; to sing from ~ ïåòü ïî íîòàì 2) ìóçû-
êàëüíîå ñîïðîâîæäåíèå
score [skþ] II v îðêåñòðîâàòü
scotch [skÁ¶] n ýêîñåç
scotch sharp [´skÁ¶ ´S¸p] n ñèíêîïà
scrape [skreIp] I n ñêðèï, ñêðèïåíèå
scrape [skreIp] II v ñêðèïåòü, ïîñêðèïûâàòü; to ~ on a fiddle
ïèëèêàòü íà ñêðèïêå; to ~ a bow across a fiddle ïðîâîäèòü
ñìû÷êîì ïî ñêðèïêå (èçâëåêàÿ ðåæóùèå ñëóõ çâóêè)
scratchy [´skr{¶i] a ãðóáûé, íàñïåõ ñäåëàííûé; ~ performance/
execution íåðîâíîå èñïîëíåíèå
screak [skrÖk] v 1) ñêðèïåòü, èçäàâàòü ñêðèïó÷èå çâóêè 2) ïðîí-
çèòåëüíî êðè÷àòü (òæ . ~ out)
screaming [´skrÖmIÎ] n ïðîíçèòåëüíûé, âèçãëèâûé, ðåçêèé çâóê
screamy [´skrÖmi] n = screaming
screech [skrÖ¶] n õðèïëûé èëè âèçãëèâûé çâóê
screw [skrü] n âèíò (ñìû÷êà)
script [skrIpt] n ìóçûêàëüíûé òåêñò, ïàðòèòóðà, íîòû
scroll [skr@Ul] n çàâèòîê êîëêîâîãî ÿùèêà
scroll-shaped [´ skr@Ul˜SeIpt] a â ôîðìå çàâèòêà
season [´sÖz(@)n] n 1) ñåçîí; the dead/the dull/the off ~ ìåðò-
âûé ñåçîí; the theatrical ~ òåàòðàëüíûé ñåçîí; the London
~ ëîíäîíñêèé ñåçîí (ìàé-èþëü); the hight of the ~ ðàçãàð
ñåçîíà; very eàrly in the ~ â íà÷àëå ñåçîíà 2) ðàçã. = season
ticket
129 sentence

season ticket [´sÖz(@)n tIkIt] n àáîíåìåíò (â òåàòð, íà êîíöåðò)


second [´sek@nd] n 1) ´ñåêóíäà; major/minor ~ áîëüøàÿ/ìàëàÿ
ñåêóíäà 2) âòîðà
secondary [´sek@nd(@)ri] a âòîðîñòåïåííûé, âòîðè÷íûé; to play
a ~ melody âåñòè âòîðóþ ïàðòèþ
se co n d -han d [ sek@nd˜´h{nd] a âòîðîðàçðÿäíûé, ïëîõîé; ~
´
musician ïëîõîé ìóçûêàíò
second-rate [ sek@nd ´reIt] a âòîðîñîðòíûé, âòîðîðàçðÿäíûé; ïî-
ñðåäñòâåííûé´
section [´sekS(@)n] n 1) ñåêöèÿ, ãðóïïà èíñòðóìåíòîâ â äæàçå
2) ðàçäåë, ÷àñòü ìóçûêàëüíîãî ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ; exuberant and
vigorous motor ~s æèçíåðàäîñòíûå è çàäîðíûå äèíàìè÷-
íûå/ìîòîðíûå ðàçäåëû
secular [´sekjul@] a ñâåòñêèé, ìèðñêîé, íåöåðêîâíûé; ~ music
ñâåòñêàÿ ìóçûêà
secure [sI´kjU@] a 1) ñïîêîéíûé, áåçìÿòåæíûé 2) óâåðåííûé,
óáåæäåííûé (â ÷åì-ë.); ~ of success óáåæäåííûé â óñïåõå
seductive [sI´döktIv] a ÷àðóþùèé; ~ sounds ïëåíèòåëüíûå çâó-
êè
seek [sÖk] n óñò. çâóêè îõîòíè÷üåãî ðîãà
seguidilla [ segI´dIlj@] n èñï. ñåãèäèëüÿ (èñïàíñêèé íàðîäíûé
òàíåö) ´
self-abandoned [ self @´b{nd@nd] a íåñäåðæàííûé, èìïóëüñèâ-
íûé ´
sell-out [´sel aUt] n ïîëíûé ñáîð; àíøëàã
semibreve [´semIbrÖv] n öåëàÿ íîòà
semidemisemiquaver [ semIdemI´semI kweIv@] n øåñòüäåñÿò ÷åò-
âåðòàÿ íîòà ´ ´
semiquaver [´semI kweIv@] n øåñòíàäöàòàÿ íîòà
semitone [´semIt@Un] ´ n = half step
semitonic scale [´semItÁnIk ´skeIl] n = chromatic scale
send [send] v (sent [sent]) æàðã. èñïîëíÿòü èëè ñëóøàòü äæàçî-
âóþ ìóçûêó, äîâåäÿ ñåáÿ äî ýêçàëüòàöèè
send-off [´send Áf] n (õâàëåáíàÿ) ðåöåíçèÿ; the performance was
given a good ~ âûñòóïëåíèå ïîëó÷èëî õâàëåáíûé îòçûâ
sensational [sen´seIS(@)n@l] a ñåíñàöèîííûé; áëåñòÿùèé; âåëè-
êîëåïíûé
sense [sens] I n îùóùåíèå
sense [sens] II v ÷óâñòâîâàòü, îñîçíàâàòü
sensibility [ sensI´bIlIti] n âîñïðèèì÷èâîñòü; ýìîöèîíàëüíîñòü
´
sensitive [´sensItIv] a ÷óâñòâèòåëüíûé, íåæíûé; ýìîöèîíàëü-
íûé, âîñïðèèì÷èâûé
sensual [´senSu@l] a ÷óâñòâåííûé, ñëàäîñòðàñòíûé
sentence [´sent@ns] n ïðåäëîæåíèå
sentiment 130
sentiment [´sentIm@nt] n 1) ÷óâñòâî 2) ñåíòèìåíòàëüíîñòü
sentimental [ sentI´mentl] a ñåíòèìåíòàëüíûé, ÷óâñòâèòåëüíûé
´
separate [´sep(@)rIt] a îòäåëüíûé, èçîëèðîâàííûé
septenary [sep´tÖn(@)ri] n = octave
septet [sep´tet] n 1) ñåïòåò (àíñàìáëü) 2) ñåïòåò (ìóçûêàëü-
íîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå)
septime [´septÖm] n ñåïòèìà
septimole [´septIm@Ul] n cåïòîëü
septuplet [´septjuplIt] n = septimole
sequence [´sÖkw@ns] n 1) ïîñëåäîâàòåëüíîñòü, ðÿä; Fibonacci
~ ÷èñëà Ôèáîíà÷÷è (â ïðîèçâåäåíèÿõ Á.Áàðòîêà) 2) ñåê-
âåíöèÿ
sequentially [sI´kwenS(@)li] adv ïîñëåäîâàòåëüíî
serenade [ serI´neId] I n ñåðåíàäà
serenade [´ serI´neId] II v èñïîëíÿòü ñåðåíàäó
´
serene [sI´rÖn] a ÿñíûé, ñâåòëûé, ñïîêîéíûé
serenity [sI´renIti] n ÿñíîñòü, áåçìÿòåæíîñòü, ñïîêîéñòâèå
serial music [´sI(@)ri@l ´mjüzIk] n ñåðèéíàÿ ìóçûêà (îñíîâàíà íà
ñåðèéíîé èëè äâåíàäöàòèòîííîé òåõíèêå)
series [´sI(@)rÖz] n ( pl series) ðÿä, ñåðèÿ (êîìáèíàöèÿ íåïîâ-
òîðÿþùèõñÿ àâòîíîìíûõ 12 çâóêîâ õðîìàòè÷åñêîé ãàììû,
èçáåãàþùàÿ ëàäîâûõ ñâÿçåé)
serious [´sI(@)ri@s] a ñåðüåçíûé
serpent [´sÆ:p@nt] n ñåðïåíò (ñòàðèííûé äåðåâÿííî-äóõîâîé èí-
ñòðóìåíò)
service [´sÆ:vIs] n öåðê. ñëóæáà; choir ~ öåðêîâíîå õîðîâîå ïåíèå
sestet [ses´tet] n = sextet(t)
set [set] I n 1) ñåðèÿ, ðÿä; a ~ of variations on the theme ðÿä
âàðèàöèé íà òåìó; a ~ of quadrilles (âñå) ôèãóðû êàäðèëè
2) ãðóïïà ëèö, ñîñòàâ; four ~s of dancers/partners ÷åòûðå
ïàðû òàíöîðîâ 3) äåêîðàöèÿ 4) ðåäê. ðÿä ìóçûêàëüíûõ
ïðîèçâåäåíèé, ñîñòàâëÿþùèõ îäíî öåëîå (äëÿ öåðêîâíîé
ñëóæáû)
set [set] II v (set) 1) óñòàíàâëèâàòü, çàäàâàòü; to ~ the rythm
óñòàíîâèòü ðèòì; the motif ~ s the mood for the second
movement of the concerto ýòà ìåëîäèÿ çàäàåò òîí/îïðåäå-
ëÿåò íàñòðîåíèå âñåé âòîðîé ÷àñòè êîíöåðòà 2) íàñòðàè-
âàòü; to ~ a piano íàñòðîèòü ïèàíèíî 3) àðàíæèðîâàòü; to
~ a piece of music for the violin ïåðåëîæèòü ìóçûêàëüíóþ
ïüåñó äëÿ ñêðèïêè; to ~ a melody half a tone higher òðàíñ-
ïîíèðîâàòü ìåëîäèþ íà ïîëíîòû âûøå 4) ïîëîæèòü ñëî-
âà íà ìóçûêó èëè ìóçûêó íà ñëîâà 5) îáûêí. passive ïîìå-
ùàòüñÿ, ðàñïîëàãàòüñÿ; the second act is ~ in a street ìåñòî
äåéñòâèÿ âòîðîãî àêòà — óëèöà
131 short list

setting [´setIÎ] n 1) ìóçûêà íà ñòèõîòâîðíûé òåêñò; ïåðåëî-


æåíèå ñëîâ íà ìóçûêó èëè ìóçûêè íà ñëîâà (ïîýòè÷åñêî-
ãî ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ) 2) ~ for piano àðàíæèðîâêà/ïåðåëîæå-
íèå äëÿ ôîðòåïüÿíî
seventh [´sev(e)nT] n ñåïòèìà
seventh chord [´sev(e)nT ´kþd] n ñåïòàêêîðä
sextet(t) [seks´tet] n 1) ñåêñòåò (àíñàìáëü) 2) ñåêñòåò (ìóçû-
êàëüíîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå)
sextolet [´sekst@UlIt] n ñåêñòîëü
sextuplet [sek´stjüplIt] n = sextolet
sforzando [sfþt´s{nd@U] p.p. èò. ñôîðöàíäî (ðåçêî óñèëèâàÿ)
shade [SeId] n îòòåíîê, íþàíñ
shake [SeIk] I n 1) òðåëü 2) ñèëüíîå âèáðàòî íà íîòå áîëüøîé
äëèòåëüíîñòè 3) øåéê (òàíåö)
shake [SeIk] II v (shook [SUk], shaken [´SeIk@n]) èñïîëíÿòü òðåëü
shalm [S¸m] n 1) ñâèðåëü 2) îäèí èç ðåãèñòðîâ îðãàíà
shanty [´S{nti] n = chanty, chantey
shape [SeIp] v 1) ïðèäàâàòü ôîðìó 2) äåëàòü, ñîçäàâàòü; to ~ a
song ñëîæèòü ïåñíþ
sharp [S¸p] I n äèåç
sharp [S¸p] II a 1) îñòðûé, îòðûâèñòûé, ðåçêèé 2) äèåçíûé
3) áîëüøîé (îá èíòåðâàëå)
sharp [S¸p] III adv ðîâíî, òî÷íî, ïóíêòóàëüíî
sharp [S¸p] IV v ñòàâèòü äèåç; to ~ a tone ïîñòàâèòü äèåç, ïîä-
íÿòü íà ïîëòîíà
sharp key [´S¸p ´kÖ] n äèåçíàÿ òîíàëüíîñòü
sharps and flats [´S¸ps @nd ´fl{ts] n pl ÷åðíûå êëàâèøè (ðîÿëÿ)
shawl-dance [´Sþl d¸ns] n âîñòî÷íûé òàíåö ñ øàëüþ
shawm [Sþm] n áîìáàðäà (ñòàðèííûé äåðåâÿííî-äóõîâîé èí-
ñòðóìåíò)
sheet music [´SÖt mjüzIk, SÖt ´mjüzIk] n íîòû (íåïåðåïëåòåííûå)
shellac [S@´l{k] n´ ðàçã. ãðàìïëàñòèíêà
´ (íà 78 îáîðîòîâ)
shift [SIft] I n èçìåíåíèå ïîçèöèè íà ñòðóííûõ è êóëèñíûõ äó-
õîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ
shift [SIft] II v ñäâèãàòü, ñìåùàòü, ïåðåìåùàòü
shimmy [´SImi] n øèììè (ñàëîííûé áàëüíûé òàíåö 20-õ ãã.
ÕÕ â.)
shindig [´SIndIg] n óñò . ðàçã. 1) âåñåëàÿ âå÷åðèíêà ñ òàíöàìè;
âåñåëüå 2) òàíåö
shivaree [ SIv@´rÖ] n àìåð. ðàçã. 1) øóìíàÿ ïðîöåññèÿ 2) øó-
òî÷íàÿ´ ñåðåíàäà 3) êîøà÷èé êîíöåðò
short-form scoring [´Sþt˜´fþm ´skþrIÎ] n êðàòêîïèñü
short list [´Sþt lIst] n ñïèñîê äîïóùåííûõ ê ïîñëåäíåìó òóðó
(êîíêóðñà è ò.ï.)
short-lived 132
short-lived [ Sþt ´lIvd] a íåäîëãîâå÷íûé, ìèìîëåòíûé, ïðåõî-
äÿùèé ´
shout [SaUt] I n äæàç. êðèê, âîçãëàñ
shout [SaUt] II v äæàç. êðè÷àòü
shouting [´SaUtIÎ] n êðèêè; âîçãëàñû îäîáðåíèÿ; ïðèâåòñòâèÿ
show [S@U] n øîó, ýñòðàäíîå ïðåäñòàâëåíèå
showbill [´S@UbIl] n àôèøà
show business [´ S@U ˜ bIznIs] n øîó-áèçíåñ, èíäóñòðèÿ ðàçâëå-
÷åíèé ´
showy [´S@Ui] a áëåñòÿùèé, ïîðàçèòåëüíûé, èñêëþ÷èòåëüíûé;
~ talents âûäàþùèåñÿ/áëåñòÿùèå ñïîñîáíîñòè
shrill [SrIl] I n ïðîíçèòåëüíûé, ðåçêèé êðèê; âèçã; ðåçêèé ñâè-
ñòîê
shrill [SrIl] II a 1) ïðîíçèòåëüíûé, ðåçêèé; âèçãëèâûé; âûñî-
êèé (î çâóêå); ~ whistle ðåçêèé, ïðîíçèòåëüíûé ñâèñò
2) øóìíûé; ~ gaiåty øóìíîå âåñåëüå
shrill [SrIl] III v ïîýò. ïðîíçèòåëüíî êðè÷àòü, çâó÷àòü ðåçêî è
ãðîìêî
shrill-voiced [ SrIl´vOIst] a ñ ïðîíçèòåëüíûì, ðåçêèì ãîëîñîì
shrilly [´SrIli] a´ ïîýò. ïðîíçèòåëüíûé, ðåçêèé; ~ sound ïðîí-
çèòåëüíûé, ðåçêèé çâóê
shuffle [´Söf(@)l] I n 1) øàôë (íàðîäíûé òàíåö ñ øàðêàþùèì
ïà, èñïîëíÿåìûé ïîä âîëûíêó) 2) äæàç. ïóíêòèðíûé ðèòì
â àêêîìïàíåìåíòå äæàçà
shuffle [´Söf(@)l] II v 1) øàðêàòü (íîãàìè) 2) ñêîëüçèòü (â òàíöå);
to ~ a saraband ñêîëüçèòü â ñàðàáàíäå
si [sÖ] n çâóê «ñè» (â ñîëüìèçàöèè)
side [saId] n îáå÷àéêà (áîêîâàÿ ñòðóíà ñêðèïêè)
side drum [´saId˜dröm] n ìàëûé áàðàáàí; ~ without snare ìàëûé
áàðàáàí áåç ñòðóí; ~ with snare ìàëûé áàðàáàí ñî ñòðó-
íàìè
sidemen [´saIdm@n] n pl äæàç. ìóçûêàíòû, íå èãðàþùèå ñîëî
sideshow [´saIdS@U] n èíòåðìåäèÿ, âñòàâíîé íîìåð
siffle [´sIfl] v ðåäê. ñâèñòåòü
sifflet [´sIflIt] n õóäîæåñòâåííûé ñâèñò
sif fleur [sI(Ö)´flÆ:] n ôð. èñïîëíèòåëü õóäîæåñòâåííîãî ñâèñ-
òà
siffleuse [sI(Ö)´flÆ:z] n ôð. èñïîëíèòåëüíèöà õóäîæåñòâåííîãî
ñâèñòà
sight [saIt] n âèä; âçãëÿä; play music at ~ èãðàòü ñ ëèñòà
sig ht-read [´ saIt ˜rÖd] v (sight-read [´ saIt ˜red]) èãðàòü èëè ïåòü
ñ ëèñòà (ïî íîòàì); ÷èòàòü (íîòû, òåêñò) ñ ëèñòà
sign [saIn] n çíàê; îáîçíà÷åíèå; to the ~ äî çíàêà
signature [´sIgn@¶@] n 1) îáîçíà÷åíèå; time ~ îáîçíà÷åíèå ðàç-
133 single-movement piece

ìåðà, ðàçìåð 2) = key-signature 3) ìóçûêàëüíàÿ øàïêà (ðà-


äèîïðîãðàììû è ò.ï.)
signature tune [´sIgn@¶@ tjün] n ìåëîäèÿ, âîçâåùàþùàÿ íà÷àëî
èëè êîíåö êàêîé-ë. ïåðåäà÷è (íà ðàäèî, òåëåâèäåíèè; ìó-
çûêàëüíàÿ øàïêà, çàñòàâêà)
significance [sIg´nIfIk@ns] n âàæíîñòü, çíà÷èòåëüíîñòü
silence [´saIl@ns] I n ìîë÷àíèå, òèøèíà
silence [´saIl@ns] II v çàãëóøàòü
silencer [´saIl@ns@] n ñóðäèíà
silky [´sIlki] a íåæíûé, ïðèÿòíûé, áàðõàòèñòûé (î çâóêå)
silver [´sIlv@] a çâîíêèé, ìåëîäè÷íûé, ñåðåáðèñòûé; ~ tone ñå-
ðåáðèñòûé çâóê
silvery [´sIlv(@)ri] a ÷èñòûé, ÿñíûé (î òîíå); ~ chime/voice ñå-
ðåáðèñòûé çâîí/ãîëîñ
similar [´sIm(@) l@, ˜´sImIl@] a ïîõîæèé; òî÷íî òàêîé æå, ïîäîá-
íûé
similarity [ sImI´l{rIti] n ñõîäñòâî
´
simple [´sImp(@)l] a ïðîñòîé; ~ counterpoint ïðîñòîé êîíòðà-
ïóíêò; ~ intervals ïðîñòûå/îñíîâíûå èíòåðâàëû
simplicity [sIm´plIsIti] n ïðîñòîòà
simultaneous [ sIm(@)l´teIni@s] a îäíîâðåìåííûé
´
sinfonia [ sInf@´nÖ@] n (pl -nie [´nÖeI]) 1) = symphony 2) óñò.
´
óâåðòþðà ê îïåðå
sing [sIÎ] v (sang [s{Î], sung [söÎ]) 1) ïåòü; to ~ a part in an
opera ïåòü ïàðòèþ â îïåðå; to ~ to the guitar ïåòü ïîä ãè-
òàðó; to ~ from score/music ïåòü ïî íîòàì; to ~ off-hand
ïåòü ñ ëèñòà; to ~ in tune ïåòü ïðàâèëüíî; to ~ out of tune
ïåòü íåïðàâèëüíî, ôàëüøèâèòü 2) ïåòüñÿ; these words don’t
~ well ýòè ñëîâà òðóäíî ïåòü 3) his lyrics ~ themselves ëè-
ðè÷åñêèå ñòèõè íàïåâíû 4) ïðîâîæàòü, âñòðå÷àòü èëè
ñîïðîâîæäàòü ïåíèåì; to ~ the Old Year out ïðîâîäèòü
ñòàðûé ãîä ïåñíÿìè 5) ÷èòàòü íàðàñïåâ 6) the music is still
~ing in my ears ýòà ìóçûêà âñå åùå çâó÷èò ó ìåíÿ â óøàõ
singer [´sIÎ@] n 1) ïåâåö, ïåâèöà; opera/jazz ~ îïåðíûé (-àÿ)
ïåâåö (ïåâèöà) 2) ïåâåö, áàðä, ïîýò
singing [´sIÎIÎ] n ïåíèå; choir ~ õîðîâîå ïåíèå; ~ instructor
ó÷èòåëü ïåíèÿ
singing-master [´sIÎIΘ m¸st@] n ó÷èòåëü ïåíèÿ
´
single [´sIÎg(@)l] a åäèíñòâåííûé, îäèí; îáîñîáëåííûé, îòäåëü-
íûé; ~ instruments îòäåëüíûå èíñòðóìåíòû
single note [´sIÎg(@) l˜´n@Ut] n äæàç. îäíîãîëîñàÿ èìïðîâèçàöèÿ
ïèàíèñòà èëè ãèòàðèñòà (áåç àêêîðäîâîãî ñîïðîâîæäåíèÿ)
single-movement piece [´sIng(@)l ´müvm@nt˜´pÖs] n îäíî÷àñòíîå
ïðîèçâåäåíèå
single-reed 134
single-reed [´sIÎg(@)l ´rÖd] a îäíîñòðîåâîé
sing song [´sIÎ sÁÎ] n 1) èìïðîâèçèðîâàííûé êîíöåðò 2) ìî-
íîòîííîå ïåíèå èëè ÷òåíèå
singularity [ sIÎgjU´l{rIti] n ñïåöèôè÷íîñòü, îñîáåííîñòü
´
siren [´saI(@)r@n] I n ñèðåíà
siren [´saI(@)r@n] II a ñëàäêîçâó÷íûé; ~ air ñëàäêîçâó÷íàÿ ìå-
ëîäèÿ; ~ song ñëàäêîçâó÷íàÿ ïåñíÿ
sirenic, sirenical [saI´renIk, saI´renIk(@)l] a ðåäê. 1) ìåëîäè÷íûé,
ñëàäêîçâó÷íûé 2) ñëàäêîãîëîñûé, ñëàäêîãëàñíûé
sirenize, sirenise [´saI(@)r@naIz] v ðåäê. 1) î÷àðîâûâàòü, âîñõèùàòü,
ïëåíÿòü 2) çà÷àðîâûâàòü, çàâëåêàòü (÷àðàìè), îêîëäîâûâàòü
sirvente [sÆ:´vent] n èñò. ñèðâåíòà (ñðåäíåâåêîâàÿ ñàòèðè÷åñ-
êàÿ ïåñíÿ èëè ñòèõîòâîðåíèå ïîëåìè÷åñêîãî õàðàêòåðà)
sitar [´sIt¸,˜sI´t¸] n èíä . ñèòàð (ñòðóííûé ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñò-
ðóìåíò)
six-five chord [´ sIks˜´faIv ´kþd] n êâèíòñåêñòàêêîðä
sixteenth [ sIk´stÖnT] n àìåð. øåñòíàäöàòàÿ (íîòà)
sixteenth rest´ [ sIk´stÖnT ´rest] n àìåð. øåñòíàäöàòàÿ ïàóçà
´
sixth [sIksT] n ñåêñòà
sixth chord [´sIksT˜´kþd] n ñåêñòàêêîðä
sixty-fourth (note) [´sIksti fþT (´n@Ut)] n àìåð. øåñòüäåñÿò ÷åò-
âåðòàÿ (íîòà)
sixty-fourth rest [´sIksti fþT˜´rest] n øåñòüäåñÿò ÷åòâåðòàÿ ïàóçà
size [saIz] n ðàçìåð, âåëè÷èíà
sketch [ske¶] n íåáîëüøàÿ ïüåñà ëåãêîãî ñîäåðæàíèÿ, îáûêí. äëÿ
ðîÿëÿ
skiffle [´skIf(@)l] n ñêèôë (íàðîäíûå ïåñíè â èñïîëíåíèè ïåâöà-
ãèòàðèñòà ñ àíñàìáëåì)
skil(l)ful [´skIlf(@)l] a èñêóñíûé, ëîâêèé, îïûòíûé
skill [skIl] n ìàñòåðñòâî, èñêyñíîñòü, èñêóññòâî
skip [skIp] I n ñêà÷îê (èíòåðâàë áîëüøå ñåêóíäû)
skip [skIp] II v (òæ . over) ïðîïóñêàòü, äåëàòü ïðîïóñêè
skirl [skÆ:l] I n 1) çâóê âîëûíêè 2) ðåçêèé çâóê, ïðîíçèòåëü-
íûé êðèê
skirl [skÆ:l] II v 1) èçäàâàòü çâóê íà âîëûíêå; èãðàòü íà âîëûíêå
2) èçäàâàòü ðåçêèé çâóê èëè ïðîíçèòåëüíûé êðèê 3) ãðîìêî
ïåòü èëè èãðàòü
skit [skIt] n ðàçã. ñàòèðà, ïàðîäèÿ
slañken [´sl{k@n] v îñëàáëÿòü, çàìåäëÿòü
slapstick [´sl{p stIk] n áè÷ (óäàðíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
slashing bow [´´sl{SIΘ´b@U] n äåòàøå
sleigh bells [´sleI belz] n pl = jingle bells
slide [slaId] I n êóëèñà (â äóõîâûõ ìóíäøòó÷íûõ ìóçûêàëüíûõ
èíñòðóìåíòàõ)
135 solo

slide [slaId] II v ñêîëüçèòü


slide trombone [´slaId˜trÁm´b@Un] n òðîìáîí áåç âåíòèëåé
slide trumpet [´ slaId˜´trömpIt] n òðóáà ñ êóëèñîé
slit drum [slIt˜´dröm] n äåðåâÿííàÿ êîðîáî÷êà (óäàðíûé èíñò-
ðóìåíò)
slow [sl@U] I a ìåäëåííûé; ~ beat ìåäëåííûé òåìï (â òàíöàõ);
~ blues/fox ìåäëåííûé áëþç/ôîêñòðîò
slow [sl@U] II ( îáûêí . ~ down, ~ off, ~ up) v çàìåäëÿòü, ñáàâ-
ëÿòü òåìï
slow bounce [´sl@U ´baUns] adv äæàç. ìåäëåííî, ñ îòòÿæêîé êàæ-
äîé íîòû
slow-rock [´sl@U˜´rÁk] n ìåäëåííûé ðîê-í-ðîëë
sluggishly [´slögISli] adv ìåäëåííî, âÿëî
slumber song [´slömb@ ´sÁÎ] n = lullaby
slur [slÆ:] I n ëèãà, çíàê ëåãàòî
slur [slÆ:] II v èñïîëíÿòü (ãðóïïó çâóêîâ) ëåãàòî
small side drum [´smþl˜´saId dröm] n ìàëûé áàðàáàí óìåíüøåí-
íîãî ðàçìåðà
smear [smI@] v äæàç. ìàçàòü (ïðèåì äæàçîâîãî èñïîëíèòåëü-
ñòâà, ïðè êîòîðîì çâóê áåðåòñÿ ñ «ïîäúåìîì»)
smooth [smüD] a ïëàâíûé, ñïîêîéíûé, ãëàäêèé
snare drum [´sne@ dröm] n ìàëûé áàðàáàí ñî ñòðóíàìè
snob [snÁb] n ñíîá; musical ~s ñíîáû îò ìóçûêè
social dancing [ s@US(@)l ´d¸nsIÎ] n áûòîâûå òàíöû
society [s@´saIIti]´n îáùåñòâî; musical ~ ìóçûêàëüíîå îáùåñòâî,
ìóçûêàëüíûé êðóæîê
soft [sÁft] a íåæíûé, òèõèé, ìÿãêèé
soft pedal [ sÁft ´pedl] I n ëåâàÿ ïåäàëü (ó ôîðòåïüÿíî)
soft-pedal [´ sÁft ´pedl] II v áðàòü ëåâóþ ïåäàëü
sol [sÁl] n çâóê ´ «ñîëü» (â ñîëüìèçàöèè)
sole mn [´sÁlem] a òîðæåñòâåííûé, âåëè÷åñòâåííûé, ñåðüåç-
íûé
sol-fa [ sÁl ´f¸] n 1) ñèñòåìà ñëîãîâûõ íàçâàíèé íîò 2) ñîëüôåä-
´
æèðîâàíèå, ïåíèå ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì ñëîãîâûõ íàçâàíèé
íîò
so lf e g g i o [sÁl´fe³I@U] n ( pl -gi [³I], -o s [@Uz]) ñîëüôåä æî,
ñîëüôåäæèî
solmization [ sÁlmaI´zeIS(@)n] n ñîëüìèçàöèÿ
solo [´s@Ul@U]´ I n ( pl -os [@Uz], -li [li]) 1) ñîëî, ïðîèçâåäåíèå
äëÿ èñïîëíåíèÿ ñîëî; ñîëüíàÿ ïàðòèÿ 2) ñîëüíîå èñïîë-
íåíèå, ñîëüíûé íîìåð
solo [´s@Ul@U] II a ñîëüíûé, îäèíî÷íûé; ~ composition ñîëüíîå
ïðîèçâåäåíèå; ~ part ñîëüíàÿ ïàðòèÿ; ~ music ïðîèçâåäå-
íèå äëÿ èñïîëíåíèÿ ñîëî
solo 136
solo [´s@Ul@U] III adv â îäèíî÷êó, ñîëî; to play ~ èãðàòü ñîëî
solo [´s@Ul@U] IV v ñîëèðîâàòü, èñïîëíÿòü ñîëî
solo guitar [´s@Ul@U ´gI´t¸] n ñîëî-ãèòàðà (ýëåêòðîìåëîäè÷åñ-
êàÿ ãèòàðà â ïîïóëÿðíîé ìóçûêå)
soloist [´s@Ul@UIst] n ñîëèñò, ñîëèñòêà
sombre [´sÁmb@] a ìðà÷íûé, óãðþìûé, òåìíûé; ~ music ìðà÷íàÿ
ìóçûêà; ~ mood ìðà÷íîå íàñòðîåíèå
sonata [s@´n¸t@] n ñîíàòà
sonata form [s@´ n¸t@˜´fþm] n ñîíàòíàÿ ôîðìà
sonatina [ sÁn@´tÖn@] n (pl òæ. -ne [neI]) ñîíàòèíà
song [sÁÎ] ´n ïåñíÿ, ðîìàíñ; folk/sea/soldier’s ~ íàðîäíàÿ/ìàò-
ðîññêàÿ/ñîëäàòñêàÿ ïåñíÿ 2) ïåíèå; to burst forth/to break
into ~ çàïåòü; ~s of lament íàïåâíûé ïëà÷
songbook [´sÁÎbUk] n ñáîðíèê ïåñåí, ïåñåííèê
song-form [´sÁÎ fþm] n äâóõ÷àñòíàÿ ôîðìà; òðåõ÷àñòíàÿ ôîðìà
songful [´sÁÎf(@)l] a ìåëîäè÷íûé, ìóçûêàëüíûé, íàïåâíûé, ïå-
âó÷èé
song notation [´sÁÎ n@´teIS(@)n] n íîòû äëÿ ïåíèÿ
song-school [´sÁÎ skül] n õîðîâîå ó÷èëèùå
songster [´sÁÎst@] n 1) (ýñòðàäíûé) ïåâåö; (ýñòðàäíàÿ) ïåâè-
öà 2) ïåâóí 3) ïîýò-ïåñåííèê 4) ïåñåííèê, ñáîðíèê ïåñåí
songstress [´sÁÎstrIs] n 1) ýñòðàäíàÿ ïåâèöà 2) ïåâóíüÿ 3) ïî-
ýòåññà-ïåñåííèöà
soniferous [s@´nIf(@)r@s] a êíèæí. çâó÷àùèé; ïåðåäàþùèé èëè
ïðîèçâîäÿùèé çâóê
sonnet [´sÁnIt] n ñîíåò
sonneteer [ sÁnI´tI@] I n 1) ñî÷èíèòåëü ñîíåòîâ 2) ïðåíåáð. ñòè-
õîïëåò,´ ðèôìà÷
sonneteer [ sÁnI´tI@] II v 1) ñî÷èíÿòü ñîíåòû 2) ïðîñëàâëÿòü
â ñîíåòàõ ´ 3) ïîñâÿùàòü ñîíåòû (êîìó-ë.) 4) ïðåíåáð. çà-
íèìàòüñÿ ñòèõîïëåòñòâîì
sonnetize, sonnetise [´sÁnItaIz] v 1) ñî÷èíÿòü ñîíåòû 2) âîñ-
ïåâàòü â ñîíåòàõ
sonority [s@´nÁrIti] n 1) çâó÷íîñòü, çâîíêîñòü 2) áëàãîçâó÷èå
3) òîðæåñòâåííîñòü, âûñîêîïàðíîñòü
sonorous [´sÁn@r@s, s@´nþr@s] a 1) çâó÷íûé, çâîíêèé, ãðîìêèé;
~ voice çâó÷íûé, ãðîìêèé, çû÷íûé ãîëîñ 2) ñïîñîáíûé
èçäàâàòü çâóê, çâó÷àùèé; ~ metal çâåíÿùèé ìåòàëë 3) òîð-
æåñòâåííûé; ~ style òîðæåñòâåííûé ñòèëü 4) çâóêîâîé; ~
vibrations çâóêîâûå, àêóñòè÷åñêèå êîëåáàíèÿ
soothing [´süDIÎ] a óòåøèòåëüíûé, óñïîêàèâàþùèé
soprano [s@´pr¸n@U] n ( pl -os [@Uz], -ni [ni]) 1) ñîïðàíî (ãî-
ëîñ; ïåâèöà) 2) äèñêàíò (ãîëîñ; ïåâèöà) 3) ïàðòèÿ äëÿ
ñîïðàíî èëè äèñêàíòà
137 space

soprano clef [s@´pr¸n@U˜´klef] n ñîïðàíîâûé êëþ÷


sorrow [´sÁr@U] n 1) ãîðå; ïå÷àëü; ñêîðáü; ãðóñòü; keen ~ ãëó-
áîêàÿ ñêîðáü 2) pl ìóêè, ñòðàäàíèÿ
sorrowful [´sÁr@Uf(@)l] a ïå÷àëüíûé, ãðóñòíûé, ñêîðáíûé; ~ song
ãðóñòíàÿ ïåñíÿ
sostenuto [ sÁst@´nüt@U,˜´s@Ust@ nüt@U] I n ÷àñòü ìóçûêàëüíîãî ïðî-
´ èëè ïàññàæ, èñïîëíÿåìûé
èçâåäåíèÿ ´ ñäåðæàííî, çàìåäëåííî
sostenuto [ sÁst@´nüt@U] II adv èò. ñäåðæàííî, çàìåäëåííî
´
sostenuto pedal [ sÁst@´nüt@U ´pedl] n ñðåäíÿÿ ïåäàëü (ðîÿëÿ)
sotto voce [ sÁt@U´ ´v@U¶i] adv èò. âïîëãîëîñà, ïðî ñåáÿ
soul [s@Ul] n ´1) äóøà, ñåðäöå 2) ñêëîííîñòü, òÿãîòåíèå; I have
a ~ for music ÿ ëþáëþ ìóçûêó
soul jazz [´s@Ul ´³{z] n îäèí èç âèäîâ äæàçîâîãî èñêóññòâà,
ðàçíîâèäíîñòü hard bob
sound [saUnd] I n çâóê, øóì
sound [saUnd] II v 1) çâó÷àòü, èçäàâàòü çâóê; this black key on
the piano won’t ~ ýòà ÷åðíàÿ êëàâèøà ðîÿëÿ íå çâó÷èò; the
trumpets ~ed ðàçäàëèñü çâóêè òðóá 2) èçâëåêàòü çâóê; to ~
a bell çâîíèòü â êîëîêîë 3) äàâàòü ñèãíàë (çâóêîâîé)
soundboard [´saUndbþd] n 1) âèíäëàäà 2) ðåçîíàíñíàÿ äåêà ó
ôîðòåïüÿíî 3) âåðõíÿÿ äåêà ó ñòðóííûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ
sound-boarding [´saUnd bþdIÎ] n çâóêîèçîëèðóþùàÿ ïðîêëàäêà
sound bow [´saUndb@U] ´n óòîëùåííûé êðàé êîëîêîëà (î êîòî-
ðûé óäàðÿåò ÿçûê)
soundbox [´saUndbÁks] n çâóêîâàÿ êîðîáêà, ðåçîíàòîð
sound damper [´saUnd d{mp@] n çâóêîïîãëîùàþùåå ïðèñïîñîá-
ëåíèå, ãëóøèòåëü ´øóìà
sound hole [´saUnd h@Ul] n 1) ðåçîíàòîðíîå îòâåðñòèå ó ñìû÷-
êîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ 2) ýô (â ñêðèïêå) 3) «ðîçåòêè» (ó
ùèïêîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ)
sounding [´saUndIÎ] I n çâó÷àíèå, çâóê, çâîí
sounding [´saUndIÎ] II a 1) èçäàþùèé çâóê, çâó÷àùèé 2) çâó÷-
íûé, çâîíêèé; ãóëêèé, ðåçîíèðóþùèé 3) íàïûùåííûé,
âûñîêîïàðíûé
sounding board [´saUndIÎ bþd] n äåêà; ðåçîíàòîð
soundless [´saUndlIs] a 1) áåççâó÷íûé, áåñøóìíûé; íåñëûø-
íûé 2) òèõèé, ñïîêîéíûé
soundpost [´saUndp@Ust] n äóæêà (ó ñìû÷êîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ)
soundproof [´saUndprüf] a çâóêîíåïðîíèöàåìûé; çâóêîïîãëîùà-
þùèé
sousaphon [´süz@f@Un] n ñóçàôîí (ðàçíîâèäíîñòü òóáû, ñêîí-
ñòðóèðîâàííàÿ àìåðèêàíñêèì êîìïîçèòîðîì Äæ. Ñóçîé)
space [speIs] n ðàññòîÿíèå îò îäíîé äî äðóãîé íîòíîé ëèíåé-
êè; øïàöèÿ
span 138
span [sp{n] v áðàòü îêòàâó
spatium [´sp{tIum] n øïàöèÿ, ïðîñòðàíñòâî ìåæäó äâóìÿ ëè-
íèÿìè íîòíîãî ñòàíà
spectacle [´spekt@k(@)l] n çðåëèùå, ñöåíà
spectacular [spek´t{kjul@] I n 1) ÿðêîå òåàòðàëüíîå ïðåäñòàâ-
ëåíèå; ñïåêòàêëü, áüþùèé íà ýôôåêò 2) òëâ. òåëåâèçèîí-
íûé êîíöåðò ñ ó÷àñòèåì çâåçä
spectacular [spek´t{kjul@] II a 1) ýôôåêòíûé; çàõâàòûâàþùèé
2) òåàòðàëüíûé; ~ display òåàòðàëüíîå ïðåäñòàâëåíèå 3) ëþ-
áÿùèé çðåëèùà
spectator [spek´teIt@] n çðèòåëü
spectatress [spek´teItrIs] n çðèòåëüíèöà
spell [spel] n ÷àðû, î÷àðîâàíèå; ïëåíèòåëüíàÿ, ÷àðóþùàÿ ñèëà
spike [spaIk] n óïîð ó êðóïíûõ ñìû÷êîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ
spill [spIl] n ïðîäîëæèòåëüíîå çàòèõàþùåå ãëèññàíäî â íèñ-
õîäÿùåì íàïðàâëåíèè
spinet [spI´net] n ñïèíåò (ñòàðèííûé êëàâèøíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
spirit [´spIrIt] n 1) äóøà, äóõ 2) òåíäåíöèÿ, îáùåå íàïðàâëå-
íèå, îáùèé õàðàêòåð; the ~ of the age äóõ ýïîõè 3) ïðè-
âåðæåííîñòü 4) íàñòðîåíèå
spiritual [´spIrI¶u@l] I n ñïèðè÷óàëü, ñïèðè÷óýë (íåãðèòÿíñêèé
äóõîâíûé ãèìí)
spiritual [´spIrI¶u@l] II a äóõîâíûé
splendid [´splendId] a âåëèêîëåïíûé, áëåñòÿùèé, ïûøíûé
splendour [´splend@] n áëåñê, ñâåðêàíèå, ïûøíîñòü, âåëèêî-
ëåïèå
spontaneous [spÁn´teIni@s] a 1) ñàìîïðîèçâîëüíûé, ñòèõèéíûé;
ñïîíòàííûé 2) íåïîñðåäñòâåííûé
squaq [skwþk] I n 1) ãðîìêèé, ïðîíçèòåëüíûé êðèê 2) ïðîí-
çèòåëüíûé çâóê, âèçã (â óñèëèòåëå)
squaq [skwþk] II v 1) ãðîìêî, ïðîíçèòåëüíî êðè÷àòü 2) ãðîìêî
ñêðèïåòü, ñêðåæåòàòü
square dance [´skwe@ d¸ns] n êàäðèëü
squeak [skwÖk] I n 1) ïèñê 2) ñêðèï
squeak [skwÖk] II v 1) ïèùàòü 2) ñêðèïåòü
squeaking [´skwÖkIÎ] n 1) ïèñê, âèçæàíèå 2) ñêðèïåíèå, ñêðèï
squeal [skwÖl] I n ïðîíçèòåëüíûé êðèê, âîïëü, âèçã
squeal [skwÖl] II v ïðîíçèòåëüíî êðè÷àòü, âîïèòü, èçäàâàòü
ðåçêèå çâóêè
squiffer [´skwIf@] n êîíöåðòèíî (øåñòèãðàííàÿ ãàðìîíèêà)
stability [st@´bIlIti] n óñòîé÷èâîñòü, ïîñòîÿíñòâî
stable [´steIb(@)l] a óñòîé÷èâûé, ñòàáèëüíûé, ïîñòîÿííûé; óñ-
òàíîâèâøèéñÿ
staccato [st@´k¸t@U] n ñòàêêàòî
139 still

staff [st¸f] n (pl staves [steIvz]) 1) íîòíûé ñòàí, íîòîíîñåö; five-


liner ~ ïÿòèëèíåéíûé íîòíûé ñòàí
stage [steI³] I n 1) ñöåíà; òåàòðàëüíûå ïîäìîñòêè; ýñòðàäà
2) òåàòð, ñöåíà, òåàòðàëüíàÿ äåÿòåëüíîñòü; äðàìàòè÷åñêîå
èñêóññòâî 3) ïëàòôîðìà, ïîäìîñòêè, ïîìîñò
stage [steI³] II a ñöåíè÷åñêèé; òåàòðàëüíûé
stage [steI³] III v 1) ñòàâèòü (ïüåñó, îïåðó) 2) ñòàâèòüñÿ (î
ïüåñå, îïåðå è ò.ä.)
stagecraft [´steI³kr¸ft] n 1) äðàìàòóðãè÷åñêîå ìàñòåðñòâî 2) ìà-
ñòåðñòâî ðåæèññåðà èëè àêòåðà
staged [´steI³d] a ïîñòàâëåííûé íà ñöåíå
stage direction [´steI³ dI rekS(@)n] n 1) ñöåíè÷åñêàÿ ðåìàðêà
2) ðåæèññåðñêîå èñêóññòâî ´ 3) ïîñòàíîâêà, ðåæèññóðà
stage fright [´steI³˜fraIt] n âîëíåíèå ïåðåä âûõîäîì íà ñöåíó
stage-manage [´steI³ m{nI³] v ñòàâèòü (ïüåñó, îïåðó)
stage-manager [´steI³´˜ m{nI³@] n ðåæèññåð
stage play [´ steI³˜pleI] ´n 1) äðàìà, ïüåñà 2) ñïåêòàêëü, ïðåä-
ñòàâëåíèå
staging [´steI³IÎ] n 1) ïîñòàíîâêà (ïüåñû, îïåðû) 2) èíñöå-
íèðîâêà (ðîìàíà)
stall [stþl] n ïàðòåð
stand [st{nd] n 1) ñòîéêà; ïîäñòàâêà 2) ýñòðàäà; òðèáóíà (ñòà-
äèîíà)
standard [´st{nd@d] n äæàç. ñòàíäàðò (îáîçíà÷åíèå ïåñåí, òåìû
êîòîðûõ ÷àñòî èñïîëüçóþòñÿ)
standard pitch [´st{nd@d ´pI¶] n íîðìàëüíî íàñòðîåííûé òîí
standing [´st{ndIÎ] n íåïðåðûâíûé; ïðîäîëæèòåëüíûé; the pianist
was given a ~ ovation ïèàíèñòà âñòðåòèëè ïðîäîëæèòåëü-
íûìè àïëîäèñìåíòàìè
stave [steIv] n = staff
steady [´stedi] a óñòîé÷èâûé, ïîñòîÿííûé; ñòàáèëüíûé; ~ rhythm
ïîñòîÿííûé ðèòì
stem [stem] n øòèëü (ïàëî÷êà íîòû)
step [step] n 1) òîí; half ~ ïîëóòîí; augmented ~ óâåëè÷åííûé
òîí; chromatic half ~ õðîìàòè÷åñêèé ïîëóòîí 2) ñòóïåíü
3) èíòåðâàë
step dance [´step d¸ns] n ñîëüíûé òàíåö ñî ñëîæíûìè ïà
stereophonics [ steri@´fÁnIks, stI(@)ri@´fÁnIks] n còåðåîôîíèÿ
stick [stIk] n 1) ´äðåâêî ñìû÷êà ´ 2) äèðèæåðñêàÿ ïàëî÷êà 3) ïà-
ëî÷êà äëÿ óäàðíûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ
stifle [´staIf(@)l] v çàãëóøàòü, ïîäàâëÿòü; to ~ a noise çàãëóøàòü
çâóê (øóì)
still [stIl] a íåïîäâèæíûé, ñïîêîéíûé; òèõèé, áåçìîëâíûé,
áåñøóìíûé
stomp 140
stomp [stÁmp] n 1) àôðîàìåðèêàíñêèé òàíåö 2) äæàçîâàÿ ìà-
íåðà èñïîëíåíèÿ ñ ïðèìåíåíèåì îñòèíàòíûõ ðèòìè÷åñ-
êèõ ôîðìóë â ìåëîäèè
stool [stül] n òàáóðåò(êà); piano ~ âðàùàþùèéñÿ òàáóðåò äëÿ
ðîÿëÿ
stop [stÁp] I n 1) êëàïàí, âåíòèëü (ó äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ)
2) ëàä (ó ùèïêîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ) 3) ðåãèñòð (îðãàíà)
4) îñòàíîâêà, çàäåðæêà
stop [stÁp] II v ïðåêðàùàòü, êîí÷àòü; to ~ playing ïåðåñòàòü
èãðàòü
stop ping [´stÁpIÎ] n èçìåíåíèå âûñîòû çâóêà íà ñòðóííûõ è
äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ ïóòåì ïðèæàòèÿ ñòðóí èëè êëà-
ïàíà
stops [stÁps] n pl ðåãèñòð îðãàíà
stop time [´stÁp ´taIm] n óêàçàíèå íà îòñóòñòâèå ðèòìè÷åñêîãî
àêêîìïàíèðîâàíèÿ
stormy [´stþmi] a áóðíûé, ïðåäâåùàþùèé áóðþ
straight [streIt] a ïðÿìîé, ðîâíûé
straight mute [´streIt ´mjüt] n ïðÿìàÿ ñóðäèíà äëÿ ìåäíî-äóõîâûõ
èíñòðóìåíòîâ
strain [streIn] n íàïðÿæåíèå, íàãðóçêà; íàòÿæåíèå
street-band [´strÖt ´b{nd] n èíñòðóìåíòàëüíûé àíñàìáëü ñåâå-
ðîàìåðèêàíñêèõ íåãðîâ, èãðàþùèé íà óëèöå
street organ [´strÖt ´þg@n] n øàðìàíêà
stretto [´stret@U] n ( pl -tti [tÖ]) ñòðåòòî (òåñíîå ïåðåïëåòåíèå
òåì â ôóãå)
strict [strIkt] a òî÷íûé, ñòðîãèé; îïðåäåëåííûé
string [strIÎ] n 1) ñòðóíà; the highest ~ of a violin êâèíòà; to
touch the ~s óäàðèòü ïî ñòðóíàì, èãðàòü íà ñòðóííîì èí-
ñòðóìåíòå 2) pl ñòðóííûå èíñòðóìåíòû îðêåñòðà 3) ìóçû-
êàíòû, èãðàþùèå íà ñòðóííûõ èíñòðóìåíòàõ
string band [´strIÎ b{nd] n ñòðóííûé îðêåñòð
string bass [ strIΘ´beIs] n äæàç. êîíòðàáàñ
str ing b oa r d ´[´strIÎ bþd] n ïîäãðèôîê (ó ñìû÷êîâûõ èíñòðó-
ìåíòîâ) ´
string quartet [´strIÎ kwþ´tet] n ñòðóííûé êâàðòåò
string quintet [´strIÎ kwIn´tet] n ñòðóííûé êâèíòåò
string section [´strIÎ ´sekS(@)n] n ñòðóííàÿ ãðóïïà îðêåñòðà
stringed [strIÎd] a ñòðóííûé; ~ instruments ñòðóííûå èíñòðó-
ìåíòû
striving [´straIvIÎ] n ñòðåìëåíèå
stroke [str@Uk] n 1) øòðèõ; ÷åðòà 2) ïðèåì; õîä; it was a stroke
of genius ýòî áûëî ãåíèàëüíî
strophe [´str@Ufi] n ( pl òæ. -ae [Ö]) ñòðîôà, êóïëåò
141 superficial

structure [´strök¶@] n ñòðóêòóðà; òåêñòóðà


study [´stödi] n 1) èçó÷åíèå, èññëåäîâàíèå 2) ýòþä; a ~ by Chopin
ýòþä Øîïåíà
stumble [´stömb(@)l] v ñïîòûêàòüñÿ, çàïèíàòüñÿ, îøèáàòüñÿ
stun [stön] v îøåëîìëÿòü
style [staIl] n ñòèëü
subdominant [söb´dÁmIn@nt] n ñóáäîìèíàíòà
subdue [s@b´djü] v ñìÿã÷àòü, îñëàáëÿòü, óìåíüøàòü
subito [´sübIt@U] adv âíåçàïíî, íåîæèäàííî
subject [´söb³Ikt] n 1) òåìà 2) íà÷àëüíûé ãîëîñ â êàíîíå
subject matter [´söb³Ikt˜ m{t@] n 1) ñîäåðæàíèå, òåìà 2) ïðåäìåò
(íàóêè, èññëåäîâàíèÿ) ´
sublime [s@´blaIm] a âåëè÷åñòâåííûé
submediant [söb´mÖdI@nt] n íèæíÿÿ ìåäèàíòà (VI ñòóïåíè)
subordinate [s@´bþdIn@t] a ïîä÷èíåííûé, çàâèñèìûé
subsequent [´söbsIkw@nt] a ïîñëåäóþùèé
subsidiary [s@b´sIdi@ri] a âñïîìîãàòåëüíûé, äîïîëíèòåëüíûé
substantial [s@b´st{nS(@)l] a ïðî÷íûé, êðåïêèé, ñóùåñòâåííûé
substitute [´söbstItjüt] v çàìåíÿòü
subtle [söbtl] a òîíêèé, íåæíûé; ~ art òîíêîå èñêóññòâî
subtlety [´sötlti] n 1) òîíêîñòü, íåæíîñòü 2) óòîí÷åííîñòü, èçûñ-
êàííîñòü
sub tone [´söb ´t@Un] n ïðèåì èãðû íà ñàêñîôîíå (ïðèãëóøåí-
íûì çâóêîì)
subtonic [söb´tÁnIk] n íèæíèé ââîäíûé èëè âîñõîäÿùèé òîí
succeed [s@k´sÖd] v ñëåäîâàòü (çà ÷åì-ë.), ñìåíÿòü, ïðèõîäèòü
íà ñìåíó (÷åìó-ë.)
succeeding [s@k´sÖdIÎ] a ñëåäóþùèé, ïîñëåäóþùèé
success [s@k´ses] n óñïåõ, óäà÷à; without ~ áåçóñïåøíî, áåçðå-
çóëüòàòíî; to be a ~ ïîëüçîâàòüñÿ óñïåõîì, èìåòü óñïåõ
successful [s@k´sesf(@)l] a óñïåøíûé, óäà÷íûé, èìåþùèé óñ-
ïåõ
succession [s@k´seS(@)n] n ïîñëåäîâàòåëüíîñòü; in ~ ïîäðÿä, îäèí
çà äðóãèì
succinñtly [s@k´sIÎktli] adv êðàòêî, ñæàòî
sudden [´södn] a âíåçàïíûé, íåîæèäàííûé
suffering [´söf(@)rIÎ] n ñòðàäàíèå
suggestion [s@´³es¶(@)n] n âíóøåíèå; íàìåê; óêàçàíèå; full of
~s ìíîãîçíà÷èòåëüíûé; íàâîäÿùèé íà ðàçìûøëåíèÿ
suite [swÖt] n ñþèòà
superb [sjü´pÆ:b, sü´pÆ:b] a âåëèêîëåïíûé; âåëè÷åñòâåííûé; ãðàí-
äèîçíûé
superficial [ süp@´fIS(@)l, sjüp@´fIS(@)l] a ïîâåðõíîñòíûé, íåãëó-
áîêèé ´ ´
superior 142
superior [s(j)ü´pI(@)ri@] a ëó÷øèé, ïðåâîñõîäíûé, âûñøåãî êà-
÷åñòâà, èñêëþ÷èòåëüíûé
supertonic [ s(j)üp@´tÁnIk] n âåðõíèé ââîäíûé òîí; ñóïåðòîíèêà
´ ãàììû)
(II ñòóïåíü
supplement [´söplIm@nt] n 1) äîïîëíåíèå, äîáàâëåíèå 2) ïðè-
ëîæåíèå (ê ïåðèîäè÷åñêîìó èçäàíèþ)
support [s@´pþt] I n ïîääåðæêà, ïîìîùü
support [s@´pþt] II v ïîääåðæèâàòü, ïîìîãàòü
surpass [s@´p¸s] v ïðåâîñõîäèòü, ïðåâûøàòü; the results ~ed my
hopes ðåçóëüòàòû ïðåâûñèëè ìîè îæèäàíèÿ
surprising [s@´praIzIÎ] a óäèâèòåëüíûé, ïîðàçèòåëüíûé, íå-
îæèäàííûé
surrounding [s@´raUndIÎ] a ñîñåäíèé, áëèçëåæàùèé; ~ harmonies
áëèçëåæàùèå ãàðìîíèè
suspend [s@´spend] v ïðèîñòàíàâëèâàòü; (âðåìåííî) ïðåêðà-
ùàòü
suspense [s@´spens] n áåñïîêîéñòâî, òðåâîãà îæèäàíèÿ; to keep
smb in ~ äåðæàòü êîãî-ë. â íàïðÿæåííîì îæèäàíèè
suspension [s@´spenS(@)n] n çàäåðæàíèå
sustain [s@´steIn] v ïîääåðæèâàòü, ïîäêðåïëÿòü
sweeping [´swÖpIÎ] a ñòðåìèòåëüíûé, áûñòðûé
sw ee t [swÖt] a ìÿãêèé, ìåëîäè÷íûé; ~ voice áëàãîçâó÷íûé
ãîëîñ
sweet music [´swÖt˜´mjüzIk] n «ñëàäêàÿ ìóçûêà» (íàçâàíèå ñåí-
òèìåíòàëüíîé ñàëîííîé ìóçûêè ÕÕ â. â ÑØÀ)
swell [swel] I n 1) ïîáî÷íàÿ êëàâèàòóðà îðãàíà 2) ïåäàëü îðãàíà
swell [swel] II v òî óñèëèâàòüñÿ, òî çàòóõàòü (î çâóêå)
swift [swIft] a áûñòðûé, ñêîðûé
swing [swIÎ] I n 1) ñóèíã (äæàçîâûé ñòèëü) 2) ñðåäíèé òåìï,
áëàãîïðèÿòíûé äëÿ ïðèìåíåíèÿ òàê íàçûâàåìîé ðèòìè-
÷åñêîé ðàñêà÷êè
swing [swIÎ] II v «ñâèíãîâàòü», èãðàòü ñ ðèòìè÷åñêîé ðàñêà÷-
êîé, îïåðåæàÿ èëè çàïàçäûâàÿ ïðè âçÿòèè íîò, ñäâèãàÿ
àêöåíòû è ò.ï.
symbol [´sImb(@)l] n ñèìâîë
symbolic, symbolical [sIm´bÁlIk, sIm´bÁlIk(@)l] a ñèìâîëè÷åñêèé;
çíàìåíàòåëüíûé
symmetry [´sImItri] n ñèììåòðèÿ
sympathetic [ sImp@´TetIk] a áëàãîæåëàòåëüíûé, îäîáðèòåëüíûé;
~ audience´ áëàãîæåëàòåëüíàÿ àóäèòîðèÿ
symphonic [ sIm´fÁnIk] a ñèìôîíè÷åñêèé; ~ music ñèìôîíè÷åñêàÿ
ìóçûêà, ´ñèìôîíè÷åñêîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå
symphonious [sIm´f@UnI@s] a êíèæí. áëàãîçâó÷íûé; ãàðìîíè÷-
íûé
143 tangent

symphonist [´sImf@nIst] n ñèìôîíèñò


symphony [´sImf@ni] n ñèìôîíèÿ; ~ orchestra/conñert ñèìôîíè-
÷åñêèé îðêåñòð/êîíöåðò
syncopate [´sIÎk@peIt] v ñèíêîïèðîâàòü
syncopation [´sIÎk@´peIS(@)n] n ñèíêîïà
syncopy [´sInk@pi] n ñèíêîïà
synthesis [´sInTIsIs] n ñèíòåç
synthesize, synthesise [´sInTIsaIz] v âêëþ÷àòü, ñîåäèíÿòü
syrinx [´sIrIÎks] n ôëåéòà Ïàíà

T
tablature [´t{bl@¶@] n 1) òàáóëàòóðà (ñèñòåìà çàïèñè èíñòðó-
ìåíòàëüíîé ìóçûêè áóêâàìè è öèôðàìè) 2) òàáóëàòóðà
(ïðàâèëà ïîñòðîåíèÿ ìóçûêàëüíî-ïîýòè÷åñêèõ ïðîèçâåäåíèé
ìåéñòåðçèíãåðîâ)
table [´teIb(@)l] n 1) âåðõíÿÿ äåêà ó ñòðóííûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ
2) äåêà àðôû
tabret [´t{brIt] n èñò. òàìáóðèí; áóáåí
tact [t{kt] n òàêò
tag [t{g] n ïðèïåâ
tail [teIl] n õâîñòèê ó íîòû
tailgate [´teIlgeIt] n ìàíåðà èñïîëíåíèÿ íà òðîìáîíå â Íüþ-
Îðëåàíñêîì äæàçå
tail-made [ teIl ´meId] a ñäåëàííûé ïî çàêàçó; a score ~ for radio
ìóçûêà,´ íàïèñàííàÿ ïî çàêàçó äëÿ ðàäèî
tailpiece [´teIlpÖs] n ïîäãðèâîê ó ñìû÷êîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ; ñòðó-
íîäåðæàòåëü (ñì. string-board)
talent [´t{l@nt] n òàëàíò, äàð, îäàðåííîñòü; a man of great ~
èñêëþ÷èòåëüíî òàëàíòëèâûé ÷åëîâåê; to have a ~ for music
èìåòü ìóçûêàëüíûå ñïîñîáíîñòè
talented [´t{l@ntId] a òàëàíòëèâûé, îäàðåííûé
talentless [´t{l@ntlIs] a áåçäàðíûé
talking machine [ tþkIÎ m@´SÖn] n óñò. 1) ãðàììoôîí 2) ôîíîãðàô
tambour [´t{mb@U] ´ n áàðàáàí; ~ de basque ôð. áóáåí
tambourin [´t{mbUrIn] n 1) òàìáóðèí (ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðó-
ìåíò) 2) òàìáóðèí (ôðàíöóçñêèé ñòàðèííûé íàðîäíûé
òàíåö)
tambourine [ t{mb@´rÖn] n áóáåí; òàìáóðèí
tam-tam [´t{m ´ t{m] n òàìòàì (óäàðíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
tang [t{Î] I n çâîí
tang [t{Î] II v çâîíèòü, çâåíåòü; çâó÷àòü
tange n t [´t{n³ent] n òàíãåíñ (ìåäíûé êëèíûøåê â êëàâè-
êîðäå)
tango 144
tango [´t{ng@U] I n (pl -os [@Uz]) òàíãî
tango [´t{ng@U] II v òàíöåâàòü òàíãî
tantara [´t{nt@r@, ˜t{n´t¸r@] n ôàíôàðû; çâóê ôàíôàð
tantony [´t{nt@ni] n (òæ . ~ bell) 1) ðó÷íîé êîëîêîëü÷èê 2) íå-
áîëüøîé öåðêîâíûé êîëîêîë
tap [t{p] I n ëåãêèé óäàð; ñòóê
tap [t{p] II v ëåãêî óäàðÿòü; ñòó÷àòü
tap dance [´t{p d¸ns] n ÷å÷åòêà
tap-dance [´t{p ´d¸ns] v îòáèâàòü ÷å÷åòêó
tap dancer [´t{p d¸ns@] n òàíöîð, îòáèâàþùèé ÷å÷åòêó
´
tape [teIp] n ìàãíèòîôîííàÿ ëåíòà
tarantella [ t{r@n´tel@] n òàðàíòåëëà
´
tarantism [´t{r@ntIz(@)m] n èñòåðè÷åñêîå êðóæåíèå â òàíöå
tattoo [t@´tü, t{´tü] I n îòáèâàíèå òàêòà (íîãîé, ïàëüöàìè è
ò.ï.)
tattoo [t@´tü, t{´tü] II v 1) áàðàáàíèòü 2) îòáèâàòü òàêò
Te Deum [ tÖ´dÖ@m, ˜ teI´deI@m] ëàò . êàòîëè÷åñêîå èñïîëíåíèå
«Òåáÿ, ´Áîæå», Òåäåóì
´
temper [´temp@] I n íðàâ, õàðàêòåð
temper [´temp@] II v òåìïåðèðîâàòü, ìîäóëèðîâàòü
temperament [´temp(@)r@m@nt] n òåìïåðàöèÿ; equal/even/unequal
~ ðàâíîìåðíàÿ/íåðàâíîìåðíàÿ òåìïåðàöèÿ
temperamental [ temp(@)r@´m@ntl] a 1) òåìïåðàìåíòíûé, ñòðà-
ñòíûé, áóðíûé ´ 2) íåóðàâíîâåøåííûé, èìïóëüñèâíûé
temperate [´temp(@)rIt] a ñäåðæàííûé, óìåðåííûé
tempered [´temp@d] a òåìïåðèðîâàííûé; The Well-T. Clavichord
of Bach «Õîðîøî òåìïåðèðîâàííûé êëàâèð Áàõà»; ~ scale
òåìïåðèðîâàííûé ñòðîé (çâóêîðÿä)
tempest [´tempIst] n áóðÿ
tempestous [tem´pes¶U@s] a áóðíûé, áóéíûé
temple-block [´temp(@)l ´blÁk] n òåìïë-áëîê (óäàðíûé èíñòðó-
ìåíò)
te mp o [´temp@U] n ( ðl -pi [pÖ], -os [@Uz]) 1) òåìï 2) ðèòì
3) òàêò
tempo prima [´temp@U ´prÖm@] n ïåðâîíà÷àëüíûé òåìï
tender [´tend@] a íåæíûé, õðóïêèé, ìÿãêèé
tenor [´ten@] I n òåíîð (âûñîêèé ìóæñêîé ãîëîñ)
tenor [´ten@] II a òåíîðîâûé; ~ oboe òåíîðîâûé ãîáîé
tenor clef [´ten@˜´klef] n òåíîðîâûé (àëüòîâûé) êëþ÷
te nor drum [´ ten@˜´dröm] n öèëèíäðè÷åñêèé (ôðàíöóçñêèé)
áàðàáàí
tenor-tuba [´ten@ ´tjüb@] n âàãíåðîâñêàÿ òóáà
tenor violin [´ten@˜´vaI@lIn] n àëüò (èíñòðóìåíò)
tense [tens] a íàòÿíóòûé, òóãîé; íàïðÿæåííûé
145 threshold

tension [´tenS(@)n] n íàïðÿæåíèå


tenth [tenT] n äåöèìà
termination [ tÆ:mI´neIS(@)n] n çàâåðøåíèå, ïðåêðàùåíèå, çà-
êëþ÷åíèå ´
ternary [´tÆ:n@ri] n òðåõ÷àñòíàÿ ôîðìà
ternary measure [´tÆ:n@ri ´meZ@] n ñ÷åò íà òðè
terpsichorean [ tÆ:psIk@´rÖ@n] a ñâÿçàííûé ñ òàíöåì; ~ art èñ-
êóññòâî òàíöà ´
terrible [´t@rIb(@)l] a ñòðàøíûé, óæàñíûé, âíóøàþùèé ñòðàõ,
óæàñ
terrific [t@´rIfIk] a ýìîö.-óñèë. êîëîññàëüíûé; íåîáû÷íûé, ïî-
òðÿñàþùèé; ~ applause îãëóøèòåëüíûå àïëîäèñìåíòû
tetrachord [´tetr@kþd] n òåòðàõîðä
texture [´teks¶@] n ñòðîåíèå, ñòðóêòóðà, òåêñòóðà
theatral [´TI@tr@l] a ðåäê. òåàòðàëüíûé
theatre, theater [´TI@t@] n 1) òåàòð 2) òåàòðàëüíîå èñêóññòâî;
the Greek ~ ãðå÷åñêèé òåàòð 3) ñöåíè÷åñêèå ýôôåêòû; ðå-
æèññóðà; the play was good ~ ïüåñà áûëà ñöåíè÷íà; ïüåñà
áûëà õîðîøî ïîñòàâëåíà
theatregoer [´TI@t@ g@U@] n òåàòðàë
theatric, theatrical´ [Ti´{trIk,Ti´{trIk(@)l] a òåàòðàëüíûé
theatricals [Ti´{trIk(@)lz] n pl ñïåêòàêëü, ïîñòàíîâêà
theatricalize, theatricalise [Ti´{trIk@laIz] v 1) èíñöåíèðîâàòü äëÿ
òåàòðà, òåàòðàëèçîâàòü 2) èãðàòü íà ñöåíå 3) õîäèòü â òåàòð
theatrics [Ti´{trIks] n òåàòðàëüíîå, ñöåíè÷åñêîå èñêóññòâî
theme [TÖm] n òåìà; variations on a ~ âàðèàöèè íà òåìó; to
vary/launch/develop âàðüèðîâàòü/íà÷èíàòü/ðàçðàáàòûâàòü
òåìó
thick [TIk] a 1) òîëñòûé; a ~ string òîëñòàÿ ñòðóíà 2) õðèï-
ëûé, íèçêèé (î ãîëîñå)
thin [TIn] a 1) òîíêèé; a ~ string òîíêàÿ ñòðóíà 2) ìàëî÷èñ-
ëåííûé; ~ audience íåìíîãî÷èñëåííàÿ àóäèòîðèÿ 3) íå-
çàïîëíåííûé, ïîëóïóñòîé; this month has been rather ~ for
the theatre â ýòîì ìåñÿöå òåàòð ïî÷òè ïóñòîâàë
third [TÆ:d] n òåðöèÿ; major/minor ~ áîëüøàÿ/ìàëàÿ òåðöèÿ
third-stream [ TÆ:d ´strÖm] n òå÷åíèå â äæàçîâîì èñêóññòâå â
40—50-õ ãã., ´ ñòðåìèâøååñÿ ê ñèíòåçó äæàçîâûõ è êëàññè-
÷åñêèõ ýëåìåíòîâ
thirty-second note [ TÆ:ti ´sek@nd ´n@Ut] n àìåð. òðèäöàòü âòîðàÿ
íîòà ´
thirty-second rest [ TÆ:ti ´sek@nd ´rest] n òðèäöàòü âòîðàÿ ïàóçà
thorough bass [´Tör@´ beIs] n öèôðîâàííûé áàñ; ãåíåðàë-áàñ
threshold [´TreSh@Uld, ´TreS@Uld] n 1) ïîðîã 2) ïðåääâåðèå, çàðÿ,
íà÷àëî
thrill 146
thrill [TrIl] I n òðåïåò, ãëóáîêîå âîëíåíèå
thrill [TrIl] II v âûçûâàòü òðåïåò; âîçáóæäàòü; his voice ~ ed the
listeners åãî ãîëîñ âîëíîâàë ñëóøàòåëåé
throat [Tr@Ut] I n ãîðëî, ãîðòàíü
throat [Tr@Ut] II v íàïåâàòü õðèïëûì ãîëîñîì
throaty [´Tr@Uti] a ãîðòàííûé, õðèïëûé; a rich ~ voice çâó÷-
íûé ãðóäíîé/ãëóáîêèé ãîëîñ
throb [TrÁb] I n 1) ñòóê; áèåíèå; ïóëüñàöèÿ 2) âîëíåíèå; òðåïåò;
~ of joy ðàäîñòíûé òðåïåò
throb [TrÁb] II v 1) òðåïåòàòü; âîëíîâàòüñÿ 2) ïóëüñèðîâàòü
thud [Töd] I n ãëóõîé çâóê; ñòóê
thud [Töd] II v ïðîèçâîäèòü ãëóõèå çâóêè; the drum ~ed ãëóõî
áèë áàðàáàí
thunder [´Tönd@] I n ãðîì; ðàñêàòèñòûé çâóê, ãðîõîò; ~ of applause
ãðîì àïëîäèñìåíòîâ
thunder [´Tönd@] II v ãðåìåòü, ãðîõîòàòü, ãðîìûõàòü
thunderous [´Tönd(@)r@s] a ãðîìîâîé, îãëóøèòåëüíûé; a ~ applause
øóìíûå, áóðíûå àïëîäèñìåíòû
tickle [´tIk(@)l] v äîñòàâëÿòü óäîâîëüñòâèå; to ~ one’s ears óñ-
ëàæäàòü ñëóõ
tie [taI] I n ëèãà, óêàçûâàþùàÿ íà ïðîäîëæåíèå äëèòåëüíîñ-
òè íîòû; çíàê ëåãàòî, âÿçêà
tie [taI] II v ñîåäèíÿòü çíàêîì ëåãàòî
tierce [tI@s] n òåðöèÿ
tight [taIt] a òóãî íàòÿíóòûé, íàïðÿæåííûé
tighten [´taItn] v íàòÿãèâàòü; óêðåïëÿòü, çàêðåïëÿòü
timber [´t{mb@, ´tImb@] n òåìáð
timbrel [´tImbr(@)l] n 1) áóáåí, òàìáóðèí 2) èñò. òèìïàí
t i m e [taIm] n 1) âð å ìÿ 2) ð à ç; tw o ~ s ä âà ð àçà 3) ò å ìï
4) ðèòì 5) òàêò, ðàçìåð; to keep/beat îòáèâàòü òàêò; âû-
äåð æèâàò ü òàêò /ðèòì; ~ in/out of ~ ðèòìè÷íûé/íåðèò-
ìè÷í ûé
time signature [´taIm sIgn@¶@] n îáîçíà÷åíèå ìåòðà â êëþ÷å; òàê-
òîâûé ðàçìåð ´
timing [´taImIÎ] n óñòàíîâëåíèå íóæíîãî ðèòìà; ñèíõðîííîñòü;
ðàñ÷åò âðåìåíè
timorous [´tIm@r@s] a ðîáêèé, òèõèé
ting [tIÎ] I n çâîí, çâÿêàíüå; the sharp ~ of a bell ïðîíçèòåëü-
íûé çâóê êîëîêîëü÷èêà
ting [tIÎ] II v 1) çâîíèòü â êîëîêîëü÷èê 2) çâåíåòü, äçèíü-
êàòü
tingaling, tingaring [ tIn@´lIÎ, tIn@´rIÎ] n çâÿêàíüå, äçèíüêàíüå,
äçèíü ´ ´
tingle [´tIÎg(@)l] v îùóùàòü çâîí, øóì (â óøàõ)
147 tone painting

tinkle [´tIÎk(@)l] I n òîëüêî sing 1) çâîí êîëîêîëü÷èêà; çâÿêà-


íüå 2) çâåíÿùèé çâóê
tinkle [´tIÎk(@)l] II v 1) çâåíåòü; çâÿêàòü; a bell ~ed çâåíåë êî-
ëîêîëü÷èê 2) çâîíèòü; áðåí÷àòü; to ~ on a guitar áðåí÷àòü
íà ãèòàðå
tinkler [´tIÎkl@] n ðàçã. êîëîêîëü÷èê
tinkly [´tIÎkli] a äðåáåçæàùèé; a ~ piano ðàññòðîåííûé (äðå-
áåçæàùèé) ðîÿëü
tinny [´tIni] a ìåòàëëè÷åñêèé; ~ sound ìåòàëëè÷åñêèé çâóê
tin-pan [´tIn p{n] a æåñòÿíîé (î çâóêå); ðåçêèé, îãëóøèòåëü-
íûé (î ìóçûêå)
Tin Pan Alley [ tIn p{n ´{li] n æàðã. 1) Òèí Ïýí Ýëè, «ïåðå-
óëîê æåñòÿíûõ ´ êàñòðþëü» (ðàéîí ìàãàçèíîâ ãðàìïëàñòè-
íîê è ìóçûêàëüíûõ èçäàòåëüñòâ) 2) ñî÷èíèòåëè è èçäà-
òåëè ëåãêîé ìóçûêè
tiresome [´taI@söm] a óòîìèòåëüíûé, ñêó÷íûé
title [´taItl] n 1) çàãëàâèå, íàçâàíèå 2) òèòóë, çâàíèå; honorary
~ ïî÷åòíîå çâàíèå
toccata [t@´k¸t@] n òîêêàòà
tocsin [´tÁksIn] n 1) íàáàòíûé êîëîêîë 2) (the) íàáàò
toe dance [´t@U d¸ns] v òàíåö íà ïóàíòàõ
toll [t@Ul] I n êîëîêîëüíûé çâîí; áëàãîâåñò 2) ïîãðåáàëüíûé
çâîí
toll [t@Ul] II v 1) çâîíèòü (â êîëîêîë); ìåäëåííî è ìåðíî óäàðÿòü;
to ~ a bell çâîíèòü â êîëîêîë 2) çâîíèòü ïî ïîêîéíèêó
toller [´t@Ul@] n 1) çâîíàðü 2) êîëîêîë
Tom [tÁm] n áîëüøîé êîëîêîë
Tom bell [´tÁm˜(´)bel] n áîëüøîé êîëîêîë
tom-tom [´tÁm tÁm] n 1) òàìòàì 2) ãîíã
Tom-Tom [´tÁm tÁm] n òîì-òîì (óäàðíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
tonal [´t@Unl] a òîíàëüíûé
tonality [t@U´n{lIti] n 1) òîíàëüíîñòü 2) ëàä
tonally [´t@Un(@)li] adv ñ òî÷êè çðåíèÿ òîíàëüíîñòè; èíòîíà-
öèîííî
tone [t@Un] I n 1) òîí, èíòîíàöèÿ; ìîäóëÿöèÿ 2) ìóçûêàëü-
íîå óäàðåíèå, àêöåíò
tone [t@Un] II v 1) íàñòðàèâàòü ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò 2) ïðè-
äàâàòü (æåëàòåëüíûé) òîí (çâóêó)
tone arm [ t@Un ´¸m] n çâóêîñíèìàòåëü (ïðîèãðûâàòåëÿ)
tone control ´ [ t@Un k@n´tr@Ul] n ðåãóëÿòîð òåìáðà
tone-deaf [ t@Un ´ ´def] a íå ðàçëè÷àþùèé îòòåíêîâ çâóêà, çâó-
êîâûõ òîíîâ´
toneless [´t@UnlIs] a ìîíîòîííûé, íåâûðàçèòåëüíûé
tone painting [ t@Un ´peIntIÎ] n çâóêîïèñü
´
tone 148
tone poem [´t@Un p@UIm] n ñèìôîíè÷åñêàÿ ïîýìà
tone-row [´t@Unr@U] ´ n çâóêîðÿä
tongue [töÎ] n ÿçû÷îê (ó äóõîâûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ)
tonic [´tÁnIk] I n òîíèêà, îñíîâíîé òîí
tonic [´tÁnIk] II a òîíè÷åñêèé; ~ pedal point òîíè÷åñêèé îðãàí-
íûé ïóíêò; ~ chord òîíè÷åñêîå òðåçâó÷èå
toot [tüt] I n ãóäîê; ñâèñòîê; çâóê ðîãà èëè ðîæêà
toot [tüt] II v äàâàòü ãóäîê, ãóäåòü; ñâèñòåòü; òðóáèòü â ðîã èëè
ðîæîê
tootle [´tütl] I n çâóê òðóáû, ôëåéòû
tootle [´tütl] II v 1) èçäàâàòü íåãðîìêèå çâóêè; íåãðîìêî òðóáèòü
2) èãðàòü íà ôëåéòå
torch singer [ tþ¶ ´sIÎ@] n àìåð. èñïîëíèòåëüíèöà ñåíòèìåíòàëü-
íûõ ïåñåíîê´ î íåñ÷àñòíîé ëþáâè
torch song [ tþ¶ ´sÁÎ] n àìåð. ñåíòèìåíòàëüíàÿ ïåñåíêà î íå-
ñ÷àñòíîé´ ëþáâè
torment [´tþment] I n ìó÷åíèå
torment [tþ´ment] II v ìó÷èòü, ïðè÷èíÿòü ñòðàäàíèÿ
torn [tþn] a îòðûâèñòûé
torture [´tþ¶@] I n ïûòêà, ìóêè, àãîíèÿ
torture [´tþ¶@] II v ìó÷èòü, òåðçàòü
torturous [´tþ¶(@)r@s] a ìó÷èòåëüíûé, ïðè÷èíÿþùèé ìóêè
touch [tö¶] I n 1) òóøå 2) óäàð; a piano with a stiff ~ ôîðòåïü-
ÿíî ñ òóãèì óäàðîì
touch [tö¶] II v 1) êàñàòüñÿ, òðîãàòü 2) èçâëåêàòü çâóê, èã-
ðàòü (íà ìóçûêàëüíîì èíñòðóìåíòå); he ~ed his lute delicately
îí íåæíî êîñíóëñÿ ñòðóí ëþòíè; I haven’t ~ed the piano
for a long time ÿ äàâíî íå èãðàë íà ðîÿëå
tour [tU@] I n ãàñòðîëüíàÿ ïîåçäêà; to be on ~ ãàñòðîëèðîâàòü
tour [tU@] II v ñîâåðøàòü òóðíå, ãàñòðîëüíûå ïîåçäêè
tourer company [´tU@r@ ´kömp@ni] n òðóïïà, ñîâåðøàþùàÿ (òå-
àòðàëüíîå) òóðíå
tout ensemble [ tüt˜Án´sÁmbl] n ôð. îáùåå âïå÷àòëåíèå (î ìó-
´
çûêàëüíîì ïðîèçâåäåíèè)
tradition [tr@´dIS(@)n] n òðàäèöèÿ; ñòàðûé îáû÷àé; by ~ ïî òðà-
äèöèè
traditional [tr@´dIS(@)n@l] a òðàäèöèîííûé
traditionalist [tr@´dIS(@)n@lIst] n ïðèâåðæåíåö òðàäèöèé
traditionally [tr@´dIS(@)n@li] adv ïî òðàäèöèè
tragedy [´tr{³Idi] n òðàãåäèÿ
tragic [´tr{³Ik] a òðàãè÷åñêèé
tr ain [treIn] v 1) âîñïèòûâàòü, ó÷èòü, ïðèó÷àòü (ê ÷åìó-ë.)
2) (for) òðåíèðîâàòü; to ~ for a contest ãîòîâèòü êîãî-ë. ê
êîíêóðñó
149 trembling

trainee [treI´nÖ] n ñòàæåð, ïðàêòèêàíò


training [´treInIÎ] n 1) âîñïèòàíèå 2) îáó÷åíèå, ïîäãîòîâêà
tranquil [´tr{ÎkwIl] a ñïîêîéíûé
tranquility [tr{δkwIlIti] n ñïîêîéñòâèå, óìèðîòâîðåííîñòü, óðàâ-
íîâåøåííîñòü
transcribe [tr{n´skraIb] v ïåðåëàãàòü (äëÿ äðóãîãî ãîëîñà, èí-
ñòðóìåíòà), òðàíñïîíèðîâàòü
transcription [tr{n´skrIpS(@)n] n òðàíñêðèïöèÿ (ïåðåëîæåíèå ìó-
çûêàëüíîãî ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ äëÿ äðóãèõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ èëè
ãîëîñîâ); àðàíæèðîâêà
transfer [´tr{nsfÆ:] I n ïåðåíîñ; ïåðåíåñåíèå; ïåðåìåùåíèå
transfer [tr{ns´fÆ:] II v ïåðåíîñèòü; ïåðåìåùàòü
transform [tr{ns´fþm] v èçìåíÿòü; âèäîèçìåíÿòü
transformation [ tr{nsf@´meIS(@)n] n ïðåâðàùåíèå, ìåòàìîðôî-
çà ´
transient [´tr{nzi@nt] a ïðåõîäÿùèé; ïåðåìåííûé
transition [tr{n´zIS(@)n, tr{n´sIS(@)n] n ïåðåõîä, ïåðåìåùåíèå,
ìîäóëÿöèÿ
transitive [´tr{nsItIv, ´tr{nzItIv] a ìîäóëèðóþùèé; ~ chord ìî-
äóëèðóþùèé àêêîðä
transparent [tr{n´sp{r@nt, tr{n´spe(@)r@nt] a ÿñíûé, ïîíÿòíûé
transpose [tr{n´sp@Uz] v ìîäóëèðîâàòü, òðàíñïîíèðîâàòü
transposing [tr{n´sp@UzIÎ] a òðàíñïîíèðóþùèé; ~ instrument
òðàíñïîíèðóþùèé èíñòðóìåíò
transposition [ tr{nsp@´zIS@n] n òðàíñïîçèöèÿ, òðàíñïîíèðîâ-
´
êà (ïåðåëîæåíèå ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ â äðóãóþ òîíàëüíîñòü)
transverse flute [tr{nz´vÆ:s ´flüt] n ïîïåðå÷íàÿ ôëåéòà
trap drum [´tr{p ´dröm] n áîëüøîé áàðàáàí ñ ïåäàëüíîé òàðåëêîé
traps [tr{ps] n ïåäàëüíàÿ òàðåëêà äëÿ áàðàáàíà
travesty [´tr{vIsti] n 1) øàðæ, áóðëåñê 2) ïàðîäèÿ, èñêàæå-
íèå 3) òåàòð. òðàâåñòè
tread [tred] v óñò. òàíöåâàòü; to ~ a measure óñò. ïîýò. êðàñè-
âî (ðèòìè÷íî) òàíöåâàòü
treat [trÖt] I n óäîâîëüñòâèå, íàñëàæäåíèå; the music was a real
~ ìóçûêà äîñòàâèëà èñòèííîå íàñëàæäåíèå
treat [trÖt] II v òðàêòîâàòü, ðàññìàòðèâàòü (âîïðîñ, òåìó è ò.ï.)
treatment [´trÖtm@nt] n òðàêòîâêà, îáðàáîòêà
treble [´tr@b(@)l] I n 1) äèñêàíò 2) íàèâûñøàÿ ïàðòèÿ â àí-
ñàìáëå 3) ñîïðàíî
treble [´tr@b(@)l] II a 1) äèñêàíòîâûé; ~ clef ñêðèïè÷íûé (äèñ-
êàíòîâûé) êëþ÷ 2) òðîéíîé, óòðîåííûé
treble [´tr@b(@)l] III v 1) ïåòü äèñêàíòîì 2) óòðàèâàòü
trecento [ treI´¶ent@U] n èò. èñê. òðå÷åíòî
trembling ´[´tremblIÎ] a äðîæàùèé
tremendous 150
tremendous [trI´mend@s] a îãðîìíûé, ïîòðÿñàþùèé; ~ applause
áóðíûå àïëîäèñìåíòû
tremolo [´tremel@U] n ( pl -os [@Uz]) òðåìîëî
trenchmore [´tren¶mþ] n ñòàðèííûé àíãëèéñêèé íàðîäíûé òàíåö
trend [trend] n òåíäåíöèÿ, òå÷åíèå
triad [´traI{d] n òðåçâó÷èå; major/minor ~ ìàæîðíîå/ìèíîð-
íîå òðåçâó÷èå
triangle [´traI{Îg(@)l] n òðåóãîëüíèê (óäàðíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
trifle [´traIf(@)l] n áàãàòåëü
trill [trIl] I n òðåëü
trill [trIl] II v 1) íàïåâàòü 2) âûâîäèòü òðåëü
trilogy [´trIl@³i] n òðèëîãèÿ
trio [´trÖ@U] n òðèî
trip [trIp] v ðåäê. òàíöåâàòü ëåãêî è èçÿùíî
triple [´trIp(@)l] a òðîéíîé, óòðîåííûé
triple fugue [´trIp(@)l ´fjüg] n òðîéíàÿ/òðåõãîëîñàÿ ôóãà
triple meter [´trIp(@)l ´mÖt@] n òðåõäîëüíûé ðàçìåð
triple time [´trIp(@)l ´taIm] n òðåõäîëüíûé ðàçìåð
triplet [´trIplIt] n òðèîëü
triplex [´trIpleks] n òðåõäîëüíûé ðàçìåð
tritone [´traIt@Un] n òðèòîí
triumph [´traI@mf] I n òîðæåñòâî; òðèóìô
triumph [´traI@mf] II v òîðæåñòâîâàòü, ëèêîâàòü; ïðàçäíîâàòü
ïîáåäó, òðèóìô
triumphal [traI´ömf(@)l] a òðèóìôàëüíûé, òîðæåñòâåííûé
triumphant [traI´ömf(@)nt] a òîðæåñòâóþùèé, ëèêóþùèé
trivial [´trIvi@l] a òðèâèàëüíûé, áàíàëüíûé
troll [tr@Ul] I n êóïëåòû, èñïîëíÿåìûå ïåâöàìè ïî î÷åðåäè
troll [tr@Ul] II v 1) ðàñïåâàòü, íàïåâàòü; to ~ merrily âåñåëî ðàñ-
ïåâàòü 2) ïåòü êóïëåòû ïî î÷åðåäè
trombone [trÁm´b@Un] n 1) òðîìáîí (ìåäíî-äóõîâîé èíñòðóìåíò)
2) îäèí èç ðåãèñòðîâ îðãàíà
troubadour [´trüb@dþ, ´trüb@dU@] n èñò. òðóáàäóð; ïåðåí. ïåâåö
trumpet [´trömpIt] I n 1) òðóáà; ~ D, E-flat ìàëàÿ òðóáà 2) îäèí
èç ðåãèñòðîâ îðãàíà 3) çâóê òðóáû 4) òðóáà÷
trumpet [´trömpIt] II v 1) òðóáèòü 2) èçäàâàòü òðóáíûé çâóê
trumpet call [´trömpIt kþl] n çâóê òðóáû
trumpeter [´trömpIt@] n òðóáà÷
trumpeting [´trömpItIÎ] n çâóê òðóáû
tuba [´tjüb@] n (pl òæ. -ae [Ö]) 1) òóáà (äóõîâîé èíñòðóìåíò
äðåâíèõ ðèìëÿí) 2) òóáà (ñîâðåìåííûé ìåäíî-äóõîâîé èí-
ñòðóìåíò); base ~ áàñîâàÿ òóáà 3) îäèí èç ðåãèñòðîâ îðãàíà
tubular [´tjübjUl@] a 1) ñíàáæåííûé òðóáàìè; ~ bells/chimes òðóá-
÷àòûå êîëîêîëà 2) òðóáíûé (î çâóêå)
151 twelve-tone music

tumultuous [tjü´möl¶u@s] à øóìíûé, áóðíûé; ~ reception ãîðÿ÷èé


ïðèåì; ~ applause áóðíûå/øóìíûå àïëîäèñìåíòû
tunable [´tjün@b(@)l] a 1) óñò. ìåëîäè÷íûé; ãàðìîíè÷íûé 2) óñò.
íàñòðîåííûé
tune [tjün] I n 1) ìåëîäèÿ, ìîòèâ; popular ~ ïîïóëÿðíàÿ ìå-
ëîäèÿ/ïåñåíêà; catchy ~ ëåãêî çàïîìèíàþùèéñÿ ìîòèâ
2) ìåëîäè÷íîñòü; this piece has very little ~ about/in/it ýòà
ïüåñà íå îòëè÷àåòñÿ ìåëîäè÷íîñòüþ 3) ðåäê. òîí, çâóê; òåìáð;
to have go od/poor ~ õîð îøî/ïëîõî çâó÷àò ü (î ãîëîñå)
4) ñòðîé, íàñòðîåííîñòü; the piano is in/out of tune ~ ôîð-
òåïüÿíî íàñòðîåíî/ðàññòðîåíî; to put in ~ íàñòðîèòü (ìó-
çûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò); to sing in/out of ~ ïåòü â òîí/íå
â òîí (ôàëüøèâèòü)
tune [tjün] II v 1) íàñòðàèâàòü; to ~ a piano íàñòðîèòü ðîÿëü)
çâó÷àòü, èçäàâàòü çâóêè, ìóçûêó
tune up [´tjün öp] v 1) íàñòðàèâàòü èíñòðóìåíòû 2) çàèãðàòü,
çàïåòü
tuned [tjünd] a 1) íàñòðîåííûé (î ìóçûêàëüíîì èíñòðóìåí-
òå) 2) ñ ìóçûêàëüíûì îôîðìëåíèåì (î ñïåêòàêëå è ò.ï.)
tun e f ul [´tjünf(@)l] a 1) ìóçûêà ëüíûé; ~ ear ìóçûêàëüíûé
ñëóõ 2) ìåëîäè÷íûé; ãàðìîíè÷íûé; a ~ choir ìåëîäè÷íûé
õîð
tuneless [´tjünlIs] a íåìóçûêàëüíûé; íåìåëîäè÷íûé
tuner [´tjün@] n íàñòðîéùèê
tuning [´tjünIÎ] n íàñòðîéêà (ìóçûêàëüíîãî èíñòðóìåíòà)
tuning fork [´tjünIÎ fþk] n êàìåðòîí
tuning-hammer [´tjünIÎ h{m@] n êëþ÷ äëÿ íàñòðîéêè ñòðóí
tuning-key [´tjünIÎ kÖ] n ´= tuning-hammer
tuny [´tjüni] a 1) ëåãêî çàïîìèíàþùèéñÿ (î ìîòèâå) 2) ìå-
ëîäè÷íûé
turbulence [´tÆ:bjUl@ns] n áåñïîêîéñòâî; áóðíîñòü
turbulent [´tÆ:bjUl@nt] a áóðíûé, áóéíûé, áåñïîêîéíûé
turn [tÆ:n] n ãðóïïåòî
tutti [tüti] n òóòòè (èñïîëíåíèå âñåì ñîñòàâîì îðêåñòðà, õîðà)
twang [twaÎ] I n ðåçêèé çâåíÿùèé çâóê (íàòÿíóòîé ñòðóíû è
ò.ï.)
twang [twaÎ] II v 1) çâó÷àòü (î íàòÿíóòîé ñòðóíå); the fiddles
~ed çâó÷àëè ñêðèïêè 2) ïåðåáèðàòü ñòðóíû; áðåí÷àòü; èãðàòü
(íà ñòðóííîì èíñòðóìåíòå); to ~ (on) a guiter/violin èãðàòü
íà ãèòàðå/ñêðèïêå
twangle [´twaÎg(@)l] I n çâîí, çâÿêàíüå
twangle [´twaÎg(@)l] II v çâó÷àòü (î íàòÿíóòîé ñòðóíå)
twelfth [twelfT] n äóîäåöèìà
twelve-tone music [´twelv ´t@Un ´mjüzIk] n äîäåêàôîíèÿ
twelve-tone technique 152
twelve-tone technique [´twelv ´t@Un tek´nÖk] n äîäåêàôîíèÿ
twist [twIst] I n òâèñò
twist [twIst] II v òàíöåâàòü òâèñò
two-beat [´tü ´bÖt] n äæàç. àêöåíòèðîâêà 1-é è 3-é (èíîãäà 2-é
è 4-é) äîëåé òàêòà
two-step [´tü ˜step] n ìîäíûé ïàðíûé òàíåö 20-õ ãã. ÕÕ â.
tympanic [tIm´p{nIk] a îòíîñÿùèéñÿ ê áàðàáàíó, òàìáóðèíó
tympanist [´tImp@nIst] n áàðàáàíùèê; óäàðíèê
tympanum [´tImp@n@m] n (pl òæ. -na [n@]) áàðàáàí, òàìáóðèí
tympany [´tImp@ni] n ëèòàâðà

U
ukulele [ jük@´leIli] n ãàâàéñêàÿ ãèòàðà
´ [ ön{k´sentId] a íåóäàðíûé (çâóê); ~ beat íåóäàð-
unaccented
´ äîëÿ
íàÿ/ñëàáàÿ
unaccompanied [ ön@´kömp(@)nId] a (by, with) áåç àêêîìïàíå-
ìåíòà ´
unaesthetic [ önÖs´TetIk] a íåýñòåòè÷åñêèé
unconsonant ´[ ön´kÁns@n@nt] a íåñîçâó÷íûé
´
undersong [´öd@sÁÎ] n ïðèïåâ, ðåôðåí; ñîïðîâîæäàþùàÿ ìå-
ëîäèÿ
undertone [´önd@t@Un] n ïîëóòîí
un emphatic [ önIm´f{tIk] a íåâûðàçèòåëüíûé, íåýìôàòè÷åñ-
êèé ´
unison [´jünIs(@)n, ´jünIz(@)n] n 1) óíèñîí; to sing in ~ ïåòü â
óíèñîí; ~ interval èíòåðâàë óíèñîí 2) ïðèìà
unisonant [jü´nIs@n@nt] a = unisonous
unisonous [jü´nIs@n@n@s] a óíèñîííûé
unplayable [ön´pleI@b(@)l] a íåãîäíûé äëÿ èãðû íà ìóçûêàëü-
íîì èíñòðóìåíòå
unstrung [ön´ströÎ] a ñ íåíàòÿíóòûìè ñòðóíàìè (î ìóçûêàëü-
íîì èíñòðóìåíòå)
untune [ön´tjün] v ðàññòðàèâàòü (ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò)
untuned [ön´tjünd] a íåíàñòðîåííûé, ðàñòðîåííûé (î ìóçû-
êàëüíîì èíñòðóìåíòå)
untutored ear [ ön´ tjüt@d˜´I@] n íåòðåíèðîâàííûé/íåðàçâèòûé
ñëóõ ´
upbeat [´öpbÖt] n 1) íåóäàðíûé çâóê â òàêòå; çàòàêò 2) äâè-
æåíèå ðóêè ââåðõ äëÿ îáîçíà÷åíèÿ ñëàáîé äîëè òàêòà
upper [´öp@] a âåðõíèé; ~ tone of interval âåðõíèé òîí èíòåð-
âàëà; ~ mordent âåðõíèé ìîðäåíò
upright piano [ öpraIt pi´{n@U] n ïèàíèíî
´
up-stroke [´öpstr@Uk] n äâèæåíèå ââåðõ (ñìû÷êîì)
153 viol

utmost [´ötm@Ust] a êðàéíèé, ïðåäåëüíûé; with the ~ pleasure


ñ âåëè÷àéøèì óäîâîëüñòâèåì; the violin commands the ~
rhythmic precision ñêðèïêà îáëàäàåò ïðåäåëüíîé ðèòìè÷åñêîé
òî÷íîñòüþ

V
valse [v{ls] n ôð. âàëüñ
value [´v{ljü] n äëèòåëüíîñòü; note/rest ~ äëèòåëüíîñòü íîòû/
ïàóçû
valve [v{lv] n êëàïàí, âåíòèëü, ïèñòîí (íà äóõîâûõ èíñòðó-
ìåíòàõ); ~ trombone/trumpet òðîìáîí/òðóáà ñ âåíòèëÿìè
vamp [v{mp] I n èìïðîâèçèðîâàííûé àêêîìïàíåìåíò
vamp [v{mp] II v èìïðîâèçèðîâàòü, îñîá. àêêîìïàíåìåíò
variation [ ve(@)ri´eIS(@)n] n âàðèàöèÿ
´
variety [v@´raI@ti] n âàðüåòå; ýñòðàäíûé êîíöåðò, ýñòðàäíîå ïðåä-
ñòàâëåíèå ( òæ . ~ show, ~ entertainment)
vary [´ve@ri] v ïèñàòü èëè èñïîëíÿòü âàðèàöèè (íà òåìó)
vaudeville [´vþd@vIl, ´v@Ud@vIl] n 1) âîäåâèëü 2) àìåð. âàðüåòå,
ýñòðàäíîå ïðåäñòàâëåíèå; to be in ~ áûòü àðòèñòîì ýñò-
ðàäû 3) óñò. êîìè÷åñêàÿ èëè çëîáîäíåâíàÿ ïåñåíêà 4) óñò.
çàñòîëüíàÿ ïåñíÿ
versatile [´vÆ:s@taIl] à 1) ðàçíîñòîðîííèé; ~ genius ðàçíîñòî-
ðîííèé ãåíèé 2) íåïîñòîÿííûé, èçìåí÷èâûé
versatility [ vÆ:s@´tIlIti] n 1) ðàçíîñòîðîííîñòü, ìíîãîñòîðîí-
íîñòü 2)´ íåïîñòîÿíñòâî; ïåðåìåí÷èâîñòü
versed [´vÆ:st] a (in) îïûòíûé, ñâåäóùèé (â ÷åì-ë.); ~ in music
ñâåäóùèé â ìóçûêå
version [´vÆ:S(@)n] n âàðèàíò, ïåðåëîæåíèå; screen ~ ýêðàíè-
çàöèÿ; stage ~ èíñöåíèðîâêà; concert ~ of the opera êîí-
öåðòíûé âàðèàíò îïåðû; Dryden’s ~ of Shakespear’s «The
Tempest» èíòåðïðåòàöèÿ Äðàéäåíà «Áóðè» Øåêñïèðà
vibraharp [´vaIbr@h¸p] n âèáðàôîí
vibrant [´vaIbr@nt] a 1) äðîæàùèé (î ãîëîñå); âèáðèðóþùèé (î
çâóêå) 2) ðåçîíèðóþùèé (î çâóêå)
vi b r at e [vaI´breIt] v 1) âûçûâàò ü ðå çî íàíñ, ðå çî íèðî âàòü
2) ïîýò. çâó÷àòü; to ~ in the memory çâó÷àòü â ïàìÿòè (î
ìåëîäèè)
vibrato [vI´br¸t@U] adv èò. âèáðàòî
vigoro(u)s [´vIg@r@s] a ñèëüíûé, ýíåðãè÷íûé, æèâîé, çàäîð-
íûé; ~ section æèçíåðàäîñòíàÿ ÷àñòü (î ìóçûêàëüíîì ïðî-
èçâåäåíèè)
viol [´vaI@l] n âèîëà (ñòàðèííûé ñìû÷êîâûé èíñòðóìåíò); ~ da
gamba âèîëà äà ãàìáà; ~ d’amour âèîëü ä’àìóð
viola 154
viola [vi´@Ul@] n 1) àëüò (ìóçûêàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò) 2) îäèí
èç ðåãèñòðîâ îðãàíà
violent [´vaI@l@nt] a áóéíûé, íåèñòîâûé
violet [´vaI@lIt] n ðàçíîâèäíîñòü âèîëü ä’àìóð
violin [ vaI@´lIn] n 1) ñêðèïêà; to play the/on a ~ èãðàòü íà ñêðèï-
êå; ´to teach the ~ ó÷èòü èãðå íà ñêðèïêå; âåñòè êëàññ ñêðèï-
êè 2) ñêðèïà÷; the first ~ ïåðâàÿ ñêðèïêà
violin case [ vaI@´lIn ´keIs] n ôóòëÿð äëÿ ñêðèïêè
violin concerto ´ [ vaI@´lIn k@n´¶et@U] n ñêðèïè÷íûé êîíöåðò, êîí-
öåðò äëÿ ñêðèïêè ´
violinist [ vaI@´lInIst] n ñêðèïà÷
violin-maker´ [ vaI@´lIn meIk@] n ñêðèïè÷íûé ìàñòåð
voilinchellist [´vaI@l@n´¶elIst]
´ n âèîëîí÷åëèñò
´
violoncello [ vaI@l@n´¶el@U] n ( pl -îs [@Uz]) âèîëîí÷åëü
´
virginal [´vÆ:³Inl] n èñò. âåðäæèíàë, ðàçíîâèäíîñòü êëàâåñè-
íà ( òæ . pair of ~s)
Virginia reel [v@´³Ini@ ´rÖl] n àìåð. âåðãèíñêàÿ êàäðèëü (ñåëüñ-
êèé òàíåö)
virtuosa [ vÆ:¶U´@Uz@] n (pl -se [z@I], -s [z]) ðåäê. æ.ð. îò virtuoso
virtuosity´ [ vÆ:¶U´ÁsIti] n 1) âèðòóîçíîñòü 2) ëþáîâü ê èñêóñ-
´
ñòâó; õóäîæåñòâåííûé âêóñ (îñîá. ó ëþáèòåëÿ)
virtuoso [ vÆ:¶U´@Uz@U] ( pl -os [@Uz], -si [zi]) 1) âèðòóîç 2) öå-
íèòåëü´ èñêóññòâà; çíàòîê èñêóññòâà
visiting [´vIzItIÎ] a 1) ïîñåùàþùèé, ïðèåçæàþùèé, ãîñòÿùèé
2) ãàñòðîëèðóþùèé; a ~ soloist/orchestra ãàñòðîëèðóþùèé
ñîëèñò/îðêåñòð
vivacious [vI´veIS@s] a âåñåëûé, îæèâëåííûé
vocal [´v@Uk(@)l] a âîêàëüíûé, äëÿ ãîëîñà; ~ singing âîêàë; ~
music âîêàëüíàÿ ìóçûêà; íîòû äëÿ ïåíèÿ; ~ singer âîêà-
ëèñò, ïåâåö, ïåâèöà
vocal chords [´v@Uk(@)l kþdz, v@Uk(@)l ´kþdz] pl ãîëîñîâûå ñâÿç-
êè ´
vocalism [´v@Uk(@)lIz(@)m] n âîêàëèçì
vocal score [´v@Uk(@)l ´skþ] n êëàâèð; ïåðåëîæåíèå âîêàëüíî-
ñèìôîíè÷åñêîé ïàðòèòóðû äëÿ ôîðòåïüÿíî è ãîëîñîâ
vocality [v@U´k{lIti] n âîêàëüíîå ìàñòåðñòâî
vocalization [ v@Uk(@)laI´zeIS(@)n] n âîêàëèçàöèÿ
vocalize, vocalise´ [´v@Uk(@)laIz] v 1) èñïîëíÿòü âîêàëèçû 2) ïåòü;
íàïåâàòü
vocally [´v@Uk(@)li] adv âîêàëüíî, â ïåíèè; she was successful ~
âîêàëüíàÿ ñòîðîíà (ïàðòèè) åé óäàëàñü; êàê âîêàëèñòêà
îíà äîáèëàñü óñïåõà
voice [vOIs] I n 1) ãîëîñ; ~ of great compass ãîëîñ îáøèðíîãî
äèàïàçîíà; âîêàëüíàÿ ïàðòèÿ 2) ïåâåö; ïåâèöà
155 windbag

voice [vOIs] II v íàñòðàèâàòü (îðãàí)


voice-band [´vOIs˜´b{nd] n âîêàëüíûé äæàç-àíñàìáëü
voiceful [´vOIsf(@)l] a îòíîñÿùèéñÿ ê ãîëîñó; ãîëîñîâîé
voice-leading [´vOIs lÖdIÎ] n ãîëîñîâåäåíèå
voiceless [´vOIsl@s] a ´áåçãîëîñûé (î ïåâöå)
voicelessness [´vOIslIsnIs] n áåçãîëîñèöà (î ïåâöàõ)
voices in part [´vOIsIz In ´p¸t] n = voices in the part
voices in the part [´vOIsIz In D@ ´p¸t] n ìíîãîãîëîñîå ïåíèå
voice-training [´vOIs treInIÎ] n ïîñòàíîâêà ãîëîñà
´ n ïðîáà ãîëîñîâ; ïðîñëóøèâàíèå ïåâ-
voice trial [´vOIs ´traI@l]
öîâ
voice part [´vOIs ´p¸t] n âîêàëüíàÿ ïàðòèÿ
volume [´vÁljüm] n ñèëà, èíòåíñèâíîñòü, ïîëíîòà; a voice of
great ~ ìîùíûé ãîëîñ; ~ s of sound ðàñêàòû (îðãàííîé ìó-
çûêè è ò.ï.)
voluntary [´vÁl@nt(@)ri] n ñâîáîäíûå êîìïîçèöèè äëÿ îðãàíà ñîëî,
èñïîëüçîâàâøèåñÿ â àíãëèêàíñêîé öåðêâè äî èëè ïîñëå
öåðêîâíîé ñëóæáû

W
waltz [wþls] I n âàëüñ; to ask smb for a ~ ïðèãëàñèòü êîãî-ë. íà
âàëüñ
waltz [wþls] II v âàëüñèðîâàòü, òàíöåâàòü âàëüñ
welcome [´welk@m] a æåëàííûé, ïðèÿòíûé, äîëãîæäàííûé; to
make a person ~ ðàäóøíî ïðèíÿòü êîãî-ë.; most ~ sonata
ñîíàòà, ïîëó÷èâøàÿ ñàìûé òåïëûé ïðèåì ó ñëóøàòåëåé
well-tempered [ wel ´temp@d] a õîðîøî òåìïåðèðîâàííûé
´
whip [wIp] n 1) êíóò, áè÷ (óäàðíûé èíñòðóìåíò) 2) äæàç. êî-
ðîòêîå ãëèññàíäî, ðåçêèé «âúåçä» â çâóê
whistle [´wIs(@)l] I n ñâèñò
whistle [´wIs(@)l] II v 1) ñâèñòåòü 2) ñâèñòåòü â çíàê îäîáðå-
íèÿ; the audience ~ed çðèòåëè ñâèñòîì âûðàçèëè ñâîå îäîá-
ðåíèå
whistler [´wIsl@] n ðåäê. ôëåéòèñò, âîëûíùèê, òðóáà÷ è ò.ï.
whistling [´wIslIÎ] n ñâèñò
whole note [´h@Ul n@Ut] n àìåð. öåëàÿ íîòà
wild [waIld] a áóéíûé, ÿðîñòíûé
wind [wInd] I n 1) äûõàíèå; to play the tuba requires good and
plenty of ~ äëÿ òîãî ÷òîáû èãðàòü íà òóáå, íóæíî èìåòü
õîðîøî ïîñòàâëåííîå ñèëüíîå äûõàíèå 2) the ~ äóõîâûå
èíñòðóìåíòû; the brass ~ ìåäíî-äóõîâûå èíñòðóìåíòû
wind [wInd] II v (wound [waUnd]) ïîäòÿãèâàòü (ñòðóíû)
windbag [´wIndb{g] n ìåõè (âîëûíêè, îðãàíà)
wind band 156
wind band [´wInd b{nd] n äóõîâîé îðêåñòð
wind instrument [´wInd Instr@m@nt] n äóõîâîé èíñòðóìåíò
´
winner [´wIn@] n ïîáåäèòåëü, (ïåðâûé) ïðèçåð; ëàóðåàò (êîí-
êóðñà)
woodblock [´wUdblÁk] n äåðåâÿííàÿ êîðîáî÷êà (óäàðíûé èíñò-
ðóìåíò)
wood-sticks [´wUd stIks] n pl äåðåâÿííûå ïàëî÷êè (äëÿ óäàðíûõ
èíñòðóìåíòîâ)
woodwind [´wUd wInd] a äåðåâÿííî-äóõîâîé; ~ instruments äå-
ðåâÿííî-äóõîâûå´ èíñòðóìåíòû
woodwinds [´wUd wInds] n pl ñîáèð . äåðåâÿííî-äóõîâûå èíñòðó-
ìåíòû ´
words [wÆ:dz] n pl òåêñò, ñëîâà (ïåñíè); ëèáðåòòî (îïåðû)
work [wÆ:k] n ïðîèçâåäåíèå, òâîðåíèå, ñîçäàíèå, ñî÷èíåíèå,
ðàáîòà; ~ s of genius ãåíèàëüíûå ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ
work-song [´wÆ:k sÁÎ] n òðóäîâàÿ ïåñíÿ, ðàáî÷àÿ ïåñíÿ
world-famous [ wÆ:ld´feIm@s] a ïîëüçóþùèéñÿ ìèðîâîé èçâåñ-
´
òíîñòüþ, âñåìèðíî èçâåñòíûé
write [raIt] v (wrote [r@Ut], written [´rItn]) ïèñàòü, ñî÷èíÿòü; to
~ music ïèñàòü ìóçûêó, áûòü êîìïîçèòîðîì

X
xylophone [´zaIl@f@Un] n êñèëîôîí
157

Áàð÷åíêîâà Ìàðèíà Äàâèäîâíà


Îñèïåíêîâà Àëåêñàíäðà Òðîôèìîâíà
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08.09.2014
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